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ID No.: 1306130

Design of experiments Assignment I

University of Technology

Question 1

(a) (i) Is there a relationship between the number of mistakes made by each

technician and the required work schedule

(ii) H0 = 1 = 2 = 3 = 4

H1 = 1 2 3 4

(iii) Yij = + i + ij

where Yij is the response

is the grand mean

i is the treatment mean for the level

ij is the error

(iv)

T Ti2

Technician 56 45 32 20 45 198 39,204

A

Technician 90 13 4 9 10 126 15,876

B

Technician 19 59 17 22 17 134 17,956

C

Technician 33 37 40 78 34 222 49,284

D

680 122,320

SST = ( Ti2 / ri) - T2 / N

= (122,320 / 5) - (680)2 / 20

= 24,464 - (462,400/20)

= 24,464 - 23,120

= 1344

SSTOT = ( Yij2) - T2 / N

= [562 + 452 + 322 + 202 + 452 + 902 + 132 + 42 + 92 + 102 + 192

+ 592 + 172 + 222 +

172 + 332 + 372 + 402 + 782 + 342] - (680)2 / 20

= 33,278 23,120

= 10,158

SS = SSTOT - SST

= 10,158 - 1,344

= 8,814

dfT = t - 1

=4-1

=3

df = N - t

= 20 - 4

= 16

MST = SST/dfT

= 1,344/ 3

= 448

MS = SS/ df

= 8,814/ 16

= 550.9

(v) F = MST/ MS

= 448/ 550.9

= 0.81

= 0.01

ftable = F(, dfT, df)

Acceptan

ce zone

= F(0.01, 3, 16) Rejection

zone

Decision: Accept H0

: Reject H1

(vi) Based on the results of the ANOVA calculation, the null hypothesis was

accepted. Therefore, there is a relationship between the number of

consecutive weeks worked and the number of mistakes made by each

technician

(b) (i) H0 = 1 = 2 = 3

H 1 = 1 2 3

(ii)

T Ti2

Iron X 987 1090 864 575 3516 12,362,2

56

Iron Y 493 497 456 657 2103 4,422,60

9

Iron Z 970 905 891 - 2766 7,650,75

6

8,385 24,435,621

2 2

SSTOT = ( Yij ) - T / N

= [9872 + 10902 + 8642 + 5752 + 4932 + 4972 + 4562 + 6572 +

9702 + 9052 + 8912] -

(8,385)/ 12

= 6,922,839 5,859,018.75

= 1,063,820.25

SST = ( Ti2 / ri) - T2 / N

= (24,435,621 / 4) 5,859,018.75

= 6,108,905.25 5,859,018.75

= 249,886.5

SS = SSTOT - SST

= 1,063,820.25 - 249,886.5

= 813,933.75

(iii) dfT = t - 1

=3-1

=2

df = N - t

= 12 - 3

=9

MST = SST/dfT

= 249,886.5/ 2

= 124,943.25

MS = SS/ df

= 813,933.75/ 9

= 90,437.083

F = MST/MSE

= 124,943.25/ 90,437.083

= 1.4

Source df SS MS F

25

SSE 9 813,933.7 90,437.0

5 83

SSTOT 11 1,063,820

.25

(iv) = 0.01

ftable = F(, dfT, df)

= F(0.01, 2, 9)

= 8.02 Acceptan

ce zone

zone

Question 2

H0 = 1 = 2 = 3

H1 = 1 2 3

T Ti2

Method 25 210 208 250 254 260 198 299 1929 3,721,0

1 0 41

Method 96 99 93 89 98 93 97 96 761 579,12

2 1

Method 79 74 70 60 65 64 89 88 589 346,92

3 1

3279 4,647,083

SSTOT = ( Yij2) - T2 / N

= [2502 + 2102 + 2082 + 2502 + 2542 + 2602 + 1982 + 2992 + 962 + 992 +

93 + 892 + 982 + 932 + 972 +

2

962 + 792 + 742 + 702 + 602 + 652 + 642 + 892 + 882] - (3279)2 / 24

= 589,753 447,993.38

= 141,759.62

SST = ( Ti2 / ri) - T2 / N

= (4,647,083 / 8) - 447,993.38

= 580,885.38 - 447,993.38

= 132,893

SS = SSTOT - SST

= 141,759.62 - 132,892

= 8,867.62

dfT = t - 1

=31

=2

df = N - t

= 24 3

= 21

MST = SST/dfT

= 132,892/ 2

= 66,446

MS = SS/ df

= 8,867.62/ 21

= 422.26

F = MST/ MS

= 66,446/ 422.26

= 157.36

Source df SS MS F

= 0.01

SST 2 132,892 66,446 5.780

ftable = F(, dfT, df) SSE 21 8,867.62 422.26

= F(0.01, 2, 21)

SSTOT 23 141,759.

= 5.780 62

Decision: Reject H0

: Accept H1

Acceptan

ce zone

Rejection

zone

5.780

157.36

Question 3

1.

The expected values of the errors are zero

The variance of all errors are equal to each other

The errors are independent

They are normally distributed

2. (a)

T Ti2

Type 1 79. 529. 280,476.1

9 68.1 59.4 57.8 79.3 67.2 61.8 56.1 6 6

Type 2 88. 536. 288,046.8

4 59.0 60.8 61.8 63.7 49.9 94.7 58.4 7 9

Type 3 81. 658. 433,753.9

3

75.6 91.4 92.7 85.8 85.6 76.9 69.3 6 6

1724 1,002,277.01

.9

SSTOT = ( Yij2) - T2 / N

= [79.92 + 68.12 + 59.42 + 57.82 + 79.32 + 67.22 + 61.82 + 56.12 + 88.42 +

59.02 + 60.82 + 61.82 + 63.72

+ 49.92 + 94.72 + 58.42 + 81.32 + 75.62 + 91.42 + 92.72 + 85.82 + 85.62 +

76.9 + 69.32] - (1724.9)2 / 24

2

= 128,076.79 123,970.0004

= 4,106.79

SST = ( Ti2 / ri) - T2 / N

= (1,002,277.01 / 8) - 123,970.0004

= 125,284.63 - 123,970.0004

= 1,314.63

SS = SSTOT - SST

= 4,106.79 1,314.63

= 2,792.16

dfT = t - 1

=31

=2

df = N - t

= 24 3

= 21

MST = SST/dfT

= 1,314.63/ 2

= 657.315

MS = SS/ df

= 2,792.16/ 21

= 132.96

F = MST/ MS

= 657.315/ 132.96

= 4.94

(b) Source df SS MS F

004

SSE 21 2,792.16 132.96

SSTOT 23 126,762.1

604

(c)

Type

79.9 68.1 59.4 57.8 79.3 67.2 61.8 56.1

1

Type

88.4 59 60.8 61.8 63.7 49.9 94.7 58.4

2

Type

81.3 75.6 91.4 92.7 85.8 85.6 76.9 69.3

3

Anova: Single

Factor

SUMMARY

Avera Varian

Groups Count Sum ge ce

86.011

Type 1 8 529.6 66.2 43

67.087 247.41

Type 2 8 536.7 5 84

65.450

Type 3 8 658.6 82.325 71

ANOVA

Source of P-

Variation SS df MS F value F crit

Between 1314.6 657.31 4.9436 0.0174 5.7804

Groups 26 2 29 83 02 16

2792.1 132.96

Within Groups 64 21 02

4106.7

Total 9 23

(d)

Between-Subjects Factors

Value Label N

Phosphorescent_Coatings 1 Type1 8

2 Type2 8

3 Type3 8

Descriptive Statistics

Dependent Variable: Duration_of_glow

Type2 67.087 15.7295 8

Type3 82.325 8.0902 8

Total 71.871 13.3625 24

Dependent Variable: Duration_of_glow

1.938 2 21 .169

the dependent variable is equal across groups.

a. Design: Intercept + Phosphorescent_Coatings

Dependent Variable: Duration_of_glow

Source Squares df Mean Square F Sig.

a

Corrected Model 1314.626 2 657.313 4.944 .017

Intercept 123970.000 1 123970.000 932.384 .000

Phosphorescent_Coatings 1314.626 2 657.313 4.944 .017

Error 2792.164 21 132.960

Total 128076.790 24

Corrected Total 4106.790 23

(e)

79.9 88.4 81.3

68.1 59.0 75.6

59.4 60.8 91.4

57.8 61.8 92.7

79.3 63.7 85.8

67.2 49.9 85.6

61.8 94.7 76.9

56.1 58.4 69.3

1 . 2 . 3 .

= 66.2 = 67.08 =

82.325

79.9 66.2 13.7

68.1 66.2 1.9

59.4 66.2 -6.8

57.8 66.2 -8.4

79.3 66.2 13.1

67.2 66.2 1

61.8 66.2 -4.4

56.1 66.2 -10.1

88.4 67.08 21.32

59.0 67.08 -8.08

60.8 67.08 -6.28

61.8 67.08 -5.28

63.7 67.08 -3.38

49.9 67.08 -17.18

94.7 67.08 27.62

58.4 67.08 -8.68

81.3 82.325 -1.025

75.6 82.325 -6.725

91.4 82.325 9.075

92.7 82.325 10.375

85.8 82.325 3.475

85.6 82.325 3.275

76.9 82.325 -5.425

69.3 82.325 -13.025

Total 0.06

(f)

H0 = 1 = 2 = 3

H1 = 1 2 3

= 0.05

ftable = F(, dfT, df)

= F(0.05, 2, 21)

= 3.4668

Decision: Reject H0

: Accept H1 Acceptan

ce zone

Rejection

zone

3.4668

4.94

of the phosphorescent coatings.

Question 4

different instruments affects the players preference and skill level. The music

teacher would like to know if some instruments require less skill/ practice time. The

instruments and hours are as follows: -

Guitar: 2 4 1 3

Piano: 8 2 3 6

Violin: 7 9 0.5 10

Is there a relationship between the amount of hours played and the skill level of a

player of that particular instrument?

Yij = i + i + ij

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