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School of Engineering Paisley campus

Session 2010-11 Trimester 2

Module Code: ENGG08017

Design Analysis 1

Date: 12th May 2011 Time: 1000 - 1200


2 HOURS

THIS PAPER HAS THREE SECTIONS

ANSWER ONE QUESTION FROM EACH SECTION PLUS ANY OTHER

(A SEPARATE Answer Book should be used for EACH Question)

THIS IS NOT AN OPEN BOOK EXAMINATION

SCIENTIFIC CALCULATORS ARE ALLOWED

UNLINED PAPER REQUIRED

FORMULAE SHEET ATTACHED

Contd overleaf

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ENGG08017
SECTION A

Q.1
(a) For the beam shown in Figure Q.1(a) draw the shear force and
bending moment diagrams indicating all pertinent values.
[12]

(b) Calculate the second moment of area Ixx through its centroid for
the section shown in Figure Q.1(b).
[8]

(c) Determine the factor of safety for the beam shown in Figure
Q.1(b) when it is used for the beam in Figure Q.1(a), and the
material has a tensile yield strength of 670MN/m2.
[5]

10kN
4kN/m
15kNm

2 2 2

Figure Q.1(a)

200

200

Figure Q.1(b) (mm)

Contd overleaf
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ENGG08017
SECTION A

Q.2 (a) Two cylindrical containers having a diameter of 680mm


are joined by bolting their flanges together. How many 15mm
diameter structural steel bolts are required to hold the cylinders
together when the assembly is subjected to an internal
pressure of 1.4MN/m2 and the tensile stress in the bolts is not
to exceed 55.2MN/m2 and the joint is to have a factor of safety
of 1.6. [10]

(b) A water tap key shown in Figure Q.2(b) supports the loading as
shown. Determine:

(i) the bending stresses and shear stress at A on the


15mm diameter bar; [8]

(ii) the principal stresses at A on the 15mm diameter bar


due to the combined loading; [4]

(iii) the angle of the principal stress relative to the axis of


the bar. [3]

380m

Figure Q.2(a)

20mm
A

350N 1.25m

150N

400mm

Figure Q.2(b)

Contd overleaf

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ENGG08017

DESIGN & ANALYSIS I


FORMULAE SHEET

Centroids

X
Ax Y
Ay
A A
Parallel Axis Theorem
I XX I xx Ah 2

Second Moment of Area


1 d 4 d 4
I Re c tan gle bd 3 I Circle J Circle
12 64 32

J I XX I YY

Bending Torsion Direct Shear


M .y Tr F F
b
I J A A
M E T G

I y R J r L

Cylinder Sphere
pd pd

2t 4t
pd pd

4t 4t

principle stresses

1
16
.d 3

M M 2 T 2
2
16
.d 3

M M 2 T 2
x y x y
2

1 2
2 2
x y x y
2

2 2
2 2

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ENGG08017

DESIGN & ANALYSIS I


FORMULAE SHEET Contd

Constitutive relationships

E

x
1
x y x
E
x y
E
12
y y x y x
1 E
y
E
12

TH LT

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ENGG08017

Q5. (a) Define the following terms with respect to vibrating systems: Degrees of
Freedom ; Conservative System ; Viscous Damping. Use diagrams in
your answer where appropriate.
[6]

(b) Determine the effective stiffness and expected natural frequency of the
system shown in Figure Q5(b). Clearly show all of your working and
state any assumptions that you make in your solution. Take the influence
Coefficient of a cantilever beam to be . ( Treat the system as
being Single Degree of Freedom).
[8]



E=210 x 109
2
-5 4 5 x 105
I=2 x 10 m


L=2.5m 2 x 105


50kg

3 x 105


FigureQ5(b)


(c) The cylindrical Buoy of Figure Q5(c) floats in salt water of Density
1030kg/m3 and has a mass of 800kg with a low center of gravity
to keep it floating in a stable upright position. Table Q5(c) shows a
sample of time data for the vertical oscillation of the buoy.

(i) Using this data, determine the effective viscous damping


coefficient for the sea water on this system.
[8]

(ii) Comment on the likely change in behavior of the buoy if the sea
water temperature were to increase significantly (say by 5o).
[3]

Contd overleaf

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ENGG08017

0.6m








Figure Q5(c)

t x
0 1
0.05 0.500543
0.1 -0.43131
0.15 -0.89848
0.2 -0.49731
0.25 0.33989
0.3 0.803944
0.35 0.487906
0.4 -0.26116
0.45 -0.71636
0.5 -0.47364
0.55 0.193778
0.6 0.635606
0.65 0.455619
0.7 -0.13652
0.75 -0.56149
0.8 -0.4348
0.85 0.08825
0.9 0.493754
0.95 0.412007
1 -0.04792
Table Q5(c)

contd overleaf

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ENGG08017

Q6. (a) Define the following terms, using diagrams in your answers where
appropriate :
(i) Uniformly Accelerated Motion
(ii) Linear Momentum
(iii) Rigid Body Motion [6]
(b) The acceleration, ax of the piston in a small reciprocating engine,
Figure Q6(b) is given in Table Q6(b). From the plot of the data,
determine to within two-significant-figure accuracy the maximum
velocity vmax reached by the piston. [10]

Figure Q6(b)

x(m) a(ms-2)
0 4950
0.008 4340
0.015 3740
0.030 2580
0.045 1490
0.060 476
0.075 -450
0.090 -1265
0.105 -1960
0.120 -2510
0.135 -2910
0.150 -3150
Table Q6(b) Contd overleaf

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(c) The system shown in Figure Q6(c) consists of a linkage where


member OA is driven with a clockwise angular speed of 8 rad/s.
For the instant represented, use the method of Instantaneous
Center of Zero Velocity to determine velocity of point G ( Half way
along member AB) and the angular speed of member AB.
[9]

A O

AB=180m 60mm
90mm

Figure Q6(c)

Contd overleaf

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Design Analysis I
Dynamics Formulae Sheet

FreeUndampedSDOF
General Equation of Motion -

Displacement

FreeDampedSDOF

General Equation of Motion

Damping Ratio

Displacement

Damped Natural Frequency

Helical Coiled Spring Stiffness

LogarithmicDecrement

FixedAxisRotation

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Coriolis Acceleration = 2v

VibrationsRotation

END OF QUESTION PAPER

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