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Practical Use Cases

for IP/MPLS in
Mobile Backhaul
Networks
AGENDA

1. The Future For IP/MPLS Routers In The Backhaul

2. Converged Microwave Routers for Backhaul & Enterprise Services

3. IP/MPLS Network Design Use Cases

4. IP/MPLS Network Migration Strategies

5. IP/MPLS Solution Choices

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The Future For
IP/MPLS Routers
In The Backhaul
THE TRANSITION TO ETHERNET BACKHAUL
6 100%
90%
5 88.3%

5.29
Number of Cell Sites (Millions)
83.0% 80%

Ethernet's Share of Total


4.95
4.68

4.67
76.0% 70%

4.39
4 69.2%

4.11
4.07
60%

3.75

3.56
3 54.0% 50%

3.04
40%
40.5%
2

2.20
30%
1.52

20%
1
10%
0 0%
2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Total Cell Sites Ethernet-Served Cell Sites % Ethernet

Source: Heavy Readings The Future Of Routing In 4G Mobile Backhaul, September 2014
THE PENETRATION OF IP/MPLS IN THE BACKHAUL

Source: Heavy Readings The Future Of Routing In 4G Mobile Backhaul, September 2014
ONGOING DEMAND FOR CELL SITE ROUTERS
THREE YEARS FROM NOW

# of survey respondents = 76
ANYONE FOR VIRTUAL ROUTERS
IN THE BACKHAUL?

# of survey respondents = 76
THE GLOBAL MARKET FOR BACKHAUL ROUTERS
10 $2.5
$2.30 $2.26 $2.23
$2.12 $2.14

Total Unit Shipments (Millions)

8.48

Global Market Value (Billions)


8 $2.0
$1.75

6.47
6 $1.5

4.78
$1.07

3.32
4 $1.0

2.08

2.01
1.68
$0.51

1.46
1.25
1.14
2 $0.5

0.94
0.59
0.54
0.30
0.25
0.11

0 $0.0
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Annual Unit Shipments Cumulative Unit Shipments Annual Market Value

Source: Heavy Readings The Future Of Routing In 4G Mobile Backhaul, September 2014
Converged Microwave Routers
For Backhaul & Enterprise Services
A CONVERGED MICROWAVE ROUTERWHY?

Source: Heavy Reading Global Survey Of 85 microwave-using mobile operators, September 2013
THE IMPORTANCE OF
MICROWAVE-AWARENESS IN A ROUTER

Source: Heavy Reading Global Survey Of 85 microwave-using mobile operators, September 2013
THE IMPORTANCE TO ENTERPRISES
OF DIFFERENT VPN SERVICES

MPLS L3/IP VPN

MPLS L2 VPN

CE L2 VPN

0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%

Critical Very Important

Source: Heavy Reading Global Survey Of 53 mobile operators, July 2014


THE IMPORTANCE L3 IN THE ACCESS NETWORK
FOR DELIVERING SERVICES TO ENTERPRISES
Marginal
Critical
4%
20%
Useful
26%

Very important
50%

Source: Heavy Reading Global Survey Of 53 mobile operators, July 2014


IP/MPLS Design
Use Cases

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USE CASE 1: RAPID IMPLEMENTATION - (DYNAMIC ROUTING, LDP, MPLS VPN)

2G

Microwave Microwave Microwave

3G
1G Microwave S-GW
Access
Ring IP/MPLS
4G Core
10G
MME
Microwave

1G 10G Fiber
10G Aggregation
Ring/Mesh MSC
2G
1G Fiber
Access
Ring
3G Microwave Microwave

1G
4G ISIS or OSPF with BFD
LDP
MPLS L3 or L2 VPN AVIAT NETWORKS
USE CASE 1: PROS AND CONS

PROS CONS
Simple to configure Fully dependent on the IGP
Acceptable convergence time (with BFD) No 50 ms convergence

Simpler operation and troubleshooting No end-to-end bandwidth reservation

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USE CASE 2: ADD MPLS TRAFFIC ENGINEERING FOR BACKHAUL RESILIENCY

2G

Microwave Microwave Microwave

3G
1G Microwave S-GW
Access
Ring IP/MPLS
4G Core
10G
MME
Microwave

1G 10G Fiber
10G Aggregation
Ring/Mesh MSC
2G
1G Fiber
Access
Ring
3G Microwave Microwave

1G
4G ISIS-TE or OSPF-TE with BFD
RSVP-TE
MPLS L3 VPN AVIAT NETWORKS
USE CASE 2: PROS AND CONS

PROS CONS
Explicit routing Requires extensions to IGP
Better control over capacity utilization Lots of configuration work

FRR- 50 ms convergence

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USE CASE 3: ADD MPLS-TE BANDWIDTH RESERVATION FOR ENTERPRISE SERVICES
(GUARANTEED SLA, TUNNEL PRIORITIES)
2G

Microwave Microwave Microwave

3G
1G Microwave HQ S-GW
Access
Ring IP/MPLS
4G Core
10G
MME
Microwave
Branch
Office

1G 10G Fiber
10G Aggregation
Ring/Mesh MSC
2G
1G Fiber
Access
Ring
3G Microwave Microwave

1G
4G

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IP/MPLS Network
Migration Strategies

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LAYER 2 BACKHAUL
2G

Microwave Microwave Microwave

3G
1G Microwave S-GW
Access
Ring IP/MPLS
4G Core
10G
MME
Microwave

1G 10G Fiber
10G Aggregation
Ring/Mesh MSC
2G
1G Fiber
Access
Ring
3G Microwave Microwave

1G
4G

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STEP 1: IP/MPLS AGGREGATION
Configure IP routing
2G Enable MPLS
Microwave Microwave Microwave
Configure VPNs (optional)
3G
1G Microwave S-GW
Access
Ring IP/MPLS
4G Core
10G
MME
Microwave

1G 10G Fiber
10G Aggregation
Ring/Mesh MSC
2G
1G Fiber
Access
Ring
3G Microwave Microwave

1G
4G

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STEP 2: IP/MPLS TO THE ACCESS Configure IP routing
Enable MPLS
2G Configure VPNs (optional)
Microwave Microwave Microwave

3G
1G Microwave S-GW
Access
Ring IP/MPLS
4G Core
10G
MME
Microwave

1G 10G Fiber
10G Aggregation
Ring/Mesh MSC
2G
1G Fiber
Access
Ring
3G Microwave Microwave

1G
4G

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STEP 3: IP/MPLS TO THE EDGE
2G

Microwave Microwave Microwave

3G
1G Microwave S-GW
Access
Ring IP/MPLS
4G Core
10G

Configure IP routing Microwave MME

Enable MPLS
Configure VPNs (optional) 1G 10G Fiber
10G Aggregation
Ring/Mesh MSC
2G
1G Fiber
Access
Ring
3G Microwave Microwave

1G
4G

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Solution Choices

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OPTION 1: SEPARATE CELL SITE ROUTER

COMPLEX POOR PERFORMING


COSTLY
MANAGEMENT NETWORK

Router

Switch

Microwave
IDU

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OPTION 2: CONVERGED MICROWAVE ROUTER

Microwave IDU, switch, router and TDM mux all in one device!

BETTER
SIMPLE
COST EFFECTIVE PERFORMING
MANAGEMENT
NETWORK

CTR Platform (8300, 8400, 8500)


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A MULTI-SERVICE CELL SITE BUILT ON IP/MPLS

12x
10/100/1000
WTM 3200 Ethernet (8 RJ45 + 4SFP)
ODU 600
PROVISION

8x
RADIO
(IF or POE)
2/3G

Small Cell
IP/MPLS VPN

Small Cell

Gigabit Ethernet
IP/MPLS VPN
IF / Coax
Enterprises Fiber
Enterprises T1/Copper

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SUMMARY

IP/MPLS is coming to the access


if not already there
IP/MPLS can create more costly,
complex networks if not implemented properly
Rolling out MPLS with intelligent,
converged microwave router
simplifies networks and saves money

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ANALYSIS AND INSIGHT,
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