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PHILIPPINE BAMBOO

INDUSTRIES
DEVELOPMENT
ROADMAP
Dr. Florentino Tesoro

DOST Consultant
BAMBOOS IN THE PHILIPPINES

-70 species in the country


-53 are erect
-17 are climbing,
-21species are native
-6 of these are also native to
Indonesia, Malaysia and
Tinik Bayog Bolo
Thailand.
-15 species are endemic (cannot
be found elsewhere outside the
Philippines
-Kawayan tinik is not native to
the Philippines
-Bayog is native, also endemic

Laak Giant bamboo Kiling-yellow


WHY BAMBOO?
Bamboo has many uses
Construction

Furniture/handicrafts

Musical instruments

Baskets/utensils

Textile/clothing/paper

Food

Beverages

Perfume (essence)
WHY BAMBOO?

Bamboo is good in soil erosion control


because of its rhizomes
and root formation.

It is also suitable for rehabilitation of


mined areas, it absorbs heavy metals well

Bamboo groves can be a tourist


destination, so does a bambusetum

Mined-out area in
Itogon
WHY BAMBOO?

Bamboo Bamboo Bamboo

Trees
Trees

Trees
Bamboo has high
carbon sequestration
capability C Sequestration Oxygen
Generation
Water Retention

Bamboo sequesters 400% more C than trees


and gives off 35% more Oxygen

Items G. bamboo Kawayan Bulo Buho


tinik
Dry biomass, 51;1 23.6 19.1 3.6
ave (kg)
Carbon 44.43 41.95 43.19 39.72
content (%)
WHY BAMBOO?

Only a few culms are


harvested each year
and not the entire
clump is cut unlike
tree plantations,
Training on cleaning and
If properly managed harvesting kawayan tinik
harvesting continues G. bamboo
over many decades
WHY BAMBOO?

Nutrients
Dietary fiber, carbohydrates, protein, potassium,
manganese, copper, zinc, vitamin B, C, E and thiamin

Medicinal values of bamboo shoots


Aid in weight loss, reduce risk of cancer, strengthen the
Bamboo is highly immune system, help improve cardio-vascular health,
nutritious, delicious provide relief from stomach aches, and effective against
and has medicinal respiratory diseases. It also helps control cholesterol
levels, aid in digestion; keep blood pressure at normal
value levels; anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-oxidants
(flavones, phenols, steroids), anti-viral; aid in cell
activation; curative for respiratory diseases, wounds,
infections, ulcers, diarrhea, measles; and have no
harmful effects (e.g. diabetes, heart problems, cancer).
WHY BAMBOO?
Exports of Bamboo Products

Worldwide, bamboo has become a 12000000

US $ 11.21 billion industry as of 10791526


10000000
2009. The total value of exports of
the 15 top exporters was US$ 2.252 8000000 Furniture & Furnishings
billion. Houseware
TOTAL Export Value
The value of China exports was 6000000 6297650 Exponential (TOTAL
Export Value)
US$ 1.398 billion
4000000
DTI reported that in 2014 the value
of exported bamboo products was 2000000
2053838
US$ 10.49 million 1416136
0 497882
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Vision and Goals of the Roadmap

Progressive, dynamic, productive, and globally


competitive bamboo industry with a sustainable
resource base

Stable institutions shepherding the industry


Stable and supportive polices;
Self-sufficiency in raw material resources;
Vision Cost-effective technologies and production
processes;
Well trained manpower;
Established bamboo-based enterprises in rural
Goals areas;
High capacity but affordable equipment; and
Stable and reliable local and foreign markets.
Short term goals: 2017-2020
The Philippine Bamboo Industries Development Council is
By the end of 2017 strengthened through Republic Act or an Executive Order
Inventory of bamboo resources and bamboo enterprises is
completed
Data management system on resources and enterprises is established

The first 5-year cycle of bamboo industry development program


By the end of 2018 (including bamboo research program) is enacted by Congress
and approved by the President (SB 3206 filed)
16,000 ha of bamboo plantation will have been established
By the end of 2020 10% growth in exports in the bamboo furniture and handicraft
industries will have been attained
5% growth in the e-bamboo industry will have been attained
10 community-based bamboo industries throughout the Philippines
will have been developed
At least 1 power generating plant will start to use bamboo chips as
fuel to co-fire with coal/rice hull/biomass
At least 50 ha of bamboo plantations will have been established for
shoot production
Medium Term Goals:2025 - 2035
Second cycle of bamboo industry development program is
By the end of 2025 enacted and implemented

At least 25 million culms will be available to the bamboo


industries
By the end of 2030 An additional 42,000 ha of bamboo plantations will have
been established for culm production and an additional
75 ha for shoot
At least 45 million culms will be available for the industry
By the end of 2035
70% growth in exports of the bamboo furniture and
handicrafts industries will have been is sustained

30% growth in the e-bamboo industry will have been attained


Additional 40 community-based bamboo industries
throughout the Philippines will have been developed

1 pulp and paper mill will be using bamboo as raw material


1. At least 1 other power-generating plant will start to use
bamboo chips as fuel to co-fire with coal/rice
hull/biomass
Long Term Goals: 2035 - 2040
Third cycle of bamboo industry development program is
By the end of 2035 enacted and implemented
At least 68 million culms will be available to the bamboo
industries
e-bamboo industry will have grown by another 100%

A total of at least 80,000 ha of bamboo plantations for


By the end of 2040 culm production will have been developed
The number of community-based enterprises will have
increased to 200 in the long term
The bamboo furniture and handicrafts industries will
have grown by 100%
In the long term there would be established an additional
200 ha for bamboo shoot production
At least one other pulp and paper mill will be using
bamboo as raw material
At least 1 other power-generating plant will start to use
bamboo chips as fuel to co-fire with coal/rice
hull/biomass
Structure of the bamboo industry
Industry is difficult to characterize; many segments
that can be considered as industries by themselves;

For this presentation the bamboo industry is


segregated by products (furniture) or uses (banana
props)
STATUS OF BAMBOO INDUSTRY SECTORS
Supply side sector
No data on number,
distribution and location of
nurseries
Planting materials is just
one product of nursery
Many nurseries crop up
only when there are
government projects
Bamboo Planting Materials Production
Bamboo propagation technologies:
Most are small scale
Current problem: source of
propagules, skilled
workers, market
STATUS OF BAMBOO INDUSRY SECTORS
Supply side sector
Some processors establish their
own plantations (Guevent
Industries, CS1st Agro-industries
Dev Corp, Inc)
Many individually-owned
plantations, small sized, one has an
Alfonso Farm, Rizal
area of 70 ha
Many farmers own few to several
clumps
Constraints: Financing;
incentives, unsupportive policies,
Bamboo plantations
Palis Farm, Batangas areas for plantations
STATUS OF BAMBOO INDUSRY SECTORS
Demand side sector
Informal sub-sector
Low capital investments;
Rudimentary tools and
Few workers, often family
members;
Shops under the house or part of
their house converted to
workshops;
Simple product designs, often
Furniture and Handicrafts
copied from other shops;
Difficult to segregate, divided Common problem: marketing
into informal and formal sub- (roadside marketing or itinerant
sectors vending); raw material supply,
technologies acquisition
STATUS OF BAMBOO INDUSRY SECTORS
Demand side sector

Formal Furniture/Handicrafts
Sub-sector
Milan of Asia for furniture
Export market and high class hotels
and restaurants
Bamboo incorporated in design,
seldom entirely made of bamboo
High grade handicrafts, mostly for
export
Generally woven, baskets and mats
Main problems: raw material supply;
workers lured by higher wages abroad
STATUS OF BAMBOO INDUSTRY SECTORS
Demand side sector

Musical Instruments
Bamboo organ in Las Pinas

City
Bamboo musical instruments

are part of culture of people


Bamboo bands

Marketing is main problem


STATUS OF BAMBOO INDUSTRY SECTORS
Demand side sector

Specialized products sector


Barbquesticks, toothpicks,
chopsticks, coffee stirrer
Ban of plastics has created
new/ expanded markets such
as coffee stirrers, toothpicks,
etc
Main problems: raw
material supply; high cost
of imported machines
STATUS OF BAMBOO INDUSTRY SECTORS
Demand side sector
Engineered bamboo products
E-bamboo is raw material for

panels, floor tiles furniture,


cabinets, school desks &
chairs
Most producers have closed

Main problems: raw material

supply, lack high production


capacity machines; skills of
workers need enhancing; not
yet accepted for structural use
under the Structural Code of
the Philippines
STATUS OF BAMBOO INDUSTRY SECTORS
Demand side sector
Bamboo for construction
Residential commercial, industrial
and institutional buildings
Has always been associated with
bahay kubo, a poor mans
timber
New technologies has expanded
use of bamboo for construction
Not yet accepted under
Structural Code of the
Philippines; no specs for
bamboo thus cannot be used as
structural component of
buildings (posts, beams)
STATUS OF BAMBOO INDUSTRY SECTORS
Demand side sector

Bamboo for banana props


Philippine Banana Growers and
Exporters Association (PBGEA and
the Mindanao Farmers and Banana
Exporters Association (MBFEA)
The industry uses wood saplings, guy
wires and bamboo for props, main
species: laak
Main problem: short service life due
to decay; high cost of preservative
treatment; limited supply of desired
species
STATUS OF BAMBOO INDUSTRY SECTORS
Demand side sector

Bamboo for fishpens


Three inland waters are used for fish
culture, Laguna Lake (including
Sampaloc Lakes), Taal Lake and
Lake Sebu
Materials used as post for pens:are
anahaw and bamboo
Pens and cages in LL may decrease
due to environmental reasons
The 6000 cages in the Taal Lake will
remain constant
Problems: Insufficient supply, short
service life of poles
STATUS OF BAMBOO INDUSTRY SECTORS
Demand side sector

Bamboo for banca outriggers


April 21, 2016 there is a total of
1,679,350 fisherfolks in the
Philippines
Municipal fishing is normally done
using small boats with bamboo
outriggers.
The boats consist of a narrow main
hull with one or two attached bamboo
outriggers,
Problems: supply and short service
life of poles
STATUS OF BAMBOO INDUSTRY SECTORS
Demand side sector

Bamboo charcoal production


With proper charcoaling
technology bamboo can be a good
raw material for producing charcoal
The latest design of charcoal kiln is
a 55-gallon capacity drum
Problems: marketing, limited
supply (harvesting/processing
wastes)
STATUS OF BAMBOO INDUSTRY SECTORS
Demand side sector

Bamboo charcoal briquette


production
A compressed block of
combustible material
Suitable for domestic and industrial
use for electricity generation
Process: crushed charcoal mixed
with binder then pressed
Problems: marketing, limited
supply (harvesting/processing
wastes)
STATUS OF BAMBOO INDUSTRY SECTORS
Demand side sector
Food sector
A delicacy in all Asian countries
Canned shoots is a regular export
item from Taiwan and China
Bamboo shoots are sold mostly in
the local markets in fresh form but
sometimes as chopped or pre-
cooked
Shoots of almost all species are
edible
Constraints: Bamboo shoots is
seasonal; there are no known
plantations for the production of
shoots for food.
STATUS OF BAMBOO INDUSTRY SECTORS
Potential Future Sectors of the Bamboo Industry

Bamboo chips for fuel


Bamboo and rice hull can replace
coal for power generation
Fujisaka Electric Co. in Yamaguchi
Perfecture in Western Japan is first
power plant to use bamboo chips;
Bataan 2020 is planning to use
bamboo chips for boiler fuel
Constraint: limited supply
STATUS OF BAMBOO INDUSTRY SECTORS
Potential Future Sectors of the Bamboo Industry

Pulp and paper and other


cellulosic products
Bamboo fibers longer than wood
Main material for pulp and paper in
India and other countries, Kimberly
Clark is planning to use it
Bataan Pulp and Paper Mills used
bamboo as raw material in the 60s
Kiling is most suitable for cellulose
derived products (paper, carboxymethyl
celluloseproducts, textiles,
nanocellulose)
Status: technology for pulp and paper
existing no industry taker due limited
raw material supply; research on other
cellulosic products on going
STATUS OF BAMBOO INDUSTRY SECTORS
Potential Future Sectors of the Bamboo Industry

Chemical products
Pyroligneous liquid: deodorizer,
disinfectant, anti-fungal solution
Essence: perfume and ointments
Bamboo beer, energy drink
Other cellulosic products: detergents,
ceramics, medicine, cosmeticsfood (ice
cream), nanocellulose (reinforced
polymeric composites, thermoplastic
starch films, wrapping for fruits against
insects)
Status: research stage on CMC and
nanocellulose
INDUSTRY PERFORMANCE
Philippine bamboo exports, in US dollars
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Products
Qty Value Qty Value Qty Values Qty Value Qty Value

Furniture/furnishings 702,784 763,631 656,713 1,020,285 90,447 377,817 90,593 6,153,963 227,109 10,306,445

Housewares 450,374 1,290,207 126,163 395,851 32,294 120,065 106,614 143,687 80,812 485,081

Total 2,053,838 1,416,136 497,882 6,297,650 10,791,526

Exports of Bamboo Products


12000000

10000000 10791526 Furniture & Furnishings


8000000 Houseware
TOTAL Export Value
6000000
6297650 Exponential (TOTAL Export
4000000 Value)

2000000
2053838
1416136
0 497882
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
INDUSTRY PERFORMANCE
Imports of bamboo products, 2007-2013
Bedroom, dining
room or living room TOTAL
YEAR Basketware Bamboos
sets of bamboo Plus VALUE
seats of bamboo
FOB QTY
FOB US$ QTY (kg) US$ (pcs) FOB US$ QTY (kg) FOB US$
2007 3,799 5,558 0 0 29,284 28,077 33,083
2008 23,984 9,035 3,482 23,133 68,766 101,144 92,750
2009 64,866 89,829 7,488 2,804 96,823 50,331 161,689
2010 15,493 64,016 15,693 38,184 66,309 63,519 81,802
2011 0 0 29,686 96,412 36,779 30,375 36,779
2012 71,165 44,670 124,145 31,396 112,561 75,528 183,726
2013 13,665 5,612 4,818 9,644 17,556 23,760 31,221
Imports of bamboo products, US dollars
140,000
120,000
100,000
80,000
60,000
40,000
20,000
0
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Furniture Basketware Bamboos
INDUSTRY PERFORMANCE
Manufacturing value added in 2000 constant prices,
2008 2014, in million pesos.
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Wood, bamboo,
cane and rattan
16,336 13,984 14,009 12,788 14,316 13,316 13,390
articles

Total 1,194,921 1,137,534 1,264,525 1,324,332 1,395,714 1,538,912 1,664,231


Manufacturing
Value Added

25.00
% share of wood, bamboo, cane and rattan articles
20.00
0.35
0.30
15.00
0.25 % share of wood,
10.00 0.20 bamboo, cane and
rattan articles
0.15
5.00
0.10
% share of wood, bamboo, cane and rattan 0.05
0.00 articles
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 0.00
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
INDUSTRY PERFORMANCE

Employment
1997 study of the industry = 70,000

Recent estimate by representatives


of the furniture and handicrafts
industries = 190,000
BAMBOO RESOURCES OF THE PHILIPPINES

Year Estimate Source


1910 200,000 ha Gamble, J. S. 1910. Bamboos of Philippine Islands.
1978 7,200 ha Bureau of Forest Development
1981 350 million clumps in forest lands Bureau of Forest Development

1983 4,890 ha in 9 provinces Virtucio et al


1988 10.73 million lineal meters RP-German Forest Inventory Project
1997 39,200-52,000 ha Bamboo Master Plan (DTI)
2008 48,403 ha Virtucio et al
BAMBOO RESOURCES OF THE PHILIPPINES
Number of clumps, culms and area of economically important species
Species Number of clumps Number of culms Area (ha)
Kawayan tinik 580,480 16,617,991 6,679.00
Giant bamboo 69,458 2,396,754 740.91
Bulo 53,565 1,457,454 548.34
Buho 184,908 9,449,909 511.63
Laak 98,074 3,529,635 795.33
Bayog 41,490 1,324,258 302.84
Kawayan kiling 39,655 1,314,804 450.34
Kayali 12,395 374,143 37.10
Total 1,080,025 36,464,948 10,065.49
Estimate of annual available culms of commercial species =10 M
Source: Lanting, M. V. Jr. et al 2013. Survey of Bamboo Stands and Establishment of a National
Database of Economically Important Bamboo Species in the Philippines. Terminal Report.
Ecosystems Research and Development Bureau. Department of Environment and Natural Resources
Some recent initiatives in bamboo development

Organization Initiatives
PETRON Plans to establish 300 ha of bamboo
plantation in Limay, Bataan
CS 1st Green Agri-Industrial Establishing 250 ha plantation in
Development Corporation Pangasinan, part of 25,000 ha plantation
development project
Bamboo Technology & Plans to establish 15,000 ha plantation in
Development Park San Enrique, Ilo-ilo
Guevent Investments Established 10 ha plantation in Taytay,
Development Corporation Palawan
DND-ERDB (DENR) Established 350 ha (part of 3,000 ha) in
Fort Magsaysay, Laur, NE
Bamboo corridor of Ilocos 1st District of Ilocos Sur, 5 northern most
Sur towns of Ilocos Sur
Summary of annual demand and supply of bamboo culms

Annual 2016-2020 2021-2025 2026-2030 2031-2035


Demand (culms) 25,397,769 30,767,309 40,547,525 50,675,437
Supply (culms) 10,000,000 26,300,000 47,300,000 68,300,000
Deficit/Excess - -4,467,309 +6,752,475 +17,675,654
15,397,769
Summary of financial indicators for alternative investment options .
Payback
ROI Net Profit
Investment Options Investment NPV (Php) FIRR (%) Period
(% per year) Php/year
(years)
Bamboo plantation Php 123,000.00/ha. 385,173.00 (15 20 70 8 86,891.00
developmenta over a 4-yr period yr period)
Ornamentalsb Php 24,210.00 21,466.00 38 8 51 2.8 12,560.00
Charcoal & distillatec Php 223,000.00 688,080.00 82 65 2 .4 140,204.00

E-bamboo planksd Php 7.5 million 14,000,000.00 49 43 5.25 3,400,000.00


Bamboo shoot Php 230,000- - - - - Php 156,000 1
production 232,000.00 M (gross profit)
Coffee e
Typical farm Php 36,500 8 31 Php 23,455.00
Modern farm 50,900/ha 36 53 Php 35,790.00
Php 81,900 per ha
135,000/ ha

Cacaof Php 79,000.00 Php 19 -22 8 -14 years Php 25,000.00


400,000.00/ ha 73,000.00/ha
Strategies and Timelines
Strategies/ 2016-2020 2021-2030 2031-2050
programs
Resources Inventory and mapping
of bamboo resources Management Management of
information and enterprises of data and data and
Management of data information information

Resources Validation of plantation


requirements of Plantation Plantation
development industry establishment establishment and
Plantation maintenance maintenance of
establishment of plantations plantations
Management of existing Enhancement Enhancement of
bamboo clumps of existing existing clumps
clumps
Strategies and timelines (continuation)

Strategies/ 2016-2020 2021-2030 2031-2050


programs
Research and a) Tissue culture of a) Production of tissue a) Production of tissue
Products Development commercial cultured planting cultured planting
Planting materials bamboo species materials materials
production b) Mgnt of plnttion for b) Train farmers on a) Continue to train
Management for shoot production shoots production farmers
shoot production
a) Improve and
E-bamboo standardize a) Disseminate results a) Apply standards
production production of e- to end-users
bamboo

Industrial uses of a) Evaluate properties


climbing and of lesser-used species a. Continue research a. Continue research
lesser used b) Develop uses b. Commercialize b. Commercialize
bamboos technologies technologies
Strategies and timelines (continuation)

Strategies/programs 2016-2020 2021-2030 2031-2050


Research and Products
Development
Development of pole a. Improve pole a. Continue research a. Continue research
jointing system for
structural purposes
jointing system b. Disseminate results b. Disseminate results
b. Pilot test results
Wastes utilization
c. Waste reduction c. Commercialize c. Commercialize
processes results results
d. Develop uses of d. Continue research d. Continue research
wastes
Products from
pyroligneous liquid
a) Develop uses e. Commercialize e. Commercialize
results results
f. Continue research f. Continue research
Strategies and timelines (continuation)

Strategies/ 2016-2020 2021-2030 2031-2050


programs
Research and
Products
a. Pulping properties of a. Pilot test processes a. Continue research &
Development
other species and disseminate disseminate results
Pulp and paper b. Production of cellulose results
production, derivatives
cellulose
derivatives
c. Research on viscous a. Continue research & a. Continue research &
rayon and textile disseminate results disseminate results
Textiles from production
bamboo

d. Develop new products b. Commercialize new b. Commercialize new


Food/feeds and e. Adopt process for food products food products
medicinal canning shoots c. Continue c. Continue to develop
development of new new products
products from food products
bamboo shoots
f. Develop preservatives a. Commercialization
Preservatives & pilot test d. Commercialization of of new preservative
from new preservative b. Continue research
pyroligneous e. Continue research
liquid

Strategies and timelines (continuation)


Strategies/ 2016-2020 2021-2030 2031-2050
programs
Research and
Products
Development a. Soil erosion control a. Transfer of a. Transfer of
b. Rehab of degraded technologies technologies to
Environmental watersheds mined out b. Continue studies b. Continue studies on
stabilization areas on environment environment and
through bamboo c. Climate change and climate climate change
mitigation and change
adaptation
Vigorous
transfer of d. Mainstream new c. Vigorous transfer c. Continue vigorous
existing and new technologies in of bamboo transfer of bamboo
national development technologies technologies
bamboo program
technologies

Strategies and timelines (continuation)

Strategies/ 2016-2020 2021-2030 2031-2050


programs
Equipment a. Develop designs a. Continue a. Continue
Design and and prototypes designing & designing &
Fabrication of equipment prototyping prototyping
equipment equipment
b. Fabrication of b. Continue b. Continue
equipment fabrication of fabrication of
equipment equipment

c. Promote use of c. Promote locally c. Promote locally


locally fabricated fabricated
fabricated equipment equipment
equipment
Strategies and timelines
Strategies/ 2016-2020 2021-2030 2031-2050
programs
Policy Provide incentives Implement incentives Continue to
implement incentives,
development Streamline policies Implement new re-define them if
policies needed
Strengthen the PBIDC Revise policies, if
(EO 879) needed

More accessible lending Vigorous Replenish LBP and


policies of LBP & DBP implementation of DBP loan funds
new policies

DOST and DTI continue Vigorous assistance Continue DOST and


to provide assistance from DOST and DTI DTI programs

Provincial LGUs to Establishment of Implement industry


establish Bamboo Industry bamboo industry development
Development Councils development programs
programs

Product certification Implement product Implement product


certification certification
Strategies and timelines
Strategies/ 2016-2020 2021-2030 2031-2050
programs
Social impact Bamboo-based Continue Continue
community bamboo-based bamboo-based
projects enterprises community community
enterprises enterprises
Promote use of Continue Continue
bamboo in art programs program
and
architecture
Continue to Continue
Train women train women & training
and PWD in the PWD
industry
Implement Continue to
TESDA Training implement TR
Implement TESDA Regulations by and revise it if
Training Regulations accredited needed
by accredited trainers
trainers
Strategies and timelines (continuation)
Strategies/ 2016-2020 2021-2030 2031-2050
programs
Market Hold trade fairs Continue to hold Continue to hold
Mount foreign trade trade fairs
promotions trade missions Assist exporters Assist exporters
to join foreign to join foreign
trade fairs trade fairs
Establish Continue to Continue to
bagsakan operate operate
centers bagsakan bagsakan
centers centers

Link between Continue linkage Continue linkage


bamboo farmers
and processors

Establish an Association Association


association of e- promotes use of continues
bamboo e-bamboo promotion of e-
producers bamboo
Economic and environmental contributions
of the Roadmap
Items Value

Plantations, 68,300 ha, producing 1,000 P6,830,000,000/year, no


culms/ha, @ Php 100.00/culm replacement cost

Jobs generated by 68,300 ha plantation @ 8,400,900 md (7,000 pax


123 md/ha employed full time for 4 yr)

Carbon sequestration of above ground 70 tons C/ha or 4.7B tons C for


biomass @ 25 kg dry weight/culm, 30 68,300 ha, continuously existing
culms/clump, 200 clumps/ha plantations
Estimated Cost of Implementing
the Roadmap

Php 26.335 billion


Php 34.03 billion estimated

planned investments from


private sector (basically
individual investors)
Recommendations
Inventory of bamboo resources, bamboo
enterprises, and economic attributes of the
industry
Realign policies in support of the bamboo
industry
Establishment of bamboo plantations
Management of existing bamboo clumps
Research and product development and
technology transfer
Equipment design and fabrication
Implement social impact projects
Vigorous initiatives for market development
Bills filed by Senator Bam Aquino in
the Philippine Senate
1. AN ACT TO PROMOTE THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE
BAMBOO INDUSTRY IN THE PHILIPPINES AND
AMEND CERTAIN PROVISIONS OF EXECUTIVE
ORDER NO. 879 THAT CREATED THE PHILIPPINE
BAMBOO INDUSTRY DEVELOPMEN COUNCIL
(PBIDC), EXPANDS ITS MANDATES, PROVIDE
ADDITIONAL PESONNEL AND REGULAR BUDGET
OF THE SECRETARIAT OF THE COUNCIL (SB No.
665, Jul 20, 2016)

2. AN ACT INSTITUTIONALIZING A PHILIPPINE


BAMBOO INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM (SB
652 filed Jul 20, 2016)
Ecology of Some Bamboo Species

Latitude Philippines lies Favourable for Bambusa (tinik), Schizostachyum


from 5-20oN latitude (buho) and Dendrocalamus (Giant bamboo)

Bambusa, Schizostachyum and Dendrocalamus


Altitude can grow in the lowlands, Phylostachys can
grow at altitude of 1,500 masl. Giant bamboo
grows best between 400-500 masl but can grow
at 1,500 masl

Temperature Bamboo grows at 8.8o 36oC, Giant bamboo


tribes best at lower temperature
Rainfall most important Between 1,270 to 4,050 mm/ann range

Soil Best in well drained sandy-loam soils; pH: 5-6.5


best for bamboo, saline soils not good for
growth and development
Quality Standards for Planting Materials

Should have at least two healthy


shoots that have developed into
culms (with branches & leaves)
Root system should be occupying at
least half of the poly bag with a
minimum size of 3 x 3 x 7 for the
branch cutting and 4 x 4 x 7 for
culm cutting
Should have been propagated and
raised in the nursery for at least 6
months
Must be healthy and free of pest &
diseases
Demand and supply estimates of bamboo

culms Current 2016- 2021- 2026- 2031-


demand 2020 2025 2030 2035
Ann available 10,000,000 10,000,000 10,000,000 26,300,000 47,300,000
culms
Area planted (ha) 16,300 21,000 21,000 11,000
New culms/year 16,300,000 21,000,000 21,000,000
Ann total culms 10,000,000 10,000,000 26,300,000 47,300,000 68,300,000
Ann -11,250,874 -10,262,269 +5,803,691 +26,465,587 +46,770,878
deficit/excess
Anticipated/Pote
ntial Demand
8 pulp mills of 100 34,452,896 4,306,6123 8,613,2244
tons daily capacity
Chips (Bataan 20- 51,355,0005 Half 5,135,5006 1 10,271,000 1.5 15,406,500 2 20,542,000
20) 5 units unit unit units units
Total ann 107,058,770 25,397,769 30,767,309 40,547,525 50,675,437
demand
Grand -15,397,769 -4,467,309 +6,752,475 +17,615,654
Deficit/Excess
Bamboo shoots 50 ha7 50 ha 75 ha 150 ha 200 ha
plantation
Anticipated/Potential Demand
Pulp and paper industry 34,452,896 K. tinik/k. kiling
(8 mills of 100 tons a day
capacity)
Biomass energy
Chips (Bataan 20-20), 5 51,355,0003 Mixed species
units (any species)

Sub-total 85,807,896

Grand Total Demand 107,058,770


Demand and supply estimates of bamboo
culms
Industry users Current % 2016- % 2021 - % 2026 - % 2031 -
annual inc 2020 inc 2025 inc 2030 inc 2035
demand
Furniture
School desks /chairs 1,210,000 10 121,000 20 242,007 60 726,000 100 1,210,000
Exportsa 14,141 10 72,119 20 73,533 50 106,058 70 120,199

Traditional furn/ 7,500,000 5 37,875,000 10 38,250,000 15 38,625,000 30 39,750,000


handicraftsb
Handicrafts 6,370 10 32,487 20 33,124 30 33,761 35 34,080
(exports)
Banana props 10,500,000 5 53,025,000 10 53,550,000 15 54,075,000 30 55,650,000
(PBGEA)
Fish pens/cages 570,827 2 2,865,552 5 2,882,676 15 2,939,759 20 2,968,300
(LLDA) & Taal Lake 99,000 0 495,000 0 495,000 0 495,000 0 495,000

Outriggers 605,250 5 3,056,513 10 3,086,775 15 3,117,038 20 3,177,563


Barbique sticks, tooth 99,600 10 507,960 20 517,920 30 527,880 40 537,840
picks, chop sticks
E-bamboo 575,102 5 2,904,265 20 2,990,530 50 3,163,061 80 3,335,592
(Construction)
Charcoal/ 70,584 5 356,449 10 359,978 15 363,508 20 367,037
briquettes
Total culms 21,250,847 101,311,345 102,481,543 104,172,065 107,645,611
needed
Ave Annual 20,262,269 20,496,309 20,834,413 21,529,122
demand
Estimate of bamboo area in private lands
Region Species Area (ha)
CAR Bayog, tinik, buho, giant bamboo, kiling 178.96
1 Giant bamboo, kiling 1.00
2 Buho, giant bamboo 22.00
3 Kiling, bayog, tinik 337.27
4A Tinik, giant bamboo, bolo, buho 171.31
4B Tinik, buho 37.41
5 Bolo, tinik 17.71
6 Bolo, tinik, giant bamboo 88.53
7 Tinik, giant bamboo 96.71
8 Giant bamboo, tinik, bolo 61.24
9 Bolo, tinik 3.00
10 Giant bamboo, tinik, bolo 160.20
11 Bayog, tinik, bolo, kayali, laak, giant bamboo 267.87
12 Bolo, tinik, buho 142.65
Caraga Bolo, giant bamboo 12.72
Total 1,596.48

Source: Lanting, M. V. Jr. et al 2013. Survey of Bamboo Stands and Establishment of a National
Database of Economically Important Bamboo Species in the Philippines. Terminal Report.
Ecosystems Research and Development Bureau. Department of Environment and Natural Resources
MAKA KAWAYANG
ARAW SA INYONG
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