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Content of Introduction chapter

Main Background: Objective Scope Preview


background Motivation What are you What are you What are the
What do readers How is the aiming to do? covering/ using? next few chapters
need to know? research Why? What are you about?
What have others relevant/ NOT covering/
done (briefly)? meaningful? using?

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND OBJECTIVE SCOPE

Main aim, Choices of material,


Background Motivation
reason method, equipment

(Sub-
Definitions Research gap Reasons for choice
objectives)

Unresolved (Reasons for excluding


Relevant facts
issues other choices)

Historical
Extensions
information
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Writing the Introduction?

Objective Scope Main Background: Preview


What are you What are you background Motivation What are the
aiming to do? NOT covering/ What do readers Why are you next few
using? need to know? doing the chapters about?
What are you What have project?
covering/ using? others done How is it
(briefly)? relevant/
meaningful?

Background Motivation OBJECTIVE Scope

Content Characteristics
What you want to achieve Clear, concise
Reasons for study Usually measurable
NOT Expressed in parallel
A summary of the report grammatical
A description of Methods structures
& Materials

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Background Motivation OBJECTIVE Scope

Vocabulary
Aim Classify Assess
Objective Identify Develop
Propose Determine Construct
Examine Compare Design
Investigate Establish Implement
Analyse Evaluate Simple Present or
Simple Past or will

Background Motivation Objective SCOPE

Method, material, NOT


equipment, framework, Detailed
variables chosen procedures
Reasons for choices followed
Reasons for excluding Simple Present or Simple
other choices Past or will
Consistent with Objective
statement
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BACKGROUND Motivation Objective Scope

Organisation

Approaches,
Funnel approach Chronological
aspects
General to Oldest Different
specific development to perspectives,
Familiar to most recent research
specialised terms status methodologies

BACKGROUND Motivation Objective Scope

Tense/Modals
Present
Simple Past perfect: Modals: can,
perfect: Past: was/were
present: is/are had been will, may
has/have been

Always true Possibility


True at True until
True from Ability, will
Regularly definite specific
the past to
true time in the time in the
now Necessity
past past
True right
now Prediction

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BACKGROUND Motivation Objective Scope

Voice

Passive: be + Verb-ed/ be
Active
+ Verb-en
Limited use for authors as agents
Researchers as agents

Other people/researchers as agents

Unknown agents
Inanimate objects as agents

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Background MOTIVATION Objective Scope

Research gap Transition


Transitions suggesting opposition: however, although, despite, but
words

Unresolved issues Negation No, not, never, nothing, no one,

Proposed Modals Indicating lack of certainty or possibilities: may, might


extension of
previous research
Verb tense, Usually present perfect to indicate problems or issues up to the present time
aspect, voice Passive for actions by researchers

Motivation
Lack, need, very little, yet, rarely, limited, not feasible
vocabulary

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Introduction: Common problems

Background, Motivation
Objective
Too much general
information Scope
Too broad, vague
Lack of definitions,
Too specific: too many Covering too much about
relevant facts
details about scope, Method & Materials
Lack of current research method and materials
Not providing reasons
Lack of coherence for choices

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Choosing a topic
Option 1 Option 2
Think of an area you have Choose a sample report: FYP,
interest in research paper, journal article
Look at FYPs, research in Poorly written: read only
the area the Introduction
Look at Written before 2012
recommendations for a. Re-write the introduction
future research, usually Improve on the writing
in the Conclusion Use more current
Choose a sub-topic to sources
focus on
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Option 2: Modifying an existing FYP/ report/ article


Original FYP 1. Re-write the Objective statement
Background 2. Re-write the Scope section
Motivation
3. Re-write the Motivation section
Objective
Scope 4. Use keywords from the Objective, Scope and Motivation
References sections to construct a mind map

5. Use the mind map to write a completely different


Background section with NEW sources (after 2012)
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Assignment 1: FYP Introduction


Individual
Introduction chapter of an FYP
Word limit: 500 words
Excluding Cover Page and
References
Including headings, text in
visuals
25%
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Assignment 1: FYP Introduction - Formatting


Formal font, 11-12 pt, double line
spacing Informative,
Cover page concisetitlefor
FYP Title FYP
Your name ClarkKent

Your tutorial group


MAT1/MAT3
Tutor:MrRogerWinder
Your tutors name HW0288Engineering
Course CommunicationII

Date of submission 23February2017

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Assignment 1: FYP Introduction - Formatting


Formal font, 11-12 pt, double line
spacing Informative,
Cover page concisetitlefor
FYP Title FYP
Your name ClarkKent

Your tutorial group


MA4
Tutor:MrRogerWinder
Your tutors name HW0288Engineering
Course CommunicationII

Date of submission 24February2017

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Headings

Main headings:
1. Introduction
References [no numbering]
Sub-headings:
1.1 Background
1.2 Objective
1.3 Scope

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Assignment 1: FYP Introduction- Submission


Feedback from Communication Coaches
Academic Integrity Declaration must be
completed
Online submission of original FYP/article:
Introduction & References only
Original cover page:
Authors full name
Year of submission/publication
Type of publication: FYP/journal article
Full article/FYP title
References list
Online submission through NTULearn
No hard copy

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Assignment 1: FYP Introduction- Submission

Word file
Do NOT panic about Originality Score
Do not panic if you are minutes past the
deadline

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