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Materials System Specification

34-SAMSS-711 4 January 2012


Control Valves
Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee

Saudi Aramco DeskTop Standards


Table of Contents

1 Scope............................................................... 2
2 Conflicts and Deviations................................... 2
3 References....................................................... 2
4 Environmental Conditions................................. 6
5 Information Required with Quotation................ 7
6 Materials, Design, Fabrication and Assembly.. 8
7 Noise Level Requirements............................. 22
8 Marking and Name Plate................................ 22
9 Painting........................................................... 23
10 Documentation............................................... 23
11 Inspection and Testing Requirements............ 23
12 Requirements for Shipment............................ 25

Previous Issue: 10 October 2011 Next Planned Update: 10 October 2016


Page 1 of 26
Primary contact: Hamad, Fahad Mohammed on +966-3-8801347

CopyrightSaudi Aramco 2012. All rights reserved.


Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-711
Issue Date: 4 January 2012
Next Planned Update: 10 October 2016 Control Valves

1 Scope

This specification, together with the Purchase Order, Instrument Specification Sheet
(ISS) Form SA-8020-711-ENG, Form SA-8020-712-ENG, Form SA-8020-713-ENG,
Form SA- 2787, or Form SA-2787-M, SA-NMR-7925, and Inspection Requirements
Form 175-340100 or 175-340150 define the minimum mandatory requirements for steel
control valves and regulators up to and including Class 2500 ratings. This specification
is not applicable to on/off isolation valves.

This specification is applicable for the control valves that are used in on/off service or
interlock applications.

2 Conflicts and Deviations

2.1 Any conflicts between this specification and other applicable Saudi Aramco
Materials System Specifications (SAMSSs), Engineering Standards (SAESs),
Standard Drawings (SASDs), or industry standards, codes, and forms shall be
resolved in writing by the Company or Buyer Representative through the
Manager, Process & Control Systems Department of Saudi Aramco, Dhahran.

2.2 Direct all requests to deviate from this specification in writing to the Company or
Buyer Representative, who shall follow internal company procedure SAEP-302
and forward such requests to the Manager, Process & Control Systems
Department of Saudi Aramco, Dhahran.

3 References

Material or equipment supplied to this specification shall comply with the latest edition
of the references listed below, unless otherwise noted.

3.1 Saudi Aramco References

Saudi Aramco Engineering Procedure


SAEP-302 Instructions for Obtaining a Waiver of a
Mandatory Saudi Aramco Engineering
Requirement

Saudi Aramco Engineering Standards


SAES-A-206 Positive Material Identification

Saudi Aramco Forms and Data Sheets


Form SA-8020-711-ENG ISS - Globe/Angle Control Valves (sheets 1 & 2)

Page 2 of 26
Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-711
Issue Date: 4 January 2012
Next Planned Update: 10 October 2016 Control Valves

Form SA-8020-712-ENG ISS - Ball Control Valves (sheets 1 & 2)


Form SA-8020-713-ENG ISS - Butterfly / Rotary Plug Control Valves
(sheets 1 & 2)
Form SA-NMR-7925 Non-Material Requirements for Valves - All Types
Form SA-2787 Instrument Specification Sheet - Pressure
Regulators
Form SA-2787-M Instrument Specification Sheet - Pressure
Regulators (Metric)

Saudi Aramco Inspection Requirements


Form 175-340100 VALVES: Control, Steel, General Service,
Pneumatic Operated Up to and including
Class 2500 ratings
Form 175-340150 VALVES: Control, Non-General Service

Saudi Aramco Standard Drawing


AB-036386 Hardness Testing for Welding Procedure
Qualifications

3.2 Industry Codes and Standards

American National Standards Institute/Fluid Controls Institute, Inc.


ANSI/FCI 70-2 Control Valve Seat Leakage
(Formerly ANSI B16.104)

American Petroleum Institute


API STD 6D Pipeline Valves
API STD 607 Testing of ValvesFire Type-testing
Requirements
API STD 609 Butterfly Valves, Double Flanged Lug and Wafer-
Type

American Society of Mechanical Engineers


ASME B1.20.1 Pipe Threads, General Purpose (Inch)
ASME B16.5 Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings
ASME B16.10 Face-to-Face and End-to-End Dimensions of
Valves
ASME B16.34 Valves Flanged, Threaded and Welding End

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Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-711
Issue Date: 4 January 2012
Next Planned Update: 10 October 2016 Control Valves

ASME B31.3 Process Piping


ASME B46.1 Surface Texture (Surface Roughness, Waviness,
and Lay)
ASME SEC VIII D1 Rules for Construction of Pressure Vessels
American Society for Testing and Materials

American Society for Testing and Materials


ASTM A105 Standard Specification for Carbon Steel Forgings
for Piping Applications
ASTM A182 Standard Specification for Forged or Rolled Alloy
and Stainless Steel Pipe Flanges, Forged
Fittings, and Valves and Parts for High-
Temperature Service
ASTM A216 Standard Specification for Steel Castings, Carbon,
Suitable for Fusion Welding, for High
Temperature Service
ASTM A217 Standard Specification for Steel Castings,
Martensitic Stainless and Alloy, for Pressure-
Containing Parts, Suitable for High-
Temperature Service
ASTM A350 Standard Specification for Carbon and Low-Alloy
Steel Forgings Notch Toughness Testing for
Piping Components
ASTM A351 Standard Specification for Castings, Austenitic,
for Pressure-Containing Parts
ASTM A352 Standard Specification for Steel Castings, Ferritic
and Martensitic for Pressure Containing Parts,
Suitable for Low-Temperature Service
ASTM A488 Practice for Steel Castings, Welding,
Qualification of Procedures and Personnel
ASTM E446 Standard Reference Radiographs for Steel
Castings up to 2 inch (51 mm) in Thickness

The Instrumentation, Systems and Automation Society - ISA


Commentary:

IEC standards equivalent to the ISA standards referenced herein are also
acceptable.

Page 4 of 26
Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-711
Issue Date: 4 January 2012
Next Planned Update: 10 October 2016 Control Valves

ANSI/ISA 51.1 Process Instrumentation Terminology


ANSI/ISA 75.01.01 Flow Equations for Sizing Control Valves
ANSI/ISA 75.05.01 Control Valve Terminology
ANSI/ISA 75.08.01 Face-to-Face Dimensions for Integral Flanged
Globe-Style Control Valve Bodies (ANSI
Classes 125, 150, 250, 300 and 600)
ANSI/ISA 75.08.02 Face-to-Face Dimensions for Flangeless Control
Valves (ANSI Classes 150, 300 and 600)
ANSI/ISA 75.08.06 Face-to-Face Dimensions for Flanged Globe-Style
Control Valve Bodies (ANSI Classes 900, 1500
and 2500)
ANSI/ISA 75.08.08 Face-to-Centerline Dimensions for Flanged
Globe-Style Angle Control Valve Bodies
(ANSI Classes 150, 300 and 600)
ANSI/ISA 75.11.01 Inherent Flow Characteristic and Rangeability of
Control Valves

ANSI/ISA 75.13.01 Method of Evaluating the Performance of


Positioners with Analog Input Signals and
Pneumatic Output
ANSI/ISA 75.19.01 Hydrostatic Testing of Control Valves
ANSI/ISA TR75.25.02 Control Valve Response Measurement from Step
Inputs

International Electrotechnical Commission


IEC 60079 Electrical Installations in Hazardous Areas
IEC 60529 Degrees of Protection Provide by Enclosures
(IP Code)
IEC 60534-2-5 Industrial Process Control Valves, Part 2-5:
Flow Capacity Sizing equations for Fluid
Flow through Multistage Control Valves with
Inter-Stage Recovery
IEC 60534-3-2 Industrial Process Control Valves, Part 3-2:
Dimension Face to Face Dimensions for
Rotary Control Valves, except Butterfly Valves
IEC 61000-4-3 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 4-3:
Testing and Measurement Techniques

Page 5 of 26
Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-711
Issue Date: 4 January 2012
Next Planned Update: 10 October 2016 Control Valves

Radiated Radio Frequency Electromagnetic


Field Immunity Test
IEC 60534-8-3 Industrial Process Control Valves, Part 8-3: Noise
Considerations: Control Valves Aerodynamic
Noise Prediction Method
IEC 60534-8-4 Industrial Process Control Valves, Part 8-4: Noise
Considerations: Prediction of Noise Generated
by Hydrodynamic Flow

International Organization for Standardization


NACE MR0175/ISO 15156 Petroleum and Natural Gas Industries -
Materials for Use in H2S Containing
Environments in Oil and Gas Production

Manufacturers Standardization Society


MSS SP-55 Quality Standard for Steel Castings - Visual
Method

National Fire Protection Association


NFPA 70 National Electrical Code

3.3 All engineering units shall be in the International System of Units (SI).
Equivalent values in conventional units enclosed in parentheses may follow the
SI units. When not critical, the equivalent conventional values may be rounded
to their nearest practical values.

3.4 The terminology and nomenclature used in ANSI/ISA 51.1 and ANSI/ISA
75.05.01 apply to this specification.

4 Environmental Conditions

4.1 Relative Humidity: Minimum 5%, maximum 95% (condensing)


Temperature: Minimum 0C, maximum 65C
Wind: Steady wind velocities up to 130 km/h and gusts up to 160 km/h.

4.2 The normal air-borne dust concentration shall be considered as 1 mg/m.


During sand storms dust concentrations may reach 500 mg/m. The dust particle
size distribution is 95% smaller than 20 micrometers and 50% smaller than
1.5 micrometers. The dust contains salts of sodium, magnesium, aluminum and
calcium, which are critically corrosive when wet.

Page 6 of 26
Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-711
Issue Date: 4 January 2012
Next Planned Update: 10 October 2016 Control Valves

4.3 Control valves and accessories installed offshore, including nearshore locations
shall be protected against above conditions and also against air-borne sea water
spray and wet salt accumulation.
Commentary:

Nearshore is defined as any outdoor, onshore location within one kilometer from
the shoreline of the Arabian Gulf; all of the Ras Tanura Refinery and Terminal;
and within three kilometers from the shoreline of the Red Sea.

5 Information Required with Quotation

The following information shall be supplied with the quotation:


Valve capacity, noise prediction, and body exit fluid velocity calculations for each
specified operating condition;
Actuator sizing method and data;
Manufacturers control valve specification sheet;
ISS marked-up (i.e., completed and/or corrected) to represent the quoted valve;
Sketch with outline dimensions of valve and actuator with approximate weight;
Air consumption data;
Valve capacity data as a function of travel, either in graphical or tabular form;
Valve trim performance data as a function of travel, including liquid pressure
recovery factor, cavitation index and pressure drop ratio factor;
Confirmation that all electrical equipment and installation of each valve will meet
the NFPA 70 National Electrical Code (NEC) or IEC 60079 requirements for the
electrical area classification specified on the ISS;
Confirmation for each quoted valve that it fully meets the specified process services
for trouble free operation;
Additional Documentation covered by SA NMR-7925 Non-Material
Requirements (NMR) for Valves - All Types, as specified to be submitted with the
quotation.

This information is necessary and will be used to complete the technical evaluation of
the quotation. The quotation will be considered technically unacceptable if any of the
information requested is not included.

Page 7 of 26
Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-711
Issue Date: 4 January 2012
Next Planned Update: 10 October 2016 Control Valves

6 Materials, Design, Fabrication and Assembly

6.1 General

The manufacturer is responsible for the design, construction and the durability
of the control valves for the specified process services. If there is no valve body
style specified, the manufacturer shall recommend a control valve body style
fully meeting the specified process services.

6.2 Material

The materials specified are minimum requirements and the manufacturer needs
to verify and re-confirm that the selections fully meet the specified process
services, including anticipated effects of corrosion and erosion.

Materials specified on the ISS shall be in accordance with the subject standard
covered by the following abbreviations, unless otherwise specified in the
Purchase Order:
105 ASTM A105
F5 ASTM A182 Gr. F5
F9 ASTM A182 Gr. F9
F11 ASTM A182 Gr. F11
F304 ASTM A182 Gr. F304
F316 ASTM A182 Gr. F316
F347 ASTM A182 Gr. F347
WCB ASTM A216 Gr. WCB
WCC ASTM A216 Gr. WCC
WC6 ASTM A217 Gr. WC6
WC9 ASTM A217 Gr. WC9
WC12 ASTM A217 Gr. C12
LF3 ASTM A350 Gr. LF3
CF8M ASTM A351 Gr. CF8M
CF3M ASTM A351 Gr. CF3M
CF8C ASTM A351 Gr.CF8C
LCB ASTM A352 LCB
LCC ASTM A352 LCC

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Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-711
Issue Date: 4 January 2012
Next Planned Update: 10 October 2016 Control Valves

LC2 ASTM A352 LC2


LC3 ASTM A352 LC3
A6 Alloy 6 (Solid Stellite No. 6)
A12 Alloy 12 (Solid Stellite No. 12)
A20 Alloy 20
CER Ceramic
COB Cobalt
DUPL Duplex Stainless Steel
HAST Hasteloy C
M400 Monel 400
M500 Monel 500
NIT50 Nitronic 50 (Nitraded Stainless Steel)
TC Tungsten Carbide
17-4 17- 4 PH Stainless Steel
304 AISI 304 Stainless Steel
316 AISI 316 Stainless Steel
316L AISI 316L Stainless Steel
410 AISI 410 Stainless Steel
416 AISI 416 Stainless Steel
420 AISI 420 Stainless Steel
440 AISI 440-C Stainless Steel
600 Inconel 600
625 Inconel 625

The following materials shall not be used for control valve bodies and bonnets:
ASTM A217 Gr. C5 and ASTM A216 Gr. WCA.

Requirements for other material standards are covered in the Purchase Order.

6.3 Body and Bonnet

6.3.1 Valve design, body pressure-temperature rating and minimum wall


thickness shall comply with ASME B16.34. Where pressure
containing parts are of a forged material and the non-destructive testing
of the welds joining the parts results in a joint efficiency of 1 per

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Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-711
Issue Date: 4 January 2012
Next Planned Update: 10 October 2016 Control Valves

ASME B31.3 Table 302.3.4 then the specified minimum wall thickness
can be reduced by 25%. The body rating shall be equal to or higher
than the flange rating.

6.3.2 Welding procedures, performance of welders and welding operators at


the foundry and manufacturer shall meet the requirements of
ASTM A488 .

Certificates for castings shall include weld repair data including extent
of repair, WPS, welder qualifications, post weld heat treatment and
NDE following the repair(s). Repair welding shall be performed as per
ASME B16.34 using a properly qualified and approved procedure and
shall conform to the material specification of the casting including
requirements for post weld heat treatment. A repair procedure must
include a method statement regarding the excavation, NDT, and
welding requirements. All welding procedure specifications,
performance qualification records and weld map documents must be
available for the purchaser inspector upon his request. The control
valve shall be re-hydrotested after any welding or weld repair and any
post weld heat treatment on the body or bonnet.

For non-general service valves, repair of major defects shall not be


performed without the knowledge of the Company. Welding, NDE
and heat treatment procedures for major weld repairs of non-general
service valves require submittal and approval by the Saudi Aramco
inspection department prior to affecting the repairs. Weld repairs shall
be considered major if any of the following conditions apply:
a) Castings leak during hydrostatic testing
b) The depth of the repair cavity prepared for welding exceeds 20%
of the wall thickness or 25 mm (1 in), whichever is smaller
c) The surface area of the repair cavity exceeds 65 cm (10 in).

6.3.3 End Connections


a) Control valve sizes 24" and smaller shall be integrally flanged.
Flanged connections shall comply with ASME B16.5.

Raised-face (RF) flanges shall be used for lines rated up to and


including Class 600 and up to a design temperature of 480C.

Ring-joint (RJ) flanges shall be used for lines rated Class 900 and
above, and for design temperature conditions exceeding 480C.
Ring grooves shall comply with ASME B16.20.

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Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-711
Issue Date: 4 January 2012
Next Planned Update: 10 October 2016 Control Valves

Separable flanges, flanges with tag welds, or flanges with partial


penetration welding are not acceptable.

Dimensions of flanges over 24 inch size shall conform to the


standard drawing(s) specified in the Purchase Order

Class 400 carbon steel flanges for sizes smaller than 30-inch shall
not be used.
b) Flangeless sliding stem control valves shall not be used. Flangeless
rotary control valves may only be applied when a flanged body is
not available for the selected type of control valve.

Flangeless rotary control valves shall not be used in:


hydrogen services
thermal cycling services
fire-safe services
systems rated above Class 600
services with design temperatures above 480C.
services being part of a Leak Detection and Repair (LDAR)
program for components in VOC service and components that
are in Hazardous Air Pollutant service, as defined by
SAES-A-102.

For design temperatures above 205C, bolting material for flangeless


control valves shall have the same nominal coefficient of thermal
expansion as the body and adjacent flanges. Flangeless control
valves shall have centering means (e.g., lugs, holes, bolting, or
equal) to ensure proper alignment of the control valve, gasket, and
piping flange. Wafer-type butterfly control valves shall not be used.
c) Threaded control valves shall not be used.

6.3.4 The gasket contact surface texture of raised-face flanged valves and
flangeless valves shall be smooth machine-finish between 3.2 to 6.4
micrometers Ra conforming to ASME B46.1. For hydrogen services,
when specified on the ISS, the gasket contact surface texture shall not
exceed 3.2 micrometers Ra.

6.3.5 Face-to-face or Face-to-Centerline dimensions of control valves shall


conform to one of the following standards as applicable, unless

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Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-711
Issue Date: 4 January 2012
Next Planned Update: 10 October 2016 Control Valves

otherwise specified on the ISS:

ANSI/ISA 75.08.01, ANSI/ISA 75.08.02, ANSI/ISA 75.08.06,


ANSI/ISA 75.08.08 , API STD 6D, API STD 609, IEC 60534-3-2.

Flanged control valves not covered by any of the above references, shall
comply with ASME B16.10 unless otherwise specified on the ISS.
6.3.6 In wet sour services all parts, welds and heat-affected zones of welds
exposed to the process fluid shall meet the hardness and heat treatment
requirements as per NACE MR0175/ISO 15156. Welding procedures
for welds exposed to the process fluid shall be hardness tested in
accordance with Standard Drawing AB-036386 or in accordance with
the hardness survey layouts in NACE MR0175/ISO 15156 with a
maximum allowable hardness of 250 HV or 22 HRC. Austenitic
stainless steels and nickel based alloys are not required to be hardness
tested, however they shall comply with the NACE MR0175/ISO 15156
requirements. To prevent sulfide stress cracking (SSC) the fabrication
shall be strictly in accordance with the heat treatment requirements and
hardness limitations of NACE MR0175/ISO 15156, including
materials under overlays, platings or coatings.
In wet sour services the bolting for body, bonnet and cover shall be in
accordance with NACE MR0175/ISO 15156.

Ispection reports and Material Certificates or Material Test Reports,


shall be furnished to confirm that materials comply with the NACE
MR0175/ISO 15156 requirements

6.3.7 Threaded connections shall be NPT and comply with ASME B1.20.1.

6.3.8 Bonnets shall be of the integral or bolted type construction with fully
retained gasketing. Threaded bonnets are not acceptable.

6.3.9 For cryogenic services, an extended bonnet shall be used.


The minimum required length of the bonnet shall be specified.
The packing arrangements shall be on the top of the bonnet.

Requirement for extended or finned bonnet shall be as specified on the


ISS.

6.4 Sliding Stem Valves

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Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-711
Issue Date: 4 January 2012
Next Planned Update: 10 October 2016 Control Valves

6.4.1 Straight globe valves shall be single or double ported, as specified on


the ISS. Angle globe valves shall be single ported.

6.4.2 Globe valves shall be top and bottom guided, double top-stem guided
or stem and cage guided.

6.4.3 Axial flow valve body shall be single piece. Piston is to be guided
over the full stroke. Piston is to be permanently locked to the piston
rod.

6.5 Rotary Valves

The trim position shall be indicated by an engraved mark on the end of the shaft.
The shaft design of rotary control valves shall prevent blowout.

The shaft design of rotary control valves shall prevent excessive shaft deflection
for the process conditions specified on the ISS.

6.5.1 Ball Valves

The seat ring and seat joint area of the ball valve, or segmented ball
valve, shall be designed for continuous throttling control of the process
service. Stem seals shall be resistant to vibration.

6.5.2 Butterfly Valves

6.5.2.1 Conventional flat disc/vane type butterfly valves shall be


sized for a maximum travel of 60 degrees opening. Travel in
excess of 60 degrees opening may only be applied when the
disc/vane is specifically designed for control services up to
90 degrees opening, under low dynamic torque requirements.

6.5.2.2 The actuator end of valve stem shall be splined or keyed.


Shear pins are not acceptable. The shear safety factor shall
be minimum 150% at the specified shut-off pressure drop
condition. The valve stem bearing shall be designed to
prevent the stem guide bushing from rotating in the valve
body. Bearing material shall be selected to prevent galling
of the bearing or valve stem.

6.5.3 Plug/Disc Valves

Plugs and discs shall be a single casting to form the seating surface,
joining arm and hub.

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Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-711
Issue Date: 4 January 2012
Next Planned Update: 10 October 2016 Control Valves

Valve body seat shall consist of a removable seat ring with a seat
retainer ring.

If a stub shaft construction is furnished, each stub shaft shall be


inserted into the disc hub for a distance of at least 1 times the shaft
diameter.

6.6 Trim

6.6.1 Trim materials shall be selected to withstand corrosion, erosion and


wear. Material combinations, especially for cage/plug type trims, shall
be selected for maximum galling resistance of mating surfaces by
means of necessary hardness differentials or galling resistant material
combinations.

6.6.2 AISI 300- and 400- series stainless steel shall be used as a minimum.
Carbon steel or plated carbon steel trims are not acceptable.

6.6.3 Trim materials, or trim hard facing materials, with a hardness of at


least 38 HRC shall be provided for control valves in erosive, cavitating
or flashing services.

6.6.4 Hard faced trims, or solid Stellite or Colmonoy type trims shall be used
in erosive type services, including steam and water applications with
pressure drop conditions exceeding 350 kPa (51 psi) and all other
applications with pressure drop conditions exceeding 4000 kPa
(580 psi). The manufacturer shall use harder materials, including
Tungsten Carbide where appropriate to ensure acceptable service life.

6.6.5 Solid trim materials such as tungsten carbide shall be specified for
sales gas and fuel gas containing the black powder.

6.6.6 Monel, nickel, titanium or Hastelloy trim materials are recommended


for corrosive type services to ensure acceptable service life.

6.6.7 Trim design shall be suitable to withstand the specified shut-off


pressure drop condition.

6.6.8 Seat leakage shall meet the ANSI/FCI 70-2 class specified on the ISS.

6.6.9 Stem materials and sizes shall be selected to prevent corrosion, pitting,
scoring and bending of the stem. Valve stems shall have a finish of
0.1 micrometer Ra or less. Packing gland followers and/or bushings
shall be provided to maintain the stem precisely centered. Packing
stuffing box shall have a surface finish of 0.4 micrometer Ra or less.
The manufacturer is responsible for selecting the quality and

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Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-711
Issue Date: 4 January 2012
Next Planned Update: 10 October 2016 Control Valves

performance of the packing system for the specified process fluid


conditions.

6.7 Packing System

6.7.1 General

Control valve manufacturer shall provide packing systems to


effectively maintain minimum leakage and travel performance within
the inaccuracy limits specified in paragraph 6.10.2. If necessary,
oversized actuators shall be used.

The manufacturer is responsible for the quality and performance of the


packing system for the process fluid conditions specified on the ISS.
A safety margin of 15C shall be applied on the manufacturer's upper
and lower temperature limits to cater for abnormal operations outside
the specified temperature conditions.

6.7.2 Elastomer packing, such as PTFE or glass filled TFE, shall be used for
applications with temperatures limited to 230C (450F). Above
230C, graphite compound type packing materials or manufacturer's
recommended packing shall be used.

6.7.3 Packing systems shall not require lubrication. Asbestos materials shall
not be used. Coiled packing and split-ring packing systems shall not
be used for new control valves.

The use of sealing compounds is not acceptable.

6.7.4 Packing gland studs and nuts shall facilitate precise adjustments of the
packing load.

6.7.5 Corrosion resistant alloy materials compatible with the process fluid
shall be used for the gland studs and nuts, packing follower and
packing flange (i.e., carbon steel is not acceptable).

6.7.6 Low Emission Packing

Low Emission Packing (LEP) designed to reduce fugitive emissions


shall be supplied when specified on the ISS for applications including
Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) services and components that are
in Hazardous Air Pollutant service (e.g., including benzene, toluene
and xylene).

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Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-711
Issue Date: 4 January 2012
Next Planned Update: 10 October 2016 Control Valves

6.7.7 LEP systems shall limit fugitive emission below 500 ppmv (parts per
million volume) or below the applicable government limit for the
particular Environmental Services (ES), whichever is lower

6.7.8 Bellows welded to both the bonnet and stem provided with a back-up
packing system shall be supplied when specified on the ISS.

6.8 Sizing and Selection

6.8.1 The manufacturer is responsible for the valve flow capacity sizing,
noise calculations and actuator sizing. Control valve sizing shall be
based on ANSI/ISA 75.01.01 or IEC 60534-2-5 as applicable.

6.8.2 Control valve bodies with reduced trims shall be quoted as an


alternative for the following applications:
a) pressure drop applications in excess of 5170 kPa (750 psi);
b) choked flow services;
c) flashing services with downstream vapor content exceeding 10%
weight;
d) erosive services;
e) services where future capacity increase is anticipated.

Body sizes 1-inch, 2-inch, 3-inch", 5-inch or higher odd numbers


shall not be used.

6.8.3 Body outlet velocity, defined as the fluid velocity at the discharge
flange of a control valve, shall not exceed:
0.15 Mach for gas containing black powder
0.2 Mach for gas, vapor and steam services containing any
particulate matter
0.3 Mach for wet gas, vapor and saturated steam services
0.4 Mach for dry clean gas and superheated steam services
0.5 Mach for dry clean gas in infrequent services. Infrequent
services include vent or gas-to-flare valves where
the downstream pressures fall below 100 kPag
(14.5 psig).

6.8.4 An equal percentage trim shall operate below 93% stem travel at
maximum flow condition.

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Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-711
Issue Date: 4 January 2012
Next Planned Update: 10 October 2016 Control Valves

A linear trim and quick opening trim shall operate below 90% stem
travel at maximum flow condition.

A modified parabolic trim shall operate below 90% stem travel at


maximum flow condition.
Exception:

Anti-surge control valves shall operate below 55% travel at any surge
flow condition.

Commentary Note:

The specified travel percentages apply to both linear and rotary control
valves and need to be converted to degrees opening for rotary type
control valves.

6.8.5 The installed rangeability (i.e., the actual available rangeability) of


each control valve in the process system shall meet all flow conditions
specified on the ISS. The specified minimum flow condition shall be
fully controllable and shall operate above 10% travel for globe, angle
and axial flow type control valves, 5 degrees for ball type control
valves, and 10 degrees for butterfly, rotary plug/disc and cammed type
control valves.

Manufacturer's control valve characteristic shall conform to


ANSI/ISA 75.11.01.

6.9 Positioners

6.9.1 General

Each control valve shall be provided with a digital positioner, unless


otherwise specified. Type of positioner shall be as specified on the ISS.

A double acting positioner shall be used for double acting type


actuators (e.g., a single acting positioner with a reversing relays shall
not be used).

Positioners shall be electromagnetic compatible and be certified to


IEC 61000-4-3, Level 3 (10 volts/meter).

Positioners shall be vibration resistant up to the level specified in


ANSI/ISA 75.13.01.

Manufacturer shall test, record and submit control valve signatures, or


tested hysteresis data in tabular form, as part of the documentation

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Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-711
Issue Date: 4 January 2012
Next Planned Update: 10 October 2016 Control Valves

submittals, in soft copy format. Positioners shall be fully configured


with all user information.

Following criteria apply for the subject positioners:

6.9.2 Digital Positioners

6.9.2.1 Foundation Fieldbus (FF) positioners shall:


have passed all tests of the latest Interoperability Test Kit
(ITK) and accordingly be certified by Fieldbus
Foundation;
be field proven for at least one year;
have passed all function block tests with the host control
system and be certified by host control system vendor;
be capable to perform continuous diagnostic tests,
including self-test functions, and to provide specific
diagnostic information at the Man-Machine-Interface
(MMI);
include menu's and methods (wizards) to facilitate easy
set-up and to enable calibration from the MMI;
store all configuration data in non-volatile memory
(e.g., no configuration data may be lost during a power
loss).

6.9.2.2 HART positioner

A 2-wire loop powered 4-20 mA signal HART protocol smart


positioners shall be locally configurable by push buttons and
a HART handheld terminal and remotely by a HART
handheld terminal and through the DCS.

6.9.3 Analog Positioners

Conventional electro-pneumatic and pneumatic positioners, if specified,


shall be selected and guaranteed by the control valve manufacturer.

6.10 Actuator System

6.10.1 Type of actuator shall be as specified on the ISS. The manufacturer is


responsible for correctly sizing the actuators based on this specification
and the ISS. Actuator systems shall be suitable for non-lubricated air

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Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-711
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Next Planned Update: 10 October 2016 Control Valves

or sweet gas as specified on the ISS. Actuators shall operate on the


signal specified on the ISS. Actuators shall develop sufficient force to
operate the valve against the shut-off pressure drop specified on the
ISS. Actuator force/torque requirements shall be determined for the
worst case service requirements. If no shut-off pressure drop is
specified then the actuator sizing shall be based on the maximum inlet
pressure specified in the ISS with atmospheric pressure at the outlet.
Actuator sizing shall be based on a minimum available instrument air
pressure of 415 kPag (60 psig), including worst-case requirements for
maximum force/torque. Maximum air supply design pressure
conditions are generally 862 kPag (125 psig) at 82C.

6.10.2 The total maximum inaccuracy of the valve travel position due to any
limitation (e.g., repeatability, dead band, resolution, hysteresis, non-
linearity, etc.) shall be:
Valve Size Valve with a positioner Valve without a positioner

Valve size <12 1.5% 3%


Valve sizes 12 & 16 2.5% 4%
Valve size >16 3% 4.5%

6.10.3 Pneumatic tubing and fittings shall be AISI 316 stainless steel
minimum. Carbon steel, copper, bronze, brass, and AISI 304 stainless
steel materials shall not be used. Fittings shall be as specified on the
ISS, and shall be supplied from manufacturers approved by Saudi
Aramco. The minimum Size of pneumatic connectors, fittings, unions
and nipples shall be 0.25 inch NPT provided that the stroke speed
requirements are met. Teflon ribbon shall not be used for sealing
threaded connections. All vents shall be directed downwards to
prevent ingress of dust and sand.

All control valves shall be provided with a suitably sized air filter
regulator set.

6.10.4 When the air failure open (AFO) or air failure close (AFC) action
mode of a single or double piston-operated actuator system can not be
accomplished due to insufficient spring force then a volume tank with
fail-safe trip valves shall be provided. The specified air failure mode
movement of the control valve shall be prompt in the event of either
control signal failure or air supply failure. The tripping pressure shall
be 350 kPa (50 psig) and normal valve operation shall be automatic on
restoration of air supply pressure. The required air failure mode shall
be accomplished without the aid of process pressure. Air failure

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Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-711
Issue Date: 4 January 2012
Next Planned Update: 10 October 2016 Control Valves

modes shall be testable during inspection and during plant


commissioning when piping systems are de-pressurized.

6.10.5 When an air failure lock (AFL) action mode is required, also referred
to as "air failure steady" (AFS), lock-up valves shall be provided to
maintain the actuator in the last operating position.

6.10.6 Actuators shall meet the control stroke time specified on the ISS for all
specified operating conditions (e.g., stroke time in modulating modes of
operation). Boosters may be applied, as required but stroke movements
shall remain stable at 20%, 50% and 80% control signal step changes
(i.e., overshoot to be less than 120% of the input step change and be
dampening) as defined in ANSI/ISA 51.1 and addressed in ANSI/ISA
TR75.25.02. Overshoot shall be less than 110% for compressor Anti-
Surge applications. Stroke times shall be met on a 50% control signal
step change (i.e., the resulting 50% stroke change needs to be performed
within 50% of the total stroke time specified on the ISS).

6.10.7 When specified on the ISS, actuator shall also meet the air failure
mode stroke time. Quick-exhaust valves commonly used to meet this
requirement shall not interfere with the normal control operation of the
actuator.

6.10.8 Connection of the shaft or stem to the actuator linkages shall be


adjustable with positive locking and be of an anti-rotating type.

6.10.9 Actuator springs shall be minimum of carbon steel with manufacturer's


standard factory applied corrosion resistant coating or hot oil dipping,
unless otherwise specified in the P.O.

6.10.10 Materials of actuator cylinders and diaphragm cases shall be steel, cast
iron or aluminum copper free max. 0.4% (i.e., non-metallic, epoxy or
fiber glass type materials are not acceptable). For emergency de-
pressurizing control valves only steel or cast iron cylinder type actuator
systems are allowed to be used.

6.11 Accessories

6.11.1 Manufacturer shall supply the accessories specified on the ISS and
Purchase Order. Accessories shall be installed on the control valve and
actuator assembly. Accessories shall operate from the power supply
specified on the ISS or Purchase Order. Enclosures of accessories
shall be die-cast aluminum copper free max. 0.4% or stainless steel, to
meet minimum 4X (NEMA 250) or IP 65 (IEC 60529) weather proof.

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Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-711
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Next Planned Update: 10 October 2016 Control Valves

6.11.2 The pneumatic positioner and I/P transducer shall be supplied from the
same air supply connection, as applicable. A 5 micron air supply filter
shall be supplied for each control valve. A large capacity regulator,
capable to provide a constant pressure under all operating conditions,
shall be provided. A regulator is not required for pneumatic piston type
actuators with design pressure conditions in excess of 862 kPag
(125 psig).

6.11.3 Positioners shall be provided with gauges to indicate the air supply and
signal pressures and positioner pneumatic output. For double acting
actuators both top and bottom pressure gauges should be provided on
the positioner.

6.11.4 If a handwheel is specified on the ISS, manual operation of the


handwheel shall override automatic operation. Handwheel mechanism
shall not add any friction to the actuator. The handwheel operation
shall be clockwise to close the valve and anti-clockwise to open the
valve. Handwheel shall not be used as mechanical travel stop.
The neutral position shall be clearly indicated.

6.11.5 Discrete limit switch shall be of the proximity or magnetic sensor type,
as specified on the ISS. Limit switch enclosures shall be hermetically
sealed. Switch contact outputs shall be minimum, Single-Pole,
Double-Throw (SPDT). Contact rating shall be minimum,
0.5 Amp inductive at 125 VDC and 2 Amp resistive at 120 VAC
unless otherwise specified in the Purchase Order.

6.11.6 A solenoid valve shall move the valve to the fail-safe position when
de-energized. The solenoid valve shall have Viton internal soft parts.
The minimum solenoid valve size shall be 0.25 inches. Solenoid
operated valves shall have class H insulation, stainless steel body and
be selected from the manufacturers specified on the ISS or Purchase
Order. Provided the solenoid valve meets ambient temperature
requirements, Class F coil insulation may also be used in low power
applications (< 2 watt).

6.11.7 Volume tanks shall be mechanically designed to withstand a maximum


pressure of 862 kPag (125 psig) at 82C. Volume tanks shall be
manufactured in accordance with ASME SEC VIII D1 (stamped UM)
or PED requirements. Volume tanks shall have a minimum capacity
for two complete strokes of the control valve at the minimum available
instrument air pressure of 415 kPag (60 psig).

6.11.8 When mechanical limit stops are required, they shall be of a


permanently welded type. Screwed type, if seal-welding at the locking

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Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-711
Issue Date: 4 January 2012
Next Planned Update: 10 October 2016 Control Valves

nuts, is acceptable. Travel stop arrangements through the hand wheel


mechanism are not acceptable.

6.11.9 Each control valve shall be provided with a valve position indicator.
The indicating pointer shall be directly connected to the stem or shaft.
The valve position shall be indicated on a scale, with clearly graduated
markings at the 25, 50 and 75% valve opening position and the open
and/or closed indication at the valve travel limits.

6.11.10 Requirement for analog valve travel position transmitter shall be as


specified on the ISS. The total maximum inaccuracy of the signal
versus travel position due to any limitation shall be less than 1.5%.

7 Noise Level Requirements

The maximum noise level emission from each control valve measured 1 m downstream
of the valve and 1 m away from the valve including noise contributions from the piping
system, piping elbows and reducers, is not allowed to exceed:
a) 85 dB(A) for all services at offshore plant facilities and for continuous services at
onshore plant facilities for any specified operating condition and for any other
operating condition between the specified minimum and maximum flow
conditions.
b) 90 dB(A) for intermittent services at onshore plant facilities for any specified
operating condition and for any other operating condition between the specified
minimum and maximum flow conditions. Intermittent services include compressor
anti-surge and spill back services.
c) 95 dB(A) for infrequent services at onshore plant facilities in which the control
valves are normally closed. Infrequent services include vent or gas-to-flare valves
where the downstream pressures fall below 100kPag (14.5 psig).

The maximum noise levels are specified in terms of equivalent continuous A-weighted
Sound Pressure Levels (SPL) with a maximum inaccuracy of + 5 dB(A). Manufacturers
shall include inaccuracies of their quoted noise levels and shall guarantee that the noise
emission from control valves shall not exceed the specified limit for any specified
operating condition.

Manufacturer shall provide a noise calculation, including the maximum inaccuracy, for
each specified operating condition. Control valve noise calculations shall be in
accordance with the IEC 60534-8-3 and IEC 60534-8-4.

Manufacturer shall include noise reduction proposal(s) for any calculated noise level
exceeding 85 dB(A).

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Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-711
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Next Planned Update: 10 October 2016 Control Valves

8 Marking and Name Plate

8.1 The direction of flow shall be marked on the valve body for all valves which
have been designed or selected for a specific flow direction. Marking shall
normally be cast or steel stamped. Alternative marking may be accomplished by
a stainless label permanently fixed to the body by rivets.

The trim position of rotary valves shall be engraved on the shaft end.

8.2 A permanently fastened stainless steel name plate shall be provided on each
control valve (e.g., by stainless steel rivets) with the following information:
Tag number specified on the ISS;
Manufacturers name, model number and valve serial number;
Body material, valve size and flange rating;
Trim material;
Actuator model, size and bench set.

9 Painting

Finish, priming and painting of the control valve and accessories may be as per the
manufacturer's standard provided that the coatings are suitable for the environmental
conditions and can be maintenance coated.

10 Documentation

Following documentation shall be provided:


Documents to be submitted with the quotation covered by the Purchase Order;
Documents covered by Form NMR-7925 Non-Material Requirements (NMR) for
Valves - All Types;
Documents covered by the applicable inspection requirements.

11 Inspection and Testing Requirements

11.1 General

Manufacturer is responsible for ensuring conformance to the applicable


specifications and standards and for demonstrating this to the Contractor and
Saudi Aramco inspection representatives.

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Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-711
Issue Date: 4 January 2012
Next Planned Update: 10 October 2016 Control Valves

As part of their QA program, Manufacturer shall implement a qualification


procedure for all pressure containing steel castings. As a minimum, the
manufacturer shall have qualified each foundry's casting patterns by
radiographic or other NDE examination of the initial casting. Records of these
qualifications shall be made available upon request.

For Capital Projects, Manufacturer shall propose an inspection and testing plan
and schedule (ITPS) for each control valve order. The manufacturer may use
his own ITPS format provided that all Saudi Aramco requirements are included.

11.2 Visual Inspection

All castings shall be visually inspected in accordance with MSS SP-55.

11.3 Inspection and Testing Forms

The following inspection and testing requirements apply to this specification:


SA Form 175-340100 for General Service Control Valves
SA Form 175-340150 for Non-General Service Control Valves

11.4 Specific Tests and Procedures

Proposed repair method of major weld repairs shall be approved by Company


prior to welding. Welds shall be 100% radiographed and evaluated in
accordance with of the applicable ANSI/ASME standard with a minimum
casting quality factor of 0.95.

11.4.1 Positive Material Identification (PMI) Requirements

Positive Material Identification (PMI) shall be performed on alloy steel


material control valves. PMI shall be performed in accordance with
SAES-A-206.

PMI alloy verification is required on body and bonnet materials


(100%). Alloy verification for trim parts is not required unless
specified in the purchase order.

11.4.2 Post Weld Heat Treatment

Castings and test bars shall be heat treated together. For carbon steel,
the Brinnel hardness of heat-treated castings shall not exceed 225 HB.

11.4.3 Non-Destructive Testing

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Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-711
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Next Planned Update: 10 October 2016 Control Valves

When required by the applicable 175 Form, critical body and bonnet
casting sections, typically defined by ASME B16.34, shall be
radiographed and shall meet ASTM E446 (up to 2 inches thick).
NDE of pressure retaining parts shall be completed before machining.

11.4.4 Hydrostatic Testing

Hydrostatic shell testing shall be performed at factory per


ANSI/ISA 75.19.01. The water shall contain a corrosion inhibitor.

11.4.5 Leakage Tests

Leakage test shall be based on ANSI/FCI 70-2. The water shall


contain a corrosion inhibitor.

11.4.6 Mechanical Operation Test

Mechanical operation tests shall be performed with the packing system


tightened under the same load required by operating conditions.
The valve stem shall not be lubricated.

The test shall consist of measuring the valve stem position for
increasing and decreasing input signals at every 10% travel interval.
The manufacturer shall demonstrate that the maximum acceptable
inaccuracy levels will not be exceeded.

If a handwheel is specified then the fully open and closed positions of


the valve need to be achieved with handwheel operation taking over
from actuator and/or its accessories (e.g., positioner) at mid-position.

Stroking speed in control mode shall meet the ISS.

11.4.7 Impact Tests

Charpy impact testing at the design temperature shall be performed on


the body and bonnet materials for services below -46C.

11.4.8 Fire Tests

Certified Fire Tests Report shall be provided for each type of control
valve specified to be fire-safe. Packing systems of fire proof
control valves shall meet API STD 607 fire test leakage performance
requirements.

11.4.9 Certificates

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Document Responsibility: Instrumentation Standards Committee 34-SAMSS-711
Issue Date: 4 January 2012
Next Planned Update: 10 October 2016 Control Valves

Manufacturer shall issue material certificates and certified test reports


as specified on the appropriate SA Form 175 or P.O.

11.4.10 Storage

Control valves shall be stored in an enclosed building that provides


protection from blown dust, mud and rain, etc. The Contractor is
responsible for any damage or malfunctioning due to inadequate
storage of the control valves.

12 Requirements for Shipment

All machined or threaded surfaces subject to atmospheric corrosion during shipment, or


subsequent outdoor storage, shall be treated with easily removable rust preventive.
Flange protectors shall fully cover the gasket contact surfaces. Pneumatic tubing
systems shall be adequately protected to prevent any damage during shipment.
Pneumatic end connections shall be sealed or closed by a plastic plug or PVC tape.

Revision Summary
10 October 2011 Major revision.
4 January 2012 Minor revision to clarify the Copper free aluminum percentage in the Materials of actuator.
And clarify the requirement of welds and heat-affected zones in wet sour services all parts.

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