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Airbus A320neo family

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A320neo family

An A320neo about to land from IndiGo, the largest operator

Role Narrow-body twin-engine jet airliner

National origin Multinational

Manufacturer Airbus

First flight 25 September 2014

Introduction 25 January 2016 with Lufthansa[1]

Status In service

Primary users IndiGo

Pegasus Airlines

Azul Brazilian Airlines

Produced 2012present[2]

Number built 70 as of 31 January 2017[3]

Unit cost A319neo: US$99.5 million, approx. 94.5 million (2017)[4]

A320neo: US$108.4 million, approx. 103.0 million


A321neo: US$127.0 million, approx. 120.6 million


Developed from Airbus A320 family

The Airbus A320neo family is a re-engine development of its A320 family of narrow-
body airliners, launched on 1 December 2010 by Airbus, where "neo" means "new engine
option", with a choice of CFM International LEAP-1A or Pratt & Whitney PW1000G engines. The [5]

original family is now called A320ceo, for "current engine option".

The first flight of the A320neo took place on 25 September 2014. It was introduced [6]

by Lufthansa on 25 January 2016. Airbus has 5,069 firm orders as of January 2017.
[1] [3]


1Design and development

o 1.1A320 improvements
o 1.2Sharklets
o 1.3Cabin
o 1.4New Engine Option
o 2.1A319neo
o 2.2A320neo
o 2.3A321neo
3Orders and deliveries
o 3.12011
o 3.22012
o 3.32013
o 3.42014
o 5.1Engines
6See also
9External links

Design and development[edit]

A320 improvements[edit]
In 2006 Airbus started the A320 Enhanced (A320E) programme as a series of improvements
targeting a 4-5% efficiency gain with large winglets (2%), aerodynamic refinements (1%), weight
savings and a new aircraft cabin. At the time Airbus' Chief Operating Officer and executive

member John Leahy said "Who's going to roll over a fleet to a new generation aircraft for 5%
better than an A320 today? Especially if another 10% improvement might be coming in the
second half of the next decade based on new engine technology". [7]

Engine improvements reducing fuel consumption by 1% were fitted into the A320 in 2007 with
the CFM56 Tech Insertion and in 2008 with the V2500Select (One).
[8] [9]

A320 Enhanced (A320E) and A320neo sharklet detail at ILA 2012

Airbus launched the sharklet blended wingtip device during the November 2009 Dubai air show,
their installation adds 200 kilograms (440 lb) but offers a 3.5% fuel burn reduction on flights over
2,800 km (1,500 nmi) Manufactured by Korean Air Aerospace Division, the 2.5 metres (8 ft 2 in)

tall devices permits an annual carbon dioxide reduction of 700 tonnes per aircraft. The winglets

increase efficiency by decreasing lift-induced drag.

In December 2011, Airbus filed suit in the western district of Texas over Aviation Partners' claims
of infringement of its patents on winglet design & construction which were granted in 1993.
Airbus' lawsuit seeks to reject responsibility to pay royalties to Aviation Partners for using its
designs, despite work performed together with both parties to develop advanced winglets for the
A320neo. The first Sharklet equipped A320 was delivered to Air New Zealand at the June

2013 Paris Airshow, offering a 450 kilograms (990 lb) payload increase or 100 nautical miles
(190 km) longer range at the original payload. [13]


Virgin America Airbus A320 Enhanced economy class cabin with LED lighting

The new aircraft cabin offers a more modern look and feel, a new Air purifier with filters and
a catalytic converter removing unpleasant smells from the air before it is pumped into the cabin
and Light-emitting diodes for ambience lighting and passenger service unit. It offers better and

larger luggage storage. The flight crew controls the cabin through touchscreen displays.
[15] [16]

The new "Space-Flex" optional cabin configuration increases space-efficiency by a new

rear galley configuration and a "Smart-Lav" modular lavatory design allowing an in-flight change
of two lavatories into one accessible toilet. With larger, "Cabin-Flex" relocated exit doors, it

allows up to 20 more passengers for the A321neo without "putting more sardines in the
can", and up to 9 more passengers for the A320neo.
[18] [19]
Fuel efficiency per seat is increased by 6% with this option, in total exceeding 20% together with
the new engines and the sharklets. The moved and enlarged exit doors are estimated to add

100 kg empty weight. [20]

New Engine Option[edit]

See also: CFM International LEAP and Pratt & Whitney PW1000G
At the February 2010 Singapore Air Show, Airbus said its decision to launch was scheduled for
the July 2010 Farnborough Air Show. It wasn't still decided in August but the choice for new

engines included the CFM International LEAP-1A and the Pratt & Whitney PW1100G. Though [22]

the new engines will burn 16% less fuel, the actual fuel efficiency gain on an A320 installation will
be slightly lower since 12% is typically lost upon installation on an existing aircraft and Airbus
was comfortable with the 20% lower maintenance cost projections for the Pratt & Whitney's
PW1000G compared with today's engines. [22]

On 1 December 2010, Airbus launched the A320neo "New Engine Option" with an additional
range of 500 nmi (950 km) or 2 t (4,400 lb) of extra payload, planning to deliver 4,000 over 15
years. Initially scheduled for spring 2016, introduction was advanced to October 2015. Airbus
[5] [23]

announces a 15% fuel saving thanks to those latest-generation engines and large
sharklet wingtip devices, keeping over 95% airframe commonality with the current A320. [24]

In March 2013, airlines' choices between the two engines were almost equal. Its commonality

helped to reduce delays associated with large changes. A rearranged cabin allows up to 20

more passengers enabling in total over 20% lower fuel consumption per seat. The first Airbus
[27] [19]

A320neo rolled out of the Toulouse factory on 1 July 2014 and first flight was scheduled to
September 2014. [28]

Its first flight occurred on 25 September 2014. Its Pratt & Whitney PW1100G-JM geared

turbofan engine was certified by the Federal Aviation Administration on 19 December 2014. A [30]

first flight on schedule is unusual for most recent airliner developments like
competitors Bombardier CSeries, Comac C919, Irkut MS-21, or postponed development
of Boeing Y1/737 MAX.
First delivery slipped to early 2016. Lufthansa has taken delivery of the first A320neo on 20

January 2016. [32]

The A320neo is half as loud than an A320 at take-off with a 85 decibel noise footprint. [33]

For the previous Airbus A320 family variants, see Airbus A320 family Variants.
Airbus offers three variants of the A320neo family : the A319, A320 and A321. A New Engine
Option for the Airbus A318 is not expected but can be developed if needed. [34]

Qatar Airways was originally scheduled to be the launch operator of this
shortened fuselage variant. It upgauged its order to the larger A320neo in late 2013. No new
[35] [36]

launch operator has been named since.

Lufthansa Airbus A320neo

Lufthansa is the launch operator of this standard variant. The first A320neo rolled out of the

Airbus factory in Toulouse on 1 July 2014. It first flew on 25 September 2014. A joint type
[38] [6]

certification from the European Aviation Safety Agency and the Federal Aviation
Administration was received on 24 November 2015. [39]

Nearly 28 years after the first A320, on 25 January 2016, the A320neo entered service
with Lufthansa, the type's launch customer. Six months later at Farnborough Airshow, John

Leahy reported that the 8 in-service aircraft fleet had achieved a 99.7% dispatch reliability. After [40]

a year in service, Lufthansa confirmed the 20% gain per passenger with up to 180 seats, along
reduced noise and CO2 emissions. [33]


An A321neo prototype in flight

ILFC is the first customer for the A321neo. This lengthened fuselage variant have structural

strengthening in the landing gear (undercarriage) and wing, increased wing area and other minor
modifications due to higher weights.
The Airbus A321neo prototype, D-AVXB, first flew on 9 February 2016. However, the plane [42]

suffered a tailstrike three days later, requiring that the aircraft be flown to Toulouse for repairs and
Airbus estimates a delay of several weeks for the certification programme due to the time
required for repairs. It received its type certification with Pratt & Whitney engines on 15

December 2016. [44]


In October 2014, Airbus started marketing a 164 seats, 97 t (214,000 lb) maximum takeoff
weight variant with three auxiliary fuel tanks called the A321neoLR (Long Range) with 100nm
more operational range than the 169 seats Boeing 757-200W, 27% lower trip costs and 24%
lower per seat costs; it would be scheduled for introduction in the second half of 2018, two years
after the A321neo. [45]

Airbus launched the A321LR on 13 January 2015 with Air Lease Corporation as the launch
customer, hoping to sell 1,000 examples of the variant. The initial layout of 164 seats (20 in

business, 30 in premium economy and 114 in economy) is replaced by a 206-seat configuration

(16 in business and 190 in economy) and range is 4,000 nmi (7,400 km), 500-nm farther than the
regular 93.5t MTOW A321. The A321LR is taking the place of the B757 in the Middle of the


Orders and deliveries[edit]

Main article: List of Airbus A320neo family orders and deliveries
The A320neo family received over 2,000 orders in a little over two years following launch in
December 2010, making it the fastest selling commercial aircraft in history. [47][48]
A320neo orders and deliveries

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Total

A319neo 26 19 2 3 1 55

A320neo 30 1,081 378 387 824 583 428 3,626


A321neo 119 81 341 183 301 132 1,388

Total 31 1,227 478 728 1,009 887 561 5,069


A320neo 68 2 70



Total 68 2 70

As of 31 January 2017 [49]

Cumulative A320neo orders and deliveries

As of 31 January 2017 [49]

Virgin America became the launch customer with a firm order of 30 A320neo aircraft as a part of
a 60 aircraft order on 17 January 2011. IndiGo ordered 150 aircraft.
At the Paris Air [51][52]

Show 2011, Airbus confirmed orders from GECAS, Scandinavian Airlines, TransAsia
Airways, IndiGo, LAN Airlines, AirAsia and GoAir. Airbus also received commitments for 83

A320neo aircraft from Air Lease Corporation and Avianca. In total, the 2011 Paris Air Show
endowed the A320neo with a combined 667 orders and 83 commitments, including 200 aircraft
for Malaysian low-cost carrier AirAsia, which was hailed as the largest-ever deal in Airbus
history. [54]

A month later, American Airlines ordered 130 A320neo's, which would cause the airline to cease
having an all-Boeing fleet, and Lufthansa became the aircraft's first German customer, ordering
30 examples. The Dubai Airshow in November 2011 saw a further total of 130 orders and 105

commitments by several customers. On 25 January 2012 Norwegian and Airbus confirmed an

order of 100 A320neo. [56]

In November 2012 Virgin America deferred the deliveries of the A320neo aircraft until 2020,
making ILFC the new launch customer along with the A321neo. In December 2012 Pegasus [57]

Airlines, the second largest airline in Turkey, signed a deal for up to 100 A320neo family aircraft,
of which 75 (57 A320neo and 18 A321neo models) are firm orders. [58]

Lufthansa ordered an additional 70 A320neo and A321neo aircraft in March 2013. easyJet, who [59]

already operates 195 A320ceo family aircraft, intends to acquire 100 Airbus A320neo for delivery
between 2017 and 2022. As part of the deal, easyJet have options on a further 100 A320neo
aircraft, and the Japanese carrier ANA is to order the A320neo and A321neo. Lion Air ordered [60]

On 15 October 2014 IndiGo signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Airbus for the
purchase of 250 A320neo family aircraft. The deal would be worth over $25.5 billion or Rs 1.55
lakh crore, as per the list price per aircraft. This order will also be the largest by the airline,
marking the largest number of jets ever sold by the European planemaker in a single order. The
airline had earlier ordered 100 aircraft in 2005 and another 180 aircraft in 2011. [61]

Main article: List of Airbus A320 family operators

Lufthansa Airbus A320 at Frankfurt Airport, Lufthansa was the launch customer.

As of 31 January 2017, 70 Airbus A320neo family aircraft were in service with 17

operators, with IndiGo and Pegasus Airlines operating the largest A320neo fleets of 14 and nine

aircraft respectively. [3]

Airbus Family figures[62]

A319neo A320neo A321neo

Cockpit crew Two

140 (2-class) 165 (2-class) 206 (2-class)

Seating capacity
160 (1-class, maximum) 195 (1-class, maximum)[63][64] 240 (1-class, maximum)

max density : 2829 in (71 max density : 28 in (71 cm)[18]

Seat pitch
74 cm) [65]
16B @ 36 in (91 cm) + 190Y @ 30 in (76 cm)[20]

Seat width Economy at 6 abreast: 18 in (46 cm)[18]

51 m (1,828 ft)
Cargo capacity 27 m (976 ft) 37 m (1,322 ft)
A321LR: < 51 m (1,828 ft)
Length 33.84 m (111') 37.57 m (123'3") 44.51 m (146')
Wingspan 35.80 m (117'5")
Height 11.76 m (38'7")
Cabin width 3.7 m (12'1")
Cruising speed Mach 0.78 (447 knots (828 km/h) at cruising altitude)
Max. zero-fuel
60.3 t (132,900 lb) 64.3 t (141.800 lb) 75.6 t (166.700 lb)
Max. landing
63.9 t (140.900 lb) 67.4 t (148.600 lb) 79.2 t (174.600 lb)
Max. takeoff 93.5 t (206.100 lb)[20]
75.5 t (166.400 lb) 79 t (174.200 lb)
weight A321LR : 97 t (213.800 lb)
23,700 l (no ACT)[67] to 3 ACT (A321LR) : 32,940 l (6,261 -
Jet fuel capacity 26,730 l (7,060 USg) 26,730 l (7,060 USg)
8,700 US gal)
6,500 km / 3,500 nmi[20][c]
Typical range 6,950 km / 3,750 nmi[a] 6,500 km / 3,500 nmi[b]
A321LR : 7,400 km / 4,000 nmi
Engines (2) CFM International LEAP-1A or Pratt & Whitney PW1100G[66]
Fan diameter PW1100G: 81 in (206 cm),[71] LEAP-1A: 78 in (198 cm)[72]
PW1124G : 107.82 kN PW1127G : 120.43 kN
(24,240 lbf) [73] (27,075 lbf) [73] PW1133G : 147.28 kN (33,110 lbf) [73]/PW1135G
LEAP-1A24 : 106.8 kN LEAP-1A28 : 120.64 kN LEAP-1A32/33 : 143.05 kN (32,160 lbf)[74]
(24,010 lbf)[74] (27,120 lbf)[74]

Type certificate[64]

Aircraft model designation Engines Type Certification Date Take-off Thrust Maximum continuous

A320-271N PW1127G-JM 24 November 2015 12 043 daN (27 075 lbs) 11 718 daN (26 345 lbs)

A320-251N CFM LEAP-1A26 31 May 2016 12 064 daN (27 120 lbs) 11 868 daN (26 680 lbs)