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Quidway S2700 Series Ethernet Switches

V100R006C00

Configuration Guide - Multicast

Issue 01
Date 2011-07-15

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2011. All rights reserved.
No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written
consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Trademarks and Permissions

and other Huawei trademarks are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective holders.

Notice
The purchased products, services and features are stipulated by the contract made between Huawei and the
customer. All or part of the products, services and features described in this document may not be within the
purchase scope or the usage scope. Unless otherwise specified in the contract, all statements, information,
and recommendations in this document are provided "AS IS" without warranties, guarantees or representations
of any kind, either express or implied.

The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the
preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents, but all statements, information, and
recommendations in this document do not constitute the warranty of any kind, express or implied.

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.


Address: Huawei Industrial Base
Bantian, Longgang
Shenzhen 518129
People's Republic of China

Website: http://www.huawei.com
Email: support@huawei.com

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Quidway S2700 Series Ethernet Switches
Configuration Guide - Multicast About This Document

About This Document

Intended Audience
This document describes the multicast service supported by the S2700, including basic
knowledge, protocol implementation, configuration procedures, and configuration examples.

This document guides you through the configuration of the multicast service of the S2700.

This document is intended for:

l Data configuration engineer


l Commissioning engineer
l Network monitoring engineer
l System maintenance engineer

Symbol Conventions
The symbols that may be found in this document are defined as follows.

Symbol Description

Indicates a hazard with a high level of risk, which if not


avoided, will result in death or serious injury.
DANGER

Indicates a hazard with a medium or low level of risk, which


if not avoided, could result in minor or moderate injury.
WARNING

Indicates a potentially hazardous situation, which if not


avoided, could result in equipment damage, data loss,
CAUTION
performance degradation, or unexpected results.
TIP Indicates a tip that may help you solve a problem or save
time.

NOTE Provides additional information to emphasize or supplement


important points of the main text.

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Configuration Guide - Multicast About This Document

Command Conventions
The command conventions that may be found in this document are defined as follows.

Convention Description

Boldface The keywords of a command line are in boldface.

Italic Command arguments are in italics.

[] Items (keywords or arguments) in brackets [ ] are optional.

{ x | y | ... } Optional items are grouped in braces and separated by


vertical bars. One item is selected.

[ x | y | ... ] Optional items are grouped in brackets and separated by


vertical bars. One item is selected or no item is selected.

{ x | y | ... }* Optional items are grouped in braces and separated by


vertical bars. A minimum of one item or a maximum of all
items can be selected.

[ x | y | ... ]* Optional items are grouped in brackets and separated by


vertical bars. Several items or no item can be selected.

&<1-n> The parameter before the & sign can be repeated 1 to n times.

# A line starting with the # sign is comments.

Change History
Updates between document issues are cumulative. Therefore, the latest document issue contains
all updates made in previous issues.

Changes in Issue 01 (2011-07-15)


Initial commercial release.

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Configuration Guide - Multicast Contents

Contents

About This Document.....................................................................................................................ii


1 IGMP Snooping Configuration..................................................................................................1
1.1 IGMP Snooping Overview.................................................................................................................................2
1.2 IGMP Snooping Supported by the S2700..........................................................................................................2
1.3 Configuring IGMP Snooping.............................................................................................................................3
1.3.1 Establishing the Configuration Task.........................................................................................................3
1.3.2 Enabling IGMP Snooping.........................................................................................................................4
1.3.3 (Optional) Setting the IGMP Version........................................................................................................5
1.3.4 (Optional) Configuring a Static Router Interface......................................................................................6
1.3.5 (Optional) Disabling Dynamic Learning on Interfaces.............................................................................6
1.3.6 (Optional) Setting the Maximum Number of Multicast Groups that Hosts Attached to an Interface Can
Join......................................................................................................................................................................7
1.3.7 (Optional) Configuring IGMP Snooping Querier.....................................................................................8
1.3.8 (Optional) Configuring Multicast Policies................................................................................................9
1.3.9 (Optional) Configuring Prompt Leave for Interfaces................................................................................9
1.3.10 (Optional) Configuring the S2700 to Respond to Changes of a Layer 2 Network Topology...............10
1.3.11 (Optional) Modifying Parameters of IGMP Snooping in a VLAN.......................................................11
1.3.12 (Optional) Configuring the IGMP Snooping Proxy for the VLAN.......................................................13
1.3.13 Checking the Configuration...................................................................................................................13
1.4 Configuring Static Layer 2 Multicast...............................................................................................................15
1.4.1 Establishing the Configuration Task.......................................................................................................15
1.4.2 Creating a VLAN and Enabling IGMP Snooping ..................................................................................16
1.4.3 Adding an Interface to a VLAN..............................................................................................................16
1.4.4 Adding an Interface to a Multicast Group Statically...............................................................................17
1.4.5 Checking the Configuration.....................................................................................................................17
1.5 Configuring Layer 2 Multicast SSM Mapping.................................................................................................18
1.5.1 Establishing the Configuration Task.......................................................................................................18
1.5.2 (Optional) Configuring an SSM Group Policy........................................................................................19
1.5.3 (Optional) Configuring Layer 2 Multicast SSM Mapping......................................................................19
1.5.4 Checking the Configuration.....................................................................................................................20
1.6 Maintaining Layer 2 Multicast.........................................................................................................................21
1.6.1 Clearing Static Entries in a Multicast Forwarding Table........................................................................21
1.6.2 Clearing Multicast Forwarding Entries...................................................................................................22

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1.6.3 Clearing the Statistics on IGMP Snooping..............................................................................................22


1.6.4 Debugging IGMP Snooping....................................................................................................................22
1.7 Configuration examples....................................................................................................................................23
1.7.1 Example for Configuring IGMP Snooping.............................................................................................23
1.7.2 Example for Configuring IGMP Snooping SSM Mapping.....................................................................26

2 Multicast VLAN Replication Configuration..........................................................................29


2.1 Multicast VLAN Replication Overview...........................................................................................................30
2.2 Multicast VLAN Replication Supported by the S2700....................................................................................30
2.3 Configuring Multicast VLAN Replication Based on User VLANs.................................................................31
2.3.1 Establishing the Configuration Task.......................................................................................................32
2.3.2 Configuring Multicast VLAN Replication Based on User VLANs........................................................32
2.3.3 Adding Interfaces to VLANs...................................................................................................................33
2.3.4 Checking the Configuration.....................................................................................................................34
2.4 Configuration Examples...................................................................................................................................35
2.4.1 Example for Configuring Multicast VLAN Replication Based on User VLANs...................................35

3 Controllable Multicast Configuration.....................................................................................39


3.1 Overview of Controllable Multicast.................................................................................................................40
3.2 Basic Principle..................................................................................................................................................40
3.3 Configuring Controllable Multicast..................................................................................................................41
3.3.1 Establishing the Configuration Task.......................................................................................................41
3.3.2 Configuring a Multicast Group................................................................................................................42
3.3.3 Configuring a Multicast Group List........................................................................................................42
3.3.4 Configuring a Multicast Profile...............................................................................................................43
3.3.5 Applying a Multicast Profile to a VLAN................................................................................................43
3.3.6 Checking the Configuration.....................................................................................................................44
3.4 Configuration Example.....................................................................................................................................44
3.4.1 Example for Configuring Controllable Multicast....................................................................................44

4 MLD Snooping Configuration..................................................................................................49


4.1 Overview of MLD Snooping............................................................................................................................51
4.2 MLD Snooping Features Supported by the S2700...........................................................................................51
4.3 Enabling MLD Snooping..................................................................................................................................52
4.3.1 Establishing the Configuration Task.......................................................................................................52
4.3.2 Enabling MLD snooping on the S2700...................................................................................................53
4.3.3 Enabling MLD Snooping in a VLAN......................................................................................................53
4.3.4 (Optional) Adding an Interface to a Multicast Group Statically.............................................................54
4.3.5 (Optional) Configuring an Interface as a Static Router Interface............................................................54
4.3.6 (Optional) Configuring the MLD Version...............................................................................................55
4.3.7 Checking the Configuration.....................................................................................................................55
4.4 Configuring a Multicast Group Policy for a VLAN.........................................................................................56
4.4.1 Establishing the Configuration Task.......................................................................................................56
4.4.2 Configuring a Multicast Group Policy....................................................................................................56

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4.4.3 Checking the Configuration.....................................................................................................................57


4.5 Configuring Prompt Leave of Interfaces..........................................................................................................57
4.5.1 Establishing the Configuration Task.......................................................................................................57
4.5.2 Configuring Prompt Leave of Interfaces.................................................................................................58
4.5.3 Checking the Configuration.....................................................................................................................58
4.6 Configuring the MLD Snooping Querier.........................................................................................................59
4.6.1 Establishing the Configuration Task.......................................................................................................59
4.6.2 Enabling the MLD Snooping Querier.....................................................................................................59
4.6.3 Setting the MLD Snooping Query Interval and Response Interval.........................................................60
4.6.4 Setting the Source IPv6 Address of MLD Query Messages...................................................................61
4.6.5 Checking the Configuration.....................................................................................................................61
4.7 (Optional) Modifying Parameters of MLD Snooping......................................................................................62
4.7.1 Establishing the Configuration Task.......................................................................................................62
4.7.2 (Optional) Setting the Aging Time of the Router Interface.....................................................................63
4.7.3 (Optional) Setting Parameters Related to the Aging Time of Member Interfaces..................................63
4.7.4 (Optional) Enabling the MLD Snooping Module to Respond to Changes of the Layer 2 Network Topology
..........................................................................................................................................................................64
4.7.5 (Optional) Setting the Duration for Suppressing the Same MLD Messages...........................................65
4.7.6 Checking the Configuration.....................................................................................................................65
4.8 Maintaining MLD Snooping............................................................................................................................66
4.8.1 Clearing MLD Snooping Entries.............................................................................................................66
4.8.2 Clearing the Statistics on MLD Snooping...............................................................................................66
4.8.3 Debugging MLD Snooping.....................................................................................................................67
4.9 Configuration Examples...................................................................................................................................67
4.9.1 Example for Configuring Prompt Leave of Interfaces in a VLAN.........................................................67

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Configuration Guide - Multicast 1 IGMP Snooping Configuration

1 IGMP Snooping Configuration

About This Chapter

This chapter describes the procedure for configuring IGMP snooping and maintenance
commands, and provides configuration examples.

1.1 IGMP Snooping Overview


This section describes the functions and advantages of the IGMP snooping protocol.
1.2 IGMP Snooping Supported by the S2700
This section describes IGMP snooping features supported by the S2700.
1.3 Configuring IGMP Snooping
This section describes how to configure IGMP snooping in a VLAN.
1.4 Configuring Static Layer 2 Multicast
This section describes how to configure static multicast entries in a VLAN.
1.5 Configuring Layer 2 Multicast SSM Mapping
This section describes how to configure the Layer 2 multicast SSM mapping function.
1.6 Maintaining Layer 2 Multicast
Maintaining Layer 2 multicast involves resetting Layer 2 Multicast statistics, and debugging
IGMP Snooping.
1.7 Configuration examples
This section provides several configuration examples of Layer 2 multicast.

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Configuration Guide - Multicast 1 IGMP Snooping Configuration

1.1 IGMP Snooping Overview


This section describes the functions and advantages of the IGMP snooping protocol.

Internet Group Management Protocol Snooping (IGMP snooping) is a Layer 2 multicast


protocol. The IGMP snooping protocol maintains information about the outgoing interfaces of
multicast packets by listening to multicast protocol packets exchanged between the router and
hosts. In this way, the IGMP snooping protocol manages and controls the forwarding of multicast
packets.

The IGMP snooping protocol forwards multicast information only to the specified receivers
through Layer 2 multicast. It has the following advantages:
l Reducing broadcast packets on Layer 2 networks, saving network bandwidth
l Enhancing the security of multicast information
l Performing accounting for each host independently

1.2 IGMP Snooping Supported by the S2700


This section describes IGMP snooping features supported by the S2700.

IGMP Snooping
The S2700 supports VLAN-based IGMP snooping.

IGMP snooping implements Layer 2 multicast and controls multicast data forwarding by
listening to multicast protocol packets sent between an upstream router and a downstream host
and maintaining downstream interface information.

You can configure user hosts to join a multicast group statically so that user hosts can steadily
receive multicast data packets.

You can also enable the S2700 to actively send IGMP Query messages so that the S2700 can
rapidly sense a Layer 2 network topology change and forward multicast data based on the new
topology, preventing multicast services from being interrupted.

Prompt Leave
When an interface of the S2700 receives an IGMP Leave message to leave a specified multicast
group, the S2700 deletes the interface from the downstream interface list of this multicast group
immediately. This is called prompt leave of a multicast group member. This feature is used in
the multicast IPTV scenario where one interface of the S2700 is commonly connected to only
one user host. Therefore, the prompt leave function shortens the speed at which the user switches
channels.

IGMP snooping prompt leave has the following advantages:


l Reducing response delay
l Saving the network bandwidth that is used by various types of messages

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Configuration Guide - Multicast 1 IGMP Snooping Configuration

IGMP Snooping Querier


On a multicast network running IGMP, there should be a Layer 3 multicast device functioning
as an IGMP querier to send IGMP Query messages and create and maintain multicast forwarding
entries for normal multicast data forwarding.
If a multicast network does not have Layer 3 devices and Layer 2 devices do not support IGMP,
no IGMP querier can be configured. To solve such a problem, configure an IGMP snooping
querier on the Layer 2 device so that the Layer 2 device can create and maintain multicast
forwarding entries at the data link layer, implementing multicast data forwarding.

IGMP Snooping Proxy


Configuring IGMP snooping proxy on an edge device can reduce the number of IGMP Report
and Leave messages received by an upstream Layer 3 device and improve performance of the
upstream Layer 3 device. The device configured with IGMP snooping proxy functions as a host
for its upstream device and a querier for its downstream host.

IGMP Snooping Policies


Different IGMP snooping policies can be configured based on different requirements:
l To limit the number of multicast programs available to users and multicast data traffic on
an interface, set the maximum number of multicast groups that the interface can join.
l To allow users to order specified multicast programs, configure a multicast group policy.
l To reduce the number of packets transmitted over the network, configure IGMP message
suppression so that only the first IGMP Report or Leave message can be forwarded.
l If multicast services are stable, for example, the static Layer 2 multicast service, unknown
multicast data packets do not need to be processed. You can enable the discarding of
multicast data packets in such a case.

IGMP Snooping SSM Mapping


In the SSM model, if IGMPv3 is run on a receiver host, you can specify the multicast source for
IGMPv3 multicast data packets; if only IGMPv1 or IGMPv2 can be run on the receiver host,
you cannot specify the multicast source for IGMPv1 or IGMPv2 multicast data packets. IGMP
snooping SSM mapping is a solution. It generates a mapping between a multicast group and a
multicast source. (*, G) information in IGMPv1 or IGMPv2 multicast data packets is then
mapped to (S, G) information, providing SSM services for the hosts running IGMPv1 or
IGMPv2.

1.3 Configuring IGMP Snooping


This section describes how to configure IGMP snooping in a VLAN.

1.3.1 Establishing the Configuration Task

Applicable Environment
VLAN-based IGMP snooping runs on the S2700 between an upstream router and hosts. The
S2700 monitors the multicast protocol packets exchanged between the router and hosts to

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Configuration Guide - Multicast 1 IGMP Snooping Configuration

maintain the forwarding entries for the multicast packets. In this manner, the S2700 manages
and controls forwarding of multicast data packets to implement Layer 2 multicast.

Pre-configuration Tasks
Before configuring IGMP snooping in a VLAN, complete the following tasks:
l Connecting interfaces and configuring the physical parameters of each interface to make
the physical layer in Up state
l Creating a VLAN
l Adding interfaces to the VLAN

Data Preparation
To configure IGMP snooping in a VLAN, you need the following data.

No. Data

1 ID of the VLAN

2 (Optional) Version of IGMP messages

3 Types and numbers of interfaces

4 (Optional) Parameters of a querier: interval


for sending IGMP General Query messages,
robustness variable, maximum response time,
and interval for sending Last Member Query
messages

5 (Optional) ACL rules applied to a multicast


policy

6 (Optional) Suppression duration of IGMP


messages

7 (Optional) Aging time of the router interface

8 (Optional) Source IP address of IGMP Query


messages

1.3.2 Enabling IGMP Snooping

Context
By default, IGMP snooping is disabled on the S2700. You need to enable IGMP snooping on
the S2700 globally.

Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view

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Configuration Guide - Multicast 1 IGMP Snooping Configuration

The system view is displayed.

Step 2 Run:
igmp-snooping enable

IGMP snooping is enabled globally.

Step 3 Run:
vlan vlan-id

The VLAN view is displayed.

Step 4 Run:
igmp-snooping enable

IGMP snooping is enabled in the VLAN.

NOTE

To enable the IGMP Snooping function of multi-VLANs, run the igmp-snooping enable [ vlan vlan-id1
[ to vlan-id2 ] & <1-10> ] command in the system-view.
If IGMP snooping is enabled in a VLAN, global VLAN mapping cannot be configured.

----End

1.3.3 (Optional) Setting the IGMP Version

Context
According to the version of IGMP applied on a network, you can set the version of IGMP
messages that the S2700 with the IGMP snooping function can process.

Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view

The system view is displayed.

Step 2 Run:
vlan vlan-id

The VLAN view is displayed.

Step 3 Run:
igmp-snooping version { 1 | 2 |3 }

The version of IGMP messages that the S2700 can process is set.

By default, the S2700 can process messages of IGMPv1 and IGMPv2 but cannot process
messages of IGMPv3.

NOTE

When the forwarding in a VLAN is based on the MAC address, the IGMP message version cannot be set
to IGMPv3.

----End

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Configuration Guide - Multicast 1 IGMP Snooping Configuration

1.3.4 (Optional) Configuring a Static Router Interface

Context
On a network whose topology seldom changes, if a host needs to receive certain multicast packets
for a long time, you can configure the interface on the S2700 as a static router interface.

Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view

The system view is displayed.

Step 2 Run:
interface interface-type interface-number

The interface view is displayed.

The interface can be an Ethernet interface, a GE interface, or an Eth-Trunk interface. It is the


interface that connects the S2700 to the upstream router.

Step 3 Run:
igmp-snooping static-router-port vlan { vlan-id [ to vlan-id ] } &<1-10>

The interface is configured as a static router interface.

----End

1.3.5 (Optional) Disabling Dynamic Learning on Interfaces

Context
To control the multicast packets received by hosts, you can disable dynamic learning on
interfaces. After the dynamic learning function is disabled on interfaces, you can only configure
the static router interface and forwarding entries manually.

l After dynamic learning of router interfaces is disabled in a VLAN, interfaces in the VLAN
do not listen on IGMP Query messages. In this case, you need to configure a static router
interface manually.
l After dynamic learning is disabled on multicast member interfaces, you can only add
interfaces to a multicast group manually.

Procedure
l Disabling dynamic learning of router interfaces in a VLAN
1. Run:
system-view

The system view is displayed.


2. Run:
vlan vlan-id

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Configuration Guide - Multicast 1 IGMP Snooping Configuration

The VLAN view is displayed.


3. Run:
undo igmp-snooping router-learning

Dynamic learning of router interfaces is disabled in the VLAN.

By default, a router interface can be dynamically learned.


l Disabling an interface from learning forwarding entries dynamically
1. Run:
system-view

The system view is displayed.


2. Run:
interface interface-type interface-number

The interface view is displayed.

The interface can be an Ethernet interface, a GE interface, or an Eth-Trunk


interface.
3. Run:
undo igmp-snooping learning vlan { vlan-id1 [ to vlan-id2 ] } &<110>

The interface is disabled from dynamically learning forwarding entries.

By default, an interface is enabled to dynamically learn forwarding entries.

----End

1.3.6 (Optional) Setting the Maximum Number of Multicast Groups


that Hosts Attached to an Interface Can Join

Context
To limit the number of multicast programs available to users and multicast data traffic on an
interface, set the maximum number of multicast groups that users can join.

Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view

The system view is displayed.

Step 2 Run:
interface interface-type interface-number

The interface view is displayed.

The interface can be an Ethernet interface, a GE interface, or an Eth-Trunk interface.

Step 3 Run:
igmp-snooping group-limit group-limit vlan {vlan-id [ to vlan-id ] } &<1-10>

The maximum number of multicast groups that hosts attached to the interface can join.

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Configuration Guide - Multicast 1 IGMP Snooping Configuration

If vlan-id is specified, the maximum number of multicast groups that hosts attached to the
interface in a specified VLAN can join is set.

----End

1.3.7 (Optional) Configuring IGMP Snooping Querier

Context
If IGMP messages sent from the upstream router cannot reach the S2700 for certain reasons, for
example, IGMP is not enabled or if the multicast forwarding entries on the upstream router are
statically configured and do not need to be dynamically learned, you can configure the IGMP
snooping querier on the S2700. The IGMP snooping querier then sends IGMP Query messages.
You can adjust parameters of the IGMP snooping querier as required.

Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view

The system view is displayed.

Step 2 Run:
vlan vlan-id

The VLAN view is displayed.

Step 3 Run:
igmp-snooping querier enable

The IGMP snooping querier is enabled for the VLAN.

By default, an IGMP snooping querier is disabled.

Step 4 (Optional) Run:


igmp-snooping query-interval query-interval

The interval at which the querier sends IGMP General Query messages is set.

By default, the interval for sending IGMP General Query messages is 60 seconds.

Step 5 (Optional) Run:


igmp-snooping robust-count robust-count

The robustness variable of the querier is set.

By default, the robustness variable is 2.

Step 6 (Optional) Run:


igmp-snooping lastmember-queryinterval lastmember-queryinterval

The interval at which the querier sends Last Member Query messages is set.

By default, the interval for sending Last Member Query messages is 1 second.

----End

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Configuration Guide - Multicast 1 IGMP Snooping Configuration

1.3.8 (Optional) Configuring Multicast Policies

Context
A multicast group policy in a VLAN is used to add the hosts in the VLAN to the specified
multicast groups and limit the number of multicast groups that a host can join.

NOTE

When you create an ACL for a multicast group policy of a VLAN, the configuration takes effect only if
you select deny in the rule command. That is, a multicast group policy can only prohibit hosts in a VLAN
from accessing all or specified multicast groups.

Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view

The system view is displayed.


Step 2 Run:
vlan vlan-id

The VLAN view is displayed.


Step 3 Run:
igmp-snooping group-policy acl-number [ version number ]

A multicast group policy is configured for the VLAN. Interfaces in the VLAN can dynamically
join only the multicast group that matches the specified ACL rules.
By default, no multicast group policy is available in a VLAN. That is, hosts in a VLAN can join
any multicast group. If the IGMP version is not specified for a multicast policy, the S2700 applies
the policy to all IGMP messages regardless of their versions.

NOTE

If an advanced ACL is referenced by the group-policy, the ACL applies to the multicast group regardless
of the protocol type specified in the ACL.

----End

1.3.9 (Optional) Configuring Prompt Leave for Interfaces

Prerequisite
A basic ACL is configured to specify the IP multicast groups that hosts can leave.
For the configuration of the ACL, see ACL Configuration in the Quidway S2700 Series Ethernet
Switches Configuration Guide - Security.

Context
When an interface on the S2700 receives an IGMP Leave message from a host, the S2700 deletes
the forwarding entry that corresponds to the interface from the multicast forwarding table
immediately without waiting for the aging of the forwarding entry. This is called prompt leave.

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Configuration Guide - Multicast 1 IGMP Snooping Configuration

When each interface in a VLAN is connected to only one host, you can enable prompt leave for
interfaces in the VLAN.

NOTE

Prompt leave takes effect for interfaces in a VLAN only when the S2700 can process IGMPv2 or IGMPv3
messages.

Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view

The system view is displayed.


Step 2 Run:
vlan vlan-id

The VLAN view is displayed.


Step 3 Run:
igmp-snooping prompt-leave [ group-policy acl-number ]

Prompt leave is enabled for interfaces in the VLAN.


If group-policy acl-number is not specified, the S2700 immediately deletes the forwarding entry
corresponding to a member interface after receiving the Leave message from the interface.
By default, prompt leave is disabled for interfaces.

NOTE

On the S2700, the permit rule is applicable to all multicast groups by default. To configure prompt leave
for a specified multicast group, you need to use the rule deny source any command.

----End

1.3.10 (Optional) Configuring the S2700 to Respond to Changes of


a Layer 2 Network Topology

Context
This task is performed to enable the S2700 to detect changes of a Layer 2 network topology and
forward multicast packets correctly based on the new topology.
Do as follows on the S2700 that receives multicast packets from a router and forwards the
multicast packets to hosts.

Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view

The system view is displayed.


Step 2 Run:
igmp-snooping send-query enable

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Quidway S2700 Series Ethernet Switches
Configuration Guide - Multicast 1 IGMP Snooping Configuration

The S2700 enabled with IGMP snooping is configured to respond to changes of a Layer 2
network topology.

NOTE

The function of responding to changes of Layer 2 network topology is usually used on a ring network.
When the topology of the ring network changes, theS2700 sends an IGMP Query message with the source
IP address being 192.168.0.1. The source IP address can be changed by the igmp-snooping send-query
source-address source-address command.

----End

1.3.11 (Optional) Modifying Parameters of IGMP Snooping in a


VLAN

Context
You can modify parameters of IGMP snooping to optimize the multicast performance on the
S2700 according to the actual situation of the network. The following parameters can be
modified:
l Suppression duration of IGMP messages
Within the suppression duration, the S2700 sends only one copy of the same IGMP
messages continuously sent by hosts to the upstream router. This reduces the number of
redundant messages.
l Aging time of a router interface
When a short-run congestion occurs on the network, the transmission of Query messages
from the IGMP querier to the S2700 takes a longer time. If the router interface ages in this
period, the S2700 does not send Report or Leave messages to the router interface. In this
case, forwarding of multicast data may be interrupted. As a result, you should set a longer
aging time for router interfaces on an unstable network.
l Maximum response time for IGMP Query messages
When hosts are required to respond to IGMP Query messages quickly, you can set a shorter
maximum response time. To avoid congestion caused by a large number of Response
messages sent by hosts, you can set a longer maximum response time.
l Router Alert option
The S2700 determines whether to process IGMP messages by checking the Router Alert
option in the messages. You can determine whether IGMP messages contains the Router
Alert option.
l Source IP address of IGMP Query messages sent by the S2700

Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view

The system view is displayed.


Step 2 Run:
vlan vlan-id

The VLAN view is displayed.

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Configuration Guide - Multicast 1 IGMP Snooping Configuration

Step 3 Run:
igmp-snooping suppress-time suppress-time

The suppression duration of IGMP messages is set.

By default, the suppression duration of IGMP messages is 10 seconds.

NOTE

For IGMP Report and Leave messages, it is recommended that you set the suppression duration the same
as the maximum response time for these messages in a VLAN.

Step 4 Run:
igmp-snooping router-aging-time router-aging-time

The aging time of the router interface is set.

By default, the S2700 sets the aging time of the router interface as follows:

l If the router interface receives an IGMP Query message, the S2700 sets the aging time of
the interface to 180 seconds.
l If the router interface receives a PIM Hello message and the holdtime value of the Hello
message is larger than the remaining aging time of the interface, the S2700 sets the aging
time of the interface to the holdtime value contained in the PIM Hello message. If the holdtime
value is smaller than the remaining aging time of the router interface, the S2700 does not
change the aging time of the interface.

Step 5 Run:
igmp-snooping max-response-time max-response-time

The maximum response time for IGMP messages is set.

By default, the maximum response time for IGMP messages is 10 seconds.

NOTE

The maximum response time must be shorter than the interval for sending IGMP General Query messages.

Step 6 Run:
igmp-snooping require-router-alert

The S2700 is configured to process only the IGMP messages that contain the Router Alert option
in the IP header.

By default, the S2700 can process the IGMP messages that do not contain the Router Alert option
in the IP header from a VLAN.

Step 7 Run:
igmp-snooping send-router-alert

The S2700 is configured to send the IGMP messages that contain the Router Alert option in the
IP header.

By default, the S2700 sends the IGMP messages that contain the Router Alert option in the IP
header.

Step 8 Run:
quit

The system view is displayed.

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Configuration Guide - Multicast 1 IGMP Snooping Configuration

Step 9 Run:
igmp-snooping send-query source-address ip-address

The source address of the IGMP General Query message is configured.


By default, the source address of the IGMP General Query message is 192.168.0.1. When
192.168.0.1 is used by other devices on the network, you can run the igmp-snooping send-
query source-address command to change the source IP address of the IGMP General Query
message.

----End

1.3.12 (Optional) Configuring the IGMP Snooping Proxy for the


VLAN

Context
After the IGMP proxy is configured on the S2700, the S2700 replaces the upstream router to
send IGMP Query messages to the downstream devices, and receives the IGMP Report and
IGMP Leave messages from the downstream devices. In this way, bandwidth consumption
between the upstream router and the S2700 is reduced and the workload on the upstream router
is also reduced.

Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view

The system view is displayed.


Step 2 Run:
vlan vlan-id

The VLAN view is displayed.


Step 3 Run:
igmp-snooping proxy

The IGMP snooping proxy is configured.

NOTE

After IGMP snooping proxy is enabled, the switch broadcasts IGMP Query messages to all interfaces in a
VLAN periodically, including the routing interfaces in the VLAN. This may result in the reelection of
IGMP querier. If the multicast network already has a querier, you are advised to use the igmp-snooping
proxy-uplink-port command to configure an interface as an IGMP snooping proxy uplink interface. No
IGMP Query message can be sent to this interface.
IGMP snooping proxy and IGMP snooping querier cannot be configured in the same VLAN.

----End

1.3.13 Checking the Configuration

Prerequisite
The configuration of IGMP snooping in a VLAN is complete.

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Configuration Guide - Multicast 1 IGMP Snooping Configuration

Procedure
l Run the display igmp-snooping configuration command to check the configuration of
IGMP snooping.
l Run the display igmp-snooping [ vlan vlan-id ] command to check the configuration of
IGMP snooping in a VLAN.
l Run the display igmp-snooping statistics vlan [ vlan-id ] command to check the statistics
of IGMP snooping on a VLAN.
l Run the display igmp-snooping port-info [ vlan vlan-id [ group-address group-
address ] ] [ verbose ] command to check the information about member interfaces of a
multicast group.
l Run the display igmp-snooping router-port vlan vlan-id command to check the
information about router interfaces.
l Run the display igmp-snooping querier vlan [ vlan-id ] command to check the enabling
information about the IGMP snooping querier.
l Run the display l2-multicast forwarding-table vlan vlan-id [ source-address source-
address group-address | group-address ] command to check the multicast forwarding
table of a VLAN.
----End

Example
NOTE

If IGMP snooping is disabled in a VLAN, you can still configure IGMP snooping functions, but the
configuration does not take effect. In this case, no information is displayed after you run the display igmp-
snooping command.

If the configurations succeed, you can obtain the following information after running the display
igmp-snooping [ vlan vlan-id ] command:
l IGMP snooping is enabled in the VLAN.
l The IGMP version is set correctly.
l A multicast group policy is correctly set for the VLAN.
l Prompt leave is enabled for interfaces in the VLAN.
l Aging time of the router interface, interval for sending Last Member Query messages,
interval for sending IGMP General Query messages, maximum response time, suppression
duration of IGMP messages, and IGMP robustness variable are correctly set.
l The Router Alert option is set correctly.
The following is an example.
<Quidway> display igmp-snooping vlan 3
IGMP Snooping Information for VLAN 3
IGMP Snooping is Enabled
IGMP Version is Set to default 2
IGMP Query Interval is Set to default 125
IGMP Max Response Interval is Set to default 10
IGMP Robustness is Set to default 2
IGMP Last Member Query Interval is Set to default 1
IGMP Router Port Aging Interval is Set to 180s or holdtime in hello
IGMP Filter Group-Policy is Set to default : Permit All
IGMP Prompt Leave Disable
IGMP Router Alert is Not Required
IGMP Send Router Alert Enable
IGMP Proxy Enable
IGMP Report Suppress Disable

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Configuration Guide - Multicast 1 IGMP Snooping Configuration

IGMP Suppress Time is set to default 10 seconds


IGMP Querier Disable
IGMP Router Port Learning Enable
IGMP SSM-Mapping Disable

When the dynamic interface learning is disabled, if you run the display igmp-snooping port-
info [ vlan vlan-id ] [ group-address group-address ] [ verbose ] command, only the static
entries are displayed.
<Quidway> display igmp-snooping port-info
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
(Source, Group) Port Flag
Flag: S:Static D:Dynamic M: Ssm-mapping
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
VLAN 101, 1 Entry(s)
(*, 225.0.0.1) GE0/0/1 -D-
1 port(s)
VLAN 102, 1 Entry(s)
(*, 225.0.0.1) GE0/0/24 -D-
1 port(s)
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
<Quidway> display igmp-snooping router-port vlan 3
Port Name UpTime Expires Flags
--------------------------------------------------------------
VLAN 3, 2 router-port(s)
GE0/0/1 1d:22h 00:01:20 DYNAMIC
GE0/0/2 2d:10h -- STATIC

Run the display igmp-snooping querier vlan [ vlan-id ] command. If the querier is displayed
as Enabled, it indicates that the querier is successfully enabled.
<Quidway> display igmp-snooping querier vlan
VLAN Querier-state
-----------------------------------------------
3 Enable
total entry 1
<Quidway> display l2-multicast forwarding-table vlan 7
VLAN ID : 7, Forwarding Mode : IP
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
(Source, Group) Interface Out-Vlan
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
(1.1.1.1, 232.1.1.1) GigabitEthernet0/0/1 7
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
Total Group(s) : 1

1.4 Configuring Static Layer 2 Multicast


This section describes how to configure static multicast entries in a VLAN.

1.4.1 Establishing the Configuration Task

Applicable Environment
In a metro Ethernet, if a host connected to an interface of the S2700 needs to receive the multicast
flow of a certain multicast group for a long time, you can add the interface to the multicast group.

After static Layer 2 multicast is configured, hosts can receive the multicast flows of the registered
multicast group in a steady and timely manner for a long time. However, in this mode, all the
forwarding entries need to be manually configured. This makes the maintenance difficult, so
this mode is not applicable to a complicated network.

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Pre-configuration Tasks
Before configuring static Layer 2 multicast in a VLAN, complete the following tasks:
l Connecting interfaces and configuring the physical parameters of each interface to make
the physical layer in Up state
l Enabling IGMP snooping globally

Data Preparation
To configure static Layer 2 multicast, you need the following data.

No. Data

1 Type and number of the interface that needs


to join a multicast group statically

2 ID of the VLAN that the interface belongs to

3 IP address of the multicast group

1.4.2 Creating a VLAN and Enabling IGMP Snooping

Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view

The system view is displayed.


Step 2 Run:
vlan vlan-id

A VLAN is created and the VLAN view is displayed.


Step 3 Run:
igmp-snooping enable

The IGMP snooping is enabled in the VLAN.

----End

1.4.3 Adding an Interface to a VLAN

Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view

The system view is displayed.


Step 2 Run:
interface interface-type interface-number

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Configuration Guide - Multicast 1 IGMP Snooping Configuration

The interface view is displayed.

The interface can be an Ethernet interface, a GE interface, or an Eth-Trunk interface.

Step 3 Run:
port hybrid tagged vlan { { vlan-id1 [ to vlan-id2 ] }&<1-10> | all }

The interface is added to VLANs.

NOTE

If multicast VLAN replication is not configured, the interface of the S2700 that connects to a router and
receives the multicast packets from the router and the interface that connects to users and sends multicast
packets to users must be added to the same VLAN.

----End

1.4.4 Adding an Interface to a Multicast Group Statically

Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view

The system view is displayed.

Step 2 Run:
interface interface-type interface-number

The interface view is displayed.

The interface can be an Ethernet interface, a GE interface, or an Eth-Trunk interface.

Step 3 Run:
l2-multicast static-group [ source-address source-ip-address ] group-address group-
ip-address vlan { vlan-id1 [ to vlan-id2 ] } &<1-10>

The interface is added to the multicast group statically. You can also run the l2-multicast static-
group [ source-address source-ip-address ] group-address group-ip-address1 to group-ip-
address2 vlan vlan-id command to join the interface to the group-address in batches.

After an interface is added to a multicast group statically, multicast protocol packets are not
forwarded to the router interface.

----End

1.4.5 Checking the Configuration

Prerequisite
The configuration of static Layer 2 multicast for a VLAN is complete.

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Configuration Guide - Multicast 1 IGMP Snooping Configuration

Procedure
l Run the display l2-multicast forwarding-table vlan vlan-id [ source-address source-
address group-address group-address ] command to check the multicast forwarding table
of a VLAN.
----End

Example
<Quidway> display l2-multicast forwarding-table vlan 10
VLAN ID : 10, Forwarding Mode : IP
--------------------------------------------------------------------
(Source, Group) Interface Out-Vlan
--------------------------------------------------------------------
Router-port GigabitEthernet0/0/1 10
(*, 225.1.1.1) GigabitEthernet0/0/1 10
GigabitEthernet0/0/2 10
(*, 225.1.1.2) GigabitEthernet0/0/1 10
GigabitEthernet0/0/2 10
(*, 225.1.1.3) GigabitEthernet0/0/1 10
GigabitEthernet0/0/2 10
--------------------------------------------------------------------
Total Group(s) : 3

1.5 Configuring Layer 2 Multicast SSM Mapping


This section describes how to configure the Layer 2 multicast SSM mapping function.

1.5.1 Establishing the Configuration Task

Applicable Environment
If the switch connected to user hosts is configured with IGMPv3, SSM mapping needs to be
configured on the switch to map the multicast group addresses not in the SSM group to the
specified source addresses.
When the switch running IGMPv3 receives an IGMPv2 packet whose address is in the SSM
group, the SSM mapping function can automatically map the address of the packet to the
specified source.

Pre-configuration Tasks
Before configuring SSM mapping, complete the following task:
l Enabling global IGMP snooping

Data Preparation
To configure SSM mapping, you need the following data.

No. Data

1 (Optional) ACL rule

2 (Optional) SSM policy

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Configuration Guide - Multicast 1 IGMP Snooping Configuration

No. Data

3 Source addresses mapped to the multicast group addresses

1.5.2 (Optional) Configuring an SSM Group Policy

Context
If a user joins an ASM multicast group, you need to configure an SSM group policy in the VLAN
to add the multicast group address to the range of SSM group addresses.
NOTE

When you create an ACL for an SSM policy, the configuration takes effect only if you select permit and
specify a multicast address in the rule command. The configuration does not take effect if deny is selected
or if the specified address is not a multicast address.

Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view

The system view is displayed.

Step 2 Run:
vlan vlan-id

The VLAN view is displayed.

Step 3 Run:
igmp-snooping ssm-policy basic-acl-number

An SSM group policy is configured.

By default, the address of an SSM group ranges from 232.0.0.0 to 232.255.255.255. After you
configure an SSM policy, the multicast groups specified in the SSM policy are considered as
SSM groups.

----End

1.5.3 (Optional) Configuring Layer 2 Multicast SSM Mapping

Context
By configuring SSM mapping, you can set up one-to-one mappings between multicast groups
and multicast sources.

SSM mapping can be configured only when IGMP snooping is enabled globally and in the
corresponding VLAN and when the IGMP messages version is set to IGMPv3 in the VLAN.

If the multicast replication function is configured, you only need to configure SSM mapping in
the multicast VLAN.

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Configuration Guide - Multicast 1 IGMP Snooping Configuration

Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view

The system view is displayed.


Step 2 Run:
vlan vlan-id

The VLAN view is displayed.


Step 3 Run:
igmp-snooping version 3

The version number of IGMP is set to 3.


The default version number of IGMP snooping is 2, but IGMPv2 version does not support SSM
mapping.
Step 4 Run:
igmp-snooping ssm-mapping enable

SSM mapping is enabled in the VLAN.


By default, SSM mapping is disabled.
Step 5 Run:
igmp-snooping ssm-mapping ip-group-address { ip-group-mask | mask-length } ip-
source-address

The mapping between a multicast group address and a multicast source is configured.
The specified multicast group address must be in the range of multicast group addresses specified
by the SSM policy. For the configuration of the SSM policy, see 1.5.2 (Optional) Configuring
an SSM Group Policy.

----End

1.5.4 Checking the Configuration


Prerequisite
The configurations of SSM mapping are complete.

Procedure
l Run the display igmp-snooping port-info command to view the IGMP snooping entries
on an interface.
----End

Example
Run the display igmp-snooping port-info command, and you can view the IGMP snooping
entries on the interface. For example:
<Quidway> display igmp-snooping port-info vlan 10
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
(Source, Group) Port Flag

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Configuration Guide - Multicast 1 IGMP Snooping Configuration

Flag: S:Static D:Dynamic M: Ssm-mapping


-----------------------------------------------------------------------
VLAN 10, 3 Entry(s)
(*, 225.1.1.1) GE0/0/2 --M
1 port(s)
(*, 225.1.1.2) GE0/0/2 --M
1 port(s)
(*, 225.1.1.3) GE0/0/2 --M
1 port(s)
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

1.6 Maintaining Layer 2 Multicast


Maintaining Layer 2 multicast involves resetting Layer 2 Multicast statistics, and debugging
IGMP Snooping.

1.6.1 Clearing Static Entries in a Multicast Forwarding Table

Context

CAUTION
Static entries in a forwarding table cannot be restored after you clear them and you have to
configure them again. Confirm the operation before you run the following command.

Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view

The system view is displayed.

Step 2 Run:
interface interface-type interface-number

The interface view is displayed.

The interface can be an Ethernet interface, a GE interface, or an Eth-Trunk interface.

Step 3 Run:
undo l2-multicast static-group [ source-address source-ip-address ] group-address
group-ip-address vlan { all | { vlan-id1 [ to vlan-id2 ] } & <1-10> }

The interface is removed from a multicast group.

Or run:
undo l2-multicast static-group [ source-address source-ip-address ] group-address
group-ip-address1 to group-ip-address2 vlan vlan-id

The interface is removed from multiple multicast groups in a batch.

----End

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Configuration Guide - Multicast 1 IGMP Snooping Configuration

1.6.2 Clearing Multicast Forwarding Entries

Context

CAUTION
Running this command disables hosts in a VLAN from receiving certain multicast flows. The
hosts in the VLAN receive the multicast flows again only after the S2700 receives IGMP Report
messages from the hosts again and the forwarding entries are regenerated on the S2700.

Procedure
l Run the reset igmp-snooping group { all | vlan { vlan-id | all } } command in the user
view to clear the dynamic forwarding entries in the multicast forwarding table.
NOTE

This command cannot clear static forwarding entries and dynamic router port entries.

----End

1.6.3 Clearing the Statistics on IGMP Snooping

Context

CAUTION
The statistics on IGMP snooping cannot be restored after you clear them. So, confirm the action
before you use the command.

Procedure
l Run the reset igmp-snooping statistics { all | vlan { vlan-id | all } } command in the user
view to clear the statistics on IGMP snooping.
----End

1.6.4 Debugging IGMP Snooping

Context

CAUTION
Debugging affects the performance of the system. So, after debugging, run the undo debugging
igmp-snooping all command to disable it immediately.

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Configuration Guide - Multicast 1 IGMP Snooping Configuration

Procedure
l Run the debugging igmp-snooping { all | aps | event | fwd | general | leave [ basic-acl-
number ] | mvlan | packet [ advance-acl-number ] | query [ advance-acl-number ] |
report [ advance-acl-number ] | syn | timer } command in the user view to enable
debugging of IGMP snooping.

----End

1.7 Configuration examples


This section provides several configuration examples of Layer 2 multicast.

1.7.1 Example for Configuring IGMP Snooping

Networking Requirements
As shown in Figure 1-1, Eth 0/0/1 of the S2700 is connected to a router on the multicast source
side, and Eth 0/0/2 is connected to hosts. You are required to configure IGMP snooping to ensure
that three hosts in VLAN 3 can receive multicast data from multicast groups in the range of
225.1.1.1 to 225.1.1.3 permanently.

Figure 1-1 Networking diagram for configuring VLAN-based IGMP snooping

DHCP server Multicast source

IP/MPLS core

Eth0/0/1

Switch

Eth0/0/2
VLAN3

Host3 Host4 Host5

Configuration Roadmap
The configuration roadmap is as follows:

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1. Create a VLAN and add interfaces to the VLAN.


2. Enable IGMP snooping globally and in the VLAN.
3. Configure a static router interface.
4. Configure static multicast groups 225.1.1.1, 225.1.1.2, and 225.1.1.3.

Data Preparation
To complete the configuration, you need the following data:
l ID of the VLAN that Eth 0/0/2 and Eth 0/0/1 belong to: VLAN 3
l Static router interface: Eth0/0/1
l Addresses of static multicast groups: 225.1.1.1, 225.1.1.2, 225.1.1.3

Procedure
Step 1 Create a VLAN and add interfaces to the VLAN.
<Switch> system-view
[Switch] vlan 3
[Switch-vlan3] quit
[Switch] interface ethernet 0/0/1
[Switch-Ethernet0/0/1] port hybrid tagged vlan 3
[Switch-Ethernet0/0/1] quit
[Switch] interface ethernet 0/0/2
[Switch-Ethernet0/0/2] port hybrid tagged vlan 3
[Switch-Ethernet0/0/2] quit

Step 2 Enable IGMP snooping.


# Enable IGMP snooping globally.
[Switch] igmp-snooping enable

# Enable IGMP snooping in VLAN 3.


[Switch] vlan 3
[Switch-vlan3] igmp-snooping enable
[Switch-vlan3] quit

Step 3 Configure Eth 0/0/1 as the static router interface of VLAN 3.


[Switch] interface ethernet 0/0/1
[Switch-Ethernet0/0/1] igmp-snooping static-router-port vlan 3
[Switch-Ethernet0/0/1] quit

Step 4 Configure static multicast groups.


[Switch] interface ethernet 0/0/2
[Switch-Ethernet0/0/2] l2-multicast static-group group-address 225.1.1.1 vlan 3
[Switch-Ethernet0/0/2] l2-multicast static-group group-address 225.1.1.2 vlan 3
[Switch-Ethernet0/0/2] l2-multicast static-group group-address 225.1.1.3 vlan 3
[Switch-Ethernet0/0/2] quit

Step 5 Verify the configuration.


# Check all configurations of IGMP snooping.
[Switch] display igmp-snooping vlan configuration
IGMP Snooping Configuration for VLAN 3
igmp-snooping enable

According to the preceding information, the IGMP snooping of the VLAN is enabled.
# Check the configuration of the static router interface.

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Run the display igmp-snooping router-port vlan 3 command on the S2700.


[Switch] display igmp-snooping router-port vlan 3
Port Name UpTime Expires Flags
---------------------------------------------------------------------
VLAN 3, 1 router-port(s)
Eth0/0/1 2d:10h -- STATIC

According to the preceding information, Eth 0/0/1 is configured as a static router interface.
# Verify the information about member interfaces of a static multicast group.
[Switch] display igmp-snooping port-info
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
(Source, Group) Port Flag
Flag: S:Static D:Dynamic M: Ssm-mapping
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
VLAN 3, 3 Entry(s)
(*, 225.1.1.1) Eth0/0/2 S--
1 port(s)
(*, 225.1.1.2) Eth0/0/2 S--
1 port(s)
(*, 225.1.1.3) Eth0/0/2 S--
1 port(s)
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

According to the preceding information, multicast groups 225.1.1.1 to 225.1.1.3 are configured
with static forwarding entries.
# View the multicast forwarding table.
[Switch] display l2-multicast forwarding-table vlan 3

VLAN ID : 3, Forwarding Mode : IP


--------------------------------------------------------------------
(Source, Group) Interface Out-Vlan
--------------------------------------------------------------------
Router-port Ethernet0/0/1 3
(*, 225.1.1.1) Ethernet0/0/1 3
Ethernet0/0/2 3
(*, 225.1.1.2) Ethernet0/0/1 3
Ethernet0/0/2 3
(*, 225.1.1.3) Ethernet0/0/1 3
Ethernet0/0/2 3
--------------------------------------------------------------------
Total Group(s) : 3

The preceding information shows the VLAN ID and outgoing interface mapping the data from
multicast groups 225.1.1.1 to 225.1.1.3.

----End

Configuration Files
l Configuration file of the S2700
#
sysname Switch
#
vlan batch 3
#
igmp-snooping enable
#
vlan 3
igmp-snooping enable
#
interface Ethernet0/0/1
port hybrid tagged vlan 3

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Quidway S2700 Series Ethernet Switches
Configuration Guide - Multicast 1 IGMP Snooping Configuration

igmp-snooping static-router-port vlan 3


#
interface Ethernet0/0/2
port hybrid tagged vlan 3
l2-multicast static-group group-address 225.1.1.1 to 225.1.1.3 vlan 3
#
return

1.7.2 Example for Configuring IGMP Snooping SSM Mapping

Networking Requirements
On the network shown in Figure 1-2, IGMPv2 is run on Switch and Host 1 and Host 2, and
IGMPv3 is run on the last-hop router Router A on the multicast source side. Switch A is the
S2700 device. Eth 0/0/1 on Switch A is connected to Router A and Eth 0/0/2 on Switch A is
connected to a switch directly connected with users. Eth 0/0/1 on Switch A is a static router
interface and Eth 0/0/2 is statically added to multicast group 224.1.1.1. Eth 0/0/1 and Eth 0/0/2
both join VLAN 10 and IGMP SSM mapping is deployed on Router A.

It is required that IGMP snooping SSM mapping be configured on Switch A in the VLAN to
work jointly with IGMP SSM mapping. IGMP snooping SSM mapping also generates a mapping
between a multicast group and a multicast source. (*, G) information in IGMPv1 or IGMPv2
multicast data packets is then mapped to (S, G) information, providing SSM services for the
hosts running IGMPv1 or IGMPv2.

Figure 1-2 Networking diagram for configuring IGMP snooping SSM mapping

Source 2
10.1.1.2
Internet/
Source 1 Intranet
10.1.1.1

RouterA

Eth0/0/1 Swtich
Eth0/0/2
SwitchA
SSM Mapping

VLAN10
Host1 Host2

Configuration Roadmap
The configuration roadmap is as follows:

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Quidway S2700 Series Ethernet Switches
Configuration Guide - Multicast 1 IGMP Snooping Configuration

1. Configure basic IGMP snooping functions so that users can receive multicast data from
multicast sources.
2. Configure an SSM group policy for IGMP snooping to add the ASM group addresses of
users to the SSM group address range.
3. Configure IGMP snooping SSM mapping so that users can receive multicast data from a
specified multicast source.

Data Preparation
To complete the configuration, you need the following data:
l VLAN 10 to which Eth 0/0/1 and Eth 0/0/2 on Switch A are added
l IGMPv3 run on Switch A and IGMPv2 run on Switch, Host 1, and Host 2
l Multicast source address 10.1.1.2

Procedure
Step 1 Configure a VLAN.
# Configure Switch A.
<Quidway> system-view
[Quidway] sysname SwitchA
[SwitchA] vlan 10
[SwitchA-vlan10] quit
[SwitchA] interface ethernet 0/0/1
[SwitchA-Ethernet0/0/1] port hybrid pvid vlan 10
[SwitchA-Ethernet0/0/1] port hybrid untagged vlan 10
[SwitchA-Ethernet0/0/1] quit
[SwitchA] interface ethernet 0/0/2
[SwitchA-Ethernet0/0/2] port hybrid pvid vlan 10
[SwitchA-Ethernet0/0/2] port hybrid untagged vlan 10
[SwitchA-Ethernet0/0/2] quit

Step 2 Enable global IGMP snooping and IGMP snooping in the VLAN.
# Configure Switch A.
[SwitchA] igmp-snooping enable
[SwitchA] vlan 10
[SwitchA-vlan10] igmp-snooping enable

Step 3 Configure IGMPv3 on Switch A and configure IGMPv2 on hosts. The hosts are not allowed to
upgrade the IGMP version to 3.
# Configure SwitchA.
[SwitchA-vlan10] igmp-snooping version 3
[SwitchA-vlan10] quit

Step 4 Configure Eth 0/0/1 as a static router interface in VLAN 10.


[SwitchA] interface ethernet 0/0/1
[SwitchA-Ethernet0/0/1] igmp-snooping static-router-port vlan 10
[SwitchA-Ethernet0/0/1] quit

Step 5 Configure an SSM group policy for IGMP snooping and enable IGMP snooping SSM mapping.
[SwitchA] acl number 2008
[SwitchA-acl-basic-2008] rule 5 permit source 224.1.1.1 0
[SwitchA-acl-basic-2008] quit
[SwitchA] vlan 10
[SwitchA-vlan10] igmp-snooping ssm-policy 2008

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Quidway S2700 Series Ethernet Switches
Configuration Guide - Multicast 1 IGMP Snooping Configuration

[SwitchA-vlan10] igmp-snooping ssm-mapping enable


[SwitchA-vlan10] igmp-snooping ssm-mapping 224.1.1.1 24 10.1.1.2
[SwitchA-vlan10] quit

Step 6 Verify the configuration.


# Run the display igmp-snooping vlan configuration command on Switch A. You can view
IGMP snooping configurations in the VLAN.
[SwitchA] display igmp-snooping vlan configuration
IGMP Snooping Configuration for VLAN 10
igmp-snooping enable
igmp-snooping version 3
igmp-snooping ssm-mapping enable
igmp-snooping ssm-policy 2008
igmp-snooping ssm-mapping 224.1.1.0 255.255.255.0 10.1.1.2

# After SwitchA receives a Report message, run the display igmp-snooping port-info command
to view the configurations on the interface.
[SwitchA] display igmp-snooping port-info
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
(Source, Group) Port Flag
Flag: S:Static D:Dynamic M: Ssm-mapping
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
VLAN 10, 1 Entry(s)
(10.1.1.2, 224.1.1.1) Eth0/0/2 --M
1 port(s)
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

----End

Configuration Files
l Configuration file of Switch A
#
sysname SwitchA
#
vlan batch 10
#
igmp-snooping enable
#
acl number 2008
rule 5 permit source 224.1.1.1 0
#
vlan 10
igmp-snooping enable
igmp-snooping ssm-mapping enable
igmp-snooping version 3
igmp-snooping ssm-policy 2008
igmp-snooping ssm-mapping 224.1.1.0 255.255.255.0 10.1.1.2
#
interface Ethernet0/0/1
port hybrid pvid vlan 10
port hybrid untagged vlan 10
igmp-snooping static-router-port vlan 10
#
interface Ethernet0/0/2
port hybrid pvid vlan 10
port hybrid untagged vlan 10
#
return

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Quidway S2700 Series Ethernet Switches
Configuration Guide - Multicast 2 Multicast VLAN Replication Configuration

2 Multicast VLAN Replication Configuration

About This Chapter

This chapter describes the procedure for configuring multicast VLAN replication and
maintenance commands, and provides configuration examples.

2.1 Multicast VLAN Replication Overview


After multicast VLAN replication is configured on a switch, the upstream router only needs to
transmit multicast data to a multicast VLAN. This function saves bandwidth because the
upstream router does not need to send a copy of multicast data to each user VLAN.
2.2 Multicast VLAN Replication Supported by the S2700
This section describes the multicast VLAN replication features supported by the S2700.
2.3 Configuring Multicast VLAN Replication Based on User VLANs
This section describes how to implement multicast VLAN replication based on user VLANs.
2.4 Configuration Examples
This section provides configuration examples of multicast VLAN replication.

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Quidway S2700 Series Ethernet Switches
Configuration Guide - Multicast 2 Multicast VLAN Replication Configuration

2.1 Multicast VLAN Replication Overview


After multicast VLAN replication is configured on a switch, the upstream router only needs to
transmit multicast data to a multicast VLAN. This function saves bandwidth because the
upstream router does not need to send a copy of multicast data to each user VLAN.

NOTE

The S2700SI does not support Multicast VLAN.

In traditional multicast transmission mode, the upstream router must copy multicast data for
each user VLAN and send all copies to the switch when users in different VLANs request the
program provided by the same multicast source. This mode wastes network bandwidth and adds
workload on the router.
When users in multiple VLANs require the program of the same multicast source, you can
configure the VLANs as the user VLANs of a multicast VLAN on the switch. The upstream
router only needs to send multicast data to the multicast VLAN and does not need to send a copy
to each user VLAN. When the switch receives multicast data packets from the upstream router,
it distributes multicast data packets to the user VLANs that have multicast receivers.

2.2 Multicast VLAN Replication Supported by the S2700


This section describes the multicast VLAN replication features supported by the S2700.

Multicast VLAN Replication Based on User VLANs


NOTE

The S2700SI does not support multicast VLAN.


and reduces workload of the router
Figure 2-1 shows the traditional multicast data transmission mode. When HostA, HostB, and
HostC in different VLANs join the same multicast group, the Layer 3 device (router) must copy
multicast data for each VLAN and send all copies to the Layer 2 device (switch). This wastes
bandwidth and burdens the router.

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Quidway S2700 Series Ethernet Switches
Configuration Guide - Multicast 2 Multicast VLAN Replication Configuration

Figure 2-1 Traditional multicast data transmission

Multicast Packet
VLAN 2 Receiver
VLAN 3 HostA
VLAN 4 VLAN 2

Receiver
HostB
Source Router Switch
VLAN 3

Receiver
HostC
VLAN 4

Figure 2-2 shows multicast data transmission after multicast VLAN replication is configured.
The router only needs to copy multicast data for the multicast VLAN and sends the data to the
switch. This saves network bandwidth and reduces workload of the router.

Figure 2-2 Multicast VLAN replication

Multicast Packet
Multicast VLAN Receiver
VLAN 2 HostA
VLAN 3 VLAN 2
VLAN 4

Receiver
HostB
Source Router Switch
VLAN 3

Receiver
HostC

VLAN 4

The S2700 supports the following mapping modes between multicast VLANs and user VLANs:
l One-to-many mapping between a multicast VLAN and user VLANs

2.3 Configuring Multicast VLAN Replication Based on User


VLANs
This section describes how to implement multicast VLAN replication based on user VLANs.

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Quidway S2700 Series Ethernet Switches
Configuration Guide - Multicast 2 Multicast VLAN Replication Configuration

2.3.1 Establishing the Configuration Task

Applicable Environment
In traditional multicast transmission mode, a router must copy multicast data for each user VLAN
and send all copies to the downstream device when users in different VLANs request the program
provided by the same multicast source. This mode wastes network bandwidth and adds workload
on the router.
Multicast VLAN replication helps to manage and control the multicast source and the multicast
group members. This function enables users in different VLANs to receive the same multicast
flow and saves bandwidth.
In multicast VLAN replication implementation, VLANs are classified into multicast VLANs
and multiple user VLANs. The S2700 interface connected to a multicast source belongs to a
multicast VLAN, and interfaces connected to members of a multicast group belong to user
VLANs. The multicast VLAN aggregates multicast flows, and user VLANs receive data from
the multicast VLAN.

Pre-configuration Tasks
Before configuring multicast VLAN replication based on user VLANs, complete the following
tasks:
l Connecting interfaces and setting physical parameters for the interfaces to ensure that the
physical status of the interfaces is Up
l Enabling IGMP snooping globally

Data Preparation
To configure multicast VLAN replication based on user VLANs, you need the following data.

No. Data

1 Multicast VLAN ID

2 User VLAN IDs

3 Types and numbers of interfaces

2.3.2 Configuring Multicast VLAN Replication Based on User


VLANs

Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view

The system view is displayed.

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Quidway S2700 Series Ethernet Switches
Configuration Guide - Multicast 2 Multicast VLAN Replication Configuration

Step 2 Run:
vlan vlan-id

A VLAN is created and the VLAN view is displayed.

Step 3 Run:
igmp-snooping enable

IGMP snooping is enabled in the VLAN.

Step 4 Run:
multicast-vlan enable

Multicast VLAN replication is enabled, and the VLAN is configured as a multicast VLAN.

By default, multicast VLAN replication is disabled.

Step 5 Run:
multicast-vlan user-vlan { { vlan-id1 [ to vlan-id2 ] } & <1-10> }

User VLANs are bound to the multicast VLAN.

The vlan-id1 and vlan-id2 parameters specify user VLAN IDs. The value of vlan-id2 must be
greater than the value of vlan-id1.

NOTE

The user VLANs specified in the command must be existing VLANs enabled with IGMP snooping and
cannot be multicast VLANs or user VLANs of another multicast VLAN.

----End

2.3.3 Adding Interfaces to VLANs

Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view

The system view is displayed.

Step 2 Add a network-side interface to a multicast VLAN.


1. Run the interface interface-type interface-number command to enter the network-side
interface view.
2. Configure the network-side interface as a trunk or hybrid interface and add the interface to
the multicast VLAN. For the configuration procedure, see Dividing a LAN into VLANs
Based on Ports.
3. Run the quit command to return to the system view.

Step 3 Add a user-side interface to a user VLAN.


1. Run the interface interface-type interface-number command to enter the user-side interface
view
2. Configure the user-side interface as a trunk or hybrid interface and add the interface to
the multicast VLAN and user VLAN. For the configuration procedure, see Dividing a LAN
into VLANs Based on Ports.

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Configuration Guide - Multicast 2 Multicast VLAN Replication Configuration

NOTE

On the S2700EI, a user-side interface must be added to the multicast VLAN and user VLAN in the same
mode.

CAUTION
If the network-side interface is added to a user VLAN, a traffic policy needs to be configured
on the network-side interface to prevent the IGMP Query packets destined for the user
VLAN from being sent to the CPU because the IGMP Query packets will overload the
S2700 CPU. For example, if VLAN 1000 is the multicast VLAN and GE0/0/1 is the
network-side interface, run the following commands:
<Quidway> system-view
[Quidway] acl 3000
[Quidway-acl-adv-3000] rule 5 permit igmp
[Quidway-acl-adv-3000] quit
[Quidway] traffic classifier other_vlan operator and
[Quidway-classifier-other_vlan] if-match acl 3000
[Quidway-classifier-other_vlan] quit
[Quidway-classifier-mvlan] if-match vlan-id 1000
[Quidway-classifier-mvlan] if-match acl 3000
[Quidway-behavior-other_vlan] deny
[Quidway-behavior-other_vlan] quit
[Quidway] traffic behavior mvlan
[Quidway-behavior-mvlan] permit
[Quidway-behavior-mvlan] quit
[Quidway] traffic policy igmp
[Quidway-trafficpolicy-igmp] classifier mvlan behavior mvlan
[Quidway-trafficpolicy-igmp] classifier other_vlan behavior other_vlan
[Quidway] interface gigabitethernet0/0/1
[Quidway-GigabitEthernet0/0/1] traffic-policy igmp inbound

----End

2.3.4 Checking the Configuration

Prerequisite
The configuration of multicast VLAN replication is complete.

Procedure
l Run the display multicast-vlan vlan [ vlan-id ] command to view information about a
multicast VLAN.
----End

Example
Run the display multicast-vlan vlan [ vlan-id ] command to view information about a multicast
VLAN.
<Quidway> display multicast-vlan vlan 3
Multicast-vlan : 3
User-vlan Number : 2
IGMP snooping state : Enable
MLD snooping state : Disable
User-vlan Snooping-state

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Quidway S2700 Series Ethernet Switches
Configuration Guide - Multicast 2 Multicast VLAN Replication Configuration

-----------------------------------------------
100 IGMP Enable /MLD Disable
200 IGMP Enable /MLD Disable

Run the display user-vlan vlan [ vlan-id ] command to view information about user VLANs.
<Quidway> display user-vlan vlan
Total user vlan 2
user-vlan snooping-state multicast-vlan snooping-state
---------------------------------------------------------
100 IGMP Enable /MLD Disable 3 IGMP Enable /MLD Disable
200 IGMP Enable /MLD Disable 3 IGMP Enable /MLD Disable

2.4 Configuration Examples


This section provides configuration examples of multicast VLAN replication.

2.4.1 Example for Configuring Multicast VLAN Replication Based


on User VLANs

Networking Requirements
As shown in Figure 2-3, RouterA is connected to the multicast source. GE 1/0/0 of RouterA is
connected to Eth0/0/1 of SwitchA. Eth0/0/1 of SwitchA belongs to VLAN 10. HostA, HostB,
and HostC are connected to Eth0/0/2, Eth0/0/3, and Eth0/0/4 of SwitchA and belong to VLAN
100, VLAN 200, and VLAN 300 respectively.
To save network bandwidth, you can configure multicast VLAN replication based on user
VLANs on SwitchA. RouterA then only needs to send one copy of multicast data to the multicast
VLAN, and SwitchA distributes multicast data to user VLANs.

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Quidway S2700 Series Ethernet Switches
Configuration Guide - Multicast 2 Multicast VLAN Replication Configuration

Figure 2-3 Networking diagram for configuring multicast VLAN replication based on user
VLANs

Source GE1/0/0 RouterA

VLAN10

Eth0/0/1 SwitchA

Eth0/0/2 Eth0/0/4
Eth0/0/3
VLAN100 VLAN200 VLAN300

HostA HostB HostC


Reciever Reciever Reciever

Configuration Roadmap
The configuration roadmap is as follows:
1. Enable IGMP snooping globally.
2. Create a multicast VLAN and enable IGMP snooping in the multicast VLAN.
3. Create user VLANs and enable IGMP snooping in the user VLANs.
4. Bind the user VLANs to the multicast VLAN.
5. Add the network-side interface and user-side interfaces to VLANs as hybrid interfaces.

Data Preparation
To complete the configuration, you need the following data:
l Interface connected to RouterA and the VLAN that the interface belongs to
l User-side interfaces and the VLANs that the interfaces belong to

Procedure
Step 1 Enable IGMP snooping globally.
<SwitchA> system-view
[SwitchA] igmp-snooping enable

Step 2 Create a multicast VLAN and enable IGMP snooping in the multicast VLAN.
<SwitchA> system-view
[SwitchA] igmp-snooping enable

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Quidway S2700 Series Ethernet Switches
Configuration Guide - Multicast 2 Multicast VLAN Replication Configuration

[SwitchA] vlan 10
[SwitchA-vlan10] igmp-snooping enable
[SwitchA-vlan10] multicast-vlan enable
[SwitchA-vlan10] quit

Step 3 Create user VLANs and enable IGMP snooping in the user VLANs.
[SwitchA] vlan 100
[SwitchA-vlan100] igmp-snooping enable
[SwitchA-vlan100] quit
[SwitchA] vlan 200
[SwitchA-vlan200] igmp-snooping enable
[SwitchA-vlan200] quit
[SwitchA] vlan 300
[SwitchA-vlan300] igmp-snooping enable
[SwitchA-vlan300] quit

Step 4 Bind user VLANs 100, 200, and 300 to multicast VLAN 10.
[SwitchA] vlan 10
[SwitchA-vlan10] multicast-vlan user-vlan 100 200 300
[SwitchA-vlan10] quit

Step 5 Add interfaces to VLANs as hybrid interfaces.


# Add Eth0/0/1 to multicast VLAN 10.
[SwitchA] interface ethernet0/0/1
[SwitchA-Ethernet0/0/1] port hybrid pvid vlan 10
[SwitchA-Ethernet0/0/1] port hybrid untagged vlan 10
[SwitchA-Ethernet0/0/1] quit

# Add Eth0/0/2, Eth0/0/3, and Eth0/0/4 to user VLANs 100, 200, and 300 respectively.
[SwitchA] interface ethernet0/0/2
[SwitchA-Ethernet0/0/2] port hybrid pvid vlan 100
[SwitchA-Ethernet0/0/2] port hybrid untagged vlan 10 100
[SwitchA-Ethernet0/0/2] quit
[SwitchA] interface ethernet0/0/3
[SwitchA-Ethernet0/0/3] port hybrid pvid vlan 200
[SwitchA-Ethernet0/0/3] port hybrid untagged vlan 10 200
[SwitchA-Ethernet0/0/3] quit
[SwitchA] interface ethernet0/0/4
[SwitchA-Ethernet0/0/4] port hybrid pvid vlan 300
[SwitchA-Ethernet0/0/4] port hybrid untagged vlan 10 300
[SwitchA-Ethernet0/0/4] quit

Step 6 Verify the configuration.


View information about the multicast VLAN and user VLANs on SwitchA.
[SwitchA] display multicast-vlan vlan
Total multicast vlan 1
multicast-vlan user-vlan number snooping-state
----------------------------------------------------------------
10 3 IGMP Enable /MLD Disable
[SwitchA] display user-vlan vlan
Total user vlan 3
user-vlan snooping-state multicast-vlan snooping-state
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
100 IGMP Enable /MLD Disable 10 IGMP Enable /MLD Disable
200 IGMP Enable /MLD Disable 10 IGMP Enable /MLD Disable
300 IGMP Enable /MLD Disable 10 IGMP Enable /MLD Disable

----End

Configuration Files
l Configuration file of SwitchA

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Quidway S2700 Series Ethernet Switches
Configuration Guide - Multicast 2 Multicast VLAN Replication Configuration

#
sysname SwitchA
#
vlan batch 10 100 200 300
#
igmp-snooping enable
#
vlan 10
igmp-snooping enable
multicast-vlan enable
multicast-vlan user-vlan 100 200 300
#
vlan 100
igmp-snooping enable
#
vlan 200
igmp-snooping enable
#
vlan 300
igmp-snooping enable
#
interface Ethernet0/0/1
port hybrid pvid vlan 10
port hybrid untagged vlan 10
#
interface Ethernet0/0/2
port hybrid pvid vlan 100
port hybrid untagged vlan 10 100
#
interface Ethernet0/0/3
port hybrid pvid vlan 200
port hybrid untagged vlan 10 200
#
interface Ethernet0/0/4
port hybrid pvid vlan 300
port hybrid untagged vlan 10 300
#
return

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Quidway S2700 Series Ethernet Switches
Configuration Guide - Multicast 3 Controllable Multicast Configuration

3 Controllable Multicast Configuration

About This Chapter

This chapter describes the principle of controllable multicast and procedures for configuring
controllable multicast.

3.1 Overview of Controllable Multicast


3.2 Basic Principle
3.3 Configuring Controllable Multicast
This section describes how to configure controllable multicast.
3.4 Configuration Example
This section provides configuration examples of controllable multicast.

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Quidway S2700 Series Ethernet Switches
Configuration Guide - Multicast 3 Controllable Multicast Configuration

3.1 Overview of Controllable Multicast


NOTE

The S2700SI does not support controllable multicast.

Traditional multicast services are uncontrollable. Users running traditional multicast need to
send IGMP Report messages to join related multicast groups, and then receive multicast packets
of the groups. With the development of IPTV services, uncontrollable multicast services cannot
meet the operation requirements. IPTV services aim to make prohibits. Users can watch a
program (that is, join a multicast group) only after they pay fees. If users are not authenticated,
the requirements of IPTV operation cannot be met. Therefore, controllable multicast is
developed to control the authorities of users to join a certain multicast group. When a user
requests to join a multicast group, the Switch must authenticate the request, and reject illegal or
unauthorized requests.

3.2 Basic Principle

Controllable Multicast Mechanism Provided by the S-switch


The S2700 provides the controllable multicast mechanism based on VLANs. Through multicast
profiles, the S2700 controls the authorities of users to join related multicast groups. To flexibly
configure the rights of users to join related multicast groups, the S2700 provides control
mechanisms of three levels, that is, multicast group, multicast group list, and multicast profile,
as shown in Figure 3-1.

Figure 3-1 Hierarchical control mechanisms of controllable multicast


Multicast Group Multicast Group G1
List L1
Multicast Multicast Group G2
Profile P1
Multicast Group G3

Multicast Group Multicast Group G4


List L2

Multicast Multicast Group G5


Profile P2
Multicast Group
List L1 Multicast Group GN

Multicast Group
A multicast group corresponds to a multicast address such as 224.1.1.1. A multicast group can
be regarded as a channel or program of IPTV.

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Quidway S2700 Series Ethernet Switches
Configuration Guide - Multicast 3 Controllable Multicast Configuration

Multicast Group List


A multicast group list is a set of multicast groups. A multicast group list can contain several
multicast groups. For example, in Figure 3-1, multicast group list L1 contains G1, G2, G3, and
G4. A multicast group can be contained in several multicast group lists. For example, G3 is
contained in L1 and L2.

Multicast Profile
A multicast profile is a set of multicast group lists, and defines the frame of users' rights to join
related multicast groups. A multicast profile can contain several multicast group lists. For
example, in Figure 3-1, multicast profile P1 contains L1, L2, and L3. A multicast group list can
be contained in several multicast profiles. For example, L2 is contained in P1 and P2. Multicast
group lists that are added to a profile have their attributes, that is, watch. If a multicast group list
is added to a multicast profile in watch mode, users of the multicast profile can watch all multicast
groups in the list..

Control Flow
The S2700 on which controllable multicast is applied can control the generation of Layer 2
multicast forwarding entries by intercepting IGMP Report messages. After receiving an IGMP
Report message from a user, the S2700 obtains the profile based on the VLAN to which the
message belongs. If the group is not in the list of the profile, the user cannot join the group. The
S2700 intercepts the IGMP Report message and do not generate the related forwarding entry.
Therefore, the user cannot receive data flows of this group. If the multicast group is in the list
of the profile, check the mode through which the list is added to the profile. If the list is added
to the profile in watch mode, the S2700 allows the IGMP Report message to pass through.

3.3 Configuring Controllable Multicast


This section describes how to configure controllable multicast.

3.3.1 Establishing the Configuration Task


Applicable Environment
To control the authorities of users to join related multicast groups, you can configure controllable
multicast.

Pre-configuration Tasks
Before configuring controllable multicast, complete the following task:

l Configuring Layer 2 multicast, that is, IGMP snooping, to forward multicast packets
normally
NOTE

In the multicast VLAN, controllable multicast needs to be configured in the user VLAN.

Data Preparation
To configure controllable multicast, you need the following data.

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No. Data

1 Name and IP address of a multicast group

2 Name of a multicast list

3 Name of a multicast profile

4 IDs of the user VLANs that apply multicast profiles

3.3.2 Configuring a Multicast Group

Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view

The system view is displayed.

Step 2 Run:
btv

The BTV view is displayed.

Step 3 Run:
multicast-group group-name { ip-address multicast-group-address [ source ipv4-
source-address ] | ipv6-address mld-group-address [ source ipv6-source-address ] }

A multicast group is configured.

By default, no multicast group is configured on the S2700.

NOTE

If the interface connected to the user device is configured IGMPv2, you do not need to specify the
source ipv4-source-address parameter; if the interface is configured with IGMPv3, you must specify
source ipv4-source-address.
If the configured multicast groups have the same address, you can use the group-name parameter to change
the names of multicast groups.

----End

3.3.3 Configuring a Multicast Group List

Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view

The system view is displayed.

Step 2 Run:
btv

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The BTV view is displayed.

Step 3 Run:
multicast-list list-name

A multicast group list is created and the view of the multicast group list is displayed.

Step 4 Run:
add multicast-group { name group-name | index start-index to end-index }

A multicast group is added to the multicast group list.

By default, no multicast group list is configured on the S2700.

----End

3.3.4 Configuring a Multicast Profile

Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view

The system view is displayed.

Step 2 Run:
btv

The BTV view is displayed.

Step 3 Run:
multicast-profile profile-name

A multicast profile is created and the view of the multicast profile is displayed.

Step 4 Run:
add multicast-list { name list-name | index start-index to end-index } watch

A multicast group list is added to the multicast profile.

By default, no multicast profile is configured on the S2700.

Step 5 Run:
max-program-num max-value

The maximum number is configured for multicast groups that users in the multicast profile can
simultaneously join.

NOTE

On the S2700, users in a multicast profile can simultaneously join a maximum of eight multicast groups.
This is also the default setting.

----End

3.3.5 Applying a Multicast Profile to a VLAN

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Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view

The system view is displayed.

Step 2 Run:
vlan vlan-id

The VLAN view is displayed.

Step 3 Run:
attach multicast-profile profile-name [ interface interface-type interface-number
| mac-address mac-address ] *

The binding relationship is set between the VLAN and the multicast profile.

By default, the binding relationship between the VLAN and the multicast profile is not set in
S2700.

Multiple multicast profiles can be bound to users in a VLAN.

NOTE

The S2700 supports the port+VLAN multicast control mode. To configure the multicast service for multiple
user interfaces in the same VLAN, you need to specify a multicast profile for each interface individually
by specifying the interface interface-type interface-number parameter.

----End

3.3.6 Checking the Configuration

Procedure
Step 1 Run the display multicast-group [ group-name ] command to check information about a
multicast group.

Step 2 Run the display multicast-list [ list-name ] command to check information about a multicast
group list.

Step 3 Run the display multicast-profile [ profile-name [ verbose ] ] command to check information
about a multicast profile.

Step 4 Run the display multicast-profile-apply command to information about a VLAN where a
multicast profile is applied.

----End

3.4 Configuration Example


This section provides configuration examples of controllable multicast.

3.4.1 Example for Configuring Controllable Multicast

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Networking Requirements
As shown in Figure 3-2, multicast group G1 (225.0.0.1), G2 (225.0.0.2), G3 (225.0.0.3), and
G4 (225.0.0.4) exist in the network connected to the router. You are required to configure users
in VLAN 1 and VLAN 2 to watch G1 and G2,and users in VLAN 3 and VLAN 4 to watch all
multicast groups.

Figure 3-2 Networking diagram of configuring controllable multicast


G1(10.1.1.1,225.0.0.1) G3(12.1.1.1,225.0.0.1)

Network

G2(11.1.1.1,225.0.0.1) G4(13.1.1.1,225.0.0.1)

Switch

VLAN1 VLAN2 VLAN3 VLAN4

Configuration Roadmap
The configuration roadmap is as follows:

l Configure user VLANs.


l Configure IGMP snooping.
l Configure controllable multicast.
Two multicast group lists L1 (G1, G2) and L2 (G3, G4)
Two multicast profiles P1 and P2

Data Preparation
To complete the configuration, you need the following data:
1. Name of each multicast group
2. Name of each multicast group list

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3. Name of each multicast profile

Configuration Procedure
1. Configure user VLANs and add the interface to the user VLANs. The configuration details
are not provided here.
2. Configure IGMP snooping.
<Switch> system-view
[Switch] igmp-snooping enable
[Switch] vlan 1
[Switch-vlan1] igmp-snooping enable
[Switch-vlan1] quit
[Switch] vlan 2
[Switch-vlan2] igmp-snooping enable
[Switch-vlan2] quit
[Switch] vlan 3
[Switch-vlan3] igmp-snooping enable
[Switch-vlan3] quit
[Switch] vlan 4
[Switch-vlan4] igmp-snooping enable
[Switch-vlan4] quit
3. Configure controllable multicast.
# Configure multicast groups.
[Switch] btv
[Switch-btv] multicast-group G1 ip-address 225.0.0.1
[Switch-btv] multicast-group G2 ip-address 225.0.0.2
[Switch-btv] multicast-group G3 ip-address 225.0.0.3
[Switch-btv] multicast-group G4 ip-address 225.0.0.4
# Configure multicast group lists.
[Switch-btv] multicast-list L1
[Switch-btv-list-L1] add multicast-group name G1
[Switch-btv-list-L1] add multicast-group name G2
[Switch-btv-list-L1] quit
[Switch-btv] multicast-list L2
[Switch-btv-list-L2] add multicast-group name G3
[Switch-btv-list-L2] add multicast-group name G4
[Switch-btv-list-L2] quit
# Configure multicast profiles.
[Switch-btv] multicast-profile P1
[Switch-btv-profile-P1] add multicast-list name L1 watch
[Switch-btv-profile-P1] quit
[Switch-btv] multicast-profile P2
[Switch-btv-profile-P2] add multicast-list name L1 watch
[Switch-btv-profile-P2] add multicast-list name L2 watch
[Quidway-btv-profile-P2] quit
[Quidway-btv] quit
# Apply multicast profiles to VLANs.
[Switch] vlan 1
[Switch-vlan1] attach multicast-profile P1
[Switch-vlan1] quit
[Switch] vlan 2
[Switch-vlan2] attach multicast-profile P1
[Switch-vlan2] quit
[Switch] vlan 3
[Switch-vlan3] attach multicast-profile P2
[Switch-vlan3] quit
[Switch] vlan 4
[Switch-vlan4] attach multicast-profile P2
[Switch-vlan4] quit
# Verify the configuration.
[Switch-btv] display multicast-profile-apply
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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Vlan-id Port SMAC Max-User Index Profile-


name

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Vlan1 -- -- 8 1 P1
Vlan2 -- -- 8 1 P1
Vlan3 -- -- 8 2 P2
Vlan4 -- -- 8 2 P2

Total: 4

[Switch-btv] display multicast-profile

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Index Profile-Name Multicast-list Attach-


User

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

1 P1 1 2
2 P2 2 2

Total: 2
[Switch-btv] display multicast-list

-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Index Multicast-list-name Multicast-
group

-------------------------------------------------------------------------
1 L1
2
2 L2
2

Total: 2

[Switch-btv] display multicast-group


-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Index Multicast-group-name
Address

-------------------------------------------------------------------------
1 G1 225.0.0.1
2 G2 225.0.0.2
3 G3 225.0.0.3
4 G4 225.0.0.4

Total: 4

Configuration Files
sysname Switch
#
vlan batch 1 to 4
#
igmp-snooping enable
#
#
btv
multicast-group G1 ip-address 225.0.0.1
multicast-group G2 ip-address 225.0.0.2
multicast-group G3 ip-address 225.0.0.3
multicast-group G4 ip-address 225.0.0.4
#
multicast-list L1
add multicast-group name G1

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add multicast-group name G2


multicast-list L2
add multicast-group name G3
add multicast-group name G4
#
multicast-profile P1
add multicast-list name L1 watch
multicast-profile P2
add multicast-list name L1 watch
add multicast-list name L2 watch
#
vlan 1
igmp-snooping enable
attach multicast-profile P1
#
vlan 2
igmp-snooping enable
attach multicast-profile P1
#
vlan 3
igmp-snooping enable
attach multicast-profile P2
#
vlan 4
igmp-snooping enable
attach multicast-profile P2
#
return

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Configuration Guide - Multicast 4 MLD Snooping Configuration

4 MLD Snooping Configuration

About This Chapter

This chapter describes the implementation and configuration procedures of Multicast Listener
Discovery (MLD) snooping on the S2700.
4.1 Overview of MLD Snooping
When MLD snooping is enabled, the S2700 creates a Layer 2 forwarding table for multicast
data packets by listening to MLD messages. In this manner, the S2700 manages and controls
the forwarding of multicast data packets to ensure that these packets are sent only to the hosts
that need the multicast data.
4.2 MLD Snooping Features Supported by the S2700
This section describes the MLD snooping features supported by the S2700.
4.3 Enabling MLD Snooping
This section describes how to enable MLD snooping, add an interface to a multicast group
statically, and configure an interface as a static router interface.
4.4 Configuring a Multicast Group Policy for a VLAN
This section describes how to configure a multicast group policy for a VLAN.
4.5 Configuring Prompt Leave of Interfaces
This section describes how to configure prompt leave of interfaces in a VLAN.
4.6 Configuring the MLD Snooping Querier
This section describes how to configure the MLD snooping querier.
4.7 (Optional) Modifying Parameters of MLD Snooping
This section describes how to optimize the performance of MLD snooping by modifying MLD
snooping parameters, including the aging time of the router interface, interval for sending Last
Member Query messages, interval for sending the General Query messages, maximum response
time for MLD messages, MLD robustness variable, source IP address of the MLD message sent
to respond to changes of Layer 2 network topology, MLD version, duration for suppressing the
same Report messages, maximum number of MLD snooping entries, and whether the Router
Alert option is contained in MLD messages.
4.8 Maintaining MLD Snooping
This section describes how to maintain MLD snooping.
4.9 Configuration Examples

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This section provides several configuration examples of MLD snooping.

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4.1 Overview of MLD Snooping


When MLD snooping is enabled, the S2700 creates a Layer 2 forwarding table for multicast
data packets by listening to MLD messages. In this manner, the S2700 manages and controls
the forwarding of multicast data packets to ensure that these packets are sent only to the hosts
that need the multicast data.

If MLD snooping is disabled, IPv6 multicast packets are broadcast in the VLAN, which wastes
network bandwidth. MLD snooping has the following advantages:

l Reducing broadcast packets on the Layer 2 network to save network bandwidth


l Improving information security
l Implementing separate accounting of each host

4.2 MLD Snooping Features Supported by the S2700


This section describes the MLD snooping features supported by the S2700.

Basic Features of MLD Snooping


The S2700 supports the following basic features of MLD snooping:
l Supporting MLDv1 and MLDv2 packets
l Configuring VLAN-based multicast policies and multicast entries to control the access
from hosts in a VLAN to an IP multicast group
l Adding interfaces in a VLAN to a multicast group statically
l Configuring an interface in a VLAN as a static router interface to enable users to receive
multicast data steadily for a long time, because the static router interface never ages
l Responding to changes of the Layer 2 network and forwarding multicast data correctly
based on the new network topology

MLD Snooping Timers


On the S2700, you can set the following MLD snooping timers:

l Aging timer of the router interface in a VLAN.


By default, if the router interface receives an MLD Query message, the S2700 sets the
remaining aging time of the interface to 180 seconds. If the router interface receives a PIM
Hello message, the S2700 sets the remaining aging time of the interface to the value of the
holdtime field in the PIM Hello message.
l Maximum response time of MLD messages. This timer controls the deadline for a host to
report the membership.
l Robustness variable of MLD snooping in a VLAN. When sending the MLD Query
messages, the S2700 determines the retransmission count of an MLD message according
to the robustness variable.
l Interval for sending the MLD General Query messages. This timer helps the S2700 adapt
to the change of load on the network.

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l Interval for sending the MLD Last Member Query messages. This timer helps the S2700
adapt to the change of load on the network.
l Duration for suppressing the Report messages. This timer saves network bandwidth and
reduces loads on the network.

Prompt Leave of Member Interfaces


When an interface of the S2700 receives an MLD Leave message of a multicast group, the
S2700 deletes the forwarding entry of the multicast group corresponding to the interface from
the forwarding table instead of sending Query messages. This process is called prompt leave.
When an interface is connected to only one host, you can enable the prompt leave function so
that the bandwidth can be released immediately after the host leaves the multicast group.

4.3 Enabling MLD Snooping


This section describes how to enable MLD snooping, add an interface to a multicast group
statically, and configure an interface as a static router interface.

4.3.1 Establishing the Configuration Task

Applicable Environment
By default, MLD snooping is disabled on the S2700. Therefore, you need to enable MLD
snooping on the S2700 globally.

After MLD snooping is enabled on the S2700 globally, MLD snooping remains disabled in a
VLAN by default. Therefore, you also need to enable MLD snooping in the VLAN.

If the hosts connected to an interface need to receive the multicast data of a certain group, you
can add the interface statically to the multicast group. The interface is called a static member
interface. The static member interface never ages.

On a network with stable topology, you can set the router interface on the S2700 as a static router
interface. The static router interface never ages, and can be deleted only through a certain
command.

Pre-configuration Tasks
Before enabling MLD snooping, complete the following tasks:

l Creating a VLAN
l Adding interfaces to the VLAN

Data Preparation
To enable MLD snooping, you need the following data.

No. Data

1 ID of the VLAN where MLD snooping needs


to be enabled

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No. Data

2 Number of the static member interface to be


configured, ID of the VLAN to which the
interface is to be added, and multicast IPv6
address

3 Number of the static router interface to be


configured, and ID of the VLAN to which the
interface is to be added

4.3.2 Enabling MLD snooping on the S2700


Context
To enable MLD snooping globally, do as follows on the S2700.

Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view

The system view is displayed.


Step 2 Run:
mld-snooping enable

MLD snooping is enabled globally.


By default, MLD snooping is disabled on the S2700.

----End

4.3.3 Enabling MLD Snooping in a VLAN


Context
To enable MLD snooping in a VLAN, do as follows on the S2700.

Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view

The system view is displayed.


Step 2 Run:
vlan vlan-id

The VLAN view is displayed.


Step 3 Run:
mld-snooping enable

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MLD snooping is enabled in the VLAN.

When MLD snooping is disabled in a VLAN by default.

----End

4.3.4 (Optional) Adding an Interface to a Multicast Group Statically

Context
To add an interface to a multicast group statically, do as follows on the S2700.

Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view

The system view is displayed.

Step 2 Run the following commands as required:


l Run:
interface interface-type interface-number

The interface view is displayed.


The interface can be an Ethernet interface, a GE interface or an Eth-Trunk interface.

Step 3 Run:
mld-snooping static-group { group-ipv6-address [ source source-ipv6-address ]
vlan vlan-id }

The interface is added to a multicast group statically.

NOTE

l Before using the mld-snooping static-group command, ensure that the interface is added to the VLAN
specified by vlan-id; otherwise, the configuration fails.
l If the source-address parameter is specified in the mld-snooping static-group command, the MLD
version must be V2; otherwise, the configuration does not take effect even though the command can
be run.

----End

4.3.5 (Optional) Configuring an Interface as a Static Router


Interface

Context
To configure an interface as a static router interface, do as follows on the S2700.

Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view

The system view is displayed.

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Step 2 Run:
interface interface-type interface-number

The interface view is displayed.


The interface can be an Ethernet interface, a GE interface or an Eth-Trunk interface.
Step 3 Run:
mld-snooping static-router-port vlan vlan-id

The interface is configured as a static router interface.

NOTE

Before using the mld-snooping static-router-port vlan vlan-id command, ensure that the interface is
added to the VLAN specified by vlan-id; otherwise, the configuration fails.

----End

4.3.6 (Optional) Configuring the MLD Version

Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view

The system view is displayed.


Step 2 Run:
vlan vlan-id

The VLAN view is displayed.


Step 3 Run:
mld-snooping version version

The version is configured for MLD protocol packets that can be processed by MLD snooping.
The version can be set to 1 or 2.
By default, the S2700 can process MLDv1 packets.

----End

4.3.7 Checking the Configuration

Procedure
Step 1 Run the display mld-snooping configuration command to check the configuration information
of MLD snooping.
Step 2 Run the display mld-snooping [ vlan vlan-id ] command to check the status of MLD snooping
in a VLAN.
Step 3 Run the display mld-snooping port-info [ vlan vlan-id [ group group-ipv6address [ source-
address source-ipv6address ] | verbose ] ] command to check information about member
interfaces of a multicast group and the router interface in a VLAN.

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Step 4 Run the display mld-snooping router-port [ vlan vlan-id ] command to check information
about the router interface in a VLAN.
NOTE

The display mld-snooping port-info command displays only the information about the static member
interface or static router interface in Up state. If the static member interface or static router interface in
Down state, you can run the display mld-snooping configuration command to check the configuration
of the interface.

----End

4.4 Configuring a Multicast Group Policy for a VLAN


This section describes how to configure a multicast group policy for a VLAN.

4.4.1 Establishing the Configuration Task


Applicable Environment
You can configure policies to control the multicast groups that the hosts in a VLAN can join.

Pre-configuration Tasks
Before configuring a multicast group policy for a VLAN, complete the following task:
l 4.3 Enabling MLD Snooping

Data Preparation
To configure a multicast group policy for a VLAN, you need the following data.

No. Data

1 ID of the VLAN where the multicast group


policy is to be configured and number of the
interface connected to the multicast source in
the VLAN

2 (Optional) MLD version of the multicast


group policy

4.4.2 Configuring a Multicast Group Policy


Context
To configure a multicast group policy, do as follows on the S2700.

Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view

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The system view is displayed.

Step 2 Run:
vlan vlan-id

The VLAN view is displayed.

Step 3 Run:
mld-snooping group-policy acl-number [ mld-version ]

A multicast group policy is configured.

By default, no multicast group policy is available in a VLAN. That is, hosts in a VLAN can join
any multicast group. MLDv1/v2 is used.

Only a basic or advanced ACL6 can be used. Before configuring a multicast group policy, ensure
that an ACL6 has been created and a rule has been defined. For details, see Configuring ACL6.

NOTE

l When a multicast policy is configured for a VLAN, the multicast policy does not take effect if the
ACL6 specified by the ACL number does not exist; therefore, the hosts in the VLAN can join any
multicast group.
l If you run the undo acl ipv6 command to delete the ACL6 used by the multicast policy, hosts in the
VLAN can join any multicast group.
l A multicast policy is invalid for static multicast entries.

----End

4.4.3 Checking the Configuration

Procedure
Step 1 Run the display mld-snooping [ vlan vlan-id ] [ configuration ] command to check the
configuration of MLD snooping in a VLAN.

Step 2 Run the display mld-snooping port-info [ vlan vlan-id [ group group-ipv6-address [ source-
address source-ipv6-address ] | verbose ] ] command to check the configuration of MLD
snooping on an interface.

----End

4.5 Configuring Prompt Leave of Interfaces


This section describes how to configure prompt leave of interfaces in a VLAN.

4.5.1 Establishing the Configuration Task

Applicable Environment
If each interface in a VLAN is connected to only one multicast receiver, you can enable prompt
leave on the interfaces to save bandwidth.

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Pre-configuration Tasks
Before configuring the prompt leave function for interfaces in a VLAN, complete the following
tasks:
l 4.3 Enabling MLD Snooping
l Creating an ACL6

Data Preparation
To configure the prompt leave function for interfaces in a VLAN, you need the following data.

No. Data

1 ID of the VLAN where the prompt leave


function needs to be configured

4.5.2 Configuring Prompt Leave of Interfaces


Context
To configure the prompt leave function in a VLAN, do as follows on the S2700.

Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view

The system view is displayed.


Step 2 Run:
vlan vlan-id

The VLAN view is displayed.


Step 3 Run:
mld-snooping prompt-leave [ group-policy acl-number ]

Prompt leave is enabled for interfaces in the VLAN.


NOTE

By default, no interface is allowed to promptly leave a multicast group.


If group-policy acl-number is not specified in step 3, the S2700 deletes the forwarding entry of a member
interface immediately when receiving a Done message from the interface.

----End

4.5.3 Checking the Configuration

Procedure
Step 1 Run the display mld-snooping [ vlan vlan-id ] [ configuration ] command to check the
configuration of MLD snooping in a VLAN.

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If the configuration is successful, you can find that the prompt leave function is configured
correctly in the VLAN.

----End

4.6 Configuring the MLD Snooping Querier


This section describes how to configure the MLD snooping querier.

4.6.1 Establishing the Configuration Task

Applicable Environment
If a network does not have a Layer 3 multicast device, the MLD querier functions are unavailable
because the Layer 2 devices do not support MLD. To solve this problem, you can enable the
MLD snooping querier on the Layer 2 devices so that the Layer 2 devices can create and maintain
the IPv6 multicast forwarding entries at the data link layer. In this way, the IPv6 multicast data
can be forwarded at the data link layer.

Pre-configuration Tasks
Before configuring the MLD snooping querier on the VLAN, complete the following task:
l Enabling the MLD snooping function on the VLAN

Data Preparation
To configure the MLD snooping querier in a VLAN, you need the following data.

No. Data

1 Interval for sending MLD General Query


messages

2 Interval for sending MLD Group-Specific


Query messages

3 Maximum response time of the MLD General


Query message

4 Source IPv6 address of the MLD General


Query message

5 Source IPv6 address of the MLD Group-


Specific Query message

4.6.2 Enabling the MLD Snooping Querier

Context
Do as follows on the S2700.

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Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view

The system view is displayed.


Step 2 Run:
vlan vlan-id

The VLAN view is displayed.


Step 3 Run:
mld-snooping querier enable

The MLD snooping querier is enabled.

NOTE

By default, the MLD snooping querier is disabled.


The MLD snooping querier does not participate in the election of the MLD querier; however, the MLD
snooping querier on an IPv6 multicast network running MLD may affect the election result because the
source IPv6 address of the Query message sent by the MLD snooping querier is small.

----End

4.6.3 Setting the MLD Snooping Query Interval and Response


Interval
Context
The response time (max-response-time) of the MLD Snooping Query messages, including
General Query message and Group-Specific Query message, sent by the S2700 can be set
through commands. When a downstream device of the switch receives the Query message sent
by the switch, the downstream device starts a timer. When the timer value becomes 0, the
downstream device sends an MLD Snooping membership report message to the IPv6 multicast
group corresponding to the timer.
You should properly set the max-response-time parameter so that the switch can respond to the
MLD Snooping Query messages quickly. If the max-response-time is set improperly, a lot of
switches may send the membership report messages at the same time to congest the network
because the timers expire simultaneously.

Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view

The system view is displayed.


Step 2 Run:
vlan vlan-id

The VLAN view is displayed.


Step 3 Run:
mld-snooping query-interval query-interval

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The interval for sending the MLD Snooping General Query messages is set.

Step 4 Run:
mld-snooping max-response-time max-response-time

The maximum response time of the MLD Snooping General Query messages is set.

Step 5 Run:
mld-snooping last-listener-query-interval time-value

The interval for sending the MLD Snooping Specific-Group Query messages is set.

----End

4.6.4 Setting the Source IPv6 Address of MLD Query Messages

Context
Do as follows on the S2700.

Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view

The system view is displayed.

Step 2 Run:
mld-snooping send-query source-address ipv6-address

The source IPv6 address of the MLD Query messages is set.

----End

4.6.5 Checking the Configuration

Procedure
Step 1 Run the display mld-snooping [ vlan vlan-id ] [ configuration ] command to check the
configuration of MLD snooping in a VLAN.
[Quidway]display mld-snooping vlan 95 configuration
MLD Snooping Configuration for VLAN 95
mld-snooping enable
mld-snooping version 2

Step 2 Run the display mld-snooping configuration command to view the global configuration of
MLD snooping.
[Quidway] display mld-snooping configuration
MLD Snooping Configuration for VLAN 11
mld-snooping enable
mld-snooping group-policy 2000 2
MLD Snooping Configuration for VLAN 12
mld-snooping enable

----End

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4.7 (Optional) Modifying Parameters of MLD Snooping


This section describes how to optimize the performance of MLD snooping by modifying MLD
snooping parameters, including the aging time of the router interface, interval for sending Last
Member Query messages, interval for sending the General Query messages, maximum response
time for MLD messages, MLD robustness variable, source IP address of the MLD message sent
to respond to changes of Layer 2 network topology, MLD version, duration for suppressing the
same Report messages, maximum number of MLD snooping entries, and whether the Router
Alert option is contained in MLD messages.

4.7.1 Establishing the Configuration Task

Applicable Environment
You can modify parameters of MLD snooping to optimize the multicast performance on the
S2700 according to the actual situation of the network.

Pre-configuration Tasks
Before modifying parameters of MLD snooping, complete the following task:
l 4.3 Enabling MLD Snooping

Data Preparation
To modify parameters of MLD snooping, you need the following data.

No. Procedure

1 ID of the VLAN where you need to optimize


the performance of MLD snooping

2 (Optional) Aging time of the router interface

3 (Optional) Interval for sending Last Member


Query messages

4 (Optional) Interval for sending the General


Query messages

5 (Optional) Maximum response time of MLD


messages

6 (Optional) Robustness variable of the MLD

7 (Optional) Source IPv6 address of the MLD


General Query message that the MLD
snooping module sends to respond to the
change of the Layer 2 network topology

8 (Optional) Version of MLD messages that the


MLD snooping module can process in the
VLAN

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No. Procedure

9 (Optional) Duration for suppressing the same


MLD messages

10 (Optional) Number of MLD snooping entries


that can be configured or learned

4.7.2 (Optional) Setting the Aging Time of the Router Interface


Context
To set the aging time of the router interface, do as follows on the S2700.

Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view

The system view is displayed.


Step 2 Run:
vlan vlan-id

The VLAN view is displayed.


Step 3 Run:
mld-snooping router-aging-time router-aging-time

The aging time of the router interface is set.


By default, if the router interface receives an MLD Query message, the S2700 sets the remaining
aging time of the interface to 180 seconds.

----End

4.7.3 (Optional) Setting Parameters Related to the Aging Time of


Member Interfaces
Context
To set the parameters related to the aging time of member interfaces, perform the following steps
at a random order.

Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view

The system view is displayed.


Step 2 Run:
vlan vlan-id

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The VLAN view is displayed.


Step 3 Run:
mld-snooping query-interval query-interval

The interval for sending the General Query messages is set. The default value is 60 seconds.
Step 4 Run:
mld-snooping max-response-time max-response-time

The maximum response time of MLD messages is set. The default value is 10 seconds.
Step 5 Run:
mld-snooping robust-count robust-count

The robustness variable of MLD is set. The default value is 2.

----End

4.7.4 (Optional) Enabling the MLD Snooping Module to Respond


to Changes of the Layer 2 Network Topology
Context
To enable the MLD snooping module to respond to changes of the Layer 2 network topology,
do as follows on the S2700.

Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view

The system view is displayed.


Step 2 Run:
mld-snooping send-query enable

The MLD snooping module of the S2700 is enabled to respond to changes of the Layer 2 network
topology.
Step 3 Run:
mld-snooping send-query source-address ipv6-address

The source IPv6 address of the MLD General Query messages that the MLD snooping module
sends to respond to changes of the Layer 2 network topology is set.
By default, the source IPv6 address of the MLD General Query message sent by the S2700 is
FE80::.
Step 3 is optional. After the S2700 is enabled to respond to changes of the Layer 2 network
topology, it sends an MLD General Query message to the downstream S2700 when receiving a
Topology Change message. Then the downstream S2700 can learn the new router interface.
When a member interface receives the MLD General Query message, the member interface
responds with an MLD Report message. Then the S2700 and its downstream S2700 can learn
the new multicast forwarding entry. This function enables the S2700 to forward multicast data
correctly after the Layer 2 topology changes.

----End

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4.7.5 (Optional) Setting the Duration for Suppressing the Same


MLD Messages

Context
To set the duration for suppressing the MLD Report messages with the same content, do as
follows on the S2700.

Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view

The system view is displayed.

Step 2 Run:
mld-snooping suppression-time time-value

The duration for suppressing the same MLD Report messages is set.

NOTE

l By default, the duration for suppressing the same MLD Report messages is 10 seconds.
l The MLD snooping function is applicable to only the MLDv1 packets, but is invalid for the MLDv2
packets.

----End

4.7.6 Checking the Configuration

Procedure
Step 1 Run the display mld-snooping [ vlan vlan-id ] command to check information about MLD
snooping in a VLAN.

----End

Example
If the preceding configurations are successful, the following information is displayed:
<Quidway> display mld-snooping vlan 10
MLD Snooping Vlan Information for VLAN 10
MLD Snooping is Enable
MLD Version is Set to default 1
MLD Query Interval is Set to default 125
MLD Max Response Interval is Set to default 10
MLD Robustness is Set to default 2
MLD Last Member Query Interval is Set to default 1
MLD Router Port Aging Interval is Set to 180s or holdtime in hello
MLD Filter Group-Policy is Set to default : Permit All
MLD Prompt Leave Disable
MLD Router Alert is Not Required
MLD Send Router Alert Enable
MLD Snooping Querier Disable

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Configuration Guide - Multicast 4 MLD Snooping Configuration

4.8 Maintaining MLD Snooping


This section describes how to maintain MLD snooping.

4.8.1 Clearing MLD Snooping Entries

Context

CAUTION
Use this command with caution. After the MLD snooping entries, that is, the dynamic forwarding
entries, of a VLAN are deleted from the multicast forwarding table, the multicast flows sent to
hosts in the VLAN are interrupted. The hosts can receive multicast flows again only after the
S2700 receives the MLD Membership Report messages from the hosts and generates new
forwarding entries.

To clear the dynamic forwarding entries from the multicast forwarding table, run the following
command in the user view.

Procedure
Step 1 Run the reset mld-snooping group { vlan { vlan-id | all } | all } command to clear the dynamic
forwarding entries from the multicast forwarding table.

----End

4.8.2 Clearing the Statistics on MLD Snooping

Context

CAUTION
The statistics on MLD snooping cannot be restored after you clear them. So, confirm the action
before you use the command. To clear the statistics on MLD snooping, run the following
command in the user view.

Procedure
Step 1 Run the reset mld-snooping statistics [ vlan vlan-id ] command to clear the statistics on MLD
snooping in a VLAN.

----End

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4.8.3 Debugging MLD Snooping

Context

CAUTION
Debugging affects the performance of the system. So, after debugging, run the undo debugging
mld-snooping all command to disable it immediately.

When a fault occurs in MLD Snooping, you can run the following debugging command in the
user view to debug MLD snooping and locate the fault.

Procedure
Step 1 Run the debugging mld-snooping [ all | event | done [ basic-acl-number ] | packet [advance-
acl-number ] | query [ advance-acl-number ] | report [ advance-acl-number ] | timer |
general ] command in the user view to enable debugging of MLD snooping.

----End

4.9 Configuration Examples


This section provides several configuration examples of MLD snooping.

4.9.1 Example for Configuring Prompt Leave of Interfaces in a


VLAN

Networking Requirements
As shown in Figure 4-1, Eth 0/0/1 and Eth 0/0/2 on of Switch A are connected to only one
receiver respectively. Other hosts connected to Eth 0/0/1 and Eth 0/0/2 do not need to receive
multicast packets. Therefore, when receiving MLD Leave messages from the two interfaces,
Switch A deletes the forwarding entries of the multicast groups that the hosts leave without
waiting for the timeout of the aging timer. This saves the bandwidth and system resources.

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Figure 4-1 Networking diagram for configuring prompt leave of interfaces in a VLAN

DHCP server multicast source

IP/MPLS
core

Eth0/0/3
SwitchA
Eth0/0/1 Eth0/0/2
VLAN 3

Host1 Host2 Host 3 Host 4 Host 5

Configuration Roadmap
The configuration roadmap is as follows:
1. Create VLAN 3 on Switch A and add Eth 0/0/1, Eth 0/0/2, and Eth 0/0/3 to VLAN 3.
2. Enable MLD snooping globally on Switch A.
3. Enable prompt leave of interfaces in VLAN 3 on Switch A.
4. Enable MLD snooping in VLAN 3 on Switch A.

Data Preparation
To complete the configuration, you need the following data:
l ID of the VLAN where prompt leave is enabled: 3

Procedure
Step 1 Create VLAN 3 on Switch A and add Eth 0/0/1, Eth 0/0/2, and Eth 0/0/3 to VLAN 3. The
configuration procedure is not provided here.

Step 2 Enable MLD snooping globally on Switch A.


[SwitchA] mld-snooping enable

Step 3 Enable prompt leave of interfaces in VLAN 3.


[SwitchA] vlan 3
[SwitchA-vlan3] mld-snooping prompt-leave

Step 4 Enable MLD snooping in VLAN 3.


[SwitchA-vlan3] mld-snooping enable

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Step 5 Verify the configuration. Run the display mld-snooping command on Switch A.
[SwitchA] display mld-snooping vlan 3
MLD Snooping Vlan Information for VLAN 3
MLD Snooping is Enable
MLD Version is Set to default 1
MLD Query Interval is Set to default 125
MLD Max Response Interval is Set to default 10
MLD Robustness is Set to default 2
MLD Last Member Query Interval is Set to default 1
MLD Router Port Aging Interval is Set to 180s or holdtime in hello
MLD Filter Group-Policy is Set to default : Permit All
MLD Prompt Leave Enable
MLD Router Alert is Not Required
MLD Send Router Alert Enable
MLD Snooping Querier Disable

As shown in the preceding output, "MLD Prompt Leave enable" indicates that the configuration
of prompt leave for interfaces in VLAN 3 is successful.

----End

Configuration Files
#
sysname SwitchA
#
mld-snooping enable
#
vlan batch 3
#
vlan 3
mld-snooping enable
mld-snooping prompt-leave
#
interface Ethernet0/0/1
port hybrid tagged vlan 3
#
interface Ethernet0/0/2
port hybrid tagged vlan 3
#
interface Ethernet0/0/3
port hybrid tagged vlan 3
#
return

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