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Materials System Specification

01-SAMSS-010 9 July 2014


Fabricated Steel Piping
Document Responsibility: Materials Engineering Standards Committee

Saudi Aramco DeskTop Standards


Table of Contents

1 Scope............................................................. 2
2 Conflicts and Deviations................................. 2
3 References..................................................... 2
4 Purchase Order Information........................... 4
5 Material Requirements................................... 4
6 Requirements for Design,
Cutting and Fitting.................................. 6
7 Bending.......................................................... 9
8 Welding.......................................................... 9
9 Inspection and Tests...................................... 9
10 Product Marking and
Preparation for Shipment.............................. 10

Previous Issue: 7 April 2013 Next Planned Update: 9 July 2018


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Primary contact: Rumaih, Abdullah M. on +966-13-8801753

CopyrightSaudi Aramco2014. All rights reserved.


Document Responsibility: Materials Engineering Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-010
Issue Date: 9 July 2014
Next Planned Update: 9 July 2018 Fabricated Steel Piping

1 Scope

1.1 This specification defines the minimum mandatory requirements governing the
fabrication of steel pipe spools, including welding, heat treatment, and testing.

1.2 This specification may be used for piping made of alloy steels for low and high
temperature applications. In this case, exceptions and additions to this
specification will be stated in the Purchase Order or its attachments.

1.3 The governing code shall be ASME B31.3 unless B31.1, B31.4 or B31.8 is
specified in the Purchase Order as required.
Commentary Note:

Manufacturing of CRA clad pipe spools and clad piping components are covered
in 01-SAMSS-044 and 02-SAMSS-012, respectively.

2 Conflicts and Deviations

2.1 Any conflicts between this specification and other applicable Saudi Aramco
Materials System Specifications (SAMSSs), Engineering Standards (SAESs),
Standard Drawings (SASDs), or industry standards, codes, and forms shall be
resolved in writing by the Company or Buyer Representative through the
Manager, Consulting Services Department of Saudi Aramco, Dhahran.

2.2 Direct all requests to deviate from this specification in writing to the Company
or Buyer Representative, who shall follow internal company procedure |
SAEP-302 and forward such requests to the Manager, Consulting Services
Department of Saudi Aramco, Dhahran.

3 References

The purchase and manufacture of material covered by this specification shall comply with
the latest edition (as per the purchase order date) of the references listed below, unless
otherwise noted:

3.1 Saudi Aramco References

Saudi Aramco Engineering Procedure


SAEP-302 Instructions for Obtaining a Waiver of a Mandatory
Saudi Aramco Engineering Requirement

Saudi Aramco Engineering Standards


SAES-L-136 Pipe, Flange and Fitting Material Requirements
SAES-W-011 Welding Requirements for On-plot Piping

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Document Responsibility: Materials Engineering Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-010
Issue Date: 9 July 2014
Next Planned Update: 9 July 2018 Fabricated Steel Piping

SAES-W-012 Welding Requirements for Pipelines


SAES-W-016 Welding of Special Corrosion-Resistant
MaterialsSaudi Aramco Materials System
Specifications
01-SAMSS-035 API Line Pipe
01-SAMSS-038 Small Direct Charge Purchase of In-Plant Pipe
01-SAMSS-039 Induction and Furnace Hot Pipe Bends
01-SAMSS-043 Carbon Steel Pipes for On-Plot Piping
02-SAMSS-005 Butt Welding Pipe Fittings
02-SAMSS-011 Forged Steel Weld Neck Flanges for Low,
Intermediate and High Temperature Service

Saudi Aramco Inspection Requirements


Form 175-013100 Fabricated Carbon Steel Piping

Saudi Aramco Standard Drawings


AB-036227 Piping Symbols
AB-036521 Bridge Weld and Typical Brace Seal Welded and
Socket Welded Valves on Process Lines
AB-036719 Reinforcement of Welded Branch Connections
AE-036175 Welding Boss for Threaded Connections
AD-036643 Welding Boss for Socket Weld Connections

3.2 Industry Codes and Standards

American Petroleum Institute


API SPEC 5L Specification for Line Pipe

American Society of Mechanical Engineers


ASME B1.20.1 Pipe Threads, General Purpose (Inch)
ASME B16.11 Forged Steel Fittings, Socket-Welding and Threaded
ASME B16.5 Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings
ASME B16.9 Factor-made Wrought Buttwelding Fittings
ASME B16.25 Buttwelding Ends
ASME B16.47 Large Diameter Steel Flanges

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Document Responsibility: Materials Engineering Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-010
Issue Date: 9 July 2014
Next Planned Update: 9 July 2018 Fabricated Steel Piping

ASME B31.1 Power Piping


ASME B31.3 Process Piping
ASME B31.4 Pipeline Transportation Systems for Liquid
Hydrocarbons and Other Liquids
ASME B31.8 Gas Transmission and Distribution Piping Systems
ASME SEC V Nondestructive Examination

International Organization for Standardization


NACE MR0175/ISO 15156 Petroleum and Natural Gas Industries Materials
for Use in H2S-Containing Environments in
Oil and Gas Production
NACE TM0284 Standard Test Method Evaluation of Pipeline
and Pressure Vessel Steels for Resistance to
Hydrogen-Induced Cracking

Manufacturers Standardization Society


MSS-SP-83 Carbon Steel Pipe Unions, Socket-Welding and
Thread Ends

4 Purchase Order Information

The Purchase Order will include the following:


a) The applicable piping design code (ASME B31.1, B31.3, B31.4, or B31.8).
b) Detailed Isometric Drawings or Piping Detail.
c) Service conditions (e.g. Pressure, Temperature, H2S, CO2 concentrations, pH, etc.,
if applicable).
d) Post-weld heat treatment, if required by service conditions (otherwise, it shall be
governed by the applicable piping design code).
e) Materials to be supplied by the Vendor.
f) Materials to be supplied by the Buyer to the Vendor, if any.
g) Inspection Requirements - Form 175-013100 plus any additional requirements.
h) Minimum I.D. dimension, if required to permit passage of instrumented scraper or
maintenance scraper.
i) Impact testing requirements.
j) Non-material Requirements (NMR) form for fabricated pipe bend(s) if applicable.
k) Surface preparation and paint or coating requirements.

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Document Responsibility: Materials Engineering Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-010
Issue Date: 9 July 2014
Next Planned Update: 9 July 2018 Fabricated Steel Piping

5 Material Requirements

All materials supplied by the Vendor for piping elements or structural attachments shall
conform to the requirements of the applicable Saudi Aramco mandatory documents and
industry code, and shall be traceable to mill certificates. Used or reclaimed materials or
materials of unknown specification are not permitted.

5.1 Pipe

5.1.1 The Pipe material shall be according to the Purchase Order.

5.1.2 Unless otherwise specified in the Purchase Order, the allowable


materials for carbon steel pipe are:
1) API SPEC 5L Grade B through X65, PSL 2, either seamless or
longitudinal seam submerged arc welded pipe, conforming to 01-
SAMSS-035 or 01-SAMSS-038, depending on design
requirements.
2) ASTM pipes such as A106 Grade B, A333 for low temperature,
and other types and grades conforming to 01-SAMSS-043,
depending on design requirements.
5.1.3 ERW pipe (electric resistance welded), HFI pipe (high frequency
induction welded), or spiral weld pipe shall not be used to fabricate this
commodity.

5.2 Pipe Nipples

5.2.1 Nipples shall be Schedule 80 minimum. Threads shall be in accordance


with ASME B1.20.1 taper pipe thread.

5.2.2 Pipe sizes of 1-inch and smaller in vibration service, shall have bracing
in accordance with Standard Drawing AB-036521. Where bracing cannot
be effectively provided, nipples with Schedule 160 shall be installed.

5.3 Flanges

Flanges shall be ASME weld neck type in accordance with 02-SAMSS-011.


Flange specification, rating, and facing shall be as specified in the Purchase
Order.

5.4 Unless otherwise shown on the Purchase Order drawings, the pipe fittings shall
be as follows:

5.4.1 Butt welding pipe fittings shall be used for nominal pipe sizes 2-inch and
larger. Butt welding pipe fittings shall be in accordance with

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Document Responsibility: Materials Engineering Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-010
Issue Date: 9 July 2014
Next Planned Update: 9 July 2018 Fabricated Steel Piping

02-SAMSS-005. The material grade of butt welding fittings shall match,


or be equivalent in strength to, that of the adjoining pipe.

5.4.2 Forged steel threaded or socket-welding fittings 1 and smaller shall


conform to ASME B16.11, pressure class 3000 and ASTM A105.

5.4.3 All unions shall conform to MSS-SP-83, Class 3000 for nominal pipe
sizes 1 and smaller. The material shall be carbon steel per
ASTM A105, ASTM A350 or alloy steel per ASTM A182, depending on
design requirements.

5.4.4 For nominal pipe sizes 1 and smaller, forged steel welding bosses
shall conform to either Standard Drawing AE-036175 or AD-036643 or
be equivalent to ASTM A105 integrally reinforced fittings, pressure
class 3000 minimum.

5.5 Reinforcing and Attachments

Steel plate used for reinforcing pads, sleeves, saddles and other structural
attachments shall conform to a code listed plate material with specified
minimum yield strength of 241.3 MPa (35,000 psi) or greater, depending on
design requirements.

All reinforcing and attachment welds shall be continuous. Skip or stitch


welding is not permitted.

5.6 Additional material requirements for sour service.

5.6.1 Pipes shall meet the requirements of Annexes K & H of API SPEC 5L.

5.6.2 Flanges and fittings shall be in accordance with NACE MR0175/ISO


15156.

6 Requirements for Design, Cutting and Fitting

6.1 Drawings

6.1.1 The Vendor shall prepare detailed shop fabrication drawings based on
the Purchase Order drawings. The shop drawings shall be submitted to
the Buyer for approval prior to fabrication.

6.1.2 Any details not shown on Buyer's drawings shall be designed by the
Vendor in accordance with the applicable ASME piping code.

6.1.3 Standard piping symbols used on Piping Detail Sheets and Isometric
Detail Sheets are identified on Standard Drawing AB-036227.

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Document Responsibility: Materials Engineering Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-010
Issue Date: 9 July 2014
Next Planned Update: 9 July 2018 Fabricated Steel Piping

6.1.4 Approval of Vendor's drawings by the Buyer does not relieve the Vendor
of the responsibility for compliance with the code, this specification and
the Purchase Order requirements.

6.2 Reinforcement Pads

6.2.1 The reinforcement pad shall be in accordance with the Standard Drawing
AB-036719.

6.2.2 A 3-6 mm weep hole shall be provided for each reinforcing. The weep
hole shall not be mechanically plugged nor seal welded but can be
plugged with grease after the required testing.

6.3 Mitered Joints and Bends

Mitered bends or miter pipe joints are not permitted. A mitered joint is defined
as a joint with an angular offset larger than three degrees.

6.4 Pipe Joints

6.4.1 For butt-weld connections of wall thickness ratio of joined pipes greater
than 1.5, end preparations and geometry shall comply with ASME B16.25.

6.4.2 Threaded and socket welded joints shall be limited to 1-1/2 and smaller.
For socket-welded connections, the axial gap between male and female
component, as shown in Figure 328.5.2C of ASME B31.3 code, shall be
maximum of 3 mm and minimum of 1.5 mm.

6.4.3 Seal welding is required of all threaded joints up to the first block valve
except in the following services:
a) Thermowells.
b) Bar stock plugs downstream of a seal-welded block valve.
c) Special devices such as access fittings and scraper signals.
d) Joints which require frequent disassembly and are located
downstream of a seal welded block valve, e.g. sample connections.
e) Instrument piping downstream of the primary instrument isolation
valve.
f) Pipe union ring threads and joints with elastomer O-rings.
g) Threaded joints, downstream of a seal welded root valve, which
discharge directly to an open drainage system or to the atmosphere.
h) Extended body valves with integrally reinforced welding end per
API STD 602.

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Document Responsibility: Materials Engineering Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-010
Issue Date: 9 July 2014
Next Planned Update: 9 July 2018 Fabricated Steel Piping

6.5 Pipe Components

6.5.1 Pipe unions shall not be installed in the pipe section between the main
pipe run and root valve.

6.5.2 Integrally reinforced fittings shall be designed to abut the pipe wall with
a full penetration weld.

6.5.3 Couplings and half-couplings shall not be used as integrally reinforced


fittings. Couplings are not permitted between the header and root valve.

6.5.4 The use of LokRing coupling is limited to piping 2 inch maximum for
instrument air, nitrogen gas, and water service.

6.5.5 Bushings with one size reduction shall not be used. Only hex head steel
bushings shall be used. Flush steel bushings are not permitted.

6.6 Ends for Field Welding

6.6.1 The ends of pipe and pipe spools to be joined by girth welds during field
installation, shall be prepared and matched to facilitate fit-up in the field
unless it is indicated in the drawing where extra length is to be cut back
in the field for adjustment. Corresponding welding ends shall be clearly
marked.

6.6.2 All welding ends shall be beveled with an angle of 35 degrees, 5 degrees,
and a root face of 1.6 mm. The bevels shall be either machine-cut bevels
or smooth, clean, slag-free flame cut. The end plane shall be normal to the
pipe axis as defined on the piping drawing, within 0.25 degrees.

6.7 Dimensional Tolerances

6.7.1 The tolerance for axial dimensions, face-to-face, center-to-face and


location of attachments shall be 3 mm maximum.

6.7.2 Lateral offset of branches and connections from centerline of run shall
not exceed 1.6 mm.

6.7.3 Flange bolt holes shall straddle the established centerlines. Rotation of
flanges, measured as the offset between elevation of bolt holes on
opposite sides of a flange centerline shall not exceed 1.6 mm.

6.7.4 The tilt of a flange measured at the periphery across any diameter shall
not exceed 1 mm from the square position.

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Document Responsibility: Materials Engineering Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-010
Issue Date: 9 July 2014
Next Planned Update: 9 July 2018 Fabricated Steel Piping

6.7.5 When a minimum I.D. dimension is specified by the Purchase Order


(spool with pipe bend), the pipe spool shall be checked by the Vendor by
passing a gauging scraper through the finished spool. The diameter of
the gauging scraper shall be equal to the I.D. dimension specified and the
length shall be approximately one-half of the nominal diameter.

6.7.6 Pipe spools and bends shall be checked and corrected after heat
treatment to assure proper alignment of flanges and correct centerline
dimensions.

6.7.7 Bend tolerances are: bend angle 0.5 degree and bend radius 1% unless
otherwise indicated on Company drawing or Purchase Order.

7 Bending

7.1 Hot Bends

Furnace hot bends or induction bends shall comply with the requirement of
01-SAMSS-039.

7.2 Cold Bending

Cold bending is not permitted for in-plant piping.

8 Welding

8.1 All welding, heat treating, and non-destructive testing shall be in accordance
with the following specifications:
a) SAES-W-011 for ASME B31.3 applications.
b) SAES-W-012 for ASME B31.4 and ASME B31.8 applications.

8.2 Repairs

Unsuccessful weld repairs after the second attempt shall be cut out as a cylinder
and shall be replaced with a new section of pipe and/or fittings.

8.3 Radiography

8.3.1 The non-mandatory appendix to ASME SEC V, Article 2 shall be used


in determining the required number and location of radiographs for
circumferential joints.

8.3.2 Progressive examinations and other additional radiography resulting


from rejected or repaired welds shall be at Vendor's expense.

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Document Responsibility: Materials Engineering Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-010
Issue Date: 9 July 2014
Next Planned Update: 9 July 2018 Fabricated Steel Piping

8.3.3 Progressive examinations and other additional radiography resulting


from rejected or repaired welds shall not be included in the minimum
percentage specified to be radiographed.

9 Inspection and Tests

All inspection and testing shall be performed as per Saudi Aramco Inspection
Requirements Form 175-013100.

9.1 Hydrostatic Tests

9.1.1 When all openings on a pipe spool are either flanged or threaded, the
spool shall be hydrostatically tested. When no test pressure is indicated
in the Purchase Order, the hydrostatic test pressure shall be based on the
flange rating as shown in ASME B16.5, but not less than the minimum
test pressure per ASME B31.3 paragraph 345.4.2.

No paint or primer shall be applied over the girth welds prior to


hydrostatic testing.

9.1.2 The Vendor shall provide the necessary blind flanges, plugs, caps, or
plates required for the hydrotest.

9.1.3 Piping spools which have welding ends shall not be pressure tested
unless provisions for test ends have been indicated in the Purchase Order
documents. For piping spools which are not to be pressure tested, all
weld joints shall be 100% inspected by using the NDT methods specified
in the Purchase Order.

9.2 Inspection

The Vendor shall give an advance notice in writing to the Buyer for all tests
required for the fabrications. All materials, certificates, fabrication, testing and
examinations shall be subjected to verification by Buyer's Inspector in
accordance with ASME B31.3 Chapter VI for full compliance with this
Specification and the Purchase Order drawings and other requirements.
Inspection shall be carried out at the place of manufacture.

10 Product Marking and Preparation for Shipment

10.1 Identification

10.1.1 Each spool shall be marked with the purchase order number and spool
number painted at the ends as shown on the drawings. The numbers
shall not be less than 25 mm in height. In addition, the spool number

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Document Responsibility: Materials Engineering Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-010
Issue Date: 9 July 2014
Next Planned Update: 9 July 2018 Fabricated Steel Piping

shall be die-stamped on the rim of each flange.

10.1.2 Pipe bends, delivered as separate components, shall be marked by paint


stenciling with the following additional information:
a) Vendor name or trademark
b) Outside diameter and nominal wall thickness
c) Grade per API SPEC 5L or relevant ASTM specification
d) Bend angle and radius
e) Point of tangency, both ends
f) Tempering heat treatment identification
g) Sour service or non-sour service

10.2 Cleaning

All loose foreign material and weld spatter shall be removed from the inside and
outside of the spool. The spool shall be clean and dry.

10.3 Painting

Unless otherwise specified in the Purchase Order, the pipe spools shall not be
painted or coated.

10.4 Protection

10.4.1 When spools are supplied with blind flanges, they shall be bolted on
with the specified gaskets and stud bolts. Other flange faces shall be
protected by a suitable cover bolted to the flange.

10.4.2 Threaded bosses shall be fitted with steel bar stock plugs. Threaded pipe
ends shall be provided with steel or malleable iron pipe caps as
temporary closure. Threads shall be coated with a graphite and oil paste.

10.4.3 Welding ends shall be protected against damage during handling and
shipment by means of a securely fastened bevel protector.

10.4.4 Pipe and fittings shall not be stored directly on the ground.

10.4.5 Stacking shall be done in a manner to avoid damage to pipes, fittings


or coatings.

10.4.6 All material shall be handled with care to prevent damage.

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Document Responsibility: Materials Engineering Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-010
Issue Date: 9 July 2014
Next Planned Update: 9 July 2018 Fabricated Steel Piping

10.4.7 Lined and coated pipe and fittings shall be lifted with wide fabric or
rubber-covered slings.

Revision Summary
9 July 2014 Revised the Next Planned Update, reaffirmed the content of the document, and reissued as
major revision. As directed by the new SAEP-301, the document was routed to affirm the
contents are up-to-date.

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