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Thirty-Eighth Annual Convention & Exhibition, May 2014



Awang Harun Satyana*

ABSTRACT Makassar Straits show the presence of Mesozoic-

Paleozoic bedded horizons typical NW Shelf of
The history of plate convergence in southern and Australia which are proven to be productive or other
southeastern Sundaland recorded subduction of proven prolific Australoid microcontinents like
oceanic plate during Jurassic to Late Cretaceous Bintuni, Seram, or Buton. Pre-Tertiary petroleum
started from Meratus, Bantimala, Luk Ulo, to system may develop in southeastern Sundaland.
Ciletuh. The geochronology of subduction is based
on subduction-related high pressure to ultra/very INTRODUCTION
high pressure glaucophane schists and eclogites.
Subduction chased in Bantimala and Meratus Sundaland presently mostly in Western Indonesia,
trenches in mid-Cretaceous due to docking of West with its western, southern, southeastern and eastern
Sulawesi and Paternoster-Kangean microcontinents, boundaries are present Sumatra, Java, eastern Java
respectively. During the Late Cretaceous, Sea-Bone Bay, and western Tomini-Gorontalo Bay,
subduction migrated to Paternoster trench resulting respectively (Satyana, 2010a) have positioned as
in volcanic and magmatic rocks as well as forearc active margins of plates convergence since the
sediments in Meratus and Bantimala. In Paleogene Mesozoic (Figure 1). The boundaries at Sumatra
time, Meratus and Bantimala separated by the and Java are still accommodating the convergence
opening of the Makassar Straits, sitting on of plates forming present subduction zone of
Paternoster and West Sulawesi microcontinents. Sumatra and Java Trenches. Whereas, the
southeastern and eastern boundaries of Sundaland
Subduction in Ciletuh and Luk Ulo continued into are presently no subduction zones due to collision
the Late Cretaceous, but possibly with different of some terranes in the Late Cretaceous until the
characters of subduction compared to that of Early Neogene had ceased the subduction of oceanic
Cretaceous due to the absence of Late Cretaceous plates in this area.
subduction-related metamorphic rocks. Jiwo Hills,
Bayat which has been considered as the Cretaceous (Late Cretaceous) subduction zone of
continuation of Luk Ulo, is considered not to southern and southeastern margins of Sundaland
compose the subduction zone due to the absence of have been recognized since 1970s (Katili, 1972;
subduction-related rock assemblage. The mid- Asikin, 1974; Hamilton 1979). This Cretaceous
Cretaceous glaucophane schist of Bayat may relate subduction zone is defined based on the presences
with docking of SE Java microcontinent in this area. of Cretaceous mlange in Java (Ciletuh, Luk Ulo,
Eocene shallow marine Wungkal-Gamping Bayat) and Southeast Kalimantan (Meratus-Pulau
carbonate shows that Bayat is different with Luk Laut). Mlange is a mixture of deformed rock
Ulo and Ciletuh which in Eocene were fragments and blocks embedded in a matrix formed
characterized by slope trench olistostromal deposits in subduction trench. Most geologists and
of Karangsambung and Ciletuh Formations, publications still believe and use this subduction
respectively. zone.
Configuration of plate convergence during the
Cretaceous implies petroleum possibilities of However, the author of this paper doubt that Bayat
southeastern Sundaland related to the presence of and Meratus-Pulau Laut compose the subduction
some Australian-origin microcontinents. Newly zone, continuing Ciletuh and Luk Ulo subduction
acquired deep seismic data in south offshore sites. Field studies in Bayat (Prasetyadi et al., 2002,
East Java, eastern East Java Sea, and South 2005; Satyana and Prasetyadi, 2013; Satyana,
* SKK Migas 2013b) show that Bayat has no mlange typical of

IPA, 2014 38th Annual Convention Proceedings, 2014