EASA module 3

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EASA module 3

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- Hawkins Electrical Guide Vol. 8 (of 10) by N. Hawkins
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- C200D6_EN
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- AC
- Basic Electrical Engineering June 2012 (2010 Scheme)
- Sem VII Text
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- Evaluation of Reactances and Time Constants of Synchronous Generator
- 32
- Question Paper Format
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- AVC63-12
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- AC MACHINES LAB-I.docx
- Electric Generators
- Definition of Terms
- RWE-1-Mla-Electronics-Answers-and-Solutions-October-2019.pdf

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Module 3 i

________________________________________

Module 3 Questions

a) In the sane direction of rotation

b) In the opposite direction to rotation

c) In alignment with GNA

2) A 20 Pico farad capacitor with a 1MW resistor takes how long to charge

a) 20m seconds

b) 1 second

c) 10 seconds

a) Make all materials harder to magnetise

b) Make all materials easier to magnetise

c) Have no effect on magnetism

4) A transformer has 2000v, 500 turns on the primary and 50 turns on the secondary. What would be the line voltage if the transformer were Delta/Star connected?

a) 200v

b) 346v

c) 450v

5) A transformer to supply a 24v load with a 5:1 turns ratio will have what primary supply?

a) 120v DC

b) 48v AC

c) 120v AC

6) A transformer has 750 primary turns and 4500 secondary, its turns ratio is

a) 6:1

b) 1:6

c) 1/6

a) Pass all frequencies either side of the band

b) Stop all frequencies either side of the band

c) Stop all frequencies

b) Low Pass Filter

c) Band Stop

a) R3 x R2 R4

b) R3 x R4 R2

c) R2 x R3 R4

a) Has the same current throughout

b) The sum of the individual voltage drops is equal to the emf

c) The resistance is dependent on current

11) 2 coils, which are turned from being in parallel to 90 but in close proximity, will have its mutual inductance

a) Decreased

b) Remain the same

c) Increase

12) If armature speed is doubled and field strength halved, field strength will

a) Halve

b) Remain the same

c) Double

13) In a circuit with voltage and current which is purely resistive will have its voltage with respect to current

a) In phase

b) 90 Leading

c) 90 Lagging

a) 1.1

b) 0.627 x Peak

c) 0.707 x Peak

a) Sine wave

b) Square wave

c) Saw tooth

16) In a 3 phase AC motor, if one phase goes open circuit the motor with a light constant load will

a) Stop

b) Run slowly

c) Run normally

a) 3 Phase voltage

b) Same as phase voltage

c) 3 x Phase voltage

a) Armature speed and number of series conductors

b) Field strength and number of armature parallel conductors

c) Series field strength and armature speed

a) Positive

b) No charge

c) Negative

a) A negative ion

b) A positive ion

c) A neutral atom

21) An atom, which has few electrons in its valency (less than 4), will have

a) Low resistance

b) High resistance

c) No resistance

a) 250 hrs

b) 40 hrs

c) 200 hrs

23) A 24v, 10 A circuit wit 0.5W resistance will have what power

a) 50W

b) 100W

c) 150W

a) There is a polarised supply

b) Light loads are used

c) Low frequencies are used

a) Low resistance shunt field and high resistance series field

b) Low resistance series field and high resistance shunt field

c) High resistance shunt field and high resistance series field

26) To find the direction of current in a coil you would use

a) Flemmings R/H rule

b) Flemmings L/H rule

c) Corkscrew rule

27) In a transformer, if the rate of change of current is decreased, mutual inductance will

a) Remain the same

b) Increase

c) Decrease

28) If the brake coil in an actuator goes open circuit the actuator will

a) Over ride its mechanical stops

b) Continue to run

c) Stop

a) 6000 RPM

b) 10000 RPM

c) 12000 RPM

a) Better than a capacitive

b) More efficient that a capacitive

c) For light loads only

a) 10 V

b) 7V

c) 28V

32) With an output of 200V in a short shunt configuration, the voltage at the series field resistor would be

a) 6 V

b) 10V

c) 450V

33) At point B a voltage in a wire would be

a) Maximum

b) Minimum

c) Zero

34) An ideal 4:1 step down transformer draws 115V and 1A, the output would be

a) 28.5V at 1 A

b) 28.5V at 4 A

c) 460V at 4 A

a) A fixed magnetic field

b) A rotating magnetic field

c) An alternating field

36) A low frequency supply

a) May damage inductive circuits

b) Will make the circuit operate faster due to loss of impedance

c) No effect on inductive components

a) Amount of zinc

b) Purity of carbon

c) Amount of electrolyte paste

38) A batteries terminal voltage at open circuit, with low internal resistance will be

a) Same as the emf

b) Smaller than the emf

c) Greater than the emf

39) When checking the specific gravity of electrolyte in a lead acid battery

a) Check all the cells as they may vary

b) Check the two front cells as they are the terminal cells

c) Check any cell as the will all be the same

a) Fully charged

b) Fully discharged

c) Totally dry

41) A circuit with a 14.14 peak voltage and a 10W resistance will have a power output of

a) 141.4 W

b) 1.414 W

c) 10 W

42) The power of a piece of equipment with 24V supply with 0.5W resistance and 80A has how much power dissipated?

a) 320 KW

b) 3200 KW

c) 3.2 KW

43) What must you do to make a 3m farad circuit into a 2m farad circuit?

a) Place 1m farad in series

b) Place 3m farads in parallel

c) Place 6m farads in series

b) Laser dependent resistor

c) Laser dependent rectifier

a) Maximum

b) Minimum

c) Zero

a) Current increases

b) Impedance increases

c) Current decreases

47) If the energy supplied to a circuit for 4hrs 15 mins at 800 j/sec what would be the energy consumed?

a) 3.4 KW Hrs

b) 3400 KW Hrs

c) 340 KW Hrs

48) When switching off the supply, the back emf in a collapsing field in an inductor

a) Never exceeds forward emf

b) Can be multiple times bigger than forward emf

c) Is equal to forward emf

a-phase separated by 90

b-phase separated by 180

c-in phase

2- A Thristor

a-positive temperature coefficient

b-if energized on, will switch on a circuit

c-if energized on, will switch off a circuit

a-controls certain frequencies within a certain band passing through

b-controls or attenuate all frequencies within a band

a-series

b-shunt

c-compound

Poles, what is the RPM?

a-6000RPM

b-9000RPM

c-12000RPM

a-star windings

b-Delta windings

c-star or Delta

AC motor

a-smoothing

b-changing direction of motor

c-provides a high starting torque

a-KVA

b-KVAR or KW

c-volts and Amps

a-connected in series with the field winding

b-connected in parallel with the field winging

a-1.7 X phase I

b-1.7 X phase V

a-the maximum voltage it can take

b-the normal operating voltage

12- The time constant for an 8 micro farad capacitor fitted in a circuit of 1 mega ohms resistor is

a-80 seconds

b-800 mS

c-41 seconds

__________________

Module 3 ii

________________________________________

13- In a star wound generator, the voltage in a single phase is

a-less than the total of all three phases

b-more than the total of all three phases

c-equal to the total of three phases

a-brushes located at the neutral axis

b-weak brush spring tension

a-0.707 X maximum voltage

b-0.637 X maximum voltage

c-111.1 X maximum voltage

a-0.707 X maximum voltage

b-0.637 X maximum voltage

c-111.1 X maximum voltage

a-permanent magnet

b-electromagnet

a- the capacitor in series and resistor in parallel

b- the resistor in series and a capacitor in parallel

c- both resistor and capacitor connected in parallel

a-decrease RPM or series wound armature current

b-decrease RPM or parallel wound armature current

a-the current is maximum at resonant

b-the current is minimum at resonant

c-the impedance is max at resonant

a-the impedance is minimum at resonance

b-the current is at max at resonance

c-the impedance is maximum at resonance

CAPACITORS

1.What is the time constant for an 8uf capacitor with a 1 Mega ohm resistor?

a. 8 ms

b. 8 seconds*

c. 1 minute

1Mohm = 1000

Time constant would = 63.2 percent

connected in parallel. What is there total capacitance?

a. 10,01001 mf *

b. 111 mf

c. 1.001001 mf

So 10mf = 1000000

10nf = 1000

10 mille f = _ _____1

1001001

the energy stored?

a. 12.5 j

b. 12,5 mj *

c. 25 mj

20v. The battery is replaced with a short circuit. What will be the

Voltage across the capacitor after one time constant?

a. 12.64v

b. 7.36v *

c. 0v

voltage drop across each is 10v. The total current is 1 amp. How much

power is the current consuming?

a. 30 VA

b. 30 w

c. 10 w *

VI= Pwr

1 x 10 = 10 w

total capacitance?

a. 15 *

b. 5

c. 1.66

5+5+5=15

b. The min voltage required to charge

c. The normal operating voltage

b. Less than the smallest of the individual capacitors

c. Dependent on the voltage supplied

what will be the effect?

a capacitance decreases

b capacitance increases *

c capacitance unaffected

a space

b dry air

c vacuum *

11. A 50f capacitor is fed with a current of 25 ma. How long will it take to charge it to 100 v?

a. 200 ms *

b. 136 seconds

c. 12 minutes

Q=CV

I= C dV 50 x 0.000001 x 100

dT 25 x 0.0001

V= I dT 5 x 1000 x 0.0001

C 25

V= IT 5

C 25

So T= CV 200ms

I

MAGNETISM

1.Glass is an example of a

a. Paramagnetic material

b. Diamagnetic material *

c. Coercive material

removed is

a. retentivity

b. reminance *

c. resistivity

a. The poles

b. The equator *

c. The isoclines

magnetically saturated

b Magnetic flux is zero even thought a magnetic force is

being applied. *

c Magnetising force reaches a peak or negative value

a. Linear

b. Non linear *

c. Linear in opposite direction

b Separate in a non-magnetic container

c on a magnetic keeper plate *

a Ferromagnetic bits

b Ferrite bits *

c. Paramagnetic bits

a. Flux strength

b. Teslar *

c. F

9. The core material used for an electro magnet is soft iron because

a it demagnetises easily *

b. It demagnetises slowly

c. It has a low reminance

b The saturation point

c The coercive force

a. Ferrule beads *

b. Electro magnets

c. Permanent magnets

a. Remanence

b. Reluctance *

c. Resistance

a. Storing numbers

b. Storing a word on a computer*

c. Storing a sentence

b Below a certain temperature

c It can always be magnetised

a. Permanent magnets

b. Temporary magnets

c. Storing binary numbers *

an electromagnet?

b. Low coercivity, low reminance, high permeability *

c. High coercivity, low reminance, high permeability

a. Equal to unity

b. Less than unity

c. Greater than unity *

FILTERS

a. What type of filter is shown

a. Band stop

b. Band pass *

c. Low pass

b. Integrator

c. Differentiator *

b. Within a range of frequencies

c. Attenuates outside a range of frequencies

frequency *

b. High impedance to high frequency, low impedance to low

frequency

c. High impedance to both low and high frequencies

a. Long pulse

b. Short pulse *

c. Equal pulse

AC CIRCUITS

a. Max

b. Minimum *

c. Zero

a. Zero

b. Minimum

c. Max *

a. Amps x seconds *

b. Amps divided by seconds

c. Amps x seconds x coulombs

across the capacitor

a. Pulsed positive *

b. Pulsed negative

c. Zero

parallel what is their approximate resonant frequency

a. 62Hz

b. 3.2MHz

c. 1.6KHz *

1

2LC

equivalent value *

b. The average value having the same heating effect as a dc

of the same value

c. The peak value having the same heating effect as a dc of the

same value

7. What is the relationship between the voltage and a current in a

ac circuit containing resistance and inductance.

b. Current lags voltage by up to 90*

c. Current lags voltage by 90

a capacitor. The output is

a. Saw tooth

b. Pulsating DC

c. Sign wave *

a. Peak

b. RMS *

c. Average

10. What shape is the waveform when the input pulse and time

base is equal

a. Saw tooth

b. Rectangular

c. Square *

11. A sign wave with 5 amps RMS value has what peak value

a. 7.07amps *

b. 6.37amps

c. 10.00amps

so 5 x 1.414 = 0.707

b. Current and volts are in phase

c. Current lags by up to 90*

is

a. 1MHz

b. 1KHz *

c. 1Hz

50amps

a. 90

b. 60*

c. 45

Module 3 iii

________________________________________

15. What shape is the wave form if the input pulse and time base

are unequal

a. Saw tooth

b. Square

c. Rectangular *

circuit if the supply frequency increased

a. The current would increase

b. The current depends on the resistive element of the circuit

c. The current would decrease *

a. DE

EF *

b. AC

EF

c. DE

AC

a. Zero degrees *

b. 180 degrees

c. 90 degrees

resistor. The power is

a. 10 watts *

b. 1.414 watts

c. 14.14 watts

v = ir so 10v = I x 10 ohm

I=1

W = IV so w = 1 x 10v = 10v

is

a. 1KHz

b. 2KHz *

c. 3KHz

21. The power factor is calculated using which angle of the wave

a. Sine

b. Cos * c. Tan

a. Real power is zero

b. Real power is greater than apparent power

c. Real power is equal to apparent power *

amplitude and frequency

a. 8 volts, 250Hz

b. 4 volts, 1,000 Hz

c. 4 volts, 250 Hz *

input through a capacitor

a. Faster

b. Slower *

c. The same

frequency is reduced

b. Circuit becomes resistive

c. Circuit becomes inductive

a. Current lags voltage *

b. Voltage lags current

c. Voltage equals current

TRANSFORMERS/INDUCTANCE

a. Y secondary winding

b. Delta secondary winding

c. Y or delta secondary winding *

If the current were reduced to 2.5 amps how many turns would be

required to maintain the same magnetic field

a. 5

b. 50

c. 20 *

10 x 5 = 50 so 2.5 x ? = must = 50

2.5 = ? = 20

50

3. What is the mutual inductance if two coils of 10mH and 500mH

have 90% of the flux transferred from one to the other

a. 4.5 milli H

b. 459 milli H

c. 63 milli H *

0.01m squared. If the core has a permeability of 0.0001 and the

magnetic circuit is 10m what is the value of the inductor

a. 1mH *

b. 100 micro H

c. 100 milli H

10

a.*

b.

0

c.

a

6.Three inductors 10 mH, 5mH & 20mH are connected in parallel.

What is there total inductance?

a. 35 milli H

b. 2.86 milli H *

c. You need the coupling factor to calculate it

same as resistors

in 5 seconds what is the current after 3 seconds

a. 1.26 amps *

b. 0.63 amps

c. 1 amp

secondary voltage of 400 volts what is the secondary current

a. 2 amps

b. 0.5 amps *

c. 0.05 amps

w = iv so 200 = ? x 400

200= I = 0.5

400

9. An inductor

a. Smoothes current *

b. Smoothes voltage

c. Smoothes resistance

a. L *

R

b. R

L

c. LR

the current will

a. Double

b. Halve *

c. Stay the same

12. a transformer with 1200 primary windings and 4800

secondary windings with 1-kilo ohm in the primary. The

secondary windings would be

a. 1 kilo ohm

b. 2 kilo ohm

c. 4 kilo ohm

1200

If 1Kohm in the primary at a ratio of 1:4 secondary must be 4Kohm

13. In an autotransformer

b. Have the same amount of primary & secondary windings

c. Have separate primary & secondary windings

b. Current flowing in the coil *

c. Capacitance

transformer is doubled mutual inductance is

a. Doubled

b. Halved *

c. Stays the same

b. Increase the thickness of the laminations

c. Change the dielectric

of 5:1 when a landing light of 24v and 45 amps is used what

is the current drawn.

a. 205 amps

b. 9 amps *

c. 4.5 amps

45 = 9amps

5

18. A transformer has 4500 primary turns of 750 secondary turns

the ratio is

a. 1/6

b. 6:1 *

c. 1:6

19. Two coils at 90to each other the number of flux linkages

are

a. Zero *

b. 2

c.

primary and secondary coils

b. No phase shift between primary and secondary coils *

b. Shows positive and negative terminals

resistance. The primary has 1 kohm resistance. How many

turns has the primary coil

a. 15.000

b. 150.000 *

c. 1,500.00

=100:1

Generators/Motors

b. The voltage coil is in parallel with the field *

c. The voltage coil is in parallel with the current coil

a. Kwa

b. Kvar *

c. Kv

b. The higher is decreased to that of the lower

c. The lower is increased and the higher is decreased until they

are equal *

the speed

b. Increase speed and increase torque *

c. Increase speed and decrease torque

a. Series *

b. Shunt

c. Compound

b. To shift the voltage

c. To shift the phase *

b. More than the total of all 3

c. Equal to the total of all 3

b. Brushes in the neutral plane

c. Interlopes

frequency is

b. A synchronous motor *

c. An AC motor

factor of 0.8.what is the apparent power in each line that the

generator can produce

a. 2.3 Kw

b. 23 Kva

c. 4 Kva *

apparent pwr = IV

system

b. Two levels of voltage available *

c. Two levels of voltage and current available

12. From where douse a 3-phase phase squirrel cage induction motor

receive its field

b. AC induced into a rotating field on the rotor

c. 3 phase AC supplied to the stator *

number of pole pairs

a. Speed will reduce with a reduction in the number of poles

b. Speed will increase with an increase in the number of poles

c. Speed will reduce with an increase in the number of poles *

obtained during starting

b. By using a permanent magnet

c. By splitting the phase with a capacitor *

each rotation

a. 4

b. 3 *

c. 6

b. The armature windings are cutting the magnetic flux

c. The armature windings are moving parallel to the generator

magnetic flux *

rotates at 7800 rpm what is the % slip

a. 1.25%

b. 2.5% *

c. 5.25%

synchronous speed

60

60 3

8000

a. Kw

Kvar

b. True power

Apparent power *

__________________

Module 3 iv

________________________________________

19. What current supplies the field of an AC generator?

a. AC

b. DC *

c. AC or DC

b. Is self starting under light loads *

c. Will not self-start

will be the line voltage

a. 115v

b. 200v

c. 346v *

a. Line volts = phase volts. Line current = the 3rd root x phase current *

3rd root

a. Generators

b. Motors *

c. Electro magnetic force

24. The current in a DC generator armature is

a. Pulsating DC

b. DC

c. AC *

25. In a 3 phase motor if one phase is lost what happens

b. It runs at one-third speed

c. There is on speed difference *

a. Equal zero *

b. Are out of phase with each other

c. Are in phase with each other

a. In the opposite direction as the rotation

c. In the direction of the main flux

a 4-pole motor

a. 2 *

b. 4

c. 8

b. Can only take small loads

c. Runs as a 2-phase motor

b. The control phase is zero *

c. The control phase is at maximum

b. 90 degrees apart

c. 180 degrees apart

frequency of 400 Hz. What would the output frequency be if

4 pairs of poles were fitted and the rotational speed remained

the same.

a. 200 Hz

b. 400 Hz

c. 800 Hz *

If 2 poles were upped to 4, speed would normally decrease by half. As speed is to remain the same then the frequency must double

a. Current protection

b. Differential protection *

c. Voltage protection

was found that the line voltage was equal to the phase voltage.

The generator is

a. Star wound

b. Delta wound *

c. Compound wound

b. Swap over any two of the stator connections *

c. Increase the frequency

b. Field strength and armature speed *

c. Field strength and voltage

37.in a shunt motor what happens if the field current and the

armature current direction are reversed

b. The motor reverses

c. The motor continues to run in the same direction *

38. The permanent magnets on a AC generator induces what

b. DC in the exciter field *

c. AC in the main field

generator the phase must be able to

b. Current douse not flow between phase and neutral

c. Take the total of all three phases

a. Phase lead

b. Phase lag *

c. DC

a. 90 degrees apart *

b. 120 degrees apart

c. 180 degrees apart

a. Delta wound

b. Star wound *

c. Compound wound

b. Root 3 x phase voltage *

c. Root 3 divided by phase voltage

to engage/disengage the drive *

b. The power to weight ratio is improved and the gear is

constantly meshed

c. You get a better start

reference coils of a 2-phase induction motor are

b. 90 degrees and 180 degrees

c. 90 degrees and 0 degrees

b. You would reverse the polarity of the control phase *

c. You would reverse the polarity of the voltage phase

a. Voltage

b. Current

c. Number of poles *

generator reacts to

a. Current

b. Voltage

c. Temperature *

the nearest amp

a. 105 amps

b. 100 amps

c. 102 amps *

50. The differential cut out contacts are closed using the

a. Voltage coil *

b. Current coil

c. Voltage and current coil

51. What type of generators are used on aircraft

a. Series

b. Shunt *

c. Compound

a. On load

b. Off load *

c. Either off or on load

b. The series and shunt fields assist each other *

c. Are no connected

resistance in

b. In series with the field *

c. Parallel with the armature

b. Controlled by the load

c. Controlled by a separate supply *

a. A separate supply

b. The armature *

c. The load

b. Low resistance of the armature

c. Armature voltage drop *

b. Field circuit resistance increase *

c. Armature circuit resistance increase

b. Increase terminal voltage by a small amount

c. Have no effect on the terminal voltage

below saturation

b. Decrease with an increase in load

c. Remain the same with an increase in load

Module 3

would be indicated by

b. The generator ammeter reading high -

c. The aircraft generator continues to rotate after engine shutdown *

a. Generator field -

b. Generator contactor *

c. Generator warning light -

b. Reduce the terminal velocity by a small amount *

c. Increase the terminal velocity by a small amount -

b. Controlled by the load -

c. Controlled by a separate supply *

below saturation

b. Decrease with an increase in load -

c. Decrease with a decrease in rotational speed -

a. On load -

b. Off load *

c. Either on or off load -

resistance in

b. Series with the field *

c. Parallel with the armature -

b. Series and shunt fields assist each other *

c. Voltage falls suddenly with an increase in load -

a. Series -

b. Shunt *

c. Compound -

b. Field circuit resistance increase -

c. Armature circuit resistance increase -

Module 3 v

________________________________________

11. In the shunt generator the field is supplied by

a. a separate supply -

b. The armature *

c. The load -

b. Low resistance of the armature -

c. Armature volts drop *

b. Differential relay closes before the under volts relay -

c. Generator operates normally but the ammeter reads zero -

1. One advantage of using ac electrical power in aircraft is

b: greater ease in stepping the voltage up or down.

c: that the effective voltage is 1.41 times the maximum instantaneous voltage; therefore, less power input is required.

b: Real power is greater than apparent power.

c: Real power equals apparent power.

a. 115Hz

b. 50Hz

c. 400Hz

a. Watts

b. Joules

c. Volt-amps

5. The maximum value of voltage in either the positive or negative direction is known as the:

a. RMS value

b. Peak value

c. Effective value

a. one

b. two

c. ten

7. As frequency increases, inductive reactance:

a. decreases

b. Increases

c. remains the same

b. lag a change in voltage

c. does not change due to the presence of the resistor

9. As frequency increases capacitive reactance will:

a. decreases

b. increases

c. remains the same

b. the sum of inductive & capacitive reactance

c. the difference between inductive & capacitive reactance

a. P=IV

b. P=I2R

c. P=IVcos

12. The equation for resonant frequency is:

a. 2fc

b.

c.

13. In a series R-L-C circuit at resonant frequency, the current will be at:

a. an undetermined value

b. a maximum value

c. a minimum value

14. In a parallel R-C-L circuit at resonant frequency, the current will be at:

a. an undetermined value

b. a maximum value

c. a minimum value

15. The value of an alternating current measured in terms of the direct current that produces the same heating effect in the same resistance is termed the:

b. average value

c. maximum value

16. The peak value of an aircraft 115V single phase a.c. supply is:

a. 81.3V

b. 115V

c. 162.6V

a. 250mS

b. 25mS

c. 2.5mS

b. XL and XC are measured in, Z is measured in Impedance

c. XL , XC and Z are all measured in.

a.

b.

c.

20. A sinusoidal voltage of 115V at a frequency of 400Hz applied to a coil with negligible resistance, the current is found to be 500mA. The inductance of the coil is:

a. 9.15mH

b. 915mH

c. 91.5mH

21. An aircraft generator is supplying a load of 90kW at a power factor of 0.75 lagging. If the power is raised to unity, how much more power ( in kW ) can the generator supply for the

same kilowatt-amp loading:

a. 30kW

b. 120kW

c. 60kW

22. The opposition offered by a coil to the flow of alternating current is called:

a. inductive reactance

b. impedance

c. reluctance

23. An increase in which of the following factors will cause an increase in the inductive reactance of a circuit?

a. voltage

b. resistance

c. frequency

b. The rms value of the voltage is 81.3V

c. The peak value of the voltage is 162.61V

25. An alternating voltage is given by v = 200sin(50t-0.30). Which of the following statements is true?

is leading v = 200 sin50b. The voltage t by 0.30 radians

c. The frequency is 25Hz

26. In an R-C-L series circuit a current of 5A flows when the supply voltage is 100V. The phase angle between the current and voltage is 600 lagging. Which of the following statements

is true?

b. The true power is 250W

c. The equivalent circuit reactance is 20.

27. The factors that govern the magnitude of induced emf in a generator are:

a. Flux density, No. of turns on the coil, armature speed, angle at which the lines of force are cut.

b. No. of turns in the armature, flux density, armature speed, angle at which the loops cut the lines of force.

c. Flux density, No. of turns on the coil, field strength, angle at which the lines of force are cut.

a. Permanent magnets

b. Electro- magnets

c. Securing devices for the armature

a. Moving the brushes so that they are in the neutral plane when at normal load

b. Using interpoles

c. By " cross magnetising " the generator field

b. Improves efficiency and reduces radio interference

c. Both a and b

b. Separate excitation

c. Self excitation

a. Series wound

b. Shunt wound

c. Compound wound

b. Provide an omni-directional output to the external circuit

c. Provide a unidirectional output to the external circuit

b. Two sets of field windings and two sets of armature windings

c. Two sets of field windings and one set of armature windings

b. Reciprocating engine

c. Ground power supply

b. increase generator capacity

c. remove excess deposits from the commutator and brushes

37. An armature is wound with its coil ends connected to adjacent commutator segments. This configuration is known as:

a. Lap winding

b. Wave winding

c. Overlap winding

b. The same number of brushes as poles

c. Multiple parallel paths

b. high voltage and low current machines

c. high voltage and high current machines

a. the Farad

b. the Henry

c. the Coulomb

a. The gap between the plates, the applied voltage, and the materials used in construction

b. The size of the plates, the gap between the plates and the materials

c. The materials used in construction, the gap between the plates, the size of the plates and the applied voltage

a. 100 x 1012

b. 100 x 10-12

c. 100 x 10-9

a. 5C

R

b. 5CR

c. rC

R

b. the direction of rotation of a generator

c. the direction of rotation of a motor

45. What magnetic properties do magnets manufactured from soft iron possess?

b. easily magnetised but readily demagnetised

c. difficult to magnetise but easily demagnetised

current carrying conductor?

47.For a current carrying conductor which of the following field patterns is correct?

48.In the simple d.c. motor illustrated, if the loop of wire is free to rotate it will

do so in:

a. an anticlockwise direction.

b. whichever direction it is given an initial start.

c. a clockwise direction.

a. high retentivity

b. low retentivity

c. cannot be magnetised

b. linearly with coercive force

c. linearly with MMF

Module 3 vi

________________________________________

51.The hysterisis loop for a magnetic material is plotted on a graph with:

b. current against flux density

c. flux density against magnetising force

a. more turns than the primary

b. thicker turns than the primary

c. less turns than the primary

53.A capacitor of 0.1 resistor of 1M Ohm are connected inF and a series to a d.c.supply. The time constant of the circuit is:

a. 5S

b. 5mS

c. 5S

54.A transformer with 1,000 turns of primary and 50 turns of secondary winding, if connected to 240V supply would have an output of:

a. 6 volts

b. 12 volts

c. 48 volts

55.A relay whose winding is constructed using many turns of fine wire is essentially a:

a. current coil

b. voltage coil

c. power coil

b. the direction of an induced e.m.f. will always oppose the motion that created it

c. the direction of the magnetic flux lines around a wire carrying a current is the same as the direction of the fingers of a right hand point when the wire is held with the thumb pointing

in the direction of the conventional current in the wire

a. the amount of flux per unit area, whose symbol is and the unit is the Tesla ( T ).

b. the amount of flux per unit area, whose symbol is and the unit is the weber (Wb).

c. the number of lines of flux going from the North pole to the South pole.

58.A series AC circuit consisting of an inductor, resistor and a capacitor is connected across an alternating supply. Which of the following statements is true?

a)The voltage across the resistor leads the voltage across the capacitor by 900.

b)The supply voltage leads the circuit current by a given phase angle.

c)The voltage across the capacitor lags the supply voltage by 900.

59.In an AC circuit, the nearer the phase angle between the applied voltage and current is to 0, the

b)apparent power is almost equal to the reactive power.

c)true power is almost equal to the reactive power.

b)impedance of a series circuit is a maximum.

c)applied voltage is in quadrature to the total circuit current.

61.If, in a 3 phase star connected system, the line voltage is 200v AC, then the phase voltage is

b)measured between any two lines and is equal to 130v.

c)is equal to any line and neutral x and is equal to 115v.

62.To obtain a strong magnetic field in a DC generator, the materials used should be ferromagnetic of

b)high retentivity and low permeability.

c)Low permeability and high remanence.

3:12:1:1

63.Armature reaction occurs when the

b)magnetic neutral axis is in line with the geometric neutral axis.

c)armature magnetic field aids armature rotation.

b)decrease the rotational speed.

c)decrease the output torque.

65.The maximum output voltage from a basic single loop generator is when the loop is

b)rotating anti-clockwise relative to the direction of the magnetic flux.

c)at 450 to the magnetic flux.

b)increases due to the increase in magnetising force.

c)decreases due to the increased reluctance of the core.

67.The induced emf in a 20mH coil when a changing current of 20mA/sec is flowing is

a)0.4mV.

b)100mV.

c)400mV.

68.A circuit consists of a coil, battery and switch. When the switch is initially closed, the

b)current rises instantaneously to its maximum value.

c)back emf is a maximum.

69.ThreeH are connected inductors of 10mH, 0.01H and 1000 in series. The total value of inductance is approximately

a)11mH.

b)21mH.

c)21H.

a) commutator.

b) armature.

c) pole pieces.

71.If the angular velocity of the armature of an AC generator is approx. 2513 radians/sec, the periodic time of the output voltage is

a)2.5 msecs.

b)25msecs.

c)30 msecs.

72.If the peak to peak value of a sine wave is 10 volts, the RMS value is

a)3.53v.

b)2.45v.

c)8v.

73.A series AC circuit consisting of an inductor, resistor and a capacitor is connected across an alternating supply. Which of the following statements is true?

a)The voltage across the resistor leads the voltage across the capacitor by 900.

b)The supply voltage leads the circuit current by a given phase angle.

c)The voltage across the capacitor lags the supply voltage by 900.

74.A series ac circuit consists of L = 90 mH and R = 40 ohms is connected across a 150v, 50 Hz supply. The approx impedance of the cct is

a)50 ohms.

b)30 ohms.

c)60 ohms.

75.The turns ratio of a transformer used to match the output impedance (1KW) of an amplifier to the input impedance of a loudspeaker (8W) is approximately

a)11: 1 stepdown.

b)8 :1 stepdown.

c)125 : 1 stepdown.

76.If, in a 3 phase star connected system, the line voltage is 200v AC, then the phase voltage is

b)measured between any two lines and is equal to 130v.

c)measured between any line and neutral and is equal to 145v.

77.The power in a delta connected AC system with the line voltage = 115v, line current = 5A and a power factor = 0.85 is approx

a)845W.

b) 490W.

c)1460W.

78.The capacitor that is normally included in the starting circuit of a two phase induction motor fed from an single phase AC supply, is to

a)ensure that the magnetic fields in the main and aux. windings are approx. 90 to each other.

b)to filter out any dc ripple in the supply voltage.

c)build in a time delay in conjunction with the main winding to aid starting.

79.The synchronous speed of an 8 pole AC motor being supplied from 115v 400Hz is

a)6000 RPM.

b)3000 RPM.

c)3200 RPM.

b. reduce flux losses

c. reduce eddy current losses

b. current flow in the field coils

c. magnetism in the field core

82.In a balanced delta connected 3 phase system, if the phase current is 20A, the

line current is equal to

a)34.64A.

b)20A.

c)56.34A

a)a single coil, the output winding(s) being tappings on this coil.

b) separate primary and secondary windings.

c) centre tapped primary and secondary windings.

a)By having split pole faces and copper ring on one part of the pole face.

b)shading part of the single phase winding with a capacitor.

c)by causing a 90 phase shift between the poles by including an inductor.

3:15:3:1

85.The poor starting torque of three-phase induction motor can be improved by

b)decreasing the rotor resistance to decrease the power factor.

c)Increasing the rotor resistance to decrease the power factor.

3:18:2:1

86.A three-phase actuator is often controlled by a change over contactor

b)reversing all three-phases allowing it to operate in both directions.

c)causing a cyclic shift in the stator windings, allowing it to run in both directions.

b. band pass filter

c. high pass filter

3:18:3:1

b. operational amplifiers, resistors and capacitors (not inductors).

c. operational amplifiers, resistors, inductors and capacitors

89. A High pass filter will allow frequencies

b. below a certain value to pass

c. within a range to pass

b. Line current = phase current divided by

c. Line voltage = times phase voltage, Line current = phase current.

91.If a current of 4A exists in a circuit the quantity of charge transferred in 8 seconds is:

a. 12C

b. 2C

c. 32C

92.If an electrical load of 1.5kW is operated for 3 minutes, the energy consumed is:

a. 8.33J

b. 0.27MJ

c. 500J

a. Directly proportional to its cross sectional area and inversely proportional to its length.

b. Directly proportional to its length and independent of its cross sectional area.

c. Directly proportional to its length and inversely proportional to its cross sectional area.

a. have no effect on the circuit.

b. indicate the wrong value.

c. be seriously damaged.

Module 3 vii

________________________________________

97.A length of resistance wire has to be replaced to obtain a 50% increase in resistance. The new wire, of the same material, should have the same:

(a)diameter and a 50% increase in length

(b)length and a 50% increase in diameter

(c)length and a 50% decrease in diameter.

98. In the figure below. If the volts dropped across the 20 resistor is 10V, the resistance of R1 is:

a. 20

b. 16

c. 2

99.The bridge will be in balance when the value of the unknown resistor R is:

a. 18

b. 14

c. 2

100.A circuit has an applied voltage of 30 volts and a load consisting of a 10ohm resistor in series with a 20ohm resistor. What is the voltage drop across the 10ohm resistor?

a30volts

b20 volts

c10volts

A A 12-volt motor requiring 8 amperes.

B Four 30-watt lamps in a 12-volt parallel circuit.

C Two lights requiring 3 amperes each in a 24volt parallel system.

102.A 47K Ohm resistor with a 10% tolerance has the following colour code:

a. Yellow, Violet, Orange, Silver

b. Orange, Violet, Red, Gold

c. Red, Orange, Yellow, Silver

103. A 24volt source is required to furnish 48 watts to a parallel circuit consisting of four resistors of equal value. What is the voltage drop across each resistor?

a. 3V

b. 12V

c. 24V

a. The opposition to the flow of electric charge, irrespective of the temperature

b. The opposition to the flow of electric charge at normal temperatures

c. The time it takes to restrict the voltage in a circuit

105. For how many hours will a 140AH battery deliver 15A.

a. 15.15hours

b. 9.33 hours

c. 27.25 hours

a. The positive plate

b. The negative plate

c. The separator

107. When charging current is applied to a nickel-cadmium battery, the cells emit gas only:

a. toward the end of the charging cycle.

b. when the electrolyte level is low.

c. if the cells are defective.

108. Which of the following can cause thermal runaway in a ni-cad battery:

a. electrical leakage between the cells and the case.

b. excessive current drawn from the battery.

c. charging the battery to more than 100% of its capacity.

a. A cell that is capable of being recharged

b. Not capable of being recharged

c. The primary source of electrical power in an A/C

110.When a battery is to be removed from an aircraft, which lead should be removed first?

a. it makes no difference, provided the master switch is off

b. the lead goings to the main solenoid ( "hot" lead )

c. the lead going to ground

a.Bicarbonate of soda

b.Warm water

c.Boric acid

112. When a battery is refitted from an aircraft, which lead should be fitted last:

a. Negative

b. Positive

c. It makes no difference, provided the master switch is off.

113.An ammeter in a battery charging system is for the purpose of indicating the

a: amperage available for use.

b: total amperes being used in the aeroplane.

c: rate of current used to charge the battery.

a. a depolarising agent

b. the electrolyte

c. the annodic material

2. What part of a nickel Cad cell helps prevent thermal runaway

3. When charging, current is applied to a ni-Cd when do the cells emit gas?

4. What can cause thermal runaway in a Ni-Cd battery

5. What is a secondary cell?

6. When a battery is to be removed from an aircraft which lead should be removed first?

7. A spillage of electrolyte from a Ni Cd battery is neutralised using what?

8. When a battery is refitted to an aircraft which lead should be fitted last?

9. An ammeter in a battery charging system is used to indicate what?

10. In a primary cell what is salammoniac?

11. Reactive power may be found using what formula?

12. How is resistance defined?

13. If an ammeter is connected in parallel in a circuit what will happen to it?

14. High pass frequencies allows what to happen?

15. What are passive filters entirely composed of?

16. What does an auto transformer have?

17. Shaded pole motor produces magnetic fields how?

18. How can poor starting torque of 3 phase induction motor be improved?

19. Residual voltage is a result of what?

20. What is the purpose of laminating the poles of a DC generator?

21. What is damaged by prolonged sparking in a DC generator?

22. What is Lenzs Law?

23. What is the power in a delta connected AC system with a line voltage of 155V, line current 5A and power factor of 0.85

24. how is Inductive capacitance increased?

25. What does a narrow hystersis loop signify?

26. What does the charge stored on a capacitor depend on?

27. What is the relationship between flux density and MMF?

28. What is the purpose of a capacitor in the starting circuit of a 2 phase inductor motor?

29. In a AC circuit there is a voltage of 115V frequency 400Hz applied to a coil of negligible resistance, the current is 500 mA what is the inductance?

30. What do you know from this: v=200sin(50phixtime - 0.30)

31. What are the use of interpoles and compensating windings?

32. A relay made of many turns of fine wire is what? a) current coil b) voltage coil c)power coil

33. A series circuit containing an inductor, capacitor and resistor across an AC supply which of the following is true:

a) Voltage across resistor leads voltage across capacitor by 90

b) Supply voltage leads current by given phase angle

c) Voltage across capacitor lags supply by 90

34. what is residual voltage the result of?

35. What are the advantages of AC power in an Aircraft?

36. What frequency of AC is used in aircraft?

37. what is true Power measured in?

38. what does the power factor equal in a purely resistive circuit?

39. As the frequency increases what happens to the inductive reactance?

40. As the frequency is increased what happens to the capacitive reactance?

41. In an RC circuit does change in current lead or lag change in voltage?

42. How is the Total reactance of a circuit containing an inductor and capacitor found?

43. How is true power calculated?

44. what is the equation for the resonant frequency?

45. Is the resonant frequency current in a series LCR circuit at its Max or min?

46. Is the resonant frequency current in a parallel LCR circuit at its Max or min?

47. The value of AC current measured in terms of DC that produces the same heating effect is called what?

48. Peak value of 115V single phase is what?

49. Periodic time of aircraft AC supply is what?

50. The current flowing in series tuned circuit at resonance is found using which formula?

Module 3

________________________________________

JAR 66 Module 3 Questions

a) In the sane direction of rotation

b) In the opposite direction to rotation

c) In alignment with GNA

2) A 20 Pico farad capacitor with a 1MW resistor takes how long to charge

a) 20m seconds

b) 1 second

c) 10 seconds

a) Make all materials harder to magnetise

b) Make all materials easier to magnetise

c) Have no effect on magnetism

4) A transformer has 2000v, 500 turns on the primary and 50 turns on the secondary. What would be the line voltage if the transformer were Delta/Star connected?

a) 200v

b) 346v

c) 450v

5) A transformer to supply a 24v load with a 5:1 turns ratio will have what primary supply?

a) 120v DC

b) 48v AC

c) 120v AC

6) A transformer has 750 primary turns and 4500 secondary, its turns ratio is

a) 6:1

b) 1:6

c) 1/6

a) Pass all frequencies either side of the band

b) Stop all frequencies either side of the band

c) Stop all frequencies

b) Low Pass Filter

c) Band Stop

a) R3 x R2 R4

b) R3 x R4 R2

c) R2 x R3 R4

10) A parallel circuit with any number of 2 terminal connections

a) Has the same current throughout

b) The sum of the individual voltage drops is equal to the emf

c) The resistance is dependent on current

11) 2 coils, which are turned from being in parallel to 90 but in close proximity, will have its mutual inductance

a) Decreased

b) Remain the same

c) Increase

12) If armature speed is doubled and field strength halved, field strength will

a) Halve

b) Remain the same

c) Double

13) In a circuit with voltage and current which is purely resistive will have its voltage with respect to current

a) In phase

b) 90 Leading

c) 90 Lagging

a) 1.1

b) 0.627 x Peak

c) 0.707 x Peak

a) Sine wave

b) Square wave

c) Saw tooth

16) In a 3 phase AC motor, if one phase goes open circuit the motor with a light constant load will

a) Stop

b) Run slowly

c) Run normally

a) 3 Phase voltage

b) Same as phase voltage

c) 3 x Phase voltage

a) Armature speed and number of series conductors

b) Field strength and number of armature parallel conductors

c) Series field strength and armature speed

a) Positive

b) No charge

c) Negative

a) A negative ion

b) A positive ion

c) A neutral atom

21) An atom, which has few electrons in its valency (less than 4), will have

a) Low resistance

b) High resistance

c) No resistance

a) 250 hrs

b) 40 hrs

c) 200 hrs

23) A 24v, 10 A circuit wit 0.5W resistance will have what power

a) 50W

b) 100W

c) 150W

a) There is a polarised supply

b) Light loads are used

c) Low frequencies are used

a) Low resistance shunt field and high resistance series field

b) Low resistance series field and high resistance shunt field

c) High resistance shunt field and high resistance series field

26) To find the direction of current in a coil you would use

a) Flemmings R/H rule

b) Flemmings L/H rule

c) Corkscrew rule

27) In a transformer, if the rate of change of current is decreased, mutual inductance will

a) Remain the same

b) Increase

c) Decrease

28) If the brake coil in an actuator goes open circuit the actuator will

a) Over ride its mechanical stops

b) Continue to run

c) Stop

a) 6000 RPM

b) 10000 RPM

c) 12000 RPM

a) Better than a capacitive

b) More efficient that a capacitive

c) For light loads only

a) 10 V

b) 7V

c) 28V

32) With an output of 200V in a short shunt configuration, the voltage at the series field resistor would be

a) 6 V

b) 10V

c) 450V

33) At point B a voltage in a wire would be

a) Maximum

b) Minimum

c) Zero

34) An ideal 4:1 step down transformer draws 115V and 1A, the output would be

a) 28.5V at 1 A

b) 28.5V at 4 A

c) 460V at 4 A

a) A fixed magnetic field

b) A rotating magnetic field

c) An alternating field

a) May damage inductive circuits

b) Will make the circuit operate faster due to loss of impedance

c) No effect on inductive components

a) Amount of zinc

b) Purity of carbon

c) Amount of electrolyte paste

38) A batteries terminal voltage at open circuit, with low internal resistance will be

a) Same as the emf

b) Smaller than the emf

c) Greater than the emf

39) When checking the specific gravity of electrolyte in a lead acid battery

a) Check all the cells as they may vary

b) Check the two front cells as they are the terminal cells

c) Check any cell as the will all be the same

a) Fully charged

b) Fully discharged

c) Totally dry

41) A circuit with a 14.14 peak voltage and a 10W resistance will have a power output of

a) 141.4 W

b) 1.414 W

c) 10 W

42) The power of a piece of equipment with 24V supply with 0.5W resistance and 80A has how much power dissipated?

a) 320 KW

b) 3200 KW

c) 3.2 KW

43) What must you do to make a 3m farad circuit into a 2m farad circuit?

a) Place 1m farad in series

b) Place 3m farads in parallel

c) Place 6m farads in series

b) Laser dependent resistor

c) Laser dependent rectifier

a) Maximum

b) Minimum

c) Zero

a) Current increases

b) Impedance increases

c) Current decreases

47) If the energy supplied to a circuit for 4hrs 15 mins at 800 j/sec what would be the energy consumed?

a) 3.4 KW Hrs

b) 3400 KW Hrs

c) 340 KW Hrs

48) When switching off the supply, the back emf in a collapsing field in an inductor

a) Never exceeds forward emf

b) Can be multiple times bigger than forward emf

c) Is equal to forward emf

a-phase separated by 90

b-phase separated by 180

c-in phase

2- A Thristor

a-positive temperature coefficient

b-if energized on, will switch on a circuit

c-if energized on, will switch off a circuit

a-controls certain frequencies within a certain band passing through

b-controls or attenuate all frequencies within a band

a-series

b-shunt

c-compound

Poles, what is the RPM?

a-6000RPM

b-9000RPM

c-12000RPM

a-star windings

b-Delta windings

c-star or Delta

AC motor

a-smoothing

b-changing direction of motor

c-provides a high starting torque

a-KVA

b-KVAR or KW

c-volts and Amps

a-connected in series with the field winding

b-connected in parallel with the field winging

a-1.7 X phase I

.7 X phase V

a-the maximum voltage it can take

b-the normal operating voltage

12- The time constant for an 8 micro farad capacitor fitted in a circuit of 1 mega ohms resistor is

a-80 seconds

b-800 mS

c-41 seconds

a-less than the total of all three phases

b-more than the total of all three phases

c-equal to the total of three phases

a-brushes located at the neutral axis

b-weak brush spring tension

a-0.707 X maximum voltage

b-0.637 X maximum voltage

c-111.1 X maximum voltage

a-0.707 X maximum voltage

b-0.637 X maximum voltage

c-111.1 X maximum voltage

a-permanent magnet

b-electromagnet

a- the capacitor in series and resistor in parallel

b- the resistor in series and a capacitor in parallel

c- both resistor and capacitor connected in parallel

a-decrease RPM or series wound armature current

b-decrease RPM or parallel wound armature current

a-the current is maximum at resonant

b-the current is minimum at resonant

c-the impedance is max at resonant

a-the impedance is minimum at resonance

b-the current is at max at resonance

c-the impedance is maximum at resonance

CAPACITORS

1.What is the time constant for an 8uf capacitor with a 1 Mega ohm resistor?

a. 8 ms

b. 8 seconds*

c. 1 minute

1Mohm = 1000

Time constant would = 63.2 percent

connected in parallel. What is there total capacitance?

a. 10,01001 mf *

b. 111 mf

c. 1.001001 mf

So 10mf = 1000000

10nf = 1000

10 mille f = _ _____1

1001001

the energy stored?

a. 12.5 j

b. 12,5 mj *

c. 25 mj

20v. The battery is replaced with a short circuit. What will be the

Voltage across the capacitor after one time constant?

a. 12.64v

b. 7.36v *

c. 0v

voltage drop across each is 10v. The total current is 1 amp. How much

power is the current consuming?

a. 30 VA

b. 30 w

c. 10 w *

VI= Pwr

1 x 10 = 10 w

total capacitance?

a. 15 *

b. 5

c. 1.66

5+5+5=15

b. The min voltage required to charge

c. The normal operating voltage

b. Less than the smallest of the individual capacitors

c. Dependent on the voltage supplied

what will be the effect?

a capacitance decreases

b capacitance increases *

c capacitance unaffected

a space

b dry air

c vacuum *

11. A 50f capacitor is fed with a current of 25 ma. How long will it take to charge it to 100 v?

a. 200 ms *

b. 136 seconds

c. 12 minutes

Q=CV

I= C dV 50 x 0.000001 x 100

dT 25 x 0.0001

V= I dT 5 x 1000 x 0.0001

C 25

V= IT 5

C 25

So T= CV 200ms

I

MAGNETISM

1.Glass is an example of a

a. Paramagnetic material

b. Diamagnetic material *

c. Coercive material

removed is

a. retentivity

b. reminance *

c. resistivity

a. The poles

b. The equator *

c. The isoclines

magnetically saturated

b Magnetic flux is zero even thought a magnetic force is

being applied. *

c Magnetising force reaches a peak or negative value

a. Linear

b. Non linear *

c. Linear in opposite direction

b Separate in a non-magnetic container

c on a magnetic keeper plate *

a Ferromagnetic bits

b Ferrite bits *

c. Paramagnetic bits

a. Flux strength

b. Teslar *

c. F

9. The core material used for an electro magnet is soft iron because

a it demagnetises easily *

b. It demagnetises slowly

c. It has a low reminance

b The saturation point

c The coercive force

a. Ferrule beads *

b. Electro magnets

c. Permanent magnets

a. Remanence

b. Reluctance *

c. Resistance

a. Storing numbers

b. Storing a word on a computer*

c. Storing a sentence

b Below a certain temperature

c It can always be magnetised

a. Permanent magnets

b. Temporary magnets

c. Storing binary numbers *

an electromagnet?

b. Low coercivity, low reminance, high permeability *

c. High coercivity, low reminance, high permeability

a. Equal to unity

b. Less than unity

c. Greater than unity *

FILTERS

a. What type of filter is shown

a. Band stop

b. Band pass *

c. Low pass

b. Integrator

c. Differentiator *

b. Within a range of frequencies

c. Attenuates outside a range of frequencies

frequency *

b. High impedance to high frequency, low impedance to low

frequency

c. High impedance to both low and high frequencies

a. Long pulse

b. Short pulse *

c. Equal pulse

AC CIRCUITS

a. Max

b. Minimum *

c. Zero

a. Zero

b. Minimum

c. Max *

a. Amps x seconds *

b. Amps divided by seconds

c. Amps x seconds x coulombs

across the capacitor

a. Pulsed positive *

b. Pulsed negative

c. Zero

parallel what is their approximate resonant frequency

a. 62Hz

b. 3.2MHz

c. 1.6KHz *

1

2LC

equivalent value *

b. The average value having the same heating effect as a dc

of the same value

c. The peak value having the same heating effect as a dc of the

same value

7. What is the relationship between the voltage and a current in a

ac circuit containing resistance and inductance.

b. Current lags voltage by up to 90*

c. Current lags voltage by 90

a capacitor. The output is

a. Saw tooth

b. Pulsating DC

c. Sign wave *

a. Peak

b. RMS *

c. Average

10. What shape is the waveform when the input pulse and time

base is equal

a. Saw tooth

b. Rectangular

c. Square *

11. A sign wave with 5 amps RMS value has what peak value

a. 7.07amps *

b. 6.37amps

c. 10.00amps

so 5 x 1.414 = 0.707

b. Current and volts are in phase

c. Current lags by up to 90*

is

a. 1MHz

b. 1KHz *

c. 1Hz

50amps

a. 90

b. 60*

c. 45

15. What shape is the wave form if the input pulse and time base

are unequal

a. Saw tooth

b. Square

c. Rectangular *

circuit if the supply frequency increased

a. The current would increase

b. The current depends on the resistive element of the circuit

c. The current would decrease *

a. DE

EF *

b. AC

EF

c. DE

AC

a. Zero degrees *

b. 180 degrees

c. 90 degrees

resistor. The power is

a. 10 watts *

b. 1.414 watts

c. 14.14 watts

v = ir so 10v = I x 10 ohm

I=1

W = IV so w = 1 x 10v = 10v

is

a. 1KHz

b. 2KHz *

c. 3KHz

21. The power factor is calculated using which angle of the wave

a. Sine

b. Cos * c. Tan

a. Real power is zero

b. Real power is greater than apparent power

c. Real power is equal to apparent power *

amplitude and frequency

a. 8 volts, 250Hz

b. 4 volts, 1,000 Hz

c. 4 volts, 250 Hz *

input through a capacitor

a. Faster

b. Slower *

c. The same

frequency is reduced

b. Circuit becomes resistive

c. Circuit becomes inductive

a. Current lags voltage *

b. Voltage lags current

c. Voltage equals current

TRANSFORMERS/INDUCTANCE

a. Y secondary winding

b. Delta secondary winding

c. Y or delta secondary winding *

If the current were reduced to 2.5 amps how many turns would be

required to maintain the same magnetic field

a. 5

b. 50

c. 20 *

10 x 5 = 50 so 2.5 x ? = must = 50

2.5 = ? = 20

50

3. What is the mutual inductance if two coils of 10mH and 500mH

have 90% of the flux transferred from one to the other

a. 4.5 milli H

b. 459 milli H

c. 63 milli H *

0.01m squared. If the core has a permeability of 0.0001 and the

magnetic circuit is 10m what is the value of the inductor

a. 1mH *

b. 100 micro H

c. 100 milli H

10

a.*

b.

0

c.

a

6.Three inductors 10 mH, 5mH & 20mH are connected in parallel.

What is there total inductance?

a. 35 milli H

b. 2.86 milli H *

c. You need the coupling factor to calculate it

same as resistors

in 5 seconds what is the current after 3 seconds

a. 1.26 amps *

b. 0.63 amps

c. 1 amp

secondary voltage of 400 volts what is the secondary current

a. 2 amps

b. 0.5 amps *

c. 0.05 amps

w = iv so 200 = ? x 400

200= I = 0.5

400

9. An inductor

a. Smoothes current *

b. Smoothes voltage

c. Smoothes resistance

a. L *

R

b. R

L

c. LR

the current will

a. Double

b. Halve *

c. Stay the same

12. a transformer with 1200 primary windings and 4800

secondary windings with 1-kilo ohm in the primary. The

secondary windings would be

a. 1 kilo ohm

b. 2 kilo ohm

c. 4 kilo ohm

1200

If 1Kohm in the primary at a ratio of 1:4 secondary must be 4Kohm

13. In an autotransformer

b. Have the same amount of primary & secondary windings

c. Have separate primary & secondary windings

b. Current flowing in the coil *

c. Capacitance

transformer is doubled mutual inductance is

a. Doubled

b. Halved *

c. Stays the same

b. Increase the thickness of the laminations

c. Change the dielectric

of 5:1 when a landing light of 24v and 45 amps is used what

is the current drawn.

a. 205 amps

b. 9 amps *

c. 4.5 amps

45 = 9amps

5

18. A transformer has 4500 primary turns of 750 secondary turns

the ratio is

a. 1/6

b. 6:1 *

c. 1:6

19. Two coils at 90to each other the number of flux linkages

are

a. Zero *

b. 2

c.

primary and secondary coils

b. No phase shift between primary and secondary coils *

b. Shows positive and negative terminals

resistance. The primary has 1 kohm resistance. How many

turns has the primary coil

a. 15.000

b. 150.000 *

c. 1,500.00

=100:1

Generators/Motors

b. The voltage coil is in parallel with the field *

c. The voltage coil is in parallel with the current coil

a. Kwa

b. Kvar *

c. Kv

b. The higher is decreased to that of the lower

c. The lower is increased and the higher is decreased until they

are equal *

the speed

b. Increase speed and increase torque *

c. Increase speed and decrease torque

a. Series *

b. Shunt

c. Compound

b. To shift the voltage

c. To shift the phase *

b. More than the total of all 3

c. Equal to the total of all 3

b. Brushes in the neutral plane

c. Interlopes

frequency is

b. A synchronous motor *

c. An AC motor

10. A generator is label as having 115v/200v,20 amps & a power

factor of 0.8.what is the apparent power in each line that the

generator can produce

a. 2.3 Kw

b. 23 Kva

c. 4 Kva *

apparent pwr = IV

system

b. Two levels of voltage available *

c. Two levels of voltage and current available

12. From where douse a 3-phase phase squirrel cage induction motor

receive its field

b. AC induced into a rotating field on the rotor

c. 3 phase AC supplied to the stator *

number of pole pairs

b. Speed will increase with an increase in the number of poles

c. Speed will reduce with an increase in the number of poles *

obtained during starting

b. By using a permanent magnet

c. By splitting the phase with a capacitor *

each rotation

a. 4

b. 3 *

c. 6

b. The armature windings are cutting the magnetic flux

c. The armature windings are moving parallel to the generator

magnetic flux *

rotates at 7800 rpm what is the % slip

a. 1.25%

b. 2.5% *

c. 5.25%

synchronous speed

60

60 3

8000

a. Kw

Kvar

b. True power

Apparent power *

c. Watts

Apparent power

a. AC

b. DC *

c. AC or DC

b. Is self starting under light loads *

c. Will not self-start

will be the line voltage

a. 115v

b. 200v

c. 346v *

22. What is true of a 3-phase delta or mesh connected generator

a. Line volts = phase volts. Line current = the 3rd root x phase current *

3rd root

a. Generators

b. Motors *

c. Electro magnetic force

a. Pulsating DC

b. DC

c. AC *

25. In a 3 phase motor if one phase is lost what happens

b. It runs at one-third speed

c. There is on speed difference *

a. Equal zero *

b. Are out of phase with each other

c. Are in phase with each other

a. In the opposite direction as the rotation

c. In the direction of the main flux

a 4-pole motor

a. 2 *

b. 4

c. 8

b. Can only take small loads

c. Runs as a 2-phase motor

b. The control phase is zero *

c. The control phase is at maximum

b. 90 degrees apart

c. 180 degrees apart

frequency of 400 Hz. What would the output frequency be if

4 pairs of poles were fitted and the rotational speed remained

the same.

a. 200 Hz

b. 400 Hz

c. 800 Hz *

If 2 poles were upped to 4, speed would normally decrease by half. As speed is to remain the same then the frequency must double

a. Current protection

b. Differential protection *

c. Voltage protection

was found that the line voltage was equal to the phase voltage.

The generator is

a. Star wound

b. Delta wound *

c. Compound wound

b. Swap over any two of the stator connections *

c. Increase the frequency

b. Field strength and armature speed *

c. Field strength and voltage

37.in a shunt motor what happens if the field current and the

armature current direction are reversed

a. The motor stops

b. The motor reverses

c. The motor continues to run in the same direction *

38. The permanent magnets on a AC generator induces what

b. DC in the exciter field *

c. AC in the main field

generator the phase must be able to

b. Current douse not flow between phase and neutral

c. Take the total of all three phases

a. Phase lead

b. Phase lag *

c. DC

a. 90 degrees apart *

b. 120 degrees apart

c. 180 degrees apart

a. Delta wound

b. Star wound *

c. Compound wound

b. Root 3 x phase voltage *

c. Root 3 divided by phase voltage

to engage/disengage the drive *

b. The power to weight ratio is improved and the gear is

constantly meshed

c. You get a better start

reference coils of a 2-phase induction motor are

b. 90 degrees and 180 degrees

c. 90 degrees and 0 degrees

b. You would reverse the polarity of the control phase *

c. You would reverse the polarity of the voltage phase

a. Voltage

b. Current

c. Number of poles *

generator reacts to

a. Current

b. Voltage

c. Temperature *

the nearest amp

a. 105 amps

b. 100 amps

c. 102 amps *

50. The differential cut out contacts are closed using the

a. Voltage coil *

b. Current coil

c. Voltage and current coil

a. Series

b. Shunt *

c. Compound

a. On load

b. Off load *

c. Either off or on load

53. In a cumulative compound wound generator

b. The series and shunt fields assist each other *

c. Are no connected

resistance in

b. In series with the field *

c. Parallel with the armature

b. Controlled by the load

c. Controlled by a separate supply *

a. A separate supply

b. The armature *

c. The load

b. Low resistance of the armature

c. Armature voltage drop *

b. Field circuit resistance increase *

c. Armature circuit resistance increase

b. Increase terminal voltage by a small amount

c. Have no effect on the terminal voltage

below saturation

b. Decrease with an increase in load

c. Remain the same with an increase in load

Module 3

would be indicated by

b. The generator ammeter reading high -

c. The aircraft generator continues to rotate after engine shutdown *

a. Generator field -

b. Generator contactor *

c. Generator warning light -

b. Reduce the terminal velocity by a small amount *

c. Increase the terminal velocity by a small amount -

b. Controlled by the load -

c. Controlled by a separate supply *

below saturation

b. Decrease with an increase in load -

c. Decrease with a decrease in rotational speed -

a. On load -

b. Off load *

c. Either on or off load -

resistance in

b. Series with the field *

c. Parallel with the armature -

b. Series and shunt fields assist each other *

c. Voltage falls suddenly with an increase in load -

a. Series -

b. Shunt *

c. Compound -

b. Field circuit resistance increase -

c. Armature circuit resistance increase -

a. a separate supply -

b. The armature *

c. The load -

b. Low resistance of the armature -

c. Armature volts drop *

b. Differential relay closes before the under volts relay -

c. Generator operates normally but the ammeter reads zero -

1. One advantage of using ac electrical power in aircraft is

b: greater ease in stepping the voltage up or down.

c: that the effective voltage is 1.41 times the maximum instantaneous voltage; therefore, less power input is required.

b: Real power is greater than apparent power.

c: Real power equals apparent power.

a. 115Hz

b. 50Hz

c. 400Hz

a. Watts

b. Joules

c. Volt-amps

5. The maximum value of voltage in either the positive or negative direction is known as the:

a. RMS value

b. Peak value

c. Effective value

a. one

b. two

c. ten

a. decreases

b. Increases

c. remains the same

b. lag a change in voltage

c. does not change due to the presence of the resistor

9. As frequency increases capacitive reactance will:

a. decreases

b. increases

c. remains the same

b. the sum of inductive & capacitive reactance

c. the difference between inductive & capacitive reactance

a. P=IV

b. P=I2R

P=IVcosc.

12. The equation for resonant frequency is:

a. 2fc

b.

c.

13. In a series R-L-C circuit at resonant frequency, the current will be at:

a. an undetermined value

b. a maximum value

c. a minimum value

14. In a parallel R-C-L circuit at resonant frequency, the current will be at:

a. an undetermined value

b. a maximum value

c. a minimum value

15. The value of an alternating current measured in terms of the direct current that produces the same heating effect in the same resistance is termed the:

b. average value

c. maximum value

16. The peak value of an aircraft 115V single phase a.c. supply is:

a. 81.3V

b. 115V

c. 162.6V

a. 250mS

b. 25mS

c. 2.5mS

XC are measured inb. XL and , Z is measured in Impedance

c. measured inXL , XC and Z are all .

a.

b.

c.

20. A sinusoidal voltage of 115V at a frequency of 400Hz applied to a coil with negligible resistance, the current is found to be 500mA. The inductance of the coil is:

a. 9.15mH

b. 915mH

c. 91.5mH

21. An aircraft generator is supplying a load of 90kW at a power factor of 0.75 lagging. If the power is raised to unity, how much more power ( in kW ) can the generator supply for the

same kilowatt-amp loading:

a. 30kW

b. 120kW

c. 60kW

22. The opposition offered by a coil to the flow of alternating current is called:

a. inductive reactance

b. impedance

c. reluctance

23. An increase in which of the following factors will cause an increase in the inductive reactance of a circuit?

a. voltage

b. resistance

c. frequency

b. The rms value of the voltage is 81.3V

c. The peak value of the voltage is 162.61V

25. An alternating voltage is given by v = t-0.30). Which of the 200sin(50following statements is true?

b. is leading v = 200 sin50 radiansThe voltage t by 0.30

c. The frequency is 25Hz

26. In an R-C-L series circuit a current of 5A flows when the supply voltage is 100V. The phase angle between the current and voltage is 600 lagging. Which of the following statements

is true?

b. The true power is 250W

c. The equivalent circuit reactance. is 20

27. The factors that govern the magnitude of induced emf in a generator are:

a. Flux density, No. of turns on the coil, armature speed, angle at which the lines of force are cut.

b. No. of turns in the armature, flux density, armature speed, angle at which the loops cut the lines of force.

c. Flux density, No. of turns on the coil, field strength, angle at which the lines of force are cut.

a. Permanent magnets

b. Electro- magnets

c. Securing devices for the armature

a. Moving the brushes so that they are in the neutral plane when at normal load

b. Using interpoles

c. By " cross magnetising " the generator field

b. Improves efficiency and reduces radio interference

c. Both a and b

a. Permanent magnet excitation

b. Separate excitation

c. Self excitation

a. Series wound

b. Shunt wound

c. Compound wound

b. Provide an omni-directional output to the external circuit

c. Provide a unidirectional output to the external circuit

b. Two sets of field windings and two sets of armature windings

c. Two sets of field windings and one set of armature windings

b. Reciprocating engine

c. Ground power supply

b. increase generator capacity

c. remove excess deposits from the commutator and brushes

37. An armature is wound with its coil ends connected to adjacent commutator segments. This configuration is known as:

a. Lap winding

b. Wave winding

c. Overlap winding

b. The same number of brushes as poles

c. Multiple parallel paths

b. high voltage and low current machines

c. high voltage and high current machines

a. the Farad

b. the Henry

c. the Coulomb

a. The gap between the plates, the applied voltage, and the materials used in construction

b. The size of the plates, the gap between the plates and the materials

c. The materials used in construction, the gap between the plates, the size of the plates and the applied voltage

a. 100 x 1012

b. 100 x 10-12

c. 100 x 10-9

a. 5C

R

b. 5CR

c. rC

R

b. the direction of rotation of a generator

c. the direction of rotation of a motor

45. What magnetic properties do magnets manufactured from soft iron possess?

b. easily magnetised but readily demagnetised

c. difficult to magnetise but easily demagnetised

current carrying conductor?

47.For a current carrying conductor which of the following field patterns is correct?

48.In the simple d.c. motor illustrated, if the loop of wire is free to rotate it will

do so in:

a. an anticlockwise direction.

b. whichever direction it is given an initial start.

c. a clockwise direction.

49.Materials with narrow hysterisis loops will have:

a. high retentivity

b. low retentivity

c. cannot be magnetised

b. linearly with coercive force

c. linearly with MMF

b. current against flux density

c. flux density against magnetising force

b. thicker turns than the primary

c. less turns than the primary

F and 53.A capacitor of 0.1 resistor of 1M Ohm are connected in series to aa d.c.supply. The time constant of the circuit is:

a. 5S

b. 5mS

c.S 5

54.A transformer with 1,000 turns of primary and 50 turns of secondary winding, if connected to 240V supply would have an output of:

a. 6 volts

b. 12 volts

c. 48 volts

55.A relay whose winding is constructed using many turns of fine wire is essentially a:

a. current coil

b. voltage coil

c. power coil

b. the direction of an induced e.m.f. will always oppose the motion that created it

c. the direction of the magnetic flux lines around a wire carrying a current is the same as the direction of the fingers of a right hand point when the wire is held with the thumb pointing

in the direction of the conventional current in the wire

a. the amount of flux per unit area, whose symbol is and the unit is the Tesla ( T ).

b. the amount of flux per unit area, whose symbol is and the unit is the weber (Wb).

c. the number of lines of flux going from the North pole to the South pole.

58.A series AC circuit consisting of an inductor, resistor and a capacitor is connected across an alternating supply. Which of the following statements is true?

a)The voltage across the resistor leads the voltage across the capacitor by 900.

b)The supply voltage leads the circuit current by a given phase angle.

c)The voltage across the capacitor lags the supply voltage by 900.

59.In an AC circuit, the nearer the phase angle between the applied voltage and current is to 0, the

b)apparent power is almost equal to the reactive power.

c)true power is almost equal to the reactive power.

b)impedance of a series circuit is a maximum.

c)applied voltage is in quadrature to the total circuit current.

61.If, in a 3 phase star connected system, the line voltage is 200v AC, then the phase voltage is

b)measured between any two lines and is equal to 130v.

c)is equal to any line and neutral x and is equal to 115v.

62.To obtain a strong magnetic field in a DC generator, the materials used should be ferromagnetic of

b)high retentivity and low permeability.

c)Low permeability and high remanence.

3:12:1:1

63.Armature reaction occurs when the

b)magnetic neutral axis is in line with the geometric neutral axis.

c)armature magnetic field aids armature rotation.

b)decrease the rotational speed.

c)decrease the output torque.

65.The maximum output voltage from a basic single loop generator is when the loop is

b)rotating anti-clockwise relative to the direction of the magnetic flux.

c)at 450 to the magnetic flux.

a)increases due to the relative permeability of the core.

b)increases due to the increase in magnetising force.

c)decreases due to the increased reluctance of the core.

67.The induced emf in a 20mH coil when a changing current of 20mA/sec is flowing is

a)0.4mV.

b)100mV.

c)400mV.

68.A circuit consists of a coil, battery and switch. When the switch is initially closed, the

b)current rises instantaneously to its maximum value.

c)back emf is a maximum.

69.ThreeH are connected inductors of 10mH, 0.01H and 1000 in series. The total value of inductance is approximately

a)11mH.

b)21mH.

c)21H.

a) commutator.

b) armature.

c) pole pieces.

71.If the angular velocity of the armature of an AC generator is approx. 2513 radians/sec, the periodic time of the output voltage is

a)2.5 msecs.

b)25msecs.

c)30 msecs.

72.If the peak to peak value of a sine wave is 10 volts, the RMS value is

a)3.53v.

b)2.45v.

c)8v.

73.A series AC circuit consisting of an inductor, resistor and a capacitor is connected across an alternating supply. Which of the following statements is true?

b)The supply voltage leads the circuit current by a given phase angle.

c)The voltage across the capacitor lags the supply voltage by 900.

74.A series ac circuit consists of L = 90 mH and R = 40 ohms is connected across a 150v, 50 Hz supply. The approx impedance of the cct is

a)50 ohms.

b)30 ohms.

c)60 ohms.

75.The turns ratio of a transformer used to match the output impedance (1KW) of an amplifier to the input impedance of a loudspeaker (8W) is approximately

a)11: 1 stepdown.

b)8 :1 stepdown.

c)125 : 1 stepdown.

76.If, in a 3 phase star connected system, the line voltage is 200v AC, then the phase voltage is

b)measured between any two lines and is equal to 130v.

c)measured between any line and neutral and is equal to 145v.

77.The power in a delta connected AC system with the line voltage = 115v, line current = 5A and a power factor = 0.85 is approx

a)845W.

b) 490W.

c)1460W.

78.The capacitor that is normally included in the starting circuit of a two phase induction motor fed from an single phase AC supply, is to

a)ensure that the magnetic fields in the main and aux. windings are approx. 90 to each other.

b)to filter out any dc ripple in the supply voltage.

c)build in a time delay in conjunction with the main winding to aid starting.

79.The synchronous speed of an 8 pole AC motor being supplied from 115v 400Hz is

a)6000 RPM.

b)3000 RPM.

c)3200 RPM.

b. reduce flux losses

c. reduce eddy current losses

b. current flow in the field coils

c. magnetism in the field core

82.In a balanced delta connected 3 phase system, if the phase current is 20A, the

line current is equal to

a)34.64A.

b)20A.

c)56.34A

a)a single coil, the output winding(s) being tappings on this coil.

b) separate primary and secondary windings.

c) centre tapped primary and secondary windings.

a)By having split pole faces and copper ring on one part of the pole face.

b)shading part of the single phase winding with a capacitor.

c)by causing a 90 phase shift between the poles by including an inductor.

3:15:3:1

85.The poor starting torque of three-phase induction motor can be improved by

b)decreasing the rotor resistance to decrease the power factor.

c)Increasing the rotor resistance to decrease the power factor.

3:18:2:1

86.A three-phase actuator is often controlled by a change over contactor

b)reversing all three-phases allowing it to operate in both directions.

c)causing a cyclic shift in the stator windings, allowing it to run in both directions.

b. band pass filter

c. high pass filter

3:18:3:1

b. operational amplifiers, resistors and capacitors (not inductors).

c. operational amplifiers, resistors, inductors and capacitors

89. A High pass filter will allow frequencies

b. below a certain value to pass

c. within a range to pass

b. Line current = phase current divided by

c. Line voltage = times phase voltage, Line current = phase current.

91.If a current of 4A exists in a circuit the quantity of charge transferred in 8 seconds is:

a. 12C

b. 2C

c. 32C

92.If an electrical load of 1.5kW is operated for 3 minutes, the energy consumed is:

a. 8.33J

b. 0.27MJ

c. 500J

a. Directly proportional to its cross sectional area and inversely proportional to its length.

b. Directly proportional to its length and independent of its cross sectional area.

c. Directly proportional to its length and inversely proportional to its cross sectional area.

a. 5V

b. 10V

c. 20V

a. have no effect on the circuit.

b. indicate the wrong value.

c. be seriously damaged.

a. 5A

b. 2.5A

c. 80A

97.A length of resistance wire has to be replaced to obtain a 50% increase in resistance. The new wire, of the same material, should have the same:

(a)diameter and a 50% increase in length

(b)length and a 50% increase in diameter

(c)length and a 50% decrease in diameter.

98. In the figure below. If the volts dropped across the 20 resistor is 10V, the resistance of R1 is:

a. 20

b. 16

c. 2

99.The bridge will be in balance when the value of the unknown resistor R is:

a. 18

b. 14

c. 2

100.A circuit has an applied voltage of 30 volts and a load consisting of a 10ohm resistor in series with a 20ohm resistor. What is the voltage drop across the 10ohm resistor?

a30volts

b20 volts

c10volts

A A 12-volt motor requiring 8 amperes.

B Four 30-watt lamps in a 12-volt parallel circuit.

C Two lights requiring 3 amperes each in a 24volt parallel system.

102.A 47K Ohm resistor with a 10% tolerance has the following colour code:

a. Yellow, Violet, Orange, Silver

b. Orange, Violet, Red, Gold

c. Red, Orange, Yellow, Silver

103. A 24volt source is required to furnish 48 watts to a parallel circuit consisting of four resistors of equal value. What is the voltage drop across each resistor?

a. 3V

b. 12V

c. 24V

a. The opposition to the flow of electric charge, irrespective of the temperature

b. The opposition to the flow of electric charge at normal temperatures

c. The time it takes to restrict the voltage in a circuit

105. For how many hours will a 140AH battery deliver 15A.

a. 15.15hours

b. 9.33 hours

c. 27.25 hours

a. The positive plate

b. The negative plate

c. The separator

107. When charging current is applied to a nickel-cadmium battery, the cells emit gas only:

a. toward the end of the charging cycle.

b. when the electrolyte level is low.

c. if the cells are defective.

108. Which of the following can cause thermal runaway in a ni-cad battery:

a. electrical leakage between the cells and the case.

b. excessive current drawn from the battery.

c. charging the battery to more than 100% of its capacity.

a. A cell that is capable of being recharged

b. Not capable of being recharged

c. The primary source of electrical power in an A/C

110.When a battery is to be removed from an aircraft, which lead should be removed first?

a. it makes no difference, provided the master switch is off

b. the lead goings to the main solenoid ( "hot" lead )

c. the lead going to ground

a.Bicarbonate of soda

b.Warm water

c.Boric acid

112. When a battery is refitted from an aircraft, which lead should be fitted last:

a. Negative

b. Positive

c. It makes no difference, provided the master switch is off.

113.An ammeter in a battery charging system is for the purpose of indicating the

a: amperage available for use.

b: total amperes being used in the aeroplane.

c: rate of current used to charge the battery.

a. a depolarising agent

b. the electrolyte

c. the annodic material

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