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QUESTION BANK

3rd Professional, Part-2


MBBS, 2015 QUESTION BANK
CHAPTERWISE
[WBUHS]

Compiled and Edited by MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM


BMC
QUESTION BANK

Contents:
University Examination Papers of 3rd
Professional Part- II (2008-2014)
University Examination Papers of 3rd
Professional Part- II, Supplementary (2008-
2014)
Semester Questions (8th & 9th Sem) of
2014-15 of all 11 colleges of WBUHS (having
batch : 2010-11)

Chapterwise Distribution of all


the questions

In every chapter, questions have


been distributed under
subheadings of Long Questions,
Clinical Cases, Short Notes &
Justify Why(in G & O)

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THANKS GIVING
I am thankful to the persons who have provided me with the questions of some supplementary
MB examinations & Semesters of their respective colleges either personally or by posting
them on facebook. So, I would like to thank them:

Mandira Mitra, BSMCH


Janmejoy Mondal, BSMCH
Barnini Ghosh, MMC
Imrose Ali, NBMC
Amrita Dey, Kalyani
Tousif Islam, KPC
Siddhartha Nandi, IPGMER
Tithi Debnath, CNMC
Amurta Banerjee, RG Kar
Pooja Ghosh, MC,K
Subhajit NRS

Special thanks to Sunavo, Mainak & Aniruddha (BMC) for helping me in collecting some
semester questions.

A lot of thanks to MD. SALIM USUF, BMC for helping me in Chapterwise distribution of the
questions.

Thanks to The Almighty for allowing me to compile this Question Bank.

And finally, thank you for deciding to go through this question bank.

I do hope that you will find this question bank helpful in your preparation of 3rd Professional,
Part - II MBBS (WBUHS). Questions have been presented here groupwise (particularly,
the university papers) so as to give you an orientation regarding the university(West
Bengal University of Health Science) Question pattern of individual subjects.

May The Almighty bless you

Regards
Mehboob-ul Islam, BMC
(immehboob@gmail.com)

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 2


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GLOSSARY:

T/t : Treatment
M/m : Management
C/f : Clinical Features
D/d : Differential diagnoses
Yr/yrs : Years
Wt : weight
Ds: Disease
DM : Diabetes Mellitus
AF : Atrial Fibrillation
IMPORTANT NOTES.

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SURGERY
GENERAL SURGERY

1. WOUND, KELOID AND HYPERTROPHIC SCAR _Pg:12


2. ACUTE INFECTION, SINUS, FISTULA & SURGICAL SITE INFECTION _Pg:13
3. TETANUS & GAS GANGRENE _Pg:13
4. HAND & FOOT INFECTION _Pg: 14
5. CHRONIC INFECTIOUS DISEASE _Pg:14
6. DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS OF LEG ULCER & PRESSURE SORE _Pg:15
7. LOWER LIMB ISCHEMIA & POPLITEAL ANEURYSM _Pg:15
8. UPPER LIMB ISCHAEMIA & GANGRENE _Pg:16
9. LYMPHATICS, LYMPH VESSEL & LYMPHOMA _Pg:16
10. VARICOSE VEIN & DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS _Pg:16
11. SKIN TUMOURS _Pg:17
12. HAEMORRHAGE, SHOCK, BLOOD TRANSFUSION _Pg:17
13. BURN, SKIN GRAFTING, FLAPS _Pg:19
14. ACID BASE BALANCE, FLUID&ELECTROLYTE _Pg:21
15. TUMOURS & SOFT TISSUE SARCOMA _Pg:22
16. CYSTIC SWELLING, NECK SWELLING & METASTASIS LYMPH NODE NECK _Pg:2
17. ORAL CAVITY, ODONTOMES & PALATE _Pg:24
18. SALIVARY GLANDS _Pg:25
19. THYROID GLAND _Pg:26
20. PARATHYROID & ADRENAL _Pg:28
21. BREAST _Pg:29

GASTROINTESTINAL SURGERY

22. OESOPHAGUS & DIAPHRAGM _Pg:32


23. STOMACH & DUODENAM _Pg:32
24. LIVER _Pg:34
25. GALL BLADDER & PANCREAS _Pg:35
26. SPLEEN _Pg:37
27. PERITONEUM, PERITONEALCAVITY ,MESENTERY & RETROPERITONEIUM _Pg:37
28. SMALL INTESTINE _Pg:38
29. LARGE INTESTINE _Pg:38
30. INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION _Pg:38
31. RECTUM & ANAL CANAL _Pg:39

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32. LOWER GI BLEEDING _Pg:41


33. THE APPENDIX _Pg:41
34. HERNIA _Pg:42
35. UMBILICUS & ABDOMINAL WALL _Pg:42
36. BLUNT ABDOMINAL TRAUMA, WAR ,& BLAST INJURUES & TRIAGE _Pg:43
37. ABDOMINAL MASS & ABDOMINAL PAIN _Pg:43

UROLOGY

38. INVESTIGATION OF THE URINARY TRACT _Pg:46


39. KIDNEY&URETER _Pg:46
40. THE URINARY BLADDER & URETHRA _Pg:48
41. PROSTATE & SEMINAL VESICLE _Pg:49
42. PENIS, TESTIS & SCROTUM _Pg:50
43. DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS OF HAEMATURIA _Pg:51

SPECIALITIES

44. CARDIOTHORASIC SURGERY _Pg:52


45. NEURO SURGERY _Pg:53
46. RADIOLOGY & OTHER INVESTIGATIONS _Pg:54
47. RADIATION ONCOLOGY & ANAESTHESIOLOGY _Pg:55
48. ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION _Pg:56
49. GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF OPERATIVES PROCEDURES _Pg:56
50. PHYSICAL MEDICINE & REHABILITATION _Pg:56

ORTHOPAEDICS _Pg:57

MEDICINE
1. CARDIOLOGY _Pg:64
2. PULMONOLOGY _Pg:69
3. NEUROLOGY _Pg:73
4. GASTROENTEROLOGY _Pg:79
5. NEPHROLOGY _Pg:83
6. ENDOCRINOLOGY _Pg:87
7. RHEUMATOLOGY _Pg:91
8. HAEMATOLGY _Pg:94
9. INFECTIOUS DISEASE _Pg:97
10. DERMATOLOGY _Pg:101
11. PSYCHIATRY_Pg: 103

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12. NUTRITION_Pg:104
13. IMMUNOLOGY & CANCER GENETICS_Pg:105
14. ACID BASE IMBALANCE_Pg:107
15. MEDICAL EMERGENCIES_Pg:107

GYNAECOLOGY & OBSTETRICS


OBSTETRICS
1. ANATOMY OF FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE ORGAN_Pg:113
2. FUNDAMENTALS OF REPRODUCTION_Pg:113
3. THE PLACENTA & FETAL MAMBRANE_Pg:113
4. THE FETUS_Pg:114
5. PHYSIOLOGICAL CHANGES DURING PREGNANCY_Pg:114
6. DIAGNOSIS OF PREGNANCY_Pg:115
7. ENDOCRINOLOGY IN RELATION TO REPRODUCTION_Pg:115
8. THE FETUS IN UTERO_Pg:115
9. FETAL SKULL & MATERNANAL PELVIS_Pg:115
10. ANTENATAL CARE, PRECONCEPTIONAL COUNCELLING & CARE_Pg:116
11. ANTENATAL ASSESSMENT OF FETAL WELL BEING_Pg:117
12. NORMAL LABOUR_Pg:117
13. NORMAL PUERPERIUM_Pg:119
14. VOMITTING IN PRENANCY_Pg:119
15. HAEMORRHAGE IN EARLY PREGNANCY_Pg:119
16. MULTIPLE PREGNANCY, HYDRAMNIOS & ABMNORMALITIES OF PLACENTA & CORD_Pg:121
17. HYPERTENSIVE DISORDERS IN PREGNANCY_Pg:122
18. ANTEPARTUM HAEMORRHAGE_Pg:125
19. MEDICAL &S URGICAL ILLNESS COMLICATING PREGNANCY_Pg:126
20. GYNAENOCOLGICAL DISORDERS IN PREGNANCY_Pg:128
21. PRETERM LABOUR, PRETERM RUPTURE OF THE MEMBRANES, POST MATURTY, INTRA UTERINE
FETAL DEATH_Pg:128
22. CONTRACED PELVIS_Pg:129
23. ABNORMAL UTERINE CONTRACTION_Pg:129
24. MALPOSITION , MALPRESENTATION, CORD PROLAPSE_Pg:129
25. PRROLONGED LABOUR, OBSTRUCTED LABOUR, DYSTOSIA_Pg:131
26. COMPLICATION OF THIRD STAGE LABOUR_Pg:131
27. INJURIES OF BIRTH CANAL_Pg:133
28. ABMORMALITIES OF THE PUERPERIUM_Pg:133
29. THE TERM NEWBORN INFANT_Pg:134
30. LOW BIRTH WEIGHT BABY_Pg:134
31. DISEASE OF FETUS & NEWBORN_Pg:134
32. PHARMACOTHERAPEUTICS IN OBSTETRICS_Pg:135
33. INDUCTION OF LABOUR_Pg:135

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34. CONTROL OF CONCEPTION _Pg:135


35. OPERA TIVE OBSTETRICS_Pg:136
36. SAFE MOTHERHOOD, EPIDEMIOLOGY OF OBSTETRICS_Pg:137
37. SPECIAL CASES_Pg:138
38. IMAGING & OTHER INVESTIGATIONS IN OBSTETRICS_Pg:139

GYNAECOLOGY & OBSTETRICS


GYNAECOLOGY
1. ANATOMY OF FEMALE PELVIC ORGAN_Pg:140
2. BLOOD VESSELS, LYMPHATIC DRAINAGE & INNERVATION OF PELVIC ORGAN_Pg:140
3. DEVELOPMENT OF GENITAL ORGAN & GONADS_Pg:140
4. CONGENITAL MALFORMATION OF FEMALE GENITAL ORGANS _Pg:141
5. PUBERTY- NORMAL & ABNORMAL_Pg:141
6. MENOPAUSE_Pg:141
7. NEUROENDOCRINOLOGY IN RELATION TO REPRODUCTION_Pg:142
8. MENSTRUATION_Pg:142
9. HISTORY, EXAMINATION, DIAGNOSTIC PROCEDURE OF A GYNAECOLOGICAL PATIENT_Pg:142
10. PELVIC INFECTION_Pg:143
11. SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTION_Pg:143
12. INFECTION OF INDIVIDUAL PELVIC ORGAN_Pg:143
13. DTSMENORRHEA & OTHER DISORDER OF MENSTRUAL CYCLES_Pg:143
14. ABNORMAL UTERINE BLEEDING_Pg:144
15. DISPLACEMENT OF UTERUS_Pg:146
16. INFERTILITY_Pg:147
17. BENIGN LESION OF VULVA & VAGINA_Pg:150
18. BENIGN LESIONS OF THE CERVIX_Pg:150
19. BENIGN LESION OF THE UTERUS_Pg:151
20. BENIGN LESION OF THE OVARY_Pg:151
21. ENDOMETRIOSIS & ADENOMYOSIS_Pg:152
22. PREMALIGNANT LESIONS_Pg:153
23. GENITAL MALIGNANCY_Pg:153
24. URINARY PROBLEMS IN GYNAECOLOGY_Pg:155
25. GENITAL FISTULAE_Pg:156
26. GENITAL TRACT INJURIES_Pg:156
27. INTERSEX_Pg:157
28. AMENORRHEA_Pg:157
29. CONTRACEPTION_Pg:159
30. OPERATIVE GYNAECOLGY_Pg:161
31. HORMONES IN GYNAECOLOGY_Pg:162
32. SPECIAL TOPICS_Pg:162

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PAEDIATRICS
1. NORMAL GROWTH &ITS DISORDERS _Pg: 166
2. DEVELOPMENT_Pg: 166
3. ADOLESCENT HEALTH &DEVELOPMENT_Pg:166
4. FLUID &ELECTROLYTE DISTURBANCES_Pg:167
5. NUTRITION _Pg:167
6. MICRONUTRIENTS IN HEALTH &DISEASE_Pg:168
7. NEWBORN INFANTS _Pg:169
8. IMMUNIZATION & IMMUNODEFICIENCY_Pg:172
9. INFECTIONS & INFESTATION_Pg:172
10. DISEASE OF GASTROINTESTINAL SYSTEM_Pg:174
11. HAEMATOGICAL DISORDERS_Pg:175
12. DISORDERS OF RESPIRATORY SYSTEM _Pg:177
13. DISORDER OF CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM_Pg:179
14. DISORDER OF KIDNEY & URINARY TRACT_Pg: _Pg:
15. ENDOCRINE & METABOLIC DISORDERS_Pg:182
16. CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM_Pg:183
17. NRUROMUSCULAR DISORDERS_Pg:186
18. CHILDHOOD MALIGNANCY_Pg:186
19. RHEUMATOLOGICAL DISORDERS_Pg:186
20. GENETIC DISORDERS_Pg:186
21. INBORN ERRORS OF METABOLISM_Pg:187
22. SKIN DISORDER_Pg:187

DISCLAIMER
Some questions of every subject fall under different chapters. In such cases, they have
been given in one chapter. This is of concern particularly regarding the clinical
problems. Inconvenienced caused due to this is deeply regretted.

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SELF NOTES

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GENERAL SURGERY
Ch 1: WOUND, KELOID AND HYPERTROPHIC
SCAR
LONG QUESTIONS

1. Define and classify wound. Discuss the factors influencing wound healing. Write
in brief management of Diabetic ulcer affecting foot, in middle aged man. (4+5+6)
[11]

2. Define and classify wound. Discuss various factors influencing wound healing.
Discuss in brief the management of Diabetic foot. (5+5+5) [09]

3. Classify wounds. Describe the pathophysiology of wound healing. What are the
common causes of burst abdomen? (4+6+5) (NRS) [9th sem]

4. Describe and classify wounds. Discuss various factors influencing wound healing.
Describe in brief M/m of a diabetic foot . (5+5+5) (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES

1. Keloid [08, supple] {Paper 1}, [13, supple] {Paper 2}

2. Factors that Delay Wound Healing (MMC) [8th Sem]

3. Necrotizing fasciitis (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 1}

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Ch 2: ACUTE INFECTION, SINUS, FISTULA &


SURGICAL SITE INFECTION

LONG QUESTIONS

1. Define and classify Surgical Site Infections. Enumerate the risk factors for the
development of surgical site infections. Discuss the role of antibiotic prophylaxis
in respect different class of surgical wounds. (2.5+2.5+5+5) (IPGMER) [9th sem]

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES

1. Arteriovenous fistula [09] {Paper 1}

2. Methods of sterilization [08] {Paper 1}

3. Collar Stud Abscess Collar stud abscess [09, supple] {Paper 2} (BMC) [8th Sem]

Ch 3: TETANUS &GAS GANGRENE

LONG QUESTIONS

1. What is tetanus? Describe clinical features and management. (2+6+7) (BSMC) [9th
sem] {paper 1}

2. Discuss pathogenesis of tetanus. Write briefly the clinical features and T/t of
an established case of tetanus. (5+5+5) (MMC) [9th Sem]

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES

1. Active immunization against Tetanus [11] {Paper 1}

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2. Tetanus prophylaxis [08, supple] {Paper 2}

3. Gas gangrene [10, supple] {Paper 2}

Ch 4: HAND &FOOT INFECTION


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Compartment syndrome [14] {Paper 2}

2. Ingrowing toe nail (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 1}

Ch 5: CHRONIC INFECTIOUS DISEASE


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Universal precaution [08] {Paper 1}, (IPGMER) [9th sem]

2. Prophylactic antibiotics [12, supple] {Paper 1}

3. AIDS and the surgeons (CNMC) [8th Sem]

4. Tubercular Granuloma (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

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Ch 6: DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS OF LEG ULCER


&PRESSURE SORE
LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Venous ulcer [13] {Paper 1}, [14, supple] {Paper 2}, [09, supple] {Paper 2} , [08]
{Paper 2}, (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1} (R G Kar) [8th Sem]

2. Decubitus ulcer [12] {Paper 1}, (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 2}

3. Trophic ulcer [10, supple] {Paper 1}

4. Pressure sore [13, supple] {Paper 2}

5. Bed Sore [11, supple] {Paper 2}, (CNMC) [8th Sem]

6. M/m of diabetic foot (Kalyani) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

Ch 7: LOWER LIMB ISCHEMIA &POPLITEAL


ANEURYSM
LONG QUESTIONS

1. Define claudication. What are the grades of claudication? How will you manage
a case of buergers disease with dry gangrene of foot? (2+4+9) [10, supple]

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES

1. Intermittent claudication [09, supple] {Paper 1}

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Ch 8: UPPER LIMB ISCHAEMIA &GANGRENE


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Critical limb ischaemia(Kalyani) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

Ch 9: LYMPHATICS, LYMPH VESSEL,&


LYMPHOMA
LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

Ch 10: VARICOSE VEIN & DEEP VEIN


THROMBOSIS
LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. D.V.T. [11] {Paper 1}, [12, supple] {Paper 2}, (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 2}

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2. Varicose Vein Complication (CNMC) [8th Sem]

Ch 11: SKIN TUMOURS


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Marjolins ulcer[13] {Paper 2}, [11, supple] {Paper 1}, [09, supple] {Paper 2} , (R G
Kar), (MMC) [8th Sem], (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 1}

2. Malignant Melanoma (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 2}

3. Melanoma [10, supple] {Paper 1}

4. Variants of melanoma [12, supple] {Paper 2}

5. Basal cell carcinoma [09] {Paper 1}, (NRS) [9th sem], (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

6. Squamous cell CA (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

Ch 12: HAEMORRHAGE, SHOCK, BLOOD


TRANSFUSION
LONG QUESTIONS

1. Classify Shock. Discuss the patho-physiology and management of Septic Shock.


(3+6+6)[14]

2. What are the indications of blood transfusion? What are its complications? What
do you understand by massive blood transfusion? (3+8+4) [14, supple]

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3. What are the types of Haemorrhage? What are the methods of determining
acute blood loss? How would you treat haemorrhage? (3+6+6) [12]

4. Define shock. Discuss the pathophysiology of septic shock. How would you manage
a patient suffering from septic shock? (2+6+7) [12, supple]

5. Define shock. What are its different types? Outline the management of a patient
presenting with features of septic shock. (2+4+9) [11, supple]

6. Classify haemorrhage. How will you determine the amount of blood loss? (3+5+7)
[09, supple]

7. Define and classify shock. How will you assess and treat a case of haemorrhage
shock? Mention the complication of blood transfusion. (2+2+5+3+3) [08]

8. What are the coagulation factors? Write in detail about the mechanism of
Hemostasis. (5+10) [10]

9. Define and classify shock. Discuss the pathogenesis and management of a patient
with a septic shock. (2+3+10) (MC,K) [8th Sem]

10. Define shock. What are the clinical features of septic shock? Outline the
management of septic shock. (3+5+7) (RG Kar) [8th Sem]

11. Classify shock. describe the pathology and management of septic shock. (3+6+6)
(BSMC) [8th Sem]

12. Enumerrate the diferent blood fractions and discuss the indications of their use.
Discuss in brief the complication of whole blood transfusion. (10+5) (RG Kar) [9th
sem] {Paper 1}

13. Classify shock. Describe the etiopathogeness and management of hypovolemic


shock.(7+8) (BMC) [8th Sem]

14. Mention the complications of blood transfusion. What are the blood substitutes?
(10+5) (Kalyani) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

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LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

1. A 30 yr old lady presented with severe abdominal pain and shock. Discuss the
differential diagnosis and outline the management. (6+9) [13, supple]

SHORT NOTES

1. Blood Substitute [14] {Paper 1}

2. Blood fractions [11, supple] {Paper 1}

3. Blood substitute [10, supple] {Paper 1}

4. Systemic inflammatory response syndrome [10, supple] {Paper 1}

5. Auto transfusion [09] {Paper 1}

6. Complication of blood transfusion (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}, (BSMC) [8th Sem]

7. SIRS (NRS) [9th sem], (Kalyani) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

Ch 13: BURN, SKIN GRAFTING, FLAPS


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

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1. Discuss the assessment of Burn wound. Write in short pathophysiology of Burn


Injury. How would you treat 30% burn in 50 kg body wt female patient?(3+6+6)
[13]

2. Classify burn. How will you assess and manage a 35 year old woman weighing 60
kgs admitted with 40% burn? (3+5+7) [08, supple]

3. Classify burns. What are the immediate and delayed complications of burn injury?
How will you manage a patient with 40% burns and 60 kg body wt. (5+5+5) (NRS)
[9th sem]

4. Define burns. Mention different types of burns. Describe management of 40%


2nd degree burn. (3+5+7) (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

5. How will you assess the severity of thermal burns? How will you manage such a
patient in emergency? What are the complications of burn? (4+6+5) (CMC) [9th
Sem] {Paper 1

6. Give the detailed protocol for initial resuscitation for a moderately severe burn
patient (flame burn).How would you evaluate and manage associated inhalation
injury, if any? Discuss the role of topical antibiotics. (5+5+5) (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

7. Classify Burn. A patient of 60 years is presented to you with a history of 50%


burn two hours back. How will you manage the patient? Describe the management
protocol for inhalation burn injury. (3+9+3) (NRS) [8th Sem]

8. A young man of 50 kg body weight come to you with 40% burns. How will you
assess and treat and what are the complications? (3+7+5) (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper
1}

9. Outlin ethe M/m of a 50 yr old female patient with 65 kg body wt, who has
presented with 30% B.S.A. burn. (15) (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

SHORT NOTES

1. Electric burn [14] {Paper 2}, (Kalyani) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

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2. Types of Skin graft [13] {Paper 2}, (NBMC) [9th Sem]

3. Skin grafting [08] {Paper 2},(Kalyani) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}, (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper
1},

4. Axial flap [08, supple] {Paper 2

5. Wolfe graft (IPGMER) [9th sem]

6. Post Burn Contracture [10, supple] {Paper 2}, (CNMC), (BMC) [8th Sem]

7. Tissue expansion [12] {Paper 2}

8. Burn Contracture (BSMC) [8th Sem], (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

9. Skin Flaps (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 2}

10. Split thickness skin grafting [11] {Paper 2}, (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 2}

11. Dupuytrens Contracture (R G Kar) [8th Sem]

Ch 14: ACID BASE BALANCE, FLUID &


ELECTROLYTE
LONG QUESTIONS

1. What are the normal value of different body electrolytes? What are the
electrolyte changes in a patient of long standing pyloric stenosis and how do they
occur? How do yuou prepare such a patient before elective operation? (5+5+5)
[13, supple]

2. How is the acid balance maintained in the body normally, with special reference
to the role of lung and kidney? What are the common causes of metabolic acidosis

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and its management? What is anion gap and what is its clinical significance?
(5+5+5) (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

3. Give a brief account of electrolyte balance in the human body. What are the
electrolyte changes in a patient of long standing pyloric stenosis? How do you
prepare such a patient of long standing pyloric stenosis? How do you prepare such
a patient before an elective operation? (6+4+5) (MMC) [8th Sem]

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES

1. Causes and treatment of metabolic acidosis [13] {Paper 1}

2. Metabolic acidosis [12, supple] {Paper 1}

3. Hyponatremia [11, supple] {Paper 1}

4. Hypokalemia [09] {Paper 2}

5. Hyperkalemia (IPGMER) [9th sem]

6. Hypercalcemia (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

Ch 15: TUMOURS&SOFT TISSUE SARCOMA


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Lipoma [12, supple] {Paper 1}

2. Hemangioma [10] {Paper 1} ,(R G Kar) [8th Sem]

3. Carcinoid tumor [10] {Paper 1}

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 22


QUESTION BANK

4. Neurofibromatosis [10] {Paper 2}

Ch 16: CYSTIC SWELLING,NECK SWELLING &


METASTASIS LYMPH NODE NECK
LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Carotid body tumor [10] {Paper 1}

2. Brachial sinus [10] {Paper 1}

3. Ludwigs angina [10] {Paper 2}, (IPGMER) [9th sem], (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 2}

4. Cervical traction [11, supple] {Paper 2}

5. Dermoid cyst [08] {Paper 2}, [08, supple] {Paper 2}, (MC,K), (R G Kar) [8th Sem]

6. Epididymal cyst [12, supple] {Paper 2}, [08] {Paper 2}

7. Sebaceous Cyst (CNMC) [8th Sem]

8. Arteriovenous fistula (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

9. Ganglion (R G Kar) [8th Sem]

10. Carbuncle (MMC) [9th Sem]

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 23


QUESTION BANK

Ch 17: ORAL CAVITY, ODONTOMES & PALATE


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Torticollis [13] {Paper 1}

2. Adamantinoma [09, supple], [11, supple] {Paper 2}

3. Dental cyst [08] {Paper 2}

4. Epulis [08, supple] {Paper 2},[11], [10, supple] {Paper 2},(KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

5. Oral submucous fibrosis [13] {Paper 2}

6. Ameloblastoma [12] {Paper 2}, (KPC) [8th Sem]

7. Spread of CA Tongue (MMC) [8th Sem]

8. Dentigerous cyst [14] {Paper 2} ,[12, supple], [14, supple] {Paper 2}, (IPGMER) [9th
sem], (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

9. Odontomes [09] {Paper 2}, (Kalyani) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

10. Principle of M/m of Cleft palate (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

11. Cleft lip management in children [08, supple] {Paper 2}

12. Cleft lip [13] {Paper 2}, (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}, (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 2},
(CNMC) [8th Sem]

13. Ranula [08, supple] {Paper 2}, (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

14. Cleft palate [09, supple] {Paper 2}

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 24


QUESTION BANK

Ch 18: SALIVARY GLANDS


LONG QUESTIONS

1. Classify salivary gland tumours. How will you manage a case of parotid swelling in
a 50 year aged male patient? (CNMC) [8th Sem]

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES

1. Pleomorphic adenoma [14, supple] {Paper 1}, (BSMC) [8th Sem]

2. Classification of salivary gland tumors (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

3. Parotid Abscess [14, supple] {Paper 2}, [11] {Paper 2}, (MMC) [8th Sem]

4. Parotid fistula [11, supple] {Paper 2}

5. Sialolithiasis (Kalyani) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

6. Mixed salivary tumor [10, supple] {Paper 2}

7. Salivary calculi [09] {Paper 2}

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 25


QUESTION BANK

Ch 19: THYROID GLAND


LONG QUESTIONS

1. Discuss the clinical features, investigation and treatment of Thyrotoxicosis.


(5+5+5) [14]

2. How do you classify goiter? Give an outline of investigations and management of


a solitary nodular goiter. (5+5+5) [13, supple]

3. Describe Thyroid Neoplasms. Write clinical features, investigation and


management of papillary carcinoma of the Thyroid gland(A lady of 25 years old)
(3+4+3+5) [12]

4. Classify thyroid malignancies. How will you manage a case of follicular carcinoma
of thyroid? (5+10) [10, supple]

5. Discuss the pathogenesis of multinodular goiter. Mention the complications of


such a goiter. How do you manage such a patient? (5+5+5) [08]

6. Enumerate different thyroid swellings. Discuss the treatment and follow up of


differentiated thyroid carcinoma. (6+9) (MC,K) [8th Sem]

7. Classify thyroid carcinoma. Describe the management of papillary carcinoma of


thyroid. How do you follow up a postoperative patient with papillary thyroid
carcinoma after discharge (3+8+4) (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 2}

8. Classify different types of Thyrotoxicosis based on etiology. What are the


reasons for doing a total (or near total) thyroidectomy in large diffuse goiter
with thyrotoxicosis? How would you prepare such a patient for surgery?
Enumerate the post-thyroidectomy complication and the brief outline of their
management(outline only). (2.5+2.5+5+2.5+2.5) (IPGMER) [9th sem]

9. Discuss the types with management of different thyroid malignancies. (15) (CMC)
[9th Sem] {Paper 2}

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 26


QUESTION BANK

1. Describe the management of a lady of 35 years presenting with toxic multinodular


goiter. (6+9) [11, supple]

2. A 35 year old lady presents with a Solitary thyroid nodule in right lobe. How would
you come to diagnosis and manage such a patient? (8+7) [09]

3. How will you approach a solitary thyroid nodule? (15) (KPC) [8th Sem]

4. Classify goiters. How will you investigate and treat a 60 year old male presenting
with right sided thyroid swelling? (5+4+6) (NBMC) [8th Sem]

5. A 40 years women presented with solitary thyroid nodule. How will you manage
the case? (15) (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 2}

SHORT NOTES

1. Thyroglossal Fistula (MC,K) [8th Sem], (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

2. Thyroglossal cyst [13] {Paper 2}, [08] {Paper 2} (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}, (BMC)
[9th Sem] {Paper 2}, (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 2}

3. Retrosternal Goiter [11] {Paper 2}

4. Solitary thyroid nodule [09, supple] {Paper 2}, (NRS) [8th Sem]

5. I131scan [10] {Paper 2}

6. Medullary CA Thyroid (MMC) [8th Sem]

7. Complication of thyroidectomy (NRS) [9th sem]

8. Thyroid storm (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 27


QUESTION BANK

Ch 20: PARATHYROID & ADRENAL


LONG QUESTIONS

1. What are the clinical features of primary hyperparathyroidism? Discuss the


investigation and management of primary hyperparathyroidism. (6+5+4) [14,
supple]

2. Discuss the clinical features of phaeochromocytoma. How will you diagnose this
condition? Give an outline of management. (5+5+5) [13, supple]

3. What are the functions of parathormone? Write in detail about clinical features,
investigation and treatment of hyperparathyroidism. (3+4+4+4) [10]

4. Discuss the clinical features of pheochromocytoma. How do you diagnose this


condition? What will you do to manage it? (5+5+5) [08, supple]

5. Discuss the clinical features of Phaeochromocytoma. How will you diagnose this
condition. Give an outline of management? (5+5+5) (MMC) [8th Sem]

6. Enumerate the different adrenal swellings with clinical features and


investigations to be done for diagnosis. How do you prepare a patient of
phaeochromocytoma for surgery? (4+6+5) (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES

1. Pheochromocytoma [14, supple] {Paper 1},(MC,K) [8th Sem], (NRS) [9th sem],
(BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

2. Primary hyperparathyroidism [10, supple] {Paper 2}

3. M.E.N. syndrome [09] {Paper 2}

4. Secondary Hyperparathyroidism (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 28


QUESTION BANK

Ch 21: BREAST
LONG QUESTIONS

1. Describe lymphatic drainage of breast. Mention the risk factors of breast


carcinoma. How to manage a 52 year old female patient with locally advanced
breast carcinoma? (4+3+8) [13]

2. Classify carcinoma of breast. How will you investigate and manage a case of early
Carcinoma of Breast in a 40 year old lady. (4+5+6) [11]

3. What is early breast carcinoma? How will you manage it? (5+10) (Kalyani) [8th
Sem]

4. Classify breast cancer. Write the clinical features, investigation and


management of stage II Breast cancer. (3+4+3+5) (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

5. Classify benign breast ds. Briefly describe the M/m of a case of early breast
cancer. (5+10) (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

6. What is locally advanced breast carcinoma? Outline the M/m of such case. (7+8)
(Kalyani) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

1. How will you assess a breast lump in an elderly woman? Outline the treatment
option of an early breast cancer in an woman of 50 yrs. (6+9) [14, supple]

2. What are the different types of nipple discharges with their clinical
importances?how would you manage stage I carcinoma breast in a lady aged 40
years. (6+9) [12, supple]

3. A 55 yr old lady presents with a lump in upper and outer quadrant of right breast.
Discuss briefly the management of such a patient. (15) [09, supple]

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 29


QUESTION BANK

4. Enumerate the causes of Breast lump. How will you manage a case of single lump
in right breast.(CNMC) [8th Sem]

5. What are the causes of nipple discharge? How will you manage a case of advanced
carcinoma of breast in a 45 years aged female. (CNMC) [8th Sem]

6. What are the causes of a painless breast lump in an elderly lady of 65 years of
age? How would you investigate and manage such a case? (5+10+10) (BMC) [8th
Sem]

7. A 55 yr old lady presented with a 5cm5cm rounded lump of 3 months duration


in upper outer quadrant of right breast with overlying skin oedema and 1 cm
diameter ulceration and a few palpable matted axillary nodes. How would you
stage, investigate to confirm the diagnosis, prognosticate and manage (brief
outline only)? (2.5+5+2.5+5) (IPGMER) [9th sem]

8. Mention the causes of nipple discharge. How will you investigate and treat a case
of fibrocystic disease of breast? (5+5+5) (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

9. What is the triple assessment of a breast lump? Give outline of treatment of


malignant breast lump of a size 2 cm x 2 cmin a 50 year old female. (5+10)
(NBMC) [9th Sem]

SHORT NOTES

1. Breast Biopsies [14] {Paper 1} ,[12] {Paper 2}

2. QUART [14, supple] {Paper 2}

3. Sentinel lymph node biopsy [10, supple] {Paper 2}

4. Pagets disease of nipple [10] {Paper 2}, [14] {Paper 2}

5. Blood discharge per nipple [11, supple] {Paper 2}

6. Nipple discharge [08] {Paper 1}

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 30


QUESTION BANK

7. Fibroadenoma of the breast [08, supple] {Paper 1}


8. Mammography [09, supple] {Paper 2},(KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

9. Treatment of Early Breast Carcinoma (MC,K) [8th Sem]

10. Phylloides Tumor (NRS) [8th Sem]

11. Phylloides Tumor of Breast (KPC) [8th Sem]

12. Causes of Nipple Discharge (Kalyani) [8th Sem]

13. ANDI (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 2}, (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

14. Duct Papilloma (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 2}

15. Staging of Ca Breast (NRS) [9th sem]

16. Gynaecomastia (NBMC) [8th Sem]

17. Estrogen and Progeterone Receptor (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

18. Breast abscess (Kalyani) [9th sem] {paper 2}

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 31


QUESTION BANK

GASTROINTESTINAL SURGERY
Ch 22: OESOPHAGUS & DIAPHRAGM
LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Oesophageal varices [09, supple] {Paper 1}

Ch 23: STOMACH & DUODENAM


LONG QUESTIONS

1. Describe the clinical features, investigation and management of carcinoma of


Stomach. (4+4+7) [14]

2. What are all the causes of upper GI bleed? How will you manage acute variceal
bleeding? (8+7) [10]

3. Enumerate the causes of gastro-intestinal bleeding. Discuss how a patient with


this should be diagnosed and managed? (3+4+8) [08, supple]

4. Describe the presenting features, diagnosis and outline the management in a


patient of Carcinoma stomach. (5+5+5) (NRS) [8th Sem]

5. Describe the clinical presentation and management of a case of Gastric ulcer.


(10+10) (CNMC) [8th Sem]

6. Describe the clinical features, investigation and management of CA stomach.


(4+4+7) (RG Kar) [8th Sem]

7. An anorexic, asthenic and anaemic patient was persistent recurrent non-bilious


vomiting with visible peristalsis from left to right epigastrium. How will you
proceed to diagnose and manage the patient with particular reference to the
preparation of patient for operation. (5+5+5) (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 32


QUESTION BANK

8. Classify carcinoma stomach. Mention risk factors. Discuss investigations.


(7+4+4) (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

9. Describe the important clinical features of a 50 years old male patient with
gastric outlet obstruction? How do you investigate the patient to come to a
diagnosis? Describe the management of gastric carcinoma in antrum? (4+4+7)
(RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 1}

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

SHORT NOTES

1. Congenital hypertrophic pyoric stenosis [10] {Paper 2}, (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper
2}
2. Tetany [08] {Paper 2}

3. Biochemical abnormality in pyloric stenosis [08] {Paper 1}

4. Stress Gastritis [12] {Paper 2}

5. Electrolyte changes in gastric outlet obstruction (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

6. Various Presentation of Ca Stomach (MC,K) [8th Sem]

7. Gastric Outlet Obstruction (CNMC) [8th Sem]

8. Achalasia Cardia (MMC) [8th Sem]

9. Early Gastric Cancer (NBMC) [8th Sem]

10. Electrolyte imbalance in Gastric Outlet Obstruction (NBMC) [8th Sem]

11. Pyloric stenosis in infants (NBMC) [9th Sem]

12. Pre-operativ epreparation of pyloric stenosis (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

13. Pyloric Infection (MC,K) [8th Sem]

14. GIST (NRS) [9th sem]

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 33


QUESTION BANK

15. Infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}


16. Complication of peptic ulcer (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

17. Electrolyte disturbance in pyloric stenosis (Kalyani) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

18. Carcinoid tumor [08, supple] {Paper 2}

Ch 24: LIVER
LONG QUESTIONS

1. What is hydatid cyst? Give a short account of the life cycle of the
parasite.write in short the pathology and management of hydatid cyst. (1+4+10)
(MMC) [8th Sem]

2. Define cyst. Classify cyst with examples. Discuss the management of a


surgically relevant parasitic cyst. (2+6+7) (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES
1. Amoebic Liver Abscess [14] {Paper 1}, (BSMC) [8th Sem]

2. Liver Abscess (NBMC) [8th Sem]

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 34


QUESTION BANK

Ch 25: GALL BLADDER & PANCREAS


LONG QUESTIONS

1. Describe the clinical features, diagnosis and management of Choledocholithiasis.


(4+4+7) [13]

2. Describe the clinical features, investigations and management of acute


pancreatitis. (5+5+5) [11, supple]

3. What are the causes of obstructive jaundice? Write about the management of
carcinoma head of pancreas. (5+10) [10]

4. Give an account of pathogenesis, clinical features and management of acute


pancreatitis. (5+5+5) [09, supple]0

5. What are the causes of obstructive jaundice. How do you establish the diagnosis.
Discuss the various option in the management of choledocholithiasis. (5+5+5) [08]

6. What are the causes of benign biliary strictures? Discuss the management of
retained stone in common bile duct. (5+10) [12]

7. Enumerate the causes of obstructive jaundice. Discuss the clinical features,


investigations and pre operative management of a patient with CA head of
Pancreas. (5+10) (MC,K) [8th Sem]

8. Discuss the clinical features, investigation and management of acute


cholecystitis. (4+4+7) (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 2}

9. Enumerate the causes of obstructive jaundice. How will you investigate? Describe
the preoperative management of such a jaundiced patient. (5+5+5) (Kalyani) [8th
Sem]

10. What are the common causes of obstructive jaundice? How will you investigate a
patient with obstructive jaundice? What are the surgical management of
choledocholithiasis? (5+5+5) (NRS) [9th sem]

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 35


QUESTION BANK

11. Mention the causes of acute pancreatitis. How will you establish the diagnosis?
Discuss the management of acute gall stone pancreatitis. (5+5+5) (CNMC) [9th
Sem] {Paper 1}

12. Mention the clinical features, types, management and complications of


choledochal cyst. (3+5+4+3) (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

13. A 50 year old female patient presented with obstructive jaundice. How will you
investigate the case to reach a diagnosis? (8+7) (BSMC) [8th Sem]

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES

1. Gall stone ileus [14, supple] {Paper 1}, (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 1}

2. Pre-operative preparation of a case of obstructive jaundice [11] {Paper 1}

3. Alvardo score of Acute Pancreatitis [11] {Paper 2},

4. Manifestation of Gall Bladder Stone (MC,K) [8th Sem]

5. Cholesterosis of Gall Blader (R G Kar) [8th Sem]

6. Complication of Acute Pancreatitis (NBMC) [8th Sem]

7. Effects of Gall Stones (NBMC) [8th Sem]

8. ERCP (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 2}, (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

9. Preoperative preparation of a Jaundice Patient (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 2}

10. Causes of surgical obstructive jaundice (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

11. Choledochal Cyst (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 2}, (Kalyani) [9th sem] {paper 2}

12. Courvoisier sign (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 36


QUESTION BANK

Ch 26: SPLEEN
LONG QUESTIONS

1. How will you evaluate, grade and manage a case of blunt splenic trauma? (3+4+8)
[10, supple]

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES

1. Complication of splenectomy [13, supple] {Paper 1}, (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 2}

2. Hypersplenism [10, supple] {Paper 2}

3. OPSI [09, supple] {Paper 1}, (NRS) [9th sem]

4. Splenorrhaphy (NRS) [8th Sem]

5. Physiological effects of splenomegaly (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

Ch 27: PERITONEUM, PERITONEALCAVITY,


MESENTERY & RETROPERITONEIUM
LONG QUESTIONS

1. What are the peritoneal spaces? Describe the management of case of


generalized peritonitis following duodenal ulcer perforation. (5+20) (BMC) [8th
Sem]

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES

1. Abdominal compartment syndrome [08, supple] {Paper 2}

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 37


QUESTION BANK

Ch 28: SMALL INTESTINE


LONG QUESTIONS

1. Define and classify intestinal obstruction. How will you diagnose and treat small
intestinal obstruction? (5+5+5) [09, supple]

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES

Ch 29: LARGE INTESTINE


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Neoadjuvent therapy in colorectal Ca (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

2. Vitello-intestinal Duct (NRS) [8th Sem]

Ch 30: INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION


LONG QUESTIONS

1. What are the diseases of umbilicus? What are the presentation and treatment
of Meckels diverticulum? (3+7+5) [14, supple]

2. Enumerate the causes of intestinal obstruction in an infant. Write the clinical


features, investigations and management of intussusception in a 7 months old
child. (3+4+3+5) [11]

3. Enumerate the causes and clinical features of acute intestinal obstruction.


Discuss the management of acute intestinal obstruction. Discuss the management
of intestinal obstruction due to a malignant tumour in the recto sigmoid junction.
(6+3+6) (MC,K) [8th Sem]

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 38


QUESTION BANK

4. Define intestinal obstruction. Enumerate the common causes of intestinal obstruction in


adult. Briefly discuss the diagnosis and management of sigmoid volvulus. (2+4+4+5)
(NBMC) [8th Sem]

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES

1. Clinical features of Hirsprungs disease [08, supple] {Paper 2}

2. Volvulus Neonatoram [14] {Paper 1}

3. Meckels Diverticulum [08, supple] {Paper 1}, (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}, (R G Kar)
[8th Sem], (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 1}

4. Intussusceptions [13] {Paper 2}, (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

5. Metabolic changes of acute intestinal obstruction (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

6. Meconium Ileus [10, supple] {Paper 2} (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

7. Management of Hirschprungs disease [09, supple] {Paper 2}

Ch 31: RECTUM & ANAL CANAL


LONG QUESTIONS

1. A 50 years male patient presents with bleeding per rectum. How will you
investigate and manage the patient. (7+8) [14]

2. Enumerate the causes of bleeding per rectum. Mention how it is diagnosed.


Outline the management for bleeding haemorrhoid. (5+5+5) [08]

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 39


QUESTION BANK

3. Enumerate the different diagnosis of painless fresh bleeding per rectum. Plan
the investigation and the treatment of carcinoma of sigmoid colon. (3+5+7) [10,
supple]

4. Classify colonic tumours. How will you manage a 60 years old man presenting
with fresh bleeding per rectum. (5+10) [13]

5. Enumerate the common causes of bleeding per rectum in a 40 years old male patient.
How do you examine and investigate the patient to come to a diagnosis? Outline the
management of Carcinoma of upper third of rectum without any metastasis. (3+4+4+4)
(RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 1}

6. What are the causes of fresh bleeding per rectum? How will you proceed to investigate
a case of rectosigmoid malignancy? (5+3+7) (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

1. What are the causes of bleeding per rectum? Outline the M/m of a 60 yr patient
suffering from bleeding per rectum.(5+10) (Kalyani) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}
SHORT NOTES

1. Anorectal malformation [13] {Paper 1}, [09] {Paper 2}, (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

2. Pilonidal sinus [13, supple] {Paper 1}

3. Anal fissure [08, supple] {Paper 1}

4. Wax bath [13],[11], [08, supple] {Paper 2}, (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}, (MMC) [9th
Sem]

5. Bleeding Per Rectum (CNMC) [8th Sem]

6. Perianal fistula (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

7. Post Anal Dermoid (R G Kar) [8th Sem]

8. Fistula in ano [14] {Paper 2},[10] {Paper 2}, (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 1}, (Kalyani)
[8th Sem], (Kalyani) [9th sem] {paper 2}

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 40


QUESTION BANK

9. Classification of fistula in ano (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

10. Haemorrhoids (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

Ch 32: LOWER GI BLEEDING


LONG QUESTIONS

1. Enumerate the causes of gastro-intestinal bleeding. Discuss how a patient with


this should be diagnosed and managed? (3+4+8) [08, supple]

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES

Ch 33: THE APPENDIX


LONG QUESTIONS

1. What is meant by appendicular lump? What are the clinical features and
outcomes? Outline the management of appendicular lump. (2+7+6) (RG Kar) [8th
Sem]

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

1. what are the causes of lump in right iliac fossa. Describe the M/m of Ac.
Appendicular lump. (7+8) (Kalyani) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}
SHORT NOTES

1. Oschner Sherren Regime [11, supple] {Paper 2}

2. Appendicaular Lump (MC,K), (BMC) [8th Sem]

3. Management of Appendicular Lump (BSMC), (NBMC) [8th Sem]

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 41


QUESTION BANK

4. Carcinoid Tumor of Appendix (MMC) [8th Sem]

Ch 34: HERNIA
LONG QUESTIONS

1. A male patient presented with irreducible inguinal hernia on the right side of 6
hrs duration. How would you proceed to manage the patient? (15) [12, supple]

2. Mentions the complications of hernia. Discuss the C/f & M/m of strangulated
inguinal hernia. (5+5+5) (NBMC) [9th Sem]

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES

1. Incarcerated Hernia [14] {Paper 1}

2. Femoral hernia [14, supple] {Paper 1}

3. Epigastric hernia [11] {Paper 1}

4. Congenital inguinal hernia (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 2}

5. Umbilical hernia after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

6. Femoral Hernia (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 1}

7. Strangulated hernia (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

Ch 35: UMBILICUS&ABDOMINAL WALL


LONG QUESTIONS

1. What are the causes of weeping umbilicus? Discuss the problems related to
vitelline intestinal duct and their remedy. (5+5+5) [09]

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 42


QUESTION BANK

SHORT NOTES

1. Burst Abdomen [12] {Paper 1}


2. Omphalocoele [11] {Paper 2}

Ch 36: BLUNT ABDOMINAL TRAUMA, WAR &


BLAST INJURUES & TRIAGE
LONG QUESTIONS

1. A 10 year old boy brought to emergency in shock stage with history of blunt
trauma in left upper quadrant of abdomen. How will you prefer to treat the
patient and follow up subsequently? (10+5) (NBMC) [8th Sem]

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES

1. Triage (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

Ch 37: ABDOMINAL MASS & ABDOMINAL


PAIN
LONG QUESTIONS

1. What are the causes of lump in right iliac fossa? Outline the diagnosis and
management of appendicular lump. (3+6+6) [13, supple]

2. Middle aged patient presented with a big tense cystic lump in the upper
abdomen following an attack of acute abdomen. How would you investigate the
patient and plan the management? (8+7) [12]

3. How would you proceed to investigate and manage a 50 year old man presenting
with a lump in left iliac region and irregular bowel habit. (6+9) [12, supple]

4. What are the causes of lump in RIF in a male patient of 40 years old? How do
you investigate and treat such a patient? (5+5+5) [11, supple]

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 43


QUESTION BANK

5. A forty five year old lady presents with acute upper abdominal pain, discuss the
differential diagnosis and management of such apatient. (7+8) [11]

6. A middle aged male patient presents with an epigastric pain. Discuss the
differential diagnosis. How would you investigate to come to a diagnosis? (8+7)
[09]

7. A 40 yr old male patient has come to the emergency with acute pain in the right
hypochondrium. How will you make a clinical diagnosis? Outline the treatment
strategy in such a patient. (5+10) [08, supple]

8. A female patient of age 35 years is presented with a lump in umbilical region.


How will you manage the patient? (20) (CNMC) [8th Sem]

9. A male patient of 40 years age presented with an epigastric lump. Mention the
probable causes and the management. (CNMC) [8th Sem]

10. A 40 year old man presents with severe pain starting over the epigastrium and
spreading all over. How would you proceed with the diagnosis and management?
(8+7) (RG Kar) [8th Sem]

11. A 40 year male alcoholic was admitted with severe pain abdomen with radiation
to the back and relief with stooping. Physical examination was grossly
insignificant. How will you proceed to diagnose, asses the severity and manage
the patient. (5+5+5) (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

12. A 45 yr old gentleman presented with intractable anemia and a painless lump in
right iliac fossa of 3 months duration. How would you investigate, stage, assess
the operability and plan a comprehensive management of the problem (brief
putline only) (5+2.5+2.5+5) (IPGMER) [9th sem]

13. A 55 year male, chronic alcoholic complaints of recurrent episode of severe,


agonizing acute upper abdominal pain persisting for several hours, radiating to
the back, a little relief with stooping, subsiding with medication only,
interfering with his daily activities. How would you investigate to confirm the
diagnosis, prognosticate and manage?(brief outline only) (5+5+5) (IPGMER) [9th
sem]

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 44


QUESTION BANK

14. A 30 years female patient presented with acute lower abdomen pain. How will
you investigate and manage the patient. (8+7) (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 1}
15. A 35 yrs old female patient presents with abdomen pain, vomiting and fever.
How will you manage the patient. (15) (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

16. What are the causes of Right iliac fossa pain? Describe the M/m of acute
appendicitis. (7+8) (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

17. Enumerate the causes of lump in right iliac fossa and discuss the differential
diagnosis. How will you manage a case of appendicular lump? (3+7+5) (MMC) [9th
Sem]

18. What are the causes of acute abdominal pain arising from epigastric region?
How chronic alcoholism leads to acute pancreatitis? Describe briefly the clinical
features and investigations required in case of acute pancreatitis. (3+3+5+4)
(MMC) [9th Sem]

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 45


QUESTION BANK

UROLOGY
Ch 38: INVESTIGATION OF THE URINARY
TRACT
LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. MCU (Micturating cystourethrogram) (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 2}

2. Antegrade Pyelography [12] {Paper 2}

Ch 39: KIDNEY&URETER
LONG QUESTIONS

1. Classify testicular tumours. Discuss investigation necessary to plan the


treatment for a suspected testicular tumour. What are the treatment options
available. (5+5+5) [14]

2. What are the different types of renal calculi? Discuss the clinical features and
management of renal calculi. (3+4+8) [14, supple]

3. Define Hydronephrosis. Discuss the cause and management of unilateral


hydronephrosis. (2+5+8) [13]

4. Classify renal neoplasms. Write clinical features, investigation and management


of renal cell Ca in a 40 yr old male patient. (3+5+3+4) [13, supple]

5. A 40 years old gentleman presented with bilateral knobby Renal lump in the
abdomen. How do you investigate and treat such a patient (Operational details
not required). (7+8) [12]

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 46


QUESTION BANK

6. Classify Renal neoplasms. How will you diagnose and manage a case of renal
carcinoma? (4+5+6) [11]

7. Classify kidney tumours. Mention the different modes of presentation of Renal


Adeno Carcinoma. Outline the management of such a patient. (3+5+7) [09]

8. Define hydronephrosis. What are the causes of unilateral hydronephrosis?


Discuss management of stone of a patient in middle 3rd of ureter. (2+4+9) [09,
supple]

9. Enumerate the clinical features of, pathology and management of RCC. (4+3+8)
(KPC) [8th Sem]

10. Classify renal injury. Discuss clinical features and management of a patient
having injury in the left kidney following blunt trauma in left loin. (4+5+6) (MMC)
[8th Sem]

11. Define hydronephrosis. Describe causes and its management. (15) (BSMC) [9th
sem] {paper 2}

12. Define hydronephrosis. Discuss the causes of hydronephrosis. Discuss the


management of PUJ obstruction. (2+6+7) (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

13. A 50 yrs old female patient with lump in right lumbar region presents with
hematuria. What are the causes and how will you investigate the patient? Give
an outline of management of RCC. (5+5+5) (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES

1. PCNL [13, supple] {Paper 2}


2. ESWL [12, supple] {Paper 2}, (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 2}
3. Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (MC,K) [8th Sem]
4. Staghorn Calculus (Kalyani) [8th Sem]
5. Hydronephrosis [11, supple] {Paper 2}
6. Nephroblastoma [12, supple] {Paper 2}

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 47


QUESTION BANK

Ch 40: THE URINARY BLADDER &URETHRA


LONG QUESTIONS

1. Mention the etiopathogenesisof urinary bladder stones. Describe the symptoms


of stone in lower 3rd of ureter and its management. (5+5+5) (CNMC) [9th Sem]
{Paper 2}

2. Describe the types of bladder and urethral injuries with clinical features and
management. (3+5+7) (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

3. Discuss the types, mechanisms, presentations & M/m of Rupture urethra.


(2+3+5+5) (Kalyani) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES

1. Posterior urethral valve [13, supple] {Paper 2}

2. Type of renal stone [13, supple] {Paper 2}

3. Oxalate stone [11] {Paper 2}

4. Treatment of CA Urinary Bladder (MC,K) [8th Sem]

5. Bladder outlet Obstruction (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

6. Autonomic Bladder (IPGMER) [9th sem]

7. Urethral rupture (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

8. Management options for urinary bladder stones (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

9. Ectopia vesicae [10] {Paper 2}, (IPGMER) [9th sem]

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 48


QUESTION BANK

Ch 41: PROSTATE & SEMINAL VESICLE


LONG QUESTIONS

1. Describe the pathophysiology of BHP. Mention the medical and Surgical


management of BHP. (6+4+5) [14]
2. A 65 year old man presented to the emergency with acute retention of urine. How
would you investigate and manage the patient? (7+8) [12, supple]
3. A 70 yr old man presents with acute retention of urine. How would you investigate
the patient? Outline the management in brief the benign hyperplasia of prostste.
(7+8) [11, supple]
4. Enumerate the causes of acute retention of urine. What are the pathological
changes associated with prostatic hypertrophy? How will you manage such a
patient? (5+5+5) [08, supple]
5. What are the causes of chronic retention of urine in a 60 year old male patient? How
can you differentiate anuria from retention of urine clinically ? Enumerate three common
investigations we do for a patient with chronic retention of urine. Describe the medical
and surgical management of benign hypertrophy of Prostate. (2+2+3+2+6) (RG Kar) [9th
sem] {Paper 2}

6. What are the causes of acute retention of urine in an elderly male patient. Plan the
investigation & T/t in such a case. (3+6+6) (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

7. Enumerate the causes of retention of urine. How will you manage a case of retention of
urine in a 60 yr old man? (5+10) (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES

1. PSA [12]

2. Bladder changes in BHP [12, supple] {Paper 2}

3. Acute Retention of Urine (R G Kar) [8th Sem]

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 49


QUESTION BANK

Ch 42: PENIS,TESTIS &SCROTUM


LONG QUESTIONS

1. Give differential diagnosis of Scrotal Swelling. Write in detail about management


of testicular tumor (5+10) [10]

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES

2. Fourniers gangrene [13] {Paper 1},[09] {Paper 2}(BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

1. Penile carcinoma [14] {Paper 2}

2. Causes of scrotal swelling [13, supple] {Paper 2}

3. Hypospadias [13, supple] {Paper 2}, [11, supple] {Paper 2}, [09, supple] {Paper 2} ,

(BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}, (CNMC), (BMC) [8th Sem], (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 2}

4. Chordee [14, supple] {Paper 2}

5. Paraphimosis [12] {Paper 2}, [11, supple] {Paper 2}

6. Torsion of testes [12] {Paper 2}, (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 2}, (MMC) [9th Sem]

7. Congenital Hydrocele (Kalyani) [8th Sem]

8. Varicocele [10] {Paper 2} ,(BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 2}, (R G Kar) [8th Sem]

9. Complication of undescended testis [09] {Paper 2}, (Kalyani) [9th sem] {paper 2}

10. Undescended testis (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

11. Testicular tumor (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

12. Treatment of Ca penis (NBMC) [9th Sem]

13. Phimosis (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

14. Fourniers gangrene of scrotum (Kalyani) [9th sem] {paper 2}

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 50


QUESTION BANK

Ch 43: DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS OF


HAEMATURIA
LONG QUESTIONS

1. A 40 year old patient presents with hematuria. Enumerate the differential


diagnosis, plan the investigations and treatment. (4+7+4) [10, supple]

2. Enumerate the causes of haematuria. How will you confirm the diagnosis?
What will you do for a patient diagnosed to have carcinoma of urinary bladder?
(5+5+5) [08]

3. Describe the causes, investigations and treatment of a 40 year old male patient
presenting with hematuria. (5+5+5) (NRS) [8th Sem]

4. How would you proceed to investigate a 65 yr old gentleman presenting with painless
hematuria for 3 wks duration. Give the outline of management of acute retention in
this elderly gentleman. Give the brief outline of the options of management of RCC.
(5+5+5) (IPGMER) [9th sem]

5. What are the common causes of hematuria? Briefly discuss the C/f and M/m of renal
carcinoma. (5+5+5) (NBMC) [9th Sem]

6. A 60 years male patient presented with haematuria, how do you investigate the case
to come to a diagnosis. How will you manage the case. (8+7) (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper
1}
7. Discuss causes, investigations and treatment of haematuria. (4+3+8) [14,
supple]

8. A 50 year old gentleman presented with painless hematuria. What may be the
possible causes? How would you investigate the case? Give an outline of the
management. (5+5+5) [13]

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES

1. Causes of Haematuria [12], [12, supple] {Paper 2} (NRS) [9th sem]

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 51


QUESTION BANK

SPECIALITIES
Ch 44: CARDIOTHORASIC SURGERY
LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Flail Chest [14], [08] {Paper 2}, [11] {Paper 2} (KPC) [8th Sem], (NBMC) [9th Sem]

2. Chest Drain [12] {Paper 2}

3. Intercostal Chest Drain , (Kalyani) [8th Sem] ,(NRS) [9th sem], (KPC) [9th Sem]

{Paper 2}

4. Tension Pneumothorax [13, supple] {Paper 2},[09], [10, supple] {Paper 2}, (NBMC) [8th

Sem], (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}, (MMC) [9th Sem], (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}, (BSMC)

[9th sem] {paper 2}, (MMC) [9th Sem], (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 2}, (Kalyani) [9th sem]

{paper 2}

5. Empyema thoracis [10] {Paper 2}, [08, supple], [09, supple], [13, supple] {Paper 2}

6. Patent ductusarteriosus [14, supple] {Paper 2}, [10],[08] {Paper 2}

7. CABG [12, supple] {Paper 2}

8. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation(CPR) [09] {Paper 2}

9. Stove in chest [11, supple] {Paper 2}

10. Massive Hemothorax (Kalyani) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

11. Tetralogy of Fallot (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

12. Triangle of Safety in intercostal chest drain (IPGMER) [9th sem]

13. Chest trauma (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

14. Intercostal Chest Tube (ICT) (indication and brief outlines of method of insertion)

(BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 2}

15. Cardiac arrest (Kalyani) [9th sem] {paper 2},

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 52


QUESTION BANK

Ch 45: NEURO SURGERY


LONG QUESTIONS

1. Describe the etiopathology of acute extradural hematoma. Mention the symptoms


and signs. Outline the principle of M/m of it. (5+5+5) (MMC) [9th Sem]

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES

1. Lucid interval, [14],[12] {Paper 2} (NRS) [9th sem]


2. Chronic subdural hematoma [14, supple] {Paper 2}
3. Hutchinsons pupil [13, supple] {Paper 2}
4. Extradural haemorrhage [12, supple] {Paper 2}, (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 2}, (Kalyani)
[9th sem] {paper 2}
5. Brain death [11] {Paper 2}
6. Nerve injury [09, supple] {Paper 2}
7. Glasgow coma scale [08] {Paper 2}, [10, supple] {Paper 2} ,(IPGMER), (KPC), (Kalyani) [8th
Sem], (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}
8. Extradural hematoma [09] {Paper 2}, [08, supple] {Paper 2}, (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 2},
(CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}
9. Subdural haematoma [13] {Paper 2}, [10] {Paper 2} (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}
10. Meningo-mylocele [10] {Paper 2}
11. Significance of Glasgow coma scale (NBMC) [9th Sem]
12. Differential diagnosis of intracranial space occupying lesions [10, supple] {Paper 2}
13. Ulnar nerve injury [11, supple] {Paper 2}
14. Hydrocephalus [10, supple] {Paper 2}, [11, supple] {Paper 2}
15. Fast [10, supple] {Paper 2}
16. Referred pain [10] {Paper 2}
17. Care of a paraplegic patient [08, supple] {Paper 2}
18. Potts Paraplegia (KPC) [8th Sem]
19. Cerebral Contussion (BMC) [8th Sem]
20. Chronic subdural hematoma (IPGMER) [9th sem]
21. Classification of Peripheral Nerve Injury (Kalyani) [8th Sem]
22. Axontemesis (IPGMER) [9th sem]
23. Hutchinsons pupil (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 53


QUESTION BANK

Ch 46: RADIOLOGY & OTHER INVESTIGATION


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

2. CT scan [14, supple] {Paper 1}


3. Core needle biopsy [13, supple] {Paper 1}
4. MRI [09] {Paper 2},(Kalyani) [9th sem] {paper 2}
5. Ultrasonic therapy [09, supple] {Paper 2}
6. Therapeutic use of ultrasound [08] {Paper 2}
7. Transluminal USG [14, supple] {Paper 2}, [12] {Paper 2}
8. MRI scan in surgery [11] {Paper 2}
9. USG for hepatobiliary disease [11, supple] {Paper 2}
10. Diagnostic use of ultrasound [08, supple] {Paper 2}
11. Small bowel enema [12, supple] {Paper 2}
12. ERCP (NRS) [8th Sem]
13. MRCP (IPGMER) [9th sem], (BMC) [8th Sem], (MMC) [9th Sem]
14. IVU (R G Kar) [8th Sem]
15. T.U.R.P [11] {Paper 2}
16. Lumbar puncture [10] {Paper 2}
17. Target FNAC [09, supple] {Paper 2}
18. Advantages of USG (R G Kar) [8th Sem]
19. Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy (NBMC) [8th Sem]
20. Methods of Biopsy (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}
21. Cholangiogram (NBMC) [8th Sem]
22. Investigation for obscure GI bleeding (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}
23. Tracheostomy [12, supple] {Paper 2}, (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 2}
24. Role of ERCP in obstructive jaundice [13] {Paper 2}

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 54


QUESTION BANK

Ch 47: RADIATION ONCOLOGY &


ANAESTHESIOLOGY
LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Muscle Relaxant [14] {Paper 2}, [10] {Paper 2}


2. Epidural Anaesthesia [14] {Paper 2} ,[12, supple] {Paper 2}, Epidural anesthesia

(IPGMER) [9th sem], (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}, (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 2}

3. Radiation Dermatitis [11] {Paper 2}

4. Spinal Anaesthesia [13] {Paper 2} ,[11] {Paper 2}, (Kalyani) [8th Sem]

5. Local anaesthesia [11, supple] {Paper 2}

6. Local anaesthesia in inguinal hernia surgery [14, supple] {Paper 2}

7. Radioactive iodine [14, supple] {Paper 2}

8. Anaesthesia Monitoring devices [12] {Paper 2}

9. Radiotherapy in treatment of Carcinoma Breast [12] {Paper 2}

10. Brachytherapy [11, supple], [12, supple] {Paper 2}, (KPC) [8th Sem]

11. Complications of Radiotherapy [09], [09, supple] {Paper 2}, (Kalyani) [9th sem] {paper 2}

12. Intravenous anesthetics [10, supple] {Paper 2}

13. Regional anesthesia [09, supple] {Paper 2}, (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

14. Complications of spinal anaesthesia (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

15. Preanaesthetic check up (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

16. Common complications of cancer chemotherapy (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

17. Adjuvant chemotherapy (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 2}

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 55


QUESTION BANK

Ch 48: ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

Ch 49: GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF OPERATIVE


PROCEDURES
LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES:

1. Post-operative pain management [12] {Paper 1}


2. TPN [12, supple] {Paper 1}
3. Creating Pneumoperitoneum in Lap. Surgery (procedures only) [12] {Paper 1}
4. Pre-op preparation of a patient of pyloric stenosis [11, supple] {Paper 1}, [09] {Paper 1}
5. Short Wave Diathermy [12],[09] {Paper 2}, (Kalyani) [9th sem] {paper 2}
6. Post operative pyrexia [11] {Paper 2}
7. Complication of Total Parenenteral Nutrition (NRS) [8th Sem]
8. Principles of Laparoscopic Surgery (CNMC) [8th Sem]
9. Day Care Surgery (CNMC) [8th Sem]
10. Autoclaving (BMC) [8th Sem]
11. Pre operative gut preparation (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 1}

Ch 50: PHYSICAL MEDICINE &


REHABILITATION
LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Hospice [10, supple] {Paper 2}

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 56


QUESTION BANK

ORTHOPAEDICS
SHORT NOTES :

1. Fractures occurring due to fall on outstretched hand [14]

2. Osteochondroma [14]

3. Greenstick fracture [14]

4. Fracture of patella [14] , mechanism of [11]

5. Spina bifida [14],[09]

6. Compound fracture [14, supple]

7. Volkmanns ischaemic Contracture [13], [10, supple]

8. Ewings tumour [13],[11] , sarcoma [10], [14, supple]

9. Core needle biopsy [13]

10. Colles fracture [13], [08, supple]

11. Bone graft [13]

12. CTEV [13, supple]

13. Monteggia fracture [13, supple]

14. Non union of fracture [13, supple], (Kalyani) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

15. External fixation [13, supple]

16. Recurrent dislocation of shoulder [13, supple]

17. Fracture clavicle [12]

18. Tennis Elbow [12]

19. Supra condylar fracture of Humerus [12]

20. Dupytrens contracture [12], [10, supple]

21. Ruptured Tendoachilles [12]

22. Mallet finger [12]

23. Pyogenic Osteomyelitis. [12]

24. Compartment syndrome [12, supple]

25. Indications of limb amputation [12, supple]

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 57


QUESTION BANK

26. Fracture olecranon [12, supple]

27. Slipped disc [12, supple]

28. Radiological features of osteosarcoma [12, supple]

29. Trigger finger [11]

30. Brodies Abscess [11], [14, supple]

31. Carpal tunnel syndrome [11],[09], [13, supple], [14, supple]

32. Shoulder dislocation [11]

33. Telepes equinovarus [11, supple]

34. SP Nail [11, supple]

35. Codmans triangle [11, supple]

36. Exostosis [10]

37. Brown tumor [10]

38. Spondylolisthesis [10]

39. Bone scan [10]

40. TB spine [10], clinical feature [08, supple]

41. TB hip joint [10, supple]

42. Club foot [10, supple]

43. Giant cell tumor [10, supple]

44. Avascular necrosis of femoral head [10, supple]

45. Fat embolism [09] {Paper 2}

46. Myositis ossificans [09]

47. Pathological facture [09]

48. Fracture neck femur-types and complication [09]

49. Aetiopathogenesis of acute osteomyelitis [09]

50. Indications for amputation [09, supple]

51. Non union of closed fracture [09, supple]

52. Pagets disease of bone [09, supple]

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 58


QUESTION BANK

53. Management of osteosarcoma [09, supple]

54. Tension band wiring [09, supple]

55. Frozen shoulder [08], [11, supple], [14, supple]

56. Complication of supracondylar fracture of humerus [08], [09, supple]

57. Sequestrum [08], [11, supple], [12, supple], (Kalyani) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

58. Volkmanns contracture [08]

59. De Quervans disease [08], [11, supple]

60. .problems of spinal paraplegia [08]

61. Fracture of patella [08, supple]

62. Bone cyst [08, supple]

63. Gibbus [08, supple]

64. Stress fracture [08, supple]

65. Frozen shoulder- physiotherapy [12, supple] {Paper 2}

66. Giant Cell Tumor (R G Kar) [8th Sem], (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

67. Colles Fracture (R G Kar) [8th Sem], (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1} complication of (CNMC)

[9th Sem] {Paper 1}, (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 1}

68. Volkmanns Ischaemic Contracture (R G Kar) [8th Sem], pathophysiology of (CNMC) [9th

Sem] {Paper 1}

69. Myositis Ossificans Traumatica (R G Kar) [8th Sem]

70. Non-union (R G Kar) [8th Sem] (BMC), (Kalyani) [8th Sem]

71. CTEV (R G Kar) [8th Sem], (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

72. Chronic Osteomyelitis (R G Kar) [8th Sem], (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

73. Lateral Condylar Fracture in Children (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

74. Symes Amputation (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

75. Monteggia Fracture (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

76. Thomas Test (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

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77. Pathogenesis and Clinical features of Perthes Disease (KPC) [8th Sem]

78. Unicameral Bone Cyst (KPC) [8th Sem]

79. Management of Fracture Shaft Humerus (KPC) [8th Sem]

80. Osteoarthrosis of Knee Joint (KPC) [8th Sem]

81. Complication of Supracondylar fracture (of humerus) in children (BMC) [8th Sem], (BMC)

[9th Sem] {Paper 1}

82. Classification of Fracture Neck Femur in Adult (BMC) [8th Sem]

83. Giant Cell Tumor of Bone (BMC), (Kalyani) [8th Sem]

84. Management of Chronic Osteomyelitis (BMC) [8th Sem]

85. Scaphoid Fracture (BMC) [8th Sem]

86. Signs and Symptoms of Rickets (BMC) [8th Sem]

87. Wrist Drop (BMC) [8th Sem]

88. Compound Fracture (BSMC) [8th Sem]

89. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (BSMC) [8th Sem] (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

90. Osteochondroma (BSMC) [8th Sem]

91. Spina Bifida (BSMC) [8th Sem]

92. Ewings Sarcoma (BSMC) [8th Sem], (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

93. Warthims Tumour (MMC) [8th Sem]

94. Complication of Supracondylar fracture of humerus (Kalyani) [8th Sem]

95. Exostosis of Bone (Kalyani) [8th Sem]

96. Osteoclastoma (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 1}, (NBMC) [9th Sem]

97. Hip dislocation (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 1}

98. Psoas abscess (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 1}

99. Potts fracture (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 1}

100. Galeazzi Fracture (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 1}

101. Sequestrum (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 1}

102. De Quervains Disease (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 1}

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103. Sudecks Osteodystrophy (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 1}

104. Housemaids Knee (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 1}

105. Shoulder Dislocation (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 1}

106. Pathological Fracture (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 1}

107. Bone Graft (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 1}

108. Congenital talipes Equinus Varus (NRS) [9th sem]

109. Osteoporosis-management, Laboratory diagnosis (NRS) [9th sem]

110. Anterior dislocation of Shoulder- clinical features, clinical tests (NRS) [9th sem]

111. Causes of non union (NRS) [9th sem]

112. Osteosarcoma (NRS) [9th sem]

113. Rickets (NRS) [9th sem]

114. Pathophysiology of chronic osteomyelitis and sequestrum (NRS) [9th sem]

115. Potts Fracture (IPGMER) [9th sem]

116. Mallet finger (IPGMER) [9th sem]

117. Ring sequestrum (IPGMER) [9th sem]

118. Mc Murray Test (IPGMER) [9th sem]

119. Triple deformity (IPGMER) [9th sem]

120. Volkmans Ischaemia (IPGMER) [9th sem]

121. Tardy Ulnar palsy (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

122. Management of osteoclastoma of upper end of tibia (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

123. Osteogenesis imperfect (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

124. Complication of supracondylar fracture of humerus (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

125. Types of lower limb amputation (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

126. C/f of ulnar nerve palsy (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

127. Bone grafting (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

128. Treatment of fractures femur neck (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

129. Multiple nmyeloma (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

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130. Genu valgum (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

131. Anterior dislocation of shoulder- presentation & M/m (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

132. Frozen shoulder (MMC) [9th Sem]

133. Myositis ossificans (MMC) [9th Sem]

134. Fracture clavicle (MMC) [9th Sem]

135. Osteoid osteoma (MMC) [9th Sem]

136. Below knee amputation (MMC) [9th Sem]

137. Radiological features of chronic osteomyelitis (NBMC) [9th Sem]

138. Non union of fratures (NBMC) [9th Sem]

139. Osteoclastoma (NBMC) [9th Sem]

140. Supracondylar fracture of humerus (NBMC) [9th Sem]

141. Septic arthritis (NBMC) [9th Sem]

142. Deformities of Congenital TEV (Kalyani) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

143. Morant Baker Cyst (Kalyani) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

144. Complication of Colles fracture (Kalyani) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

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Ch 1: CARDIOLOGY
LONG QUESTIONS

1. What is acute coronary syndrome? How do you manage a case of acute myocardial
infarction in a 65 year old hypertensive patient? (3+7) [14] {Paper 1}

2. What do you mean by Atrial Fibrillation (AF) and lone AF? What are the common
causes and usual consequence of AF? Enumerate the drugs used in the T/t of AF.
(2+6+2) [14, Supple] {Paper 1}

3. Define Heart Failure. Describe its pathophysiology. Outline the management of


Acute left ventricular failure. (2+4+4) [13] {Paper 1}

4. Define unstable angina. How will you examine, investigate and manage a case of
unstable angina in a 50 years old patient. (2+8) [12] {Paper 1}

5. Discuss the 1st 12 hr of M/m of AMI in a 60 yr old patient. (10) [12, Supple] {Paper
1}

6. Define heart failure. Enumerate different types of heart failure. (2+8) [11]
{Paper 1}

7. How do you approach in a 26 years female patient with bipedal swelling and anemia
with h/o fever for last 3 months? (10) [13, Supple] {Paper 1}

8. What are the clinical and laboratory (including ECG) features of acute myocardial
infarction? Discuss its management in first six hours. (2+3+5) [08] {Paper 1}

9. What are the causes of secondary hypertension? Discuss the treatment and
complication of malignant hypertension. (3+4+3) [08] {Paper 1}

10. What are the common causes of chest pain in a 40 year old male? What are the
diagnostic test for acute myocardial infarction? (6+4) [08, supple] {Paper 1}

11. A 55-year old female has come to the Emergency with acute precordial chest
pain. How do you proceed to diagnose the cased? (10) [11] {Paper 1}

12. Discuss the M/m of Heart failure. (10) [11, Supple] {Paper 1}

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13. What are the causes, clinical features and diagnostic features of acute
pericarditis? (4+4+3) [10] {Paper 1}

14. Describe the clinical features and management of a patient with AMI. (10) [10,
supple] {Paper 1}

15. Draw a diagram of conduction system of the heart. Mention etiology of irregular
pulse. Outline the management of atrial fibrillation. (3+3+4) [09, supple] {Paper
1}

16. What are the clinical manifestation of infective endocarditis? What are the
diagnostic tests done for it? Discuss the principle of treatment of infective
endocarditis.(3+3+4) [08, supple] {Paper 1}

17. Discuss the aetiopathogenesis, clinical features and treatment of acute


rheumatic fever. (3+4+3) [09] {Paper 1}

18. How will you diagnose and treat a case of Unstable Angina? (15) (MC,K) [8th Sem]
19. What are the causes of Acute dyspnea? How will you approach a case of acute dyspnea?
(15) (CNMC) [8th Sem]

20. What are the major clinical types of infective Endocarditis and its common causative
organisms? Describe in brief the clinical features and management of Infective
Endocarditis. (15) (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

21. Define heart failure. Enumerate the causes of left ventricular failure. Discuss clinical
features, diagnosis and treatment of left heart failure. (20) (Kalyani) [8th Sem]

22. Describe patho-physiology of Heart failure. Treatment outline of acute left heart failure
in a case with atrial fibrillation. (BMC) [8th Sem]

23. Discuss systolic murmur in apex with and without radiation. (BMC) [8th Sem]

24. What are the clinical features of Superior Vena caval syndrome. Make a differential
diagnosis. (Kalyani) [8th Sem]

25. Enumerate four anti-hypertensive drugs of different groups detailing their generic
names, mechanism of action, doses and side effects. (Kalyani) [8th Sem]

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26. Diagnosis and management of sub-acute infective endocarditis. (10) (BMC) [9th Sem]

27. Enumerate risk factors of Coronary Artery Disease. Discuss management of Acute
Myocardial Infarction in 1st 6 hour. (2+8) (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 1}
28. What are the common causes of Aortic Regurgitation. Describe the clinical features of
chronic aortic regurgitation. Give an outline of management of Chronic heart failure.
(4+5+6) (IPGMER) [9th sem]

29. Draw a diagram of conduction system of heart. Mention the etiology of irregular pulse.
Outline the management of atrial fibrillation. (3+3+4) (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

30. Describe the conducting system of heart with a diagram. Enumerate the different types
of heart block & outline the T/t. (4+2+4) (MC,K) [9th Sem] {Paper-1}

31. Define atrial fibrillation. Enumerate the important causes. How will you diagnose and
treat a case of atrial fibrillation? (2+3+5) (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-1}

32. Define hypertension. Describe the procedure measuring blood pressure. How do you
evaluate the causes of Secondary hypertension at bedside based on clinical examination
alone. (2+3+5) (RG Kar) [8th Sem]

33. Define heart failure. What are the types of heart failure? Describe M/m of Ac.
Left Ventricular failure. (2+5+8) (Kalyani) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

34. D/D of acute chest pain and approach to it. (15)(CNMC) [8th Sem]

35. A 25 years old man presents with chest pain in the right side and fever for 7 days. What
are the possible causes? How will you proceed to arrive at diagnosis? Describe in brief
the management of most likely cause. (15) (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

36. A patient of rheumatic heart disease came to the MOPD with fever of three weeks
duration. On examination apart from heart murmurs and tachycardia, she had significant
pallor and mild splenomegaly. How will you investigate the case to reach the diagnosis.
How will you manage? (8+7) (MMC) [8th Sem]

37. How do you approach to diagnose a case of severe sudden onset chest pain. (10) (BMC)
[9th Sem] {Paper 1}

38. A 52 years old male attended the emergency with history of chest pain for 3 hours and
respiratory distress for 2 hours. He is diabetic, hypertensive and smoker. He gives

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QUESTION BANK

history of fever for 3 days and palpitation for 2 years. What re the possible diagnoses
you will suggest? What clinical features you will search? What minimum investigations
will you advise to come at a diagnosis? (3+4+3) (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 1}

39. A 60 yr old male patient presents with chest pain with mild fever and cough. How do you
approach to reach a diagnosis? (10) (NRS) [9th Sem]

40. A 60 yr old male known diabetic and smoker presented with acute central chest pain.
How do you investigate the case? Mention the differential diagnoses. (9+6) (MMC) [9 th
Sem]
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Management of mitral stenosis [14] {Paper 1}


2. Heart stroke [14] {Paper 1}
3. Dilated cardiomyopathy [14, Supple] {Paper 1}
4. Causes of secondary hypertension [13] {Paper 1}
5. Radiological features of mitral stenosis [09] {Paper 1}
6. T/t of PSVT [10, supple] {Paper 1}
7. Significance of a waves in neck veins [10] {Paper 1}
8. Complication of Mitral stenosis [09, supple] {Paper 1}
9. Significance of examination of neck vein [09, supple] {Paper 1}
10. Diagnosis of complete heart block [13, Supple] {Paper 1}
11. JVP [14, Supple] {Paper 1}
12. Non ST elevation Acute myocardial infarction [13, Supple] {Paper 1}
13. Common indications for Echocardiography [13, Supple] {Paper 1}
14. Prophylaxis of Rheumatic fever [14, Supple] {Paper 1}
15. Peripheral cyanosis [09, supple] {Paper 1}
16. Modified Jones Criteria [08] {Paper 1}
17. Pulsus paradoxus [12] {Paper 1}
18. Corrigan sign [11] {Paper 1}, [09] {Paper 1}
19. Wide split of S2(2nd heart sound) [11] {Paper 1}
20. Thrombolytic therapy in AMI [14, Supple] {Paper 1}
21. Diagnosis of atrial fibrillation [13] {Paper 1}
22. Complications of mitral regurtation [10] {Paper 1}
23. Management of LVF [10] {Paper 1}
24. Peripheral signs of AR [10, supple] {Paper 1}
25. Clinical features of pericardial effusion [09] {Paper 1}

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26. Pulsus Alterans(MC,K) [8th Sem]


27. Chest X-ray Findings of Mitral Stenosis (CNMC) [8th Sem
28. Clinical Features of Aortic Regurgitation (CNMC) [8th Sem]
29. Neck Veins (CNMC) [8th Sem]
30. Clubbing (CNMC), (NBMC) [8th Sem]
31. Management of Infective Endocarditis (CNMC) [8th Sem]
32. Treatment of Heart Failure (CNMC) [8th Sem]
33. Treatment of Mitral Stenosis (CNMC) [8th Sem]
34. Examination of Pulse (CNMC) [8th Sem]
35. Radio femoral Delay (R G Kar) [8th Sem]
36. Differentiate between Congestive Heart Failure and Superior Mediastinal syndrome (R
G Kar) [8th Sem]
37. Anti-hypertensive Drugs (R G Kar) [8th Sem]
38. Deep Vein Thrombosis (R G Kar) [8th Sem]
39. Pulsus Paradoxus (IPGMER) [8th Sem]
40. Auscultatory findings of Mitral stenosis (IPGMER) [8th Sem]
41. Kussmauls Sign (IPGMER) [8th Sem]
42. Water Hammer Pulse (MMC) [8th Sem]
43. Malignant Hypertension (MMC) [8th Sem]
44. Third Heart Sound (NBMC) [8th Sem]
45. Continuous murmur (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}
46. Arterial Septal Defect (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 1}
47. Pulsus paradoxus (MC,K) [9th Sem] {Paper-1}, (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}
48. Constrictive Pericarditis (NRS) [9th Sem]
49. Atrial fibrillation- etiology, clinical features and management (BMC) [9th Sem]
50. Wide splitting of 2nd heart sound (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}
51. HOCM (MC,K) [9th Sem] {Paper-1}
52. Dilated cardiomyopathy (NRS) [9th Sem]
53. Cardiac examination- signs of aortic regurgitation (NBMC) [9th Sem]
54. M/m approach of acute heart failure (NBMC) [9th Sem]
55. Acute Mountain Sickness (NBMC) [9th Sem]
56. ECG Findings of AMI (CNMC) [8th Sem]
57. Radiologiacal features of mitral stenosis (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-1}
58. Diagnosis of rheumatic fever (BMC) [9th Sem]
59. Diagnosis of Rheumatic Fever (any 3) (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 1}
60. Jones criteria (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-1}

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61. P wave abnormalities in ECG (Kalyani) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

Ch 2: PULMONOLOGY
LONG QUESTIONS

1. Define Pneumonia. Classify Pneumonia. How will you treat a case of community
acquired Pneumonia? (2+3+5) [14] {Paper 2}

2. Describe in brief the management of acute severe asthma in an adult patient. (10)
[13] {Paper 2}

3. Define respiratory failure. Discuss the management of acute exacerbation of


chronic obstructive lung disease. (3+7) [12] {Paper 2}

4. Discuss the etiopathogenesis and M/m of Bronchial asthma. (5+5) [09, Supple]
{Paper 2}

5. Enumerate Respiratoy Function Test. Name three obstructive and three


restrictive lung diseases. How will you differentiate obstructive and restrictive
lung diseases by respiratory function tests. (5+3+2) [08] {Paper 2}

6. Define bronchial asthma . State the aims of therapy and principles of drug
therapy in acute severe asthma. (2+4+4) [12, Supple] {Paper 2}

7. What are the poor prognostic clinical features of acute severe asthma? How will
you manage such a patient?(10) [11] {Paper 2}

8. What are the clinical manifestation of a patient with lobar pneumonia? What are
the diagnostic tests and treatment plan for lobar pneumonia? (3+3+4) [08,
Supple] {Paper 2}
9. Define Acute Severe Asthma. How do you manage a case of Acute Severe Asthma. (2+8)
(RG Kar)) [8th Sem]

10. Define Pneumothorax. Enumerate types of Pneumothorax. Discuss clinical features,


diagnois and management of tension pneumothorax. (20) (Kalyani) [8th Sem]

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11. Outline the broncho pulmonary segments. Describe the C/f, diagnosis and M/m of acute
severe asthma. (3+4+3) (NBMC) [9th Sem]

12. Define bronchial asthma. What are the clinical features of poor prognosis in acute severe
asthma? How will you manage such a patient? (2+4+4)

13. Define chronic obstructive pulmonary ds. Enumerate causes of COPD. Differentiating
features of clinicxal bronchitis and empyema. (2+3+5) (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}

14. Enumerate etiologies of pneumonia in different clinical settings. How will you diagnose
and treat community acquired pneumonia? (3+4+3) (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 2}

15. Describe the pathophysiology of pneumonia. Write a briefly the etiology, C/f & M/m of
community acquired pneumonia. (4+6) (MC,K) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

1. A 60yr old male presents with haemoptysis. What are the likely causes? How will
you manage such a case? (2+8) [14, Supple] {Paper 2}

2. Define haemoptysis. What are the different causes? Discuss T/t of haemoptysis.
(2+4+4) [08, Supple] {Paper 2}

3. A 26 yr old female came to emergency with sudden onset gum bleeding and
purpuric rash over trunk with a h/o fever for 3 days. How will you examina and
investigate the patient to reach a diagnosis? (10) [12, Supple] {Paper 2}

4. A man aged 50 year is losing weight for sometime, what may be the possible
causes? How will you proceed for diagnosis? (3+7) [11] {Paper 2}

5. A 50 yr old male patient is refered from a peripheral hospital with h/ofever,


difficulty in breathing of recent onset and dullness on percussion over the right
side of the chest. How do you proceed to a clinical diagnosis in the emergency
department? How will you manage such a case? (4+6) [11, Supple] {Paper 2}

6. A 50 yr old chronic smoker male patient presented with cough, sudden onset left
sided chest pain & dyspnea. What are the possible causes? What investigation
would you do? How would you manage this patient? (3+6+6) (Kalyani) [9th Sem]
{Paper 2}

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7. A male patient(smoker) after a severe bout of cough developed sudden onset respiratory
distress with chest pain. How will you approach for the diagnosis and treatment of it.
(BMC) [8th Sem]

8. Rattan, 56 year old male diabetic, presented to you with high grade fever with chills for
last 14 days and cough and copious foul smelling sputum. What is the most probabale
diagnosis? How would you investigate and treat the patient? (2+4+4) (IPGMER) [8th Sem]
9. How do you approach to diagnose a case of Dyspnoea.(10) (BMC) [9th Sem]

10. A male patient of 30 yrs came to your OPD with high fever of 5 days along witn
breathelessness. How do oyu proceed to investigate the case? Briefly outline the M/m
of lobar Pneumonia. (6+9) (MMC) [9th Sem]

SHORT NOTES

11. DOTS in TB [13, Supple] {Paper 1}, [09] {Paper 2}, (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 2}

12. Side effects of anti-tubercular drugs [08, supple] {Paper 1}

13. Coin lesion in chest Xray [14] {Paper 2}

14. ARDS [14, Supple] {Paper 2}

15. Bronchiectasis [13] {Paper 2}

16. Horners syndrome [13, Supple] {Paper 2}

17. Cavitary lesions of the lung [12, Supple] {Paper 2}

18. Tension Pneumothorax [13, Supple] {Paper 2}

19. M/m of Community Acquired Pneumonia [12, Supple] {Paper 2}

20. MDR tuberculosis [11] {Paper 2}

21. Acute exacerbation of COPD [11, Supple] {Paper 2}

22. Management of Community acquired Pneumonia [10] {Paper 2}

23. Tension pneumothorax [10, Supple] {Paper 2}

24. Management of acute severe bronchial asthma [09] {Paper 2}

25. DOTS therapy [08] {Paper 2}

26. Non-metaststatic complications of bronchogenic carcinoma [09] {Paper 2}

27. Aspergillous Allergic Pneumonitis(MC,K) [8th Sem]

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28. RNTCP Regimen of all 4 category of Tuberculosis (CNMC) [8th Sem]

29. Respiratory Failure (CNMC) [8th Sem]

30. Gold Criteria for COPD (CNMC) [8th Sem]

31. Treatment of Acute Severe Asthma (CNMC) [8th Sem]

32. Bed side differentiation between Hematemesis and Haemoptysis (R G Kar) [8th Sem]

33. Name the Drug for Management of Tuberculosis (R G Kar) [8th Sem]

34. Solitary Pulmonary Nodules (R G Kar), (MMC) [8th Sem]

35. Atypical Mycobacteria (MMC) [8th Sem]

36. Paraneoplastic Manifestations of Lung Cancer (NBMC) [8th Sem]

37. Management of acute asthma (BMC) [9th Sem]

38. Side effects of AT drugs (IPGMER) [9th sem]

39. Importance of sputum examination (NRS) [9th Sem]

40. Tension pneumothorax (NRS) [9th Sem], (IPGMER) [9th sem]

41. Lung Abscess- Clinical features and treatment (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 2}

42. Bronchial Breath Sound (NBMC) [8th Sem]

43. Acute severe asthma (MMC) [9th Sem]

44. Percussion and Auscultation findings in left sided pleural effusion (RG Kar) [9th sem]

{Paper 2}

45. Exudative Pleural Effusion(R G Kar) [8th Sem]

46. Nosocomial pneumonia (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

47. M/m of lung abscess (MC,K) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}

48. Cystic fibrosis (MC,K) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}

49. Percussion and Auscultation findings in left sided pleural effusion (RG Kar) [9th sem]

{Paper 2}

50. Paraneoplastic syndrome (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}

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Ch 3: NEUROLOGY
LONG QUESTIONS

1. Describe etiopathogenesis of parkinsonism. Describe C/f and M/m of parkinsonism.


(2+4+4) [13, Supple] {Paper 2}

2. Describe the C/f and M/m of Subarachnoid haemorrhage. (5+5) [12, Supple] {Paper 2}

3. Discuss the etiology, clinical features and management of a case of GB syndrome.


(3+3+4) [11] {Paper 2}

4. Outline the C/f, diagnosis and M/m of Subarachnoid haemorrhage. (3+3+4) [11, Supple]
{Paper 2}

5. Discuss the aetiology, management and complication of status epilepticus. (3+4+3) [10]
{Paper 2}

6. Discuss the etiology and M/m of CVA/stroke. (10) [10, Supple] {Paper 2}

7. Draw a diagram of myoneural junction. Discuss pathogenesis, clinical features, diagnosis


and management of a disease ofd myoneural junction. (3+5+2) [09] {Paper 2}
8. What is status epilepticus. Describe the management of status epilepticus. (3+7) [14]
{Paper 2}
9. Discuss the risk factors for acute stroke. What are the steps in the management of a
patient with acute ischemic stroke? (5+5) [08] {Paper 2}
10. Define Status Epilepticus. How do you manage a case of Status Epilepticus?(2+8)(RG Kar)
[8th Sem]
11. What is stroke? Mention its clinical types. What are the risk factors of stroke and its
common causes in a young patients? Describe in short the pathophysiology and outline its
management. (15) (IPGMER) [8th Sem]
12. Briefly write the etiopathogenesis, clinical features and treatment of disease of myo-
neural junction? (3+3+4) (NBMC) [8th Sem]
13. What are the common causes of meningitis? How do you investigate a case of meningitis?
(4+6) (NRS) [9th Sem]
14. Outline the pyramidal tract pathway. What are the risk factors for stroke? Briefly
outline the M/m of hemorrhagic sroke. (3+4+3) (NBMC) [9th Sem]
15. Describe clinical features and management of Perkinsons disease. (5+5) (BSMC) [9th sem]
{paper 2}
16. Define epilepsy. Enumerate different types of epilepsy. Describe the management of
status epilepticus. (3+3+4) (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

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QUESTION BANK

17. Calssify seizure disorder. What is status epilepticus. Briefly discuss its M/m. (4+6)
(MC,K) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

1. A male patient aged 22 years has been admitted due to sudden onset of
convulsion with fever and jaundice of 5 days prior to admission. What are the
possibilities? How routine and specialized tests will help you to arrive at a
diagnosis? (4+3+3) [14] {Paper 1}

2. A young male was admitted in an emergency ward with fever and headache. He
has neck stiffness- discuss the salient investigations, differential diagnosis
and management. (10) [10, supple] {Paper 1}

3. A 40 yr old male patient presents with history of gradual onset weakness of


both lower limbs. How will you approach the case for diagnosis? (10) [14,
Supple] {Paper 2}

4. A 68 yrs old man presented with semi-conscious state, known diabetic resides
alone in a village. How will you investigate and manage the patient? (4+6) [14,
Supple] {Paper 2}

5. An older patient is admitted with acute stroke. What may be the important
causes? Outline the management strategy in 1st 24 hours. (3+7) [13] {Paper 2}

6. A 19 yr male patient was referred from a rural hospital to your hospital to


your hospital with fever and altered sensorium of 5 days duration. What might
be the possible causes? Describe your plan of approach to the problems in
terms of diagnosis and M/m. (2+4+4) [13, Supple] {Paper 2}

7. How will you approach acase of paraparesis? (15)(CNMC) [8th Sem]

8. A 22 year old male patient presented with fever for 5 days, progressive loss of
consciousness and 3 episodes of convulsion. Discuss the diagnostic approach in this
case. Outline the management of most probable cause in this case. (BSMC) [8th Sem]

9. A 16 years old male patient referred from a peripheral hospital to MMCH, with fever
of 5 days duration, altered sensorium and jaundice. Name your provisional diagnosis.
How will you confirm the diagnosis? Describe the current treatment protocol? (5+10)
(MMC) [8th Sem]

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10. A 26 year male presented with high fever, progressive deterioration of consciousness
and few episodes of convulsion in last 3 days. How will you approach to the case?
Discuss management of the most probable diagnosis. (6+4) (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper
1}

11. A 30 years old man presented with weakness of both lower limbs. What are the
possible causes? How will you approach to arrive at a diagnosis in this patient? (5+10)
(IPGMER) [9th sem]

12. A 25 year old female complained of tremor, palpitation and weight loss in spite of
good appetite. What are the probable causes here? How do you confirm the diagnosis
and manage the patient? (1+6+8) (IPGMER) [9th sem]

13. What are the causes of pyogenic meningitis in a person aged >60 years. Write down
the investigation and treatment of acute pyogenic meningitis. (2+4+4) (RG Kar) [9th
sem] {Paper 2}

14. A 55 yr old hypertensive female presented with sudden bursting headache, vomiting
with gradual loss of consciousness. What is you provisional diagnosis? Write
differential diagnoses. How can you investigate and confirm the diagnoses? Write
M/m plan of sub arachnoid haemorrhage. (1+2+3+4) (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}
15. A 20 yrs old female was brought to emergency in drowsy state with h/o fever
& occasional convulsion for last 5 days. Make a differential diagnoses. How to
pinpoint the diagnoses? How will oyu manage this patient? (5+5+5) (Kalyani)
[9th Sem] {Paper 2}

SHORT NOTES

1. Types of tremor [14, Supple] {1}Paper 1

2. Management of status epillepticus [10] {Paper 1}

3. Patellar clonus [13, Supple] {Paper 1}

4. Myasthenia gravis [14] {Paper 1}

5. Differential diagnosis of meningitis [10] {Paper 1}

6. Hemiplegia in young [10] {Paper 1}

7. Demensia [14] {Paper 2}

8. Transient Ischaemic Attack (TIA) [14] {Paper 2}

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9. Management of Pyogenic Meningitis [12] {Paper 2}

10. Management of Migraine [12] {Paper 2}

11. M/m of tuberculous meningitis [12, Supple] {Paper 2}

12. Bells palsy [11] {Paper 2}

13. Chorea [11, Supple] {Paper 2}

14. Signs of cortico-spinal tracts [10] {Paper 2}

15. Causes of Papilloedema [10] {Paper 2}

16. Ac. Loss of Vision in one eye [10, Supple] {Paper 2}

17. Aetiology of Parkinsons disorder [09] {Paper 2

18. Dementia [09, Supple] {Paper 2}

19. Bells palsy [09, Supple] {Paper 2}

20. M/m of TB meningitis [09, Supple] {Paper 2}

21. Etiology of peripheral neuropathy [08] {Paper 2}

22. Clinical features of Parkinsonism [08] {Paper 2}

23. Causes of peripheral neuropathy [08, Supple] {Paper 2}

24. Risk factor of ischemic stroke [08, Supple] {Paper 2}

25. Clinical features of Parkinsonism [13] {Paper 2}

26. Extensor planter response [13] {Paper 2}

27. C/f of 3rd CN palsy [13, Supple] {Paper 2}

28. Hypertonia [12] {Paper 2}

29. Clinical presentation of neurological tuberculosis [12] {Paper 2}

30. Chorea [12, Supple] {Paper 2}

31. M/m of Migraine [11, Supple] {Paper 2}

32. Causes of reversible dementia [11, Supple] {Paper 2}

33. Causes of Peripheral Neuropathy [10, Supple] {Paper 2}

34. Clinical features of 3rd Cranial nerve palsy [09] {Paper 2}

35. Management of Cerebral malaria [09] {Paper 2}

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36. Intracranial haemorrhage [08, Supple] {Paper 2}

37. Delirium [08, Supple] {Paper 2}

38. T/t of Ac. Pyogenic meningitis [08, Supple] {Paper 2}

39. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome [14] {Paper 2}

40. Neurologuic complication of diphtheria [14, Supple] {Paper 2}

41. M/m of herpes simplex encephalitis [09, Supple] {Paper 2}

42. Treatment of status epilepticus [08] {Paper 2}

43. Vertigo [08] {Paper 2}

44. AC. Dementia [10, Supple] {Paper 2}

45. Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome [09] {Paper 2}

46. Treatment of Status Epilepticus (KPC) [8th Sem]

47. Status Epilepticus (BMC) [8th Sem]

48. G B Syndrome (BMC) [8th Sem]0

49. Myasthenia Graves (BSMC) [8th Sem]

50. TIA (MMC) [8th Sem]

51. Anatomy of Internal Capsule (CNMC) [8th Sem]

52. Hepatic Encephalopathy (CNMC), (BSMC) [8th Sem]

53. Clinical Features of Parkinsons Disease (CNMC) [8th Sem]

54. Anatomy of Basal Ganglion (CNMC) [8th Sem]

55. Bells Palsy (R G Kar) [8th Sem], (IPGMER) [9th sem] (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 2}

(CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

56. Risk Factors for Stroke (R G Kar) [8th Sem]

57. Trigeminal Neuralgia (R G Kar) [8th Sem]

58. Flapping Tremor (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

59. Dissociated Sensory Loss (IPGMER), (MMC) [8th Sem]

60. Bitemporal Hemianopia (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

61. Convulsion Disorder (KPC) [8th Sem]

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QUESTION BANK

62. Management of Hemicrania(migraine) (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

63. Bells palsy (Definition, clinical features and treatment) (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

64. Diabetic Neuropathy (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 2}

65. Pontine haemorrahge (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

66. Intra cerebral He (MC,K) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}

67. Delirium (NBMC) [9th Sem]

68. Anti epileptics (NBMC) [9th Sem]

69. Diagnosis and management of SAH (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

70. Sleep apnoea (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

71. Clinical features of cerebellar disorder (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 2}

72. Pronator Drift (NRS) [8th Sem]

73. The Planter (NRS) [8th Sem]

74. Hypertonia (NBMC) [8th Sem]

75. Encephalitis syndrome (MMC) [9th Sem]

76. Viral encephalitis (BMC) [9th Sem]

77. Relative Afferent pupillary Defect (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

78. Tic douloureux (Kalyani) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

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Ch 4: GASTROENTEROLOGY
LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

1. A 30 yr alcoholic male patient presents with hematemesis and melena. How will
you manage the case? (10) [14, Supple] {Paper 1}

2. A 60 yr old female presents with anasarca. How will you proceed to diagnose and
treat the patient? (5+5) [14, Supple] {Paper 1}

3. How do you approach in a 60 years old male patient presenting with chronic
diarrhea mixed with blood with evidence of malabsorption for last 6 months? (10)
[13] {Paper 1}

4. A 19 yr college student presents to you with a h/o jaundice, high colored urine
for 3 days preceeded by fever , nausea, malaise and myalgia for 4 days. He gives
a h/o academic trip for 1 month before his present illness. What are the D/d?
briefly discuss the investigation and M/m of the case. (2+4+4) [13, Supple] {Paper
1}

5. Discuss the clinical and laboratory approach to a case of ascitis. (5+5) {12]

6. A 46 yr old male patient has come to the emergency with acute upper abdominal
pain with vomiting. How do you proceed to diagnose the case? (10) [12, Supple]
{Paper 1}

7. A 30-year old male has come to the Emergency with severe epigastric pain and
vomiting. How do you proceed to diagnose the case? (10) [11] {Paper 1}

8. A 40 yr old male patient with Chronic liver ds. And ascites was otherwise doing
well to have his ascites increased suddenly in last 7 days. Discuss the approach.
(10) [11, Supple] {Paper 1}

9. Following severe gastroenteritis a patient develops oliguria. Discuss further how


will you manage him. (10) [10, supple] {Paper 1}

10. An adult brought to emergency department with fever, vomiting and diarrhea.
How will you manage the case? (10) [09, supple] {Paper 1}

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11. A 40 year old alcoholic male patient with severe pain in the epigastrium. What
are the likely causes and how would you proceed to arrive at diagnosis? Give its
management plan. (2+4+4) [09] {Paper 1}

12. A 45 yr old male presented with vomiting of blood. How will you proceed to
diagnose the case? (10) [09, supple] {Paper 1}

13. Define ascites. Enumerate various causes of ascites. What are the treatment
option for ascites? (1+3+6) [08, supple] {Paper 1}

14. A man aged 33 years presents with severe haematemesis. What may be the likely
causes? How will you proceed to diagnose the case? (4+6) [13] {Paper 2}

15. A man aged 70 years presented with lower GI bleeding. What may be the likely
causes? How will you proceed to come to diagnosis? (4+6) [12] {Paper 2}

16. How will you differentiate ulcerative colitis from Crohns disease? Give an outline of
diagnosis and management of Ulcerative Collitis. (4+3+3) (BSMC) [8th Sem]

17. Enumerate five common causes of ascites. How will you diagnose and manage a patient of
ascites of 2 months duration. (2+5+8) (MMC) [8th Sem]

18. Describe clinical feature, complication and management of Ulcerative Colitis. (4+2+4)
(BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 1}

19. Define cirrhosis of liver. What are the clinical features of cirrhosis of liver? What are
the complication of cirrhosis of liver? (2+5+3) (NRS) [9th Sem]

20. Enumerate the liver function tests. Describe the significance of elevation of various
hepatic enzymes. (4+6) (RG Kar) [8th Sem]

21. A 20 yrs old man presented with fever, icterus & altered sensorium. Mention
possible causes. How will oyu evaluate? Write down M/m of Ac. Hepatic failure.
(3+6+6) (Kalyani) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

22. A 20 year old male patient presented with fever with skin rash for 3 days with history
of haematemesis and melena in the emergency room. How will you approach to treat the
case? (15) (NRS) [8th Sem]

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23. A 55 yr old female with h/o DM for 10 yrs presented with anasarca. How will you proceed
to diagnose and treat the patient. (5+5) (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-1}

24. A 20 yr old female presented with generalized swelling of the body. How do you approach
to diagnose th case?(10) (MC,K) [9th Sem] {Paper-1}

SHORT NOTES

1. Complication of Ascites [14] {Paper 1}


2. Fluid replacement therapy in acute diarrhea [13] {Paper 1}
3. C/f of ulcerative colitis [14, Supple] {Paper 1}
4. Prognostic parameters of acute pancreatitis [13] {Paper 1}
5. Blind loop syndrome [11, supple] {Paper 1}
6. T/t of IBS [10, supple] {Paper 1}
7. Management of acute variceal bleeding [09] {Paper 1}
8. Serum ascetic fluid-albumin gradient [11] {Paper 1}
9. Complication of cirrhosis [10] {Paper 1}
10. Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis [09] {Paper 1}, (IPGMER) [9th sem], (MC,K) [9th Sem]
{Paper-1}
11. M/m of Ac. Hepatic encephalopathy [09, supple] {Paper 1}
12. M/m of Ac. Bacillary dysentery [09, supple] {Paper 1}
13. Extraintestinal manifestation of inflammatory bowel disease [08] {Paper 1}
14. Proton pump inhibitors [12] {Paper 1}
15. Management of ruptured esophageal varices [12] {Paper 1}
16. Drug therapy of acute peptic ulcer [11] {Paper 1}
17. Causes of vomiting [08, supple] {Paper 1}
18. Refractory Ascites [13, Supple] {Paper 1}, [11] {Paper 1}
19. Extra intestinal manifestation of Inflammatory Bowel Disease [11] {Paper 1}
20. Drugs and liver [10, supple] {Paper 1}
21. Aetiology of Peptic Ulcer [10, supple] {Paper 1}
22. Drug-induced liver disease [09] {Paper 1}
23. Analysis of ascetic fluid [09, supple] {Paper 1}
24. Exudative Ascites [08] {Paper 1}
25. Local parenteral nutrition [08] {Paper 1}
26. Treatment of viral diarrhea [08, supple] {Paper 1}
27. Causes of chronic liver disease [08, supple] {Paper 1}
28. Post-exposure prophylaxis of Hep- B infection [14, Supple] {Paper 1}
29. Hepatorenal syndrome [13] {Paper 1}
30. Osmotic diarrhea [12, Supple] {Paper 2}

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31. Causes of chronic diarrhea [08, Supple] {Paper 2}


32. Peritoneal dialysis [14, Supple] {Paper 2}
33. Diagnosis of Crohns ds [13, Supple] {Paper 2}
34. Diagnosis of Ac. Hep- B [12, Supple] {Paper 2}
35. Gastrointestinal manifestation of HIV infection [09] {Paper 2}
36. Extra intestinal Manifestation of IBD(MC,K) [8th Sem]
37. Hepato Pulmonary Syndrome(MC,K) [8th Sem]
38. Incretins (NRS) [8th Sem]
39. Chronic Hepatitis C (NRS) [8th Sem]
40. Hepatomegaly (CNMC) [8th Sem]
41. Portal Hypertension (CNMC) [8th Sem]
42. Hepatocellular Carcinoma (CNMC) [8th Sem]
43. Stool for Occult Blood Test (R G Kar) [8th Sem]
44. Enumerate Causes of Tender Splenomegaly (R G Kar) [8th Sem]
45. Hepatorenal Syndrome (IPGMER), (NBMC) [8th Sem]
46. Management of Variceal Bleeding (KPC) [8th Sem]
47. Complication of Acute Viral Hepatitis (KPC) [8th Sem]
48. Portal Hypertension (KPC) [8th Sem]
49. LFT and Its Application (BMC) [8th Sem]
50. Bile Acid Induced Gastritis and Diarrhoea (BMC) [8th Sem]
51. Viral Hepatitis- B, Clinical Features, Lab Findings and Management (BMC) [8th Sem]
52. Celiac Disease (BSMC) [8th Sem]
53. Obesity and Co morbidity (Kalyani) [8th Sem]
54. Hepatic encephalopathy (management only) (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}
55. Different manifestations of portal hypertension (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 1}
56. Zolinger Ellison Syndrome (MC,K) [9th Sem] {Paper-1}
57. Dysphagia (BMC) [9th Sem]
58. Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (BMC) [9th Sem]
59. Amebic Liver Abscess (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 1}
60. Refractory ascites (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-1}
61. Celiac ds (NBMC) [9th Sem]
62. Sequale of hepatitis B infection (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}
63. Classification of causes of portal hypertension (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}
64. Extraintestinal manifestation of ulcerative colitis (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-1}
65. M/m of chronic Hep-B (MC,K) [9th Sem] {Paper-1}
66. Proton pump inhibitor use & adverse effect (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-1}
67. Dermatological Manifestations of Cirrhosis (NBMC) [8th Sem]
68. Differential diagnoses of massive splenomegaly (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 2}

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QUESTION BANK

69. M/m of massive variceal bleeding (Kalyani) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}


70. Metabolic syndrome (Kalyani) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

Ch 5: NEPHROLOGY
LONG QUESTIONS

1. What is nephrotic syndrome? How will you investigate and manage a patient of
nephrotic syndrome having normal serum creatinine? (3+7) [12, Supple] {Paper 1}

2. A 32 year female presents with high rise of temperature, haematuria and right
sided flank pain. Discuss how would you proceed to arrive at diagnosis. Give its
management plan for medical causes. (4+6) [09] {Paper 1}

3. What is acute nephritic syndrome? Outline the M/m strategy of a boy aged 18
yrs suffering from nephritic syndrome. (4+6) [13, Supple] {Paper 2}

4. How will you stage chronic kidney diseases(CKD)? How will you manage CKD stage
IV? (5+5) [10, Supple] {Paper 2}

5. Clasiify Acute Glomerulonephritis. What are its complication? (Kalyani) [8th Sem]

6. Enumerate indications of hemodialysis. Briefly discuss complication of


hemodialysis. (Kalyani) [8th Sem]

7. What is acute renal failure? What are its major causes? How will you clinically
assess and manage a patient of ARF? (1+4+4+6) (IPGMER) [9th sem]

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

1. Discuss diagnosis and management of a case of 15 year old boy presenting with
severe breathlessness, puffiness of face with hypertension and active urinary
sediments on urinary analysis. (4+6) [14] {Paper 1}

2. How will you approach case of hematemesis, melena and treat the case. (15)
(MC,K) [8th Sem]

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QUESTION BANK

3. How will you approach case of fever, splenomegaly,recurrent jaundice and treat
the case? (MC,K) [8th Sem]
4. Enumerate the causes of acute abdominal pain. How do you clinically approach for
a diagnosis? How do you manage the patient in the emergency room? (3+4+3) (RG
Kar) [8th Sem]

5. A 35 years old male attended the outdoor with history of melena for 5 days. He
gives h/o vomiting infrequently for last 3 months. He also gives h/o anorexia and
weight loss in last 3 months. He is alcoholic and smoker. On further enquiry he
gives history of palpitation and dizziness and shortness of breath in last 3
months. What are the differential diagnoses? What clinical features will you
search for? What routine or special investigation will you suggest to arrive at a
diagnosis? (3+4+3) (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 1}

6. A 40 yr old male patient presented with a history of severe epigastric pain with
radiation to the back. The pain gets relieved by sitting upright and leaning
forward. What is the most likely diagnosis? How will you investigate and manage
the patient? (2+4+4) (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

7. A 35 year old presented with severe pain inepigastrium and vomiting. What are
the likely causes? How will you approach to diagnose the patient? Outline the
brief M/m plan. (2+4+4) (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-1}

8. Enumerate the causes of hematemesis. How do you investigate a case of


hematemesis? Briefly outline the M/m of bleeding oesophageal varices? (4+5+6)
(MMC) [9th Sem]

9. How do you approach to diagnose a case of huge splenomegaly. (10) (BMC) [9 th


Sem] {Paper 2}

10. A 15 years female presented with progressive weakness and fatigue, pallor and
swelling of upper part of abdomen. How will you investigate the case. Outline the
management of most probable diagnosis. (7+3) (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 2}

11. A 20 yrs old female presented with anasarca for last 2 wk. dipstick examination
revealed proteinuria. How will you approach & manage this patient? (8+7) (Kalyani)
[9th Sem] {Paper 1}

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QUESTION BANK

12. A 32 year old female presents with high rise of temperature, haematuria and
right sided flank pain. Discuss how would you proceed to arrive at a diagnosis?
Give the management plan. (NBMCH) [8th Sem]

SHORT NOTES

1. D/d of hematuria [10, supple] {Paper 1}

2. Diagnosis of Ac. PSGN [10, supple] {Paper 1}

3. Significance of proteinuria [11, supple] {Paper 1}

4. Indications of dialysis [10] {Paper 1}, [14] {Paper 1}

5. UTI- aetiology and management [10] {Paper 1}

6. M/m of Osteoporosis [10, supple] {Paper 1}

7. Treatment of UTI in female [08] {Paper 1}

8. Micro albuminuria [12] {Paper 1}

9. Diuretics in clinical practice [12] {Paper 1}

10. Complication of nephrotic syndrome [08, supple] {Paper 1}

11. Recurrent urinary tract infection [14] {Paper 1}

12. Asymptomatic bacteria [13] {Paper 1}

13. Anaemia in C.K.D. [11] {Paper 1}

14. Bone changes in chronic renal failure [12] {Paper 1}

15. Microalbuminuria [13] {Paper 2}, [09, supple] {Paper 1}

16. Ig A nephropathy [09, supple] {Paper 1}, (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}, (MC,K) [9th

Sem] {Paper-1}

17. Aetiology of acute renal failure [08] {Paper 1}

18. Diagnostic workup of Polyuria [10] {Paper 2}

19. Bence- Jones Protein [09, Supple] {Paper 2}

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QUESTION BANK

20. Drugs and kidney [10] {Paper 2}

21. RPGN(MC,K) [8th Sem]

22. Renal Osteodystrophy(MC,K) [8th Sem], (NRS), (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

23. Renovascular Hypertension (NRS) [8th Sem]

24. Renal Replacement Therapy (BMC) [8th Sem]

25. Urine Analysis in Nephrotic Syndrome (Kalyani) [8th Sem]

26. Nephrotic syndrome (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

27. Significance of Proteinuria (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 1}

28. Acute Nephrotic Syndrome (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

29. Gilberts syndrome (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

30. Acute nephrotic syndrome (NBMC) [9th Sem]

31. Renal osteodystrophy (NRS) [9th Sem]

32. Causes of microscopic & macroscopic hematuria (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-1}

33. Osteoporosis (NBMC) [9th Sem]

34. HUS (MC,K) [9th Sem] {Paper-1}

35. Diagnostic work up for polyuria (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

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Ch 6: ENDOCRINOLOGY
LONG QUESTIONS

1. Discuss the treatment of hyperosmolar, non-ketotic coma. Describe its


complication. (6+4) [10] {Paper 2}

2. Mention the common causes of coma in diabetic patients. How will you diagnose
and manage a case of diabetic ketoacidosis? (3+7) [09, Supple] {Paper 2}

3. Discuss the clinical and laboratory features of hypothyroidism. How will you
manage myxedema coma? (5+5) [08] {Paper 2}

4. What are the C/f and diagnostic tests in a ptient with Diabetic
ketoacidosis(DKA)? Discuss the principle of treatment of DKA. (4+3+3) [08,
Supple] {Paper 2}

5. Define Diabiabetes Mellitus. Classify Diabetes Mellitus. Enumerate acute and


chronic causes of Diabetes Mellitusand outline the management of Diabetic
Ketoacidosis. (3+3+9) (NRS) [8th Sem]

6. Describe comprehensive management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus


patient.(Kalyani) [8th Sem]

7. Describe clinical features of thyrotoxicosis. (Kalyani) [8th Sem]

8. Outline the diagnostic criteria of diabetes mellitus? Enumerate the chronic


complication of diabetes mellitus. Describe in brief the management of DKA.
(2+5+8) (IPGMER) [9th sem]

9. Management and diagnosis of diabetic ketoacidosis. (10) (BMC) [9th Sem]


{Paper-2}

10. Discuss in brief clinical features, investigations ad treatment of Graves


Disease (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 2}

11. Mention common causes of coma in diabetic patients. How will you diagnose and
manage a case of diabetic ketoacidosis. (3+7) (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

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QUESTION BANK

12. When do you suspect a patient to be suffering from DKA? How to manage DKA
in ER? (4+6) (MC,K) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

1. A 60 year old diabetic patient on insulin therapy was brought to casualty


department with history of sudden onset altered level consciousness. What are
the likely possibilities here? How will you approach this case? (3+7) [13] {Paper 1}

2. A 14-year old male was admitted in the emergency with history of weight loss and
polyuria. He was having deep breathing. How will you manage this patient? (2+8)
[10] {Paper 1}

3. A 60 year old diabetic patient has been brought to casualty department in


unconscious state. What are the possible causes? How will you approach the case
to arrive at a diagnosis? (3+7) [09] {Paper 2}

4. A 60 yr old diabetic patienton insulin therapy was brought to casualty department


with history of sudden onset altered level of consciousness. What are the likely
possibilities here? How will you investigate and manage this case? (2+4+4) [13,
Supple] {Paper 1}

5. A lady of 30 yrs has presented with goiter. How do you proceed to come to an
etiological diagnosis? (10) [11, Supple] {Paper 2}

6. Ram, a 14 year old male was admitted in emergency with history of weight loss
and polyuria for last 10 months. He had low grade fever wityh expectoration for
last 3 days. He was having pain abdomen and deep breathing on presentation. How
will you manage the patient? (10) (NBMC) [8th Sem]

7. A 16 year old male known diabetic presented with pain abdomen, repeated
vomiting and disorientation for last 3 days. How will you manage this case?(10)
(BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 2}

8. A 15 year aged young boy was admitted with unconsciousnesds, severe


dehydration and hyperventilation since morning. He had a preceding history of
polyphagia, polyuria, increased thirst and weight loss for last 6 weeks. What is

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QUESTION BANK

the most likely diagnosis and how will you manage the case? (2+3+5) (RG Kar) [8th
Sem]

SHORT NOTES

1. Classification of DM [10, supple] {Paper 1}

2. Signs and symptoms of Thyrotoxicosis [10] {Paper 1}

3. Hirsutism: Definition and causes [11] {Paper 1}

4. Hypogonadism [13] {Paper 1}

5. Dwarfism [12] {Paper 1}

6. Gynaecomastia [13, Supple] {Paper 1}

7. Diabetic foot [10] {Paper 1}

8. Clinical signs of hyperthyroidism [10, supple] {Paper 1}

9. Myxoedema Coma [14] {Paper 2}

10. Classification of Diabetes mellitus [14] {Paper 2}

11. C/f of thyrotoxicosis [14, Supple] {Paper 2}

12. Diabetic nephropathy- early diagnosis [14, Supple] {Paper 2}

13. M/m of diabetic ketoacidosis [13, Supple] {Paper 2}

14. Thyrotoxic crisis [13, Supple] {Paper 2}

15. Clinical features of hyperthyroidism [12] {Paper 2}

16. Non-ketotic hyperosmolar diabetic coma [11] {Paper 2}

17. Sheehans Syndrome [14] {Paper 2}

18. DPP-4inhibitors: current status [14, Supple] {Paper 2}

19. Dwarfism [14, Supple] {Paper 2}

20. DPP-4 inhibitors [13] {Paper 2}

21. Addisonian Crisis [13] {Paper 2}

22. Diabetic Retinopathy [13] {Paper 2}

23. C/ f of diabetic neuropathy [13, Supple] {Paper 2}

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QUESTION BANK

24. Diagnosis of Diabetic neuropathy [12] {Paper 2}

25. Subacute thyroiditis [12, Supple] {Paper 2}

26. Diagnosis of Addisons Ds. [11, Supple] {Paper 2}

27. Dermatoid manifestations of diabetes [10, Supple] {Paper 2}

28. Myxoedema coma [09] {Paper 2}, [08, Supple] {Paper 2}

29. Diabetic retinopathy [09, Supple] {Paper 2}

30. Kidney involvement in diabetes mellitus [08] {Paper 2}

31. Indication of Insulin therapy in DM [11, Supple] {Paper 2}

32. Addisons disease [10] {Paper 2}

33. Causes of Goitre [10] {Paper 2}

34. Dwarfism [10, Supple] {Paper 2}

35. Side effects of steroids [10] {Paper 2}

36. Low backache in females [10] {Paper 2}

37. Sildenafil uses [10, Supple] {Paper 2}

38. Myxedema Coma (NRS) [8th Sem]

39. Acute Gout (R G Kar) [8th Sem]

40. Hypoglycemia (R G Kar), (KPC) [8th Sem]

41. Sub acute Thyroiditis (R G Kar) [8th Sem]

42. Acromegaly (R G Kar) [8th Sem]

43. Adrenal Crisis (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

44. Graves Ophthalmopathy (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

45. Hyperosmolar Non-ketotic Coma (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

46. Treatment of Thyrotoxicosis (KPC) [8th Sem]

47. Causes of Dwarfism (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 1}

48. Different presentations of Gout (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 1}

49. Graves Disease- clinical features and diagnosis (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 2}

50. Indication of insulin therapy in type 2 DM (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 2}

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QUESTION BANK

51. C/f of Graves ds (MC,K) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}

52. Thyroid crisis (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}

53. Hypercalcemia (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}

54. Thyrotoxicosis (clinical features only) (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

55. Down Syndrome (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 2}

56. Subclinical Hypothyroidism (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 2}

57. Myxedema coma (MC,K) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}, (MMC) [9th Sem]

58. Diabetes insipidus (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

59. Eye Complications of Diabetes Mellitus (KPC) [8th Sem]

60. Hypogonadism (NBMC) [9th Sem]

61. K W Syndrome (Kalyani) [8th Sem]

62. M/m of hypoglycemic coma (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}

63. Diabetic retinopathy (Kalyani) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

Ch 7: RHEUMATOLOGY
LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

1. Discuss how you will approach a case of fever with polyarthritis with skin rash of about
2 weeks duration in a young female? (10) [12] {Paper 1}

2. A 35 yr old female patient presents with pain in multiple joints for last 2 months. How
will you proceed to diagnose and manage the case? (10) [11, Supple] {Paper 1}

3. A 15 year old female presented with a history of fever, arthralgia and rashes. Discuss
the differential diagnosis and management plan. (5+5) [10] {Paper 1}

4. Describe the diagnostic criteria of SLE. Briefly discuss the classification and
management of lupup nephritis. (NBMC) [8th Sem]

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5. Describe articular and non-articular management of Rheumatoid Arthritis. How will you
diagnose Rheumatoid Arthritis? (Kalyani) [8th Sem]
6. How do you approach a case of Polyarthritis? Outline the management of Rheumatoid
Arthritis. (6+4) (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

7. A 35 year old female is presented with multiple joint pain, mild fever with swelling of
the whole body. How do you investigate this case? (15) (NRS) [8th Sem]

8. How will you approach a case of polyarthritis? (15)(CNMC) [8th Sem]

9. A 35 years old female patient presented with pain in multiple joints for last 3 months.
She gives a history of intermittent grade fever with urgency of urine for last 2 months.
On further enquiry she gives h/o hematuria in 2-3 occasions in last 3 months and swelling
of face for last 1 month. She was treated outside. What are the differential diagnoses?
What clinical features will you search for in general survey or systemic examination?
What minimum investigation will you advise to arrive at a diagnosis? (3+4+3) (RG Kar) [9th
sem] {Paper 1}

10. A 25 year old male presented with fever and polyarthritis. What are the differential
diagnoses? How do you approach to diagnose the case? (10) (MC,K) [9th Sem] {Paper-1}

11. A 28 years female presented with progressive pedal oedema, facial puffiness, arthralgia
of multiple joints and red rashes in both cheeks, for last 6 months. How will you evaluate
this case. Outline the treatment of this condition. (6+4) (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 1}

SHORT NOTES

1. T/t of ac. Gouty arthritis [14, Supple] {Paper 1}

2. Laboratory diagnosis of Rheumatoid Arthritis [13] {Paper 1}

3. Psoriatic arthropathy [09] {Paper 1}

4. Diagnostic criteria of Rheumatoid arthritis [09, supple] {Paper 1}

5. Reactive arthritis [13, Supple] {Paper 1}

6. Diagnostic criteria of SLE [08] {Paper 1}

7. Clinical features of rheumatoid arthritis [08, supple] {Paper 1}

8. Rheumatoid hand deformity [11, supple] {Paper 1}

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QUESTION BANK

9. Spondyloarthrides: classification [11, supple] {Paper 1}

10. DMARDs in Rheumatoid Arthritis [10] {Paper 1}

11. Renal manifestation of SLE [09] {Paper 1}

12. Clinical manifestation of SLE [08, supple] {Paper 1}

13. Treatment of osteoarthritis [14] {Paper 1}

14. Diagnostic work up of SLE [10] {Paper 2}

15. Enumerate drugs in treatment of gout [13] {Paper 1}

16. Reactive Arthritis (NRS) [8th Sem]

17. Extra Articular Manifestations of Rheumatoid arthritis (R G Kar) [8th Sem]

18. Allergic Angitis and Granulomatosis of Wegner (BSMC) [8th Sem]

19. Rheumatoid Nodules (MMC) [8th Sem]

20. Hand in Rheumatology (NBMC) [8th Sem]

21. Extra articular manifestation of Rheumatoid arthritis. (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1},(MMC)

[9th Sem]

22. Reactive arthritis (NRS) [9th Sem]

23. T/t of Ankylosing Spondylitis (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-1}

24. Renal manifestation of SLE (IPGMER) [9th sem]

25. Extra articular manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-1}

26. Common clinical manifestation of hyperuricemia (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 1}

27. Enteropathic arthropathy (NBMC) [9th Sem]

28. Cutaneous manifestation of SLE (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

29. Lupus nephritis (MC,K) [9th Sem] {Paper-1}

30. Reiters Syndrome (KPC) [8th Sem]

31. C/f of RA (Kalyani) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

32. Diagnostic criteria of SLE (Kalyani) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

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QUESTION BANK

Ch 8: HAEMATOLGY
LONG QUESTIONS

1. Enumerate the causes of generalized lymphadenopathy. How will you proceed to


diagnose a case of lymphadenopathy. (3+7) [14] {Paper 2}

2. Describe the causes of Pancytopenia. How will you manage a case of Aplastic
Anaemia (6+4) [10] {Paper 2}

3. Discuss causes, C/f and M/m of Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura.


(3+3+4) [10, Supple] {Paper 2}

4. Describe the C/f and investigations of CML. Outline its M/m. (3+4+3) [09,
Supple] {Paper 2}

5. Mention causes of Generalized lymphadenopathy. Write down the clinical


features, diagnosis and management of Hodgkins Lymphoma. (15) (IPGMER) [8th
Sem]

6. What is Anemia? What are the common causes of hypochromic microcytic


anemia. How will you diagnose and treat a case of iron deficiency anemia? (15)
(IPGMER) [8th Sem]

7. Describe the etiology, clinical features and management of megaloblastic anemia.


(3+3+4) (NBMC) [8th Sem]

8. Define and classify anemia. How will you investigate a case of Chronic hemolytic
anemia to pin point etiopathology? (Kalyani) [8th Sem]

9. Classify acute leukimias. How do you treat Chronic Myeloid Leukaemia? (Kalyani)
[8th Sem]

10. Discuss steps of investigations to confirm etiopathology of Generalized


lymphadenopathy. (Kalyani) [8th Sem]

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QUESTION BANK

11. A 40 year old lady presented with generalized lymphadenopathy for several
months. How do you approach in this case to reach a diagnosis and management.
(5+5) (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 2}

12. A 21 yr old male has been admitted with low grade fever and generalized
lymphadenopathy. What are the likely causes? How will you proceed to diagnose the.
(3+7) (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES

1. Causes of small vessel vasculitis [13, Supple] {Paper 1}

2. Henoch Scholen purpura [12] {Paper 1}

3. Treatment of CML [14] {Paper 2}

4. Megaloblastic anaemia [14] {Paper 2}

5. Microcytic anaemia [13] {Paper 2}

6. Management of ITP [13] {Paper 2}

7. Acute complications of blood transfusion [14] {Paper 2}

8. Refractory anemia [14, Supple] {Paper 2}

9. Diagnosis of hemolytic anemia [13, Supple] {Paper 2}

10. Hazards of blood transfusion [11, Supple] {Paper 2}

11. Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura [11, Supple] {Paper 2}

12. Anti platelet agents [10] {Paper 2}

13. Management of septic shock [08] {Paper 2}

14. Non-Thrombocytopenic purpura [09] {Paper 2}

15. T/t of septic shock [08, Supple] {Paper 2}

16. C/f of hemolytic anemia [08, Supple] {Paper 2}

17. Eosinophilia [08] {Paper 2}

18. Causes of haemolytic anaemia [12] {Paper 2}

19. Diagnosis of beta thalassemia [12, Supple] {Paper 2}

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QUESTION BANK

20. Management of chronic myeloid leukaemia [11] {Paper 2}

21. Bony complications of Sickle cell disease [10] {Paper 2}

22. Value of reticulocyte count [10, Supple] {Paper 2}

23. Aetiology and clinical features of megaloblastic anaemia [09] {Paper 2}

24. DIC [09, Supple] {Paper 2}

25. Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura [08] {Paper 2}

26. Causes of iron deficiency anemia [08, Supple] {Paper 2}

27. HSP(MC,K) [8th Sem]

28. Etiology of Acute Leukemia (R G Kar) [8th Sem]

29. Aplastic Anemia (R G Kar) [8th Sem]

30. Diagnosis of Aplastic Anemia (KPC) [8th Sem]

31. Iron Deficiency Anemia (BMC), (MMC) [8th Sem]

32. Diagnosis of CML (MMC) [8th Sem]

33. Generalised Lymphadenopathy (NBMC) [8th Sem]

34. Non thrombocytopenic purpura (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

35. Adverse reaction of blood transfusion (IPGMER) [9th sem]

36. Management and diagnosis of CML (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

37. Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 2}

38. M/m of ITP (MC,K) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}

39. CML treatment (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 2}

40. Aleukaemic leukaemia (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

41. G6PD deficiency (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

42. Acute adverse reaction of Blood Transfusion (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

43. Sickle cell ds. (MC,K) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}

44. Aplastic anemia (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}

45. Blood picture of iron deficiency anemia (NBMC) [9th Sem]

46. Treatment od ITP (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 2}

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QUESTION BANK

47. Hemolytic anemia (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

48. SIRS (NRS) [9th Sem]

49. Diagnosis of chronic hemolytic anemia (Kalyani) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

Ch 9: INFECTIOUS DISEASE
LONG QUESTIONS

1. Discuss the pathogenesis, complication and management of Falciparum malaria.


(2+3+5) [08] {Paper 1}

2. Describe the C/f, M/m & complications of acute falciparum malaria. (3+4+3) (NBMC) [9th
Sem]

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES

1. Differential diagnosis of Mumps [11] {Paper 1}

2. Ascariasis: Diagnosis and management [11] {Paper 1}

3. M/m of cerebral malaria [11, supple] {Paper 1}

4. Dengue shock syndrome [09] {Paper 1}, [13] {Paper 1}

5. Treatment of Herpes Zoster [14] {Paper 1}

6. T/t of P. falciparum malaria [14, Supple] {Paper 1}

7. Treatment of vivax malaria [13] {Paper 1}

8. Tropical Sprue [08] {Paper 1}

9. Drug treatment of Kalaazar [14] {Paper 1}

10. Laboratory diagnosis of Kala-azar [12] {Paper 1}

11. Treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria [12] {Paper 1}

12. Chemoprophylaxis of malaria [11] {Paper 2}

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13. HAART treatment [11] {Paper 2}

14. Tropical eosinophilia [11] {Paper 2}

15. Complications of Tetanus [10] {Paper 2}

16. C/f of Chikungunya [09, Supple] {Paper 2}

17. Opportunistic infections in an AIDS patient [08] {Paper 2}

18. Antiretroviral therapy [08, Supple] {Paper 2}

19. C/f of syphilis [08, Supple] {Paper 2}

20. Complication of diphtheria [10, Supple] {Paper 2}

21. Swine flu M/m [10, supple] {Paper 1}

22. Complications of Ac. Falciparum malaria [10, supple] {Paper 1}

23. Clinical features of dengue [09, supple] {Paper 1

24. Tetanus prophylaxis [09, supple] {Paper 1}

25. M/m of acute uncomplicated falciparum malaria [09, supple] {Paper 1}

26. Management of Typhoid Fever [08] {Paper 1}

27. Complication of typhoid fever [08, supple] {Paper 1}

28. Fever in old age-of 6 months duration [13, Supple] {Paper 1}

29. Solitary pulmonary nodule [12] {Paper 1}

30. Treatment of uncomplicated P. vivax malaria [08, supple] {Paper 1}

31. Stage of HIV infection [14] {Paper 2}

32. Universal Prophylaxis [14] {Paper 2}

33. HIV- post exposure prophylaxis [14, Supple] {Paper 2}

34. Kopliks spot [14, Supple] {Paper 2}

35. Management of leprosy [13] {Paper 2}

36. Diarrhoea in HIV infected patients. [13, Supple] {Paper 2}

37. Tropical Sprue [12] {Paper 2}

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QUESTION BANK

38. HAART therapy [12, Supple] {Paper 2}

39. Anti malarial drugs in Falciparum Malaria [13] {Paper 2}

40. HIV-Post exposure prophylaxis [13] {Paper 2}

41. Tropical sprue [13, Supple] {Paper 2}

42. Common AIDS defining conditions [12] {Paper 2}

43. Dengue haemorrhagic fever [11] {Paper 2}

44. Opportunistic infections in AIDS [11, Supple] {Paper 2}

45. Side effect of chloroquine [10, Supple] {Paper 2}

46. Prophylaxis of rabies [12, Supple] {Paper 2}

47. Amoebic liver abscess [11] {Paper 2}

48. Nosocomial pneumonia [11] {Paper 2}

49. Skin manifestation of HIV infection [09, Supple] {Paper 2

50. Secondary syphilis [08] {Paper 2}

51. Anti Retroviral Therapy (NRS) [8th Sem]

52. Difference between P. falciparum and P. vivax trophozoites under microscope (R G Kar)

[8th Sem]

53. Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (R G Kar), (BMC) [8th Sem]

54. Vertical transmission of HIV (R G Kar) [8th Sem]

55. Treatment of Cerebral Malaria (R G Kar), (BMC) [8th Sem]

56. Japanese B Encephalitis (R G Kar) [8th Sem]

57. Management of Uncomplicated Malaria (BSMC) [8th Sem]

58. Pre-exposure Prophylaxis of AIDS (BSMC) [8th Sem]

59. Weils Disease (NBMC) [8th Sem]

60. Zoonosis (Kalyani) [8th Sem]

61. Diagnostic of Visceral Leishmaniasis (Kala- azar) (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 1}

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QUESTION BANK

62. Treatment of Uncomplicated malaria (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 1}

63. Treatment of kala azar (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

64. Japanese encephelaitis (NRS) [9th Sem]

65. Ebola virus (NRS) [9th Sem]

66. AIDS defining illness (NRS) [9th Sem]

67. Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (NRS) [9th Sem]

68. T/t of falciparum malaria (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-1}

69. Lepra reaction (MMC) [9th Sem]

70. M/m of falciparum malaria (MMC) [9th Sem]

71. Management of cerebral malaria (BMC) [9th Sem]

72. Neural TB (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 1}

73. AIDS defining conditions (IPGMER) [9th sem]

74. DHF (MC,K) [9th Sem] {Paper-1}

75. Diagnosis of Kala azar (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-1}

76. Post exposure prophylaxis of HIV (MMC) [9th Sem], (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 2}

77. T/t of Hansens ds (NBMC) [9th Sem]

78. Lepra reaction (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

79. Prevention of Rabies in acase of unknown dog bite of 24 hrs duration (BMC) [9th Sem]

{Paper 2}

80. Diagnosis of HIV infection (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

81. Chronic Kalazar treatment (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 2}

82. HAART therapy (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

83. Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

84. Seizures in HIV infected patient (MC,K) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}

85. C/f & M/m of Wilsons ds. (MC,K) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}

86. Tuberculoid leprosy (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}

87. Management of Kala-azar (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

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QUESTION BANK

88. DOTS therapy (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

89. Severe falciparum malaria (MC,K) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}

90. Tertiary syphilis (MC,K) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}

91. Dengue haemorrhagic fever (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}

92. Treatment of Tetanus (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}

93. Severe falciparum malaria (NRS) [9th Sem]

94. Management of tetanus (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

95. Topical splenomegaly syndrome (MC,K) [9th Sem] {Paper-1}

96. Pathogenesis & complication of falciparum malaria (Kalyani) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

97. VZV (Kalyani) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

98. Opportunistic infections in HIV (Kalyani) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

Ch 10: DERMATOLOGY
LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Lepra reaction [14, Supple] {Paper 1},[13, Supple] {Paper 2}

2. Utricaria [13] {Paper 1}, (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 2}

3. Raynauds phenomenon [11] {Paper 1}, [08, supple] {Paper 2}

4. Impetigo [11, supple] {Paper 1}

5. Erythema nodosum [10, supple] {Paper 1}

6. Psoriasis [14, Supple] {Paper 2}, (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 2}, (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-
2}

7. Vesicular skin eruptions [12] {Paper 2}

8. Skin manifestation of internal malignancy [11, Supple] {Paper 2}

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QUESTION BANK

9. Scabies [12, Supple] {Paper 2}, (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 2}

10. Pemphigius Vulgaris T/t [10, Supple] {Paper 2}

11. Lepra reaction [09] {Paper 2}

12. Palpable purpura [09, Supple] {Paper 2}

13. Erythema Nodosum [09, Supple] {Paper 2}

14. M/m of Lepromatous leprosy [09, Supple] {Paper 2}

15. Clinical manifestations of lepromatous leprosy [08] {Paper 2}

16. T/t of leprosy [08, Supple] {Paper 2}

17. Steven Johnson Syndrome [14] {Paper 2}, (BSMC) [8th Sem], (MMC) [9th Sem]

18. Molluscum contagiosum [14, Supple] {Paper 2}

19. T/t of leprosy [14, Supple] {Paper 2}

20. C/f of psoriasis [13, Supple] {Paper 2}

21. Steven Johnson Syndrome [12] {Paper 2}

22. Lepra reaction [11] {Paper 2}

23. T/t of Psoriasis [11, Supple] {Paper 2}

24. Koilonychia [10, Supple] {Paper 2}

25. Lepra reaction [10, Supple] {Paper 2}

26. Tinea versicolor [09, Supple] {Paper 2}

27. Pityrisis Versicolor (KPC) [8th Sem]

28. Acne (KPC) [8th Sem]

29. Pediculosis Capitis (MMC) [8th Sem]

30. Kaposi Sarcoma (NBMC) [8th Sem]

31. Maculo Papular Rash (NBMC) [8th Sem]

32. Atopic dermatitis (NBMC) [9th Sem]

33. Rayneauds Phenomenon (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 1}

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QUESTION BANK

34. Guttate Psoriasis (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

35. M/m of Psoriasis (MC,K) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}

36. Pemphigius Vulgaris (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 2}

37. Toxic epidermal necrolysis (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}

38. Tinea Corporis (BSMC) [8th Sem]

39. Examination of Nail (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

40. CREST (MC,K) [9th Sem] {Paper-1}

41. ENL (IPGMER) [9th sem]

42. Diagnosis & T/t of Scabies (Kalyani) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

Ch 11: PSYCHIATRY
LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Anorexia nervosa [13] {Paper 1}, [08] {Paper 2}, (MC,K) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}
2. Schizophrenia [14, Supple] {Paper 2}, (KPC) [8th Sem], (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 2},
(Kalyani) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}
3. Depression- management issues [13, Supple] {Paper 2}
4. Management of Depression in elderly [12] {Paper 2}
5. Phobia [12, Supple] {Paper 2}
6. Alcohol dependence syndrome [12, Supple] {Paper 2}
7. Generalized anxiety disorder [11], [09] {Paper 2}
8. Drug abuse [11, Supple] {Paper 2}
9. Manic depressive psychosis [13] {Paper 2}
10. Anxiety neurosis [12] {Paper 2}
11. Manic depression [11, Supple] {Paper 2}
12. T/t of Manic Dpressive Psychosis [10, Supple] {Paper 2}
13. Manic depression (Bipolar disorder) [09] {Paper 2}
14. OCD [09, Supple] {Paper 2}
15. Management of a patient with depression [08] {Paper 2}
16. Conversion Reaction (Hysteria) (IPGMER) [9th sem]
17. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (MMC) [9th Sem]
18. Manic phase of MDP (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}
19. M/m of Manic Depresive Psychosis (MC,K) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}

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QUESTION BANK

20. Manic depressive psychosis (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}


21. Clinical features of Schigophrenia (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 2}
22. General Anxiety Disorder (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 2}
23. Conversion disorder (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}
24. Depression (NBMC) [8th Sem]
25. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 2}

Ch 12: NUTRITION
LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Beriberi [14] {Paper 1}

2. Vit-D deficiency [14, Supple] {Paper 1}, [12] {Paper 1}, (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-1},
(BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 1}

3. Niacin : Deficiency symptoms [11] {Paper 1}

4. Clinical features of vit- d deficiency in adults [09, supple] {Paper 1}

5. BMI [09, supple] {Paper 1}

6. Clinical features of Vitamin A deficiency [08] {Paper 1}

7. Protein energy malnutrition [08, supple] {Paper 1}

8. Vitamin D toxicity [13] {Paper 1}

9. Beriberi [09] {Paper 1}

10. Vit- A deficiency [08, supple] {Paper 1}, (Kalyani) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}, (BMC) [8th
Sem]

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11. Osteomalacia [11, supple] {Paper 1}, (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 1}

12. Triceps skinfold thickness [11, supple] {Paper 1}

13. Macroglossia [11, supple] {Paper 1}Beriberi (MC,K) [9th Sem] {Paper-1}

14. Bitots spot [13] {Paper 2}

15. Causes of osteoporosis [12, Supple] {Paper 2}

16. Iron deficiency anemia [11, Supple] {Paper 2}


17. Pellagra (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 1}, (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

18. Vitamin A deficiency and its management (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

Ch 13: IMMUNOLOGY & CANCER GENETICS


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

1. A 50 year old male presented with significant weight loss. Mention possible causes.how
will you proceed to investigate & treat him? (5+5+5) (Kalyani) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

2. How do you approach to diagnose a patient of long standing(more than 3 weeks duration)
fever. (10) (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

3. A 50 year old male presents with loss of weight. What are the possible causes? How will
you approach the case to arrive at a diagnosis? (3+7) [09] {Paper 2}

SHORT NOTES

1. APLA [14, Supple] {Paper 1}

2. Genetic linkage [13, Supple] {Paper 1}

3. Sex linked inheritance [11, supple] {Paper 1}

4. HLA linkage [11, supple] {Paper 1}

5. Gene therapy [10] {Paper 1}, (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}, (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-1}

6. Sickle cell ds. [10, supple] {Paper 1}

7. Genetic mutation [09] {Paper 1}

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8. Type IV hypersensitivity reaction [11, supple] {Paper 1}

9. anaphylaxis [08] {Paper 1}

10. X-linked disorders [14] {Paper 1}

11. Biology of aging [14] {Paper 1}

12. Immune mediated transfusion reaction [13, Supple] {Paper 1}

13. Downs Syndrome [13, Supple] {Paper 1}

14. Cytokines [12] {Paper 1}

15. Oncogene [11, supple] {Paper 1}

16. Innate Immune System [08] {Paper 1}

17. C-reactive protein(CRP) [14] {Paper 2}

18. Complications of cancer [08, Supple] {Paper 2}

19. Philadelphia Chromosome (R G Kar) [8th Sem]

20. X-linked Genetic Disorders (R G Kar) [8th Sem]

21. Autosomal Dominant Disease (NBMC) [8th Sem]

22. Down Syndrome (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

23. Type IV hypersensitivity and enumerate the disease associated with such

hypersensitivity (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 1}

24. HLA linkage and .clinical significance (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 1}

25. Anaphylaxis (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

26. Disease amenable to gene therapy (MC,K) [9th Sem] {Paper-1}

27. Anaphylaxis (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-1}

28. Oncogene and its clinical significance (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 1}

29. Genetic mutation and its causes (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 1}

30. Cachexia (Kalyani) [8th Sem]

31. Cytokines (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

32. Alpha 1 antitrypsin deficiency (MC,K) [9th Sem] {Paper-1}

33. Innate immunity (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-1}

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34. Sex linked recisive disorder(Kalyani) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

35. Cell mediated immunity (Kalyani) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

36. Adverse Effects of Steroids (Kalyani) [8th Sem]

Ch 14: ACID BASE IMBALANCE


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Anion gap: Definition and relevance [11] {Paper 1}, (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

2. Anion gap [14] {Paper 1}

3. Tetany [14, Supple] {Paper 1}, [13, Supple] {Paper 2}, [11] {Paper 2},(KPC) [8th Sem]

4. Causes of Hyponatremia [12] {Paper 2}

5. Treatment of Hyperkalemia [10] {Paper 2}

6. Causes of Hyponatremia [08] {Paper 1}

7. Hyponatremia (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}

Ch 15: MEDICAL EMERGENCIES


LONG QUESTIONS

1. Treatment of Snake bite. (15) (CNMC) [8th Sem]

2. Treatment of Organophosphorous poisoning. (15) (CNMC) [8th Sem]

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LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

1. A young patient presents in the emergency with unconsciousness and deep


breathing. He has a history of weight loss and polyuria. Discuss how will you
manage the case? (10) [12] {Paper 2}

SHORT NOTES

1. Management of organo phosphorous poisoning [14] , [10], [09] {Paper 1}

2. Neurotoxic snake bite [14, Supple] {Paper 1}

3. Management of neurotoxic snake bite [09] {Paper 1}

4. Management of fviper snake bite [08] {Paper 1}

5. Management of snake bite [08, supple] {Paper 1}, (NRS) [9th Sem]

6. Treatment of anaphylaxis [08, supple] {Paper 1}

7. M/m of Viper bite [13, Supple] {Paper 1}

8. Vasculotoxic snake bite [11] {Paper 1}

9. Neurotoxic snake bite [12] {Paper 1}

10. Management of organophosphorous poisoning

11. Acute adverse reactions of blood transfusion [09] {Paper 1}

12. Treatment of malignant hypertension [08, supple] {Paper 1}

13. Manifestations and Management of OP Poisoning (BMC) [8th Sem]

14. Care of A patient with Dog Bite with Unknown Status (BMC) [8th Sem]

15. Clinical Manifestation of OP Poisoning (NBMC) [8th Sem]

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16. Management of a Neurotoxic Snake Bite (BMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

17. Management of hematoxic snake bite (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 1}

18. Clinical features of Organophosphorous poisoning (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 1}

19. Neurotoxic snake bite (MMC) [9th Sem], (NBMC) [9th Sem]

20. Management of Organophosphorous poisoning (IPGMER) [9th sem]

21. M/m of Neurotoxic snake bite (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}

22. Management of Snake bite (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

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OBSTETRICS

Ch 1: ANATOMY OF FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE


ORGAN
LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Lower Uterine Segment [14] {Paper 1}, [08] {Paper 1}, (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 1}
JUSTIFY

Ch 2: FUNDAMENTALS OF REPRODUCTION
LONG QUESTIONS `
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES
JUSTIFY

Ch 3: THE PLACENTA & FETAL MAMBRANE


LONG QUESTIONS

1. Describe human placenta at term. Write in short thr development of placenta.


Enumerate the protein and steroid hormones secreted by placenta. What is
placenta succenturiata? (3+3+2+2) (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 1}
2. Describe briefly the development of placenta. Mention any type of placental abnormality
with its clinical significance. Describe the methods of placental delivery. (4+3+3)
(IPGMER) [9th sem]
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Amniotic fluid [13, Supple] {Paper 1}


JUSTIFY

1. By examining placenta and cord, we can diagnose a number of obstetrical problems (MC,K)
[8th Sem]

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Ch 4: THE FETUS
LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES
JUSTIFY

Ch 5: PHYSIOLOGICAL CHANGES DURING


PREGNANCY
LONG QUESTIONS

1. What are the haematological changes in pregnancy? Mention the investigations


to be done in a pregnant woman with anemia. Write briefly on parenteral form of
therapy in the management of anemia in pregnancy. (3+4+3) (CNMC) [8th Sem]

2. What is physiological anemia in pregnancy? Discuss the diagnosis and management of Iron
deficiency anemia in pregnancy and labour? (2+4+4) (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES

1. Cardiovascular changes in normal pregnancy [12] {Paper 1}

2. Physiological Anaemia of Pregnancy [11] {Paper 1}

3. Cardiovascular changes in normal pregnancy (NRS) [9th sem]

4. Causes of Anaeemia during Pregnancy (MMC) [8th Sem]

5. Physiological Changes in CVS in Pregnancy (CNMC) [8th Sem]

JUSTIFY

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Ch 6: DIAGNOSIS OF PREGNANCY
LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Diagnosis of Pregnancy (BSMC) [8th Sem]


JUSTIFY

Ch 7: ENDOCRINOLOGY IN RELATION TO
RREPRODUCTION
LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES
JUSTIFY

Ch 8: THE FETUS IN UTERO


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES
JUSTIFY

Ch 9: FETAL SKULL &MATERNANAL PELVIS


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Importance of ischial spine in obstetrics [14, Supple] {Paper 1}

2. Obstetric outlet of pelvis[13] {Paper 1}, [09, Supple] {Paper 1}

3. Caput Succedaneum (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

JUSTIFY

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Ch 10: ANTENATAL CARE, PRECONCEPTIONAL


COUNCELLING &CARE
LONG QUESTIONS

1. Define antenatal care. Discuss the benefits of antenatal care and outline the
standard antenatal care methods. (2+4+4) [13, Supple] {Paper 1}

2. Define Antenatal care. Enumerate the routine investigation that are advised to a
pregnant woman in the antenatal clinic. Discuss in brief the physiological changes
in the cardiovascular system during pregnancy. (2+3+5) (NRS) [8th Sem]

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES

1. Routine Antenatal USG (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

2. Iron Deficiency Anaemia (KPC) [8th Sem]

JUSTIFY

3. All pregnant women should undergo routine ultrasound in 2nd trimester(18-20 weeks)

Justify [14] {Paper 1}

4. Screening for HIV infection should be done on all pregnant women Justify [14] {Paper

1}

5. Prophylactic Iron therapy should be given to all pregnant women [13] {Paper 1}

6. HIV testing should be done in all pregnant women Justify [11] {Paper 1}

7. All pregnant women should be given iron and folic acid. Comment [10] {Paper 1}

8. All pregnant women should undergo Hb estimation and blood group testing- justify [10,

Supple] {Paper 1}

9. All pregnant women should be offered screening for HIV infection in early pregnancy.

Justify [09] {Paper 1}

10. Prenatal counseling is a must Justify [08] {Paper 1}

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11. HIV screening should be done for all antenatal mothers (NRS) [9th sem]

12. All antenatal mother should be supplemented with iron to reduce maternal mortality rate.

(IPGMER) [9th sem]

13. All pregnant women should receive iron folic acid supplementation (MMC) [9th Sem]

14. Antenatal checkup is important for each & every pregnant woman (Kalyani) [9th sem]

{paper 1}

Ch 11: ANTENATAL ASSESSMENT OF FETAL


WELL BEING
LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Screening for Downs syndrome in pregnancy [10] {Paper 1}

2. Non-stress test [10] {Paper 1}, [08] {Paper 1}

3. Daily foetal movement count beyond 36 weeks of pregnancy [09] {Paper 1}

4. All pregnant women should undergo ultrasound in 2nd trimester [10] {Paper 1}

5. Obstetric ultrasound should be routinely done at 18-20 weeks of pregnancy (KPC) [8th

Sem]

JUSTIFY

Ch 12: NORMAL LABOUR


LONG QUESTIONS

1. Define normal labour. What are the different stages of labour? How will you monitor the
progress of labour? What precautions are taken during delivery of head in vertex
presentation? (2+2+4+2) [14] {Paper 1}

2. Define Normal labour . What are the different stages of labour. Outline the management
of 1st stage of labour. (2+2+6) (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 1}

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3. Define normal labour. What are the stages of labour? How will you monitor the progress
of labour? How will oyu practice active M/m of 3rd stage of labour? (2+1+4+3) (MMC) [9th
Sem]

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES

1. Partogram [13], [11, Supple] {Paper 1}, [09] {Paper 1}

2. Partograph (NBMC) [8th Sem]

3. Bishops Score [11] {Paper 1}, [08, Supple] {Paper 1}, (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 1}, (IPGMER)

[9th sem]

4. Active M/m of 3rd stage labour [10, Supple] {Paper 1}, (CNMC) [8th Sem], (NRS) [9th sem],

(NBMC) [8th Sem], (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 1}

5. Engagement (NBMC) [9th Sem]

JUSTIFY

1. Active management of 3rd stage labour should be done in all cases [13] {Paper 1}

2. Partograph has reduced perinatal mortality and maternal morbidity considerably-

justify [12, Supple] {Paper 1}


3. Third stage of labour should always be managed actively (CNMC) [8th Sem]

4. Partography can improve labour management (MMC) [8th Sem]

5. Active management of 3rd stage of labour is mandatory for all vaginal delivery (IPGMER)

[9th sem]

6. Active management of 3rd stage labour should be practice in delivery of all pregnant

woman- justify (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

7. Use of partograph can reduce labour complication- explain (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

8. Partograph is helpful in the M/m of every labour case (Kalyani) [9th sem] {paper 1}

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Ch 13: NORMAL PUERPERIUM


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES
JUSTIFY

Ch 14: VOMITTING IN PRENANCY


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES
JUSTIFY

Ch 15: HAEMRRHAGE IN EARLY PREGNANCY


LONG QUESTIONS

1. Enumerate the causes of bleeding per vagina in early months of pregnancy.


Discuss the diagnosis of molar pregnancy and its management. (2+4+4) [13] {Paper
1}

2. Define ectopic pregnancy. What are the c/f onruptured tubal ectopic pregnancy?
Discuss briefly the different modalities of T/t of unruptured tubal pregnancy.
(2+3+5) [12, Supple] {Paper 1}

3. Enumerate the causes of bleeding PV in early months of pregnancy. Discuss the


diagnosis and M/m of threatened abortion. (3+3+4) [11, Supple] {Paper 1}

4. Define Recurrent Abortion. Outline the investigation in such a case. (2+8) [11]
{Paper 1}

5. Define habitual abortion. How will you investigate a patient with history of
habitual abortion? Briefly outline the treatment of cervical incompetence in
pregnancy. (2+5+3) [08] {Paper 1}

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LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

1. Enumerate the causes of bleeding per vagina early in pregnancy. A woman has two
months of amenorrhoea. She presents at the emergency room with severe pain
abdomen, bleeding per vagina with fainting attack. What is your provisional
diagnosis and how will you manage the case? (2+8) (NBMC) [8th Sem]

SHORT NOTES

1. Follow-up in molar pregnancy [14, Supple] {Paper 1}

2. Missed abortion [13, Supple] {Paper 1}, (BMC) [8th Sem]

3. Methods of 1st trimester MTP [10] {Paper 2}

4. Methods of 2nd trimester MTP [10, Supple] {Paper 2}

5. Medical management of ectopic pregnancy [08, Supple] {Paper 2}, (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper

1}

6. Medical Management of Tubal Pregnancy (KPC) [8th Sem]

7. Follow up in a Case of H. Mole (RG Kar) [8th Sem]

8. Recurrent Pregnancy Loss (BSMC) [8th Sem]

9. Threatened abortion (IPGMER) [9th sem]

10. Early pregnancy bleeding (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

11. Diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy (Kalyani) [9th sem] {paper 1}

12. D/d of 1st trimester bleeding (Kalyani) [9th sem] {paper 1}

JUSTIFY

1. Manual Vacuum Aspiration is preferable over other methods of termination of pregnancy


in early 1st trimester- justify [14, Supple] {Paper 1}

2. Ectopic pregnancy may also be managed medically [13, Supple] {Paper 1}

3. Methods of choice of second trimester MTP, Justify the methods [13] {Paper 2}

4. Method of your choice for second trimester medical termination of pregnancy justify
your choice [09] {Paper 2}

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5. Misoprostol has almost replaced othere drugs for pregnancy termination(MTP) -


Comment [08] {Paper 1}

6. Follow up of all hydatidiform mole patients should be done justify [08, Supple] {Paper
1}
7. A woman with molar pregnancy needs proper follow up (CNMC) [8th Sem]

8. Medical management of tubal pregnancy (KPC) [8th Sem]

9. After evacuation of hydatidiform mole, proper follow up is essential for management


(CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

10. All molar pregnancy should have post evacuation follow up- comment (CNMC) [9th Sem]
{Paper 1}

11. Long term follow up is necessary in all women who presents with hydatidiform mole
(NBMC) [9th Sem

Ch 16: MULTIPLE PREGNANCY, HYDRAMNIOS


& ABMNORMALITIES OF PLACENTA&CORD
LONG QUESTIONS

1. A 26 yrs old primigravida carrying twins has just delivered the first baby. Write
in brief your subsequent M/m till the second baby is born. What are the post
partum complications of twin pregnancy? (7+3) [09, Supple] {Paper 1}

2. Discuss the diagnosis and complication of twin pregnancy. Enumerate briefly the
management of twin pregnancy in labour. (3+3+4) [13] {Paper 1}

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES

1. Maternal complication of multifoetal pregnancy [12] {Paper 1}

2. Polyhydramnos [10] {Paper 1}, (KPC) [9th Sem] {Pape 1}

3. Complications of monochorionic twins [10, Supple] {Paper 1}

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4. Complication of Twin Pregnancy (NRS) [8th Sem], (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 1}
5. Delivery of 2nd twin (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

JUSTIFY

1. Twin pregnancy is a high risk pregnancy Justify [08] {Paper 1}

2. Determination of the zygocity is important in a twin pregnancy- justify the statement


(KPC) [9th Sem] {Pape 1}

Ch 17: HYPERTENSIVE DISORDER IN


PREGNANCY
LONG QUESTIONS

1. A primigravida of 36 weeks of gestation was admitted with convulsion and a blood


pressure of 160/110 mm of Hg. What is your provisional diagnosis? How will you
manage the case? (2+8) [12] {Paper 1}

2. A primigravida at 34 wks of gestation is brought to hospital with convulsion and


hypertension- discuss the M/m of such a case.(10) [10, Supple] {Paper 1}

3. Define Pre-eclampsia. What are the diagnostic criteria? What are the immediate
and remote comkplications? Outline a protocol of management of Eclampsia with
Magnesium Sulphate. (2+2+3+3) [08] {Paper 1}

4. Define Pre eclampsia. Enumerate the complications of severe pre-eclampsia.


Discuss briefly the management of severe pre e

5. clampsia at 37 weeks of gestation. (2+3+5) (NRS) [8th Sem]

6. What is pre eclampsia? What are criteria of severe pre eclampsia?Give the
outline of management of severe pre eclampsia. (1+3+6) (CNMC) [8th Sem]

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7. What do you mean by pregnancy induced hypertension? How do you diagnose a


case of severe pre eclampsia? How do you manage acase of pre eclampsia at 34
weeks of pregnancy? Mention the complications of severe pre eclampsia.
(2+3+10+5) (BSMC) [8th Sem]

8. Define Pre eclampsia. Enumerate the diagnostic features of pre eclampsia. What
are the common antihypertensive used to treat pre eclampsia and eclampsia?
What is the anticonvulsion of choice in pre eclampsia? Write a suitable and
commonly used regimen of that drug in eclampsia. (1+2+2+1+4) (MMC) [8th Sem]

9. Define pre eclampsia. Enumerate symptoms and signs of severe pre eclampsia or imminent
eclampsia. Outline the M/m of Eclampsia. (2+3+5) (NBMC) [9th Sem]

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

1. Define gestational hypertension. Classify hypertensive disorder of pregnancy.


Outline the management of 22 years primigravida attending emergency at 34
weeks of pregnancy with eclampsia. (3+7+10) (RG Kar) [8th Sem]

2. What is pre eclampsia? A 24 year old primigravida at 32 weeks of gestation comes


to you with BP 160/110. What are the complications she may develop? How will
you manage the case? (2+4+4) (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

3. A young primi gravida at 36 week of pregnancy was admitted with convulsion.


Enumerate the possible causes of convulsion in this patient. How will you reach
the definitive diagnosis? Write in brief the management of such a case. (2+2+6)
(CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}
SHORT NOTES

1. HELLP syndrome [08, Supple] {Paper 1},(BSMC) [8th Sem], (KPC) [9th Sem] {Pape 1}
2. MgSO4 Therapy in Ecclampsia (Kalyani) [8th Sem]

3. Magnesium sulphate(BMC) [9th Sem]


4. M/m of eclampsia (Kalyani) [9th sem] {paper 1}

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JUSTIFY

1. Magnesium sulphate is the drug of choice in the treatment of Eclampsia Justify


[13], [09] {Paper 1}

2. Eclampsia is a preventable disorder in pregnancy [13, Supple] {Paper 1}

3. Pre-eclampsia is not preventable always whereas Eclampsia is always preventable-


Clarify it [11] {Paper 1}

4. Management of a case of eclampsia needs special set up- justify [08, Supple]
{Paper 1}

5. Pre eclampsia is a preventable disease (MC,K) [8th Sem]

6. MgSO4 is essential in the management of severe pre eclampsia and eclampsia


(CNMC) [8th Sem]

7. Magnesium sulphate has drastically reduces the MMR in Eclampsia (NBMC) [8th
Sem]

8. Eclampsia is preventable (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 1}

9. Antihypertensives should be used judiciously in hypertensive disorders in


pregnancy (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

10. Eclampsia is apreventable disease (NRS) [9th sem]

11. Termination of pregnancy is the only T/t of severe pre eclampsia- justify the
statement (KPC) [9th Sem] {Pape 1}

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Ch 18: ANTEPARTUM HAEMORRHAGE


LONG QUESTIONS

1. A primigravida at 34 weeks of gestation with vaginal bleeding attends hospital


emergency. Enumerate the possible causes. How will you diagnose it? What will
be the management of such a case? (2+4+4) [14] {Paper 1}

2. A multi gravid carrying 32 weeks of gestation comes to O & G Emergency with


the c/o painful bleeding per vagina. Mention the diagnosis and outline the
management in short. (4+6) [11] {Paper 1}

3. A primigravida is admitted at 34 weeks pregnancy with bleeding per vagina. How


will you investigate and manage such a case? (4+6) [10] {Paper 1}

4. Define antepartum haemorrhage. Enumerate the causes of APH. What are the
differences between Placenta previa and abruption placenta? How do you manage
a case of placenta previa in a case of 36 weeks of pregnancy?(2+3+5+10) (BSMC)
[8th Sem]

5. What is APH? What are the causes? How will you manage a case of APH at 33
wks GA in labour room? (2+2+6) (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

6. Define antepartum haemorrhage. What are the causes of APH? How will you
clinically differentiate between placenta previa & abruption placenta? When will
you manage placenta previa expectantly and when will you terminate such
expectant management? (2+1+3+2+2) (MMC) [9th Sem]
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

1. Define antepartum Haemorrhage. A 28 yr old P0+0 36 wks of gestation with


hypertension presented at antenatal emergency with pain abdomen and bleeding
PV. What is your possible diagnosis? How will you diagnose the case? How will you
manage the case? (2+1+2+5) (IPGMER) [9th sem]

2. A 25 years old primigravida at 33 weeks of gestation presented with bleeding per


vagina. What are the differential diagnoses? Discuss the management of one of
the major causes. (3+7) (BMC)

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3. One early morning a 30 years old G3 P1 A1 carrying 32 weeks pregnancy came to


obstetrics emergency with profuse bleeding per vaginum. On enquiry her relative
told that she was discovered lying in a pool of blood. What is your provisional
diagnosis? How will you manage the patient? (1+4+5) (Kalyani) [8th Sem]

4. Define APH. Outline the management of 27 years old 2nd gravid (Previous term
vaginal delivery) attending emergency with complaints of Painless Vaginal Bleeding
at 32 weeks of gestational age. (3+7) (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 1}

SHORT NOTES

1. Complication of Abruptio Placentae (CNMC) [8th Sem]

2. Conservative management of Placenta Previa (MMC) [8th Sem]

JUSTIFY

1. All cases of placenta praevia should be delivered by caesarean section- Comment


[12] {Paper 1}

2. Height of fundus of gravid uterus may not always corroborate with the period of
amenorrhoea- give reasons [09, Supple] {Paper 1}

3. All women with APH should be hospitalized (NRS) [8th Sem]

Ch 19: MEDICAL & SURGICAL ILLNESS


COMLICATING PREGNANCY
LONG QUESTIONS

1. Describe the symptoms and sign of iron deficiency anemia. How do you investigate
such case? What are the complications of severe anemia in pregnancy? (2+4+4)
[08, Supple] {Paper 1}

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QUESTION BANK

2. Define anemia in pregnancy. Enumerate the causes and complications of anemia in


pregnancy. Dicuss its M/m in a lady with 32 wks of pregnancy. (2+2+2+4) [13,
Supple] {Paper 1}

3. A multigravida is admitted at 32 weeks pregnancy with a haemoglobin value of


4gm%. Discuss investigation and management of such a case. (3+7) [10] {Paper 1}

4. Discuss the complications of pregnancy in a diabetic woman. How do you manage


diabetes in a pregnant woman? (4+6) (BMC) [8th Sem]

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

1. Enumerate the causes of anemia in pregnancy and its complications. How will you
manage a woman at 32 wks gestation having Hb level of 6gm/dl? (2+3+5) (NRS)
[9th sem]

SHORT NOTES

1. M/m of iron deficiency anemia in pregnancy [12, Supple] {Paper 1}

2. Post Exposure Prophylaxis for HIV (MC,K) [8th Sem], (RG Kar) [8th Sem]

3. Management of severe anemia in pregnancy (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

4. Gestational diabetes mellitus (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

JUSTIFY

1. Breast feeding in HIV +ve mother (BMC) [9th Sem], (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 1}

2. Uncontrolled DM is dangerous in pregnancy state (Kalyani) [9th sem] {paper 1}

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QUESTION BANK

Ch 20: GYNAENOCOLGICAL DISORDER IN


PREGNANCY
LONG QUESTIONS

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

1. One 26 year old pregnant mother (32weeks of GA) admitted in our labour room
with H/o passage of watery discharge per vagina for last 2 days. What is your
provisional diagnosis? How will you confirm your diagnosis and manage such a case?
(1+4+5) (MC,K) [8th Sem]

SHORT NOTES
JUSTIFY

Ch 21: PRETERM LABOUR , PRETERM RUPTURE


OF THE MEMBRANES, POST MATURTY,
INTRA UTERINE FETAL DEATH
LONG QUESTIONS

1. Define intrauterine foetal death. Enumerate the causes of intrauterine foetal


death. Outline its management. (2+3+5) [12] {Paper 1}

2. What are the causes of IUFD? Discuss the diagnosis and M/m of such a case.
(4+3+3) [10, Supple] {Paper 1}

3. How will you diagnose IUFD? Outline the management of such a case in a diabetic
primigravida carrying 36 wks of pregnancy. (5+5) [09, Supple] {Paper 1}

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

1. A 26 yr old primigravida was admitted at 30 wks with abdominal pain and intermittent
uterine contractions. What could be the causes? How wil you assess a woman briefly
outline the M/m principles. (2+3+5) (KPC) [9th Sem] {Pape 1}

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QUESTION BANK

SHORT NOTES

1. M/m of premature rupture of membrane [12, Supple] {Paper 1}

2. Complication of IUFD (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

3. Management of post dated pregnancy (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

4. Outlinre the M/m of PPROM (Kalyani) [9th sem] {paper 1}

JUSTIFY

1. Injection betamethasone should be given to all women in preterm labour Justify


[10] {Paper 1}

Ch 22: CONTRACTED PELVIS


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES
JUSTIFY

Ch 23: ABNORMAL UTERINE CONTRACTION


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES
JUSTIFY

Ch 24: MALPOSITION , MALPRESENTATION,


CORD PROLAPSE
LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

1. A primigravida aged 30 years attends your clinic at 32 weeks of gestation with


breech presentation. How will you manage the case till birth of the baby? What
injuries may occur to the mother and the baby during vaginal breech delivery?
(5+5) [09] {Paper 1}

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QUESTION BANK

2. A 30 year old lady presented at the ANC at 34 weeks of pregnancy with breech
presentation. Outline the management of such acase. Mention the risks of vaginal
breech delivery. (7+3) (CNMC) [8th Sem]

SHORT NOTES

1. Cord prolapse [13] {Paper 1}

2. External Caphalic Version [12] {Paper 1}

3. Deep transverse arrest in labour [11, Supple] {Paper 1}, [08, Supple] {Paper 1},
(KPC) [9th Sem] {Pape 1}, (RG Kar) [8th Sem]

3. Face presentation [09] {Paper 1}

4. Deep transverse arrest Perinatal mortality (MMC) [9th Sem]


5. Foetal Complication of Vaginal Breech Delivery (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 1}
6. Cord prolapse in labour near term (Kalyani) [9th sem] {paper 1}

JUSTIFY

1. External cephalic version still has got a place in the management of breech
presentation Comment [14] {Paper 1}

2. Vaginal delivery in breech presentation is more dangerous than in vertex presentation-


Justify [12] {Paper 1}

3. Vaginal delivery of breech presentation increases perinatal morbidity and mortality-


how and when? [11, Supple] {Paper 1}

4. External Cephalic version has got a place in management of breech presentation -


critically evaluate [08] {Paper 1}

5. External cephalic version must be attempted in all term breech presentations (BMC)
[8th Sem]

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QUESTION BANK

Ch 25: PRROLONGED LABOUR,OBSTRUCTED


LABOUR,DYSTOSIA
LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. ECV(external cephalic version) (Kalyani) [9th sem] {paper 1}

JUSTIFY

1. ECV should be done routinely in breech presentation (CNMC) [8th Sem]


2. Anencephaly (BMC) [8th Sem]

Ch 26: COMPLICATION OF THIRD STAGE


LABOUR
LONG QUESTIONS

1. A primigravida had assisted delivery with outlet forceps. She started severe vaginal
bleeding four hours after child birth. Enumerate the causes of this bleeding. How will
you manage such a patient? (2+8) [09] {Paper 1}

2. Define PPH. How would you classify PPH? How would you manage a case of atonic
PPH?(2+3+5) [14, Supple] {Paper 1}

3. Define PPH.What are the different causes of PPH. Outline the management of profuse
bleeding per vagina in a multigravida who has delivered vaginally half an hour ago. (3+7+10)
(RG Kar) [8th Sem]

4. Define PPH. what are the causes of PPH? What are the measures to be taken to prevent
it? How will you manage a case of atonic PPH? (3+3+4) (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

5. Define PPH. Classify it. What are the common causes of PPH within half an hour of child
birth? How wil you prevent atonic PPH? (1+2+3+4) (MMC) [8th Sem]

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QUESTION BANK

6. Define Post partum haemorrhage. What are the causes of postpartum haemorrhage.
Describe in brief the M/m of PPH. (2+3+5) (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-1}

7. Outline the M/m of 3rd stage of labour. Enumerate the complications of 3rd stage of
labour. How will you manage the commonest complication of 3rd stage of labour? (5+2+8)
(Kalyani) [9th sem] {paper 1}

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

1. A woman is having profuse vaginal bleeding shortly after delivery of placentaof


her 4th child birth. On examination, her uterus feels flabby. What is your
diagnosis? What are the common causes of bleeding shortly after childbirth?
How will you manage this case? How such bleeding can be prevented? (2+3+2+3)
[12, Supple] {Paper 1}

2. A primigravida had assisted delivery with outlet forceps. She started severe
vaginal bleeding four hours after child birth. Enumerate the causes of this
bleeding. How will you manage such a patient? (2+8) (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 1}

3. A 2nd gravida was admitted in labour and she developed excessive bleeding
pervagina following forceps delivery. What are the likely indications of forceps
delivery in this patient? Enumerate the causes of excessive vaginal bleeding after
delivery of placenta. Describe in brief the management of such a case. (1+3+6)
(CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

SHORT NOTES

1. Retained placenta [14] {Paper 1}, [12] {Paper 1}


2. Morbidly adherent placenta [14, Supple] {Paper 1}
3. Surgical Management of PPH (MC,K) [8th Sem]
4. Atonic PPH (NRS) [8th Sem]
5. Atonic PPH- causes and oxytocicdrugs used in the management (CNMC) [8th Sem]
6. Causes of PPH (Kalyani) [8th Sem]
7. Oxytocin (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

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QUESTION BANK

JUSTIFY

1. Ventouse is preferable over obstetric forceps- comment [14, Supple] {Paper 1}

2. Manual removal of placenta should be under general anaesthesia- give reasons


[10, Supple] {Paper 1}
3. PPH is a life threatening emergency (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 1}

Ch 27: INJURIES OF BIRTH CANAL


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Vulval haematoma [14] {Paper 1}, [08] {Paper 1}


2. Complete perineal tear [10, Supple] {Paper 1}

JUSTIFY

1. Ergometrine should not be given to prevent PPH in a woman with heart ds- give
reasons [10, Supple] {Paper 1}

Ch 28: ABMORMALITIES OF THE PUERPERIUM


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Acute puerperal mastitis [09, Supple] {Paper 1}

2. Puerperal sepsis (NBMC) [9th Sem]

JUSTIFY

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QUESTION BANK

Ch 29: THE TERM NEWBORN INFANT


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Apgar Score [14] {Paper 1}

JUSTIFY

1. Breast milk is the best food for a newborn- justify [12, Supple] {Paper 1}

2. Breast feeding reduces neonatal morbidity and mortality- discuss in short [11,
Supple] {Paper 1}

3. All women should be advised about early breastfeeding. Why? [10] {Paper 1}

Ch 30: LOW BIRTH WEIGHT BABY


LONG QUESTIONS

1. Define IUGR. What are the factors that contributeto IUGR? How can you
diagnose such acse and confirm it? (2+3+5) [08, Supple] {Paper 1}

2. Define IUGR of fetus. Enumerate causes of IUGR. How will you manage a case of
primigravida with mild IUGR at 33 wks of gestation? (2+3+5) (NRS) [9th sem]
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES
JUSTIFY

Ch 31: DISEASE OF FETUS &NEWBORN


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES
JUSTIFY

1. All perinatal asphyxia can be prevented (BMC) [8th Sem]

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QUESTION BANK

Ch 32: PHARMACOTHERAPEUTICS IN
OBSTETRICS
LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES
JUSTIFY

1. Corticosteroids are useful drugs in obstetrics (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

Ch 33: INDUCTION OF LABOUR


LONG QUESTIONS

1. What are the indications of induction of labour? What are the different methods
of induction? Write briefly its complication. (3+3+4) [14, Supple] {Paper 1}
2. What is induction of Labour? How will you diagnose a case of normal labour and
outline its management? (2+4+4) (MC,K) [8th Sem]

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES

1. Induction of Labour [11] {Paper 1}

2. Artificial rupture of membrane [09, Supple] {Paper 1}


JUSTIFY

Ch 34: CONTROL OF CONCEPTION


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONSCAL:CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES
JUSTIFY

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QUESTION BANK

Ch 35: OPERATIVE OBSTETRICS


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Forceps- indication and criterias to be fulfilled prior to its application (RG Kar) [9th sem]
{Paper 1}

JUSTIFY

1. Not all cases of vaginal delivery need episiotomy [13, Supple] {Paper 1}

2. Forceps is losing its place to ventouse as a method of instrumental delivery


Comment [12] {Paper 1}

3. Episotomy reduces many of the gynaecological disorder clarify it [11] {Paper 1}

4. Prophylactic forceps delivery is beneficial in post-caesarean vaginal delivery-


justify [10, Supple] {Paper 1}

5. Lower segment caesarean section has become very safe in modern obstetrics- give
reasons (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

6. Application of forceps is the best option for delayed 2nd stage of labour- criticize the
statement (KPC) [9th Sem] {Pape 1}

7. Once a caesarean a;ways a caesarean- criticize the statement (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-1}

8. Lower uterine C.S incision is better than classical C.S(Kalyani) [9th sem] {paper 1}

9. Indications & criteria for forceps delivery (Kalyani) [9th sem] {paper 1}

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QUESTION BANK

Ch 36: SAFE MOTHERHOOD, EPIDEMIOLOGY OF


OBSTETRICS
LONG QUESTIONS

1. What is maternal mortality? What are the causes?how can we reduce the maternal
mortality in our hospital? (2+4+4) (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 1}

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES

1. Perinatal transmission of HIV [13, Supple] {Paper 1}

JUSTIFY

1. Maternal mortality is mostly preventable justify [14] {Paper 1}

2. Treatment of anemia in pregnancy reduces maternal mortality- justify [14,


Supple] {Paper 1}

3. All vaginal delivery should be conducted bt trained birth attendants [13, Supple]
{Paper 1}

4. Emergency obstetric care is one of the most effective strategies for preventing
maternal deaths- explain how [12, Supple] {Paper 1}

5. Routine screening for foetal congenital malformation is a must even in low risk
young primigravidas- comment [12, Supple]

6. How antenatal care can reduce maternal mortality in our country? [11] {Paper 1}

7. Maternal mortality is mostly avoidable Comment [09] {Paper 1}

8. Most of the maternal deaths are preventable justify [08, Supple] {Paper 1}

9. Maternal mortality is mostly avoidable-comment (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 1}


10. Availability of effective blood transfusion service can save many mothers life (MMC)
[8th Sem]

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QUESTION BANK

Ch 37: SPECIAL CASES


LONG QUESTIONS

1. Discuss the diagnosis and M/m of a case of Rh isoimmunisation from 1st 1trimester
of pregnancy till delivery. (5+5) [11, Supple] {Paper 1}

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES

1. Prophylaxis against the isoimmunisation [12, Supple] {Paper 1}

2. Anti- D prophylaxis is amust in a Rh ve foetus in situatiions of likey foeto-maternal

haemorrhage- justify [09, Supple] {Paper 1}

3. Complication of Rh negative Pregnancy (NBMC) [8th Sem]

4. Anti- D immunoglobulin prophylaxis in Rh ve mother (MMC) [9th Sem]

5. Pregnancy in grand multipara (Kalyani) [9th sem] {paper 1}

JUSTIFY

1. All post caesarean pregnancy at term do not require caesarean section to


terminate the pregnancy comment [14, Supple] {Paper 1}

2. All post caesarean section Pregnancy cases may not be delivered by caesarean
section again- Give reasons [13] {Paper 1}

3. Vaginal birth is possible in post caesarean pregnancy- when and how? [11, Supple]
{Paper 1}

4. Cord blood must be sent for testing in case of Rh negative mother(BMC) [9th Sem]

5. All cases of post-caesarean pregnancy at term should be delivered by caesarean


section- comment [09, Supple] {Paper 1}

6. Once caesarean section doesnt mean always a caesaren section comment [08,

Supple] {Paper 1}
7. Once caesarian section is not always caesarean section (NRS) [8th Sem]

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QUESTION BANK

8. Once caesarean section always caesarean (RG Kar) [8th Sem]

9. Immune hydrops fetalis is a preventable ds of newborn (NBMC) [9th Sem]

10. Rh incompatiability in 2nd gravida onwards is high risk (Kalyani) [9th sem] {paper 1}

Ch 38: IMAGING & OTHER INVESTIGATIONS IN


OBSTETRICS
LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Importance of USG n obstetrics [14, Supple] {Paper 1}

2. Role of ultrasound in early pregnancy [11, Supple] {Paper 1}

JUSTIFY

1. Routine ultrasonography in all asymptomatic low risk pregnant women is not

recommended- Justify [12] {Paper 1}

2. U0ltrasonography should be as routine antenatal investigation 0weeks of

pregnancy- comment [09, Supple] {Paper 1}


3. USG in 1st trimester pregnancy [9th Sem]

4. Diuretics should not be used in PET (NBMC) [8th Sem]

5. Role of ultrasonography in 1st trimester of pregnancy (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 1}

6. Straight X-ray of abdomen is needed to find out one of the causes of septic abortion

with peritonitis (Kalyani) [9th sem] {paper 2}

7. USG lower abdomen is needed to find out one of the causes of recurrent abortion

(Kalyani) [9th sem] {paper 2}

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QUESTION BANK

GYNAECOLOGYNN
Ch 1: ANATOMY OF FEMALE PELVIC ORGAN
LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Pelvic part of ureter [09] {Paper 2}, (CNMC) [8th Sem]

2. Lymphatic drainage of cervix [08] {Paper 2}

3. Lymphatic drainage of vulva [08, Supple] {Paper 2}

4. Lymphatic Drainage of Female Pelvis (MC,K) [8th Sem]

5. Blood Supply of Uterus (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 2}

JUSTIFY

Ch 2: BLOOD VESSELS,LYMPHATIC
DRAINAGE&INNERVATION OF PELVIC
ORGAN
LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES
JUSTIFY

Ch 3: DEVELOPMENT OF GENITAL ORGAN


&GONADS
LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

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QUESTION BANK

JUSTIFY

Ch 4: CONGENITAL MALFORMATION OF
FEMALE GENITAL ORGANS
LONG QUESTION
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES
JUSTIFY

Ch 5: PUBERTY- NORMAL&ABNORMAL
LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Puberty menorrhagia [12, supple] {Paper 2}


2. Precocious puberty (IPGMER) [9th sem]
3. Pubertal menorrhagia (MMC) [9th Sem]

JUSTIFY

Ch 6: MENOPAUSE
LONG QUESTIONS

1. Define menopause. What are the clinical problems associated with menopause?
How are those problems addressed? (2+3+5) [14, supple] {Paper 2}

2. Define menopause. What are the c/f of menopause? Outline the M/m of menopause.
(2+4+4) (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES
JUSTIFY

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QUESTION BANK

Ch 7: NEUROENDOCRINOLOGY IN RELATION
TO REPRODUCTION
LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES
JUSTIFY

Ch 8: MENSTRUATION
LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Hormonal control of physiology of menstruation [13, supple] {Paper 2}


2. Different hormonal interplay in the physiology of menstruation (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper
2}

JUSTIFY

Ch 9: HISTORY ,EXAMINATION,DIAGNOSTIC
PROCEDURE OF A GYNAECOLOGICAL
PATIENT
LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES
JUSTIFY

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QUESTION BANK

Ch 10: PELVIC INFECTION


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES
JUSTIFY

Ch 11: SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTION


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES
JUSTIFY

Ch 12: INFECTION OF INDIVIDUAL PELVIC


ORGAN
LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Trichomonal vaginitis [12] {Paper 2}, (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

2. Bacterial vaginosis [12, supple] {Paper 2}


JUSTIFY

1. Trichomonal vaginitis is sexually transmitted ds justify [13, supple] {Paper 2}

Ch 13: DYSMENORRHEA & OTHER DISORDER


OF MENSTRUAL CYCLES
LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

1. What is dysmenorrhoea? How will you differentiate between primary and


secondary dysmenorrhoea? How will you treat a case of primary
dysmenorrhoea? (1+4+5) [14], {Paper 2}

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QUESTION BANK

SHORT NOTES
JUSTIFY

Ch 14: ABNORMAL UTERINE BLEEDING


LONG QUESTIONS

1. What are the causes of menorrhagia. Discuss the management of uterine fibroid.
(4+6) [13] {Paper 2}

2. Define Menorrhagia. What are its causes? How would you manage a case of
Menorrhagia due to fibroid uterus? (2+2+6) [11] {Paper 2}

3. Enumerate causes of Menorrhagia in a 40 year old women. Discuss the


management of such a case with fibroids. (3+7) [10] {Paper 2}

4. How will you proceed to investigate and treat a case of abnormal uterine blleding
in a parous woman aged 38 years? (5+5) [09, Supple] {Paper 2}

5. Define Menorrhagia. What are the causes of menorrhagia? Outline the surgical
management of uterine fibromyoma. (2+3+5) (NRS) [8th Sem]

6. What is menorrhagia?what are the causes? Name the medicine s used in the
treatment of menorrhagia in a case of DUB/Medical management of DUB. (1+3+6)
(CNMC ) [8th Sem]/ (2+3+5) (BMC) [9th Sem]

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

1. A 45 yearold woman presented with irregular vaginal bleeding for one year
duration. Discuss the differential diagnosis. Discuss M/m of early stage cervical
cancer. (4+6) [12, Supple] {Paper 2}

2. One 32 year old mother P2+2 came to the GOPDwith H/O menorrhagia for last 8
months. How will you diagnose and manage such acase? (5+5) (MC,K) [8th Sem]

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QUESTION BANK

3. A 35 year ol lady attended the gynaecology clinic for menorrhagia with


hypogastric lumpof 14 weeks pregnant uterus size. Mention the differential
diagnoses. How would manage the case, had it been a case of fibroid of the body
of the uterus? (3+7) (CNMC) [8th Sem]

4. A 35 year old P1+0 lady presented with menorrhagia of gradually increasing


severity for last 6 months along with a swelling in her lower abdomen. What is
your differential diagnosis? What investigations will you perform? What are the
treatment option you can offer her? (3+3+4) (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

5. A 35 year old patient with no preceeding amenorrhoea has menorrhagoea for 2


months. How will you investiagate the case? Write the medical management and
the minimal access conservative surgeries in this case. (3+4+3)(NBMC) [8th Sem]

6. Mrs BD 26 yr old infertile woman with h/o menorrhagia for last 10 months, presented
with a farm mass sized 18x16 cm2 in lower abdomen. What is your provisional diagnosis?
How will you confirm your diagnosis and treat the woman? (1+5+4) (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper
2}

7. A 35 year old woman presented with menorrhagia. Discuss the investigations and
management of such a case. (4+6) (BMC) [8th Sem]

SHORT NOTES

1. Metrorrhagia [14, supple] {Paper 2}, Menorrhagia (Kalyani) [8th Sem]

2. Submucous myoma [12] {Paper 2}

3. Causes of menorrhagia (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 2}, (BSMC) [8th Sem], (MMC) [8th Sem]

4. Cryptomenorrhagia (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 2}

JUSTIFY

1. Medical therapy is preferred over surgical therapy in the management of DUB


cases- comment [14, supple] {Paper 2}

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QUESTION BANK

2. Hysterectomy is not always necessary to treat DUH- critically evaluate [11,


Supple] {Paper 2}

3. Dysfunctional uterine bleeding is a diagnosis by exclusion- justify [12, supple]


{Paper 2}

4. For pelvic organ prolapse, vaginal hysterectomy is not the only option of management-
discuss (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

5. Vaginal hysterectomy and pelvic floor repair is the only T/t for genital prolapse- criticize
the statement (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}

6. Hysterectomy is the last option for the management of DUH(NRS) [9th sem]

Ch 15: DISPLACEMENT OF UTERUS


LONG QUESTIONS

1. Discuss the support of uterus. Enumerate the etiological factors for Pelvic organ
Prolapse. Outline the management of procidentia in a post-menopausal lady.
(4+3+3) [12] {Paper 2}

2. Write briefly the cause of genital prolapse. Discuss the M/m of a case of uterine
prolapse wth cystocele and rectocele in a 35 year old woman (4+6) [ 10, Supple]
{Paper 2}
3. Discuss the support of uterus. Discuss the management of second degree
uterovaginal prolapsed in a 40 year old woman. (5+5) (NRS) [8th Sem]
4. Define Pelvic Organ Prolapse. Describe the different causes and types of POP.
Outline the management of different types of prolapse.(3+7+10) (RG Kar) ) [8th
Sem]
5. What is genitourinary prolapse? Mention the causes of genitourinary prolapse.
How do you manage a case of second degree uterine prolapse in a 40 year old
lady? What are the complications of Hysterectomy? (2+5+10+3) (BSMC) [8th Sem]
6. Supports of uterus, enumerate the types of female genital prolapse. Preventive measures
in acquired type of genital prolapse. (7+3) (Kalyani) [9th sem] {paper 2}

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QUESTION BANK

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES

1. Support of pelvic organs [14] {Paper 2}

2. Gartner duct cyst [09, Supple] {Paper 2}

3. Conservative management of Genital Prolapse (KPC) [8th Sem]

4. Support of uterus (BSMC) [8th Sem], (IPGMER) [9th sem]

JUSTIFY

1. Something coming down per vagina does not necessarily mean- it is a case of genital

prolapsed- comment [14, supple] {Paper 2}

2. Genito urinary prolapse is a sequel to multiparity comment [08, Supple]

3. Prolapsed of uterus is preventable. How? [10] {Paper 2}

4. {Paper 2}

5. Urinary incontinence should be prior to prolapse management (CNMC) [8th Sem]

6. Most of the pelvic organ prolapse are preventable (NBMC) [8th Sem]

7. Surgery is not the only option for prolapse management (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 2}

Ch 16: INFERTILITY
LONG QUESTIONS

1. Define infertility. What are indirect or presumptive evidences of ovulation and


how they are inferred? What are the direct and conclusive evidence of ovulation?
(2+4+4) [08, Supple] {Paper 2}

2. What are the causes of infertility in female partner. Discuss the methods of
detection of ovulation & how to induce it? (2+4+4) [13] {Paper 2}

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3. Define secondary infertility. What are the causes of secondary infertility?


Outline the investigation of such a case. (2+4+4) [11] {Paper 2}

4. Discuss investigation of a couple with primary infertility. Describe drugs used for
ovulation induction. (5+5) [10] {Paper 2}

5. What is Primary infertility? How will you proceed to diagnose the causes of
primary infertility? Outline the management of female partner with ovulation
disorder. (1+4+5) (MC,K) [8th Sem]

6. Define infertility. Mention the common causes of female infertility. Discuss the
methods of detection of ovulation. (1+3+6) (CNMC) [8th Sem]

7. What is infertility? What are the main causes of infertility? How will you
investigate tubal factor infertility? (2+4+4) (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

8. Define infertility. What are the common causes for anovulation? What are the
evidences of ovulation? What methods are used to test tubal patency?(1+3+3+3)
(MMC) [8th Sem]

9. Define infertility. How do you investigate a case of primary infertility? How will
you induce ovulation? Enumerate the names of different techniques of Assisted
Reproductive Techniques (ART) (3+3+2+2) (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 2}

10. What are the different female factors in infertility. Outline the evaluation of
female factors of infertility. (3+7) (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 2}

11. Define infertility. Write common causes of female infertility. How will you investigate
the tubal factor for female infertility? (2+4+4) (IPGMER) [9th sem]

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES

1. Findings of normal semen analysis [14, supple] {Paper 2}

2. Tubal patency [13, supple] {Paper 2}

3. Tests of ovulation [10, Supple] {Paper 2}

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4. Normal semenogram (WHO) [09, Supple] {Paper 2}

5. Semen Analysis (IPGMER) [8th Sem], (Kalyani) [9th sem] {paper 2}


6. Cervical Incompetence (IPGMER) [8th Sem], (BMC) [9th Sem]
7. Tubal Patency Test (KPC) [8th Sem]
8. Role of laparoscopy in gynaecology (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}
9. Laboratory parameters of Normal Semen Analysis (NBMC) [9th Sem]
10. Methods tubal patency assessment (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}
11. Drugs used in induction of ovulation (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}
12. Diagnosis of ovulation

JUSTIFY

1. Laparoscopy is essential in gynaecological practice Comment [14] {Paper 2}

2. Male partner should be investigated first to evaluate an infertile couple Justify

[14] {Paper 2}

3. Laparoscopy is preferable to hystero salpingography in investigation of female

infertility- comment [12, supple] {Paper 2}

4. Analyse the importance of Diagnostic Laparoscopy [11] {Paper 2}

5. Laparoscopy is an important investigation for infertility- justify [11, Supple]

{Paper 2}

6. All women with bilateral tubal block on hysterosalpingography should undergo

diagnostic laparoscopy. Justify [10] {Paper 2}

7. Laparoscopy is a better procedure than hysterosalpingography in evaluation of

infertility justify [09] {Paper 2}

8. All cases of infertility should have laparoscopy- justify [09, Supple] {Paper 2}

9. Justify the place of H.S.G. in the workup protocol of infertility [08] {Paper 2}

10. Male partner should be investigated first in case of infertility Give reasons [08]

{Paper 2}
11. Investigations of primary infertility should start with semen analysis (NRS) [8th Sem]

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12. HSG has got a place in the management of infertility (CNMC) [8th Sem]

13. Husbands semen analysis is essential in all infertile couple (CNMC) [8th Sem]

14. While investigating infertility male should be evaluated first (CNMC) [8th Sem]

15. Laparoscopy is mandatory for evaluation of tubal factor in female infertility [9th Sem]

16. Investigating the male factor in infertility is an important (MMC) [8th Sem]

17. Semen analysis of male partner should be the first investigation in a case of infertility

(IPGMER) [9th sem]

18. Pelvic endometriosis is an important cause of female infertility- give reasons (CNMC)

[9th Sem] {Paper 2}

19. Hysterosalpingography should be done on D5-D10 of menstruation (CMC) [9th Sem]

{Paper 2}

20. Both HSG & Laparoscopy are important in the evolution of female sub fertility- justify

the statement (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}

21. Laparoscopy is the investigation of choice in endometriosis (Kalyani) [9th sem] {paper 2}

22. Serial USG may be needed in case of M/m of female infertility (Kalyani) [9th sem] {paper

2}

Ch 17: BENIGN LESION OF VULVA & VAGINA


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

SHORT NOTES
JUSTIFY

Ch 18: BENIGN LESIONS OF THE CERVIX


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

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JUSTIFY

Ch 19: BENIGN LESION OF THE UTERUS


LONG QUESTIONS

12. What are the types of fibroid uterus? Enumerate the menstrual symptoms of
fibroid. How will you manage a case of symptomatic fibroid uterus in a 41 year old
multiparous woman?(2+3+5) (MMC) [8th Sem]
13. Mention different types of uterine fibroid. What are the different secondary
changes in fibroids. Outline the management option for a woman with a
symptomatic fibroid uterus. (2+2+6) (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES

1. Changes in Fibromyoma of Uterus (CNMC) [8th Sem]

2. Medical Management of Fibroid (RG Kar) [8th Sem]

3. Degenerative Changes of fibroid (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 2}

4. Complications of fibroid uterus (Kalyani) [9th sem] {paper 2}

JUSTIFY

Ch 20: BENIGN LESION OF THE OVARY


LONG QUESTIONS

1. Calssify benign ovarian tumors. What are the clinical features of malignancy in a
patient with ovarian tumour? What is stage I ovarian malignancy according to
FIGO? (5+3+2) [09, Supple] {Paper 2}

2. Enumerate the benign ovarian neoplasms. Mention the complication of benign


ovarian neoplasms. Write briefly on dermoid cyst. (2+3+5) (CNMC ) [8th Sem]

3. Enumerate different epithelial ovarian tumors. Discuss the diagnosis and


management of Benign Ovarian tumors. (2+4+4) (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 2}

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4. Classify Epithelial Ovarian Carcinoma. Outline the management of a 48 years old post
menopausl lady presenting with heterogenous ovarian lump with ascites. (3+7) (RG Kar)
[9th sem] {Paper 2}

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES

1. Mucinous cystadenoma [14] {Paper 2}


2. Granulosa cell tumor [14, supple] {Paper 2}
3. Dermoid cyst of ovary [13], [09] {Paper 2}, (BSMC) [8th Sem], (BSMC) [9th sem]
{paper 2}
4. Dermoid Cyst (IPGMER) [8th Sem]
5. Torsion/Twisted of Ovarian cyst (BMC) [8th Sem] / [9th Sem]
6. Solid tumors of ovary [08] {Paper 2}
7. Complication of benign ovarian tumor (NRS) [9th sem]

JUSTIFY

Ch 21: ENDOMETRIOSIS &ADENOMYOSIS


LONG QUESTIONS

1. Enumerate the common site of endometriosis. What are the clinical features of pelvic
endometriosis? Briefly discuss the medical M/m of pelvic endometriosis. (2+2+6) [12,
Supple] {Paper 2}

2. Define endometriosis. Mention the common sites of endometriosis. Outline the


treatment options available for pelvic endometriosis. (2+2+6) [11, Supple] {Paper
2}

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES
1. Chocolate cyst (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

JUSTIFY
1. Role of Laparoscopy in diagnosis & management of Endometriosis [13] {Paper 2}

2. Medical management of endometriosis (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 2}

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Ch 22: PREMALIGNANT LESIONS


LONG QUESTIONS

1. Name the cervical premalignant lesions. How do screen these lesions? Discuss the FIGO
staining of Carcinoma of cervix. (2+3+5) [09] {Paper 2}
2. What is cervical intraepithelial neoplasia? How to diagnose premalignant lesionof
cervix? Discuss the M/m of CIN. (2+4+4) [13, supple] {Paper 2}
3. What is CIN and what are the diferent types of CIN? Mention the risk factors for CIN
and cervical cancer. Discuss in brief the diagnosis of CIN. (3+2+5) (CNMC) [9th Sem]
{Paper 2}

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

1. Define CIN. Describe different stages of Ca cervix and how is it staged? Outline
the management of a 42 year old lady attending OOD with stage II a Ca cervix.
(3+7+10) (RG Kar) [8th Sem]
SHORT NOTES

1. Cervical erosion [13], [10] {Paper 2}

2. CIN- diagnosis and outline of Management (CNMC) [8th Sem]

3. Cervical pap smear (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

4. Ca Cervix screening & early diagnosis (Kalyani) [9th sem] {paper 2}

JUSTIFY

1. Cervical Screening can effectively reduce Cancer Cervix Justify [12] {Paper 2}

Ch 23: GENITAL MALIGNANCY


LONG QUESTIONS

1. Describe the latest FIGO staging of Ca Cervix. Describe the management of stage I Ca
Cervix. (5+5) (NRS) [9th sem]

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LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

1. Classify Epithelial Ovarian Carcinoma. Outline the management of a 48 years old post
menopausl lady presenting with heterogenous ovarian lump with ascites. (3+7) (RG Kar)
[9th sem] {Paper 2}

2. A 20 yr old mother of 4 who is on combined OCP for 2 yearscomplaints of post


coital vaginal bleeding since last 3 months. She got married at the age of 16. What
may be the causes? Describe the possible clinical signs that you may find. Outline
the investigation. How will you treat the woman? (2+2+2+4) (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-
2}
SHORT NOTES

1. Diagnosis of malignant ovarian tumors [11, Supple] {Paper 2}

2. CA-125 [08, Supple] {Paper 2}

3. Tumour Marker (RG Kar) [8th Sem]

4. PAP Smear (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

5. Screening of Cancer Cervix (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 2}

JUSTIFY

1. There is no appropriate method for screening carcinoma of ovary Comment [14]


{Paper 2}

2. Tumour Marker has great prognostic value in ovarian malignancy Justify [13]
{Paper 2}

3. All married women should undergo PAP smear examination. Justify [10] {Paper 2}

4. All women of reproductive age should undergo PAP smear- support [10, Supple]
{Paper 2}

5. All adolescent girl should be given HPV vaccine- justify [10, Supple] {Paper 2}

6. Chemotherapy is mainstay of treatment in chorio-carcinoma of uterus Justify


[09] {Paper 2}

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7. Early diagnosis of ovarian cancer is still not possible Give reasons [08] {Paper 2}

8. Gynaecological malignancy- screening may or may not be helpful- comment [08,

Supple] {Paper 2}

9. Invasive CA of cervix is a preventable disease (NRS) [8th Sem]

10. HIP vaccine is recommended in the prevention of CA cervix (CNMC) [8th Sem]

11. Cervical cancer is a preventable disease (KPC) [8th Sem]

12. Routine screening for CA cervix (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 2}

13. Diagnosis of ovarian cancer is always delayed (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

14. Chemotherapy is the mainstay in the treatment of choriocarcinoma- justify the

statement (KPC) [9th Sem] {Paper-2}

15. Screening for cervical cancer can reduce mortality due to cervical cancer (MMC)

[9th Sem]

16. Ca Cervix is a sexually transmitted ds (NBMC) [9th Sem]

17. Ovarian malignancy is usually diagnosed late (NBMC) [9th Sem]

18. Ovarian cancer is usually diagnosed at a late stage (IPGMER) [9th sem]

Ch 24: URINARY PROBLEMS IN GYNAECOLOGY


LONG QUESTIONS

1. What are the types of urinary incontinence? A primipara aged 22 years who had
forceps delivery following prolonged delivery, complains of continuous leakage of
urine per vaginum which started about 7 days after child birth. Mention the likely
causes and your method of diagnosis of the condition. (5+1+4) [09] {Paper 2}

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES

1. Stress urinary incontinence [14, supple] {Paper 2}


JUSTIFY

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Ch 25: GENITAL FISTULAE


LONG QUESTIONS

1. What are the different types of genito-urinary fistula? What are its causes?
How will you diagnose a case of V.V.F.? (2+4+4)[14] {Paper 2}

2. What are the causes of vesico vaginal fistula in our country? How can you diagnose a case
of VVF and outline its treatment? (3+4+3) (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Investigations of case of vesico-vaginal fistula [10, Supple] {Paper 2}

JUSTIFY

1. Routine use of Partograph can reduce the incidence of Vesicovaginal fistula (NBMC) [8th

Sem]

2. Genito-urinary fistula is a preventable condition- justify the statement (KPC) [9th Sem]

{Paper-2}

3. Obstetric fistula is more common in developing countries than developed countries.

(Kalyani) [9th sem] {paper 2}

Ch 26: GENITAL TRACT INJURIES


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES
JUSTIFY

1. Complete perineal tear is d/t mismanaged 2nd stage of labour- comment [09,
Supple] {Paper 2}

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Ch 27: INTERSEX
LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. RKH Syndrome (BMC) [9th Sem]


JUSTIFY

Ch 28: AMENORRHEA
LONG QUESTIONS

2. What is amenorrhoea? What are the types of amenorrhoea? Discuss the M/m of
PCOD. (1+3+6) [13, supple] {Paper 2}

3. Mention the causes of primary amenorrhoea. Mention modern day tools for
diagnostic evaluation of case of primary amenorrhoea. (4+6) [11, Supple] {Paper
2}

4. Define secondary amenorrhoea? What are the pathological causes of secondary


amenorrhoea? Mention the investigations necessary for the diagnosis of PCOS.
(1+4+5) [08] {Paper 2}

5. Define Primary amenorrhoea. What are the common causes of primary


amenorrhoea? Describe the clinical features and treatment of imperforate
hymen. (2+3+5) (NRS) [9th sem]

6. What are the characteristics of normal menstruation? What are the important causes
of the secondary amenorrhoea in young adults? What are the common drugs used for the
induction of ovulation? Describe the use of one such drug in the treatment of polycystic
ovarian syndrome. (2+3+2+3) (MMC) [9th Sem]

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LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

1. A 14 year old girl attended G&O emergency with the complaint of primary amenorrhoea,
lower abdominal pain, acute retention of urine and lower abdominal mass. Wghat is the
probable diagnosis? How will you investigate the case and tret her? (2+5+3) [08, Supple]
{Paper 2}

SHORT NOTES

2. Causes of primary amenorrhoea [14] {Paper 2}

3. Cryptomenorrhoea [13] {Paper 2}, (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 2}

4. Imperforate Hymen [11] {Paper 2}, (MMC) [8th Sem]

5. Ovarian causes of Secondary Amenorrhoea [11] {Paper 2}

6. Turners Syndrome [11, Supple] {Paper 2}

7. Cryptomenorrhoea (NBMC) [8th Sem]

8. Investigation of Primary Amenorrhoea (NBMC) [8th Sem]

9. Secondary Amenorrhoea (Kalyani) [8th Sem]

10. P.C.O.D (Kalyani) [9th sem] {paper 2}

JUSTIFY

1. PCOS is an endocrine and metabolic disorder justify [13, supple] {Paper 2}

2. Polycystic ovarian syndrome is a diagnostic riddle- comment [09, Supple] {Paper

2}

3. In the investigation of secondary amenorrhoea many ovarian factors are to be

considered- justify (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

4. Ovarian cyst <5 cm in dimeter is usually trewated conservatively (Kalyani) [9th sem]
{paper 2}

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5. X-ray of elbow joint some times is needed in case of primary amenorrhoea (Kalyani) [9th
sem] {paper 2}

Ch 29: CONTRACEPTION
LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Contraindication of OCP [14] {Paper 2}

2. Progesterone only pill (POP) [12] {Paper 2}

3. LNG-IVS (levonorgestrel containing IVS) [12, supple] {Paper 2}

4. Emergency Contraception [11], [13, supple] {Paper 2}, [09, Supple] {Paper 2}, (KPC)

[9th Sem] {Paper-2}, (BMC) [8th Sem], (MMC) [9th Sem], (Kalyani) [9th sem] {paper

2}

5. Laparoscopic female sterilization- advantages and disadvantages [11, Supple]

{Paper 2}

6. Post coital contraceptives [10] {Paper 2}

7. Complication of intrauterine contraceptive devices [09] {Paper 2}

8. LNG-IUD [08] {Paper 2}

9. Non-contraceptive benefits of OCP (NRS) [8th Sem]

10. Complication of IUCD (NRS) [8th Sem]

11. Injectable Contraceptives (CNMC) [8th Sem]

12. Emergency Contraceptives (RG Kar) [8th Sem]

13. Barrier method of Contraception(BMC) [9th Sem]

14. Oral Contraceptive Pills (Kalyani) [8th Sem]

15. Benefits of Barrier contraception (NRS) [9th sem]

16. Injectable progestins for contraception (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

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17. IUCD- different timing of insertion (NBMC) [9th Sem]

18. Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraception (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

19. Progestin Only Contraceptives (KPC) [8th Sem]

JUSTIFY

1. IUCD is not contraceptive of choice in a newly married woman- justify [14, supple]
{Paper 2}

2. Combined OCP have more benefits than risks- comment [14, supple] {Paper 2}

3. Non-contraceptive use of male condoms- Discuss [13] {Paper 2}

4. Pregnancy can be avoided even following unprotected intercourse- justify [13,


supple] {Paper 2}

5. Combined oral Contraceptive is the best Contraceptive option for newly married
couple Justify [12] {Paper 2}

6. No scalpel vasectomy should gradually replace tubectomy as a method of


permanent contraception-comment [12, supple] {Paper 2}

7. Good counseling can increase contraceptive acceptance. How? [10] {Paper 2}

8. Emergency contraception should be widely available justify [10, Supple] {Paper


2}

9. As a sterilization procedure, the ideal site for partial salpingectomy is not

ampulla- comment [09, Supple] {Paper 2}

10. If followed correctly LAM is a good contraceptive option (CNMC) [8th Sem]

11. Proper counselling should be done before insertion of IUCD (CMC) [9 th Sem]

{Paper 2}

12. Laparoscopic ligation is the best method of ligation- critically evaluate [10,

Supple] {Paper 2}

13. Non contraceptive use of oral contraception (BSMC) [9th sem] {paper 1}

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14. Contraception- not the only use of OCP (RG Kar) [9th sem] {Paper 2}

Ch 30: OPERATIVE GYNAECOLGY


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Ovarian conservation during Hysterectomy discuss (KPC) [8th Sem]

2. Advantages and disadvantages of vaginal hysterectomy (CNMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

JUSTIFY

1. Ovarian conservation during hysterectomy has both advantages and

disadvantages- discuss [13, supple] {Paper 2}

2. The scope of laparoscopic surgery is enhancing Comment [12] {Paper 2}

3. Age of the patient should be considered before undertaking hysterectomy for

benign conditions [12] {Paper 2}

4. Indication of Dilatation of Curettage operation should be neglected mention

and discuss the indication [11] {Paper 2}

5. Ovaries need to be preserved during hysterectomy in patients below 45 yrs of

age- justification [08, Supple] {Paper 2}


6. Dilatation and curettage is a simple and informative operation- Discuss (CNMC) [9th Sem]

{Paper 2}

7. Ovarian conservation during hysterectomy (KPC) [8th Sem]

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Ch 31: HORMONES IN GYNAECOLOGY


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Role of GNRH Analogue in Gynaecology (MC,K) [8th Sem]

2. Hormone replacement therapy (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

JUSTIFY

1. HRT should be used selectively- justify [12, supple] {Paper 2}

2. Hormone replacement therapy in a post menopausal woman mention advantages


as well as disadvantages [11, Supple] {Paper 2}

3. Hormone replacement therapy should be advised in all post menopausal women


critically evaluate [09] {Paper 2}

4. Selection of cases must be meticulous before prescribing HRT Justify [08]


{Paper 2}
5. HRT is not essential for all post menopausal women (NRS) [9th sem]

Ch 32: SPECIAL TOPICS


LONG QUESTIONS

1. Enumerate the causes of post-menopausal bleeding per avgina. Describe the M/m
of Ca endometrium in a 50 yr old woman. (3+7) [10, Supple] {Paper 2}

2. Define post menopausal bleeding. What are the causes? How you will arrive at a
diagnosis in a case of post menopausal bleeding? (1+4+5) [08] {Paper 2}

3. What are the causes of pelvic pain? Briefly discuss the diagnosis and management
of pelvic endometriosis in a 24 year old woman. (3+3+4) (KPC) [8th Sem]

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4. What are the common causes of lower abdominal lump in women of reproductive
age? How will you clinically distinguish between uterine & ovarian lump? What are
the features suggestive eof malignancy in an ovarian lump? What are the common
types of ovarian malignancy? (2+3+3+2) (MMC) [9th Sem]

5. Enumerate the causes of white discharge per vagina. Outline the M/m of Pruritic
white discharge per vagina. Enumerate the normal defense mechanism of vagina.
(3+4+3) (NBMC) [9th Sem]

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

1. A lady, 40 yrs of age, presents with a lower abdominal lump. Enumerate the
possible causes. How would you investigate such a case? (5+5) [14, supple] {Paper
2}

2. A 45 years old lady with a lower abdominal lump complains of pelvic pain. What
are the possible causes? Briefly outline the management of such a case. (3+7)
[12] {Paper 2}

3. A 40 year old female came to gynaeOPD with the complain of swelling of lower
abdomen from past 6 months. Enumerate the differential diagnosis. Describe how
can you reach final diagnosis? (3+7) (Kalyani) [8th Sem]

4. A 60 year old menopausal pt came with h/o bleeding PV. What will be the cause
of bleeding? what are the investigation you can do for the patient for diagnosis?
What are the treatment option in your hand for this patient? (2+4+4) (IPGMER)
[9th Sem]

5. Mrs SM 62 yrs old woman having her menopause 14 yrs ago, presented with
bleeding per vagina for last 7 days. What are the common causes of bleeding in
the case? How can you establish your diagnosis? (3+7) (CMC) [9th Sem] {Paper 2}

SHORT NOTES

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JUSTIFY

1. Vaginal bleeding in post-menopausal woman should always be investigated

Justify [14] {Paper 2}

2. Any case of post-menopausal bleeding should be carefully investigated - Justify

[11] {Paper 2}

3. Chronic pelvic pain needs proper evaluation [08, Supple] {Paper 2}

4. Endometrium should be properly evaluated in all cases of postmenopausal bleeding

(CNMC) [8th Sem]

5. Post menopausal bleeding must be investigated (MMC) [9th Sem]

6. All post menopausal bleeding patients must have a D & C (BMC) [8th Sem]

7. Endometrial biopsy is mandatory in post menopausal bleedin PV (Kalyani) [9th sem]

{paper 2}

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Ch 1: NORMAL GROWTH &ITS DISORDERS


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Utility of growth chart [13]

2. Head-circumference [11]

3. Utility of WHO Growth Chart (BMC) [8th Sem]

4. Growth Chart (MMC) [8th Sem]

5. Age independent Marker of Growth (BSMC) [8th Sem]

6. Bone Age Estimation (CNMC) [8th Sem]

Ch 2: DEVELOPMENT
LONG QUESTIONS

1. How to assess growth and development in a one year old baby. (4+4) (Kalyani) [8th Sem]

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES

1. Developmental milestone of one year old child [12], [10], [09, supple], (CNMC) [8th Sem]

2. Developmental milestones of 2 yr old child [13, Supple], 12], [09, Supple], (CMC) [9th
Sem]
3. Developmental Milestones of 3 yrs old Child (NRS) [8th Sem],

Ch 3: ADOLESCENT HEALTH &DEVELOPMENT


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

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Ch 4: FLUID &ELECTROLYTE DISTURBANCES


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Causes and clinical features of hyponatremia [14]

2. Hyponatremia (NRS) [8th Sem],

3. Outline the Physiology of Water Balance (BMC) [8th Sem]

Ch 5: NUTRITION
LONG QUESTIONS

1. Write down the pathway of Vit-D metabolism. Pathological change in bone in


nutritional rickets. (5+5) [11, Supple]

2. What is balanced diet? What are the constituents of balanced diet? Describe
dietary source, absorption and function of Vit- A. (1+3+6) [08, Supple]

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES


SHORT NOTES

1. WHO classification of malnutrition [11, Supple]

2. Breast milk versus Cows milk [10]

3. Diet of 1 yr old infant [14, Supple], [11]

4. WHO classification of PEM [12, Supple]

5. Dietary management of severe PEM [08]

6. Severe Acute Malnutrition (CNMC) [8th Sem]

7. Complication of PEM (BSMC) [8th Sem]

8. Complication of SAM (MC,K) [8th Sem]

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9. Steps of Management of Severe Acute Malnutrition (NRS) [8th Sem], (kalyani) [9th Sem]

10. Management of Severe Dehydration in a PEM Child (BMC) [8th Sem]

11. Clinical Manifestation of Fe-deficiency Anemia in Children (Kalyani) [8th Sem]

12. Age independent criteria of malnutrition (BSMC) [9th sem]

13. Kwashiorkor dermatitis (RG Kar) [9th sem]

Ch 6: MICRONUTRIENTS IN HEALTH &DISEASE


LONG QUESTIONS

1. Describe in short Vitamin D metabolism. (12) (RG Kar) [8th Sem]

2. Outline the investigations and management of a case of Rickets. (6+6) (RG Kar) [8th Sem]

3. Outline briefly the metabolic interaction of Vitamin D, calcium and parathormone. Write
the treatments of nutritional rickets. (6+4) (IPGMER) [8th Sem]
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Radiological features of active and healing rickets [13, Supple]

2. Biochemical changes in Rickets [12]

3. Radiological changes of rickets and scurvy [10, Supple]

4. Xerophthalmia (KPC) [8th Sem]

5. Vitamin D3 deficiency in Children (BMC) [8th Sem]

6. Signs of Vitamin D deficiency (NRS) [8th Sem]

7. Clinical Manifestations of Vit- A deficiency (CNMC) [8th Sem]

8. Prevention of Vitamin A deficiency (Kalyani) [8th Sem]

9. Vit- D deficiency Rickets (KPC) [9th Sem]

10. Clinical Features of Rickets (MMC) [8th Sem]

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Ch 7: NEWBORN INFANTS
LONG QUESTIONS

1. Give an outline of bilirubin metabolism. Describe the underlying mechanism for


physiological jaundice in the newborn. (6+4) [09]

2. Describe the physiology of human lactation. Briefly mention the anti-infective


properties of breast milk. (6+4) [09, supple]
3. Discuss Bilirubin Metabolism in relation to physiological jaundice in newborn.
Mention the Criteria of Pathological Jaundice. (7+3) (NRS) [8th Sem]
4. Describe bilirubin etabolism. Enumerate the mechanism of action and side
effects of phototherapy. (4+4+2) (CMC) [9th Sem]
5. Describe in brief the bilirubin metabolism. A 7 day old term newborn is having
jaundice. The serum bilirubin level is 15 mg/dl (predominantly unconjugated).
Enumerate the possible causes. How will you manage the baby? (6+1+3) (KPC) [9th
Sem]

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

1. Discuss the process of bilirubin metabolism. One 3 day old baby presented with jaundice
extending up to the sole. How will you approach for the diagnosis and management? (3+7)
(kalyani) [8th Sem]

SHORT NOTES

1. Hypoglycemia in neonate [14]

2. Kangaroo Mother Care [13], [11], (Kalyani) [9th Sem]

3. Neonatal Sepsis screening [13], [14, Supple]

4. Physiological jaundice [13, Supple]

5. Prevention of Hypothermia in newborn [12]

6. Kernicterus [12, Supple]

7. Hemorrhagic disease of new born [14], [11, Supple], (MC,K) [8th Sem]

8. Sepsis screen of newborn [11]

9. Assessment of gestational age in newborn [12, Supple]

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10. Mongolian spot [11, Supple]

11. Causes of failure of breast feeding [09]

12. Routine care of newborn in the delivery room [09]

13. Hypothermia in newborn [09, Supple]

14. Give an outline of the clinical feature of neonatal sepsis [08]

15. Describe briefly the complications of LBW babies [08], [13, Supple]

16. Write in short the indication and complication of phototherapy [08]

17. Advantages of breast feeding [08, Supple]

18. Causes and M/m of hypothermia in newborn [08, Supple]

19. Neonatal transport [12, Supple]

20. Lose stools in newborn [09, Supple]

21. C/f and M/m of Haemorrhagic ds of newborn [08, Supple]

22. Anterior fontanelle [10, Supple]

23. Phototherapy [10]

24. Transient Tachypnea of new born [10]

25. Management of Hypothermia in newborn (MC,K) [8th Sem]

26. Neonatal Hypoglycaemia (NRS), (CNMC) [8th Sem]

27. Management of hypothermia in new born (CNMC) [8th Sem]

28. Sepsis Screen (CNMC) [8th Sem], (NBMC) [9th Sem]

29. Phototherapy (CNMC) [8th Sem], (NBMC) [9th Sem]

30. Thermoregulation of New Born (CNMC) [8th Sem]

31. Feeding of Low Birth Weight New born (RG Kar) [8th Sem], (Kalyani) [9th Sem]

32. persistence of neonatal unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia

33. Causes of Respiratory Distress in New born (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

34. Colostrum (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

35. Feeding of LBW baby (BMC) [9th Sem]

36. Neonatal hypothermia (BMC) [9th Sem]

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37. Physiological jaundice (BMC) [9th Sem]

38. Indication and Contraindication of Bag mask Ventilation (BSMC) [8th Sem]

39. Causes of Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia (BSMC) [8th Sem]

40. Causes of Neonatal Jaundice (MMC) [8th Sem]

41. Physiological Jaundice in New born (NBMC) [8th Sem]

42. Hypothermia of New born (NBMC) [8th Sem]

43. Management of Neonatal Sepsis (BSMC) [9th sem]

44. Respiratory distress syndrome (Hyaline Membrane Disease) (BSMC) [9th sem]

45. Complication of low birth weight newborn (BSMC) [9th sem]

46. When will you diagnose neonatal jaundice to be pathological? Write characteristics of

breast milk jaundice. (2+3) (RG Kar) [9th sem]

47. How will you take care of umbilical stump in a newborn baby? Mention the causes of

delayed fall of umbilical cord. (3+2) (RG Kar) [9th sem]

48. Composition of colostrum, fore milk, hind milk & pre term milk (NRS) [9th Sem]

49. Problems of prematurity (NRS) [9th Sem]

50. Warm Chain (NRS) [9th Sem]

51. Mention the steps of prevention of hypothermia in a new born. Which babies do

particularly need additional heat source? (4+1) (RG Kar) [9th sem]

52. Neonatal hypoglycemia, (NBMC) [9th Sem]

53. Initial steps of resuscitation

54. Thermogenesis in newborn babies. (CMC) [9th Sem]

55. Etiology of hypothermia in a newborn (KPC) [9th Sem]

56. Causes of jaundice in a new born child (MMC) [9th Sem]

57. Kangaroo mother care (NBMC) [9th Sem]

58. Feeding of a 7 months old Baby (BMC) [8th Sem]

59. Laboratory Diagnosis of Neonatal Sepsis (KPC) [8th Sem]

60. Cold sress in newborn (IPGMER) [9th sem]

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61. Complication of preterm babies (IPGMER) [9th sem]

62. (RG Kar) [8th Sem]

63. Hyaline Membrane Disease (CNMC) [8th Sem]

64. Treatment of neonatal seizure (IPGMER) [9th sem]

65. Organ involvement in perinatal asphyxia (NRS) [8th Sem],

66. Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia (NBMC) [8th Sem]

Ch 8: IMMUNIZATION &IMMUNODEFICIENCY
LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Enumerate the vaccines that can be given to an unimmunized 2 year old child [14]

2. Pulse polio immunization [13]

3. OPV vs IPV [10]

4. BCG, vaccination [10, Supple], [08, Supple]

5. Rh Isoimmunisation (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

Ch 9: INFECTIONS &INFESTATION
LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

1. A 4 yr old child presents with high grade fever, running nose, red eyes followed by
maculo-papular rash on face and rest of the body 4 days later. What is the most likely
diagnosis? Outline the differential diagnoses, complication, prevention and M/m of the
case. (1+2+2+1+2) (MMC) [9th Sem]

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SHORT NOTES

1. Clinical features and laboratory investigation of Dengue fever in children [13]

2. Complications of Measles [10, Supple], [12, Supple]

3. Complication of falciparum malaria [09, Supple]

4. Rabies Prophylaxis [13]

5. Miliary tuberculosis in children [13]

6. C/f & T/t of Ac. Otitis media [10, Supple]

7. Tuberculin test [09]

8. CSF changes in TB meningitis [09, Supple]

9. Acute Encephalitic Syndrome (MC,K) [8th Sem]

10. Severe Malaria (MC,K) [8th Sem]

11. Typhoid Vaccine (MC,K) [8th Sem]

12. Polio Vaccine (CNMC) [8th Sem]

13. Management of a Child Wth a Chloroquine resistant Falciparum Malaria (KPC) [8th Sem]

14. Category 1 therapy of 1 year old child with Tuberculosis (KPC) [8th Sem]

15. Mantoux Test (KPC) [8th Sem]

16. AFP Surveillance (BSMC), (MMC) [8th Sem]

17. Clinical Feature of Tetanus (NBMC) [8th Sem]

18. Complication of Mumps (Kalyani) [8th Sem]

19. C/f of dengue in children (MMC) [9th Sem]

20. Treatment of Cerebral Malaria (BMC) [8th Sem]

21. Primary Complex (RG Kar) [9th sem]

22. Clinical features of Dengue fever (CNMC) [9th Sem]

23. Clinical manifestations of tubercular meningitis (CNMC) [9th Sem]

24. BCG vaccination (CNMC) [9th Sem]

25. Clinical features of Chikungunya fever [12, Supple]

26. Prevention of Rabies (kalyani) [9th Sem]

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Ch 1O: DISEASE OF GASTROINTESTINAL


SYSTEM
LONG QUESTIONS

1. Mention the causative organisms of acute viral hepatitis in children. Complication of


acute viral hepatitis and its management. (5+5) (BMC) [9th Sem]

2. Outline the structure of a glomerulus and enumerate functions of each part of it. Give
the outline of M/m of diarrhea with severe dehydration. Write the composition of low
osmolar ORS. Write the National Immunization Schedule upto 1 yr of age. (2+2+2+2+2)
(MMC) [9th Sem]

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

27. An 8-month old baby has presented with acute watery diarrhea. He has been diagnosed
to have severe dehydration. Write the clinical features that suggested dehydration.
Give an outline of rehydration therapy for this child. (3+5) (RG Kar) [9th sem]

28. A 2 yr old girl presented with loose motion and cough for last 7 days. Her body weight
is 7 kg, height 87 cm and mid upper arm circumference (MUAC) 11 cm. what is the
provisional diagnosis. Outline the management of this child. (2+6) (IPGMER) [9th sem]

29. A 4 year old boy presented with anasarca with history of similar illness 6 months back.
Mention D/D and how to proceed to the diagnosis. (2+6) (BMC) [9th Sem]

30. A 7 year old boy havibg jaundice for 6 months with hepatomegaly, admitted for massive
haematemesis. Mention the diagnostic possibilities. Write how will you evaluate such a
case to confirm the diagnosis. (2+6) (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

SHORT NOTES

1. Low osmolar ORS [11, Supple]


2. Signs of Severe Dehydration (BSMC) [8th Sem]

3. Liver function tests (BSMC) [9th sem]

4. Differential diagnosis of ascites in children (CNMC) [9th Sem]

5. Hepatitis infection in children(CNMC) [9th Sem]

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6. Management of severe dehydration (CMC) [9th Sem]

7. Oral Rehydration Therapy (Kalyani) [8th Sem], (KPC) [9th Sem]

8. Persistent diarrhea in children [11, Supple]

9. Laboratory evaluation of Ascites of a child [09]

Ch 11: HAEMATOGICAL DISORDERS


LONG QUESTIONS

1. Define hemostasis. Describe the physiology of hemostasis. Write a brief note on


bleeding disorder. (2+4+4) [14, Supple]

2. Outline the Metabolism of iron in the body. Compare the laboratory findings of
iron deficiency Anaemia and Thalassemia. (4+6) [10]
3. Enumerate the coagulation cascade(pathway). Describe the clinical pictures of
haemophilia and its management. (4+4) (CNMC) [8th Sem]
4. Define Anemia. Classify anemia according to RBC morphology citing examples. Describe
the peripheral blood pictures of chronic hemolytic anemia. (2+5+3) (RG Kar) [9th sem]
5. Outline the mechanism of hemostasis in children. Briefly write the management of
recently diagnosed of acute ITP. (5+5) (IPGMER) [9th sem]
6. Discuss about physiology of coagulation. Outline the management of ITP. (5+5)
(CNMC) [9th Sem]

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

1. A 4 yr old child presented with fever, pallor, gum bleeding and 1.5cm palpable
spleen. Mention the d/d of the case & investigate to confirm the diagnosis. (3+5)
[14, Supple]

2. A 4 year old child presented with pallor, fever, gum bleeding and 1.5 cm palpable
spleen. Mention the diagnostic possibility and investigations to confirm diagnosis.
(3+5) [12]

3. A two year old child has presented with fever for 20 days. Examination revealed
severe pallor, hepato-splenomegaly and purpuric spots all over the body.

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(a) Write the differential diagnosis. (b)Suggest investigation to


reach the final diagnosis. (5+3) [11]
4. An 8 year old boy presents with fever, epistaxis, severe pallor, generalized
lymphadenopathy and hepatosplenomegaly. What may be the most likely diagnosis? Give
the D/D.Investigate the case to arrive at diagnosis. (1+2+5) (MMC) [8th Sem]

5. A nine year old girl presented with mild pallor, multiple purpuric spots over different
parts of the body. Clinical examination did not reveal any significant lymphadenopathy,
hepatosplenomegaly. How do you approach the case for diagnosis. (NBMC) [8th Sem]

6. A 6 yr old child presented with 2 wks fever with pallor, lymphadenopathy &
hepatosplenomegaly. Discuss the possible D/d & investigation for confirmation. (4+4)
(NRS) [9th Sem]

7. Enumerate the steps of Hb synthesis. Briefly mention the pathophysiology of


thalassemia. How to approach for a 12 month old boy presenting with severe pallor
& hepatosplenomegaly? (2+3+5) (Kalyani) [9th Sem]

8. A 4 year old child is admitted with severe respiratory distress, pallor and generalized
lymphadenopathy. Enumerate the possibilities. How will you investigate such a case?
(3+5) (KPC) [9th Sem]

9. A seven year old with History of exchange transfusion in neonatal period,


presents with Haematemesis, Physical examination is unremarkable except for
splenomegaly (6cm). what is your differential Diagnosis? Describe steps in the
management of this child. (1+7) [10]

SHORT NOTES

1. Common causes and laboratory diagnosis of iron deficiency anaemia in children [14]

2. Vascular purpura [09]


3. Auto immune Hemolytic Anemia (CNMC) [8th Sem]

4. Prognostic Factors in ALL (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

5. Investigation of 1 year old child with clinical Diagnosis of Thalassemia Major (KPC) [8th

Sem]

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6. Chelation therapy in thalassemia (BMC) [9th Sem]

7. Chelation Therapy in Thalassemia (NBMC) [8th Sem]

8. Management of ITP (BSMC) [9th sem], (NBMC) [9th Sem]

9. Clinical manifestations of ALL in children (CNMC) [9th Sem]

10. D/d of microcytic hypochromic anemia (CMC) [9th Sem]

11. Diagnosis of acute idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (CMC) [9th Sem]

12. Write briefly M/m of shock in children (KPC) [9th Sem]

13. C/f of Chronic hemolytic anemia (MMC) [9th Sem]

Ch 12: DISORDERS OF RESPIRATORY SYSTEM


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

1. A 3 yr old child presented with cough & cold for 5 days & respiratory distress
for 5 days. On examination child look toxic & drowsy with head nodding & central
cyanosis. What is the diagnosis as per WHO criteria? How will oyu manage the
case? (1+7) [13, Supple]

2. A 2 year old child admitted with history of fever and cough for last 5 days and developed
respiratory distress for last 2 days. On examination tachypnea and chest indrawing are
present. What is the most probable diagnoses? How do you manage the case? (1+7)
(CNMC) [8th Sem]

3. A 9 month old infant presented in the children ward with acute respiratory distress.
Mention the common causes. How will you proceed to manage the case? (10+12) (RG Kar)
[8th Sem]

4. A child aged 1 year presented with cough and cold. Write the differential diagnoses.
Suggest the investigations to reach the final diagnosis. ( 3+5) (BMC) [8th Sem]

5. A 3 yr old child presented in emergency with history of fever and cough for 3 days and
respiratory distress for 1 day. Enumerate differential diagnoses. How do you approach
such a case for diagnosis. (3+5) (NBMC) [9th Sem]

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6. A 2 year old male child presented with sudden onset wheeze with altered sensorium.
What are the differential diagnoses? (MC,K) [8th Sem]

7. A child presented with respiratory distress for last 2 days. On examination,


patient looks toxic and there is dullness on the right side pof chest. Name 2 imp
cause for this condition. How do you proceed for diagnosis of the case. (2+6)
[11, Supple]

8. One eight year old child presented with fever, chest pain and respiratory
distress for one week. On examination the child is febrile, toxic and respiratory
rate 60/min, trachea shifted to the left and stony dullness on right side of
chest on percussion. What is your provisional diagnosis? How are you going to
manage this case? (1+7) [09, Supple]

9. A 4 yr old boy was presented at the emergency room with acute onset of cough
and respiratory distress. He has no fever. His father also suffers from
recurrent episodes of similar problem. The child was admitted 3 times with
similar complications in the preceeding 1 year. What is your most probable
diagnosis? How will you manage this condition? (1+7) [08]

SHORT NOTES

1. Pneumatocele [14]

2. ARDS [14, Supple]

3. Bronchodilator aerosol [12, Supple]

4. Clinical presentation and management of Acute Bronchihtis [10]

5. Breath holding spell [10, Supple], (NRS) [9th Sem]

6. C/f of acute bronchiolitis [09, Supple]

7. Acute laryngotracheobronchitis [08, Supple]

8. Management of empyema thoracis (BMC) [9th Sem]

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9. Management of Acute Bronchiolitis (Kalyani) [8th Sem]

10. Assessment of asthma control (IPGMER) [9th sem]

11. Management of acute severe asthma in children (CNMC) [9th Sem]

12. Clinical features of severe pneumonia (CMC) [9th Sem]

13. Staging of bronchial asthma in children (MMC) [9th Sem]

14. Criteria of Clinical Staging of Asthma in Children (CNMC) [8th Sem]

15. Laboratory diagnosis of empyema thoracis (NRS) [9th Sem]

Ch 13: DISORDER OF CARDIOVASCULAR


SYSTEM
LONG QUESTIONS

1. Pathophysiology of large VSD and the future changes in haemodynamics if remain


untreated. Mention the complication of VSD. Outline the treatment of VSD with
CCF. (5+3+2) [13]

2. Enumerate the causes of congestive cardiac failure in children. Outline the


management of Congestive Cardiac Failure. (5+5) (BMC) [8th Sem]

3. Enumerate Common causes, describe the clinical features and outline the
management of heart failure in children. (2+4+4) (NBMC) [8th Sem]

4. Write in brief about pathgogenic basis of major clinical manifestation of


Rheumatic Fever. Give an outline of Pharmacologic management of Congestive
Cardiac Failure. (5+5) (BSMC) [9th sem]

5. Describe hemodynamics of a large VSD in children. Describe the management of


an infant presenting with VSD with cardiac failure. (5+5) (NBMC) [9th Sem]
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

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SHORT NOTES

1. Modified Jones Criteria [14]

2. Acute constrictive peroicarditis [14, Supple]

3. Management of Cyanotic Spell in Tetralogy of Fallot [12]

4. Common causes of hypertension in children [13, Supple]

5. Pulsus- paradoxus [12]

6. Cyanotic soell [10, Supple]

7. Complications of VSD [08]

8. Modified Jones criteria for Rheumatic fever [08, Supple]

9. T/t of Congestive cadiac failure in children [11, Supple]

10. Rheumatic chorea [09]

11. M/m of acute rheumatic fever (MMC) [9th Sem]

12. Coarctation of Aorta (CNMC) [8th Sem]

13. Management of Cyanotic Spell in a Congenital Heart disease (RG Kar) [8th Sem]

14. D/D of Fallots tetralogy (BMC) [9th Sem]

15. Jones criteria (BMC) [9th Sem]

16. Rheumatic Carditis (MMC) [8th Sem]

17. Diagnosis of Rheumatic Fever (Kalyani) [8th Sem]

18. Modified Jones criteria (RG Kar) [9th sem]

19. M/m of consestive cardiac failure in children (KPC) [9th Sem]

20. Hemodynamics of Large VSD (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

21. Hemodynamics of VSD (BSMC) [8th Sem]

22. Modified Jones Criteria of Rheumatic Fever (KPC), (NBMC) [8th Sem]

23. Prevention of Acute Rheumatic Fever (BMC) [8th Sem]

24. Management of Cyanotic Spell (MC,K), (MMC) [8th Sem]

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25. Prophylaxis of rheumatic fever (IPGMER) [9th sem]

26. Fallots Physiology (NRS) [9th Sem]

27. Hemodynamics of PDA (kalyani) [9th Sem]

Ch 14: DISORDER OF KIDNEY & URINARY


TRACT
LONG QUESTIONS

1. Describe the C/f & M/m of minimal change nephrotic syndrome. (5+5) [13, Supple]

2. What is glomerular filtration? How it is affected in Ac. PSGN? Describe the


underlying pathogenic mechanism for the clinical picture of PSGN? (1+3+6) [08]

3. Define Nephrotic Syndrome. How do you investigate and manage a case of 1st attack of
Minimal Change Nephrotic Syndrome. (2+8) (MC,K) [8th Sem]

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

1. A 6-year-old girl child is admitted with hematuria, moderate edema and


headache. Mention the possible differential diagnosis. How will you evaluate such
a case to reach to a definite diagnosis. (2+6) [14]

2. 4 year old girl presented with haematuria of 1st week duration. Discuss the
possible differential diagnosis and management of UTI. (4+4) (CNMC) [8th Sem]
3. 5 year old boy presented with oliguria and cola coloured urine with edema. How
will you approach this case? (8) (BSMC) [8th Sem]

4. A seven year old girl presents with convulsion in triage room. She had pedal
oedema, decreased urinary output. What is your diagnosis? What are the other
complication of the disease? What relevant investigation you want to perform to
arrive at your diagnosis? (2+3+3) (NRS) [8th Sem]

5. A 7 year old boy presented with the swelling of the whole body starting in the
face and scanty reddish urine for last 3 days. There is h/o few pustules of the
leg 3 weeks back. What is your provisional diagnosis? What investigation would

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QUESTION BANK

you like to do? Name the dreaded complication of the disease. Briefly outline the
management of the patient. (1+2+2+3) (BSMC) [9th sem]

SHORT NOTES

1. Complication of acute glomerulonephritis [12]

2. Laboratory diagnosis of Acute glomerulonephritis [11]

3. Complication of nephritic syndrome [11, Supple]

4. Laboratory diagnosis of childhood nephritic syndrome [08, Supple]


5. Steroid dependent Nephrotic Syndrome (RG Kar) [8th Sem]

6. Evaluation of Urinary Tract Infection (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

7. Management of Edema in Nephritic Syndrome (BSMC) [8th Sem]

8. Clinical Features of Acute Post Streptococcal Glomerulonephritis (MMC) [8th

Sem]

9. Investigation in a case of Suspected Nephrotic Syndrome (Kalyani) [8th Sem]

10. Investigation in a 2 yr old child with urinary tract infection (KPC) [9th Sem]

11. M/m of 1st episode of Nephrotic Syndrome (NBMC) [9th Sem]

12. Urinary findings of acute post streptococcal glomerulonephritis [10]

13. Complication of Acute Glomerulonephritis (CNMC) [8th Sem]

14. Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (CNMC) [8th Sem]

Ch 15: ENDOCRINE & METABOLIC DISORDERS


LONG QUESTIONS

1. Discuss briefly the synthesis of Thyroid hormones. Outline the clinical features
and treatment of Cretinism. (5+3+2) [12]
2. Discuss different steps of synthesis of thyroxine. How will you screen for
congenital hypothyroidism? (5+5) (NRS) [9th Sem]

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LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

1. A 2 year old baby of a diabetic mother weighing 4 kg was brought to NICU with
active convulsions. Mother had history of Prolonged rupture of membrane and the
baby was born by Emergency Caesarean section. Enumerate the probable cause.
How will you manage the case. (2+6) (KPC) [8th Sem]
SHORT NOTES

1. Congenital hypothyroidism [08], [14, Supple]


2. Clinical features and management of Congenital Hypothyroidism (CNMC) [8th

Sem]

3. Diagnosis of Hypothyroidism in infant (MMC) [8th Sem]

Ch 16: CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM


LONG QUESTIONS

1. Describe the formation and circulation of CSF in brain. Describe the clinical
features of raised intracranial pressure of a 6 year old child. Give an outline of
treatment of such a patient. (3+3+4) [14]

2. How the tone of child is maintained? What are the causes of hypotonic child?
Write the M/m of GB syndrome. (4+3+3) [12, Supple]

3. Describe formation, circulation, absorption and composition of CSF of a normal


child. Give outline of management of Tubercular Meningitis of 2 year old child.
(1.5+1.5+1.5+1.5+4) [11]

4. Enumerate the external ocular muscles innervated by 3rd Cranial nerve and action
of each muscle. A patient gets diplopia when looking towards nose. Which muscle
is involved? What are the causes of 3rd Nerve Palsy? (6+1+3) (KPC) [8th Sem]

5. Describe the formation, circulation and absorption of Normal CSF along with its
complication in children. Give the outline of management of tuberculosis
meningitis? (6+4) (MMC) [8th Sem]

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QUESTION BANK

LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

1. A 4 years old child prescribed with h/o fever for 7 days and recurrent convulsion
for last two days and headache. How will you proceed for diagnosis clinically and
by laboratory investigations? (4+4) [13]

2. A 3 yr old child with generalized seizure for >45 mins. What is your provisional
diagnosis? How will you manage the case? (1+7) [12, Supple]

3. A 2 yr old child with running nose and cough for 2 days, develops fever followed
by GTCS. Outline your approach for M/m of seizures in the emergency and what
advice will you give to parents of this child. (8) [10, Supple]

4. A four year old child has been brought to the emergency with convulsion
persisting for more than 30 minutes. How you will diagnose the case? Briefly
narrate the management of the case. [09]

5. A 2 yr old boy presented with acute onset weakness of both lower limbs. Discuss
the differential diagnosis. What is AFP surveillance? (4+4) [08, Supple]

6. 1 yr old child presented with high fever &generalized convulsion. How will you
approach to diagnosis & M/m? (4+4) (kalyani) [9th Sem]

7. A 10year old boy presented in the emergency with high grade fever and vomiting for 2
days. The child had one episode of Generalised Tonic Clonic Convulsion followed by
unconsciousness. Enumerate the etiology and management of this case? (4+4) (CNMC)
[8th Sem]

8. A 10 month old baby having high fever since morning and developed generalized tonic
clonic seizure persisting for about 5 minutes and became well alert after that episode.
What is the most possible diagnosis? How do you manage the case? (1+7) (CNMC) [9 th
Sem]

9. A 10 m male child presented at emergency with high grade fever for last 2 days and
sudden onset generalized tonic clonic seizure for last 10 minutes. What are the
differential diagnoses? Describe the CSF picture of different condition and management
of Pyogenic meningitis. (2+4+4) (CMC) [9th Sem]

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 184


QUESTION BANK

SHORT NOTES

1. Neonatal seizure [14, Supple]

2. Cerebral malaria and complication [13, Supple]

3. Bells palsy [11]

4. Status epilepticus- causes and management [14, Supple]

5. Early predictor of cerebral palsy [13, Supple]

6. Febrile convulsion [11]

7. Simple febrile convulsion [09, Supple]

8. C/f of pyogenic meningitis in children [08]

9. Treatment of Status Epilepticus (RG Kar) [8th Sem]

10. Simple Febrile Convulsion (IPGMER) [8th Sem]

11. Febrile Convulsion (NBMC) [8th Sem], (NBMC) [9th Sem]

12. Status Epilepticus (BSMC) [9th sem]

13. Simple febrile seizure (RG Kar) [9th sem]

14. Etiology and relevant investigation in a 2 yr old febrile child with convulsions

(KPC) [9th Sem]

15. Febrile seizure (MMC) [9th Sem]

16. Complication of bacterial meningitis in a child (IPGMER) [9th sem]

17. M/m of febrile seizure (NRS) [9th Sem]

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QUESTION BANK

Ch 17: NEUROMUSCULAR DISORDERS


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

Ch 18: CHILDHOOD MALIGNANCY


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Tumor lysis syndrome (IPGMER) [9th sem]

Ch 19: RHEUMATOLOGICAL DISORDERS


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES

1. A 6 yaer old girl presented with fever, migrating joint pain for last 5 days. She had a
past history of sore throat. What is your provisional diagnosis and how will you
investigate and mange the case? (12) (BSMC) [8th Sem]

SHORT NOTES

1. Diagnosis of Rheumatic Arthritis [12]

Ch 20: GENETIC DISORDERS


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Turner Syndrome (CNMC) [8th Sem]

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QUESTION BANK

Ch 21: INBORN ERRORS OF METABOLISM


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

Ch 22: SKIN DISORDER


LONG QUESTIONS
LONG QUESTIONS: CLINICAL CASES
SHORT NOTES

1. Clinical features and treatment of scabies in children [09]

MAY THERE BE
BLESSINGS OF THE
ALMIGHTY UPON ALL
OF US.

COMPILED AND EDITED BY MEHBOOB-UL ISLAM 187