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Rule 23 Section 12

Pfeger Dulay, Godofredo Dulay, Sr., Rowena Dulay, Endzelius Dulay,

Godofredo Dulay, Jr, Jimpsey Dulay, Sheryl Dulay, Flordeliza Dulay, Benita
Dulay, and Maricor Dulay vs Rodrigo Dulay
GR No. 158857; 11 November 2005
Ponente: Tinga, J
Rodrigo filed a complaint for recovery of his bank deposit alleging that he
opened a trust account with Bank of Boston with a deposit of $230,000,
naming Pfeger as trustee. Five months later, Pfeger went back to the
Philippines where he went on a spending binge. Rodrigo found out and
verified the status of his account with Bank of Boston, only to find that Pfeger
already emptied the account.
Pfeger denied the allegations claiming that the money deposited was his own
Rodrigo filed a petitioner for the issuance of letters rogatory in order to get
the depositions of several witnesses residing abroad. While Pfeger moved to
be allowed to file cross-examination questions. The trial court granted.
The depositions could not be taken before the Clerk of Court of
Massachusetts, but were taken instead before a notary public in New York.
Rodrigo submitted to the trial court his answers to the interrogatories and
cross-interrogatories of petitioners given before a notary public in the United
Petitioners filed an Omnibus Motion, praying that the written interrogatories
be declared inadmissible and reiterating their prayer for the dismissal of the
complaint. Denied.
Petitioners filed before the CA an action for certiorari, which was dismissed.
Hence, motion for reconsideration.
W/N the documents submitted by respondent were in compliance with the
letters rogatory ordered by the court and hence admissible.
While the letters rogatory issued by the trial court specifically directed the
Clerk of Court of Boston to take the depositions needed in the case, it became
impossible to follow the directive since the Clerk of Court of Boston merely brushed
it aside and refused to cooperate.
Respondent cannot be faulted for the resultant delay brought about by this
circumstance. Neither can the trial court be faulted for allowing the admission of the
depositions taken not in strict adherence to its original directive, nor for directing
the petitioner to have the depositions authenticated.
The Court held that it would be illogical and unreasonable to expect
respondent to comply with the letters rogatory without the cooperation of the very
institution or personality named in the letters rogatory and requested to examine
the witnesses.
While letters rogatory are requests to foreign tribunals, commissions are
directives to officials of the issuing jurisdiction. Commissions are taken in
accordance with the rules laid down by the court issuing the commission, while in
Rule 23 Section 12

letters rogatory, the methods of procedure are under the control of the foreign
In the present case, the authentication made by the consul was a ratification
of the authority of the notary public who took the questioned depositions. The
deposition was, in effect, obtained through a commission, and no longer through
letters rogatory. It must be noted that this move was even sanctioned by the trial
court by virtue of its Order dated 28 September 2000. the depositions in issue,
there is no more impediment to their admissibility.