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# LIN

E
NA
ME CALCULATION FOR THE RELAY REL670
: suratgarh

System Particulars
A Line Parameters
1 Rated Line Voltage in KV 400
2 Line Length in kms 170
3 Max. Power Flow in the Line in MVA 600.00
4 Positive seqence Resistance in ohms/km 0.02662
5 Positive Sequence Reactance in ohms/km 0.33094
6 Zero sequence Resistance in ohms/km 0.261188 Assumed
7 Zero sequence reactance in ohms/km 1.0313 as 50% of
8 Zero Sequence Mutual Resistance in ohms/km 0 zero
9 Zero Sequence Mutual Reactance in ohms/km 0 sequence
impedanc
a) Shortest Line
1 Length of shortest line in kms 176
2 Positive Sequence Resistance in ohms/km 0.02662
3 Positive Sequence Reactance in ohms/km 0.33093
4 Zero Sequence Resistance in ohms/km 0.261187
5 Zero sequence Reactance in ohms/km 1.0314
b) Longest Line
1 Length of longest line 176
2 Positive Sequence Resistance in ohms/km 0.02662
3 Positive Sequence Reactance in ohms/km 0.33093
4 Zero Sequence Resistance in ohms/km 0.261187
5 Zero sequence Reactance in ohms/km 1.0314
c) Transformer
1 Transformer Impedance in pu N/A
2 Transformer MVA N/A
3 Positive Sequence Resistance in ohms/km N/A
4 Positive Sequence Reactance in ohms/km N/A
5 Zero Sequence Resistance in ohms/km N/A
6 Zero sequence Reactance in ohms/km N/A
d) Shortest Line (Reverse)
1 Length of shortest line in kms 0
2 Positive Sequence Resistance in ohms/km 0.02662
3 Positive Sequence Reactance in ohms/km 0.33093
4 Zero Sequence Resistance in ohms/km 0.261187
5 Zero sequence Reactance in ohms/km 1.0314

C Source Impedance
FAULT MVA at Local-End (Maximum) 20000
1 FAULT MVA at Local-End (Minimum) 18000
FAULT MVA at Local-End 19000
FAULT MVA at Remote-End (Maximum) 18000
FAULT MVA at Remote-End (Minimum)
( When BC at S/S O is off, this feeder acts as a 16000
radial feeder and there will not be any infeed from
the remote end. 17000
3 Source impedance angle in deg 80
5 Positive Sequence Resistance at local end, in ohms 0.000
6 Positive Sequence Reactance at local end, in ohms 8.600
7 Positive Sequence Resistance at remote end, in ohms 0.000
8 Positive Sequence Reactance at remote end, in ohms 9.200

D CT/PT Detail
1 CT primary rating in A 1000
2 CT secondary rating in A 1
3 PT primary rating in V 400000
4 PT secondary rating in V 110

E Relay Detail
1 Rated Current in A 1
2 Rated Voltage in V 110
SYSTEM PARAMETERS
Fault Resistance in primary for phase - earth faults 20 Assumed
Fault Resistance in primary for phase - earth faults 25 Assumed
Fault Resistance in primary for phase - earth faults 30 Assumed
Fault Resistance in primary for phase - phase faults 5 Assumed
Fault Resistance in primary for phase - phase faults 8 Assumed
Fault Resistance in primary for phase - phase faults 10 Assumed
Imp Ratio = CTR/PTR 0.275
zone-1 setting - % of the protected line 80%
zone 2 setting - % of the shortest adjoining line 20%
zone53setting
zone setting--%%of
of the
shortest line in reverse 120%
direction 20%
Line Impedance in secondary
1 Positive seqence Resistance in ohms 1.2445
2 Positive Sequence Reactance in ohms 15.471
3 Zero sequence Resistance in ohms 12.211
4 Zero sequence reactance in ohms 48.213
5 Zero Sequence Mutual Resistance in ohms 0
6 Zero Sequence Mutual Reactance in ohms 0
7 Line Angle 86
Shortest Line (Forward)
1 Positive Sequence Resistance in ohms 1.288
2 Positive Sequence Reactance in ohms 16.017
3 Zero Sequence Resistance in ohms 12.641
4 Zero sequence Reactance in ohms 49.92
Shortest Line (Reverse)
1 Positive Sequence Resistance in ohms 0
2 Positive Sequence Reactance in ohms 0
3 Zero Sequence Resistance in ohms 0
4 Zero sequence Reactance in ohms 0

## Longest line section

1 Positive Sequence Resistance in ohms 1.288
2 Positive Sequence Reactance in ohms 16.017
3 Zero Sequence Resistance in ohms 12.641
4 Zero sequence Reactance in ohms 49.92
Zone-1 setting
1 Positive sequence Resistance in ohms 0.996
2 Positive Sequence Reactance in ohms 12.377
3 Zero sequence Resistance in ohms 9.769 9.769 9.769
4 Zero sequence reactance in ohms 38.57 38.57 38.57
5 Fault Resistance (ph-ph) 3.367
6 Fault Resistance (ph-e) 9.42

Zone-2 setting
1 Positive seqence Resistance in ohms 1.5021
2 Positive Sequence Reactance in ohms 18.6744
3 Zero sequence Resistance in ohms 14.7392 14.6532 14.7392
4 Zero sequence reactance in ohms 58.197 57.8556 58.197
5 Fault Resistance (ph-ph) 5.2042
6 Fault Resistance (ph-e) 12.78947
Zone-3 setting
1 Positive seqence Resistance in ohms 2.7901
2 Positive Sequence Reactance in ohms 34.6914
3 Zero sequence Resistance in ohms 27.3802 26.8642 27.3802
4 Zero sequence reactance in ohms 108.117 106.0686 108.117
5 Fault Resistance (ph-ph) 8.3302
6 Fault Resistance (ph-e) 19.2368
Zone-5 setting
1 Positive seqence Resistance in ohms 0
2 Positive Sequence Reactance in ohms 0
3 Zero sequence Resistance in ohms 0
4 Zero sequence reactance in ohms 0
5 Fault Resistance (ph-ph) 0.48
6 Fault Resistance (ph-e) 0
The General Fault Criterion is an overall impedance measuring element with a very high reach and a
long time delay for its tripping function.The GFC can be operated in two modes - the under impedance
mode and the over current mode.In the under impedance mode, the GFC characteristic should, in
general, cover all the impedance measuring zones used for distance protection, regardless of their
directionality. Normally set to 2 times of zone-3 with a limit on the resistive direction so that the
characteristics does not enter the load area.

General sequence
Positive Fault Criterion
reactance for ph-ph & ph-e elements
in the forward
Positive direction
sequence (2 * X3)
reactance for ph-ph & ph-e elements 69.3828
in the reverse
Positive direction(20%
sequence Resistanceof for
forward
phasereach)
to phase faults 6.93828
for forward
Positive and Reverse
sequence reach for
Resistance (2[2*R3
phase+ to
Rf])
earth faults 27.8208
for
Zero sequence reactance for ph-e elements R03)+Rf])
forward and Reverse reach (2[1/3(2R3 + in the 60.4472
forward directionreactance
Zero sequence (2 * X03)for ph-e elements in the 216.234
reverse direction (20% of forward reach) 21.6234
RLd - the resistive reach in the load impedance area 60.4472

## Power Swing Block Function

The reach of the Inner characteristic in the resistive and reactive direction are set so that the inner
characteristic covers completely all the distance protection zones, which are to be blocked by the PSD
function. At Reactive
least 10%Reach
of the Inner margin is considered
characteristic of the Power
swing blocking
Resistive Reachelement = 1.1*X3
of the Inner characteristic of the Power 41.62968
swing blocking
Reactive Reachelement=1.1(2R3+Rf)
of the Outer characteristic of the Power 9.99624
swing blocking
Resistive Reachelement
of the Outer characteristic of the Power 52.0371
swing blocking element 12.4953
LINE NAME : suratgarh

## PARAMETER SETTING SETTING RANGE RECOMMENDED

General setting
Ib (FLC/CT Primary) 0.35
Iminop (10-30) % of Ib 20%
ZONE I
Operation Off,nondir,forward,rever Forward
Settings of phase to phase measurement
Operation PP On/Off On
X1PP (0.01-400) 12.377
R1PP (0.01-400) 0.996
RFPP (0.01-400) 3.367
Timer t1PP Off,On On
t1PP (0.0-60) 0
Settings for phase to earth element
Operation PE On,Off On
X1PE 0.01-400 12.377
R1PE 0.01-400 0.996
X0PE Group-I 38.57
0.01-1200 Group-II 38.57
Group-III 38.57
R0PE Group-I 9.769
0.01-1200 Group-II 9.769
Group-III 9.769
RFPE 0.01-400 9.42
Timer t1PE Off,On On
t1PE 0-60 0

## PARAMETER SETTING SETTING RANGE RECOMMENDED

ZONE II
Operation Off,nondir,forward,rever Forward
Settings of Phase to phase measurement
Operation PP On/Off On
X1PP (0.01-400) 18.6744
R1PP (0.01-400) 1.5021
RFPP (0.01-400) 5.2042
Timer t2PP Off,On On
t12P (0.0-60) 0.4
Settings of phase to earth measurement
Operation PE On,Off On
X1PE 0.01-400 18.6744
R1PE 0.01-400 1.5021
X0PE Group-I 58.197
0.01-1200 Group-II 57.8556
Group-III 58.197
R0PE Group-I 14.7392
0.01-1200 Group-II 14.6532
Group-III 14.7392
RFPE 0.01-400 12.789
Timer t2PE Off,On On
t2PE 0-60 0.4

## PARAMETER SETTING SETTING RANGE RECOMMENDED

Zone III
Operation Off, nondir, forward, rev Forward
Settings of Phase to Phase measurement
Operation PP On/Off On
X1PP (0.01-400) 34.6914
R1PP (0.01-400) 2.7901
RFPP (0.01-400) 8.3302
Timer t3PP Off,On On
t3PP (0.0-60) 1
Settings of phase to earth measurement
Operation PE On,Off On
X1PE 0.01-400 34.6914
R1PE 0.01-400 2.7901
X0PE Group-I 108.117
0.01-1200 Group-II 106.0686
Group-III 108.117
R0PE Group-I 27.3802
0.01-1200 Group-II 26.8642
Group-III 27.3802
RFPE 0.01-400 19.2368
Timer t3PE Off,On On
t3PE 0-60 0.8

## PARAMETER SETTING SETTING RANGE RECOMMENDED

Zone V Zone 5
Operation Off, nondir, forward, rev Reverse
Settings of Phase to Phase measurement
Operation PP On/Off Off
X1PP (0.01-400) 0
R1PP (0.01-400) 0
RFPP (0.01-400) 0
Timer t5PP Off,On Off
t5PP (0.0-60) 0
Settings of phase to earth measurement
Operation PE On,Off On
X1PE 0.01-400 0.16
R1PE 0.01-400 0.032
X0PE 0.01-1200 0.536
R0PE 0.01-1200 0.108
RFPE 0.01-400 0.72
Timer t5PE Off,On On
t5PE 0-60 0.8
PARAMETER SETTING SETTING RANGE RECOMMENDED
GFC
General settings
Operation On,Off On
Timer t PP On,Off Off
tPP 0-60 2s
Timer t PE On,Off Off
tPE 0-60 2s
Over current operating mode
Operation I> On,Off Off
IP> 10-400 NA
In> 10-150 NA
I> (10-50)% of Ir 10
GFC (Settings of Under Impedance mode)
Operation On,Off On
Opoeration <Z On,Off On
ARGLd 5-45 deg 25
RLd 0.01-400 51.333
X1FwPP 0.01-400 69.3828
X1RvPP 0.01-400 6.93828
RFPP 0.01-400 16.6604
X1FwPE 0.01-400 69.3828
X1RvPE 0.01-400 6.93828
X0FwPE 0.01-1200 216.234
X0RvPE 0.01-1200 21.6234
RFPE 0.01-400 38.4736

## PARAMETER SETTING SETTING RANGE RECOMMENDED

PSB
Operation On,Off On
Detection On,Off On
X1IN 0.1-400 41.62968
R1IN 0.1-400 9.99624
KX 120-200% 125
KR 120-200% 125
t P1 0-60 0.045
t P2 0-60 0.015
tW 0-60 0.25
tH 0-60 0.5 S
t EF 0-60 3S
t R1 0-60 0.3
t R2 0-60 2
Z com
Operation On, Off On
Scheme type I trip, PUR,POR, Block Permissive OR
T coord 0-60 0.05
T sendmin 0-60 0.1
Unblock Off, No restart, Restart Restart
T security 0-60 0.035 s
CurrReversal On,Off On
T pickup 0-60 0.04
T delay 0-60 0.04
WEI Off, trip, echo Off
Twei 0-60 NA
UPN< 10-100 NA
UPP< 20-170 NA

## PARAMETER SETTING SETTING RANGE RECOMMENDED

SOTF
Operation On/Off On
FFR
Zeroseq On,Off On
3U0> 10-50% 20%
3Io< 10-50% 10%
BCS
Operation On,Off On
IP> 10-100% 10%
T 0-60 20
DLD
Operation On,Off On
U< 10-100% 40%
IP< 5-100% of Ib 10%
I>
Operation On.Off On
IP> 20-300% 110%
T 0-9000 20 s
Fault Locator
Length unit Km/mile Km
Line length 0-10000 170
X1 0.001-1500 15.471
R1 (0.001-1500) 1.2445
X0 (0.001-1500) 48.213
R0 (0.001-1500) 12.211
X1SA (0.001-1500) 8.6
R1SA (0.001-1500) 0
X1SB (0.001-1500) 9.2
R1SB (0.001-1500) 0
Xm0 Group-I 0
Xm0 (0.001-1500) Group-II 0
Xm0 Group-III 0
Rm0 Group-I 0
Rm0 (0.001-1500) Group-II 0
Rm0 Group-III 0
Distance unit %/Km/mile Km
VT Prim 1-9999 kV 400
CTPrim 1-9999 A 1000