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S&C Power Fuses

Type SM-20, SML-20, and SME-20aIndoor Distribution


Type SMD-20Outdoor Distribution (7.2 kV through 34.5 kV)
SMU-20 Fuse Units

Instructions for Installation,


Replacement, and Maintenance

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Section Page Section Page
INTRODUCTION PRECAUTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Qualied Persons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 INSTALLATION (FUSING)
Read this Instruction Sheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 SM-20, SML-20, or SME-20 Mountings . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Retain this Instruction Sheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 SMD-20 Mountings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Proper Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 REPLACEMENT (RE-FUSING)
SM-20, SML-20, or SME-20 Mountings . . . . . . . . . . . .10
SAFETY INFORMATION SMD-20 Mountings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
Understanding Safety-Alert Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Following Safety Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 REFINISHING RECOMMENDATION
Replacement Instructions and Labels . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 Fuse Units Installed in SMD-20 Mountings . . . . . . . .11

GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4

a Type SME-20 Power Fuses are available in S&C Pad-Mounted Gear, PME Models, only.

S&C ELECTRIC COMPANY Instruction Sheet 252-550


March 6, 2006 2006
Specialists in Electric Power Switching and Protection
Supersedes Instruction Sheet 252-550 dated 10-6-86
INTRODUCTION

Qualied Persons NOTICE


The equipment covered by this publication must be installed, operated, and maintained
by qualied persons who are knowledgeable in the installation, operation, and
maintenance of overhead electric power distribution equipment along with associated
hazards. A qualied person is one who is trained and competent in:
The skills and techniques necessary to distinguish exposed live parts from non-live
parts of electrical equipment.
The skills and techniques necessary to determine the proper approach distances
corresponding to the voltage to which the qualied person will be exposed.
The proper use of the special precautionary techniques, personal protective equip-
ment, insulating and shielding materials, and insulated tools for working on or near
exposed energized parts of electrical equipment.
These instructions are intended only for such qualified persons. They are not
intended to be a substitute for adequate training and experience in safety procedures
for this type of equipment.

Read this Thoroughly and carefully read this instruction sheet before installing your S&C Power
Instruction Sheet Fuse. Familiarize yourself with SAFETY INFORMATION on page 3.

Retain this This instruction sheet should be available for reference wherever and whenever a
Instruction Sheet power fuse is to be used. Retain this instruction sheet in a location where you can easily
retrieve and refer to this publication.

Proper Application
CAUTION
Power fuses must only be used for specic fusing applications that are within the
ratings of the fuse selected. Power fuse ratings are listed on a ratings label attached
to the fuse.

Warranty The warranty and/or obligations described in S&Cs standard conditions of sale, as set
forth in Price Sheet 150, plus any special warranty provisions, as set forth in the applicable
product-line specication bulletin, are exclusive. The remedies provided in the former for
breach of these warranties shall constitute immediate purchasers or end users exclusive
remedy and a fulllment of all sellers liability. In no event shall sellers liability to immediate
purchaser or end user exceed the price of the specic product which gives rise to immediate
purchasers or end users claim. All other warranties whether express or implied or arising
by operation of law, course of dealing, usage of trade or otherwise, are excluded. The
only warranties are those stated in Price Sheet 150, and THERE ARE NO EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE. ANY EXPRESS WARRANTY OR OTHER OBLIGATION PROVIDED IN PRICE
SHEET 150 IS GRANTED ONLY TO THE IMMEDIATE PURCHASER AND END USER,
AS DEFINED THEREIN. OTHER THAN AN END USER, NO REMOTE PURCHASER MAY
RELY ON ANY AFFIRMATION OF FACT OR PROMISE THAT RELATES TO THE GOODS
DESCRIBED HEREIN, ANY DESCRIPTION THAT RELATES TO THE GOODS, OR ANY
REMEDIAL PROMISE INCLUDED IN PRICE SHEET 150.

252-550 2
SAFETY INFORMATION
Understanding There are several types of safety-alert messages which may appear throughout this
Safety-Alert instruction sheet as well as on labels and tags attached to the power fuse. Familiarize
Messages yourself with these types of messages and the importance of the various signal words, as
explained below.

DANGER
DANGER identies the most serious and immediate hazards which will likely
result in serious personal injury or death if instructions, including recommended
precautions, are not followed.

WARNING
WARNING identies hazards or unsafe practices which can result in serious
personal injury or death if instructions, including recommended precautions, are not
followed.

CAUTION
CAUTION identies hazards or unsafe practices which can result in minor personal
injury or product or property damage if instructions, including recommended
precautions, are not followed.

NOTICE
NOTICE identies important procedures or requirements that, if not followed, can
result in product or property damage if instructions are not followed.

Following Safety If you do not understand any portion of this instruction sheet and need assistance, contact
Instructions your nearest S&C Sales Ofce or S&C Authorized Distributor. Their telephone numbers
are listed on S&Cs website www.sandc.com. Or call S&C Headquarters at (773) 338-1000;
in Canada, call S&C Electric Canada Ltd. at (416) 249-9171.

NOTICE

Read this instruction sheet thoroughly


and carefully before working with your
S&C Power Fuse.

Replacement If you need additional copies of this instruction sheet, contact your nearest S&C Sales
Instructions and Ofce, S&C Authorized Distributor; S&C Headquarters, or S&C Electric Canada Ltd.
Labels It is important that any missing, damaged, or faded labels on the equipment be replaced
immediately. Replacement labels are available by contacting your nearest S&C Sales Office,
S&C Authorized Distributor, S&C Headquarters, or S&C Electric Canada Ltd.

3 252-550
GENERAL

CAUTION
The equipment covered by this publication must be selected for a specific application
and it must be installed, operated, and maintained by qualified persons who are
thoroughly trained and who understand any hazards that may be involved. This
publication is written only for such qualified persons and is not intended to be a
substitute for adequate training and experience in safety procedures for this type
of equipment.

The following instructions cover installation, replacement, and maintenance of SMU-


20 Fuse Units used with indoor distribution SM-20, SML-20, and SME-20 Mountings, or
with outdoor distribution SMD-20 Mountings. Note that appropriate end ttings must be
attached to the fuse unit before it can be installed in a mounting. Note further that, while
the SMU-20 Fuse Unit can be installed in each of the aforementioned mountings, the end
ttings for use in an SMD-20 Mounting are dissimilar and not interchangeable with the end
ttings for use in SM-20 or SML-20 Mountings, and, moreover, that end ttings for use in an
SME-20 mounting are not interchangeable with end ttings for SMD-20, SM-20, or SML-20
mountings. See Figure 1, pages 2 and 3, and Figure 2, page 5.

NOTICE
S&C SMU-20 Fuse Units have silver or nickel-chrome fusible elements that are
nondamageable; consequently, there is no need to replace unblown companion fuses
on suspicion of damage following a fuse operation.

252-550 4
PRECAUTIONS
1. Do not leave fuse units installed in SMD-20 Outdoor Distribution Mountings
hanging open. Once closed in, the fuse units will not be damaged by rain or high
humidity. However, the watertightness of the exhaust end of the fuse units cannot be
guaranteed; therefore, as a precaution, fuse units should not be left hanging open. Any
rain or snow that might enter could affect the solid-materials lining. Moreover, when in
storage, these fuse units should be protected from excessive moisture.
2. Do not remove the fuse unit from its carton until ready to use.
3. Handle fuse units with caredo not drop or throw.
4. Do not place hand over the upper seal of the fuse unit when handling. (There is the
remote possibility that the current-responsive section of the fuse unit may have been
weakened in shipping or handling. As a result, the spring-loaded actuating pin may be
unpredictably released and driven forcibly through the upper seal.)
5. Do not disturb the red cap (rain shield) at the lower end of the fuse unit if the fuse unit
is to be installed in an SMD-20 mounting. If the fuse unit is to be installed in an SM-20,
SML-20, or SME-20 mounting, remove the red cap just prior to installing the fuse-unit
end ttings.

5 252-550
INSTALLATION (FUSING)

SM-20, SML-20, or Attach fuse-unit end ttings as follows:


SME-20 Mountings 1. The lower end tting must be attached rst. Unscrew and discard the red cap located
on the lower end of the fuse unit. Next, slip the lower end tting over the upper end
of the fuse unit and slide it down until the locating slot (inside the lower end tting) is
aligned with the locating pin on the lower ferrule. Seat the lower end tting against the
shoulder of the lower ferrule. Then, thread the Silencer onto the lower end tting and
screw it on rmly. The nal fractional turn should be made with a bar or wrench handle
applied to the base of the Silencer.
2. Slip the upper end tting over the fuse unit. Align the locating pin (inside the upper end
tting) with the locating slot in the fuse unit and seat the upper end tting rmly against
the upper end of the fuse unit. Tighten the clamp screw rmly.

Blown-fuse
indicator
Upper Contact rod (in blown-fuse
end position)a For SM-20 and SML-20 Mountings
tting Locating pin
(inside bore) Clamp
screw
Lower
end Locating slot
tting (inside bore)

Actuating pin Upper seal


extends through
upper seal when
fuse unit is blown Locating slot
and extends
the blown-fuse Fuse unit with end
indicator ttings and Silencer
attached

SMU-20
Fuse
Unit

Red cap (remove


and discard before
installing Silencer) Lower ferrule

Locating pin

Shoulder

a NOTE ON HANDLING: The current-design upper end fitting for use in SM-20
Silencer and SML-20 Power Fuses employs a free-floating blown-fuse indicator which
can move (by force of gravity) into the blown-fuse position should the fuse
be inverted during handling. Fuse condition can be verified by returning the
fuse to the upright position. If the fuse is blown, the indicator will remain in the
extended (projecting) position.

Figure 1. SMU-20 Fuse Unit with end ttings and Silencer for use in indoor SM-20, SML-20, or SME-20 Mountings.

252-550 6
INSTALLATION (FUSING)
3. Unused Fuse-Unit End Fittings: A coating of No-Ox-Id Reused Fuse-Unit End Fittings: Remove the exist-
A Special oxidation-inhibiting grease has been fac- ing coating of oxidation-inhibiting grease, and dirt, from
tory-applied to the contact rod at the factory. Verify the the contact using a nontoxic, nonammable solvent.
presence of this oxidation-inhibiting grease, and that it is Inspect the contact for evidence of pitting. If pitting has
still free of contaminants. If necessary, clean the contact occurred, le down any projections, abrade the surface
rod with a nontoxic, nonammable solvent and apply a until smooth with an abrasive cloth or scratch brush, and
coating of No-Ox Id A Special grease (available from wipe clean. Apply a new coating of No-Ox-Id A Special
Sanchem Incorporatedd), or similar nonmetallic-ller grease, or similar nonmetallic-ller oxidation-inhibiting
oxidation-inhibiting grease. grease, to the contact rod. If the contact has been burned,
the contact and its mating contact should be replaced.
d Subsidiary of Santell Chemical Company.

Blown-fuse
indicator
(in blown-fuse
Upper Locating pin position)
end (inside bore)
tting
Clamp For SME-20 Mountingsa
screw

Lower
Contact
end
rod
tting
Locating slot
(inside bore)
Actuating pin
extends through Upper seal
upper seal when Locating slot
fuse unit is blown
and extends
the blown-fuse
indicator

SMU-20
Fuse
Unit

Red cap (remove


and discard before
installing Silencer) Lower ferrule
Locating pin

Shoulder

Fuse unit with end ttings


and Silencer attached
Silencer
a Available in S&C Pad-Mounted Gear,
PME Models, only.

7 252-550
INSTALLATION (FUSING)

SMD-20 Attach fuse-unit end ttings as follows:


Mountings 1. The lower end tting must be attached rst. Slip the lower end tting over the upper
end of the fuse unit and slide it down until the locating slot (inside the lower end tting)
seats on the locating pin on the lower ferrule. Next, back off the locknut on the clamp
screw and tighten the clamp screw rmly; secure it with the locknut.
2. Slip the upper end tting over the fuse unit. Align the locating pin (inside the upper end
tting) with the locating slot in the fuse unit and seat the upper end tting rmly against
the upper end of the fuse unit. Tighten the clamp screw rmly.
3. Adhere to the following instructions which appear on the bottom of the red cap (rain
shield) located on the lower end of the fuse unit: Do not disturb this cap if fuse is to
be used outdoors (overhead). As a point of information, this cap protects the fuse unit
from water entry.
4. Unused Fuse-Unit End Fittings: A coating of No-Ox-Id A Special oxidation-inhibiting
grease has been factory-applied to the current-carrying contact surface at the factory.
Verify the presence of this oxidation-inhibiting grease, and that it is still free of contami-
nants. If necessary, clean the contact surface with a nontoxic, nonammable solvent and
apply a coating of No-Ox Id A Special grease (available from Sanchem Incorporatedd),
or similar nonmetallic-ller oxidation-inhibiting grease.
Reused Fuse-Unit End Fittings: Remove the existing coating of oxidation-inhibiting
grease, and dirt, from the current-carrying contact surfaces of the upper end tting and
the lower end tting, using a nontoxic, nonammable solvent. Inspect these surfaces for
evidence of pitting. If pitting has occurred, le down any projections, abrade the surface
until smooth with an abrasive cloth or scratch brush, and wipe clean. Apply a new coating
of No-Ox-Id A Special grease, or similar nonmetallic-ller oxidation-inhibiting grease,
to the current-carrying contact surfaces. If the contact has been burned, the contact and
its mating contact should be replaced.
d Subsidiary of Santell Chemical Company.

252-550 8
INSTALLATION (FUSING)

Clamp screw Current-carrying


surface
Upper
end
tting Locating pin
(inside bore)

Locknut

Lower Clamp
end Clamp screw
tting Locating slot
Current-carrying
surface

Actuating pin Upper seal


extends through
upper seal when
fuse unit is blown
and releases the
latch (not shown)

Locating slot
SMU-20
Fuse
Unit

Locating pin

Red cap
must not be
disturbed when
SMU-20 Fuse
Unit is used Lower ferrule
in SMD-20
Mounting

Fuse unit with end


ttings attached

Figure 2. SMU-20 Fuse Unit with end ttings for use in SMD-20 Mountings.

9 252-550
REPLACEMENT (RE-FUSING)

SM-20, SML-20, When the fuse operates, the fuse unit does not swing open but the blown-fuse indicator
or SME-20 moves to the extended position, providing visual evidence that the fuse unit is blown. Move
Mountings the fuse unit to the open position and then remove it from the mounting.

NOTICE
SM-20 and SME-20 Mountings do not incorporate a live-switching device. Hence, an
unblown SMU-20 Fuse Unit in such mountings must not be moved to the open position
without rst opening a series interrupting and isolating switch, or load-break elbow.

Loosen the upper-end fitting clamp screw, and pry the clamp apart slightly using a screw-
driver. Slide the upper end fitting off the upper end of the fuse unit. Then unscrew and
remove the Silencer. Slide the lower end fitting off the upper end of the fuse unit.
Next, attach the end fittings and Silencer to a new fuse unit, following the instructions
given on page 2 and illustrated in Figure 1, pages 2 and 3. A blown fuse unit cannot be
salvaged. Discard it.
To avoid delay due to transferring of end fittings, spare sets of end fittings and Silenc-
ers may be kept on hand for attachment to new fuse units before re-fusing is to be per-
formed

NOTICE
S&C SMU-20 Fuse Units have silver or nickel-chrome fusible elements that are non-
damageable; consequently, there is no need to replace unblown companion fuses on
suspicion of damage following a fuse operation.

SMD-20 When the fuse operates, the fuse unit swings to the open position. Remove it from the
Mountings mounting, using a universal pole equipped with a suitable fuse-handling attachment.
Examine the end of the fuse unit to determine that the actuating pin (see Figure 2) extends
through the upper seal indicating that the fuse unit is blown.
Loosen the upper- and lower-end-fitting clamp screws (pry the upper-end-fitting clamp
apart slightly using a screwdriver), and slide both end fittings off the upper end of the fuse
unit.
Next, attach the end fittings to a new fuse unit, following the instructions given on page
4 and illustrated in Figure 2, page 5. A blown fuse unit cannot be salvaged. Discard it.
To avoid delay due to transferring of end fittings, spare sets of end fittings may be kept
on hand for attachment to new fuse units before re-fusing is to be performed.
When closing an SMD-20 Power Fuse, insert the prong of the hookstick into the pull-ring
on the fuse-unit upper end fitting and swing the fuse unit to within approximately 45 of the
fully closed position. Then, while looking away, fully close the fuse using a vigorous thrust.
Carefully disengage the hookstick, taking care to avoid opening the fuse.

NOTICE
S&C SMU-20 Fuse Units have silver or nickel-chrome fusible elements that are
nondamageable; consequently, there is no need to replace unblown companion fuses
on suspicion of damage following a fuse operation.

252-550 10
REFINISHING RECOMMENDATION

Fuse Units The exterior nish of the fuse-unit tubes should be inspected periodically for weather
Installed in damage. If the nish has become discontinuous or if deep scratches are evident, the tube
SMD-20 should be resurfaced using the Fuse-Unit Recoating Kit available from the factory. This
kit contains two components: a -pint can of Light Gray Enamel 9611 and a -pint can of
Mountings
Hardener 2191; this kit is sufcient for two coats for ten fuse units. A 1-pint can of thinner
is also available for use with this kit (ordered separately).
Before resurfacing, sand off the old finish with No. 1 sandpaper. Smooth surface with
No. 0 sandpaper. Remove any oil or grease with a nontoxic, nonflammable solvent and
allow to dry. Do not immerse the fuse unit in solvent.
Mix together only the amount of enamel and hardener immediately needed. Add thinner
as required.
Spray or brush coat the fuse-unit tube, taking care not to coat the fuse-tube ferrules.
Allow the tube to air dry for several minutes, then apply a second coat. Air dry for several
minutes after applying the second coat. DO NOT BAKE FINISH.
Discard any mixed finish not used

11 252-550