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B767/31/305

ACMS

Boeing 767-200/300

Airplane Condition
Monitoring System
Training manual

For training purposes only


LEVEL 1 ATA 31 page 1
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Training manual ACMS

This publication was created by Sabena technics training department,


Brussels-Belgium, following ATA 104 specifications.

The information in this publication is furnished for informational and training


use only, and is subject to change without notice.

Sabena technics training assumes no responsibility for any errors or


inaccuracies that may appear in this publication.

No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system,


or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical,
photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission
of Sabena technics training.

Contact address for



course registrations
course schedule information

Sabena technics training

trainingservices@sabenatechnics.com

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. INTRODUCTION.......................................................................................6
1.1. Purpose..................................................................................................6
1.2. Operation ..............................................................................................6

2. GENERAL DESCRIPTION..........................................................................8
2.1. Operation...............................................................................................8
2.2. Interface ................................................................................................8

3. COMPONENT LOCATION.......................................................................10
3.1. General Component Location...............................................................10

4. DIGITAL FLIGHT DATA ACQUISITION UNIT..........................................12


4.1. Purpose................................................................................................12
4.2. General Description .............................................................................12
4.3. Features . .............................................................................................12
4.4. Controls, Indicators, and Connectors ...................................................14
4.5. Reports ................................................................................................14

5. DFDAU FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION.....................................................16


5.1. General ...............................................................................................16
5.2. Power Requirements ............................................................................16
5.3. Analog inputs ......................................................................................18
5.4. Digital Inputs .......................................................................................18
5.5. Discrete Inputs .....................................................................................18
5.6. BITE Interface . .....................................................................................18

6. DFDAU LED DISPLAY MENU STRUCTURE............................................20


6.1. Operation.............................................................................................20

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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS

COMPONENT LOCATION........................................................................................................ 11 AC alternating current


DFDAU - FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION...................................................................................... 19 ACARS airplane communications addressing and reporting system
DFDAU LED DISPLAY MENU STRUCTURE................................................................................. 21
DIGITAL FLIGHT DATA ACQUISITION UNIT............................................................................... 15 ACMS airplane condition monitoring system
GENERAL DESCRIPTION............................................................................................................ 9 ADL airborne data loader
INTRODUCTION........................................................................................................................ 7 ARINC Aeronautical Radio, Inc.
ATE automatic test equipment
BITE built-in test equipment
CAUT caution
CB circuit breaker
CDU control display unit
CPU central processing unit
DAU data acquisition processor
DMP data management processor
DMU data management unit
DC direct current
DFDAU digital flight data acquisition unit
DFDR digital flight data recorder
EPROM electrically programmable readonly memory
FDR flight data recorder
LCD liquid crystal display
LDP liquid crystal display processor
Mb megabyte
MCDU multi-purpose control display unit
MIDU multi-purpose interactive display unit
MU management unit
PCMCIA personal computer memory card international association
PDL portable data loader
PTR printer
QAR quick access recorder
WPS words per second

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1. INTRODUCTION

1.1. Purpose 1.2. Operation


The airplane condition monitoring system (ACMS) monitors and stores Central to the system is a control box with an ACMS dedicated processor in
airplane system and documentary data for use in trend analysis and to -help in the airplane digital flight data acquisition unit (DFDAU). Internal software for
troubleshooting. data retrieval from specified systems lets the data go to recording devices or a
printer.

A control display unit (CDU) or an ACMS controller can control data retrieval.

An update of the operation software can come through a portable data


loader, an airborne data loader, or the DFDAU.

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INTRODUCTION

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2. GENERAL DESCRIPTION

2.1. Operation 2.2. Interface


The ACMS processor is in the digital flight data acquisition unit (DFDAU). The These are the types of airplane system inputs:
processor controls all ACMS operation and has interfaces with other devices in
the airplane such as a printer or a data storage device. The processor also has - Analog data
interfaces with the DFDAU mandatory processor on an internal bus. Software - Digital data
controls the processor, and the processor collects data and puts together - Discrete data.
reports to help maintenance or engineering.
The DFDAU gets the analog and discrete inputs and changes them to digital
These are examples of events that cause reports: format. The DFDAU then sends the digital data to the ACMS section on an
internal bus. The control display units (CDUs) give menu and report printout
- Power-up self-test selections.
- Engine overboost
- Stable cruise
- Events as set by the airline.

The airline also sets the quantity and types of data in each report.

You use a data loader to install system operation software and databases into
the DFDAU.

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GENERAL DESCRIPTION

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3. COMPONENT LOCATION

3.1. General Component Location


These components are in the flight compartment:

- P61 panel - airborne data loader and control panel


- P9 panel - left and right control display unit

The digital flight data acquisition unit OFDAU) is in the main equipment center
on the E2-3 shelf.

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COMPONENT LOCATION

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4. DIGITAL FLIGHT DATA ACQUISITION UNIT

4.1. Purpose 4.3. Features


The digital flight data acquisition unit (DFDAU) changes airplane data and An optical disk drive is on the front of the DFDAU. To get access to the disk
sensor inputs into a digital data format for the flight recorder. drive, open a door on the right side. The drive unit has a hinge on the left side
so that it opens outward for access to the drive door.

The drive lets you upload software programs to the 8 processors in the DFDAU
or load ACMS reports to a blank, preformatted optical disk. The kind and
format of the reports depends upon the software in the DFDAU. The airline
chooses the software to use.

The front of the unit contains these features:

- Fault display - 16-digit display of failure codes and software part


4.2. General Description numbers
- Front panel select switches to control the 16- digit display. Switches are
Inputs to the DFDAU are from analog, digital, and discrete data sources. ESC, -, +, ENT and EJECT.
- DFDAU FAIL light - amber light shows a fault in the power supply, loss
The DFDAU contains circuits to process and change airplane sensor input into of mandatory input data, or failure of the data acquisition processor
these formats: (DAP)
- DFDAU CAUTION light - amber light shows a loss of non-mandatory
- Harvard Bi-Phase format for the flight recorder (mandatory output). input data or a failure of the data management processor (DMP)
- ARINC 429 format for use by certain equipment, such as ARINC - DFDR FAIL Light - amber Light shows a flight recorder fault.
communications addressing and recording system (ACARS), a quick
access recorder (QAR), and printer.

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4.4. Controls, Indicators, and Connectors 4.5. Reports


The front of the unit contains these features: In addition to the mandatory data recording operation, the DFDAU does the
aircraft condition monitoring system (ACMS) function. The ACMS makes
- LED status indicators for ACMS (DFDAU CAUTION), recorder (DFDR fail), reports on specific system opertations. The reports are from many kinds of
and DFDAU (DFDAU FAIL) faults signals (flight mode transitions, engine exceedances, manual entries). When
- Control panel that has ESCAPE, +, -, ENTER, and EJECT switches an event triggers a report, the DFDAU makes a snapshot of specific system
- 16-character LCD display that shows failure codes and software versions parameters. It formats and stores it in the ACMS memory.
- Connector J2 that permits connection of a portable data loader (PDL)
or other automated test equipment (ATE). You use this equipment to The reports may also go to these types of devices:
upload or download software or for troubleshooting of the system.
- Upper panel with a personal computer memory card international - Front-mounted media drive
association (PCMCIA) drive bay. The front panel door is for access to the - ACARS
PCMCIA card slot. The PCMCIA is for ACMS data storage and to upload - QAR
DFDAU software. - Printer.

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DIGITAL FLIGHT DATA ACQUISITION UNIT

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5. DFDAU FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION

5.1. General 5.2. Power Requirements


The digital flight data acquisition unit (DFDAU) gets data from digital, analog, The DFDAU gets 115v ac single-phase, unswitched power from the left bus.
and discrete sources. CPU 1 processes the data. It changes the data into
Harvard Bi-phase digital data and sends it to the flight data recorder (FDR). The internal power supply makes all necessary DC voltages. The left bus
supplies 26v do as a syncro reference voltage.
The DFDAU also collects data for use with aircraft condition monitoring system
(ACMS) equipment. This is a non-mandatory function and for trend analysis
and fault troubleshooting. CPU 2 does this function.

These systems and line replaceable units (LRUs) connect with the DFDAU:

- ARINC communications addressing and reporting system (ACARS)


management unit (MU)
- Printer
- Control display units (CDUs)
- Multi-purpose interactive display unit (MIDU)
- Airborne data loader (ADL).

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5.3. Analog inputs 5.5. Discrete Inputs


The analog interface circuits sample input analog signals and change them to Buffer circuits receive discrete inputs and sample them in sequence. They are
digital data for the flight data controller (CPU 1). The converted data goes to then conditioned and sent to CPU 1 and CPU 2.
CPU 2 through the crosstalk buses.

5.4. Digital Inputs 5.6. BITE Interface


ARINC 429 receivers get digital inputs. A parity check is done on all inputs. The DFDAU CAUTION lamp turns on for a digital input fault or a CPU 2
The signals are then multiplexed before they go to CPU 1 and CPU 2. EPROM failure.

The BITE circuit sends an alpha/numeric code to the digital fault display
readout. When this lamp turns on, flight data recording continues, but ACMS
functions do not operate.

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DFDAU - FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION


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6. DFDAU LED DISPLAY MENU STRUCTURE

6.1. Operation Push any pushbutton on the keypad to operate the display. The display shows
TELEDYNE CNTRLS when it is active. Use the push buttons to see the display
The DFDAU front panel has a keypad that has five pushbuttons. These are the menus.
pushbutton labels:
There are three main menus in the menu structure. Each menu has sub-
- ESCAPE menus. Use the pushbuttons to move through the menu items in an up,
-- down, left, or right direction. These are the pushbuttons and their direction of
-+ movement within the menu:
- ENTER
- EJECT. - ENTER, moves down
- ESCAPE, moves up
The liquid crystal display panel (LDP) is a 16-character display and is above the - -, moves left
keypad. Use the LCP for these types readouts: - +, moves right.

- Hardware error messages


- Software upload status
- Error messages
- Software version numbers.

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DFDAU LED DISPLAY MENU STRUCTURE


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