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Stage of Good readers always...

Possible evidence-based
Reading instructional strategies

establish a purpose Always preview the text -

for reading use an approach like THIEVES to
activate their prior structure and scaffold the
Before knowledge previewing process
develop questions K-W-L-S - What do you
about the the text already Know? What do you Want
make predictions to know? (BEFORE and AFTER)
Anticipation guides - find a
handout here or create your own.

sample text Stop-and-

visualize talk/write/highlight/draw
hypothesize Pause-and-reflect
confirm and/or alter Think-alouds (this video
predictions shows a teacher engaging in a
monitor their think-aloud with her class)
During comprehension Model annotating or coding
Use graphic organizers
appropriate for the text and task
(like Venn Diagrams for comparing
and contrasting ideas or texts)
Double/Triple Entry Diaries
Teach the purpose of and
model Fix-up Strategies and
provide students with a checklist
like this

recall and retell K-W-L-S - What did I

information Learn? Did I answer my
evaluate information questions? What do I Still
discuss want/need to learn? (see
reread BEFORE)
apply concepts from Use graphic organizers like
After the reading Venn Diagrams and Story Maps
read more Question-Answer
Get the GIST strategy
25 Word Abstract
The Final Word
Teach students to think
inferentially using It Says-I Say-
And So
Metacognitive logs