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Tabular Results

Results were generated with the finite element program FE/Pipe. Stress results are post-processed in accordance with the rules specified in ASME
Section III and ASME Section VIII, Division 2.

Analysis Time Stamp: Mon Feb 27 23:22:29 2017.

Solution Data
ASME Code Stress Output Plots
Stress Results - Notes
ASME Overstressed Areas
Highest Primary Stress Ratios
Highest Secondary Stress Ratios
Highest Fatigue Stress Ratios
Stress Intensification Factors
Flexibilities
Graphical Results

Solution Data
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Solution Data

Maximum Solution Row Size = 960

Number of Nodes = 2836
Number of Elements = 928
Number of Solution Cases = 7

Case # FX FY FZ

1 383429. 233960. 0.
2 383429. 233960. 0.
3 33014136. 0. 0.
4 0. 5. 0.
5 0. 0. -5.
6 0. 0. 0.
7 383429. 233960. 0.

ASME Code Stress Output Plots

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2) Qb < 3(Smh) (SUS,Bending) Case 1

3) S1+S2+S3 < 4S (SUS,S1+S2+S3) Case 1

Stress Results - Notes

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- Results in this analysis were generated using the finite

element solution method.

- Assume free end displacements of attached pipe are

secondary loads within limits of nozzle reinforcement.

- S1+S2+S3 evaluation omitted from operating stress.

Include S1+S2+S3 evaluation in primary case evaluation.
Assume bending stress not local primary for S1+S2+S3.

- Use local tensor values for averaged and not

averaged stresses.

- PRIMARY STRESSES are similar to the B31 code "sustained"

stresses. Primary stresses contain the effects due to weight,
pressure and other sustained loads. The primary limit for
this stress is based on collapse of the local cross section
or excessive local strain.

- SECONDARY (PL+PB+Q) STRESS has no direct equal in a B31 code.

This stress requirement is intended to insure that sig-
nificant inelastic behavior only occurs for the first few
model. "Small" is on the order of the square root of Rt,
where (R) is the radius of the header and (t) is the
thickness of the header. Secondary stresses do not include
the effect of peak stress concentration factors such as occur
at fillets, welds or notches.

- PEAK STRESSES are equivalent to the B31 code "expansion"

stresses. In the peak stress report, the user will find the
equivalent B31 allowable computed from: f[1.25(Sc+Sh)].

- The LOCAL STRESS calculations performed herein are in accord-

ance with ASME VIII Div 2, Part 5, elastic calculations, and
ASME Section III Subsection NB. These methods have been used
extensively in the nuclear piping industry, and have been
shown to be in consistant agreement with the B31 piping codes
when the simplifying assumptions made in the B31 codes are
employed.

- The B31 Code Stress Calculations performed herein are in

accordance with the method outlined in NUREG/CR-3243 and
(ORNL/Sub/82-22252/1). This paper shows the relationship
between the fatigue evaluation methods used in the B31 codes
and the class 1,2 and 3 nuclear piping codes.

- When the number of design cycles is less than 7000, (which is

the default), the B31 user is cautioned against using a
smaller number of design cycles to satisfy the intersection
allowables unless he is sure that the material can easily
undergo significant peak plastic deformation without crack
propagation.

- Thru-the-wall temperature effects may be important when the

temperature difference is high. The stress resulting from the
difference is independant of the thickness. Users should
estimate and enter this difference if available.

- Membrane stresses are the stresses averaged thru the wall of

the component. Secondary and Peak stresses are those that are
maximums at the outer fiber of the local cross section due
primarily to plate or shell type bending at the nozzle or
discontinuity.

ASME Overstressed Areas

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Highest Primary Stress Ratios

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Pl 1.5(k)Smh Primary Membrane Load Case 1

7 172 Sect VIII Ref: AD-140, 4-112(i), 4-133,
MPa MPa Fig. 4-130.1, Table 4-120.1
Plot Reference:
4% 1) Pl < 1.5(k)Smh (SUS,Membrane) Case 1
Branch at Junction

Pl 1.5(k)Smh Primary Membrane Load Case 1

7 177 Sect VIII Ref: AD-140, 4-112(i), 4-133,
MPa MPa Fig. 4-130.1, Table 4-120.1
Plot Reference:
3% 1) Pl < 1.5(k)Smh (SUS,Membrane) Case 1

Branch Transition

Pl 1.5(k)Smh Primary Membrane Load Case 1

1 177 Sect VIII Ref: AD-140, 4-112(i), 4-133,
MPa MPa Fig. 4-130.1, Table 4-120.1
Plot Reference:
0% 1) Pl < 1.5(k)Smh (SUS,Membrane) Case 1

Pl 1.5(k)Smh Primary Membrane Load Case 1

8 172 Sect VIII Ref: AD-140, 4-112(i), 4-133,
MPa MPa Fig. 4-130.1, Table 4-120.1
Plot Reference:
4% 1) Pl < 1.5(k)Smh (SUS,Membrane) Case 1

Pl 1.5(k)Smh Primary Membrane Load Case 1

1 177 Sect VIII Ref: AD-140, 4-112(i), 4-133,
MPa MPa Fig. 4-130.1, Table 4-120.1
Plot Reference:
0% 1) Pl < 1.5(k)Smh (SUS,Membrane) Case 1

Highest Secondary Stress Ratios

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Pl+Pb+Q 3(Smavg) Primary+Secondary (Inner) Load Case 2

10 344 Sect VIII Ref: 4-120(b)(4),4-134,4-136.6,
MPa MPa Fig. 4-130.1(Note 1)
Plot Reference:
2% 4) Pl+Pb+Q < 3(Smavg) (OPE,Inside) Case 2

Branch at Junction

Pl+Pb+Q 3(Smavg) Primary+Secondary (Inner) Load Case 2

10 354 Sect VIII Ref: 4-120(b)(4),4-134,4-136.6,
MPa MPa Fig. 4-130.1(Note 1)
Plot Reference:
2% 4) Pl+Pb+Q < 3(Smavg) (OPE,Inside) Case 2

Branch Transition

Pl+Pb+Q 3(Smavg) Primary+Secondary (Outer) Load Case 2

1 354 Sect VIII Ref: 4-120(b)(4),4-134,4-136.6,
MPa MPa Fig. 4-130.1(Note 1)
Plot Reference:
0% 5) Pl+Pb+Q < 3(Smavg) (OPE,Outside) Case 2

Pl+Pb+Q 3(Smavg) Primary+Secondary (Inner) Load Case 2

13 344 Sect VIII Ref: 4-120(b)(4),4-134,4-136.6,
MPa MPa Fig. 4-130.1(Note 1)
Plot Reference:
3% 4) Pl+Pb+Q < 3(Smavg) (OPE,Inside) Case 2

Pl+Pb+Q 3(Smavg) Primary+Secondary (Outer) Load Case 2

1 354 Sect VIII Ref: 4-120(b)(4),4-134,4-136.6,
MPa MPa Fig. 4-130.1(Note 1)
Plot Reference:
0% 5) Pl+Pb+Q < 3(Smavg) (OPE,Outside) Case 2

Highest Fatigue Stress Ratios

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Pl+Pb+Q+F Sa Primary+Secondary+Peak (Inner) Load Case 2

7 290 Stress Concentration Factor = 1.350
MPa MPa Strain Concentration Factor = 1.000
Cycles Allowed for this Stress = 1.0000E11
2% "B31" Fatigue Stress Allowable = 286.2
Markl Fatigue Stress Allowable = 287.5
WRC 474 Mean Cycles to Failure = 4.0107E9
WRC 474 99% Probability Cycles = 9.3171E8
WRC 474 95% Probability Cycles = 1.2936E9
BS5500 Allowed Cycles(Curve F) = 9.1046E9
Membrane-to-Bending Ratio = 2.586
Bending-to-PL+PB+Q Ratio = 0.279
Sect VIII Ref: 4-112(l)(2),Fig.4-130.1,4-135
Plot Reference:
6) Pl+Pb+Q+F < Sa (EXP,Inside) Case 2

Branch at Junction

Pl+Pb+Q+F Sa Primary+Secondary+Peak (Inner) Load Case 2

7 290 Stress Concentration Factor = 1.350
MPa MPa Strain Concentration Factor = 1.000
Cycles Allowed for this Stress = 1.0000E11
2% "B31" Fatigue Stress Allowable = 294.8
Markl Fatigue Stress Allowable = 287.5
WRC 474 Mean Cycles to Failure = 7.2856E9
WRC 474 99% Probability Cycles = 1.6925E9
WRC 474 95% Probability Cycles = 2.3498E9
BS5500 Allowed Cycles(Curve F) = 1.3416E10
Membrane-to-Bending Ratio = 2.586
Bending-to-PL+PB+Q Ratio = 0.279
Sect VIII Ref: 4-112(l)(2),Fig.4-130.1,4-135
Plot Reference:
6) Pl+Pb+Q+F < Sa (EXP,Inside) Case 2

Branch Transition
Pl+Pb+Q+F Sa Primary+Secondary+Peak (Outer) Load Case 2
1 290 Stress Concentration Factor = 1.000
MPa MPa Strain Concentration Factor = 1.000
Cycles Allowed for this Stress = 1.0000E11
0% "B31" Fatigue Stress Allowable = 294.8
Markl Fatigue Stress Allowable = 287.5
WRC 474 Mean Cycles to Failure = 4.5005E12
WRC 474 99% Probability Cycles = 1.0455E12
WRC 474 95% Probability Cycles = 1.4515E12
BS5500 Allowed Cycles(Curve F) = 3.9490E14
Membrane-to-Bending Ratio = 3.421
Bending-to-PL+PB+Q Ratio = 0.226
Sect VIII Ref: 4-112(l)(2),Fig.4-130.1,4-135
Plot Reference:
7) Pl+Pb+Q+F < Sa (EXP,Outside) Case 2

Pl+Pb+Q+F Sa Primary+Secondary+Peak (Inner) Load Case 2

9 290 Stress Concentration Factor = 1.350
MPa MPa Strain Concentration Factor = 1.000
Cycles Allowed for this Stress = 1.0000E11
2% "B31" Fatigue Stress Allowable = 286.2
Markl Fatigue Stress Allowable = 287.5
WRC 474 Mean Cycles to Failure = 4.8421E9
WRC 474 99% Probability Cycles = 1.1249E9
WRC 474 95% Probability Cycles = 1.5617E9
BS5500 Allowed Cycles(Curve F) = 3.6280E9
Membrane-to-Bending Ratio = 0.464
Bending-to-PL+PB+Q Ratio = 0.683
Sect VIII Ref: 4-112(l)(2),Fig.4-130.1,4-135
Plot Reference:
6) Pl+Pb+Q+F < Sa (EXP,Inside) Case 2

Pl+Pb+Q+F Sa Primary+Secondary+Peak (Outer) Load Case 2

1 290 Stress Concentration Factor = 1.000
MPa MPa Strain Concentration Factor = 1.000
Cycles Allowed for this Stress = 1.0000E11
0% "B31" Fatigue Stress Allowable = 294.8
Markl Fatigue Stress Allowable = 287.5
WRC 474 Mean Cycles to Failure = 3.4623E12
WRC 474 99% Probability Cycles = 8.0433E11
WRC 474 95% Probability Cycles = 1.1167E12
BS5500 Allowed Cycles(Curve F) = 2.6166E14
Membrane-to-Bending Ratio = 5.135
Bending-to-PL+PB+Q Ratio = 0.163
Sect VIII Ref: 4-112(l)(2),Fig.4-130.1,4-135
Plot Reference:
7) Pl+Pb+Q+F < Sa (EXP,Outside) Case 2

Stress Intensification Factors

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Peak Primary Secondary SSI

Axial : 44.291 16.193 65.616 3.796
Inplane : 10.013 3.679 14.834 3.419
Outplane: 11.331 4.330 16.787 2.775
Torsion : 0.686 0.970 1.025 1.315
Pressure: 1.116 1.092 1.654 1.628

The above stress intensification factors are to be used

in a beam-type analysis of the piping system. Inplane,
Outplane and Torsional sif's should be used with the
matching branch pipe whose diameter and thickness is given
below. The axial sif should be used to intensify the
axial stress in the branch pipe calculated by F/A. The
pressure sif should be used to intensify the nominal
pressure stress in the PARENT or HEADER, calculated
from PDo/2T. B31 calculations use mean diameters and
Section VIII calculations use outside diameters. SSIs are
based on peak stress factors and correlated test results.

Pipe OD : 219.100 mm.

Pipe Thk: 12.700 mm.
Z approx: 424925.375 cu.mm.
Z exact : 401810.375 cu.mm.

(SSI = SIF^x) Axial Inpl Outpl Tors Pres

SIF/SSI Exponents: 0.735 0.565 0.604 0.080 0.802

SIF/SSI exponent based on relationship between primary and

peak stress factors from the finite element analysis.

The B31.3 pressure i-factors should be used with with

F/A, where F is the axial force due to pressure, and
A is the area of the pipe wall. This is equivalent to
finding the pressure stress from (ip)(PD/4T).

B31.3 (Branch)
Peak Stress Sif .... 0.000 Axial
72.807 Inplane
96.547 Outplane
1.000 Torsional
B31.1 (Branch)
Peak Stress Sif .... 0.000 Axial
96.547 Inplane
96.547 Outplane
96.547 Torsional
WRC 330 (Branch)
Peak Stress Sif .... 0.000 Axial
60.817 Inplane
96.547 Outplane
60.817 Torsional

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SECONDARY Maximum Conservative Realistic

Load Type (Range): Individual Simultaneous Simultaneous
Occuring Occuring Occuring
Axial Force ( N ) 43110. 13920. 20880.
Inplane Moment (mm. N ) 9304546. 2124446. 4506630.
Outplane Moment (mm. N ) 8222134. 1877306. 3982367.
Torsional Moment (mm. N ) 138646352. 45447248. 68170872.
Pressure (MPa ) 0.14 0.00 0.00

PRIMARY Maximum Conservative Realistic

Occuring Occuring Occuring
Axial Force ( N ) 87346. 27698. 41547.
Inplane Moment (mm. N ) 19313444. 4371304. 9272937.
Outplane Moment (mm. N ) 15937795. 3573693. 7580948.
Torsional Moment (mm. N ) 73222664. 23437530. 35156296.
Pressure (MPa ) 0.10 0.00 0.00

NOTES:

1) Maximum Individual Occuring Loads are the maximum

allowed values of the respective loads if all other
load components are zero, i.e. the listed axial force
may be applied if the inplane, outplane and torsional
moments, and the pressure are zero.

2) The Conservative Allowable Simultaneous loads are

the maximum loads that can be applied simultaneously.
A conservative stress combination equation is used
that typically produces stresses within 50-70% of the
allowable stress.

3) The Realistic Allowable Simultaneous loads are the

maximum loads that can be applied simultaneously. A
more realistic stress combination equation is used
based on experience at Paulin Research. Stresses are
typically produced within 80-105% of the allowable.

5) Primary allowable loads are limits for weight,

primary and sustained type piping loads.

Flexibilities
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Flexibilities \$X

The following stiffnesses should be used in a piping,

"beam-type" analysis of the intersection. The stiff-
nesses should be inserted at the surface of the
branch/header or nozzle/vessel junction. The general
characteristics used for the branch pipe should be:

Outside Diameter = 219.100 mm.

Wall Thickness = 12.700 mm.

Axial Translational Stiffness = 3891. N /mm.

Inplane Rotational Stiffness = 6558068. mm. N /deg
Outplane Rotational Stiffness = 4357488. mm. N /deg
Torsional Rotational Stiffness = 2221386240. mm. N /deg

:

Find axial stiffness: K = 3EI/(kd)^3 N /mm.

Find bending and torsional stiffnesses: K = EI/(kd) mm. N per radian.
The EI product is 0.89357E+13 N mm.^2
The value of (d) to use is: 206.400 mm..
The resulting bending stiffness is in units of force x length per radian.

Axial Flexibility Factor (k) = 9.218

Inplane Flexibility Factor (k) = 115.218
Outplane Flexibility Factor (k) = 173.405
Torsional Flexibility Factor (k) = 0.340

Finite Element Model

Elements at Discontinuity

1) Pl < 1.5(k)Smh (SUS Membrane) Case 1

2) Qb < 3(Smh) (SUS Bending) Case 1
3) S1+S2+S3 < 4S (SUS S1+S2+S3) Case 1
4) Pl+Pb+Q < 3(Smavg) (OPE Inside) Case 2
5) Pl+Pb+Q < 3(Smavg) (OPE Outside) Case 2
6) Pl+Pb+Q+F < Sa (EXP Inside) Case 2
7) Pl+Pb+Q+F < Sa (EXP Outside) Case 2
8) Membrane < User (OPE Membrane) Case 2
9) Bending < User (OPE Bending) Case 2
10) Pl+Pb+Q+F < Sa (SIF Outside) Case 3
11) Pl+Pb+Q+F < Sa (SIF Outside) Case 4
12) Pl+Pb+Q+F < Sa (SIF Outside) Case 5
13) Pl+Pb+Q+F < Sa (SIF Outside) Case 6
14) Pl+Pb+Q+F < Sa (SIF Outside) Case 7