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MAA Test Book

A compilation of all MAA (Mathematics


Association of America) tests available
on the Art of Problem Solving Website
By Tanishq Aggarwal
AMC10
USA
AMC 10
2013

1 A taxi ride costs $1.50 plus $0.25 per mile traveled. How much does a 5-mile taxi ride cost?
(A) $2.25 (B) $2.50 (C) $2.75 (D) $3.00 (E) $3.25

2 Alice is making a batch of cookies and needs 2 12 cups of sugar. Unforunately, her measuring
cup holds only 14 cup of sugar. How many times must she fill that cup to get the correct
amount of sugar?
(A) 8 (B) 10 (C) 12 (D) 16 (E) 20

3 Square ABCD has side length 10. Point E is on BC, and the area of 4ABE is 40. What is
BE?
(A) 4 (B) 5 (C) 6 (D) 7 (E) 8

B E C

A D

4 A softball team played ten games, scoring 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10 runs. They lost by one
run in exactly five games. In each of the other games, they scored twice as many runs as their
opponent. How many total runs did their opponents score?
(A) 35 (B) 40 (C) 45 (D) 50 (E) 55

5 Tom, Dorothy, and Sammy went on a vacation and agreed to split the costs evenly. During
their trip Tom paid $105, Dorothy paid $125, and Sammy paid $175. In order to share the
costs equally, Tom gave Sammy t dollars, and Dorothy gave Sammy d dollars. What is t d?
(A) 15 (B) 20 (C) 25 (D) 30 (E) 35

This file was downloaded from the AoPS Math Olympiad Resources Page Page 1
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USA
AMC 10
2013

6 Joey and his five brothers are ages 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, and 13. One afternoon two of his brothers
whose ages sum to 16 went to the movies, two brothers younger than 10 went to play baseball,
and Joey and the 5-year-old stayed home. How old is Joey?
(A) 3 (B) 7 (C) 9 (D) 11 (E) 13

7 A student must choose a program of four courses from a menu of courses consisting of English,
Algebra, Geometry, History, Art, and Latin. This program must contain English and at least
one mathematics course. In how many ways can this program be chosen?
(A) 6 (B) 8 (C) 9 (D) 12 (E) 16

8 What is the value of


22014 + 22012
?
22014 22012
5
(A) 1 (B) 1 (C) 3 (D) 2013 (E) 24024

9 In a recent basketball game, Shenille attempted only three-point shots and two-point shots.
She was successful on 20% of her three-point shots and 30% of her two-point shots. Shenille
attempted 30 shots. How many points did she score?
(A) 12 (B) 18 (C) 24 (D) 30 (E) 36

10 A flower bouquet contains pink roses, red roses, pink carnations, and red carnations. One
third of the pink flowers are roses, three fourths of the red flowers are carnations, and six
tenths of the flowers are pink. What percent of the flowers are carnations?
(A) 15 (B) 30 (C) 40 (D) 60 (E) 70

11 A student council must select a two-person welcoming committee and a three-person planning
committee from among its members. There are exactly 10 ways to select a two-person team
for the welcoming committee. It is possible for students to serve on both committees. In how
many different ways can a three-person planning committee be selected?
(A) 10 (B) 12 (C) 15 (D) 18 (E) 25

12 In 4ABC, AB = AC = 28 and BC = 20. Points D, E, and F are on sides AB, BC, and
AC, respectively, such that DE and EF are parallel to AC and AB, respectively. What is
the perimeter of parallelogram ADEF ?

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USA
AMC 10
2013

B E C

(A) 48 (B) 52 (C) 56 (D) 60 (E) 72

13 How many three-digit numbers are not divisible by 5, have digits that sum to less than 20,
and have the first digit equal to the third digit?
(A) 52 (B) 60 (C) 66 (D) 68 (E) 70

14 A solid cube of side length 1 is removed from each corner of a solid cube of side length 3.
How many edges does the remaining solid have?
(A) 36 (B) 60 (C) 72 (D) 84 (E) 108

15 Two sides of a triangle have lengths 10 and 15. The length of the altitude to the third side is
the average of the lengths of the altitudes to the two given sides. How long is the third side?
(A) 6 (B) 8 (C) 9 (D) 12 (E) 18

16 A triangle with vertices (6, 5), (8, 3), and (9, 1) is reflected about the line x = 8 to create a
second triangle. What is the area of the union of the two triangles?
28 31 32
(A) 9 (B) (C) 10 (D) (E)
3 3 3
17 Daphne is visited periodically by her three best friends: Alice, Beatrix, and Claire. Alice visits
every third day, Beatrix visits every fourth day, and Claire visits every fifth day. All three
friends visited Daphne yesterday. How many days of the next 365-day period will exactly two
friends visit her?
(A) 48 (B) 54 (C) 60 (D) 66 (E) 72

This file was downloaded from the AoPS Math Olympiad Resources Page Page 3
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USA
AMC 10
2013

18 Let points A = (0, 0), B = (1, 2), C = (3, 3), and D = (4, 0). Quadrilateral ABCD is cut 
into equal area pieces by a line passing through A. This line intersects CD at point pq , rs ,
where these fractions are in lowest terms. What is p + q + r + s?
(A) 54 (B) 58 (C) 62 (D) 70 (E) 75

19 In base 10, the number 2013 ends in the digit 3. In base 9, on the other hand, the same
number is written as (2676)9 and ends in the digit 6. For how many positive integers b does
the base-b representation of 2013 end in the digit 3?
(A) 6 (B) 9 (C) 13 (D) 16 (E) 18

20 A unit square is rotated 45 about its center. What is the area of the region swept out by
the interior of the square?

(A) 1 22 + 4 (B) 12 + 4 (C) 2 2 + 4 (D) 22 + 4 (E) 1 + 42 + 8

21 A group of 12 pirates agree to divide a treasure chest of gold coins among themselves as
k
follows. The k th pirate to take a share takes 12 of the coins that remain in the chest. The
number of coins initially in the chest is the smallest number for which this arrangement will
allow each pirate to receive a positive whole number of coins. How many coins doe the 12th
pirate receive?
(A) 720 (B) 1296 (C) 1728 (D) 1925 (E) 3850

22 Six spheres of radius 1 are positioned so that their centers are at the vertices of a regular
hexagon of side length 2. The six spheres are internally tangent to a larger sphere whose
center is the center of the hexagon. An eighth sphere is externally tangent to the six smaller
spheres and internally tangent to the larger sphere. What is the radius of this eighth sphere?

(A) 2 (B) 32 (C) 53 (D) 3 (E) 2

23 In 4ABC, AB = 86, and AC = 97. A circle with center A and radius AB intersects BC at
points B and X. Moreover BX and CX have integer lengths. What is BC?
(A) 11 (B) 28 (C) 33 (D) 61 (E) 72

24 Central High School is competing against Northern High School in a backgammon match.
Each school has three players, and the contest rules require that each player play two games
against each of the others schools players. The match takes place in six rounds, with three
games played simultaneously in each round. In how many different ways can the match be
scheduled?
(A) 540 (B) 600 (C) 720 (D) 810 (E) 900

This file was downloaded from the AoPS Math Olympiad Resources Page Page 4
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USA
AMC 10
2013

25 All diagonals are drawn in a regular octagon. At how many distinct points in the interior of
the octagon (not on the boundary) do two or more diagonals intersect?
(A) 49 (B) 65 (C) 70 (D) 96 (E) 128

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USA
AMC 10
2013

2+4+6 1+3+5
1 What is 1+3+5
2+4+6 ?
5 7 49 43
(A) 1 (B) 36 (C) 12 (D) 20 (E) 3

2 Mr Green measures his rectangular garden by walking two of the sides and finds that it is 15
steps by 20 steps. Each or Mr Greens steps is two feet long. Mr Green expect half a pound
of potatoes per square foot from his garden. How many pounds of potatoes does Mr Green
expect from his garden?
(A) 600 (B) 800 (C) 1000 (D) 1200 (E) 1400
3 On a particular January day, the high temperature in Lincoln, Nebraska, was 16 degrees
higher than the low temperature, and the average of the high and low temperatures was 3 .
In degrees, what was the low temperature in Lincoln that day?
(A) 13 (B) 8 (C) 5 (D) 3 (E) 11
4 When counting from 3 to 201, 53 is the 51st number counted. When counting backwards from
201 to 3, 53 is the nth number counted. What is n?
(A) 146 (B) 147 (C) 148 (D) 149 (E) 150
5 Positive integers a and b are each less than 6. What is the smallest possible value for 2aab?
(A) 20 (B) 15 (C) 10 (D) 0 (E) 2
6 The average age of 33 fifth-graders is 11. The average age of 55 of their parents is 33. What
is the average age of all of these parents and fifth-graders?
(A) 22 (B) 23.25 (C) 24.75 (D) 26.25 (E) 28
7 Six points are equally spaced around a circle of radius 1. Three of these points are the vertices
of a triangle that is neither equilateral nor isosceles. What is the area of this triangle?

(A) 33 (B) 23 (C) 1 (D) 2 (E) 2

8 Rays car averages 40 miles per gallon of gasoline, and Toms car averages 10 miles per gallon
of gasoline. Ray and Tom each drive the same number of miles. What is the cars combined
rate of miles per gallon of gasoline?
(A) 10 (B) 16 (C) 25 (D) 30 (E) 40
9 Three positive integers are each greater than 1, have a product of 27000, and are pairwise
relatively prime. What is their sum?
(A) 100 (B) 137 (C) 156 (D) 160 (E) 165

This file was downloaded from the AoPS Math Olympiad Resources Page Page 6
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USA
AMC 10
2013

10 A basketball teams players were successful on 50% of their two-point shots and 40% of their
three-point shots, which resulted in 54 points. They attempted 50% more two-point shots
than three-point shots. How many three-point shots did they attempt?
(A) 10 (B) 15 (C) 20 (D) 25 (E) 30

11 Real numbers x and y satisfy the equation x2 + y 2 = 10x 6y 34. What is x + y?


(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 6 (E) 8

12 Let S be the set of sides and diagonals of a regular pentagon. A pair of elements of S
are selected at random without replacement. What is the probability that the two chosen
segments have the same length?
2 4 1 5 4
(A) 5 (B) 9 (C) 2 (D) 9 (E) 5

13 Jo and Blair take turns counting from 1 to one more than the last number said by the other
person. Jo starts by saying 1, so Blair follows by saying 1, 2. Jo then says 1, 2, 3, and
so on. What is the 53rd number said?
(A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 5 (D) 6 (E) 8

14 Define ab = a2 b ab2 . Which of the following describes the set of points (x, y) for which
xy = yx?
(A) a finite set of points
(B) one line
(C) two parallel lines
(D two intersecting lines
(E) three lines

15 A wire is cut into two pieces, one of length a and the other of length b. The piece of length
a is bent to form an equilateral triangle, and the piece of length b is bent to form a regular
hexagon. The triangle and the hexagon have equal area. What is ab ?

(A) 1 (B) 26 (C) 3 (D 2 (E) 3 2 2

16 In 4ABC, medians AD and CE intersect at P , P E = 1.5, P D = 2, and DE = 2.5. What


is the area of AEDC?

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USA
AMC 10
2013

D
P

A E B

(A) 13 (B) 13.5 (C) 14 (D) 14.5 (E) 15

17 Alex has 75 red tokens and 75 blue tokens. There is a booth where Alex can give two red
tokens and receive in return a silver token and a blue token, and another booth where Alex
can give three blue tokens and receive in return a silver token and a red token. Alex continues
to exchange tokens until no more exchanges are possible. How many silver tokens will Alex
have at the end?
(A) 62 (B) 82 (C) 83 (D 102 (E) 103

18 The number 2013 has the property that its units digit is the sum of its other digits, that is
2 + 0 + 1 = 3. How many integers less than 2013 but greater than 1000 share this property?
(A) 33 (B) 34 (C) 45 (D 46 (E) 58

19 The real numbers c, b, a form an arithmetic sequence with a b c 0. The quadratic


ax2 + bx + c has exactly one root. What is this root?

(A) 7 4 3 (B) 2 3 (C) 1 (D 2 + 3 (E) 7 + 4 3

20 The number 2013 is expressed in the form

a1 !a2 ! am !
2013 = ,
b1 !b2 ! bn !
where a1 a2 am and b1 b2 bn are positive integers and a1 + b1 is as small
as possible. What is |a1 b1 |?
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D 4 (E) 5

21 Two non-decreasing sequences of nonnegative integers have different first terms. Each se-
quence has the property that each term beginning with the third is the sum of the previous
two terms, and the seventh term of each sequence is N . What is the smallest possible value
of N ?
(A) 55 (B) 89 (C) 104 (D 144 (E) 273

This file was downloaded from the AoPS Math Olympiad Resources Page Page 8
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USA
AMC 10
2013

22 The regular octagon ABCDEF GH has its center at J. Each of the vertices and the center
are to be associated with one of the digits 1 through 9, with each digit used once, in such a
way that the sums of the numbers on the lines AJE, BJF , CJG, and DJH are equal. In
how many ways can this be done?
(A) 384 (B) 576 (C) 1152 (D) 1680 (E) 3546

A B

H C

G D

F E

23 In triangle ABC, AB = 13, BC = 14, and CA = 15. Distinct points D, E, and F lie on
segments BC, CA, and DE, respectively, such that AD BC, DE AC, and AF BF .
The length of segment DF can be written as m
n , where m and n are relatively prime positive
integers. What is m + n?
(A) 18 (B) 21 (C) 24 (D 27 (E) 30
24 A positive integer n is nice if there is a positive integer m with exactly four positive divisors
(including 1 and m) such that the sum of the four divisors is equal to n. How many numers
in the set {2010, 2011, 2012, . . . , 2019} are nice?
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D 4 (E) 5
25 Bernardo chooses a three-digit positive integer N and writes both its base-5 and base-6
representations on a blackboard. Later LeRoy sees the two numbers Bernardo has written.
Treating the two numbers as base-10 integers, he adds them to obtain an integer S. For
example, if N = 749, Bernardo writes the numbers 10,444 and 3,245, and LeRoy obtains the
sum S = 13, 689. For how many choices of N are the two rightmost digits of S, in order, the
same as those of 2N ?
(A) 5 (B) 10 (C) 15 (D 20 (E) 25

This file was downloaded from the AoPS Math Olympiad Resources Page Page 9
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USA
AMC 10
2000

1 In the year 2001, the United States will host the International Mathematical Olympiad. Let
I, M , and O be distinct positive integers such that the product I M O = 2001. Whats the
largest possible value of the sum I + M + O?
(A) 23 (B) 55 (C) 99 (D) 111 (E) 671

2 2000(20002000 ) =
(A) 20002001 (B) 40002000 (C) 20004000 (D) 4, 000, 0002000 (E) 20004,000,000

3 Each day, Jenny ate 20% of the jellybeans that were in her jar at the beginning of the day.
At the end of the second day, 32 remained. How many jellybeans were in the jar originally?
(A) 40 (B) 50 (C) 55 (D) 60 (E) 75

4 Chandra pays an online service provider a fixed monthly fee plus an hourly charge for connect
time. Her December bill was $12.48, but in January her bill was $17.54 because she used
twice as much connect time as in December. What is the fixxed monthly fee?
(A) $2.53 (B) $5.06 (C) $6.24 (D) $7.42 (E) $8.77

5 Points M and N are the midpoints of sides P A and P B of 4P AB. As P moves along a line
that is parallel to side AB, how many of the four quantities listed below change?
(A) the length of the segmentM N
(B) the perimeter of 4P AB
(C) the area of 4P AB
(D) the area of trapezoidABN M

M N

A B

(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 3 (E) 4

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USA
AMC 10
2000

6 The Fibonacci Sequence 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, . . . starts with two 1s and each term afterwards
is the sum of its predecessors. Which one of the ten digits is the last to appear in the units
position of a number in the Fibonacci Sequence?
(A) 0 (B) 4 (C) 6 (D) 7 (E) 9

7 In rectangle ABCD, AD = 1, P is on AB, and DB and DP trisect ADC. What is the


perimeter of 4BDP ?

A P B

D C


3

4 3

3+3 5

5 3
(A) 3 + 3 (B) 2 + 3 (C) 2 + 2 2 (D) 2 (E) 2 + 3

8 At Olympic High School, 25 of the freshmen and 45 of the sophomores took the AMC-10. Given
that the number of freshmen and sophomore contestants was the same, which of the following
must be true?
(A) There are five times as many sophomores as freshmen. (B) There are twice as many
sophomores as freshmen. (C) There are as many freshmen as sophomores. (D) There are
twice as many freshmen as sophomores. (E) There are five times as many freshmen as
sophomores.

9 If |x 2| = p, where x < 2, then x p =


(A) 2 (B) 2 (C) 2 2p (D) 2p 2 (E) |2p 2|

10 The sides of a triangle with positive area have lengths 4, 6, and x. The sides of a second
triangle with positive area have lengths 4, 6, and y. What is the smallest positive number
that is not a possible value of |x y|?
(A) 2 (B) 4 (C) 6 (D) 8 (E) 10

11 Two different prime numbers between 4 and 18 are chosen. When their sum is subtracted
from their product, which of the following numbers could be obtained?
(A) 21 (B) 60 (C) 119 (D) 180 (E) 231

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USA
AMC 10
2000

12 Figures 0, 1, 2, and 3 consist of 1, 5, 13, and 25 nonoverlapping squares, respectively. If the


pattern were continued, how many nonoverlapping squares would there be in figure 100?

Figure Figure Figure Figure


0 1 2 3

(A) 10401 (B) 19801 (C) 20201 (D) 39801 (E) 40801

13 There are 5 yellow pegs, 4 red pegs, 3 green pegs, 2 blue pegs, and 1 orange peg on a triangular
peg board. In how many ways can the pegs be placed so that no (horizontal) row or (vertical)
column contains two pegs of the same color?

15!
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 5! 4! 3! 2! 1! (D) 5!4!3!2!1! (E) 15!

14 Mrs. Walter gave an exam in a mathematics class of five students. She entered the scores
in random order into a spreadsheet, which recalculated the class average after each score was
entered. Mrs. Walter noticed that after each score was entered, the average was always an
integer. The scores (listed in ascending order) were 71, 76, 80, 82, and 91. What was the last
score Mrs. Walter entered?
(A) 71 (B) 76 (C) 80 (D) 82 (E) 91

15 Two non-zero real numbers, a and b, satisfy ab = a b. Which of the following is a possible
value of ab + ab ab?
1 1 1
(A) 2 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 2 (E) 2

This file was downloaded from the AoPS Math Olympiad Resources Page Page 3
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USA
AMC 10
2000

16 The diagram show 28 lattice points, each one unit from its nearest neighbors. Segment AB
meets segment CD at E. Find the length of segment AE.

A
C
E

D B


4 5

5 5

12 5

5 65
(A) 3 (B) 3 (C) 7 (D) 2 5 (E) 9

17 Boris has an incredible coin changing machine. When he puts in a quarter, it returns five
nickels; when he puts in a nickel, it returns five pennies; and when he puts in a penny, it
returns five quarters. Boris starts with just one penny. Which of the following amounts could
Boris have after using the machine repeatedly?
(A) $3.63 (B) $5.13 (C) $6.30 (D) $7.45 (E) $9.07

18 Charlyn walks completely around the boundary of a square whose sides are each 5 km long.
From any point on her path she can see exactly 1 km horizontally in all directions. What is
the area of the region consisting of all points Charlyn can see during her walk, expressed in
square kilometers and rounded to the nearest whole number?
(A) 24 (B) 27 (C) 39 (D) 40 (E) 42

19 Through a point on the hypotenuse of a right triangle, lines are drawn parallel to the legs of
the triangle so that the trangle is divided into a square and two smaller right triangles. The
area of one of the two small right triangles is m times the area of the square. The ratio of
the area of the other small right triangle to the area of the square is
1 1 1
(A) 2m+1 (B) m (C) 1 m (D) 4m (E) 8m2

20 Let A, M , and C be nonnegative integers such that A + M + C = 10. What is the maximum
value of A M C + A M + M C + C A?
(A) 49 (B) 59 (C) 69 (D) 79 (E) 89

21 If all alligators are ferocious creatures and some creepy crawlers are alligators, which state-
ment(s) must be true?

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USA
AMC 10
2000

I. All alligators are creepy crawlers. II. Some ferocious creatures are creepy crawlers. III.
Some alligators are not creepy crawlers.
(A) I only (B) II only (C) III only (D) II and III only (E) None must be true

22 One morning each member of Angelas family drank an 8-ounce mixture of coffee with milk.
The amounts of coffee and milk varied from cup to cup, but were never zero. Angela drank
a quarter of the total amount of milk and a sixth of the total amount of coffee. How many
people are in the family?
(A) 3 (B) 4 (C) 5 (D) 6 (E) 7

23 When the mean, median, and mode of the list 10, 2, 5, 2, 4, 2, x are arranged in increasing
order, they form a non-constant arithmetic progression. What is the sum of all possible real
values of x?
(A) 3 (B) 6 (C) 9(D) 17 (E) 20

24 Let f be a function for which f x3 = x2 + x + 1. Find the sum of all values of z for which


f (3z) = 7.
1 1 5 5
(A) 3 (B) 9 (C) 0 (D) 9 (E) 3

25 In year N , the 300th day of the year is a Tuesday. In year N + 1, the 200th day is also a
Tuesday. On what day of the week did the 100th of year N 1 occur?
(A) Thursday (B) Friday (C) Saturday (D) Sunday (E) Monday

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USA
AMC 10
2001

1 The median of the list

n, n + 3, n + 4, n + 5, n + 6, n + 8, n + 10, n + 12, n + 15

is 10. What is the mean?


(A) 4 (B) 6 (C) 7 (D) 10 (E) 11

2 A number x is 2 more than the product of its reciprocal and its additive inverse. In which
interval does the number lie?
(A) 4 x 2 (B) 2 < x 0 (C) 0 < x 2 (D) 2 < x 4 (E) 4 < x 6

3 The sum of two numbers is S. Suppose 3 is added to each number and then each of the
resulting numbers is doubled. What is the sum of the final two numbers?
(A) 2S + 3 (B) 3S + 2 (C) 3S + 6 (D) 2S + 6 (E) 2S + 12

4 What is the maximum number of possible points of intersection of a circle and a triangle?
(A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 4 (D) 5 (E) 6

5 How many of the twelve pentominoes pictured below have at least one line of symettry?
(A) 3 (B) 4 (C) 5 (D) 6 (E) 7

6 Let P (n) and S(n) denote the product and the sum, respectively, of the digits of the integer
n. For example, P (23) = 6 and S(23) = 5. Suppose N is a two-digit number such that
N = P (N ) + S(N ). What is the units digit of N ?
(A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 6 (D) 8 (E) 9

This file was downloaded from the AoPS Math Olympiad Resources Page Page 1
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USA
AMC 10
2001

7 When the decimal point of a certain positive decimal number is moved four places to the
right, the new number is four times the reciprocal of the original number. What is the
original number?
(A) 0.0002 (B) 0.002 (C) 0.02 (D) 0.2 (E) 2

8 Wanda, Darren, Beatrice, and Chi are tutors in the school math lab. Their schedule is as
follows: Darren works every third school day, Wanda works every fourth school day, Beatrice
works every sixth school day, and Chi works every seventh school day. Today they are all
working in the math lab. In how many school days from today will they next be together
tutoring in the lab?
(A) 42 (B) 84 (C) 126 (D) 178 (E) 252

9 The state income tax where Kristin lives is levied at the rate of p% of the first $28000 of
annual income plus (p + 2)% of any amount above $28000. Kristin noticed that the state
income tax she paid amounted to (p + 0.25)% of her annual income. What was her annual
income?
(A) $28000 (B) $32000 (C) $35000 (D) $42, 000 (E) $56000

10 If x, y, and z are positive with xy = 24, xz = 48, and yz = 72, then x + y + z is


(A) 18 (B) 19 (C) 20 (D) 22 (E) 24

11 Consider the dark square in an array of unit squares, part of which is shown. The rst ring of
squares around this center square contains 8 unit squares. The second ring contains 16 unit
squares. If we continue this process, the number of unit squares in the 100th ring is
(A) 396 (B) 404 (C) 800 (D) 10,000 (E) 10,404

12 Suppose that n is the product of three consecutive integers and that n is divisible by 7. Which
of the following is not necessarily a divisor of n?
(A) 6 (B) 14 (C) 21 (D) 28 (E) 42

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USA
AMC 10
2001

13 A telephone number has the form ABC DEF GHIJ, where each letter represents a
different digit. The digits in each part of the numbers are in decreasing order; that is,
A > B > C, D > E > F , and G > H > I > J. Furthermore, D, E, and F are consecutive
even digits; G, H, I, and J are consecutive odd digits; and A + B + C = 9. Find A.
(A) 4 (B) 5 (C) 6 (D) 7 (E) 8
14 A charity sells 140 benefit tickets for a total of $2001. Some tickets sell for full price (a whole
dollar amount), and the rest sells for half price. How much money is raised by the full-price
tickets?
(A) $782 (B) $986 (C) $1158 (D) $1219 (E) $1449
15 A street has parallel curbs 40 feet apart. A crosswalk bounded by two parallel stripes crosses
the street at an angle. The length of the curb between the stripes is 15 feet and each stripe
is 50 feet long. Find the distance, in feet, between the stripes.
(A) 9 (B) 10 (C) 12 (D) 15 (E) 25
16 The mean of three numbers is 10 more than the least of the numbers and 15 less than the
greatest. The median of the three numbers is 5. What is their sum?
(A) 5 (B) 20 (C) 25 (D) 30 (E) 36
17 Which of the cones listed below can be formed from a 252 sector of a circle of radius 10 by
aligning the two straight sides?

252
10

(A) A cone with slant height of 10 and radius 6 (B) A cone with height of 10 and radius 6
(C) A cone with slant height of 10 and radius 7 (D) A cone with height of 10 and radius 7
(E) A cone with slant height of 10 and radius 8
18 The plane is tiled by congruent squares and congruent pentagons as indicated. The percent
of the plane that is enclosed by the pentagons is closest to
(A) 50 (B) 52 (C) 54 (D) 56 (E) 58

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AMC 10
2001

19 Pat wants to buy four donuts from an ample supply of three types of donuts: glazed, chocolate,
and powdered. How many different selections are possible?
(A) 6 (B) 9 (C) 12 (D) 15 (E) 18
20 A regular octagon is formed by cutting an isosceles right triangle from each of the corners of
a square with sides of length 2000. What is the length of each side of the octagon?

(A) 13 (2000) (B) 2000( 2 1) (C) 2000(2 2) (D) 1000 (E) 1000 2

21 A right circular cylinder with its diameter equal to its height is inscribed in a right circular
cone. The cone has diameter 10 and altitude 12, and the axes of the cylinder and cone
coincide. Find the radius of the cylinder.
8 30 25 7
(A) 3 (B) 11 (C) 3 (D) 8 (E) 2

22 In the magic square shown, the sums of the numbers in each row, column, and diagonal are
the same. Five of these numbers are represented by v, w, x, y, and z. Find y + z.
(A) 43 (B) 44 (C) 45 (D) 46 (E) 47

v 24 w

18 x y

25 z 21

23 A box contains exactly five chips, three red and two white. Chips are randomly removed one
at a time without replacement until all the red chips are drawn or all the white chips are
drawn. What is the probability that the last chip drawn is white?
3 2 1 3 7
(A) (B) (C) (D) (E)
10 5 2 5 10

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AMC 10
2001

24 In trapezoid ABCD, AB and CD are perpendicular to AD, with AB+CD = BC, AB < CD,
and AD = 7. What is AB CD?
(A) 12 (B) 12.25 (C) 12.5 (D) 12.75 (E) 13

25 How many positive integers not exceeding 2001 are multiples of 3 or 4 but not 5?
(A) 768 (B) 801 (C) 934 (D) 1067 (E) 1167

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AMC 10
2002

102000 + 102002
1 The ratio is closest to which of the following numbers?
102001 + 102001
(A) 0.1 (B) 0.2 (C) 1 (D) 5 (E) 10
2 For the nonzero numbers a, b, c, define
a
(a, b, c) = b + cb + ac .
Find (2, 12, 9).
(A) 4 (B) 5 (C) 6 (D) 7 (E) 8
3 According to the standard convention for exponentiation,
 
22
2 2( )
222 =2 = 216 = 65,536.
If the order in which the exponentiations are performed is changed, how many other values
are possible?
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 3 (E) 4
4 For how many positive integers m does there exist at least one positive integer n such that
m n m + n?
(A) 4 (B) 6 (C) 9 (D) 12 (E) infinitely many
5 Each of the small circles in the figure has radius one. The innermost circle is tangent to the
six circles that surround it, and each of those circles is tangent to the large circle and to its
small-circle neighbors. Find the area of the shaded region.

(A) (B) 1.5 (C) 2 (D) 3 (E) 3.5


6 Cindy was asked by her teacher to subtract 3 from a certain number and then divide the
result by 9. Instead, she subtracted 9 and then divided the result by 3, giving an answer of
43. What would her answer have been had she worked the problem correctly?
(A) 15 (B) 34 (C) 43 (D) 51 (E) 138

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AMC 10
2002

7 If an arc of 45 on circle A has the same length as an arc of 30 on circle B, then the ratio
of the area of circle A to the area of circle B is
4 2 5 3 9
(A) 9 (B) 3 (C) 6 (D) 2 (E) 4

8 Betsy designed a flag using blue triangles, small white squares, and a red center square, as
shown. Let B be the total area of the blue triangles, W the total area of the white squares,
and R the area of the red square. Which of the following is correct?

(A) B = W (B) W = R (C) B = R (D) 3B = 2R (E) 2R = W

9 Suppose A, B, and C are three numbers for which 1001C 2002A = 4004 and 1001B +
3003A = 5005.The average of the three numbers A, B, and C is
(A) 1 (B) 3 (C) 6 (D) 9 (E) not uniquely determined

10 Compute the sum of all the roots of (2x + 3)(x 4) + (2x + 3)(x 6) = 0.
(A) 7/2 (B) 4 (C) 5 (D) 7 (E) 13

11 Jamal wants to store 30 computer files on floppy disks, each of which has a capacity of 1.44
megabytes (MB). Three of his files require 0.8 MB of memory each, 12 more require 0.7 MB
each, and the remaining 15 require 0.4 MB each. No file can be split between floppy disks.
What is the minimal number of floppy disks that will hold all the files?
(A) 12 (B) 13 (C) 14 (D) 15 (E) 16

12 Mr. Earl E. Bird leaves his house for work at exactly 8:00 A.M. every morning. When he
averages 40 miles per hour, he arrives at his workplace three minutes late. When he averages
60 miles per hour, he arrives three minutes early. At what average speed, in miles per hour,
should Mr. Bird drive to arrive at his workplace precisely on time?
(A) 45 (B) 48 (C) 50 (D) 55 (E) 58

13 The sides of a triangle have lengths of 15, 20, and 25. Find the length of the shortest altitude.
(A) 6 (B) 12 (C) 12.5 (D) 13 (E) 15

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AMC 10
2002

14 Both roots of the quadratic equation x2 63x + k = 0 are prime numbers. The number of
possible values of k is
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 3 (E) more than four
15 The digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 9 are used to form four two-digit prime numbers, with each
digit used exactly once. What is the sum of these four primes?
(A) 150 (B) 160 (C) 170 (D) 180 (E) 190
16 If a + 1 = b + 2 = c + 3 = d + 4 = a + b + c + d + 5, then a + b + c + d is
(A) 5 (B) 10/3 (C) 7/3 (D) 5/3 (E) 5
17 Sarah pours four ounces of coffee into an eight-ounce cup and four ounces of cream into a
second cup of the same size. She then transfers half the coffee from the first cup to the second
and, after stirring thoroughly, transfers half the liquid in the second cup back to the first.
What fraction of the liquid in the first cup is now cream?
(A) 1/4 (B) 1/3 (C) 3/8 (D) 2/5 (E) 1/2
18 A 3 3 3 cube is formed by gluing together 27 standard cubical dice. (On a standard die,
the sum of the numbers on any pair of opposite faces is 7.) The smallest possible sum of all
the numbers showing on the surface of the 3 3 3 cube is
(A) 60 (B) 72 (C) 84 (D) 90 (E) 96
19 Spots doghouse has a regular hexagonal base that measures one yard on each side. He is
tethered to a vertex with a two-yard rope. What is the area, in square yards, of the region
outside of the doghouse that Spot can reach?
(A) 2/3 (B) 2 (C) 5/2 (D) 8/3 (E) 3
20 Points A, B, C, D, E and F lie, in that order, on AF , dividing it into five segments, each of
length 1. Point G is not on line AF . Point H lies on GD, and point J lies on GF . The line
segments HC, JE, and AG are parallel. Find HC/JE.
(A) 5/4 (B) 4/3 (C) 3/2 (D) 5/3 (E) 2
21 The mean, median, unique mode, and range of a collection of eight integers are all equal to
8. The largest integer that can be an element of this collection is
(A) 11 (B) 12 (C) 13 (D) 14 (E) 15
22 A sit of tiles numbered 1 through 100 is modified repeatedly by the following operation: re-
move all tiles numbered with a perfect square, and renumber the remaining tiles consecutively
starting with 1. How many times must the operation be performed to reduce the number of
tiles in the set to one?
(A) 10 (B) 11 (C) 18 (D) 19 (E) 20

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AMC 10
2002

23 Points A, B, C and D lie on a line, in that order, with AB = CD and BC = 12. Point E
is not on the line, and BE = CE = 10. The perimeter of 4AED is twice the perimeter of
4BEC. Find AB.
(A) 15/2 (B) 8 (C) 17/2 (D) 9 (E) 19/2

24 Tina randomly selects two distinct numbers from the set {1, 2, 3, 4, 5} and Sergio randomly
selects a number from the set {1, 2, ..., 10}. The probability that Sergios number is larger
than the sum of the two numbers chosen by Tina is
(A) 2/5 (B) 9/20 (C) 1/2 (D) 11/20 (E) 24/25

25 In trapezoid ABCD with bases AB and CD, we have AB = 52, BC = 12, CD = 39, and
DA = 5. The area of ABCD is

D 39 C

5 12

A 52 B

(A) 182 (B) 195 (C) 210 (D) 234 (E) 260

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AMC 10
2002

22001 32003
1 The ratio 62002
is
1
(A) 6 (B) 13 (C) 1
2 (D) 2
3 (E) 3
2

2 For the nonzero numbers a, b, and c, define


abc
(a, b, c) = a+b+c .
Find (2, 4, 6).
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 4 (D) 6 (E) 24

3 The arithmetic mean of the nine numbers in the set {9, 99, 999, 9999, ..., 999999999} is a 9-digit
number M , all of whose digits are distinct. The number M does not contain the digit
(A) 0 (B) 2 (C) 4 (D) 6 (E) 8

4 What is the value of


(3x 2)(4x + 1) (3x 2)4x + 1
when x = 4?
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 10 (D) 11 (E) 12

5 Circles of radius 2 and 3 are externally tangent and are circumscribed by a third circle, as
shown in the figure. Find the area of the shaded region.

3 2

(A) 3 (B) 4 (C) 6 (D) 9 (E) 12

6 For how many positive integers n is n2 3n + 2 a prime number?


(A) none (B) one (C) two (D) more than two, but finitely many
(E) infinitely many

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USA
AMC 10
2002

1 1 1 1
7 Let n be a positive integer such that 2 + 3 + 7 + n is an integer. Which of the following
statements is not true?
(A) 2 divides n (B) 3 divides n (C) 6 divides n (D) 7 divides n
(E) n > 84

8 Suppose July of year N has five Mondays. Which of the following must occur five times in
August of year N ? (Note: Both months have 31 days.)
(A) Monday (B) Tuesday (C) Wednesday (D) Thursday (E) Friday

9 Using the letters A, M , O, S, and U , we can form 120 five-letter words. If these words
are arranged in alphabetical order, then the word U SAM O occupies position
(A) 112 (B) 113 (C) 114 (D) 115 (E) 116

10 Suppose that a and b are are nonzero real numbers, and that the equation x2 + ax + b = 0
has positive solutions a and b. Then the pair (a, b) is
(A) (2, 1) (B) (1, 2) (C) (1, 2) (D) (2, 1) (E) (4, 4)

11 The product of three consecutive positive integers is 8 times their sum. What is the sum of
their squares?
(A) 50 (B) 77 (C) 110 (D) 149 (E) 194
x1 xk
12 For which of the following values of k does the equation x2 = x6 have no solution for x?
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) 5

13 Find the value(s) of x such that 8xy 12y + 2x 3 = 0 is true for all values of y.
2 3 1 2 1 3 3 1
(A) 3 (B) 2 or 4 (C) 3 or 4 (D) 2 (E) 2 or 4

14 The number 2564 6425 is the square of a positive integer N . In decimal representation, the
sum of the digits of N is
(A) 7 (B) 14 (C) 21 (D) 28 (E) 35

15 The positive integers A, B, A B, and A + B are all prime numbers. The sum of these four
primes is
(A) even (B) divisible by 3 (C) divisible by 5 (D) divisible by 7
(E) prime
n
16 For how many integers n is 20n the square of an integer?
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) 10

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AMC 10
2002

17 A regular octagon ABCDEF GH has sides of length two. Find the area of 4ADG.

(A) 4 + 2 2 (B) 6 + 2 (C) 4 + 3 2 (D) 3 + 4 2 (E) 8 + 2
18 Four distinct circles are drawn in a plane. What is the maximum number of points where at
least two of the circles intersect?
(A) 8 (B) 9 (C) 10 (D) 12 (E) 16
19 Suppose that {an } is an arithmetic sequence with
a1 + a2 + + a100 = 100 and a101 + a102 + + a200 = 200.
What is the value of a2 a1 ?
(A) 0.0001 (B) 0.001 (C) 0.01 (D) 0.1 (E) 1
20 Let a, b, and c be real numbers such that a 7b + 8c = 4 and 8a + 4b c = 7. Then a2 b2 + c2
is
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 4 (D) 7 (E) 8
21 Andys lawn has twice as much area as Beths lawn and three times as much area as Carlos
lawn. Carlos lawn mower cuts half as fast as Beths mower and one third as fast as Andys
mower. If they all start to mow their lawns at the same time, who will nish rst?
(A) Andy (B) Beth (C) Carlos (D) Andy and Carlos tie for first.
(E) All three tie.
22 Let 4XOY be a right-angled triangle with mXOY = 90 . Let M and N be the midpoints
of legs OX and OY , respectively. Given that XN = 19 and Y M = 22, find XY .
(A) 24 (B) 26 (C) 28 (D) 30 (E) 32
23 Let {ak } be a sequence of integers such that a1 = 1 and am+n = am + an + mn, for all positive
integers m and n. Then a12 is
(A) 45 (B) 56 (C) 67 (D) 78 (E) 89
24 Riders on a Ferris wheel travel in a circle in a vertical plane. A particular wheel has radius
20 feet and revolves at the constant rate of one revolution per minute. How many seconds
does it take a rider to travel from the bottom of the wheel to a point 10 vertical feet above
the bottom?
(A) 5 (B) 6 (C) 7.5 (D) 10 (E) 15
25 When 15 is appended to a list of integers, the mean is increased by 2. When 1 is appended
to the enlarged list, the mean of the enlarged list is decreased by 1. How many integers were
in the original list?
(A) 4 (B) 5 (C) 6 (D) 7 (E) 8

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USA
AMC 10
2002

-1 This test and the matching AMC 12P were developed for the use of a group of Taiwan
schools, in early January of 2002. When Taiwan had taken the contests, the AMC released
the questions here as a set of practice questions for the 2002 AMC 10 and AMC 12 contests.
(24 )8
1 The ratio equals
(48 )2
1 1
(A) (B) (C) 1 (D) 2 (E) 8
4 2
2 The sum of eleven consecutive integers is 2002. What is the smallest of these integers?
(A) 175 (B) 177 (C) 179 (D) 180 (E) 181
3 Mary typed a six-digit number, but the two 1s she typed didnt show. What appeared was
2002. How many different six-digit numbers could she have typed?
(A) 4 (B) 8 (C) 10 (D) 15 (E) 20
4 Which of the following numbers is a perfect square?
(A) 44 55 66 (B) 44 56 65 (C) 45 54 66 (D) 46 54 65 (E) 46 55 64
5 Let (an )n1 be a sequence such that a1 = 1 and 3an+1 3an = 1 for all n 1. Find a2002 .
(A) 666 (B) 667 (C) 668 (D) 669 (E) 670
6 The perimeter of a rectangle is 100 and its diagonal has length x. What is the area of this
rectangle?
x2 x2 x2
(A) 625 x2 (B) 625 (C) 1250 x2 (D) 1250 (E) 2500
2 2 2
7 The dimensions of a rectangular box in inches are all positive integers and the volume of the
box is 2002 in3 . Find the minimum possible sum in inches of the three dimensions.
(A) 36 (B) 38 (C) 42 (D) 44 (E) 92
8 How many ordered triples of positive integers (x, y, z) satisfy (xy )z = 64?
(A) 5 (B) 6 (C) 7 (D) 8 (E) 9
9 The function f is given by the table

x 1 2 3 4 5
f (x) 4 1 3 5 2

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AMC 10
2002

If u0 = 4 and un+1 = f (un ) for n 0, find u2002 .


(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) 5

10 Let a and b be distinct real numbers for which

a a + 10b
+ = 2.
b b + 10a
a
Find .
b
(A) 0.6 (B) 0.7 (C) 0.8 (D) 0.9 (E) 1

11 Let P (x) = kx3 + 2k 2 x2 + k 3 . Find the sum of all real numbers k for which x 2 is a factor
of P (x).
(A) 8 (B) 4 (C) 0 (D) 5 (E) 8

12 For fn (x) = xn and a 6= 1 consider


I. (f11 (a)f13 (a))14
II. f11 (a)f13 (a)f14 (a)
III. (f11 (f13 (a)))14
IV. f11 (f13 (f14 (a)))
Which of these equal f2002 (a)?
(A) I and II only (B) II and III only (C) III and IV only (D) II, III, and IV only (E) all o

13 Participation in the local soccer league this year is 10% higher than last year. The number
of males increased by 5% and the number of females increased by 20%. What fraction of the
soccer league is now female?
1 4 2 4 1
(A) (B) (C) (D) (E)
3 11 5 9 2
14 The vertex E of a square EF GH is at the center of square ABCD. The length of a side of
ABCD is 1 and the length of a side of EF GH is 2. Side EF intersects CD at I and EH
intersects AD at J. If angle EID = 60 , the area of quadrilateral EIDJ is

1 3 1 2 3
(A) (B) (C) (D) (E)
4 6 3 4 2
15 What is the smallest integer n for which any subset of {1, 2, 3, . . . , 20} of size n must contain
two numbers that differ by 8?
(A) 2 (B) 8 (C) 12 (D) 13 (E) 15

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AMC 10
2002

16 Two walls and the ceiling of a room meet at right angles at point P . A fly is in the air one
meter from one wall, eight meters from the other wall, and 9 meters from point P . How many
meters is the fly from the ceiling?

(A) 13 (B) 14 (C) 15 (D) 4 (E) 17

17 There are 1001 red marbles and 1001 black marbles in a box. Let Ps be the probability that
two marbles drawn at random from the box are the same color, and let Pd be the probability
that they are different colors. Find |Ps Pd |.
1 1 2 1
(A) 0 (B) (C) (D) (E)
2002 2001 2001 1000
18 For how many positive integers n is n3 8n2 + 20n 13 a prime number?
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) more than 4

19 If a, b, c are real numbers such that a2 + 2b = 7, b2 + 4c = 7, and c2 + 6a = 14, find


a2 + b2 + c2 .
(A) 14 (B) 21 (C) 28 (D) 35 (E) 49

20 How many three-digit numbers have at least one 2 and at least one 3?
(A) 52 (B) 54 (C) 56 (D) 58 (E) 60

21 Let f be a real-valued function such that


 
2002
f (x) + 2f = 3x
x

for all x > 0. Find f (2).


(A) 1000 (B) 2000 (C) 3000 (D) 4000 (E) 6000
2002!
22 In how many zeroes does the number end?
(1001!)2
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 200 (E) 400

23 Let
12 22 32 10012
a= + + + +
1 3 5 2001
and
12 22 32 10012
b= + + + + .
3 5 7 2003
Find the integer closest to a b.
(A) 500 (B) 501 (C) 999 (D) 1000 (E) 1001

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AMC 10
2002

24 What is the maximum value of n for which there is a set of distinct positive integers k1 , k2 , . . . , kn
for which
k12 + k22 + . . . + kn2 = 2002?

(A) 14 (B) 15 (C) 16 (D) 17 (E) 18

25 Under the new AMC 10, 12 scoring method, 6 points are given for each correct answer, 2.5
points are given for each unanswered question, and no points are given for an incorrect answer.
Some of the possible scores between 0 and 150 can be obtained in only one way, for example,
the only way to obtain a score of 146.5 is to have 24 correct answers and one unanswered
question. Some scores can be obtained in exactly two ways; for example, a score of 104.5 can
be obtained with 17 correct answers, 1 unanswered question, and 7 incorrect, and also with
12 correct answers and 13 unanswered questions. There are three scores that can be obtained
in exactly three ways. What is their sum?
(A) 175 (B) 179.5 (C) 182 (D) 188.5 (E) 201

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AMC 10
2003

1 What is the difference between the sum of the first 2003 even counting numbers and the sum
of the first 2003 odd counting numbers?
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 2003 (E) 4006

2 Members of the Rockham Soccer League buy socks and T-shirts. Socks cost $4 per pair and
each T-shirt costs $5 more than a pair of socks. Each member needs one pair of socks and a
shirt for home games and another pair of socks and a shirt for away games. If the total cost
is $2366, how many members are in the League?
(A) 77 (B) 91 (C) 143 (D) 182 (E) 286

3 A solid box is 15 cm by 10 cm by 8 cm. A new solid is formed by removing a cube 3 cm on


a side from each corner of this box. What percent of the original volume is removed?
(A) 4.5 (B) 9 (C) 12 (D) 18 (E) 24

4 It takes Mary 30 minutes to walk uphill 1 km from her home to school, but it takes her only
10 minutes to walk from school to home along the same route. What is her average speed, in
km/hr, for the round trip?
(A) 3 (B) 3.125 (C) 3.5 (D) 4 (E) 4.5

5 Let d and e denote the solutions of 2x2 + 3x 5 = 0. What is the value of (d 1)(e 1)?
5
(A) 2 (B) 0 (C) 3 (D) 5 (E) 6

6 Define xy to be |x y| for all real numbers x and y. Which of the following statements is
not true?
(A) xy = yx for all x and y
(B) 2(xy) = (2x)(2y) for all x and y
(C) x0 = x for all x
(D) xx = 0 for all x
(E) xy > 0 if x 6= y

7 How many non-congruent triangles with perimeter 7 have integer side lengths?
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) 5

8 What is the probability that a randomly drawn positive factor of 60 is less than 7?
1 1 1 1 1
(A) 10 (B) 6 (C) 4 (D) 3 (E) 2

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USA
AMC 10
2003

9 Simplify s r

3
q
3 3
x x x x

3

27
81
(A) x (B) x2 (C) x2 (D) 54
x (E) x80

10 The polygon enclosed by the solid lines in the gure consists of 4 congruent squares joined
edge-to-edge. One more congruent square is attached to an edge at one of the nine positions
indicated. How many of the nine resulting polygons can be folded to form a cube with one
face missing?

7 6 5

8 4

9 2 3

(A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 4 (D) 5 (E) 6

11 The sum of the two 5-digit numbers AM C10 and AM C12 is 123422. What is A + M + C?
(A) 10 (B) 11 (C) 12 (D) 13 (E) 14

12 A point (x, y) is randomly picked from inside the rectangle with vertices (0, 0), (4, 0), (4, 1),
and (0, 1). What is the probability that x < y?
1 1 3 1 3
(A) 8 (B) 4 (C) 8 (D) 2 (E) 4

13 The sum of three numbers is 20. The rst is 4 times the sum of the other two. The second is
seven times the third. What is the product of all three?
(A) 28 (B) 40 (C) 100 (D) 400 (E) 800

14 Let n be the largest integer that is the product of exactly 3 distinct prime numbers, d, e, and
10d + e, where d and e are single digits. What is the sum of the digits of n?
(A) 12 (B) 15 (C) 18 (D) 21 (E) 24

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15 What is the probability that an integer in the set {1, 2, 3, . . . , 100} is divisible by 2 and not
divisible by 3?
1 33 17 1 18
(A) 6 (B) 100 (C) 50 (D) 2 (E) 25

16 What is the units digit of 132003 ?


(A) 1 (B) 3 (C) 7 (D) 8 (E) 9

17 The number of inches in the perimeter of an equilateral triangle equals the number of square
inches in the area of its circumscribed circle. What is the radius, in inches, of the circle?

(A) 3 2 (B) 3 3 (C) 3 (D) 6 (E) 3

18 What is the sum of the reciprocals of the roots of the equation

2003 1
x + 1 + = 0?
2004 x
(A) 2004
2003 (B) 1 (C) 2003
2004 (D) 1 (E) 2004
2003

19 A point P is chosen at random in the interior of equilateral triangle ABC. What is the
probability that 4ABP has a greater area than each of 4ACP and 4BCP ?
1 1 1 1 2
(A) 6 (B) 4 (C) 3 (D) 2 (E) 3

20 A base-10 three-digit number n is selected at random. Which of the following is closest to


the probability that the base-9 representation and the base-11 representation of n are both
three-digit numerals?
(A) 0.3 (B) 0.4 (C) 0.5 (D) 0.6 (E) 0.7

21 Pat is to select six cookies from a tray containing only chocolate chip, oatmeal, and peanut
butter cookies. There are at least six of each of these three kinds of cookies on the tray. How
many different assortments of six cookies can be selected?
(A) 22 (B) 25 (C) 27 (D) 28 (E) 29

22 In rectangle ABCD, we have AB = 8, BC = 9, H is on BC with BH = 6, E is on AD with


DE = 4, line EC intersects line AH at G, and F is on line AD with GF AF . Find the
length GF .

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H 6 B
C

F
D 4 E A

(A) 16 (B) 20 (C) 24 (D) 28 (E) 30


23 A large equilateral triangle is constructed by using toothpicks to create rows of small equi-
lateral triangles. For example, in the gure we have 3 rows of small congruent equilateral
triangles, with 5 small triangles in the base row. How many toothpicks would be needed to
construct a large equilateral triangle if the base row of the triangle consists of 2003 small
equilateral triangles?

2 4
1 3 5

(A) 1,004,004 (B) 1,005,006 (C) 1,507,509 (D) 3,015,018 (E) 6,021,018
24 Sally has ve red cards numbered 1 through 5 and four blue cards numbered 3 through 6. She
stacks the cards so that the colors alternate and so that the number on each red card divides
evenly into the number on each neighboring blue card. What is the sum of the numbers on
the middle three cards?

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(A) 8 (B) 9 (C) 10 (D) 11 (E) 12

25 Let n be a 5-digit number, and let q and r be the quotient and remainder, respectively, when
n is divided by 100. For how many values of n is q + r divisible by 11?
(A) 8180 (B) 8181 (C) 8182 (D) 9000 (E) 9090

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1 Which of the following is the same as

2 4 + 6 8 + 10 12 + 14
?
3 6 + 9 12 + 15 18 + 21
2 2 14
(A) 1 (B) 3 (C) 3 (D) 1 (E) 3

2 Al gets the disease algebritis and must take one green pill and one pink pill each day for two
weeks. A green pill costs $1 more than a pink pill, and Als pills cost a total of $546 for the
two weeks. How much does one green pill cost?
(A) $7 (B) $14 (C) $19 (D) $20 (E) $39

3 The sum of 5 consecutive even integers is 4 less than the sum of the rst 8 consecutive odd
counting numbers. What is the smallest of the even integers?
(A) 6 (B) 8 (C) 10 (D) 12 (E) 14

4 Rose fills each of the rectangular regions of her rectangular flower bed with a different type
of flower. The lengths, in feet, of the rectangular regions in her flower bed are as shown in
the gure. She plants one flower per square foot in each region. Asters cost $1 each, begonias
$1.50 each, cannas $2 each, dahlias $2.50 each, and Easter lilies $3 each. What is the least
possible cost, in dollars, for her garden?

4 7

3
5

3
1
6 5

(A) 108 (B) 115 (C) 132 (D) 144 (E) 156

5 Moe uses a mower to cut his rectangular 90-foot by 150-foot lawn. The swath he cuts is 28
inches wide, but he overlaps each cut by 4 inches to make sure that no grass is missed. He

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walks at the rate of 5000 feet per hour while pushing the mower. Which of the following is
closest to the number of hours it will take Moe to mow his lawn?
(A) 0.75 (B) 0.8 (C) 1.35 (D) 1.5 (E) 3

6 Many television screens are rectangles that are measured by the length of their diagonals.
The ratio of the horizontal length to the height in a standard television screen is 4 : 3. The
horizontal length of a 27-inch television screen is closest, in inches, to which of the following?

al

Height
on
i ag
D

Length

(A) 20 (B) 20.5 (C) 21 (D) 21.5 (E) 22

7 The symbolism bxc denotes the largest integer not exceeding x. For example. b3c = 3, and
b9/2c = 4. Compute
b 1c + b 2c + b 3c + + b 16c.
(A) 35 (B) 38 (C) 40 (D) 42 (E) 136

8 The second and fourth terms of a geometric sequence are 2 and 6. Which of the following is
a possible first term?

(A) 3 (B) 2 3 3 (C) 33 (D) 3 (E) 3

9 Find the value of x that satisfies the equation

548/x
252 = .
526/x 2517/x
(A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 5 (D) 6 (E) 9

10 Nebraska, the home of the AMC, changed its license plate scheme. Each old license plate
consisted of a letter followed by four digits. Each new license plate consists of three letters
followed by three digits. By how many times is the number of possible license plates increased?
26 262 262 263 263
(A) 10 (B) 102
(C) 10 (D) 103
(E) 102

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11 A line with slope 3 intersects a line with slope 5 at the point (10, 15). What is the distance
between the x-intercepts of these two lines?
(A) 2 (B) 5 (C) 7 (D) 12 (E) 20

12 Al, Betty, and Clare split $1000 among them to be invested in different ways. Each begins
with a different amount. At the end of one year they have a total of $1500. Betty and Clare
have both doubled their money, whereas Al has managed to lose $100. What was Als original
portion?
(A) $250 (B) $350 (C) $400 (D) $450 (E) $500

13 Let (x) denote the sum of the digits of the positive integer x. For example, (8) = 8 and
(123) = 1 + 2 + 3 = 6. For how many two-digit values of x is ((x)) = 3?
(A) 3 (B) 4 (C) 6 (D) 9 (E) 10

14 Given that 38 52 = ab , where both a and b are positive integers, find the smallest possible
value for a + b.
(A) 25 (B) 34 (C) 351 (D) 407 (E) 900

15 There are 100 players in a singles tennis tournament. The tournament is single elimination,
meaning that a player who loses a match is eliminated. In the first round, the strongest 28
players are given a bye, and the remaining 72 players are paired off to play. After each round,
the remaining players play in the next round. The match continues until only one player
remains unbeaten. The total number of matches played is
(A) a prime number (B) divisible by 2 (C) divisible by 5 (D) divisible by 7 (E) divisible by 11

16 A restaurant offers three desserts, and exactly twice as many appetizers as main courses. A
dinner consists of an appetizer, a main course, and a dessert. What is the least number of
main courses that the restaurant should offer so that a customer could have a different dinner
each night in the year 2003?
(A) 4 (B) 5 (C) 6 (D) 7 (E) 8

17 An ice cream cone consists of a sphere of vanilla ice cream and a right circular cone that has
the same diameter as the sphere. If the ice cream melts, it will exactly ll the cone. Assume
that the melted ice cream occupies 75% of the volume of the frozen ice cream. What is the
ratio of the cones height to its radius?
(A) 2 : 1 (B) 3 : 1 (C) 4 : 1 (D) 16 : 3 (E) 6 : 1

18 What is the largest integer that is a divisor of

(n + 1)(n + 3)(n + 5)(n + 7)(n + 9)

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for all positive even integers n?


(A) 3 (B) 5 (C) 11 (D) 15 (E) 165

19 Three semicircles of radius 1 are constructed on diameter AB of a semicircle of radius 2. The


centers of the small semicircles divide AB into four line segments of equal length, as shown.
What is the area of the shaded region that lies within the large semicircle but outside the
smaller semicircles?

A B
1 2 1


+ 2

+ 3

3
(A) 3 (B) 2 (C) 2 (D) 2 (E) 76 2

20 In rectangle ABCD, AB = 5 and BC = 3. Points F and G are on CD so that DF = 1 and


GC = 2. Lines AF and BG intersect at E. Find the area of 4AEB.

D 1 2 C
F G
3
3

A 5 B

21 25
(A) 10 (B) 2 (C) 12 (D) 2 (E) 15

21 A bag contains two red beads and two green beads. You reach into the bag and pull out
a bead, replacing it with a red bead regardless of the color you pulled out. What is the
probability that all beads in the bag are red after three such replacements?
1 5 9 3 7
(A) 8 (B) 32 (C) 32 (D) 8 (E) 16

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22 A clock chimes once at 30 minutes past each hour and chimes on the hour according to the
hour. For example, at 1 PM there is one chime and at noon and midnight there are twelve
chimes. Starting at 11:15 AM on February 26, 2003, on what date will the 2003rd chime
occur?
(A) March 8 (B) March 9 (C) March 10 (D) March 20 (E) March 21

23 A regular octagon ABCDEF GH has an area of one square unit. What is the area of the
rectangle ABEF ?

A B

H C

G D

F E


2

2
1

1+ 2
(A) 1 2 (B) 4 (C) 21 (D) 2 (E) 4

24 The rst four terms in an arithmetic sequence are x + y, x y, xy, and x/y, in that order.
What is the fth term?
15 6 27 123
(A) 8 (B) 5 (C) 0 (D) 20 (E) 40

25 How many distinct four-digit numbers are divisible by 3 and have 23 as their last two digits?
(A) 27 (B) 30 (C) 33 (D) 81 (E) 90

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1 You and five friends need to raise $1500 in donations for a charity, dividing the fundraising
equally. How many dollars will each of you need to raise?
(A) 250 (B) 300 (C) 1500 (D) 7500 (E) 9000

2 For any three real numbers a, b, and c, with b 6= c, the operation is defined by:
a
(a, b, c) =
bc
What is ((1, 2, 3), (2, 3, 1), (3, 1, 2))?
(A) 21 (B) 41 (C) 0 (D) 1
4 (E) 1
2

3 Alicia earns $20 per hour, of which 1.45% is deducted to pay local taxes. How many cents
per hour of Alicias wages are used to pay local taxes?
(A) 0.0029 (B) 0.029 (C) 0.29 (D) 2.9 (E) 29

4 What is the value of x if |x 1| = |x 2|?


(A) 12 (B) 1
2 (C) 1 (D) 3
2 (E) 2

5 A set of three points is randomly chosen from the grid shown. Each three point set has the
same probability of being chosen. What is the probability that the points lie on the same
straight line?

1 1 2 1 2
(A) 21 (B) 14 (C) 21 (D) 7 (E) 7

6 Bertha has 6 daughters and no sons. Some of her daughters have 6 daughters and the rest have
none. Bertha has a total of 30 daughters and granddaughters, and no great-grand daughters.
How many of Berthas daughters and granddaughters have no daughters?
(A) 22 (B) 23 (C) 24 (D) 25 (E) 26

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7 A grocer stacks oranges in a pyramid-like stack whose rectangular base is 5 oranges by 8


oranges. Each orange above the first level rests in a pocket formed by four oranges in the
level below. The stack is completed by a single row of oranges. How many oranges are in the
stack?
(A) 96 (B) 98 (C) 100 (D) 101 (E) 134

8 A game is played with tokens according to the following rule. In each round, the player with
the most tokens gives one token to each of the other players and also places one token into a
discard pile. The game ends when some player runs out of tokens. Players A, B, and C start
with 15, 14, and 13 tokens, respectively. How many rounds will there be in the game?
(A) 36 (B) 37 (C) 38 (D) 39 (E) 40

9 In the figure, EAB and ABC are right angles. AB = 4, BC = 6, AE = 8, and AC and
BE intersect at D. What is the difference between the areas of 4ADE and 4BDC?

D
8 6

A 4 B

(A) 2 (B) 4 (C) 5 (D) 8 (E) 9

10 Coin A is flipped three times and coin B is flipped four times. What is the probability that
the number of heads obtained from flipping the two fair coins is the same?
19 23 1 35 1
(A) 128 (B) 128 (C) 4 (D) 128 (E) 2

11 A company sells peanut butter in cylindrical jars. Marketing research suggests that using
wider jars will increase sales. If the diameter of the jars is increased by 25% without altering
the volume, by what percent must the height be decreased?
(A) 10 (B) 25 (C) 36 (D) 50 (E) 60

12 Henrys Hamburger Heaven orders its hamburgers with the following condiments: ketchup,
mustard, mayonnaise, tomato, lettuce, pickles, cheese, and onions. A customer can choose

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one, two, or three meat patties, and any collection of condiments. How many different kinds
of hamburgers can be ordered?
(A) 24 (B) 256 (C) 768 (D) 40,320 (E) 120,960

13 At a party, each man danced with exactly three women and each woman danced with exactly
two men. Twelve men attended the party. How many women attended the party?
(A) 8 (B) 12 (C) 16 (D) 18 (E) 24

14 The average value of all the pennies, nickels, dimes, and quarters in Paulas purse is 20 cents.
If she had one more quarter, the average value would be 21 cents. How many dimes does she
have in her purse?
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 3 (E) 4

15 Given that 4 x 2 and 2 y 4, what is the largest possible value of (x + y)/x?


(A) 1 (B) 12 (C) 0 (D) 1
2 (E) 1

16 The 5 5 grid shown contains a collection of squares with sizes from 1 1 to 5 5. How
many of these squares contain the black center square?

(A) 12 (B) 15 (C) 17 (D) 19 (E) 20

17 Brenda and Sally run in opposite directions on a circular track, starting at diametrically
opposite points. They
first meet after Brenda has run 100 meters. They next meet after Sally has run 150 meters
past their first meeting point. Each girl runs at a constant speed. What is the length of the
track in meters?
(A) 250 (B) 300 (C) 350 (D) 400 (E) 500

18 A sequence of three real numbers forms an arithmetic progression with a first term of 9. If 2
is added to the second term and 20 is added to the third term, the three resulting numbers

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form a geometric progression. What is the smallest possible value for the third term of the
geometric progression?
(A) 1 (B) 4 (C) 36 (D) 49 (E) 81

19 A white cylindrical silo has a diameter of 30 feet and a height of 80 feet. A red stripe with a
horizontal width of 3 feet is painted on the silo, as shown, making two complete revolutions
around it. What is the area of the stripe in square feet?

3
80

30

(A) 120 (B) 180 (C) 240 (D) 360 (E) 480

20 Points E and F are located on square ABCD so that BEF is equilateral. What is the
ratio of the area of DEF to that of ABE?

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D F C

A B

4 3

(A) 3 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 2 (E) 1 + 3

21 Two distinct lines pass through the center of three concentric circles of radii 3, 2, and 1. The
area of the shaded region in the diagram is 8/13 of the area of the unshaded region. What
is the radian measure of the acute angle formed by the two lines? (Note: radians is 180
degrees.)

(A) 8 (B) 7 (C) 6 (D) 5 (E) 4

22 Square ABCD has side length 2. A semicircle with diameter AB is constructed inside the
square, and the tangent to the semicircle from C intersects side AD at E. What is the length
of CE?

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D C

A B


(A) 2+2 5
(B) 5 (C) 6 (D) 52 (E)5 5

23 Circles A, B, and C are externally tangent to each other and internally tangent to circle D.
Circles B and C are congruent. Circle A has radius 1 and passes through the center of D.
What is the radius of circle B?


2 3 7 8 1+ 3
(A) 3 (B) 2 (C) 8 (D) 9 (E) 3

24 Let a1 , a2 , , be a sequence with the following properties.


I. a1 = 1, and II. a2n = n an for any positive integer n.
What is the value of a2100 ?
(A) 1 (B) 299 (C) 2100 (D) 24950 (E) 29999

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25 Three mutually tangent spheres of radius 1 rest on a horizontal plane. A sphere of radius 2
rests on them. What is the distance from the plane to the top of the larger sphere?

(A) 3 + 230 (B) 3 + 369 (C) 3 + 123
4 (D) 529 (E) 3 + 2 2

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1 Each row of the Misty Moon Amphitheater has 33 seats. Rows 12 through 22 are reserved
for a youth club. How many seats are reserved for this club?
(A) 297 (B) 330 (C) 363 (D) 396 (E) 726

2 How many two-digit positive integers have at least one 7 as a digit?


(A) 10 (B) 18 (C) 19 (D) 20 (E) 30

3 At each basketball practice last week, Jenny made twice as many free throws as she made at
the previous practice. At her fifth practice she made 48 free throws. How many free throws
did she make at the first practice?
(A) 3 (B) 6 (C) 9 (D) 12 (E) 15

4 A standard six-sided die is rolled, and P is the product of the fi


ve numbers that are visible. What is the largest number that is certain to divide P ?
(A) 6 (B) 12 (C) 24 (D) 144 (E) 720

5 In the expression c ab d, the values of a, b, c, and d are 0, 1, 2, and 3, although not


necessarily in that order. What is the maximum possible value of the result?
(A) 5 (B) 6 (C) 8 (D) 9 (E) 10

6 Which of the following numbers is a perfect square?


(A) 98! 99! (B) 98! 100! (C) 99! 100! (D) 99! 101! (E) 100! 101!

7 On a trip from the United States to Canada, Isabella took d U.S. dollars. At the border she
exchanged them all, receiving 10 Canadian dollars for every 7 U.S. dollars. After spending
60 Canadian dollars, she had d Canadian dollars left. What is the sum of the digits of d?
(A) 5 (B) 6 (C) 7 (D) 8 (E) 9

8 Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport is 8 miles southwest of downtown St. Paul and
10 miles southeast of downtown Minneapolis. Which of the following is closest to the number
of miles between downtown St. Paul and downtown Minneapolis?
(A) 13 (B) 14 (C) 15 (D) 16 (E) 17

9 A square has sides of length 10, and a circle centered at one of its vertices has radius 10.
What is the area of the union of the regions enclosed by the square and the circle?
(A) 200 + 25 (B) 100 + 75 (C) 75 + 100 (D) 100 + 100 (E) 100 + 125

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10 A grocer makes a display of cans in which the top row has one can and each lower row has
two more cans than the row above it. If the display contains 100 cans, how many rows does
it contain?
(A) 5 (B) 8 (C) 9 (D) 10 (E) 11

11 Two eight-sided dice each have faces numbered 1 through 8. When the dice are rolled, each
face has an equal probability of appearing on the top. What is the probability that the
product of the two top numbers is greater than their sum?
1 47 3 55 7
(A) 2 (B) 64 (C) 4 (D) 64 (E) 8

12 An annulus is the region between two concentric circles. The concentric circles in the gure
have radii b and c, with b > c. Let OX be a radius of the larger circle, let XZ be tangent
to the smaller circle at Z, and let OY be the radius of the larger circle that contains Z. Let
a = XZ, d = Y Z, and e = XY . What is the area of the annulus?
(A) a2 (B) b2 (C) c2 (D) d2 (E) e2

Y
e
d
a X
Z
c
b

13 In the United States, coins have the following thicknesses: penny, 1.55 mm; nickel, 1.95 mm;
dime, 1.35 mm; quarter, 1.75 mm. If a stack of these coins is exactly 14 mm high, how many
coins are in the stack?
(A) 7 (B) 8 (C) 9 (D) 10 (E) 11

14 A bag initially contains red marbles and blue marbles only, with more blue than red. Red
marbles are added to the bag until only 1/3 of the marbles in the bag are blue. Then yellow
marbles are added to the bag until only 1/5 of the marbles in the bag are blue. Finally, the

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number of blue marbles in the bag is doubled. What fraction of the marbles now in the bag
are blue?
1 1 1 2 1
(A) 5 (B) 4 (C) 3 (D) 5 (E) 2

15 Patty has 20 coins consisting of nickels and dimes. If her nickels were dimes and her dimes
were nickels, she would have 70 cents more. How much are her coins worth?
(A) $1.15 (B) $1.20 (C) $1.25 (D) $1.30 (E) $1.35

16 Three circles of radius 1 are externally tangent to each other and internally tangent to a
larger circle. What is the radius of the large circle?


2+ 6 2+3 2 3+2 3 3+ 3
(A) 3 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 3 (E) 2

17 The two digits in Jacks age are the same as the digits in Bills age, but in reverse order. In
five years Jack will be twice as old as Bill will be then. What is the difference in their current
ages?
(A) 9 (B) 18 (C) 27 (D) 36 (E) 45

18 In right triangle 4ACE, we have AC = 12, CE = 16, and EA = 20. Points B, D, and F
are located on AC, CE, and EA, respectively, so that AB = 3, CD = 4, and EF = 5. What
is the ratio of the area of 4DBF to that of 4ACE?

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3
B
15

9
F
5

C 4 D 12 E

1 9 3 11 7
(A) 4 (B) 25 (C) 8 (D) 25 (E) 16

19 In the sequence 2001, 2002, 2003, . . ., each term after the third is found by subtracting the
previous term from the sum of the two terms that precede that term. For example, the fourth
term is 2001 + 2002 2003 = 2000. What is the 2004th term in this sequence?
(A) 2004 (B) 2 (C) 0 (D) 4003 (E) 6007

20 In 4ABC points D and E lie on BC and AC, respectively. If AD and BE intersect at T so


that AT /DT = 3 and BT /ET = 4, what is CD/BD?

T D

A E C

1 2 3 4 5
(A) 8 (B) 9 (C) 10 (D) 11 (E) 12

21 Let 1, 4, and 9, 16, be two arithmetic progressions. The set S is the union of the fi
rst 2004 terms of each sequence. How many distinct numbers are in S?
(A) 3722 (B) 3732 (C) 3914 (D) 3924 (E) 4007

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22 A triangle with sides of 5, 12, and 13 has both an inscibed and a circumscribed circle. What
is the distance between the centers of those circles?

(A) 3 2 5 (B) 72 (C) 15 (D) 265 (E) 92

23 Each face of a cube is painted either red or blue, each with probability 1/2. The color of
each face is determined independently. What is the probability that the painted cube can be
placed on a horizontal surface so that the four vertical faces are all the same color?
1 5 3 7 1
(A) 4 (B) 16 (C) 8 (D) 16 (E) 2

24 In 4ABC we have AB = 7, AC = 8, and BC = 9. Point D is on the circumscribed circle of


the triangle so that AD bisects BAC. What is the value of AD/CD?
9 5 17 5
(A) 8 (B) 3 (C) 2 (D) 7 (E) 2

25 A circle of radius 1 is internally tangent to two circles of radius 2 at points A and B, where
AB is a diameter of the smaller circle. What is the area of the region, shaded in the
gure, that is outside the smaller circle and inside each of the two larger circles?

2
B
1

2 A


(A) 53 3 2 (B) 53 2 3 (C) 83 3 3 (D) 83 3 2 (E) 83 2 3

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1 While eating out, Mike and Joe each tipped their server 2 dollars. Mike tipped 10% of his
bill and Joe tipped 20% of his bill. What was the difference, in dollars between their bills?
(A) 2 (B) 4 (C) 5 (D) 10 (E) 20

2 For each pair of real numbers a 6= b, define the operation ? as


a+b
(a ? b) = ab
What is the value of ((1 ? 2) ? 3)?
2 1 1
(A) 3 (B) 5 (C) 0 (D) 2 (E) This value is not defined.

3 The equations 2x + 7 = 3 and bx 10 = 2 have the same solution for x. What is the value
of b?
(A) 8 (B) 4 (C) 2 (D) 4 (E) 8

4 A rectangle with a diagonal of length x is twice as long as it is wide. What is the area of the
rectangle?
(A) 41 x2 (B) 52 x2 (C) 12 x2 (D) x2 (E) 23 x2

5 A store normally sells windows at $100 each. This week the store is offering one free window
for each purchase of four. Dave needs seven windows and Doug needs eight windows. How
many dollars will they save if they purchase the windows together rather than separately?
(A) 100 (B) 200 (C) 300 (D) 400 (E) 500

6 The average (mean) of 20 numbers is 30, and the average of 30 other numbers is 20. What is
the average of all 50 numbers?
(A) 23 (B) 24 (C) 25 (D) 26 (E) 27

7 Josh and Mike live 13 miles apart. Yesterday, Josh started to ride his bicycle toward Mikes
house. A little later Mike started to ride his bicycle toward Joshs house. When they met,
Josh had ridden for twice the length of time as Mike and at four-fifths of Mikes rate. How
many miles had Mike ridden when they met?
(A) 4 (B) 5 (C) 6 (D) 7 (E) 8

8 Square EF GH is inside the square ABCD so that each side of EF


GH can be extended to
pass through a vertex of ABCD. Square ABCD has side length 50 and BE = 1. What is
the area of the inner square EF GH?

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A B

H
F

D C

(A) 25 (B) 32 (C) 36 (D) 40 (E) 42

9 Thee tiles are marked X and two other tiles are marked O. The five tiles are randomly
arranged in a row. What is the probability that the arrangement reads XOXOX?
1 1 1 1 1
(A) 12 (B) 10 (C) 6 (D) 4 (E) 3

10 There are two values of a for which the equation 4x2 + ax + 8x + 9 = 0 has only one solution
for x. What is the sum of these values of a?
(A) 16 (B) 8 (C) 0 (D) 8 (E) 20

11 A wooden cube n units on a side is painted red on all six faces and then cut into n3 unit
cubes. Exactly one-fourth of the total number of faces of the unit cubes are red. What is n?
(A) 3 (B) 4 (C) 5 (D) 6 (E) 7

12 The gure shown is called a trefoil and is constructed by drawing circular sectors about sides
of the congruent equilateral triangles. What is the area of a trefoil whose horizontal base has
length 2?

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3 3 3 3
(A) 13 + 2 (B) 32 (C) 23 + 4 (D) 23 + 3 (E) 23 + 2

13 How many positive integers n satisfy the following condition:

(130n)50 > n100 > 2200 ?

(A) 0 (B) 7 (C) 12 (D) 65 (E) 125

14 How many three-digit numbers satisfy the property that the middle digit is the average of
the first and the last digits?
(A) 41 (B) 42 (C) 43 (D) 44 (E) 45

15 How many positive integer cubes divide 3! 5! 7!?


(A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 4 (D) 5 (E) 6

16 The sum of the digits of a two-digit number is subtracted from the number. The units digit
of the result is 6. How many two-digit numbers have this property?
(A) 5 (B) 7 (C) 9 (D) 10 (E) 19

17 In the five-sided star shown, the letters A, B, C, D, and E are replaced by the numbers 3, 5, 6, 7,
and 9, although not necessarily in this order. The sums of the numbers at the ends of the line
segments AB,BC,CD,DE, and EA form an arithmetic sequence, although not necessarily in
this order. What is the middle term of the arithmetic sequence?

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C D

E B

(A) 9 (B) 10 (C) 11 (D) 12 (E) 13


18 Team A and team B play a series. The first team to win three games wins the series. Each
team is equally likely to win each game, there are no ties, and the outcomes of the individual
games are independent. If team B wins the second game and team A wins the series, what
is the probability that team B wins the first game?
1 1 1 1 2
(A) 5 (B) 4 (C) 3 (D) 2 (E) 3

19 Three one-inch squares are palced with their bases on a line. The center square is lifted out
and rotated 45 , as shown. Then it is centered and lowered into its original location until
it touches both of the adjoining squares. How many inches is the point B from the line on
which the bases of the original squares were placed?

3
1
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 2 (D) 2+ 2 (E) 2

20 An equiangular octagon has four sides of length 1 and four sides of length 22 , arranged so
that no two consecutive sides have the same length. What is the area of the octagon?

7 7 2 5+4 2 4+5 2
(A) 2 (B) 2 (C) 2 (D) 2 (E) 7

21 For how many positive integers n does 1 + 2 + + n evenly divide from 6n?
(A) 3 (B) 5 (C) 7 (D) 9 (E) 11

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22 Let S be the set of the 2005 smallest multiples of 4, and let T be the set of the 2005 smallest
positive multiples of 6. How many elements are common to S and T ?
(A) 166 (B) 333 (C) 500 (D) 668 (E) 1001

23 Let AB be a diameter of a circle and C be a point on AB with 2 AC = BC. Let D and E


be points on the circle such that DC AB and DE is a second diameter. What is the ratio
of the area of 4DCE to the area of 4ABD?

A
C B

1 1 1 1 2
(A) 6 (B) 4 (C) 3 (D) 2 (E) 3

24 For each positive integer m > 1, let P (m) denote the greatest prime factor
of m. For how

many positive integers n is it true that both P (n) = n and P (n + 48) = n + 48?
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) 5

25 In ABC we have AB = 25, BC = 39, and AC = 42. Points D and E are on AB and AC
respectively, with AD = 19 and AE = 14. What is the ratio of the area of triangle ADE to
the area of quadrilateral BCED?
266 19 1 19
(A) 1521 (B) 75 (C) 3 (D) 56 (E) 1

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1 A scout troop buys 1000 candy bars at a price of five for $2. They sell all the candy bars at
a price of two for $1. What was their prot, in dollars?
(A) 100 (B) 200 (C) 300 (D) 400 (E) 500

2 A positive number x has the property that x% of x is 4. What is x?


(A) 2 (B) 4 (C) 10 (D) 20 (E) 40

3 A gallon of paint is used to paint a room. One third of the paint is used on the first day.
On the second day, one third of the remaining paint is used. What fraction of the original
amount of paint is available to use on the third day?
1 1 1 4 5
(A) 10 (B) 9 (C) 3 (D) 9 (E) 9

4 For real numbers a and b, define a  b = a2 + b2 . What is the value of
(5  12)  ((12)  (5))?
17

(A) 0 (B) 2 (C) 13 (D) 13 2 (E) 26

5 Brianna is using part of the money she earned on her weekend job to buy several equally-
priced CDs. She used one fifth of her money to buy one third of the CDs. What fraction of
her money will she have left after she buys all the CDs?
1 1 2 2 4
(A) 5 (B) 3 (C) 5 (D) 3 (E) 5

6 At the beginning of the school year, Lisas goal was to earn an A on at least 80% of her 50
quizzes for the year. She earned an A on 22 of the first 30 quizzes. If she is to achieve her
goal, on at most how many of the remaining quizzes can she earn a grade lower than an A?
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) 5

7 A circle is inscribed in a square, then a square is inscribed in this circle, and finally, a circle
is inscribed in this square. What is the ratio of the area of the smaller circle to the area of
the larger square?
3
(A) 16 (B) 8 (C) 16 (D) 4 (E) 2

8 An 8-foot by 10-foot floor is tiled with square tiles of size 1 foot by 1 foot. Each tile has a
pattern consisting of four white quarter circles of radius 1/2 foot centered at each corner of
the tile. The remaining portion of the tile is shaded. How many square feet of the floor are
shaded?

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(A) 80 20 (B) 60 10 (C) 80 10 (D) 60 + 10 (E) 80 + 10


9 One fair die has faces 1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 3 and another has faces 4, 4, 5, 5, 6, 6. The dice are rolled
and the numbers on the top faces are added. What is the probability that the sum will be
odd?
1 4 1 5 2
(A) 3 (B) 9 (C) 2 (D) 9 (E) 3

10 In 4ABC, we have AC = BC = 7 and AB = 2. Suppose that D is a point on line AB such


that B lies between A and D and CD = 8. What is BD?

(A) 3 (B) 2 3 (C) 4 (D) 5 (E) 4 2
11 The first term of a sequence is 2005. Each succeeding term is the sum of the cubes of the
digits of the previous terms. What is the 2005th term of the sequence?
(A) 29 (B) 55 (C) 85 (D) 133 (E) 250
12 Twelve fair dice are rolled. What is the probability that the product of the numbers on the
top faces is prime?
1 12
12 11 11 10
(B) 16 (C) 2 16 (D) 52 16 (E) 61

(A) 12

13 How many numbers between 1 and 2005 are integer multiples of 3 or 4 but not 12?
(A) 501 (B) 668 (C) 835 (D) 1002 (E) 1169
14 Equilateral 4ABC has side length 2, M is the midpoint of AC, and C is the midpoint of
BD. What is the area of 4CDM ?

B C D


2 3

3

(A) 2 (B) 4 (C) 2 (D) 1 (E) 2

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15 An envelope contains eight bills: 2 ones, 2 fives, 2 tens, and 2 twenties. Two bills are drawn
at random without replacement. What is the probability that their sum is $20 or more?
1 2 3 1 2
(A) 4 (B) 7 (C) 7 (D) 2 (E) 3

16 The quadratic equation x2 + mx + n = 0 has roots that are twice those of x2 + px + m = 0,


and none of m, n, and p is zero. What is the value of np ?
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 4 (D) 8 (E) 16

17 Suppose that 4a = 5, 5b = 6, 6c = 7, and 7d = 8. What is a b c d?


3 5
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 2 (D) 2 (E) 3

18 All of Davids telephone numbers have the form 555 abc def g, where a, b, c, d, e, f , and
g are distinct digits and in increasing order, and none is either 0 or 1. How many different
telephone numbers can David have?
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 7 (D) 8 (E) 9

19 On a certain math exam, 10% of the students got 70 points, 25% got 80 points, 20% got 85
points, 15% got 90 points, and the rest got 95 points. What is the difference between the
mean and the median score on this exam?
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 4 (E) 5

20 What is the average (mean) of all 5-digit numbers that can be formed by using each of the
digits 1, 3, 5, 7, and 8 exactly once?
(A) 48000 (B) 49999.5 (C) 53332.8 (D) 55555 (E) 56432.8

21 Forty slips are placed into a hat, each bearing a number 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, or 10, with
each number entered on four slips. Four slips are drawn from the hat at random and without
replacement. Let p be the probability that all four slips bear the same number. Let q be the
probability that two of the slips bear a number a and the other two bear a number b 6= a.
What is the value of q/p?
(A) 162 (B) 180 (C) 324 (D) 360 (E) 720

22 For how many positive integers n less than or equal to 24 is n! evenly divisible by 1+2+ +n?
(A) 8 (B) 12 (C) 16 (D) 17 (E) 21

23 In trapezoid ABCD we have AB parallel to DC, E as the midpoint of BC, and F as the
midpoint of DA. The area of ABEF is twice the area of F ECD. What is AB/DC?
(A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 5 (D) 6 (E) 8

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24 Let x and y be two-digit integers such that y is obtained by reversing the digits of x. The
integers x and y satisfy x2 y 2 = m2 for some positive integer m. What is x + y + m?
(A) 88 (B) 112 (C) 116 (D) 144 (E) 154

25 A subset B of the set of integers from 1 to 100, inclusive, has the property that no two
elements of B sum to 125. What is the maximum possible number of elements in B?
(A) 50 (B) 51 (C) 62 (D) 65 (E) 68

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1 Sandwiches at Joes Fast Food cost $3 each and sodas cost $2 each. How many dollars will it
cost to purchase 5 sandwiches and 8 sodas?
(A) 31 (B) 32 (C) 33 (D) 34 (E) 35

2 Define x y = x3 y. What is h (h h)?


(A) h (B) 0 (C) h (D) 2h (E) h3

3 The ratio of Marys age to Alices age is 3 : 5. Alice is 30 years old. How old is Mary?
(A) 15 (B) 18 (C) 20 (D) 24 (E) 50

4 A digital watch displays hours and minutes with AM and P M . What is the largest possible
sum of the digits in the display?
(A) 17 (B) 19 (C) 21 (D) 22 (E) 23

5 Doug and Dave shared a pizza with 8 equally-sized slices. Doug wanted a plain pizza, but
Dave wanted anchovies on half the pizza. The cost of a plain pizza was $8, and there was
an additional cost of $2 for putting anchovies on one half. Dave ate all the slices of anchovy
pizza and one plain slice. Doug ate the remainder. Each paid for what he had eaten. How
many more dollars did Dave pay than Doug?
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) 5

6 What non-zero real value for x satisfies (7x)14 = (14x)7 ?


1 2
(A) 7 (B) 7 (C) 1 (D) 7 (E) 14

7 The 8 18 rectangle ABCD is cut into two congruent hexagons, as shown, in such a way
that the two hexagons can be repositioned without overlap to form a square. What is y?

D C

A B

(A) 6 (B) 7 (C) 8 (D) 9 (E) 10

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8 A parabola with equation y = x2 + bx + c passes through the points (2, 3) and (4, 3). What
is c?
(A) 2 (B) 5 (C) 7 (D) 10 (E) 11

9 How many sets of two or more consecutive positive integers have a sum of 15?
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) 5
p
10 For how many real values of x is 120 x an integer?
(A) 3 (B) 6 (C) 9 (D) 10 (E) 11

11 Which of the following describes the graph of the equation (x + y)2 = x2 + y 2 ?


(A) the empty set (B) one point (C) two lines (D) a circle (E) the entire plane

12 Rolly wishes to secure his dog with an 8-foot rope to a square shed that is 16 feet on each
side. His preliminary drawings are shown. Which of these arrangements gives the dog the
greater area to roam, and by how many square feet?

8
8
I
Rope Dog
8

4 8
Rope Dog
II

(A) I, by 8 (B) I, by 6 (C) II, by 4 (D) II, by 8 (E) II, by 10

13 A player pays $5 to play a game. A die is rolled. If the number on the die is odd, the game
is lost. If the number on the die is even, the die is rolled again. In this case the player wins
if the second number matches the first and loses otherwise. How much should the player win

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if the game is fair? (In a fair game the probability of winning times the amount won is what
the player should pay.)
(A) $12 (B) $30 (C) $50 (D) $60 (E) $100

14 A number of linked rings, each 1 cm thick, are hanging on a peg. The top ring has an outside
diameter of 20 cm. The outside diameter of each of the outer rings is 1 cm less than that of
the ring above it. The bottom ring has an outside diameter of 3 cm. What is the distance,
in cm, from the top of the top ring to the bottom of the bottom ring?

20

..
.

(A) 171 (B) 173 (C) 182 (D) 188 (E) 210

15 Odell and Kershaw run for 30 minutes on a circular track. Odell runs clockwise at 250 m/min
and uses the inner lane with a radius of 50 meters. Kershaw runs counterclockwise at 300
m/min and uses the outer lane with a radius of 60 meters, starting on the same radial line
as Odell. How many times after the start do they pass each other?
(A) 29 (B) 42 (C) 45 (D) 47 (E) 50

16 A circle of radius 1 is tangent to a circle of radius 2. The sides of 4ABC are tangent to the
circles as shown, and the sides AB and AC are congruent. What is the area of 4ABC?

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B C

35
64

(A) 2 (B) 15 2 (C) 3 (D) 16 2 (E) 24

17 In rectangle ADEH, points B and C trisect AD, and points G and F trisect HE. In addition,
AH = AC = 2. What is the area of quadrilateral W XY Z shown in the figure?

A B C D

Z X

Y
H G F E


1 2 3 2 2 2 3
(A) 2 (B) 2 (C) 2 (D) 3 (E) 3

18 A license plate in a certain state consists of 4 digits, not necessarily distinct, and 2 letters,
also not necessarily distinct. These six characters may appear in any order, except that the
two letters must appear next to each other. How many distinct license plates are possible?

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(A) 104 262 (B) 103 263 (C) 5 104 262 (D) 102 264
3
(E) 5 10 263

19 How many non-similar triangle have angles whose degree measures are distinct positive inte-
gers in arithmetic progression?
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 59 (D) 89 (E) 178
20 Six distinct positive integers are randomly chosen between 1 and 2006, inclusive. What is the
probability that some pair of these integers has a difference that is a multiple of 5?
1 3 2 4
(A) 2 (B) 5 (C) 3 (D) 5 (E) 1

21 How many four-digit positive integers have at least one digit that is a 2 or a 3?
(A) 2439 (B) 4096 (C) 4903 (D) 4904 (E) 5416
22 Two farmers agree that pigs are worth $300 and that goats are worth $210. When one farmer
owes the other money, he pays the debt in pigs or goats, with change received in the form
of goats or pigs as necessary. (For example, a $390 debt could be paid with two pigs, with
one goat received in change.) What is the amount of the smallest positive debt that can be
resolved in this way?
(A) $5 (B) $10 (C) $30 (D) $90 (E) $210
23 Circles with centers A and B have radii 3 and 8, respectively. A common internal tangent
intersects the circles at C and D, respectively. Lines AB and CD intersect at E, and AE = 5.
What is CD?

A B
E
C

44
55
(A) 13 (B) 3 (C) 221 (D) 255 (E) 3

24 Centers of adjacent faces of a unit cube are joined to form a regular octahedron. What is the
volume of this octahedron?
1 1 1 1 1
(A) 8 (B) 6 (C) 4 (D) 3 (E) 2

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25 A bug starts at one vertex of a cube and moves along the edges of the cube according to
the following rule. At each vertex the bug will choose to travel along one of the three edges
emanating from that vertex. Each edge has equal probability of being chosen, and all choices
are independent. What is the probability that after seven moves the bug will have visited
every vertex exactly once?
1 1 2 1 5
(A) 2187 (B) 729 (C) 243 (D) 81 (E) 243

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1 What is (1)1 + (1)2 + + (1)2006 ?


(A) 2006 (B) 1 (C) 0 (D) 1 (E) 2006

2 For real numbers x and y, define xy = (x + y)(x y). What is 3(45)?


(A) 72 (B) 27 (C) 24 (D) 24 (E) 72

3 A football game was played between two teams, the Cougars and the Panthers. The two
teams scored a total of 34 points, and the Cougars won by a margin of 14 points. How many
points did the Panthers score?
(A) 10 (B) 14 (C) 17 (D) 20 (E) 24

4 Circles of diameter 1 inch and 3 inches have the same center. The smaller circle is painted
red, and the portion outside the smaller circle and inside the larger circle is painted blue.
What is the ratio of the blue-painted area to the red-painted area?
(A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 6 (D) 8 (E) 9

5 A 2 x 3 rectangle and a 3 x 4 rectangle are contained within a square without overlapping


at any interior point, and the sides of the square are parallel to the sides of the two given
rectangles. What is the smallest possible area of the square?
(A) 16 (B) 25 (C) 36 (D) 49 (E) 64

6 A region is bounded by semicircular arcs constructed on the side of a square whose sides
measure 2/, as shown. What is the perimeter of this region?

4 8 16
(A) (B) 2 (C) (D) 4 (E)

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x
r
7 Which of the following is equivalent to when x < 0?
1 x1
x

(D) x2
p
(A) x (B) x (C) 1 (E) x 1

8 A square of area 40 is inscribed in a semicircle as shown. What is the area of the semicircle?

(A) 20 (B) 25 (C) 30 (D) 40 (E) 50

9 Francesca uses 100 grams of lemon juice, 100 grams of sugar, and 400 grams of water to make
lemonade. There are 25 calories in 100 grams of lemon juice and 386 calories in 100 grams of
sugar. Water contains no calories. How many calories are in 200 grams of her lemonade.
(A) 129 (B) 137 (C) 174 (D) 223 (E) 411

10 In a triangle with integer side lengths, one side is three times as long as a second side, and
the length of the third side is 15. What is the greatest possible perimeter of the triangle?
(A) 43 (B) 44 (C) 45 (D) 46 (E) 47

11 What is the tens digit in the sum 7! + 8! + 9! + + 2006!?


(A) 1 (B) 3 (C) 4 (D) 6 (E) 9

12 The lines x = 14 y + a and y = 41 x + b intersect at the point (1, 2). What is a + b?


3 9
(A) 0 (B) 4 (C) 1 (D) 2 (E) 4

13 Joe and JoAnn each bought 12 ounces of coffee in a 16-ounce cup. Joe drank 2 ounces of his
coffee and then added 2 ounces of cream. JoAnn added 2 ounces of cream, stirred the coffee
well, and then drank 2 ounces. What is the resulting ratio of the amount of cream in Joes
coffee to that in JoAnns coffee?
6 13 14 7
(A) 7 (B) 14 (C) 1 (D) 13 (E) 6

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14 Let a and b be the roots of the equation x2 mx + 2 = 0. Suppose that a + (1/b) and b + (1/a)
are the roots of the equation x2 px + q = 0. What is q?
5 7 9
(A) 2 (B) 2 (C) 4 (D) 2 (E) 8

15 Rhombus ABCD is similar to rhombus BF DE. The area of rhombus ABCD is 24, and
BAD = 60 . What is the area of rhombus BF DE?

D C

A B


(A) 6 (B) 4 3 (C) 8 (D) 9 (E) 6 3

16 Leap Day, February 29, 2004, occurred on a Sunday. On what day of the week will Leap Day,
February 29, 2020, occur?
(A) Tuesday (B) Wednesday (C) Thursday (D) Friday (E) Saturday

17 Bob and Alice each have a bag that contains one ball of each of the colors blue, green, orange,
red, and violet. Alice randomly selects one ball from her bag and puts it into Bobs bag.
Bob then randomly selects one ball from his bag and puts it into Alices bag. What is the
probability that after this process, the contents of the two bags are the same?
1 1 1 1 1
(A) 10 (B) 6 (C) 5 (D) 3 (E) 2

18 Let a1 , a2 , ... be a sequence for which


an1
a1 = 2 a2 = 3 and an = an2 for each positive integer n 3. What is a2006 ?

1 2 3
(A) (B) (C) (D) 2 (E) 3
2 3 2

19 A circle of radius 2 is centered at O. Square OABC has side length 1. Sides AB and CB are
extended past b to meet the circle at D and E, respectively. What is the area of the shaded
region in the figure, which is bounded by BD, BE, and the minor arc connecting D and E?

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C E
B

O A



 

31
(A) +1 3 (B) 2 3 (C) 2 3 (D) +
3

2 6 2
(E) 3 1+ 3

20 In rectangle ABCD, we have A = (6, 22), B = (2006, 178), and D = (8, y), for some integer
y. What is the area of rectangle ABCD?
(A) 4000 (B) 4040 (C) 4400 (D) 40, 000 (E) 40, 400

21 For a particular peculiar pair of dice, the probabilities of rolling 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 on each
die are in the ratio 1 : 2 : 3 : 4 : 5 : 6. What is the probability of rolling a total of 7 on the
two dice?
4 1 8 1 2
(A) 63 (B) 8 (C) 63 (D) 6 (E) 7

22 Elmo makes N sandwiches for a fundraiser. For each sandwich he uses B globs of peanut
butter at 4 cents per glob and J blobs of jam at 5 cents per glob. The cost of the peanut
butter and jam to make all the sandwiches is $2.53. Assume that B, J, and N are all positive
integers with N > 1. What is the cost of the jam Elmo uses to make the sandwiches?
(A) $1.05 (B) $1.25 (C) $1.45 (D) $1.65 (E) $1.85

23 A triangle is partitioned into three triangles and a quadrilateral by drawing two lines from
vertices to their opposite sides. The areas of the three triangles are 3, 7, and 7, as shown.
What is the area of the shaded quadrilateral?

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3 7
7

35 55
(A) 15 (B) 17 (C) 2 (D) 18 (E) 3

24 Circles with centers O and P have radii 2 and 4, respectively, and are externally tangent.
Points A and B are on the circle centered at O, and points C and D are on the circle centered
at P , such that AD and BC are common external tangents to the circles. What is the area
of hexagon AOBCP D?

A
4
2
P
O


(A) 18 3 (B) 24 2 (C) 36 (D) 24 3 (E) 32 2
25 Mr. Jones has eight children of different ages. On a family trip his oldest child, who is 9,
spots a license plate with a 4-digit number in which each of two digits appears two times.
Look, daddy! she exclaims. That number is evenly divisible by the age of each of us kids!
Thats right, replies Mr. Jones, and the last two digits just happen to be my age. Which
of the following is not the age of one of Mr. Joness children?

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(A) 4 (B) 5 (C) 6 (D) 7 (E) 8

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1 One ticket to a show costs $20 at full price. Susan buys 4 tickets using a coupon that gives
her a 25% discount. Pam buys 5 tickets using a coupon that gives her a 30% discount. How
many more dollars does Pam pay than Susan?
(A) 2 (B) 5 (C) 10 (D) 15 (E) 20
6@2
2 Define a@b = ab b2 and a#b = a + b ab2 . What is 6#2 ?
1 1 1 1 1
(A) 2 (B) 4 (C) 8 (D) 4 (E) 2

3 An aquarium has a rectangular base that measures 100 cm by 40 cm and has a height of 50
cm. It is filled with water to a height of 40 cm. A brick with a rectangular base that measures
40 cm by 20 cm and a height of 10 cm is placed in the aquarium. By how many centimeters
does the water rise?
(A) 0.5 (B) 1 (C) 1.5 (D) 2 (E) 2.5

4 The larger of two consecutive odd integers is three times the smaller. What is their sum?
(A) 4 (B) 8 (C) 12 (D) 16 (E) 20

5 A school store sells 7 pencils and 8 notebooks for $4.15. It also sells 5 pencils and 3 notebooks
for $1.77. How much do 16 pencils and 10 notebooks cost?
(A) $1.76 (B) $5.84 (C) $6.00 (D) $6.16 (E) $6.32

6 At Euclid High School, the number of students taking the AMC10 was 60 in 2002, 66 in 2003,
70 in 2004, 76 in 2005, 78 and 2006, and is 85 in 2007. Between what two consecutive years
was there the largest percentage increase?
(A) 2002 and 2003 (B) 2003 and 2004 (C) 2004 and 2005 (D) 2005 and 2006 (E) 2006 and 20

7 Last year Mr. John Q. Public received an inheritance. He paid 20% in federal taxes on the
inheritance, and paid 10% of what he has left in state taxes. He paid a total of $10, 500 for
both taxes. How many dollars was the inheritance?
(A) 30, 000 (B) 32, 500 (C) 35, 000 (D) 37, 500 (E) 40, 000

8 Triangles ABC and ADC are isosceles with AB = BC and AD = DC. Point D is inside
4ABC. ABC = 40, and ADC = 140. What is the degree measure of BAD?
(A) 20 (B) 30 (C) 40 (D) 50 (E) 60

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9 Real numbers a and b satisfy the equations 3a = 81b+2 and 125b = 5a3 . What is ab?
(A) 60 (B) 17 (C) 9 (D) 12 (E) 60
10 The Dunbar family consists of a mother, a father, and some children. The average age of the
members of the family is 20, the father is 48 years old, and the average age of the mother
and children is 16. How many children are in the family?
(A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 4 (D) 5 (E) 6
11 The numbers from 1 to 8 are placed at the vertices of a cube in such a manner that the sum
of the four numbers on each face is the same. What is this common sum?
(A) 14 (B) 16 (C) 18 (D) 20 (E) 24
12 Two tour guides are leading six tourists. The guides decide to split up. Each tourist must
choose one of the guides, but with the stipulation that each guide must take at least one
tourist. How many different groupings of guides and tourists are possible?
(A) 56 (B) 58 (C) 60 (D) 62 (E) 64
13 Yan is somewhere between his home and the stadium. To get to the stadium he can walk
directly to the stadium, or else he can walk home and then ride his bicycle to the stadium.
He rides 7 times as fast as he walks, and both choices require the same amount of time. What
is the ratio of Yans distance from his home to his distance from the stadium?
2 3 4 5 6
(A) 3 (B) 4 (C) 5 (D) 6 (E) 7

14 A triangle with side lengths in the ratio 3 : 4 : 5 is inscribed in a circle of radius 3. What is
the area of the triangle?
(A) 8.64 (B) 12 (C) 5 (D) 17.28 (E) 18
15 Four circles of radius 1 are each tangent to two sides of a square and externally tangent to a
circle of radius 2, as shown. What is the area of the square?


(A) 32 (B) 22 + 12 2 (C) 16 + 16 3 (D) 48 (E) 36 + 16 2

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16 Integers a, b, c, and d, not necessarily distinct, are chosen independently and at random from
0 to 2007, inclusive. What is the probability that ad bc is even?
3 7 1 9 5
(A) 8 (B) 16 (C) 2 (D) 16 (E) 8

17 Suppose that m and n are positive integers such that 75m = n3 . What is the minimum
possible value of m + n?
(A) 15 (B) 30 (C) 50 (D) 60 (E) 5700
18 Consider the 12-sided polygon ABCDEF GHIJKL, as shown. Each of its sides has length
4, and each two consecutive sides form a right angle. Suppose that AG and CH meet at M .
What is the area of quadrilateral ABCM ?

A B

K L C D

M
J I F E

H G

44 88 62
(A) 3 (B) 16 (C) 5 (D) 20 (E) 3

19 A paint brush is swept along both diagonals of a square to produce the symmetric painted
area, as shown. Half the area of the square is painted. What is the ratio of the side length of
the square to the brush width?


(A) 2 2 + 1 (B) 3 2 (C) 2 2 + 2 (D) 3 2 + 1 (E) 3 2 + 2

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20 Suppose that the number a satisfies the equation 4 = a + a1 . What is the value of a4 + a4 ?
(A) 164 (B) 172 (C) 192 (D) 194 (E) 212

21 A sphere is inscribed in a cube that has a surface area of 24 square meters. A second cube
is then inscribed within the sphere. What is the surface area in square meters of the inner
cube?
(A) 3 (B) 6 (C) 8 (D) 9 (E) 12

22 A finite sequence of three-digit integers has the property that the tens and units digits of each
terms are, respectively, the hundreds and tens digits of the next term, and the tens and units
digits of the last term are, respectively, the hundreds and tens digits of the first term. For
example, such a sequence might begin with terms 247, 475, and 756 and end with the term
824. Let S be the sum of all the terms in the sequence. What is the largest prime number
that always divides S?
(A) 3 (B) 7 (C) 13 (D) 37 (E) 43

23 How many ordered pairs (m, n) of positive integers, with m > n, have the property that their
squares differ by 96?
(A) 3 (B) 4 (C) 6 (D) 9 (E) 12

24 Circles centered
at A and B each have radius 2, as shown. Point O is the midpoint of AB,
and OA = 2 2. Segments OC and OD are tangent to the circles centered at A and B,
respectively, and EF is a common tangent. What is the area of the shaded region ECODF ?

E F
C D

A B
O
2 2


8 2


(A) 3 (B) 8 2 4 (C) 4 2 (D) 4 2 + 8 (E) 8 2 2 2

25 For each positive integer n, let S(n) denote the sum of the digits of n. For how many values
of n is n + S(n) + S(S(n)) = 2007?
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) 5

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1 Isabellas house has 3 bedrooms. Each bedroom is 12 feet long, 10 feet wide, and 8 feet high.
Isabella must paint the walls of all the bedrooms. Doorways and windows, which will not
be painted, occupy 60 square feet in each bedroom. How many square feet of walls must be
painted?
(A) 678 (B) 768 (C) 786 (D) 867 (E) 876

2 Define the operation ? by a ? b = (a + b)b. What is (3 ? 5) (5 ? 3)?


(A) 16 (B) 8 (C) 0 (D) 8 (E) 16

3 A college student drove his compact car 120 miles home for the weekend and averaged 30
miles per gallon. On the return trip the student drove his parents SUV and averaged only 20
miles per gallon. What was the average gas mileage, in miles per gallon, for the round trip?
(A) 22 (B) 24 (C) 25 (D) 26 (E) 28

4 The point O is the center of the circle circumscribed about 4ABC, with BOC = 120 and
AOB = 140 , as shown. What is the degree measure of ABC?

140 120
O

A C

(A) 35 (B) 40 (C) 45 (D) 50 (E) 60

5 In a certain land, all Arogs are Brafs, all Crups are Brafs, all Dramps are Arogs, and all
Crups are Dramps. Which of the following statements is implied by these facts?
(A) All Dramps are Brafs and are Crups.
(B) All Brafs are Crups and are Dramps.
(C) All Arogs are Crups and are Dramps.

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(D) All Crups are Arogs and are Brafs.


(E) All Arogs are Dramps and some Arogs may not be Crups.

6 The 2007 AMC 10 will be scored by awarding 6 points for each correct response, 0 points
for each incorrect response, and 1.5 points for each problem left unanswered. After looking
over the 25 problems, Sarah has decided to attempt the first 22 and leave only the last 3
unanswered. How many of the first 22 problems must she solve correctly in order to score at
least 100 points?
(A) 13 (B) 14 (C) 15 (D) 16 (E) 17

7 All sides of the convex pentagon ABCDE are of equal length, and A = B = 90 . What
is the degree measure of E?
(A) 90 (B) 108 (C) 120 (D) 144 (E) 150

8 On the trip home from the meeting where this AMC10 was constructed, the Contest Chair
noted that his airport parking receipt had digits of the form bbcac, where 0 a < b < c 9,
and b was the average of a and c. How many different five-digit numbers satisfy all these
properties?
(A) 12 (B) 16 (C) 18 (D) 20 (E) 24

9 A cryptographic code is designed as follows. The first time a letter appears in a given message
it is replaced by the letter that is 1 place to its right in the alphabet (assuming that the letter
A is one place to the right of the letter Z). The second time this same letter appears in the
given message, it is replaced by the letter that is 1 + 2 places to the right, the third time it is
replaced by the letter that is 1 + 2 + 3 places to the right, and so on. For example, with this
code the word banana becomes cbodqg. What letter will replace the last letter s in the
message Lees sis is a Mississippi miss, Chriss!?
(A) g (B) h (C) o (D) s (E) t

10 Two points B and C are in a plane. Let S be the set of all points A in the plane for which
4ABC has area 1. Which of the following describes S?
(A) two parallel lines (B) a parabola (C) a circle (D) a line segment (E) two points

11 A circle passes through the three vertices of an isosceles triangle that has two sides of length
3 and a base of length 2. What is the area of this circle?
(A) 2 (B) 52 (C) 81
32 (D) 3 (E) 72

12 Toms age is T years, which is also the sum of the ages of his three children. His age N years
T
ago was twice the sum of their ages then. What is N ?
(A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 4 (D) 5 (E) 6

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13 Two circles of radius 2 are centered at (2, 0) and at (0, 2). What is the area of the intersection
of the interiors of the two circles?

3
(A) 2 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 2( 2) (E)

14 Some boys and girls are having a car wash to raise money for a class trip to China. Initially
40% of the group are girls. Shortly thereafter two girls leave and two boys arrive, and then
30% of the group are girls. How many girls were initially in the group?
(A) 4 (B) 6 (C) 8 (D) 10 (E) 12

15 The angles of quadrilateral ABCD satisfy A = 2B = 3C = 4D. What is the degree


measure of A, rounded to the nearest whole number?
(A) 125 (B) 144 (C) 153 (D) 173 (E) 180

16 A teacher gave a test to a class in which 10% of the students are juniors and 90% are seniors.
The average score on the test was 84. The juniors all received the same score, and the average
score of the seniors was 83. What score did each of the juniors receive on the test?
(A) 85 (B) 88 (C) 93 (D) 94 (E) 98

17 Point P is inside equilateral 4ABC. Points Q, R and S are the feet of the perpendiculars
from P to AB, BC, and CA, respectively. Given that P Q = 1, P R = 2, and P S = 3, what is
AB?

(A) 4 (B) 3 3 (C) 6 (D) 4 3 (E) 9

18 A circle of radius 1 is surrounded by 4 circles of radius r as shown. What is r?

r r

r r


(A) 2 (B) 1 + 2 (C) 6 (D) 3 (E) 2 + 2

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19 The wheel shown is spun twice, and the randomly determined numbers opposite the pointer
are recorded. The first number is divided by 4, and the second number is divided by 5.
The first remainder designates a column, and the second remainder designates a row on the
checkerboard shown. What is the probability that the pair of numbers designates a shaded
square?

4
6 1
3
Pointer 3 7
2
9 2 1
1 2 3

1 4 1 5 2
(A) 3 (B) 9 (C) 2 (D) 9 (E) 3

20 A set of 25 square blocks is arranged into a 5 5 square. How many different combinations
of 3 blocks can be selected from that set so that no two are in the same row or column?
(A) 100 (B) 125 (C) 600 (D) 2300 (E) 3600

21 Right 4ABC has AB = 3, BC = 4, and AC = 5. Square XY ZW is inscribed in 4ABC


with X and Y on AC, W on AB, and Z on BC. What is the side length of the square?

W Z

A X Y C

3 60 12 23
(A) 2 (B) 37 (C) 7 (D) 13 (E) 2

22 A player chooses one of the numbers 1 through 4. After the choice has been made, two regular
four-sided (tetrahedral) dice are rolled, with the sides of the dice numbered 1 through 4. If

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the number chosen appears on the bottom of exactly one die after it is rolled, then the player
wins $1. If the number chosen appears on the bottom of both of the dice, then the player
wins $2. If the number chosen does not appear on the bottom of either of the dice, the player
loses $1. What is the expected return to the player, in dollars, for one roll of the dice?
1 1 1 1
(A) 8 (B) 16 (C) 0 (D) 16 (E) 8

23 A pyramid with a square base is cut by a plane that is parallel to its base and is 2 units from
the base. The surface area of the smaller pyramid that is cut from the top is half the surface
area of the original pyramid. What is the altitude of the original pyramid?

(A) 2 (B) 2 + 2 (C) 1 + 2 2 (D) 4 (E) 4 + 2 2

24 Let n denote the smallest positive integer that is divisible by both 4 and 9, and whose base-10
representation consists of only 4s and 9s, with at least one of each. What are the last four
digits of n?
(A) 4444 (B) 4494 (C) 4944 (D) 9444 (E) 9944

25 How many pairs of positive integers (a, b) are there such that gcd(a, b) = 1 and

a 14b
+
b 9a
is an integer?
(A) 4 (B) 6 (C) 9 (D) 12 (E) infinitely many

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1 A bakery owner turns on his doughnut machine at 8:30 AM. At 11:10 AM the machine has
completed one third of the days job. At what time will the doughnut machine complete the
job?
(A) 1:50 PM (B) 3:00 PM (C) 3:30 PM (D) 4:30 PM (E) 5:50 PM
2 A square is drawn inside a rectangle. The ratio of the width of the rectangle to a side of the
square is 2 : 1. The ratio of the rectangles length to its width is 2 : 1. What percent of the
rectangles area is inside the square?
(A) 12.5 (B) 25 (C) 50 (D) 75 (E) 87.5
3 For the positive integer n, let < n > denote the sum of all the positive divisors of n with the
exception of n itself. For example, < 4 > = 1 + 2 = 3 and < 12 > = 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 6 = 16.
What is <<< 6 >>>?
(A) 6 (B) 12 (C) 24 (D) 32 (E) 36
4 Suppose that 23 of 10 bananas are worth as much as 8 oranges. How many oranges are worth
as much is 12 of 5 bananas?
5 7
(A) 2 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 2 (E) 4

5 Which of the following is equal to the product


8 12 16 4n + 4 2008
?
4 8 12 4n 2004
(A) 251 (B) 502 (C) 1004 (D) 2008 (E) 4016
6 A triathlete competes in a triathlon in which the swimming, biking, and running segments
are all of the same length. The triathlete swims at a rate of 3 kilometers per hour, bikes at
a rate of 20 kilometers per hour, and runs at a rate of 10 kilometers per hour. Which of the
following is closest to the triathletes average speed, in kilometers per hour, for the entire
race?
(A) 3 (B) 4 (C) 5 (D) 6 (E) 7
7 The fraction
2 2
(32008 ) (32006 )
(32007 )2 (32005 )2
simplifies to which of the following?
9 9
(A) 1 (B) 4 (C) 3 (D) 2 (E) 9

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8 Heather compares the price of a new computer at two different stores. Store A offers 15% off
the sticker price followed by a $90 rebate, and store B offers 25% off the same sticker price
with no rebate. Heather saves $15 by buying the computer at store A instead of store B.
What is the sticker price of the computer, in dollars?
(A) 750 (B) 900 (C) 1000 (D) 1050 (E) 1500

9 Suppose that
2x x

3 6
is an integer. Which of the following statements must be true about x?
(A) It is negative. (B) It is even, but not necessarily a multiple of 3. (C) It is a multiple of 3, but not n
(D) It is a multiple of 6, but not necessarily a multiple of 12. (E) It is a multiple of 12.

10 Each of the sides of a square S1 with area 16 is bisected, and a smaller square S2 is constructed
using the bisection points as vertices. The same process is carried out on S2 to construct an
even smaller square S3 . What is the area of S3 ?
1
(A) 2 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 3 (E) 4

11 While Steve and LeRoy are fishing 1 mile from shore, their boat springs a leak, and water
comes in at a constant rate of 10 gallons per minute. The boat will sink if it takes in more
than 30 gallons of water. Steve starts rowing toward the shore at a constant rate of 4 miles
per hour while LeRoy bails water out of the boat. What is the slowest rate, in gallons per
minute, at which LeRoy can bail if they are to reach the shore without sinking?
(A) 2 (B) 4 (C) 6 (D) 8 (E) 10

12 In a collection of red, blue, and green marbles, there are 25% more red marbles than blue
marbles, and there are 60% more green marbles than red marbles. Suppose that there are r
red marbles. What is the total number of marbles in that collection?
(A) 2.85r (B) 3r (C) 3.4r (D) 3.85r (E) 4.25r

13 Doug can paint a room in 5 hours. Dave can paint the same room in 7 hours. Doug and
Dave paint the room together and take a one-hour break for lunch. Let t be the total time,
in hours, required for them to complete the job working together, including lunch. Which of
the following equations is satisfied by t?
(A) 15 + 17  (t + 1) = 1 (B) 51 + 17 t + 1 = 1 (C) 51 + 17 t = 1
  

(D) 15 + 71 (t 1) = 1 (E) (5 + 7)t = 1

14 Older television screens have an aspect ratio of 4 : 3. That is, the ratio of the width to the
height is 4 : 3. The aspect ratio of many movies is not 4 : 3, so they are sometimes shown on
a television screen by letterboxing - darkening strips of equal height at the top and bottom

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of the screen, as shown. Suppose a movie has an aspect ratio of 2 : 1 and is shown on an older
television screen with a 27-inch diagonal. What is the height, in inches, of each darkened
strip?

(A) 2 (B) 2.25 (C) 2.5 (D) 2.7 (E) 3

15 Yesterday Han drove 1 hour longer than Ian at an average speed 5 miles per hour faster than
Ian. Jan drove 2 hours longer than Ian at an average speed 10 miles per hour faster than Ian.
Han drove 70 miles more than Ian. How many more miles did Jan drive than Ian?
(A) 120 (B) 130 (C) 140 (D) 150 (E) 160

16 Points A and B lie on a circle centered at O, and AOB = 60 . A second circle is internally
tangent to the first and tangent to both OA and OB. What is the ratio of the area of the
smaller circle to that of the larger circle?
1 1 1 1 1
(A) 16 (B) 9 (C) 8 (D) 6 (E) 4

17 An equilateral triangle has side length 6. What is the area of the region containing all points
that are outside the triangle and not more than 3 units from a point of the triangle?
2
(A) 36 + 24 3 (B) 54 + 9 (C) 54 + 18 3 + 6 (D) 2 3 + 3
2
(E) 9 3 + 1

18 A right triangle has perimeter 32 and area 20. What is the length of its hypotenuse?
57 59 61 63 65
(A) 4 (B) 4 (C) 4 (D) 4 (E) 4

19 Rectangle P QRS lies in a plane with P Q = RS = 2 and QR = SP = 6. The rectangle is


rotated 90 clockwise about R, then rotated 90 clockwise about the point that S moved to
after the first rotation. What is the length of the path traveled by point P ?
  
(A) 2 3 + 5 (B) 6 (C) 3 + 10 (D) 3+2 5

(E) 2 10

20 Trapezoid ABCD has bases AB and CD and diagonals intersecting at K. Suppose that
AB = 9, DC = 12, and the area of 4AKD is 24. What is the area of trapezoid ABCD?
(A) 92 (B) 94 (C) 96 (D) 98 (E) 100

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21 A cube with side length 1 is sliced by a plane that passes through two diagonally opposite
vertices A and C and the midpoints B and D of two opposite edges not containing A and C,
ac shown. What is the area of quadrilateral ABCD?


6 5
3

(A) 2 (B) 4 (C) 2 (D) 2 (E) 3

22 Jacob uses the following procedure to write down a sequence of numbers. First he chooses
the first term to be 6. To generate each succeeding term, he flips a fair coin. If it comes up
heads, he doubles the previous term and subtracts 1. If it comes up tails, he takes half of
the previous term and subtracts 1. What is the probability that the fourth term in Jacobs
sequence is an integer?
1 1 1 5 3
(A) 6 (B) 3 (C) 2 (D) 8 (E) 4

23 Two subsets of the set S = {a, b, c, d, e} are to be chosen so that their union is S and their
intersection contains exactly two elements. In how many ways can this be done, assuming
that the order in which the subsets are chosen does not matter?
(A) 20 (B) 40 (C) 60 (D) 160 (E) 320
24 Let k = 20082 + 22008 . What is the units digit of k 2 + 2k ?
(A) 0 (B) 2 (C) 4 (D) 6 (E) 8
25 A round table has radius 4. Six rectangular place mats are placed on the table. Each place
mat has width 1 and length x as shown. They are positioned so that each mat has two corners
on the edge of the table, these two corners being end points of the same side of length x.
Further, the mats are positioned so that the inner corners each touch an inner corner of an
adjacent mat. What is x?

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1
x


3 7 3

5+2 3
(A) 2 5 3 (B) 3 (C) 2 (D) 2 3 (E) 2

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1 A basketball player made 5 baskets during a game. Each basket was worth either 2 or 3
points. How many different numbers could represent the total points scored by the player?
(A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 4 (D) 5 (E) 6
2 A 4 4 block of calendar dates is shown. The order of the numbers in the second row is to
be reversed. Then the order of the numbers in the fourth row is to be reversed. Finally, the
numbers on each diagonal are to be added. What will be the positive difference between the
two diagonal sums?
1 2 3 4
8 9 10 11
15 16 17 18
22 23 24 25

(A) 2 (B) 4 (C) 6 (D) 8 (E) 10


p
3

3 Assume that x is a positive real number. Which is equivalent to x x?
(A) x1/6 (B) x1/4 (C) x3/8 (D) x1/2 (E) x
4 A semipro baseball league has teams with 21 players each. League rules state that a player
must be paid at least $15, 000, and that the total of all players salaries for each team cannot
exceed $700, 000. What is the maximum possiblle salary, in dollars, for a single player?
(A) 270, 000 (B) 385, 000 (C) 400, 000 (D) 430, 000 (E) 700, 000
5 For real numbers a and b, define a$b = (a b)2 . What is (x y)2 $(y x)2 ?
(A) 0 (B) x2 + y 2 (C) 2x2 (D) 2y 2 (E) 4xy
6 Points B and C lie on AD. The length of AB is 4 times the length of BD, and the length of
AC is 9 times the length of CD. The length of BC is what fraction of the length of AD?
1 1 1 5 1
(A) 36 (B) 13 (C) 10 (D) 36 (E) 5

7 An equilateral triangle of side length 10 is completely filled in by non-overlapping equilateral


triangles of side length 1. How many small triangles are required?
(A) 10 (B) 25 (C) 100 (D) 250 (E) 1000
8 A class collects $50 to buy flowers for a classmate who is in the hospital. Roses cost $3 each,
and carnations cost $2 each. No other flowers are to be used. How many different bouquets
could be purchased for exactly $50?
(A) 1 (B) 7 (C) 9 (D) 16 (E) 17

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9 A quadratic equation ax2 2ax + b = 0 has two real solutions. What is the average of the
solutions?

(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) ab (D) 2ba (E) 2b a

10 Points A and B are on a circle of radius 5 and AB = 6. Point C is the midpoint of the minor
arc AB. What is the length of the line segment AC?

(A) 10 (B) 72 (C) 14 (D) 15 (E) 4

11 Suppose that (un ) is a sequence of real numbers satisfying un+2 = 2un+1 + un , and that
u3 = 9 and u6 = 128. What is u5 ?
(A) 40 (B) 53 (C) 68 (D) 88 (E) 104

12 Postman Pete has a pedometer to count his steps. The pedometer records up to 99999 steps,
then flips over to 00000 on the next step. Pete plans to determine his mileage for a year.
On January 1 Pete sets the pedometer to 00000. During the year, the pedometer flips from
99999 to 00000 forty-four times. On December 31 the pedometer reads 50000. Pete takes
1800 steps per mile. Which of the following is closest to the number of miles Pete walked
during the year?
(A) 2500 (B) 3000 (C) 3500 (D) 4000 (E) 4500

13 For each positive integer n, the mean of the first n terms of a sequence is n. What is the
2008th term of the sequence?
(A) 2008 (B) 4015 (C) 4016 (D) 4, 030, 056 (E) 4, 032, 064

14 Triangle OAB has O = (0, 0), B = (5, 0), and A in the first quadrant. In addition, ABO =
90 and AOB = 30 . Suppose that OA is rotated 90 counterclockwise about O. What are
the coordinates of the image of A?
   
(A) 10 3, 5 (B) 35 3, 5 (C) 3, 5 (D) 53 3, 5

3
(E) 103 3, 5

15 How many right triangles have integer leg lengths a and b and a hypotenuse of length b + 1,
where b < 100?
(A) 6 (B) 7 (C) 8 (D) 9 (E) 10

16 Two fair coins are to be tossed once. For each head that results, one fair die is to be rolled.
What is the probability that the sum of the die rolls is odd? (Note that if no die is rolled,
their sum is 0.)
3 1 43 5 2
(A) 8 (B) 2 (C) 72 (D) 8 (E) 3

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17 A poll shows that 70% of all voters approve of the mayors work. On three separate occasions
a pollster selects a voter at random. What is the probability that on exactly one of these
three occasions the voter approves of the mayors work?
(A) 0.063 (B) 0.189 (C) 0.233 (D) 0.333 (E) 0.441

18 Bricklayer Brenda would take 9 hours to build a chimney alone, and bricklayer Brandon would
take 10 hours to build it alone. When they work together they talk a lot, and their combined
output is decreased by 10 bricks per hour. Working together, they build the chimney in 5
hours. How many bricks are in the chimney?
(A) 500 (B) 900 (C) 950 (D) 1000 (E) 1900

19 A cylindrical tank with radius 4 feet and height 9 feet is lying on its side. The tank is filled
with water to a depth of 2 feet. What is the volume of the water, in cubic feet?

(A) 24 36 2 (B) 24 24 3 (C) 36 36 3 (D) 36 24 2
(E) 48 36 3

20 The faces of a cubical die are marked with the numbers 1, 2, 2, 3, 3, and 4. The faces of a
second cubical die are marked with the numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8. Both dice are thrown.
What is the probability that the sum of the two top numbers will be 5, 7, or 9 ?
5 7 11 3 8
(A) 18 (B) 18 (C) 18 (D) 4 (E) 9

21 Ten chairs are evenly spaced around a round table and numbered clockwise from 1 through
10. Five married couples are to sit in the chairs with men and women alternating, and no
one is to sit either next to or directly across from his or her spouse. How many seating
arrangements are possible?
(A) 240 (B) 360 (C) 480 (D) 540 (E) 720

22 Three red beads, two white beads, and one blue bead are placed in a line in random order.
What is the probability that no two neighboring beads are the same color?
1 1 1 1 1
(A) 12 (B) 10 (C) 6 (D) 3 (E) 2

23 A rectangular floor measures a by b feet, where a and b are positive integers with b > a. An
artist paints a rectangle on the floor with the sides of the rectangle parallel to the sides of
the floor. The unpainted part of the floor forms a border of width 1 foot around the painted
rectangle and occupies half of the area of the entire floor. How many possibilities are there
for the ordered pair (a, b)?
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) 5

24 Quadrilateral ABCD has AB = BC = CD, ABC = 70 , and BCD = 170 . What is the
degree measure of BAD?

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(A) 75 (B) 80 (C) 85 (D) 90 (E) 95

25 Michael walks at the rate of 5 feet per second on a long straight path. Trash pails are located
every 200 feet along the path. A garbage truck travels at 10 feet per second in the same
direction as Michael and stops for 30 seconds at each pail. As Michael passes a pail, he
notices the truck ahead of him just leaving the next pail. How many times will Michael and
the truck meet?
(A) 4 (B) 5 (C) 6 (D) 7 (E) 8

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1 One can holds 12 ounces of soda. What is the minimum number of cans to provide a gallon
(128 ounces) of soda?
(A) 7 (B) 8 (C) 9 (D) 10 (E) 11

2 Four coins are picked out of a piggy bank that contains a collection of pennies, nickels, dimes,
and quarters. Which of the following could not be the total value of the four coins, in cents?
(A) 15 (B) 25 (C) 35 (D) 45 (E) 55
1
3 Which of the following is equal to 1 + 1 ?
1+ 1+1
5 3 5
(A) 4 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 2 (E) 3

4 Eric plans to compete in a triathlon. He can average 2 miles per hour in the 41 -mile swim
and 6 miles per hour in the 3-mile run. His goal is to finish the triathlon in 2 hours. To
accomplish his goal what must his average speed, in miles per hour, be for the 15-mile bicycle
ride?
120 56 45
(A) 11 (B) 11 (C) 5 (D) 4 (E) 12

5 What is the sum of the digits of the square of 111, 111, 111?
(A) 18 (B) 27 (C) 45 (D) 63 (E) 81

6 A circle of radius 2 is inscribed in a semicircle, as shown. The area inside the semicircle but
outside the circle is shaded. What fraction of the semicircles area is shaded?

1 2 2 3
(A) 2 (B) 6 (C) (D) 3 (E)

7 A carton contains milk that is 2% fat, and amount that is 40% less fat than the amount
contained in a carton of whole milk. What is the percentage of fat in whole milk?
12 10
(A) 5 (B) 3 (C) 3 (D) 38 (E) 42

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8 Three generations of the Wen family are going to the movies, two from each generation. The
two members of the youngest generation receive a 50% discount as children. The two members
of the oldest generation receive a 25% discount as senior citizens. The two members of the
middle generation receive no discount. Grandfather Wen, whose senior ticket costs $6.00, is
paying for everyone. How many dollars must he pay?
(A) 34 (B) 36 (C) 42 (D) 46 (E) 48

9 Positive integers a, b, and 2009, with a < b < 2009, form a geometric sequence with an integer
ratio. What is a?
(A) 7 (B) 41 (C) 49 (D) 289 (E) 2009

10 Triangle ABC has a right angle at B. Point D is the foot of the altitude from B, AD = 3,
and DC = 4. What is the area of 4ABC?

A
3
D

B C


(A) 4 3 (B) 7 3 (C) 21 (D) 14 3 (E) 42

11 One dimension of a cube is increased by 1, another is decreased by 1, and the third is left
unchanged. The volume of the new rectangular solid is 5 less than that of the cube. What
was the volume of the cube?
(A) 8 (B) 27 (C) 64 (D) 125 (E) 216

12 In quadrilateral ABCD, AB = 5, BC = 17, CD = 5, DA = 9, and BD is an integer. What


is BD?

A
D

C B

(A) 11 (B) 12 (C) 13 (D) 14 (E) 15

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13 Suppose that P = 2m and Q = 3n . Which of the following is equal to 12mn for every pair of
integers (m, n)?
(A) P 2 Q (B) P n Qm (C) P n Q2m (D) P 2m Qn (E) P 2n Qm

14 Four congruent rectangles are placed as shown. The area of the outer square is 4 times that
of the inner square. What is the ratio of the length of the longer side of each rectangle to the
length of its shorter side?


(A) 3 (B) 10 (C) 2 + 2 (D) 2 3 (E) 4

15 The figures F1 , F2 , F3 , and F4 shown are the first in a sequence of figures. For n 3, Fn
is constructed from Fn1 by surrounding it with a square and placing one more diamond on
each side of the new square than Fn1 had on each side of its outside square. For example,
figure F3 has 13 diamonds. How many diamonds are there in figure F20 ?

F1 F2 F3 F4

(A) 401 (B) 485 (C) 585 (D) 626 (E) 761

16 Let a, b, c, and d be real numbers with |a b| = 2, |b c| = 3, and |c d| = 4. What is the


sum of all possible values of |a d|?
(A) 9 (B) 12 (C) 15 (D) 18 (E) 24

17 Rectangle ABCD has AB = 4 and BC = 3. Segment EF is constructed through B so that


EF is perpendicular to DB, and A and C lie on DE and DF , respectively. What is EF ?
125 103
(A) 9 (B) 10 (C) 12 (D) 9 (E) 12

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18 At Jefferson Summer Camp, 60% of the children play soccer, 30% of the children swim,
and 40% of the soccer players swim. To the nearest whole percent, what percent of the
non-swimmers play soccer?
(A) 30% (B) 40% (C) 49% (D) 51% (E) 70%

19 Circle A has radius 100. Circle B has an integer radius r < 100 and remains internally
tangent to circle A as it rolls once around the circumference of circle A. The two circles have
the same points of tangency at the beginning and end of circle Bs trip. How many possible
values can r have?
(A) 4 (B) 8 (C) 9 (D) 50 (E) 90

20 Andrea and Lauren are 20 kilometers apart. They bike toward one another with Andrea
traveling three times as fast as Lauren, and the distance between them decreasing at a rate
of 1 kilometer per minute. After 5 minutes, Andrea stops biking because of a flat tire and
waits for Lauren. After how many minutes from the time they started to bike does Lauren
reach Andrea?
(A) 20 (B) 30 (C) 55 (D) 65 (E) 80

21 Many Gothic cathedrals have windows with portions containing a ring of congruent circles
that are circumscribed by a larger circle, In the figure shown, the number of smaller circles
is four. What is the ratio of the sum of the areas of the four smaller circles to the area of the
larger circle?


(A) 3 2 2 (B) 2 2 (C) 4(3 2 2) (D) 21 (3 2) (E) 2 2 2

22 Two cubical dice each have removable numbers 1 through 6. The twelve numbers on the two
dice are removed, put into a bag, then drawn one at a time and randomly reattached to the
faces of the cubes, one number to each face. The dice are then rolled and the numbers on the
two top faces are added. What is the probability that the sum is 7?
1 1 1 2 1
(A) 9 (B) 8 (C) 6 (D) 11 (E) 5

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23 Convex quadrilateral ABCD has AB = 9 and CD = 12. Diagonals AC and BD intersect at


E, AC = 14, and 4AED and 4BEC have equal areas. What is AE?
9 50 21 17
(A) 2 (B) 11 (C) 4 (D) 3 (E) 6

24 Three distinct vertices of a cube are chosen at random. What is the probability that the
plane determined by these three vertices contains points inside the cube?
1 3 4 5 3
(A) 4 (B) 8 (C) 7 (D) 7 (E) 4

25 For k > 0, let Ik = 10 . . . 064, where there are k zeros between the 1 and the 6. Let N (k) be
the number of factors of 2 in the prime factorization of Ik . What is the maximum value of
N (k)?
(A) 6 (B) 7 (C) 8 (D) 9 (E) 10

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1 Each morning of her five-day workweek, Jane bought either a 50-cent muffin or a 75-cent
bagel. Her total cost for the week was a whole number of dollars. How many bagels did she
buy?
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) 5
1
3 14
2 Which of the following is equal to 1 ?
2 13
1 1 1 2 3
(A) 4 (B) 3 (C) 2 (D) 3 (E) 4

3 Paula the painter had just enough paint for 30 identically sized rooms. Unfortunately, on the
way to work, three cans of paint fell of her truck, so she had only enough paint for 25 rooms.
How many cans of paint did she use for the 25 rooms?
(A) 10 (B) 12 (C) 15 (D) 18 (E) 25

4 A rectangular yard contains two flower beds in the shape of congruent isosceles right triangles.
THe remainder of the yard has a trapezoidal shape, as shown. The parallel sides of the
trapezoid have lengths 15 and 25 meters. What fraction of the yard is occupied by the flower
beds?

1 1 1 1 1
(A) 8 (B) 6 (C) 5 (D) 4 (E) 3

5 Twenty percent less than 60 is one-third more than what number?


(A) 16 (B) 30 (C) 32 (D) 36 (E) 48

6 Kiana has two older twin brothers. The product of their ages is 128. What is the sum of
their three ages?
(A) 10 (B) 12 (C) 16 (D) 18 (E) 24

7 By inserting parentheses, it is possible to give the expression

23+45

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several values. How many different values can be obtained?


(A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 4 (D) 5 (E) 6

8 In a certain year the price of gasoline rose by 20% during January, fell by 20% during February,
rose by 25% during March, and fell by x% during April. The price of gasoline at the end of
April was the same as it had been at the beginning of January. To the nearest integer, what
is x?
(A) 12 (B) 17 (C) 20 (D) 25 (E) 35

9 Segment BD and AE intersect at C, as shown, AB = BC = CD = CE, and A = 25 B.


What is the degree measure of D?

B
E

A
D

(A) 52.5 (B) 55 (C) 57.5 (D) 60 (E) 62.5

10 A flagpole is originally 5 meters tall. A hurricane snaps the flagpole at a point x meters above
the ground so that the upper part, still attached to the stump, touches the ground 1 meter
away from the base. What is x?
(A) 2.0 (B) 2.1 (C) 2.2 (D) 2.3 (E) 2.4

11 How many 7 digit palindromes (numbers that read the same backward as forward) can be
formed using the digits 2, 2, 3, 3, 5, 5, 5?
(A) 6 (B) 12 (C) 24 (D) 36 (E) 48

12 Distinct points A, B, C, and D lie on a line, with AB = BC = CD = 1. Points E and F lie


on a second line, parallel to the first, with EF = 1. A triangle with positive area has three of
the six points as its vertices. How many possible values are there for the area of the triangle?
(A) 3 (B) 4 (C) 5 (D) 6 (E) 7

13 As shown below, convex pentagon ABCDE has sides AB = 3, BC = 4, CD = 6, DE = 3,


and EA = 7. The pentagon is originally positioned in the plane with vertex A at the origin
and vertex B on the positive x-axis. The pentagon is then rolled clockwise to the right along
the x-axis. Which side will touch the point x = 2009 on the x-axis?

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E D
3 6
7 C
4
A 3 B
(0, 0) x

(A) AB (B) BC (C) CD (D) DE (E) EA


14 On Monday, Millie puts a quart of seeds, 25% of which are millet, into a bird feeder. On each
successive day she adds another quart of the same mix of seeds without removing any seeds
that are left. Each day the birds eat only 25% of the millet in the feeder, but they eat all of
the other seeds. On which day, just after Millie has placed the seeds, will the birds find that
more than half the seeds in the feeder are millet?
(A) Tuesday (B) Wednesday (C) Thursday (D) Friday (E) Saturday
15 When a bucket is two-thirds full of water, the bucket and water weigh a kilograms. When
the bucket is one-half full of water the total weight is b kilograms. In terms of a and b, what
is the total weight in kilograms when the bucket is full of water?
(A) 32 a + 13 b (B) 23 a 21 b (C) 32 a + b (D) 32 a + 2b (E) 3a 2b

16 Points A and C lie on a circle centered at O, each of BA and BC are tangent to the circle,
and 4ABC is equilateral. The circle intersects BO at D. What is BD
BO ?

2 1 3 2 3
(A) 3 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 2 (E) 2

17 Five unit squares are arranged in the coordinate plane as shown, with the lower left corner
at the origin. The slanted line, extending from (a, 0) to (3, 3), divides the entire region into
two regions of equal area. What is a?

(3, 3)

(a, 0) x

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1 3 2 3 4
(A) 2 (B) 5 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) 5

18 Rectangle ABCD has AB = 8 and BC = 6. Point M is the midpoint of diagonal AC, and
E is on AB with M E AC. What is the area of 4AM E?
65 25 75 85
(A) 8 (B) 3 (C) 9 (D) 8 (E) 8

19 A particular 12-hour digital clock displays the hour and minute of a day. Unfortunately,
whenever it is supposed to display a 1, it mistakenly displays a 9. For example, when it is
1:16 PM the clock incorrectly shows 9:96 PM. What fraction of the day will the clock show
the correct time?
1 5 3 5 9
(A) 2 (B) 8 (C) 4 (D) 6 (E) 10

20 Triangle ABC has a right angle at B, AB = 1, and BC = 2. The bisector of BAC meets
BC at D. What is BD?

B D C


31

51

5+1

6+ 2

(A) 2 (B) 2 (C) 2 (D) 2 (E) 2 3 1

21 What is the remainder when 30 + 31 + 32 + . . . + 32009 is divided by 8?


(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 4 (E) 6

22 A cubical cake with edge length 2 inches is iced on the sides and the top. It is cut vertically
into three pieces as shown in this top view, where M is the midpoint of a top edge. The piece
whose top is triangle B contains c cubic inches of cake and s square inches of icing. What is
c + s?

A
B
M
C

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24 32

16 5

(A) 5 (B) 5 (C) 8 + 5 (D) 5 + 5 (E) 10 + 5 5

23 Rachel and Robert run on a circular track. Rachel runs counterclockwise and completes a
lap every 90 seconds, and Robert runs clockwise and completes a lap every 80 seconds. Both
start from the start line at the same time. At some random time between 10 minutes and
11 minutes after they begin to run, a photographer standing inside the track takes a picture
that shows one-fourth of the track, centered on the starting line. What is the probability that
both Rachel and Robert are in the picture?
1 1 3 1 5
(A) 16 (B) 8 (C) 16 (D) 4 (E) 16

24 The keystone arch is an ancient architectural feature. It is composed of congruent isosceles


trapezoids fitted together along the non-parallel sides, as shown. The bottom sides of the two
end trapezoids are horizontal. In an arch made with 9 trapezoids, let x be the angle measure
in degrees of the larger interior angle of the trapezoid. What is x?

(A) 100 (B) 102 (C) 104 (D) 106 (E) 108

25 Each face of a cube is given a single narrow stripe painted from the center of one edge
to the center of its opposite edge. The choice of the edge pairing is made at random and
independently for each face. What is the probability that there is a continuous stripe encircling
the cube?
1 3 1 3 1
(A) 8 (B) 16 (C) 4 (D) 8 (E) 2

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1 Marys top book shelf holds five books with the following widths, in centimeters: 6, 12 , 1, 2.5,
and 10. What is the average book width, in centimeters?
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) 5

2 Four identical squares and one rectangle are placed together to form one large square as
shown. The length of the rectangle is how many times as large as its width?

5 4 3
(A) 4 (B) 3 (C) 2 (D) 2 (E) 3

3 Tyrone had 97 marbles and Eric had 11 marbles. Tyrone then gave some of his marbles
to Eric so that Tyrone ended with twice as many marbles as Eric. How many marbles did
Tyrone give to Eric?
(A) 3 (B) 13 (C) 18 (D) 25 (E) 29

4 A book that is to be recorded onto compact discs takes 412 minutes to read aloud. Each disc
can hold up to 56 minutes of reading. Assume that the smallest possible number of discs is
used and that each disc contains the same length of reading. How many minutes of reading
will each disc contain?
(A) 50.2 (B) 51.5 (C) 52.4 (D) 53.8 (E) 55.2

5 The area of a circle whose circumference is 24 is k. What is the value of k?


(A) 6 (B) 12 (C) 24 (D) 36 (E) 144

6 For positive numbers x and y the operation (x, y) is defined as

1
(x, y) = x
y

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What is (2, (2, 2))?


2 4 5
(A) 3 (B) 1 (C) 3 (D) 3 (E) 2

7 Crystal has a running course marked out for her daily run. She starts this run by heading
due north for one mile. She then runs northeast for one mile, then southeast for one mile.
The last portion of her run takes her on a straight line back to where she started. How far,
in miles is this last portion of her run?

(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 2 (E) 2 2

8 Tony works 2 hours a day and is paid $0.50 per hour for each full year of his age. During a
six month period Tony worked 50 days and earned $630. How old was Tony at the end of the
six month period?
(A) 9 (B) 11 (C) 12 (D) 13 (E) 14

9 A palindrome, such as 83438, is a number that remains the same when its digits are reversed.
The numbers x and x + 32 are three-digit and four-digit palindromes, respectively. What is
the sum of the digits of x?
(A) 20 (B) 21 (C) 22 (D) 23 (E) 24

10 Marvin had a birthday on Tuesday, May 27 in the leap year 2008. In what year will his
birthday next fall on a Saturday?
(A) 2011 (B) 2012 (C) 2013 (D) 2015 (E) 2017

11 The length of the interval of solutions of the inequality a 2x + 3 b is 10. What is b a?


(A) 6 (B) 10 (C) 15 (D) 20 (E) 30

12 Logan is constructing a scaled model of his town. The citys water tower stands 40 meters
high, and the top portion is a sphere that holds 100, 000 liters of water. Logans miniature
water tower holds 0.1 liters. How tall, in meters, should Logan make his tower?
0.4 4
(A) 0.04 (B) (C) 0.4 (D) (E) 4

13 Angelina drove at an average rate of 80 kph and then stopped 20 minutes for gas. After the
stop, she drove at an average rate of 100 kph. Altogether she drove 250 km in a total trip
time of 3 hours including the stop. Which equation could be used to solve for the time t in
hours that she drove before her stop?
(A) 80t + 100(8/3 t) = 250 (B) 80t = 250 (C) 100t = 250
(D) 90t = 250 (E) 80(8/3 t) + 100t = 250

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14 Triangle ABC has AB = 2 AC. Let D and E be on AB and BC, respectively, such that
BAE = ACD. Let F be the intersection of segments AE and CD, and suppose that
4CF E is equilateral. What is ACB?
(A) 60 (B) 75 (C) 90 (D) 105 (E) 120

15 In a magical swamp there are two species of talking amphibians: toads, whose statements are
always true, and frogs, whose statements are always false. Four amphibians, Brian, Chris,
LeRoy, and Mike live together in the swamp, and they make the following statements:
Brian: Mike and I are different species. Chris: LeRoy is a frog. LeRoy: Chris is a frog.
Mike: Of the four of us, at least two are toads.
How many of these amphibians are frogs?
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 3 (E) 4

16 Nondegenerate 4ABC has integer side lengths, BD is an angle bisector, AD = 3, and


DC = 8. What is the smallest possible value of the perimeter?
(A) 30 (B) 33 (C) 35 (D) 36 (E) 37

17 A solid cube has side length 3 inches. A 2-inch by 2-inch square hole is cut into the center of
each face. The edges of each cut are parallel to the edges of the cube, and each hole goes all
the way through the cube. What is the volume, in cubic inches, of the remaining solid?
(A) 7 (B) 8 (C) 10 (D) 12 (E) 15

18 Bernardo randomly picks 3 distinct numbers from the set {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9} and arranges
them in descending order to form a 3-digit number. Silvia randomly picks 3 distinct numbers
from the set {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8} and also arranges them in descending order to form a 3-digit
number. What is the probability that Bernardos number is larger than Silvias number?
47 37 2 49 39
(A) 72 (B) 56 (C) 3 (D) 72 (E) 56

19 Equiangular hexagon ABCDEF has side lengths AB = CD = EF = 1 and BC = DE =


F A = r. The area of 4ACE is 70% of the area of the hexagon. What is the sum of all
possible values of r?

4 3 10 17
(A) 3 (B) 3 (C) 4 (D) 4 (E) 6

20 A fly trapped inside a cubical box with side length 1 meter decides to relieve its boredom by
visiting each corner of the box. It will begin and end in the same corner and visit each of
the other corners exactly once. To get from a corner to any other corner, it will either fly or
crawl in a straight line. What is the maximum possible length, in meters, of its path?

(A) 4+ 4 2 (B) 2 + 4 2 + 2 3 (C) 2 + 3 2 + 3 3 (D) 4 2 + 4 3
(E) 3 2 + 5 3

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21 The polynomial x3 ax2 + bx 2010 has three positive integer zeros. What is the smallest
possible value of a?
(A) 78 (B) 88 (C) 98 (D) 108 (E) 118

22 Eight points are chosen on a circle, and chords are drawn connecting every pair of points. No
three chords intersect in a single point inside the circle. How many triangles with all three
vertices in the interior of the circle are created?
(A) 28 (B) 56 (C) 70 (D) 84 (E) 140

23 Each of 2010 boxes in a line contains a single red marble, and for 1 k 2010, the box in the
kth position also contains k white marbles. Isabella begins at the first box and successively
draws a single marble at random from each box, in order. She stops when she first draws a
red marble. Let P (n) be the probability that Isabella stops after drawing exactly n marbles.
1
What is the smallest value of n for which P (n) < 2010 ?
(A) 45 (B) 63 (C) 64 (D) 201 (E) 1005

24 The number obtained from the last two nonzero digits of 90! is equal to n. What is n?
(A) 12 (B) 32 (C) 48 (D) 52 (E) 68

25 Jim starts with a positive integer n and creates a sequence of numbers. Each successive
number is obtained by subtracting the largest possible integer square less than or equal to
the current number until zero is reached. For example, if Jim starts with n = 55, then his
sequence contains 5 numbers:
55
55 72 = 6
6 22 = 2
2 12 = 1
1 12 = 0
Let N be the smallest number for which Jims sequence has 8 numbers. What is the units
digit of N ?
(A) 1 (B) 3 (C) 5 (D) 7 (E) 9

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1 What is 100(100 3) (100 100 3)?


(A) 20, 000 (B) 10, 000 (C) 297 (D) 6 (E) 0

2 Makayla attended two meetings during her 9-hour work day. The first meeting took 45
minutes and the second meeting took twice as long. What percent of her work day was spent
attending meetings?
(A) 15 (B) 20 (C) 25 (D) 30 (E) 35

3 A drawer contains red, green, blue, and white socks with at least 2 of each color. What is
the minimum number of socks that must be pulled from the drawer to guarantee a matching
pair?
(A) 3 (B) 4 (C) 5 (D) 8 (E) 9

4 For a real number x, define (x) to be the average of x and x2 . What is (1) + (2) + (3)?
(A) 3 (B) 6 (C) 10 (D) 12 (E) 20

5 A month with 31 days has the same number of Mondays and Wednesdays. How many of the
seven days of the week could be the first day of this month?
(A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 4 (D) 5 (E) 6

6 A circle is centered at O, AB is a diameter and C is a point on the circle with COB = 50 .


What is the degree measure of CAB?
(A) 20 (B) 25 (C) 45 (D) 50 (E) 65

7 A triangle has side lengths 10, 10, and 12. A rectangle has width 4 and area equal to the
area of the triangle. What is the perimeter of this rectangle?
(A) 16 (B) 24 (C) 28 (D) 32 (E) 36

8 A ticket to a school play costs x dollars, where x is a whole number. A group of 9th graders
buys tickets costing a total of $48, and a group of 10th graders buys tickets costing a total of
$64. How many values of x are possible?
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) 5

9 Lucky Larrys teacher asked him to substitute numbers for a, b, c, d, and e in the expression
a (b (c (d + e))) and evaluate the result. Larry ignored the parentheses but added
and subtracted correctly and obtained the correct result by coincedence. The numbers Larry

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substituted for a, b, c, and d were 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively. What number did Larry
substitute for e?
(A) 5 (B) 3 (C) 0 (D) 3 (E) 5

10 Shelby drives her scooter at a speed of 30 miles per hour if it is not raining, and 20 miles
per hour if it is raining. Today she drove in the sun in the morning and in the rain in the
evening, for a total of 16 miles in 40 minutes. How many minutes did she drive in the rain?
(A) 18 (B) 21 (C) 24 (D) 27 (E) 30

11 A shopper plans to purchase an item that has a listed price greater than $100 and can use
any one of the three coupons. Coupon A gives 15% off the listed price, Coupon B gives $30
the listed price, and Coupon C gives 25% off the amount by which the listed price exceeds
$100.
Let x and y be the smallest and largest prices, respectively, for which Coupon A saves at
least as many dollars as Coupon B or C. What is y x?
(A) 50 (B) 60 (C) 75 (D) 80 (E) 100

12 At the beginning of the school year, 50% of all students in Mr. Wells math class answered
Yes to the question Do you love math, and 50% answered No. At the end of the school
year, 70% answered Yes and 30% answered No. Altogether, x% of the students gave a
different answer at the beginning and end of the school year. What is the difference between
the maximum and the minimum possible values of x?
(A) 0 (B) 20 (C) 40 (D) 60 (E) 80

13 What is the sum of all the solutions of x = |2x |60 2x k ?


(A) 32 (B) 60 (C) 92 (D) 120 (E) 124

14 The average of the numbers 1, 2, 3, ..., 98, 99, and x is 100x. What is x?
49 50 1 51 50
(A) 101 (B) 101 (C) 2 (D) 101 (E) 99

15 On a 50-question multiple choice math contest, students receive 4 points for a correct answer,
0 points for an answer left blank, and -1 point for an incorrect answer. Jesses total score
on the contest was 99. What is the maximum number of questions that Jesse could have
answered correctly?
(A) 25 (B) 27 (C) 29 (D) 31
(E) 33

16 A square of side length 1 and a circle of radius 3/3 share the same center. What is the area
inside the circle, but outside the square?

2 3 1
(A) 3 1 (B) 9 3 (C) 18 (D) 4 (E) 2/9

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17 Every high school in the city of Euclid sent a team of 3 students to a math contest. Each
participant in the contest received a different score. Andreas score was the median among all
students, and hers was the highest score on her team. Andreas teammates Beth and Carla
placed 37th and 64th, respectively. How many schools are in the city?
(A) 22 (B) 23 (C) 24 (D) 25 (E) 26
18 Positive integers a, b, and c are randomly and independently selected with replacement from
the set {1, 2, 3, . . . , 2010}. What is the probability that abc + ab + a is divisible by 3?
1 29 31 11 13
(A) (B) (C) (D) (E)
3 81 81 27 27
19 A circle with center
O has area 156. Triangle ABC is equilateral, BC is a chord on the
circle, OA = 4 3, and point O is outside 4ABC. What is the side length of 4ABC?

(A) 2 3 (B) 6 (C) 4 3 (D) 12 (E) 18
20 Two circles lie outside regular hexagon ABCDEF . The first is tangent to AB, and the second
is tangent to DE. Both are tangent to lines BC and F A. What is the ratio of the area of
the second circle to that of the first circle?
(A) 18 (B) 27 (C) 36 (D) 81 (E) 108
21 A palindrome between 1000 and 10, 000 is chosen at random. What is the probability that it
is divisible by 7?
1 1 1 1 1
(A) (B) (C) (D) (E)
10 9 7 6 5
22 Seven distinct pieces of candy are to be distributed among three bags. The red bag and the
blue bag must each receive at least one piece of candy; the white bag may remain empty.
How many arrangements are possible?
(A) 1930 (B) 1931 (C) 1932 (D) 1933 (E) 1934
23 The entries in a 3 3 array include all the digits from 1 through 9, arranged so that the
entries in every row and column are in increasing order. How many such arrays are there?
(A) 18 (B) 24 (C) 36 (D) 42 (E) 60
24 A high school basketball game between the Raiders and Wildcats was tied at the end of the
first quarter. The number of points scored by the Raiders in each of the four quarters formed
an increasing geometric sequence, and the number of points scored by the Wildcats in each of
the four quarters formed an increasing arithmetic sequence. At the end of the fourth quarter,
the Raiders had won by one point. Neither team scored more than 100 points. What was the
total number of points scored by the two teams in the first half?
(A) 30 (B) 31 (C) 32 (D) 33 (E) 34

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25 Let a > 0, and let P (x) be a polynomial with integer coefficients such that

P (1) = P (3) = P (5) = P (7) = a, and

P (2) = P (4) = P (6) = P (8) = a.


What is the smallest possible value of a?
(A) 105 (B) 315 (C) 945 (D) 7! (E) 8!

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1 A cell phone plan costs $20 each month, plus 5 per text message sent, plus 10 for each minute
used over 30 hours. In January Michelle sent 100 text messages and talked for 30.5 hours.
How much did she have to pay?
(A) 24.00 (B) 24.50 (C) 25.50 (D) 28.00 (E) 30.00

2 A small bottle of shampoo can hold 35 milliliters of shampoo, whereas a large bottle can
hold 500 milliliters of shampoo. Jasmine wants to buy the minimum number of small bottles
necessary to completely fill a large bottle. How many bottles must she buy?
(A) 11 (B) 12 (C) 13 (D) 14 (E) 15

3 Suppose [a b] denotes the average of a and b, and a b c denotes the average of a, b, and c.
What is 1 1 0 [0 1] 0?
2 5 1 7 2
(A) 9 (B) 18 (C) 3 (D) 18 (E) 3

4 Let X and Y be the following sums of arithmetic sequences:

X = 10 + 12 + 14 + + 100, Y
=
12 + 14 + 16 + + 102.

(0)

What is the value of Y X?


(A) 92 (B) 98 (C) 100 (D) 102 (E) 112
At an elementary school, the students in third grade, fourth grade, and fifth grade run an average
of 12, 15, and 10 minutes per day, respectively. There are twice as many third graders as fourth
graders, and twice as many fourth graders as fifth graders. What is the average number of minutes
run per day by these students?
(A) 12 (B) 373 (C) 887 (D) 13 (E) 14
Set A has 20 elements, and set B has 15 elements. What is the smallest possible number of elements
in A B, the union of A and B?
(A) 5 (B) 15 (C) 20 (D) 35 (E) 300

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Which of the following equations does NOT have


a solution?
(A) (x + 7)2 = 0 (B) | 3x| + 5 = 0 (C) x 2 = 0 (D) x 8 = 0 (E) | 3x| 4 = 0
Last summer 30% of the birds living on Town Lake were geese, 25% were swans, 10% were herons,
and 35% were ducks. What percent of the birds that were not swans were geese?
(A) 20 (B) 30 (C) 40 (D) 50 (E) 60
A rectangular region is bounded by the graphs of the equations y = a, y = b, x = c, and x = d,
where a, b, c, and d are all positive numbers. Which of the following represents the area of this
region?
(A) ac + ad + bc + bd (B) ac ad + bc bd (C) ac + ad bc bd (D) ac
ad + bc + bd (E) ac ad bc + bd
A majority of the 30 students in Ms. Deameanors class bought pencils at the school bookstore.
Each of these students bought the same number of pencils, and this number was greater than 1.
The cost of a pencil in cents was greater than the number of pencils each student bought, and the
total cost of all the pencils was $17.71. What was the cost of a pencil in cents?
(A) 7 (B) 11 (C) 17 (D) 23 (E) 77
Square EF GH has one vertex on each side of square ABCD. Point E is on AB with AE = 7 EB.
What is the ratio of the area of EF GH to the areaof ABCD?
49
(A) 64 (B) 25
32 (C) 87 (D) 5 8 2 (E) 414
The players on a basketball team made some three-point shots, some two-point shots, and some
one-point free throws. They scored as many points with two-point shots as with three-point shots.
Their number of successful free throws was one more than their number of successful two-point
shots. The teams total score was 61 points. How many free throws did they make?
(A) 13 (B) 14 (C) 15 (D) 16 (E) 17
How many even integers are there between 200 and 700 whose digits are all different and come
from the set 1,2,5,7,8,9?
(A) 12 (B) 20 (C) 72 (D) 120 (E) 200
A pair of standard 6-sided fair dice is rolled once. The sum of the numbers rolled determines the
diameter of a circle. What is the probability that the numerical value of the area of the circle is
less than the numerical value of the circles circumference?
1 1
(A) 36 (B) 12 (C) 61 (D) 14 5
(E) 18
Roy bought a new battery-gasoline hybrid car. On a trip the car ran exclusively on its battery for
the first 40 miles, then ran exclusively on gasoline for the rest of the trip, using gasoline at a rate
of 0.02 gallons per mile. On the whole trip he averaged 55 miles per gallon. How long was the trip
in miles?
(A) 140 (B) 240 (C) 440 (D) 640 (E) 840
p p
Which of the following is equal to 9 6 2 + 9 + 6 2?

(A) 3 2 (B) 2 6 (C) 7 2 2 (D) 3 3 (E) 6

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In the eight-term sequence A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, the value of C is 5 and the sum of any three
consecutive terms is 30. What is A + H?
(A) 17 (B) 18 (C) 25 (D) 26 (E) 43
Circles A, B, and C each have radius 1. Circles A and B share one point of tangency. Circle C has
a point of tangency with the midpoint of AB. What is the area inside Circle C but outside circle
A and circle B ?

A B

3
(A) 3 2 (B) 2 (C) 2 (D) 4 (E) 1 + 2
In 1991 the population of a town was a perfect square. Ten years later, after an increase of 150
people, the population was 9 more than a perfect square. Now, in 2011, with an increase of another
150 people, the population is once again a perfect square. Which of the following is closest to the
percent growth of the towns population during this twenty-year period?
(A) 42 (B) 47 (C) 52 (D) 57 (E) 62
Two points on the circumference of a circle of radius r are selected independently and at random.
From each point a chord of length r is drawn in a clockwise direction. What is the probability that
the two chords intersect?
(A) 61 (B) 51 (C) 14 (D) 13 (E) 12
Two counterfeit coins of equal weight are mixed with 8 identical genuine coins. The weight of each
of the counterfeit coins is different from the weight of each of the genuine coins. A pair of coins
is selected at random without replacement from the 10 coins. A second pair is selected at random
without replacement from the remaining 8 coins. The combined weight of the first pair is equal
to the combined weight of the second pair. What is the probability that all 4 selected coins are
genuine?
7 9
(A) 11 (B) 13 (C) 1115
15
(D) 19 (E) 15
16
Each vertex of convex pentagon ABCDE is to be assigned a color. There are 6 colors to choose
from, and the ends of each diagonal must have different colors. How many different colorings are
possible?
(A) 2520 (B) 2880 (C) 3120 (D) 3250 (E) 3750

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Seven students count from 1 to 1000 as follows:


Alice says all the numbers, except she skips the middle number in each consecutive group of
three numbers. That is, Alice says 1, 3, 4, 6, 7, 9, , 997, 999, 1000.
Barbara says all of the numbers that Alice doesnt say, except she also skips the middle number
in each consecutive group of three numbers.
Candice says all of the numbers that neither Alice nor Barbara says, except she also skips the
middle number in each consecutive group of three numbers.
Debbie, Eliza, and Fatima say all of the numbers that none of the students with the first names
beginning before theirs in the alphabet say, except each also skips the middle number in each of
her consecutive groups of three numbers.
Finally, George says the only number that no one else says.
What number does George say?
(A) 37 (B) 242 (C) 365 (D) 728 (E) 998
Two distinct regular tetrahedra have all their vertices among the vertices of the same unit cube.
What is the volume of the region formed by the intersection
of the tetrahedra?
1 2 3 1 2
(A) 12 (B) 12 (C) 12 (D) 6 (E) 6
Let R be a square region and n 4 an integer. A point X in the interior of R is called n-ray
partitional if there are n rays emanating from X that divide R into n triangles of equal area. How
many points are 100-ray partitional but not 60-ray partitional?
(A) 1500 (B) 1560 (C) 2320 (D) 2480 (E) 2500

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1 What is
2+4+6 1+3+5
?
1+3+5 2+4+6
5 7 147 43
(A) 1 (B) 36 (C) 12 (D) 60 (E) 3

2 Josannas test scores to date are 90, 80, 70, 60, and 85. Her goal is to raise her test average
at least 3 points with her next test. What is the minimum test score she would need to
accomplish this goal?
(A) 80 (B) 82 (C) 85 (D) 90 (E) 95

3 At a store, when a length is reported as x inches that means the length is at least x 0.5
inches and at most x + 0.5 inches. Suppose the dimensions of a rectangular tile are reported
as 2 inches by 3 inches. In square inches, what is the minimum area for the rectangle?
(A) 3.75 (B) 4.5 (C) 5 (D) 6 (E) 8.75

4 LeRoy and Bernardo went on a week-long trip together and agreed to share the costs equally.
Over the week, each of them paid for various joint expenses such as gasoline and car rental.
At the end of the trip it turned out that LeRoy had paid A dollars and Bernardo had paid
B dollars, where A < B. How many dollars must LeRoy give to Bernardo so that they share
the costs equally?
A+B AB BA
(A) 2 (B) 2 (C) 2 (D) B A (E) A + B

5 In multiplying two positive integers a and b, Ron reversed the digits of the two-digit number
a. His errorneous product was 161. What is the correct value of the product of a and b?
(A) 116 (B) 161 (C) 204 (D) 214 (E) 224

6 On Halloween Casper ate 13 of his candies and then gave 2 candies to his brother. The next
day he ate 31 of his remaining candies and then gave 4 candies to his sister. On the third day
he ate his final 8 candies. How many candies did Casper have at the beginning?
(A) 30 (B) 39 (C) 48 (D) 57 (E) 66

7 The sum of two angles of a triangle is 65 of a right angle, and one of these two angles is 30
larger than the other. What is the degree measure of the largest angle in the triangle?
(A) 69 (B) 72 (C) 90 (D) 102 (E) 108

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8 At a certain beach if it is at least 80 F and sunny, then the beach will be crowded. On June
10 the beach was not crowded. What can be said about the weather conditions on June 10?
(A) The temperature was cooler than 80 F and it was not sunny. (B) The temperature
was cooler than 80 F or it was not sunny. (C) If the temperature was at least 80 F , then
it was sunny. (D) If the temperature was cooler than 80 F , then it was sunny. (E) If the
temperature was cooler than 80 F , then it was not sunny.

9 The area of 4EBD is one third of the area of 3 4 5 4ABC. Segment DE is perpendicular
to segment AB. What is BD?

(A) 43 (B) 5 (C) 94 (D) 4 3 3 (E) 52

10 Consider the set of numbers {1, 10, 102 , 103 , ...1010 }. The ratio of the largest element of the
set to the sum of the other ten elements of the set is closest to which integer?
(A) 1 (B) 9 (C) 10 (D) 11 (E) 101

11 There are 52 people in a room. What is the largest value of n such that the statement At
least n people in this room have birthdays falling in the same month is always true?
(A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 4 (D) 5 (E) 12

12 Keiko walks once around a track at exactly the same constant speed every day. The sides
of the track are straight, and the ends are semicircles. The track has width 6 meters, and
it takes her 36 seconds longer to walk around the outside edge of the track than around the
inside edge. What is Keikos speed in meters per second?
2 4 5
(A) 3 (B) 3 (C) (D) 3 (E) 3

13 Two real numbers are selected independently at random from the interval [-20, 10]. What is
the probability that the product of those numbers is greater than zero?
1 1 4 5 2
(A) 9 (B) 3 (C) 9 (D) 9 (E) 3

14 A rectangular parking lot has a diagonal of 25 meters and an area of 168 square meters. In
meters, what is the perimeter of the parking lot?
(A) 52 (B) 58 (C) 62 (D) 68 (E) 70
a+b
15 Let @ denote the averaged with operation: a @ b = 2 . Which of the following distributive
laws hold for all numbers x, y and z?
I. x @ (y+z) = (x @ y) + (x @ z) II. x + (y @ z) = (x + y) @ (x + z) III. x @ (y @ z) = (x
@ y) @ (x @ z)
(A) I only (B) II only (C) III only (D) I and III only (E) II and III only

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16 A dart board is a regular octagon divided into regions as shown. Suppose that a dart thrown
at the board is equally likely to land anywhere on the board. What is probability that the
dart lands within the center square?


21 1

2 2

2

(A) 2 (B) 4 (C) 2 (D) 4 (E) 2 2

17 In the given circle, the diameter EB is parallel to DC, and AB is parallel to ED. The angles
AEB and ABE are in the ratio 4 : 5. What is the degree measure of angle BCD?

E B

D C

(A) 120 (B) 125 (C) 130 (D) 135 (E) 140

18 Rectangle ABCD has AB = 6 and BC = 3. Point M is chosen on side AB so that AM D =


CM D. What is the degree measure of AM D?
(A) 15 (B) 30 (C) 45 (D) 60 (E) 75

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19 What is the product of all the roots of the equation


p p
5|x| + 8 = x2 16.

(A) 64 (B) 24 (C) 9 (D) 24 (E) 576

20 Rhombus ABCD has side length 2 and B = 120 . Region R consists of all points inside the
rhombus that are closer to vertex B than any of the other three vertices. What is the area
of R?

3 3 2 3 3
(A) 3 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 1 + 3 (E) 2

21 Brian writes down four integers w > x > y > z whose sum is 44. The pairwise positive
differences of these numbers are 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 9. What is the sum of the possible values for
w?
(A) 16 (B) 31 (C) 48 (D) 62 (E) 93

22 A pyramid has a square base with sides of length 1 and has lateral faces that are equilateral
triangles. A cube is placed within the pyramid so that one face is on the base of the pyramid
and its opposite face has all its edges on the lateral faces of the pyramid. What is the volume
of this cube?

(A) 5 2 7 (B) 7 4 3 (C) 2272 (D) 92 (E) 93

23 What is the hundreds digit of 20112011 ?


(A) 1 (B) 4 (C) 5 (D) 6 (E) 9

24 A lattice point in an xy-coordinate system is any point (x, y) where both x and y are integers.
The graph of y = mx + 2 passes through no lattice point with 0 < x 100 for all m such
that 12 < m < a. What is the maximum possible value of a?
51 50 51 52 13
(A) 101 (B) 99 (C) 100 (D) 101 (E) 25

25 Let T1 be a triangle with sides 2011, 2012, and 2013. For n 1, if Tn = 4ABC and D, E,
and F are the points of tangency of the incircle of 4ABC to the sides AB, BC and AC,
respectively, then Tn+1 is a triangle with side lengths AD, BE, and CF , if it exists. What is
the perimeter of the last triangle in the sequence (Tn )?
1509 1509 1509 1509 1509
(A) 8 (B) 32 (C) 64 (D) 128 (E) 256

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1 Cagney can frost a cupcake every 20 seconds and Lacey can frost a cupcake every 30 seconds.
Working together, how many cupcakes can they frost in 5 minutes?
(A) 10 (B) 15 (C) 20 (D) 25 (E) 30

2 A square with side length 8 is cut in half, creating two congruent rectangles. What are the
dimensions of one of these rectangles?
(A) 2 by 4 (B) 2 by 6 (C) 2 by 8 (D) 4 by 4 (E) 4 by 8

3 A bug crawls along a number line, starting at 2. It crawls to 6, then turns around and
crawls to 5. How many units does the bug crawl altogether?
(A) 9 (B) 11 (C) 13 (D) 14 (E) 15

4 Let ABC = 24 and ABD = 20 . What is the smallest possible degree measure for
CBD?
(A) 0 (B) 2 (C) 4 (D) 6 (E) 12

5 Last year 100 adult cats, half of whom were female, were brought into the Smallville Animal
Shelter. Half of the adult female cats were accompanied by a litter of kittens. The average
number of kittens per litter was 4. What was the total number of cats and kittens received
by the shelter last year?
(A) 150 (B) 200 (C) 250 (D) 300 (E) 400

6 The product of two positive numbers is 9. The reciprocal of one of these numbers is 4 times
the reciprocal of the other number. What is the sum of the two numbers?
10 20 15
(A) (B) (C) 7 (D) (E) 8
3 3 2
7 In a bag of marbles, 53 of the marbles are blue and the rest are red. If the number of red
marbles is doubled and the number of blue marbles stays the same, what fraction of the
marbles will be red?
2 3 4 3 4
(A) (B) (C) (D) (E)
5 7 7 5 5
8 The sums of three whole numbers taken in pairs are 12, 17, and 19. What is the middle
number?
(A) 4 (B) 5 (C) 6 (D) 7 (E) 8

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9 A pair of six-sided fair dice are labeled so that one die has only even numbers (two each of 2,
4, and 6), and the other die has only odd numbers (two each of 1, 3, and 5). The pair of dice
is rolled. What is the probability that the sum of the numbers on top of the two dice is 7?
1 1 1 1 1
(A) (B) (C) (D) (E)
6 5 4 3 2
10 Mary divides a circle into 12 sectors. The central angles of these sectors, measured in degrees,
are all integers and they form an arithmetic sequence. What is the degree measure of the
smallest possible sector angle?
(A) 5 (B) 6 (C) 8 (D) 10 (E) 12

11 Externally tangent circles with centers at points A and B have radii of lengths 5 and 3,
respectively. A line externally tangent to both circles intersects ray AB at point C. What is
BC?
(A) 4 (B) 4.8 (C) 10.2 (D) 12 (E) 14.4

12 A year is a leap year if and only if the year number is divisible by 400 (such as 2000) or is
divisible by 4 but not by 100 (such as 2012). The 200th anniversary of the birth of novelist
Charles Dickens was celebrated on February 7, 2012, a Tuesday. On what day of the week
was Dickens born?
(A) Friday (B) Saturday (C) Sunday (D) Monday (E) Tuesday

13 An iterative average of the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 is computed in the following way. Arrange
the five numbers in some order. Find the mean of the first two numbers, then find the mean
of that with the third number, then the mean of that with the fourth number, and finally the
mean of that with the fifth number. What is the difference between the largest and smallest
possible values that can be obtained using this procedure?
31 17 65
(A) 16 (B) 2 (C) 8 (D) 3 (E) 16

14 Chubby makes nonstandard checkerboards that have 31 squares on each side. The checker-
boards have a black square in every corner and alternate red and black squares along every
row and column. How many black squares are there on such a checkerboard?
(A) 480 (B) 481 (C) 482 (D) 483 (E) 484

15 Three unit squares and two line segments connecting two pairs of vertices are shown. What
is the area of 4ABC?

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A B


1 1 2 1 2
(A) 6 (B) 5 (C) 9 (D) 3 (E) 4

16 Three runners start running simultaneously from the same point on a 500-meter circular
track. They each run clockwise around the course maintaining constant speeds of 4.4, 4.8,
and 5.0 meters per second. The runners stop once they are all together again somewhere on
the circular course. How many seconds do the runners run?
(A) 1, 000 (B) 1, 250 (C) 2, 500 (D) 5, 000 (E) 10, 000
a3 b3 73
17 Let a and b be relatively prime integers with a > b > 0 and (ab)3
= 3 . What is a b?
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) 5

18 The closed curve in the figure is made up of 9 congruent circular arcs each of length 2
3 , where
each of the centers of the corresponding circles is among the vertices of a regular hexagon of
side 2. What is the area enclosed by the curve?

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(A) 2 + 6 (B) 2 + 4 3 (C) 3 + 4 (D) 2 + 3 3 + 2 (E) + 6 3

19 Paula the painter and her two helpers each paint at constant, but different, rates. They
always start at 8:00 AM, and all three always take the same amount of time to eat lunch. On
Monday the three of them painted 50% of a house, quitting at 4:00 PM. On Tuesday, when
Paula wasnt there, the two helpers painted only 24% of the house and quit at 2:12 PM. On
Wednesday Paula worked by herself and finished the house by working until 7:12 PM. How
long, in minutes, was each days lunch break?
(A) 30 (B) 36 (C) 42 (D) 48 (E) 60

20 A 3 3 square is partitioned into 9 unit squares. Each unit square is painted either white or
black with each color being equally likely, chosen independently and at random. The square
is the rotated 90 clockwise about its center, and every white square in a position formerly
occupied by a black square is painted black. The colors of all other squares are left unchanged.
What is the probability that the grid is now entirely black?
49 7 121 81 9
(A) (B) (C) (D) (E)
512 64 1024 512 32
21 Let points A = (0, 0, 0), B = (1, 0, 0), C = (0, 2, 0), and D = (0, 0, 3). Points E, F, G, and
H are midpoints of line segments BD, AB, AC, and DC respectively. What is the area of
EF GH?

(A) 2 (B) 2 3 5 (C) 3 4 5 (D) 3 (E) 2 3 7

22 The sum of the first m positive odd integers is 212 more than the sum of the first n positive
even integers. What is the sum of all possible values of n?
(A) 255 (B) 256 (C) 257 (D) 258 (E) 259

23 Adam, Benin, Chiang, Deshawn, Esther, and Fiona have internet accounts. Some, but not
all, of them are internet friends with each other, and none of them has an internet friend
outside this group. Each of them has the same number of internet friends. In how many
different ways can this happen?
(A) 60 (B) 170 (C) 290 (D) 320 (E) 660

24 Let a, b, and c be positive integers with a b c such that

a2 b2 c2 + ab = 2011 and
a2 + 3b2 + 3c2 3ab 2ac 2bc = 1997

What is a?
(A) 249 (B) 250 (C) 251 (D) 252 (E) 253

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25 Real numbers x, y, and z are chosen independently and at random from the interval [0, n] for
some positive integer n. The probability that no two of x, y, and z are within 1 unit of each
other is greater than 12 . What is the smallest possible value of n?
(A) 7 (B) 8 (C) 9 (D) 10 (E) 11

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1 Each third-grade classroom at Pearl Creek Elementary has 18 students and 2 pet rabbits.
How many more students than rabbits are there in all 4 of the third-grade classrooms?
(A) 48 (B) 56 (C) 64 (D) 72 (E) 80

2 A circle of radius 5 is inscribed in a rectangle as shown. The ratio of the the length of the
rectangle to its width is 2 : 1. What is the area of the rectangle?

(A) 50 (B) 100 (C) 125 (D) 150 (E) 200

3 The point in the xy-plane with coordinates (1000, 2012) is reflected across line y = 2000.
What are the coordinates of the reflected point?
(A) (998, 2012) (B) (1000, 1988) (C) (1000, 2024) (D) (1000, 4012) (E) (1012, 2012)

4 When Ringo places his marbles into bags with 6 marbles per bag, he has 4 marbles left over.
When Paul does the same with his marbles, he has 3 marbles left over. Ringo and Paul pool
their marbles and place them into as many bags as possible, with 6 marbles per bag. How
many marbles will be left over?
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) 5

5 Anna enjoys dinner at a restaurant in Washington, D.C., where the sales tax on meals is 10%.
She leaves a 15% tip on the prices of her meal before the sales tax is added, and the tax is
calculated on the pre-tip amount. She spends a total of 27.50 for dinner. What is the cost of
here dinner without tax or tip?
(A) $18 (B) $20 (C) $21 (D) $22 (E) $24

6 In order to estimate the value of x y where x and y are real numbers with x > y > 0, Xiaoli
rounded x up by a small amount, rounded y down by the same amount, and then subtracted
her values. Which of the following statements is necessarily correct?

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(A) Her estimate is larger than x y


(B) Her estimate is smaller than x y
(C) Her estimate equals x y
(D) Her estimate equals y x
(E) Her estimate is 0

7 For a science project, Sammy observed a chipmunk and a squirrel stashing acorns in holes.
The chipmunk hid 3 acorns in each of the holes it dug. The squirrel hid 4 acorns in each of
the holes it dug. They each hid the same number of acorns, although the squirrel needed 4
fewer holes. How many acorns did the chipmunk hide?
(A) 30 (B) 36 (C) 42 (D) 48 (E) 54

8 What is the sum of all integer solutions to 1 < (x 2)2 < 25?
(A) 10 (B) 12 (C) 15 (D) 19 (E) 25

9 Two integers have a sum of 26. When two more integers are added to the first two integers
the sum is 41. Finally when two more integers are added to the sum of the previous four
integers the sum is 57. What is the minimum number of even integers among the 6 integers?
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) 5
M 6
10 How many ordered pairs of positive integers (M, N ) staisfy the equation 6 = N?
(A) 6 (B) 7 (C) 8 (D) 9 (E) 10

11 A dessert chef prepares the dessert for every day of a week starting with Sunday. The dessert
each day is either cake, pie, ice cream, or pudding. The same dessert may not be served two
days in a row. There must be cake on Friday because of a birthday. How many different
dessert menus for the week are possible?
(A) 729 (B) 972 (C) 1024 (D) 2187 (E) 2304

12 Point B is dueeast of point A. Point C is due north of point B. The distance between points
A and C is 10 2 meters, and BAC = 45 . Point D is 20 meters due north of point C. The
distance AD is between which two integers?
(A) 30 and 31 (B) 31 and 32 (C) 32 and 33 (D) 33 and 34 (E) 34 and 35

13 It takes Clea 60 seconds to walk down an escalator when it is not operating and only 24
seconds to walk down the escalator when it is operating. How many seconds does it take Clea
to ride down the operating escalator when she just stands on it?
(A) 36 (B) 40 (C) 42 (D) 48 (E) 52

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14 Two equilateral triangles are contained in a square whose side length is 2 3. The bases of
these triangles are the opposite sides of the square, and their intersection is a rhombus. What
is the area of the rhombus?

(A) 23 (B) 3 (C) 2 2 1 (D) 8 3 12 (E) 4 3 3

15 In a round-robin tournament with 6 teams, each team plays one game against each other
team, and each game results in one team winning and one team losing. At the end of the
tournament, the teams are ranked by the number of games won. What is the maximum
number of teams that could be tied for the most winds at the end of the tournament?
(A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 4 (D) 5 (E) 6

16 Three circles with radius 2 are mutually tangent. What is the total area of the circles and
the region bounded by them, as shown in the figure?


(A) 10 + 4 3 (B) 13 3 (C) 12 + 3 (D) 10 + 9 (E) 13

17 Jesse cuts a circular paper disk of radius 12 along two radii to form two sectors, the smaller
having a central angle of 120 degrees. He makes two circular cones, using each sector to form
the lateral surface of a cone. What is the ratio of the volume of the smaller cone to that of
the larger?

1 1 10 5 10
(A) 8 (B) 4 (C) 10 (D) 6 (E) 5

18 Suppose that one of every 500 people in a certain population has a particular disease, which
displays no symptoms. A blood test is available for screening for this disease. For a person
who has this disease, the test always turns out positive. For a person who does not have the
disease, however, there is a 2% false positive rate; in other words, for such people, 98% of

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the time the test will turn out negative, but 2% of the time the test will turn out positive
and will incorrectly indicate that the person has the disease. Let p be the probability that a
person who is chosen at random from the population and gets a positive test result actually
has the disease. Which of the following is closest to p?
1 1 1 49 98
(A) 98 (B) 9 (C) 11 (D) 99 (E) 99

19 In rectangle ABCD, AB = 6, AD = 30, and G is the midpoint of AD. Segment AB is


extended 2 units beyond B to point E, and F is the intersection of ED and BC. What is
the area of BF DG?
133 135 137
(A) 2 (B) 67 (C) 2 (D) 68 (E) 2

20 Bernado and Silvia play the following game. An integer between 0 and 999, inclusive, is
selected and given to Bernado. Whenever Bernado receives a number, he doubles it and
passes the result to Silvia. Whenever Silvia receives a number, she adds 50 to it and passes
the result to Bernado. The winner is the last person who produces a number less than 1000.
Let N be the smallest initial number that results in a win for Bernado. What is the sum of
the digits of N ?
(A) 7 (B) 8 (C) 9 (D) 10 (E) 11

21 Four distinct points are arranged in a plane so that the segments connecting them has lengths
a, a, a, a, 2a, and b. What is the ratio of b to a?

(A) 3 (B) 2 (C) 5 (D) 3 (E)

22 Let (a1 , a2 , . . . , a10 ) be a list of the first 10 positive integers such that for each 2 i 10
either ai + 1 or ai 1 or both appear somewhere before ai in the list. How many such lists
are there?
(A) 120 (B) 512 (C) 1024 (D) 181, 440 (E) 362, 880

23 A solid tetrahedron is sliced off a solid wooden unit cube by a plane passing through two
nonadjacent vertices on one face and one vertex on the opposite face not adjacent to either
of the first two vertices. The tetrahedron is discarded and the remaining portion of the cube
is placed on a table with the cut surface face down. What is the height of this object?

3 2 2 2 3
(A) (B) (C) 1 (D) (E) 2
3 3 3
24 Amy, Beth, and Jo listen to four different songs and discuss which ones they like. No song is
liked by all three. Furthermore, for each of the three pairs of the girls, there is at least one
song liked by those two girls but disliked by the third. In how many different ways is this
possible?
(A) 108 (B) 132 (C) 671 (D) 846 (E) 1105

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25 A bug travels from A to B along the segments in the hexagonal lattice pictured below. The
segments marked with an arrow can be traveled only in the direction of the arrow, and the
bug never travels the same segment more than once. How many different paths are there?

A B

(A) 2112 (B) 2304 (C) 2368 (D) 2384 (E) 2400

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AMC12/AHSME
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AMC 12/AHSME
2013

1 Square ABCD has side length 10. Point E is on BC, and the area of 4ABE is 40. What is
BE?
(A) 4 (B) 5 (C) 6 (D) 7 (E) 8

B E C

A D

2 A softball team played ten games, scoring 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10 runs. They lost by one
run in exactly five games. In each of the other games, they scored twice as many runs as their
opponent. How many total runs did their opponents score?
(A) 35 (B) 40 (C) 45 (D) 50 (E) 55

3 A flower bouquet contains pink roses, red roses, pink carnations, and red carnations. One
third of the pink flowers are roses, three fourths of the red flowers are carnations, and six
tenths of the flowers are pink. What percent of the flowers are carnations?
(A) 15 (B) 30 (C) 40 (D) 60 (E) 70

4 What is the value of


22014 + 22012
?
22014 22012
5
(A) 1 (B) 1 (C) 3 (D) 2013 (E) 24024

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5 Tom, Dorothy, and Sammy went on a vacation and agreed to split the costs evenly. During
their trip Tom paid $105, Dorothy paid $125, and Sammy paid $175. In order to share the
costs equally, Tom gave Sammy t dollars, and Dorothy gave Sammy d dollars. What is t d?
(A) 15 (B) 20 (C) 25 (D) 30 (E) 35

6 In a recent basketball game, Shenille attempted only three-point shots and two-point shots.
She was successful on 20% of her three-point shots and 30% of her two-point shots. Shenille
attempted 30 shots. How many points did she score?
(A) 12 (B) 18 (C) 24 (D) 30 (E) 36

7 The sequence S1 , S2 , S3 , , S10 has the property that every term beginning with the third
is the sum of the previous two. That is,

Sn = Sn2 + Sn1 for n 3.

Suppose that S9 = 110 and S7 = 42. What is S4 ?


(A) 4 (B) 6 (C) 10 (D) 12 (E) 16
2
8 Given that x and y are distinct nonzero real numbers such that x + x = y + y2 , what is xy?
1 1
(A) 4 (B) 2 (C) 1 (D) 2 (E) 4

9 In 4ABC, AB = AC = 28 and BC = 20. Points D, E, and F are on sides AB, BC, and
AC, respectively, such that DE and EF are parallel to AC and AB, respectively. What is
the perimeter of parallelogram ADEF ?

B E C

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AMC 12/AHSME
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(A) 48 (B) 52 (C) 56 (D) 60 (E) 72

10 Let S be the set of positive integers n for which n1 has the repeating decimal representation
0.ab = 0.ababab , with a and b different digits. What is the sum of the elements of S?
(A) 11 (B) 44 (C) 110 (D) 143 (E) 155

11 Triangle ABC is equilateral with AB = 1. Points E and G are on AC and points D and F
are on AB such that both DE and F G are parallel to BC. Furthermore, triangle ADE and
trapezoids DF GE and F BCG all have the same perimeter. What is DE + F G?

A D F B

3 21 13 5
(A) 1 (B) (C) (D) (E)
2 13 8 3
12 The angles in a particular triangle are in arithmetic progression, and the side lengths are

4, 5, x. The sum of the possible values of x equals a + b + c where a, b, and c are positive
integers. What is a + b + c?
(A) 36 (B) 38 (C) 40 (D) 42 (E) 44

13 Let points A = (0, 0), B = (1, 2), C = (3, 3), and D = (4, 0). Quadrilateral ABCD is cut 
into equal area pieces by a line passing through A. This line intersects CD at point pq , rs ,
where these fractions are in lowest terms. What is p + q + r + s?
(A) 54 (B) 58 (C) 62 (D) 70 (E) 75

14 The sequence
log12 162, log12 x, log12 y, log12 z, log12 1250

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AMC 12/AHSME
2013

is an arithmetic progression. What is x?



(A) 125 3 (B) 270 (C) 162 5 (D) 434 (E) 225 6

15 Rabbits Peter and Pauline have three offspringFlopsie, Mopsie, and Cotton-tail. These five
rabbits are to be distributed to four different pet stores so that no store gets both a parent
and a child. It is not required that every store gets a rabbit. In how many different ways can
this be done?
(A) 96 (B) 108 (C) 156 (D) 204 (E) 372

16 A, B, C are three piles of rocks. The mean weight of the rocks in A is 40 pounds, the mean
weight of the rocks in B is 50 pounds, the mean weight of the rocks in the combined piles A
and B is 43 pounds, and the mean weight of the rocks in the combined piles A and C is 44
pounds. What is the greatest possible integer value for the mean in pounds of the rocks in
the combined piles B and C?
(A) 55 (B) 56 (C) 57 (D) 58 (E) 59

17 A group of 12 pirates agree to divide a treasure chest of gold coins among themselves as
k
follows. The k th pirate to take a share takes 12 of the coins that remain in the chest. The
number of coins initially in the chest is the smallest number for which this arrangement will
allow each pirate to receive a positive whole number of coins. How many coins doe the 12th
pirate receive?
(A) 720 (B) 1296 (C) 1728 (D) 1925 (E) 3850

18 Six spheres of radius 1 are positioned so that their centers are at the vertices of a regular
hexagon of side length 2. The six spheres are internally tangent to a larger sphere whose
center is the center of the hexagon. An eighth sphere is externally tangent to the six smaller
spheres and internally tangent to the larger sphere. What is the radius of this eighth sphere?

(A) 2 (B) 32 (C) 53 (D) 3 (E) 2

19 In 4ABC, AB = 86, and AC = 97. A circle with center A and radius AB intersects BC at
points B and X. Moreover BX and CX have integer lengths. What is BC?
(A) 11 (B) 28 (C) 33 (D) 61 (E) 72

20 Let S be the set {1, 2, 3, ..., 19}. For a, b S, define a  b to mean that either 0 < a b 9 or
b a > 9. How many ordered triples (x, y, z) of elements of S have the property that x  y,
y  z, and z  x?
(A) 810 (B) 855 (C) 900 (D) 950 (E) 988

21 Consider A = log(2013 + log(2012 + log(2011 + log( + log(3 + log 2) )))). Which of the
following intervals contains A?

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2013

(A) (log 2016, log 2017) (B) (log 2017, log 2018) (C) (log 2018, log 2019) (D) (log 2019, log 2020)
(E) (log 2020, log 2021)

22 A palindrome is a nonnegatvie integer number that reads the same forwards and backwards
when written in base 10 with no leading zeros. A 6-digit palindrome n is chosen uniformly
n
at random. What is the probability that 11 is also a palindrome?
8 33 7 9 11
(A) 25 (B) 100 (C) 20 (D) 25 (E) 30

23 ABCD is a square of side length 3 + 1. Point P is on AC such that AP = 2. The square
region bounded by ABCD is rotated 90 counterclockwise with center P , sweeping out a
region whose area is 1c (a + b), where a, b, and c are positive integers and gcd(a, b, c) = 1.
What is a + b + c?
(A) 15 (B) 17 (C) 19 (D) 21 (E) 23

24 Three distinct segments are chosen at random among the segments whose end-points are the
vertices of a regular 12-gon. What is the probability that the lengths of these three segments
are the three side lengths of a triangle with positive area?
553 443 111 81 223
(A) 715 (B) 572 (C) 143 (D) 104 (E) 286

25 Let f : C C be defined by f (z) = z 2 + iz + 1. How many complex numbers z are there such
that Im(z) > 0 and both the real and the imaginary parts of f (z) are integers with absolute
value at most 10?
(A) 399 (B) 401 (C) 413 (D 431 (E) 441

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AMC 12/AHSME
2013

1 On a particular January day, the high temperature in Lincoln, Nebraska, was 16 degrees
higher than the low temperature, and the average of the high and low temperatures was 3 .
In degrees, what was the low temperature in Lincoln that day?
(A) 13 (B) 8 (C) 5 (D) 3 (E) 11

2 Mr Green measures his rectangular garden by walking two of the sides and finds that it is 15
steps by 20 steps. Each or Mr Greens steps is two feet long. Mr Green expect half a pound
of potatoes per square foot from his garden. How many pounds of potatoes does Mr Green
expect from his garden?
(A) 600 (B) 800 (C) 1000 (D) 1200 (E) 1400

3 When counting from 3 to 201, 53 is the 51st number counted. When counting backwards from
201 to 3, 53 is the nth number counted. What is n?
(A) 146 (B) 147 (C) 148 (D) 149 (E) 150

4 Rays car averages 40 miles per gallon of gasoline, and Toms car averages 10 miles per gallon
of gasoline. Ray and Tom each drive the same number of miles. What is the cars combined
rate of miles per gallon of gasoline?
(A) 10 (B) 16 (C) 25 (D) 30 (E) 40

5 The average age of 33 fifth-graders is 11. The average age of 55 of their parents is 33. What
is the average age of all of these parents and fifth-graders?
(A) 22 (B) 23.25 (C) 24.75 (D) 26.25 (E) 28

6 Real numbers x and y satisfy the equation x2 + y 2 = 10x 6y 34. What is x + y?


(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 6 (E) 8

7 Jo and Blair take turns counting from 1 to one more than the last number said by the other
person. Jo starts by saying 1, so Blair follows by saying 1, 2. Jo then says 1, 2, 3, and
so on. What is the 53rd number said?
(A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 5 (D) 6 (E) 8

8 Line `1 has equation 3x 2y = 1 and goes through A = (1, 2). Line `2 has equation y = 1
and meets line `1 at point B. Line `3 has positive slope, goes through point A, and meets `2
at point C. The area of 4ABC is 3. What is the slope of `3 ?
2 3 4 3
(A) 3 (B) 4 (C) 1 (D) 3 (E) 2

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AMC 12/AHSME
2013

9 What is the sum of the exponents of the prime factors of the square root of the largest perfect
square that divides 12!?
(A) 5 (B) 7 (C) 8 (D) 10 (E) 12

10 Alex has 75 red tokens and 75 blue tokens. There is a booth where Alex can give two red
tokens and receive in return a silver token and a blue token, and another booth where Alex
can give three blue tokens and receive in return a silver token and a red token. Alex continues
to exchange tokens until no more exchanges are possible. How many silver tokens will Alex
have at the end?
(A) 62 (B) 82 (C) 83 (D 102 (E) 103

11 Two bees start at the same spot and fly at the same rate in the following directions. Bee
A travels 1 foot north, then 1 foot east, then 1 foot upwards, and then continues to repeat
this pattern. Bee B travels 1 foot south, then 1 foot west, and then continues to repeat this
pattern. In what directions are the bees traveling when they are exactly 10 feet away from
each other?
(A) A east, B west (B) A north, B south (C) A north, B west (D) A up, B south (E) A u

12 Cities A, B, C, D, and E are connected by roads AB,


g AD,g AE,g BC,g BD, g CD,
g DE.g How
many different routes are there from A to B that use each road exactly once? (Such a route
will necessarily visit cities more than once.)

C
E

A B

(A) 7 (B) 9 (C) 12 (D) 16 (E) 18

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AMC 12/AHSME
2013

13 The internal angles of quadrilateral ABCD form an arithmetic progression. Triangles ABD
and DCB are similar with DBA = DCB and ADB = CBD. Moreover, the angles
in each of these two triangles also form an arithmetic progression. In degrees, what is the
largest possible sum of the two largest angles of ABCD?
(A) 210 (B) 220 (C) 230 (D 240 (E) 250

14 Two non-decreasing sequences of nonnegative integers have different first terms. Each se-
quence has the property that each term beginning with the third is the sum of the previous
two terms, and the seventh term of each sequence is N . What is the smallest possible value
of N ?
(A) 55 (B) 89 (C) 104 (D 144 (E) 273

15 The number 2013 is expressed in the form

a1 !a2 ! am !
2013 = ,
b1 !b2 ! bn !
where a1 a2 am and b1 b2 bn are positive integers and a1 + b1 is as small
as possible. What is |a1 b1 |?
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D 4 (E) 5

16 Let ABCDE be an equiangular convex pentagon of perimeter 1. The pairwise intersections


of the lines that extend the side of the pentagon determine a five-pointed star polygon. Let
s be the perimeter of the star. What is the difference between the maximum and minimum
possible perimeter of s?

(A) 0 (B) 21 (C) 512 (D) 5+1
2 (E) 5

17 Let a, b, and c be real numbers such that

a + b + c = 2, and
a + b2 + c2 = 12
2

What is the difference between the maximum and minimum possible values of c?
10 16 20
(A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 4 (D) 3 (E) 3

18 Barbara and Jenna play the following game, in which they take turns. A number of coins lie
on a table. When it is Barbaras turn, she must remove 2 or 4 coins, unless only one coin
remains, in which case she loses her turn. When it is Jennas turn, she must remove 1 or 3
coins. A coin flip determines who goes first. Whoever removes the last coin wins the game.
Assume both players use their best strategy. Who will win when the game starts with 2013
coins and when the game starts with 2014 coins?

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AMC 12/AHSME
2013

(A) Barbara will win with 2013 coins, and Jenna will win with 2014 coins. (B) Jenna will
win with 2013 coins, and whoever goes first will win with 2014 coins. (C) Barbara will win
with 2013 coins, and whoever goes second will win with 2014 coins. (D) Jenna will win with
2013 coins, and Barbara will win with 2014 coins. (E) Whoever goes first will win with 2013
coins, and whoever goes second will win with 2014 coins.
19 In triangle ABC, AB = 13, BC = 14, and CA = 15. Distinct points D, E, and F lie on
segments BC, CA, and DE, respectively, such that AD BC, DE AC, and AF BF .
The length of segment DF can be written as m
n , where m and n are relatively prime positive
integers. What is m + n?
(A) 18 (B) 21 (C) 24 (D 27 (E) 30
20 For 135 < x < 180 , points P = (cos x, cos2 x), Q = (cot x, cot2 x), R = (sin x, sin2 x) and
S = (tan x, tan2 x) are the vertices of a trapezoid. What is sin(2x)?

(A) 2 2 2 (B) 3 6 (C) 3 2 5 (D 34 (E) 1 3

21 Consider the set of 30 parabolas defined as follows: all parabolas have as focus the point
(0,0) and the directrix lines have the form y = ax + b with a and b integers such that
a {2, 1, 0, 1, 2} and b {3, 2, 1, 1, 2, 3}. No three of these parabolas have a common
point. How many points in the plane are on two of these parabolas?
(A) 720 (B) 760 (C) 810 (D 840 (E) 870
22 Let m > 1 and n > 1 be integers. Suppose that the product of the solutions for x of the
equation
8(logn x)(logm x) 7 logn x 6 logm x 2013 = 0
is the smallest possible integer. What is m + n?
(A) 12 (B) 20 (C) 24 (D 48 (E) 272
23 Bernardo chooses a three-digit positive integer N and writes both its base-5 and base-6
representations on a blackboard. Later LeRoy sees the two numbers Bernardo has written.
Treating the two numbers as base-10 integers, he adds them to obtain an integer S. For
example, if N = 749, Bernardo writes the numbers 10,444 and 3,245, and LeRoy obtains the
sum S = 13, 689. For how many choices of N are the two rightmost digits of S, in order, the
same as those of 2N ?
(A) 5 (B) 10 (C) 15 (D 20 (E) 25
24 Let ABC be a triangle where M is the midpoint of AC, and CN is the angle bisector of
ACB with N on AB. Let X be the intersection of the median BM and the bisector CN .
In addition 4BXN is equilateral and AC = 2. What is BN 2 ?

106 2 2 5 23 3 2 3 34
(A) 7 (B) 9 (C) 8 (D) 6 (E) 5 .

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AMC 12/AHSME
2013

25 Let G be the set of polynomials of the form

P (z) = z n + cn1 z n1 + + c2 z 2 + c1 z + 50,

where c1 , c2 , , cn1 are integers and P (z) has n distinct roots of the form a + ib with a and
b integers. How many polynomials are in G?
(A) 288 (B) 528 (C) 576 (D 992 (E) 1056

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AMC 12/AHSME
1950

1 If 64 is divided into three parts proportional to 2, 4, and 6, the smallest part is:
1 2
(A) 5 (B) 11 (C) 10 (D) 5 (E) None of these answers
3 3
2 Let R = gS 4. When S = 8, R = 16. When S = 10, R is equal to:
(A) 11 (B) 14 (C) 20 (D) 21 (E) None of these
3 The sum of the roots of the equation 4x2 + 5 8x = 0 is equal to:
5
(A) 8 (B) 5 (C) (D) 2 (E) None of these
4
a2 b2 abb2
4 Reduced to lowest terms, ab aba2
is equal to:
a a2 2b2
(A) (B) (C) a2 (D) a 2b (E) None of these
b ab
5 If five geometric means are inserted between 8 and 5832, the fifth term in the gemetric series:
(A) 648 (B) 832 (C) 1168 (D) 1944 (E) None of these
6 The values of y which will satisfy the equations 2x2 + 6x + 5y + 1 = 0, 2x + y + 3 = 0 may be
found by solving:
(A) y 2 + 14y 7 = 0 (B) y 2 + 8y + 1 = 0 (C) y 2 + 10y 7 = 0 (D) y 2 + y 12 =
0 (E) None of these equations
7 If the digit 1 is placed after a two digit number whose tens digit is t, and units digit is u,
the new number is:
(A) 10t+u+1 (B) 100t+10u+1 (C) 100t+10u+1 (D) t+u+1 (E) None of these answers
8 If the radius of a circle is increased 100%, the area is increased:
(A) 100% (B) 200% (C) 300% (D) 400% (E) By none of these
9 The area of the largest triangle that can be inscribed in a semi-circle whose radius is r is:
1
(A) r2 (B) r3 (C) 2r2 (D) 2r3 (E) r2
2

10 After rationalizing the numerator of 3
2 , the denominator in simplest form is:
3

(A) 3(3 + 2) (B) 3( 3 2) (C) 3 3 2
(D) 3 + 6 (E) None of these answers
en
11 If in the formula C = R+nr , n is increased while e, R and r are kept constant, then C:
(A) Increases (B) Decreases (C) Remains constant (D) Increases and then decreases
(E) Decreases and then increases

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AMC 12/AHSME
1950

12 As the number of sides of a polygon increases from 3 to n, the sum of the exterior formed by
extending each side in succession:
(A) Increases (B) Decreases (C) Remains constant (D) Cannot be predicted
(E) Becomes (n 3) straight angles

13 The roots of (x2 3x + 2)(x)(x 4) = 0 are:


(A) 4 (B) 0 and 4 (C) 1 and 2 (D) 0, 1, 2 and 4 (E) 1, 2 and 4

14 For the simultaneous equations


2x 3y = 8
6y 4x = 9
3
(A) x = 4, y = 0 (B) x = 0, y = (C) x = 0, y = 0
2
(D) There is no solution (E) There are an infinite number of solutions

15 The real factors of x2 + 4 are:


(A) (x2 + 2)(x2 + 2) (B) (x2 + 2)(x2 2) (C) x2 (x2 + 4)
2 2
(D) (x 2x + 2)(x + 2x + 2) (E) Non-existent

16 The number of terms in the expansion of [(a + 3b)2 (a 3b)2 ]2 when simplified is:
(A) 4 (B) 5 (C) 6 (D) 7 (E) 8

17 The formula which expresses the relationship between x and y as shown in the accompanying
table is:

x 0 1 2 3 4
y 100 90 70 40 0
(A) y = 100 10x (B) y = 100 5x2 (C) y = 100 5x 5x2
(D) y = 20 x x2 (E) None of these

18 Of the following (1) a(x y) = ax ay (2) axy = ax ay (3) log(x y) = log x log y (4)
log x
log y = log x log y (5) a(xy) = ax ay
(A) Only 1 and 4 are true
(B) Only 1 and 5 are true
(C) Only 1 and 3 are true
(D) Only 1 and 2 are true
(E) Only 1 is true

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AMC 12/AHSME
1950

19 If m men can do a job in d days, then m + r men can do the job in:
md d
(A) d+r days (B) dr days (C) days (D) days (E) None of these
m+r m+r
20 When x13 + 1 is divided by x 1, the remainder is:
(A) 1 (B) 1 (C) 0 (D) 2 (E) None of these answers

21 The volume of a rectangular solid each of whose side, front, and bottom faces are 12 in2 ,
8 in2 , and 6 in2 respectively is:
(A) 576 in3 (B) 24 in3 (C) 9 in3 (D) 104 in3 (E) None of these

22 Successive discounts of 10% and 20% are equivalent to a single discount of:
(A) 30% (B) 15% (C) 72% (D) 28% (E) None of these

23 A man buys a house for 10000 dollars and rents it. He puts 12 12 % of each months rent aside
for repairs and upkeep; pays 325 dollars a year taxes and realizes 5 21 % on his investment. The
monthly rent is:
(A) 64.82 dollars (B) 83.33 dollars (C) 72.08 dollars (D) 45.83 dollars (E) 177.08 dollars

24 The equation x + x 2 = 4 has:
(A) 2 real roots (B) 1 real and 1 imaginary root (C) 2 imaginary roots (D) No roots (E) 1
(125)(625)
25 The value of log5 25 is equal to:
(A) 725 (B) 6 (C) 3125 (D) 5 (E) None of these

26 If log10 m = b log10 n, then m=


b 10b
(A) (B) bn (C) 10b n (D) b 10n (E)
n n
27 A car travels 120 miles from A to B at 30 miles per hour but returns the same distance at
40 miles per hour. The average speed for the round trip is closest to:
(A) 33 mph (B) 34 mph (C) 35 mph (D) 36 mph (E) 37 mph

28 Two boys A and B start at the same time to ride from Port Jervis to Poughkeepsie, 60 miles
away. A travels 4 miles an hour slower than B. B reaches Poughkeepsie and at once turns
back meeting A 12 miles from Poughkeepsie. The rate of A was:
(A) 4 mph (B) 8 mph (C) 12 mph (D) 16 mph (E) 20 mph

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AMC 12/AHSME
1950

29 A manufacturer built a machine which will address 500 envelopes in 8 minutes. He wishes
to build another machine so that when both are operating together they will address 500
envelopes in 2 minutes. The equation used to find how many minutes x it would require the
second machine to address 500 envelopes alone is:
1 1 1 500 500 x x
(A) 8 x = 2 (B) + = (C) + = 500 (D) + =1
8 x 2 8 x 2 8
(E) None of these answers

30 From a group of boys and girls, 15 girls leave. There are then left two boys for each girl.
After this 45 boys leave. There are then 5 girls for each boy. The number of girls in the
beginning was:
(A) 40 (B) 43 (C) 29 (D) 50 (E) None of these

31 John ordered 4 pairs of black socks and some additional pairs of blue socks. The price of the
black socks per pair was twice that of the blue. When the order was filled, it was found that
the number of pairs of the two colors had been interchanged. This increased the bill by 50%.
The ratio of the number of pairs of black socks to the number of pairs of blue socks in the
original order was:
(A) 4 : 1 (B) 2 : 1 (C) 1 : 4 (D) 1 : 2 (E) 1 : 8

32 A 25 foot ladder is placed against a vertical wall of a building. The foot of the ladder is 7
feet from the base of the building. If the top of the ladder slips 4 feet, then the foot of the
ladder will slide:
(A) 9 ft (B) 15 ft (C) 5 ft (D) 8 ft (E) 4 ft

33 The number of circular pipes with an inside diameter of 1 inch which will carry the same
amount of water as a pipe with an inside diameter of 6 inches is:
(A) 6 (B) 6 (C) 12 (D) 36 (E) 36

34 When the circumference of a toy balloon is increased from 20 inches to 25 inches, the radius
is increased by:
1 5 5
(A) 5 in (B) 2 in (C) in (D) in (E) in
2 2 5
35 In triangle ABC, AC = 24 inches, BC = 10 inches, AB = 26 inches. The radius of the
inscribed circle is:
(A) 26 in (B) 4 in (C) 13 in (D) 8 in (E) None of these

36 A merchant buys goods at 25% of the list price. He desires to mark the goods so that he can
give a discount of 20% on the marked price and still clear a profit of 25% on the selling price.
What percent of the list price must he mark the goods?

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AMC 12/AHSME
1950

(A) 125% (B) 100% (C) 120% (D) 80% (E) 75%

37 If y = loga x, a > 1, which of the following statements is incorrect?


(A) If x = 1, y = 0
(B) If x = a, y = 1
(C) If x = 1, y is imaginary (complex)
(D) If 0 < x < z, y is always less than 0 and decreases without limit as x approaches zero
(E) Only some of the above statements are correct
 
a c
38 If the expression has the value ab cd for all values of a, b, c and d, then the equation
d b
 
2x 1
= 3:
x x
(A) Is satisfied for only 1 value of x
(B) Is satisified for only 2 values of x
(C) Is satisified for no values of x
(D) Is satisfied for an infinite number of values of x
(E) None of these.

39 Given the series 2 + 1 + 12 + 41 + ... and the following five statements: (1) the sum increases
without limit (2) the sum decreases without limit (3) the difference between any term of the
sequence and zero can be made less than any positive quantity no matter how small (4) the
difference between the sum and 4 can be made less than any positive quantity no matter how
small (5) the sum approaches a limit Of these statments, the correct ones are:
(A) Only 3 and 4 (B) Only 5 (C) Only 2 and 4 (D) Only 2, 3 and 4 (E) Only 4 and 5
x2 1
40 The limit of x1 as x approaches 1 as a limit is:
(A) 0 (B) Indeterminate (C) x 1 (D) 2 (E) 1

41 The least value of the function ax2 + bx + c with a > 0 is:


b b 4ac b2
(A) (B) (C) b2 4ac (D) (E) None of these
a 2a 4a
x
42 The equation xx ... = 2 is satisfied when x is equal to:

(A) (B) 2 (C) 4 2 (D) 2 (E) None of these
1 2 1 2
43 The sum to infinity of 7 + 72
+ 73
+ 74
+ ... is:
1 1 5 1
(A) 5 (B) (C) (D) (E) None of these
24 48 16

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AMC 12/AHSME
1950

44 The graph of y = log x


(A)Cuts the y-axis
(B) Cuts all lines perpendicular to the x-axis
(C) Cuts the x-axis
(D) Cuts neither axis
(E) Cuts all circles whose center is at the origin
45 The number of diagonals that can be drawn in a polygon of 100 sides is:
(A) 4850 (B) 4950 (C) 9900 (D) 98 (E) 8800
46 In triangle ABC, AB = 12, AC = 7, and BC = 10. If sides AB and AC are doubled while
BC remains the same, then:
(A) The area is doubled
(B) The altitude is doubled
(C) The area is four times the original area
(D) The median is unchanged
(E) The area of the triangle is 0
47 A rectangle inscribed in a triangle has its base coinciding with the base b of the triangle. If
the altitude of the triangle is h, and the altitude x of the rectangle is half the base of the
rectangle, then:
r
1 bh bh hb 1
(A) x = h (B) x = (C) x = (D) x = (E) x = b
2 b+h 2h + b 2 2
48 A point is selected at random inside an equilateral triangle. From this point perpendiculars
are dropped to each side. The sum of these perpendiculars is:
(A) Least when the point is the center of gravity of the triangle
(B) Greater than the altitude of the triangle
(C) Equal to the altitude of the triangle
(D) One-half the sum of the sides of the triangle
(E) Greatest when the point is the center of gravity
49 A triangle has a fixed base AB that is 2 inches long. The median from A to side BC is 1 12
inches long and can have any position emanating from A. The locus of the vertex C of the
triangle is:
1
(A) A straight line AB, 1 inches from A
2
(B) A circle with A as center and radius 2 inches
(C) A circle with A as center and radius 3 inches
(D) A circle with radius 3 inches and center 4 inches from B along BA
(E) An ellipse with A as focus

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AMC 12/AHSME
1950

50 A privateer discovers a merchantman 10 miles to leeward at 11:45 a.m. and with a good
breeze bears down upon her at 11 mph, while the merchantman can only make 8 mph in her
attempt to escape. After a two hour chase, the top sail of the privateer is carried away; she
can now make only 17 miles while the merchantman makes 15. The privateer will overtake
the merchantman at:
(A) 3:45 p.m. (B) 3:30 p.m. (C) 5:00 p.m. (D) 2:45 p.m. (E) 5:30 p.m.

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AMC 12/AHSME
1951

1 The percent that M is greater than N is:


100(M N ) 100(M N ) M N M N 100(M +N )
(A) M (B) N (C) N (D) M (E) N

2 A rectangular field is half as wide as it is long and is completely enclosed by x yards of fencing.
The area in terms of x is:
x2 2x2 x2 x2
(A) 2 (B) 2x2 (C) 9 (D) 18 (E) 72

3 If the length of a diagonal of a square is a + b, then the area of the square is:
(A) (a + b)2 (B) 12 (a + b)2 (C) a2 + b2 (D) 21 (a2 + b2 ) (E) none of these

4 A barn with a flat roof is rectangular in shape, 10 yd. wide, 13 yd. long and 5 yd. high. It is
to be painted inside and outside, and on the ceiling, but not on the roof or floor. The total
number of sq. yd. to be painted is:
(A) 360 (B) 460 (C) 490 (D) 590 (E) 720

5 Mr. A owns a home worth $10000. He sells it to Mr. B at a 10% profit based on the worth
of the house. Mr. B sells the house back to Mr. A at a 10% loss. Then:
(A) A comes out even (B) A makes $1100 on the deal (C) A makes $1000 on the deal
(D) A loses $900 on the deal (E) A loses $1000 on the deal

6 The bottom, side, and front areas of a rectangular box are known. The product of these areas
is equal to:
(A) the volume of the box (B) the square root of the volume (C) twice the volume
(D) the square of the volume (E) the cube of the volume

7 An error of .0200 is made in the measurement of a line 1000 long, while an error of only .200 is
made in a measurement of a line 10000 long. In comparison with the relative error of the first
measurement, the relative error of the second measurement is:
(A) greater by .18 (B) the same (C) less (D) 10 times as great (E) correctly described by both

8 The price of an article is cut 10%. To restore it to its former value, the new price must be
increased by:
(A) 10% (B) 9% (C) 11 19 % (D) 11% (E) none of these answers

9 An equilateral triangle is drawn with a side of length a. A new equilateral triangle is formed
by joining the midpoints of the sides of the first one. Then a third equilateral triangle is
formed by joining the midpoints of the sides of the second; and so on forever. The limit of
the sum of the perimeters of all the triangles thus drawn is:
(A) Infinite (B) 5 41 a (C) 2a (D) 6a (E) 4 12 a

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AMC 12/AHSME
1951

10 Of the following statements, the one that is incorrect is:


(A) Doubling the base of a given rectangle doubles the area. (B) Doubling the altitude of a triangle double
(C) Doubling the radius of a given circle doubles the area. (D) Doubling the divisor of a fraction and dividi
(E) Doubling a given quantity may make it less than it originally was.
a
11 The limit of the sum of an infinite number of terms in a geometric progression is 1r where
a denotes the first term and 1 < r < 1 denotes the common ratio. The limit of the sum of
their squares is:
a2 a2 a2 4a2
(A) (1r)2
(B) 1+r2
(C) 1r2
(D) 1+r2
(E) none of these

12 At 2 : 15 oclock, the hour and minute hands of a clock form an angle of:

(A) 30 (B) 5 (C) 22 21 (D) 7 12 (E) 28

13 A can do a piece of work in 9 days. B is 50% more efficient than A. The number of days it
takes B to do the same piece of work is:
(A) 13 21 (B) 4 12 (C) 6 (D) 3 (E) none of these answers

14 In connection with proof in geometry, indicate which one of the following statements is in-
correct:
(A) Some statements are accepted without being proved. (B) In some instances there is more than one corr
(C) Every term used in a proof must have been defined previously. (D) It is not possible to arrive by correc
(E) Indirect proof can be used whenever there are two or more contrary propositions.

15 The largest number by which the expression n3 n is divisible for all possible integral values
of n, is:
(A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 4 (D) 5 (E) 6

16 If in applying the quadratic formula to a quadratic equation

f (x) ax2 + bx + c = 0,
b2
it happens that c = 4a , then the graph of y = f (x) will certainly:
(A) have a maximum (B) have a minimum (C) be tangent to the x - axis
(D) be tangent to the y - axis (E) lie in one quadrant only

17 Indicate in which one of the following equations y is neither directly nor inversely proportional
to x:

(A) x + y = 0 (B) 3xy = 10 (C) x = 5y (D) 3x + y = 10 (E) xy = 3

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AMC 12/AHSME
1951

18 The expression 21x2 + ax + 21 is to be factored into two linear prime binomial factors with
integer coefficients. This can be one if a is:
(A) any odd number (B) some odd number (C) any even number (D) some even number (E) ze

19 A six place number is formed by repeating a three place number; for example, 256256 or
678678, etc. Any number of this form is always exactly divisible by:
(A) 7 only (B) 11 only (C) 13 only (D) 101 (E) 1001

20 When simplified and expressed with negative exponents, the expression (x + y)1 (x1 + y 1 )
is equal to:
(A) x2 +2x1 y 1 +y 2 (B) x2 +21 x1 y 1 +y 2 (C) x1 y 1 (D) x2 +y 2 (E) 1
x1 y 1

21 Given: x > 0, y > 0, x > y and z 6= 0. The inequality which is not always correct is:
x y
(A) x + z > y + z (B) x z > y z (C) xz > yz (D) z2
> z2
(E) xz 2 > yz 2

22 The values of a in the equation: log10 (a2 15a) = 2 are:



15 233 15 305
(A) 2 (B) 20, 5 (C) 2 (D) 20 (E) none of these

23 The radius of a cylindrical box is 8 inches and the height is 3 inches. The number of inches
that may be added to either the radius or the height to give the same nonzero increase in
volume is:
(A) 1 (B) 5 13 (C) any number (D) non - existent (E) none of these
2n+4 2(2n )
24 2(2n+3 )
when simplified is:
1 7 7
(A) 2n+1 8 (B) 2n+1 (C) 1 2n (D) 8 (E) 4

25 The apothem of a square having its area numerically equal to its perimeter is compared with
the apothem of an equilateral triangle having its area numerically equal to its perimeter. The
first apothem will be:
4 2
(A) equal to the second (B) 3 times the second (C) 3
times the second

(D) 2 times the second (E) indeterminately related to the second
3
[Note: The apothem of a regular polygon is a line segment from the center to the midpoint of
one of its sides.]
x(x1)(m+1) x
26 In the equation (x1)(m1) = m the roots are equal when
1 1
(A) m = 1 (B) m = 2 (C) m = 0 (D) m = 1 (E) m = 2

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AMC 12/AHSME
1951

27 Through a point inside a triangle, three lines are drawn from the vertices to the opposite
sides forming six triangular sections. Then:
(A) the triangles are similar in opposite pairs (B) the triangles are congruent in opposite pairs
(C) the triangles are equal in area in opposite pairs (D) three similar quadrilaterals are formed
(E) none of the above relations are true

28 The pressure (P ) of wind on a sail varies jointly as the area (A) of the sail and the square of
the velocity (V ) of the wind. The pressure on a square foot is 1 pound when the velocity is
16 miles per hour. The velocity of the wind when the pressure on a square yard is 36 pounds
is:
(A) 10 32 mph (B) 96 mph (C) 32 mph (D) 1 23 mph (E) 16 mph

29 Of the following sets of data the only one that does not determine the shape of a triangle is:
(A) the ratio of two sides and the included angle
(B) the ratios of the three altitudes
(C) the ratios of the three medians
(D) the ratio of the altitude to the corresponding base
(E) two angles

30 If two poles 2000 and 8000 high are 10000 apart, then the height of the intersection of the lines
joining the top of each pole to the foot of the opposite pole is:
(A) 5000 (B) 4000 (C) 1600 (D) 6000 (E) none of these

31 A total of 28 handshakes was exchanged at the conclusion of a party. Assuming that each
participant was equally polite toward all the others, the number of people present was:
(A) 14 (B) 28 (C) 56 (D) 8 (E) 7

32 If 4ABC is inscribed in a semicircle whose diameter is AB, then AC + BC must be



(A) equal to AB (B) equal to AB 2 (C) AB 2 (D) AB 2 (E) AB 2

33 The roots of the equation x2 2x = 0 can be obtained graphically by finding the abscissas of
the points of intersection of each of the following pairs of equations except the pair:
(A) y = x2 , y = 2x (B) y = x2 2x, y = 0 (C) y = x, y = x 2 (D) y = x2 2x +
1, y = 1 2
(E) y = x 1, y = 2x 1
[Note: Abscissas means x-coordinate.]

34 The value of 10log10 7 is:


(A) 7 (B) 1 (C) 10 (D) log10 7 (E) log7 10

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AMC 12/AHSME
1951

35 If ax = cq = b and cy = az = d, then
x q
(A) xy = qz (B) y = z (C) x + y = q + z (D) x y = q z (E) xy = q z

36 Which of the following methods of proving a geometric figure a locus is not correct?
(A) Every point of the locus satisfies the conditions and every point not on the locus does not satisfy the c
(B) Every point not satisfying the conditions is not on the locus and every point on the locus does satisfy t
(C) Every point satisfying the conditions is on the locus and every point on the locus satisfies the condition
(D) Every point not on the locus does not satisfy the conditions and every point not satisfying
the conditions is not on the locus. (E) Every point satisfying the conditions is on the locus and every point

37 A number which when divided by 10 leaves a remainder of 9, when divided by 9 leaves a


remainder of 8, by 8 leaves a remainder of 7, etc., down to where, when divided by 2, it leaves
a remainder of 1, is:
(A) 59 (B) 419 (C) 1259 (D) 2519 (E) none of these answers

38 A rise of 600 feet is required to get a railroad line over a mountain. The grade can be kept
down by lengthening the track and curving it around the mountain peak. The additional
length of track required to reduce the grade from 3% to 2% is approximately:
(A) 10000 ft. (B) 20000 ft. (C) 30000 ft. (D) 12000 ft. (E) none of these

39 A stone is dropped into a well and the report of the stone striking the bottom is heard 7.7
seconds after it is dropped. Assume that the stone falls 16t2 feet in t seconds and that the
velocity of sound is 1120 feet per second. The depth of the well is:
(A) 784 ft. (B) 342 ft. (C) 1568 ft. (D) 156.8 ft. (E) none of these
  2  2 2 +x+1)2 2

(x+1) (x x+1)2
2 2
40 (x3 +1)2
(x1)(x(x
3 1)2 equals:
(A) (x + 1)4 (B) (x3 + 1)4 (C) 1 (D) [(x3 + 1)(x3 1)]2 (E) [(x3 1)2 ]2

41 The formula expressing the relationship between x and y in the table is:

x 2 3 4 5 6
y 0 2 6 12 20

(A) y = 2x4 (B) y = x2 3x+2 (C) y = x3 3x2 +2x (D) y = x2 4x (E) y =


2
x 4
r

q p
42 If x = 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + , then:
(A) x = 1 (B) 0 < x < 1 (C) 1 < x < 2 (D) x is infinite (E) x > 2 but finite

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AMC 12/AHSME
1951

43 Of the following statements, the only one that is incorrect is:


(A) An inequality will remain true after each side is increased, decreased, multiplied or
divided (zero excluded) by the same positive quantity. (B) The arithmetic mean of two
unequal positive quantities is greater than their geometric mean. (C) If the sum of two
positive quantities is given, ther product is largest when they are equal. (D) If a and b are
positive and unequal, 12 (a2 + b2 ) is greater than [ 21 (a + b)]2 . (E) If the product of two positive
quantities is given, their sum is greatest when they are equal.
xy xz yz
44 If x+y = a, x+z = b, y+z = c, where a, b, c are other than zero, then x equals:
abc 2abc 2abc 2abc 2abc
(A) ab+ac+bc (B) ab+bc+ac (C) ab+acbc (D) ab+bcac (E) ac+bcab

45 If you are given log 8 .9031 and log 9 .9542, then the only logarithm that cannot be found
without the use of tables is:
(A) log 17 (B) log 54 (C) log 15 (D) log 600 (E) log .4

46 AB is a fixed diameter of a circle whose center is O. From C, any point on the circle, a chord
CD is drawn perpendicular to AB. Then, as C moves over a semicircle, the bisector of angle
OCD cuts the circle in a point that always:
(A) bisects the arc AB (B) trisects the arc AB (C) varies (D) is as far from AB as from D (E)
1 1
47 If r and s are the roots of the equation ax2 + bx + c = 0, the value of r2
+ s2
is:
b2 4ac b2 4ac b2 2ac
(A) b2 4ac (B) 2a (C) c2
(D) c2
(E) none of these

48 The area of a square inscribed in a semicircle is to the area of the square inscribed in the
entire circle as:
(A) 1 : 2 (B) 2 : 3 (C) 2 : 5 (D) 3 : 4 (E) 3 : 5

49 The
medians of a right triangle which are drawn from the vertices of the acute angles are 5
and 40. The value of the hypotenuse is:

(A) 10 (B) 2 40 (C) 13 (D) 2 13 (E) none of these

50 Tom, Dick and Harry started out on a 100-mile journey. Tom and Harry went by automobile
at the rate of 25 mph, while Dick walked at the rate of 5 mph. After a certain distance, Harry
got off and walked on at 5 mph, while Tom went back for Dick and got him to the destination
at the same time that Harry arrived. The number of hours required for the trip was:
(A) 5 (B) 6 (C) 7 (D) 8 (E) none of these answers

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AMC 12/AHSME
1952

1 If the radius of a circle is a rational number, its area is given by a number which is:
(A) rational (B) irrational (C) integral (D) a perfect square (E) none of these

2 Two high school classes took the same test. One class of 20 students made an average grade
of 80%; the other class of 30 students made an average grade of 70%. The average grade for
all students in both classes is:
(A) 75% (B) 74% (C) 72% (D) 77% (E) none of these

3 The expression a3 a3 equals:


(A) a a1 a2 + 1 + a12 1
a2 1 + 1 1
a2 2 + 1 1
a a2 +
      
(B) a a a2
(C) a a a2
(D) a
(E) none of these

4 The cost C of sending a parcel post package weighing P pounds, P and integer, is 10 cents
for the first pound and 3 cents for each additional pound. The formula for the cost is:
(A) C = 10+3P (B) C = 10P +3 (C) C = 10+3(P 1) (D) C = 9+3P (E) C =
10P 7

5 The points (6, 12) and (0, 6) are connected by a straight line. Another point on this line is:
(A) (3, 3) (B) (2, 1) (C) (7, 16) (D) (1, 4) (E) (3, 8)

6 The difference of the roots of x2 7x 9 = 0 is:



(A) + 7 (B) + 72 (C) + 9 (D) 2 85 (E) 85

7 When simplified, (x1 + y 1 )1 is equal to:


xy 1 x+y
(A) x + y (B) x+y (C) xy (D) xy (E) xy

8 Two equal circles in the same plane cannot have the following number of common tangents:
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) none of these
cab
9 If m = ab , then b equals:
m(ab) cabma 1 ma m+ca
(A) ca (B) m (C) 1+c (D) m+ca (E) ma

10 An automobile went up a hill at a speed of 10 miles an hour and down the same distance at
a speed of 20 miles an hour. The average speed for the round trip was:
(A) 12 12 mph (B) 13 13 mph (C) 14 21 mph (D) 15 mph (E) none of these
x+2
11 If y = f (x) = x1 , then it is incorrect to say:
y+2
(A) x = y1 (B) f (0) = 2 (C) f (1) = 0 (D) f (2) = 0 (E) f (y) = x

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USA
AMC 12/AHSME
1952

12 The sum to infinity of the terms of an infinite geometric progression is 6. The sum of the
first two terms is 4 12 . The first term of the progression is:
(A) 3 or 1 12 (B) 1 (C) 2 12 (D) 6 (E) 9 or 3

13 The function x2 + px + q with p and q greater than zero has its minimum value when:
p p2 p
(A) x = p (B) x = 2 (C) x = 2p (D) x = 4q (E) x = 2

14 A house and store were sold for $12000 each. The house was sold at a loss of 20% of the cost,
and the store at a gain of 20% of the cost. The entire transaction resulted in:
(A) no loss or gain (B) loss of $1000 (C) gain of $1000 (D) gain of $2000 (E) none of these

15 The sides of a triangle are in the ratio 6 : 8 : 9. Then:


(A) the triangle is obtuse (B) the angles are in the ratio 6 : 8 : 9 (C) the triangle is acute
(D) the angle opposite the largest side is double the angle opposite the smallest side (E) none of these

16 If the base of a rectangle is increased by 10% and the area is unchanged, then the altitude is
decreased by:
(A) 9% (B) 10% (C) 11% (D) 11 19 % 1
(E) 9 11 %

17 A merchant bought some goods at a discount of 20% of the list price. He wants to mark them
at such a price that he can give a discount of 20% of the marked price and still make a profit
of 20% of the selling price. The percent of the list price at which he should mark them is:
(A) 20 (B) 100 (C) 125 (D) 80 (E) 120

18 log p + log q = log(p + q) only if:


q2 q q
(A) p = q = 0 (B) p = 1q (C) p = q = 1 (D) p = q1 (E) p = q+1

19 Angle B of triangle ABC is trisected by BD and BE which meet AC at D and E respectively.


Then:
AD AE AD AB AD BD AD ABBD AD AEBD
(A) EC = DC (B) EC = BC (C) EC = BE (D) EC = BEBC (E) EC = DCBE

x
20 If y = 34 , then the incorrect expression in the following is:
x+y 7 y 4 x+2y 11 x 3 xy 1
(A) y = 4 (B) yx = 1 (C) x = 3 (D) 2y = 8 (E) y = 4

21 The sides of a regular polygon of n sides, n > 4, are extended to form a star. The number of
degrees at each point of the star is:
360 (n4)180 (n2)180 90 180
(A) n (B) n (C) n (D) 180 n (E) n

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AMC 12/AHSME
1952

22 On hypotenuse AB of a right triangle ABC a second right triangle ABD is constructed with
hypotenuse AB. If BC = 1, AC = b, and AD = 2, then BD equals:

(A) b2 + 1 (B) b2 3 (C) b2 + 1 + 2 (D) b2 + 5 (E) b2 + 3
2bx
23 If xaxc = m1
m+1 has roots which are numerical equal but of opposite signs, the value of m
must be:
ab a+b 1
(A) a+b (B) ab (C) c (D) c (E) 1

24 In the figure, it is given that angle C = 90 , AD = DB, DE AB, AB = 20, and AC = 12.
The area of quadrilateral ADEC is:

C
E

A D B

(A) 75 (B) 58 21 (C) 48 (D) 37 12 (E) none of these

25 A powderman set a fuse for a blast to take place in 30 seconds. He ran away at a rate of 8
yards per second. Sound travels at the rate of 1080 feet per second. When the powderman
heard the blast, he had run approximately:
(A) 200 yd. (B) 352 yd. (C) 300 yd. (D) 245 yd. (E) 512 yd.
2
26 If r + 1r = 3, then r3 + r13 equals


(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 0 (D) 3 (E) 6


27 The ratio of the perimeter of an equilateral triangle having an altitude equal to the radius of
a circle, to the perimeter of an equilateral triangle inscribed in the circle is:

(A) 1 : 2 (B) 1 : 3 (C) 1 : 3 (D) 3 : 2 (E) 2 : 3
28 In the table shown, the formula relating x and y is:
x 1 2 3 4 5
y 3 7 13 21 31

(A) y = 4x 1 (B) y = x3 x2 + x + 2 (C) y = x2 + x + 1 (D) y = (x2 + x + 1)(x


1) (E) none of these

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USA
AMC 12/AHSME
1952

29 In a circle of radius 5 units, CD and AB are perpendicular diameters. A chord CH cutting


AB at K is 8 units long. The diameter AB is divided into two segments whose dimensions
are:
(A) 1.25, 8.75 (B) 2.75, 7.25 (C) 2, 8 (D) 4, 6 (E) none of these

30 When the sum of the first ten terms of an arithmetic progression is four times the sum of the
first five terms, the ratio of the first term to the common difference is:
(A) 1 : 2 (B) 2 : 1 (C) 1 : 4 (D) 4 : 1 (E) 1 : 1

31 Given 12 points in a plane no three of which are collinear, the number of lines they determine
is:
(A) 24 (B) 54 (C) 120 (D) 66 (E) none of these

32 K takes 30 minutes less time than M to travel a distance of 30 miles. K travels 31 mile per
hour faster than M . If x is Ks rate of speed in miles per hours, then Ks time for the distance
is:
x + 31 x 13 30
(A) (B) (C) (D) 30x (E) 30x
30 30 x + 13

33 A circle and a square have the same perimeter. Then:


(A) their areas are equal (B) the area of the circle is the greater (C) the area of the square is the great
(D) the area of the circle is times the area of the square
(E) none of these

34 The price of an article was increased p%. Later the new price was decreased p%. If the last
price was one dollar, the original price was:

2 1p2 p2
(A) 1p
200 (B) 100 (C) one dollar (D) 1 10000p 10000
2 (E) 10000p2


35 With a rational denominator, the expression 2 is equivalent to:
2+ 3 5

3+ 6+ 15 62+ 10 2+ 6+ 10 2+ 6 10
(A) 6 (B) 6 (C) 10 (D) 6 (E) none of these
x3 +1
36 To be continuous at x = 1, the value of x2 1
is taken to be:
3 3
(A) 2 (B) 0 (C) 2 (D) (E) 2

37 Two equal parallel chords are drawn 8 inches apart in a circle of radius 8 inches. The area of
that part of the circle that lies between the chords is:

(A) 21 31 32 3 (B) 32 3+21 13 (C) 32 3+42 32 (D) 16 3+42 23 (E) 42 32

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AMC 12/AHSME
1952

38 The area of a trapezoidal field is 1400 square yards. Its altitude is 50 yards. Find the two
bases, if the number of yards in each base is an integer divisible by 8. The number of solutions
to this problem is:
(A) none (B) one (C) two (D) three (E) more than three

39 If the perimeter of a rectangle is p and its diagonal is d, the difference between the length
and width of the rectangle is:

8d2 p2 8d2 +p2 6d2 p2 6d2 +p2 2 2
(A) 2 (B) 2 (C) 2 (D) 2 (E) 8d 4p

40 In order to draw a graph of f (x) = ax2 + bx + c, a table of values was constructed. These
values of the function for a set of equally spaced increasing values of x were 3844, 3969, 4096,
4227, 4356, 4489, 4624, and 4761. The one which is incorrect is:
(A) 4096 (B) 4356 (C) 4489 (D) 4761 (E) none of these

41 Increasing the radius of a cylinder by 6 units increased the volume by y cubic units. Increasing
the altitude of the cylinder by 6 units also increases the volume by y cubic units. If the original
altitude is 2, then the original radius is:
(A) 2 (B) 4 (C) 6 (D) 6 (E) 8

42 Let D represent a repeating decimal. If P denotes the r figures of D which do not repeat
themselves, and Q denotes the s figures of D which do repeat themselves, then the incorrect
expression is:
(A) D = .P QQQ . . . (B) 10r D = P.QQQ . . . (C) 10r+s D = P Q.QQQ . . . (D) 10r (10s
1)D = Q(P 1) (E) 10 102s D = P QQ.QQQ . . .
r

43 The diameter of a circle is divided into n equal parts. On each part a semicircle is construced.
As n becomes very large, the sum of the lengths of the arcs of the semicircles approaches a
length:
(A) equal to the semi-circumference of the original circle (B) equal to the diameter of the
original circle (C) greater than the diameter but less than the semi-circumeference of the
original circle (D) that is infinite (E) greater than the semi-circumference but finite

44 If an integer of two digits is k times the sum of its digits, the number formed by interchanging
the digits is the sum of the digits multiplied by:
(A) (9 k) (B) (10 k) (C) (11 k) (D) (k 1) (E) (k + 1)

45 If a and b are two unequal positive numbers, then:


2ab

(A) a+b > ab > a+b2 (B) ab > a+b2ab
> a+b
2 (C)
2ab
a+b > a+b
2 > ab (D) a+b
2 >
2ab
a+b 2ab
a+b > ab (E) 2 > ab > a+b

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USA
AMC 12/AHSME
1952

46 The base of a new rectangle equals the sum of the diagonal and the greater side of a given
rectangle, while the altitude of the new rectangle equals the difference of the diagonal and
the greater side of the given rectangle. The area of the new rectangle is:
(A) greater than the area of the given rectangle (B) equal to the area of the given rectangle
(C) equal to the area of a square with its side equal to the smaller side of the given rectangle
(D) equal to the area of a square with its side equal to the greater side of the given rectangle
(E) equal to the area of a rectangle whose dimensions are the diagonal and the shorter side
of the given rectangle
47 In the set of equations z x = y 2x , 2z = 2 4x , x + y + z = 16, the integral roots in the order
x, y, z are:
(A) 3, 4, 9 (B) 9, 5, 12 (C) 12, 5, 9 (D) 4, 3, 9 (E) 4, 9, 3
48 Two cyclists, k miles apart, and starting at the same time, would be together in r hours if
they traveled in the same direction, but would pass each other in t hours if they traveled in
opposite directions. The ratio of the speed of the faster cyclist to that of the slower is:
r+t r r+t r r+k
(A) rt (B) rt (C) r (D) t (E) tk

49 In the figure, CD, AE and BF are one-third of their respective sides. It follows that AN2 :
N2 N1 : N1 D = 3 : 3 : 1, and similarly for lines BE and CF. Then the area of triangle N1 N2 N3
is:

E
N2
F
N3 N1

B D C

1
(A) 10 4ABC (B) 19 4ABC (C) 17 4ABC (D) 16 4ABC (E) none of these

50 A line initially 1 inch long grows according to the following law, where the first term is the
initial length.
1 1 1 1 1 1
1+ 2+ + 2+ + 2+ + .
4 4 16 16 64 64
If the growth process continues forever, the limit of the length of the line is:

(A) (B) 43 (C) 38 (D) 13 (4 + 2) (E) 23 (4 + 2)

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USA
AMC 12/AHSME
1953

1 A boy buys oranges at 3 for 10 cents. He will sell them at 5 for 20 cents. In order to make a
profit of $1.00, he must sell: (A) 67 oranges (B) 150 oranges (C) 200 oranges
(D) an infinite number of oranges (E) none of these

2 A refrigerator is offered at sale at $250.00 less successive discounts of 20% and 15%. The sale
price of the refrigerator is: (A) 35% less than $250.00 (B) 65% of $250.00 (C) 77% of $250.00 (D
2
3 The factors of the expression x2 + y 2 are: (A) (x + y)(x y) (B) (x + y)2 (C) (x 3 +
2 4 4
y 3 )(x 3 + y 3 )
(D) (x + iy)(x iy) (E) none of these

4 The roots of x(x2 +8x+16)(4x) = 0 are: (A) 0 (B) 0, 4 (C) 0, 4, 4 (D) 0, 4, 4, 4 (E) non

5 If log6 x = 2.5, the value of x is: (A) 90 (B) 36 (C) 36 6 (D) 0.5 (E) none of these

6 Charles has 5q + 1 quarters and Richard has q + 5 quarters. The difference in their money in
dimes is: (A) 10(q 1) (B) 25 (4q 4) (C) 25 (q 1)
5
(D) 2 (q 1) (E) none of these

a2 +x2 (x2 a2 )/ a2 +x2 2a2 2x2 2a2
7 The fraction 2
a +x 2 reduces to: (A) 0 (B) a2 +x2
(C) 3 (D) 3 (
(a +x2 ) 2
2 (a +x2 ) 2
2


8 The value of x at the intersection of y = x28+4 and x + y = 2 is: (A) 2 + 5 (B)

2 5 (C) 0 (D) 2 (E) none of these

9 The number of ounces of water needed to reduce 9 ounces of shaving lotion containing 50%
alcohol to a lotion containing 30% alcohol is: (A) 3 (B) 4 (C) 5 (D) 6 (E) 7

10 The number of revolutions of a wheel, with fixed center and with an outside diameter of 6 feet,
required to cause a point on the rim to go one mile is: (A) 880 (B) 440
(C) 880
(D) 440 (E) n

11 A running track is the ring formed by two concentric circles. It is 10 feet wide. The circumfer-
ence of the two circles differ by about: (A) 10 feet (B) 30 feet (C) 60 feet (D) 100 feet
(E) none of these

12 The diameters of two circles are 8 inches and 12 inches respectively. The ratio of the area of the
smaller to the area of the larger circle is: (A) 32 (B) 49 (C) 49 (D) 12 (E) none of these

13 A triangle and a trapezoid are equal in area. They also have the same altitude. If the base of
the triangle is 18 inches, the median of the trapezoid is: (A) 36 inches (B) 9 inches (C) 18 inches
(D) not obtainable from these data (E) none of these

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14 Given the larger of two circles with center P and radius p and the smaller with center Q and
radius q. Draw P Q. Which of the following statements is false? (A) pq can be equal to P Q
(B) p + q can be equal to P Q
(C) p + q can be less than P Q
(D) p q can be less than P Q
(E) none of these

15 A circular piece of metal of maximum size is cut out of a square piece and then a square
piece of maximum size is cut out of the circular piece. The total amount of metal wasted is:
(A) 14 the area of the original square
(B) 21 the area of the original square
(C) 12 the area of the circular piece
(D) 14 the area of the circular piece
(E) none of these

16 Adams plans a profit of 10% on the selling price of an article and his expenses are 15% of sales.
The rate of markup on an article that sells for $5.00 is: (A) 20% (B) 25% (C) 30% (D) 33 13 %

17 A man has part of $4500 invested at 4% and the rest at 6%. If his annual return on
each investment is the same, the average rate of interest which he realizes of the $4500
is: (A) 5% (B) 4.8% (C) 5.2% (D) 4.6% (E) none of these

18 One of the factors of x4 + 4 is: (A) x2 + 2 (B) x + 1 (C) x2 2x + 2 (D) x2 4


(E) none of these

19 In the expression xy 2 , the values of x and y are each decreased 25%; the value of the expression
is: (A) decreased 50% (B) decreased 75%
37
(C) decreased 64 of its value (D) decreased 27 64 of its value
(E) none of these

20 If y = x + x1 , then x4 + x3 4x2 + x + 1 = 0 becomes: (A) x2 (y 2 + y 2) = 0 (B) x2 (y 2 +


y 3) = 0
(C) x2 (y 2 + y 4) = 0 (D) x2 (y 2 + y 6) = 0
(E) none of these

21 If log10 (x2 3x + 6) = 1, the value of x is: (A) 10 or 2 (B) 4 or 2 (C) 3 or


1 (D) 4 or 1
(E) none of these

22 The logarithm of 27 4 9 3 9 to the base 3 is: (A) 8 12 (B) 4 16 (C) 5 (D) 3 (E) none of these
6
23 The equation x + 10 x+10 = 5 has: (A) an extraneous root between 5 and 1
(B) an extraneous root between 10 and 6

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(C) a true root between 20 and 25 (D) two true roots


(E) two extraneous roots

24 If a, b, c are positive integers less than 10, then (10a + b)(10a + c) = 100a(a + 1) + bc if:
(A) b + c = 10 (B) b = c (C) a + b = 10 (D) a = b
(E) a + b + c = 10

25 In a geometric progression whose terms are positive, any term is equal



to the sum of the next
5
two following terms. then the common ratio is: (A) 1 (B) about 2 (C) 512 (D) 1 5
2 (E)

26 The base of a triangle is 15 inches. Two lines are drawn parallel to the base, terminating in
the other two sides, and dividing
the triangle into three equal areas.
The length of the parallel
closer to the base is: (A) 5 6 inches (B) 10 inches (C) 4 3 inches (D) 7.5 inches
(E) none of these

27 The radius of the first circle is 1 inch, that of the second 12 inch, that of the third 14 inch and so
on indefinitely. The sum of the areas of the circles is: (A) 3 4 (B) 1.3 (C) 2 (D) 4
3 (E) non

28 In triangle ABC, sides a, b and c are opposite angles A, B and C respectively. AD bisects
angle A and meets BC at D. Then if x = CD and y = BD the correct proportion is:
(A) xa = b+c
a
(B) xb = a+ca
(C) yc = b+c
c
y a x c
(D) c = b+c (E) y = b

29 The number of significant digits in the measurement of the side of a square whose computed
area is 1.1025 square inches to the nearest ten-thousandth of a square inch is: (A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 4 (D

30 A house worth $9000 is sold by Mr. A to Mr. B at a 10% loss. Mr. B sells the house back to
Mr. A at a 10% gain. The result of the two transactions is: (A) Mr. A breaks even (B) Mr. B gains $900
(D) Mr. A loses $810 (E) Mr. B gains $1710

31 The rails on a railroad are 30 feet long. As the train passes over the point where the rails are
joined, there is an audible click. The speed of the train in miles per hour is approximately the
number of clicks heard in: (A) 20 seconds (B) 2 minutes (C) 1 12 minutes (D) 5 minutes
(E) none of these

32 Each angle of a rectangle is trisected. The intersections of the pairs of trisectors adjacent to the
same side always form: (A) a square (B) a rectangle (C) a parallelogram with unequal sides
(D) a rhombus (E) a quadrilateral with no special properties

33
The perimeter of anisosceles right triangle is 2p. Its area is: (A) (2 + 2)p (B) (2
2
2)p (3 2 2)p
(C)
(D) (1 2 2)p2 (E) (3 + 2 2)p2

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34 If one side of a triangle is 12 inches and the opposite angle is 30 degrees, then the diameter of
the circumscribed circle is: (A) 18 inches (B) 30 inches (C) 24 inches (D) 20 inches
(E) none of these

35 If f (x) = x(x1)
2 , then f (x + 2) equals: (A) f (x) + f (2) (B) (x + 2)f (x) (C) x(x +
2)f (x) (D) xf (x)
x+2
(x+2)f (x+1)
(E) x

36 Determine m so that 4x2 6x + m is divisible by x 3. The obtained value, m, is an exact


divisor of: (A) 12 (B) 20 (C) 36 (D) 48 (E) 64

37 The base of an isosceles triangle is 6 inches and one of the equal sides is 12 inches. The radius of

7 15

the circle through the vertices of the triangle is: (A) 5 (B) 4 3 (C) 3 5 (D) 6 3 (E) non

38 If f (a) = a2 and F (a, b) = b2 +a, then F (3, f (4)) is: (A) a2 4a+7 (B) 28 (C) 7 (D) 8 (E) 1

39 The product, loga blogb a is equal to: (A) 1 (B) a (C) b (D) ab (E) none of these

40 The negation of the statement all men are honest, is: (A) no men are honest (B) all men are dishonest
(C) some men are dishonest (D) no men are dishonest
(E) some men are honest

41 A girls camp is located 300 rods from a straight road. On this road, a boys camp is located
500 rods from the girls camp. It is desired to build a canteen on the road which shall be
exactly the same distance from each camp. The distance of the canteen from each of the
camps is: (A) 400 rods (B) 250 rods (C) 87.5 rods (D) 200 rods
(E) none of these

42 The centers of two circles are 41 inches apart. The smaller circle has a radius of 4 inches
and the larger one has a radius of 5 inches. The length of the common internal tangent is:
(A) 41 inches (B) 39 inches (C) 39.8 inches (D) 40.1 inches
(E) 40 inches

43 If the price of an article is increased by percent p, then the decrease in percent of sales must not
1 1 p p
exceed d in order to yield the same income. The value of d is: (A) 1+p (B) 1p (C) 1+p (D) p1

44 In solving a problem that reduces to a quadratic equation one student makes a mistake only in
the constant term of the equation and obtains 8 and 2 for the roots. Another student makes a
mistake only in the coefficient of the first degree term and find 9 and 1 for the roots. The
correct equation was: (A) x2 10x+9 = 0 (B) x2 +10x+9 = 0 (C) x2 10x+16 = 0
(D) x2 8x 9 = 0 (E) none of these

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45 The lengths of two line segments


are a units a+b
and b units
respectively. Then
the correct relation
between them is: (A) a+b > ab (B) < ab (C) a+b
= ab
a+b
2
a+b
2 2
(D) 2 ab (E) 2 ab

46 Instead of walking along two adjacent sides of a rectangular field, a boy took a shortcut along
the diagonal of the field and saved a distance equal to 21 the longer side. The ratio of the shorter
side of the rectangle to the longer side was: (A) 21 (B) 23 (C) 14 (D) 34 (E) 25
x
47 If x is greater than zero, then the correct relationship is: (A) log(1+x) = 1+x (B) log(1+
x
x) < 1+x
(C) log(1 + x) > x (D) log(1 + x) < x (E) none of these

48 If the larger base of an isosceles trapezoid equals a diagonal and the smaller base equals the al-
titude, then the ratio of the smaller base to the larger base is: (A) 12 (B) 23 (C) 34 (D) 3
5 (E) 2
5

49 The coordinates of A, B and C are (5, 5), (2, 1) and (0, k) respectively. The value of k that
makes AC + BC as small as possible is: (A) 3 (B) 4 12 (C) 3 67 (D) 4 56 (E) 2 17

50 One of the sides of a triangle is divided into segments of 6 and 8 units by the point of tangency
of the inscribed circle. If the radius of the circle is 4, then the length of the shortest side of the
triangle is: (A) 12 units (B) 13 units (C) 14 units (D) 15 units (E) 16 units

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1954

p
1 The square of 5 y 2 25 is:
p
(A) y 2 5 y 2 25 (B) p y2 (C) y 2
(D) (5 y)2 2 2
(E) y 10 y 25
2x 2
2 The equation x1 2x+7 46x
3 + x1 + 1 = 0 can be transformed by eliminating fractions to the
equation x2 5x + 4 = 0. The roots of the latter equation are 4 and 1. Then the roots of the
first equation are:
(A) 4 and 1 (B) only 1 (C) only 4 (D) neither 4 nor 1 (E) 4 and some other root

3 If x varies as the cube of y, and y varies as the fifth root of z, then x varies as the nth power
of z, where n is:
1 5 3
(A) 15 (B) 3 (C) 5 (D) 15 (E) 8

4 If the Highest Common Divisor of 6432 and 132 is diminished by 8, it will equal:
(A) 6 (B) 6 (C) 2 (D) 3 (E) 4

5 A regular hexagon is inscribed in a circle of radius 10 inches. Its area is:



(A) 150 3 sq. in. (B) 150 sq. in. (C) 25 3 sq. in. (D) 600 sq. in. (E) 300 3 sq. in.
 
1 0 1 0 1 4
64 2 (32) 5 is:

6 The value of 16 a + 16a
13 3 7 1
(A) 1 16 (B) 1 16 (C) 1 (D) 8 (E) 16

7 A housewife saved $2.50 in buying a dress on sale. If she spent $25 for the dress, she saved
about:
(A) 8% (B) 9% (C) 10% (D) 11% (E) 12%

8 The base of a triangle is twice as long as a side of a square and their areas are the same.
Then the ratio of the altitude of the triangle to the side of the square is:
1 1
(A) 4 (B) 2 (C) 1 (D) 2 (E) 4

9 A point P is outside a circle and is 13 inches from the center. A secant from P cuts the circle
at Q and R so that the external segment of the secant P Q is 9 inches and QR is 7 inches.
The radius of the circle is:
(A) 3 (B) 4 (C) 5 (D) 6 (E) 7

10 The sum of the numerical coefficients in the expansion of the binomial (a + b)8 is:
(A) 32 (B) 16 (C) 64 (D) 48 (E) 7

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11 A merchant placed on display some dresses, each with a marked price. He then posted a sign
1 3
3 off on these dresses. The cost of the dresses was 4 of the price at which he actually sold
them. Then the ratio of the cost to the marked price was:
1 1 1 2 3
(A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 4 (D) 3 (E) 4

12 The solution of the equations


(A) x = 18, y = 12 (B) x = 0, y = 0 (C) There is no solution
(D) There are an unlimited number of solutions (E) x = 8, y = 5

13 A quadrilateral is inscribed in a circle. If angles are inscribed in the four arcs cut off by the sides
of the quadrilateral, their sum will be:
(A) 180 (B) 540 (C) 360 (D) 450 (E) 1080
r  2
4
14 When simplified 1 + x2x1 2 equals:

x4 +2x2 1 4 x2 +1
(A) 2x2
(B) x2x1
2 (C) 2
x2 x2 1
(D)
2
(E) 2 + 2x2

15 log 125 equals:


(A) 100 log 1.25 (B) 5 log 3 (C) 3 log 25 (D) 3 3 log 2 (E) (log 25)(log 5)

16 If f (x) = 5x2 2x 1, then f (x + h) f (x) equals:


(A) 5h2 2h (B) 10xh 4x + 2 (C) 10xh 2x 2
(D) h(10x + 5h 2) (E) 3h

17 The graph of the function f (x) = 2x3 7 goes:


(A) up to the right and down to the left
(B) down to the right and up to the left
(C) up to the right and up to the left
(D) down to the right and down to the left
(E) none of these ways.

18 Of the following sets, the one that includes all values of x which will satisfy 2x 3 > 7 x is:
10 10 10
(A) x > 4 (B) x < 3 (C) x = 3 (D) x > 3 (E) x < 0

19 If the three points of contact of a circle inscribed in a triangle are joined, the angles of the resulting
triangle:
(A) are always equal to 60
(B) are always one obtuse angle and two unequal acute angles

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(C) are always one obtuse angle and two equal acute angles
(D) are always acute angles
(E) are always unequal to each other

20 The equation x3 + 6x2 + 11x + 6 = 0 has:


(A) no negative real roots (B) no positive real roots (C) no real roots
(D) 1 positive and 2 negative roots (E) 2 positive and 1 negative root
1
21 The roots of the equation 2 x + 2x 2 = 5 can be found by solving:
(A) 16x2 92x + 1 = 0 (B) 4x2 25x + 4 = 0 (C) 4x2 17x + 4 = 0
(D) 2x2 21x + 2 = 0 (E) 4x2 25x 4 = 0
2x x 2 4+x
22 The expression (x+1)(x2) (x+1)(x2) cannot be evaluated for x = 1 or x = 2, since division by
zero is not allowed. For other values of x:
(A) The expression takes on many different values.
(B) The expression has only the value 2.
(C) The expression has only the value 1.
(D) The expression always has a value between 1 and + 2.
(E) The expression has a value greater than 2 or less than 1.
1
23 If the margin made on an article costing C dollars and selling for S dollars is M = n C, then the
margin is given by:
1
(A) M = n1 S (B) M = n1 S (C) M = n
n+1 S
1 n
(D) M = n+1 S (E) M = n1 S

24 The values of k for which the equation 2x2 kx + x + 8 = 0 will have real and equal roots are:
(A) 9 and 7 (B) only 7 (C) 9 and 7
(D) 9 and 7 (E) only 9

25 The two roots of the equation a(b c)x2 + b(c a)x + c(a b) = 0 are 1 and:
b(ca) a(bc) a(bc) c(ab) c(ab)
(A) a(bc) (B) c(ab) (C) b(ca) (D) a(bc) (E) b(ca)

26 The straight line AB is divided at C so that AC = 3CB. Circles are described on AC and CB as
diameters and a common tangent meets AB produced at D. Then BD equals:
(A) diameter of the smaller circle
(B) radius of the smaller circle
(C) radius
of the larger circle
(D) CB 3
(E) the difference of the two radii

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27 A right circular cone has for its base a circle having the same radius as a given sphere. The volume
of the cone is one-half that of the sphere. The ratio of the altitude of the cone to the radius of its
base is:
q
(A) 11 (B) 12 (C) 32 (D) 21 (E) 54

m 4 r 9 3mrnt
28 If n = 3 and t = 14 , the value of 4nt7mr is:
(A) 5 21 (B) 11
14 (C) 1 14 (D) 11
14 (E) 2
3

29 If the ratio of the legs of a right triangle is 1 : 2, then the ratio of the corresponding segments of
the hypotenuse made by a perpendicular upon it from the vertex is:

(A) 1 : 4 (B) 1 : 2 (C) 1 : 2 (D) 1 : 5 (E) 1 : 5

30 A and B together can do a job in 2 days; B and C can do it in four days; and A and C in 2 25 days.
The number of days required for A to do the job alone is:
(A) 1 (B) 3 (C) 6 (D) 12 (E) 2.8

31 In triangle ABC, AB = AC, A = 40 . Point O is within the triangle with OBC


= OCA. The
number of degrees in angle BOC is:
(A) 110 (B) 35 (C) 140 (D) 55 (E) 70

32 The factors of x4 + 64 are:


(A) (x2 + 8)2 (B) (x2 + 8)(x2 8) (C) (x2 + 2x + 4)(x2 8x + 16)
2 2
(D) (x 4x + 8)(x 4x 8) (E) (x 4x + 8)(x2 + 4x + 8)
2

33 A bank charges $6 for a loan of $120. The borrower receives $114 and repays the loan in 12
installments of $10 a month. The interest rate is approximately:
(A) 5% (B) 6% (C) 7% (D) 9% (E) 15%

34 The fraction 13 :
1
(A) equals 0.33333333 (B) is less than 0.33333333 by 3108
1
(C) is less than 0.33333333 by 3109
1
(D) is greater than 0.33333333 by 310 8
1
(E) is greater than 0.33333333 by 3109

35 In the right triangle shown the sum of the distances BM and M A is equal to the sum of the
distances BC and CA. If M B = x, CB = h, and CA = d, then x equals:

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AMC 12/AHSME
1954

M
x
B

C d A

hd

(A) 2h+d (B) d h (C) 21 d (D) h + d 2d (E) h2 + d2 h

36 A boat has a speed of 15 mph in still water. In a stream that has a current of 5 mph it travels a
certain distance downstream and returns. The ratio of the average speed for the round trip to the
speed in still water is:
5 1 8 7 9
(A) 4 (B) 1 (C) 9 (D) 8 (E) 8

37 Given triangle P QR with RS bisecting R, P Q extended to D and n a right angle, then:

m
n

p q d
P S Q D

(A) m = 12 (pq) (B) m = 12 (p+q) (C) d = 21 (q+p) (D) d = 21 m (E) none of these is

38 If log 2 = .3010 and log 3 = .4771, the value of x when 3x+3 = 135 is approximately:
(A) 5 (B) 1.47 (C) 1.67 (D) 1.78 (E) 1.63

39 The locus of the midpoint of a line segment that is drawn from a given external point P to a given
circle with center O and radius r, is:
(A) a straight line perpendicular to P O
(B) a straight line parallel to P O
(C) a circle with center P and radius r

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1954

(D) a circle with center at the midpoint of P O and radius 2r


(E) a circle with center at the midpoint P O and radius 12 r
2
40 If a + a1 = 3, then a3 + a13 equals:

(A) 103 3 (B) 3 3 (C) 0 (D) 7 7 (E) 6 3

41 The sum of all the roots of 4x3 8x2 63x 9 = 0 is:


(A) 8 (B) 2 (C) 8 (D) 2 (E) 0

42 Consider the graphs of (1): y = x2 21 x + 2 and (2) y = x2 + 12 x + 2 on the same set of axis. These
parabolas are exactly the same shape. Then:
(A) the graphs coincide.
(B) the graph of (1) is lower than the graph of (2).
(C) the graph of (1) is to the left of the graph of (2).
(D) the graph of (1) is to the right of the graph of (2).
(E) the graph of (1) is higher than the graph of (2).

43 The hypotenuse of a right triangle is 10 inches and the radius of the inscribed circle is 1 inch. The
perimeter of the triangle in inches is:
(A) 15 (B) 22 (C) 24 (D) 26 (E) 30

44 A man born in the first half of the nineteenth century was x years old in the year x2 . He was born
in:
(A) 1849 (B) 1825 (C) 1812 (D) 1836 (E) 1806

45 In a rhombus, ABCD, line segments are drawn within the rhombus, parallel to diagonal BD, and
terminated in the sides of the rhombus. A graph is drawn showing the length of a segment as a
function of its distance from vertex A. The graph is:
(A) A straight line passing through the origin.
(B) A straight line cutting across the upper right quadrant.
(C) Two line segments forming an upright V.
(D) Two line segments forming an inverted V.
(E) None of these.

46 In the diagram, if points A, B and C are points of tangency, then x equals:

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1954

C
x
3
8
1
A B 2

60

3
(A) 16 (B) 18 (C) 1
32 (D) 3
32 (E) 1
16

47 At the midpoint of line segment AB which is p units long, a perpendicular M R is erected with
length q units. An arc is described from R with a radius equal to 12 AB, meeting AB at T . Then
AT and T B are the roots of:
(A) x2 + px + q 2 = 0
(B) x2 px + q 2 = 0
(C) x2 + px q 2 = 0
(D) x2 px q 2 = 0
(E) x2 px + q = 0

48 A train, an hour after starting, meets with an accident which detains it a half hour, after which
it proceeds at 34 of its former rate and arrives 3 21 hours late. Had the accident happened 90 miles
farther along the line, it would have arrived only 3 hours late. The length of the trip in miles was:
(A) 400 (B) 465 (C) 600 (D) 640 (E) 550

49 The difference of the squares of two odd numbers is always divisible by 8. If a > b, and 2a + 1 and
2b + 1 are the odd numbers, to prove the given statement we put the difference of the squares in
the form:
(A) (2a + 1)2 (2b + 1)2
(B) 4a2 4b2 + 4a 4b
(C) 4[a(a + 1) b(b + 1)]
(D) 4(a b)(a + b + 1)
(E) 4(a2 + a b2 b)

50 The times between 7 and 8 oclock, correct to the nearest minute, when the hands of a clock will
form an angle of 84 degrees are:
(A) 7: 23 and 7: 53 (B) 7: 20 and 7: 50 (C) 7: 22 and 7: 53
(D) 7: 23 and 7: 52 (E) 7: 21 and 7: 49

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1955

1 Which one of the following is not equivalent to 0.000000375?


(A) 3.75 107 (B) 3 43 107 (C) 375 109
(D) 83 107 3
(E) 80000000

2 The smaller angle between the hands of a clock at 12 : 25 p.m. is:


(A) 132 300 (B) 137 300 (C) 150 (D) 137 320 (E) 137

3 If each number in a set of ten numbers is increased by 20, the arithmetic mean (average) of
the original ten numbers:
(A) remains the same (B) is increased by 20 (C) is increased by 200
(D) is increased by 10 (E) is increased by 2
1 2
4 The equality x1 = x2 is satisfied by:
(A) no real values of x (B) either x = 1 or x = 2 (C) only x = 1
(D) only x = 2 (E) only x = 0

5 y varies inversely as the square of x. When y = 16, x = 1. When x = 8, y equals:


1
(A) 2 (B) 128 (C) 64 (D) 4 (E) 1024

6 A merchant buys a number of oranges at 3 for 10 cents and an equal number at 5 for 20 cents.
To break even he must sell all at:
(A) 8 for 30 cents (B) 3 for 11 cents (C) 5 for 18 cents
(D) 11 for 40 cents (E) 13 for 50 cents

7 If a worker receives a 20 percent cut in wages, he may regain his original pay exactly by
obtaining a raise of:
(A) 20 percent (B) 25 percent (C) 22 21 percent (D) $20 (E) $25

8 The graph of x2 4y 2 = 0:
(A) is a hyperbola intersecting only the x -axis
(B) is a hyperbola intersecting only the y -axis
(C) is a hyperbola intersecting neither axis
(D) is a pair of straight lines
(E) does not exist

9 A circle is inscribed in a triangle with sides 8, 15, and 17. The radius of the circle is:
(A) 6 (B) 2 (C) 5 (D) 3 (E) 7

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1955

10 How many hours does it take a train traveling at an average rate of 40 mph between stops to
travel a miles it makes n stops of m minutes each?
3a+2mn 3a+2mn a+mn a+40mn
(A) 120 (B) 3a + 2mn (C) 12 (D) 40 (E) 40

11 The negation of the statement No slow learners attend this school is:
(A) All slow learners attend this school
(B) All slow learners do not attend this school
(C) Some slow learners attend this school
(D) Some slow learners do not attend this school
(E) No slow learners do not attend this school

12 The solution of 5x 1 + x 1 = 2 is:
2
(A) x = 2, x = 1 (B) x = 3 (C) x = 2 (D) x = 1 (E) x = 0
a4 b4
13 The fraction a2 b2
is equal to:
(A) a6 b6 (B) a2 b2 (C) a2 + b2
(D) a2 + b2 (E) a2 b2
14 The length of rectangle R is 10 percent more than the side of square S. The width of the
rectangle is 10 percent less than the side of the square. The ratio of the areas, R:S, is:
(A) 99 : 100 (B) 101 : 100 (C) 1 : 1 (D) 199 : 200 (E) 201 : 200
15 The ratio of the areas of two concentric circles is 1 : 3. If the radius of the smaller is r, then
the difference between the radii is best approximated by:
(A) 0.41r (B) 0.73 (C) 0.75 (D) 0.73r (E) 0.75r
3
16 The value of a+b when a = 4 and b = 4 is:
(A) 3 (B) 38 (C) 0 (D) any finite number (E) meaningless

17 If log x 5 log 3 = 2, then x equals:


(A) 1.25 (B) 0.81 (C) 2.43
(D) 0.8 (E) either 0.8 or 1.25

18 The discriminant of the equation x2 + 2x 3 + 3 = 0 is zero. Hence, its roots are:
(A) real and equal (B) rational and equal (C) rational and unequal
(D) irrational and unequal (E) imaginary
19 Two numbers whose sum is 6 and the absolute value of whose difference is 8 are roots of the
equation:
(A) x2 6x + 7 = 0 (B) x2 6x 7 = 0 (C) x2 + 6x 8 = 0
(D) x2 6x + 8 = 0 (E) x2 + 6x 7 = 0

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20 The expression 25 t2 + 5 equals zero for:
(A) no real or imaginary values of t (B) no real values of t only
(C) no imaginary values of t only (D) t = 0 (E) t = 5

21 Represent the hypotenuse of a right triangle by c and the area by A. The atltidue on the
hypotenuse is:
A 2A A A2 A
(A) c (B) c (C) 2c (D) c (E) c2

22 On a $10000 order a merchant has a choice between three successive discounts of 20%, 20%,
and 10% and three successive discounts of 40%, 5%, and 5%. By choosing the better offer,
he can save:
(A) nothing at all (B) $440 (C) $330 (D) $345 (E) $360

23 In checking the petty cash a clerk counts q quarters, d dimes, n nickels, and c cents. Later
he discovers that x of the nickels were counted as quarters and x of the dimes were counted
as cents. To correct the total obtained the clerk must:
(A) make no correction (B) subtract 11 cents (C) subtract 11x cents
(D) add 11x cents (E) add x cents

24 The function 4x2 12x 1:


(A) always increases as x increases
(B) always decreases as x decreases to 1
(C) cannot equal 0
(D) has a maximum value when x is negative
(E) has a minimum value of -10

25 One of the factors of x4 + 2x2 + 9 is:


(A) x2 + 3 (B) x + 1 (C) x2 3 (D) x2 2x 3 (E) none of these

26 Mr. A owns a house worth $10000. He sells it to Mr. B at 10% profit. Mr. B sells the house
back to Mr. A at a 10% loss. Then:
(A) Mr. A comes out even (B) Mr. A makes $100 (C) Mr. A makes $1000
(D) Mr. B loses $100 (E) none of the above is correct

27 If r and s are the roots of x2 px + q = 0, then r2 + s2 equals:


(A) p2 + 2q (B) p2 2q (C) p2 + q 2 (D) p2 q 2 (E) p2

28 On the same set of axes are drawn the graph of y = ax2 + bx + c and the graph of the equation
obtained by replacing x by x in the given equation. If b 6= 0 and c 6= 0 these two graphs
intersect:

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AMC 12/AHSME
1955

(A) in two points, one on the x-axis and one on the y-axis
(B) in one point located on neither axis
(C) only at the origin
(D) in one point on the x-axis
(E) in one point on the y-axis
29 In the figure, P A is tangent to semicircle SAR; P B is tangent to semicircle RBT ; SRT is a
straight line; the arcs are indicated in the figure. Angle AP B is measured by:

A
c
P B
a
b d

S R T

(A) 12 (a b) (B) 12 (a + b) (C) (c a) (d b)(D) a b (E) a + b



30 Each of the equations 3x2 2 = 25, (2x 1)2 = (x 1)2 , x2 7 = x 1 has:
(A) two integral roots (B) no root greater than 3 (C) no root zero
(D) only one root (E) one negative root and one positive root
31 An equilateral triangle whose side is 2 is divided into a triangle and a trapezoid by a line
drawn parallel to one of its sides. If the area of the trapezoid equals one-half of the area of
the original triangle, the length of the median of the trapezoid is:

(A) 26 (B) 2 (C) 2 + 2 (D) 2+2 2 (E) 2 3
2
6

32 If the discriminant of ax2 + 2bx + c = 0 is zero, then another true statement about a, b, and
c is that:
(A) they form an arithmetic progression
(B) they form a geometric progression
(C) they are unequal
(D) they are all negative numbers
(E) only b is negative and a and c are positive
33 Henry starts a trip when the hands of the clock are together between 8 a.m. and 9 a.m. He
arrives at his destination between 2 p.m. and 3 p.m. when the hands of the clock are exactly
180 apart. The trip takes:

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1955

(A) 6 hr. (B) 6 hr. 43-7/11 min. (C) 5 hr. 16-4/11 min. (D) 6 hr. 30 min. (E) none of thes

34 A 6-inch and 18-inch diameter pole are placed together and bound together with wire. The
length of the shortest wire that will go around them is:

(A) 12 3 + 16 (B) 12 3 + 7 (C) 12 3 + 14
(D) 12 + 15 (E) 24

35 Three boys agree to divide a bag of marbles in the following manner. The first boy takes one
more than half the marbles. The second takes a third of the number remaining. The third
boy finds that he is left with twice as many marbles as the second boy. The original number
of marbles:
(A) is none of the following (B) cannot be determined from the given data
(C) is 20 or 26 (D) is 14 or 32 (E) is 8 or 38

36 A cylindrical oil tank, lying horizontally, has an interior length of 10 feet and an interior
diameter of 6 feet. If the rectangular surface of the oil has an area of 40 square feet, the
depth of the oil is:

(A) 5 (B)
2 5 (C) 3 5
(D) 3 + 5
(E) either 3 5 or 3 + 5

37 A three-digit number has, from left to right, the digits h, t, and u, with h > u. When the
number with the digits reversed is subtracted from the original number, the units digit in
the difference of r. The next two digits, from right to left, are:
(A) 5 and 9 (B) 9 and 5 (C) impossible to tell (D) 5 and 4 (E) 4 and 5

38 Four positive integers are given. Select any three of these integers, find their arithmetic
average, and add this result to the fourth integer. Thus the numbers 29, 23, 21, and 17 are
obtained. One of the original integers is:
(A) 19 (B) 21 (C) 23 (D) 29 (E) 17

39 If y = x2 + px + q, then if the least possible value of y is zero q is equal to:


p2 p p p2
(A) 0 (B) 4 (C) 2 (D) 2 (E) 4 q
ax+b b
40 The fractions cx+d and d are unequal if:
(A) a = c = 1, x 6= 0 (B) a = b = 0 (C) a = c = 0
(D) x = 0 (E) ad = bc

41 A train traveling from Aytown to Beetown meets with an accident after 1 hr. It is stopped
for 12 hr., after which it proceeds at four-fifths of its usual rate, arriving at Beetown 2 hr.

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AMC 12/AHSME
1955

late. If the train had covered 80 miles more before the accident, it would have been just 1 hr.
late. The usual rate of the train is:
(A) 20 mph (B) 30 mph (C) 40 mph (D) 50 mph (E) 60 mph
q q
42 If a, b, and c are positive integers, the radicals a + cb and a cb are equal when and only
when:
b(a2 1)
(A) a = b = c = 1 (B) a = b and c = a = 1 (C) c = 2
(D) a = b and c is any value (E) a = b and c = a 1

43 The pairs of values of x and y that are the common solutions of the equations y = (x + 1)2
and xy + y = 1 are:
(A) 3 real pairs (B) 4 real pairs (C) 4 imaginary pairs
(D) 2 real and 2 imaginary pairs (E) 1 real and 2 imaginary pairs

44 In circle O chord AB is produced so that BC equals a radius of the circle. CO is drawn and
extended to D. AO is drawn. Which of the following expresses the relationship between x
and y?

A B C
y

x
O
D

(A) x = 3y
(B) x = 2y
(C) x = 60
(D) there is no special relationship between x and y
(E) x = 2y or x = 3y, depending upon the length of AB

45 Given a geometric sequence with the first term 6= 0 and r 6= 0 and an arithmetic sequence
with the first term = 0. A third sequence 1, 1, 2 . . . is formed by adding corresponding terms
of the two given sequences. The sum of the first ten terms of the third sequence is:

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AMC 12/AHSME
1955

(A) 978 (B) 557 (C) 467 (D) 1068


(E) not possible to determine from the information given
2
46 The graphs of 2x + 3y 6 = 0, 4x 3y 6 = 0, x = 2, and y = 3 intersect in:
(A) 6 points (B) 1 point (C) 2 points (D) no points
(E) an unlimited number of points

47 The expressions a + bc and (a + b)(a + c) are:


(A) always equal (B) never equal (C) equal whenever a + b + c = 1
(D) equal when a + b + c = 0 (E) equal only when a = b = c = 0

48 Given triangle ABC with medians AE, BF , CD; F H parallel and equal to AE; BH and
HE are drawn; F E extended meets BH in G. Which one of the following statements is not
necessarily correct?
(A) AEHF is a parallelogram (B) HE = HG
3
(C) BH = DC (D) F G = 4 AB (E) F G is a median of triangle BF H
x2 4
49 The graphs of y = x2 and y = 2x intersect in:
(A) 1 point whose abscissa is 2 (B) 1 point whose abscissa is 0
(C) no points (D) two distinct points (E) two identical points

50 In order to pass B going 40 mph on a two-lane highway, A, going 50 mph, must gain 30 feet.
Meantime, C, 210 feet from A, is headed toward him at 50 mph. If B and C maintain their
speeds, then, in order to pass safely, A must increase his speed by:
(A) 30 mph (B) 10 mph (C) 5 mph (D) 15 mph (E) 3 mph

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AMC 12/AHSME
1956

1 The value of x + x(xx ) when x = 2 is:


(A) 10 (B) 16 (C) 18 (D) 36 (E) 64
2 Mr. Jones sold two pipes at $1.20 each. Based on the cost, his profit one was 20% and his
loss on the other was 20%. On the sale of the pipes, he:
(A) broke even (B) lost 4 cents (C) gained 4 cents (D) lost 10 cents (E) gained 10 cents
3 The distance light travels in one year is approximately 5, 870, 000, 000, 000 miles. The distance
light travels in 100 years is:
(A) 587108 miles (B) 5871010 miles (C) 5871010 miles (D) 5871012 miles (E) 587
1012 miles
4 A man has $10, 000 to invest. He invests $4000 at 5% and $3500 at 4%. In order to have a
yearly income of $500, he must invest the remainder at:
(A) 6% (B) 6.1% (C) 6.2% (D) 6.3% (E) 6.4%
5 A nickel is placed on a table. The number of nickels which can be placed around it, each
tangent to it and to two others is:
(A) 4 (B) 5 (C) 6 (D) 8 (E) 12
6 In a group of cows and chickens, the number of legs was 14 more than twice the number of
heads. The number of cows was:
(A) 5 (B) 7 (C) 10 (D) 12 (E) 14
7 The roots of the equation ax2 + bx + c = 0 will be reciprocal if:
(A) a = b (B) a = bc (C) c = a (D) c = b (E) c = ab
8 If 8 2x = 5y+8 , then when y = 8, x =
(A) 4 (B) 3 (C) 0 (D) 4 (E) 8
3 6
hp i4 h p i4
6 9 3 9
9 Simplify a a ; the result is:
(A) a16 (B) a12 (C) a8 (D) a4 (E) a2
10 A circle of radius 10 inches has its center at the vertex C of an equilateral triangle ABC and
passes through the other two vertices. The side AC extended through C intersects the circle
at D. The number of degrees of angle ADB is:
(A) 15 (B) 30 (C) 60 (D) 90 (E) 120
11 The expression 1 1+13 + 113 equals:

(A) 1 3 (B) 1 (C) 3 (D) 3 (E) 1 + 3

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12 If x1 1 is divided by x 1 the quotient is:


1 1 1 1
(A) 1 (B) x1 (C) x1 (D) x (E) x

13 Given two positive integers x and y with x < y. The percent that x is less than y is:
100(yx) 100(xy) 100(yx)
(A) x (B) x (C) y (D) 100(y x) (E) 100(x y)

14 The points A, B, C are on a circle O. The tangent line at


A and the secant BC intersect at
P , B lying between C and P . If BC = 20 and P A = 10 3, then P B equals:

(A) 5 (B) 10 (C) 10 3 (D) 20 (E) 30
15 2
15 The root(s) of x2 4
x2 = 1 is (are):
(A) 5 and 3 (B) 2 (C) 2 only (D) 3 and 5 (E) 3 only

16 The sum of three numbers is 98. The ratio of the first to the second is 23 , and the ratio of the
second to the third is 85 . The second number is:
(A) 15 (B) 20 (C) 30 (D) 32 (E) 33
A B
17 The fraction 2x5x11
2 +x6 was obtained by adding the two fractions x+2 and 2x3 . The values of
A and B must be, respectively:
(A) 5x, 11 (B) 11, 5x (C) 1, 3 (D) 3, 1 (E) 5, 11

18 If 102y = 25, then 10y equals:


1 1 1 1 1
(A) 5 (B) 625 (C) 50 (D) 25 (E) 5

19 Two candles of the same height are lighted at the same time. The first is consumed in 4 hours
and the second in 3 hours. Assuming that each candle burns at a constant rate, in how many
hours after being lighted was the first candle twice the height of the second?
3
(A) 4 (B) 1 21 (C) 2 (D) 2 25 (E) 2 12

20 If (0.2)x = 2 and log 2 = 0.3010, then the value of x to the nearest tenth is:
(A) 10.0 (B) 0.5 (C) 0.4 (D) 0.2 (E) 10.0

21 If each of two intersecting lines intersects a hyperbola and neither line is tangent to the
hyperbola, then the possible number of points of intersection with the hyperbola is:
(A) 2 (B) 2 or 3 (C) 2 or 4 (D) 3 or 4 (E) 2, 3, or 4

22 Jones covered a distance of 50 miles on his first trip. On a later trip he traveled 300 miles
while going three times as fast. His new time compared with the old time was:
(A) three times as much (B) twice as much (C) the same (D) half as much (E) a third as much

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AMC 12/AHSME
1956


23 About the equation ax2 2x 2 + c = 0, with a and c real constants, we are told that the
discriminant is zero. The roots are necessarily:
(A) equal and integral (B) equal and rational (C) equal and real (D) equal and irrational (E) e

24 In the figure AB = AC, angle BAD = 30 , and AE = AD.

B C
D

Then angle CDE equals:



(A) 7 21 (B) 10 (C) 12 21 (D) 15 (E) 20

25 The sum of all numbers of the form 2k + 1, where k takes on integral values from 1 to n is:
(A) n2 (B) n(n + 1) (C) n(n + 2) (D) (n + 1)2 (E) (n + 1)(n + 2)

26 Which one of the following combinations of given parts does not determine the indicated
triangle?
(A) base angle and vertex angle; isosceles triangle (B) vertex angle and the base; isosceles triangle
(C) the radius of the circumscribed circle; equilateral triangle (D) one arm and the radius of the inscribed c
(E) two angles and a side opposite one of them; scalene triangle

27 If an angle of a triangle remains unchanged but each of its two including sides is doubled,
then the area is multiplied by:
(A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 4 (D) 6 (E) more than 6

28 Mr. J left his entire estate to his wife, his daughter, his son, and the cook. His daughter and
son got half the estate, sharing in the ratio of 4 to 3. His wife got twice as much as the son.
If the cook received a bequest of $500, then the entire estate was:
(A) $3500 (B) $5500 (C) $6500 (D) $7000 (E) $7500

29 The points of intersection of xy = 12 and x2 + y 2 = 25 are joined in succession. The resulting


figure is:
(A) a straight line (B) an equilateral triangle (C) a parallelogram (D) a rectangle (E) a square

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1956


30 If the altitude of an equilateral triangle is 6, then the area is:

(A) 2 2 (B) 2 3 (C) 3 3 (D) 6 2 (E) 12

31 In our number system the base is ten. If the base were changed to four you would count as
follows: 1, 2, 3, 10, 11, 12, 13, 20, 21, 22, 23, 30, . . . The twentieth number would be:
(A) 20 (B) 38 (C) 44 (D) 104 (E) 110

32 George and Henry started a race from opposite ends of the pool. After a minute and a
half, they passed each other in the center of the pool. If they lost no time in turning and
maintained their respective speeds, how many minutes after starting did they pass each other
the second time?
(A) 3 (B) 4 12 (C) 6 (D) 7 21 (E) 9

33 The number 2 is equal to:
(A) a rational fraction (B) a finite decimal (C) 1.41421 (D) an infinite repeating decimal (E) an

34 If n is any whole number, n2 (n2 1) is always divisible by


(A) 12 (B) 24 (C) any multiple of 12 (D) 12 n (E) 12 and 24

35 A rhombus is formed by two radii and two chords of a circle whose radius is 16 feet. The area
of the rhombus in square feet is:

(A) 128 (B) 128 3 (C) 256 (D) 512 (E) 512 3

36 If the sum 1 + 2 + 3 + + K is a perfect square N 2 and if N is less than 100, then the
possible values for K are:
(A) only 1 (B) 1 and 8 (C) only 8 (D) 8 and 49 (E) 1, 8, and 49

37 On a map whose scale is 400 miles to an inch and a half, a certain estate is represented by
a rhombus having a 60 angle. The diagonal opposite 60 is 16
3
in. The area of the estate in
square miles is:

5625 3

(A) 2500

3
(B) 1250

3
(C) 1250 (D) 2 (E) 1250 3

38 In a right triangle with sides a and b, and hypotenuse c, the altitude drawn on the hypotenuse
is x. Then:
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 b
(A) ab = x2 (B) a + b = x (C) a2 + b2 = 2x2 (D) x2
= a2
+ b2
(E) x = a

39 The hypotenuse c and one arm a of a right triangle are consecutive integers. The square of
the second arm is:
c
(A) ca (B) a (C) c + a (D) c a (E) none of these

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1956

40 If V = gt + V0 and S = 12 gt2 + V0 t, then t equals:


2S 2S 2S 2S
(A) V +V0 (B) V V0 (C) V0 V (D) V (E) 2S V

41 The equation 3y 2 + y + 4 = 2(6x2 + y + 2) where y = 2x is satisfied by:


(A) no value of x (B) all values of x (C) x = 0 only (D) all integral values of x only (E) all rati

42 The equation x + 4 x 3 + 1 = 0 has:
(A) no root (B) one real root (C) one real root and one imaginary root (D) two imaginary roots (E

43 The number of scalene triangles having all sides of integral lengths, and perimeter less than
13 is:
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) 18

44 If x < a < 0 means that x and a are numbers such that x is less than a and a is less than
zero, then:
(A) x2 < ax < 0 (B) x2 > ax > a2 (C) x2 < a2 < 0 (D) x2 > ax but ax <
0 (E) x2 > a2 but a2 < 0

45 A wheel with a rubber tire has an outside diameter of 25 in. When the radius has been
decreased a quarter of an inch, the number of revolutions in one mile will:
(A) be increased about 2% (B) be increased about 1% (C) be increased about 20% (D) be increase
1+x N +1
46 For the equation 1x = N to be true where N is positive, x can have:
(A) any positive value less than 1 (B) any value less than 1 (C) the value zero only (D) any non - n

47 An engineer said he could finish a highway section in 3 days with his present supply of a
certain type of machine. However, with 3 more of these machines the job could be done in 2
days. If the machines all work at the same rate, how many days would it take to do the job
with one machine?
(A) 6 (B) 12 (C) 15 (D) 18 (E) 36
3p+25
48 If p is a positive integer, then 2p5 can be a positive integer, if and only if p is:
(A) at least 3 (B) at least 3 and no more than 35 (C) no more than 35 (D) equal to 35 (E) equ

49 Triangle P AB is formed by three tangents to circle O and < AP B = 40 ; then angle AOB
equals:
(A) 45 (B) 50 (C) 55 (D) 60 (E) 70

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AMC 12/AHSME
1956

50 In triangle ABC, CA = CB. On CB square BCDE is constructed away from the triangle.
If x is the number of degrees in angle DAB, then
(A) x depends upon triangle ABC (B) x is independent of the triangle (C) x may equal angle CAD
(E) x is greater than 45 but less than 90

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1957

1 The number of distinct lines representing the altitudes, medians, and interior angle bisectors
of a triangle that is isosceles, but not equilateral, is:
(A) 9 (B) 7 (C) 6 (D) 5 (E) 3

2 In the equation 2x2 hx + 2k = 0, the sum of the roots is 4 and the product of the roots is
3. Then h and k have the values, respectively:
(A) 8 and 6 (B) 4 and 3 (C) 3 and 4 (D) 3 and 8 (E) 8 and 3
1
3 The simplest form of 1 a
1+ 1a is:
(A) a if a 6= 0 (B) 1 (C) a if a 6= 1 (D) 1 a with not restriction on a (E) a if a 6= 1

4 The first step in finding the product (3x + 2)(x 5) by use of the distributive property in the
form a(b + c) = ab + ac is:
(A) 3x2 13x 10 (B) 3x(x 5) + 2(x 5)
(C) (3x + 2)x + (3x + 2)(5) (D) 3x2 17x 10 (E) 3x2 + 2x 15x 10

5 Through the use of theorems on logarithms

a b c ay
log + log + log log
b c d dx
can be reduced to:
2
(A) log xy (B) log xy (C) 1 (D) 0 (E) log da2 xy

6 An open box is constructed by starting with a rectangular sheet of metal 10 in. by 14 in.
and cutting a square of side x inches from each corner. The resulting projections are folded
up and the seams welded. The volume of the resulting box is:
(A) 140x 48x2 + 4x3 (B) 140x + 48x2 + 4x3
(C) 140x + 24x2 + x3 (D) 140x 24x2 + x3 (E) none of these

7 The area of a circle inscribed in an equilateral triangle is 48. The perimeter of this triangle
is:

(A) 72 3 (B) 48 3 (C) 36 (D) 24 (E) 72

8 The numbers x, y, z are proportional to 2, 3, 5. The sum of x, y, and z is 100. The number
y is given by the equation y = ax 10. Then a is:
3 5
(A) 2 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 2 (E) 4

9 The value of x y xy when x = 2 and y = 2 is:


(A) 18 (B) 14 (C) 14 (D) 18 (E) 256

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AMC 12/AHSME
1957

10 The graph of y = 2x2 + 4x + 3 has its:


(A) lowest point at (1, 9) (B) lowest point at (1, 1)
(C) lowest point at (1, 1) (D) highest point at (1, 9)
(E) highest point at (1, 1)

11 The angle formed by the hands of a clock at 2 : 15 is:



(A) 30 (B) 27 21 (C) 157 21 (D) 172 12 (E) none of these

12 Comparing the numbers 1049 and 2 1050 we may say:


(A) the first exceeds the second by 8 101
(B) the first exceeds the second by 2 101
(C) the first exceeds the second by 8 1050
(D) the second is five times the first
(E) the first exceeds the second by 5

13 A rational number between 2 and 3 is:

2+ 3 2 3
(A) 2 (B) 2 (C) 1.5 (D) 1.8 (E) 1.4

14 If y = x2 2x + 1 + x2 + 2x + 1, then y is:
(A) 2x (B) 2(x + 1) (C) 0 (D) |x 1| + |x + 1| (E) none of these

15 The table below shows the distance s in feet a ball rolls down an inclined plane in t seconds.

t 0 1 2 3 4 5
s 0 10 40 90 160 250

The distance s for t = 2.5 is:


(A) 45 (B) 62.5 (C) 70 (D) 75 (E) 82.5

16 Goldfish are sold at 15 cents each. The rectangular coordinate graph showing the cost of 1
to 12 goldfish is:
(A) a straight line segment
(B) a set of horizontal parallel line segments
(C) a set of vertical parallel line segments
(D) a finite set of distinct points (E) a straight line

17 A cube is made by soldering twelve 3-inch lengths of wire properly at the vertices of the cube.
If a fly alights at one of the vertices and then walks along the edges, the greatest distance it
could travel before coming to any vertex a second time, without retracing any distance, is:
(A) 24 in. (B) 12 in. (C) 30 in. (D) 18 in. (E) 36 in.

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1957

18 Circle O has diameters AB and CD perpendicular to each other. AM is any chord intersecting
CD at P . Then AP AM is equal to:

C
M
P
O
A B

(A) AO OB (B) AO AB (C) CP CD (D) CP P D (E) CO OP


19 The base of the decimal number system is ten, meaning, for example, that 123 = 1 102 +
2 10 + 3. In the binary system, which has base two, the first five positive integers are
1, 10, 11, 100, 101. The numeral 10011 in the binary system would then be written in the
decimal system as:
(A) 19 (B) 40 (C) 10011 (D) 11 (E) 7
20 A man makes a trip by automobile at an average speed of 50 mph. He returns over the same
route at an average speed of 45 mph. His average speed for the entire trip is:
7
(A) 47 19 (B) 47 14 (C) 47 21 (D) 47 11
19 (E) none of these

21 Start with the theorem If two angles of a triangle are equal, the triangle is isosceles, and
the following four statements:
1. If two angles of a triangle are not equal, the triangle is not isosceles. 2. The base angles of
an isosceles triangle are equal. 3. If a triangle is not isosceles, then two of its angles are not
equal. 4. A necessary condition that two angles of a triangle be equal is that the triangle be
isosceles.
Which combination of statements contains only those which are logically equivalent to the
given theorem?
(A) 1, 2, 3, 4 (B) 1, 2, 3 (C) 2, 3, 4 (D) 1, 2 (E) 3, 4

22 If x 1 x + 1 + 1 = 0, then 4x equals:

(A) 5 (B) 4 1 (C) 0 (D) 1 41 (E) no real value

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1957

23 The graph of x2 + y = 10 and the graph of x + y = 10 meet in two points. The distance
between these two points is:

(A) less than 1 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 2 (E) more than 2

24 If the square of a number of two digits is decreased by the square of the number formed by
reversing the digits, then the result is not always divisible by:
(A) 9 (B) the product of the digits (C) the sum of the digits (D) the difference of the digits

25 The vertices of triangle P QR have coordinates as follows: P (0, a), Q(b, 0), R(c, d), where
a, b, c and d are positive. The origin and point R lie on opposite sides of P Q. The area of
triangle P QR may be found from the expression:
ab+ac+bc+cd ac+bdab abacbd ac+bd+ab ac+bdabcd
(A) 2 (B) 2 (C) 2 (D) 2 (E) 2

26 From a point within a triangle, line segments are drawn to the vertices. A necessary and
sufficient condition that the three triangles thus formed have equal areas is that the point be:
(A) the center of the inscribed circle
(B) the center of the circumscribed circle
(C) such that the three angles fromed at the point each be 120
(D) the intersection of the altitudes of the triangle
(E) the intersection of the medians of the triangle

27 The sum of the reciprocals of the roots of the equation x2 + px + q = 0 is:


p q p q
(A) q (B) p (C) q (D) p (E) pq

28 If a and b are positive and a 6= 1, b 6= 1, then the value of blogb a is:


(A) dependent upon b (B) dependent upon a (C) dependent upon a and b (D) zero (E) one

29 The relation x2 (x2 1) 0 is true only for:


(A) x 1 (B) 1 x 1 (C) x = 0, x = 1, x = 1
(D) x = 0, x 1, x 1 (E) x 0
n(n+c)(2n+k)
30 The sum of the squares of the first n positive integers is given by the expression 6 ,
if c and k are, respectively:
(A) 1 and 2 (B) 3 and 5 (C) 2 and 2 (D) 1 and 1 (E) 2 and 1

31 A regular octagon is to be formed by cutting equal isosceles right triangles from the corners
of a square. If the square has sides of one unit, the leg of each of the triangles has length:

2+ 2 2 2 1+ 2 1+ 2 2 2
(A) 3 (B) 2 (C) 2 (D) 3 (E) 3

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32 The largest of the following integers which divides each of the numbers of the sequence
15 1, 25 2, 35 3, , n5 n, is:
(A) 1 (B) 60 (C) 15 (D) 120 (E) 30

33 If 9x+2 = 240 + 9x , then the value of x is:


(A) 0.1 (B) 0.2 (C) 0.3 (D) 0.4 (E) 0.5

34 The points that satisfy the system x + y = 1, x2 + y 2 < 25, constitute the following set:
(A) only two points
(B) an arc of a circle
(C) a straight line segment not including the end-points
(D) a straight line segment including the end-points
(E) a single point

35 Side AC of right triangle ABC is divide into 8 equal parts. Seven line segments parallel to
BC are drawn to AB from the points of division. If BC = 10, then the sum of the lengths of
the seven line segments:
(A) cannot be found from the given information (B) is 33 (C) is 34 (D) is 35 (E) is 45

36 If x + y = 1, then the largest value of xy is:


(A) 1 (B) 0.5 (C) an irrational number about 0.4 (D) 0.25 (E) 0

37 In right triangle ABC, BC = 5, AC = 12, and AM = x; M N AC, N P BC; N is on


AB. If y = M N + N P , one-half the perimeter of rectangle M CP N , then:

N
P

A M C

(A) y = 12 (5+12) (B) y = 5x 12


12 + 5 (C) y = 1447x
12 (D) y = 12 (E) y =
5x
12 + 6

38 From a two-digit number N we subtract the number with the digits reversed and find that
the result is a positive perfect cube. Then:

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1957

(A) N cannot end in 5


(B) N can end in any digit other than 5
(C) N does not exist
(D) there are exactly 7 values for N
(E) there are exactly 10 values for N

39 Two men set out at the same time to walk towards each other from M and N , 72 miles apart.
The first man walks at the rate of 4 mph. The second man walks 2 miles the first hour, 2 12
miles the second hour, 3 miles the third hour, and so on in arithmetic progression. Then the
men will meet:
(A) in 7 hours (B) in 8 41 hours (C) nearer M than N
(D) nearer N than M (E) midway between M and N

40 If the parabola y = x2 + bx 8 has its vertex on the x-axis, then b must be:
(A) a positive integer
(B) a positive or a negative rational number
(C) a positive rational number
(D) a positive or a negative irrational number
(E) a negative irrational number

41 Given the system of equations

ax + (a 1)y = 1(a + 1)x ay = 1.

For which one of the following values of a is there no solution x and y?



(A) 1 (B) 0 (C) 1 (D) 2 2 (E) 2

42 If S = in + in , where i = 1 and n is an integer, then the total number of possible distinct
values for S is:
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) more than 4

43 We define a lattice point as a point whose coordinates are integers, zero admitted. Then the
number of lattice points on the boundary and inside the region bounded by the x-axis, the
line x = 4, and the parabola y = x2 is:
(A) 24 (B) 35 (C) 34 (D) 30 (E) not finite

44 In triangle ABC, AC = CD and CAB ABC = 30 . Then BAD is:

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1957

A B


(A) 30 (B) 20 (C) 22 12 (D) 10 (E) 15
x
45 If two real numbers x and y satisfy the equation y = x y, then: (A) x 4 and x 0
(B) y can equal 1
(C) both x and y must be irrational
(D) x and y cannot both be integers
(E) both x and y must be rational

46 Two perpendicular chords intersect in a circle. The segments of one chord are 3 and 4; the
segments of the other are 6 and 2. Then the diameter of the circle is:

(A) 89 (B) 56 (C) 61 (D) 75 (E) 65

47 In circle O, the midpoint of radius OX is Q; at Q, AB XY . The semi-circle with AB


as diameter intersects XY in M . Line AM intersects circle O in C, and line BM intersects
circle O in D. Line AD is drawn. Then, if the radius of circle O is r, AD is:

M
X Y
Q O


r 3

(A) r 2 (B) r (C) not a side of an inscribed regular polygon (D) 2 (E) r 3

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1957

48 Let ABC be an equilateral triangle inscribed in circle O. M is a point on arc BC. Lines
AM , BM , and CM are drawn. Then AM is:

C M

B
O

(A) equal to BM + CM (B) less than BM + CM (C) greater than BM + CM


(D) equal, less than, or greater than BM + CM , depending upon the position of M (E) none of these

49 The parallel sides of a trapezoid are 3 and 9. The non-parallel sides are 4 and 6. A line
parallel to the bases divides the trapezoid into two trapezoids of equal perimeters. The ratio
in which each of the non-parallel sides is divided is:

6 4

(A) 4 : 3 (B) 3 : 2 (C) 4 : 1 (D) 3 : 1 (E) 6 : 1

50 In circle O, G is a moving point on diameter AB. AA0 is drawn perpendicular to AB and


equal to AG. BB 0 is drawn perpendicular to AB, on the same side of diameter AB as AA0 ,
and equal to BG. Let O0 be the midpoint of A0 B 0 . Then, as G moves from A to B, point O0 :
(A) moves on a straight line parallel to AB
(B) remains stationary
(C) moves on a straight line perpendicular to AB

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1957

(D) moves in a small circle intersecting the given circle


(E) follows a path which is neither a circle nor a straight line

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AMC 12/AHSME
1958

1 The value of [2 3(2 3)1 ]1 is:


1 1 5
(A) 5 (B) 5 (C) 5 (D) 5 (E) 3
1 1
2 If x y = z1 , then z equals:
yx xy xy
(A) y x (B) x y (C) xy (D) yx (E) xy

a1 b1
3 Of the following expressions the one equal to a3 b3
is:
a2 b2 a2 b2 ab a3 b3 a2 b2
(A) b2 a2
(B) b3 a3
(C) b3 a3
(D) ab (E) ab

x+1 x+1
4 In the expression x1 each x is replaced by x1 . The resulting expression, evaluated for
x = 21 , equals:
(A) 3 (B) 3 (C) 1 (D) 1 (E) none of these

5 The expression 2 + 2 + 2+12 + 22
1
equals:

2
(A) 2 (B) 2 2 (C) 2 + 2 (D) 2 2 (E) 2
x+a xa
6 The arithmetic mean between x and x , when x 6= 0, is:
a
(A) 2, if a 6= 0 (B) 1 (C) 1, only if a = 0 (D) x (E) x

7 A straight line joins the points (1, 1) and (3, 9). Its x-intercept is:
3 2
(A) 2 (C) 25
(B) 3 (D) 2 (E) 3
p
8 Which of these four numbers 2 , 3 .8, 4 .00016, 3 1 (.09)1 , is (are) rational:
(A) none (B) all (C) the first and fourth (D) only the fourth (E) only the first
9 A value of x satisfying the equation x2 + b2 = (a x)2 is:
b2 +a2 b2 a2 a2 b2 ab a2 b2
(A) 2a (B) 2a (C) 2a (D) 2 (E) 2

10 For what real values of k, other than k = 0, does the equation x2 + kx + k 2 = 0 have real
roots?
(A) k < 0 (B) k > 0 (C) k 1
(D) all values of k (E) no values of k

11 The number of roots satisfying the equation 5 x = x 5 x is:
(A) unlimited (B) 3 (C) 2 (D) 1 (E) 0
s
12 If P = (1+k)n then n equals:
log ( Ps )
   
s sP
(A) log (1+k) (B) log P (1+k) (C) log 1+k
log (s)
log Ps

(D) + log (1 + k) (E) log (P (1+k))

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1958

13 The sum of two numbers is 10; their product is 20. The sum of their reciprocals is:
1 1
(A) 10 (B) 2 (C) 1 (D) 2 (E) 4

14 At a dance party a group of boys and girls exchange dances as follows: one boy dances with
5 girls, a second boy dances with 6 girls, and so on, the last boy dancing with all the girls. If
b represents the number of boys and g the number of girls, then:
(A) b = g (B) b = g5 (C) b = g 4 (D) b = g 5
(E) It is impossible to determine a relation between b and g without knowing b + g.

15 A quadrilateral is inscribed in a circle. If an angle is inscribed into each of the four segments
outside the quadrilateral, the sum of these four angles, expressed in degrees, is:
(A) 1080 (B) 900 (C) 720 (D) 540 (E) 360

16 The area of a circle inscribed in a regular hexagon is 100. The area of hexagon is:

(A) 600 (B) 300 (C) 200 2 (D) 200 3 (E) 120 5

17 If x is positive and log x log 2 + 12 log x, then:


(A) x has no minimum or maximum value
(B) the maximum value of x is 1
(C) the minimum value of x is 1
(D) the maximum value of x is 4
(E) the minimum value of x is 4

18 The area of a circle is doubled when its radius r is increased by n. Then r equals:

(A) n( 2 + 1) (B) n( 2 1) (C) n (D) n(2 2) (E) n
2+1

19 The sides of a right triangle are a and b and the hypotenuse is c. A perpendicular from the
vertex divides c into segments r and s, adjacent respectively to a and b. If a : b = 1 : 3, then
the ratio of r to s is:

(A) 1 : 3 (B) 1 : 9 (C) 1 : 10 (D) 3 : 10 (E) 1 : 10

20 If 4x 4x1 = 24, then (2x)x equals:



(A) 5 5 (B) 5 (C) 25 5 (D) 125 (E) 25

21 In the accompanying figure CE and DE are equal chords of a circle with center O. Arc AB
is a quarter-circle. Then the ratio of the area of triangle CED to the area of triangle AOB
is:

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1958

O D
C

A
B


(A) 2:1 (B) 3:1 (C) 4 : 1 (D) 3 : 1 (E) 2 : 1

22 A particle is placed on the parabola y = x2 x 6 at a point P whose y-coordinate is 6. It


is allowed to roll along the parabola until it reaches the nearest point Q whose y-coordinate
is 6. The horizontal distance traveled by the particle (the numerical value of the difference
in the x-coordinates of P and Q) is:
(A) 5 (B) 4 (C) 3 (D) 2 (E) 1

23 If, in the expression x2 3, x increases or decreases by a positive amount of a, the expression


changes by an amount:
(A) 2ax + a2 (B) 2ax a2 (C) a2 3 (D) (x + a)2 3
(E) (x a)2 3

24 A man travels m feet due north at 2 minutes per mile. He returns due south to his starting
point at 2 miles per minute. The average rate in miles per hour for the entire trip is:
(A) 75 (B) 48 (C) 45 (D) 24
(E) impossible to determine without knowing the value of m

25 If logk x log5 k = 3, then x equals:


(A) k 6 (B) 5k 3 (C) k 3 (D) 243 (E) 125

26 A set of n numbers has the sum s. Each number of the set is increased by 20, then multiplied
by 5, and then decreased by 20. The sum of the numbers in the new set thus obtained is:
(A) s + 20n (B) 5s + 80n (C) s (D) 5s (E) 5s + 4n

27 The points (2, 3), (4, 3), and (5, k/2) are on the same straight line. The value(s) of k is
(are):
(A) 12 (B) 12 (C) 12 (D) 12 or 6 (E) 6 or 6 23

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1958

28 A 16-quart radiator is filled with water. Four quarts are removed and replaced with pure
antifreeze liquid. Then four quarts of the mixture are removed and replaced with pure an-
tifreeze. This is done a third and a fourth time. The fractional part of the final mixture that
is water is:
1 81 27 37 175
(A) 4 (B) 256 (C) 64 (D) 64 (E) 256

29 In a general triangle ADE (as shown) lines EB and EC are drawn. Which of the following
angle relations is true?

y wb

x z m n c a
A B C D

(A) x + z = a + b (B) y + z = a + b (C) m + x = w + n


(D) x + z + n = w + c + m (E) x + y + n = a + b + m
1 1
30 If xy = b and x2
+ y2
= a, then (x + y)2 equals:
1
(A) (a + 2b)2 (B) a2 + b2 (C) b(ab + 2) (D) ab(b + 2) (E) a + 2b

31 The altitude drawn to the base of an isosceles triangle is 8, and the perimeter 32. The area
of the triangle is:
(A) 56 (B) 48 (C) 40 (D) 32 (E) 24

32 With $1000 a rancher is to buy steers at $25 each and cows at $26 each. If the number of
steers s and the number of cows c are both positive integers, then:
(A) this problem has no solution
(B) there are two solutions with s exceeding c
(C) there are two solutions with c exceeding s
(D) there is one solution with s exceeding c
(E) there is one solution with c exceeding s

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33 For one root of ax2 + bx + c = 0 to be double the other, the coefficients a, b, c must be related
as follows:
(A) 4b2 = 9c (B) 2b2 = 9ac (C) 2b2 = 9a
2
(D) b 8ac = 0 2
(E) 9b = 2ac

34 The numerator of a fraction is 6x + 1, then denominator is 7 4x, and x can have any value
between 2 and 2, both included. The values of x for which the numerator is greater than
the denominator are:
(A) 53 < x 2 (B) 53 x 2 (C) 0 < x 2
(D) 0 x 2 (E) 2 x 2

35 A triangle is formed by joining three points whose coordinates are integers. If the x-coordinate
and the y-coordinate each have a value of 1, then the area of the triangle, in square units:
(A) must be an integer (B) may be irrational (C) must be irrational (D) must be rational
(E) will be an integer only if the triangle is equilateral.

36 The sides of a triangle are 30, 70, and 80 units. If an altitude is dropped upon the side of
length 80, the larger segment cut off on this side is:
(A) 62 (B) 63 (C) 64 (D) 65 (E) 66

37 The first term of an arithmetic series of consecutive integers is k 2 + 1. The sum of 2k + 1


terms of this series may be expressed as:
(A) k 3 + (k + 1)3 (B) (k 1)3 + k 3 (C) (k + 1)3
(D) (k + 1)2 (E) (2k + 1)(k + 1)2

38 Let r be the distance from the origion to a point P with coordinates x and y. Designate the
ratio yr by s and the ratio xr by c. Then the values of s2 c2 are limited to the numbers:
(A) less than 1 are greater than +1, both excluded
(B) less than 1 are greater than +1, both included
(C) between 1 and +1, both excluded
(D) between 1 and +1, both included
(E) 1 and +1 only

39 We may say concerning the solution of

|x|2 + |x| 6 = 0

that:
(A) there is only one root (B) the sum of the roots is +1 (C) the sum of the roots is 0
(D) the product of the roots is +4 (E) the product of the roots is 6

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40 Given a0 = 1, a1 = 3, and the general relation a2n an1 an+1 = (1)n for n 1. Then a3
equals:
13
(A) 27 (B) 33 (C) 21 (D) 10 (E) 17

41 The roots of Ax2 + Bx + C = 0 are r and s. For the roots of

x2 + px + q = 0

to be r2 and s2 , p must equal:


2 2 2ACB 2
(A) B 4AC
A2
(B) B 2AC
A2
(C) A2
(D) B 2 2C (E) 2C B 2

42 In a circle with center O, chord AB equals chord AC. Chord AD cuts BC in E. If AC = 12


and AE = 8, then AD equals:
(A) 27 (B) 24 (C) 21 (D) 20 (E) 18

43 AB is the hypotenuse of a right triangle ABC. Median AD has length 7 and median BE has
length 4. The length of AB is:

(A) 10 (B) 5 3 (C) 5 2 (D) 2 13 (E) 2 15

44 Given the true statements: (1) If a is greater than b, then c is greater than d (2) If c is less
than d, then e is greater than f . A valid conclusion is:
(A) If a is less than b, then e is greater than f
(B) If e is greater than f , then a is less than b
(C) If e is less than f , then a is greater than b
(D) If a is greater than b, then e is less than f
(E) none of these

45 A check is written for x dollars and y cents, x and y both two-digit numbers. In error it
is cashed for y dollars and x cents, the incorrect amount exceeding the correct amount by
$17.82. Then:
(A) x cannot exceed 70
(B) y can equal 2x
(C) the amount of the check cannot be a multiple of 5
(D) the incorrect amount can equal twice the correct amount
(E) the sum of the digits of the correct amount is divisible by 9

46 For values of x less than 1 but greater than 4, the expression

x2 2x + 2
2x 2

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1958

has:
(A) no maximum or minimum value
(B) a minimum value of +1
(C) a maximum value of +1
(D) a minimum value of 1
(E) a maximum value of 1
47 ABCD is a rectangle (see the accompanying diagram) with P any point on AB. P S BD
and P R AC. AF BD and P Q AF . Then P R + P S is equal to:

A P B

S
T

E
Q R
F
D C

(A) P Q (B) AE (C) P T + AT (D) AF (E) EF


48 Diameter AB of a circle with center O is 10 units. C is a point 4 units from A, and on AB.
D is a point 4 units from B, and on AB. P is any point on the circle. Then the broken-line
path from C to P to D:
(A) has the same length for all positions of P
(B) exceeds 10 units for all positions of P
(C) cannot exceed 10 units
(D) is shortest when 4CP D is a right triangle
(E) is longest when P is equidistant from C and D.
49 In the expansion of (a + b)n there are n + 1 dissimilar terms. The number of dissimilar terms
in the expansion of (a + b + c)10 is:
(A) 11 (B) 33 (C) 55 (D) 66 (E) 132
50 In this diagram a scheme is indicated for associating all the points of segment AB with those
of segment A0 B 0 , and reciprocally. To described this association scheme analytically, let x be
the distance from a point P on AB to D and let y be the distance from the associated point
P 0 of A0 B 0 to D0 . Then for any pair of associated points, if x = a, x + y equals:

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D A P B
0 1 2 3 4 5

D B A
0 1 2P 3
4 5

173a
(A) 13a (B) 17a 51 (C) 17 3a (D) 4 (E) 12a 34

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AMC 12/AHSME
1961

1 2/3
1 When simplified, ( 125 ) becomes:
1 1

(A) 25 (B) 25 (C) 25 (D) 25 (E) 25 1

2 An automobile travels a/6 feet in r seconds. If this rate is maintained for 3 minutes, how
many yards does it travel in 3 minutes?
a 30r 30a 10r 10a
(A) 1080r (B) a (C) r (D) a (E) r

3 If the graphs of 2y + x + 3 = 0 and 3y + ax + 2 = 0 are to meet at right angles, the value of


a is:
2 2 3
(A) 3 (B) 3 (C) 2 (D) 6 (E) 6

4 Let the set consisting of the squares of the positive integers be called u; thus u is the set
1, 4, 9, 16.... If a certain operation on one or more members of the set always yields a member
of the set, we say that the set is closed under that operation. Then u is closed under:
(A) Addition (B) Multiplication (C) Division (D) Extraction of a positive integral root (E)

5 Let S = (x 1)4 + 4(x 1)3 + 6(x 1)2 + 4(x 1) + 1. Then S equals:


(A) (x 2)4 (B) (x 1)4 (C) x4 (D) (x + 1)4 (E) x4 + 1

6 When simplified, log 8 log 18 becomes:


(A) 6 log 2 (B) log 2 (C) 1 (D) 0 (E) 1

x 6
7 When simplified, the third term in the expansion of ( ax a2
) is:
15 15 6x2 20 20
(A) x (B) x (C) a9
(D) a3
(E) a3

8 Let the two base angles of a triangle be A and B, with B larger than A. The altitude to the
base divides the vertex angle C into two parts, C1 and C2 , with C2 adjacent to side a. Then:
(A) C1 + C2 = A + B (B) C1 C2 = B A (C) C1 C2 = A B (D) C1 + C2 =
BA (E) C1 C2 = A + B

9 Let r be the result of doubling both the base and exponent of ab , and b does not equal to 0.
If r equals the product of ab by xb , then x equals:
(A)a (B) 2a (C) 4a (D) 2 (E) 4

10 Each side of triangle ABC is 12 units. D is the foot of the perpendicular dropped from A on
BC, and E is the midpoint of AD. The length of BE, in the same unit, is:

(A) 18 (B) 28 (C) 6 (D) 63 (E) 98

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AMC 12/AHSME
1961

11 Two tangents are drawn to a circle from an exterior point A; they touch the circle at points
B and C respectively. A third tangent intersects segment AB in P and AC in R, and touches
the circle at Q. If AB = 20, then the perimeter of triangle AP R is
(A) 42 (B) 40.5 (C) 40 (D) 39 78
(E) not determined by the given information

12 The first three terms of a geometric progression are 2, 3 2, 6 2. Find the fourth term.

(A) 1 (B) 7 2 (C) 8 2 (D) 9 2 (E) 10 2

13 The symbol |a| means a is a positive number or zero, and a if a is a negative number. For
all real values of t the expression t4 + t2 is equal to?

(A) t3 (B) t2 + t (C) |t2 + t| (D) t t2 + 1 (E) |t| 1 + t2

14 A rhombus is given with one diagonal twice the length of the other diagonal. Express the
side of the rhombus is terms of K, where K is the area of the rhombus in square inches.

(A) K (B) 12 2K (C) 13 3K (D) 14 4K (E) None of these are correct

15 If x men working x hours a day for x days produce x articles, then the number of articles
(not necessarily an integer) produced by y men working y hours a day for y days is:
x3 y3 x2 y2
(A) y2
(B) x2
(C) y3
(D) x3
(E) y

16 An altitude h of a triangle is increased by a length m. How much must be taken from the
corresponding base b so that the area of the new triangle is one-half that of the original
triangle?
bm bh b(2m+h) b(m+h) b(2m+h)
(A) h+m (B) 2h+2m (C) m+h (D) 2m+h (E) 2(h+m)

17 In the base ten number system the number 526 means 5 102 + 2 10 + 6. In the Land of
Mathesis, however, numbers are written in the base r. King Rusczyk purchases an automobile
there for 440 monetary units (abbreviated m.u). He gives the salesman a 1000 m.u bill, and
receives, in change, 340 m.u. The base r is:
(A) 2 (B) 5 (C) 7 (D) 8 (E) 12

18 The yearly changes in the population census of a town for four consecutive years are, respec-
tively, 25% increase, 25% increase, 25% decrease, 25% decrease. The net change over the four
years, to the nearest percent, is:
(A) 12 (B) 1 (C) 0 (D) 1 (E) 12

19 Consider the graphs of y = 2 log x and y = log 2x. We may say that:
(A) They do not intersect (B) They intersect at 1 point only (C) They intersect at 2 points only
(D) They intersect at a finite number of points but greater than 2 (E) They coincide

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1961

20 The set of points satisfying the pair of inequalities y > 2x and y > 4 x is contained entirely
in quadrants:
(A) I and II (B) II and III (C) I and III (D) III and IV (E) I and IV

21 Medians AD and and CE of triangle ABC intersect in M . The midpoint of AE is N . Let


the area of triangle M N E be k times the area of triangle ABC. Then k equals:
1 1 1 1 1
(A) 6 (B) 8 (C) 9 (D) 12 (E) 16

22 If 3x3 9x2 + kx 12 is divisible by x 3, then it is also divisible by:


(A) 3x2 x + 4 (B) 3x2 4 (C) 3x2 + 4 (D) 3x 4 (E) 3x + 4

23 Points P and Q are both in the line segment AB and on the same side of its midpoint. P
divides AB in the ratio 2 : 3, and Q divides AB in the ratio 3 : 4. If P Q = 2, then the length
of AB is:
(A) 60 (B) 70 (C) 75 (D) 80 (E) 85

24 Thirty-one books are arranged from left to right in order of increasing prices. The price of
each book differs by $2 from that of each adjacent book. For the price of the book at the
extreme right a customer can buy the middle book and the adjacent one. Then:
(A) The adjacent book referred to is at the left of the middle book (B) The middle book sells for $36
(C) The cheapest book sells for $4 (D) The most expensive book sells for $64 (E) None of these

25 Triangle ABC is isosceles with base AC. Points P and Q are respectively in CB and AB
and such that AC = AP = P Q = QB. The number of degrees in angle B is:
(A) 25 75 (B) 26 13 (C) 30 (D) 40 (E) Not determined by the information given

26 For a given arithmetic series the sum of the first 50 terms is 200, and the sum of the next 50
terms is 2700. The first term in the series is:
(A) 1221 (B) 21.5 (C) 20.5 (D) 3 (E) 3.5

27 Given two equiangular polygons P1 and P2 with different numbers of sides; each angle of P1
is x degrees and each angle of P2 is kx degrees, where k is an integer greater than 1. The
number of possibilities for the pair (x, k) is:
(A) infinite (B) finite, but greater than 2 (C) Two (D) One (E) Zero

28 If 2137753 is multiplied out, the units digit in the final product in the final product is:
(A) 1 (B) 3 (C) 5 (D) 7 (E) 9

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1961

29 Let the roots of ax2 + bx + c = 0 be r and s. The equation with roots ar + b and as + b is:
(A) x2 bx ac = 0 (B) x2 bx + ac = 0 (C) x2 + 3bx + ca + 2b2 = 0 (D) x2 +
3bx ca + 2b2 = 0 (E) x2 + bx(2 a) + a2 c + b2 (a + 1) = 0

30 If log10 2 = a and log10 3 = b, then log5 12 =?


a+b 2a+b a+2b 2a+b a+2b
(A) a+1 (B) a+1 (C) 1+a (D) 1a (E) 1a

31 In triangle ABC the ratio AC : CB is 3 : 4. The bisector of the exterior angle at C intersects
BA extended at P (A is between P and B). The ratio P A : AB is:
(A) 1 : 3 (B) 3 : 4 (C) 4 : 3 (D) 3 : 1 (E) 7 : 1

32 A regular polygon of n sides is inscribed in a circle of radius R. The area of the polygon is
3R2 . Then n equals:
(A) 8 (B) 10 (C) 12 (D) 15 (E) 18

33 The number of solutions of 22x 32y = 55, in which x and y are integers, is:
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 3 (E) More than three, but finite
2x+3
34 Let S be the set of values assumed by the fraction x+2 .
when x is any member of the interval x 0. If there exists a number M such that no number
of the set S is greater than M , then M is an upper bound of S. If there exists a number m
such that such that no number of the set S is less than m, then m is a lower bound of S. We
may then say:
(A) m is in S, but M is not in S (B) M is in S, but m is not in S (C) Both m and M are in S
(D) Neither m nor M are in S (E) M does not exist either in or outside S

35 The number 695 is to be written with a factorial base of numeration, that is, 695 = a1 + a2
2! + a3 3! + ...an n! where a1 , a2 , a3 ...an are integers such that 0 ak k, and n! means
n(n 1)(n 2)...2 1. Find a4
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 3 (E) 4

36 In triangle ABC the median from A is given perpendicular to the median from B. If BC = 7
and AC = 6, find the length of AB.

(A) 4 (B) 17 (C) 4.25 (D) 2 5 (E) 4.5

37 In racing over a distance d at uniform speed, A can beat B by 20 yards, B can beat C by 10
yards, and A can beat C by 28 yards. Then d, in yards, equals:
(A) Not determined by the given information (B) 58 (C) 100 (D) 116 (E) 120

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1961

38 Triangle ABC is inscribed in a semicircle of radius r so that its base AB coincides with
diameter AB. Point C does not coincide with either A or B. Let s = AC + BC. Then, for
all permissible positions of C:
(A) s2 8r2 (B) s2 = 8r2 (C) s2 8r2 (D) s2 4r2 (E) x2 = 4r2

39 Any five points are taken inside or on a square with side length 1. Let a be the smallest
possible number with the property that it is always possible to select one pair of points from
these five such that the distance between them is equal to or less than a. Then a is:

(A) 3/3 (B) 2/2 (C) 2 2/3 (D) 1 (E) 2
p
40 Find the minimum value of x2 + y 2 if 5x + 12y = 60.
60 13 13
(A) 13 (B) 5 (C) 12 (D) 1 (E) 0

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AMC 12/AHSME
1962

14y1
1 The expression 51 +31
is equal to:
4y1
(A) 8 (B) 8 (C) 15 2 (D) 15
8 (E) 1
8
q q
2 The expression 43 34 is equal to:

3 3 3 5 3
(A) 6 (B) 6 (C) 6 (D) 6 (E) 1

3 The first three terms of an arithmetic progression are x 1, x + 1, 2x + 3, in the order shown.
The value of x is:
(A) 2 (B) 0 (C) 2 (D) 4 (E) undetermined

4 If 8x = 32, then x equals:


5 3 3 1
(A) 4 (B) 3 (C) 2 (D) 5 (E) 4

5 If the radius of a circle is increased by 1 unit, the ratio of the new circumference to the new
diameter is:
2+1 21
(A) + 2 (B) 2 (C) (D) 2 (E) 2

6 A square and an equilateral triangle have equal perimeters. The area of the triangle is 9 3
square inches. Expressed in inches the diagonal of the square is:

(A) 92 (B) 2 5 (C) 4 2 (D) 9 2 2 (E) none of these

7 Let the bisectors of the exterior angles at B and C of triangle ABC meet at D. Then, if all
measurements are in degrees, angle BDC equals:
(A) 21 (90 A) (B) 90 A (C) 12 (180 A) (D) 180 A (E) 180 2A
1
8 Given the set of n numbers; n > 1, of which one is 1 n and all the others are 1. The
arithmetic mean of the n numbers is:
1 1 1 1 1
(A) 1 (B) n n (C) n n2
(D) 1 n2
(E) 1 n n2

9 When x9 x is factored as completely as possible into polynomials and monomials with


integral coefficients, the number of factors is:
(A) more than 5 (B) 5 (C) 4 (D) 3 (E) 2

10 A man drives 150 miles to the seashore in 3 hours and 20 minutes. He returns from the shore
to the starting point in 4 hours and 10 minutes. Let r be the average rate for the entire trip.
Then the average rate for the trip going exceeds r in miles per hour, by:
(A) 5 (B) 4 21 (C) 4 (D) 2 (E) 1

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AMC 12/AHSME
1962

11 The difference between the larger root and the smaller root of x2 px + (p2 1)/4 = 0 is:
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) p (E) p + 1
6
12 When 1 a1 is expanded the sum of the last three coefficients is:
(A) 22 (B) 11 (C) 10 (D) 10 (E) 11
4 9 3
13 R varies directly as S and inverse as T . When R = and T = 14 , S = 7. Find S when
3
R = 48 and T = 75.
(A) 28 (B) 30 (C) 40 (D) 42 (E) 60
8 16
14 Let s be the limiting sum of the geometric series 4 3 + 9 . . . , as the number of terms
increases without bound. Then s equals:
(A) a number between 0 and 1 (B) 2.4 (C) 2.5 (D) 3.6 (E) 12
15 Given triangle ABC with base AB fixed in length and position. As the vertex C moves on a
straight line, the intersection point of the three medians moves on:
(A) a circle (B) a parabola (C) an ellipse (D) a straight line (E) a curve here not listed
16 Given rectangle R1 with one side 2 inches and area 12 square inches. Rectangle R2 with
diagonal 15 inches is similar to R1 . Expressed in square inches the area of R2 is:

27 10
(A) 29 (B) 36 (C) 135
2 (D) 9 10 (E) 4

17 If a = log8 225 and b = log2 15, then a, in terms of b, is:


b 2b 3b
(A) 2 (B) 3 (C) b (D) 2 (E) 2b

18 A regular dodecagon (12 sides) is inscribed in a circle with radius r inches. The area of the
dodecagon, in square inches, is:
2

(A) 3r2 (B) 2r2 (C) 3r 4 3 (D) r2 3 (E) 3r2 3

19 If the parabola y = ax2 + bx + c passes through the points (1, 12), (0, 5), and (2, 3), the
value of a + b + c is:
(A) 4 (B) 2 (C) 0 (D) 1 (E) 2
20 The angles of a pentagon are in arithmetic progression. One of the angles in degrees, must
be:
(A) 108 (B) 90 (C) 72 (D) 54 (E) 36

21 It is given that one root of 2x2 + rx + s = 0, with r and s real numbers, is 3 + 2i(i = 1).
The value of s is:
(A) undetermined (B) 5 (C) 6 (D) 13 (E) 26

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AMC 12/AHSME
1962

22 The number 121b , written in the integral base b, is the square of an integer, for
(A) b = 10, only (B) b = 10 and b = 5, only (C) 2 b 10 (D) b >
2 (E) no value of b

23 In triangle ABC, CD is the altitude to AB and AE is the altitude to BC. If the lengths of
AB, CD, and AE are known, the length of DB is:
(A) not determined by the information given (B) determined only if A is an acute angle
(C) determined only if B is an acute angle (D) determined only in ABC is an acute triangle
(E) none of these is correct

24 Three machines P, Q, and R, working together, can do a job in x hours. When working alone,
P needs an additional 6 hours to do the job; Q, one additional hour; and R, x additional
hours. The value of x is:
2 11 3
(A) 3 (B) 12 (C) 2 (D) 2 (E) 3

25 Given square ABCD with side 8 feet. A circle is drawn through vertices A and D and tangent
to side BC. The radius of the circle, in feet, is:

(A) 4 (B) 4 2 (C) 5 (D) 5 2 (E) 6

26 For any real value of x the maximum value of 8x 3x2 is:


8 16
(A) 0 (B) 3 (C) 4 (D) 5 (E) 3

27 Let a@b represent the operation on two numbers, a and b, which selects the larger of the two
numbers, with a@a = a. Let a!b represent the operator which selects the smaller of the two
numbers, with a!a = a. Which of the following three rules is (are) correct?
(1) a@b = b@a (2) a@(b@c) = (a@b)@c (3) a!(b@c) = (a!b)@(a!c)
(A) (1) only (B) (2) only (C) (1) and (2) only (D) (1) and (3) only (E) all three
x3
28 The set of x-values satisfying the equation xlog10 x = 100 consists of:
1
(A) 10 (B) 10, only (C) 100, only (D) 10 or 100, only (E) more than two real numbers.

29 Which of the following sets of x-values satisfy the inequality 2x2 + x < 6?
3 3 3 3
(A) 2 < x < 2 (B) x > 2 or x < 2 (C) x < 2 (D) 2 <x<2 (E) x < 2

30 Consider the statements:


(1) p and q are both true (2) p is true and q is false (3) p is false and q is true (4) p is false and
How many of these imply the negative of the statement p and q are both true?
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 3 (E) 4

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1962

31 The ratio of the interior angles of two regular polygons with sides of unit length is 3 : 2. How
many such pairs are there?
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) infinitely many
1
32 If xk+1 = xk + 2 for k = 1, 2, . . . , n 1 and x1 = 1, find x1 + x2 + + xn .
n+1 n+3 n2 1 n2 +n n2 +3n
(A) 2 (B) 2 (C) 2 (D) 4 (E) 4

33 The set of x-values satisfying the inequality 2 |x 1| 5 is:


(A) 4 x 1 or 3 x 6 (B) 3 x 6 or 6 x 3 (C) x 1 or x
3 (D) 1 x 3 (E) 4 x 6

34 For what real values of K does x = K 2 (x 1)(x 2) have real roots?



(A) none (B) 2 < K < 1 (C) 2 2 < K < 2 2 (D) K > 1 or K <
2 (E) all

35 A man on his way to dinner short after 6 : 00 p.m. observes that the hands of his watch form
an angle of 110 . Returning before 7 : 00 p.m. he notices that again the hands of his watch
form an angle of 110 . The number of minutes that he has been away is:
(A) 36 23 (B) 40 (C) 42 (D) 42.4 (E) 45

36 If both x and y are both integers, how many pairs of solutions are there of the equation
(x 8)(x 10) = 2y ?
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 3 (E) more than 3

37 ABCD is a square with side of unit length. Points E and F are taken respectively on sides
AB and AD so that AE = AF and the quadrilateral CDF E has maximum area. In square
units this maximum area is:
1 9 19 5 2
(A) 2 (B) 16 (C) 32 (D) 8 (E) 3

38 The population of Nosuch Junction at one time was a perfect square. Later, with an increase
of 100, the population was one more than a perfect square. Now, with an additional increase
of 100, the population is again a perfect square.
The original population is a multiple of:
(A) 3 (B) 7 (C) 9 (D) 11 (E) 17

39 Two medians of a triangle with unequal sides are 3 inches and 6 inches. Its area is 3 15
square inches. The length of the third median in inches, is:

(A) 4 (B) 3 3 (C) 3 6 (D) 6 3 (E) 6 6

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AMC 12/AHSME
1962

1 2 3 n
40 The limiting sum of the infinite series, 10 + 102
+ 103
+ . . . whose nth term is 10n is:
1 10 1 17
(A) 9 (B) 81 (C) 8 (D) 72 (E) larger than any finite quantity

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AMC 12/AHSME
1964

1 What is the value of [log10 (5 log10 100)]2 ?


(A) log10 50 (B) 25 (C) 10 (D) 2 (E) 1

2 The graph of x2 4y 2 = 0 is:


(A) a parabola (B) an ellipse (C) a pair of straight lines (D) a point (E) None of these

3 When a positive integer x is divided by a positive integer y, the quotient is u and the remainder
is v, where u and v are integers. What is the remainder when x + 2uy is divided by y?
(A) 0 (B) 2u (C) 3u (D) v (E) 2v

4 The expression

P +Q P Q

P Q P +Q
where P = x + y and Q = x y, is equivalent to:
x2 y 2 x2 y 2 x2 +y 2 x2 +y 2
(A) xy (B) 2xy (C) 1 (D) xy (E) 2xy

5 If y varies directly as x, and if y = 8 when x = 4, the value of y when x = 8 is:


(A) 16 (B) 4 (C) 2 (D) 4k, k = 1, 2, . . . (E) 16k, k = 1, 2, . . .

6 If x, 2x + 2, 3x + 3, . . . are in geometric progression, the fourth term is:


(A) 27 (B) 13 12 (C) 12 (D) 13 12 (E) 27

7 Let n be the number of real values of p for which the roots of

x2 px + p = 0

are equal. Then n equals:


(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2
(D) a finite number greater than 2 (E) infinitely large number

8 The smaller root of the equation x 34 x 34 + x 34 x 12 = 0 is:


   

3 1 5 3
(A) 4 (B) 2 (C) 8 (D) 4 (E) 1

9 A jobber buys an article at $24 less 12 21 %. He then wishes to sell the article at a gain of
33 13 % of his cost after allowing a 20% discount on his marked price. At what price, in dollars,
should the article be marked?
(A) 25.20 (B) 30.00 (C) 33.60 (D) 40.00 (E) none of these

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AMC 12/AHSME
1964

10 Given a square side of length s. On a diagonal as base a triangle with three unequal sides is
constructed so that its area equals that of the square. The length of the altitude drawn to
the base is:

(A) s 2 (B) s/ 2 (C) 2s (D) 2 s (E) 2/ s

11 Given 2x = 8y+1 and 9y = 3x9 , find the value of x + y


(A) 18 (B) 21 (C) 24 (D) 27 (E) 30

12 Which of the following is the negation of the statement: For all x of a certain set, x2 > 0?
(A) For all x, x2 < 0 (B) For all x, x2 0 (C) For no x, x2 > 0 (D) For some x, x2 >
0 (E) For some x, x2 0

13 A circle is inscribed in a triangle with side lengths 8, 13, and 17. Let the segments of the side
of length 8, made by a point of tangency, be r and s, with r < s. What is the ratio r : s?
(A) 1 : 3 (B) 2 : 5 (C) 1 : 2 (D) 2 : 3 (E) 3 : 4

14 A farmer bought 749 sheeps. He sold 700 of them for the price paid for the 749 sheep. The
remaining 49 sheep were sold at the same price per head as the other 700. Based on the cost,
the percent gain on the entire transaction is:
(A) 6.5 (B) 6.75 (C) 7 (D) 7.5 (E) 8

15 A line through the point (a, 0) cuts from the second quadrant a triangular region with area
T . The equation of the line is:
(A) 2T x + a2 y + 2aT = 0 (B) 2T x a2 y + 2aT = 0 (C) 2T x + a2 y 2aT =
0 2
(D) 2T x a y 2aT = 0 (E) none of these

16 Let f (x) = x2 + 3x + 2 and let S be the set of integers {0, 1, 2, . . . , 25}. The number of
members s of S such that f (s) has remainder zero when divided by 6 is:
(A) 25 (B) 22 (C) 21 (D) 18 (E) 17

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AMC 12/AHSME
1965

2 7x+5
1 The number of real values of x satisfying the equation 22x = 1 is:
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 3 (E) more than 4

2 A regular hexagon is inscribed in a circle. The ratio of the length of a side of the hexagon to
the length of the shorter of the arcs intercepted by the side, is:
(A) 1 : 1 (B) 1 : 6 (C) 1 : (D) 3 : (E) 6 :
2
3 The expression (81)2 has the same value as:
1 1
(A) 81 (B) 3 (C) 3 (D) 81 (E) 814

4 Line l2 intersects line l1 and line l3 is parallel to l1 . The three lines are distinct and lie in a
plane. The number of points equidistant from all three lines is:
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 4 (E) 8

5 When the repeating decimal 0.363636 . . . is written in simplest fractional form, the sum of
the numerator and denominator is:
(A) 15 (B) 45 (C) 114 (D) 135 (E) 150

6 If 10log10 9 = 8x + 5 then x equals:


1 5 9 2 log10 35
(A) 0 (B) 2 (C) 8 (D) 8 (E) 8

7 The sum of the reciprocals of the roots of the equation ax2 + bx + c = 0 is:
1 1 c b a b
(A) a + b (B) b (C) c (D) b (E) c

8 One side of a given triangle is 18 inches. Inside the triangle a line segment is drawn parallel
to this side forming a trapezoid whose area is one-third of that of the triangle. The length of
this segment, in inches, is:

(A) 6 6 (B) 9 2 (C) 12 (D) 6 3 (E) 9

9 The vertex of the parabola y = x2 8x + c will be a point on the x-axis if the value of c is:
(A) 16 (B) 4 (C) 4 (D) 8 (E) 16

10 The statement x2 x 6 < 0 is equivalent to the statement:


(A) 2 < x < 3 (B) x > 2 (C) x < 3 (D) x > 3 and x < 2 (E) x >
3 and x < 2
p p
Consider the statements: I: ( 4)( 16) = (4)(16), II: (4)(16) = 64, and
11
64 = 8. Of these the following are incorrect.
(A) none (B) I only (C) II only (D) III only (E) I and III only

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AMC 12/AHSME
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12 A rhombus is inscribed in triangle ABC in such a way that one of its vertices is A and two
of its sides lie along AB and AC. If AC = 6 inches, AB = 12 inches, and BC = 8 inches, the
side of the rhombus, in inches, is:
(A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 3 21 (D) 4 (E) 5

13 Let n be the number of number-pairs (x, y) which satisfy 5y 3x = 15 and x2 + y 2 16.


Then n is:
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) more than two, but finite (E) greater than any finite number

14 The sum of the numerical coefficients in the complete expansion of (x2 2xy + y 2 )7 is:
(A) 0 (B) 7 (C) 14 (D) 128 (E) 1282

15 The symbol 25b represents a two-digit number in the base b. If the number 52b is double the
number 25b , then b is:
(A) 7 (B) 8 (C) 9 (D) 11 (E) 12

16 Let line AC be perpendicular to line CE. Connect A to D, the midpoint of CE, and connect
E to B, the midpoint of AC. If AD and EB intersect in point F , and BC = CD = 15 inches,
then the area of triangle DF E, in square inches, is:

(A) 50 (B) 50 2 (C) 75 (D) 152 105 (E) 100

17 Given the true statement: The picnic on Sunday will not be held only if the weather is not
fair. We can then conclude that:
(A) If the picnic is held, Sundays weather is undoubtedly fair. (B) If the picnic is not held, Sundays weath
(C) If it is not fair Sunday, the picnic will not be held. (D) If it is fair Sunday, the picnic may be held.
(E) If it is fair Sunday, the picnic must be held.
1
18 If 1 y is used as an approximation to the value of 1+y , |y| < 1, the ratio of the error made
to the correct value is:
1 y y2
(A) y (B) y 2 (C) 1+y (D) 1+y (E) 1+y

19 If x4 + 4x3 + 6px2 + 4qx + r is exactly divisible by x3 + 3x2 + 9x + 3, the value of (p + q)r is:
(A) 18 (B) 12 (C) 15 (D) 27 (E) 45

20 For every n the sum of n terms of an arithmetic progression is 2n + 3n2 . The rth term is:
(A) 3r2 (B) 3r2 + 2r (C) 6r 1 (D) 5r + 5 (E) 6r + 2
2
21 It is possible to choose x > 3 in such a way that the value of log10 (x2 + 3) 2 log10 x is
(A) negative (B) zero (C) one (D) smaller than any positive number that might be specified
(E) greater than any positive number that might be specified

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22 If a2 6= 0 and r and 2 2
x x
 s are the roots of a0 + a1 x + a2 x = 0, then the equality a0 + a1 x + a2 x =
a0 1 r 1 s holds:
(A) for all values of x, a0 6= 0 (B) for all values of x (C) only when x = 0 (D) only when x =
r or x = s (E) only when x = r or x = s, a0 6= 0

23 If we write |x2 4| < N for all x such that |x 2| < 0.01, the smallest value we can use for
N is:
(A) .0301 (B) .0349 (C) .0399 (D) .0401 (E) .0499
1 2 3 n
24 Given the sequence 10 11 , 10 11 , 10 11 , . . . , 10 11 , the smallest value of n such that the product
of the first n members of this sequence exceeds 100000 is:
(A) 7 (B) 8 (C) 9 (D) 10 (E) 11

25 Let ABCD be a quadrilateral with AB extended to E so that AB = BE. Lines AC and


CE are drawn to form angle ACE. For this angle to be a right angle it is necessary that
quadrilateral ABCD have:
(A) all angles equal (B) all sides equal (C) two pairs of equal sides (D) one pair of equal sides
(E) one pair of equal angles

26 For the numbers a, b, c, d, e define m to be the arithmetic mean of all five numbers; k to be
the arithmetic mean of a and b; l to be the arithmetic mean of c, d, and e; and p to be the
arithmetic mean of k and l. Then, no matter how a, b, c, d, and e are chosen, we shall always
have:
(A) m = p (B) m p (C) m > p (D) m < p (E) none of these

27 When y 2 + my + 2 is divided by y 1 the quotient is f (y) and the remainder is R1 . When


y 2 + my + 2 is divided by y + 1 the quotient is g(y) and the remainder is R2 . If R1 = R2 then
m is:
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 1 (E) an undetermined constant

28 An escalator (moving staircase) of n uniform steps visible at all times descends at constant
speed. Two boys, A and Z, walk down the escalator steadily as it moves, A negotiating twice
as many escalator steps per minute as Z. A reaches the bottom after taking 27 steps while
Z reaches the bottom after taking 18 steps. Then n is:
(A) 63 (B) 54 (C) 45 (D) 36 (E) 30

29 Of 28 students taking at least one subject the number taking Mathematics and English only
equals the number taking Mathematics only. No student takes English only or History only,
and six students take Mathematics and History, but not English. The number taking English

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AMC 12/AHSME
1965

and History only is five times the number taking all three subjects. If the number taking all
three subjects is even and non-zero, the number taking English and Mathematics only is:
(A) 5 (B) 6 (C) 7 (D) 8 (E) 9

30 Let BC of right triangle ABC be the diameter of a circle intersecting hypotenuse AB in D.


At D a tangent is drawn cutting leg CA in F . This information is not sufficient to prove that
(A) DF bisects CA (B) DF bisects CDA (C) DF = F A (D) A = BCD (E) CF D =
2A

31 The number of real values of x satisfying the equality (log2 x)(logb x) = loga b, where a > 0,
b > 0, a 6= 1, b 6= 1, is:
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) a finite integer greater than 2 (E) not finite

32 An article costing C dollars is sold for $100 at a lostt of x percent of the selling price. It is
then resold at a profit of x percent of the new selling price S 0 . If the difference between S 0
and C is 1 19 dollars, then x is:
80 95 100
(A) undetermined (B) 9 (C) 10 (D) 9 (E) 9

33 If the number 15!, that is, 15 14 13 . . . 1, ends with k zeros when given to the base 12 and
ends with h zeros when given to the base 10, then k + h equals:
(A) 5 (B) 6 (C) 7 (D) 8 (E) 9
4x2 +8x+13
34 For x 0 the smallest value of 6(1+x) is:
25 13 34
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 12 (D) 6 (E) 5

35 The length of a rectangle is 5 inches and its width is less than 4 inches. The rectangle is
folded so that two diagonally opposite vertices coincide. If the length of the crease is 6,
then the width is:
q
(A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 2 (D) 5 (E) 11 2

36 Given distinct straight lines OA and OB. From a point in OA a perpendicular is drawn to
OB; from the foot of this perpendicular a line is drawn perpendicular to OA. From the foot
of this second perpendicular a line is drawn perpendicular to OB; and so on indefinitely. The
lengths of the first and second perpendiculars are a and b, respectively. Then the sum of
the lengths of the perpendiculars approaches a limit as the number of perpendiculars grows
beyond all bounds. This limit is:
b a ab b2 a2
(A) ab (B) ab (C) ab (D) ab (E) ab

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1965

37 Point E is selected on side AB of triangle ABC in such a way that AE : EB = 1 : 3 and


point D is selected on side BC such that CD : DB = 1 : 2. The point of intersection of AD
and CE is F . Then EF AF
F C + F D is:
4 5 3 5
(A) 5 (B) 4 (C) 2 (D) 2 (E) 2

38 A takes m times as long to do a piece of work as B and C together; B takes n times as long
as C and A together; and C takes x times as long as A and B together. Then x, in terms of
m and n, is:
2mn 1 1 1mn m+n+2
(A) m+n (B) 2(m+n) (C) m+nmn (D) m+n+2mn (E) mn1

39 A foreman noticed an inspector checking a 3-hole with a 2-plug and a 1-plug and suggested
that two more gauges be inserted to be sure that the fit was snug. If the new gauges are alike,
then the diameter, d, of each, to the nearest hundredth of an inch, is:
(A) .87 (B) .86 (C) .83 (D) .75 (E) .71

40 Let n be the number of integer values of x such that P = x4 + 6x3 + 11x2 + 3x + 31 is the
square of an integer. Then n is:
(A) 4 (B) 3 (C) 2 (D) 1 (E) 0

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AMC 12/AHSME
1966

1 Given that the ratio of 3x 4 to y + 15 is constant, and y = 3 when x = 2, then, when y = 12,
x equals:
1 7 7 7
(A) 8 (B) 3 (C) 8 (D) 2 (E) 8

2 When the base of a triangle is increased 10% and the altitude to this base is decreased 10%,
the change in area is
(A) 1% increase (B) 12 % increase (C) 0% (D) 12 % decrease (E) 1% decrease

3 If the arithmetic mean of two numbers is 6 and thier geometric mean is 10, then an equation
with the given two numbers as roots is:
(A) x2 + 12x + 100 = 0 (B) x2 + 6x + 100 = 0 (C) x2 12x 10 = 0 (D) x2 12x + 100 =
0 (E) x2 6x + 100 = 0

4 Circle I is circumscribed about a given square and circle II is inscribed in the given square.
If r is the ratio of the area of circle I to that of circle II, then r equals:

(A) 2 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 2 2 (E) 2 3

5 The number of values of x satisfying the equation

2x2 10x
=x3
x2 5x
is:
(A) zero (B) one (C) two (D) three (E) an integer greater than 3

6 AB is the diameter of a circle centered at O. C is a point on the circle such that angle BOC
is 60 . If the diameter of the circle is 5 inches, the length of chord AC, expressed in inches,
is:

(A) 3 (B) 5 2 2 (C) 5 2 3 (D) 3 3 (E) none of these
35x29 N1 N2
7 Let x2 3x+2
= x1 + x2 be an identity in x. The numerical value of N1 N2 is:
(A) 246 (B) 210 (C) 29 (D) 210 (E) 246

8 The length of the common chord of two intersecting circles is 16 feet. If the radii are 10 feet
and 17 feet, a possible value for the distance between the centers of teh circles, expressed in
feet, is:

(A) 27 (B) 21 (C) 389 (D) 15 (E) undetermined

9 If x = (log8 2)(log2 8) , then log3 x equals:


1 1
(A) 3 (B) 3 (C) 3 (D) 3 (E) 9

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1966

10 If the sum of two numbers is 1 and their product is 1, then the sum of their cubes is:

3i 3 3i 3
(A) 2 (B) 2 4 (C) 0 (D) 4 (E) 2

11 The sides of triangle BAC are in the ratio 2 : 3 : 4. BD is the angle-bisector drawn to the
shortest side AC, dividing it into segments AD and CD. If the length of AC is 10, then the
length of the longer segment of AC is:
(A) 3 12 (B) 5 (C) 5 75 (D) 6 (E) 7 12

12 The number of real values of x that satisfy the equation


(26x+3 )(43x+6 ) = 84x+5
is:
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 3 (E) greater than 3
13 The number of points with positive rational coordinates selected from the set of points in the
xy-plane such that x + y 5, is:
(A) 9 (B) 10 (C) 14 (D) 15 (E) infinite
14 The length of rectangle ABCD is 5 inches and its width is 3 inches. Diagonal AC is dibided
into three equal segments by points E and F . The area of triangle BEF , expressed in square
inches, is:

(A) 32 (B) 35 (C) 52 (D) 13 34 (E) 13 68

15 If x y > x and x + y < y, then


(A) y < x (B) x < y (C) x < y < 0 (D) x < 0, y < 0 (E) x < 0, y > 0
4x 9x+y
16 If 2x+y
= 8 and 35y
= 243, x and y are real numbers, then xy equals:
(A) 12
5 (B) 4 (C) 6 (D) 12 (E) 4

17 The number of distinct points common to the curves x2 + 4y 2 = 1 and 4x2 + y 2 = 5 is:
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 3 (E) 4
18 In a given arithmetic sequence the first term is 2, the last term is 29, and the sum of all the
terms is 155. The common difference is:
27 13 23
(A) 3 (B) 2 (C) 19 (D) 9 (E) 38

19 Let s1 be the sum of the first n terms of the arithmetic sequence 8, 12, and let s2 be the
sum of the first n terms of the arithmetic sequence 17, 19 . Assume n 6= 0. Then s1 = s2
for:
(A) no value of n (B) one value of n (C) two values of n (D) four values of n (E) more than four v

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AMC 12/AHSME
1966

20 The negation of the proposition For all pairs of real numbers a, b, if a = 0, then ab = 0 is:
There are real numbers a, b such that
(A) a 6= 0, ab 6= 0 (B) a 6= 0, ab = 0 (C) a = 0, ab 6= 0 (D) ab 6= 0, a 6= 0 (E) ab = 0, a 6= 0

21 An n-pointed star is formed as follows: the sides of a convex polygon are numbered con-
secutively 1, 2, , k, , n, n 5; for all n values of k, sides k and k + 2 are non-parallel,
sides n + 1 and n + 2 being respectively identical with sides 1 and 2; prolong the n pairs of
sides numbered k and k + 2 until they meet. (A figure is shown for the case n = 5)
[img]http://www.artofproblemsolving.com/Forum/albump ic.php?pici d = 704sid = 8da93909c5939e037aa99c
Let S be the degree-sum of the interior angles at the n points of the star; then S equals:
(A) 180 (B) 360 (C) 180(n + 2) (D) 180(n 2) (E) 180(n 4)

22 Consider the statements:



(I) a2 + b2 = 0 (II) a2 + b2 = ab (III) a2 + b2 = a + b (IV) a2 + b2 = a b,
where we allow a and b to be real or complex numbers. Those statements for which there exist
solutions other than a = 0 and b = 0 are:
(A) (I), (II), (III), (IV) (B) (II), (III), (IV) (C) (I), (III), (IV) (D) (III), (IV) (E) (I)

23 If x is a real and 4y 2 + 4xy + x + 6 = 0, then the complete set of values of x for which y is real, is:
(A) x 2 or x 3 (B) x 2 or x 3 (C) x 3 or x 2 (D) 3 x 2 (E) -
2x3

24 If logM N = logN M , M 6= N , M N > 0, M 6= 1, N 6= 1, then M N equals:


1
(A) 2 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 10 (E) a number greater than 2 and less than 10
2F (n)+1
25 If F (n + 1) = 2 for n = 1, 2, . . ., and F (1) = 2, then F (101) equals:
(A) 49 (B) 50 (C) 51 (D) 52 (E) 53

26 Let m be a positive integer and let the lines 13x + 11y = 700 and y = mx 1 intersect in a point
whose coordinates are integers. Then m is:
(A) 4 (B) 5 (C) 6 (D) 7 (E) one of the integers 4, 5, 6, 7 and one other positive integer

27 At his usual rate a man rows 15 miles downstream in five hours less time than it takes him to
return. If he doubles his usual rate, the time downstream is only one hour less than the time
upstream. In miles per hour, the rate of the streams current is:
5 7
(A) 2 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 2 (E) 4

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1966

28 Five points O, A, B, C, D are taken in order on a straight line with distances OA = a, OB = b,


OC = c, and OD = d. P is a point on the line between B and C and such that AP : P D = BP :
P C. Then OP equals:
b2 bc ac b bd + c
(A) (B) (C)
ab+cd ab+cd ab+cd
bc + ad ac bd
(D) (E)
a+b+c+d a+b+c+d
29 The number of postive integers less than 1000 divisible by neither 5 nor 7 is:
(A) 688 (B) 686 (C) 684 (D) 658 (E) 630

30 If three of the roots of x4 + ax2 + bx + c = 0 are 1, 2, and 3, then the value of a + c is:
(A) 35 (B) 24 (C) 12 (D) 61 (E) 63

31 Triangle ABC is inscribed in a circle with center O0 . A circle with center O is inscribed in triangle
ABC. AO is drawn, and extended to intersect the larger circle in D. Then, we must have:
(A) CD = BD = O0 D (B) AO = CO = OD (C) CD = CO = BD
(D) CD = OD = BD (E) O0 B = O0 C = OD

32 Let M be the midpoint of side AB of the triangle ABC. LetP be a point on AB between A and
M , and let M D be drawn parallel to P C and intersecting BC at D. If the ratio of the area of the
triangle BP D to that of triangle ABC is denoted by r, then
(A) 21 < r < 1 depending upon the position of P
(B) r = 12 independent of the position of P
(C) 12 r < 1 depending upon the position of P
(D) 13 < r < 23 depending upon the position of P
(E) r = 31 independent of the position of P

33 If ab 6= 0 and |a| =
6 |b| the number of distinct values of x satisfying the equation

xa xb b a
+ = +
b a xa xb
is: (A) zero (B) one (C) two (D) three (E) four

34 Let r be the speed in miles per hour at which a wheel, 11 feet in circumference, travels. If the time
for a complete rotation of the wheel is shortened by 14 of a second, the speed r is increased by 5
miles per hour. The r is:
(A) 9 (B) 10 (C) 10 21 (D) 11 (E) 12

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1966

35 Let O be an interior point of triangle ABC, and let s1 = OA + OB + OC. If s2 = AB + AC + CA,


then
(A) for every triangle s2 > 2s1 , s1 s2
(B) for every triangle s2 2s1 , s1 < s2
(C) for every triangle s1 > 12 s2 , s1 < s2
(D) for every triangle s2 2s1 , s1 s2
(E) neither (A) nor (B) nor (C) nor (D) applies to every triangle

36 Let (1+x+x2 )n = a0 +a1 x+a2 x2 +...+a2n x2n be an identity in x. If we lt s = a0 +a2 +a4 +...+a2n ,
then s equals:
3n 1 3n 3n + 1
(A) 2n (B) 2n + 1 (C) (D) (E)
2 2 2
37 Three men, Alpha, Beta, and Gamma, working together, do a job in 6 hours less time than Alpha
alone, in 1 hour less time than Beta alone, and in one-half the time needed by Gamma when
working alone. Let h be the number of hours needed by Alpha and Beta, working together to do
the job. Then h equals:
5 4 5 3
(A) (B) 23 (C) (D) (E)
2 3 4 4
38 In triangle ABC the medians AM and CN to sides BC and AB, respectively, intersect in point
O. P is the midpoint of side AC, and M P intersects CN in Q. If the area of triangle OM Q is n,
then the area of triangle ABC is:
(A) 16n (B) 18n (C) 21n (D) 24n (E) 27n

39 In base R1 the expanded fraction F1 becomes 0.373737..., and the expanded fraction F2 becomes
0.737373.... In base R2 fraction F1 , when expanded, becomes 0.252525..., while fraction F2 becomes
0.525252.... The sum of R1 and R2 , each written in base ten is:
(A) 24 (B) 22 (C) 21 (D) 20 (E) 19

40 In this figure AB is a diameter of a circle, centered at O, with radius a. A chord AD is drawn


and extended to meet the tangent to the circle at B in point C. Point E is taken on AC so that
AE = DC. Denoting the distances of E from the tangent through A and from the diameter AB
by x and y, respectively, we can deduce the relation:
x3 x3 x2
(A) y 2 = (B) y 2 = 2a+x (C) y 4 = 2x
2a x
y2 y2
(D) x2 = (E) x2 = 2a+x
2a x

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AMC 12/AHSME
1967

1 The three-digit number 2a3 is added to the number 326 to give the three-digit number 5b9.
If 5b9 is divisible by 9, then a + b equals
(A) 2 (B) 4 (C) 6 (D) 8 (E) 9

2 An equivalent of the expression


 2  2   2  2 
y +1 y 1
x +1
x y + x y1 x , xy 6= 0,
is:
2 2x 2y
(A) 1 (B) 2xy (C) 2x2 y 2 + 2 (D) 2xy + xy (E) y + x

3 The side of an equilateral triangle is s. A circle is inscribed in the triangle and a square is
inscribed in the circle. The area of the square is:

s2 s2 s2 2 s2 3 s2
(A) 24 (B) 6 (C) 6 (D) 6 (E) 3
log a log b log c b2
4 Given p = q = r = log x, all logarithms to the same base and x 6= 1. If ac = xy , then
y is:
q2 p+r
(A) p+r (B) 2q (C) 2q p r (D) 2q pr (E) q 2 pr

5 A triangle is circumscribed about a circle of radius r inches. If the perimeter of the triangle
P
is P inches and the area is K square inches, then K is:

2 2 2 r
(A)independent of the value of r (B) r (C) r
(D) r (E) 2

6 If f (x) = 4x then f (x + 1) f (x) equals:


(A) 4 (B) f (x) (C) 2f (x) (D) 3f (x) (E) 4f (x)
a
7 If b < dc where a, b, c, and d are real numbers and bd 6= 0, then:
(A) a must be negative (B) a must be positive (C) a must not be zero (D) a can be negative or z
(E) a can be positive, negative, or zero

8 To m ounces of a m% solution of acid, x ounces of water are added to yield a (m 10)%


solution. If m > 25, then x is
10m 5m m 5m
(A) m10 (B) m10 (C) m10 (D) m20
(E) not determined by the given information

9 Let K, in square units, be the area of a trapezoid such that the shorter base, the altitude,
and the longer base, in that order, are in arithmetic progression. Then:
(A) K must be an integer (B) K must be a rational fraction
(C) K must be an irrational number (D) K must be an integer or a rational fraction
(E) taken alone neither (A) nor (B) nor (C) nor (D) is true

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AMC 12/AHSME
1967

210x +3
10 If 10xa1 + 10xb+2 = (10x 1)(10x +2) is an identity for positive rational values of x, then the value
of a b is:
4 5 11
(A) 3 (B) 3 (C) 2 (D) 4 (E) 3

11 If the perimeter of rectangle ABCD is 20 inches, the least value of diagonal AC, in inches,
is:

(A) 0 (B) 50 (C) 10 (D) 200 (E) none of these

12 If the (convex) area bounded by the x-axis and the lines y = mx + 4, x = 1, and x = 4 is 7,
then m equals:
1 2 3
(A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 2 (D) 2 (E) none of these

13 A triangle ABC is to be constructed given a side a (oppisite angle A). angle B, and hc , the
altitude from C. If N is the number of noncongruent solutions, then N
(A) is 1 (B) is 2 (C) must be zero (D) must be infinite (E) must be zero or infinite
t
14 Let f (t) = 1t , t 6= 1. If y = f (x), then x can be expressed as
 
(A) f y1 (B) f (y) (C) f (y) (D) f (y) (E) f (y)

15 The difference in the areas of two similar triangles is 18 square feet, and the ratio of the larger
area to the smaller is the square of an integer. The area of the smaller triange, in square feet,
is an integer, and one of its sides is 3 feet. The corresponding side of the larger triangle, in
feet, is:

(A) 12 (B) 9 (C) 6 2 (D) 6 (E) 3 2

16 Let the product (12)(15)(16), each factor written in base b, equal 3146 in base b. Let s =
12 + 15 + 16, each term expressed in base b. Then s, in base b, is
(A) 43 (B) 44 (C) 45 (D) 46 (E) 47

17 If r1 and r2 are the distinct real roots of x2 + px + 8 = 0, then it must follow that:

(A) |r1 + r2 | > 4 2 (B) |r1 | > 3 or |r2 | > 3
(C) |r1 | > 2 and |r2 | > 2 (D) r1 < 0 and r2 < 0 (E) |r1 + r2 | < 4 2

18 If x2 5x + 6 < 0 and P = x2 + 5x + 6 then


(A) P can take any real value (B) 20 < P < 30
(C) 0 < P < 20 (D) P < 0 (E) P > 30

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AMC 12/AHSME
1967

19 The area of a rectangle remains unchanged when it is made 2 12 inches longer and 32 inch
narrower, or when it is made 2 12 inches shorter and 34 inch wider. Its area, in square inches,
is:
80 45
(A) 30 (B) 3 (C) 24 (D) 2 (E) 20

20 A circle is inscribed in a square of side m, then a square is inscribed in that circle, then a
circle is inscribed in the latter square, and so on. If Sn is the sum of the areas of the first n
circles so inscribed, then, as n grows beyond all bounds, Sn approaches:
m2 3m2 m2 m2 m2
(A) 2 (B) 8 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) 8

21 In right triangle ABC the hypotenuse AB = 5 and leg AC = 3. The bisector of angle A meets
the opposite side in A1 . A second right triangle P QR is then constructed with hypotenuse
P Q = A1 B and leg P R = A1 C. If the bisector of angle P meets the opposite side in P1 , the
length of P P1 is:

3 6 3 5 3 3 3 2 15 2
(A) 4 (B) 4 (C) 4 (D) 2 (E) 16

22 For natural numbers, when P is divided by D, the quotient is Q and the remainder is R.
When Q is divided by D0 , the quotient is Q0 and the remainder is R0 . Then, when P is divided
by DD0 , the remainder is:
(A) R + R0 D (B) R0 + RD (C) RR0 (D) R (E) R0

23 If x is real and positive and grows beyond all bounds, then log3 (6x 5) log3 (2x + 1)
approaches:
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) no finite number

24 The number of solution-pairs in the positive integers of the equation 3x + 5y = 501 is:
(A) 33 (B) 34 (C) 35 (D) 100 (E) none of these

25 For every odd number p > 1 we have:


1 1
(A) (p 1) 2 (p1) 1 is divisible by p 2 (B) (p 1) 2 (p1) + 1 is divisible by p
1 1
(C) (p 1) 2 (p1) is divisible by p (D) (p 1) 2 (p1) + 1 is divisible by p + 1
1
(E) (p 1) 2 (p1) 1 is divisible by p 1

26 If one uses only the tabular information 103 = 1000, 104 = 10, 000, 210 = 1024, 211 = 2048,
212 = 4096, 213 = 8192, then the strongest statement one can make for log10 2 is that it lies
between:
3 4 3 4 3 4 3 40 3 40
(A) 10 and 11 (B) 10 and 12 (C) 10 and 13 (D) 10 and 132 (E) 11 and 132

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AMC 12/AHSME
1967

27 Two candles of the same length are made of different materials so that one burns out com-
pletely at a uniform rate in 3 hours and the other in 4 hours. At what time P.M. should the
candles be lighted so that, at 4 P.M., one stub is twice the length of the other?
(A) 1 : 24 (B) 1 : 28 (C) 1 : 36 (D) 1 : 40 (E) 1 : 48

28 Given the two hypotheses: I Some Mems are not Ens and II No Ens are Veens. If some
means at least one, we can conclude that:
(A) Some Mems are not Veens (B) Some Vees are not Mems
(C) No Mem is a Vee (D) Some Mems are Vees
(E) Neither (A) nor (B) nor (C) nor (D) is deducible from the given statements

29 AB is a diameter of a circle. Tangents AD and BC are drawn so that AC and BD intersect


in a point on the circle. If AD = a and BD = b, a 6= b, the diameter of the circle is:

(A) |a b| (B) 12 (a + b) (C) ab (D) a+b ab
(E) 21 a+b
ab

30 A dealer bought n radios for d dollars, d a positive integer. He contributed two radios to a
community bazaar at half their cost. The rest he sold at a profit of $8 on each radio sold. If
the overall profit was $72, then the least possible value of n for the given information is:
(A) 18 (B) 16 (C) 15 (D) 12 (E) 11

31 Let D = a2 + b2 + c2 , where a, b, are consecutive integers and c = ab. Then D is:
(A) always an even integer (B) sometimes an odd integer, sometimes not
(C) always an odd integer (D) sometimes rational, sometimes not
(E) always irrational

32 In quadrilateral ABCD with diagonals AC and BD intersecting at O, BO = 4, AO = 8,


OC = 3, and AB = 6. The length of AD is:

(A) 9 (B) 10 (C) 6 3 (D) 8 2 (E) 166

A B
C

33

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AMC 12/AHSME
1967

In this diagram semi-circles are constructed on diameters AB, AC, and CB, so that they are
mutually tangent. If CDAB, then the ratio of the shaded area to the area of a circle with
CD as radius is:

(A) 1 : 2 (B) 1 : 3 (C) 3 : 7 (D) 1 : 4 (E) 2 : 6
34 Points D, E, F are taken respectively on sides AB, BC, and CA of triangle ABC so that
AD : DB = BE : CE = CF : F A = 1 : n. The ratio of the area of triangle DEF to that of
triangle ABC is:
n2 n+1 1 2n2 n2 n(n1)
(A) (n+1)2
(B) (n+1)2
(C) (n+1)2
(D) (n+1)2
(E) n+1

35 The roots of 64x3 144x2 +92x15 = 0 are in arithmetic progression. The difference between
the largest and smallest roots is:
1 3 1
(A) 2 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 8 (E) 4

36 Given a geometric progression of five terms, each a positive integer less than 100. The sum
of the five terms is 211. If S is the sum of those terms in the progression which are squares
of integers, then S is:
(A) 0 (B) 91 (C) 133 (D) 195 (E) 211
37 Segments AD = 10, BE = 6, CF = 24 are drawn from the vertices of triangle ABC, each
perpendicular to a straight line RS, not intersecting the triangle. Points D, E, F are the
intersection points of RS with the perpendiculars. If x is the length of the perpendicular
segment GH drawn to RS from the intersection point G of the medians of the triangle, then
x is:
40 56 80
(A) 3 (B) 16 (C) 3 (D) 3 (E) undetermined

38 Given a set S consisting of two undefined elements pib and maa, and the four postulates:
P1 : Every pib is a collection of maas, P2 : Any two distinct pibs have one and only one maa
in common, P3 : Every maa belongs to two and only two pibs, P4 : There are exactly four
pibs. Consider the three theorems: T1 : There are exactly six maas, T2 : There are exactly
three maas in each pib, T3 : For each maa there is exactly one other maa not in the same pid
with it. The theorems which are deducible from the postulates are:
(A) T3 only (B) T2 and T3 only (C) T1 and T2 only
(D) T1 and T3 only (E) all
39 Given the sets of consecutive integers {1},{2, 3},{4, 5, 6},{7, 8, 9, 10}, , where each set
contains one more element than the preceding one, and where the first element of each set is
one more than the last element of the preceding set. Let Sn be the sum of the elements in
the N th set. Then S21 equals:
(A) 1113 (B) 4641 (C) 5082 (D) 53361 (E) none of these

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AMC 12/AHSME
1967

40 Located inside equilateral triangle ABC is a point P such that P A = 8, P B = 6, and


P C = 10. To the nearest integer the area of triangle ABC is:
(A) 159 (B) 131 (C) 95 (D) 79 (E) 50

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AMC 12/AHSME
1968

1 Let P units be the increase in the circumference of a circle resulting from an increase in
units in the diameter. Then P equals:
1 2
(A) (B) (C) (D) 2 (E) 2
2
2 The real value of x such that 64x1 divided by 4x1 equals 2562x is:
2 1 1 3
(A) (B) (C) 0 (D) (E)
3 3 4 8
3 A straight line passing through the point (0, 4) is perpendicular to the line x 3y 7 = 0.
Its equation is:
(A) y + 3x 4 = 0 (B) y + 3x + 4 = 0 (C) y 3x 4 = 0
(D) 3y + x 12 = 0 (E) 3y x 12 = 0
ab
4 Define an operation for positve real numbers as a b = . Then 4 (4 4) equals:
a+b
3 4 16
(A) 4 (B) 1 (C) (D) 2 (E)
3 3
5 If f (n) = 13 n(n1)(n + 2), then f (r) f (r 1) equals:
(A) r(r + 1) (B) (r + 1)(r + 2) (C) 13 r(r + 1)
(D) 13 (r + 1)(r + 2) (E) 13 r(r + 1)(r + 2)

6 Let side AD of convex quadrilateral ABCD be extended through D, and let side BC be
extended through C, to meet in point E. Let S represent the degree-sum of angles CDE and
DCE, and let S 0 represent the degree-sum of angles BAD and ABC. If r = S/S 0 , then:
(A) r = 1 sometimes, r > 1 sometimes
(B) r = 1 sometimes, r < 1 sometimes
(C) 0 < r < 1 (D) r > 1 (E) r = 1
7 Let O be the intersection point of medians AP and CQ of triangle ABC. If OQ is 3 inches,
then OP , in inches, is:
9
(A) 3 (B) (C) 6 (D) 9 (E) undetermined
2
8 A positive number is mistakenly divided by 6 instead of being multiplied by 6. Based on the
correct answer, the error thus comitted, to the nearest percent, is:
(A) 100 (B) 97 (C) 83 (D) 17 (E) 3
9 The sum of the real values of x satisfying the equality |x + 2| = 2|x 2| is:
1 2 1 2
(A) (B) (C) 6 (D) 6 (E) 6
3 3 3 3

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AMC 12/AHSME
1968

10 Assume that, for a certain school, it is true that I: Some students are not honest II: All
fraternity members are honest A necessary conclusion is:
(A) Some students are fraternity members
(B) Some fraternity members are not students
(C) Some students are not fraternity members
(D) No fraternity member is a student
(E) No student is a fraternity member

11 If an arc of 60 on circle I has the same length as an arc of 45 on circle II, the ratio of the
area of circle I to that of circle II is:
(A) 16 : 9 (B) 9 : 16 (C) 4 : 3 (D) 3 : 4 (E) None of these

12 A circle passes through the vertices of a triangle with side-lengths of 7 12 , 10, 12 12 . The radius
of the circle is:

15 25 35 15 2
(A) (B) 5 (C) (D) (E)
4 4 4 2
13 If m and n are the roots of x2 + mx + n = 0, m 6= 0, n 6= 0, then the sum of the roots is:
1 1
(A) (B) 1 (C) (D) 1 (E) Undetermined
2 2
1 1
14 If x and y are non-zero numbers such that x = 1 + and y = 1 + , then y equals:
y x
(A) x 1 (B) 1 x (C) 1 + x (D) x (E) x

15 Let P be the product of any three consecutive positive odd integers. The largest integer
dividing all such P is:
(A) 15 (B) 6 (C) 5 (D) 3 (E) 1
1 1
16 If x is such that < 2 and > 3, then:
x x
1 1 1 1
(A) < x < (B) < x < 3 (C) x >
3 2 2 2
1 1 1 1
(D) x > or < x < 0 (E) x > or x <
2 3 2 3
x1 + x2 + ... + xn
17 Let f (n) = , where n is a positive integer. If xk = (1)k , k = 1, 2, ..., n, the
n
set of possible values of f (n) is:
1 1 1 1
(A) {0} (B) { } (C) {0, } (D) {0, } (E) {1, }
n n n n

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AMC 12/AHSME
1968

18 Side AB of triangle ABC has length 8 inches. Line DEF is drawn parallel to AB so that D
is on segment AC, and E is on segment BC. Line AE extended bisects angle F EC. If DE
has length 5 inches, then the length of CE, in inches, is:
51 53 40 27
(A) (B) 13 (C) (D) (E)
4 4 3 2
19 Let n be the number of ways that 10 dollars can be changed into dimes and quarters, with
at least one of each coin being used. Then n equals:
(A) 40 (B) 38 (C) 21 (D) 20 (E) 19

20 The measures of the interior angles of a convex polygon of n sides are in arithmetic progression.
If the common difference is 5 and the largest angle is 160 , then n equals:
(A) 9 (B) 10 (C) 12 (D) 16 (E) 32

21 If S = 1! + 2! + 3! + + 99!, then the units digit in the value of S is:


(A) 9 (B) 8 (C) 5 (D) 3 (E) 0

22 A segment of length 1 is divided into four segments. Then there exists a quadrilateral with
the four segments as sides if and only if each segment is:
(A) equal to 14
(B) equal to or greater than 81 and less than 1
2
(C) greater than 18 and less than 12
(D) greater than 18 and less than 41
(E) less than 12

23 If all the logarithms are real numbers, the equality

log(x + 3) + log(x 1) = log(x2 2x 3)

is satisfied for:
(A) all real values of x
(B) no real values of x
(C) all real values of x except x = 0
(D) no real values of x except x = 0
(E) all real values of x except x = 1

24 A painting 1800 X 2400 is to be placed into a wooden frame with the longer dimension vertical.
The wood at the top and bottom is twice as wide as the wood on the sides. If the frame
area equals that of the painting itself, the ratio of the smaller to the larger dimension of the
framed painting is:
(A) 1 : 3 (B) 1 : 2 (C) 2 : 3 (D) 3 : 4 (E) 1 : 1

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AMC 12/AHSME
1968

25 Ace runs with constant speed and Flash runs x times as fast, x > 1. Flash gives Ace a head
start of y yards, and, at a given signal, they start off in the same direction. Then the number
of yards Flash must run to catch Ace is:
y xy x+y x+y
(A) xy (B) x+y (C) x1 (D) x+1 (E) x1

26 Let S = 2+4+6+ +2N , where N is the smallest positive integer such that S > 1, 000, 000.
Then the sum of the digits of N is:
(A) 27 (B) 12 (C) 6 (D) 2 (E) 1

27 Let Sn = 1 2 + 3 4 + + (1)n1 n, n = 1, 2, . Then S17 + S33 + S50 equals:


(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 1 (E) 2

28 If the arithmetic mean of a and b is double their geometric mean, with a > b > 0, then a
possible value for the ratio ab , to the nearest integer, is
(A) 5 (B) 8 (C) 11 (D) 14 (E) none of these
x)
29 Given the three numbers x, y = xx , z = x(x with .9 < x < 1.0. Arranged in order of
increasing magnitude, they are:
(A) x, z, y (B) x, y, z (C) y, x, z (D) y, z, x (E) z, x, y

30 Convex polygons P1 and P2 are drawn in the same plane with n1 and n2 sides, respectively,
n1 n2 . If P1 and P2 do not have any line segment in common, then the maximum number
of intersections of P1 and P2 is:
(A) 2n1 (B) 2n2 (C) n1 n2 (D) n1 + n2 (E) none of these

31 In this diagram, not drawn


to
scale, figures I and III are equilateral triangular regions with
respective areas of 32 3 and 8 3 square inches. Figure II is a square region with area 32 sq.
in. Let the length of segment AD be decreased by 12 12 % of itself, while the lengths of AB
and CD remain unchanged. The percent decrease in the area of the square is:

I
II III
A B C D

(A) 12 12 (B) 25 (C) 50 (D) 75 (E) 87 12

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AMC 12/AHSME
1968

32 A and B move uniformly along two straight paths intersecting at right angles in point O.
When A is at O, B is 500 yards short of O. In 2 minutes, they are equidistant from O, and in
8 minutes more they are again equidistant from O. Then the ratio of A0 s speed to B 0 s speed
is:
(A) 4 : 5 (B) 5 : 6 (C) 2 : 3 (D) 5 : 8 (E) 1 : 2
33 A number N has three digits when expressed in base 7. When N is expressed in base 9 the
digits are reversed. Then the middle digit is:
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) 5
34 With 400 members voting the House of Representatives defeated a bill. A re-vote, with the
same members voting, resulted in passage of the bill by twice the margin by which it was
originally defeated. The number voting for the bill on the re-vote was 12
11 of the number voting
against it originally. How many more members voted for the bill the second time than voted
for it the first time?
(A) 75 (B) 60 (C) 50 (D) 45 (E) 20
In this context, margin of defeat (passage) is defined as the number of nays minus the
number of ayes (nays-ayes).
35 In this diagram the center of the circle is O, the radius is a inches, chord EF is parallel to
chord CD, O, G, H, J are collinear, and G is the midpoint of CD. Let K (sq. in.) represent
the area of trapezoid CDF E and let R (sq. in.) represent the area of rectangle ELM F .
Then, as CD and EF are translated upward so that OG increases toward the value a, while
JH always equals HG, the ratio K : R become arbitrarily close to:

E H F

C D
L G M

O a


(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 1 + 1
(E) 1 +1
2 2 2

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AMC 12/AHSME
1973

1 A chord which is the perpendicular bisector of a radius of length 12 in a circle, has length

(A) 3 3 (B) 27 (C) 6 3 (D) 12 3 (E) none of these

2 One thousand unit cubes are fastened together to form a large cube with edge length 10 units;
this is painted and then separated into the original cubes. The number of these unit cubes
which have at least one face painted is
(A) 600 (B) 520 (C) 488 (D) 480 (E) 400

3 The stronger Goldbach conjecture states that any even integer greater than 7 can be written
as the sum of two different prime numbers. For such representations of the even number 126,
the largest possible difference between the two primes is
(A) 112 (B) 100 (C) 92 (D) 88 (E) 80

4 Two congruent 30 -60 -90 are placed so that they overlap partly and their hypotenuses
coincide. If the hypotenuse of each triangle is 12, the area common to both triangles is

(A) 6 3 (B) 8 3 (C) 9 3 (D) 12 3 (E) 24

5 Of the following five statements, I to V, about the binary operation of averaging (arithmetic
mean),
I. Averaging is associative II. Averaging is commutative III. Averaging distributes over addi-
tion IV. Addition distributes over averaging V. Averaging has an identity element
those which are always true are
(A) All (B) I and II only (C) II and III only (D) II and IV only (E) II and V only

6 If 554 is the base b representation of the square of the number whose base b representation is
24, then b, when written in base 10, equals
(A) 6 (B) 8 (C) 12 (D) 14 (E) 16

7 The sum of all integers between 50 and 350 which end in 1 is


(A) 5880 (B) 5539 (C) 5208 (D) 4877 (E) 4566

8 If 1 pint of paint is needed to paint a statue 6 ft. high, then the number of pints it will take
to paint (to the same thickness) 540 statues similar to the original but only 1 ft. high is
(A) 90 (B) 72 (C) 45 (D) 30 (E) 15

9 In 4ABC with right angle at C, altitude CH and median CM trisect the right angle. If the
area of 4CHM is K, then the area of 4ABC is

(A) 6K (B) 4 3 K (C) 3 3 K (D) 3K (E) 4K

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AMC 12/AHSME
1973

10 If n is a real number, then the simultaneous system


nx + y = 1 ny + z = 1 x + nz = 1
has no solution if and only if n is equal to
1
(A) 1 (B) 0 (C) 1 (D) 0 or 1 (E) 2

11 A circle with a circumscribed and an inscribed square centered at the origin O of a rectangular
coordinate system with positive x and y axes OX and OY is shown in each figure I to IV
below.

Y Y Y Y
I II III IV

X X X X

The inequalities p
|x| + |y| 2(x2 + y 2 ) 2Max(|x|, |y|)
are represented geometrically* by the figure numbered
(A) I (B) II (C) III (D) IV (E) none of these
*An inequality of the form f (x, y) g(x, y), for all x and y is represented geometrically by a
figure showing the containment

{The set of points (x, y) such that g(x, y) a} {The set of points (x, y) such that f (x, y) a}

for a typical real number a.

12 The average (arithmetic mean) age of a group consisting of doctors and lawyers in 40. If the
doctors average 35 and the lawyers 50 years old, then the ratio of the numbers of doctors to
the number of lawyers is
(A) 3 : 2 (B) 3 : 1 (C) 2 : 3 (D) 2 : 1 (E) 1 : 2

2( 2+ 6)
13 The fraction is equal to
3 2+ 3

2 2 2 3 4 16
(A) 3 (B) 1 (C) 3 (D) 3 (E) 9

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AMC 12/AHSME
1973

14 Each valve A, B, and C, when open, releases water into a tank at its own constant rate.
With all three valves open, the tank fills in 1 hour, with only valves A and C open it takes
1.5 hours, and with only valves B and C open it takes 2 hours. The number of hours required
with only valves A and B open is
(A) 1.1 (B) 1.15 (C) 1.2 (D) 1.25 (E) 1.75

15 A sector with acute central angle is cut from a circle of radius 6. The radius of the circle
circumscribed about the sector is
(A) 3 cos (B) 3 sec (C) 3 cos 12 (D) 3 sec 12 (E) 3

16 If the sum of all the angles except one of a convex polygon is 2190 , then the number of sides
of the polygon must be
(A) 13 (B) 15 (C) 17 (D) 19 (E) 21
q
17 If is an acute angle and sin 21 = x1
2x , then tan equals

x1

2
(A) x (B) x1 (C) x+1 (D) xx1 (E) x2 1

18 If p 5 is a prime number, then 24 divides p2 1 without remainder


(A) never (B) sometimes only (C) always (D) only if p = 5 (E) none of these

19 Define na ! for n and a positive to be

na ! = n(n a)(n 2a)(n 3a)...(n ka)

where k is the greatest integer for which n > ka. Then the quotient 728 !/182 ! is equal to
(A) 45 (B) 46 (C) 48 (D) 49 (E) 412

20 A cowboy is 4 miles south of a stream which flows due east. He is also 8 miles west and 7
miles north of his cabin. He wishes to water his horse at the stream and return home. The
shortest distance (in miles) he can travel and accomplish this is

(A) 4 + 185 (B) 16 (C) 17 (D) 18 (E) 32 + 137

21 The number of sets of two or more consecutive positive integers whose sum is 100 is
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) 5

22 The set of all real solutions of the inequality

|x 1| + |x + 2| < 3

is

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AMC 12/AHSME
1973

(D) x 32 , 27

(A) x (3, 2) (B) x (1, 2) (C) x (2, 1) (E) (empty)
[Note: I updated the notation on this problem.]

23 There are two cards; one is red on both sides and the other is red on one side and blue on
the other. The cards have the same probability (1/2) of being chosen, and one is chosen and
placed on the table. If the upper side of the card on the table is red, then the probability
that the under-side is also red is
1 1 1 2 3
(A) 4 (B) 3 (C) 2 (D) 3 (E) 4

24 The check for a luncheon of 3 sandwiches, 7 cups of coffee and one piece of pie came to $3.15.
The check for a luncheon consisting of 4 sandwiches, 10 cups of coffee and one piece of pie
came to $4.20 at the same place. The cost of a luncheon consisting of one sandwich, one cup
of coffee, and one piece of pie at the same place will come to
(A) $1.70 (B) $1.65 (C) $1.20 (D) $1.05 (E) $0.95

25 A circular grass plot 12 feet in diameter is cut by a straight gravel path 3 feet wide, one edge
of which passes through the center of the plot. The number of square feet in the remaining
grass area is

(A) 36 34 (B) 30 15 (C) 36 33 (D) 35 9 3 (E) 30 9 3

26 The number of terms in an A.P. (Arithmetic Progression) is even. The sum of the odd and
even-numbered terms are 24 and 30, respectively. If the last term exceeds the first by 10.5,
the number of terms in the A.P. is
(A) 20 (B) 18 (C) 12 (D) 10 (E) 8

27 Cars A and B travel the same distance. Care A travels half that distance at u miles per hour
and half at v miles per hour. Car B travels half the time at u miles per hour and half at v
miles per hour. The average speed of Car A is x miles per hour and that of Car B is y miles
per hour. Then we always have
(A) x y (B) x y (C) x = y (D) x < y (E) x > y

28 If a, b, and c are in geometric progression (G.P.) with 1 < a < b < c and n > 1 is an integer,
then loga n, logb n, logc n form a sequence
(A) which is a G.P (B) whichi is an arithmetic progression (A.P) (C) in which the reciprocals of t
(D) in which the second and third terms are the nth powers of the first and second respectively
(E) none of these

29 Two boys start moving from the same point A on a circular track but in opposite directions.
Their speeds are 5 ft. per second and 9 ft. per second. If they start at the same time and

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finish when they first me at the point A again, then the number of times they meet, excluding
the start and finish, is
(A) 13 (B) 25 (C) 44 (D) infinity (E) none of these

30 Let [t] denote the greatest integer t where t 0 and S = {(x, y) : (x T )2 + y 2


T 2 where T = t [t]}. Then we have
(A) the point (0, 0) does not belong to S for any t (B) 0 Area S for all t
(C) S is contained in the first quadrant for all t 5 (D) the center of S for any t is on the line y =
x (E) none of the other statements is true

31 In the following equation, each of the letters represents uniquely a different digit in base ten:

(Y E) (M E) = T T T

The sum E + M + T + Y equals


(A) 19 (B) 20 (C) 21 (D) 22 (E) 24

32 The volume of a pyramid whose base is an equilateral triangle of side length 6 and whose
other edges are each of length 15 is

9 3
(A) 9 (B) 9/2 (C) 27/2 (D) 2 (E) none of these

33 When one ounce of water is added to a mixture of acid and water, the new mixture is 20%
acid. When one ounce of acid is added to the new mixture, the result is 33 13 % acid. The
percentage of acid in the original mixture is
(A) 22% (B) 24% (C) 25% (D) 30% (E) 33 31 %

34 A plane flew straight against a wind between two towns in 84 minutes and returned with that
wind in 9 minutes less than it would take in still air. The number of minutes (2 answers) for
the return trip was
(A) 54 or 18 (B) 60 or 15 (C) 63 or 12 (D) 72 or 36 (E) 75 or 20

35 In the unit circle shown in the figure, chords P Q and M N are parallel to the unit radius OR
of the circle with center at O. Chords M P , P Q, and N R are each s units long and chord
M N is d units long.

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P Q
s
s
M N
d
s
O R
1

Of the three equations



I. d s = 1, II. ds = 1, III. d2 s2 = 5

those which are necessarily true are


(A) I only (B) II only (C) III only (D) I and II only (E) I, II andIII

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2 3 1
1 If x 6= 0 or 4 and y 6= 0 or 6, then x + y = 2 is equivalent to
4x x y
(A) 4x + 3y = xy (B) y = 6y (C) 2 + 3 =2
4y
(D) y6 =x (E) none of these

2 Let x1 and x2 be such that x1 6= x2 and 3x2i hxi = b, i = 1, 2. Then x1 + x2 equals


h h b b
(A) 3 (B) 3 (C) 3 (D) 2b (E) 3

3 The coefficient of x7 in the polynomial expansion of


(1 + 2x x2 )4
is
(A) 8 (B) 12 (C) 6 (D) 12 (E) none of these
4 What is the remainder when x51 + 51 is divided by x + 1?
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 49 (D) 50 (E) 51
5 Given a quadrilateral ABCD inscribed in a circle with side AB extended beyond B to point
E, if ]BAD = 92 and ]ADC = 68 , find ]EBC.
(A) 66 (B) 68 (C) 70 (D) 88 (E) 92
xy
6 For positive real numbers x and y define x y = x+y ; then
(A) * is commutative but not associative
(B) * is associative but not commutative
(C) * is neither commutative nor associative
(D) * is commutative and associative
(E) none of these
7 A towns population increased by 1, 200 people, and then this new population decreased by
11%. The town now had 32 less people than it did before the 1, 200 increase. What is the
original population?
(A) 1, 200 (B) 11, 200 (C) 9, 968 (D) 10, 000 (E) none of these
8 What is the smallest prime number dividing the sum 311 + 513 ?
(A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 5 (D) 311 + 513 (E) none of these
9 The integers greater than one are arranged in five columns as follows:
2 3 4 5
9 8 7 6
10 11 12 13
17 16 15 14
. . . .

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(Four consecutive integers appear in each row; in the first, third and other odd numbered
rows, the integers appear in the last four columns and increase from left to right; in the
second, fourth and other even numbered rows, the integers appear in the first four columns
and increase from right to left.)
In which column will the number 1, 000 fall?
(A) first (B) second (C) third (D) fourth (E) fifth

10 What is the smallest integral value of k such that

2x(kx 4) x2 + 6 = 0

has no real roots?


(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) 5

11 If (a, b) and (c, d) are two points on the line whose equation is y = mx + k, then the distance
between (a, b) and (c, d), in terms of a, c, and m, is

(A) |ac| 1 + m2 (B) |a+c| 1 + m2 (C) |ac|
1+m2
(D) |ac|(1+m2 ) (E) |a
c| |m|
1x2
12 If g(x) = 1 x2 and f (g(x)) = x2
when x 6= 0, then f (1/2) equals

(A) 3/4 (B) 1 (C) 3 (D) 2/2 (E) 2

13 Which of the following is equivalent to If P is true, then Q is false.?


(A) P is true or Q is false. (B) If Q is false then P is true. (C) If P is false then Q is true.
(D) If Q is true then P is false. (E) If Q is true then P is true.

14 Which statement is correct?


(A) If x < 0, then x2 > x. (B) If x2 > 0, then x > 0. (C) If x2 > x, then x >
0. 2
(D) If x > x, then x < 0. 2
(E) If x < 1, then x < x.

15 If x < 2 then |1 |1 + x| | equals


(A) 2 + x (B) 2 x (C) x (D) x (E) 2

16 A circle of radius r is inscribed in a right isosceles triangle, and a circle of radius R is


circumscribed about the triangle. Then R/r equals

(A) 1 + 2 (B) 2+2 2 (C) 212 (D) 1+ 2
2 (E) 2(2 2)

17 If i2 = 1, then (1 + i)20 (1 i)20 equals


(A) 1024 (B) 1024i (C) 0 (D) 1024 (E) 1024i

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18 If log8 3 = p and log3 5 = q, then, in terms if p and q, log10 5 equals


3p+q 1+3pq 3pq
(A) pq (B) 5 (C) p+q (D) 1+3pq (E) p2 + q 2

19 In the adjoining figure ABCD is a square and CM N is an equilateral triangle. If the area of
ABCD is one square inch, then the area of CM N in square inches is

D C

A N B


3

3

2

(A) 2 3 3 (B) 1 3 (C) 4 (D) 3 (E) 4 2 3

20 Let

1 1 1 1 1
T = + +
3 8 8 7 7 6 6 5 52
then
(A) T < 1 (B) T = 1 (C) 1 < T < 2 (D) T > 2 (E) T = 1
(3 8)( 8 7)( 7 6)( 6 5)( 52)

21 In a geometric series of positive terms the difference between the fifth and fourth terms is
576, and the difference between the second and first terms is 9. What is the sum of the first
five terms of this series?
(A) 1061 (B) 1023 (C) 1024 (D) 768 (E) none of these

22 The minimum of sin A2 3 cos A2 is attained when A is
(A) 180 (B) 60 (C) 120 (D) 0 (E) none of these

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23 In the adjoining figure T P and T 0 Q are parallel tangents to a circle of radius r, with T and
T 0 the points of tangency. P T 00 Q is a third tangent with T 00 as point of tangency. If T P = 4
and T 0 Q = 9 then r is

T 4 P

T
r
O

T 9 Q

(A) 25/6 (B) 6 (C) 25/4


(D) a number other than 25/6, 6, 25/4
(E) not determinable from the given information

24 A fair die is rolled six times. The probability of rolling at least a five at least five times is
13 12 2 3
(A) 729 (B) 729 (C) 729 (D) 729 (E) none of these

25 In parallelogram ABCD of the accompanying diagram, line DP is drawn bisecting BC at N


and meeting AB (extended) at P . From vertex C, line CQ is drawn bisecting side AD at M
and meeting AB (extended) at Q. Lines DP and CQ meet at O. If the area of parallelogram
ABCD is k, then the area of the triangle QP O is equal to

D C

M O N

Q P
A B

6k 9k 5k
(A) k (B) 5 (C) 8 (D) 4 (E) 2k

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26 The number of distinct positive integral divisors of (30)4 excluding 1 and (30)4 is
(A) 100 (B) 125 (C) 123 (D) 30 (E) none of these

27 If f (x) = 3x + 2 for all real x, then the statement: |f (x) + 4| < a whenever |x + 2| < b and
a > 0 and b > 0 is true when
(A) b a/3 (B) b > a/3 (C) a b/3 (D) a > b/3
(E) The statement is never true.

28 Which of the following is satisfied by all numbers x of the form


a1 a2 a25
x= + 2 + + 25 ,
3 3 3
where a1 is 0 or 2, a2 is 0 or 2,...,a25 is 0 or 2?
(A) 0 x < 1/3 (B) 1/3 x < 2/3 (C) 2/3 x < 1
(D) 0 x < 1/3 or 2/3 x < 1 (E) 1/2 x 3/4

29 For p = 1, 2, . . . , 10 let Sp be the sum of the first 40 terms of the arithmetic progression whose
first term is p and whose common difference is 2p 1; then S1 + S2 + + S10 is
(A) 80000 (B) 80200 (C) 80400 (D) 80600 (E) 80800

30 A line segment is divided so that the lesser part is to the greater part as the greater part is
to the whole. If R is the ratio of the lesser part to the greater part, then the value of
(R2 +R1 ) +R1 ]
R[R + R1

is
(A) 2 (B) 2R (C) R1 (D) 2 + R1 (E) 2 + R

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1
1 The value of 1 is
2 2 1
1
2 2

(A) 3/4 (B) 4/5 (C) 5/6 (D) 6/7 (E) 6/5

2 For which real values of m are the simultaneous equations

y = mx + 3
y = (2m 1)x + 4

satisfied by at least one pair of real numbers (x, y)?


(A) all m (B) all m 6= 0 (C) all m 6= 1/2 (D) all m 6= 1 (E) no values of m

3 Which of the following inequalities are satisfied for all real numbers a, b, c, x, y, z which
satisfy the conditions x < a, y < b, and z < c?
I. xy + yz + zx < ab + bc + ca II. x2 + y 2 + z 2 < a2 + b2 + c2 III. xyz < abc
(A) None are satisfied. (B) I only (C) II only (D) III only (E) All are satisfied.

4 If the side of one square is the diagonal of a second square, what is the ratio of the area of
the first square to the area of the second?

(A) 2 (B) 2 (C) 1/2 (D) 2 2 (E) 4

5 The polynomial (x + y)9 is expanded in decreasing powers of x. The second and third terms
have equal values when evaluated at x = p and y = q, where p and q are positive numbers
whose sum is one. What is the value of p?
(A) 1/5 (B) 4/5 (C) 1/4 (D) 3/4 (E) 8/9

6 The sum of the first eighty positive odd integers subtracted from the sum of the first eighty
positive even integers is
(A) 0 (B) 20 (C) 40 (D) 60 (E) 80
|x|x||
7 For which non-zero real numbers x is x a positive integers?
(A) for negative x only (B) for positive x only (C) only for x an even integer
(D) for all non-zero real numbers x (E) for no non-zero real numbers x

8 If the statement All shirts in this store are on sale. is false, then which of the following
statements must be true?
I. All shirts in this store are at non-sale prices. II. There is some shirt in this store not on
sale. III. No shirt in this store is on sale. IV. Not all shirts in this store are on sale.
(A) II only (B) IV only (C) I and III only (D) II and IV only (E) I, II and IV only

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9 Let a1 , a2 , ... and b1 , b2 , ... be arithmetic progressions such that a1 = 25, b1 = 75, and a100 +
b100 = 100. Find the sum of the first hundred terms of the progression a1 + b1 , a2 + b2 , ...
(A) 0 (B) 100 (C) 10, 000 (D) 505, 000 (E) not enough information given to solve the probl
2 +8
10 The sum of the digits in base ten of (104n + 1)2 , where n is a positive integer, is
(A) 4 (B) 4n (C) 2 + 2n (D) 4n2 (E) n2 + n + 2

11 Let P be an interior point of circle K other than the center of K. Form all chords of K which
pass through P , and determine their midpoints. The locus of these midpoints is
(A) a circle with one point deleted (B) a circle if the distance from P to the center of K is less than
one half the radius of K; otherwise a circular arc of less than 360 (C) a semicircle with one point delet
(D) a semicircle (E) a circle

12 If a 6= b, a3 b3 = 19x3 , and a b = x, which of the following conclusions is correct?


(A) a = 3x (B) a = 3x or a = 2x (C) a = 3x or a = 2x (D) a = 3x or a =
2x (E) a = 2x

13 The equation x6 3x5 6x3 x + 8 has


(A) no real roots (B) exactly two distinct negative roots (C) exactly one negative root
(D) no negative roots, but at least one positive root (E) none of these

14 If the whatsis is so when the whosis is is and the so and so is is so, what is the whosis
whatsis when the whosis is so, the so and so is so so and the is is two (whatsis, whosis,
is and so are variables taking positive values)?
(A) whosis is so (B) whosis (C) is (D) so (E) so and so

15 In the sequence of numbers 1, 3, 2, ... each term after the first two is equal to the term
preceding it minus the term preceding that. The sum of the first one hundred terms of the
sequence is
(A) 5 (B) 4 (C) 2 (D) 1 (E) 1

16 If the first term of an infinite geometric series is a positive integer, the common ratio is the
reciprocal of a positive integer, and the sum of the series is 3, then the sum of the first two
terms of the series is
(A) 1/3 (B) 2/3 (C) 8/3 (D) 2 (E) 9/2

17 A man can commute either by train or by bus. If he goes to work on the train in the morning,
he comes home on the bus in the afternoon; and if he comes home in the afternoon on the
train, he took the bus in the morning. During a total of x working days, the man took the bus

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to work in the morning 8 times, came home by bus in the afternoon 15 times, and commuted
by train (either morning or afternoon) 9 times. Find x.
(A) 19 (B) 18 (C) 17 (D) 16 (E) not enough information given to solve the problem

18 A positive integer N with three digits in its base ten representation is chosen at random, with
each three digit number having an equal chance of being chosen. The probability that log2 N
is an integer is
(A) 0 (B) 3/899 (C) 1/225 (D) 1/300 (E) 1/450

19 Which positive numbers x satisfy the equation (log3 x)(logx 5) = log3 5?


(A) 3 and 5 only (B) 3, 5, and 15 only (C) only numbers of the form 5n 3m , where n and m are
positive integers (D) all positive x 6= 1 (E) none of these

20 In the adjoining figure triangle ABC is such that AB = 4 and AC = 8. If M is the midpoint
of BC and AM = 3, what is the length of BC?

(A) 2 26 (B) 2 31 (C) 9 (D) 4+2 13 (E) not enough information given to solve the prob

B M C

21 Suppose f (x) is defined for all real numbers x; f (x) > 0 for all x, and f (a)f (b) = f (a + b)
for all a and b. Which of the following statements is true?
p
I. f (0) = 1 II. f (a) = 1/f (a) for all a III. f (a) = 3 f (3a) for all a IV. f (b) > f (a) if b > a
(A) III and IV only (B) I, III, and IV only (C) I, II, and IV only (D) I, II, and III only
(E) All are true.

22 If p and q are primes and x2 px + q = 0 has distinct positive integral roots, then which of
the following statements are true?
I. The difference of the roots is odd. II. At least one root is prime. III. p2 q is prime. IV. p+
q is prime.
(A) I only (B) II only (C) II and III only (D) I, II and IV only (E) All are true.

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23 In the adjoining figure AB and BC are adjacent sides of square ABCD; M is the midpoint
of AB; N is the midpoint of BC; and AN and CM intersect at O. The ratio of the area of
AOCD to the area of ABCD is

D C

N
O

A M B


5 3 2 3 ( 31)
(A) 6 (B) 4 (C) 3 (D) 2 (E) 2

24 In triangle ABC, ]C = and ]B = 2, where 0 < < 60 . The circle with center A and
radius AB intersects AC at D and intersects BC, extended if necessary, at B and at E (E
may coincide with B). Then EC = AD
(A) for no values of (B) only if = 45 (C) only if 0 < 45

(D) only if 45 < 60 (E) for all such that 0 < < 60

25 A woman, her brother, her son and her daughter are chess players (all relations by birth).
The worst players twin (who is one of the four players) and the best player are of opposite
sex. The worst player and the best player are the same age. Who is the worst player?
(A) the woman (B) her son (C) her brother (D) her daughter
(E) No solution is consistent with the given information

26 In acute triangle ABC the bisector of ]A meets side BC at D. The circle with center B and
radius BD intersects side AB at M ; and the circle with center C and radius CD intersects
side AC at N . Then it is always true that
(A) ]CN D+]BM D]DAC = 120 (B) AM DN is a trapezoid (C) BC is parallel to M N
3(DBDC)
(D) AM AN = 2 (E) AB AC = 3(DBDC)
2

27 If p, q and r are distinct roots of x3 x2 + x 2 = 0, then p3 + q 3 + r3 equals


(A) 1 (B) 1 (C) 3 (D) 5 (E) none of these

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28 In triangle ABC shown in the adjoining figure, M is the midpoint of side BC, AB = 12 and
AC = 16. Points E and F are taken on AC and AB, respectively, and lines EF and AM
intersect at G. If AE = 2AF then EG
GF equals

C
E
M

G
A F B

(A) 32 (B) 43 (C) 54 (D) 65


(E) not enough information to solve the problem

29 What is the smallest integer larger than ( 3 + 2)6 ?
(A) 972 (B) 971 (C) 970 (D) 969 (E) 968

30 Let x = cos 36 cos 72 . Then x equals



(A) 13 (B) 12 (C) 3 6 (D) 2 3 3 (E) none of these

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1 If y = 2x and z = 2y, then x + y + z equals

(A) x (B) 3x (C) 5x (D) 7x (E) 9x

2 Which one of the following statements is false? All equilateral triangles are
(A) equiangular (B) isosceles (C) regular polygons (D) congruent to each other (E) simila

3 A man has $2.73 in pennies, nickels, dimes, quarters and half dollars. If he has an equal
number of coins of each kind, then the total number of coins he has is

(A) 3 (B) 5 (C) 9 (D) 10 (E) 15

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1 The largest whole number such that seven times the number is less than 100 is (A) 12 (B) 13 (C) 14

2 The degree of (x2 +1)4 (x3 +1)3 as a polynomial in x is (A) 5 (B) 7 (C) 12 (D) 17 (E) 72

3 If the ratio of 2x y to x + y is 23 , what is the ratio of x to y?


1 4 6 5
(A) 5 (B) 5 (C) 1 (D) 5 (E) 4

4 In the adjoining figure, CDE is an equilateral triangle and ABCD and DEFG are squares.
The measure of GDA is
(A) 90 (B) 105 (C) 120 (D) 135 (E) 150

A G

D
B F

C E

5 If AB and CD are perpendicular diameters of circle Q, P in AQ, and ]QP C = 60 , then


the length of P Q divided by the length of AQ is

A 60 B
P Q


3 3 2 1 2
(A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 2 (D) 2 (E) 3

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1
6 A positive number x satisfies the inequality x < 2x if and only if (A) x > 4 (B) x >
2 (C) > 4 (D) x < 14 (E) < 4

7 Sides AB, BC, CD and DA of convex polygon ABCD have lengths 3,4,12, and 13, respec-
tively, and ]CBA is a right angle. The area of the quadrilateral is

C
4
12 B
3
D 13 A

(A) 32 (B) 36 (C) 39 (D) 42 (E) 48

8 How many pairs (a, b) of non-zero real numbers satisfy the equation

1 1 1
+ =
a b a+b
(A) none (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) one pair for each b 6= 0 (E) two pairs for each b 6= 0

9 A man walks x miles due


west, turns 150 to his left and walks 3 miles in the new direction.
If he finishes a a point 3 from his starting point, then x is

(A) 3 (B) 2 5 (C) 32 (D) 3 (E) not uniquely determined

10 The number of teeth in three meshed gears A, B, and C are x, y, and z, respectively. (The
teeth on all gears are the same size and regularly spaced.) The angular speeds, in revolutions
per minutes of A, B, and C are in the proportion
(A) x : y : z (B) z : y : x (C) y : z : x (D) yz : xz : xy (E) xz : yx : zy

11 If the sum of the first 10 terms and the sum of the first 100 terms of a given arithmetic
progression are 100 and 10, respectively, then the sum of first 110 terms is:
(A) 90 (B) 90 (C) 110 (D) 110 (E) 100

12 The equations of L1 and L2 are y = mx and y = nx, respectively. Suppose L1 makes twice
as large of an angle with the horizontal (measured counterclockwise from the positive x-axis
) as does L2 , and that L1 has 4 times the slope of L2 . If L1 is not horizontal, then mn is

2 2
(A) 2 (B) 2 (C) 2 (D) 2 (E) not uniquely determined

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13 A bug (of negligible size) starts at the origin on the coordinate plane. First, it moves  one
unit right to (1, 0). Then it makes a 90 counterclockwise and travels 12 a unit to 1, 12 . If it
continues in this fashion, each time making a 90 degree turn counterclockwise and traveling
half as far as the previous move, to which of the following points will it come closest?
(A) 32 , 32 (B) 54 , 52 (C) 23 , 45 (D) 23 , 13 (E) 25 , 54
    

14 If the function f is defined by

cx 3
f (x) = , x 6= ,
2x + 3 2

satisfies x = f (f (x)) for all rea numbers x except 32 , then c is (A) 3 (B)
3
2 (C) 32 (D) 3 (E) not uniquely determined

15 A store prices an item in dollars and cents so that when 4


(A) 1 (B) 13 (C) 25 (D) 26 (E) 100

16 Four of the eight vertices of a cube are the vertices of a regular tetrahedron. Find the ratio ofq

the surface area of the cube to the surface area of the tetrahedron. (A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 32 (D) 2
3

17 Given that i2 = 1, for how many integers n is (n + i)4 an integer?


(A) none (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 3 (E) 4

18 If b > 1, sin x > 0, cos x > 0, and logb sin x = a, then logb cos x equals (A) 2 logb (1
2
ba/2 ) (B) 1 a2 (C) ba (D) 12 logb (1 b2a ) (E) none of these

19 Let C1 , C2 and C3 be three parallel chords of a circle on the same side of the center. The
distance between C1 and C2 is the same as the distance between C2 and C3 . Thelengths of the

chords are 20, 16, and 8. The radius of the circle is (A) 12 (B) 4 7 (C) 5 365 (D) 5 222 (E) not u

20 A box contains 2 pennies, 4 nickels, and 6 dimes. Six coins are drawn without replacement,
with each coin having an equal probability of being chosen. What is the probability that the
37 91
value of coins drawn is at least 50 cents? (A) 924 (B) 924 (C) 127
924 (D) 132
924 (E) none of these

21 In triangle ABC, ]CBA = 72 , E is the midpoint of side AC, and D is a point on side BC
such that 2BD = DC; AD and BE intersect at F . The ratio of the area of triangle BDF to
the area of quadrilateral F DCE is

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A
E

F C

D
B

1 1 1 2
(A) 5 (B) 4 (C) 3 (D) 5 (E) none of these

22 For each real number x, let f (x) be the minimum of the numbers 4x + 1, x + 2, and 2x + 4.
Then the maximum value of f (x) is (A) 31 (B) 12 (C) 32 (D) 52 (E) 83

23 Line segments drawn from the vertex opposite the hypotenuse of a right triangle to the points
trisecting the hypotenuse have lengths sin x and cos x, where x isa real number
such that 0 <
4 3 3 5 2 5
x < 2 . The length of the hypotenuse is (A) 3 (B) 2 (C) 5 (D) 3 (E) not uniquely determi

24 For some real number r, the polynomial 8x3 4x2 42x + 45 is divisible by (x r)2 . Which
of the following numbers is closest to r?
(A) 1.22 (B) 1.32 (C) 1.42 (D) 1.52 (E) 1.62

25 In the non-decreasing sequence of odd integers {a1 , a2 , a3 , . . .} = {1, 3, 3, 3, 5, 5, 5, 5, 5, . . .}


each odd positive integer k appears k times. It is a fact that there are integers b, c, and d
such that for all positive integers n,

an = bb n + cc + d,

where bxc denotes the largest integer not exceeding x. The sum b + c + d equals
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 3 (E) 4

26 Four balls of radius 1 are mutually tangent, three resting on the floor and the fourth resting
on the others. A tetrahedron, each of whose edges have length s, is circumscribed around the
balls. Then s equals

(A) 4 2 (B) 4 3 (C) 2 6 (D) 1 + 2 6 (E) 2 + 2 6
p3
p3

3
6
27 The sum 5 + 2 13+ 5 2 13 equals (A) 23 (B) 465 (C) 1+ 2 13 (D) 3 2 (E) none of these

28 The polynomial x2n + 1 + (x + 1)2n is not divisible by x2 + x + 1 if n equals


(A) 17 (B) 20 (C) 21 (D) 64 (E) 65

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29 How many ordered triples (x, y, z) of integers satisfy the system of equations below?

x2 3xy + 2yz z 2 = 31
x2 + 6yz + 2z 2 = 44
x2 + xy + 8z 2 = 100
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) a finite number greater than 2 (E) infinately many

30 A six digit number (base 10) is squarish if it satisfies the following conditions:
(i) none of its digits are zero; (ii) it is a perfect square; and (iii) the first of two digits, the
middle two digits and the last two digits of the number are all perfect squares when considered
as two digit numbers.
How many squarish numbers are there?
(A) 0 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 8 (E) 9

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1 If x + 2 = 2, then (x + 2)2 equals

(A) 2 (B) 2 (C) 4 (D) 8 (E) 16
2 Point E is on side AB of square ABCD. If EB has length one and EC has length two, then
the area of the square is

(A) 3 (B) 5 (C) 3 (D) 2 3 (E) 5
1 1 1
3 For x 6= 0, x + 2x + 3x equals
1 1 5 11 1
(A) 2x (B) 6 (C) 6x (D) 6x (E) 6x3

4 If three times the larger of two numbers is four times the smaller and the difference between
the numbers is 8, the the larger of two numbers is
(A) 16 (B) 24 (C) 32 (D) 44 (E) 52
5 In trapezoid ABCD, sides AB and CD are parallel, and diagonal BD and side AD have
equal length. If mDBC = 110 and mCBD = 30 , then mADB =
(A) 80 (B) 90 (C) 100 (D) 110 (E) 120
x y 2 +2y1
6 If x1 = y 2 2y2
, then x equals
(A) y 2 + 2y 1 (B) y 2 + 2y 2 (C) y 2 + 2y + 2 (D) y 2 + 2y + 1 (E) y 2 2y + 1
7 How many of the first one hundred positive integers are divisible by all of the numbers
2, 3, 4, 5?
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 3 (E) 4
8 For all positive numbers x, y, z the product (x + y + z)1 (x1 + y 1 + z 1 )(xy + yz +
xz)1 [(xy)1 + (yz)1 + (xz)1 ] equals
(A) x2 y 2 z 2 (B) x2 + y 2 + z 2 (C) (x + y + z)1 (D) 1
xyz (E) 1
xy+yz+xz

9 In the adjoining figure, P Q is a diagonal of the cube. If P Q has length a, then the surface
area of the cube is

(A) 2a2 (B) 2 2a2 (C) 2 3a2 (D) 3 3a2 (E) 6a2
10 The lines L and K are symmetric to each other with respect to the line y = x. If the equation
of the line L is y = ax + b with a 6= 0 and b 6= 0, then the equation of K is y =
(A) a1 x + b (B) a1 x + b (C) a1 x b
a (D) a1 x + b
a (E) a1 x b
a

11 The three sides of a right triangle have integral lengths which form an arithmetic progression.
One of the sides could have length
(A) 22 (B) 58 (C) 81 (D) 91 (E) 361

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12 If p, q and M are positive numbers and q < 100, then the number obtained by increasing M
by p% and decreasing the result by q% exceeds M if and only if
q q 100q 100q
(A) p > q (B) p > 100q (C) p > 1q (D) p > 100+q (E) p > 100q

13 Suppose that at the end of any year, a unit of money has lost 10% of the value it had at the
beginning of that year. Find the smallest integer n such that after n years, the money will
have lost at least 90% of its value. (To the nearest thousandth log10 3 = .477.)
(A) 14 (B) 16 (C) 18 (D) 20 (E) 22

14 In a geometric sequence of real numbers, the sum of the first two terms is 7, and the sum of
the first 6 terms is 91. The sum of the first 4 terms is
(A) 28 (B) 32 (C) 35 (D) 49 (E) 84

15 If b > 1, x > 0 and (2x)logb 2 (3x)logb 3 = 0, then x is


1 1
(A) 216 (B) 6 (C) 1 (D) 6 (E) not uniquely determined

16 The base three representation of x is

12112211122211112222.

The first digit (on the left) of the base nine representation of x is
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) 5
1

17 The function f is not defined for x = 0, but, for all non-zero real numbers x, f (x)+f x = x.
The equation f (x) = f (x) is satisfied by
(A) exactly one real number (B) exactly two real numbers (C) no real numbers (D) infinitely many, but not a
(E) all non-zero real numbers

18 The number of real solutions to the equation

x
= sin x
100
is
(A) 61 (B) 62 (C) 63 (D) 64 (E) 65

19 In 4ABC, M is the midpoint of side BC, AN bisects BAC, and BN AN . If sides AB


and AC have lengths 14 and 19, respectively, then find M N .

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N
B M C

 
5 5 5 1 5 1 1
(A) 2 (B) (C) sin (D) sin (E) sin
2 2 2 2 2 2 2

20 A ray of light originates from point A and and travels in a plane, being reflected n times
between lines AD and CD, before striking a point B (which may be on AD or CD) perpen-
dicularly and retracing its path to A. (At each point of reflection the light makes two equal
angles as indicated in the adjoining figure. The figure shows the light path for n = 3.) If
]CDA = 8 , what is the largest value n can have?
(A) 6 (B) 10 (C) 38 (D) 98 (E) There is no largest value.
21 In a triangle with sides of lengths a, b, and c, (a + b + c)(a + b c) = 3ab. The measure of the
angle opposite the side length c is
(A) 15 (B) 30 (C) 45 (D) 60 (E) 150
22 How many lines in a three dimensional rectangular coordiante system pass through four
distinct points of the form (i, j, k) where i, j, and k are positive integers not exceeding four?
(A) 60 (B) 64 (C) 72 (D) 76 (E) 100

P Q

B C

23

Equilateral 4ABC is inscribed in a circle. A second circle is tangent internally to the cir-
cumcircle at T and tangent to sides AB and AC at points P and Q. If side BC has length
12, then segment P Q has length

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(A) 6 (B) 6 3 (C) 8 (D) 8 3 (E) 9
1
24 If is a constant such that 0 < < and x + x = 2 cos . then for each positive integer n,
xn + x1n equals
(A) 2 cos (B) 2n cos (C) 2 cosn (D) 2 cos n (E) 2n cosn

2 3 6
25 B D E C

In triangle ABC in the adjoining figure, AD and AE trisect BAC. The lengths of BD, DE
and EC are 2, 3, and 6, respectively. The length of the shortest side of 4ABC is

(A) 2 10 (B) 11 (C) 6 6 (D) 6 (E) not uniquely determined by the given information

26 Alice, Bob, and Carol repeatedly take turns tossing a die. Alice begins; Bob always follows
Alice; Carol always follows Bob; and Alice always follows Carol. Find the probability that
Carol will be the first one to toss a six. (The probability of obtaining a six on any toss is 16 ,
independent of the outcome of any other toss.)
1 2 5 25 36
(A) 3 (B) 9 (C) 18 (D) 91 (E) 91
_
27 In the adjoining figure triangle ABC is inscribed in a circle. Point D lies on AC with
_ _ _ _
DC= 30 , and point G lies on BA with BG > GA. Side AB and side AC each have length
equal to the length of chord DG, and CAB = 30 . Chord DG intersects sides AC and AB
at E and F , respectively. The ratio of the area of 4AF E to the area of 4ABC is

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A
G
30

F
E

C B


2 3

2 33

95 3
(A) 3 (B) 3 (C) 7 3 12 (D) 3 3 5 (E) 3

28 Consider the set of all equations x3 + a2 x2 + a1 x + a0 = 0, where a2 , a1 , a0 are real constants


and |ai | < 2 for i = 0, 1, 2. Let r be the largest positive real number which satisfies at least
one of these equations. Then
(A) 1 < r < 23 (B) 3
2 <r<2 (C) 2 < r < 5
2 (D) 5
2 <r<3
(E) 3 < r < 72

29 If a > 1, then the sum of the real solutions of


p
a a+x=x
is equal to

a1 a1 4a31
(A) a 1 (B) 2 (C) a1 (D) 2 (E) 2

30 If a, b, c, and d are the solutions of the equation x4 bx 3 = 0, then an equation whose


solutions are
a+b+c a+b+d a+c+d b+c+d
, , ,
d2 c2 b2 a2
is
(A) 3x4 + bx + 1 = 0 (B) 3x4 bx + 1 = 0 (C) 3x4 + bx3 1 = 0 (D) 3x4 bx3 1 =
0 (E) none of these

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1 When the polynomial x3 2 is divided by the polynomial x2 2, the remainder is


(A) 2 (B) 2 (C) 2x 2 (D) 2x + 2 (E) 2x 2

2 If a number eight times as large as x is increased by two, then one fourth of the result equals
1 1
(A) 2x + 2 (B) x + 2 (C) 2x + 2 (D) 2x + 4 (E) 2x + 16
x)
3 Evaluate (xx )(x at x = 2.
(A) 16 (B) 64 (C) 256 (D) 1024 (E) 65, 536

4 The perimeter of a semicircular region, measured in centimeters, is numerically equal to its


area, measured in square centimeters. The radius of the semicircle, measured in centimeters,
is
(A) (B) 2 (C)1 (D) 12 (E) 4 + 2

5 Two positive numbers x and y are in the ratio a : b where 0 < a < b. If x + y = c, then the
smaller of x and y is
ac bcac ac bc ac
(A) b (B) b (C) a+b (D) a+b (E) ba

6 The sum of all but one of the interior angles of a convex polygon equals 2570 . The remaining
angle is
(A) 90 (B) 105 (C) 120 (D) 130 (E) 144

7 If the operation x y is defined by x y = (x + 1)(y + 1) 1, then which one of the following


is FALSE?
(A) x y = y x for all real x and y.
(B) x (y + z) = (x y) + (x z) for all real x, y, and z
(C) (x 1) (x + 1) = (x x) 1 for all real x.
(D) x 0 = x for all real x.
(E) x (y z) = (x y) zfor all real x, y, and z.
j!
8 By definition, r! = r(r 1) 1 and kj = k!(jk)!

, where r, j, k are positive integers and
n n n
  
k < j. If 1 , 2 , 3 form an arithmetic progression with n > 3, then n equals
(A) 5 (B) 7 (C) 9 (D) 11 (E) 12

9 A vertical line divides the triangle with vertices (0, 0), (1, 1), and (9, 1) in the xyplane into
two regions of equal area. The equation of the line is x =
(A)2.5 (B)3.0 (C)3.5 (D)4.0 (E)4.5

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10 In the adjoining diagram, BO bisects CBA, CO bisects ACB, and M N is parallel to BC.
If AB = 12, BC = 24, and AC = 18, then the perimeter of 4AM N is

M O N

B C

(A)30 (B)33 (C)36 (D)39 (E)42

11 How many integers with four different digits are there between 1, 000 and 9, 999 such that
the absolute value of the difference between the first digit and the last digit is 2?
(A)672 (B)784 (C)840 (D)896 (E)1008

12 Let f (x) = ax7 + bx3 + cx 5, where a, b and c are constants. If f (7) = 7, the f (7) equals
(A) 17 (B) 7 (C)14 (D)21 (E)not uniquely determined
logb (logb a)
13 If a > 1, b > 1, and p = logb a , then an equals
(A)1 (B)b (C) loga b (D) logb a (E)alogb a

14 In the adjoining figure, points B and C lie on line segment AD, and AB, BC, and CD are
diameters of circle O, N , and P , respectively. Circles O, N , and P all have radius 15 and the
line AG is tangent to circle P at G. If AG intersects circle N at points E and F , then chord
EF has length

G
F
E
C
A D
O B N P


(A)20 (B)15 2 (C)24 (D)25 (E)none of these

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15 Let [z] denote the greatest integer not exceeding z. Let x and y satisfy the simultaneous
equations
y = 2[x] + 3
y = 3[x 2] + 5.
If x is not an integer, then x + y is
(A)an integer (B)between 4 and 5 (C)between -4 and 4 (D)between 15 and 16 (E)16.5
16 A wooden cube has edges of length 3 meters. Square holes, of side one meter, centered in
each face are cut through to the opposite face. The edges of the holes are parallel to the edges
of the cube. The entire surface area including the inside, in square meters, is
(A)54 (B)72 (C)76 (D)84 (E)86
17 How many real numbers x satisfy the equation 32x+2 3x+3 3x + 3 = 0?
(A)0 (B)1 (C)2 (D)3 (E)4
18 In the adjoining figure of a rectangular solid, DHG = 45 and F HB = 60 . Find the
cosine of BHD.


3 2 6 6 6 2
(A) 6 (B) 6 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) 4

19 Let f (x) = |x 2| + |x 4| |2x 6| for 2 x 8. The sum of the largest and smallest
values of f (x) is
(A)1 (B)2 (C)4 (D)6 (E)none of these
20 The number of pairs of positive integers (x, y) which satisfy the equation x2 + y 2 = x3 is
(A)0 (B)1 (C)2 (D)not finite (E)none of these

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21 In the adjoining figure, the triangle ABC is a right triangle with BCA = 90 . Median CM
is perpendicular to median BN , and side BC = s. The length of BN is

s N

B M A


(A)s 2 (B) 32 s 2 (C)2s 2 (D) 12 s 5 (E) 12 s 6

22 In a narrow alley of width w a ladder of length a is placed with its foot at point P between
the walls. Resting against one wall at Q, the distance k above the ground makes a 45 angle
with the ground. Resting against the other wall at R, a distance h above the ground, the
ladder makes a 75 angle with the ground. The width w is equal to
(A)a (B)RQ (C)k (D) h+k
2 (E)h

23 The lengths of the sides of a triangle are consescutive integers, and the largest angle is twice
the smallest angle. The cosine of the smallest angle is
(A) 34 7
(B) 10 (C) 23 9
(D) 14 (E)none of these

24 In the adjoining figure, the circle meets the sides of an equilateral triangle at six points. If
AG = 2, GF = 13, F C = 1, and HJ = 7, then DE equals

A
2
G
H

7
13
J

F 1
B D EC

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(A)2 22 (B)7 3 (C)9 (D)10 (E)13

25 The adjacent map is part of a city: the small rectangles are rocks, and the paths in between
are streets. Each morning, a student walks from intersection A to intersection B, always
walking along streets shown, and always going east or south. For variety, at each intersection
where he has a choice, he chooses with probability 12 whether to go east or south. Find the
probability that through any given morning, he goes through C.

W E

S
C

(A) 11
32 (B) 12 (C) 47 (D) 21
32 (E) 34

26 If the base 8 representation of a perfect square is ab3c, where a 6= 0, then c equals


(A)0 (B)1 (C)3 (D)4 (E)not uniquely determined

27 Suppose z = a + bi is a solution of the polynomial equation c4 z 4 + ic3 z 3 + c2 z 2 + ic1 z + c0 = 0,


where c0 , c1 , c2 , c3 , a, and b are real constants and i2 = 1. Which of the following must
also be a solution?
(A) a bi (B)a bi (C) a + bi (D)b + ai (E)none of these

28 A set of consecutive positive integers beginning with 1 is written on a blackboard. One


7
number is erased. The average (arithmetic mean) of the remaining numbers is 35 17 . What
number was erased?
(A)6 (B)7 (C)8 (D)9 (E)cannot be determined

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29 Let x,y, and z be three positive real numbers whose sum is 1. If no one of these numbers is
more than twice any other, then the minimum possible value of the product xyz is
1 1 4 1
(A) 32 (B) 36 (C) 125 (D) 127 (E) none of these

30 Find the units digit of the decimal expansion of



(15 + 220)19 + (15 + 220)82 .
(A) 0 (B) 2 (C) 5 (D) 9 (E) none of these

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1 If x 6= 0, x
2 = y 2 and x
4 = 4y, then x equals
(A) 8 (B) 16 (C) 32 (D) 64 (E) 128

2 Point P is outside circle C on the plane. At most how many points on C are 3cm from P ?
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) 8

3 Three primes p, q, and r satisfy p + q = r and 1 < p < q. Then p equals


(A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 7 (D) 13 (E) 17

4 Position A, B, C, D, E, F such that AF and CD are parallel, as are sides AB and EF , and
sides BC and ED. Each side has length of 1 and it is given that ]F AB = ]BCD = 60 .
The area of the figure is

3 3
(A) (B) 1 (C) (D) 3 (E) 2
2 2
5 Triangle ABC has a right angle at C. If sin A = 23 , then tan B is

3 5 2 5 5
(A) 5 (B) 3 (C) 5
(D) 2 (E) 3

1 2 3
6 When x5 , x + x and 1 + x + x2
are multiplied, the product is a polynomial of degree.
(A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 6 (D) 7 (E) 8

7 Alice sells an item at $10 less than the list price and receives 10% of her selling price as her
commission. Bob sells the same item at $20 less than the list price and receives 20% of his
selling price as his commission. If they both get the same commission, then the list price is
(A) $20 (B) $30 (C) $50 (D) $70 (E) $100

8 Let f (x) = x+1


x1 . Then for x2 6= 1, f (x) is
1 1
(A) f (x) (B) f (x) (C) f (x) (D) f (x) (E) f (x)

9 In a certain population the ratio of the number of women to the number of men is 11 to 10.
If the average (arithmetic mean) age of the women is 34 and the average age of the men is
32, then the average age of the population is
9
(A) 32 10 (B) 32 20
21 (C) 33 1
(D) 33 21 1
(E) 33 10

10 Segment AB is both a diameter of a circle of radius 1 and a side of an equilateral triangle


ABC. The circle also intersects AC and BD at points D and E, respectively. The length of
AE is

3 5 3 2+ 3
(A) (B) (C) (D) 3 (E)
2 3 2 2

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11 Simplify sin(x y) cos y + cos(x y) sin y.


(A) 1 (B) sin x (C) cos x (D) sin x cos 2y (E) cos x cos 2y
 
12 If log2 log3 (log2 x) = 0, then x1/2 equals
1 1 1 1
(A) (B) (C) (D) (E) none of these
3 2 3 3 3 42

13 If xy = a, xz = b, and yz = c, and none of these quantities is zero, then x2 + y 2 + z 2 equals:


ab+ac+bc a2 +b2 +c2 (a+b+c)2 (ab+ac+bc)2 (ab)2 +(ac)2 +(bc)2
(A) abc (B) abc (C) abc (D) abc (E) abc

14 The units digit of 31001 71002 131003 is


(A) 1 (B) 3 (C) 5 (D) 7 (E) 9

15 Three balls marked 1,2, and 3, are placed in an urn. One ball is drawn, its number is recorded,
then the ball is returned to the urn. This process is repeated and then repeated once more,
and each ball is equally likely to be drawn on each occasion. If the sum of the numbers
recorded is 6, what is the probability that the ball numbered 2 was drawn all three times?
1 1 1 1 1
(A) (B) (C) (D) (E)
27 8 7 6 3
16 Let x = .123456789101112....998999, where the digits are obtained by writing the integers 1
through 999 in order. The 1983rd digit to the right of the decimal point is
(A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 5 (D) 7 (E) 8

17 The diagram to the right shows several numbers in the complex plane. The circle is the unit
circle centered at the origin. One of these numbers is the reciprocal of F . Which one?
(A) A (B) B (C) C (D) D (E) E

18 Let f be a polynomial function such that, for all real x,

f (x2 + 1) = x4 + 5x2 + 3.

For all real x, f (x2 1) is


(A) x4 +5x2 +1 (B) x4 +x2 3 (C) x4 5x2 +1 (D) x4 +x2 +3 (E) None of these

19 Point D is on side CB of triangle ABC. If

CAD = DAB = 60 , AC = 3 and AB = 6,

then the length of AD is (A) 2 (B) 2.5 (C) 3 (D) 3.5 (E) 4

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20 If tan and tan are the roots of x2 px + q = 0, and cot and cot are the roots of
x2 rx + s = 0, then rs is necessarily (A) pq 1
(B) pq (C) qp2 (D) pq2 (E) pq

21 Find the smallestpositive number from
the numbersbelow (A) 10 3 11 (B) 3 11
10 (C) 18 5 13 (D) 51 10 26 (E) 10 26 51

22 Consider the two functions f (x) = x2 + 2bx + 1 and g(x) = 2a(x + b), where the variable x
and the constants a and b are real numbers. Each such pair of the constants a and b may be
considered as a point (a, b) in an abplane. Let S be the set of such points (a, b) for which
the graphs of y = f (x) and y = g(x) do NOT intersect (in the xy plane.). The area of S is
(A) 1 (B) (C) 4 (D) 4 (E) infinite

23 In the adjoining figure the five circles are tangent to one another consecutively and to the
lines L1 and L2 (L1 is the line that is above the circles and L2 is the line that goes under
the circles). If the radius of the largest circle is 18 and that of the smallest one is 8, then the
radius of the middle circle is

L1

L2

(A) 12 (B) 12.5 (C) 13 (D) 13.5 (E) 14

24 How many non-congruent right triangles are there such that the perimeter in cm and the area
in cm2 are numerically equal?
(A) none (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 4 (E) infinitely many

25 If 60a = 3 and 60b = 5, then 12[(1ab)/2(1b)]



(A) 3 (B) 2 (C) 5 (D) 3 (E) 12

26 The probability that event A occurs is 34 ; the probability that event B occurs is 23 . Let p be
the probability that both A and B occur. The smallest interval necessarily containing p is
the interval
h i h i h i h i h i
1 1 5 1
(A) 12 ,2 (B) 12 ,2 (C) 12 , 23 (D) 12 5 2
,3 (E) 121 2
,3

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1983

27 A large sphere is on a horizontal field on a sunny day. At a certain time the shadow of the
sphere reaches out a distance of 10 m from the point where the sphere touches the ground. At
the same instant a meter stick (held vertically with one end on the ground) casts a shadow of
length 2 m. What is the radius of the sphere in meters? (Assume the suns rays are parallel
and the meter stick is a line segment.)

(A) 52 (B) 9 4 5 (C) 8 10 23 (D) 6 15 (E) 10 5 20

28 Triangle 4ABC in the figure has area 10. Points D, E and F , all distinct from A, B and
C, are on sides AB, BC and CA respectively, and AD = 2, DB = 3. If triangle 4ABE and
quadrilateral DBEF have equal areas, then that area is

F
E

A 2 D 3 B

5

(A) 4 (B) 5 (C) 6 (D) 3 10 (E) not uniquely determined

29 A point P lies in the same plane as a given square of side 1. Let the vertices of the square,
taken counterclockwise, be A, B, C and D. Also, let the distances from P to A, B and
C, respectively, be u, v and w. What is the greatest distance that P can be from D if
u2 + v 2 = w2 ?

(A) 1 + 2 (B) 2 2 (C) 2 + 2 (D) 3 2 (E) 3 + 2
30 Distinct points A and B are on a semicircle with diameter M N and center C. The point P
_ _
is on CN and CAP = CBP = 10 . If M A= 40 , then BN equals

A 10

10 B
40
M N
C P

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(A) 10 (B) 15 (C) 20 (D) 25 (E) 30

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1984

10002
1 2522 2482
equals
1
A. 62,500 B. 1000 C. 500 D. 250 E. 2
1
2 If x, y and y x are not 0, then
x y1
y x1
equals
x y x y 1
A. 1 B. y C. x D. y x E. xy xy

3 Let n be the smallest nonprime integer greater than 1 with no prime factor less than 10. Then
A. 100 < n 110 B. 110 < n 120 C. 120 < n 130 D. 130 < n 140 E. 140 < n 150
4 A rectangle intersects a circle as shown: AB = 4, BC = 5, and DE = 3. Then EF equals:

A 4 B 5 C

D 3 E F

20
(A) 6 (B) 7 (C) 3 (D) 8 (E) 9

5 The largest integer n for which n200 < 5300 is


A. 8 B. 9 C. 10 D. 11 E. 12
6 In a certain school, there are three times as many boys as girls and nine times as many girls
as teachers. Using the letters b, g, t to represent the number of boys, girls, and teachers,
respectively, then the total number of boys, girls, and teachers can be represented by the
expression
37b 37g 37t
A. 31b B. 27 C. 13g D. 27 E. 27

7 When Dave walks to school, he averages 90 steps per minute, each of his steps 75cm long. It
takes him 16 minutes to get to school. His brother, Jack, going to the same school by the
same route, averages 100 steps per minute, but his steps are only 60 cm long. How long does
it take Jack to get to school?
A. 14 29 B. 15 C. 18 D. 20 E. 22 29

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8 Figure ABCD is a trapezoid with AB||DC, AB = 5, BC = 3 2, ]BCD = 45 , and ]CDA =
60 . The length of DC is

A. 7 + 23 3 B. 8 C. 9 12 D. 8 + 3 E. 8 + 3 3

9 The number of digits in 416 525 (when written in the usual base 10 form) is
A. 31 B. 30 C. 29 D. 28 E. 27

10 Four complex numbers lie at the vertices of a square in the complex plane. Three of the
numbers are 1 + 2i, 2 + i and 1 2i. The fourth number is
A. 2 + i B. 2 i C. 1 2i D. 1 + 2i E. 2 i

11 A calculator has a key which replaces the displayed entry with its square, and another key
which replaces the displayed entry with its reciprocal. Let y be the final result if one starts
with an entry x 6= 0 and alternately squares and reciprocates n times each. Assuming the
calculator is completely accurate (e.g., no roundoff or overflow), then y equals
n) n) n 2n)
A. x((2) B. x2n C. x2n D. x(2 E. x((1)

12 If the sequence {an } is defined by

a1 = 2,
an+1 = an + 2n
where n 1.
Then a100 equals
A. 9900 B. 9902 C. 9904 D. 10100 E. 10102

2 6
13
2+ 3+ 5
equals

A. 2+ 3 5 B. 4 2 3 C. 2+ 3+ 65 D. 21 ( 2+ 5 3) E. 31 ( 3+ 5 2)

14 The product of all real roots of the equation xlog10 x = 10 is


A. 1 B. -1 C. 10 D. 101 E. None of these

15 If sin 2x sin 3x = cos 2x cos 3x, then one value for x is


A. 18 B. 30 C. 36 D. 45 E. 60

16 The function f (x) satisfies f (2+x) = f (2x) for all real numbers x. If the equation f (x) = 0
has exactly four distinct real roots, then the sum of these roots is
A. 0 B. 2 C. 4 D. 6 E. 8

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17 A right triangle ABC with hypotenuse AB has side AC = 15. Altitude CH divides AB into
segments AH And HB, with HB = 16. The area of 4ABC is:

A. 120 B. 144 C. 150 D. 216 E. 144 5

18 A point (x, y) is to be chosen in the coordinate plane so that it is equally distant from the
x-axis, the y-axis, and the line x + y = 2. Then x is

A. 2 1 B. 12 C. 2 2 D. 1 E. Not uniquely determined

19 A box contains 11 balls, numbered 1,2,3,....,11. If 6 balls are drawn simultaneously at random,
what is the probability that the sum of the numbers on the balls drawn is odd?
100 115 1 118 6
A. 231 B. 231 C. 2 D. 231 E. 11

20 The number of distinct solutions of the equation


|x |2x + 1|| = 3 is
A. 0 B. 1 C. 2 D. 3 E. 4

21 The number of triples (a, b, c) of positive integers which satisfy the simultaneous equations

ab + bc = 44,
ac + bc = 23,

is
A. 0 B. 1 C. 2 D. 3 E. 4

22 Let a and c be fixed positive numbers. For each real number t let (xt , yt ) be the vertex of the
parabola y = ax2 + bx + c. If the set of vertices (xt , yt ) for all real values of t is graphed in
the plane, the graph is
A. a straight line B. a parabola C. part, but not all, of a parabola D. one branch of a hyperbola
E. None of these
sin 10 +sin 20
23 cos 10 +cos 20 equals
A. tan 10 + tan 20 B. tan 30 C. 12 (tan 10 + tan 20 ) D. tan 15 E. 1
4 tan 60

24 If a and b are positive real numbers and each of the equations x2 +ax+2b = 0 and x2 +2bx+a =
0 has real roots, then the smallest possible value of a + b is
A. 2 B. 3 C. 4 D. 5 E. 6

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25 The total area of all the faces of a rectangular solid is 22cm2 , and the total length of all its
edges is 24cm. Then the length in cm of any one of its internal diagonal is

A. 11 B. 12 C. 13 D. 14 E. Not uniquely determined

26 In the obtuse triangle ABC with C > 90, AM = M B, M D BC, EC BC (D is on BC


and E is on AB and M is on EB). If the area of 4ABC is 24, then the area of 4BED is
A. 9 B. 12 C. 15 D. 18 E. Not uniquely determined

27 In 4ABC, D is on AC and F is on BC. Also, AB AC, AF BC, and BD = DC =


F C = 1. Find AC.

A. 2 B. 3 C. 3 2 D. 3 3 E. 4 3

28 The number of distinct pairs of integers (x, y) such that 0 < x < y and 1984 = x + y is
A. 0 B. 1 C. 3 D. 4 E. 7

29 Find the largest value for xy for pairs of real numbers (x, y) which satisfy (x3)2 +(y3)2 = 6.

A. 3 + 2 2 B. 2 + 3 C. 3 3 D. 6 E. 6 + 2 3

30 For any complex number w = a + bi, |w| is defined to be the real number a2 + b2 . If
w = cos 40 + i sin 40 , then

|w + 2w2 + 3w3 + + 9w9 |1

equals
1 2 1 1
(A) sin 40 (B) sin 20 (C) cos 40 (D) cos 20 (E) none of these
9 9 9 18

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1 If 2x + 1 = 8, then 4x + 1 =
(A) 15 (B) 16 (C) 17 (D) 18 (E) 19

2 In an arcade game, the monster is the shaded sector of a circle of radius 1 cm, as shown
in the figure. The missing piece (the mouth) has central angle 60 . What is the perimeter of
the monster in cm?

1
60

(A) + 2 (B) 2 (C) 35 (D) 65 + 2 (E) 53 + 2

3 In right 4ABC with legs 5 and 12, arcs of circles are drawn, one with center A and radius
12, the other with center B and radius 5. They intersect the hypotenuse at M and N . Then,
M N has length:

B
M

N 5

A 12 C

13 24
(A) 2 (B) 5 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) 5

4 A large bag of coins contains pennies, dimes, and quarters. There are twice as many dimes
as pennies and three times as many quarters as dimes. An amount of money which could be
in the bag is
(A) $306 (B) $333 (C) $342 (D) $348 (E) $360

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1985

5 Which terms must be removed from the sum

1 1 1 1 1 1
+ + + + +
2 4 6 8 10 12
if the sum of the remaining terms is equal to 1?
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
(A) 4 and 8 (B) 4 and 12 (C) 8 and 12 (D) 6 and 10 (E) 8 and 10

6 One student in a class of boys and girls is chosen to represent the class. Each student is
equally likely to be chosen and the probability that a boy is chosen is 23 of the probability
that a girl is chosen. The ratio of the number of boys to the total number of boys and girls is
1 2 1 3 2
(A) 3 (B) 5 (C) 2 (D) 5 (E) 3

7 In some computer languages (such as APL), when there are no parentheses in an algebraic
expression, the operations are grouped from left to right. Thus, a b c in such languages
means the same as a(b c) in ordinary algebraic notation. If a b c + d is evaluated in such
a language, the result in ordinary algebraic notation would be
a a d+cb a a
(A) b c+d (B) b cd (C) a (D) bc+d (E) bcd

8 Let a, a0 , b, and b0 be real numbers with a and a0 nonzero. The solution to ax + b = 0 is less
than the solution to a0 x + b0 = 0 if and only if
b0 b0
(A) a0 b < ab0 (B) ab0 < a0 b (C) ab < a0 b0 (D) b
a < a0 (E) a0 < b
a

9 The odd positive integers 1, 3, 5, 7, , are arranged into in five columns continuing with the
pattern shown on the right. Counting from the left, the column in which 1985 appears in is
the

1 3 5 7
15 13 11 9
17 19 21 23
31 29 27 25
33 35 37 39
47 45 43 41
49 51 53 55

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(A) first (B) second (C) third (D) fourth (E) fifth

10 An arbitrary circle can intersect the graph y = sin x in


(A) at most 2 points (B) at most 4 points (C) at most 6 points (D) at most 8 points
(E) more than 16 points

11 How many distinguishable rearrangements of the letters in CONTEST have both the vowels
first? (For instance, OETCNST is a one such arrangements but OTETSNC is not.)
(A) 60 (B) 120 (C) 240 (D) 720 (E) 2520

12 Lets write p,q, and r as three distinct prime numbers, where 1 is not a prime. Which of the
following is the smallest positive perfect cube leaving n = pq 2 r4 as a divisor?
(A) p8 q 8 r8 (B) (pq 2 r2 )3 (C) (p2 q 2 r2 )3 (D) (pqr2 )3 (E) 4p3 q 3 r3

13 Pegs are put in a board 1 unit apart both horizontally and vertically. A reubber band is
stretched over 4 pegs as shown in the figure, forming a quadrilateral. Its area in square units
is

(A) 4 (B) 4.5 (C) 5 (D) 5.5 (E) 6

14 Exactly three of the interior angles of a convex polygon are obtuse. What is the maximum
number of sides of such a polygon?
(A) 4 (B) 5 (C) 6 (D) 7 (E) 8

15 If a and b are positive numbers such that ab = ba and b = 9a, then the value of a is:

(A) 9 (B) 91 (C) 9 9 (D) 3 9 (E) 4 3

16 If A = 20 and B = 25 , then the value of (1 + tan A)(1 + tan B) is



(A) 3 (B) 2 (C) 1 + 2 (D) 2(tan A + tan B) (E) none of these

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17 Diagonal DB of rectangle ABCD is divided into 3 segments of length 1 by parallel lines L and
L0 that pass through A and C and are perpendicular to DB. The area of ABCD, rounded
to the nearest tenth, is

A B

1
1
D C
L L

(A) 4.1 (B) 4.2 (C) 4.3 (D) 4.4 (E) 4.5

18 Six bags of marbles contain 18, 19, 21, 23, 25, and 34 marbles, respectively. One bag contains
chipped marbles only. The other 5 bags contain no chipped marbles. Jane takes three of the
bags and George takes two of the others. Only the bag of chipped marbles remains. If Jane
gets twice as many marbles as George, how many chipped marbles are there?
(A) 18 (B) 19 (C) 21 (D) 23 (E) 25

19 Consider the graphs y = Ax2 and and y 2 + 3 = x2 + 4y, where A is a positive constant and
x and y are real variables. In how many points do the two graphs intersect?
(A) exactly 4 (B) exactly 2 (C) at least 1, but the number varies for different positive values of A
(D) 0 for at least one positive value of A (E) none of these

20 A wooden cube with edge length n units (where n is an integer > 2) is painted black all over.
By slices parallel to its faces, the cube is cut into n3 smaller cubes each of unit length. If the
number of smaller cubes with just one face painted black is equal to the number of smaller
cubes completely free of paint, what is n?
(A) 5 (B) 6 (C) 7 (D) 8 (E) none of these

21 How many integers x satisfy the equation

(x2 x 1)x+2 = 1

(A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 4 (D) 5 (E) none of these

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1985

_
22 In a circle with center O, AD is a diameter, ABC is a chord, BO = 5, and ABO =CD= 60 .
Then the length of BC is:

B A
C 60

5
O
60


3
(A) 3 (B) 3 + 3 (C) 5 2 (D) 5 (E) none of the above

1+i 3 1i 3
23 If x = 2 and y = 2 , where i2 = 1, then which of the following is not correct?
(A) x5 + y 5= 1 (B) x7 + y 7 = 1 (C) x9 + y 9 = 1 (D) x11 + y 11 =
1 (E) x13 + y 13 = 1

24 A non-zero digit is chosen in such a way that the probability of choosing digit d is log10 (d +
1) log10 d. The probability that the digit 2 is chosen is exactly 12 the probability that the
digit chosen is in the set
(A) {2, 3} (B) {3, 4} (C) {4, 5, 6, 7, 8} (D) {5, 6, 7, 8, 9} (E) {4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9}

25 The volume of a certain rectangular solid is 8 cm3 , its total surface area is 32 cm3 , and its
three dimensions are in geometric progression. The sums of the lengths in cm of all the edges
of this solid is
(A) 28 (B) 32 (C) 36 (D) 40 (E) 44
n13
26 Find the least positive integer n for which 5n+6 is non-zero reducible fraction.
(A) 45 (B) 68 (C) 155 (D) 226 (E) none of these

27 Consider a sequence x1 , x2 , x3 , ..., defined by




3

3
3
3
x1 = 3x2 = 3

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1985

and in general
3
3
xn = (xn1 ) for n > 1.
What is the smallest value of n for which xn is an integer?
(A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 4 (D) 9 (E) 27

28 In 4ABC, we have C = 3A, a = 27, and c = 48. What is b?

b a

A c B

(A) 33 (B) 35 (C) 37 (D) 39 (E) not uniquely determined

29 In their base 10 representation, the integer a consists of a sequence of 1985 eights and the
integer b consists of a sequence of 1985 fives. What is the sum of the digits of the base 10
representation of 9ab?
(A) 15880 (B) 17856 (C) 17865 (D) 17874 (E) 19851

30 Let bxc be the greatest integer less than or equal to x. Then the number of real solutions to
4x2 40bxc + 51 = 0 is
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 3 (E) 4

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1986

1 [x (y x)] [(x y) x] =
(A) 2y (B) 2x (C) 2y (D) 2x (E) 0

2 If the line L in the xy-plane has half the slope and twice the y-intercept of the line y = 23 x + 4,
then an equation for L is:
(A) y = 13 x + 8 (B) y = 34 x + 2 (C) y = 13 x + 4
(D) y = 43 x + 4 (E) y = 13 x + 2

3 4ABC is a right angle at C and A = 20 . If BD (D in AC) is the bisector of ABC, then


BDC =
(A) 40 (B) 45 (C) 50 (D) 55 (E) 60

4 Let S be the statement


If the sum of the digits of the whole number n is divisible by 6, then n is divisible by 6.
A value of n which shows S to be false is
(A) 30 (B) 33 (C) 40 (D) 42 (E) None of these
 q 2
5 Simplify 6 27 6 34

3 3 3 3 3 3 3
(A) 4 (B) 2 (C) 4 (D) 2 (E) 2

6 Solve t in this system of equation:

t w + l = 32

t l + w = 28

(A) 28 (B) 29 (C) 30 (D) 31 (E) 32

7 The sum of the greatest integer less than or equal to x and the least integer greater than or
equal to x is 5. The solution set for x is
n o
(A) 52
 
(B) x | 2 x 3 (C) x | 2 x < 3
n o n o
(D) x | 2 < x 3 (E) x | 2 < x < 3

8 The population of the United States in 1980 was 226, 504, 825. The area of the country is
3, 615, 122 square miles. The are (5280)2 square feet in one square mile. Which number below
best approximates the average number of square feet per person?
(A) 5, 000 (B) 10, 000 (C) 50, 000 (D) 100, 000 (E) 500, 000

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1986

1 1 1 1
   
9 The product 1 22
1 32
... 1 92
1 102
equals
5 1 11 2 7
(A) 12 (B) 2 (C) 20 (D) 3 (E) 10

10 The 120 permutations of the AHSME are arranged in dictionary order as if each were an
ordinary five-letter word. The last letter of the 85th word in this list is:
(A) A (B) H (C) S (D) M (E) E

11 In 4ABC, AB = 13, BC = 14 and CA = 15. Also, M is the midpoint of side AB and H is


the foot of the altitude from A to BC. The length of HM is

B C
H

(A) 6 (B) 6.5 (C) 7 (D) 7.5 (E) 8

12 John scores 93 on this years AHSME. Had the old scoring system still been in effect, he would
score only 84 for the same answers. How many questions does he leave unanswered? (In the
new scoring system one receives 5 points for correct answers, 0 points for wrong answers, and
2 points for unanswered questions. In the old system, one started with 30 points, received 4
more for each correct answer, lost one point for each wrong answer, and neither gained nor
lost points for unanswered questions. There are 30 questions in the 1986 AHSME.)
(A) 6 (B) 9 (C) 11 (D) 14 (E) Not uniquely determined

13 A parabola y = ax2 + bx + c has vertex (4, 2). If (2, 0) is on the parabola, then abc equals
(A) 12 (B) 6 (C) 0 (D) 6 (E) 12

14 Suppose hops, skips and jumps are specific units of length. If b hops equals c skips, d jumps
equals e hops, and f jumps equals g meters, then one meter equals how many skips?
bdg cdf cdg cef ceg
(A) cef (B) beg (C) bef (D) bdg (E) bdf

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1986

15 A student attempted to compute the average A of x, y and z by computing the average of


x and y, and then computing the average of the result and z. Whenever x < y < z, the
students final result is
(A) correct (B) always less than A (C) always greater than A (D) sometimes less than A and sometimes eq
(E) sometimes greater than A and sometimes equal to A
16 In 4ABC, AB = 8, BC = 7, CA = 6 and side BC is extended, as shown in the figure, to a
point P so that 4P AB is similar to 4P CA. The length of P C is

7
6

A B
8

(A) 7 (B) 8 (C) 9 (D) 10 (E) 11


17 A drawer in a darkened room contains 100 red socks, 80 green socks, 60 blue socks and 40
black socks. A youngster selects socks one at a time from the drawer but is unable to see
the color of the socks drawn. What is the smallest number of socks that must be selected to
guarantee that the selection contains at least 10 pairs? (A pair of socks is two socks of the
same color. No sock may be counted in more than one pair.)
(A) 21 (B) 23 (C) 24 (D) 30 (E) 50
18 A plane intersects a right circular cylinder of radius 1 forming an ellipse. If the major axis of
the ellipse of 50% longer than the minor axis, the length of the major axis is
3 9
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 2 (D) 4 (E) 3

19 A park is in the shape of a regular hexagon 2 km on a side. Starting at a corner, Alice walks
along the perimeter of the park for a distance of 5 km. How many kilometers is she from her
starting point?

(A) 13 (B) 14 (C) 15 (D) 16 (E) 17
20 Suppose x and y are inversely proportional and positive. If x increases by p%, then y decreases
by
p 100 p 100p
(A) p% (B) 1+p % (C) p % (D) 100+p % (E) 100+p %

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1986

21 In the configuration below, is measured in radians, C is the center of the circle, BCD and
ACE are line segments and AB is tangent to the circle at A.

E
D
C
B
A

A necessary and sufficient condition for the equality of the two shaded areas, given 0 < < 2 ,
is
(A) tan = (B) tan = 2 (C) tan = 4 (D) tan 2 =
(E) tan 2 =

22 Six distinct integers are picked at random from {1, 2, 3, . . . , 10}. What is the probability that,
among those selected, the second smallest is 3?
1 1 1 1
(A) 60 (B) 6 (C) 3 (D) 2 (E) none of these

23 Let N = 695 + 5 694 + 10 693 + 10 692 + 5 69 + 1. How many positive integers are factors
of N ?
(A) 3 (B) 5 (C) 69 (D) 125 (E) 216

24 Let p(x) = x2 + bx + c, where b and c are integers. If p(x) is a factor of both x4 + 6x2 + 25
and 3x4 + 4x2 + 28x + 5, what is p(1)?
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 4 (E) 8

25 If bxc is the greatest integer less than or equal to x, then


1024
X
blog2 N c =
N =1
(A) 8192 (B) 8204 (C) 9218 (D) blog2 (1024!)c (E) none of these

26 It is desired to construct a right triangle in the coordinate plane so that its legs are parallel
to the x and y axes and so that the medians to the midpoints of the legs lie on the lines
y = 3x + 1 and y = mx + 2. The number of different constants m for which such a triangle
exists is
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 3 (E) more than 3

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USA
AMC 12/AHSME
1986

27 In the adjoining figure, AB is a diameter of the circle, CD is a chord parallel to AB, and AC
intersects BD at E, with AED = . The ratio of the area of 4CDE to that of 4ABE is

A
B

D
C

(A) cos (B) sin (C) cos2 (D) sin2 (E) 1 sin

28 ABCDE is a regular pentagon. AP , AQ and AR are the perpendiculars dropped from A


onto CD, CB extended and DE extended, respectively. Let O be the center of the pentagon.
If OP = 1, then AO + AQ + AR equals

R Q

E B
O

D P C


(A) 3 (B) 1 + 5 (C) 4 (D) 2 + 5 (E) 5

29 Two of the altitudes of the scalene triangle ABC have length 4 and 12. If the length of the
third altitude is also an integer, what is the biggest it can be?
(A) 4 (B) 5 (C) 6 (D) 7 (E) none of these

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USA
AMC 12/AHSME
1986

30 The number of real solutions (x,y,z,w) of the simultaneous equations


17 17 17 17
2y = x + x, 2z = y + y , 2w = z + z , 2x = w + w
is
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 4 (D) 8 (E) 16

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USA
AMC 12/AHSME
1987

1 (1 + x2 )(1 x3 ) equals
(A) 1 x5 (B) 1 x6 (C) 1 + x2 x3
(D) 1 + x2 x3 x5 (E) 1 + x2 x3 x6
2 A triangular corner with side lengths DB = EB = 1 is cut from equilateral triangle ABC of
side length 3. The perimeter of the remaining quadrilateral is

3
D
1

C
E 1 B

(A) 6 (B) 6 12 (C) 7 (D) 7 12 (E) 8

3 How many primes less than 100 have 7 as the ones digit? (Assume the usual base ten
representation)
(A) 4 (B) 5 (C) 6 (D) 7 (E) 8
21 +20 +21
4 22 +23 +24
equals
31
(A) 6 (B) 8 (C) 2 (D) 24 (E) 512

5 A student recorded the exact percentage frequency distribution for a set of measurements, as
shown below. However, the student neglected to indicate N , the total number of measure-
ments. What is the smallest possible value of N ?
measured value percent frequency
0 12.5
1 0
2 50
3 25
4 12.5
100

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AMC 12/AHSME
1987

(A) 5 (B) 8 (C) 16 (D) 25 (E) 50

6 In the 4ABC shown, D is some interior point, and x, y, z, w are the measures of angles in
degrees. Solve for x in terms of y, z and w.

C
x

D
w
y z

A B

(A) w y z (B) w 2y 2z (C) 180 w y z


(D) 2w y z (E) 180 w + y + z

7 If a 1 = b + 2 = c 3 = d + 4, which of the four quantities a, b, c, d is the largest?


(A) a (B) b (C) c (D) d (E) no one is always largest

8 In the figure the sum of the distances AD and BD is

D 3 C

A 13 B

(A) between 10 and 11 (B) 12 (C) between 15 and 16 (D) between 16 and 17 (E) 17

9 The first four terms of an arithmetic sequence are a, x, b, 2x. The ratio of a to b is
1 1 1 2
(A) 4 (B) 3 (C) 2 (D) 3 (E) 2

10 How many ordered triples (a, b, c) of non-zero real numbers have the property that each
number is the product of the other two?
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) 5

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USA
AMC 12/AHSME
1987

11 Let c be a constant. The simultaneous equations

xy = 2
cx + y = 3
have a solution (x, y) inside Quadrant I if and only if
3 3
(A) c = 1 (B) c > 1 (C) c < 2 (D) 0 < c < 2
3
(E) 1 < c < 2

12 In an office, at various times during the day the boss gives the secretary a letter to type, each
time putting the letter on top of the pile in the secretarys in-box. When there is time, the
secretary takes the top letter off the pile and types it. If there are five letters in all, and the
boss delivers them in the order 1 2 3 4 5, which of the following could not be the order in
which the secretary types them?
(A) 1 2 3 4 5 (B) 2 4 3 5 1 (C) 3 2 4 1 5 (D) 4 5 2 3 1
(E) 5 4 3 2 1
13 A long piece of paper 5 cm wide is made into a roll for cash registers by wrapping it 600 times
around a cardboard tube of diameter 2 cm, forming a roll 10 cm in diameter. Approximate the
length of the paper in meters. (Pretend the paper forms 600 concentric circles with diameters
evenly spaced from 2 cm to 10 cm.)
(A) 36 (B) 45 (C) 60 (D) 72 (E) 90
14 ABCD is a square and M and N are the midpoints of BC and CD respectively. Then sin =

B M C

A D


5 3 10 4
(A) 5 (B) 5 (C) 5 (D) 5 (E) none of these

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AMC 12/AHSME
1987

15 If (x, y) is a solution to the system

xy = 6 and x2 y + xy 2 + x + y = 63,

find x2 + y 2 .
1173
(A) 13 (B) 32 (C) 55 (D) 69 (E) 81

16 A cryptographer devises the following method for encoding positive integers. First, the integer
is expressed in base 5. Second, a 1-to-1 correspondence is established between the digits that
appear in the expressions in base 5 and the elements of the set {V, W, X, Y, Z}. Using this
correspondence, the cryptographer finds that three consecutive integers in increasing order
are coded as V Y Z, V Y X, V V W , respectively. What is the base-10 expression for the integer
coded as XY Z?
(A) 48 (B) 71 (C) 82 (D) 108 (E) 113

17 In a mathematics competition, the sum of the scores of Bill and Dick equalled the sum of
the scores of Ann and Carol. If the scores of Bill and Carol had been interchanged, then the
sum of the scores of Ann and Carol would have exceeded the sum of the scores of the other
two. Also, Dicks score exceeded the sum of the scores of Bill and Carol. Determine the
order in which the four contestants finished, from highest to lowest. Assume all scores were
nonnegative.
(A) Dick, Ann, Carol, Bill (B) Dick, Ann, Bill, Carol (C) Dick, Carol, Bill, Ann
(D) Ann, Dick, Carol, Bill (E) Ann, Dick, Bill, Carol

18 It takes A algebra books (all the same thickness) and H geometry books (all the same thick-
ness, which is greater than that of an algebra book) to completely fill a certain shelf. Also,
S of the algebra books and M of the geometry books would fill the same shelf. Finally, E of
the algebra books alone would fill this shelf. Given that A, H, S, M, E are distinct positive
integers, it follows that E is
AM +SH AM 2 +SH 2 AM SH AM 2 SH 2
(A) M +H (B) (C) AHSM
M 2 +H 2 M H (D) M H (E) M 2 H 2

19 Which of the following is closest to 65 63?
(A) .12 (B) .13 (C) .14 (D) .15 (E) .16

20 Evaluate

log10 (tan 1 ) + log10 (tan 2 ) + log10 (tan 3 ) + + log10 (tan 88 ) + log10 (tan 89 ).

1 3 1
(A) 0 (B) 2 log10 ( 2 ) (C) 2 log10 2 (D) 1 (E) none of these

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AMC 12/AHSME
1987

21 There are two natural ways to inscribe a square in a given isosceles right triangle. If it is
done as in Figure 1 below, then one finds that the area of the square is 441cm2 . What is the
area (in cm2 ) of the square inscribed in the same 4ABC as shown in Figure 2 below?

A A

B C B C
Figure 1 Figure 2

(A) 378 (B) 392 (C) 400 (D) 441 (E) 484

22 A ball was floating in a lake when the lake froze. The ball was removed (without breaking
the ice), leaving a hole 24 cm across as the top and 8 cm deep. What was the radius of the
ball (in centimeters)?

(A) 8 (B) 12 (C) 13 (D) 8 3 (E) 6 6

23 If p is a prime and both roots of x2 + px 444p = 0 are integers, then


(A) 1 < p 11 (B) 11 < p 21 (C) 21 < p 31
(D) 31 < p 41 (E) 41 < p 51

24 How many polynomial functions f of degree 1 satisfy

f (x2 ) = [f (x)]2 = f (f (x)) ?

(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) finitely many but more than 2


(E) infinitely many

25 ABC is a triangle: A = (0, 0), B = (36, 15) and both the coordinates of C are integers. What
is the minimum area 4ABC can have?
1 3 13
(A) 2 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 2 (E) there is no minimum

26 The amount 2.5 is split into two


nonnegativereal numbers uniformly at random, for instance,
into 2.143 and .357, or into 3 and 2.5 3. Then each number is rounded to its nearest
integer, for instance, 2 and 0 in the first case above, 2 and 1 in the second. What is the
probability that the two integers sum to 3?
1 2 1 3 3
(A) 4 (B) 5 (C) 2 (D) 5 (E) 4

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USA
AMC 12/AHSME
1987

27 A cube of cheese C = {(x, y, z)|0 x, y, z 1} is cut along the planes x = y, y = z and


z = x. How many pieces are there? (No cheese is moved until all three cuts are made.)
(A) 5 (B) 6 (C) 7 (D) 8 (E) 9

28 Let a, b, c, d be real numbers. Suppose that all the roots of z 4 + az 3 + bz 2 + cz + d = 0 are


complex numbers lying on a circle in the complex plane centered at 0 + 0i and having radius
1. The sum of the reciprocals of the roots is necessarily
(A) a (B) b (C) c (D) a (E) b

29 Consider the sequence of numbers defined recursively by t1 = 1 and for n > 1 by tn = 1+t(n/2)
when n is even and by tn = t 1 when n is odd. Given that tn = 87 19
, the sum of the digits
(n1)
of n is
(A) 15 (B) 17 (C) 19 (D) 21 (E) 23

30 In the figure, 4ABC has A = 45 and B = 30 . A line DE, with D on AB and


ADE = 60 , divides 4ABC into two pieces of equal area. (Note: the figure may not be
accurate; perhaps E is on CB instead of AC.) The ratio AD
AB is

C
E

A 45 60 30 B
D

(A) 1 (B) 2
(C) 1 (D) 1

3 (E)
4
1
2 2+ 2 3 6 12

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USA
AMC 12/AHSME
1988


1 8+ 18 =


(A) 20 (B) 2( 2 + 3)