Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 5

3/10/2017 lockhartmartinelliChEGuide

ChEGuide
ChemicalEngineer'sGuide

Tag: lockhart martinelli

Two Phase Flow Horizontal Pipe


Criterion for Line size selection is generally pressure drop expressed as P per 100
feet or meters of pipe. There are different type of two phase pressure drop
correlations determined by viscosity ratio and mass flux.

L/ G Mass Flux, (kg/m.sec) Correlation

< 1000 All Friedel

> 1000 > 100 Chisolm Baroczy

> 1000 < 100 Lockhart Martinelli

Select a pipe and estimate inner diameter (D) based on pipe schedule. Obtain
important properties for both Gas and Liquid like flowrate, density (), viscosity ()
and surface tension ().

Density, velocity and viscosity are averaged for the combined phases in fluid flow
and two-phase Reynolds number is calculated.

ave = (QG + QL)/(QG /G + QL /L)


Vave = (QG + QL)/(ave(D/4))
ave = (QG + QL)/(QG /G + QL /L)
Reave = 4(QG + QL)/(Dave)

where, QG, QL are gas and liquid mass flowrate. G and L are gas and liquid density.
G and L are gas and liquid viscosity.

Featured Resources :

Is the voice of the pump and rotating equipment industry. They deliver relevant
industry news coverage and powerful technical information to managers, engineers,
http://cheguide.com/tag/lockhartmartinelli/ 1/5
3/10/2017 lockhartmartinelliChEGuide

operators and maintenance professionals around the world.

Chisolm Baroczy method

Pressure drop for each of the phases are calculated assuming that the total mixture
flows as either liquid or gas based on procedure provided for single phase flow.

G = QG + QL
(P/L)Go = function(G, D, G, G, )
(P/L)Lo = function(G, D, L, L, )

A pressure ratio, Y is calculated

Y = (P/L)Go / (P/L)Lo

Based on pressure ratio, a constant is calculated:

B = 55 / G 0.5, 0 < Y < 9.5


= 520 / YG 0.5, 9.5 < Y < 28
= 15,000 / Y 2G 0.5, 28 < Y

Two phase correction factor is calculated as following:

Lo = 1+(Y-1)[BX(2-n)/2(1-X)(2-n)/2+X2-n]

where n is 0.25 and X is gas mass fraction. Two phase pressure drop is calculated as
following:

(P/L)TP = Lo (P/L)Lo

Lockhart Martinelli method

Pressure drop for each of the phases are calculated explicitly assuming that either
liquid or gas is flowing through the pipe based on procedure provided for single
http://cheguide.com/tag/lockhartmartinelli/ 2/5
3/10/2017 lockhartmartinelliChEGuide

phase flow.

(P/L)G = function(QG, D, G, G, )
(P/L)L = function(QL, D, L, L, )

A pressure ratio is calculated.

X = (P/L)L / (P/L)G

A separate pressure drop is calculated for each phase.

(P/L)L1 = L (P/L)L
(P/L)G1 = G (P/L)G

Estimated two phase pressure drop is maximum of these

(P/L)TP = Max((P/L)L1,(P/L)G1)

Featured Resources :

null Offers drilling contractors and well completion professionals


the practical, hands-on knowledge that readers in the oil and
gas industry expect from the publishers of Pumps & Systems magazine.

Friedel method

http://cheguide.com/tag/lockhartmartinelli/ 3/5
3/10/2017 lockhartmartinelliChEGuide

Calculate Froude and Weber number using mass flux of the total mass flowing in
pipe.

Fr = G / ( gcDave )
We = GD / ( ave )

where gc is gravitational constant. Friction factor for each of the phases are
calculated assuming that the total mixture flows as either liquid or gas based on
procedure provided for single phase flow.

fGo = function(G, D, G, G, )
fLo = function(G, D, L, L, )

Following constants are calculated

E = (1 - X) + X LfGo / (GfLo)
H = (L/G)0.91(G/L)0.19(1-G/L)0.7
F = X 0.78 (1 -X) 0.24

where, X is gas mass fraction. Two phase correction factor is calculated as following

Lo = E + 3.24 FH / (Fr 0.045 We 0.035)

Two phase pressure drop is calculated as following

(P/L)TP = Lo (P/L)Lo

Spreadsheet for two phase horizontal flow in a pipe

References

1. Pressure Drop, Two Phase Flow at Thermopedia.com


2. Horizontal 2-Phase Flow Correlations at Cheresources.com
3. Article on Two Phase Flow at rivercityeng.com
4. Chemical Process Equipment : Selection and Design, Stanley M. Walas, 2nd Edition

Like 0 Tweet
0

http://cheguide.com/tag/lockhartmartinelli/ 4/5
3/10/2017 lockhartmartinelliChEGuide

August30,2015 FluidFlow chisolmbaroczy,friedel,horizontalpipe,lockhartmartinelli,two


phaseflow Leaveacomment

Proudly powered by WordPress

http://cheguide.com/tag/lockhartmartinelli/ 5/5

Похожие интересы