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PDVSA

ENGINEERING DESIGN MANUAL


VOLUME 9I

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA N TITLE

K333 VALVE ACTUATORS

0 AUG.94 FOR APPROVAL 8 L.T. E.J. A.N.

REV. DATE DESCRIPTION PAG. REV. APPD. APPD.

APPD.BY Eliecer Jimnez DATE AUG.94 APPD.BY Alejandro Newski DATE AUG.94

E PDVSA, 1983 ESPECIALISTAS


ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION PDVSA K333

PDVSA
REVISION DATE
VALVE ACTUATORS
0 AUG.94
Page 1
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Index
Page

1 SCOPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
2 CODES, STANDARDS AND PRACTICES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
3 DEFINITIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
4 GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
5 PNEUMATIC AND HYDRAULIC ACTUATORS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
6 ELECTRIC ACTUATORS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
6.1 Local / Remote Controls and Valve Position Indication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
6.2 Motors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
7 GEAR BOXES (FOR ELECTRIC ACTUATORS AND CERTAIN PISTON
ACTUATED VALVES) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
8 HANDWHEEL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
9 FIREPROOFING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
10 SPECIFICATION FORM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
11 INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
12 Q.A. / Q.C. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION PDVSA K333

PDVSA
REVISION DATE
VALVE ACTUATORS
0 AUG.94
Page 2
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FOREWORD

This document is the result of several years work by engineers in the petroleum industry
of Venezuela (PDVSA).
The recommendations presented in this publication are not intended to supersede
applicable laws and regulations.
Users of this recommended practice are reminded that no publication of this type can be
complete, nor, can any written document, be substituted for qualifed engineering analysis.
Suggested revisions are invited and should be submitted to:

The manager
PDVSA Engineering Standards,
C/O INTEVEP TENA Divisin,
Apartado 76343
Caracas 1070A
Venezuela
ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION PDVSA K333

PDVSA
REVISION DATE
VALVE ACTUATORS
0 AUG.94
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1 SCOPE
This section covers PDVSA requirements for the design, specification, installation
and commissioning of valve actuators.

2 CODES, STANDARDS AND PRACTICES


A.P.I. RP550, part 1, Section 10.
ANSI
BS 5351
COVENIN 200
N.E.C.
NEMA
NFPA
UL 429 Electrically operated valves
UL 1002 Electrically operated valves
UL 1509 FIRE TEST CONDITIONS

3 DEFINITIONS
All definition are listed in specification K300.

4 GENERAL
4.1 This specification deals with pneumatic, hydraulic and electric actuators on onoff
services. Actuators for valves on proportional control are detailed in specification
K332 under control valves.
The onoff valves are separated into three categories and the classification
specified by the project / process engineer:
S Normal service
S Critical service
Valves required to be operable for a specified number of operations in order to
ensure the safety of the process in the event of loss of the main actuator fluid
medium (pneumatic or hydraulic).
S Emergency service
Valves installed at strategic locations to isolate / shutdown equipment or
depressurise, remove or displace flammable / toxic / environment
contaminating material inventory of process lines / equipment.
Note: The Emergency block valves are located 15 metres away from the potential
leak source for e.g. The valves on lines to and from a ship loading jetty shall be
located atleast 15 metres from the loading arm.
ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION PDVSA K333

PDVSA
REVISION DATE
VALVE ACTUATORS
0 AUG.94
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4.2 These specifications are generic and the actual details as listed below of the
valve/actuator shall be specified on a data sheet included in paragraph 9.
a. Valve body size, type, materials of construction, rating, actuator coupling
etc.
b. Valve full open to full closure (or vice versa) speed.
c. Valve upstream piping design pressure
d. Electric power / hydraulic / pneumatic supply
e. Actuator type and size
f. Any fireproofing of actuator
g. Capacity tank for pneumatic / hydraulic actuators
h. Loop diagrams reference
i. Continuous 420 m.A. transmission and/or limit switches for remote position
indication
j. Twowire distributed control or 24 / 125 volts D.C. remote operation signal
k. Intelligent type actuator
l. Normal or emergency service.
m. Area clasification
n. Valve failure position, if applicable
o. Accessories, if any
4.3 It is the clear responsibility of the actuator supplier to ensure that:

S All actuators shall function in an ambient temperature of 0C to plus 90C and


be operable remotely on 24 / 125 volts D.C. Signals
S On items classified as Emergency service the actuator shall have an additional
set of actuating pushbuttons and position indicating lights located atleast 10
metres from the valve and operable at grade level.
S All field mounted items shall be corrosion resistant to marine atmophere and
any specified corrosive ambience. All electrical items shall be tropicalised and
meet specified area classification.
S CAST iron material shall not be used.
S It is fitted correctly to the valve to ensure correct operation under all specified
operating conditions
S The actuator size withstands a pressure drop equal to the upstream piping relief
valve set pressure.
S The speed of response complies with process requirements.
S The shaft stem is solid and linked positively to the valve plug or gearbox (for e.g.
electric actuators or butterfly valves).
ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION PDVSA K333

PDVSA
REVISION DATE
VALVE ACTUATORS
0 AUG.94
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5 PNEUMATIC AND HYDRAULIC ACTUATORS


5.1 Hydraulic systems shall conform to A.P.I. RP550, PART 1, section 10.

5.2 Pneumatic actuators shall operate on 020 P.S.I.G. (0.21.0 kg/cm2) input signal
and a supply pressure of 7 kg/cm2.

5.3 Solenoids in hydraulic and pneumatic systems shall be intrinsically safe and
operate on 24 volts D.C.
125 volts D.C. systems are subject to PDVSA approval.

5.4 They shall be fitted with limit switches at valve open and close positions. The
contacts shall be normally closed and open when the valve reaches either end
positions.
Continuous 420 mA position transmitter shall be fitted when specified.

5.5 Actuators on valves identified as critical service shall be equipped with capacity
tanks and lockup valves to ensure operation of the valve for the specified number
of operations.

6 ELECTRIC ACTUATORS
S The unit shall be complete i.e., integral motor starter controls, transformer,
space heaters, pushbuttons, valve position indicator together with torque and
limit switches.
S The valve shall withstand the stall torque of the actuator with torque and limit
switches disconnected.
S Space heater shall be provided to prevent condensation with the breather
/ drain located at the lowest point for any angle of actuator mounting.
S Three conduit entries shall be provided one for power, one for remote
actuation and one for limit switches wiring.
S Rising stem valves shall be provided with a galvanised steel cover threaded into
the actuator to protect the valve stem.
S Valves operating at 400C or above shall be equipped with compensation
springs to allow for stem expansion and contraction without affecting the valve
seating.

6.1 Local / Remote Controls and Valve Position Indication


S An electrically and mechanically interlocked motor starter shall be provided in
the actuator housing. Continuous mechanical indication of valve position shall
be incorporated on a dial in the actuator.
ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION PDVSA K333

PDVSA
REVISION DATE
VALVE ACTUATORS
0 AUG.94
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S Control power transformers when used, shall be epoxy encapsulated and have
fuse protection on the secondary. Fuses shall be readily accessible for
replacement or deactivation at the terminal board.
S Contacts shall also be provided inside the actuator enclosure for remote
operation and indication and wired to a terminal block.
S Open and close torque switches for electric motor drivers shall be provided with
means to prevent tripping on torque during initial unseating.
S Torque and limit switches and valve position transmitter:
a. Switch design shall permit inplace change of normallyopen or
normallyclosed contacts by reconnecting wiring.
b. Switch contact minimum rating shall be: 5 amps at 440 VAC inductive and
1 amp at 24 volts DC.
c. Torque and limit switches shall be easily adjustable without removal of the
switch assembly from the actuator enclosure. Repeatability of switch
actuation shall be  5% of set point.
d. Position limit switches shall be provided at each end of travel for remote
indication and sequencing. A minimum of eight limit switch contacts shall
be furnished, with operation as follows:

Two contacts open only when valve is fully closed.


Two contacts open except when valve is fully open.
Two contacts closed only when valve is fully closed.
Two contacts closed except when valve is fully open.

e. Local lamp indication of closed (red) and open (green) positions shall be
provided. In the intermediate position, both red and green lamps
(alternatively a separate amber color lamp may be furnished) shall be on.
Lamps shall be rated for 100.000 hours. For fireproofed valves, local
indicating lights shall not be mounted on a intumescent type actuator
enclosure, but on a control station located at least 10 metres away from
the valve.
f. Continuous 420 m.A. position transmitter shall be fitted to indicate the
exact valve position.

6.2 Motors
Motors shall be 3 phase, high starting torque, single speed, with lifetime
prelubricated (sealed) ball bearings. Motor voltage and frequency will be
specified on the data sheet. Insulation Class shall be per PDVSA specification
N201. Motors shall be suitable for the following:
ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION PDVSA K333

PDVSA
REVISION DATE
VALVE ACTUATORS
0 AUG.94
Page 7
Men Principal Indice manual Indice volumen Indice norma

S 3 successive openclose strokes of the valve or for 15 minutes continuous full


load operation, whichever is the shorter time period.
S 6 consecutive applications of locked rotor current.
S Motor Overload Protection. One or more winding temperature detectors
embedded in the motor winding or three thermal overloads in the motor
controller are acceptable. Either must be capable of being deactivated at the
terminal board by installation of jumpers.

7 GEAR BOXES (FOR ELECTRIC ACTUATORS AND CERTAIN


PISTON ACTUATED VALVES)
Gears shall be fully enclosed and immersed in a lubricant.
Limit switch drive gearing of electric actuators shall be stainless steel/bronze.
For electric actuators the gearing shall have a builtin lost motion device to enable
the motor attain full speed in a maximum travel of 90 before imparting a hammer
blow to start the valve in motion in either opening or closing direction.

8 HANDWHEEL
All electric actuated valves shall be fitted with handwheels. Pneumatic or
hydraulic actuated valves shall be fitted with handwheels only where necessary
and subject to PDVSA aproval.
The mechanism shall be automatic declutching type that automatically
disengages the handwheel while electric motor or hydraulic/pneumatic piston is
in operation.
The declutching device shall permit manual handwheel operation at all times.
The opening or closing direction of the valve shall be clearly indicated on the
handwheel.
Gearboxes shall be supplied where appropiate to operate the valve easily and
smoothly.

9 FIREPROOFING
9.1 The actuators and power/instrument leads on Emergency Classified valves shall
be Fireproofed:

S Within 5 metres of the protected equipment.


S Within 25 metres of manifolds and loading arm connections on jetties
S Inside dikes of storage tanks holding flammable liquefied gases.
ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION PDVSA K333

PDVSA
REVISION DATE
VALVE ACTUATORS
0 AUG.94
Page 8
Men Principal Indice manual Indice volumen Indice norma

9.2 Fireproofing shall enable the valve and actuating system to remain operable for
15 minutes when exposed to a 1100C fire under UL 1509 test conditions.

9.3 Fireproofing material thickness shall be selected to ensure actuator internal


temperatures do not exceed 90C.
The material shall be 50 mm mineral fibre or calcium silicate with a stainless steel
jacket. Intumescent epoxy coating shall be subject to PDVSA approval.
Capacity tanks on pneumatic / hydraulic actuators shall also be similarly
fireproofed. The tubing shall be 316 stainless steel and not fireproofed.

9.4 The actuator enclosures shall have readily separable joints to enable removal
without damaging the fireproofing.
Pneumatic / hydraulic actuator driven valves which go to a safe position on loss
of fluid pressure shall not be fireproofed.

10 SPECIFICATION FORM
FORM N TITLE

20.50x Onoff valves with positive closure

The form is included at the end of this specification

11 INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING


All installation and commissioning shall be performed in accordance with project
drawings and specifications.

12 Q.A. / Q.C.
All items shall conform with the procedures detailed in specification K369.