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Chapter04:PeriodicTable

04 PeriodicTable

1. Cations are smaller than their corresponding 9. Metallic radius is defined as half the
parent atoms while anions are larger than their internuclear distance separating the metal ions
corresponding parent atoms. in the metallic crystal. Hence for the given
1 M M
metal, metallic radius = = .
2. The electronic configuration of an element 2 2 4
with atomic number 106 can be given as
[Rn] 5f14 6d4 7s2. As the differentiating 10. M(g) M g Ionization energy = IE1
electron enters in the d-orbital, the element M
M 2
Ionization energy = IE2
g g
belongs to d-block.
2 3
M g M g Ionization energy = IE3
3. Since the last electron enters the d orbital, the The ionization enthalpies are related as
element belongs to d-block. IE3 > IE2 > IE1. Thus, transition in option (C)
Group number of d-block elements = number i.e., IE3 involves maximum absorption of
of ns electrons + number of (n 1) d electrons energy.
=2+3=5
The element will be placed in fifth group.

4. Electron gain enthalpy = Ionization enthalpy


Electron gain enthalpy = 51 eV

5. Cl2, F2 and F all have attained stable


configuration. O requires one more electron
to attain the stable configuration. So among
the given option O will have highest electron
affinity.

6. Metallic character of elements increases as


electropositivity increases. As we move down
the periodic table electropositivity increases.
So the electropositivity of B < Al and Mg < K.
As we move from left to right in a periodic
table electropositivity decreases. So the
electropoisitivity of Mg > Al. Hence, the order
of electropositivity is B < Al < Mg < K.

7. After the removal of second electron from an


atom having the electronic configuration
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2, the ion acquires noble gas
configuration and it becomes difficult to
remove the third electron and hence will
require large energy i.e., there will be a
sudden jump between second and third
ionization energies of the given atom.

8. d-Block has ten columns because maximum of


10 electrons can occupy d-subshell.
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