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Reading Comprehension Test

Jirachaya (Bow) 10:01

Passage 1
line 1 The pipe stretches southward across the largest and northernmost state in the United States,
ending at a remote ice-free seaport village nearly 800 miles from where it begins. It is massive in
size and extremely complicated to operate.
The steel pipe crosses wind swept plains and endless miles of delicate tundra that tops the
line 5 frozen ground. It weaves through crooked canyons, climbs sheer mountains, plunges over rocky crags,
makes its way through thick forests, and passes over or under hundreds of rivers and streams. The pipe
is 4 feet in diameter, and up to 2 million barrels (or 84 million gallons) of crude oil can be pumped
through it daily.
Resting on H-shaped steel racks called "bents," long sections of the pipeline follow a zigzag
line 10 course high above the frozen earth. Other long sections drop out of sight beneath spongy or rocky
ground and return to the surface later on. The pattern of the pipeline's up-and-down route is determined
by the often harsh demands of the arctic and subarctic climate, the tortuous lay of the land, and the
varied compositions of soil, rock, or permafrost (permanently frozen ground). A little more than half
of the pipeline is elevated above the ground. The remainder is
line 15 buried anywhere from 3 to 12 feet, depending largely upon the type of terrain and the properties of the
soil.
https://www.ets.org/toefl/pbt/prepare/reading_comprehension_practice_section3

1. The word crooked in line 5 is closest in meaning to


a. corrupt
b. bent
c. disordered
d. curved

2. The word Terrain in line 16 is closest in meaning to


a. ground
b. country
c. territory
d. temperature

3. What does its in line 6 refer to?


a. Steel pipe
b. The delicate Tundra
c. The frozen ground
d. Crooked canyons

4. How long is the pipe?


a. 2 feet in diameter
b. 4 feet in diameter
c. 12 feet in diameter
d. 3 feet in diameter

5. The remainder of the pipeline above the ground depended on


a. Properties of the soil and the type of territory
b. Type of soil and climate
c. The type of country and the ground
d. Properties of the soil and water

6. Which country does the pipe pass though?

1
a. The United State
b. Seaport village
c. America
d. Canada

7. According to the passage, how much water can the pipe contain?
a. 84 gallons
b. 48 gallons
c. 84 million gallons
d. 48 million gallons

8. What does the author mention about the pipe in the passage?
a. small in size and extremely complicate to control.
b. huge in size and extremely complicated to work.
c. massive in size extremely complicate to cut.
d. a lot of size and hard to carry.

9. What is the main topic of the second paragraph?


a. Information of pipe
b. Description how pipe work
c. Description the location of pipe
d. Description the history of pipe

10. What would be the best title for this passage?


a. History of pipe
b. The fact about pipe.
c. The location of pipe.
d. The use of pipe

Passage 2
line 1 Today in Britain there are 124 state universities, but only one private university
the University of Buckingham. Before the 19th century there were only six
universities: Oxford, Cambridge, Aberdeen, Edinburgh, Glasgow and St Andrews.
Universities were usually linked to the Church and were established between the 13th
line 5 and 15th centuries. They often have good reputations, beautiful old buildings,
traditions and usually offer a wide range of courses.
A number of universities were established in the 19th and early 20th centuries
as a result of the industrial revolution and they began training highly skilled people
for industry. These universities were generally established in major industrial centers
line 10 such as Birmingham, Manchester, Newcastle and other big cities. Sometimes called
modern or civic universities, these universities have the advantage of well -
established libraries, academic specialties and accommodation that is close to
campus. These universities are often able to provide accommodation for all first year
students.
line 15 A number of new universities were established in the 1960s when children
born after World War 2 entered the higher education system. The government
decided to expand higher education to educate these students. The advantage of these
universities is that they are well planned and most of the living and teaching facilities
are on campus.
http://www.ielts-exam.net/docs/reading/IELTS_Reading_Academic_33.htm

11. The word reputations in line 5 is closest in meaning to


a. credit
b. environment
c. design

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d. teacher

12. The word accommodation in line 13 is closest in meaning to


a. classroom
b. dorm
c. room
d. caf

13. What does they in line 5 refer to?


a. The University of Buckingham
b. 124 state universities
c. Oxford, Cambridge, Aberdeen, Edinburgh, Glasgow and St Andrews
d. Church

14. When were the universities established?


a. in the 19th and early 20th centuries
b. in the 1960s
c. after world war 2
d. between the 13th and 15th centuries.

15. Universities that were established in major industrial centers can be called
a. modern or civic universities
b. old or private universities
c. modern or private universities
d. old or civic universities

16. University of industrial revolution often able to provide accommodation for


a. all students
b. all first year students
c. only senior
d. teachers

17. What is the disadvantage of these universities?


a. planned
b. reputations
c. teachers
d. libraries

18. A number of new universities were established in


a. Before the 19th century
b. after world war 2
c. the 13th and 15th centuries
d. 1960s

19. What would be the best title for this passage?


a. Universities in Britain
b. A number of universities
c. The University of Buckingham
d. Six universities in Britain

20. What is the main idea of the first paragraph?


a. Information about six universities before the 19th century
b. Universities in Britain
c. Information about University of Buckingham
d. Type of universities