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PHYS 2212 Test 3

Fall 2015

Name(print) Lab Section

Greco (N & P), Darnton (Q)


Day 12-3pm 3-6pm 6-9pm
Monday N01 P01 N02 Q01 Q01 P02
Tuesday N03 P03 Q03 P04
Wednesday N05 P05 Q05 P06 N04 Q04
Thursday N06 Q07 N07 Q06 P07

Instructions

Read all problems carefully before attempting to solve them.

Your work must be legible, and the organization must be clear.

You must show all work, including correct vector notation.

Correct answers without adequate explanation will be counted wrong.

Incorrect work or explanations mixed in with correct work will be counted wrong. Cross out anything you
do not want us to grade

Make explanations correct but brief. You do not need to write a lot of prose.

Include diagrams!
ab (8103 )(5106 )
Show what goes into a calculation, not just the final number, e.g.: cd = (2105 )(4104 )
= 5 104

Give standard SI units with your results.

Unless specifically asked to derive a result, you may start from the formulas given on the formula
sheet, including equations corresponding to the fundamental concepts. If a formula you need is not
given, you must derive it.

If you cannot do some portion of a problem, invent a symbol for the quantity you can not calculate
(explain that you are doing this), and use it to do the rest of the problem.

Honor Pledge

In accordance with the Georgia Tech Honor Code, I have neither given
nor received unauthorized aid on this test.

Sign your name on the line above


PHYS 2212
Please do not write on this page.

Problem Score Grader


Problem 1 (25 pts)
Problem 2 (25 pts)
Problem 3 (25 pts)
Problem 4 (25 pts)
Problem 1 (25 Points)

Three wires are connected to a battery and the circuit is allowed to reach steady state. The wires of the circuit
shown above are made of different materials. They both have the same electron density of 8 1028 electrons/m3 ,
but the thick wire has an electron mobility of 6 105 (m/s)/(V/m), while the narrow wires have an electron
mobility of 2 105 (m/s)/(V/m). The thick wire has a cross sectional area of 5.0 107 m2 , while the narrow
wire has a cross sectional area of 6.0 108 m2 . The length of each narrow wire in the circuit is 12 cm, and the
length of the thick wire is 2 cm. The emf of the battery is 1.5 volts.

(a 10pts) At each of the three x marks draw two arrows: one for the electric field and one for the electron drift
velocity. The length of your arrows should be relatively consistent so that if a value is larger at one location than
another, that arrow is drawn longer.
(b 10pts) Calculate the magnitude of the electric field at the center of the thick wire. Start from fundamental
equations and show all of work.

(c 5pts) Determine the speed of the electrons traveling in the narrow wires.
Problem 2 (25 Points)

Consider a circuit composed of two resistors


R1 and R2 connected to a capacitor C and
powered by a ideal battery of known Emf as
seen in the diagram below.

(a 15pts) When the switch has been closed


for a long time, determine the currents at the
indicated points in the circuits a, b, c, d, e and
the charge Q on the capacitor. Please give
your answer in terms of Emf , R1 , R2 , and C.
Be sure to start from fundamental principles
and show your work.
(b 5pts) Immediately after the switch is opened, what are the currents at the indicated points in the circuit
a, b, c, d, e and the charge Q on the capacitor? Please give your answer in terms of Emf , R1 , R2 , and C.

(c 5pts) A long time after the switch is opened, what are the currents at the indicated points in the circuit
a, b, c, d, e and the charge Q on the capacitor? Please give your answer in terms of Emf , R1 , R2 , and C.
Problem 3 (25 Points)

A proton with speed v = 20 km/s enters a region that is h = 10 cm wide. This region contains a uniform B = 0.300
T magnetic field directed into the page.

(a 5pts) Please indicate which of the plates should be positive and which should be negative.

(b 5pts) What voltage must you punch into the voltage supply to ensure that the proton hits the center of the
bullseye target on the opposite side?
(c 5pts) Recalculate the required voltage from part (a) for an incident alpha particle (a helium nucleus: 2 protons
+ 2 neutrons) and for an incident electron. If you were unable to solve part (a), you may write your answer in
terms of Vproton .

(d 10pts) Your voltage supply is faulty, and generates a voltage which is slightly smaller than the amount shown
on the supplys display. Under those conditions, sketch the trajectories of the proton, alpha particle, and electron
in the figure below. Be sure to clearly label which trajectory corresponds to which particle.
Problem 4 (25 Points)

A conductive bar of length L = 19 cm, height h = 5 cm, and depth d = 3 cm is connected to a battery by low
resistance wires, as shown in the diagram. The mobile charges in the conductive bar are positive (holes
q = |e|). The mobility of the bar is 7 105 (m/s)/(V/m) and the mobile charge density is 3 1028 /m3 . A
voltmeter is connected across the bar as shown, with the leads placed directly opposite each other along a vertical
line. A uniform magnetic field of 4.3 tesla pointing in the negative z direction is produced by coils not shown. The
circuit has been connected for some time and is in the steady state.

In order to answer the following questions, you should draw a careful diagram of the situation, including all relevant
charges, electric fields, magnetic fields, and velocities.

~ k , the electric field component parallel to the drift velocity of the mobile charges?
(a 2pts) What is the direction of E
Circle one:

+x x +y y +z z zero

(b 2pts) What is the direction of the drift velocity of the mobile charges in the bar? Your answer must be
consistent with your answer to part (a). Circle one:

+x x +y y +z z zero
(c 2pts) What is the direction of the magnetic force on the mobile charges? Your answer must be consistent
with your answer to part (b) Circle one:

+x x +y y +z z zero

~ , the electric field component perpendicular to the drift velocity? Your


(d 2pts) What is the direction of E
answer must be consistent with your answer to part (c). Circle one:

+x x +y y +z z zero

(e 2pts) What is the sign of the voltmeter reading? Your answer must be consistent with your answer to
part (d). Recall that a voltmeter reads positive when its positive terminal is connected to the higher
potential. Circle one:

A. Zero

B. Negative

C. Positive
(f 10pts) What is the magnitude of the voltmeter reading? In order to receive credit, you must start your analysis
from equations given on the formula page or from basic principles listed at the top of the formula page, not from
some memorized special-case formula.

(g 5pts) What is the magnitude of the conventional current through the bar? In order to receive credit, you must
start your analysis from equations given on the formula page or from basic principles listed at the top of the
formula page, not from some memorized special-case formula.
This page is for extra work, if needed.
Things you must know

Relationship between electric field and electric force Conservation of charge


Electric field of a point charge The Superposition Principle
Relationship between magnetic field and magnetic force
Magnetic field of a moving point charge

Other Fundamental Concepts


d~v d~p d~p
~a = = F~net and m~a if v << c
dt dt Rf dt P
Uel = qV V = i E ~ d~l (Ex x + Ey y + Ez z)
~ n ~ n
R R
el = E dA
P mag = B dA
H
~ n qinside H
~ n
E dA = B dA = 0
0
dmag
~ ~ ~ d~l = 0 P Iinside path
H H
|emf| = EN C dl = B
 dt 
H
~ ~ P d R ~
B dl = 0 Iinside path + 0 En
dA
dt

Specific Results

~
1 2qs
~
1 qs
Edipole,axis (on axis, r s) Edipole, (on axis, r s)

40 r 3 40 r 3

~
1 Q ~ applied
Erod = p (r from center) electric dipole moment p = qs, p~ = E
40 r r + (L/2)2
2

~
1 2Q/L
~
1 qz
Erod (if r L) Ering = (z along axis)

40 r 40 (z + R2 )3/2
2
Q/A  

~ z
~
Q/A h z i Q/A
Edisk = 1 2 (z > 0 along axis) E 1 (if z R)

disk
20 (z + R2 )1/2 20 R 20

Q/A Q/A  s 
~ ~
Ecapacitor (+Q and Q disks) Ef ringe just outside capacitor

0 0 2R
~
B ~ = 0 I r (short wire) F~ = I~l B ~
4 r2
LI 0 2I
~ 0 ~ ~
Bwire = (r L) Bwire = B earth tan

p
4 r r 2 + (L/2)2 4 r


~

0 2IR2 0 2IR2
loop =
B (on axis, z R) = IA = IR2

4 (z 2 + R2 )3/2 4 z 3
2
~ 0 ~ 0
Bdipole,axis (on axis, r s) B (on axis, r s)

3 dipole,
4 r 4 r 3


E ~ rad
~ rad = 1 q~a rad B
rad

~
E v = E Brad =
40 c2 r c
i = nA
v I = |q| nA
v v = uE
I L
= |q| nu J= = E R=
A   A
Eapplied q 1 1
Edielectric = V = due to a point charge
K 40 rf ri
|V |
I= for an ohmic resistor (R independent of V ); power = IV
R
Q = C |V | K 12 mv 2 if v c
mv 2

p |~v |
d~
circular motion:
= |~
p |
dt R R

Math Help

~a ~b = hax , ay , az i hbx , by , bz i

= (ay bz az by )
x (ax bz az bx )
y + (ax by ay bx )
z

dx dx 1 dx 1
Z Z Z
= ln (a + x) + c 2
= +c 3
= +c
x+a (x + a) a+x (a + x) 2(a + x)2

a 2 a
Z Z Z
a dx = ax + c ax dx = x + c ax2 dx = x3 + c
2 3

Constant Symbol Approximate Value


Speed of light c 3 108 m/s
Gravitational constant G 6.7 1011 N m2 /kg2
Approx. grav field near Earths surface g 9.8 N/kg
Electron mass me 9 1031 kg
Proton mass mp 1.7 1027 kg
Neutron mass mn 1.7 1027 kg
1
Electric constant 9 109 N m2 /C2
40
Epsilon-zero 0 8.85 1012 (N m2 /C2 )1
0
Magnetic constant 1 107 T m/A
4
Mu-zero 0 4 107 T m/A
Proton charge e 1.6 1019 C
Electron volt 1 eV 1.6 1019 J
Avogadros number NA 6.02 1023 molecules/mole
Atomic radius Ra 1 1010 m
Proton radius Rp 1 1015 m
E to ionize air Eionize 3 106 V/m
BEarth (horizontal component) BEarth 2 105 T