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HW#6

Q#1;

Solution:
Q#2

Solution:

a) We are asked, in this portion of the problem, to determine the elongation of a cylindrical specimen of
aluminum. Combining Equations 6.1, 6.2, and 6.5, lead to

= E

F l
=E
d 2 l0
0
4

Or, solving for Dl (and realizing that E = 69 GPa, Table 6.1), yields

4F l0
l =
d02 E

(4)(48,800 N) (200 103 m)


= 5 10-4 m = 0.50 mm (0.02 in.)
() (19 103 m)2 (
69 10 9 N / m2 )

(b) We are now called upon to determine the change in diameter, Dd. Using Equation 6.8

d / d0
= x =
z l / l0

From Table 6.1, for aluminum, n = 0.33. Now, solving the above expression for d yields

l d0 (0.33)(0.50 mm)(19 mm)
d = =
l0 200 mm

= 1.6 10-2 mm (6.2 10-4 in.)



The diameter will decrease, because tensile force is applied. The specimen is pulled, and thus
contracting the area of the specimen. If compressive force is used, then the diameter will increase.
Q#3

Solution:

Elongation across diameter,

et = -change in diameter/diameter

= -(5*10^-3)/(8)

= -6.25*10^-4

elongation across length,

el = stress/modulus

= (F)/(A*modulus)

= (15700 N)/(pi*(d/2)^2*140*10^9 Pa)

= (15700 N)/(pi*(0.008 m/2)^2*140*10^9 Pa)

= (15700 N)/(5.0265*10^-5 m^2 * 140*10^9 Pa)

= 2.231*10^-3

Poisson ratio = -et/el

= (6.25*10^-4)/ (2.231*10^-3)

= 0.28
Q#4

Solution
Q#5

Solution: