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Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program

HSES 410: Program Design in Physical Education


USD 497 Lawrence High School
I. Context

Lawrence High School is located on Louisiana St. in Lawrence, Kansas. It is a 6A


school and it currently has a population of 1,470 students. The majority of students
attending LHS identify as Caucasian, making up about 66% of the student population.
Hispanic students make up about 10% of the population, while African American
students are about 7% of the school population. The district that Lawrence High School
is located in is very diverse. There are students who come from upper and middle class
backgrounds, as well as students that are living in poverty. Approximately 31% of
students are eligible for free lunch, and about 10% of students are eligible for lunch at a
reduced cost.
Ms. Laura Koster is one of the physical education teachers who works at
Lawrence High School. It is her third year working in this role, and she is currently
working in her first year as the head coach of the Chesty Lions boys and girls cross
country teams. She previously worked at Bishop Ward High School in Kansas City,
Kansas. She teaches both fitness classes and lifetime sports classes. Her largest class
size is a lifetime sports class that has 35 students in it, while her smallest class is a
fitness class that has only 12 students in it. Within the first few days of teaching a new
lesson for any of her classes, Ms. Koster will give the class a quiz to see how much the
students have learned from the previous classes. For example, after teaching an
introductory lesson on different basketball skills and rules of basketball, she will begin
the next class by assessing the students and seeing how much they have learned.
These quizzes are used both for grading and for the teachers benefit, to evaluate how
effective her teaching is during the lesson.
Something interesting that can be observed in many of the PE classes at LHS is
the mix of students that you can see participating in class. There is a large variety of
students from all different backgrounds all participating in the same classes. For
example, in Ms. Kosters 5th hour class, lifetime sports, there are several students who
have special needs and IEPs that participate in the same activities as the student who
play on varsity sports teams. Implementing this sort of inclusive classroom environment
is not easy to do, but once it is implemented it is a great way to get the most out of
every student in the classroom.
One of the setbacks that we have observed is the issue of allowing coaching to
get in the way of teaching. It is common to see PE teachers who are coaching to allow
teaching to become secondary to coaching. In these classes specifically, there are
certain days where Ms. Koster seems very stressed out about managing her cross
country team, and she admits to letting that interfere with the way that she teaches her
classes at times.

USD 497 Lawrence High School


Grades 9-12
1,470 students (50% males and 50% females)
110 full time teachers (13:1 student-teacher ratio)

Grade 9- 375 students


Grade 10- 382 students
Grade 11- 328 students
Grade 12- 385 students
Ethnicity Percentages
White- 66.5%
Black- 7.4%
Hispanic- 9.6%
American Indian- 4.2%
Asian- 3.7%
Pacific Islander- 0.5%
Two or more- 9.1%

Eligible for free lunch- 31%


Eligible for reduced lunch- 10%

Lawrence High School Graduation Rates- 91%


Lawrence, Kansas Population~ 91,000 (2 public high schools serve this area)
USD 497 Expenditure per student: $13,185

II. Mission Statement


The mission of the physical education department at Lawrence High School is to
provide a quality physical education that benefits students by encouraging an
appropriate amount of physical activity each day. Students will exit the program with an
understanding of how to maintain a lifelong healthy lifestyle. We recognize the
importance of all aspects of health and will create a positive environment for all students
to feel self worth.

III. Benchmarks

Lawrence High School


Grade 9 Benchmarks

NASPE Standards Benchmark: The Assessment


students will
Standard 1- The 1. Demonstrates competency 1. Teacher or peer informal
and/or refines activity-specific assessments throughout the
physically literate movement skills in two or more semester/year.
lifetime activities (outdoor
individual pursuits, individual-
demonstrates performance activities, 2. Use of a checklist to assess
specialized skills.
competency in a aquatics, net/wall games or
target games).
variety of motor skills
and movement 2. Demonstrates competency
patterns. in 1 or more specialized skills
in health-related fitness
activities.

Standard 2 - The 1. Applies the terminology 1. Complete and pass a short


associated with exercise and quiz including terminology
physically literate participation in selected associated with exercises used
individual applies individual-performance throughout the unit.
activities, dance, net/wall
knowledge of games, target games, aquatics 2. Fitness journal
concepts, principles, and/or outdoor pursuits
appropriately.
strategies and tactics
related to movement 2. Creates a practice plan to
improve performance for a self-
and performance. selected skill.

Standard 3 - The 1. Discusses the benefits of a 1. Discusses ways to maintain a


physically active lifestyle as it healthy lifestyle as future adults
physically literate relates to college or career (peer evaluation).
individual productivity.
2. Using heart rate monitors
demonstrates the 2. Identifies issues associated students will compare the
knowledge and skills with exercising in heat, differences in their heart rate
humidity and cold. levels during exercise in heat,
to achieve and humidity and cold.
maintain a health-
enhancing level of
physical activity and
fitness.

Standard 4 - The 1. Uses communication skills 1. Informal observations during


and strategies that promote class activities while performing
physically literate team/group dynamics. team sports, cooperative games,
individual exhibits etc.
2. Exhibits proper etiquette,
responsible personal respect for others and 2. After one dance unit students
and social behavior teamwork while engaging in will write reflections of their
physical activity and/or social experiences.
that respects self and dance.
others.
Standard 5 - The 1. Selects and participates in 1. Student must present a
physical activities or dance that signature from an instructor,
physically literate meet the need for self- coach or parent providing their
individual recognizes expression and enjoyment. participation in outside physical
activities they enjoy.
the value of physical 2. Analyzes the health benefits2. Students will keep a log of
activity for health, of a self-selected physical physical activity and journal
activity. about how it make it effects their
enjoyment, challenge, daily life.
self-expression and/or
social interaction.

Citation: National Standards for K-12 Physical Education Copyright 2013, SHAPE
America Society of Health and Physical Educators, 1900 Association Drive, Reston,
VA 20191, www.shapeamerica.org.All rights reserved.

IV. Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program

A. Physical Education Curriculum (Instructional Content)


1. Scope and Sequence

WEEK # of UNITS
Lessons

1 2 Orientation: Review syllabus; establish rules and routines; provide


lockers; tour available facilities.

2&3 8 Fitness testing and usage of heart rate monitors: Timed mile test, sit
and reach, pacer test, push-ups, and sit-ups. Heart rate monitors
orientation and assignments.

4&5 8 Personal fitness plan: students set-up personal goals for fitness and
health. Students will demonstrate proper lifting technique.
Cardiovascular exercises will be introduced.

6&7 8 Dancing: class will take part in learning basic dances (square
dances, line dances, ballroom dancing). Students will perform in
front of class during the last lesson.

8&9 7 Tennis: students will learn the rules and scoring of tennis. They will
practice technique through different drills and eventually participate
in a tournament. Students will be assessed through a quiz on the
rules and informal observation during drills.

10&11 7 Basketball: students will wear heart rate monitors to assess the
level of participation in these lessons. Students will learn rules and
basics of game. Assessed on time spent in target heart rate and on
fundamentals taught in lesson.

12&13 8 Swimming: general water safety; swimming strokes, treading water.


Last lesson will include water polo game.

14&15 6 Nutrition lesson: students take a break from physical activity to


listen to a nutritionist explain the importance of eating a healthy diet.
Students will log what they eat for 3 days and submit on a
spreadsheet or by creating a poster.

16&17 8 Yoga/pilates: students will learn the importance of flexibility through


yoga/pilates exercises. Students will be assessed on what they
learn about flexibility and will submit a survey about the lessons.

18&19 7 Soccer: rules, kicking, dribbling, shooting, passing, and playing


offense and defense will be taught in lesson. Students will
scrimmage at the end of lesson and assessed on improvement of
skills.

20&21 6 Table tennis: students will work on hand-eye coordination skills


when playing table tennis. After practicing on forehand, backhand,
serving, and returning, students will be assigned a partner and
compete in a tournament.

22&23 7 Post Fitness Testing: in order to see how effective program has
been, students will participate in the same activities that they did in
weeks 2&3. Students will compare results and write a review on
whether they are on track to accomplish their goals or not and what
they can do to be successful.

24&25 8 Kickboxing: students will be led by someone who has experience


with kickboxing for cardio exercise. Heart rate monitors will be worn
and students will be assessed based upon their level of
participation.

26&27 8 Volleyball: students will understand the rules of the game as well as
being able to perform fundamentals such as; serving, setting,
passing, attacking, and rotations. Students will be graded with a
quiz to see how much has been learned through lessons.

28&29 7 Badminton: students will practice with hand-eye coordination skills


while they participate in badminton drills and games. Students will
be assessed on the rules of the game and basic strategy.

30 4 Rock climbing: class will take a field trip to a place that has a large
rock climbing wall. Students will be tested both mentally and
physically by doing something they might not be comfortable with.

31 SPRING BREAK
32&33 8 Golf: students will learn about the basics of golf. Understanding
which clubs to use, how to swing, and basic strategy will be
assessed in these lessons.

34&35 8 Ultimate frisbee: students will practice fundamentals of throwing a


frisbee. They will throw with back and forehand and practice
catching the disk. After drills, students will be divided into teams and
play a game of ultimate frisbee.

36&37 8 Final fitness testing: students will participate in the same fitness tests
that were previously taken to check progress. Students will be
encouraged to keep working to improve fitness levels.

38&39 8 Finals: Make-up fitness testing, lock turn-ins, inventory.

WEEK # of Lessons UNITS

1 2 Orientation: Review syllabus;


establish rules and routines;
provide lockers; tour available
facilities.

2&3 8 Fitness testing: timed mile,


one minute sit-up test, push-
up test, sit & reach, and
standing long jump.

4&5 8 Creating lifelong physical


fitness goals: journal logs
including a lifetime
fitness/sport the student
wishes to see improvement in
himself/herself.

6&7 8 Invasion & target tagging


games - Focus: Running

8&9 7 Badminton: students will


learn appropriate techniques;
serve, shots (drop, high
clear, lob, drive), swings
(underhand, overhand, side
arm).

10&11 7 Archery: learn stringing and


unstringing the bow, address
the target, hocking the arrow,
drawing the bowstring, aim,
and releasing the arrow.

12&13 8 Bowling: students learn


approach; 3 step, 4 step, 5
step, release; straight ball or
hook ball, equipment,
etiquette, clothing, pin and
spot bowling, rules, scoring,
and safety.

14&15 6 Table Tennis: students will


demonstrate the ability to;
serve, return, forehand,
backhand, strategize, and
singles and doubles play.

16&17 8 Frisbee: students will toss


and learn types of toss, rules
and regulations, catch, target
strategy, individual play and
written test including: rules,
terms, scoring, etiquette,
origin, safety.

18&19 7 Paddleball: forehand and


backhand stroke, serve to
appropriate area, and lob.

20&21 6 Swimming: general water


safety; swimming strokes,
treading water. Water games
if fits into schedule.

22&23 7 Golf: fundamentals: Grip,


putting, stance, address the
ball, swing; equipment,
etiquette and safety.

24&25 8 Martial arts: Guest instructor


teaches basic fundamentals
of tai chi.

26&27 8 Hiking: Bus to nearby park


and explore outdoors

28&29 7 Post Fitness Testing (Make


improvements)

30 4 Swimming Activities: water


polo, colors, diving games.

31 Spring Break

32&33 8 Tennis: Rules and


regulations, scoring, serve,
forehand, backhand, attack,
singles play, doubles play,
skill assessments.

34&35 8 Track & Field: students will


run, jump, sprint, distance,
hurdle, throw, relays, hand
offs, starting blocks.

36&37 8 Badminton & Table Tennis

38&39 8 Final Fitness Testing: Push-


ups, sit-ups, mile test,
test, sit and reach, and
standing long jump.

40 4 Finals, Lock check-ins,


inventory, final make up
fitness testing.

2. Safety Precautions
As a physical educator at Lawrence High School, we will take every safety
precaution very seriously. We are both CPR/AED/and First aid trained. We are prepared
to use CPR on someone who is in need, and we are prepared to use a defibrillator if
necessary. All of the lesson plans that will be created will include a detailed analysis on
safety precautions used based on the lesson and the possible hazards for each lesson.
These precautions will all be documented in my office. It is also very important to warn
the students about these hazards and teach them about how to participate in a safe
manner.
I plan on using all of the school resources to make my class as efficient and safe
as possible. One way I can make my class safer is by coordinating a plan with both the
school nurse and even the counselor of the school to form a plan to help the students if
something were to go wrong. An easy way to avoid many injuries and different safety
concerns is to have the students use a dress code that is consistent and appropriate for
physical education class. They will be dressed in athletic attire, and the parents will be
informed about what is appropriate to wear. If a student does not wear what is
appropriate, they will still participate in different exercises, but they may not receive a
full participation grade if they cannot perform activities with the rest of class due to
breaking dress code.
Another easy way to avoid many safety concerns is to be aware of the condition
of the equipment that you have. I will routinely check the equipment that I am using. The
students will not be allowed to use any of the physical education equipment when I am
not around and when class is not in session, including when the students are at recess.
Lastly, it is important for both the students and the staff to be aware of how to handle
different situation such as; tornado drills, fire drills, and suspicious person in school
reports. These procedures will be practiced and students will understand how to react in
these kinds of rare situations.

Lawrence High School Long-Term


Physical Activity Plan
Resources

Number of students: 1,470


Facilities: One double gym, multipurpose room, auxiliary gym, football field, soccer field,
two swimming pools, tennis courts, and school cafeteria.
Personnel: Two physical education teachers, teachers, staff.
Funding: Secretarial help provided by the school; PTO fundraiser for students who
cannot afford to pay.

Before-School Program
Initial (first year):

Powder puff, all levels


Breakfast club (healthy options) , all levels
Subsequent years:
Create district league, all levels

Lunchtime Program
Initial and subsequent years:
Open Gym: basketball, dodgeball, kickball, walk track.
Lunchtime aerobics involving students and teachers (multipurpose room)

After-School Program
Initialschool offerings:

All seasons -
Group Talk (school counselor, and lead teacher)

Fall -
Dodgeball Charity, all levels (raise money for charity of winners choice)
Tennis intramurals

Winter -
Basketball, all levels
Zumba

Spring -
Disc golf, all levels
Co-Ed softball intramurals

Subsequent yearsschool offerings:

Fall
Ultimate Frisbee intramurals
Aerobic dance

Winter -
Basketball Intramurals
Volleyball intramurals

Spring -
Golf
Tennis
Archery
Community

Current community offerings and school events held in the community that will be made
available through scholarships or funding to any student who wants to participate:

East Lawrence Community Center


Clinton Lake Sports Complex
Swimming (at recreation center
Cycling club
Dance club (at church)
Bowling night
Basketball Local Church
Ice skating (ice rink)
Hiking club- Clinton Lake Park