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Vizantiyskiy

vremennik

Volume 74 (99)

Editor-in-Chief
Sergey KARPOV

MOSCOW NAUKA 2015





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EDITORIAL BOARD

EDITORS
Sergey KARPOV (Editor-in-Chief) Full Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doc-
tor of History, Professor, Head of the Chair for Medieval History of the Faculty of History
of Lomonosov Moscow State University;
Igor MEDVEDEV (Deputy Editor) Deputy Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences,
Professor, Doctor of History, Chief Researcher of St. Petersburg Institute of History of the
Russian Academy of Sciences;
Mikhail BIBIKOV (Deputy Editor) Prof. Habil., Doctor of History, Head of Department
of Byzantine History and Eastern Christianity of Institute of World History of the Russian
Academy of Sciences;
Leonid BELYAEV Doctor of History, Head of Moscow Rus Archeology Department of In-
stitute of Archeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow), Editor-in-Chief of the
journal ``Rossyjskaja arkheologija'' (= Archaeology of Russia);
Alexandra CHEKALOVA Doctor of History, Professor, Leading Researcher of Department
of History of Byzantium and Eastern Christian Culture of Institute of World History of the
Russian Academy of Sciences;
Boris FLORYA Doctor of History, Corresponding Member of Russian Academy of Sciences,
Professor, Head of Department of History of Middle Ages of Institute of Slavic Studies of
the Russian Academy of Sciences;
Galina LEBEDEVA Doctor of History, Head of Department of History of the Middle Ages of
the Faculty of History of Saint Petersburg State University;
Kirill MAKSIMOVICH Doctor of Philology, Employee of the Gttingen Academy of Sci-
ences and Humanities, Byzantine Legal Sources Research Center (The Goethe University
of Frankfurt);
Margarita POLYAKOVSKAYA Doctor of History, Professor of Department of History of An-
cient World and Middle Ages of Institute of Humanities and Arts, of Ural Federal University
(Ekaterinburg);
Olga POPOVA Doctor of Art Criticism, Professor of Chair of General Art History of the
Faculty of History of Lomonosov Moscow State University;
Vladimir SEDOV Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of
Art Criticism, Leading Researcher of Archaeological Institute of the Russian Academy of
Sciences (Moscow);
Rustam SHUKUROV Doctor of History, Associate Professor of Chair for Medieval History
of the Faculty of History of Lomonosov Moscow State University;
Vera ZALESSKAYA Doctor of Art Criticism, Leading Researcher of the State Hermitage
(Saint Petersburg);
Alexey KRYUKOV (Editorial Secretary) Assistant Professor of Chair of Ancient Languages
of the Faculty of History of Lomonosov Moscow State University.

EDITORIAL STAFF
Mikhail GRATSIANSKIY PhD, Leading Researcher of the Faculty of History of Lomonosov
Moscow State University;
7
Nikolay BYSTRITSKIY Researcher of the Faculty of History of Lomonosov Moscow State
University;
Pavel KUZENKOV PhD, Associate Professor of the Faculty of History of Lomonosov
Moscow State University.

EDITORIAL ADVISORY BOARD


Michel BALARD Professor Emeritus of Pantheon-Sorbonne University (Paris, France);
Antonio CARILE Professor Emeritus of University of Bologna (Italy);
Nodar LOMOURI Doctor of History, Professor, Director of the Shalva Amiranashvili Mu-
seum of Fine Arts (Tbilisi);
Chryssa MALTEZOU Ordinary Member of the Academy of Athens, Professor of the National
and Kapodistrian University of Athens (Greece);
Petr TOLOCHKO Full Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the National
Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Doctor of History, Director of Institute of Archaeology
of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (Kyiv);
Xenia KHVOSTOVA Doctor of History, Chief Researcher of Institute of World History of the
Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow);
Peter SCHREINER Full Member of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Professor Emeritus
of the University of Cologne (Germany);
Vasil GYUZELEV Full Member of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (Soa).


.. (-)
IV V .: -
Felices Theodosiani Isauri . . . . . . 15
.. ()
(484 .) . . . . . . . . 31
.. ()
. . . . . . 47
.. (-)
, , - . . . . . . . . 61
.. ()
: VII .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
.. ()
IXXI . . . . . . . . . . . 83
.. ()

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
.. ()

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
.. ()
-
XIV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
.. ()
XIVXVI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
.. ()
: , -, . . . 164
.. (), . ()
-
- . . . . 180
.. ()
X XI . . 196
.. ()
. 40- 50- . XI . . . . . 211
M. Marcenaro ()
La visita di Dmitrij Vlas'evic Ajnalov sul nire dell'ottocento al battistero di Albenga e
le pi recenti indagini archeologiche . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 224

9
.. ()
: . . . 240
.. ()
120 . - . . II.
( 1947 .) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250


.. ()
XXI . (,
. 553) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 285
.. ()
Mosq. gr. 239 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 307
.. , .. ()

.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 317


.. ()
.. IV .: . ,
, . .: , 2012. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 344
.. , .. ()
Demacopoulos G.E. The Invention of Peter. Apostolic Discourse and Papal Authority in
Late Antiquity. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2013. 262 p. . . . . 346
.. ()
. H .

. , University Studio Press, 2014. [
; 12]. 322 p. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 349
.. ()
Rduire le schisme? Ecclsiologies et politiques de l'union entre Orient et Occident
(XIIIe XVIIIe sicle). d. par M.-H. Blanchet et F. Gabriel. Paris: Association des amis
du Centre d'histoire et civilisation de Byzance, 2013. 377 p. . . . . . . . . . . 351
.. (), .. (-), ..
(), .. ()
: : -
/ . . . .. . .; , 2013. 240 . [
, VII]. 500 . 360
.. ()
.. . , , /
Lidov A. The Wall Paintings of Akhtala Monastery. History, Iconography, masters.
.: , 2014. 528 ., 220 .
ISBN 9785-912440540. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 368
.. ()
Foletti Ivan. Da Bisanzio alla Santa Russia. Nikodim Kondakov (18441925) e la nascita
della storia dell'arte in Russia. Roma: Viella, 2011. 280 p. 59 gg [tudes lausannoises
d'histoire de l'art, 12]. ISBN 9788883346439. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 371

10
.. ()
Personenlexikon zur Christlichen Archologie. Forscher und Persnlichkeiten vom 16.
bis 21. Jahrhundert / S. Heid, M. Dennert (Hrsg.). Bd. 12. Regensburg, Schnell und
Steiner, 2012. 1421 S., b/w ill. ISBN 9783-795426200. . . . . . . . . . . . 374


. 80- . . . . . . . . . . 377
.. ()
- (-
, 911 2014 .) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 380
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 382
CONTENTS

Articles
Evgeniy MEKHAMADIEV (St. Petersburg)
The Isaurian military units of East Roman army during 4th the rst half of 5th c. A.D.:
on the history of the military unit of the Felices Theodosiani Isauri . . . . . . . . 15
Mikhail GRATSIANSKIY (Moscow)
The case of John Talaia and the beginning of the `acacian schism' . . . . . . . . 31
Evgenii ZABOLOTNYI (Moscow)
The church of the East and the religious policy of emperor Justinian I . . . . . . . 47
Petr SHUVALOV (St. Petersburg)
Germanus, cousin of Justinian, and the Strategikon of Pseudo-Maurice . . . . . . 61
Anastasia SIROTENKO (MoscowMnchen)
The emperor's beard: questioning realism of the 7th century numismatic imperial repre-
sentations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Pavel KUZENKOV (Moscow)
Topography of attacks of Rus' on Constantinople in 9th 11th centuries . . . . . . . 83
Sergei KOZLOV (Tyumen)
The Rus' excursuses of Leo the Deacon and the traditions of the men's unions in the
Slavic world . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Alexey KRYUKOV (Moscow)
Some remarks on the manuscript tradition of Michael Choniates' sermons on veneration
of the Precious Cross and on Palm Sunday . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
Sergey KARPOV (Moscow)
Testaments of the Venetian notary Benedetto Bianco as a source for the history of Tana
in the middle of the 14th century . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
Svetlana BLIZNYUK (Moscow)
What Cypriots read in the 14th 15th centuries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
Alexander LIATSOS (Moscow)
Cristoforo Buondelmonti: traveller, researcher of Crete, humanist . . . . . . . . 164
Leonid BELYAEV (Moscow), Yana TCHEKHANOVETS (Jerusalem)
Report on Georgian possessions in the Holy Sepulchre church and the `lapidary guide'
of Resurrection cathedral of Novy Ierusalim monastery . . . . . . . . . . . . 180
Anna ZAKHAROVA (Moscow)
Wall paintings of the second half of the 10th early 11th century in Cappadocia . . 196
Olga POPOVA (Moscow)
Wall paintings in the church of Saint Sophia in Ochrid and the art of ca. 10401050 . 211
Mario MARCENARO (Genova)
The visit of Dmitriy Vlas'yevich Aynalov to the baptistery of Alberga at the end of 19th
century and the recent archeological investigations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 224

12
Irina KYZLASOVA (Moscow)
Academician Nikodim Pavlovich Kondakov: the last days of his life in the homeland . 240
Nikolay BYSTRITSKIY (Moscow)
``Vizantiyskiy Vremennik'' over 120 years. Historical and infometrical review. Part II:
``New series'' (from 1947) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250

Publications
Elina DOBRYNINA (Moscow)
Unknown canons by George of Nikomedeia in a Menaion of the late 10th to early 11th
century (Petrop. gr. 553) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 285
Alexey BARMIN (Moscow)
Two anti-Latin writings in the Mosq. gr. 239 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 307
Anastasia ANUFRIEVA, Grigory BORISOV (Moscow)
The Translation of the ``Report on the Mission to Constantinople'' of Liutprand of Cre-
mona from archives of Academician F.I. Uspensky . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 317

Book Reviews
Alexey BELOUSOV (Moscow)
VOYTENKO, A.A. Yegipetskoye monashestvo v IV v.: Zhitiye prep. Antoniya Velikogo,
Lavsaik, Istoriya monakhov. Moscow 2012. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 344
Marianna SOBAKAR', Mikhail GRATSIANSKIY (Moscow)
DEMACOPOULOS G.E. The Invention of Peter. Apostolic Discourse and Papal Authority
in Late Antiquity. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2013. 262 p. . . . 346
Olga LOSEVA (Moscow)
DELIKARI A. H .

. , University Studio Press, 2014. [
; 12]. 322 p. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 349
Alexey BARMIN (Moscow)
BLANCHET, M.-H., and GABRIEL, F., eds. Rduire le schisme? Ecclsiologies et politiques
de l'union entre Orient et Occident (XIIIe XVIIIe sicle). Paris: Association des amis du
Centre d'histoire et civilisation de Byzance, 2013. 377 p. . . . . . . . . . . . . 351
Mikhail BUTYRSKIY (Moscow), Vera ZALESSKAYA (St. Petersburg), Anna ZA-
KHAROVA (Moscow), Irina STERLIGOVA (Moscow)
SAMINSKIY, A.L., ed. :
: . Moscow: , 2013. 240 . [
, VII]. 500 . 360
Armen KAZARYAN (Moscow)
LIDOV, .. Rospisi monastyrya Akhtala. Istoriya, ikonograya, mastera / LIDOV, A. The
Wall Paintings of Akhtala Monastery. History, Iconography, masters. Moscow: Russkiy
fond sodeystviya obrazovaniyu i nauke, 2014. 528 p., 220 ill. ISBN 9785-912440540. 367
Lyudmila KHRUSHKOVA (Moscow)
FOLETTI, Ivan. Da Bisanzio alla Santa Russia. Nikodim Kondakov (18441925) e la
nascita della storia dell'arte in Russia. Roma: Viella, 2011. 280 p. 59 gg [tudes lau-
sannoises d'histoire de l'art, 12]. ISBN 9788883346439. . . . . . . . . . . 371
Lyudmila KHRUSHKOVA (Moscow)
HEID, S., and DENNERT, M., eds. Personenlexikon zur Christlichen Archologie.
Forscher und Persnlichkeiten vom 16. bis 21. Jahrhundert. Bd. 12. Regensburg:
Schnell und Steiner, 2012. 1421 S., b/w ill. ISBN 9783-795426200. . . . . . . 374
13
Chronicle
th
Igor Pavlovich Medvedev. On the 80 annniversary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 377
Lyudmila KHRUSHKOVA (Moscow)
Symposium of Byzantine and Post-byzantine Archaeology and Art (Athens, 911 May
2014) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 379
List of Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 382
. 2015. T. 74 (99)
ISSN 01323776

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35
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38
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39
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40
.. . ., 1908. . 461, 479;
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41
.. .
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. . I: . ., 2000. . 156.
42
, ,

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. ,
, .
43
Leo Diaconus. IX.6. P. 149.417.
44
Scylitzes. P. 304.916 .

109
. 1. ( )
. XIIXIII . : .. . 749. . 143

45 .
, -
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46 .
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. , . 23
625003
: sergeikozloff@mail.ru

VIZANTIYSKIY VREMENNIK. 2015. T. 74 (99)


ISSN 01323776

Sergei KOZLOV

THE RUS' EXCURSUSES OF LEO THE DEACON AND THE


TRADITIONS OF THE MEN'S UNIONS IN THE SLAVIC WORLD

Abstract: The paper deals with the source base of Leo the Deacon's ethnographic excurses
on the Tauroscythians-Rus', which are included into his narrative concerning the Balkan
campaigns of prince Svyatoslav Igorevich (on the terrible massacre of the inhabitants of
Philippopolis, the sacrices and afterlife beliefs of the Rus', on the exterior of Russian
prince, and so forth). The main content of the Rus' excurses can be explained in the context
of archaic initiation myths and related rituals of men's unions, well-studied for all the major
Indo-European tradition, including Slavic. These passages reveal undeniable similarities in
Slavic folklore and onomastics, and indicate the nature of Svyatoslav's military contingents
in Bulgaria, which consisted of senior soldiers and youngsters passing the initiation, and
thus constituted a form of old Indo-European men's unions. Such a long preservation of the
archaic initiation models in the Slavic tradition was determined by the liminal feature of
the cultural contact zone Slavia Asiatica in the European area, and the constant interactions
between the Slavs and even more rigid military cultures of the Eurasian steppe nomads,
that have many analogies in the reign of Svyatoslav. On this historical basis presumably
was formed the epic cycle about Svyatoslav's wars, traces of which are preserved in the
Old-Russian and Byzantine chronicles.
Keywords: South-East Europe, men's unions, Balkan wars, Svyatoslav Igorevich, Byzantine
literature, Leo the Deacon

121
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Sergei KOZLOV
C.Sc., Head of Laboratory
for Historical Geography and Regionalistics
Tyumen State University
Lenin Str. 23
625003 Tyumen, Russia
e-mail: sergeikozloff@mail.ru






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