Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 26

Licensed Copy: Gilbert Athens, University of Birmingham, 08/06/2008 11:56, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

UDC 621.315.673:614.8
Specification for
BRITISH STANDARD

Ceiling roses
BS 67:1987
BS 67:1987
Licensed Copy: Gilbert Athens, University of Birmingham, 08/06/2008 11:56, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

Committees responsible for this


British Standard

The preparation of this British Standard was entrusted by the Power Electrical
Engineering Standards Committee (PEL/-) to Technical Committee PEL/4,
upon which the following bodies were represented:

ASTA Certification Services


Association of Consulting Engineers
Association of Control Manufacturers TACMA (BEAMA Ltd.)
Association of Manufacturers of Domestic Electrical Appliances
British Electrical Systems Association (BEAMA Ltd.)
British Electrotechnical Approvals Board
British Plastics Federation
Consumer Standards Advisory Committee of BSI
Department of Health and Social Security
Department of Trade and Industry (Consumer Safety Unit, C A Division)
ERA Technology Ltd.
Electrical Association for Women
Electrical Contractors Association
Electrical Installation Equipment Manufacturers Association (BEAMA Ltd.)
Electrical Power Engineers Association
Electricity Supply Industry in England and Wales
Institution of Electrical Engineers
Lighting Industry Federation Ltd.
National Economic Development Office
National Inspection Council for Electrical Installation Contracting

The following body was also represented in the drafting of the standard,
through a subcommittee:

Decorative Lighting Association

This British Standard, having


been prepared under the
direction of the Power
Electrical Engineering
Standards Committee, was
published under the authority
of the Board of BSI and
comes into effect on
27 February 1987

BSI 09-1999

First published August 1914


First revision May 1929 Amendments issued since publication
Second revision October 1938
Third revision June 1969
Fourth revision February 1987
Amd. No. Date of issue Comments

The following BSI references


relate to the work on this
standard:
Committee reference PEL/4
Draft for comment 84/27023 DC

ISBN 0 580 15692 3


BS 67:1987
Licensed Copy: Gilbert Athens, University of Birmingham, 08/06/2008 11:56, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

Contents

Page
Committees responsible Inside front cover
Foreword ii
1 Scope 1
2 Conditions of use 1
3 Definitions 1
4 General requirements 2
5 General conditions for type testing 2
6 Ratings 2
7 Classification 2
8 Marking and information 3
9 Dimensions 3
10 Accessibility of live parts 3
11 Provision for earthing 4
12 Terminals 4
13 Construction 7
14 Resistance to moisture and humidity, insulation resistance
and electric strength 8
15 Temperature rise 9
16 Mechanical strength 10
17 Resistance to heat 10
18 Resistance to abnormal heat, fire and tracking 11
19 Screws, current-carrying parts and connections 13
20 Creepage distances and clearances 13
21 Resistance to excessive residual stresses and to rusting 13
Appendix A Measurement of creepage distances and clearances 19
Figure 1 Pendulum impact test apparatus 14
Figure 2 Constructional details of striking element 15
Figure 3 Construction details of mounting support for test specimens 15
Figure 4 Ball pressure test apparatus 16
Figure 5 Glow wire with thermocouple 16
Figure 6 Glow-wire test apparatus 17
Figure 7 Arrangement and dimensions of the electrodes for
the tracking test 18
Table 1 Terminal screw torque values 5
Table 2 Test currents for test on screwless terminals 7
Table 3 Application of glow-wire test 12
Table 4 Creepage distances and clearances 13
Publications referred to Inside back cover

BSI 09-1999 i
BS 67:1987
Licensed Copy: Gilbert Athens, University of Birmingham, 08/06/2008 11:56, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

Foreword

This revision of this British Standard has been prepared under the direction of
the Power Electrical Engineering Standards Committee and supersedes
BS 67:1969.
This revised standard comes into force immediately, but to allow manufacturers
time to design and introduce any necessary changes, BS 67:1969 will not be
withdrawn until 31 December 1987.
NOTE Upon publication of this revision, BSI Sales Department will respond to purchase orders for
BS 67 by supplying copies of the 1987 edition. Copies of the 1969 edition may be obtained by quoting
the number BS 67/BS 69
The main purpose of the revision has been to update the standard so as to bring
the requirements and tests into line with other recently published
British Standards for accessories which have taken account of relevant
International Standards.
A British Standard does not purport to include all the necessary provisions of a
contract. Users of British Standards are responsible for their correct application.
Compliance with a British Standard does not of itself confer immunity
from legal obligations.

Summary of pages
This document comprises a front cover, an inside front cover, pages i and ii,
pages 1 to 20, an inside back cover and a back cover.
This standard has been updated (see copyright date) and may have had
amendments incorporated. This will be indicated in the amendment table on the
inside front cover.

ii BSI 09-1999
BS 67:1987
Licensed Copy: Gilbert Athens, University of Birmingham, 08/06/2008 11:56, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

1 Scope 3.2
surface-type ceiling rose
This British Standard specifies requirements for
ceiling roses having maximum ratings of 6 A a ceiling rose provided with a seating surface such
and 250 V intended for use in final circuits rated that when mounted as intended it projects wholly
at 16 A maximum for ceiling roses with screw-type outside the surface on which it is mounted
supply terminals or 10 A maximum for ceiling roses 3.3
with screwless supply terminals. semi-recessed or flush-type ceiling rose
The requirements specified in this standard have a ceiling rose intended for mounting with its base
particular reference to safety in use. partially or completely sunk into a box complying
The ceiling roses are intended for use with cables with BS 31, BS 4568-2, BS 4607-5 or BS 4662
complying with BS 6004 or BS 6007 having copper 3.4
conductors and for use with flexible cords complying terminal housing
with BS 6500.
that part of the ceiling rose which locates and
Ceiling roses incorporating means other than separates the terminals
rewirable terminals, to facilitate the connection and
NOTE The terminal housing may, or may not, be integral with
disconnection of lampholders or luminaires, are not the base.
covered by this standard.
3.5
NOTE 1 Accessories complying with this standard may be
regarded as lighting outlets.
terminal
NOTE 2 The titles of the publications referred to in this a means by which the user can make an electrical
standard are listed on the inside back cover. connection between the appropriate cable or flexible
cord and the conducting parts of the accessory
2 Conditions of use without the use of special tools
Ceiling roses shall be suitable for use under the 3.6
following conditions: screw-type terminal
a) an ambient temperature having a peak value
a terminal in which the connection is made directly
not exceeding 40 C, with an average value not or indirectly by means of screws or nuts of any kind
exceeding 35 C in a period of 24 h, but not subject
NOTE The following are examples of screw-type terminals.
to exposure to direct radiation from the sun or
a) A pillar terminal is a terminal in which the conductor is
any other source of heat likely to raise the inserted into a hole or cavity, where it is clamped under the
temperature above the specified ambient shank of the screw or screws.
temperature; The clamping pressure may be applied directly by the shank
of the screw or through an intermediate member to which
b) an ambient temperature having a value not pressure is applied by the shank of the screw.
less than 5 C; b) A screw terminal is a terminal in which the conductor is
clamped under the head of the screw.
c) an altitude not exceeding 2 000 m above sea
The clamping pressure may be applied directly by the head of
level; the screw or through an intermediate part, such as a washer,
d) an atmosphere not subject to excessive clamping plate or anti-spread device.
c) A stud terminal is a terminal in which the conductor is
pollution by smoke, chemical fumes, salt laden clamped under a nut.
spray, prolonged periods of high humidity or The clamping pressure may be applied directly by a suitably
other abnormal conditions. shaped nut or through an intermediate part, such as a
washer, clamping plate or anti-spread device.
3 Definitions 3.7
For the purposes of this British Standard the screwless terminal
following definitions apply. a connecting terminal for the connection and
3.1 subsequent disconnection of one conductor or the
ceiling rose dismountable interconnection of two or more
conductors capable of being dismantled, the
an accessory for connection to the fixed wiring of an connection being made, directly or indirectly, by
installation to pass current to a lampholder or a means of springs or wedges, eccentrics or cones, etc.
luminaire by means of the conductors of a flexible
cord 3.8
load terminals
terminals intended to accommodate flexible
conductors for the connection of a lamp load, via a
lampholder or luminaire

BSI 09-1999 1
BS 67:1987
Licensed Copy: Gilbert Athens, University of Birmingham, 08/06/2008 11:56, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

3.9 b) three ceiling roses: clauses 10 to 13, 14.3


supply terminals to 14.6 and clauses 16 and 19 (general tests);
terminals intended to accommodate conductors of c) three ceiling roses: 14.1, 14.2 and
the fixed wiring clauses 17, 18 and 21 (material tests).
3.10 5.4 If no ceiling rose fails in the tests specified in 5.3,
loop terminal then ceiling roses of that type shall be deemed to
comply with this standard.
a supply terminal intended for the interconnection
of live conductors without the provision for the If one ceiling rose fails in any individual test, or
connection of flexible cords series of tests, specified in 5.3 and that ceiling rose
can be shown to be not representative of normal
3.11 design or production, then a separate set of three
cover ceiling roses shall be submitted to the relevant test
that part of the external enclosure which is intended or series of tests specified in 5.3. If no ceiling rose
to be removed to gain access for installation fails in this re-test then ceiling roses of that type
purposes shall be deemed to comply with this standard.
3.12 If more than one ceiling rose fails in the tests
live parts specified in 5.3 then ceiling roses of that type shall
current carrying parts, and those metal parts in be deemed not to comply with this standard.
contact with them during normal use
6 Ratings
NOTE Earthing terminals are not considered to be current
carrying parts. 6.1 Ceiling roses shall have a rated voltage of 250 V.
3.13 6.2 Ceiling roses shall have a rated current not
rated current exceeding 6 A.
the maximum load, in amperes, which may be
connected to the load terminals 7 Classification
3.14 Ceiling roses shall be classified as follows.
type test a) According to the method of mounting as:
a test, or a series of tests, conducted on a sample, 1) surface-type (see 3.2); or
consisting of one or more similar items, to determine 2) semi-recessed or flush-type (see 3.3).
whether or not ceiling roses, manufactured to the
same design as the sample, are capable of meeting b) According to load-supporting capability
the requirements of the specification (see 13.5) as:
1) intended to support mechanical loads by
4 General requirements means of a flexible cord complying with
BS 6500;
Ceiling roses shall be so designed and constructed
that when installed in the proper manner and in 2) intended to support mechanical loads as
normal use they function reliably and cause no nominated by the manufacturer in addition to
danger to persons or surroundings. those specified in 7 b) 1), by means other than
a flexible cord.
Ceiling roses shall be capable of meeting all the
relevant requirements and tests specified herein. c) According to the current-carrying terminal
arrangement as:
NOTE Where tolerances are not specified in this standard the
values are to be regarded as nominal. 1) having provision for the connection of switch
wiring; or
5 General conditions for type testing 2) having no provision for the connection of
5.1 All tests in this standard are type tests. switch wiring.
5.2 Unless otherwise specified in this standard d) According to terminal type as:
ceiling roses shall be tested as delivered and 1) having screw-type terminals; or
installed, as in normal use, at an ambient
2) having screwless terminals; or
temperature of 20 5 C.
3) having a combination of both types of
5.3 A total sample of nine ceiling roses shall be
terminal.
submitted to inspection and tests in the following
order of clauses:
a) three ceiling roses: clauses 4 to 13 and
clauses 19 and 20 (mainly inspection);

2 BSI 09-1999
BS 67:1987
Licensed Copy: Gilbert Athens, University of Birmingham, 08/06/2008 11:56, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

8 Marking and information 9 Dimensions


8.1 Ceiling roses shall be marked with the following 9.1 Semi-recessed or flush ceiling roses shall be so
information on their main part, or one of the parts designed that they can be fitted to the following
fixed to it in normal use: relevant mounting boxes.
a) rated voltage, i.e. 250 V; a) For circular ceiling roses the box shall be as
b) rated current, specified by the manufacturer; specified in BS 31, BS 4568-2 or BS 4607-5.
c) ceiling roses provided with screwless terminals b) For square ceiling roses the box shall be as
for installation wiring shall be marked Not to be specified in BS 4662 (UA1 size).
used in circuits with ratings exceeding 10 A; 9.2 Surface mounting ceiling roses shall be provided
d) name or trade mark of the manufacturer or with at least two holes of at least 5.0 mm diameter,
responsible vendor; to accommodate mounting screws.
NOTE The two holes should preferably be on nominal centres
e) the number of this British Standard, of 50.8 mm or 60.3 mm.
i.e. BS 671).
8.2 When symbols are used, they shall be as follows: 10 Accessibility of live parts
amperes A 10.1 Ceiling roses shall be so designed and
volts V constructed that when properly assembled,
earth M or N correctly wired and fitted with flexible cord and
cover as in normal use, live parts are not accessible.
NOTE It is recommended that, where practicable, the
symbol M should be used. 10.1.1 Compliance shall be checked by applying,
line L with a force of 5 N, test pin I of BS 3042:1971 to all
accessible parts of the ceiling rose, when fitted with
neutral N a circular twin 0.5 mm2 flexible cord complying with
For the marking of the rated current and rated Table 15 of BS 6500:1984 connected to the load
voltage, figures may be used alone. The figure for terminals.
rated current shall be placed before or above that for 10.2 Ceiling roses shall be so designed and
the rated voltage and separated from the latter by a constructed that when properly assembled,
6 correctly wired and fitted with cover, but not fitted
line, e.g. 6 A 250 V, or 6/250, or ---------- .
250 with flexible cord, live parts are not accessible.
8.3 Where any terminal is provided for particular 10.2.1 Compliance shall be checked by applying,
connection purposes there shall be marking to with a force of 5 N, test finger I of BS 3042:1971 to
indicate its intended use, (e.g. LOOP). Such all accessible parts of the ceiling rose.
marking shall not be placed on screws, washers or 10.3 When an associated controlling switch is in the
other easily removable parts. OFF position and the ceiling rose is dismantled to
8.4 Marking shall be easily legible and durable. the extent necessary to remove or replace a
8.4.1 Compliance shall be checked by inspection and corresponding flexible cord, any conducting part
by rubbing the markings for 15 s with a cloth soaked which may remain electrified shall not be accessible
in water and again for 15 s with a cloth soaked in to accidental contact.
petroleum spirit. The marking shall remain legible. 10.3.1 Compliance shall be checked by applying,
Markings produced by an engraving or moulding with a force of 5 N, test finger I of BS 3042:1971 in
process are deemed to comply without test. a manner most likely to make contact with such
parts, with the ceiling rose fitted with 1.0 mm2
8.5 Ceiling roses classified in accordance with insulated conductors from a cable complying with
clause 7 b) 2) shall be provided with installation Table 5 (a) of BS 6004:1984.
information regarding their safe working
mechanical loads and the method of fixing to
mounting surfaces.
8.5.1 Compliance shall be checked by inspection.

1) Marking BS 67 on or in relation to a product is a claim by the manufacturer that the product has been manufactured in
accordance with the requirements of the standard. The accuracy of such a claim is therefore solely the manufacturers
responsibility. Enquiries as to the availability of third party certification should be addressed to the appropriate certification
body.

BSI 09-1999 3
BS 67:1987
Licensed Copy: Gilbert Athens, University of Birmingham, 08/06/2008 11:56, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

10.4 Ceiling roses shall be provided with an 12 Terminals


enclosure to prevent inadvertent contact with live
12.1 Terminals shall be provided for the connection
parts. If this enclosure includes a removable cover,
of line, neutral and protective earthing conductors.
the cover shall either:
Terminals intended for the connection of fixed
a) require the use of a tool for its removal; or wiring shall permit the connection, without special
b) comply with 10.4.1; or preparation, of one, two or three 1.0 mm2 or 1.5 mm2
c) comply with 10.4.2. solid conductors, except in the case of the terminal
for the connection of switch wiring, which shall
10.4.1 Screw type covers of ceiling roses shall not be
permit the connection of one or two such conductors.
removable without the cover being turned through
There shall be separate means to permit the
an angle of more than 270.
connection of line and neutral conductors of a
10.4.1.1 Compliance shall be checked by mounting flexible cord from 0.5 mm2 to 1.0 mm2.
the ceiling rose on a flat plain surface, wired as in
Terminals shall be of a type in which each conductor
normal use and with the cover tightened to a torque,
is gripped firmly and they shall be so designed as to
in newton metres, equal to 0.02 times the effective
prevent the strands of the conductor from slipping
thread diameter, in millimetres, of the securing
out.
thread. The cover shall not be removable without
first being turned through an angle greater NOTE A screw type terminal may clamp rigid conductors
individually or collectively.
than 270.
12.1.1 Compliance shall be checked by inspection.
10.4.2 Live parts shall not be accessible with the
cover removed. 12.2 Screw type terminals shall be so located that
they are prevented from rotating when the terminal
10.4.2.1 Compliance shall be checked by mounting screws are turned.
the ceiling rose as in normal use and correctly wired
but with the cover removed. It shall not be possible When pillar type terminals are used they shall meet
to touch live parts with test finger I of BS 3042:1971 the following requirements:
applied with a force of 5 N. a) minimum nominal diameter of terminal
10.5 In applying the tests described screw: 2.5 mm;
in 10.1.1, 10.2.1, 10.3.1 and 10.4.2.1 a supply b) minimum thickness of wall through which the
of 45 5 V, in series with a suitable indicating lamp, terminal screw passes: half core diameter of the
shall be connected between the test pin or test finger thread of the terminal screw;
and the relevant conducting parts of the ceiling rose. c) the diameter of the conductor hole shall not
permit a clearance greater than 0.4 mm on either
11 Provision for earthing side of the terminal screw. The screw shall be
11.1 All ceiling roses shall be provided with an long enough under the head to extend to the far
earthing terminal as specified in clause 12. side of the conductor hole. The screw shall have a
slightly rounded end, and the wall of the hole
11.2 Provision shall be made for the effective
(against which the screw clamps the conductor)
earthing of all metal parts that may become live in
shall be unbroken.
the event of failure of the insulation of the ceiling
rose or conductors and which are capable of being 12.2.1 Compliance shall be checked by inspection,
touched by test finger I of BS 3042:1971, when the measurement and the following test.
ceiling rose is correctly wired and mounted as in A rigid conductor of 1.0 mm2 cross-sectional area
normal use. This requirement does not apply to shall be placed in the terminal. Screws and nuts
screws in or through non-conducting material and shall be tightened and loosened five times by means
separated by such material from live parts in such a of a suitable screwdriver or spanner applying a
way that, in normal use, they cannot become live. torque as shown in Table 1.
Any connection between the earthing terminal or NOTE It is essential that the shape of the blade of the test
earthing contact and parts required to be connected screwdriver suits the head of the screw being tested and that the
thereto shall be of low resistance. screw is not tightened in jerks.

11.2.1 Compliance shall be checked by measuring The conductor shall be moved each time the screw or
nut is loosened.
the resistance between the earthing terminal and
any other metal required to be earthed. The During the test, no change shall occur that impairs
resistance shall not exceed 0.05 7 at 25 A. the further use of the terminal.

4 BSI 09-1999
BS 67:1987
Licensed Copy: Gilbert Athens, University of Birmingham, 08/06/2008 11:56, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

Table 1 Terminal screw torque values


Nominal diameter of screw Mechanical strength test
Normal use (see clause 15)
(see 12.2)
For screws For other For screws
For other screws and
described screws and described
nuts
belowa nuts belowa
mm Nm Nm Nm Nm
Up to and including 2.6 0.15 0.30 0.1 0.20
Over 2.6, up to and including 2.8 0.20 0.40 0.13 0.26
Over 2.8, up to and including 3.0 0.25 0.50 0.16 0.32
Over 3.0, up to and including 3.2 0.30 0.60 0.20 0.40
Over 3.2, up to and including 3.6 0.40 0.80 0.30 0.60
Over 3.6, up to and including 4.1 0.70 1.20 0.40 0.80
Over 4.1, up to and including 4.7 0.80 1.80 0.60 1.20
Over 4.7, up to and including 5.3 0.80 2.00 0.60 1.40
Over 5.3, up to and including 6.0 0.80 2.50 0.60 1.60
a Thiscolumn applies to screws without heads if the screw, when tightened, does not protrude from the hole and to other screws
which cannot be tightened by means of a screwdriver with a blade wider than the screw diameter.

12.3 It is permissible for screwless terminals to be It shall be clear how the insertion and disconnection
suitable for rigid and/or flexible conductors. of the conductors is intended to be effected; this may
If the screwless terminal is suitable for both rigid be with or without the aid of a tool.
and flexible conductors, tests shall be carried out The intended disconnection of a conductor shall
with rigid conductors first and then repeated with require an operation other than a pull not
flexible conductors. exceeding 30 N on the conductor.
Screwless terminals shall be provided with If openings are provided for the use of a tool
clamping units which allow the proper connection of intended to assist the insertion or disconnection,
copper conductors having nominal cross-sectional they shall be clearly distinguishable from the
areas complying with 12.1. opening intended for the conductor.
NOTE 1 The screwless terminals are intended for the 12.4.1 Compliance shall be checked by inspection
connection of copper conductors only, without special and by the tests described in 12.8.
preparation.
When two conductors have to be connected, each 12.5 Screwless terminals which are intended to be
conductor shall be introduced into a separate used for the interconnection of more than one
independent clamping unit. conductor shall be so designed that:
NOTE 2 This does not necessarily mean in separate holes. a) during the insertion, the operation of the
Parts of screwless terminals mainly intended for clamping means of one of the conductors is
carrying current shall be of materials as specified independent of the operation of that of the other
in 19.3. conductor;
NOTE 3 Springs, resilient units, clamping plates and the like b) during the disconnection, the conductors can
are not considered as parts mainly intended for carrying current. be disconnected either at the same time or
12.3.1 Compliance shall be checked by inspection. separately.
12.4 Screwless terminals shall be so designed that It shall be possible to clamp securely any number of
they clamp the specified conductors with sufficient conductors up to the maximum as designed.
contact pressure and without undue damage to the 12.5.1 Compliance shall be checked by inspection
conductors. and manual tests using the appropriate conductors
Conductors shall be deemed to be unduly damaged (number and size).
if they show deep or sharp indentations. 12.6 Screwless terminals shall be so designed that
The conductor shall be clamped between metal undue insertion of the conductor is prevented and
surfaces. adequate insertion is obvious.

BSI 09-1999 5
BS 67:1987
Licensed Copy: Gilbert Athens, University of Birmingham, 08/06/2008 11:56, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

NOTE For the purpose of this requirement, an appropriate The test is carried out with flexible copper
marking indicating the length of insulation to be removed before conductors, first with conductors having the largest
the insertion of the conductor into the screwless terminal may be
put on the ceiling rose or given in an instruction sheet which cross-sectional area, and then with conductors
accompanies the ceiling rose. having the smallest cross-sectional area as specified
12.6.1 Compliance shall be checked by inspection in 12.1.
and by the tests of 12.8. Conductors are inserted and disconnected five
12.7 Screwless terminals shall be properly fixed to times, new conductors being used each time, except
the ceiling rose. They shall not work loose when the for the fifth time when conductors used for the
conductors are inserted or disconnected (during fourth insertion are clamped at the same place.
installation and in normal use). For each insertion, the conductors are either pushed
NOTE Covering with sealing compound without other means of as far as possible into the terminal or are inserted so
locking is not sufficient. Self hardening resins may, however, be that adequate connection is obvious.
used to fix terminals which are not subject to mechanical stress
in normal use. After each insertion, the conductor is subjected to
12.7.1 Compliance shall be checked by inspection a pull of 10 N, the pull is applied without jerks,
and by the tests of 12.8. for 1 min, in the direction of the longitudinal axis of
the conductor space.
12.8 Screwless terminals shall withstand the
mechanical stresses occurring in normal use. During the application of the pull, the conductor
shall not come out of the screwless terminal.
12.8.1 For screwless terminals designed for use with
rigid conductors, compliance shall be checked with After the tests, neither the terminals nor the
insulated conductors on one screwless terminal of clamping means shall have worked loose and the
each ceiling rose. conductors shall show no deterioration impairing
their further use.
The test is carried out with solid copper conductors,
first with conductors having the largest 12.8.3 For screwless terminals designed for use with
cross-sectional area, and then with conductors both rigid and flexible conductors, compliance shall
having the smallest cross-sectional area as specified be checked with insulated conductors on one
in 12.1. screwless terminal of each ceiling rose.
Conductors are inserted and disconnected five The test is carried out with solid copper
times, new conductors being used each time, except conductors, first with conductors having the largest
for the fifth time when conductors used for the cross-sectional area, and then with conductors
fourth insertion are clamped at the same place. having the smallest cross-sectional area as specified
in 12.1.
For each insertion, the conductors are either pushed
as far as possible into the terminal or are inserted so Conductors are inserted and disconnected five
that adequate connection is obvious. times, new conductors being used each time, except
for the fifth time when conductors used for the
After each insertion, the conductor is subjected to
fourth insertion are clamped at the same place.
a pull of 30 N, the pull is applied without jerks
for 1 min, in the direction of the longitudinal axis of For each insertion, the conductors are either pushed
the conductor space. as far as possible into the terminal or are inserted so
that adequate connection is obvious.
During the application of the pull, the conductor
shall not come out of the screwless terminal. After each insertion, the conductor is subjected to
a pull of 30 N, the pull is applied without jerks,
The test is then repeated with rigid stranded copper
for 1 min, in the direction of the longitudinal axis of
conductors having the largest and smallest
the conductor space.
cross-sectional areas specified in 12.1. These
conductors, are, however, inserted and disconnected During the application of the pull, the conductor
only once. shall not come out of the screwless terminal.
After the tests, neither the terminals nor the The test is then repeated with rigid stranded copper
clamping means shall have worked loose and the conductors having the largest and smallest
conductors shall show no deterioration impairing cross-sectional areas specified in 12.1. These
their further use. conductors are, however, inserted and disconnected
only once.
12.8.2 For screwless terminals designed for use with
flexible conductors, compliance shall be checked The test is then repeated with flexible copper
with insulated conductors on one screwless terminal conductors having the largest and smallest
on each ceiling rose. cross-sectional areas specified in 12.1. These
conductors are, however, inserted and disconnected
only once and the pull is reduced to 10 N.

6 BSI 09-1999
BS 67:1987
Licensed Copy: Gilbert Athens, University of Birmingham, 08/06/2008 11:56, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

After the tests, neither the terminals nor the The connections are subjected to 192 cycles, each
clamping means shall have worked loose and the cycle having a duration of approximately 1 h and
conductors shall show no deterioration impairing being carried out as follows:
their further use. a) with the current flowing, for
12.9 Screwless terminals shall withstand the approximately 30 min;
electrical and thermal stresses occurring in normal b) for a further 30 min approximately, with no
use. current flowing.
12.9.1 Compliance shall be checked by the tests The voltage drop in each clamping unit is
described in 12.9.2 and 12.9.3, which are carried out determined as described in 12.9.2 after
on five screwless terminals of ceiling roses which each 24 cycles and after the 192 cycles have been
have not been used for any other test. completed. In no case shall the voltage drop
Both tests shall be carried out with unused copper exceed 22.5 mV.
conductors. After this test an inspection by normal or corrected
12.9.2 The test is carried out loading the screwless vision without additional magnification shall show
terminals for 1 h with an alternating current, as no changes evidently impairing further use such as
specified in Table 2, when connected to 1 m long cracks, deformations or the like. Furthermore the
conductors having the cross-sectional areas as appropriate mechanical strength test described
specified in the same table and using the type of in 12.8 is repeated and all five terminals shall
conductor, i.e. rigid or flexible, applicable to the withstand this test.
terminal. The test is carried out on each clamping
unit. 13 Construction
Table 2 Test currents for test on 13.1 Where protection against electric shock is
screwless terminals provided by a cover screwing on to a base, or by
Cross-sectional area of the conductor Test current similar attachment, such parts shall withstand the
2
forces likely to be applied in normal use.
mm A
13.1.1 Compliance shall be checked by removing
1.0 10 and replacing such parts by hand 10 times,
1.5 15 tightening each time with a torque, in newton
metres, equal to 0.03 times the outside diameter, in
During the test the current is not passed through millimetres, of the part under test.
the ceiling rose but only through the terminals. 13.2 Provision shall be made for the entry and
Immediately after this period the voltage drop connection of a circular flexible cord having three
across each clamping unit is measured with rated conductors of 1.0 mm2 and complying with Table 16
current flowing. In no case shall the voltage drop of BS 6500:1984. The means of entry shall be
exceed 15 mV. smooth and shall not cause abrasion or other
The measurements shall be made across each damage to the sheath of the cord.
clamping unit and as near as possible to the place of 13.2.1 Compliance shall be checked by connection of
contact. the 3-core, 1.00 mm2, flexible cord followed by
NOTE If the back connection of the terminal is not accessible inspection.
the ceiling roses may be suitably prepared by the manufacturer.
Care should be taken not to affect the behaviour of the terminals.
13.3 A device or means of insulating material,
referred to herein as a strain relief, shall be
It is essential that care is taken to ensure that, provided, to prevent strain upon flexible conductors,
during the period of the test, including the connected to the ceiling rose, being transmitted to
measurements, the conductors and the the terminals.
measurements taps cannot move noticeably in the
terminals. 13.3.1 Compliance shall be checked by the following
test.
12.9.3 The connections already subjected to the
determination of the voltage drop specified in 12.9.2 The ceiling rose shall be fitted with 2-core, 0.5 mm2,
are tested as follows. circular sheathed flexible cord complying with
Table 15 of BS 6500:1984.
During the test, a current equal to the test current
value given in Table 2 is passed.
The whole test arrangement, including the
conductors, shall not be moved until the
measurements of the voltage drop have been
completed.

BSI 09-1999 7
BS 67:1987
Licensed Copy: Gilbert Athens, University of Birmingham, 08/06/2008 11:56, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

The terminal screws shall be tightened only 14 Resistance to moisture and


sufficiently to stop the conductors slipping out of the humidity, insulation resistance and
terminals but not sufficiently to influence the electric strength
effectiveness of the strain relief. The device shall
then be tightened in a manner appropriate to its 14.1 Ceramic parts of ceiling roses shall be
design, as in normal use. If the strain relief sufficiently non-hygroscopic. The resistance to
incorporates one or more screws, then these shall be moisture shall not depend on glaze or varnish or
tightened with a torque equal to two-thirds of the similar surface treatment.
appropriate value given in Table 1. If the strain 14.1.1 Compliance shall be checked by the following
relief relies upon the screwing together of related test.
threaded parts., then such parts shall be tightened Ceramic parts shall be conditioned for 24 h at a
with a torque equal to 2/3 of the value specified temperature in the range of 15 C to 35 C
in 13.1. The cord shall be subjected to a pull of 25 N and 45 % r.h. to 75 % r.h. and then immersed in
for 1 min steadily applied in the direction of the axis distilled water for 24 h at a temperature of 20 5 C.
of the cord in normal use. The test shall be applied At the end of this period the parts shall be removed
three times, the force being removed after each test. and, after all visible water has been wiped from the
At the conclusion of the three tests, the conductors surface, the mass of the parts shall not have
shall not have moved noticeably in the terminals increased by more than 0.5 %.
and there shall be no damage to the conductor 14.2 Plastics parts of ceiling roses shall be
insulation such as to expose the conductor. sufficiently non-hygroscopic. The resistance to
13.4 The ceiling rose shall be capable of carrying a moisture shall not depend on glaze or varnish or
load as follows: similar surface treatment.
a) ceiling roses classified in accordance with 14.2.1 Compliance shall be checked by the following
clause 7 b) 1): 2.5 kg; test.
b) ceiling roses classified in accordance with Plastics parts shall be conditioned for 24 h at a
clause 7 b) 2): 2.5 kg or higher as nominated by temperature in the range of 15 C to 35 C
the manufacturer. and 45 % r.h. to 75 % r.h. and then immersed in
13.4.1 Compliance shall be checked by inspection distilled water for 48 h at a temperature of 20 5 C.
and by the following tests. At the end of this period the parts shall be removed
The ceiling rose shall be secured as in normal use to and, after all visible water has been wiped from the
the underside of a horizontal surface and fitted with surface, there shall be no distortion, swelling,
delamination or other deformation which would
a 1.0 mm2 circular twin flexible cord complying with
impair the function of the ceiling rose.
Table 16 of BS 6500:1984. The terminal screws shall
be tightened with the torque values for normal use 14.3 Complete ceiling roses shall be proof against
specified in Table 1 and the strain relief device or humid conditions that may occur in normal use.
means shall be tightened as specified in 13.3. A test 14.3.1 Compliance shall be checked by the humidity
load of 5 kg shall be suspended from the ceiling rose treatment described in this subclause followed
via the flexible cord and the equipment placed in an immediately by the measurement of the insulation
oven at a temperature of 40 C for a period of 24 h. resistance and by the electric strength tests
At the conclusion of the test the load shall still be described in 14.5 and 14.6.
supported, the ceiling rose shall remain in a usable Cable entries, if any, shall be left open; if knock-outs
condition and shall comply with clause 10 and, are provided one of them shall be opened.
where appropriate, 13.1 and/or 13.2. The humidity treatment shall be carried out in a
For ceiling roses classified in accordance with humidity cabinet containing air with a relative
clause 7 b) 2) the above test is carried out and then humidity maintained between 91 % and 95 %. The
repeated with twice the load nominated by the temperature of the air, at all places where samples
manufacturer with no load being transmitted can be located, shall be maintained within 1 K of
through the flexible cord. any convenient value t between 20 C and 30 C.
At the conclusion of the test the load shall still be Before being placed in the humidity cabinet, the
supported, the ceiling rose shall remain in a usable ceiling roses shall be brought to a temperature
condition and shall comply with clause 10, and between t C and t + 4 C.
where appropriate, 13.1 and/or 13.2. Ceiling roses shall be kept in the cabinet for 48 h.
After this treatment, the ceiling roses shall show no
damage that affects compliance with this standard.

8 BSI 09-1999
BS 67:1987
Licensed Copy: Gilbert Athens, University of Birmingham, 08/06/2008 11:56, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

NOTE 1 In most cases, the ceiling roses may be brought to the All terminals, other than those intended for the
specified temperature by keeping them at this temperature for at exclusive connection of flexible cords, shall be wired
least 4 h before the humidity treatment.
NOTE 2 Relative humidity between 91 % and 95 % can be with 1.5 mm2 flat twin with circuit protective
obtained by placing in the humidity cabinet a saturated solution conductor cable complying with Table 5(a) of
of sodium sulphate (Na2 SO4) or potassium nitrate (KNO3) in BS 6004:1984.
water, having a sufficiently large contact surface with the air. In
order to achieve the specified conditions within the cabinet, it is Terminals intended for the connection of flexible
necessary to ensure constant circulation of the air within and, in cords shall be wired with 0.75 mm2 circular twin
general, to use a cabinet that is thermally insulated. flexible cord complying with Table 16 of
14.4 Insulation shall be effective between: BS 6500:1984.
a) live parts of opposite polarity; The length of the specified cables or cords, outside
b) live parts of opposite polarity connected the ceiling rose, shall be at least 1.0 m for cables
together, and other metal parts insulated and 0.5 m for cords.
therefrom, including earthed metal parts. The following circuit connections shall be made:
14.4.1 Compliance shall be checked by the tests a) incoming supply: 1.5 mm2 cable;
described in 14.5 and 14.6. b) outgoing supply: 1.5 mm2 cable;
14.5 The insulation resistance shall be measured c) switch connections: 1.5 mm2 cable2);
with a d.c. voltage of approximately 500 V, the
measurement being made 1 min after the d) load connections: 0.75 mm2 flexible cord.
application of the voltage consecutively between the Terminal screws shall be tightened with the torque
points defined in 14.4. values for normal use given in Table 1.
The insulation resistance shall be not less 15.3 Loads shall then be connected to the cables
than 5 M7. referred to at the end of 15.2 to provide two test
14.6 Immediately after the test specified in 14.5 an conditions as follows.
a.c. voltage of substantially sine-wave form, with a Test 1:
frequency of 50 Hz or 60 Hz and with an r.m.s. value a) connect to supply source;
of 2 000 60 V shall be applied for 1 min between b) connect to a resistive load as follows:
the points defined in 14.4.
1) for screw-type terminals connect to a 16 A
Initially not more than half the prescribed voltage resistive load;
shall be applied, then it shall be raised rapidly to the
full value. 2) for screwless terminals connect to a 10 A
resistive load;
No breakdown or flashover shall occur.
c) open circuit2);
Glow discharges without drop in voltage are
ignored. d) open circuit.
Test 2:
15 Temperature rise a) connect to supply source;
15.1 Ceiling roses shall be so designed and b) connect to a resistive load as follows:
constructed that, when installed and used as in 1) for screw-type terminals connect to a 10 A
normal use, the temperature rise of resistive load;
current-carrying parts is not excessive.
2) for screwless terminals connect to a 4 A
15.1.1 Compliance shall be checked by the tests resistive load;
described in 15.2 and 15.3.
c) closed-circuit2);
15.2 Ceiling roses shall be mounted, in the
d) connect to a 6 A resistive load.
manner indicated by the classification of 7.1, on the
underside of a horizontal surface comprising a The temperature rise of any current-carrying
piece of plywood approximately 10 mm thick terminal, on load, shall not exceed 45 K in either
and 500 mm 500 mm square, painted matt white. test. The test shall continue until stability is
Any necessary mounting box or device shall be used reached, stability being taken as not more than 1 K
in a manner typical of normal installation practice rise within 1 h.
and the ceiling rose shall be located in the centre of
the mounting surface.

2)
Except that, in a ceiling rose not intended for the connection of a switching circuit, item c) is omitted.

BSI 09-1999 9
BS 67:1987
Licensed Copy: Gilbert Athens, University of Birmingham, 08/06/2008 11:56, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

16 Mechanical strength For all tests the striking element shall fall from a
height of 150 mm measured vertically between the
16.1 Ceiling roses shall have adequate mechanical
point of impact on the ceiling rose and the face of the
strength to withstand the stresses imposed during
striking element at the point of release.
installation and use.
A total of 10 blows shall be applied to points evenly
16.1.1 Compliance shall be checked by the tests distributed over the accessible external surface of
described in 16.3 using the apparatus described the ceiling rose, excluding knock-outs.
in 16.2.
During the test, cracks may appear and small pieces
16.2 Ceiling roses are tested with the impact test
may become detached, but provided the ceiling rose
apparatus shown in Figure 1.
cover can be removed and replaced and still
The pendulum consists of a steel tube suspended in complies with clauses 10 and 14, the ceiling rose is
such a way that it swings only in a vertical plane. A deemed to comply with 16.1.
striking element of 0.15 kg is rigidly fixed to the
lower end with its axis 1 m from the axis of 17 Resistance to heat
suspension.
17.1 Ceiling roses shall be resistant to heat.
The striking element has a hemispherical face made
of polyamide having a Rockwell hardness of R 1003), 17.1.1 Compliance shall be checked by the tests
or hornbeam, and a radius of 10 mm (see Figure 2). described in 17.2, 17.3 and 17.4.
The design of the apparatus is such that a force of 17.2 The ceiling roses shall be kept for 1 h in a
between 1.9 N and 2 N has to be applied to the face heating cabinet at a temperature of 100 2 C.
of the striking element to maintain the pendulum in During the test, the ceiling roses shall not undergo
a horizontal position. any change impairing their further use and sealing
Ceiling roses are mounted in the centre of a sheet of compound shall not flow to such an extent that live
plywood, 8 mm thick and 175 mm square, secured at parts are exposed. A slight displacement of the
its top and bottom edges to a mounting support sealing compound shall be disregarded.
shown in Figure 3. After the test the ceiling rose shall still comply with
The mounting support (see Figure 3), having a mass clause 10.
of 10 1 kg, is mounted on a rigid bracket by means 17.3 Parts of insulating material necessary to retain
of pivots. The bracket is mounted on a frame which current-carrying parts shall be subjected to a ball
is fixed to a solid wall. The design of the rigid pressure test by means of the apparatus shown in
mounting is such that: Figure 4. The surface of the part to be tested shall be
a) the ceiling rose can be so placed that the point placed in a horizontal position and a steel ball
of impact lies in the vertical plane through the of 5 mm diameter shall be pressed against this
axis of the pivot; surface with a force of 20 N.
b) the ceiling rose can be moved horizontally and When it is not possible to carry out the test on the
turned about an axis perpendicular to the surface ceiling rose itself the test shall be carried out on a
of the plywood; specimen of the same material not less than 2 mm
thick.
c) the plywood can be turned about a vertical axis.
The tests shall be made in a heating cabinet at a
16.3 Surface type ceiling roses shall be mounted on temperature of 125 2 C.
the plywood.
The underside of the part being tested shall be
Flush or semi-recessed type ceiling roses and their supported to withstand the test force and to
boxes, if any, shall be placed in a block of hardwood minimize the risk of distortion.
which is itself fixed to the sheet of plywood. In the
wood used for the block, the direction of the wood The test load and the supporting means shall be
fibres shall be perpendicular to the direction of placed within the heating cabinet for a sufficient
impact. To simulate the condition of normal use the time to ensure they have attained the stabilized
rear of the plate is flush with the surface of the testing temperature before the test commences.
block. The front edge of the box shall be The part to be tested shall be placed in the heating
between 2.5 mm and 5 mm behind the face of the cabinet for a period of 10 min before the test load is
block. applied.

3)
See BS 2782:Method 365C.

10 BSI 09-1999
BS 67:1987
Licensed Copy: Gilbert Athens, University of Birmingham, 08/06/2008 11:56, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

After 1 h, the ball shall be removed from the The glow wire is electrically heated; the current
specimen which shall then be cooled down by necessary for heating the tip to a temperature
immersion for at least 10 s in water at of 960 C shall be between 120 A and 150 A.
approximately room temperature. The diameter of 18.2.3.2 Sheathed fine wire thermocouple, for
the impression caused by the ball shall be measured temperature measurement, having an outside
and shall not exceed 2 mm. diameter of 0.5 mm. The wires consist of
17.4 Parts of insulating material not necessary to nickel-chromium and nickel-aluminium, the
retain current-carrying parts in position, even welding being located inside the sheath.
though they are in contact with them, shall be The sheath consists of a refractory metal, resistant
subjected to a ball pressure test as described in 17.3 to a temperature of at least 960 C. The
but the test shall be made at a temperature thermocouple is arranged in a 0.6 mm diameter
of 75 2 C. pocket hole drilled in the tip of the glow wire as
shown in section A-A of Figure 5.
18 Resistance to abnormal heat, fire
The thermo-voltages shall comply with the
and tracking international thermocouple tables given in
18.1 General BS 4937-4:1973, the characteristics being
Accessories shall be proof against abnormal heat, practically linear. The cold connection is kept in
fire and tracking. melting ice or in a compensation box.
18.1.1 Compliance shall be checked by the tests 18.2.3.3 Voltmeter, for measuring the
described in 18.2 and 18.3. thermo-voltage, having an accuracy of class 0.5, as
specified in BS 89.
The tests shall not be made on parts of ceramic
material or metal. 18.2.3.4 General. The test apparatus shall be so
designed that the glow wire is kept horizontal and
18.2 Glow-wire test that a force of 1 N is maintained on the specimen
18.2.1 General. The glow-wire test is applied to when either the glow wire or the specimen is moved
ensure that an electrically heated test wire under horizontally towards the other over a distance of at
defined test conditions does not cause ignition of least 7 mm.
insulating parts or to ensure that a part of any NOTE An example of the test apparatus is shown in Figure 6.
insulating material which might be ignited by the 18.2.4 Procedure. The test apparatus is placed in a
heated test wire under defined conditions has a draught-free room in subdued light so that any
limited time to burn without spreading fire by flame flame is visible.
or burning parts or droplets falling down from the
Before starting the test, the thermocouple is
tested part.
calibrated at a temperature of 960 C determined by
If the test specified is required to be made at more the melting of a 2 mm 2 mm chip of pure silver
than one place on the same specimen, it is essential foil (99.8 %) having a thickness of 0.06 mm which is
that care is taken to ensure that any deterioration placed on the upper surface of the tip of the heated
caused by previous tests does not affect the result of glow wire. The temperature of 960 C is reached
the test to be made. when the foil lying flat on the surface just melts.
NOTE These tests should not be carried out on small parts Allowance is made for the fact that the
unlikely to be subjected to abnormal heat and whose failure to
pass these tests would not materially affect the safety of the thermocouple is able to compensate by an axial
accessory. movement for thermal elongation of the glow wire.
18.2.2 Test specimen. The test specimen shall be The specimen is positioned during the test in the
either a complete accessory, or, if the test cannot be most unfavourable position of its normal use
made on the complete accessory, a suitable part of (normally with the surface tested in a vertical
one cut out for the purpose of the test. The test position). The tip of the glow wire is applied to the
specimen is conditioned for 24 h at a temperature in specified surface of the test sample according to the
the range 15 C to 35 C, and 45 % r.h. to 75 % r.h. intended use under which a heated or glowing
The test is made on one specimen and, in case of element may come into contact with the test sample.
doubt, is repeated on two further specimens. A piece of white pine-board approximately 10 mm
18.2.3 Test apparatus thick covered with a single layer of wrapping tissue
18.2.3.1 Glow wire, consisting of a specified loop is positioned 200 mm directly beneath the glow wire
of 80/20 Ni/Cr wire, (see Figure 5). When forming where it is applied to the specimen.
the loop it is essential that care is taken to avoid fine
cracking of the tip.

BSI 09-1999 11
BS 67:1987
Licensed Copy: Gilbert Athens, University of Birmingham, 08/06/2008 11:56, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

NOTE 1 Wrapping tissue paper as defined in 6.86 of Table 3 Application of glow-wire test
BS 3203:1979 may be used, i.e. a soft and strong light-weight
wrapping paper of grammage (basic weight) generally Part Temperature of
between 12 g/m2 and 30 g/m2. It is primarily intended for glow wire
protective packaging of delicate articles and for gift wrapping. C
The glow wire is electrically heated to the
Parts necessary to retain live parts 850 15
appropriate test temperature (as given in Table 3)
in position
which is measured with the calibrated
thermocouple. It is essential that care is taken to Parts not necessary to retain live 650 10
ensure that this temperature and the heating parts in position (although they
current are constant for 60 s before starting the test may be in contact with live parts)
and that no heat radiation influences the specimen
during this period. 18.3 Tracking test
The tip of the glow wire is brought in contact with A flat surface of the part to be tested, if possible at
the specimen and applied for 30 1 s, the heating least 15 mm 15 mm and 3 mm thick, is placed in a
current being maintained during this period. horizontal position. Two electrodes of platinum with
dimensions shown in Figure 7 are placed on the
The movement of the tip of the glow wire through
surface of the specimen as shown in the figure, so
the test specimen to which it is pressed shall be
that the rounded edges are in contact with the
limited to 7 mm.
specimen over the whole length. The force exerted
If possible, the tip of the glow wire is applied to flat on the surface by each electrode is 1 0.05 N.
surfaces and not to grooves, knock-outs, narrow The electrodes are connected to a 50 Hz supply of
recesses or sharp edges. The tip of the glow wire is substantially sinusoidal waveform with a no-load
applied where the section is the thinnest but not less
voltage of 175 V. The short-circuit current is
than 15 mm from the upper edge of the specimen.
adjusted by means of a variable resistor to 1 0.1 A
After 30 1 s the glow wire is removed from the with cos = 0.95 0.05. An overcurrent relay which
specimen, any movement of air which may affect the will trip when 0.5 A or more has persisted for 2 s is
results of the test and any further heating of the included in the circuit.
specimen being avoided. The surface of the specimen is wetted by allowing
NOTE 2 It is necessary to clean the tip of residue of insulating drops of a solution of ammonium chloride in distilled
material after each test, e.g. by means of a brush.
water to fall centrally between the electrodes. The
18.2.5 Measurement and observations. During the solution shall have a resistivity of 395 5 7cm
application time of the glow wire and during a at 23 1 C corresponding to a concentration
period of 30 s from the end of the application time of 0.1 %. The drops shall have a volume
the specimen and the surrounding parts, including
+3
the layer under the specimen, are observed. of 20 = mm3 and shall fall a distance
0
The time when ignition of the specimen and/or the of 35 5 mm.
time when flames extinguish during or after the
application time are measured and recorded. The time interval between one drop and the next
shall be 30 5 s.
18.2.6 Evaluation of the test results. The specimen is
regarded as having passed the glow-wire test if No flashover or breakdown between the electrodes
there is no visible flame and no sustained glowing, shall occur before 50 drops have fallen.
or if flames and glowing at the specimen extinguish The test shall be made at three places on the
within 30 s after the removal of the glow wire. There specimen.
shall be no burning of the tissue paper or scorching In case of doubt the test is repeated, if necessary on
of the board. a new specimen.
18.2.7 Application of glow-wire test. The glow-wire NOTE It is essential that care is taken to ensure that the
test shall be applied to parts made of insulating electrodes are clean, correctly shaped and correctly positioned
material at the test temperatures given in Table 3. before each test is started.

12 BSI 09-1999
BS 67:1987
Licensed Copy: Gilbert Athens, University of Birmingham, 08/06/2008 11:56, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

19 Screws, current-carrying parts and 19.3 Current-carrying parts shall be of brass,


connections copper, phosphor-bronze or other metal at least
equivalent with regard to its conductivity and
19.1 Screwed connections, electrical and otherwise, resistance to corrosion.
shall withstand the mechanical stresses occurring
NOTE This requirement does not apply to screws, nuts,
in normal use. Screws transmitting electrical washers, clamping plates and similar parts of terminals, nor to
contact pressure shall screw into metal. Screws parts used for earth continuity purposes.
shall not be of metal which is soft and liable to creep. 19.3.1 Compliance shall be checked by inspection
Screws shall not be of insulating material if their and by the relevant tests of clauses 15 and 21.
replacement by a metal screw would affect
compliance with clause 20. 20 Creepage distances and clearances
Electrical connections shall be so designed that Creepage distances and clearances shall be not less
contact pressure is not transmitted through than the values shown in Table 4.
insulating material other than ceramic, unless Table 4 Creepage distances and clearances
there is sufficient resiliency in the metal parts to (see Appendix A)
compensate for any possible shrinkage of the
Path under consideration Clearance Creepage
insulating material.
mm mm
19.1.1 Compliance shall be checked by inspection
and, for screws and nuts which are intended to be Between live parts of
tightened during installation, or use, by the different polarity 2.0 2.5
following test. Between live parts and
The screw shall be tightened and loosened: other metal parts 2.5 2.5
a) 10 times for screws in engagement with a Between live metal parts
thread of insulating material, the screw being and the enclosure or the
completely removed and replaced each time; surface on which the
b) five times for nuts and other screws. accessory is mounted,
NOTE 1 The requirements for the verification of terminals are unless the holes
3.0
given in clause 12. containing such live
The test shall be made by means of a suitable test parts are filled in with a
screwdriver, applying a torque as given in Table 1. non-hygroscopic
During the test no damage impairing the further insulant of at least 1 mm
use of the screwed connection shall occur. thickness
NOTE 2 It is essential that the shape of the blade of the test 20.1 Compliance shall be checked by inspection and
screwdriver suits the head of the screw being tested, and that the
screw is not tightened in jerks.
measurement.
19.2 Thread-forming screws shall not be used for the
21 Resistance to excessive residual
connection of current-carrying parts.
stresses and to rusting
NOTE Thread forming screws may be used to provide earthing
continuity, provided that it is not necessary to disturb the 21.1 Contacts and other functional parts of copper
connection in normal use and at least two screws are used for or copper alloy shall be resistant to failure in use
each connection.
due to brittleness.
Screws which make a mechanical connection
between different parts of the accessory shall be 21.1.1 Parts made from copper or copper alloy
locked against loosening, if the connection carries containing not less than 80 % copper shall be
current. assumed to comply. For copper alloys containing
less than 80 % copper compliance shall be checked
Rivets used for current-carrying connections shall by the following test.
be locked against loosening, if these connections are
subject to torsion in normal use. The part is degreased in a suitable alkaline
degreasing solution or organic solvent, then
19.2.1 Compliance shall be checked by inspection immersed in an aqueous solution of mercurous
and by manual test to check tightness. nitrate containing 10 g of Hg2 (NO3)2 and 10 mL
NOTE 1 Spring washers and the like may provide satisfactory of HNO3 (relative density 1.42) per litre of solution
locking.
NOTE 2 For rivets a non-circular shank or an appropriate
for 30 min at a temperature of 20 5 C.
notch may be sufficient. NOTE Attention is drawn to the fact that due precautions
should be taken when using these liquids as they are toxic.

BSI 09-1999 13
BS 67:1987
Licensed Copy: Gilbert Athens, University of Birmingham, 08/06/2008 11:56, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

After the treatment the sample is washed in Without drying, but after shaking off any drops, the
running water, any excess mercury wiped off and parts are placed for 10 min in a box containing
the sample is immediately visually examined. There air saturated with moisture at a temperature
shall be no cracks visible with normal or corrected of 20 5 C. After the parts have been dried
vision without additional magnification. for 10 min in a heating cabinet at a temperature
21.2 Ferrous parts shall be adequately protected of 100 5 C, their surfaces shall show no signs of
against rusting. rust.
NOTE 1 Traces of rust on sharp edges and any yellowish film
21.2.1 Compliance shall be checked by the following removable by rubbing should be ignored.
test. NOTE 2 For small helical springs and the like, and for parts
All grease is removed from the parts to be tested, by exposed to abrasion, a layer of grease may provide sufficient
protection against rusting. Such parts are only subjected to the
immersion in trichloroethane or an equivalent test if there is doubt about the effectiveness of the grease film and
degreasing agent for 10 min. The parts are then the test should then be made without previous removal of the
immersed for 10 min. in a 10 % solution of grease.
ammonium chloride in water at a temperature
of 20 5 C.

NOTE This drawing is not intended to govern design except as regards the dimensions and specific requirements shown.
The dimension is in millimetres.
Figure 1 Pendulum impact test apparatus

14 BSI 09-1999
BS 67:1987
Licensed Copy: Gilbert Athens, University of Birmingham, 08/06/2008 11:56, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

NOTE This drawing is not intended to govern design except as regards the dimensions and specific requirements shown.
All dimensions are in millimetres.
Figure 2 Constructional details of striking element

NOTE This drawing is not intended to govern design except as regards the dimensions and specific requirements shown.
All dimensions are in millimetres.
Figure 3 Constructional details of mounting support for test specimens

BSI 09-1999 15
BS 67:1987
Licensed Copy: Gilbert Athens, University of Birmingham, 08/06/2008 11:56, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

NOTE This drawing is not intended to govern design except as regards the dimension and specific requirements shown.
The dimension is in millimetres.
Figure 4 Ball pressure test apparatus

Figure 5 Glow wire with thermocouple

16 BSI 09-1999
Licensed Copy: Gilbert Athens, University of Birmingham, 08/06/2008 11:56, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

BSI 09-1999
Figure 6 Glow-wire test apparatus

17
BS 67:1987
BS 67:1987
Licensed Copy: Gilbert Athens, University of Birmingham, 08/06/2008 11:56, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

Figure 7 Arrangement and dimensions of the electrodes for the tracking test

18 BSI 09-1999
BS 67:1987
Licensed Copy: Gilbert Athens, University of Birmingham, 08/06/2008 11:56, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

Appendix A Measurement of creepage


distances and clearances
The methods of measuring creepage distances and
clearances to be used in interpreting the
requirements of clause 20 are indicated in cases 1
to 10 of this appendix.
These cases do not differentiate between gaps and
grooves or between types of insulation.
The following assumptions are made. Condition: Path under consideration includes a
parallel-sided groove of any depth and equal to, or
a) A groove may have parallel, converging or more than, 1 mm wide.
diverging sides.
Rule: Clearance is the line of sight distance.
b) Any groove having diverging sides, a Creepage path follows the contour of the groove.
minimum width exceeding 0.25 mm, a depth
exceeding 1.5 mm and a width at the bottom Case 2
equal to, or greater than, 1 mm, is regarded as an
air gap (see case 8).
c) Any corner including an angle less than 80 is
assumed to be bridged with an insulating link
of 1 mm width (0.25 mm for dirt-free situations)
moved into the most unfavourable position
(see case 3).
d) Where the distance across the top of a groove
Condition: Path under consideration includes a
is 1 mm (0.25 mm for dirt-free situations) or
V-shaped groove with internal angle of less than 80
more, no creepage distance exists across the air and with a width greater than 1 mm.
space (see case 2).
Rule: Clearance is the line of sight distance.
e) A creepage path is assumed not to exist if there Creepage path follows the contour of the groove
is an air gap, as defined in item b) above, but short-circuits the bottom of the groove
exceeding 0.25 mm.
by 1 mm (0.25 mm for dirt-free situations) link.
f) Creepage distances and clearances measured
Case 3
between parts moving relative to each other are
measured when these parts are in their most
unfavourable stationary positions.
g) A computed creepage distance is never less
than a measured clearance.
h) Any air gap less than 1 mm wide (0.25 mm for
dirt-free situations) is ignored in computing the
total clearance.
Condition: Path under consideration includes a rib.
Rule: Clearance is the shortest direct air path over
the top of the rib. Creepage path follows the contour
of the rib.
Case 4

Condition: Path under consideration includes a


parallel or converging-sided groove of any depth
with a width less than 1 mm.
Rule: Creepage distance and clearance are
measured directly across the groove as shown.
Case 1

BSI 09-1999 19
BS 67:1987
Licensed Copy: Gilbert Athens, University of Birmingham, 08/06/2008 11:56, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

Condition: Path under consideration Case 3 applies as well to an internal corner if the
includes an uncemented joint with grooves less angle is less than 80.
than 1 mm (0.25 mm for dirt-free situations) wide Case 8
on each side.
Rule: Creepage and clearance path is the line of
sight distance shown.
Case 5

Condition: Path under consideration includes an


uncemented joint with grooves equal to, or more
than, 1 mm wide on each side.
Rule: Clearance is the line of sight distance.
Creepage path follows the contour of the grooves.
Case 6

Gap between head of screw and wall of recess too


narrow to be taken into account.
Case 9
Condition: Path under consideration includes an
uncemented joint with a groove on one side less
than 1 mm wide and the groove on the other side
equal to, or more than, 1 mm wide.
Rule: Clearance and creepage paths are as shown.
Case 7

Condition: Path under consideration includes a


diverging-sided groove equal to, or more
than, 1.5 mm deep and more than 0.25 mm wide at
the narrowest part and equal to, or more than, 1 mm
at the bottom.
Rule: Clearance is the line of sight distance. Gap between head of screw and wall of recess wide
Creepage path follows the contour of the groove. enough to be taken into account.
Case 10

20 BSI 09-1999
BS 67:1987
Licensed Copy: Gilbert Athens, University of Birmingham, 08/06/2008 11:56, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

Publications referred to

BS 31, Steel conduit and fittings for electrical wiring.


BS 89, Specification for direct acting indicating electrical measuring instruments and their accessories.
BS 2782, Methods of testing plastics.
BS 2782:Method 365C, Determination of Rockwell hardness.
BS 3042, Standard test fingers and probes for checking protection against electrical, mechanical and
thermal hazard.
BS 3203, Glossary of paper, board, pulp and related terms.
BS 4568, Steel conduit and fittings with metric threads of ISO form for electrical installations.
BS 4568-2, Fittings components.
BS 4607, Non-metallic conduits and fittings for electrical installations.
BS 4607-5, Specification for rigid conduits, fittings and components of insulating material.
BS 4662, Boxes for the enclosure of electrical accessories.
BS 4937, International thermocouple reference tables.
BS 4937-4, Nickel-chromium/nickel-aluminium thermocouples. Type K.
BS 6004, Specification for PVC-insulated cables (non-armoured) for electric power and lighting.
BS 6007, Specification for rubber-insulated cables for electric power and lighting.
BS 6500, Specification for insulated flexible cords and cables.

BSI 09-1999
BS 67:1987

BSI British Standards Institution


Licensed Copy: Gilbert Athens, University of Birmingham, 08/06/2008 11:56, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

BSI is the independent national body responsible for preparing


British Standards. It presents the UK view on standards in Europe and at the
international level. It is incorporated by Royal Charter.

Revisions

British Standards are updated by amendment or revision. Users of


British Standards should make sure that they possess the latest amendments or
editions.

It is the constant aim of BSI to improve the quality of our products and services.
We would be grateful if anyone finding an inaccuracy or ambiguity while using
this British Standard would inform the Secretary of the technical committee
responsible, the identity of which can be found on the inside front cover.
Tel: 020 8996 9000. Fax: 020 8996 7400.

BSI offers members an individual updating service called PLUS which ensures
that subscribers automatically receive the latest editions of standards.

Buying standards

Orders for all BSI, international and foreign standards publications should be
addressed to Customer Services. Tel: 020 8996 9001. Fax: 020 8996 7001.

In response to orders for international standards, it is BSI policy to supply the


BSI implementation of those that have been published as British Standards,
unless otherwise requested.

Information on standards

BSI provides a wide range of information on national, European and


international standards through its Library and its Technical Help to Exporters
Service. Various BSI electronic information services are also available which give
details on all its products and services. Contact the Information Centre.
Tel: 020 8996 7111. Fax: 020 8996 7048.

Subscribing members of BSI are kept up to date with standards developments


and receive substantial discounts on the purchase price of standards. For details
of these and other benefits contact Membership Administration.
Tel: 020 8996 7002. Fax: 020 8996 7001.

Copyright

Copyright subsists in all BSI publications. BSI also holds the copyright, in the
UK, of the publications of the international standardization bodies. Except as
permitted under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 no extract may be
reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any
means electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise without prior written
permission from BSI.

This does not preclude the free use, in the course of implementing the standard,
of necessary details such as symbols, and size, type or grade designations. If these
details are to be used for any other purpose than implementation then the prior
written permission of BSI must be obtained.

If permission is granted, the terms may include royalty payments or a licensing


agreement. Details and advice can be obtained from the Copyright Manager.
BSI Tel: 020 8996 7070.
389 Chiswick High Road
London
W4 4AL