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International Journal of Civil Engi neering and Technology (IJCIET) Volume 8, Issue 1, January 2017, pp. 764–780 Article ID: IJCIET_08_01_091 Available online at http://www.iaeme. com/IJCIET/issues.asp?JType=IJCIET&VType=8 &IType=1 ISSN Print: 0976-6308 and ISSN On line: 0976-6316

© IAEME Publication

0976-6308 and ISSN On line: 0976-6316 © IAEME Publication Sco pus Indexed ANALYSIS OF MULTI STOREY

Sco pus Indexed

ANALYSIS OF

MULTI STOREY BUILD ING WITH

PRE-CAST LO AD BEARING WALLS W ITH AND

W ITHOUT OPENINGS

M. HARISH

PG Sc holar, Department of Civil Engineering,

K L University, A.P, India.

J. D. CHAITANYA KUMAR

Asst. pr ofessor, Department of Civil Engineering,

K L University, A.P, India.

ABSTRCT

OBJECTIVE: In the pres ent days population is growing rapidly, to m eet the requirements of population multi storied bui lding with rapid construction. In this presen t work G+13 storied

is considered in this

residential building is conside red for analysis. Precast structural system

present work for rapid constr uction. The total Building consists of the p recast load bearing members walls and slabs. ME THODOLOGY: In this context building at tempted for analysis

for gravitational and seismic

APPLICATIONS: Storey she ar, lateral load, storey drift and maximum displacements have been worked out for different load combinations with and without openin g with different wall thickness(80mm , 90 mm, 100 mm and 110 mm) and different earthquake zo nes (II,III,IV and V) and conventional system to pr ecast system . Maximum parameters are con cluded at the end of the paper.

loads have been taken for analysis using ET ABS. FINDINGS &

Key words: Precast load beari ng walls with and without openings, ETABS , Pier and spandrel, lateral loads (seismic and wind ).

Cite this Article: M. Harish a nd J. D. Chaitanya Kumar, Analysis of Multi Storey Building with Pre-Cast Load Bearing W alls with and without Openings. Internation al Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, 8(1), 2017, pp. 764–780. http://www.iaeme.com/IJCIET/ issues.asp?JType=IJCIET&VType=8&IType= 1

1. INTRODUCTION:

Time is nowadays an important

growing concept faster constructi on mode has grabbed its importance in the market, by keeping this phenomenon under consideration pre caste structures are being focused. As c onstruction of such pre- cast structures require very less ti me when compared to conventional building. Reasons behind this are as follows:

factor corresponding to the growing urb anization and with this

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Analysis of Multi Storey Building with Pre-Cast Load Bearing Walls with and without Openings

Quality can be controlled and monitored easily.

Less labor is required and the labor working can be less skilled.

On site precast can easily be fixed without much waiting for gaining strength and setting time.

Competitively pre cast has less wastage than conventional building.

Conventional building always require

More space

More labor

More time

The self weight of the structure is very high comparing with precast structures.

Pre- caste building is constructed with shear walls for earthquake resistant design considering cases with and without openings. Shear walls are mainly used for earthquake resistant structures which are being highlighted due to many natural calamities. By keeping all the above factors under consideration the paper is worked out by analyzing 2 buildings i.e. conventional building and pre-caste shear wall building under 4 different zones. For detailed survey of Multi storey shear wall and conventional structure are analyzed. Conventional structure for 4 different zones is analyzed and Shear walls are introduced in the pre-caste structure with openings and without openings for varying walls thicknesses (80mm, 90mm, 100mm and 110mm). Each case is again analyzed under 4 different zones (Z2, Z3, Z4 and Z5). All the above cases are analyzed using E-tabs for storey shear, lateral load, storey drift and maximum displacement. For 36 different cases the 4 different parameters for conventional and shear wall structure with varying wall thicknesses under various zones are analyzed.

2. METHODOLOGY

2.1 MODELLING:

In the present work of G+ 13 storey conventional and shear wall building are considered. The construction technology is total precast solution with load bearing RCC shear wall and one way slabs. The modeling is done in ETABS as follows.

1. The material properties are explained such as young’s modulus, poissions ratio concrete strength etc. All the above properties are tabulated below in [Table 1].

2. The geometric properties of the elements act as dimensions for the wall section.

3. Elements are allocated to element type, as represented in [Table 2].

4. Loads are assigned to the joints as they will be applied in the real structure.

Table 1 Material and element properties

Name of the material

Concrete

Type of material

Isotropic

Mass per unit volume

2.5 KN/m 3

Modulus of elasticity

25 KN/mm 2

Poisson’s ratio

0.2

Concrete strength

25 MPa

Section name

Wall

Wall thickness (mm)

80, 90, 100 and 110

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Table 2 Seismic parameters

Coefficient

Zone-2

Zone-3

Zone-4

Zo ne-5

Zone factor

0.10

0.16

0.24

0

.36

Soil type

III

III

III

 

III

Importance facto r (I)

1

1

1

 

1

Response reduct ion factor(R)

3

3

3

 

3

The lateral load analysis tha t is seismic and wind analysis requires c ertain parameters to be assigned in ETABS.

3. RESULTS AND DISCUS SIONS:

Load bearing wall structure havin g G+ 13 storey is analyzed for gravity and lat eral loads. The effect of storey drift for different types of b uildings in different zones for varying wall t hickness is observed.

3.1 CONVENTIONAL STRU CTURE:

For conventional structure resul ting graphs for storey shear, lateral load, displacement were discussed unde r four different zones. Refer Graph 1-4

storey drift and max

r four different zones. Refer Graph 1-4 storey drift and max Figure 1 Conventional building Grap
r four different zones. Refer Graph 1-4 storey drift and max Figure 1 Conventional building Grap

Figure 1 Conventional building

1-4 storey drift and max Figure 1 Conventional building Grap h 1 Storey shear for conventional

Grap h 1 Storey shear for conventional structure

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with Pre-Cast Load Bearing Walls with and without Openings Grap h 2 Lateral load for conventional

Grap h 2 Lateral load for conventional structure

Openings Grap h 2 Lateral load for conventional structure Gra ph 3 Storey drift for conventional

Gra ph 3 Storey drift for conventional structure

structure Gra ph 3 Storey drift for conventional structure Graph 4 Max displacement for conventional Structure

Graph 4 Max displacement for conventional Structure

3.2 LOAD BEARING WALL STRUCTURE:

3.2.1 80mm SHEARWALL BUIL DING WITH OPENING:

For 80mm load bearing wall str ucture with opening resulting graphs for st orey shear, lateral load, storey drift and max displacement were discussed under four different zones. R efer Graph 5-8

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M. Harish and J. D. Chaitanya Kumar Graph 5 Storey shear for 80mm wall with opening

Graph

5 Storey shear for 80mm wall with opening

Kumar Graph 5 Storey shear for 80mm wall with opening Graph 6 Lateral load for 80mm

Graph

6 Lateral load for 80mm wall with opening

opening Graph 6 Lateral load for 80mm wall with opening Grap h 7 Storey drift for

Grap h 7 Storey drift for 80mm wall with opening

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Analysis of Multi Storey Buil ding with Pre-Cast Load Bearing Walls with and without Openings

with Pre-Cast Load Bearing Walls with and without Openings Graph 8 Max displacement for 80mm wall

Graph 8 Max displacement for 80mm wall with opening

3.2.2. 80mm SHEAR WALL BUI LDING WITHOUT OPENINGS:

For 80mm load bearing wall stru cture without opening resulting graphs for st orey shear, lateral load, storey drift and max displacement were discussed under four different zones. R efer Graph 9-12

were discussed under four different zones. R efer Graph 9-12 Figure 2 Load bearing wall structure
were discussed under four different zones. R efer Graph 9-12 Figure 2 Load bearing wall structure

Figure

2 Load bearing wall structure without openings

9-12 Figure 2 Load bearing wall structure without openings Graph 9 Storey shear for 80mm wall

Graph

9 Storey shear for 80mm wall without opening

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M. Harish and J. D. Chaitanya Kumar Graph 1 0 Lateral load for 80mm wall without

Graph 1 0 Lateral load for 80mm wall without opening

Kumar Graph 1 0 Lateral load for 80mm wall without opening Graph 1 1 Storey drift

Graph 1 1 Storey drift for 80mm wall without opening

Graph 1 1 Storey drift for 80mm wall without opening Graph 12 Max displacement for 80mm

Graph 12

Max displacement for 80mm wall without openin g

3.2.3. 90mm SHEARWALL BUI LDING WITH OPENING:

For 90mm load bearing wall str ucture with opening resulting graphs for st orey shear, lateral load, storey drift and max displacement were discussed under four different zones. R efer Graph 13-16

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Analysis of Multi Storey Buil ding with Pre-Cast Load Bearing Walls with and without Openings

with Pre-Cast Load Bearing Walls with and without Openings Figure 3 Load bearing wall structure with
with Pre-Cast Load Bearing Walls with and without Openings Figure 3 Load bearing wall structure with

Figure 3 Load bearing wall structure with openings

Openings Figure 3 Load bearing wall structure with openings Graph 13 Storey shear for 90mm wall

Graph 13 Storey shear for 90mm wall with opening

openings Graph 13 Storey shear for 90mm wall with opening Graph 14 Lateral load for 90mm

Graph 14 Lateral load for 90mm wall with opening

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M. Harish and J. D. Chaitanya Kumar Graph 15 Storey drift for 90mm wall with opening

Graph 15 Storey drift for 90mm wall with opening

Kumar Graph 15 Storey drift for 90mm wall with opening Graph 16 Max displacement for 90mm

Graph 16 Max displacement for 90mm wall with opening

3.2.4. 90mm SHEARWALL BUI LDING WITHOUT OPENING:

For 90mm load bearing wall stru cture without opening resulting graphs for st orey shear, lateral load, storey drift and max displacement were discussed under four different zones. R efer Graph 17-20

discussed under four different zones. R efer Graph 17-20 Graph 1 7 Storey shear for 90mm

Graph 1 7 Storey shear for 90mm wall without opening

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Analysis of Multi Storey Buil ding with Pre-Cast Load Bearing Walls with and without Openings

with Pre-Cast Load Bearing Walls with and without Openings Graph 1 8 Lateral load for 90mm

Graph 1 8 Lateral load for 90mm wall without opening

Graph 1 8 Lateral load for 90mm wall without opening Graph 1 9 Storey drift for

Graph 1 9 Storey drift for 90mm wall without opening

Graph 1 9 Storey drift for 90mm wall without opening Graph 20 Max displacement for 90mm

Graph 20

Max displacement for 90mm wall without openin g

3.2.5. 100mm SHEARWALL BU ILDING WITH OPENING:

For 100mm load bearing wall str ucture with opening resulting graphs for st orey shear, lateral load, storey drift and max displacement were discussed under four different zones. R efer Graph 21-24

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M. Harish and J. D. Chaitanya Kumar Graph 21 Storey shear for 100mm wall with opening

Graph 21 Storey shear for 100mm wall with opening

Kumar Graph 21 Storey shear for 100mm wall with opening Graph 22 Lateral load for 100mm

Graph 22 Lateral load for 100mm wall with opening

opening Graph 22 Lateral load for 100mm wall with opening Graph 23 Storey drift for 100mm

Graph 23 Storey drift for 100mm wall with opening

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Analysis of Multi Storey Buil ding with Pre-Cast Load Bearing Walls with and without Openings

with Pre-Cast Load Bearing Walls with and without Openings Graph 24 Max displacement for 100mm wall

Graph 24 Max displacement for 100mm wall with opening

3.2.6. 100mm SHEARWALL BU ILDING WITHOUT OPENING:

For 100mm load bearing wall stru cture without opening resulting graphs for s torey shear, lateral load, storey drift and max displacement were discussed under four different zones. R efer Graph 25-28

discussed under four different zones. R efer Graph 25-28 Graph 2 5 Storey shear for 100mm

Graph 2 5 Storey shear for 100mm wall without opening

25-28 Graph 2 5 Storey shear for 100mm wall without opening Graph 2 6 Lateral load

Graph 2 6 Lateral load for 100mm wall without opening

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M. Harish and J. D. Chaitanya Kumar Graph 2 7 Storey drift for 100mm wall without

Graph 2 7 Storey drift for 100mm wall without opening

Kumar Graph 2 7 Storey drift for 100mm wall without opening Graph 28 M ax displacement

Graph 28 M ax displacement for 100mm wall without openin g

3.2.7. 110mm SHEARWALL BU ILDING WITH OPENING:

For 110mm load bearing wall str ucture with opening resulting graphs for st orey shear, lateral load, storey drift and max displacement were discussed under four different zones. R efer Graph 29-32

discussed under four different zones. R efer Graph 29-32 Graph 29 Storey shear for 110mm wall

Graph 29 Storey shear for 110mm wall with opening

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Analysis of Multi Storey Buil ding with Pre-Cast Load Bearing Walls with and without Openings

with Pre-Cast Load Bearing Walls with and without Openings Graph 30 Lateral load for 110mm wall

Graph 30 Lateral load for 110mm wall with opening

Openings Graph 30 Lateral load for 110mm wall with opening Graph 31 Storey drift for 110mm

Graph 31 Storey drift for 110mm wall with opening

opening Graph 31 Storey drift for 110mm wall with opening Graph 32 Max displacement for 110mm

Graph 32 Max displacement for 110mm wall with opening

3.2.8. 110mm SHEARWALL BU ILDING WITHOUT OPENING:

For 110mm load bearing wall stru cture without opening resulting graphs for s torey shear, lateral load, storey drift and max displacement were discussed under four different zones. R efer Graph 33-36

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M. Harish and J. D. Chaitanya Kumar Graph 3 3 Storey shear for 110mm wall without

Graph 3 3 Storey shear for 110mm wall without opening

Kumar Graph 3 3 Storey shear for 110mm wall without opening Graph 3 4 Lateral load

Graph 3 4 Lateral load for 110mm wall without opening

Graph 3 4 Lateral load for 110mm wall without opening Graph 3 5 Storey drift for

Graph 3 5 Storey drift for 110mm wall without opening

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Analysis of Multi Storey Buil ding with Pre-Cast Load Bearing Walls with and without Openings

with Pre-Cast Load Bearing Walls with and without Openings Graph 36 M ax displacement for 110mm

Graph 36 M ax displacement for 110mm wall without openin g

4. CONCLUSION:

By analyzing both the structures a nd 9 sub cases with 4 parameters in 4 differ ent zones the maximum value for each parameter is tabulat ed below. Refer table 3 and table 4.

T able 3 Results for conventional structure

S.NO

PARA METER

ZONE

MAXI MUM VALUE

1

STORE Y SHEAR

V

882.89

KN

2

LATER AL LOAD

V

170.95

KN

3

STORE Y DRIFT

V

1 .6069 mm

4

MAX DISP LACEMENT

V

92.76

Table 4 Result for shear wall structure

S.NO

PARAM ETER

ZONE

THICKNESS

MAXIMUM

1

STOREY SHEAR

V

110mm

1539.34 KN

2

LATERAL

LOAD

V

110mm

25.05 KN

3

STOREY DRIFT

V

80mm

0.335299 mm

4

MAX DISPL ACEMENT

V

80mm

1.1 mm

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

The authors sincerely place gratit ude to their parents and teachers, for their s upport and guidance for completing this project. This au thors wish to extend their thanks to Mr. J .D chaitanya, Assistant

Vaddeswaram , Andhra

Professor and Dr.A.Siva Sankar,

Associate professor, K L UNIVERSITY,

Pradesh for their valuable input to complete this study.

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[1]

Chaitanya Kumar J.D.,

Lute Venkat Analysis of multi storey building

with precast load bearing

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[3]

Benjamin J.R., (1968), Research, 2, pp 45-52.

Variability analysis of shear wall structures,

Earthquake Engineering

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Mazen A.Musmar., (2013), Analysis of shear wall with openings using solid65 element, Jordan

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using the transfer matrix method, Iranian journal of science and technology, transaction, 34(B1), pp

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concrete model, International Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering, 2(2), pp 454-465. Fahjan, Y.M., Kubin, J. and Tan, M.T., (2010), Nonlinear analysis method for reinforced concrete

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of Soil Using Multi-Linear Regression Modeling, International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, 7(1), 2016, pp. 373-415. Akpila, S. B. and Omunguye, I. W. Derivative of Stress Strain, Deviatoric Stress and Undrained

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