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GRAMMAR II 1

Name: Mark: / 132 = ( )

Date:

SECOND QUARTERLY TEST

PRACTICE SECTION

A. Sentence Analysis: Analyse the following sentences into Subject + Predicate or


Subject + Operator + Predication when possible. ( /24)

1. For nearly a decade, the Vietnam War divided the nation in bitterness and violence.

2. The public has a right to know that private gain may be influencing public decisions.

3. I couldn't help overhearing the terrible news about Chile.

4. I read the newspaper for news of sales and bargains.

5. One of the most valuable life experiences for a child could be scouting.

6. The parents of the award winner felt proud.

7. I will call you after work so that we can make plans.

8. Lincoln is one of the most beloved American Presidents.

9. The owner gave his employees a raise in pay.

10. Was much damage done by the tsunami?


GRAMMAR II 2

B. Modal verbs:

1. Meanings of Modals: Complete the following mind-map. ( /10)

1. .

. 2. Ability

3. Permission

MAY/MIGHT 1. Possibility
2. .

1. (.) .

MUST 2. Obligation or Compulsion

1. (Logical) Necessity
MODAL VERBS

NEED/HAVE (GOT) TO 2. . or Compulsion

1. Tentative Inference

OUGHT TO/. 2. Obligation

-Common predictive sense

./WOULD 1. Prediction -PRESENT predictive sense


-HABITUAL predictive meaning

-Intention

2. .. -Willingness

-Insistence

SHALL 1. . (with 1st person subjects)

2. Volition (with 1st person subjects)


GRAMMAR II 3

2. Could/Could have: Rewrite the following sentences, using the adverbs suggested
between brackets, so that they represent the equivalent situation in past time. Any
words in italics should be omitted in your answers. ( /15)
a. She can ride a bike. (when she was six)

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b. I can speak French better than I can write it. (when I went to Paris for my first scholarship)

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c. I cant get into my car. (because I had lost the key)

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d. I can let you take my bike tomorrow. (yesterday)

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e. The doctor cant see you right now (then), but he could see you tomorrow morning. (the following
morning)

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3. Be able to: Replace the words in italics with a suitable form of be able to. ( /15)
a. After taking a crash course in English, it was possible for him to get a new job.

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b. Have you seen that wonderful brochure? Id like to have the opportunity of going there!

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c. The teacher admitted that there were some answers that she had found impossible to understand.

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d. If we dont buy the plane tickets right now, it wont be possible for us to get them later.

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e. We bought our first car last year: previously it had been impossible for us to get a loan.

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GRAMMAR II 4

C. Main Operators: Complete the following diagram. ( /8)

MAIN
. OPERATORS
.

BE .

MODAL MODAL

AUXILIARIES AUXILIARIES
(can-could/may-might/etc.) (used to/ought
. to/dare/ need)

MODAL -

(had better/would rather/ (be able to/be bound
have got to/be to) to/be about to/ etc.)

THEORY SECTION

A. Answer THREE of the following questions. ( /30)

1. Which modal verb is used instead of must in interrogative or negative questions?


Which other verb is used in the contexts where must is impossible? Provide
examples.
2. Which modal verbs are used to express politeness? Explain and exemplify.
3. Why are need and dare different from other modal verbs? Illustrate.
4. What is the difference between intrinsic and extrinsic meanings of the modal verbs?
Explain.

B. Explain TWO of the following topics. Remember to include examples to illustrate


each topic. ( /30)

1. Role of the Operator


2. Modal Verbs in relation to Time Reference
3. Main Features of Modal Verbs