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RESPONSES NERVE DETECTION SYSTEM FOR

DIABETICS BASED ON CPT (CURRENT PERCEPTION


THRESHOLD) METHOD

ABSTRACT

Diabetic Neuropathy is one of many types of nerve dysfunction a


diabetics. Patient suffering this disease is indicated by the degradation
of neuropathic response. In a chronic condition, the patient is unable
to sense an external stimulus such as heat, pressure or electrical
current. In the case of an electrical stimulus, it is a known threshold
current which can be sensed by the patient. The lowest current is
known as current perception threshold (CPT). The threshold value of
the current related to the degree of sensitivity. CPT has been proposed
as a quantitative method for assessment of peripheral sensory nerve
function.

This work focuses on the development of current source system to


be used as a stimulus to observed the nerve responses of the patient.
The system generated an AC voltage source which can be adjusted to
deliver a current to the patient based on Ohm law. The system works
using a DC to AC inverter circuit. The low AC voltage is amplified
using a high-frequency ferrite transformer.

The maximal voltage that can be produced of the system is 1000V


at inverter frequency of 17,30kHz.. The output current is adjusted via
a potentiometer. The maximum output current of the system is less
than 10mA. This limit is below the safety limits of external current in
the human body.

Keyword: Diabetic Neuropathy, CPT, Inverter