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Polar Area Moment of Inertia, Polar Section Modulus Properties of Common Shapes

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Polar Area Moment of Inertia and Section Modulus.

The polar moment of inertia, J, of a crosssection with respect to a polar axis, that is, an axis at right angles to the plane of the cross
section, is defined as the moment of inertia of the crosssection with respect to the point of intersection of the axis and the plane. The
polar moment of inertia may be found by taking the sum of the moments of inertia about two perpendicular axes lying in the plane of
the crosssection and passing through this point.

The polar section modulus also called section modulus of torsion, Zp, for circular sections may be found by dividing the polar moment
of inertia, J, by the distance c from the center of gravity to the most remote fiber. This method may be used to find the approximate
value of the polar section modulus of sections that are nearly round. For other than circular crosssections, however, the polar section
modulus does not equal the polar moment of inertia divided by the distance c.

Related: Polar Mass Moment of Inertia About Axis AA, Axis BB and Axis CC.

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Polar Area Polar Area

Section Moment of Inertia Section Modulus

J Zp

Square Section
Area Polar Moment of Inertia

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Square Section Polar Moment of Inertia Calculator

Rectangle Section
Area Polar Moment of Inertia

d is shorter dimension
Open

Rectangle Section Polar Moment of Inertia Calculator

Circular Section
Area Polar Moment of Inertia

Open

Circular Section Polar Moment of Inertia Calculator

Tube Section
Area Polar Moment of Inertia

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Tube Section Polar Moment of Inertia Calculator

Pentagon Section
Area Polar Moment of Inertia

0.20 F3

= 0.12 F4

Open

Pentagon Section Polar Moment of Inertia Calculator

Circle with Square Cutout Section


Area Polar Moment of Inertia

= 0.098 D4 0.167 s4
Open

Circle with Square Cutout Section Polar Moment of Inertia Calculator

Circle with Socket Head Cutout


Section Area Polar Moment of Inertia

0.098 D4 1.0825 s4

Open

Circle with Socket Cutout Section Polar Moment of Inertia Calculator

Triangular Section
Area Polar Moment of Inertia

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Triangular Section Polar Moment of Inertia Calculator

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