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Project report

Rocket project

TO Ms. Patraphorn Sanguansat

BY “ Green Man”

AtitayaJaroenpattanamongkol KaewkaweePleumcharoen Phu-fahNontamongkoltorn PattranithPattanaanunsuk WaritPhakratchatanon

Abstract

In this experiment we observed that the principles of physics and chemistry is directly related to the experiment. For chemistry, we determine what happen in the chemical reaction, what will effect from the reaction and what are the limiting reagent, excess reagent and the mole of the compound. We know how to calculate and find the limiting reagent, excess reagent and the mole of the compound. The limiting reagent in this chemical reaction is the one that have less mol which is vinegar and it is 0.415 mol.The excess reagent in this chemical reaction is the one that have more mol which is baking soda and it is 0.71 mol. Our rocket didn’t hit the target.The nearest point that we get is 20 metres. The angles of propulsion is 45 degrees. For physics, we determine that the concepts of measurement, Newton’s laws of motion, linear motion, projectile, impulse and momentum and energy(work, power, KE, PE) are related to the experiment.

Introduction

Chemical equation is the symbolic representation of a chemical reactionin the form of symbols and formula, wherein the reactantare given on the left-hand side and the product on the right-hand side. In this experiment, we’re experiencing the acid-base reaction. Acid-base reaction is a type of chemical process typified by the exchange of one or more hydrogen ions, H+, between species that may be neutral, such as water, H2O; or acetic acid, or electrically charged ions, such as ammonium, NH4+. We use vinegar and baking soda as the acid-base reaction for this experiment. Baking soda has the properties which are white odorless, crystalline solid, completely soluble in water. It has pH of 8.3. Baking soda frequency use for food processing, beverages, and household cleaning products. Vinegar’s properties and physical qualities, depend on the type and amount of minerals, vitamins, fiber and organic compound used for its production.

Objective

To create a rocket that can be able to launch to at least 20 meters and tried to hit the

target.

To demonstrate how chemistry is related to the launch of the rocket, in the terms of acid-base reaction.

Materials

- 2 Litres bottle

- Poster colour

- Colour paper

- Crepe paper

- Glue stick

- Scissor

- Paper cup

- Decoration things : Glitter, plastic eyes

- Pipe

- Wood

- Decoration things : Glitter, plastic eyes - Pipe - Wood - Tape - Corks -
- Decoration things : Glitter, plastic eyes - Pipe - Wood - Tape - Corks -
- Decoration things : Glitter, plastic eyes - Pipe - Wood - Tape - Corks -
- Decoration things : Glitter, plastic eyes - Pipe - Wood - Tape - Corks -
- Decoration things : Glitter, plastic eyes - Pipe - Wood - Tape - Corks -
- Decoration things : Glitter, plastic eyes - Pipe - Wood - Tape - Corks -
- Decoration things : Glitter, plastic eyes - Pipe - Wood - Tape - Corks -
- Decoration things : Glitter, plastic eyes - Pipe - Wood - Tape - Corks -

- Tape - Corks - Weight balance - Graduated cylinder - Vinegar - Baking soda - Tissue - Paint brush - Card board

- Wood - Tape - Corks - Weight balance - Graduated cylinder - Vinegar - Baking
- Wood - Tape - Corks - Weight balance - Graduated cylinder - Vinegar - Baking
- Wood - Tape - Corks - Weight balance - Graduated cylinder - Vinegar - Baking

Create a rocket

Methods

1. Clean the 2 litres bottle neatly.

2. Use a poster colour to paint all over all the bottle.

3. Create the wings of the rocket by cutting the cardboard into the wing shape. Use the poster colour to paint all over the wings.

4. Cut a crepe paper into a long-thin size, then attach it to the wings of the rocket

5. Use 4-5 paper cups to make a head of the rocket, by overlapping it together.

6. Add the play dough inside of the head of the rocket.

7. Decorates the rocket beautifully.

Launching a rocket

1. Prepare a rocket and a launcher.

2. Weight the vinegar and put it into the rocket.

3. Weight the baking soda, put it on the tissue and use tape to wrapped it together.

4. Tape the cork with the tissue that contain baking soda.

5. Place a launcher on the ground.

6. Put baking soda into the rocket.

7. Press the cork tightly to the bottlenose.

8. Place the rocket on the launcher.

9. Wait for the chemical reaction begin to working.

cork tightly to the bottlenose. 8. Place the rocket on the launcher. 9. Wait for the
cork tightly to the bottlenose. 8. Place the rocket on the launcher. 9. Wait for the

Results : Data tables

Chemical reaction : CH3COOH + NaHCO3 → CH3COONa + H2O + CO2

Tr

 

Vinegar

 

Baking soda

 

Gas

Angle

Distance

Hit the

ial

 

(m)

target

#

     

Volume

Mw

Mol

Mass(g

Mw

Mol

Mol

Mw

g

     

)

1

400

60.05

0.332

55

84.01

0.65

0.332

40.01

13.28

45

10

-

2

500

60.05

0.415

60.40

84.01

0.71

0.415

40.01

16.60

45

20

-

*

3

500

60.05

0.415

60

84.01

0.71

0.415

40.01

16.60

45

18

-

4

450

60.05

0.3735

70

84.01

0.833

0.3735

40.01

14.95

45

2

-

5

600

60.05

0.498

85

84.01

1.01

0.498

40.01

19.92

45

22

-

6

550

60.05

0.4565

70

84.01

0.83

0.4565

40.01

18.26

45

17

-

7

660

60.05

0.5478

85

84.01

1.01

0.5478

40.01

21.91

-

-

-

8

660

60.05

0.5478

85

84.01

1.01

0.5478

40.01

21.91

45

15

-

Discussion

When vinegar react with baking soda, it starts a chemical reaction that produces carbon dioxide, water and sodium acetate. The acetic acid (in vinegar) reacts with sodium bicarbonate (in baking soda) to form a carbonic acid. The chemical equation in this experiment is CH3COOH + NaHCO3 → CH3COONa + H2O + CO2. The chemical reaction described in this chemical equation actually occurs in two steps. First, there is double displacement reaction in which acetic acid in vinegar reacts with sodium bicarbonate to form sodium acetate and carbonic acid. Carbonic acid is unstable and undergoes a decomposition reaction to produce the carbon dioxide gas. The carbon dioxide escapes the solution as bubbles. The bubbles are heavier than air, so the carbon dioxide collects at the surface of the container or overflows it. The reactants in the chemical equation are acetic acid and sodium bicarbonate. The products of this chemical equation are sodium acetate, water and carbon dioxide. The limiting reagent and the excess reagent is vinegar and baking soda respectively. The mole of each substance are, for vinegar it is equal to 0.415 mol and Baking soda is equal to 0.71 mol. The best result that we got is at the distance of 20 metres. Even Though, it reach 20 metres but it still doesn’t hit the target. On our best trial, we have 500 mL of vinegar and 60.40 grams of baking soda. To Calculate the limiting reagent, excess reagent and mol of the compound we calculate by :

Vinegar (CH3COOH)

- 5% = 5g CH3COOH = 100ML H2O

-

Mol =

5% CH3COOH with 500 ml = 0.415 mol

g

Molarmass

5 g

60.05 g/mol

=

= 0.083

mol

-

Mol=

g

=

Molarmass

Baking soda (NaHCO3)

60.40g

84.01g/mol

= 0.71 mol

1CH3COOH +1NaHCO3 → 1CO2 + H2O + CH3COONa

0.414mol

+ 0.71 mol

→ 0.415mol

500ml

+ 60.40g

→ 16.60mol

Limiting reagent is the one that have less mol which is vinegar and it is 0.415 mol. Excess reagent is the one that have more mol which is baking soda and it is 0.71 mol. Product has the same mol as the limiting reagent which is 0.415 mol.

Mol =

0.415=

g = 16.60

g

Molarmass

g

40.01g/mol

Gas: Co2

The error in this experiment is caused by the chemical leak, the amount of the chemical substance is not proper and accurate, and the air resistance which is hardly to control.To improve the accuracy in this experiment, we should watching the direction of the wind blow, to find the best place to put the launcher. Calculate the appropriate amount of baking soda and vinegar used to launch the rocket. Roll up and stick the tissue tightly, to prevent the baking soda from leaking out and make sure to press the corks tightly with the bottle, to make a good chemical reaction between baking soda and vinegar.

Conclusion

For the conclusion, our rocket hit the target nearest at 20 metres, but it isn’t in the target point. So, it’s mean we failed. The amount of chemical used for vinegar and baking

soda is 500 mL and 60.50 grams respectively. When vinegar reacts with baking soda it starts

a chemical reaction that produces carbon dioxide, water and sodium acetate. The acetic acid

(in vinegar) reacts with sodium bicarbonate (in baking soda) to form a carbonic acid. The chemical equation in this experiment is CH3COOH + NaHCO3 → CH3COONa + H2O + CO2.The limiting reagent in this chemical reaction is the one that have less mol which is vinegar and it is 0.415 mol.The excess reagent in this chemical reaction is the one that have more mol which is baking soda and it is 0.71 mol.

References

eps

http://chemistry.about.com/od/chemicalreactions/f/What-Is-The-Equation-For-The-Reaction-

Between-Baking-Soda-And-Vinegar.htm