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LOCAL ARCH BRIDGES IN THE PHILIPPINES

TALIM BRIDGE(BINANGONAN, RIZAL)

Talim Island is the largest lake island in Laguna de Bay, the largest lake in the Philippines. The hilly island is within the boundaries of the Province of Rizal, under the jurisdiction of two municipalities. The western side is part of the municipality of Binangonan, while the eastern section is part of Cardona.

The island is volcanic in origin and forms the southwest rim of the Laguna Caldera. Volcanism after the formation of the caldera created the maars and volcanic craters at the southern end of Talim Island,the largest of which is a 3-kilometre (1.9 mi) crater surrounding Brgys. Balibago and Tuna.

LOCAL ARCH BRIDGES IN THE PHILIPPINES TALIM BRIDGE (BINANGONAN, RIZAL) Talim Island is the largest lake
LOCAL ARCH BRIDGES IN THE PHILIPPINES TALIM BRIDGE (BINANGONAN, RIZAL) Talim Island is the largest lake

BAMBAN BRIDGE (PAMPANGA, PHILIPPINES)

Crossing the Sacobia-Bamban River system is the Bamban Bridge along the MacArthur Highway between Mabalacat, Pampanga and Bamban, Tarlac. This Nielsen- Lohse basket arch bridge is one of the most modern and sleek-looking bridges in the country.

The original Bamban Bridge was destroyed in 1991 when Pinatubo erupted, cutting off vital transportation routes since MacArthur Highway is the major link between northern Luzon and Manila. Various other bridges were erected in place soon after but each one was washed away too, forcing some Baguio vacationers from Manila to take the Concepcion, Tarlac route.

The bridge’s arch has a span of 174 meters and contains 1,400 tons of steel. It is one of the longest bridges of its type in the world and was completed sometime around 1998. It is quite a landmark in an area devastated by Pinatubo’s eruption.

LOCATION:

Pampanga, Philippines

TYPE:

Basket-Handle Nielsen-Lohse arch bridge

LENGTH:

174 meters

OWNER:

Department of Public Works and

Highways (DPWH), Philippines

As construction of this bridge had to be completed asquickly as possible to restore the transportation system of Luzon Island, various special techniques were applied to its structure with the aim of reducing the construction period.

The superstructure is designed to reduce the number of members and welds for labor-saving purpose. For example, as for arch rib, spacing of stiffener was changed 1.6 to 3 times wider than ordinal design, and no stiffener (normally 1 to 3) is used on the stiffening girders conforming to American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) standards

Precast reinforced concrete slab was used to construct the bridge floor system so as to minimize moulding and bar arrangement works at the building site.

For coating of the bridge, a paint system requiring a smaller number of layers was selected: two layers consisting of organic zinc paint and modified epoxy resin paint for the external surfaces (75 μ + 120 μ ), and a single layer of epoxy resin paint for the internal surfaces (240 μ ). Weathering steels were used for floor framing to eliminate painting work