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LTE FDD Initial Parameter Planning

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Additional preamble sequences:


in case the 64 preambles cannot be generated from a single root Zadoff-Chu
sequence, then remaining preambles are obtained from the root sequences
with the consecutive logical indexes until all the 64 sequences are found.

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zero correlation zone existence in Zadoff-Chu sequence provides the possibility to


decode signals on PRACH even if sent on the same shared resources: on the same
frequency and in the same time.
preamble signals generated based on two different ZC sequences are not correlated
within the geographical range related to prachCS (i.e. Cyclic Shift configuration
index)
the size of the cyclic shift, must be larger than the maximum round-trip delay, so
prachcs is dependant on the cell radius

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Note: By configuring the PRACH Configuration Indexes at cells belonging to the


same site we use the same subframes for PRACH transmission
Neighboring eNodeBs are not synchronised so even if the same PRACH
configuration indices, there is no guarantee that the PRACH will clash in the
time domain. It is possible to set different frequency offsets so PRACH doesnt
clash in frequency domain.

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PrachCS also depends on the high speed flag.

Currently the common practice is to assume the same cell ranges for all cells: If
all cells are considered to have the same size, the utilization of root sequences
will not be optimal as we will end up using more root sequences per cell than
the needed for certain cell range.

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Nokia Recommendations
The isolation between cells which are assigned the same physical layer cell
identity should be maximised and should be sufficiently great to ensure that UE
never simultaneously receive the same identity from more than a single cell.
Whenever possible, cells belonging to the same eNodeB should be allocated
identities from within the same group.
Specific physical layer cell identities should be excluded from the plan to allow
for future network expansion.
There should be some level of co-ordination across international borders when
allocating physical layer cell identities.
Planning should avoid CellIDs with identical values mod 3 among neighbors, to
distinguish the PSS (Primary Synchronization Signal sequence) between
neighboring cells.

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Mod3 (PCI):
1.Mod 3 of the PCI is equal to the Physical Layer Cell Identity so if different then PSS signals are
different which facilitates the cell search and synch procedure.
2. RS, carrying one of the 504 PCI has a frequency shift given by mod6(PCI) so collisions between
RS are avoided up to 6 adjacent cells ( if 1Tx antenna). For 2Tx ant, # RS is doubled so to avoid
collisions in adjacent cells: mod3(PCI) should be different.
Try to stick to (1) up to (4)
If (i) is fulfilled then also (i+1) is fulfilled [for i = 2,3,4]
If (i) is not fulfilled then also (i-1) is not fulfilled [for i=3,4]
The lower the number the higher the priority, this means (1) has the highest priority
If (4) is not fulfilled, delta_ss (grpAssigPUSCH) can be used to fix it.
With 2Tx configuration the cells of the same site should have different PCImod3, with 1Tx the
PCImod6 should be different. This is to have frequency shift for RS of different cells, because
cells of a given site are frame-synchronized in the sense that DL radio frame transmission starts
at the same time instant in all the cells --> hence also RS symbols are transmitted at the same
time instant. To avoid RS of different cells (of the same site) interfering in the DL, a frequency
shift is applied.
The situation changes slightly for cells of different sites, where in RL10 FDD different sites are
not in general frame-synchronized (except by chance). In TDD different sites must be frame-
synchronized. But in FDD, the DL RS received from cells of two different sites have a random
frame offset with respect to each other and hence the RS symbols may or may not overlap
(interfere) in any given measurement position. But as you said, because of irregular cell shapes,
it may well happen that there are spots where there is strong interference between RS received
from cells of different sites, i.e. RS symbols collide in both time and frequency. If you have a TDD
network, this scenario happens probably quite often. In these cases, perhaps depending on the
SINR estimation method used by the particular receiver, the estimation result may be
unreliable.

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The aggregation level used for Broadcast, Paging Preamble assignment and RA response
is specified by parameters and is limited to aggregation levels 4 and 8 to ensure reliable
decoding across the cell coverage area. The parameters for these along with the
recommended values are listed below:
pdcchAggPreamb = 4
pdcchAggPaging = 4
pdcchAggRaresp = 4
pdcchAggSib = 4

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(1) The maximum value of nCqiRb depends on ulChBw (in PRB)


- if ulChBw is set to '1.4 MHz', nCqiRb must be configured to 1
- if ulChBw is set to '3 MHz', nCqiRb must be configured to 1
- if ulChBw is set to '5 MHz', nCqiRb is restricted to 1..25
- if ulChBw is set to '10 MHz', nCqiRb is restricted to 1..50
- if ulChBw is set to '15 MHz', nCqiRb is restricted to 1..75
- if ulChBw is set to '20 MHz', nCqiRb is not limited

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LTE1089

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LTE1089

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LTE1562

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PUCCH format 3 introduced in release 10

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Dropping of periodic CSI can be avoided by not scheduling the UE in DL, 4 TTIs before
periodic CSI should be sent

For RI;
If CAREL is created under LNCEL and riEnable = TRUE then only riPerM = 1 is
allowed
Frequency reduced (as CQI)

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LTE1808 RL70

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LTE1808 RL70

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Adaptations proposed by the feature are based on current cell


situation derived from the following counters:
1.Maximum number of RRC connected UEs (M8001C200)
The value of this counter determines if the algorithm would trigger
the optimization of PUCCH capacity by the feature
2.Maximum number of Active/Connected UEs (M8001C224)
The value of the counter serves as a lower limit with respect to
maxNumActUE when adjustments are made to admission control
parameters
3.QCI-specific maximum number of simultaneous ERAB established
(M8006C224 C232)
The value of the counters serves to calculate the lower limit with
respect to maxNumQci1Drb and maxNumActDrb when
adjustments are made to admission control parameters
The counters are collected and averaged over the LTE1808
evaluation period before being used by the algorithm

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LTE1808 RL70

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LTE1808 RL70

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LTE1808 RL70

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Example: Trigger to increase PUCCH size


ThrPucchSizeUpper serves as a trigger to possibly increase PUCCH size based on
collected counter information regarding number of RRC Connected Ues.
If number of RRC connected Ues exceed the threshold, admission controls are
adjusted such that the number of RRC connected Ues concide between/within the
Upper and Lower threshold levels, as shown in the figure
Adjustment of admission control parameters are done as a block to carry with the
adjustments the consistency checks existing between parameters

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Example: Trigger to decrease PUCCH size


ThrPucchSizeLower serves as a trigger to possibly decrease PUCCH size based on
collected counter information regarding number of RRC Connected Ues.
If number of RRC connected Ues exceed the threshold, admission controls are
adjusted such that the number of RRC connected Ues coincide between/within the
Upper and Lower threshold levels, as shown in the figure
Adjustment of admission control parameters are done as a block to carry with the
adjustments the consistency checks existing between parameters

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LTE1808 RL70

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LTE1808 RL70

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LTE1808 RL70

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LTE1808 RL70

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LTE1808 RL70

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LTE1808 RL70

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LTE786 RL50

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LTE786 RL50

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LTE786 RL50

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LTE944 RL60

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The feature allows for creation one or two non-overlapping zones where no uplink
PUSCH transmission will take place SRS is automatically disabled

If two PUSCH masks are configured then the ranges {ulsPuschMaskStart ..


ulsPuschMaskStart+ulsPuschMaskLength-1} shall not overlap

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LTE944 RL60

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