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Soilbearingcapacity
Geotechdata.infoUpdated15.04.2015

NEWSLETTER
Allowablebearingcapacity:Themaximumpressurethatcanbeappliedtothesoilfromthe
Subscribetoourfree foundationsothatthetworequirementsaresatisfied:
monthlynewsletter.
1.Acceptablesafetyfactoragainstshearfailurebelowthefoundation
Email: 2.Acceptabletotalanddifferentialsettelement

Ultimatebearingcapacity:Theminimumpressurethatwouldcausetheshearfailureofthe
supportingsoilimmediatelybelowandadjacenttothefoundation.

NeedGeotechnical Typicalvaluesofsoilbearingcapacity
Equipment?
Requestaquote Forpreliminarydesignpurposes,BS8004[1]givestypicalvaluesofallowablebearingcapacitywhich
shouldresultinanadequatefactorofsafetyagainstshaerfailurewithoutaccountingforthe
setllemenetcriteria[2].

LATESTNEWS Bearingvalue
Soiltype Remarks
NewentrytoGeotechnical
(kPa)
BusinessDirectorymore
Widthoffoundationnotlessthan
TrueTriaxialupdatedmore 1m.Watertableatleastatthe
Densegravelordensesandandgravel >600 depthequaltothewidthof
VibratingWireloadcell foundation,belowbaseof
updatedmore foundation.
Proctortestupdatedmore Densedensegravelormediumdensesand
200600
andgravel
CERCHARtestupdated
more Loosegravelorloosesandandgravel <200

Compactsand >300

Mediumdensesand 100300
Susceptibletolongterm
Verystiffboulderclaysandhardclays 300600
consolidationsettelement

Stiffclays 150300

Firmclays 75150

Softclaysandsilts <75

Verysoftclaysandsilts

UltimatebearingcapacityforshallowfoundationsaccordingtoTerzaghi

Theutimatebearingcapacityforshallowfoundationscanbecalculatedusingtherelationproposed
byTerzaghi[3]:

andthenetultimatebearingcapacity:

Withthebearingcapacityfactors:

factorforsurcharge
factorforcohesion

factorselfweight[4]

factorselfweight[5]

and

B,L,D Width,LengthandDepthoffoundation,

cohesion,effectivefrinactionangleandeffectiveunitweight

Incaseofarectangularfoundation,thetermsoftheaboverelationsshouldbemultipliedbythe
respectiveshapefactorsasfollows[6]:

Incasetheloadsarenotappliedvertically,additionalfactorsshouldbealsoconsideredforinclined
loads.

SpreadSheetforSoilBearingcapacity:Freedownload

Geotechdata_Bearing_Capacity.xlsx

REFERENCES

1.BS8004:(1986):Codeofpracticeforfoundations
2.Craig,R.F.(1986),SoilMechanics,4thed.,ISBN0412384302
3.Tezaghi,K.(1943):Theoreticalsoilmechanics,JohnWileyandsons,NewYork
4.Hansen,J.B.(1968):Arevisedextendedformulaforbearingcapacity.DanishGeotechnical
InstituteBulletin,No.28
5.Meyerhof,G.G.(1963).Somerecentresearchonthebearingcapacityoffoundations.
CanadiangeotechnicaljournalVol.1No.1
6.Terzaghi,K.andPeck,R.B.(1967):Soilmechanicsinengineerinpractice(2nded).John
WileyandSons,NewYork

Citation:
Geotechdata.info,SoilBearingcapacity,http://geotechdata.info/parameter/bearingcapacity.html(as
ofApril15,2015).

Othersoilparameters

Angleoffriction
Cohesion
Dryunitweight
Young'smodulus
Voidratio
SoilPermeabilitycoefficient
Soilporosity

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