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GBC_024_E0_0 ZXG10-M8206 Description

Course Objectives:
z Understand the structure, function, interface and panel indicator of
ZXG10-M8206 RTU and CTU

z Understand the principle and function of ZXG10-M8206 transmission


module

z Grasp main external interfaces


Contents

1 Modules and Parts ........................................................................................................................................ 1

1.1 Overall Hardware Architecture ............................................................................................................ 1

1.2 Radio Transceiver Unit (RTU) ............................................................................................................. 2

1.2.1 MTRB Function ........................................................................................................................ 3

1.2.2 MPAU Function ........................................................................................................................ 4

1.2.3 MDUP Function ........................................................................................................................ 4

1.2.4 MPWR Function ....................................................................................................................... 5

1.3 RTU Interfaces and Panel..................................................................................................................... 5

1.3.1 Interfaces on RTU Panel ........................................................................................................... 6

1.3.2 Indicators and buttons on RTU Panel........................................................................................ 6

1.4 Control Transmission Unit (CTU)........................................................................................................ 7

1.4.1 CIFB Function........................................................................................................................... 8

1.4.2 CMB Function........................................................................................................................... 8

1.4.3 MEIB Function.......................................................................................................................... 9

1.4.4 PWR Function......................................................................................................................... 10

1.5 CTU Interfaces and Panel .................................................................................................................. 10

1.5.1 Interfaces on CTU Panel ......................................................................................................... 11

1.5.2 Indicators and buttons on CTU Panel...................................................................................... 11

1.5.3 DIP Switch Introduction.......................................................................................................... 12

1.6 Heater of the Cabinet ......................................................................................................................... 13

2 Transmission System................................................................................................................................... 15

2.1 ZXSM T150 Optical Transmission Module ....................................................................................... 15

2.2 ZXMW PR10 Microwave Transmission Module............................................................................... 15

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3 M8206 Internal/External Interfaces .......................................................................................................... 17

4 External Combiner Unit (ECU) ................................................................................................................. 19

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1 Modules and Parts

1.1 Overall Hardware Architecture


ZXG10 M8206 (V1.00) contains compact hardware designed architecture. All the parts
have perfect communication and very less mismatching resistance between them.

The hardware architecture of ZXG10 M8206.

Fig 1.1-1 ZXG10 M8206 (V1.00) Hardware Architecture

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GBC_024_E0_0 ZXG10-M8206 Description

the hardware components of ZXG10 M8206- cabinet.

Table 1.1-1 ZXG10 M8206 Hardware Composition

Abbreviation Full Name


CTU Control Transmission Unit
CIB CTU Interface Board
DUP Duplexer
IDU Indoor Unit
LMT Local Maintenance Terminal
MEIB Micro Base Station E1 Interface Board
MTRB Micro Base Station Transceiver Board
MPAU Micro Base Station Power Amplifier Unit
RIFB RTU Interface Board
RIB RTU Interface Board
RTU Radio Transceiver Unit

1.2 Radio Transceiver Unit (RTU)


RTU transmits and receives the radio signals through the antenna. RTU consists of power
supply, MTRB, duplexer, and power amplifier unit (PAU). The internal interface relation
between different parts of RTU is shown in Fig 1.2-1.

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1 Modules and Parts

1. MDUP 2. MPAU 3. MPWR 4. RIB 5. MRTB

Fig 1.2-1 Internal Interface Relations

1.2.1 MTRB Function

MTRB consists of transmitter, receiver, local oscillator and base band processor. Main
functions of MTRB are as follows:

y Transmission and reception of radio signal and uplink/downlink conversion.

y Processing the dual-carriers radio channels in downlink. Implement rate


adaptation, channel encoding, interleaving, and encryption. Also generates TDMA
burst pulse and implements GMSK/8PSK modulation.

y Receives the system clock from CMB and generates a clock which is necessary for
the module.

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GBC_024_E0_0 ZXG10-M8206 Description

y Implements and saves hardware management ID, such as; Rack ID, Slot ID, Board
function type, and Board version.

y Receives CMB power ON/OFF signal and implement power ON/OFF function of
the module.

y Supports online update and loading of software version. In addition, upgrades the
programmable device version.

y Monitors the working state of module. Collects real time alarm signals and report
to the main control board CMB.

y Implements RF hopping, DPCT, downlink diversity transmission, and uplink four


diversities reception.

y Supports closed loop power control.

y Provides debug serial port and network interface.

1.2.2 MPAU Function

MPAU is power amplifying unit and amplifies the downlink signal power. MPAU
consists of two power amplifier boards which are installed on the bottom of base station
cabinet respectively.

MPAU includes two power amplifier boards that correspond to two input carrier signals
respectively. These two carrier signals are outputted via a connector that consists of
circulator and SMA. There are two SMA input ports and two SMA output ports on the
power amplifier board of M8206 BTS.

1.2.3 MDUP Function

This unit works as a duplexer and consists of transceiver duplexer, antenna interface
VSWR detection unit and Low Noise Amplifier (LNA). It detects VSWR alarms in three
levels which are:

y VSWR < 2.0

y 2.0 VSWR < 3.0

y VSWR 3.0

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1 Modules and Parts

1.2.4 MPWR Function

MPWR performs power distribution function. It provides different values of voltage


according to the requirements in different parts of the RTU. Power distribution
equipment employs level 2 lightening protection. Fig 1.2-2 shows the power system of
RTU.

Fig 1.2-2 Power System of RTU

1.3 RTU Interfaces and Panel


RTU interface includes antenna interface, external fan interface, power supply interface,
and 8MHW interface.

RTU connectors include one 4-core power supply socket, one 20-cores socket and two
N-connectors. Four optical ports and one network interface are reserved on side panel. If
two units share one cabinet, then seal the connectors by waterproof plug as they are not
in use.

RTU top interface layout is shown in Fig 1.3-1.

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GBC_024_E0_0 ZXG10-M8206 Description

ANT0 ANT1 DPCT HIGHWAY POWER

Fig 1.3-1 Top View of RTU

1.3.1 Interfaces on RTU Panel

The description of connectors on the top and bottom of RTU panel is as follows:

y ANT 0 and ANT 1

These connectors are used to connect RTU with antenna. They transmit and
receive signals from the antenna through the antenna feeder cable.

y DPCT

Its a dual power combining transmission interface.

y POWER

It is a 220 V AC and -48 V DC power interface for the RTU.

y HIGHWAY

It is an 8 M HW interface.

1.3.2 Indicators and buttons on RTU Panel

Table 1.3-1 gives a detail of indicators and buttons on the RTU panel.

Table 1.3-1 Indicators and Buttons on the RTU Panel

Name Indication Description


Green Normal
PWR Red Alarm
Off Power Off
RUN Green Normal Flashing Running

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1 Modules and Parts

Name Indication Description


Green Fast Flashing Software Download

Red Flashing Software Alarm


Off Software Down

Green Boot and boards Self test check

Red Self test failure


STA Green Flashes LAPD establishment and initialization

Red Flashes LAPD broken


Off Initialization finish
RESET Forced Reset Used to reset the RTU manually

1.4 Control Transmission Unit (CTU)


CTU consists of CIFB, PWR, CMB, MEIB, and Transmission module. The internal
interface relation between different parts of RTU is shown in Fig 1.4-1.

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GBC_024_E0_0 ZXG10-M8206 Description

1. PWR 2. CIB 3. MCIB 4. MEIB 5. TMM

Fig 1.4-1 Internal Interface Relations

1.4.1 CIFB Function

CIFB implements the signal conversion between CMB and the bottom interface.

1.4.2 CMB Function

CMB stands for control and maintenance board.

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1 Modules and Parts

CMB perform the following functions:

y Monitors, controls and maintains the whole BTS system.

y Provides 8 channels E1/T1 interfaces, but only 5 channels are used in this system.

y Implements the synchronization of radio clock and transmission clock.

y Provides transparent path for external environment alarm.

y Implements shared PCM link for multi-BTS.

y Supports cascaded capacity expansion of many physical cabinets in one site.

y Provides various clocks required in BTS, including 13MHz2.048MHz, 60ms,


8K_8MW, 8MHz and 16MHz.

y Supports near end and far end network management interface. Near end network
interface is 10BaseT Ethernet network management interface.

y Administers the intra-system program of each board and version of FPGA


configuration file. Supports near end and far end version upgrade.

y Provides protection from reverse current.

y Its front panel provides reset button and forced power OFF button.

1.4.3 MEIB Function

In system, MEIB/MFIB is connected with CMB as a sub-card of CMB.

MEIB performs the following functions:

y Provides circuit impedance matching for five E1/T1 channels.

y Maximum three E1/T1 channels can be used to connect embedded transmission


equipment (optical or microwave transmission). Maximum three can be used for
cascading.

y Provides link bypass function for E1/T1 channels during the power down of
cascading system (i.e. channel A bypass to channel C).

y Provides lightening protection, and signal isolation in the circuits.

y It provides Abis interface board type information to CMB.

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GBC_024_E0_0 ZXG10-M8206 Description

1.4.4 PWR Function

PWR provide -48 V DC power to different parts of the CTU. For example it provides -48
V DC to CMB, Heater and T150 transmission unit. Fig 1.4-2 shows the power system of
CTU.

Fig 1.4-2 Power System of CTU

1.5 CTU Interfaces and Panel


CTU interface includes 8MHW interface, power supply port, transmission port, monitor
interface and synchronization interface. CTU connectors include one 4-core power
supply socket, four 20-cores socket, one 8-cores socket and one N-connector. CTU top
and bottom interface layout is shown in Fig 1.5-1.

A.IN A.OUT D.IN D.OUT E.IN E.OUT

-48 OUT AC220/-48 IN


Highway1 Highway2

Highway0 SYN.CLK Relay_ALM

Fig 1.5-1 Top View of CTU Panel

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1 Modules and Parts

1.5.1 Interfaces on CTU Panel

Description of connectors on top and bottom of CTU panels is as below:

y AC220/-48 IN

It is a 220 V AC or -48 V DC power interface for CTU.

y -48 OUT

Provides -48V output interface for other use

y RELAY_ALM

Interface for the relay alarm system present in the base of the cabinet.

y SYN_CLK

It is an interface for the 60 ms synchronous clock for BTS.

y LMT

It is used for the local maintenance and operation of the BTS by connecting this
port with the PC.

y A_IN, A_OUT, D_IN, D_OUT, E_IN, E_OUT

These interfaces are used for E1 Abis or STM1 Abis connections.

y HIGHWAY 0,HIGHWAY 1 and HIGHWAY 2

These are 8MHW interface for the point to point connection of CTU with RTUs.

1.5.2 Indicators and buttons on CTU Panel

Table 1.5-1 shows the description of indicators and buttons on the CTU panel.

Table 1.5-1 Indicators on the CTU Panel

Name Indication Description


Green Normal
PWR Red Alarm
Off Power Off

Green Normal Flashing Running

Green Fast Flashing Software Download


RUN
Red Flash Software Alarm
Off Software Down

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GBC_024_E0_0 ZXG10-M8206 Description

Name Indication Description

Green Abis Network Synchronous


SYNC Green Fast Flashes SDH Network Synchronous
Off Free Oscillation
Green Network Synchronous
CLK Green Flashes Phase Lock
Red Clock Faulty

Green Boot and Boards Self test Start

Red Self test Failure


STA Green Flashes LAPD Establishment and Initialization

Red Flashes LAPD Broken


Off Initialization Finish
RESET Forced Reset Used to Reset the CTU manually

1.5.3 DIP Switch Introduction

CTU front panel contains a DIP Switch which is used to configure the Site ID. Fig 1.5-2
shows the structure of DIP Switch and Table 1.5-2 presents its description.

Fig 1.5-2 Structure of DIP Switch

Table 1.5-2 Description of DIP Switch

Name of Switch Values Description


BTS_TYPE 0000
00-Master
BTS_NO 01-Slave 1
10-Slave 2
SLAVE1_PORT 01-Master B Port
SLAVE2_PORT 10-Master C Port

0-Normal
SATE
1-Satellite

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1 Modules and Parts

Name of Switch Values Description

00-A Port
ABIS_PORT
11-B Port
000-TS 16
001-TS 31
010-TS 30
011-TS 29
ABIS_TS
100-TS 28
101-TS 27
110-TS 26
111-TS 25

1.6 Heater of the Cabinet


ZXG10 M8206 cabinet contains a built in heater. This heater provides automatic heating
during the low temperature. When the cabinet internal temperature is lower than -10,
power supply turns on the heater. When the cabinet internal temperature goes higher than
0, power supply turns off the heater to stop heating. When there is overheating alarm,
CTU cuts off the power supply of RTU.

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2 Transmission System

ZXG10 M8206 contains two types of embedded optical transmission systems, which are:

y ZXSM T150 Optical Transmission Module

y ZXMW PR10 Microwave Transmission Module

2.1 ZXSM T150 Optical Transmission Module


ZXSM T150 is a small capacity AU-4 path STM-1 level SDH equipment. It is usually
used outdoors and is the auxiliary transmission equipment of GSM and CDMA BTSs.
The function and interfaces are optimized according to the actual requirement of GSM
and CDMA. It provides STM-1 (155520 Kbps) link, which is equal to the capacity of
four E1 links. This module is installed on the cabinet door. Fig 2.1-1 shows interface
relations of ZXSM T150 embedded optical transmission module.

Fig 2.1-1 Interface Relations of ZXSM T150

2.2 ZXMW PR10 Microwave Transmission Module


ZXMW PR10 microwave transmission module provides microwave transmission
facilities for ZXG10 M8206. It is a single port transmission module and can only be
installed with the M8206 when no optical transmission module is connected. Two M8206
BTSs can share microwave transmission module in the same site to form a microwave

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GBC_024_E0_0 ZXG10-M8206 Description

relay station.

The internal interface relations of ZXMW PR10 are shown in Fig 2.2-1, and the
configuration of relay mode is shown in Fig 2.2-2.

Fig 2.2-1 Internal Interface Relations of ZXMW PR10

Fig 2.2-2 Configuration Mode of Microwave Relay Station

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3 M8206 Internal/External Interfaces

Table 3-1 describes the internal and external interface of ZXG10 M8206.

Table 3-1 ZXG10IM8206 nternal/External Interfaces

Interface ID Interface Type Connected System Description


Provide 8MHW signal, reference clock, system clock,
SS-M8206-I-0010 Internal Interface CTU and RTU0 power OFF control, power supply alarm and TRU ID
signal between CTU and RTU0.
Provide 8MHW signal, reference clock, system clock,
SS-M8206-I-0020 Internal Interface CTU and RTU1 power OFF control, power supply alarm and TRU ID
signal between CTU and RTU1.
Provide 8MHW signal, reference clock, system clock,
SS-M8206-I-0030 Internal Interface CTU and RTU2 power OFF control, power supply alarm and TRU ID
signal between CTU and RTU2.
Embedded Access Abis interface data provided by optical
SS-M8206-I-1010 Internal Interface transmission and CTU transmission equipment (STM-1) or micro-wave
panel transmission equipment.
Provide trunk with external system, HW extension
SS-M8206-I-1030 Internal Interface MEIB and CTU panel interface, synchronization clock and E1/T1 connection
channel.
Provide external debugging and operation maintenance
SS-M8206-I-1060 Internal Interface CMB and CTU panel
interface.
SS-M8206-I-1070 Internal Interface PWR and CTU panel Provide 220 V AC and -48 V DC power supply.
SS-M8206-I-1100 Internal Interface CBB and CTU panel Provide HW interface.
SS-M8206-I-1120 Internal Interface CBB and CTU panel Provide cascaded synchronization interface.
SS-M8206-I-1130 Internal Interface CBB and CTU panel Provide trunk interface.
Provide interface between dual-carriers unit and RTU
MTRB and RTU panel. Provide 8MHW signal, reference clock, system
SS-M8206-I-2010 Internal Interface
Panel clock, power OFF control, power supply alarm and
TRU ID signal between MRTB and RTU.
Abis E1 interface, for information transmission
FR-M8206-I-010 External Interface BSC
between M8206 and BSC.
Abis STM-1 interface, for information transmission
FR-M8206-I-020 External Interface BSC
between M8206 and BSC.
Cascaded E1 interface, for information transmission
FR-M8206-I-030 External Interface Other BTS
between M8206 and other BTS.

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GBC_024_E0_0 ZXG10-M8206 Description

Interface ID Interface Type Connected System Description


Local maintenance For equipment configuration, monitoring and
FR-M8206-I-050 External Interface
console maintenance.
FR-M8206-I-060 External Interface Other BTS Cascaded 60 ms synchronization interface.
FR-M8206-I-070 External Interface Protection Ground Connected with protection ground.
FR-M8206-I-080 External Interface Trunk Report external alarm information.
FR-M8206-I-090 External Interface Antenna Transmit RF signal through antenna.
FR-M8206-I-100 External Interface DC DC power supply.
FR-M8206-I-110 External Interface AC AC power supply.
MEIB and embedded
SS-M8206-I-1020 Internal Interface transmission Provide Abis interface in E1/T1 form.
equipment
Provide E1/T1 interface, Ethernet interface, HW
SS-M8206-I-1040 Internal Interface MEIB and CMB extension interface, synchronization clock and trunk
interface.
Interface between control board operation &
maintenance unit and backplane Subsystem. Provide
SS-M8206-I-1050 Internal Interface CMB and CBB
relevant information like clock, HW data, management
maintenance, identification and power supply.
SS-M8206-I-1080 Internal Interface PWR and CBB Provide -48 V power supply and ground for backplane.
SS-M8206-I-1090 Internal Interface PWR and HEATER Provide 220 V power supply ground interface.
SS-M8206-I-2020 Internal Interface MTRB and MPAU Provide RF signal connection.
SS-M8206-I-2030 Internal Interface MTRB and MDUP Provide RF signal connection.
SS-M8206-I-2040 Internal Interface MPAU and MDUP Provide RF signal connection.
SS-M8206-I-2050 Internal Interface MPAU and MPWR Provide 28 V power supply and ground.
Provide connection between VSWR detection and
SS-M8206-I-2060 Internal Interface MTRB and MDUP
alarm signal.
Provide power detection, temperature detection, power
SS-M8206-I-2070 Internal Interface MTRB and MPAU amplification, and, calibration of data signal
connection.
SS-M8206-I-2080 Internal Interface DUP and ANT Provide the RF signal connection with antenna system.
MPWR and RTU
SS-M8206-I-2090 Internal Interface Provide 220 V AC and -48 V DC power interface.
panel
Provide 6.4 V, 3.3 V power supply and ground for
SS-M8206-I-2100 Internal Interface MPWR and MTRB
MTRB.
SS-M8206-I-2110 Internal Interface MPWR and HEATER Provide 220 V power ground interface.
SS-M8206-I-2120 Internal Interface FAN and MPWR Provide 220 V power ground interface.
SS-M8206-I-2130 Internal Interface MTRB and FAN Provide alarm signal.

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4 External Combiner Unit (ECU)

ZXG10 M8206 contains an External Combiner Unit (ECU). It combines the antenna RF
signals and provides interface between RTU and Antenna. -40 dB output of coupler at
combiner is used for DPCT output power detection and phase calibration.

The structure of ECU is shown in Fig 4-1.

Fig 4-1 Structure of ECU

ECU consists of 2-to-1 combiner and 1-to-2 divider. Fig 4-2 shows the block diagram of
ECU.

Fig 4-2 Block Diagram of ECU

Communication of ECU with the RTU and Antenna is shown in Fig 4-3.

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GBC_024_E0_0 ZXG10-M8206 Description

Fig 4-3 Communication of ECU with RTU and Antenna

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