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Waldir Pimenta Lima

Art in Paint
Taking advantage of the tools in Microsoft ® Paint for drawing and manipulating
images with success in 2003
Index
I - Introduction 1. What is Paint? 2. Image Formats 3. Starting ... II - The Too
ls 1. Drawing Tools Line Pencil Straight Curve Brush 2. Drawing Tools Areas Rect
angle Rounded Rectangle Ellipse Polygon 3. Other tools Magnifier Rubber Spray Pa
int (Spray) Eyedropper Free Text Select Rectangular Selection III - A Practical
Example IV - Summary V - Conclusion "" 4 "" 6 "7" 8 "9" 10 11 "12" "13
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I - Introduction
1 - What is Paint? Paint is a drawing program for Microsoft Windows, used to cre
ate images (drawings). Despite its initial vocation for drawing amateur, a leisu
re component, the paint can be used to treat images (drawings or photographs), p
rovided that conveniently used. The Paint program is a fairly basic and somewhat
complex, so it uses very little of computer resources and does not require much
effort from the processor or using too much memory, like other graphics program
s more advanced and complex. In addition, a program is very stable (never had a
blockage caused by a computer Paint), and despite not offer many options (so it
is easy to learn and use), used with skill and patience conseguemse optimal resu
lts. This, coupled with the fact that it is completely free (comes automatically
with Windows), makes it one of the best known and popular image editors. Its us
e greatly facilitates the understanding of new software, since all follow the sa
me pattern of operation. 2 - The image file format image format used by Paint is
a bitmap (bitmap), in which each bit is a point of the image - more specificall
y, a square. We can see that if we use the Loupe tool to zoom the image: So, a d
ocument of Paint is characterized by extension BMP (eg desenho.bmp).
There are other image formats, including the most popular are jpg and gif. Jpg f
ormat allows storage of an image occupying much less space (memory) that the sam
e image in bitmap format, which can be useful in case of insufficient space on t
he computer, or if we spend a relatively large image to a floppy or sending it o
n the internet, but on the other hand makes us lose quality because the image is
analyzed by areas instead of points, with a little "blurry" each time we save c
hanges to the image, going slowly becoming more diffuse and less faithful to the
original image. In fact, jpg arose because the evolution of the use of images o
n computers grew faster than the memory and speed of them, so often the computer
became slow to open files (which occupied much space in the bitmap, the first o
f image formats), or quickly filled his memory with images only.
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However, now computers are having more and more memory capacity, so the bmp is n
o longer a problem in this regard. In fact, in terms of fidelity, bmp is the bes
t image formats that exist. Then there is the gif, which is an image format that
allows the alternation of several small images to form animations that are repe
ated continuously, producing the effect of "micro-film." Paint can work with the
se three formats (bmp, jpg and gif). But since moving images are not the special
ty of Paint, lay aside the use of gif format. 3 - Starting ... Paint is usually
in Acesssórios that come with Windows, and can therefore be accessed by clicking
Start> Programs> Accessories> Microsoft Paint. In so doing, opens a window with
a "leaf" in white, título.bmp name No name, one that can be changed with the fo
llowing File> Save. The window has more or less like this:
then we move to the next chapter, which will show how to work in Paint.
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II - Tools
To work in Paint, the main tool is the mouse, allowing the transfer of movement
more or less free hand to the computer. Personnel can also use the keyboard, but
everything can be done with the keyboard can also be so with the mouse, althoug
h the reverse is not true - at least that much harder. But the mouse movement ca
n influence the design of Dives forms we see on the monitor, as we change the in
strument (pencil, brush, etc.). An actual drawing. The mouse cursor moves across
the screen vertically reproducing the moves we make in the horizontal plane in
the mouse pad, and only interact with our design (ie, only the changes) when cli
cking the right or left mouse button.€This interaction is only possible due to t
he Paint Tools. These tools are:
1 - Drawing Tools Lines
Pencil The Pencil is the basic tool of Paint. Serves to draw an irregular line -
that is, freehand. It is not advisable to draw, if we want a technical drawing
or with more quality. But it is useful, especially if we already have a certain
skill to move the mouse. Usable in any color, but has only a thickness of 1 pixe
l, that is the only option available is to choose the color. It is a very useful
tool for detailed edits. Usage: load on the left mouse button at the point wher
e we want to start line, and without releasing the button, drag the mouse to the
point where we finish line. At this point, we take your finger off the button.
The entire route that the mouse pointer on the screen is done it checked. Exampl
e:
Trick: to draw straight lines (horizontal, vertical or diagonal 45), press the S
hift key on the keyboard during the layout
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Straight Line is a tool to draw straight lines in any direction (horizontal, ver
tical or diagonal). It is also a useful tool, especially in more rigorous design
s. Usable in any color. And this tool, we can use more choices: those that appea
r at the bottom of the toolbox: This means we can choose the thickness of the li
ne we want to draw (the options vary 1-5 pixels). Usage: load on the left mouse
button at the point where we want to start line, and without releasing the butto
n, drag the mouse to the point where we finish line. At this point, we take your
finger off the button. The straight line between the point of beginning and end
is marked on the screen. Example:
Trick: as with the pencil, many of the other tools in the paint, also with the S
traight if we press the shift key while we have the mouse button pressed obtain
lines of 0, 45 and 90. Brush The brush is like a pencil more advanced, it has op
tions for color, size and shape, and uses the same. The effects achieved are mor
e interesting than the simple pencil drawings. Example:
Curve Curve allows us to draw smooth open curves. It is a difficult tool to use,
especially for beginners, but with time there are curves can produce just the w
ay we want them. Method of Use: Works like the Straight, but after we determine
the points of beginning and end of the line that we have outlined, we can pull i
t up to two times to give you the desired curvature. are always needed three mou
se clicks to complete the curve. For example, if you click on a point and keep t
he mouse button down, dropping it elsewhere, we will have a straight line joinin
g these two points. But this line is still active, or 6
that it can be deformed. For this, we click at a point near where we want to def
orm the line, and without releasing the mouse, "pull" the line, dropping the mou
se when it has acquired the desired curvature. If we are satisfied with the line
so we have to complete the operation by clicking the mouse where you dropped th
e 2nd time, thus completing three clicks. If the curve is not already on our tas
te, we can pick another point and twist our turn again. But now, to let go of th
e mouse, the curve will be final, not to be able to change more, because we have
already used the 3 clicks available: 1, to define the beginning and end of the
curve, the 2 to set the first deformation, and the 3rd to set the second and fin
al deformation. Example: The red curve was made as described above, with the "po
kes" were made for each one side; The blue curve was made by clicking at a point
(at the point of beginning and end of the curve will be the same for not having
dragged the mouse), and pulling the curve both times available; The green curve
was made by deforming the line once and then clicking the point where it droppe
d the mouse in the first deformation. As stated above, the curve is a complicate
d tool, and will be frustrating their use of the first times. Only practice can
give skills in using this tool. 2 - Drawing Tools Areas
The rectangle Rectangle allows us to draw squares and rectangles. It is as strai
ght a useful tool in drawing tighter. Usable in any color. This tool also can us
e the options here are:
, Or A with the first option selected (to select an option by clicking on it), j
ust draw a rectangle with the boundary line with the previously chosen color. Wi
th the second option, we designed a rectêngulo not only bounded by a line, but a
lso with the interior filled. In this case, the external line will be the color
chosen,€and the interior with the background color of pre-selected (the subject
of the background color will be addressed later). With the third option, draw a
rectangle with a line and fill. Method of Use: Rênctângulo uses basically the sa
me way that straight. Example:
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Trick: To draw a square, draw by pressing the Shift key. If we have previously s
elected the thickness 5, the outline of the rectangle will also be 5 pixels wide
, although the size options are not included in the framework of options for Rec
tangle.
The Rounded Rectangle Rounded Rectangle works pretty much like the Rectangle. Th
is tool allows us to draw rectangles whose corners are not on bill, but rounded,
with a curvature equivalent to that of an ellipse of 18x18 pixels. Example of a
figure obtained with this tool: It can be seen in the figure, the options here
are also the same for the rectangle. Another feature: since the cuvatura corners
of the rectangles is always the same, the effect of Rounded Rectangle is the sa
me as the Ellipse, for pictures smaller than 18x18 pixels (as shown in the "circ
le" yellow, which was created with the Rounded Rectangle) Trick: to draw rounded
square, hold down the Shift key while drawing. Tip: the most appropriate use fo
r the rounded rectangle is to create speech bubbles BD, in fact, seem to have be
en created for it!
The Ellipse ellipse is simple to use, if you know how the rectangle. In a nutshe
ll, designs, instead of a rectangle, the ellipse circumscribed to it. An example
:
Trick: to draw perfect circles, hold down the Shift key Polygon The Polygon is a
tool interressant: creates irregular polygons with any number of vertices. Meth
od of Use: click on the point at which we place the first vertex, click successi
vely at the points where we place the other vertices, then click again at the po
int of origin to close the polygon (note: it is necessary accuracy in the final
step, because err 8
the "aim" for few pixels can leave the form still open waiting for another verte
x) Example:
Trick: To draw diagonal lines (45), vertical or horizontal, hold down the Shift
key 3 - Other Tools
Rubber As the name implies, the Eraser allows us to delete parts of the image. I
ndeed, the true function is to replace the rubber colors. Generally, it override
s any color for the background color is normally white: Example:
Thus, if we change the background color (by clicking on the desired color with t
he right button) to black, for example, the effect is the following:
The rubber also allows us to use the options here are:
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,
,
or
These options allow us to choose the size of the rubber (which always has the sh
ape of a square): 4, 6, 8 or 10 pixels. But all this could be done, and even mor
e options of size and shape, such as brush. Why is the rubber is there then? Voi
la! That's where the definition of the rubber to replace colors: Using it with t
he right mouse button, it will replace only the main color for the background co
lor. Example (main color: blue background color: white in the 1st example, red i
n the second example):
The functionality of Magnifier Magnifier has been demonstrated in Subheading Ima
ge Formats "from the Introduction. As can be guessed, serves to enlarge the imag
e so we can work on it in more detail. Method of Use: The Magnifier is an extrem
ely easy to use: when you click the appropriate button, simply click on any imag
e area that will be increased four times. a rectangle around the cursor (which t
akes the form of a small magnifying glass) shows us what appears on screen after
increasing the image. After working on expansion, we can return to normal range
by clicking on the "magnifying glass" again, and clicking anywhere on the image
. The magnifying glass also have options for expansion: There are four: 1x (norm
al range - click on it is the same as full-scale return by the process described
above), 2x, 6x and 8x. Trick: Increasing default, 4x, can be achieved through t
he view menu> zoom> customize. This is useful if you're already accustomed to th
e increase of 4x, and for once we need to appeal to a larger increase or smaller
, because the increases following the last follow-scale adoption, and 4x is not
in the options, as stated above. Note: All tools can be used in the way a magnif
ying glass, except the tool "Text."
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Ink Ink used to fill large areas with a color drawing. It is used by clicking an
ywhere in the area to fill. If we click with the left mouse button (as usual in
all tools) fills up the area in question with the main color that is selected if
it is right,€secondary color is used. It takes very careful when using the Ink:
as suggested by the tool icon, the area to fill must be well defined, since any
"hole" allows the ink "overflows" out. Usage: if we want to paint the walls of
the house white, first we select the color white as foreground color, click on t
he button "Paint" and then click to the area to fill. It is OK if all the cursor
(which takes the form of paint can button) is not within the desired area (for
example, if this be less than the cursor) is only necessary that the tip of the
ink coming out Tin is where you want (however, you can always use the magnifier
to enlarge the image), as illustrated below:
But if there was only one hole in the perimeter of the house, the ink is release
d; not in this case, not only because the wall is separated from heaven by a clo
sed line (the outline in black), but also have different colors, or even that wi
thout this contour line, only the yellow zone would be filled with white. Aeroso
l (spray) the aerosol, as the name implies, produces an effect of spray into the
picture. It is useful in designs, to produce an effect of clouds in the sky, or
sea foam, it is also the most useful tools in Imaging (Photo), because the rand
omness makes it difficult to detect mounts: a flat area of color appears too art
ificial. Mode of Use: By clicking a point on the image, points are added to the
image (at random, but confined to a circle of 10, 18 or 24 pixels, depending on
the size options we choose), as if even the paint being sprayed. Points are adde
d, the color chosen, while we keep the mouse button down, filling gradually circ
umscribed area. If you move the mouse while keeping the button pressed, we creat
e a track, as if we were to do graffiti. Example:
(The waves were made with the Aerosol)
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Eyedropper The Eyedropper is perhaps the most useful tool in the treatment of mo
re complex images (photos, scanned drawings (scanned), etc...) Since these files
usually have thousands of colors, it is almost impossible to find the exact sha
de manually; the dropper, this bud a dropper true, picking the exact color of th
e pixel you want, making it the main color, so be used by any of the tools with
color options (almost all actually). It should usal in extension mode Lupa, is r
are because usually they had neighboring pixels with the same color, usually are
similar but not exactly the same mode of use: simply click on the pixel with th
e desired color (preferably in an amplified way to can better distinguish the pi
xels), and then click on the icon of the tool that we use with the chosen color,
and use it normally. Trick: To select a color image as the background color, si
mply click your right mouse button on the desired pixel. Text The Text Tool is o
ne of the least developed of Paint, as it only provides us with basic formatting
options. We can enter text in any color or font (to change the font it uses the
toolbar text, which is usually hidden until you click the tool "Text." Mode of
Use: After selecting the tool by clicking its icon, draw a rectangle into our im
age, within which will be our text, as if we were to use the tools now Rectangle
. The rectangle can be changed to fit more text and rectangle can be moved by cl
icking on the corners or the limits thereof, respectively, and dragging. The rec
tangle will disappear once clicked out of it, and the text becomes part of the i
mage can not be edited as text (for example, to put in bold type. Example:
Selection (Free and Rectangular) The Rectangular A selection is a very useful to
ol: it allows us to work with small portions of the image and can move them, inc
rease them, decrease them, and a host of other features found in the Picture men
u mode Usage: after selecting the tool, draw a rectangle as the rectangle tool.
Everything is within desa area is worked. You can stretch, compress, twist, inve
rt the colors, move, rotate, pan, and much more with this image. If quuisermos m
ove it leaving the lead at the site, go to Edit Menu> Copy. If you do not want t
o leave the original copy, we click Edit> Cut. Then we can "paste" the "clipping
" in another liocal image, or even in another image. The image will stay in memo
ry until another selection copied or cut, or may be pasted over and over.
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The Free Choice allows us to select parts of the image to other forms other than
the rectangle.€It works the same way. Trick: crop the image to another location
on the same image is the same as simply move it by clicking it and dragging wit
hout releasing the mouse button. If you press the Ctrl key during this process i
s the same as making a backup copy to another area of the image because the orig
inal remains. If we press Shift, the image will leave a series of copies after i
t as it moves, thus creating an effect of motion. *
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III - A Practical Example
Say we do a project of Greek mythology. We want a picture of a centaur, the myth
ical half-man half-horse, but could not find any image. What can we do? Well, th
e first thing is to get photos of both men and horses. The internet is a good so
urce of these images, so just look for a little riding and weightlifting sites (
for the centaurs were described as muscular). Here is an example of what we migh
t find:
Well, the man is perfect for what we need: a simple background is easy to erase
painting it white with the Paint tool and selected white as the main color, the
rest of the body can be eliminated with the rubber. Here's what follows: We coul
d have used the irregular A selection to select only the part that interested us
, but this way is much easier. Apóes this, we select the image (you can use the
command Edit> Select All, or one of two A selection of tools. In this case, the
most practical is to use the Rectangular Selection, because although we need not
white this can be ignored if the select from as the background color and choose
the option "transparent background" tool. Now, we copy the image Drive Selectin
g (Edit menu> Copy or right clicking the mouse on the selection and choose Copy
from the menu that appears), and then open the image Horse (File> Open). Being a
sked us if we want to save changes to the image of man, for that file will be cl
osed in order to open the other. We can click "yes" and then, with the image Hor
se open, clicking Edit> Paste (or, again, we clicked right mouse on the image an
d select Paste from the menu that appears.) Since the image of man beyond the di
mensions of the horse, a dialog box appears notice like this:
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(The image being pasted is larger than the current drawing. Want to increase the
size of the current drawing?) Click "Yes", because if not we increase the size
of the drawing of the horse, the man will be cut. Here, then both images in one
file:
Well, the image of man is obviously big for the horse ... thus, the image still
selected, clicking on Image> Stretch / Skew. In the window that opens, we select
50% for the width and height of the image, so their size will be reduced by hal
f. If our estimate is correct, this reduction will make the images stay with a r
elative size reasonably acceptable. Now we can move the selection, drag it with
the mouse to the waist of the man fit the base of the neck of the horse. The res
ult:
Now, lack erase the background and the horse's head. Using the Eraser carefully
and if necessary with the brush color to white predefenida, not forgetting the h
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magnification with the Loupe, we eliminate all parts that do not interest us. It
is with this that we ended this process:
Pretty good, huh? Now if we can get an image of a Greek landscape, just copy our
centaur for it, and we get a very realistic effect:
It was really good! Neither seems fitting, does it? Well, as you can see, using
Paint can do design work and assembly quite good. Just simply knowing the tools
and know how to use them, and enough practice and patience. * 16
IV - Brief Summary
Í elecção Free S cone function selects an irregular area of the image that can b
e worked indiividualmente. Options elecção Rectangular S selects a rectangular a
rea of image that can be worked indiividualmente. The A selection can be copied,
cut, moved, compressed, expanded, etc., using the Edit menu or image. Eraser de
letes parts of the image, replacing them with the background color. It can be us
ed to replace only a specific color for another, using the right mouse button. R
eplaces thus the image, the main color for the background color, not affecting o
ther parts of the image. You have four size options, but only one dforma Avail.
Paint Fills an area bounded by a frame or other areas (one area is a group of pi
xels all with exactly the same color). Used with the left mouse button paints wi
th the background color Eyedropper captures color from an image that does not ex
ist in the toolbar colors, for use other tools co.€Note: Colors menu> Edit color
s for more color options than the 16 basis. Magnifier Enlarges part of the pictu
re for easy and precise detailed work. Can be used with magnification 2x, 4x, 6x
and 8x. These options are all available here in both the toolbar and menu View>
Zoom, 4x increase other than that, despite being the predefenida, only you can
access are the View> Zoom> 400%. All tools, except that the text can be used in
expanded mode.
Pencil Draw an irregular line (freehand). It has options to size or shape. It is
useful to draw small details, pix el per pixel. Brush works like the pencil but
has more options in size and shape, allowing you to create the most interesting
effects. Helpful hand to fill small areas of color that are not bounded (and th
erefore can not be painted with the paint tool). Like the pencil, can be used in
any color.
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Creates an aerosol spray effect gradually and randomly filling the area adjacent
to the point of application, an area whose dimensions can be chosen in the tool
options. Useful to draw clouds, sea foam, etc.. It also creates an interesting
effect graffiti.
Text Adds text to the image, with any font installed on your computer, and any c
olor. After the text has been inserted into the picture, it becomes part of it a
nd can not be edited separately as text. Its options allow us to choose whether
we want the fund (the rectangle surrounding the text, which takes the background
color) "tape" the drawing down, or if we want only the letters overlap.
Straight draws a straight line in any direction, but given the start and end poi
nts with a click, drag and drop mouse. May be restricted to lines 90 and 45 if w
e press the Shift key while drawing. Draws a curve curve, with data points start
and end as in Straight, since this will be deformed twice, after which it becom
es inactive (can not be deformed more times) Rectangle Draw a rectangle outline,
fill, or both, as the selected option. If we press the Shift key during your de
sign, we get a square.
Polygon Draw polygon vertices being given with mouse clicks. The number of verti
ces is unlimited; closes the polygon by clicking the starting point. With Shift
down, only to form angles of 45 º and 90 º. Ellipse Draw ellipses circumscribed
rectangle to be drawn with the same mouse movement. With Shift pressed, draw per
fect circles. Rounded Rectangle Draws rectangles with rounded corners, the same
way that the rectangle. Useful for ballets speech BD. Combined with the shift ke
y, draw rounded squares.
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V - Conclusion
We could see along this work, which Microsoft Paint, even though a picture editi
ng program relatively simple, has features that when used properly can create ve
ry interesting effects. It is perhaps the best program to start in the creation
and editing digital images, due to its simplicity. Much of what is learned using
Paint to quicken the process of adaptation to other more advanced programs and
complex. This obviously does not mean that the paint only serves as an introduct
ion to other programs or to play a little; Paint is a powerful editing tool that
, when properly used, produces effects very satisfactory. If we do not need soph
isticated effects, Paint is a very good choice. Its main advantage is that it be
freely distributed with the operating system (OS) Microsoft Windows. This means
that anyone with Windows has Paint on your computer (unless if you uninstalled
it or deliberately chose not to install it during the setup process of Windows).
In addition, Paint does not require much in terms of system resources. Even the
slower computers and obsolete support it without problems, besides the fact tha
t it is quite safe, as stated in the introduction. Now that the reader has reach
ed the end of this introduction to Paint, you can begin to explore it on their o
wn, gaining experience and practice. There is much more to discover! You only ne
ed a little creativity and patience, the result guaranteed to pay.
Good Luck!
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