Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 385

684

37.134.1
13

.

- ,
, ,
- -
,

13 .
: , 2015. 384 .: .

684
37.134.1

ISBN 978-5-17-090109-8 ., 2015


, 2015
C
................................................... 8

...................... 138
................................... 12 ............................. 140
......................................... 16
... 22 ......................... 142
............................ 144
...................................... 146
.................................. 148
............................ 28 ........ 150
............................ 37
............................... 53 .......................................... 152
........................ 68
............................................... 154

........... 156
- ........ 78 -
........................................... 88 ............................ 158
.................................... 94 -
............................ 104 ............................................... 160
........ 114 ............. 162
..................................... 123 - .......................................... 164
............................................... 129
6

................................ 168 ................................. 208


..................................... 170
................................ 172 ............................................... 210
...................................... 212
.................................................. 174 .................................. 214
- .................................... 216
................................................. 176
- ................................................ 218
........................................ 178 ............................................... 222
- ........................................ 180 ......... 226
............... 182 ........... 228
................................. 184 ............. 230
.............. 186 ............................ 232
.............. 188

.................. 190
........................... 236
.......................... 192 ........ 238
- ............. 194 ............................. 240
................................ 196 ................................ 242
................................ 198 .................................................... 244
- ........................................... 200 .................................. 246
.......................................... 202 ..................................... 248
................................. 204 .................................... 252
...................................... 254
..................................................... 256
....................... 258
............... 260
.................................. 262
..................... 264
................... 266

.................................. 272
/ .............. 274
..................... 276
................................................... 278
............................ 280
........................... 282
- ......................................... 284
C 7

- ........................................... 286
................................... 288
..................................................... 290 ................ 342
................................................. 294 ....................... 344
- ..... 296 ......... 346
- ........................................... 298 ............................ 348
- ..................................... 300 .............. 350
.................................... 302 ................................ 352
................................ 304
....................................... 306
.......... 308
................................... 312 ................ 358
.............................. 316 .......................... 360
................................. 318 ................................ 362
........................ 320 .. 364
324 - ........................................ 366
............................................... 326 - .................................. 368
..................................... 328 ........................... 370
................... 330 ................................ 372
................................................ 332 ............................................. 374
- ........................................ 334 .......................... 376
................................. 338
......................... 378

, , , -
- , . -

, ,
.
, - .
. -
, - .
. -
, , -
,
,
.
,
? .
. .
. .
, , -
. ,
, , -
. .
? ? -
? ?
?
-

- .
-
-
. - -
, ,
. ,
,
.

, ,
.
9

(
).
,
, ,
. ,
. ,
.
,
,
. -
100
, , , ,
, , , ,
, 90 .
-
, ,
. -
.
,
.

. -
.
1.
-
. , ?
-
? ?
? .
, , -
, ,

, -
.

1
, . . .

12
16

22



, .
,
. - -
.
. , . -

. ,
, - .

-






-



- -

--


13

-
-




-


14

-

-



-
- ()



15

-


-

-
16

-

. ,
,
-
.
-
: , ,
.
. - --
, , .

-
.
.
, ,
,
. -
, ,
.
--
. .
-
.
. -
,
:
.
, , 
.
, - . 17001730
, ,
. ,
, -
- ,
. -
,
. - -
.
,
. . :

, -
 ,
-. 16401700 ( ,
( )
, , -
)

.

. -
:


-
. -

17


.

. .

.
 .
17251755
-

.
S- () .
-
.
, , ,
().
, -
,
.
, -
.
:



, -


-

-
. -
. .

18

 . 17501780 ,

,
--
, -
, .
-
, . -
, ,
, , .
 . 17801820
, , -

, -
(), - -
, , . . (
- .)
:
.
,
-
.
-
,
.
.
-
, -

,
-
. :






.

, -
.

, - .
. - . - .

19

.


.

. -

.


 . 16901850
, -

.
-
.
, .
-
, ,
.

 . 18151840
-
.

, .

,
. ,
, ,
.
:



- -




, , - .

20

, , , -

. ,
-
. :



,
..
--
.
--
.

 . 18201870
(
.)
- -
.
-
,
. -
. .
:

 -
. 16901850
-

.
,
, .
:


()

-
. . .

21




, ,
, -
.
()
,
, ,
,
-
,
. -
,
, . .

()
- ()/

-. - -
.
, .


. -
,
,
. .
, . -
. .
:


XIX -
,
-
.

.

-,
,
-

. -

. :

-
--
. -
.


- .
-
. - .
,
, ,
. (
, UGL).
, -
. UGL.
. , -
. -
,
, .
. - ,
, , ,
. ,
. -

, -
. , - , , , -
, . ,
1020%,
. .
, -
- .
- -
: - :
-
;
,
-

: -
- ;
: ,
, - ,

( -
)

:
:


23


14%)
25,4
() 24 .
7%
23,8 .

24,1 

-
. ,
, 14% , -
96,52 . , -
23,8
,
95,3 .

,
, 7% . (
. 88.)

,
. - , , .
, ( - ,
), .
, , -
( ) - .


61
. , 0,16 0,95 -
, . ,
. , ?
.
-,
25,5 . - , -
. . , -
( ,

, -
, -
, -

-
-





24

( )




, - .
. ,
,
. , .
:
- .
, 5 ,



0,08 .
-
, - 61
0,2 ,
, 0,95 .
52
0,79
0,95 .
.
. -

/
, .
- ,
- .

.
-
- -
-
, .
-
, .


25

. 
, 1. ,
- --
. . -
, (),
-
, , -
. .
, ,
. -
, .
. , , -

. ,
- .
, . 94 129.
- 
, ,
.
- ,
, -
. ( ).

. , -
, -
. . ,
-
1
, -
. .

, -
,
-
. . . .
:

-

-
, -
-


-

:
-


26
27

28
37
53
68


60 .
. -
, - ,
. .

. , , 7,5 7,5 ,
60 -
. ,
.
: , , ,
, ? .
. -
.
-
.

, -
.
-
,
. -
( )
.
, ,
,
-
- /
, . -
-
,
()
() .


29

-
 -
2030
, ,

( ),
-
. ,
.

-
( ),
, (/)
. -
,
. .
- -
- .
.
. . -
-
, - (,
), .
0,6 . ,
. -
, . .


()



0,32 0,04

1,6


30

.
() -
. ,


-
.


.
-. -

-.

, -
. -
,
.
. -

, -


.
. -
- ,
.

.

.

. ,

. -
.


-

-
-

-
31

-
.
-
.
,
-
.
.

.

20,3 .
, .
.
- (-
(). )

.



.
() () ,
.
, .

.
,
, , -
- . -
(), ,
,
.

. ,

,
, .
-

,
.
( )
, .
7,5 , ,

,
.
,
32

, ( , ,
1,6 . ). -
, , / /
. .
, . -
.
- . . ,
-
 . .
1
. -
(-) . . -
,
, -
.
-
, -
,
.
/


1
.
, -
. -

(-) -
. . .
33


.
.
,
.
.
.


-
. -
,
.


()

-
().
-
,

.
-
,

.
,

, ,
,
.
,
(
), .
34

 , -
.
/.
( ) : - -
, - ,
. .
.
. .
,
-
. .
. -
- .
,
. - , 7,510 .
.
. -
-
. ,
, . ,
, ,
- .
,
, ,
-
.

(-
)
-

-



35

-
()



2030


.
- .
, - - ,
, .
,
- , .
. -
- ,
.
. - -
, .
, - ,
. .



36

() . - ( ).
,
- , -
. ( ).
. ,
, ,
.
( ). -
- .
, - -
. , -

, .
. -
, .
.


()


( )
/

( )

,
- , , .
, , , ,
.
, , -
: .
() ,
/ . -
, ,
, .



()
38



,
. ,
.
-
, .
.
()
, -
.

. -
,
.
-
.
-

.

. -


.
- ,
. -
. .
.
.
. (), .
, .
.
, . , ,
, - ,
. .

-

39

-
,
.
,
.

 -
0,3

(
) -

.
.
,
.
-
, .
.
1
-

-
-


1
.
/. . .
40

. . ,
, / -
, , - .
, .
, . - .
, -
().
.
: -
. . -
, . ,
,
.
, - ()
. .
. -

.
. -
.


,
2,5 ,
.
. , ,
.
, -




41

. - . -
, .
. , ,
- . .
, , . -
, .
(
) .
. -


,
.
, -
,
.
-


42


.
.
,
-
.
, -
.
-
.

. -
-

.

. . , -
.
/
( ). - .
, . - / , ,
. .
, . , .

( ).
.
/ ,
-
.
,
.



43

 .
( , -
), , .
,
, - .
,
. -
,
.

-
, .
-
()
,
.
. -
, .
-
.
.

.

.
, , .

. -
-
, .


44

 .
- .
. - -
- . -
45.
- .
, -
.

. -
. -
. , ,
. ,
: , .
, ,
.

. ,
-
.
-

, .
-
. ,
,
.
-
, .

.
.

.


-
-



45

. - ,
. ,
. -
. ,
. .

, .
. -
. .
.
, .
. , .
, -
. - .

-
-



, -

-
- -
-

-

46

 . -

- . ( -
, )
,
. . -
,
, .
.
.
-
,
.
-
-
-
.
, ,
.

,
.

.
- -
. ,
.

( -
)


47


-
.

-
.


, . -
.
.
, -

.
.

. -

.
.
,
,
.



48

 . , -
,
. .
. /.
,
, . , -
. / -
. ,

. .
- .
,
. .
- / -
. .
0,3 0,6
, -
().
.
, .
-
-
.
.
. -
. -
,
( ),
( ).
-
/ ,


/
49

.
, .
.
, .
. -
.
, / (
- . ). -
. .
, .

.

. ,
,
, /.


. -
-

.




-
, -
.

.

50

,
. -
, -
. .
- ,
. .
,
.
-
.
.
. -
,
.
.
-
.
,

.
.
. -
.
.
-
(
)
/.

. -
, .


51

 . -
,
( )
. , .
, - /.

. .
. .
-
. ,
.
. , ,
, . .
. -

, - .
-
. 

( . -
).
.
.
. -
- . -
.

-



/


52

, -
, -
.
. , , , -

. .
,
. , - . -
. - .
. . -
,
, . , -
.
, .
. .
-
.


( )
.
, -
.
-

,
.
.

.

- ,
. , .
,
, , , ,
, , .
, .
, : , /-
, /, -
. . .

- 
. -
- .
,
.
. -
( , .
) . .
, -
-
.
,
.
, /
. .
/.
- , , , ,
. , - .
, ,
- - , .
.
, ,
-
-
.
,
() .
, - -
, ()
-
, -
(, ).
. /

,
.


, -
.
-
, -

54

- ,

() (), . .
. -
,
. .
. -
, ,
.
. , . .

- ,
, .



,
.
,
.
, -
:
.
.
.
,

.
(-
). -
.
,
.
55

, . -
, - , ,
- .
. .
, .
- .
. , - . -
- , / -
, . .
/ ,
.
/. -

, - 1

.
,
.
.
/
, .

/
56

() - ,
. .
. - -
. .
-
. ,
. .
- .
. () , -
.
. - -
. . -
.
- .
. - .
. ,
- .
,
. -
.

.
. -
.


. -

.
-.
,

-
57

. ( . ,
)
. .
-
. . -
, -
, . . ,
- .
,
, . ,
. -
. -
. .
- . -
. .


()
, -
,
, ,

, . -
, -
, .
, -

. ,

, -
58

. .
()
, .
. (-
). -
( ). .
- , -
.
( ) (-
. - ). -
( ) .
. .

- , -
. .
,
( ), -
, -
. -
, .
(-
). ,
,
.

,
.

, -
. , -
.


59

-
, -
. . ,

. ,
/. .
, - , . -

,
. .
. -
.
, ,
,
.
.
.

-
.
.

-
.
.
-
.



60

-
(). .
-
. ( ). -
- -
. .
, - .
/. - , -
, .
- .

 -
. ,
. , .
, -
5000 . - ,
.
. -
- , -
. -
(, - .
) , -
, .
. . -
, /.

. ,
,
. - .
61

/ -
-
(
) /2 X
1

/4 X
1

/4 X
1

-
-
0,4
()

X
0,2



.
. -
, . , -
7,5 , 3,8 . .
3,8 , .
2,5 .
. : ,
. . , ,
, ,
. .
,
, -
.

/ .
,
, -

.
.

.
/ -

, -
.

,
62

.
,
-
.
(
).

.
(
) .
() , -
.

,
.
, -
-
.

, -
. -
.

. -
,
, -
.

.
,
-
,
. ,

.



63

.
, ,
. , -
. -
.
- .
. -
. , . 45 ,
. ,
- .
.
, - :
. - ,
.
.
. -


-
.

20

-

64

? .
: , , . - , .

. -
. -
, /.
().
-
.
,
. -


.
,

,
.
.
1
. ,

.
, - 1
. - ,
-
.

().


65

/ -
, -

.
.
, -

. -

.
,
, .


, - .

.
, . -,
.
-
, , . -,
-
. ,
, . -
. ,
,
. .
-
, .

- -


66

 ,
- , .
. - -
. ,
. -
,
. .
- -
, , .
,
. .

. ,
, ,
- .
. . -
.
- .
, - . -

( . ,
), .
, -
. .
- ,
. .
-
()



67

.


.
,

. ,
.




-
.
, -
-


-.

.
,

,
, ,
.

.
68

, ,
,

, -
- -
. , ,

-
. .)
, , , - ,
. -
, - .
. .
- ,
, - . , ,
. - ,
/ -,
-
, .
. -
, . , ,
. :
 .


. .
- .
. , ,

. , - . -
, . ( ,
, .

-
-


69


( , -
).

.
-
.
, -
,

.
. ,
, ,
,

. , ,

-.
-
45,
,

. (

.)
.
. , ,
, -
.
,


.
.
,
.
, .
. (

. . .)
,
, .



( ).
. -
, -
,
.
70

() . -
,
, . -
. ,
, () .
, , . -
. -
.
, . - . -
,
.
, -
. , .
,
-
(
).
() .

-
.
,
-
, ,
. , -
,
.

,
,


71


.
(
),
.


, -
.
,
,
,

.
() -
.
,

-

, .

2,5

( ) , -
0,3 -
, .


.
(). -
,
. 10 : 1
, ,
.
72

,
.
( .
),
. .



,
,
.
. -

.


.
- , -
, -
.
-
. -

.
, -

.
73

. -
-
,
.
, .
()
, , , .
.
, . -
,
.
-
.


, ,

-
. - --
, /
.
().
-
, -

.
, -
.

-


.

--
,
. -
-/
, -
, ()
,
, .
. -
-

. -
, .
,
( ) -
.
/
. ,
, -
.
74

 .
.

. -

, .
-

. -
,

, ,
.
 ()

/ -
.
() -
,
.

,

, -

.
, .

-
.
.
.
( ) -




75

,
.
- -

.
-
,
. -
.
().
-
. 5
,
, . -
(
-
)
.
-
.
-

. -
.

-
.
-
.

(/ -
).

-. (
) -

. -
.
/ /
.
(-
. )
, / -
.


.
, .
.



. -
.
76
77

- 78
88
94
104

114
123
129
78

, ,
. (
) : , ,
..
- .
. -
.
: , .




79

-
- . , -
.
.
 , .
(
. - )
,
()
/. . ,
, - .
-
, -
. , , .
. -
- . /
- -
, .
.
,
-, - ,
. , -
. - ,
, .
- ,
. .
-

- - , , -
. , . ,
, -,
- -.
,
.
-. .

-

80 -

-
, .
/ , -
.
. , ,
. -
. 79. :
,
. , , -
, , . (
,
. - .)
, ,
, -, -
. ()
. , ,
,
, - .
,
.
, - ,
. .
-
 . ,
- (
-) - . , , -
. ,
, .
,
(- -
). . -
. (. , -
. 88.) , .
, .
- -
. .
, - : -
- , ,
. , . , .
.

-
- -
. . ,
, - ,
.
.
, .
. , -
.
81

-

-

-
82 -



(-)
-

(-)
-


- -


83


, - , ,
-

, . XVII -
, -
.
. . ,
, ,
( ), -
. .
-
,
- .
. -
, , -
; . .
, .
, -
. ,
, -
. .

-
-


84 -

- .
, , ,
, .
. , -
-
 .

- ,
. - .
, ,
. .
- , ,
. . (
- ) -
, .
, . .
- ,
.
( ) .
, -
. .
, , ,
. - --
( ), . ,
/ .
() 15 ,
. - ,
() .
, -
. - 
. . 114. , , -
, - ,
, - .
,
,
, .
.




85



()

- -


, -
, :
, , -
-
. .

, .
. ,
, ,
. .

- -
- -

:
86 -

.
. (
) , --
,
- ( ) , -
, .
- .
, ,
. , -
,
.
, -
.
. -
. .
-
, , , , , , ,
, . - . -
. ,
, , -
.

, .

, -
- .
XVIII -
. ,
() .
- --
, , -
, , - .


-



:
87

- -
-

- -

- -
-

: -

, 1
- .
, ,
, .
.
, . ,
, ,
, -
. . -
. . - ,
!
- .
. 22, ,
, , , -
, ,
, .
, , , - :
.
- .
. ,
, , -
 .

- .
, -
. , , -
, , , -
.

/

-


-
-




- /
-
/

-
-
, -



89




-
-

-

-
.

-
,
, .
-

- -
- ( ,
)

. , -

-
,
, -
.
, . .
--
,
, .
.
-

,
.
.
. .

 .

, , - , -
, .
, -.
. , -
,
.
. - , .
90

-
-

-


-

-


.
-

- .


-
.

, - -
, . ,

(
), -

, .
-
,

. -
, -
.
-
.
-
, -
.

.
91


, -



- -
-
--

-
/-


( )

. .
- -


,
,

. /
, , -
, -


.
-
,
, -
. /

,
. /,
, -
, . , -
, . .
, - ,
, , -
, -
, -
. .
,
 .
-
.
,
, . , , .
- -
92

-
,
-
--


-
-

-
-
-


.
-
-
. , -
/
.

-
. -
-
,

,

. -
-


- ,

.
, -
. -

.

,

.
.

93

,
. -
-
.
-
.

()
- ,
-
-
. -
- - - ,
.
- ,

.

- ,
- -

( )


-
-
.

, -

.

.

.
(
)
(),

.

)
. - ,

.
, , ,
- ,
. -
, , -.
, , -
, , - , -
. .
? - -
, ,
.
.
, , ,
, , . -
( - ,
, , . -
- - , -

:
-
--
-
.


- -



95

, . -
.
(.
 . 37) .
- /
, - ,
.
, , -
- .
.
. - ,
. , -
, -, .




/
96

: , ,
, .
. ,
, -
.

.
, - ,
. . ( ,
.




-
-

-


-

-





-


/


97

, .
.) (
- , ). -
, ,
, . -
. -
,
. -
.
, -
- , .
- ( )
. , , , -
. -
, .
.
- ,
, .
-
. -
,
. , -
,
- .
, ,
. . -
, .
,
-


- -
-

--

-
-
-

()




-
-

98

, -
.
,
, ,

.
( )
.
104-113.
. 97 ,
.


-
.
, , , -
.
- .

, ,
,
. -

- ,

- , - .

. 305.
-
/
-


, . 104.
-
-
, . 114.
-

-

. -
, ,

, -

. /
- , ,
-
.



99

-
- - -

-
- -
-


- -
-
-

-
-


-




-

( ), , -
. .
(, ,
) . -
. - . ,
, .
. .
- .
. -
- , -
,
. ,
, - .
-
(, , ). , -
( -
), - . ( -
. )
. . ,
:
.
.
, -
-
, . -
.
, -
, -
100

.
-
. 34
- ,

-
. .
. - .


. - ,
( ) .
( ). ,
. .
- , -
-
. . -
- ()
, . .


101


()
, -
.
-
.
- , -
, -
.
, -
- .
- , .

-
, ,
.
-
, .


-
. -
,
. -

,
- .
,
-

.
-
-
.
, -
.
,
-
,
-.

( -
). -
.
-
-,

,
-
. - -
.
, -
. -
102


-
-

 .
. - ,
.
, - .
. - -
. ,
. ,
.
, ,
.
. ( ),
- -
, - , .
. . -
, , , -
. . -
,
. -



-


-


103

,
. -

, . 104,

-
. -

.
.
, , - -

.


.
-, -
-
.
 -
-
,
.
. -
. -
. - -
-
, -
. -
,
. ,
-
.
,
,
-
.
,
XVIII ,
-
.



, -
. -
( )
.
-
, . -
/ .




, ,
! , , - -
. , ,
, , -
.
, . .
, , .
. .
, .
. ( -
.) .
. ()
, ,
. . , , -

. , .
, - ,
, .
, , -
- , ,
. , (,
, )
. ()
. , - -
, .
, .

--


105

-
. -
,
/
- .
. -
.
, - ()
(),
.
, -
,
.
. -
.
( ,
), -
,
.
/,

,
.
.

-
. -

- -


-


106

, - . -
, ,
.
- .

. /-
(), - ,
-
. (. . .
. 24.) - ,
. .
-

-
. .
- (. . 8991).
. -
.

-
, -
. , .
- ()
- -
. - ( ).
,
. -

,



-
-

/-




107

- -
, ,

. , ( -
)
, - . , , -
.
. , -
. ,
: , -
. - .
, .
.


( )


- ,
( ) -


108


, () -
,

( )
. .

. -

-
,
-
.
.
,

.
-

().
()
.
()
,

; (-
) .

.
,

(-
)

- -
(-
( (- -
)
) )
(-
)

: - : -
- .


109

, -
()

, ,
. .
,
(. 107),
. .

6 ,
. 1920 .
-
-
. ,
.
. - -


:
, -
(,
. .), -
().

(),
.

.
-
-
,
.
-
.
. -

. - /
110

-

,
,
.
.


, -
.

, ,
.

/, -
.
()
-


.
-

.
( -
),

.


. -
.


.


. -
, ,
,
.

-
, -

.
,
,

.
(-
C - -
) .
-
,
111

, - -
. - -
() , ,
- .
. - . -
, , -
, ,
, / .
. ,
-
.
, , -
, , . -
.
, .
-
, -
- , ,
, - -.
. - , , -
. -





-
-
-

-
-


-

-





112

. ,
- ,
( ). .
-
. (. -
. 108.) .

 ,
.
, .
, , . -
, ,
. .
-
,
-, -
, , .
. (-
( , - ).
) ,
.

-
( ( )
)

-


113

()

:
, -. -
,


.
()

-
,

.

,
.
-
,
.


. ,
-
.
. -
.


,

.
. .
. ! . . ! .
-
-
,
/

.

-
.
-
.
,
.

,
, -
.
,
-
-
.
-
, .
-



, - , ,
. - , .

2 - 2


115

/ -
.
,
,
, , , .
,
. . ,
- .
. , -

()


116

. - .
- -
, .
.
, - -
( .
). ,
.
-
, ,
- .
. -
, , ,
.
. ,
. ( ) -
, -
. XVIII ,
, , - . -
, ,
. .
- -
,

. .
-
, ,
,
117

, , ,
.
. -
.
,
. .
( 6 )
, -
. . -
, , -
, 6 .
, , ,
, . - . -
,
/
. - .

118

-
- -





,
-
. , ,
,
,

.

. . -

.
,
,
.

, -

.
,


.
.
-
 / -
.
- :
. -
,
, - .
119


-
,

-

-

-
,
- -





- -
-



-
-


-
-




-
, .
-
. ,
( ). .
- -
.

.
,
,
, . ,
-
. .
120



-
: -

-
-.
, ,
.
.
. -
-
,
- .
. , . ,
.
. . , -
, , ,
, -
, . -
.
, .
.

:
, .
-
.
121


-

-

-




,
32-



-

-


-
-
-

-


-
-


122

--

-
-
-
-
-


-
,
/
,
. , -
,


, .
-
.
,

( ) -
- .
( ). -
.
/. -
- , ,
-
. , ,
. 90 - ,

. , .

-

-




.
, ,
,
.
-
,
.
, -
. ,
-
, -
, .
, -
- . ()
- (), -
, -

XVII .

, ,
.



,
,
.
-
, .
-
.
-
-
,
1.
-
-
,
. -
-
, -
() , , ,
.

-
1
Bootjack : , , , .
. .
124

- - -

, .

. . .
, -
. 123, - ,
- .
. -
, .
. .
, -
.
. , -
.
.
- .
, - .
- -
, . .
- -
.
. , 0,5
. - .
-
, .
125

 -
(
) . , -
, , -
, , .
, - ,
? , -
, -
.


.
. -
.
,
.
-

-
-. ,

.
, .
-
- -
- .
. /
,
.

,

. -
.

-
-
-
-

-

-
126

,
. , . -
, - ,
.
/.
- -
. ,
,
. .
? -
.
- .
. -
/ . -
,
. , ,
? , ,
.
. -
. ,

- .
.

, ,
. -
- .

/
/
. -
(. . 133)

-

-


/
( ,

)


127


,
.
, -
. /
, -
.

.



, , - -
.

, , -


. -
,
.
-
, ( )
-
. ,

.


, ,
.

. -

- , /,

- -
, -
.
, -
- -
.

-
, .


. -

128

, -
/, .

. .




.
- ( , ,
) .
-

,
, ,
. ( ,
.)

/
,

- ( )
, .
- .

-
-
-,
-
( - .
- . -
)
- .

-

( -
)
-
(
)



129


, -
-
. ,
,
, ,

, -
.
-
, - -
,
, -
, ,
. - -


.

-
: ,
, -

,
. , -



.
()
() .
-
, .

(
) -
.
- ,

, -
, ,


, . -

.
(-
(
) - , ,

, - .


-
, .)
, ,
..
,
-
, .


-
() -


-
,
. -
130


, .
-
. 
,
, .
, - () -
. .
, () . -
- .
. ,
,
()
. - . -
- , ,
, , . .
.
, -
.
. , -
. - .
, , , -
- . , ,

(, , , (, ,
, ) () , )

, , , ( - , ,
)

, , , ,
( )

, ,
() ()


131

-




()




-






-
()


-
. ,
, ,
. . ,
, .
, -

. .
, , -
,
. ,
. -
,
, , , - /, .
. , ,
, , .
.

-


-




-

S-


132

 . -
- ,
- .
, . -
-
, . , ,
(/ ). .

, -
. .
- -
. , . -
.
. ,
-
, - .
.
-
()
, - ()
, (, )
. , , . ,
.
, , . , -
,
. - .
, -
, .
. .
-

. . -
.

( ) - -
, -





133

, , -
- ,
. -


, -

, - -

-
.
- .
-
,
.
-
. ,
, -
,

. -
. - ;


-
/

. -
.
-
,
.
. , -
, -

. -
. ;
-
, - ;
. , -
-
.

, -
,
.
.
.
,
-
, -
. -
-
, ,
,
.
134
135


137
167
207
235
271
341
357
136



90110
6075

15



6876 -

6074 -


3646




30

46


76
80 152
91107
122 183


6176
137

. .
- 36 40 , 3646 .
. , . -

, - -
, , ,
. . 15 .
, .
-
, - . 60 , 75
. .
. . -
. .
6876 . 30 , 45 -
. - .
- . -
.
60 . ,
. - , - .
- , 90 ,
110 .

138

152 94

,
.
74
, ,
.
. -
,
. , -

.
,

,
Becksvoort, Chris. Leg-and-Apron
? Table, The Best of Fine Woodwork-
, ? ing: Traditional Furniture Projects.
, Newtown, CT: The Taunton Press,
. 1991.
Lynch, Carlyle. Country Breakfast
- Table, American Woodworker, Vol.
: , (). IV, No. 2 (May/June 1988),
, pp. 46-49.
.

, ,
. . ,
, , .
: , , , ,
, . .
, .

, ,
, .
. -
- ,
. -
,
.



139


,
50

, -
-
, -

,

, -

,
-


,


193

91

Bentzley, Craig. Tavern Table,


American Woodworker, No. 19


(March/April 1991), pp. 29-35.

Lyons, Richard A. Tavern Table,


Making Country Furniture. Engle-
wood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1987.

74

-
.


-
, , . , -
- .
-.
, , -
,

,
1. .
:
.
, ,
, -
. -

.

XVIIXVIII ,
, -
- ,

.
-
.

-
-
, .
-


. ()
-

.
- - -

, . .


.
1
. . .
141

;
. . 28
3

, ,
-



-
-
-

-





-


-

/ ; -

,
-


/




;
. . 90




199
81 .

79 .
,
, -
.
90,
74 .
164
.

, -
,
. - .
, , -
. . .
Abram, Norm. Kitchen Worktable,
, - Classics from the New Yankee Work-

, shop. Boston: Little, Brown, 1990.


,
. argon, Lester. Library Table,
, More American Furniture Treasures.
. New York: Architectural Book Pub-
lishing Co., 1971.
.

.
,
, .
, (, -
- ), .

- -
- - -




-

-
- -



143

-

/

-
, -
-
.
; . . 92

-
-

-

-

-



-
;

-

-
-
-
-


/



152 :

15 .
, .
-
122
.


.
75 ,
-
. -
, ,

.
-
. -
Burchett, John. Building an Open-
,
Pedestal Table, The Best of Fine
, .
Woodworking: Tables and Chairs.

,
Newtown, CT: The Taunton Press,
.
1995.

.
Watts, Simon. Oval Table, Building

a Houseful of Furniture. Newtown,
, -
CT: The Taunton Press, 1983.
.

XVIII -
.

.
.
.
,
.



145


; -
- -

-
-
/

-

-
;
,

2 -

193 91

-
-

74

.
-
. -
-


. - , -
, ,
, -
. -
. -
,
. -
-
- ,

.
, - .
-
, -
, - -
. . (-
- -),

, , , -
. ,

. -
.
.
, -
.
-
, Frid, Tage. Trestle, in Tables.
, , , - Tage Frid Teaches Woodworking,
. Book 3: Furnituremaking. Newtown,

CT: The Taunton Press, 1985.


3545 ,
.
Margon, Lester. Sawbuck Dining

Table from Pennsylvania, Construc-
.
- tion of American Furniture Treasures.
. New York: Dover Publications, 1975.
147

-
-
-





107


, -
173

112
76 -
, ,
.
-
-
.

,
-



-
.
.
. -
-
, -
,
-
-
.
. . -
60 -
. -
,

Beckvoort, Chris, Leg-and-Apron .
Table, The Best of Fine Woodwork-
ing: Traditional Furniture Projects.
Newtown, CT: The Taunton Press,
1991.

Frid, Tage, English Pullout, in Ta-


bles. Tage Frid Teaches Woodwork-


ing, Book 3: Furnituremaking. The
Taunton Press, 1991.

Moser, Thomas, Round Exten-


sion Table, Oval Extension Table,
Round-Ring Extension Table, and
Oval-Ring Extension Table, Mea-
sured Shop Drawings of American
Furniture. New York: Sterling Pub-
lishing Co., 1985.
149

-
-


-

, -
,
/
-
-



-
-
-

-
-

: -

, -
-

-
,




163
Frid, Tage. Circular Pedestal Pull-
out, in Tables. Tage Frid Teaches
Woodworking, Book 3: Furniture-
making. Newtown, CT: The Taunton
122
Press, 1985.


Round Dining Table, Woodsmith,
No. 30, pp. 16-21.
74 Salomonsky, Verna Cook. Duncan
Phyfe Dining Table, Masterpieces of
Furniture Design. New York: Dover
Publications, 1953.


.
,


. ,


.
, -
-
-
.
. ,
,
.
.


, , -
,
, .
.

.

-
,



. .
-
, , 3040 , ,

. -
.

-
90120 .
151





, -

, -
:
-


-

-



-



- ; -
- . . 179

-

, :
-


2
, -
, -


-
-
-







48 128 83 ,

Frid, Tage. Dutch Pullout in Ta-


bles. Tage Frid Teaches Woodwork-


76 ing, Book 3: Furnituremaking. New-
town, CT: The Taunton Press, 1985.

Kriegshauser, John. Expandable Din-


ing Table, Workbench, August/Sep-
tember 1996, pp. 20-23, 26, 61.


- .
- -
, .
. -
, . - .
- , -
. - .

. ,
.
- .
, -
, ,
-. -
. ,
, - . -
, - .


-

-
. ,
( ),
, -
.

. -

( ) .
,
, , -
. , -
,
, .
153

, -

- ,
-

-


-

-
-
-
, -
-

-




-


: -
,

, -
-


- -
-



152
Frid, Tage. Sliding Flip-Top Table,


in Tables. Tage Frid Teaches Wood-
working, Book 3: Furnituremaking.
Newtown, CT: The Taunton Press,
56
1985.

( -
), -
.

78 .
-
. , -
. -

- ,
() - .
. -
, . , .

, ,

- . - -
().
, .

-
. (-
)
. ,
,
. -
( ),
( )

.
-
.

,
.

.
- -
-
, . 178.

155

-

-


-



-


- -
-

-


-
-



-
-

( )

-
-
,


-

-
-



0,6 -
-
- -

- -



: -



,

53
198 -
25 -
74 -
, -
,
, -
. ()

.

( ) , -
,
.
. , .
.
, -
,
.

. , -
, 4 ;
. 1 6 ;
- 2
.

- (-
).
.
. 158,
. 160, - . 180
.
, 6 ;
, , 2

/ . 8 ;
2
, 38 . - -
.
,
. 158. , -
,
. Engler, Nick, and Mary Jane Favor-
, XX ite. Harvest Table, American Coun-
, try Furniture. Emmaus, PA: Rodale

Press, 1990.
. ,
, - Hylton, Bill. Drop-Leaf Kitchen
, Table, Country Pine. Emmaus, PA:
Rodale Press, 1995.

. , Mandel, Mitch. Harvest Table,
, , American Woodworker, No. 30 Oanu-
1840- 1880-, , ary/February 1993), pp. 4247.
.
157

-
-


-

; .
. 93

-
-


-

;

. . 82
; -
. . 8587 -
-
-
;
-

-
; -
. . 68
-


-
-

;



-
-

-


-
158


86
65

-
-

213 . -


. ,
-
73 .
. -
.

- -
,
--
. -
.
,

().


.
,
XVI , .
, Gate-Leg Table, MakingAntique

. Furniture. Hertfordshire, UK: Argus
Books, 1988.
( Margon, Lester. Gate-Leg Dining
), - Table with Oval Top from the Brook-
, lyn Museum, Construction of Amer-
-
12 .
ican Furniture Treasures. New York:
, , Dover Publications, 1975.

. Rogowski, Gary. Gate-Leg Table Is


Light But Sturdy, The Best of Fine
, Woodworking: Tables and Chairs.
, Newtown, CT: The Taunton Press,
.
, 1995.
- Taylor, V. J. Jacobean Oval Gate-Leg
, Table, How to Build Period Country
. Furniture. New York: Stein and Day,
, 1978.
.

Watts, Simon. Building a Houseful
, of Furniture. Newtown, CT: The
. Taunton Press, 1983.
.
159

-

-
; .
. 93



-
34 -
;
. . 9293

-
-
-

, -
-
,

- -

-

-
- -

-




XVIII

-
-



-
()



,
, - -
- ,


-

107
36 , ,

,
. , ,
69

-
.


. -
, ,
.

-
-

, -
. XVIII .

, -
(. . 158). . -
, , , , .
, -
. - ,
. -.
,
.
. - -
107 - , ,
. ,
, .
.



Dunbar, Michael. Gateleg Table,
Federal Furniture. Newtown, CT: The
Taunton Press, 1986.

Treanor, Robert. Drop-Leaf Break-


fast Table, The Best of Fine Wood-
working: Tables and Chairs. New-
town, CT: The Taunton Press, 1995.

Vandal, Norman. Circular Drop-Leaf
Table, Queen Anne Furniture. New-
town, CT: The Taunton Press, 1990.
161

-
,
; ; -
. . 93



-







-


-


-


- 0,6 ;
-



- -
- -

-


-
-






-

-
-



162


61
61
.
.

106


,

( -
) .
76 -
,
.
,
. .
-

- .
,
, , -
. - .
,
.

,

.
,

.
.
,
,
.
.
,
.
, -

Frid, Tage. Drop-Leaf, in Tables.


Tage Frid Teaches Woodworking,

Book 3: Furnituremaking. Newtown,


CT: The Taunton Press, 1985.
Italian-Style Card Table of the 18th
Century, Making Antique Furniture.
Hertfordshire, UK: Argus Books,
1988.
163



- (-
)


-

- -
, - , -
, -






- -
-
- : -

-
-, -
.

,
120
.
70
, -
.
-
,
.
51 .
56


-
1600- . -
.

, ,

.

-
, ,
.
,
- . -
. .
, ,
. . ,
, ,
.
.
- .
.
. ,

, -
.
-

Engler, Nick, and Mary Jane Favor-


ite. Shoe-Foot Settle Table, Ameri-

-
can Country Furniture. Emmaus, PA:
Rodale Press, 1990.
Hylton, Bill. Bench Table, Country
-
Pine. Emmaus, PA: Rodale Press, -
1995.
165


- -
,
,


-
, -



-
-

- -
- -


-
,
-
;
. . 114

3 ,
, -


-




-
-

6166

3846

-
-



-

6676
167

, ,
- .
. - -
, .
, : 38 46 , -
. () 56 76 ,
- 91 152 .
, . . , -
- ,
, . . - -
-

. 4651 . -
- ,
,
(: , , ,
. , -
/ - , , .),
. , ,
, , .
, - .
, . - ;
, , , -
. , , , -, -
61 ,
3641 5158 .
. .
. 76
-
, , / ,
- 5161 .

168

66

,



, -
68
.
.

. -

.
-
33 -
.
,

- - .
. -

,
.
,
, -
XVII .

,
(. .
178). ,
,
,
.
-
.
Clinton, Bill. A Semielliptical Ta-
. ble, The Best of Fine Woodworking:
, Tables and Chairs. Newtown, CT: The
, Taunton Press, 1995.

.
- Hill, Jack. Half-Round Hall Table,
(. . 179) Making Family Fleirlooms. New
York: St. Martins Press, 1985.
.
- Hylton, Bill. Half-Round Table,
, Country Pine. Emmaus, PA: Rodale
. - Press, 1995.
.
169

-
,

-
-

-

;
-

-

6 -


170

73
48


-
.
, -
,
.
67 ,
-
.
-
, XIX
,
.
-
. ,
.

Bird, Lonnie. Connecticut Tea Ta-


ble, American Woodworker, No. 49

XVI -
. (December 1995), pp. 46-51.
, , Vandal, Norman. Tray-Top Tea Ta-
, ble and Porringer-Top Tea Table,
. XVIII Queen Anne Furniture. History, New-
- town, CT: The Taunton Press, 1990.
, ,

-
, , ,

. ,
,
, .
, .
.
, ,
.

-

-
. -


- -
. ,

-
, - --
.

171


-

-
,



-
;
-



-

-



()





85 93


,
22

.

72
.
,
.



-
-

, - .
, -
, - .
. - ,
.

. .
,
, , ,
.
. -


.
.
.
- .
-
, , -
.
.
- -
. -
, . -
, - .
,
. , ,

Dunbar, Michael. Pembroke Table,


Federal Furniture. Newtown, CT:

The Taunton Press, 1986.


Margon, Lester. Pembroke Table,
Construction of American Furniture
Treasures. New York: Dover Publica-
tions, 1975.
173

, -

- -
-


-
-



-
-
-


,

-






-
-
-

- -
-


-
-

90

. : -

.

-
-
45
-
.
,
.

. ,
72
.
-


. -


. -


200
-
,
?
:
.
.
.
-
, .
,
,
, .
Dunbar, Michael. Card Table, Fed-
, eral Furniture. Newtown, CT: The
Taunton Press, 1986.
. Landon, Eugene E. Making a Hep-

plewhite Card Table, The Best of Fine


. , Woodworking: Traditional Furniture
, , Projects. Newtown, CT: The Taunton
, -
Press, 1991.
.
Pittman, Frank M. Building a Gate-
.
- Leg Card Table, The Best of Fine
, Woodworking: Tables and Chairs. New-
4560, town, CT: The Taunton Press, 1995.
175

, -
-
-


-



-
-
-

(

)

-
;
.
. 92




-
;
. . 179
-
- -
-




90
89

,
69 .
, -

.

-
-, -
.
.


,



.
,
-
.
,
-
, :
XVIII ,
. ,
-

.
,
-

. Monteith, Edward R. Convertible Fur-


niture, The Best of Fine Woodworking:
Tables and Chairs. Newtown, CT: The
. Taunton Press, 1995.

,
-
. ,
. :

.

-

,



177




-


-
-

-
-

-

-
, -
-



-


.
73 92 -
.
-
46 .
;
.

D- .
,

.


-
, -
,
. -
, -
,
.

-
-


, -
.
, .
-

90, Frid, Tage. Turning Flip-Top, in Ta-


. bles. Tage Frid Teaches Woodworking.
- Book 3: Furnituremaking. Newtown, CT:
, The Taunton Press, 1985.


-
-
,
.
.

, -
.
,
. -

,
-
- . - -

179



-
-

-

-



-

-
-


-


-




- -
-



, -

-


-

: -
-


-
30
-
36
.

75
.
,
,
-
. ,
66 , ,
-
.
43
-
-
-
(-).
.
-

-
.

, . , .
: -. .
,
,
.

.
-


. ,
, -
, ,

Kettell, Russell Hawes. Drawing 34:


Maple and Pine Butterfly Table, The
Pine Furniture of Early New England.

New York: Dover Publications, 1956.


Margon, Lester. Butterfly Table from
the Berkshire Museum, Construction
of American Furniture Treasures. New
York: Dover Publications, 1975.
Salomonsky, Verna Cook. Butterfly Ta-
ble, Masterpieces of Furniture Design.
New York: Dover Publications, 1953.
181
-
; -
. . 93

-
-
-


-
-


, -
-

-

;

- -

-
,
;

-

( )

81

,
40 , -
.
,
.
.
, -
, -
69 . (-

.)
, , -

.

,
.
-
. (. . 162),

, - .
. -
. ,
. .

, -
.

, -
.
,
,
.

-
,
. -
-
(
). Landon, Eugene. Queen Anne Hand-
kerchief Table, Fine Woodworking, No.


, 52 (May/June 1985), pp. 38-41.
,
. - Vandal, Norman. Corner Table, Queen
- Anne Furniture. Newtown, CT: The
. Taunton Press, 1990.
183




(
)

() - 90

-


-
-






-


-

45

45



-



137

55


,
.
76 .


-
-
.
.
.
, -
, .

-
1700- ,
.
, - ,
. ,
, -
, .
. .
,
, -
(. , , ,
. 294), ,
, .
. -
,
,
, .

-

.
,
. -

.

-
, , .

Lynch, Carlyle. Sideboard Table,


Classic Furniture Projects from Carlyle

Lynch. Emmaus, PA: Rodale Press,


1991.
Side Table in Walnut, Making Antique
Furniture. Hertfordshire, UK: Argus
Books, 1988.
185

-
-


-
-

-


-

-


-


45


-









163

,
,
33


,

,
.

71 1790- . -
,
.
, ,
. -

. ,
.
,
Mandel, Mitch. Building Thomas -
Mosers BowFront Table. American .
Woodworker, Vol. IV, No. 3 (July/August
1988), pp. 2228.

.
McCall, Gene. Sofa Table Comple- .
ments Antiques, Tables and Chairs: The .
Best of Fine Woodworking. Newtown, , -
CT: The Taunton Press, 1995. , -
Taylor, V. J. Regency-Style Sofa Table, ,
How to Build Period Country Furniture.
New York: Stein and Day, 1978. , , .


. , ,
. -
. .

-

187

(
: - )

-
- -




; . . 90
-

-
-


-
,
()

-


,

,


46
46
5658 ,
, -
.
.
46

, -
.

.
-

.
.
-

- . ,
. .

. Frid, Tage. Making an End Table,
The Best of Fine Woodworking: Tables

, ,
, . and Chairs. Newtown, CT: The Taunton
- Press, 1995.
, , Shumaker, Karl. Parsons Table, Ameri-
. - can Woodworker, No. 12 (January/Feb-
46 ruary 1990), pp. 22-27.

, , .
.
. -
,
.
1 ,
.
.
. . -
.

1
, XIX ,

. . .
189


-


190

-

59
51
) .
,
, -

.
73 -

,
. .
, -

.

Gottshall, Franklin H. Round-Top


Card Table, Simple Colonial Furniture.

.
. New York; Bonanza Books, 1984.


. Hylton, Bill. Splay-Leg Table, Country
, Pine. Emmaus, PA: Rodale Press, 1995.

. Hylton, William H. Splay-Legged Ta-
- ble, The Weekend Woodworker Quick-
, . and-Easy Projects. Emmaus, PA: Rodale
- Press, 1992.
, (

: ,
.
,
. -
,

.

-

191

()


;
. . 9293

-



-
-




192


54

, , -
54 ,
,
(
, ), -
74 .
-
-
,
. ,
, -
.

Hylton, William H. Bedside Table,


The Weekend Woodworker Quick-and-
Easy Projects. Emmaus, PA:

Rodale Press, 1992.


,
Mehler, Kelly. Cherry Side Table,
.
American Woodworker, No. 17 (Novem-
-
ber/December 1990), pp. 2025.
, -
Moser, Thomas. Sidestand, Measured
.
Shop Drawings for American Furniture.
-
New York: Sterling Publishing Co., 1985.
,

,
.

, .
. -
. .
. ,
, .



193

-
, -

-
-

-
-
-




,

-

- -


-



-
-
. -
53 -
81
, .

XVIII -
-, .
43
.
-

(-
).
-
Abram, Norm, with Tim Snyder. But- .
lers Table, Classics from the New Yan- -
kee Workshop. Boston: Little, Brown & , -

Co., 1990. ,

Butlers Tray Table. Woodsmith, No. , -
14 (March 1981), pp. 1011. .
. ,
Engler, Nick. Butlers Table Finishing.
Emmaus, PA: Rodale Press, 1992. . -
.


. (
), , .
, ,
, . -
,
.



195





90

-


-
-

-
-



112 56
,
,
,
41 . -
: 4046 , -
4676 , ,
.
,
,
, .



Erickson, Ben. Neo-Egyptian Coffee
, - Table, American Woodworker, No. 16
, (October 1990), pp. 3639.
, ,
Moser, Thomas. Coffee Table (24
. inch), Knee Table, and Coffee Table
(30 inch). Measured Shop Drawings for
American Furniture. New York: Sterling
- Publishing Co., 1985.
, Rae, Andy. Craftsman-Style, American
. Woodworker, No. 37 (April 1994),
- pp. 4041.

-
.

, , -
,
, .

.



, -
-
,

,
.
, -
,
: 4046
.
197

-
-
-

- -
/-




-
-

-
-
.
-

-


, -

, -

-


198

51 46


, -
, -
, , //
/

69 -

,
.
, -
,
. -
-
.


XVIII . - -
-
- ,
. .
XIX (-) -
-
. , ,
, -
.
.
, ,
, -
.
-

.
-

.
,

. -

. -

- Kassay, John. Stands, The Book of
(, , ).

Shaker Furniture. Amherst, MA: Univer-


- sity of Massachusetts Press, 1980.
, , Treanor, Robert. Shaker Sewing Stand,
. American Woodworker, No. 27 (July/
- August 1992), pp. 50-54.
.
199

-


-


-
-
-
-

(
)



-
-



254


-
200

, -
,
86
,
-



75 , -
. -
.
-
, -
, ,
, .

-

- .
.
. .
, .
, ,
.
.
.
-
,
,
, , .
50
, -

-
.


,
, (
-
). ,
,
. -
- .
-
Bird, Lonnie. Queen Anne Tilt-Top ,
,
Table, American Woodworker, No. 29
(November/December 1992), pp. 2227.

Dunbar, Michael. Candlestand and


Tip-Top Table, Federal Furniture.
Newtown, CT: The Taunton Press, 1986.
Margon, Lester. 18th Century Walnut
Tip-Top Table, Construction of Ameri-
can Furniture Treasures. New York: Do-
ver Publications, 1975.
201

, -
-
.
, -
, -
,

-
-


-

-
-



-

-
-
;
- -

-


202


61
42 ,
-, /

Abram, Norm, with David Sloan.


Shaker Washstand, Mostly Shaker


From The New Yankee Workshop. Bos-
88
ton, MA: Little, Brown & Co., 1992.

Lyons, Richard A. Stand Table, Mak-


ing Country Furniture. Englewood Cliffs,
NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1987.


,
.


-
-
- -
. -
. - ,
-- ,
: , , ,
-
, , , . -
,
. , -

.
, -
. - , ,
,
.

.
-
.
,
,



,
. -
-


, ,
203

-
-

-


-

-
-

-
-

-


204


/,
/

Lynch, Carlyle. Queen Anne Lowboy,


Classic Furniture Projects from Carlyle


Lynch. Emmaus, PA: Rodale Press,
91 46 1992.
Schoen, Edward J. Dressing Table,
Cabinetry, edited by Robert A. Yoder.
Emmaus, PA: Rodale Press, 1992.


76


.
-
.
(, ), -
, .
1

- ,
- , -
-
. ,
, - .
, -
.

. ,

,
-
, - .
.
,
-,
-
, ,
.

.

, , -
,
, ,
, , - -
, XX
.
1
(George Bryan Brummell), 17781840 . , -
. ,
, .
205


-
-

-
-


-



,
- ,

,




206


4851


-
17




3646
6976 6174


-
60

70

-
;
70135


5076
-
- 6976
; 6069

;
4061
207

, -
.
- ( ,
, . , .) -
,
. - 3646 .
, - . -
, -
-- , .
. 4851 .
,
- ,
. .
. .
. - ,
69 76 .
. - , -
,
. 6174 . .
. - .
.
. -
17 . 6069 , .
. .

, . 60.

208

122 76

,


. , -
76
, -

, :
!

,
, ,
,

, .
, .
, ,
, , .
, .
-
Lyons, Richard A. Writing Desk, Mak-
,
ing Country Furniture. Englewood Cliffs,


NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1987.
.
,
Watts, Simon. Folding Desk, Building
,
a Houseful of Furniture. Newtown, CT:
.
The Taunton Press, 1983.

-
.

. ,
200 , ,
. , ,
-
-
.



. -


, -

.
-

209



-
-


-
-

-





-
, -


-
-
-



-
-


/



210


, , , -
107
71 , /
/

-

.
,
122
,
. -
, ,
, -
, .
, ,
.
-
.

, -
.

-
.
, -
, ,
.
,
, -
.
Moser, Thomas. Standing Desk, Lec-
, 10.
tern Desk, and High Desk, Measured


Shop Drawings for American Furniture.
.
New York: Sterling Publishing Co., 1985.
-
Rittenhouse, Nelson. Slant-Top Writing

Desk, American Woodworker, No. 23

(November/December 1991), pp. 3035.
.
211

-




-

-

-
- -


-





,



-



-
-





-

-



-

-


- -
-




128

,
-
.
-
74 . -
. ,
.


57
88


,
.
,
. , -
, ,
-
,
.
, , -
, -
- -
, -

,
, .
, ,


.
.
Engler, Nick, and Mary Jane Favorite.
. Plantation Desk, American Country

, , Furniture. Emmaus, PA: Rodale Press,


. - 1990.
, - Lynch, Carlyle. Post-Office Desk, The
, - Best of Fine Woodworking: Traditional
. , Furniture Projects. Newtown, CT: The
, -
Taunton Press, 1991.
.
213

, -






-


, -
-
- -
- ;
. 37

-
-
-
,
, -


,
; -
- . . 114


-



214

97 47

,

-


108

.
. ,

, .


.
,
.


.
,
. XVIII
. -
,
, -
.
-

.
, , -

-
.

.
210, . 216.

Abram, Norm, with Tim Snyder. Slant-
, -
Front Desk, The New Yankee Work-

shop. Boston: Little, Brown, & Co.,
.
1989.
-

. -
Gottshall, Franklin H. Sheraton Desk,
.
Masterpiece Furniture Making. Harris-
.
burg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1979.
, , -
. -
Vandal, Norman. Desk on Frame,
.
Queen Anne Furniture. Newtown, CT:

The Taunton Press, 1990.
.
215


- -

-
-


-

-


-
(
)


-




-


-

-
-
, - -
-


-
-



97
-

-
-
-
.

, . .

, -
119
,
,
.
-
. -
, ,
.

53

-

. , -

.

.
-
. -
.
,
.
, XVIII
, .
Gottshall, Franklin H. Curly Maple
Slant-Top Desk, Masterpiece Furni-
. ture Making. Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole

, Books, 1979.
-
Margon, Lester. Historic Desk of Drop-
. Front Design, Construction of Ameri-
- can Furniture Treasures. New York:
Dover Publications, 1975.
.
217






()

-
-

4


-



;
. .
123128

: ,


-
,



. ,
, -
.
.
-
XVIII . -
.
226

,
-
( -
). -
,
,
-
.
.

Taylor, V. J. Building a Secretaire-


60 Bookcase, Fine Woodworking on Mak-
121
ing Period Furniture. Newtown, CT: The
Taunton Press, 1985.

-
.
, .
, ,
, .

, .
,


.
,

.

30 , -
,
. , ,

(, ),
, -
.
219

- -
-

-
-



-
-




(
)

-
-



-
,
:
-
-


220

-
-
(. . 50)

-
-

, -

-
3
, -
-

7
-

-
- , -



,
,
,




-


-


221

- ,
-
, -
, -

-

-
-


- -

-
,
,
(
)
-


-

-


-


-


-




222


-
. -

-
,
236 .
, -
. ,

, -
.

,
,
.
,
.

-


.
47 101 -
-
,

-
( ) . -
,
, -
.
-

-
XVIII ,
.
-
.
-- .
, ,
.
Dunbar, Michael. Secretary, Federal
, , ,
Furniture. Newtown, CT: The Taunton

.
Press, 1986.
-
Lynch, Carlyle. Salem Desk and Book-
.
case, Classic Furniture Projects from

Carlyle Lynch. Emmaus, PA: Rodale
, -
Press, 1992.
.
223

-
-

-



-

,


-



-

-







, -
; -
. . 193

-

-



224

-


-

-
,


-




-


-
, -




-



-



-



,
-
-

-
- -


225

-



,
,

-

-

-
( ) -




-





-



,
,


226

, -
168 76
,


.
.
76


.


,
, ,

. .


- -
. ( -
, , ) .
-. -
, ,
, Margon, Lester. Heirloom Desk of
. - Moderate Dimensions, Construction

of American Furniture Treasures. New


. York: Dover Publications, 1975.
-
Moser, Thomas. Panel Desk, Measured
70--
Shop Drawings for American Furniture.

New York: Sterling Publishing Co., 1985.
. -


-
, , .
, . , ,
, .
.
, , .


.

.
-

,
-
-
.
227

-


-
-

-
-

-

-

- -

, -
-

-
- (-
-
- ) -


73


58


, -
85 .


, -
,
, . -

, ,
-
,

.


, .
,


, , ,
, -
. -
, ,
1700- ,
. -
- .
. , . -
. ,
.
, .
,

, -
,
, . -

, -
. .
.
,

. -
.
, ,

,
Jones, Thomas H. Davenport Desk,
.
Heirloom Furniture You Can Make.

New York: Popular Science Books, 1987.
XIX .

229

- -
-

-
,
-


-
-


-
-
-

-
-


-
- ,




-

, -




230


122


/-
,

-
-

91
. -
136 - -
-
1700- .


- , .

. .
, , -
, -
, , . -
, ,
-.
. -
,
.
, . (, ,
.)
-

(Abner Cutler).
1850-


,
-

.
-

,
, -
, .
Baumert, Kenneth. Building a Roll-Top

. Desk, The Best of Fine Woodworking:


, Traditional Furniture Projects. Newtown,
, , , CT: The Taunton Press, 1991.
. Jones, Thomas H. Hepplewhite Desk,
, Heirloom Furniture You Can Make.
, - New York: Popular Science Books, 1987.
.
231

: -
,




-
-

-




-
-

-









194 76


.
-
76 -
.
.
.

Computer Center, Cabinets and Built-

Ins. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Creative


, Homeowner Press, 1996.

. -
, - Engler, Nick. Computer Workstation,
, . Desks and Bookcases. Emmaus, PA: Ro-
- dale Press, 1990.

. Storch, William. Computer Desk,
American Woodworker, Vol. V, No. 4
- (July/August 1989), pp. 3439.
,
. -
,

() , -

. ,
, ,
. ,
,
.
.

-
,
.
,
.
-
.
.
-
-
233


:
-
-


-
,

-

-



-
- -
, ,

-


( )
: - -
, , - -
- -
- - -
, ,
234

3861

3061


(-
) -

173
-
-
180

-
30 ()


61
235

, ).
, . . ,
, .
,
. , .
, .
, :
: 30 , 61
, . 122 . -
, .
- . -
, .

. - , ,
, .
. 183 213 ,
3061 , 38
61 . 76152 . , -
. . 91
. 122 ,
, -
- . 46 61 .
. -
,
. . (7486
, - )
, . , .
.
( - ,
- 183 .


,
, 6-
65
, , ,
-
, .

.
56
118 ,
, , -
.
, -
?



, ,
, Dunbar, Michael. Bracket-Base Blanket
. Chest, Federal Furniture. Newtown,

, CT: The Taunton Press, 1986.


. , , Hylton, Bill. Blanket Chest, Country
. Pine. Emmaus, PA: Rodale Press, 1995.
Lyons, Richard A. Primitive Blanket
( 6- /), Chest and Six-Board Blanket Chest,
, , Making Country Furniture. Englewood
. Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1987.

,
,
-
. .

,
.
, -



.
.

-
,




237




-


- ,
(-
)
,



-

-
-

-

( )
-

-





-


132

60

,
73
. -
,
. -
-
() ,

. -


-
, ,
. - .

Kassay, John. Chests, The Book of

Shaker Furniture. Amherst, MA: Univer-
.
sity of Massachusetts Press, 1980.
-

Margon, Lester. Pennsylvania Provincial



Dower Chest, Construction of Ameri-
-
can Furniture Treasures. New York: Do-

ver Publications, 1975.
-
Shea, John G. Pine Chest with Draw-
.
er, Antique Country Furniture of North
.
America. New York: Van Nostrand Rein-

hold, 1975.

-


-
.
,
. -
-

,
.



239

-
-



38

-
25


-

-


-
-
-

- ;

, -



-
2,5




128 51

, . , ,
.
60 ,

.
,
, .
.

-
,
. -


,
.
. - ()
.

. Hill, Jack. Chest, Making Family

Heirlooms. New York: St. Martins Press,


1985.
.
. 236, Jones, Thomas H. Blanket Chest,
, Heirloom Furniture You Can Make.
. - New York: Popular Science Books, 1987.
,

-
.
, -
, .
,
.
, .

- -

241

,

-
; .

. 8991





-
, -

-
- ,
-

-
; .
. 126


, - -
- -
()




104

53
Gottshall, Franklin H. Paneled Chest,
Simple Colonial Furniture. New York:


66 Bonanza Books, 1984.
Hass, Ivan. Blanket Chest, American
Woodworker, Vol. V, No. 3 (September/
October 1989), pp. 5256.
Hylton, Bill. Post-and-Panel Chest,
Country Pine. Emmaus, PA: Rodale
Press, 1995.


-
, -

--.
.
.
.
-
- -
.
-
-
,
. .
-
,
-
, -
. -
, -
.

-
, . .

,
- -
, -

. .
. - -
-
, . .

-
,

, .
.
243

- -

- -




-

-



-
- -


-

-
- -
-
-





105
50

, -
, ,
. -
! -
106 90 106 .

106
.

. -
. , -
15.
-

.
.
.

-
Abram, Norm. Chest of Drawers,
American Woodworker, Vol. IV, No. 2

. , , ,
. - (March/April 1989), pp. 1623.
, -
, , Lynch, Carlyle. Hepplewhite Chest of
, Drawers, The Best of Fine. Woodwork-
, ing: Traditional Furniture Projects. New-
. town, CT: The Taunton Press, 1991.

.
, , .
,
-
, .
, , , -
.
-, -,
.

- -


245



- -
, -
-


-
-


-
,
-
-


-
( ), -


, -




()






94 54

-


155 -
,
, , -
. -

-
() -
-
, -
.

-
,
,

-
, - - .
. -
,
? ( ,
):
/ .
,
.
-
,
, ,
.
-
-
,
, -
, .

, ,

, Erickson, Ben. Silver Chest, Cabinetry,

. - edited by Robert A. Yoder. Emmaus, PA:


- Rodale Press, 1992.
() , .
, - Lynch, Carlyle. Cellaret, Classic Fur-
niture Projects from Carlyle Lynch. Em-
, maus, PA: Rodale Press, 1992.
.
247

-

-
- -

-
,


-


-





-
-



, -



-

, -

-
-






(
).
185


,
,
,
-
.

-
50 114 .


-
-
, -
- -
. , . -
.
-
. .
, -
,
. , -
, , .
.
- -
,
. - . -
, , - ,
, -
. ,

. , .

, .

- -
- .
.
-
.

, -
Abram, Norm. Chest on Chest, Clas-
- sics from The New Yankee Workshop.
- - Boston: Little, Brown, & Co., 1990.
,
-
249

2 -

-

()





250


, -


-
-


-

-
,

, -

,


-




251

-
,



-



,


-
-


-



()

-
-

,




3 -


- () -


-
-

(

)




-
-
-




. ,
.
-
177 .

-

,
-
.
-
.
-
.
,
51
116


.
?
,

?
. . -
.
.
180 . , ,
. ?
, ,
.
. 248
. 266.

- .
,

-
, , -, 1
. -

, . 2 -

, ,
, XIX .

- Engler, Nick, and Mary Jane Favorite.


, , Chest of Drawers, American Country
, Furniture. Emmaus, PA: Rodale Press,
. - 1990.

253



-

,





-
4
-

-

-


-




-
- -

-
- -


-

-
-

-
( ) - -

-
-

-
-





-




254

152 48

-
86 .

,

,
-
.
.

-
Cherry Dresser, Woodsmith, No. 58
(August 1988), pp. 1015.
. - Gottshall, Franklin H. Salem Chest of
, Drawers, Making Antique Furniture
/. Reproductions. New York: Dover Publi-
, cations, 1971.
. Moser, Thomas. Eight-Drawer
, , - Sidechest and Six-Drawer Sidechest,
. Measured Shop Drawings for American
Furniture. New York: Sterling Publishing
- Co., 1985.

,
, , .
. ,
, .
.
-
. ,
.



255


-
- 1,3



-



- , -



-



10
-








-
-
;




-

-
-




-
- -





113 52

Richey, Jim. Post-and-Panel Chests,
Fine Woodworking on Making Period


Furniture. Newtown, CT: The Taunton
Press, 1985.

Shea, John G. Chest of Drawers,


112
Making Authentic Pennsylvania Dutch
Furniture. New York: Dover Publica-
tions, 1980.

,

.

1800- .
.

,
-. -
, , .
, -. -
- .
bureau,
. -
- .
XIX . .

.
, 150 -
. , (-)
.
.
.

-
,
, -
-


-
. -

.

257





-

-
,
-
-

-


-
-
- -
-





: -
,


97 51

81

/-
-
,
,

-
-
-.

,
- -
,
,


, -
, 7,5
. -
, , .
, , , -
-
. -
,
.
XVIII ,
, , -
. .
-
-
,
,
. .
. ,
-
,

, Patterson, Lance. Boston Bombe
, Chest, Fine Woodworking on Making
.

Period Furniture. Newtown, CT: The


, ,
Taunton Press, 1985.

, Salomonsky, Verna Cook. Plate 72: Low
. Chest of Drawers, Masterpieces of Fur-
niture Design. New York: Dover Publica-
( ) tions, 1953.

.
259


-
-

-
-


,
-


, -
,

-

-

-
- - -


-

-
,

-


90 53
),
.
, -

. -
82 -
.

. ,
, ,
- .

Margon, Lester. Mahogany and Satin-


wood Chest of Drawers, More Ameri-

, - can Furniture Treasures. New York: Ar-


, . chitectural Book Publishing Co., 1971.
, .
Salomonsky, Verna Cook. Plate 73:
, - Chest of Drawers, Masterpieces of Fur-
niture Design. New York: Dover Publica-
. , - tions, 1953.
, -
, , (

, ,
- . ,
, .
() - ,
, . , , -
.
, , -
, -

.
, , -
.

,
.
- -
, - -
, - - -

.
261

-
-






( )



-

-
-
-
-




-
,
-
-


-

-

-

-

- - -



-


98 60


;

, ,
. -
88
. ,
,

.

Gottshall, Franklin H. Blockfront


Chest-onChest, Making Antique Fur-



niture Reproductions. New York: Dover
. Publications, 1971.
, , , Schultz, E. F. Building Blockfronts,
- Fine Woodworking on Making Period
. Furniture. Newtown, CT: The Taunton
Press, 1985.
.
-
XVIII ,
. -

-
. , -
.
. , , -

. - XVIII ,
-,
,
.
, -
-
.
.
-
.
-
-

.
263

- ( ) ,
-
-
-




--





-


( )

-






- -
-
-
-
- -
-
,
: -
- ; -
. . 126


86
53

-

.
, -
, -
76 ,
(
XVIII ) ,
, ,
. ,
.


, .
,
,



- ,
.
/ , .
/ -

Bird, Lonnie. Philadelphia Lowboy,
.
American Woodworker, No. 38 (June
XVIII -

1994), pp. 46-51.



Lynch, Carlyle. Queen Anne Lowboy,

Classic Furniture Project from Carlyle

Lynch. Emmaus, PA: Rodale Press, 1992.
,
Vandal, Norman. Dressing Table,
. -
Queen Anne Furniture. Newtown, CT:
,
The Taunton Press, 1990.
- .




.

-

. -
, ,
,

.

265



-
7,5 ,
3
-


-
- ,
, -

-


-
-


-
-

- - -
-
;
- ,




- -

: . . 119
46
97

Margon, Lester. Early American Highboy and


Early Trumpet-Legged Colonial Highboy,


Construction of American Furniture Treasures.
216 New York: Dover Publications, 1975.

Vandal, Norman. Flat-Top High Chest and


Bonnet-Top High Chest, Queen Anne Furni-
ture. Newtown, CT: The Taunton Press, 1990.

-
.


. -
--


, , -
,
. ,
, , ,
-
. . .
XVIII
,
,
, -




-

. , -
,
, -
.



.
,
, - -
.
267


-


-

-

,






-

4


268


-

-



- -


-
-


-

-
-


- -



269


, -
- -



-

-



-




-
- -

-


-
, -


-
- 200
25

2025
25
-
/-
2025

-

1580
2530

30

:
46
, - -
40
60 -


60

/ ,
- -
8691 7691

,

142163
271

. 200
- 60 .
.

. - , .
20
( - 25 ,
),
, . 30 ,
33 . -
- -
,
- 200 .
. /.
, , - , . -
.
.
, , - .
, 90 .
/
, . -
.
30 . 70 ,
, 132 .
200 .
. .
- - .
().
25 , . -
,
. , -
180 210 .


/, /
/, /,
/

Dunbar, Michael. Display Shelf,


65 Federal Furniture. Newtown, CT: The


Taunton Press, 1986.
Hylton, Bill. Hanging Display Shelf,
Country Pine. Emmaus, PA: Rodale
Press, 1995.
76 Lyons, Richard A. Wall Shelf, Mak-
ing Country Furniture. Englewood Cliffs,
NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1987.
16
-
.


-
-
. . ,
- , -
, . -
. ,
. .
, - .
. .
, , , -
, .,
,
- ,
- . .



,
. -
.
,
. ,
,

.

,

. -
- -
. .
273

-
-

-


6 -


; -
. . 28



-
-
-

20 ,

, , -
13


-
- ; . . 114

-
-
-

. . .
/
42
19

, -
, .
, -
, -
.
-
.
XVIII, XIX XX .
48


.
.
(. .
342),

.

Dunbar, Michael. Hanging Cupboard,


Cabinetry, edited by Robert A. Yoder.

Emmaus, PA: Rodale Press, 1992.

, Shea, John G. Pennsylvania German


, Hanging Cupboard, Antique Country
. Furniture of North America. New York:
, . Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., 1975.
.

-
. -

,
.
. ,
.
.
, , ,
.
, ,
.
, -

.
.
-
.
275



W
-

-

-
-

; -

. . 106112


, ,

52


-
.
122 , ,
.
-
.
,
,
.

74

, -

,
.

,

-
, .

,
.
.
,

. -
-

-
-
.

-
,
.
.
Bentzley, Craig. Pennsylvania Hang-

ing Cupboard, American Woodworker,


, -
No. 22 (September/October 1991), pp.
,
1823.
, .
Lynch, Carlyle. Hanging Corner Cup-
122
board, American Woodworker, Vol. V,
,
No. 3 (May/June 1989), pp. 1621.
, , ,
.
277

- -

-
-

,



, -




// ,
,

, -
, .

, , . .
117

( ) -
, .
,
.

. -
46 127
.

Engler, Nick, and Mary Jane Favorite.


, -
Dry Sink, American Country Furni-
ture. Emmaus, PA: Rodale Press, 1990.
, Hylton, Bill. Dry Sink, Country Pine.
. Emmaus, PA: Rodale Press, 1995.
, Kettell, Russell Hawes. Water Bench
- with Drawers and Cupboard, The Pine
. - Furniture of Early New England. New
, . York: Dover Publications, 1956.
:

.
, , ,

. , ,
.
, . -
,
-
,

,
.
-
-
, -


,
.

-
279


46
107 , -

-
.
-
131 -
-


.
-
-

.


-

.



.
.
, -

,
, ,
,
,
, -
. - -

. -


, - Country Pie Safe, Woodsmith, No. 55
. . (February 1988), pp. 12-17.
-

Engler, Nick. Pie Safe, Country Furni-


. ture: Kitchens and Dining Rooms. Em-
, . -
.
maus, PA: Rodale Press, 1988.
,
. Lyons, Richard A. Pie Safe, Making
: Country Furniture. Englewood Cliffs,
. NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1987.
!
281


-
,
-

-

-

-


-


-
-


-



-





282


42

31
,

,
, ,
,
55
.

-
-
-

. .
:
.
, -
. ,

- .
, .
,
. , -
- .
.
XVIIXVIII .
-
. -


.
,

.
-


XVII , -

,
XX , -
,
. -
-

, ,
Bentzley, Craig. Pennsylvania Spice

, Box, American Woodworker, No. 36


. ( (January/February 1994), pp. 28-33.
- Krutsky, Alex. Spice Boxes, The Best
, of Fine Woodworking: Traditional Fur-
.) niture Projects. Newtown, CT: The
, - Taunton Press, 1991.
283


-
-
-



-



()


-
-



-
-

-





-
-
,
-

34 47
- ,

-

-
-
-
, ,
.

199 ,
. -
, .
.
.
.

-
,
, . -
, , -
. XIX
(-)
-, -, -

-.
(

), , ,
.
,
. , Chimney Cabinet, The Weekend
. Woodworker Quick and Easy Country
Projects. Emmaus, PA: Rodale Press,

. 1994.
, , - Hylton, Bill. Narrow Amish Cabinet,
, Country Pine. Emmaus, PA: Rodale
. Press, 1995.
Kassay, John. Built-ins and Cupboards,
. - The Book of Shaker Furniture. Amherst,
- MA: University of Massachusetts Press,
. 1980.
285


-



,





, -

;


, -
-
-
,

,
104 46
- ,

Hylton, William. New England Pine


Cupboard, The Weekend Woodworker:
Quick-and-Easy Projects. Emmaus, PA:
Rodale Press. 1992.
Lyons, Richard A. Jelly Cupboard,
131 Making Country Furniture. Englewood
Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1987.

. ,
,
. -



,
.
-

- ,
, , , , -
. ,
- .
, -, ,
. -
. , , ,
- , .
. , ,
- .

- . -
- .
,
. -
, -
- -
.
-
.

, ,
,
.
- -
- -
, ,
.
287

,

-

, -
-


-
( -
)


,


-

-
( )

-
,


-
, -

-

-
-

-







288

XVIII . ,

81 .
-
. -
, -
.
,
, .

43 137 Burak, Matthew. Colonial Hutch,


American Woodworker, No. 54 (October


1996), pp. 3440.
Margon, Lester. Pennsylvania German

- Cupboard, Construction of American


Furniture Treasures. New York: Dover
. Publications, 1975.
,

-

-
-
,

.
-
. -
,

, - -
.
-
-

,

.


289

-
- -
,



( ),


, -

, -

-
,

;

. . 104

: -
-
,

- -
-



152

,

, -
,
,
.

,
. -
,
. -
217 /.

.
, -

.

50


, ,
, :

-
.
- -
.

.
,
- Gottshall, Franklin H. Dutch Cupboard

XVIII XIX . of Pine, Cherry Dutch Cupboard, and


, Large Cherry Cutch Cupboard,
(. 288). - Making Early American and Country
, Furniture. New York: Dover Publica-
, - tions, 1983.
.
291

-
- -

-

-

-

,


,




,
-
-


-
,


292

- -
, -
,

-
W -

-


-
- -
-



-
-
-
-


293

-
,

-


-



-

,




147

63

Rogowski, Gary, Arts-and-Crafts Side-


board, Fine Woodworking (July-Decem-


ber 1997), No. 125, pp. 36-43; No. 126,
88 pp. 78-83; No. 127, pp. 68-75.

Taylor, V. J., Sideboard with Serpen-


tine Front, Period Furniture Projects.
Newton Abbot, Devon, UK: David &
Charles, 1994.


- .

, .
. -
,
, .
XVIII
- ,
- ,
. .
,
, ,

, ,
, .
,
, .
-
, -
. XIX
, ,
-
.
-

-


-
.

295

( )
:

-
-



-
-


-
-
, -


-


;

. 179

-



-
(-
) -

-
-
,


-

155 -,

53 , -
.
, .

Lynch, Carlyle. A Southern Hunt-


board, The Best of Fine Woodworking:
Making Period Furniture. Newtown, CT:


104
The Taunton Press, 1985.
Smith, David T. Huntboard, Cabinetry,
edited by Robert A. Yoder. Emmaus, PA:
Rodale Press, 1992.
Southern Huntboard, Making Antique
Furniture. Hertfordshire, UK: Argus
Books, 1988.


- -
,
1700- .
,
, , - --
- :
. ,

-
, , / .
, -.
-- .

. .
,
-
, - .
, . -
- , .
, , - -
() -
, -
. , -
, , .
, .
-

, .
. -
297


-
!
-





;
. . 94 -



-

- ,

-
-


-
;
. . 114

-
; . . 104
196
55 -
--

, ,
.
-
.
86

- . -
.
-
.
.
-
, -
,


- .
- -
,
buffet-a-deux-corps
buffet bas /
. -

.
-
.
. -

,
. -
, -
.
, .

,
.
. ,
, -
.
, ,
, , , -

.

Bostock, Glenn, Cherry Buffet, Cabi-


netry, edited by Robert A. Yoder. Em-
maus, PA: Rodale Press, 1992.
-
299


, -


; -
3 -
. . 106111 --


-
; . . 123





-
-




- ,





- -

()
-
102

, ,

.
,
, -
174 (. . 306) , ,
(. . 290)
(. . 308).
-

.
-
-
.
-
51 . XVIII
.

- - Display Cabinet, Woodsmith, No. 78,


- pp. 613.

. , - Donnelly, David. China Cabinet,


, . American Woodworker, No. 24 (January/
, February 1992), pp. 2833.
, - Kinsman, J. Gregory. Arts and Crafts
, ? Cabinet, American Woodworker, No. 32
(May/June 1993), pp. 4347.
XVII ,


-

, ,
. -
. -
,
,
. ,
, , -

.
. ,
, -

. - -
301



-


4












-
-
-

-

-



-


:


Barristers Bookcase, Woodsmith, No.
29, pp. 1621.


Georgian-Style Bookcase, MakingAn-
tique Furniture. Hertfordshire, UK: Ar-
gus Books, 1988.
Tolpin, Jim. Stickley Bookcase, Cabi-
netry, edited by Robert A. Yoder. Em-
168 maus, PA: Rodale Press, 1992.




-


.
38
124 -

-.
-

-
,
. - . -
,
, ,

,
. - ,
. -
XVII - (. . 222).
, -
-
,
. , XVIII , ,
- , -
. , -
.
XIX ,
.
-
, ,

. -
.
.
.
, . -
. . ,
, -
,
, - .
303




-
-
-

-


-

-

-

-
-

-
,
,

-
-


-
-





-

-






37 ,
101



-
,

. ,
. -
,



203 .
-
. -

,
-
.
,

(
)
,
.

, - -
, , .
-
, .
. - .
- ,
: , .
( ) .
. -
-
. - .
. -
(. . 302),
, , .
.
Abram, Norm, with Tim Snyder. Book-
case, The New Yankee Workshop. Bos-

- ton: Little, Brown, & Co., 1989.


. , Bookcase, Woodsmith, No. 49,
, pp. 1217.
. Bostock, Glenn. Traditional Book-
shelves, Cabinetry, edited by Robert A.
. Yoder. Emmaus, PA: Rodale Press, 1992.
,
305


6


,










-

( ) -





306



-
?

?
, .
,
,
213 . -
,
.
-
.
-
.
.
, .

Gottshall, Franklin H. Shell-Top Cor-


ner Cupboard, Masterpiece Furniture

52 Making. Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole


102
Books, 1979.

Hylton, Bill. Corner Cupboard, Coun-


try Pine. Emmaus, PA: Rodale Press,
1995.

-
-
,
-
, .
, -
.
-
, -
, .

, -
,
.

.
,
-
.

307

()

;
-

. . 110)


,
-

-




,

. . 111







-

,


-
-

-
-


187

-


. -
43 .


.
236
-
-
,
.
, -
,
, ,
.

, -

, -

.
-
,
-
,


. ,
,
.


. -

, -
, .

,
.
2 ,
-
.
, ,

,
Margon, Lester. Mahogany Break
.
Front, Construction of American Fur-
.
niture Treasures. New York: Dover Publi-
-
cations, 1975.
,
.
309

-

-

-


-



310


() -



,


,
-

-
-


-
- -



-


311

,
,


, -

-

,
;
-


312



,
. -

,
. -

, , -
.

229
,
-
,
-
. -
?



, -
. , ,

55
. -

, .
28 -
.


,
,
. -
,

. ,

Frid, Tage. Grandmother Clock, in


Casework. Tage Frid Teaches Wood-

working, Book 3: Furnituremaking. New-


town, CT: The Taunton Press, 1985.
Gehret, Phil. Pennsylvania Tall Clock,
American Woodworker, No. 25 (March/
April 1992), pp. 3643, and No. 26 -

(May/June 1992), pp. 3641.
313

-
,

-

( ,
)





314

-

-

-


-
(
)
,
-
, -


-
-

-






315

-


-
-




,
-

-

, -





51
56

-


,
109 . - -
,

-.
(
) .
, -
.
,
,
, ( ).


,
-
-
, XX .

-
.
, ,
.

,
.

-
.
, -
,
- File Cabinet: Old Fashioned Organiza-
, , - tion, Woodsmith, No. 29 (September/
. - October 1983), pp. 1015.

, , Mandel, Mitch. Oak Filing Cabinet,


. American Woodworker, Vol. V, No. 3
(May/June 1989), pp. 2835.
2228 Moser, Thomas. File Cabinet (Four
2236 . , , Drawer), Measured Shop Drawings for
, 70 76 . American Furniture. New York: Sterling
Publishing, 1985.
.
317

-





-

-



,

-


-
-

-


-

-
-
-
-
-

-





180
80

87

-

.
, -


1 , -
.
- . . , -

. ,
. , - 9 /.
,
, ,
, .
. .
, ,

/-
.
,
. .
-
,
.

,
, -
,
. -
, .

Moser, Thomas. Bowfront Credenza,


Measured Shop Drawings for American
Furniture. New York: Sterling Publishing
Co., 1985.

1
credenza , , ; , ; . .
.
319

,
, ,




-

-



-

-







-
- -
13


-
-


-

,
-
-

-
-

13

-
,


320



.

184
-

. , -
, ,
.
.

,
.

, .
-
.
61
113


- -
-
.
. -
.

, -
.
- -
-
. ,
, . 328,
/ - Entertainment Center, Woodsmith,
. No. 81 (June 1992), pp. 615.
-

, - Erickson, Ben. Entertainment Center,


. Cabinetry, edited by Robert A. Yoder.
- Emmaus, PA: Rodale Press, 1992.
, -
- Schoen, Edward. Entertainment Cen-
, ter, American Woodworker, No. 57
(February 1997), pp. 4755.
.
321


-

-

-

- -


-
-


- -


-
322





-
3-
-

-
-
-


-

-




-


-


-

-
--



-
-
-

-






-

-
-

-
-, -

323

-

-

3
-



-

,






-
-

-
-


-

-
,




-
XIX XX
.
120 -
.
-
! ,
. -

.
.
.

-
-
-
, -
79 . -
44 .


,

-
. , -
.
, . , -
.
. .

. - .
. , , ,
.

.

.
.
, , -
.
,

Yoder, Milford, Bedside Chest, in


Cabinetry, edited by Robert A. Yoder.
-
Emmaus, PA: Rodale Press, 1992.
325



-
-

-


-
-







: -
-
,
60

42

-
,

-
61 . , ,

. ,
, ,
. ,
.
, ,
. --

. -
, , .
.

.

- ?
, - ? , , -
. ,
. ,
, . .
. -
.
.
, -
. ,
,
. -

, -
.

- ,
, -
,
.



Traditional Oak Night Stand, Wood-

workers Journal, September/October


1997, pp. 3237.

Cherry Night Stand, Woodsmith, No.


76, pp. 611. 3 -

327



( )

- -

-
,





-
,
-


-

-





48 95

195
-
,

.
,
,
.


-

.

.

, -
,
.
. -
,
-
.


.
:
-

,
-.


Handberg, Ejner. Measured Drawings

of Shaker Furniture & Woodenware.


Stockbridge, MA: The Berkshire Traveller
Press, 1991.
Lynch, Carlyle. Linen Press, Classic
Furniture Projects from Carlyle Lynch.
Emmaus, PA: Rodale Press, 1990.
329

-

,

-
2
-


- -
- -



;
. . 119 -

-
; -
. . 115


-

;

. . 39

-
; -
. . 123





78
51

-
,

XVIII XIX ,
, -
,
.
171
,

,
.

.

- bonnetiere?
-
, -
, XVII

XX .
XV
-
-
(bonnet , ,
). XIX ,
- -
, .
. - --
. ,
, .
. ,

,
. Hylton, Bill. Quebec Bonnet Cup-
board, Country Pine. Emmaus, PA: Ro-
, dale Press, 1995.

331

-

-

-
-



-
-



: -
,



-

-

-



- -
,



-



-
-


332


,



1900- .

,
.
213
armoire -
,
.
-
-

-
.

56

131 Armoire, Woodsmith, No. 67,


pp. 1825.
Lohr, Jeffry, Arts & Crafts Armoire,
American Woodworker, No. 46 (August
1995), pp. 2632.

, -
. . -
, ! ( .)
, ,
.
, .
, .
-
.
-
-

,
-
. -
-

-
, -, -

.


333

-

(-
)



-


-
,

,




-

-

-








-
-
-
-



()


: -

334

180 60
-

, , .

,
.
-
1680- ,

XVIII . --
212 , ,
,
,
.
-
. -
. ,
, -
-
68

.
-

.
XVII -1 -
. -- ,
Conrad Weiser Homestead -
. - , .
, 1790 ,
. -.

-
. XIX -
(. -
). - XVIII (
)
.
, ,
,
. -
-
XVIII .
, ,
XIX .
- -
, -
( )
- -
. XVIII XIX

1
,
. . .
335

-




,

:

, -

. -
( )
336 -

- -

:
,


-
-

-
-
,
-

-

-
,




-

-




-


: ,
337

-
-



-

-
-
-
-



, ,
,
,


:
,


,
-

-



, -


79


60

98 -
-
-
,
.

. -
. -
,

70
.

-
-
.
, .
-

.

.
-
, ,

.
-
.
- Kassay, John. Desks, The Book of
, - Shaker Furniture. Amherst, MA: The
University of Massachusetts Press, 1980.
.

. Lamb, David. Shaker Casework, The


Best of Fine Woodworking: Traditional
. Furniture Projects. Newtown, CT: The
, - Taunton Press, 1993.

.
Leeke, John. Shaker Sewing Desk,
, -
American Woodworker, Vol. IV,
. ,
No. 4 (September/October 1988),

. pp. 16-23.
.
339

; . . 92




-
6

-
;





()












:
,


; -
-




-

-

-
-

-


()


340

76

30 203
( )

46

64


137
( )
61

91

8
341


1 -
, , . : 30 , -
, . 76 107 .
2 ( 25
- ). 76 -
. (198203 )
. 107
, -
244 ,
.
. - .
88
, 91 , 4146 .
64 .
, -
,
, .
, .
86 , ,
. ,
- -
- , ,
7,6 710 - . -
51
. .

1
, ,
. . .
2
,
. . .

90
30
/
-

-
. , ,
,
.
76 -, -
76 , -
30 ,
, 107-, ,

.
-, -
, .
, , -
. ,
.



. -
,
, .

-
.
76 107

.


.
,
, -
.


Draper, William, and Robert Schultz.
Basic Kitchen Wall Cabinet, Cabinetry,

edited by Robert A. Yoder. Emmaus, PA:


Rodale Press, 1992.

Engler, Nick. Putting It All Together:


A Cabinetry Project, Making Built-in
Cabinets. Emmaus, PA: Rodale Press,
1992.
343


( )

-

-

- ( )
( )

, -





-

-

, -

19
6






-
-


183 61

, , -
.
-, ,
91 -
, -
.
, ,
,
.
-, -
, ,
. -

,
.
.
, -

XX . ,

1940- - .
-
Draper, William, and Robert Schultz.
, Drawer Base and Sink Base Cabinet,

. Cabinetry, edited by Robert A. Yoder.


Emmaus, PA: Rodale Press, 1992.
. -
. Engler, Nick. Putting It All Together: A
-, Cabinetry Project, Making Built-in Cabi-
. nets. Emmaus, PA: Rodale Press, 1992.
-



. ,
-
. .
345




,


-


-



-


- -
-

-
-,
,
-

-







- -
()

:
,
- -
- -


:
,


96

96

91 -

:

. -
-
.

-

, -



. -
. -
-
, -

. -

( .
) -
.

30 , -
, . - .

-
,
, .
-
.
, , -
- -
, , - -

.
. -
,
. .

Engler, Nick. Putting It All Together:


A Cabinetry Project, Making Built-in


Cabinets. Emmaus, PA: Rodale Press,
1992.
Jones, Peter. Shelves, Closets and
Cabinets. New York: Popular Science
Books, 1987.
347

-


- ,














,

-

-



-

3

;
2




-
- 6



57 61

, -

-
.
, -
,
,
213 ( ) , ,
. -
,
.
--
, ,
.

-

:
-


. . .
-
( .
, - . 104)
, , . . ,
.
. .
. -

. , ,
-

.
.

. -
60 , -

,
Hylton, William H., ed. Pantry, -

.
Build Your Harvest Kitchen. Emmaus, -
PA: Rodale Press, 1980. ,
Pantry Cabinet, Cabinets and Built-
Ins: 26 Custom Storage Projects. Upper -
-
Saddle River, NJ: Creative Homeowner .
Press, 1996.
349


-


-
,

, -
- ,
13

- -
-

-
-
,
.
.
86
. -
-
.
-

58 ,
,
97 -

.
-
-

-
, - ,
, ,
, -
. .

, , -
-
, .
.
,
, ,
. -
-
, , ,
-

.
-
Bostock, Glenn. Bathroom Vanity
, , and Corner Vanity, Cabinetry, edited

by Robert A. Yoder. Emmaus, PA: Ro-


. ( dale Press, 1992.
.) - Levine, Paul. Cherry/Maple Van-
. : ity, Ash Vanity with a Teak Top,
- and Cherry Vanity with Beaded-Inset
, Doors, Cabinets and Built-Ins. Em-
maus, PA: Rodale Press, 1994.
.
351







-


-

-
-



- -




271

244
-
-
-
,
.

.
, -

61 .
.

-

- .
-. .
-
. -
,
, ,
-
.
.


. , ,
, ,
, .
, .
-

.
,
. -

Levine, Paul. Pine Shelving Sys-


tem, Entertainment Center in Ash

and Ash Burl Veneer, Dining Room


Cabinets, Cherry Window Seat and
Shelves, Oak Breakfront, Poplar
Closet, and Bookshelves in Stained
Oak, Cabinets and Built-Ins. Em-
maus, Pa: Rodale Press, 1994. ,
353



;




, -





40

710
-
,

-
-

,
-
-
.
- -

-
-


,


,


,
, ,


354


,
-

-
-

-


, -
-

-



-
-

(, -
. .)
-


-

-


,




: -

, , -
, -

,

355

-

, -
-
, -
,
-

-

,

-
- -
-




-
, -

: -
,
356

: 99190

: 137203
:
: 152213 193213

46 65 91
357

, , - ) -
. ( .
, -
/ /
, .) - .
(- 3641 .
) , ,
.
.
, . -
,
.
. - ,
-
, .
. 46 . -
. - ,
, . -
, .
, .
. - 6069 . -
, ,
. .
. - 91 . -
. -
.
, . -
. 40 ,
( .

85

-

220 .

,
,
121 ,
.
-
, .
-


. -
: - .
, - ( -
, ,
. - , -
, , , .
-
-
, .

XVIII . , .
- . 360361.)

-
, ,
, . -

- , - -
. , -

, , ,
. .
() -
,

,
.

. Day, Jeff. Pennsylvania Low-Post

, , , Bed, American Woodworker, Vol. V,


. - No. 1 (January/February 1989), pp.
1622.
- Warde, John, ed. Double Bed, Make
. ft! Dont Buy It! Emmaus, PA: Rodale
Press, 1983.
.
359


-

-

--



-
-

-

-

: -
-

-
,





198
, -
6090 .
, -
.


-

221 .
XVIII -
-. -

152
, ,

.
-



200 , , ,

,
, .
(, , -
). ,
.

, ,
2 -


, ,
, ,
.
- ,
.
, , , -

.

. - Dunbar, Michael. High-Post Bed,

, Federal Furniture. Newtown, CT: The


, . Taunton Press, 1986.
, - Gottshall, Franklin H. Four-Poster
, - Walnut Bed, Masterpiece Furniture
, Making. Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole
. Books, 1979.
361




( )


, -
-



208 ,

. , -
,
, .
.
.

.

206 .
.
151



. -
: -
,
, ,
. ,
, -
.
-
,
.
-
. ,

. ,


( ).
-
. , Abram, Norm, with Tim Snyder.
Pencil-Post Bed, Classics from The


. New Yankee Workshop. Boston: Little,
, - Brown, & Co., 1990.
. ( - Becksvoort, Christian H. The Pencil-
Post Bed, The Best of Fine Woodwork-
ing: Traditional Furniture Projects. New-
.) town, CT: The Taunton Press, 1991.
363


( )

-

-

6 -


-
,
-

-


,
,


: -
. -
. -




117


-
227
, -
.

163 -
. ,
-
, , -
( ) ,


,
.
, -
, . , , -
, ,
. -
.
, , .
,
.
-
.
, -
, -


, -
,
,
-

.
.
-
.
,

,
, , . -

Contemporary Maple Bed, Todays


Woodworker, August 1991.
Cooper, Scott. Making a Bedroom
Suite, American Woodworker. August,
1993.
365






( )
-

-

( )


30

- -
,


, ,

366
-
268
Sorenson, Randy. Sleigh Bed, Ameri-


can Woodworker, No. 64 (February
1998), pp. 44-49.
138

Turner, William. Building a Sleigh Bed,


Beds, and Bedroom Furniture: The Best
of Fine Wookworking. Newtown, CT:
The Taunton Press, 1997.

,

(
154
).
200 ,
-


-
. XX , .
XIX , XX
-
. - , .
, -

, , ,
.
- -
.

-

, ,
-
.
,
. -
,
.
( ,
,
.)

,
. -

. -

.
367


/


-

, -






-

-
,

-


()



368
-
107

112
210


, .
XX -
, . -
. -
, .

, , - .
. , -
. -
, , - .
.
,
. . ,
. , .

-,
,
.
XVIII -
.
.
. .
- -
, .
(Duncan Phyfe),
.
-
, -
.
,
.
-
-.
369

-


-

-

-



-





-


202 108

dEpagnier, Arnold. Designing a Cap-


tains Bed, in Beds and Bedroom Fur-
niture: The Best of Fine Woodworking.
Newtown, CT: The Taunton Press, 1997.
Watts, Simon. Bed with Drawers,
Building a Houseful of Furniture. New-
town, CT: The Taunton, Press, 1983.

.

,
104 .

.

- , -
,
,
. . -
- , -
- , -
. . , ,
, .
( , -
), .

-
. ,
.
.
, , .
. ,
, .
, ,
, . -
,
.

,
371

-

( )
-


-


-
-


:
, -
,


-
-






-


-




:

160

99
-

-
(
216
).
, -

.
, -
,


-
, .
, - .
, ()
. .
.
(- .
)
,
, , ,

.
,
, -
.

,
.
45
, -

.



.
, -
Platform Bed, Cabinets and Built-
-

Ins: 26 Custom Storage Projects. Upper


.
Saddle River, NJ: Creative Homeowner

Press, 1996.
.
Watts, Simon. Platform Bed, Building
, -
a Houseful of Furniture. Newtown, CT:
. ,
The Taunton Press, 1983.
.
373


12


, - -

-
-
, -
: 3
, 2
259

50

36 46

41


-
.
, -
.
-
,
20 .

-


, .
. -
,


, 1520
.


-
. , -
,
,
. .

-
.
.
, ,
; -

Watts, Simon. Headboard with Night
.

Tables, Building a Houseful of Furni-


-
ture. Newtown, CT: The Taunton Press,
.
1983.
,
Headboard: A Head Above the Rest,
.
Woodsmith, No. 34 (July/August 1984),

pp. 1012.
.
375

-
,

-

-

-

-


-


-


- -

(. )
-

:
,

-
,
-

-




-
, -


.
179


-
. -
.

.
208 ,

107 .
-
, .

- , .
- -
. .

( -
),

(
).

.

? ,

.
, ,
,
.
, .

Kids Single Bed and Bunk Bed,


Woodsmith, No. 38, pp. 1219.
Watts, Simon. Bunk Beds, Building a
Houseful of Furniture. Newtown, CT: -
The Taunton Press, 1983.
377


-

-
-
,





-
-
-



-





-


-
-

:
-



- -
-




: -
.


378



309310 230231, 367


7475, 7879 113, 275, 279
123 .
286, 290295, 298299
318319
/ 20, 288289 363, 374375
306307 363, 374375
210211, 214215, 256257 , 21
/, 230
, 222225
17, 8687
(.
7980 ) 123124,
271, 300301, 355 242243
, 2223 .
22 210211
21 .
9495 .
. -
14, 17, 234, 235, 244247, 254255
14, 1718, 246247, 252253,
266269
332333 266269
334335 235, 248251, 262
223, 302303, 307, 309 17, 246247, 266269
271, 300301 264265
//
18, 258259
104112, 233, 295, 311, 314, 319, 19, 260261
346 262263
111112 17, 18
108, 277, 349 7879, 365
9293, 103 21
-
() 25, 106107 , 23, 9495, 99,
254
- 7887
2324, 53,
2225, 61, 8889, 9495, 125, 132133, 9799, 102, 106111, 119, 123124,
240, 242, 304 240241, 324325
379

210 211
25, 94 97, 102 103, 125, 217, 372
219, 241, 245, 263, 299, 337 25, 106 107
. , - 12 15
, 360 361 19, 138 139, 286 293,
, 15, 364, 340 349
365 352 355
, 360 361 79, 147
376, 377 352 355
, 363, 374 375 16 21
370-371
- 368 -, -
368 369 200 201
, 358 359 , 155
360 363 278 279
356 357
, 366 367
, 372 373 .
92 93, 103
215 216 88 91, 141, 217, 283
.
151, 189 21
91 92 283, 301
88 91 125
183, 187, 199, 201 12, 17, 18, 85, 86, 87
165, 171 123 124
88 89 123, 126, 251, 253
175 125 126
181, 200 16, 84 87, 140, 200
19, 138 139, 286 128, 225
293, 340 349
368 369
99

278 279 124
123 126
29, 31, 38 39, 54 132 133
34, 44, 55 127
51 237, 311, 317
37 227
. 119 120

187 23, 44
89, 99, 139
25
380

17, 214 217


112, 113, 175, 179, 195, 243, 349 , 218
() 299 219, 222 225
127 128, 239 19, 184, 290 295
. 318 319
. - 296 297
- . 179
.
. . ,

187, 197, 339
/ 67
270 273 / 57 60,
304 305 73, 79 80, 82, 255, 347
352 355 33
20, 272 273 37, 48 49, 98 99, 115 116, 345
305 29 31, 37 39, 53 54
82 84, 140 141, 163, 173, 36, 47, 95, 115 116, 229
184 185, 195 36
, 66 67, 72, 169, 175 30, 34 35
. 37, 39 42, 74, 82
83, 90, 98 99, 115 116, 255, 268
( ) 34 35, 37, 44 45,
(. ), 47, 55 57, 67, 95, 229
138 139, 338 339 30, 37 38, 50, 53 55, 74,
22 80 81
. 57 60, 73, 79 80, 82,
255, 347
25, 53, 100, 317, 325 , 73
53, 101, 325, 331, 333, 342 , 24, 31 32, 90
108 109, 129 130, 132 133, 36
243, 291, 299, 337, 349, 365 28 36
309 310 65, 108 109, 345
189, 250, 253, 268, 273, 275, , 66 67, 72 73, 145, 285
277, 291, 305, 331, 333, 342 65, 108 109, 345
189, 239, 248 249, 53 67
267, 309 145
189, 237, 239, 241, 275, 277, , 51
291, 309, 327, 331, 333 29 31, 37 39, 53 54
130 131, 327 67
21 , 74 75, 81, 83
51
31, 34, 38, 55
19 32, 33, 37, 49 50, 95,
214 217 115 116, 183
381

35, 36, 47, 115 116 21


68, 75, 143, 175, 197, 227, 241, 172, 182, 238
261, 297, 369 262
, 33 - 16, 180
159 161, 171, 183 - 20, 238,
93, 183 275 276, 334
46, 60 65, 68 72, 172, 246
78 83, 90, 100, 108, 155, 175, 185, 285 256, 19 20, 86, 172, 174,
70 186, 278, 294, 298, 306, 332
/ 29, 31, 34, 37, / 304, 332, 358
44 45, 48, 51 52, 55 57, 151 248, 300, 304, 318
37, 52, 95, 97, 219, 241, 245, 18, 19, 86, 128, 144, 160,
263, 299, 337 170, 178 179, 198, 208, 214, 244, 260
34, 38, 51 360
. , - 286
18, 160, 170 192, 230
117 118 18, 86, 146, 160, 170, 172,
. 174, 176, 178, 186, 196, 208, 216, 240,
242, 246, 256, 260, 266, 300, 302, 306,
. 312
304 305 () 20, 86, 146, 192, 202,
352 355 218, 238, 274, 284 285, 312, 338
16 21 160
/ 19, 218, 248, 256 16, 180
16, 17, 86, 204, 216, 244, 246,
266 278 279
16, 17, 86, 204, 202, 203
216, 244, 246, 266 202, 203
182 -,
- 21 78 87
, 294, 324 12 15, 136 137, 166, 167, 206 207
21, 188, 254, 294, (. )
302, 318, 332 140 141
21 12, 140 141
256, 19 20, 86, 172, 174, 186, 152 153
278, 294, 298, 306, 332
290 202, 203
358 210 211
262, 264 12, 18, 160 163, 174 178
17, 86, 138, 160, 170, 210 211
174, 176 177, 198, 214, 244, 264, 368 206 207, 232 233
21 -
21 80 84
18 19 146 147
21 144 145, 150 152
382

136 137 167


296 297 / 20, 338 339
208 209 / 167
226 227 18
() 167
228 229 17 18, 198 201
167
222 225 18, 172 173
341, 350 351
210 211 168 169
- 19, 222 225, 232 167, 192 193,
212 213 326 327
184 185 167 168, 186, 192 193,
148 151 326 327
- 15, 164 165 - 180 181
140 141 - / 15, 164 165
162 163 188 189
/ 341,
152 153 350 351
/ 182 183
230 231 358 359, 362 363
- 194 195 13, 235 239
, 238 239
156 157 242 243
12, 16, 95, 236 237
158 169 95
170 171 20, 240 241

154 155
212 213 340 341
- 298 299 350 351
- 342 349
12, 158 161 352 355
- 15, 164 165 352 355
- 296 297 198 201
- 15, 164 165 .
- 286 287 326 327
- 200 201
156 157
/ , 254 255 51
204 205, 264 265 202 203
170 171 , 324 325
13, 17, 18, 167 278 279
172 173 .
182 183
383

280 281, 348 349


25, 94 95, 99 100, 103, 107, 304 274, 282 283
218 221, 298, 271, 290 293,
308 311 300 301
23 24, 53, 97 / 271,
99, 102, 106 111, 119, 123 124, 240 316 317
241, 324 325 70 71, 302 303, 353
53, 101, 331, 333, 342 284 285
120 121 213
290 295
330 331
, 18, 160, 170, 192, 230 271, 332 337
308, 320 323
, 308 310
80 83, 94, 138 143, 169, 173, 183, 326 327
189, 191, 193, 213 276 277, 306 307
341,
350 351
312 315 - 271, 300 301, 355
- 101 .
, 349

-, 125, 126 45, 56
, 18, 186, 230 45, 56
(. ) - 30, 56, 103
80 81
44 45, 63, 100, 335
62 213, 231
, 62 83 84, 98 99, 142
/ , 71, 78 79 143, 181, 249, 265
65, 100, 339 215
/ 70 /
/ 69 100 101
, 78 99 100, 199, 250, 259
, 295 / 122
68 69, 80 81 / ()
, / 68 209, 211, 289, 339, 370
69, 80 81 118 119
/ / 98, 114 116, 221, 287
46, 70, 98 99 117 118
68 69 118 120, 143, 265
68 69 120 121
(. ) 99, 263, 269
270 271 37, 43, 95, 115 116
328 329, 332 333 .
284 285
-

12+

.

..
..
..

-005-93, 2; 953000 ,
20.03.2015. 84108 1/16.
. . . 40,32. 2000 .

129085, , . , , . 21,
3, 5
: www.ast.ru
E-mail: astpub@aha.ru