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Abstract

The research study was conducted to find the feasibility of the gumamela flowers as
flavoring for ice cream. The presence of nutritional components in gumamela petals
led the researcher to utilize it as flavoring to one of the most favorite dessert of
young and old alike. It aimed to find an alternative ingredient that would be
beneficial to the health of the people and would be acceptable as to its appearance,
taste, texture, and aroma.

After the processes of preparing, cooking, mixing, blending and freezing of the
gumamela ice cream, the researcher conducted a taste test. The experimental
gumamela ice cream was labeled as A and a branded ice cream was labeled as B.
Twenty eight (28) respondents graded the A and B from the scale of 1 to 5 wherein
1 the lowest and 5 is the highest. The results were tabulated and a t-test for two
independent samples was used to determine if there is a significant difference
between the experimental product and the branded ice cream in terms of the given
parameters.

Results showed that there is no a significant difference between the experimental


and the branded ice cream.

Transcript of INVESTIGATORY PROJECT REPORT

INVESTIGATORY PROJECT REPORT Gumamela Extract as Perfume St. Alphonsus


Catholic School

SY 2012- 2013 In this study, we intend to make homemade gumamela perfume.


These days, prices of goods have been constantly increasing, and one of these
goods is perfume. Perfumes are usually of higher price so this study can help
people, especially women to save more. Instead of buying expensive onew, they
can now try making their own perfume with the use of natural resources like
gumamela petals.

I. PROBLEM STATEMENT/ OBJECTIVE We can make our own perfume with the use of
gumamela petals. II. HYPOTHESIS -Gumamela petals

-Water

-Pan

-Ethyl Alcohol

-Piece of cloth

III. MATERIALS

Firstly, place the gumamela petals in a piece of cloth and tie it up. Place it in a a pan
filled with water and let it boil for a few minutes. When the boiling water turns into a
reddish pink hue, take out the water and place it in another empty pan. Let it cool.
When it is warm enough, put the water with the gumamela scent in a spray bottle.
Add ethyl alcohol then shake.

IV. PROCEDURE After a few procedures and experimentation, we've found out that a
home-made gumamela perfume can be a good substitute for perfume. When boiling
the wrapped gumamela petals in the water, it's juices came out and mixed in with
the water, changing its color and giving out a gumamela flower scent on it.

V. FINDINGS Therefore, we conclude, that boiling petals in water can take out its oils
and scents to mix in with the water. Home-made gumamela perfume is definitely
not hard to make and the scent of the home-made perfume can fairly catch up with
expensive perfumes sold on commercial stores.

VI. CONCLUSION We recommend to future researchers not to boil the gumamela


petals without wrapping it with a piece of cloth because it will create a very foul
smell instead. Do not boil it for a long time as well to avoid burnt smell on the water.

We also recommend to experiment trying on other flower's petals as well. VII.


RECOMMMENDATIONS [http://www.blurtit.com/q4443314.html VIII. BIBLIOGRAPHY
Abstract

abstract

This study aims to test the feasibility of gumamela leaves extract as a cure for
abrasions. The researcher has seen the effect of commercial antiseptic and would
like to determine if gumamela leaves extract can be an alternative. The researcher
will conduct this study to inform others the benefit of herbal plant, gumamela. This
can also help other people to have an antiseptic right away without going to a
pharmacy.
Using 20g of gumamela leaves (20g), beaker, strainer, water, and mortar and pestle
the researcher conducted an experiment. In making the gumamela leaves extract.
First,the materials will be gathered. Second, the collected gumamela leaves will be
washed. Third, the washed gumamela leaves will be pound using mortar and pestle.
Fourth, the extract will be strain and lastly the extract will be put in a container.
After that, it will be applied to the wound and observe it for three days. In this study
there are two set-ups: antiseptic made with gumamela leaves extract and
commercial antiseptic which is the control of the study.After the experiment it shows
that gumamela leaves extract can cure abrasions. However, it is not that good like
the commercial antiseptic. Thus, the researcher would like to recommend further
analysis of the other parts of the gumamela plant that can cure wounds. It is also
recommended to investigate further in using the gumamela leaves extract in other
wounds.

Chapter II: Review of Related Literature

Gumamela
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Linn.

General info
About 300 species are found worldwide. Its beauty makes it one of the most
widely cultivated of flowers, in brilliant huers of red, orange, or purplish-reds, with
short-lived but continuing blooms.

Botany
An erect, much-branched, glabrous shrub, 1 to 4 m high.
Leaves: glossy green, ovate, acuminate, pointeed, coarsely-toothed, 7 to 12 cm
long, alternate, stipulate.
Flowers: solitary, axillary, very large. Outermost series of bracteoles 6, lanceolate,
green, and 8 mm long or less. Calyx green, 2 cm long, lobes ovate. Petals commonly
red, obovate, entire, rounded tip, and imbricate. Stamens forming a long staminal
tube enclosing the entire style of the pistil and protruding out of the corolla. Ovary
5-celled, styles 5, fused below.
Fruits: capsules, loculicidally 5-valved, but rarely formed in cultivation

Distribution
Ornamental cultivation throughout the whole country.
Cuttings used for propagation.
Parts utilized
Flowers, roots, and leaves.
Harvest the roots and leaves anytime of the year.
Wash, cut into slices, and sun-dry. The flowers should be collected from May to
August, sun-dry.

Characteristics and Pharmacological Effects


Considered emollient, emmenagogue, anodyne, expectorant, refrigerant.
Anti-infectious, anthelmintic, antiinflammatory, diuretic, antipyretic.
Hypotensive, antispasmodic.
Prepared drug has sweet taste, neutral natured.
The Hibiscus with five petals noted for its medicinal properties, the flowers are
considerede astringent. The roots contain a mucilage that is soothing on the
mucous membranes of the digestive and respiratory tracts.

Constituents
Hibiscotin.
Flowers: Flavonoids and proanthocyanidins which are antioxidant, antipyretic,
analgesic, spasmolytic.
Polysaccharides which promote wound healing and are immune-modulating. (Link)

Uses
Folkloric
Mumps, infection of the urinary tract: use dried drug materials 15 to 30 gms, boil
to decoction and drink.
For abscesses, carbuncles and boils: crush fresh leaves and poultice the infected
area. Also, pound flower buds into a paste and apply to external swellings; also used
for boils, cancerous swellings and mumps.
Decoction of roots, barks, leaves and flowers used as an emollient.
Decoction from roots of red and white-flowered plants used as an antidote for
poison.
Bark is an emmenagogue; also used to normalize menstruation.
Seeds used as a stimulant and for cramps.
Decoction of leaves for fevers.
For headaches, an infusion of leaves or poultice of leaves.
Leaves are mildly laxative.
Mucilage during labor.
Red flowers are purgative; when taken with papaya seeds, may be abortive.
Infusion of leaves as an expectorant in bronchitis.
Hair stimulant: oil made by mixing the juice of fresh petals and olive oil for
stimulating hair growth.
In Costa Rica, used as a purgative.
In Venezuela, used to treat tumors.
In the Carribean, used as analgesic, anti-inflammatory.
In the Dominican Republic, used to treat hematomas.

Culinary
A tasty tea is brewed from its petals.

Studies
Studies have demonstrated anti-bacterial, hypotensive, antispasmodic, and
chemo preventive activities. It has shown glucose lowering in diabetic rats. Leaf
extract has shown to promote hair growth.

http://www.stuartxchange.com/Gumamela.html

In dermatology, an abrasion is superficial damage to the skin, generally not deeper


than the epidermis. It is more superficial than an excoriation, although it can give
mild bleeding. Mild abrasions do not scar, but deep abrasions may lead to the
development of scarring tissue.
Materials:

-gumamela leaves (20g)


-beaker
-strainer
-water
-mortar and pestle

Procedure:

In making the gumamela leaves extract. First, the materials will be gathered.
Second, the collected gumamela leaves will be washed. Third, the washed
gumamela leaves will be pound using mortar and pestle. Fourth, the extract will be
strain and lastly the extract will be put in a container.

Application:

The application will be done within three days with two individuals.

Observation:

Th researcher will observe the wound applied with the gumamela leaves extract if it
is cured or not. It will be observe within three days. Chapter IV: Results and
Discussions

In this chapter, it tries to discuss the observation noted on the experiment and the
characteristics of gumamela leaves extract and commercial antiseptic.

Table 1: Characteristics of the gumamela extract and commercial antiseptic


Legend for odor:
1- smells bad (a little)
2- smells bad
3- smells like an antiseptic

According to the table it shows that gumamela leaves extract and commercial
antiseptic have different characteristics: odor, color, and texture.

Table 2: Results (Daily)

Legend:
1- no effect
2- partly cured
3- cured

The table shows that gumamela leaves extract can cure abrasions but commercial
antiseptic is faster in curing the abrasions. It takes two days to cure abrasion when
using the gumamela leaves extract while it only takes one day for the commercial
antiseptic to cure it.

Chapter V: Conclusion and Recommendation


Conclusion

The researcher,therefore,finds that gumamela leaves extract can cure abrasions but
commercial antiseptic is faster in curing the said injury.

Recommendation

The researcher would like to recommend further analysis of the other parts of the
gumamela plant that can cure wounds. It is also recommended to investigate
further in using the gumamela leaves extract in other wounds.

THURSDAY, APRIL 2, 2009

Bibliography

http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Abrasion

http://www.economicexpert.com/a/Abrasion.htm

http://www.philippineherbalmedicine.org/gumamela.htm

http://www.stuartxchange.com/Gumamela.htm

Gumamela flower GUMAMELA SYRUP


INGREDIENTS NEEDE IN ICECREAM MAKING
Multi-Colored Fabric Dye From Talisay (Terminalia catappa) Leaves Extract

Statement of the Problem

The researchers aimed to determine if the Talisay (Terminalia catappa) leaves


extract could be developed as a multi-colored fabric dye.

Specifically, the study sought to answer the following questions:

1. Can Talisay (Terminalia catappa) leaves extract be developed as a multi-


colored dye?

2. Is there a significant difference between the experimental and control set-ups


in terms of:

a. Reaction to acid

b. Reaction to base

c. pH level

d. Color fastness

Table 1

Frequency Distribution of Yielded Results

in terms of Color

PERCENTAGE
DYE FREQUENCY
(%)

Violet 97 93

Yellow 7 7

Brown 3 3

TOTAL 100 100

Table 2

Comparison of Mean and T-test Result for


Talisay and Commercial Fabric Dye

TALISAY LEAVES COMMERCIAL DYE


VARIANCE
COLOR FREQUENCY COLOR FREQUENCY

Violet 90 Violet 88 2%

Yellow 7 Yellow 10 3%

Brown 3 Brown 2 1%

TOTAL 100 100