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Lec. 2(Tues.

14-2-2012)

Density ratio = 1

= 1.02 Fan

1.02 : 1.05 Blowers

> 1.05 Compressor

So, to differentiate between fan,


Typical applications:
blower & compressor:
Air separator
P (pressure)
Vapor extraction
Specific ratio
Refrigeration
Density ratio
Steam recompression
plants

Compress
Fan Blower
or
Greater
Intermittent:
P To 2 psi 2 : 10 psi
than 10 psi
Continuous:
Specific
<= 1.11 1.11 : 1.2 > 1.2
ratio
Density
1.02 1.02 : 1.05 > 1.05
ratio Jet: convert pressure to kinetic energy

Ejector: nozzle:
Compressor: increase pressure of
compressible fluids (gas, vapor).
Inlet and outlet pressures are related to
What are the types of rotary
compressor type and its configuration.
compressors?

Sliding vane
Applications: Liquid piston
Helical lobe
Home refrigerator. Straight lobe
Complex petrochemical plant.

Compressors
Lec. 2(Tues. 14-2-2012)

Draw the family tree of the


compressors? 2

Draw the ranges of the compressor


types?

Rotary: compact, fast Reciprocating: max. pressure


Rotary
Centrifugal
Axial: in. pressure and max. flowrate

Compressors
Lec. 2(Tues. 14-2-2012)

The most applications of the axial


compressors in gas turbines (90% of 3
axial compressors). Filter: make filtration for the fluid inlet
to the compressor.
Single-acting compressors are always
vertical.
Draw the performance curve of the
axial compressors?

Pumps: suction may be greater


What is the best known and most
diameter or equal to the discharge
widely compressors used of all one.
compressors? Compressors: suction is always
Reciprocating compressors greater diameter than delivery one.

In multi-stage compressors the smaller


Reciprocating compressors:
volume is the outlet and the bigger is
Discharge valve: prevent backflow of the inlet.
gas into compressor from discharge line
during next intake cycle. Diaphragm compressor: used if there
Single-acting: compression takes place is poisonous gases.
on one side of piston only
Double-acting: compression takes Diaphragm compressors may the
place on each side of the piston. suction reaches 18 bar absolute and the
Reciprocating compressor is in the discharge reaches 281 bar absolute.
lower flow end and high pressure
service. Screw compressors: 3:500 HP.

Compressors