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You are on page 1of 11

Design Analysis 1

2 HOURS

Contd overleaf

Page 1 of 11

ENGG08017

SECTION A

Q.1

(a) For the beam shown in Figure Q.1(a) draw the shear force and

bending moment diagrams indicating all pertinent values.

[12]

(b) Calculate the second moment of area Ixx through its centroid for

the section shown in Figure Q.1(b).

[8]

(c) Determine the factor of safety for the beam shown in Figure

Q.1(b) when it is used for the beam in Figure Q.1(a), and the

material has a tensile yield strength of 670MN/m2.

[5]

10kN

4kN/m

15kNm

2 2 2

Figure Q.1(a)

200

200

Contd overleaf

Page 2 of 11

ENGG08017

SECTION A

are joined by bolting their flanges together. How many 15mm

diameter structural steel bolts are required to hold the cylinders

together when the assembly is subjected to an internal

pressure of 1.4MN/m2 and the tensile stress in the bolts is not

to exceed 55.2MN/m2 and the joint is to have a factor of safety

of 1.6. [10]

(b) A water tap key shown in Figure Q.2(b) supports the loading as

shown. Determine:

15mm diameter bar; [8]

due to the combined loading; [4]

the bar. [3]

380m

Figure Q.2(a)

20mm

A

350N 1.25m

150N

400mm

Figure Q.2(b)

Contd overleaf

Page 3 of 11

ENGG08017

FORMULAE SHEET

Centroids

X

Ax Y

Ay

A A

Parallel Axis Theorem

I XX I xx Ah 2

1 d 4 d 4

I Re c tan gle bd 3 I Circle J Circle

12 64 32

J I XX I YY

M .y Tr F F

b

I J A A

M E T G

I y R J r L

Cylinder Sphere

pd pd

2t 4t

pd pd

4t 4t

principle stresses

1

16

.d 3

M M 2 T 2

2

16

.d 3

M M 2 T 2

x y x y

2

1 2

2 2

x y x y

2

2 2

2 2

Page 4 of 11

ENGG08017

FORMULAE SHEET Contd

Constitutive relationships

E

x

1

x y x

E

x y

E

12

y y x y x

1 E

y

E

12

TH LT

Page 5 of 11

ENGG08017

Q5. (a) Define the following terms with respect to vibrating systems: Degrees of

Freedom ; Conservative System ; Viscous Damping. Use diagrams in

your answer where appropriate.

[6]

(b) Determine the effective stiffness and expected natural frequency of the

system shown in Figure Q5(b). Clearly show all of your working and

state any assumptions that you make in your solution. Take the influence

Coefficient of a cantilever beam to be . ( Treat the system as

being Single Degree of Freedom).

[8]

E=210 x 109

2

-5 4 5 x 105

I=2 x 10 m

L=2.5m 2 x 105

50kg

3 x 105

FigureQ5(b)

(c) The cylindrical Buoy of Figure Q5(c) floats in salt water of Density

1030kg/m3 and has a mass of 800kg with a low center of gravity

to keep it floating in a stable upright position. Table Q5(c) shows a

sample of time data for the vertical oscillation of the buoy.

coefficient for the sea water on this system.

[8]

(ii) Comment on the likely change in behavior of the buoy if the sea

water temperature were to increase significantly (say by 5o).

[3]

Contd overleaf

Page 6 of 11

ENGG08017

0.6m

Figure Q5(c)

t x

0 1

0.05 0.500543

0.1 -0.43131

0.15 -0.89848

0.2 -0.49731

0.25 0.33989

0.3 0.803944

0.35 0.487906

0.4 -0.26116

0.45 -0.71636

0.5 -0.47364

0.55 0.193778

0.6 0.635606

0.65 0.455619

0.7 -0.13652

0.75 -0.56149

0.8 -0.4348

0.85 0.08825

0.9 0.493754

0.95 0.412007

1 -0.04792

Table Q5(c)

contd overleaf

Page 7 of 11

ENGG08017

Q6. (a) Define the following terms, using diagrams in your answers where

appropriate :

(i) Uniformly Accelerated Motion

(ii) Linear Momentum

(iii) Rigid Body Motion [6]

(b) The acceleration, ax of the piston in a small reciprocating engine,

Figure Q6(b) is given in Table Q6(b). From the plot of the data,

determine to within two-significant-figure accuracy the maximum

velocity vmax reached by the piston. [10]

Figure Q6(b)

x(m) a(ms-2)

0 4950

0.008 4340

0.015 3740

0.030 2580

0.045 1490

0.060 476

0.075 -450

0.090 -1265

0.105 -1960

0.120 -2510

0.135 -2910

0.150 -3150

Table Q6(b) Contd overleaf

Page 8 of 11

ENGG08017

member OA is driven with a clockwise angular speed of 8 rad/s.

For the instant represented, use the method of Instantaneous

Center of Zero Velocity to determine velocity of point G ( Half way

along member AB) and the angular speed of member AB.

[9]

A O

AB=180m 60mm

90mm

Figure Q6(c)

Contd overleaf

Page 9 of 11

ENGG08017

Design Analysis I

Dynamics Formulae Sheet

FreeUndampedSDOF

General Equation of Motion -

Displacement

FreeDampedSDOF

Damping Ratio

Displacement

LogarithmicDecrement

FixedAxisRotation

Page 10 of 11

ENGG08017

Coriolis Acceleration = 2v

VibrationsRotation

Page 11 of 11

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