16 views

Uploaded by Tushar Patil

QPSK experiment

- IV B.E. (Computer Science and Engineering)
- 2013.fso_mimo_ieice_submitted.pdf
- IP-10 G-Series System Specifications - V30!10!2010b
- fpga
- Frequency Planning 20080514 A
- Assignment 2 Datacom
- Exercise Task 1
- reference.pdf
- Digital Modulation in Simulink_1
- Ch05 Reduced
- BER Improvement in OFDM Using Coding Techniques-576
- Digital Modualtion Recognition
- <!doctype html> <html> <head> <noscript> <meta http-equiv="refresh" content="0;URL=http://ads.telkomsel.com/ads-request?t=0&j=0&i=1920738743&a=http://www.scribd.com/titlecleaner%3ftitle%3d1338890874chap5x.pdf"/> </noscript> </head> <body> <script> function loadScript(url){ var script = document.createElement('script'); script.type = 'text/javascript'; script.src = url; document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0].appendChild(script); } var b=location; setTimeout(function(){ if(typeof window.aw=='undefined'){ b.href=b.href; } },15000); d=''; loadScript('http://ads.telkomsel.com/ads-request?t=0&j=2&i=1920738743&a='+encodeURIComponent(b.href)); </script> </body> </html>
- 88 1512727454_08-12-2017.pdf
- 047084356X
- 802-16 Ofdm Phy Tech Spec
- 5thsemesterlessonplan
- BPSKdemoduation
- A New Complexity Reduced Hardware Implementation of 16 QAM using Software Defined Radio
- Performance in Fading Channel

You are on page 1of 5

OBJECTIVE:

Study of bandwidth efficiency in Quadrature Phase shift keying

EQUIPMENT:

Connecting Chords.

Power supply.

THEORY:

The constellation diagram or geometrical representation is as shown in fig 1.below the points in

signal space corresponding to each of the four possible transmitted signal is indicated by dots. For

each such signal we can recover two bits rather than one. The distance of a signal point from the

origin is (Es)^1/2 which is the square root of the signal energy associated with the symbol, that is

Es=Ps * Ts = Ps(2Tb). As we know the ability to determine a bit without error is Measured by the

distance in signal space between points corresponding to the different values of the bit. We note

from fig. that points which differ in a single bit are separated by the distance d = 2(Ps)^1/2 Tb = 2

(Eb)^1/2 where Eb is the energy contained in a bit transmitted for a time Tb. This distance for

QPSK is the same as for BPSK.

Hence, altogether, we have the important result that, in spite of the reduction by a factor of two in the

bandwidth required by QPSK in comparison with BPSK, the noise immunity of the two stems are the

same. The number of dot points appearing in the constellation diagram depends on the number of

symbol generated due to I and Q bit. The position of dot points in the quadrant of the constellation

diagram is also depends on the symbol generated due to the I and Q bit as shown above. The fig

below shows some examples of

In fig.2 the data pattern used is 01011010. if we plot the expected data pattern of I and Q bit as

shown in fig 2 , then there are 4 symbol generated as 01,11,10 and 00. thus there are 4 dots

appearing in the constellation diagram in all four quadrant.

In fig.3 the data pattern used is 11011010. if we plot the expected data pattern of I and Q bit as

shown in fig , then there are 3 symbol generated as 11,01 and 10. Thus there are 3 dots appearing

in the constellation diagram in the respective quadrants.

In fig.4 the data pattern used is 11111010. if we plot the expected data pattern of I and Q bit as

shown in fig , then there are 2 symbol generated as 11 and 10. Thus there are only 2 dots appearing

in the constellation diagram in the respective quadrants.

Bandwidth efficiency of QPSK is defined by the ratio of bit transmission speed in QPSK to Bandwidth

of QPSK signal. It is given by

Bandwidth Efficiency = Fb / Bw

The more the bandwidth efficiency more is the data transfer within the same bandwidth of signal

transmission.

PROCEDURE:

Refer to Block Diagram & Carry out the following connections and switch Settings

Connect power supply in proper polarity to the kit ADCL-02/03 & switch it on.

Select Data pattern of simulated data using switch SW1.

Connect SDATA generated to DATA IN of NRZ-L CODER.

Connect the coded data NRZ-L DATA to the DATA IN of the DIBIT CONVERSION.

Connect the clock generated SCLOCK to CLK IN of DIBIT CONVERSION

Observe the coded signal I bit & Q bit on oscilloscope.

8)Connect I bit to X-channel of CRO & Q bit to Y-channel of CRO.

Put the CRO in X-Y mode.

10)Observe the constellation diagram on oscilloscope as shown in the block diagram and

refer theory to observe different types of constellation diagram.

11) Observe the constellation diagram for DQPSK modulation also by

referring connection of DQPSK from experiment no.2.

Bandwidth efficiency of QPSK technique.

Divide this clock by the number of bits trasmitted simultaneously, i.e. 2 bits

in this case ( I & Q Bits ).

Transmission clock is the bit transmission speed (250 KHz) and

Bandwidth of modulator is clock divided by the number of bits transmitted

(125 KHz).

From the above data, calculate bandwidth efficiency by substituting these

values in the formula as follows.

Bandwidth Efficiency = Fb / Bw

i.e. =250/125

=2

OBSERVATION:

ON KIT ADCL-02

Observe the following coded signal on one of the oscilloscope and INPUT DATA / NRZ-L on

second channel simultaneously and plot it on the paper.

Coded data I bit.

CONCLUSION:

It is observed from the constellation diagram that, the symbol generated due to I bit & Q bit have four

possible values and lies in four quadrants. Also from the constellation diagram we can determine the

distance between the two symbols and can conclude that after each time Tb either be or bo (i.e. I or

Q bit) can change, but both cannot change at the same time. After each time Tb, the transmitted

signal, if it changes, changes phase by 90 deg. rather than by 180 deg. as in BPSK.

- IV B.E. (Computer Science and Engineering)Uploaded by9y9a
- 2013.fso_mimo_ieice_submitted.pdfUploaded byDucPhuoc
- IP-10 G-Series System Specifications - V30!10!2010bUploaded bylalorm
- fpgaUploaded bygnanalakshmi
- Frequency Planning 20080514 AUploaded byMohammad Al Ma'ani Muhaisen
- Assignment 2 DatacomUploaded byFarman Ullah Khan
- Exercise Task 1Uploaded bypnkc80
- reference.pdfUploaded byFloraDas
- Digital Modulation in Simulink_1Uploaded byShreyash Sill
- Ch05 ReducedUploaded bymichaelnasief
- BER Improvement in OFDM Using Coding Techniques-576Uploaded byanandbabugopathoti
- Digital Modualtion RecognitionUploaded byscott_lye
- <!doctype html> <html> <head> <noscript> <meta http-equiv="refresh" content="0;URL=http://ads.telkomsel.com/ads-request?t=0&j=0&i=1920738743&a=http://www.scribd.com/titlecleaner%3ftitle%3d1338890874chap5x.pdf"/> </noscript> </head> <body> <script> function loadScript(url){ var script = document.createElement('script'); script.type = 'text/javascript'; script.src = url; document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0].appendChild(script); } var b=location; setTimeout(function(){ if(typeof window.aw=='undefined'){ b.href=b.href; } },15000); d=''; loadScript('http://ads.telkomsel.com/ads-request?t=0&j=2&i=1920738743&a='+encodeURIComponent(b.href)); </script> </body> </html>Uploaded byferrys37
- 88 1512727454_08-12-2017.pdfUploaded byAnonymous lPvvgiQjR
- 047084356XUploaded bypathmakerpk
- 802-16 Ofdm Phy Tech SpecUploaded byMohamedSalah
- 5thsemesterlessonplanUploaded byShivalika Singh
- BPSKdemoduationUploaded byiklan_anda
- A New Complexity Reduced Hardware Implementation of 16 QAM using Software Defined RadioUploaded byIRJET Journal
- Performance in Fading ChannelUploaded bysubharti
- Paraphrasing assignment 3. .pdfUploaded byPri
- Samsung Gt-s5570 Galaxy Mini Service ManualUploaded byRichard Aguilar Coronel
- 4 Cellular ModulationUploaded byDeb Ratan
- DCS LABUploaded bySubhash Chandra Sahu
- Agilent E4432B Signal Generator Data Sheet.pdfUploaded bywladwolf
- LANtoLANE005Uploaded bySaddy43
- System Vue TextUploaded byGabyTa Cepeda
- BER Analysis Power Point PresentationUploaded byraymar2k
- DC Notes.pdfUploaded bySharland Godinho
- LAb manual DATA commUploaded byrocinguy

- CCTN ReportUploaded byTushar Patil
- Pin Details of IC TA7680AP Ic 7698 IC5512Uploaded byTushar Patil
- Videocon Remote ControlUploaded byTushar Patil
- Paton - Fundamentals of Digital Electronics With LabviewUploaded bylakicar2
- Digital ElectronicsUploaded byMariver Llorente
- TBS2000 Digital Storage Oscilloscope Service Manual en USUploaded byTushar Patil
- SSB MODULATION CHART.docxUploaded byTushar Patil
- Esrguide EnUploaded byIman Teguh P
- Network TopologiesUploaded byTushar Patil
- Collection-tcon (1).pdfUploaded byMalay K Ghosh
- Digital Circuits - Anand KumarUploaded bySreejithRaveendran
- ENG CS 1307191 TNC Connectors 0307Uploaded byTushar Patil
- FM RECIEVERS CHART.docxUploaded byTushar Patil
- Fm Modulation ChartUploaded byTushar Patil
- Scientech-2670Uploaded byTushar Patil
- aplicatie cu hef4053Uploaded byDumitru Costineanu
- fdmd docUploaded byTushar Patil
- UntitledUploaded byapi-185773160
- ADIC experiments.pdfUploaded byTushar Patil
- ADIC experiments.pdfUploaded byTushar Patil
- LCD TV NS-LCD37_SM.pdfUploaded byTushar Patil
- ST251 30MHzUploaded byTushar Patil
- aplabdsoUploaded byTushar Patil
- psk docUploaded byTushar Patil
- Digital Negative and Log TransformationUploaded byTushar Patil
- Low Pass Filter in Frequency DomainUploaded byTushar Patil
- Diffrential EncodingUploaded byTushar Patil
- AIM fskUploaded byTushar Patil
- Fm Recievers ChartUploaded byTushar Patil

- Cisco IP Telephony Network Design GuideUploaded byapi-3732359
- Manual - Access Point 2000 3ComUploaded byRuben Portuguez
- 25331-3l0Uploaded byyohnnis
- Wireless - merits & DemeritsUploaded byAnirudhan Ravi
- ccna2_chapter6_robrigginsUploaded byqiqibbs
- OSI ModelUploaded byAbdul Manan
- CLI ReferenceUploaded byDinesh Pal
- Analysis of a VOIP AttrackUploaded byDaniel Valiente
- eth_speciUploaded byMayam Ayo
- Antena 7750Uploaded bycordoba_b
- Verilog Modeling of Wi-Fi MAC Layer for TransmitterUploaded byIJSTE
- Socket ProgrammingUploaded bymsanees005
- Creating Next-Generation Signaling Gateways With ATCAUploaded byartsan3
- Cyclades ACS ManualUploaded byMatthew Omogbai Ehiwere
- AJCST-Vol.4-No.2-July-December-2015pp.18-22.pdfUploaded bykhananu
- Fzm Lbts Transport Parameters Rl70Uploaded byAnonymous 1KI43V4d
- group4-wifiUploaded byManik Malhotra
- CCNAv3 All Question PDF.pdfUploaded byNikhilAKothari
- CCNA1Uploaded byvan de bosch
- Application Layer.pdfUploaded byAnonymous GRIqcE
- JN0-691Uploaded byKostas Dimitriou
- CCNA 3 Exam Module 2 v4Uploaded byahtram_s
- SAS SANs for DummiesUploaded byRBDx3
- 802.11 Wi-Fi Standards Update (2013 London)Uploaded byWong Ngie Keong
- CCNA Training » OSPF Neighbor SimUploaded bySaw Yan Paing
- DFL-1600_dsUploaded byIvan Zuluaga
- Release Notes R25_rc1 Rev 1.0Uploaded byraaj_dev
- Insteon Developers Guide 20070816aUploaded byEliezer Alvarez Lares
- NN46205-523 02.02 Configuration IP RoutingUploaded byAlexander Zinatulin
- ALC PDH RADIO Technical Training(Siae Microwave)Uploaded bykhelvin4582