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Name: ________________________

Electrolysis Date: _______________

Match the key words Electrolysis with the definitions.

1 Oxidation - - - Positive ion (metal) attracted to the cathode. A

2 Reduction - - is the break-down of a substance or solution by electricity B

Electrolysis -
3 - a portable electrical cell; for example a torch battery C
-
a device that converts chemical energy to electrical
4 Electrolyte - - energy
D

a substance that allows heat or electricity to pass through


5 Anode - - - it easily
E

is not changed during electrolysis; all it does is conduct the


6 Cathode - - - current
F

7 Anion - - The negative terminal (electrode) G

a charged atom or group of atoms formed by the gain or


8 Cation - - loss of electrons
H

9 Electrodes - - negative ion (attracted to the anode) I

A reaction where oxygen is added to a substance e.g.


10 battery - - Copper + Oxygen Copper Oxide Also means a loss of J
electrons.

the conductors used to carry current into and out of an


11 brine - - electrolyte; they could be graphite rods, for example
K

12
cell - - The positive terminal (electrode). L
(electrical)

13
compound - - A reaction where oxygen is removed from a substance.
M
ion also means a gain of electrons.

the industrial name for a concentrated solution of sodium


14 conductor - - chloride in water; it can be made by dissolving rock salt
N

15
inert - - an ion containing more than one element; for example the
O
electrode nitrate ion NO3

a molten or aqueous solution through which an electrical


16 ion - - current can flow.
P

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TEACHER ANSWER SHEET

Electrolysis

Match the key words Electrolysis with the definitions.

A reaction where oxygen is added to a substance e.g. Copper + Oxygen Copper Oxide Also means a loss of
1 J Oxidation -
electrons.

2 M Reduction A reaction where oxygen is removed from a substance. also means a gain of electrons.

3 B Electrolysis - is the break-down of a substance or solution by electricity

4 P Electrolyte a molten or aqueous solution through which an electrical current can flow.

5 L Anode - The positive terminal (electrode).

6 G Cathode - The negative terminal (electrode)

7 I Anion negative ion (attracted to the anode)

8 A Cation Positive ion (metal) attracted to the cathode.

9 K Electrodes the conductors used to carry current into and out of an electrolyte; they could be graphite rods, for example

10 C battery a portable electrical cell; for example a torch battery

the industrial name for a concentrated solution of sodium chloride in water; it can be made by dissolving rock
11 N brine
salt

cell
12 D a device that converts chemical energy to electrical energy
(electrical)

13 O compound ion an ion containing more than one element; for example the nitrate ion NO3

14 E conductor a substance that allows heat or electricity to pass through it easily

inert
15 F is not changed during electrolysis; all it does is conduct the current
electrode

16 H ion a charged atom or group of atoms formed by the gain or loss of electrons

Created at Quickworksheets.net Page 2