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NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF SINGAPORE

Department of Mathematics
MA 1505 Mathematics I
Tutorial 2

1. Use LHopitals rule to find the following limits.


1 sin x ln(cos ax)
(a) lim (b) lim , a, b > 0
x/2 1 + cos 2x x0 ln(cos bx)
1
(c) lim x tan (d) lim xa ln x, a>0
x
1
x x0+
(e) lim x 1x (f) lim xsin x
x1 x0+
( )1
sin x x2
(g) lim
x0 x
Ans. (a) 1
4 (b) a2
b2
(c) 1 (d) 0 (e) e1 (f) 1 (g) e1/6

2. Evaluate the following definite integrals.


2 2
s + s
(a) ds .
1 s2
4
(b) |x| dx .
4

1
(c) (cos x + | cos x|) dx .
0 2
( )
(d) sin2 1 + d .
0 2

Ans. (a) 1 + 2 23/4 (b) 16 (c) 1 (d) 12 + sin 2

3. Using the fundamental theorem of Calculus, find the derivative dy/dx for the following
functions.
x
(a) y = cos t dt .
0
x2
(b) y = cos t dt .
0
sin x
dt
(c) y = , |x| < .
0 1 t2 2

cos x
Ans. (a) 2 x
(b) 2x cos x (c) 1
MA1505 Tutorial 2

4. Using the substitution method, or otherwise, find the following integrals.



(a) x1/2 sin(x3/2 + 1) dx .

(b) csc2 2t cot 2t dt .

1 1 1
(c) sin cos d .
2

18 tan x sec2 x
2
(d) dx .
(2 + tan3 x)

sin
(e) d .
cos3
Ans.
(a) 23 cos(x3/2 + 1) + C
(b) 14 cot2 2t + C
(c) 12 sin2 1 + C
(d) 6 ln |tan3 x + 2| + C

(e) sec2 + C

5. Applying the method of integration by parts, or otherwise, find the following integrals.
(x)
(a) x sin dx .
2

(b) t2 e4t dt .

(c) ey cos y dy .

(d) 2 sin(2) d .

(e) z (ln z)2 dz .

(f) {sin ex + ex cos ex } dx .

Ans.
[ ( ) ( )]
(a) 2 x cos x2 2 sin x2 + C
2
(b) ( t4 8t + 32
1
)e4t + C
y
(c) e 2 (sin y cos y) + C
[ ]
(d) [12 2 cos(2) sin(2) 1
] 2 cos(2) +C
z2
2 z (ln z) z (ln z)
1 2 2 2
(e) + 2 +C
(f) ex cos ex + C

2
MA1505 Tutorial 2

6. Find the area of the following region.


1
(a) The region bounded between y = sec2 x, y = 4 sin2 x, x = and x = .
2 3 3
1 2
(b) The region in the first quadrant bounded by y = x, y = x and below y = 1.
4
(c) The region between the graphs of y = 4 x and y = 2 x from x = 2 to x = 3.
2

4 5 49
Ans. (a) (b) (c)
3 6 6

a
7. Find the exact value of dx
0 x+ a2 x2 , where a is a positive constant.