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RESUME

Les deux gds stCles llittites-hieroglyplliques 11 l


~!ll1t 1'auLcur offre ici l i tI'a(luction cornplete Ol1t <.lres-
,,,es ()ellx rois (/ i 1 - r s i (ci prcscnt ll h). La stCle
. lljlld 'li au (1 'AIep) cL.e dressee roi dont I
:1't'~t ptl.8 lisible is t1i CLait l fils dc ~ h u n s (iisIl8S:)
"it'I' peL.it-fils de h t 1 s ( 11 t 1 s?) ct p&l'e de

I ~loJl;e'l' ', II 'IIIL ?


32 . Ll

h m t s (U m . t 8 ?) et 18 stele (aujourd 'hui 8 Louv-


re)-par h 8 . t 8 S (U m -. t 8 ?) arriere petit-fils (?) de
8 1 u v j 8 . deux steles ont l prob8blement dans
porte de 18 , 18 place des lib8t.ions, peut-~tre pour rendre
mage 18 memoire des des 8uteurs de steles, m8is il est aussi
probae qu ' l 8 regardees gardiennes des offrandes oflertes
cette l des libations.
L8 stele ~tre un l 8ncienne que 18 stele . h
t s (UmeA.tas?), 1'auteur de l stele , est peut-~tre identique
h 8 . t s (U m . t ?) pere de 1'8uteur de l steIe .
deux steles ! peut-~tre dater du IX-eme siecle avant notre
ere. 11 est douteux qu ' puisse identifier . h n 8 s (?) 8 l
roi h 11 n i des inscriptions assyriennes, contemporain du roi
Salm8n8ssar 111 (858-824 avant notre ).
34 36

. . .

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1 d(i r - Geschichte des AItertums. 1/3, 595, 598.


.: . F. L Il m Il Il - u t - Litclar. Zentralbl.. 1915, Nr. 23.
Sp. 52. . lio&. 1936, XXIX, S. 298.
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D. F i m m -Di"tisll-mkish Kultur, 2Aufl. Leipzig u, 192~.
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I{l'.\ Il1:lfI 157

Ttleodore Cressy Skcat-The Dorians in Archaeology


LdIJ. 1 Pe~~. 19:34. 68 .

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11 r i,J)ic doriRclle 'VaJ(lerlJn~, .> 1934, ~', 11["0==:"


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:) 11:.11 . l' . /iOr ''I'<J,1 ll <l 1I0 ;;:.-'-


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11 r,r , .:1ft lIuii/IlI IIJ/;J;:J.lII oC;:;~,-;
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~I 1l0l Skeat'a \'\'. r i k r,
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195, S. 6'.1,
n ' Skeat ll OI' Ha'i, -,
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'l' /. " m Skeat IT ifi~;-' ,
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I.
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HPJfTJII:A \[ ,Jl:nr.\ 1:19

-- ,:
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;" )leCTO Jl ()tta:lI. II Hkcat. ~"l1:lII
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: :; 1I,-'llIl:\ Jl), I "\'.!lIl l;.:lI3J\IlIJ1 'II;II
~ ~'Il~' Jl(!.
II;.110, ~lI1 :-;kcat. ', 1J1J'lltt! .II11I!I,f
'-::'''Illii--I< cellc!lHblx, '" I1 ;{. I IIIIII, 110 , l'
- . -:,) IJC.'\l', l1' ;:.\II1 I1()II' ().()1 1I0:Itt :{
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", :, :; lI3. .11 lI ~'l"!~()JI';, J\1 l1nfI 1I,111
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::: Ske3.t ', () -:r, (~ -;JI.. 3;\ "l1iIl
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"" :!;:, ~IJll'II. Ull I1t.l 11 G .'lllIl ('-
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- ~)lIII1 :'):reMf!HTbl 1'~'.!lbypbl 01' l' ]I(CC'I'I101'O ll.IIJI. ,'I'lI Skt'at
,- , nllllllO (!IJ I\ IIJI l,III,1I
: '-'.11. ll .1IJl lI[''/)-''l l.
I', ll, ;\lI1 I('I\ -llnf' lI.1llI1l
Skcat;'ll,
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:.;I1(" ' I\I\f>I .J:O (III\II II 192; . Me:l-
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,= ,-,,_~IlIJ .!lI () ~IHCTe Skf'al. 'll'l', I-;al, ;J;OI,a:laTC,'bCTnO
-: :',I.1IIJI II .l~If'-.:-\lliil1, lIl 1I0 nf'p \! _ Kraike('
" ,: UIllllllltt f'I f'. '11'0 3.I3., n\Ll1 113. MeCT~
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~ ;:,I'(~n(). ;'l , JlIJ" I, Skeat,
:::,':,'ll'Jl BILI-I\llI , f' I' 1' "]\(li,
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::03 11 ()(;"lltJ 3.r;I.
'l', ;IO, skeat 1'lllI ,I\~ll IIlll-l
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;!:I'.l'lI :\IOII() () ;I,IIO,'II. ; iC:1C8HX l\'J~':l
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:-:\I;<I,C, I:IIlI l'llll:\1 Skcat ', IIll liII
\' lf,'1I t1 'f(!n.
'l'lI Skeat ~Ulll' r; 't'II ;,(l-I1I 1-1
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C~iYTHoe ilO'll 1l11 UiIll u l\f,, .'10-
'~;lI ([OHCI\ MlIl\ellCI\O\IY I';:I,, Dl'I' l:Jl'UI! (\'{ I,
:.: :,', IIm MIICfIH 11 ~II. 1'1~ , <{' I1
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:. :Il:1 ~'I-I,lI,;:I. mlt() " : lJ .
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::~::(I'I 11 II ;), 2) 11 ..

1 G. ..:r. (1 r :) I~ U (!" If ii -F[(':-Ih(~ J I1P()O~'1eMa (~:1.(I (~"I)'{ CPt~.llll'''


,r')j)I.Je I1 'l'I,[('J1 t IL':It''fHll ;~" 1(.;). . . .n r~.Xllnttlro), fiblll'. ', :\,',(' 1 ~'36, (. i IJ ....
160 I>IllI

:) 3f) ; I!, Skeat, u TCOPIIII,


, '11'0 l'o(fl II llj' I'll~j', Tenl\pOH SkeaL '1'011;;+;,'
TaeTi:11 HblBeCTII 11:1 ;\~'l,II :Jii, nOllpel;l1 I,1("J',ll,Rj' (,:\1'3 i. ",
}ii I'3R3 IIII l1.
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.'lllI~1 il;() 3 I 11 ;J;;) IlI3l? n yrO;],j' I -:
. Skea t., ;\aHh U ;tllI : ll ~II ~ ..
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plfT, '11'0 mIIIIl' ;1.3ikmI Jl\l J 01':I, )1;)1if.),J,, , ..
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,1f~ 1J.11I1I ;r; .
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f;f.!,'lellllii U. ,",!>; 'Jal~J, II 33u('(', 'lIJO gkeut':1, (:01::
;Ill.l<1 \., I,, ;l ;,"JJI,\'' 'll ll:I 11 H<>(iO:1LJUI.1e 1(0.111':-
'II 'lPi ;(() , .1u. n .,I. fI('IJ\1 .,:, '.'
f)blJ);\ )Ialif~~ollenoii.
lJJ ;\Jaf'or ,111 11 I>, .; ~1l'r, :II"', f' IIl'I ~.~'..
;II~'IO, r ll ~k!'at'a, .ll .litIJ' ;t,lf!!>'I', "ll Illll':"
et\lIe ;m 11 u(,l I HI!Pil \ . Jj ll'l'Il'lI Tp~,.: .
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" II.
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:), ~If'IIl' 1/0"(:
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1II 'J'l,, '\ 'l':II,j',1 U'ICPf',,\I, l>;t: :~lI u ,:
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(1, 12),
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IIIII.III
HOBI"rU 'I'3 l, . I'I('I : ..
I1blBCi1;flO ::J ":lI, l 11 pe;J;b Ullm [1)
,

}';((f.' J;i,i! Skeat, ~l:l'l'f) IIl'ti u pail


! (10. ;), II), '';(, I; 011 l'i1II, JIl:It. ll II,ll.":
_IlOif, ~;~.ll Il' :I I,lj'Iu ~'IIII ii, 3;11'l'b
C.JP~,P~T LIII'II',l l';( (1,56) ;'(1',1, I I'IJ, .)lJ-
1I[)I~~ 3:l ;l;~ii.
; ll.:I'J'II Skeal: U IIcpexo~e 11 -";.(:.,
r II, ;~OPllj\Y, 11 Bblel;a;;blBaeT 11 l':IuI, '1'1'0 ;\ 3J' ;:
:{OPII~ ,llI ~Ill, ., H3oI( 1111 3:\-I ll1', }I ;J;1'() ".
l\ lI lJlI, II( HllrlI ~keaL r.1 UJlI '"
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(I.
Tal\ll~1 ;:\I, ;~;],3, ll gkea.t,'a,-}l , 1;01
::u, XIIIJ., ,:II ~III, I'i1 lll u :;;
f~11 II~, ' 11 J;l ;., 3:I, -II".
l~')(1iil\ 11 ,
11 ;t,.'litmf.! ;'(, ~ll Skcat. ', IIfl lJe:IOHOHHee 11 ";"
'u!' l I,Y.IIb1',YPY, of) II URf' '!'JI I,l,
Hel~l, ],J,lIIJ l1,''fR 11 :\lliI, HP"'JC:Io1 ~Ia!;'~ ;:.
Ma,.'lbHorO ~lI lI,7ICMell l1 I 11 11,
ii y~ap l1l1ll 'l", OHII ll D :If'" :
J\Im,~ll 11 , ~tI>I }1 IIlI II.~:
IJ,Iiil(f!, .JI UI,: ::Iii n l~ lI 10 .'
lI~1I0 l lI--, I 'l; : , ~\:
; ;tIII, .lu,
m , Skeat I1' .~ll III- lI;\<I
1.\fl:IIO uJJa, ll If .:r D::;:;'

, 11 d " 11 (Strab. , C']'jl, ',7[,) 11 ;J:p.


J,' ;JI'I 161

-. ;! "1' ;(, 'I l'


" 11.1~I. Tanoe ~if .:IO h :I npIHlIl.:Ie~IJM, ,
: 1':\1 ;:J,'l' ;,II J1"llll I,
- :f11lnX, D II.:Ii1 li,: ~'D. .:I1,Ul ;J.:\1
:. '('IIIf Skeal!;) llrtrJl , '1'1'0 011 llll'llr h ~ 1
- -lt\1 :lC P~T , ;;ll II: ; J\ UIJJ"fpCI1-
:~ II'I\ ;)'I' l1lt't
11 ;:II1lI Skeat ;)IUl'I' 11 .1i'l~ 00-
,.::, , u ~' , 'rf TO:loI, II
'. '~If!rJ'ICIjih Jl lI ;;1ll. ;'TO-Il (1 II
~,I n 'J, lI u' JJ(lll, Il ()
, .: :II1I -Il'l(II' 11 !II;;J, IiO"OPblC, .:. n , ;
- .-:"pmlbl Jlff /lU ",I IJ YIIl 11.
bl(:lII. D~I J', Hkcat lI I1 l;\l: ~(eTOY 1.
"":;,IIOl'(I ll /ll 11, , Ii 1; 3 ."1), ', ll
-. ':.;1I0,l!;Jtl, .II. t.'JOII,ii .JII 11 '! JI t'ii
'. ~~"ICI, ;(j ~, l :.:III, n(lTOpblC IJr)()~(~
\:' lIac.e:ICJlIICM, ."1 IIII\l II ar l'I11III
:' " Jt:\lr.
110 8"\\U, I:J, Skeat II;J.:l IIl1 (j TO~I, 'ITO
'. ;II .'II,[ ld: III'!II ll~1 .'\' I! U'f u ~llilI
. :" U~feCTe ; ~'I''I.:IIO(:h, :;.'I'II I' 11[111-
._ :-' ;s: 1l, ;;, 1I01ll, Skeat, /.'..'ICil;YCT (;I
- .1I,\~Tn(j'"\ JI (stra!I.YII 1, 'l', 365),110 ;J'I'..u lJ;,!1, D:lu
.'It'I, \lI lI~1 lll' . ,II0IIIIII, :.s
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"~'fI,;,I((), ;nu , 1I, )Iu -'
.:1 '-:I-I."11, ~,:I II("ITO lI /-;(I~I i-, '/'!'I', ' III, lI Bct't';1;r.I
"!.ll ll~ 'O.:IbIiO , f;l,e '-
11,HO (illJ ;(.
KI'a1ker .3.J' 1I JI03~i l1;;t'I-/I,
f>.l\'JOlI ,'\IiI (~a1ll " I'I'.:IhIl o'rBeTJ';
.- ' '\ () :J: 1\ '1'0'\)' :li :III, 'ITO l, ;1; reOMeTpII'lee I n ' :'II
': ,;II :1I1 . tlu, .:I-'
:: '," lIItfIIfI llI1J, 110."1 ;.l IIII .:I',
',,. II "'(,DII JJ. 3aJ,:III
Kraikcr : (.\Yelchell Anteil
:'~ ( Dorier an Giidllllg der griccblscllCn \lt lll1, iJl 11r allein eil1
- kht'1' St.il tstl k1t.-dis Frage uIld ihre Dcant,yortuog licgt um}11'
'l-,.erhalb der reiIl arclliiologi~c}lCn f'ol'!lchungo>.
,:I3IC 1I0;i If m l n (1, 'I',
: l' lIllI:l Ullllpa, u}1, :l-
\ .lI: ll .... 110ll I'l CTII.:III,
JI 'JJl Skt' Il.'lII IIllull l,
. .'Hl>peTIIoro IIl~:/, Rali .l-J'lI, 11 :J'f, 1l0lll',
\ , 11 lIN1'l, :1II' :\1 JIII, ll'l' .:IJII
- 'II'I('I, 'I';.IIII :'f110 [IIl' 'III.
e.J.M .\\1 ~o .:I; lIJJ ..l.
, Skeat, OI'l1lI .:Ifl'II lII3..:I I'l:.
"~I,I, !'I' R1 ClIll l o'rpblBe ' :loI
;! , .1. "-r \II JlUIII1 lIJ 'I u:
. '\ll11 'r; II u U;JlIii JlllI
:-:,~lIlI) Il:l 1I0..'{ haPO,:(OD-IIOl.'1 l\~II,
:; :,,) :/.
Sk.cat lI.:I Jrll Jl ;:(J! lIIJlI 11
;;~!,\lO,:(O'I, , MOMeH'rhI I1'!' f IIJ llll~
: \I,
(} JI .."1 n H)'Jlb'I'a :l-, 'ICM "ll'III
r :'i1" }1. ~ i ] s s n'a,
', :. , , fI.1I
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G
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11 BCCT;f. . I
162 I''I\ 1-1
-- -- ----._----._-- -_._----- ._- . -
Ol'f:l
---------_._--
ll.1 l1iilii :lf, : .1'::- ,~:
ll III' I Jl:l-IC,1 1
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II ii, ; u ;J.'l'OItY ~I r/OCTp(>,or;~='~
, !!., Jl;J;nl1 Jl~IC .'1 ::, 1::"
II, JI'II O;J;HOfO l1:l1ll , I JI'l'3 lIHYr'''''~=
II, ll.3 ;. ; IIUI' , " 1'':'::' :.
!!. .'1 , )llI )l{' ;\-! :1llJ~ = '-'-'
I! .:I I .
n
Skcat'a
, 'f CF ~
Il1. ; IJ ll 311 ;tIliI\lI JI:H'~I"" t..i
II n XlI- II., 'l'!10 llt-'I.'l' MIE'~ -,..
.1 aIIJlJ fl;J;I1I. v
Il ., III betr,':--"';~'
, lt, . ;; If ;J;p., CC.:l1I "I1ll' (! 11<:- -
.'1, n O;tHO 113 : II, ;tI1lIt Il Jl " :: ..
Jl, IIIl':I 1111 .' lItll:, :.
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l'O-lln ~lCl'll ?
~aHHX ~;t.:lIO ,::~ u
()III\8 1-1 I'! .

. . .If/ll.1

J
1936 .

li. Bcitriige Z' ll Gcscllicble. I \-'dll11g it F!lgsst-:; -.


( -II! Au!!lafi(I, tlrsg . . L h n - \1 t. Nulludz\\'llZ::-:
Hand (Ne\le }i'olge Band 1). lIe!t 1, '1/3. I.eipzig. Dietcrichsche Verlagsbucha11 ,j : ._~
1936.
fI\ypHa.l R,>, ;tIl l, 11 ,.
,:.-,
ICOM Beitrage ztlr alten Geschichte.>, 1901 . II:Io:'7"
::
Jl 1937 . II 11 III .. ;.:,-
;J.' 1\. . .I 111 - 11 (. . Lellmann-Ha.:
~' xap,iTCp JI ' IJ o~~~:.
ltlII~1 ll-lIIaJ l\, ~Io.:-,
lIJl-.Iit, , l\III ~' ;<
l, 11 II.:l .'10: lI-, r:;- .;-
lI :I\: . Beitrage ztlr Geschichte.
:ll .:l, lI ll:I 3 (;- ~: ..
'l' t1n ~8 'fII';':' :

I . \\'. r. ()
1l11-ll Gre(,ks. Civi!izatlon its origin devcl':;:o.
. 1, ", I!)5. . 534.
lIj(Jl 1I0 II'~J1'" D' 11 llI )'IIII JlI"'_
uu.-l',.
Die Zeit5cllrift oKlio. neHrfige zur "ltell Ge>I-Clli!Jt". will die iBnere I n h i : .
k. i t e~ Gimts alte11 oe~eblce- -vul lt lt biS 111 spi1tr-..
und dle rii!J-II}'z~lltli~r!J" Zelt gllllst tl'" und pollti~ehe wic ultuu: -:
il!J(g5hihL gli!Jilsig Lik.di<JIJtig.
!,PlITI1J>A l.'IOJl'I 16,3

, "\'~;II: i1.'1ll)!, ; t'~t'lI, lI n()'lII, Y,H;QClJelllla.1Ibllble, ~lca;;IY


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.1:.I;I,t>1I, uIlll1 (';~'Htll~se Ili;;toriIIHcl), lIapllilY ;lIII1Il! 110
, [nl'plI1M !' II),;i' iIl('fte) caMoro ,:13, ;J.II, t; !'~'.:l
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RESUME
En trouve des petroglypbes deux endroits: l'
du fleuve Vyg, de l lanche qui sont attribues
III-eme millenaire avant notre d ' les mnts qui s '
rattachent, et l cote orientale du lac d 'Onega du village
issv-Nss, 'n att.ibue du -m milblnaire avant
notre .
L' auteur de l' article d' etabJir le n des pHroglyphes
<l issv-Nuss.
L'auteur formule des objections contre . Ravdonikas qui
d 'appliquer petroglyphes de Carelie 1'hyputhese d' Almgrell con-
cernant une partie des petroglyphes scandinaves qui representeraient
s.oi-disant des ceremonies des cultes solaires. La comparaison des imag('s

1 ,
; l1- ) ,
8 ; , ,
, . n .

13 . .
194 . .
- - - - - - - - - - - , - - - - - ------------
slinv'i (fig. 1) ' l images (fig. 2) <1ui reprrsentent ,': ,-
(iisaHL (l5 :'!ml 801ai1'e8 cL lunaircs (fig, 2, 3, 4) demuI1lre u 'i>
ll'ont LI1 ml1. ! possible qU'l partic (Je !! d('s~~:"
reprc5ente df:'s picges J preJldl'e de'i bH~B.
L'autcUI" estime u l petroglypl1es (1 i~ss-l\"()!lS teuigi:.:
d'une t.1110gi ~(' et repre:5entent des lllyLlles qLli t:-:
L ete transmis l rnytllOlogie nurdi(lue, particlllie1' (l[1r,
' Kaleva1a. D'apl'C:5 leur~ igis differeJ\tes .:siti; (fig. ~
6, 7, 8) 5 I1'LIlt l1 lUllaile, lllais il osL veu probable que 1.,.,
auLeurs de dessil1s primitifs 10Llr it d 5eLllemel1t l1~
Dan:! cerLaines figures onL pouL discerer lf!s dieux mnLilf'5 fialJs 1-
KaLeyala (l dieu des eaux-Akhlo deux peJ'ches (fig. 9), l (\it,:
(Ies f01'CL8-iu Ull ort aiglJiLles de pin (fig. 10). PJusieuJ':'
sitins tli l'mttt de diseerl1er l (lispositiul1 dcs figur('"
(' exelllple spirale, fig. 11) protl\(ent que Ll trouvol1s deyal1:
tOIJL Ull rt'cit. Il existe cp.l'tailles allalogies olltre le tcxle d\l Kaleyal<,
et les dessins les pctroglyplle;; de Carclie: les figuros ,1 'huIllllll:':'
It trois (\oigts (. l vioillar(l <\ Lrois doigts n }fallale, le Parne ,1.,.,
lf1.poni; ete.), ' gl'l nOlllorc <.Ics imRgcs li'oiseaux ot ll (1_'1,
' clJHe du t(l, du cygne, l'{,Lall, Ilu ! ds l Kaleval<:1). 1"
rep{~t,itiull (Ie cer'taines iiss de figures (cf. ' rep6Liti.ull~ ,!:.
texte ({!! l ll1 ~piflues) eLc, 11 aus~i (] l0gis ( I!if-
frrents objeLs J'cblulogitlues de la nll~lIl epoqtle (\' (Ies ls :
oiscaux ('(' Lailles i'l' terrc ~!aise, dr.s Illuu."
phalLillues). TOlltes ces al1alugies ail1si qlle des ,!.ullHres etllllogl'aplliqul:'-
de Hotre Ls llduist l'aut011l' u. l uOllclusioIl (lue les pI)troglyphe;:
(le Carelie 50 Lrouyel1t lit~s poiJllloS ills nordi(!ues 1:; plus i5
qui se 8011t forIllcs aH\f1t qlJe 113 pJ'oces tlgniqu ({ l formatiulI
des ul nordj(IUOS (fillnuiil~ gcrmaniques, lIl et l) 5 soit
encore tPrmine, l' ll du pleill deyeloppeIllenL ,Ie l fi.ll ti
lDolliale.
. . -_.
_. - . () __11 .

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<: ;1 XIX Jl. I
13 1 l-J f)urnal ; in Cireassia 11 D u j s d )1 11 t-
r J' u x-Voyage auf.oUl" du CauCHse, , 11 ~pYl'oH
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RBSU
Lc:1S monuments megalithiques sont tres repandus auCaucase. trou-
ve des do1mens 1 t de 1 l\1 Nojre de Novorossijsk jusqu'a
Soukhoum, dans 1 bassin du fleuve Kouban, 11 Ta1ych (sur 1
HABI.A3A 215
--------- ------------------------

Caspienne), dans l regions d'Akhalkalak, de Tzalka ( l Ktzia


~;uperieure), de Mzkheta (Georgie), du l Sevan (Armenie) etc. Les
menhirs sont trcs nombreux dans l partie occidenta1e du
du Nord et dans les regions dll Zanguezour, d'Akha]ka1ak, de
Tzalka, d 'Akh-Bou1ak, de 1'A1agheuz etc. 1. forteresses cyclopiques
sont tres repandues dans 1 Transcaucasie. Quelques-unes de ,;
forteresses sont baties let grandes hauteurs atteignant parfois
2 750 metres au-dessus du niveau de ] , 1 les
forteresses du Petit Aboul et de Ker-Ogly (region d 'Akha]ka1ak).
Les forteresses cyc1opique8 de 1 Transcaucasie remontent
epoques kha1diennes (IX-VI 8.. avant-notre ) et prekhaldienne.
Les do1mens de 1 cote de 1 Noire remontent XII-XIV ..
avant notre . 11 ont de8 {m tres evo1uees et regu1ieres et
80nt construits ordinairement ainsi que les do1mens de la Crimee,
en dal1es p1ates de grandes dimen8ions. contraire les dolmens
du Ta1ych, des regions d 'Akhalka1ak, de Tzalk1 etc., sont formes
des bruts et ont l'air tres primitifs. En genera1 ont peut
affirmer que 1 megalithes caucasiens correspondent 1'age dll
bronze et l'epoque eneolithique. Le megalithe caucasien une
particularite-Ies vichapes, des statues de poissons de 4 5
de hauteur. Le culte des pierres presente des analogies
frappantes avec l culte rendu pierres dans 1' occiden-
tale, notamment en Francc. La christianisation des menhir8 est
ll1 repandue l1 ql1'ailleurs.
. . J(



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h 1 -tJ(; ou recherches sur l'histoire
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I s q u i t d F i g u i r d o-Ruines d'antiques etablissments
salaisons sur l li ttoral sud du Portugal, Bulletin hispaniqU6, VI 11, i 906,
. 111 .; e-Monuments romains du Portugal, Revue archeologiqueo
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