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Videowall Systems

Design Guide
For Professional AV Systems
Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide
With the ability to display a multitude of sources across a tiled array of displays, videowalls produce some of
the biggest images in the AV industry. First appearing in the late 1980s, videowalls found a home in public
spaces such as retail environments and museums. Throughout the following decades, their function shifted
from entertainment and advertising to powerful centerpieces in work environments, where high definition visual
content could be shared for critical analysis and decision-making.

Extron offers multiple videowall processing solutions including the WindoWall System, a robust solution for
managing multiple video and graphic sources on display systems with two or more screens, and the industry-
leading Quantum Series videowall processors, which provide scalable solutions for installations ranging from
small retail displays up to large, mission-critical command and control facilities, and anything in between.
Quantum videowall processors offer HDCP-compliant HDMI input and output options, ensuring compatibility
with the growing number of source devices that incorporate digital content encryption.

While videowalls continue to grow in popularity, many AV integrators can find themselves new to the task of
designing and integrating these unique display systems. By understanding each element of a videowall system,
as well as the physical aspects of the environments in which videowalls are used, you can avoid common pitfalls
in videowall design.

This Guide will be an invaluable reference to AV professionals who specify videowalls, whether frequently or
infrequently. Basic videowall concepts such as operating environments, processor features, and system control
are discussed, as well as more complex topics such as room design, font scaling and readability, and production
tips for unique videowall applications. Experienced designers will find useful technical references and visual
illustrations that will aid in communicating or comprehending technical topics that can be unique to videowall
systems. Several real-world designs provide examples of how the sources, videowall processor, displays, and
control system all come together to create a powerful visual tool for boardrooms, simulation environments, traffic
management centers, and more.

Over the past three decades, videowalls have evolved from a new technology into an essential component for
a growing number of AV environments. In the years to come, Extron will continue to deliver superior videowall
processing products that fulfill the unique requirements of videowall applications, while providing the most
comprehensive education, service, and support the industry has to offer.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Videowall Systems Design for Professional AV Systems

Introduction to Videowalls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Where are Videowalls Used? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Why a Videowall? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Reasons to Learn More . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Needs Assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Environmental Considerations & Human Factors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Choosing the Right Videowall Shape and Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Choosing the Right Display Size and Resolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Font Size and Legibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Display Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Videowall Maintenance and Cost of Ownership . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Input Sources for Videowalls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Videowall Processor Architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Videowall Processor Hardware Platforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Videowall Processor Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Portrait & Landscape Orientation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Videowall System Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Additional Videowall System Elements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53

Videowall System Designs

Executive Conference Room . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58


Utility Operations Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Corporate Lobby . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Corporate Presentation Auditorium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Command Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Traffic Management Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Simulation Debriefing Theater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70

Extron Videowall Product Solutions

Small Videowall Processors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74


Mid-Sized Videowall Processors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Large, Scalable Videowall Processors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76

Glossary

AV Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Introduction to Videowalls

Videowalls are What is a Videowall? Videowalls have traditionally been implemented


ideal for displaying A videowall is a display and processing system by large enterprises with the financial means
comprising an array of projectors or monitors that to justify the substantial integration cost.
large images, and
function together as a single, cohesive unit. When Advancements in display and video processing
simultaneously compared to a single display, a videowall typically technologies, together with the increasing
presenting multiple provides a much larger picture size with far affordability of flat-panel displays and projectors,
computer or video greater pixel resolution, since multiple screens are have resulted in more videowalls being integrated
combined to form an image. Videowalls are ideal into a wider variety of installations.
sources.
for displaying large images and simultaneously
presenting multiple computer or video sources. What are the Essential Components of a
Videowall?
As its name may imply, a videowall usually Videowall displays. Projection cubes,
dominates a significant portion of a wall. projectors, LED, and LCD flat-panel displays are
Videowalls can be built with the same aspect used in videowalls. Projection cubes have been
ratio of a standard display. They can be of just the most popular choice, due to the fact that
about any desired shape, orientation, or form they are modular and purpose-built for assembly
factor. A videowall can comprise two, four, or nine into a videowall structure, and they feature very
screens, or as many as 100. narrow bezels to minimize disruption of the
image. Also available are compact rear projectors
How are Videowalls Used? specifically for use in videowalls, designed to be
Videowalls are frequently used to provide mounted in frame assemblies. Flat-panel displays
numerous sources of visual information that can have quickly grown in popularity for videowall
easily be viewable by everyone in a room, such installations, many with very narrow bezels
as a network operations center or command comparable to projection cubes. LED displays
and control room. They are also commonly used deliver very high brightness and are ideal for
for digital signage to create impact and attract outdoor signage and sports environments.
Videowalls are used to provide attention through large images in corporate
numerous sources of information
that can be viewable by everyone
lobbies, train stations, retail locations, or other Videowall processing. Videowall displays
in the room. public environments. sometimes incorporate built-in video processing,
with scaling for each individual display unit to
create an image across the array. The processing
in LCD flat-panel displays may also include
compensation for the bezels, or mullions, to
make moving images appear more natural.

An outboard, dedicated videowall processor or


controller provides greater flexibility for integration
than the scalers built into the displays. They
can be used to connect many different input
sources and signal formats, often from a matrix
switcher, and can drive videowalls small or large.
Videowall processors have the capacity and
bandwidth to process a large number of input
sources simultaneously, and optimize them
for presentation on the videowall in individual
Los Angeles Reqional Traffic Management
Center CalTrans District 7 windows. In fact, a videowall processor is
absolutely essential for any application that
2 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide
requires the flexibility to window many images on and preserve essential image details including A videowall processor
multiple screens. text and graphics. A videowall processor also is absolutely essential
needs to promptly respond to user commands
for any application that
Videowall processors usually include control without delay, even while handling a full load of
software that allows a user to create custom input and output signals. requires the flexibility to
window layouts by placing and sizing windows window many images
anywhere on the videowall, and then assign Reliability. A videowall must deliver robust, on multiple screens.
input sources to them. These layouts can be continuous reliability around the clock when
conveniently saved as presets, which the user installed in mission-critical environments. Any
can recall later from the processors control maintenance, including parts replacement, is best
software or an AV control system. performed without disabling the entire system.

What are the Essential Requirements of User accessibility. Videowalls are among
a Videowall? the most complex types of AV systems to set
Performance and image quality. Because up and configure. The end user likely will be a
videowalls usually are large and highly visible, their system operator without detailed knowledge
images should always appear bright and sharp, of the videowall configuration or functions. An
and content must be clear and easy to decipher. intuitive user interface should be provided, such
A videowall processor provides
The videowall processing must deliver consistent as a touchpanel with a simple button layout that the flexibility to customize
performance regardless of signal load, maintain allows the user to easily select presets for window window layouts for displaying
several visual sources on the
the original frame rate of high-motion content, layouts, or switch input sources. videowall.

UK Highways Agency Godstone

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Where are Videowalls Used?

The size, features, Videowalls were first developed in the mid-1980s, needs. The size, features, and performance of
and performance of a and found an early home in entertainment and a videowall are dictated by the environment,
retail environments, where the appearance of a application, and the intended viewing experience
videowall are dictated
big stack of TVs producing a single, cohesive for the audience.
by the environment, video image on CRT screens was a guaranteed
application, and the showstopper. During the 1990s, CRT-based Working Spaces
intended viewing displays were joined by new imaging technologies Command and Control
and the emergence of videowall processors Videowalls have become a standard fixture in
experience for the
with the capacity to process a variety of input command and control rooms on military bases
audience. and output signal formats. Together, they were and in government facilities run by public safety
ideal for presenting the high resolution computer and intelligence agencies. They are used to
55 CRT Monitor Pyramid graphic formats that were quickly becoming provide a large, centralized display, allowing room
Videowall
commonplace, as well as high definition video as occupants to share visual information. Videowalls
it emerged throughout the 1990s. in these environments typically present a wide
variety of classified and unclassified sources
By then, videowalls were no longer used to aid in information monitoring and decision-
exclusively for eye candy. They found their way making. Standard definition camera feeds, high
into work environments, where large, centrally definition satellite news broadcasts, legacy
located videowalls allowed an entire room of analog computer-video, digital video, map files,
personnel to share highly visual information. and other sources are typically displayed on a
Today, videowalls can simultaneously present 12 to 18-screen videowall, managed by a shift
standard definition video, high definition video, supervisor.
computer graphic sources, and IP streamed
content, producing extremely flexible information Projection cubes have historically been the
850 CRT Monitor Videowall
display systems. display device of choice in command and
control rooms, providing large screen sizes with
Videowalls are now used in many different very narrow bezels, but LCD flat-panel displays
ways in public and work spaces. For each of have quickly become very popular. Command
these spaces, there are many different types and control rooms are among the most
of environments, each with unique application demanding environments for videowall displays

Videowalls are a standard fixture in command and control rooms.

Northern Command
Command and Control Center

4 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide


and processors, necessitating very high quality camera feeds. Attention can be drawn to a Command and control
upscaling and downscaling of mission-critical, critical event by magnifying an individual feed as rooms are among
high resolution source content, and continuous a large, centrally located image on the videowall,
the most demanding
24/7 reliability. surrounded by supporting information. The ability
to simultaneously present large numbers of video environments for
Situation Rooms sources is a crucial feature for these systems. videowall displays
Situation rooms serve functions similar to and processors,
command and control rooms, though on a smaller Emergency Operations Centers
necessitating very high
scale. A small videowall, usually comprising six Emergency operations centers - EOCs are
to eight cubes or LCD panels, displays updates facilities run by national or regional governments quality upscaling and
on emerging situations, sourced from satellite and public safety organizations. Videowalls in downscaling of mission-
news, maps, and intelligence data. High-ranking EOCs allow staff to monitor critical situations by critical, high resolution
corporate management or government officials displaying news broadcasts, graphical maps, and
source content, and
meet with staff to monitor and manage a crisis. computer sources, which provide the location
As with command and control room applications, and status of real-time regional or international continuous 24/7
continuous 24/7 operation is a critical feature for events. Videowall processors in EOCs must be reliability.
the videowall displays and processor. capable of simultaneously presenting a variety
of source formats, such as standard video, high
Simulation
A videowall is effective in providing an overview of all the
Government contractors that develop simulation
visual elements in a simulation event.
systems utilize videowalls in their facilities to
show live or pre-recorded training sessions to
an audience, which includes pilots and other
participants. With high definition video or full-
motion computer graphics sourced from real-
time image generators, these videowalls
simultaneously display views from each vehicle
in an exercise, creating a cohesive overview of
participant interaction in the simulation. Thales Catalyst Center
Simulation

Projectors with edge blending, 4K projectors,


and projection cubes are the typical display Videowalls are commonly used in surveillance and traffic management centers to present
camera feeds, maps, and other information.
devices of choice, since they can present large
images with minimal or no seams. Videowall
processors in these applications must be capable
of maintaining real-time motion for all image
sources, and provide very high scaling quality
to ensure the videowall accurately portrays the
visual information from the session.

Security and Traffic Management


Security and traffic management centers may
be found in corporate or university campuses, or
public safety or government agencies. Videowalls
in these environments display maps, data
London Metropolitan Police Service
screens, and large numbers of video or IP camera Security and Traffic Management
feeds. Routine activity includes monitoring
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Where are Videowalls Used?

A corporate lobby of a definition video, computer graphics, and locally Public Spaces
technology-based firm stored images such as maps. Corporate Lobbies
The corporate lobby of a technology-based firm
is a popular location
Utility and Network Operations Centers is a popular location for a videowall, where a
for a videowall, where Utilities and network operations centers - NOCs stylish video display becomes a reflection of both
a stylish video display monitor and manage large complex operations the creativity and innovation that exists beyond
becomes a reflection of for private or public utilities, refineries, or the waiting area. Corporate videos highlighting
telecommunication and network providers. NOC an organizations products or services, news,
both the creativity and
videowalls typically display specialized software and personalized images welcoming specific
innovation that exists applications for supervisory control and data customers are commonly seen on the videowall.
beyond the waiting acquisition - SCADA systems, presenting data Flat-panel LCDs or compact modular tile arrays
area. as well as charts, plots, and other graphical are popular choices for videowall systems, due
information. Software client or screen capture to their bright images and modern styling. Short
applications may also be used to present viewing distances dictate that the videowall
information on the videowall. Projection cubes processing delivers very high quality images,
or display systems with thin seams or no seams even when the source content is scaled above or
are frequently used in NOCs, so that the detailed below its original resolution.
graphical system data will be presented clearly as
it spans several displays. Public Signage and Retail
Video-based public signage is used in retail
Corporate Conference Rooms environments and other public venues including
Videowalls are used in corporate conference train and subway stations, airports, and other
rooms to simultaneously display multiple sources locations where digital signage, such as
of various formats on a small number of displays. videowalls, will be visible to large numbers of
They support presentations and training sessions people. Content is often sourced from solid-
that utilize PC and video sources. Rear-projection state video players, periodically updated across
systems are often used, sometimes configured a media network, or from devices that receive
A corporate lobby is a popular
location for a videowall as
with two to four projected images edge-blended IP video streams. Projection cubes or flat-panel
a stylish video display for into a seamless display. LCD displays are popular for these videowalls.
welcoming visitors and delivering
impact. The ability to produce a high quality image is
important for videowall processing in public
signage applications, as images are magnified
to large sizes. Cost efficiency is critical for public
signage systems.

Houses of Worship
Videowalls are used by large houses of worship
to present media to their congregations. The
appearance of these displays will be more of
a continuous projection display than a tiled
system. During services, videowalls typically
present camera feeds, video or graphic content
supporting the days teachings, hymn music
and lyrics, video of recent events, or content
streamed from remote worship facilities. The
Emerson
Corporate Lobby services are similar to other large-scale live
events, in that production teams manage audio
6 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide
and video engineering tasks, including videowall and also respond quickly to user control to keep Videowall processors
control. Videowalls in houses of worship typically up with the fast-changing pace of the event. used in house of
employ small numbers of front projectors to
worship applications
achieve sufficient image magnification. Videowall Bars and Restaurants
processors in these applications must retain high In bars and restaurants, videowalls are often must retain high quality
quality when image sources are scaled for large used to display multiple high definition video when image sources
screen sizes. sources. Large numbers of satellite or cable are scaled for large
television signals are used as source inputs to
screen sizes.
Sports Arenas the videowall. They are commonly presented
Videowalls are used in sports arenas in many in a window layout with a single, large window
different ways in concourses and public areas. for the most prominent broadcast, and several
Historically, they have been used in scoreboards smaller windows displaying other events. The
to display large video instant replay, as well as bartender or manager has the ability to switch the
computer-generated animations from the facilitys TV channel for any window, or recall a different
production booth. Today, they are increasingly window layout, often using a small touchpanel.
used for digital signage and have become an Flat-panel LCD displays or projection cubes
integral part of the facility experience. Projection are frequently used for their ability to display
cubes and LCD panels are used for indoor bright images with high contrast. The videowall
displays, while LED systems are a popular processor must be cost-effective, but also
choice for outdoor venues due to their very high maintain real-time performance while displaying
brightness. The videowall processor must be multiple high definition video sources.
capable of delivering high quality video images,

A videowall in a restaurant or bar provides a convenient, single large display for simultaneous access to several
channels of TV programming to customers.

Big Als
Entertainment Center

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Why a Videowall?

Videowalls have A videowall typically requires a significant have several distinct attributes and advantages,
several distinct investment, and is often the most expensive line with image display capability and flexibility that
item in a facilitys capital outlay for an AV project. simply cannot be achieved otherwise.
attributes and
While the videowall functions as a single display,
advantages, with it is always important to remember that it is a High Pixel Density
image display system. Pixel density is the number of pixels per unit
capability and flexibility area, and is determined by the resolution and
Videowall processors are a significant component screen size of a display. When a single projected
that simply cannot be
of the videowall in terms of cost. They provide image is enlarged, pixel density decreases.
achieved otherwise. features common to conventional scalers or However, for a videowall, pixel density is constant
video processors, but have greater input, output, regardless of the array size, because it is based
and processing capability. The increased number on the individual display unit. Enlarging the array
of inputs and outputs creates requirements for increases the overall resolution of the videowall.
many more dimensions of processing and image
enhancements, providing greater value. A videowall usually delivers much higher pixel
density than a projected image of the same size.
Because of the investment necessary to acquire An image can be upscaled for enlargement on
and install a videowall, an inexperienced designer a videowall, so that it fills up the array without
may be tempted to seek an alternative means compromising picture quality. In contrast,
of presenting large images or multiple sources significantly enlarging an image from a projector
simultaneously. Such means could include reduces apparent resolution and image quality.
increasing picture size from a single projector, using
conventional signal switching and distribution Images that occupy large viewing areas need
in place of a videowall processor, or installing sufficient resolution or pixel density in order to
independent LCD panels on a wall instead of an present clear and legible content. Figure 1-1
integrated videowall array. However, videowalls illustrates two images of equal size, one from a
single 1080p projector fed by a multi-window
1920
processor, and the other a 3x3 videowall with
Figure 1-1. Videowall
images of identical size, 1080p panels via a videowall processor. Both
produced by a single 640x360 640x360 640x360
projector and a 3x3 array are presenting the same content and layout for
of flat-panel displays displaying multiple high definition input sources.
1080 However, the videowall can present the sources
with nine times as many pixels when compared
1920 x 720
to the single projected image. This increased
resolution, resulting from a higher pixel density,
enables presentation of a row of three HD video
Single Projector, 156 in x 102 in (4 m x 2.5 m)
sources at full resolution, compared to just
640x360 per image for the single display.
5760 (1920x3)

1920x1080 1920x1080 1920x1080 Creativity with Display Shapes and Sizes


A videowall is created by tiling multiple display

3240
devices together. By tiling displays, videowalls of
(1080x3)
any size and aspect ratio can be constructed,
5760x2160
often in very creative ways. A videowall display
layout never has to be limited to the standard
16:9, 16:10, or 4:3 aspect ratios of single
3 x 3 Videowall, 156 in x 102 in (4 m x 2.5 m) displays. Additionally, displays in a videowall can
8 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide
be oriented horizontally or vertically, or even a increases, there is no reduction in brightness A bright, clear image
combination of both, further enhancing creative as more displays are added to a videowall. A is crucial for a video
possibilities. videowall with 40 screens is just as bright as a
display. Videowalls
videowall with four screens.
Small Footprint present viewers with
A front projector usually requires significant Show More Images on Fewer Displays consistently bright,
throw distance to produce an image that fills up Most flat panels and projection cubes have inviting images,
a substantial portion of a wall. Practical throw internal scalers that allow a single image to
regardless of size.
distance requirements may limit the number be stretched across a tiled array. This may be
of allowable participants in the room without suitable for applications that only use videowalls
blocking the projected image, even when special for displaying a single, large image. For
wide angle lenses are used. Videowalls comprised applications requiring simultaneous presentation
of flat panels or projection cubes occupy a of multiple image sources, a simple solution is
compact footprint, due to each displays fixed to feed sources directly to individual displays in
depth. This depth remains constant, regardless of the videowall. A switcher, distribution amplifier,
how large the videowall may be. See Figure 1-2. or matrix switcher can be used to provide some
A display array 20 units wide and 10 units high flexibility in distributing signals to the displays.
shares the same depth of a single display device.
However, with this solution, the number of
Consistent Brightness sources that can be presented will frequently be
A bright, clear image is crucial for a video display. limited by the number of displays in the videowall.
Whether being viewed by a workforce interpreting For example, a 2x2 videowall with a matrix
on-screen information, or by customers casually switcher will allow for simultaneous display of four
glancing at digital signage in a retail environment, image sources.
images must be sufficiently bright so that content
will be clear and easy to decipher. A videowall processor is a far more versatile
and powerful solution. It provides the flexibility
Videowalls present viewers with consistently to present multiple sources on fewer screens by
bright, inviting images, regardless of size. While allowing a user to display multiple source windows
a single projector loses brightness as image size on each display. Windows can always be sized
and positioned as necessary to accommodate
the number of images to be presented.
Figure 1-2. Flat-panel
displays produce
a videowall with a Mixed Source Resolutions and Formats
minimal footprint.
A videowall processor accepts and processes
multiple signal formats such as standard definition
video, computer graphics, and high definition
video, so they can be simultaneously displayed
together. Each source can be displayed on any

www.extron.com 9
Why a Videowall?

The ability to mix and part of a videowall, and many different source in which critical details in graphs, data screens,
match signal formats types can be displayed within a single screen. and camera feeds need to be discernible, despite
See Figure 1-3. The ability to mix and match the smaller image sizes.
for simultaneous
signal formats for simultaneous viewing can be a
viewing can be a crucial factor for workflows that rely on a variety Flexibility in Customizing Presentations
crucial factor for of visual data sources, as well as the flexibility A videowall processor provides full flexibility to
workflows that rely on to determine how they should be positioned or customize presentations by adding, sizing, and
grouped together. placing windows, and assigning input sources to
a variety of visual data
them. Any window can be as small as desired,
sources, as well as the Simplified Display Setup or as large as the entire videowall. Additionally,
flexibility to determine Videowall processors supply a consistent output windows can be layered over each other.
how they should be signal format, eliminating the need to save Videowall processing automatically optimizes
unique input adjustments such as size, position, the input source to the size of the window. Many
positioned or grouped
or phase for different signal types on each more enhancements are available, including
together. display. Managing multiple input formats across window borders and captions, live backgrounds
a common output format simplifies integration, from a source input, and maps, logos, or other
since the displays need only be configured for one graphics stored on the processor for use as
resolution and refresh rate. Driving the display at static backgrounds. Videowall processors let the
its native resolution will maintain the best quality user precisely define the look and style of the
image, avoiding inefficient or unnecessary scaling presentation, and also allow window layouts to
within the display. be created, saved, and then recalled.

High Quality Image Processing


Videowall processors typically provide better
image scaling quality over the internal scaling
for the displays. This can be clearly visible when
magnifying images for arrays larger than 2x2, or
when high resolution images are downscaled.
The latter is particularly important for applications

Figure 1-3. Sources of various formats and resolutions can be combined on a videowall.

Aircraft images from Analytical Graphics, Inc. - www.stk.com

10 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide


Reasons to Learn More

Videowalls are ideal for applications requiring you can select the display model and technology, A common approach
presentation of large images and multiple image finalizing the videowall configuration. to videowall system
sources, because they provide flexible image
design is to first specify
layout options while maintaining the best possible Videowall processing. Videowall processors
picture quality. However, engineering a videowall are equally as important as the displays. However, the displays, and then
can be challenging. A wide range of design they vary greatly in features, capabilities, and consider other system
factors must be carefully considered, many of price. This guide provides detailed information on components as
which are specific to videowall applications. videowall processors to help guide your selection.
supporting elements.
Videowalls More than Just Displays Videowall processor architecture. Videowall However, this
A common approach to videowall system design processing is available as a single, centralized approach can overlook
is to first specify the displays, and then consider unit, or distributed among modular units many critical aspects
other system components as supporting connected to sources and displays.
of a successful
elements. However, this approach can overlook
many critical aspects of a successful videowall Videowall processor platforms. Some videowall design.
design. While display devices are important, they processors are based on PC technologies,
only represent a single component of the system. while others are standalone video processing
appliances. Others are a combination of the two.
Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide
This guide is a comprehensive resource for Videowall processing features. Scaling
evaluating, planning, and successfully executing performance, window customization options,
videowall system designs. The sections that mullion compensation, and edge blending for
follow will cover a broad range of considerations, projectors are among the many features available.
all of which are important to videowalls:
System control. The system must be easy to
Needs assessment. Any videowall design operate, and respond quickly to user commands
requires clear knowledge of the applications without being slowed by image processing tasks.
intended purpose. Selecting the right products
requires an understanding of exactly how the Supporting system elements. Videowall
videowall will be used. systems may include matrix switching, signal A successful videowall design
accounts for environmental
extension over fiber and twisted pair, streaming
and human factors as well as
Environmental factors and ergonomics. content over IP, and more. products and technologies.
Videowall designs should include considerations
for human interaction. Lighting conditions,
seating positions, physical obstructions, and
other factors are important to ensure comfortable
viewing and legibility of content.

Determining videowall shape and size,


and pixel density. The application, layout of the
room, and the type and arrangement of content
on the videowall will influence its general size and
shape. How close viewers will be to the screens
will dictate how dense pixels should be.

UK Highways Agency
Videowall display selection. With knowledge South Mimms
of the videowall size, shape, and pixel density,
www.extron.com 11
Needs Assessment

The capital investment Significant Investments Start with the Basics


for AV systems Videowall systems are a significant investment; When establishing requirements for a videowall
the cost adds up quickly with displays, videowall with an end user, begin with the basic questions:
nearly always faces
processing, control, distribution equipment, and
heavy scrutiny, so sources. Videowall requirements should be given What is the name and location of the site? What
type of environment is this site?
it is important to serious consideration, particularly the processing
system which can apply unique, sophisticated What is the overall purpose of the videowall?
identify and validate
technology to enable custom multi-window What are the intended applications for the videowall
the videowall system within this environment?
presentations.
requirements for every As mentioned earlier, different applications and
project. For many individuals, videowalls are unfamiliar environments will have different requirements for
technology, and it can be very easy to become videowall capabilities and performance.
preoccupied with new technology and flashy
capabilities, or to dismiss videowalls altogether Duty Cycle
and focus on simpler, less expensive system Inquire about the intended operational schedule
designs. The capital investment for AV systems for the videowall system. Will it be used for short
nearly always faces heavy scrutiny, so it is duration events and periodic presentations, a 40-
important to identify and validate the videowall hour weekly schedule, or a 24/7 operating cycle?
system requirements for every project. This will help define the requirements for system
reliability and maintenance.
The Common Law of Business, credited to
the Victorian era poet, art, and social critic Scale and Scope
John Ruskin, highlights an important point to Once the intended use and operating schedule
remember when selecting videowall system have been established, more technical
elements. It underscores the value of conducting requirements can be established by asking the
a thorough needs assessment when evaluating following questions:
any significant technology investment:
What type of visual information will be presented
on the displays? Video productions, live news
Its unwise to pay too much, but its worse to pay
broadcasts, data screens, complex data
too little. When you pay too much, you lose a little visualizations, videoconferencing, security camera
money that is all. When you pay too little, you feeds, or collaboration data from other enterprise
sometimes lose everything, because the thing operations or agencies?
you bought was incapable of doing the thing it How much information will be presented? Are
was bought to do. The common law of business there tens or hundreds of video, data, and graphic
balance prohibits paying a little and getting a lot information sources?

it cant be done. If you deal with the lowest Will there be source devices with HDCP-encrypted
outputs, such as Blu-ray Disc players and digital
bidder, it is well to add something for the risk you
cable or satellite receivers?
run, and if you do that you will have enough to
How should the information be presented? Will
pay for something better.
only one or a few images be presented at a time,
or must the system be capable of presenting
A thorough needs assessment will help clarify many sources at the same time, in a variety of
core requirements, and identify inadequate or combinations?
non-essential technology. It will help avoid paying How much display area is available, or envisioned to
too little and ending up with a system that is not be used for the videowall?

as effective as intended. What type of display technology may be used in


this application front projection, rear projection,
projection cubes, LCD panels, or another
technology? The selection of display technology will
12 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide
often be driven by the physical space available, the If the installation is in a government agency or a The selection of
type of information to be displayed, and the sizes at company contracted with the government, will
which images must be presented. there be secure content to be presented on the display technology
How much space is available in front, or at the rear videowall? will often be driven by
of the display, for access and maintenance? Will copyrighted material be presented in a public
the physical space
Will the sources be local to the videowall processor, area?
or situated throughout the site? Are there any
available, the type
sources to be integrated from outside the facility? Answers to these questions will help you of information to be
Is there an equipment closet or designated location determine most basic system requirements.
displayed, and the
for the videowall processor, sources, and other However, there are many more environmental
AV equipment? Are there any anticipated space and operational considerations that can affect sizes at which images
limitations for installing them? the selection of technologies for a videowall. must be presented.
What type of user control interface will be required
for operating the videowall? Is the operator going to
be a trained AV technician or staff members?

The quantity and layout of source windows will vary depending on the application and environment.

www.extron.com 13
Environmental Considerations & Human Factors

An effectively designed The ability to present clear, high quality imagery Figure 2-1. A 3D perspective rendering can be
valuable when considering environmental and human
videowall system, with from multiple sources and at large sizes makes factors for a videowall.
videowalls valuable for maintaining situational
proper consideration
awareness, as mission-critical information is
for environmental presented in a working environment such as a
and human factors, control center. In public spaces, videowalls can
ensures viewing deliver visual impact and effective messaging in
entertainment and promotional applications. An
comfort and optimal
effective videowall will be properly integrated into
accessibility for its physical environment, and be engineered for
everyone in the room. efficient, ergonomic use.
This in turn helps to
When designing a videowall system, individuals section drawings are essential to reviewing the
maximize the value and
frequently begin by focusing on the most visible physical considerations for the environment. 3D
effectiveness of the element, the displays. However, to properly visualizations, such as in Figure 2-1, can also be
videowall in conveying determine which display technology and valuable for pointing out environmental concerns
visual information. specifications are best for a given installation, to end users and project stakeholders with limited
physical and operational dynamics must be experience in videowall applications.
considered as part of a complete AV system
design. Ignoring the environmental and operational An effectively designed videowall system, with
requirements can lead to less-than-optimal results proper consideration for environmental and human
for a high value videowall, in what could otherwise factors, ensures viewing comfort and optimal
be an outstanding system design. accessibility for everyone in the room. This in turn
helps to maximize the value and effectiveness of
Many environmental and human factors, as the videowall in conveying visual information.
well as ergonomic engineering essentials,
seem obvious when considered after the fact. A great deal of government, academic, and
Unfortunately, AV designers are often not involved commercial research has been conducted in the
early enough in a projects life cycle to prevent all area of human factors and ergonomic design
possible shortcomings regarding these important for control centers. The International Standards
details. Preparation of two-dimensional plans and Organization - ISO has published standard
11064-1:2000 for ergonomic design of control
centers, and the US military has established
Figure 2-2. Adding curvature to the videowall can help optimize viewing angles.
standards for human engineering that address
use of visual displays.
Videowall Videowall

The human factors and environmental


considerations presented here are specific
Viewer Viewer to videowalls for control room environments.
The same concepts can be applied to other
applications where videowalls may be used.

Viewing Locations
It is essential that all the intended users can easily
view the videowall. When evaluating horizontal
Wide viewing angles result in lower display Curving displays improves the viewing and vertical viewing angles, the following
brightness. angle and brightness.
questions should be answered:
14 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide
it im
it R
Lim igh
u al tE
Vis ye
Bin
62 o c ular Vis ion 62

S y m bol
R e c o g n itio n

5 - 30 5 - 30
0

Where are the primary viewers situated relative to Standard


Figure 2-3. Field of vision and recommended head tilt and eye rotation
Line ofangles
Sight
the videowall?
Are there any secondary viewing locations for 50

individuals not directly engaged with the display?

Up
pe
ld
Examples of secondary viewing locations include

rV
Fie

is u
al
viewing galleries or management offices.

su

al F
25

Vi
of
um n

ield
Vis
Are there any physical barriers that could obstruct ye ua xim tio

it
E Ma Rota
eft

Lim
lL
it L im e
it R Ey
the videowall for some users? lL
im igh

R o t a ti o n
a tE
isu

O p ti m u m
V ye Standard 0
Bin Line of Sight
ion 62
In large rooms, such as a control center, viewing 62 o c ular Vis Norm

Eye
a
of Sig l Line
ht Sit
locations will vary greatly. It is important to S y m bol
M
Ey axim
ting 15
e R um

Lim
R e c o g n itio n
evaluate viewing angles in both the vertical and ota
tio

it of
5 - 30 5 - 30 n
0 30
horizontal planes. If physical barriers are identified,

ld
Visu

Fie
al F
additional displays may be required to expand

al
Standard

su
Line of Sight

ield

Vi
the videowall, or extra localized displays may

er
w
Lo
50
be necessary. Some environments may require 70

Up
that the videowall be split into smaller systems

pe
ld

rV
Fie
to sufficiently cover all viewing areas. In other

is u
al
su

al F
25
Vi

cases, adding curvature to the videowall layout Figure 2-4. Eye and head tilt from
m workstation to display
of

ield
mu on xi ti
it

Ma Rota
Lim

will improve viewing coverage, as illustrated in Eye Maximum 8H


R o t a ti o n

Figure 2-2.
O p ti m u m

Standard Preferred
0
Line of Sight Minimum 2.5H
Norm
Eye

of Sig al Line Absolute


Eye and Head Tilt Ma ht Sit
ting 15 Minimum 2H
Ey xim
e R um
Lim

In control rooms, operators typically manage ota


tio
it of

n
tasks using one or more local flat-panel displays 30
ld
Visu

Fie

Obstruction Line
while monitoring content on a videowall
al F

al

1H
su

Optimum Maximum
ield

Vi

positioned beyond their workstation. Eye and Eye Rotation 25 Eye Rotation
er
w

Lo
head tilt between workstation displays and 70
0
the videowall should be compared against 55
Normal Line
15
recommended human engineering standards of Sight Sitting

30 Maximum Eye
for visual field of view, eye rotation, and head Rotation

tilt. Proper consideration for eye and head tilt


ensures comfortable viewing for users as they
alternate between their workstation displays and
the videowall. This analysis should always be
performed for control rooms, whether information
is to be presented on a videowall, individual wall- Display Size and Legibility
mounted displays, or a large screen. See Figures Minimum requirements for display dimensions
2-3 and 2-4. or the size of individual image windows will
be driven by viewing distances. The viewing
A similar field of vision, eye rotation, and head tilt distance will also be critical when considering the
analysis should be applied when a videowall is display resolution and pixel density of information
designed into a public or entertainment venue. presented on the displays, as well as the sizes
Personal displays may not need to be considered, of characters and symbols. Display size and
but the design must offer comfortable viewing legibility of content will be examined further in
from seated or standing positions. later sections of this guide.

www.extron.com 15
Environmental Considerations & Human Factors

Advancements in The Physiology of Color Vision Display technologies continue to evolve,


lamps and LED When preparing content to be presented on offering improvements in brightness, resolution,
a videowall, it is important to have a basic contrast, form factor, power consumption, or
illumination sources
understanding of human vision and the cost efficiency. Whatever display technology
have made LCD physiology of color. Proper use of color can is being considered, it is always important to
panels, projection enhance a viewers ability to interpret data, while use professional methods for defining display
cubes, and high improper use of color can result in eye strain. brightness requirements that include ambient
Text, data, or visual symbols should be presented light conditions.
brightness projectors
applying a background using a complementary
suitable for use in color. See Figure 2-5. Ambient lighting conditions are determined in
bright ambient light terms of illuminance, which is a measurement of
environments. Display Brightness all light sources illuminating a point on a surface.
Images produced by videowalls must be Illuminance is measured in lux - lx, equivalent
sufficiently bright, so that they can be clearly to lumens per square meter - lm/m2. Wherever
visible. Today, many work areas with videowalls possible, determine the ambient lighting for a
employ lighting designs that produce an site by referring to the facilitys lighting design
abundance of ambient light, and may include specifications, or visiting the site and taking
outdoor windows that contribute natural light. measurements once the lighting has been
Fortunately, advancements in lamps and integrated. Table 2-1 lists typical illuminances for
LED illumination sources have made LCD various environments.
panels, projection cubes, and high brightness
projectors suitable for use in bright ambient light Illuminance calculations are regularly prepared
environments. when planning front projection systems. The
illuminance produced by a projector can be
calculated by dividing the projectors ANSI lumens

Figure 2-6. Illuminance and luminance

Luminous Flux Illuminance


Figure 2-5. The human physiology of color vision requires careful Light Power Light incident on a surface area
selection of color combinations presented on displays.
Lumens (lm) Lux (lx) = lm/m2

Front
Projection

Color Wheel Complementary Colors

Luminance
Light per unit area emitted in a specific direction

Nits - Cd/m2

Complementary
Colors

Flat Panel or
Rear Projection
Relaxed Strained

16 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide


output by the screens surface area, in square proper specifications for projector ANSI lumens, In addition to
meters. The result can then be compared with screen size, and screen gain to ensure sufficient brightness, videowall
the ambient light levels in the room. A projectors luminance within the ambient lighting conditions
displays must offer
light output in ANSI lumens is usually listed under of the environment.
Brightness in projector specifications. sufficient contrast,
Some display manufacturers continue to list so viewers can easily
Flat-panel displays and projection cubes also illuminance and luminance specifications or distinguish text, data,
identify luminance values as Brightness in their calculations based on English standard units
symbols, and visual
specifications. However, they are quantified as using square feet rather than square meters.
nits or candelas per square meter - cd/m 2. Conversion factors from lux and nits to foot- details in video or
Luminance describes the amount of light leaving candles and foot-lamberts are listed in Table 2-3. graphic images.
a surface in a specific direction. See Figure
2-6. In terms of measurement, one cd/m2 is Display Contrast
the equivalent of one lux at a defined direction. In addition to brightness, videowall displays must
Specifications of brightness or luminance for flat offer sufficient contrast, so viewers can easily
panels or projection cubes identify values that are distinguish text, data, symbols, and visual details
on-axis or directly perpendicular to the screen. in video or graphic images. A displays contrast
ratio describes the dynamic range it offers for
Projection cubes and flat panels with luminance presenting imagery, from deep blacks to peak
values between 300 and 1,000 nits provide whites. Contrast ratio is a measure of the ratio
adequate brightness in control room as well between the brightest and the darkest luminance
as office environments. Projection cubes that values produced by the display. Higher contrast
have been designed with diagonal screen sizes ratios are commonly associated with greater
beyond 80 inches (200 cm), or those that have subjective picture quality.
been engineered to offer extended lamp life may
have specified luminance values below 300 nits. High brightness contributes to a higher contrast
Use of these displays requires greater attention ratio by increasing the white measurement.
to ambient light conditions and lighting designs. However, producing very high contrast ratios
Table 2-2 lists typical luminance ranges for
various display types. Table 2-1. Typical illuminance levels Table 2-2. Typical luminance ranges for
in various environments various display types

For a projection cube, on-axis luminance is TYPICAL TYPICAL


ENVIRONMENT ILLUMINANCE DISPLAY LUMINANCE
determined by measuring or calculating the
Bright sunlight 110,000 lux LED displays 2000 - 14,000 nits
illuminance projector ANSI lumens divided by Shaded area on a 25,000 lux Rear projection 300 - 1,000 nits
screen area, and then multiplying this result by bright day cubes

the gain of the projection screen. Rear projection Task lighting 1,500 lux LCD screen 450 - 700 nits

screens with high gain typically yield lower Office lighting 500 - 750 lux Laptop screen 150 - 250 nits
Control room 300 - 750 lux Cinema screen 40 - 60 nits
luminance values at off-axis viewing angles. This
Theaters 150 lux
reduction in brightness helps to illustrate the
Parking lot lighting 10 lux
significance of the direction of light for luminance.
Moonlight 0.1 lux
Projection cube specifications usually identify the
horizontal and vertical viewing angles at which the
Table 2-3. Conversion factors for brightness values derived from metric and English
luminance will be one-half, or a lower percentage standard measurements
relative to the on-axis value. METRIC ENGLISH STANDARD METRIC TO ENGLISH TO
MEASUREMENT MEASUREMENT MEASUREMENT ENGLISH METRIC
Illuminance Lux Foot-candle (ft-c) Lux x 10.764 ft-c / 10.764
Luminance is also important for large-screen rear
Luminance Nit or candela/m2 Foot-lambert (ft-L) Nit x 3.426 ft-l / 3.426
projection systems. System designs must include
www.extron.com 17
Environmental Considerations & Human Factors

Brightness and requires even greater attention to reducing dark Introduction of the 15:1 ratio for basic decision-
contrast can be values. For product specifications, contrast ratio making resulted in notable industry feedback,
is based on measurements taken in a completely considering that a contrast ratio of 10:1 had
objectively determined
dark room. Unless the display is to be used in been applied as a rule of thumb by industry
with light meters, but a similarly darkened environment, contrast ratio professionals for many years. Nevertheless, the
in the end, customer product specifications should not be factored too economic and environmental factors encountered
satisfaction can be heavily when comparing products. The standard on every project produces challenges that may or
method for determining contrast ratio is illustrated may not support attaining these standards.
purely subjective.
in Figure 2-7.
Brightness and contrast can be objectively
Many direct-view flat panels include high determined with light meters, but in the end,
contrast surfaces to disperse incident light and customer satisfaction can be purely subjective.
reduce reflections on the screen. Front and There is no substitute for visually evaluating a
rear-projection screens include various coatings displays brightness and contrast in the actual
or tinting to diffuse incident light and improve facility it was designed for, or under comparable
contrast. In control rooms with projection environmental conditions, using visual content
systems, contrast is frequently optimized by representative of the intended application.
formatting data and graphic content with dark
backgrounds and bright characters or symbols, Ambient Lighting
and maintaining low ambient light conditions. For Ambient lighting conditions will impact the
direct-view panels, content frequently appears resulting contrast, or how images appear under
better when formatted with bright or white actual lighting conditions. Excessive lighting in
backgrounds and dark characters or symbols. a room will conflict with the displays, reducing
Both types of formatting work well for projection contrast and making the image appear washed
cubes. out and difficult to view.

In 2011, InfoComm International published the The following are best practices for improving
ANSI/INFOCOMM 3M-2011 Projected Image the impact of lighting on AV systems in control
System Contrast Ratio standard for contrast centers:
ratios of projected images for different viewing Control ambient brightness throughout the room,
applications. The following recommendations minimizing it wherever not essential to human
were established: a minimum contrast ratio of activity.

7:1 for images produced purely for informational Use directional overhead spotlights where possible
to keep lighting away from the videowall.
purposes, at least 15:1 for basic decision-
making, 50:1 for critical decision-making, and Incorporate individualized task lighting for
workstations, rather than relying on lighting fixtures
80:1 for presentation of full-motion video content.
which apply broad coverage throughout a room.
Figure 2-7. Contrast Ratio
Display Measured luminance ratio of full white vs. black The following should be avoided:
contrast ratio Contrast Ratio = Bright - Dark (Nits)
Placement of ceiling lights in close proximity to
Dark (Nits)
displays; light may spill onto the screen surfaces.
Untreated windows directly facing a videowall
display, particularly those with a southerly exposure.
Note: In northern latitude locations, there have
been instances of poor planning for ambient lighting
Display conditions. Specifically, these have been for corporate
lobby videowall installations that face windows with a
Contrast Ratio
Example: 100:1 southerly exposure. During afternoon hours in winter

18 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide


months, light from the sun can fall directly onto the presentation room may double as a viewing The earlier an AV
displays, significantly reducing their effective contrast.
gallery, with motorized shades or controllable designer participates in
Wall and Room Treatments privacy glass to expose an adjoining control room.
the facility design, the
Walls surrounding a videowall should be visually Control rooms used for customer demonstrations
neutral to avoid distracting from the information or promotional applications may incorporate a greater the likelihood
presented on the displays. See Figure 2-8 as special entryway that includes lighting and AV human factors
an example. Wall surfaces should have matte effects to help shape the visitors state-of-mind and environmental
finishes and be pattern-free, without windows, before they enter the space. This approach is
considerations will
open doorways, and other visual distractions, similar to the use of pre-shows in theme park
whenever possible. Similarly, ceilings, floors, attractions. be successfully
and facing walls should have matte or non- addressed.
reflective finishes, and be void of windows and Planning Ahead for Effective Videowalls
other reflective surfaces, which can result in light All of these human factors and environmental
falling onto the videowall screens. Wherever considerations can have a significant impact on
windows cannot be avoided, shades and the effectiveness of a videowall display system.
tinting can be used to reduce the impact of The earlier an AV designer participates in the
exterior light. Acoustic treatments may also be facility design, the greater the likelihood these
required to control sonic reflections and ensure elements will be successfully addressed.
a quiet acoustical environment where normal
conversations can be conducted.
Figure 2-8. Walls surrounding a videowall should not distract viewers from the display
system, clocks, or other status indicators.
Clocks and Status Indicators
Control rooms, sales or trading areas, and other
working environments with videowalls often
use world time-zone clocks or system status
indicators, such as those which display security
conditions. See Figure 2-8. This information
may be presented on the videowall, specialized
fixtures, or auxiliary displays.

Furniture and Personal Environment


Management
Furniture and consoles used in command and
Figure 2-9. Furniture and consoles may be customized for specific team workflow or
control centers are available in standard designs operational requirements.
supporting many different workflows. Custom
consoles can be designed to support specific
working conditions and environments. See Figure
2-9. They may include motorized height settings,
highly adjustable seats, task lighting, localized
white noise, or local airflow and temperature
control for users working in 24/7 operations.

Entry Management and Security


Control rooms and facilities with high-impact
displays may have controlled visibility or
access for security reasons, or to enhance the
visitor experience. For example, an executive
www.extron.com 19
Choosing the Right Videowall Shape and Size

Deciding how large a Deciding how large a videowall should be is more 5:4, 16:9, or 16:10. Videowalls may also have
videowall should be is than a matter of determining how many display creative shapes with no defined aspect ratio.
devices are required to fill a space on a wall. The
more than a matter of
manner in which the videowall will be used, the What is the best shape or aspect ratio for a
determining how many types and quantity of information to be presented, videowall? If the objective is to make the videowall
display devices are and the size and shape of the room should be as large as possible, then its shape will be driven
required to fill a space considered before selecting the quantity and by the layout of the room. A shallow, wide room
type of display. A videowall in a public setting with a low ceiling will likely necessitate a short,
on a wall.
for digital signage will have far different physical wide videowall. Other room characteristics may
requirements than a videowall in a command and result in a videowall shape closer to a square. But
control center. room layout is not the only important factor when
determining the height and width of a videowall.
Determining the Shape or Aspect Ratio The size and aspect ratio of the source content
When specifying a videowall system, a design and their intended arrangements on the videowall
engineer has the flexibility to define a specific will also influence its shape and design.
layout for the displays. Videowalls two screens
high by four screens wide, three screens high by A good first step is to determine the types and
four screens wide, or four screens high by four resolutions of input sources to the videowall, and
screens wide are common. However, each of how many of them must be displayed together.
these arrangements results in a different overall Discussing this with the end user, and deciding
aspect ratio, which is defined by the layout of how source windows should be arranged on the
the screens as well as the aspect ratio of the videowall, will help determine the best overall
individual display devices, which could be 4:3, screen arrangement.

It will also be beneficial to sketch three or four


storyboards with various window layouts. Be
Figure 2-10. Videowall images may be distorted if content is not presented in their native sure to maintain each sources original aspect
aspect ratios.
ratio when designing these layouts. While many
videowall processors will allow images to be
stretched, zoomed, or cropped to fill a window
of any shape, the end user may find it distracting
if content is not represented in their native aspect
ratios. See Figure 2-10.

Original source aspect ratios maintained


When creating sample window layouts, it is also
important to consider which sources should be
shown at native resolution, those which may be
downscaled or reduced in size, and content that
should be upscaled or enlarged. Having an idea
of scaling requirements for the source content
will help you determine relative sizes for the
source windows on the videowall. The nature of
the source content will be a determinant of how
legible it may be when scaled. High resolution
imagery may be reasonably legible when
downscaled. Content can often be displayed in
Original source aspect ratios not maintained results in image distortion

20 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide


small windows as thumbnails to save space area. Pixel density is determined by the individual Viewers tend to
while being adequately discernible, and then display unit, in terms of its native resolution as perceive images with
upscaled or enlarged upon user control for closer well as screen dimensions. Pixel density remains
good resolution as
examination. constant, regardless of the size or layout of the
videowall. sharp, detailed, and
While videowall processors allow images or above all, free of visible
graphics to be reduced in size, text or symbols The ideal pixel density for a videowall can be pixel structure.
may not remain legible if downscaled, or even determined based on the distance for viewers
when shown at native resolution. In this case, closest to the screens, so they do not see visible
upscaling may be necessary, possibly leading pixel structure. A unit of angular measurement,
to use of larger window sizes that may require known as an arc minute, is used to describe
enlarging the videowall. Properly sizing fonts for how much of a viewers vision is occupied by
videowalls will be discussed later in detail. an object. An arc minute is equal to 1/60th of a
degree, with 360 comprising a complete circle.
Once you are confident that your sample The theoretical limit of human visual acuity, or
window layouts meet end user expectations, you the ability to discriminate an individual object or
can be sure that you have a good idea of the between objects in space, is approximately one
overall shape for the videowall, determined by arc minute or 0.0167. For video, this means that
the layout of the room and the source content below this limit, a person should not be able to
to be presented. You should also estimate the resolve individual pixels. See Figure 2-11.
physical and pixel dimensions for the videowall.
Additional considerations, including pixel density
and individual display or projected image size,
will help you finalize the actual dimensions and
configuration of the videowall.
Figure 2-11. Pixel structure will not be noticed if the pixel pitch, or spacing between
pixels, forms an angle less than one arc minute in a persons viewing field.
Pixel Density
A videowall should be capable of delivering the
highest quality images possible to all viewers in
1 arc minute
the environment. In addition to brightness and
contrast, pixel resolution is another contributing
factor to image quality. Viewers tend to perceive
Pixel Pitch
images with good resolution as sharp, detailed,
and above all, free of visible pixel structure. The
Individual
ability to see pixels on-screen is dependent on Pixels
Visible
the viewing distance from the display, the native
resolution of the display, and the content being
1 arc minute
presented, among other factors. Pixel structure is
more likely to be noticeable in content with text,
Pixel Pitch
shapes, lines, and fine graphic details, than in full-
motion video.
No Pixels
Visible
The resolution of a videowall can be defined by
the total number of horizontal and vertical pixels
in the display array. It can also be described by
the pixel density, or the number of pixels per unit

www.extron.com 21
Choosing the Right Videowall Shape and Size

LCD panels generally The sidebar provides detailed information on Summary


deliver more than calculating pixel density. At a close viewing To help determine the best physical shape and
distance of 10 feet (3 m), the pixel density size for a videowall, keep the following points in
sufficient pixel density
would need to be at least 28 PPI, or pixels per mind:
for close viewing inch, to avoid visible pixel structure. As points
distances, including of comparison, a 50 inch (107 cm) 1080p LCD The general shape and size of a videowall is
frequently determined by the layout of the room and
the largest models. panel has a pixel density of 44 PPI, while a 70 inch
space available on the wall.
(178 cm) WXGA projection cube has a pixel
Pixel density will Drafting window layouts will help you better define
density of 22 PPI. If the end user demands that
the shape and dimensions of the videowall. Be sure
likely be an important multiple high resolution sources be displayed to account for:
consideration when pixel-for-pixel, then it may be necessary to - The types of input sources
projecting large increase the pixel density beyond the minimum.
- T
 he aspect ratios and native resolutions of the
LCD panels generally deliver more than sufficient sources
images.
pixel density for close viewing distances, - L
 egibility of content, particularly text, and the
including the largest models at 70 inches. Pixel possible need to enlarge them
density will likely be an important consideration - T
 he maximum number of sources to be displayed
when projecting large images. Table 2-4 lists simultaneously
some recommended minimum pixel densities at Ensure the display you select for the videowall has
various viewing distances. sufficiently high pixel density, so the closest viewer
will not see pixel structure.

How to Calculate Pixel Density


Together with these suggested guidelines, be sure
Calculating Pixel Density Based on Viewing Distance
that the final videowall design and configuration
The minimum pixel density for a videowall, based on the viewing distance and the
visual acuity limit of 1 arc minute, can easily be calculated. All that is needed is a tape satisfies eye and head tilt considerations, as
measure and a scientific calculator, or a mobile device running a scientific calculator discussed previously on page 15.
app. Ensure the calculator is set to degrees, rather than radians.

Begin by measuring, or estimating the distance from the videowall to the viewing
position closest to the wall. Then, this basic trigonometric formula can be used to Table 2-4. Recommended display pixel density based
calculate pixel pitch, or the physical separation between two pixels. on the closest viewing distance

Pixel Pitch = Viewing Distance x tan (1 arc minute / 60 arc minutes per degree) VIEWING DISTANCE MINIMUM PIXEL DENSITY
= Viewing Distance x tan (0.0167) = Viewing Distance x 0.000291 5 ft (1.5 m) 57 PPI - pixels per inch
where the viewing distance and pixel pitch are specified in inches. Pixel density, in PPI 10 ft (3 m) 28 PPI
or pixels per inch, is then simply the inverse of pixel pitch:
15 ft (4.5 m) 19 PPI
Pixel Density (PPI) = 1 / Pixel Pitch (in) 20 ft (6 m) 14 PPI
Example: For a viewing distance of 10 feet (3 m), or 120 inches,
Pixel Pitch = 120 in x tan (0.0167) = 120 in x 0.000291 = 0.035 in (0.9 mm)
Pixel Density = 1 / 0.035 in = 28 PPI

Calculating Pixel Density for a Display


Pixel density can also easily be calculated for a display, using the equation for the
Pythagorean theorem:

Diagonal Pixels = Horizontal Pixels2 + Vertical Pixels2

Then, dividing the diagonal pixel resolution by the diagonal screen dimension gives
you pixel density.

Pixel Density (PPI) = Diagonal Pixels / Diagonal Screen Dimension (in)


Example: For a 52 inch (132 cm) diagonal 1080p LCD panel,
Diagonal Pixels = 19202 + 10802 = 4,852,800 = 2203
Pixel Density = 2203 / 52 inches = 42 PPI

22 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide


Choosing the Right Display Size and Resolution

The ideal dimensions and resolution of an Figure 2-12 illustrates two videowalls of The ideal dimensions
individual display unit will depend on the required comparable size. System A comprises three and resolution of an
pixel density, the desired shape and size of the 80 inch (203 cm) SXGA+ projection cubes, and
individual display unit
videowall, and budget. The choice of display System B is an array of eight 50 inch (127 cm)
technology will dictate the specific screen SXGA+ cubes. While the resulting videowalls will depend on the
dimensions and resolutions available from which are close in physical size, there are considerable required pixel density,
to choose. Display technologies for videowalls will differences between the two. System A will the desired shape and
be discussed later in further detail. likely be less expensive than System B, despite
size of the videowall,
the larger, more expensive 80 inch displays,
For a given display technology, larger displays are as System A requires only three displays while and budget.
typically more expensive than smaller models. System B requires eight. In addition, the videowall
But it may actually cost less to fulfill a desired processor for System A will only require three
videowall size with fewer large, more expensive outputs, while System B will require a larger
displays, than a greater quantity of small, less videowall processor with at least eight outputs.
expensive displays. Fewer displays translate
to less expensive videowall processing, since While System A is more cost effective than
fewer outputs will be required. However, smaller System B, the overall pixel density of System
displays often deliver higher pixel density for the B is greater than that of System A. System A
videowall. Therefore, a videowall design focusing comprises 4200x1050 pixels with a pixel density
solely on the economics of displays may ignore of 22 PPI, while System B comprises 5600x2100
pixel density considerations. This is particularly pixels and 35 PPI pixel density. Therefore,
the case for videowalls comprising projection System B will be able to display a higher number
cubes or front projectors, but also applies to LCD of sources at native resolution. Depending on
panels if there is a need to present many high the required pixel density, the desired window
resolution image sources. layouts, and the resolutions of the input sources,
System B may be a more suitable solution than
System A, despite the higher price.

Figure 2-12. A videowall with fewer screens may be more cost-effective, but may not
deliver sufficient pixel density for the needs of the application.

System A
16 ft (4.9 m) - 4200 pixels (1400x3)
4 ft (1.2 m) - 1050 pixels

80 inch diagonal 80 inch diagonal 80 inch diagonal

System B
13 ft 4 in (4 m) - 5600 pixels (1400x4)
5 ft (1.5 m) - 2100 pixels

50 inch 50 inch 50 inch 50 inch


diagonal diagonal diagonal diagonal
(1050x2)

50 inch 50 inch 50 inch 50 inch


diagonal diagonal diagonal diagonal

www.extron.com 23
Font Size and Legibility

Viewers should be able Legibility is very important for any videowall over long periods of time. A safer rule of thumb is
to easily read text at application with sources that include for any displayed text to occupy at least 15 to 20
alphanumeric text. Viewers should be able to arc minutes of the furthest viewers vision.*
all intended viewing
easily read text at all intended viewing distances
distances without without eyestrain. Delivering adequately sized text The example in Figure 2-13 illustrates an
eyestrain. can be accomplished by scaling up or enlarging environment where the nearest viewer is 15
the source to make fonts legible, or by rendering feet (4.5 m) from a videowall, and the furthest
content with text at appropriate font sizes. viewer is 30 feet (9 m) from the screens. The
text is 1 inch (25 mm) high, which occupies 19
When considering legibility, it is important to take arc minutes of the nearest viewers vision. While
into account the distance between the farthest this is acceptable, text read by a viewer 30 feet
viewer and the videowall, and use this worst from the videowall only occupies 10 arc minutes,
case scenario to determine how large source which is not acceptable for extended viewing.
windows should be, or what font size should The sidebar provides more details on calculating
be specified when creating content. Additional arc minutes based on the text size and viewing
display area may be required to provide adequate distance.
space for enlarged windows, which translates
to larger displays, or extra rows or columns of To improve legibility for the furthest viewer, text
screens. should be rendered at a larger size, or source
window sizes should be expanded. Figure 2-13
At a minimum, text on a videowall should occupy demonstrates that doubling the text height from
* From Simpson, Robert S. (1996). 10 vertical arc minutes of the viewers vision to be 1 to 2 inches (25 to 50 mm) improves legibility,
Videowalls: The Book of the Big legible. However, this size may still appear to be since the text now occupies 19 arc minutes for
Electronic Image, Oxford, United
Kingdom: Focal Press. too small for many viewers, and eyestrain is likely the furthest viewer.

Figure 2-13. Font size vs. viewing distance

Viewing Distance 30 ft (9 m) How to Calculate Arc Minutes


15 ft (4.5 m)
10 arc minutes It is easy to calculate the number of arc minutes that text and
characters occupy within a persons viewing field. All you need
is a tape measure and a scientific calculator. Scientific calculator
Text height apps are available for mobile devices. Make sure the calculator is
1 in (25 mm)
set to degrees, not radians.
19 arc minutes
Begin by measuring, or estimating, the distance from the
videowall to the furthest viewing location in the room, as well as
the height of the text on-screen. Then, this basic trigonometric
Font size is acceptable for nearest viewer, but too small for
extended viewing by furthest viewer formula can be used to calculate arc minutes:

Arc Minutes = 60 x arctan (Text Height / Viewing Distance)


Viewing Distance 30 ft (9 m)
15 ft (4.5 m) where arctan is the arctangent, or inverse tangent, and 60
19 arc minutes denotes the number of arc minutes per degree.

Example: For text 1 inch (25 mm) tall, viewed from 15 feet (4.5 m)
or 180 inches,
Text height
2 in (50 mm)
Arc Minutes = 60 x arctan (1 in/180 in) = 60 x arctan (0.0056)
38 arc minutes = 60 x 0.3183 = 19

If your calculator does not have an arctangent button, press the


Font size acceptable for nearest viewer and furthest viewer inverse button and then tangent.

24 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide


From this illustration, it can be generalized that density of 37 PPI. For a 30 foot viewing distance, As a general rule of
providing a text height of 1 inch (25 mm) for text on the screen should be at least 2 inches or thumb, the pixel height
every 15 feet (4.5 m) of the maximum viewing 74 pixels high. Therefore, when creating content
of a font will be 30 to
distance will ensure legibility for the viewer. This in Microsoft PowerPoint or any other application,
is a good rule of thumb to follow when designing a font size of about 58 points should be applied. 35 percent larger than
videowalls, especially in environments where its point size.
critical information is displayed. It should be noted that if a source is intended to
be magnified across multiple videowall screens,
Pixel Density and Font Size then the font size can be reduced accordingly.
The pixel density of a display device is another For an image spread over a 2x2 array of four
factor that will impact font size. Text rendered screens, for example, the font selected can be
at a specific font size will appear smaller on a one-fourth the size appropriate for viewing on a
high resolution display than on a lower resolution single screen. This can similarly be applied when
display of the same size. This is illustrated in a source window is to be enlarged.
Figure 2-14 for two 42 inch (107 cm) LCD panels,
one at 1920x1080 and the other at 1366x768. Summary
To ensure that alphanumeric text presented
It is also important to note that when referring on a videowall is legible for all viewers, use the
to font size, or point size, a point is not equal to following suggested rules of thumb:
a pixel. In other words, 12 point font is not 12
pixels high, but rather is approximately 16 pixels Apply a minimum text height of 1 inch (25 mm)
on the screen for every 15 feet (4.5 m) of distance
high. The exact relationship between points and
between the videowall and the furthest viewing
pixels varies by font. As a general rule of thumb, position in the room.
the pixel height of a font will be 30 to 35 percent
When rendering content for a videowall, the pixel
larger than its point size. height of a font is 30 to 35 percent larger than its
point size. 1920 pixels
36.6 in (93 cm)
Example: A videowall array comprised of 42 inch
(107 cm) 1366x768 LCD panels is installed in a
control room where the distance to the farthest
20.6 in (52.3 cm)
1080 pixels

viewer is 30 feet (9 m). The videowall has a pixel


42 in (107 cm)

Letter 100 pixels tall


1.92 in (49 mm)

Pixel Density:
52 pixels per inch

Figure 2-14. Text at a specific font size will appear smaller on a higher resolution display.

1920 pixels 1366 pixels


36.6 in (93 cm) 36.6 in (93 cm)
20.6 in (52.3 cm)

20.6 in (52.3 cm)


1080 pixels

768 pixels

42 in (107 cm) 42 in (107 cm)

Letter 100 pixels tall Letter 100 pixels tall


1.92 in (49 mm) 2.70 in (69 mm)

Pixel Density: Pixel Density:


52 pixels per inch 37 pixels per inch

www.extron.com 25

1366 pixels
Display Devices

Several display With the size and shape of the videowall in Projection Cubes
technologies are mind, as well as a minimum pixel density to Projection cubes have long been the display
ensure high quality images for everyone in the technology of choice for many videowall
available when
room, the system designer can now consider installations. The first projection cubes for
specifying a videowall the technology and model of the displays for videowalls featured CRT projectors housed in
design, each with its the videowall. Several display technologies are enclosures that were four to five feet (1.2 to 1.5
distinct benefits and available when specifying a videowall design, m) deep with 40 inch (102 cm) diagonal Fresnel
each with its distinct benefits and drawbacks. and lenticular screens. CRT technology was
drawbacks. The ideal
The ideal choice will be based on several factors, eventually replaced with LCD, DLP, and LCoS
choice will be based including the following: projection modules with lamp or LED-based
on several factors. illumination systems. They have been engineered
Specific display technology. The end user for long life, while maintaining tight tolerances for
may already have a particular display type in mind brightness and color temperature. First-surface
for the videowall, such as LCD flat panels. mirrors have been incorporated to reduce the
projection path and enclosure footprint.
Screen size, shape, and resolution. Specific
screen dimensions and resolutions vary according Current projection cube designs feature DLP
to the display technology. Considerably large projectors, with native resolutions ranging from
screen sizes may necessitate the use of front or 1024x768 to 1920x1200. They include LED
rear projectors. illumination sources with lifetimes specified
between 50,000 and 80,000 hours.
Picture adjustments. Displays for videowalls
feature a range of brightness and color Projection cubes are available in sizes from 50 to
adjustments, controls, and illumination systems 80 inches (127 to 203 cm) in aspect ratios of 4:3,
that allow the displays to maintain alignment with 16:9, or 16:10. They generally require a footprint
each other over time. from 1.5 to 3 feet (0.5 to 1 m). Projection cubes
have very thin screen bezels that minimize the
Footprint. Front and rear projection systems appearance of mullions in the videowall, making
require the greatest consideration for space, them popular in control room environments where
while LCD panels consume a minimal footprint detailed data and graphics may be presented
in a room. across multiple screens. Manufacturers are now
marketing projection cubes with designs that
Environmental factors. Significant ambient are said to have eliminated the appearance of a
light in the room, and limited tolerance for mullion between screens.
mechanical noise may preclude the use of front
projectors.

Budget. Display technologies vary in terms of


the costs upfront for the displays and installation,
plus ongoing maintenance needs such as lamp
replacement. Videowall maintenance will be
covered in the next section.

Display technologies continue to advance at


a rapid pace. This section provides summary
technical information and practical considerations Projection Cube
relevant to multi-screen videowall applications. Photo Courtesy of Mitsubishi

26 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide


Flat-Panel Displays More recently, the availability of ultra-thin bezel The availability of ultra-
Flat-panel LCD displays have quickly become models less than 10 mm and a minimal footprint thin bezel models less
popular for videowall applications. They range has made LCD flat panels very popular in a
than 10 mm and a
in size from 40 to 108 inches (102 to 274 cm), broad range of videowall applications.
with a depth of four inches (10 cm) or less, and minimal footprint has
are ideal for facilities with limited physical space Projection made LCD flat panels
or budgets. LCD panels designed for videowalls Multiple projectors may be used in videowall very popular in a broad
are typically available with a 16:9 aspect ratio at systems instead of flat panels or projection
range of videowall
resolutions such as 1366x768 or 1920x1080. Flat cubes. They produce large images and offer the
panels with a 16:10 aspect ratio and 1920x1200 opportunity to present source information across applications.
resolution are also available, though these are fewer displays, resulting in fewer visible mullions.
desktop monitors.
Front or rear projection can be used. See
The first flat-panel displays used in professional Figure 2-15. Projector selection will be based on
video applications were based on plasma a variety of factors relevant to the application,
technology, and were susceptible to image including resolution, brightness, contrast ratio,
burn-in. They were not suited for continuous- lens options, lamp life, picture adjustments, and
use applications with presentation of static the ability to maintain color consistency over time.
content. Early flat-panel videowalls were used in Projectors are available in various aspect ratios
applications that emphasized the artistic value of and native resolutions ranging from 1024x768 to
the bezel, small footprint, and budget, rather than 1920x1200. Projectors are also available at higher
thin mullions, which were not possible with the resolutions including 2560x1600 and 4K. The
early flat panels. best choice between front or rear projection for a

32 in (81 cm) LCD Display with


Standard Bezel 42 in (107 cm) LCD Display with Thin Bezel

60 in (152 cm) LCD Display with Ultra-Slim Bezel

Photos Courtesy of Sharp

www.extron.com 27
Display Devices

Videowall applications videowall is determined by the physical attributes Rear projection systems eliminate the long-throw
that incorporate of the viewing room and available space. distance, ambient light spill, room obstructions,
and fan noise that can plague front projection
projector arrays
Front Projection systems. However, they require dedicated space
employ either edge Front projection videowalls require the use of behind the display, and mounting systems with
blending or edge ceiling-mount systems, floor-level projection projection mirrors that require greater complexity
butting. The design cabinets, or isolated projection rooms. Ambient for setup and maintenance than front projectors.
lighting conditions and screen technology must
objective is to create
be factored carefully into display brightness Edge-Blended Projection
a single, large display and contrast requirements. Fan noise requires Videowall applications that incorporate projector
delivering a continuous consideration if projectors are to be situated arrays employ either edge blending or edge
projected image. within the working environment. Installing front butting techniques. See Figure 2-15. The design
projection may also result in restricted usage of objective is to create a single, large display
floor space, to prevent staff from accidentally delivering a continuous projected image.
walking into the projection paths and casting
shadows on the screens. Edge blending is achieved by aligning the images
from adjacent projectors so that the images
Rear Projection overlap with each other, typically by 20%. Video
Rear projection systems place the projector in content projected in the overlap region must be
an enclosure or projection room, isolating it from identical between projectors. This requires special
viewers. To minimize the depth of the projection image processing, which is not a standard feature
room, first-surface mirrors are employed to fold in videowall processors.
the projection path.
Special adjustments for brightness, contrast,
Figure 2-15. Front projection vs. rear projection, and edge blending vs. edge butting and gamma are also required to match the
Front Projection Rear Projection projected illumination between overlapped and
non-overlapped regions. Contrast must be
Mirror
Screen

Mirror
attenuated in the overlapped regions to reduce
the level of bright content, and the black level
must be notched up to adjust dark content
in the projected areas with no overlap. These
image adjustments must be made, either within
the projector or by an external image processor.
Edge blending is ideal for applications that require
a large, continuous, display area with very high
resolution.

Edge Blending Edge Butting Windowing various input sources is common on


projection videowalls with edge blending. While
edge blending produces impressive displays,
they are custom by nature, and the increased
complexity of picture adjustments requires that
the owner be prepared to accept higher service
and maintenance costs than more conventional
Overlap Area Visible Seam/Join
display systems.

28 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide


Edge-Butted Projection Video inputs are distributed to LED panels through LED displays produce
Edge-butted projection displays do not apply proprietary signal processors. These processors very high brightness
an overlap region. Picture adjustments and are typically limited to the magnification of a single
and are frequently
processing requirements are far simpler than image across the entire panel array. Videowall
edge-blended displays. Edge-butted displays processors can serve as an input to the LED used outdoors or in
are simpler to setup, align, and manage. A thin signal processors, providing advanced scaling, environments with
seam may be visible between images, but a cropping, and multi-source windowing features high ambient light
virtually seamless appearance is possible with for the entire LED display.
conditions.
precise image alignment. However, maintaining
this appearance over time may require continual Figure 2-16 illustrates an LED videowall 21
adjustments to image positioning. feet (6.4 m) wide and 14 feet (4.3 m) tall with a
total resolution of 1600x900 pixels. This display
LED Displays comprises 144 individual panels, each 16 inches
LED displays produce very high brightness and (40 cm) high by 16 inches wide. The modular
are frequently used outdoors or in environments form factor of the panels provides a great deal of
with high ambient light conditions. LED display creative latitude when designing the shape and
systems comprise several individual panels, each size of an LED display. Very large LED displays
containing an array of colored LEDs. A single pixel may have resolutions that only require a single
is represented by a discrete set of red, green, and or just a few outputs from a videowall processor,
blue LEDs, or a single surface-mount module due to the low pixel density of LED displays.
incorporating all three colors.
Figure 2-16. A large LED display comprised of 144 individual panels
An LED panel may have a resolution from 36x36
to 100x100 pixels, depending on the pitch, or Individual Panel Dimensions:
16 in x 16 in (41 cm x 41 cm) 100 pixels x 100 pixels
spacing of the pixels, and the size of the panel.
Selection of the LED pixel pitch is based on the
intended use, viewing distance, and budget. LED
panels for outdoor use are intended for viewing
from great distances, and typically have a pixel
pitch of 10 mm to 20 mm. LED panels for indoor
applications are viewed from closer distances,
and frequently will have a tighter pixel pitch,
from 4 mm to 10 mm. Table 2-5 lists minimum
preferred and optimum viewing distances for
three popular LED pixel spacings.

Table 2-5. Minimum and optimum viewing distance for three 21 ft 4 in (6.5 m) 1600 pixels
common pixel spacings

PIXEL MINIMUM PREFERRED OPTIMUM VIEWING


12 ft (3.7 m) 900 pixels

PITCH VIEWING DISTANCE 1 DISTANCE 2


20 mm 39 ft (12 m) 66 ft (20 m)
10 mm 20 ft (6 m) 33 ft (10 m)
5 mm 10 ft (3 m) 16 ft (5 m)

1
600 x pixel pitch
2
1000 x pixel pitch
Viewing distance calculations from Simpson, Robert S. (1996). LED Tile Array
16 Tiles x 9 Tiles
Videowalls: The Book of the Big Electronic Image, Oxford, United
Kingdom: Focal Press.

www.extron.com 29
Display Devices

A single 4K display Modular Displays High Resolution 4K Displays


can be managed from An emerging class of display products feature High resolution 4K displays were introduced
a compact, modular display size comparable to beginning in 2005 for digital cinema, simulation,
a videowall processor
LED panels, as well as thin mullions. They are defense, medical, entertainment, and other
as though it is a 2x2 new display technologies for creating videowalls applications. Since then, many manufacturers
array of 1080p or 2K with many different shapes and configurations. have introduced 4K projectors and direct-view
resolution displays, Similar to LED systems, these displays are not LCD flat panels supporting resolutions including
limited to standard aspect ratios and can be a 40962160, and 3840x2160, also known as
with the benefit of no
rectangle, square, or some other abstract shape. QFHD or Quad Full High Definition.
mullions for a perfectly
seamless image. Among these modular displays are Christie A single 4K display can be managed from a
MicroTiles . An individual MicroTile is a very

videowall processor as though it is a 2x2 array
compact projection cube with a screen size of of 1080p or 2K resolution displays, with the
16 x 12 inches (40 x 30 cm) and a depth of 10 benefit of no mullions for a perfectly seamless
inches (25 cm). It houses an LED-illuminated DLP image. A large image from a 4K projector can
projector with a resolution of 720x540. Signals deliver dramatic visual impact, without the need
are distributed to the displays by one or more to precisely align four individual projectors or
proprietary signal processing units. As with LED apply edge blending. As 4K displays grow in
displays, these processing units are used to popularity, they will be combined more frequently
magnify an image onto an array of modules. A with videowall processors.
videowall processor can be used to scale, crop,
and manage multiple source inputs into this
creative display technology.

A 4K projected image can serve as a perfectly seamless videowall for presenting multiple
high resolution image sources.

30 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide


Videowall Maintenance and Cost of Ownership

Videowall systems are high value investments Videowall Displays Videowall systems are
that require periodic maintenance. They have very Display selection can have a significant impact on high value investments
high duty cycles, and downtime is unacceptable, the total cost of ownership. Operating costs for
that require periodic
especially in mission-critical applications. It is display systems include consumable items such
essential that provisions for service, maintenance, as air filters and lamps for projectors or projection maintenance. They
and total cost of ownership be considered during cubes, plus regularly scheduled cleaning. have very high duty
the system design phase. cycles, and downtime
The brightness and color composition of
is unacceptable,
Planning for maintenance as well as operating projection lamps and LED light sources can drift
costs will ensure end users remain within their over time, requiring periodic recalibration and especially in mission-
operating budgets. This includes a sufficient balancing across displays. Color balancing of critical applications.
stock of consumables and replacement items, displays is a task best performed by an integrator
and scheduling periodic, essential service with experienced, certified technicians. Some
visits to maximize uptime and image quality. projection cube models include automatic color
These measures will help preserve value in the calibration systems that simplify maintenance by
investment. minimizing the time required for color balancing.

Videowall Processors Operating costs associated with supplying power


The videowall processor selected should be and HVAC can vary between different types of
capable of delivering failsafe reliability, and be displays. They should be considered when
fully supported by a manufacturers warranty comparing between display technology options.
policy. All Extron videowall processors, for
example, include a three-year parts and labor Flat-Panel Displays
warranty. For applications in which the videowall Flat-panel LCD and plasma displays for
must absolutely remain operational at all times, videowalls have not been designed with the
the processor should include redundant power intention of replacing consumable parts. LED
supplies, and hot-swap capability for parts backlighting for LCD flat panels offer practical
such as fans and power supplies. In secure lifespans of 50,000 hours or more. Flat panels
environments with restricted access, a spare require little or no maintenance. However when
parts kit can be considered that may include physical access to the displays is required,
system controller parts and input and output the location of the videowall and design of the
cards, in addition to hot-swappable fans and installation and mounting system can impact cost
power supplies. by making service access easy or difficult.

All Extron videowall processors are fully supported Professional flat-panel displays are usually
by a three-year parts and labor warranty.
covered by multi-year manufacturer warranties.
For mission-critical installations with large
numbers of flat panels, the end user should
consider having a spare unit on hand to avoid
delays in receiving a replacement from the
manufacturer.

Presentation of static content for long periods


of time is known to result in image retention or
burn-in on plasma displays. Manufacturers of
LCD flat-panel displays offer varying degrees of
advice, warranties, or guarantees concerning
www.extron.com 31
Videowall Maintenance and Cost of Ownership

Projection cubes are image retention for their displays. Replacement and color over time than conventional Ultra High
available in models of flat panels can be inconvenient and a surprise Performance - UHP lamps. This will result in lower
expense, so it is advisable to thoroughly examine operating costs, effectively eliminating the cost
offering either rear
a manufacturers specifications and policies associated with light source replacement.
or front access, the regarding image retention on LCD flat panels.
choice of which UHP lamps have lifespans between 6,000 and
can impact the cost Projection Cubes and Projectors 10,000 hours. Projection cubes and projectors
Projection cube designs typically feature an with UHP lamps installed in 24/7, mission-critical
and convenience of
enclosure and removable screen, projection operations will reach the 6,000 to 10,000-hour
maintenance. module, lamp, fan, and filter assemblies that mark much more quickly than systems that
make them very serviceable. Projection cubes are used only during eight-hour work days.
are available in models offering either rear or Table 2-6 lists annual lamp replacement
front access, the choice of which can impact the requirements based on the operating schedule.
cost and convenience of maintenance. Where In general, videowalls with UHP lamps will require
required, the end user should have a stock of a lamp replacement every one to two years.
spare lamps, screens, and projection modules
to minimize downtime in the event of a projector Lamp replacement should be performed by
malfunction, or accidental screen damage. trained technicians. When a new lamp is installed
in a projector cube or projector, color balancing
LED-illuminated projection cubes and projectors is necessary. Therefore, the maintenance budget
have lifespans between 50,000 and 80,000 should include color calibration as part of the
hours, and offer greater stability for brightness labor costs associated with lamp replacement.

Location and access to the videowall can influence maintenance cost.

32 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide


Table 2-6. Typical operating schedules for videowalls and the resulting lamp usage
Preventive
HOURS PER DAY DAYS PER WEEK LAMP HOURS PER YEAR maintenance
8 5 2,080 agreements help keep
8 7 2,920
videowalls looking
12 5 3,120
12 7 4,380
and performing their
24 7 8,760 best, and can prevent
problems before they
Projection cubes with self-calibration features or regularly scheduled maintenance. Furthermore, occur.
integrated lamp replacement systems will require consistently maintaining normal operating
less time and effort required for system repair and temperatures helps maximize product lifespan.
realignment.
Preventive Maintenance Agreements
Cleaning Preventive maintenance agreements help keep
Displays with intake filters, as well as videowall videowalls looking and performing their best, and
processors, should be kept clean and free of can prevent problems before they occur. They
dust and dirt. Clogged filters and excessive can be billed at a flat quarterly or yearly rate, or
dust accumulation inside the equipment may at a fixed rate per visit. These service contracts
cause it to overheat, and in some cases, may include the cost of spares, lamps, and
shut down until temperatures drop to normal quarterly or twice yearly visits for cleaning, color
operating levels. Projection brightness is reduced adjustments, and lamp replacements, or they
when dust builds up on lenses. Unplanned may be based on time and materials needed. A
outages and sub-optimal display quality can be number of emergency on-site visits for repairs
prevented by including cleaning as part of the may also be included in a service contract.

Mounting systems that provide easy access to all displays


minimize the time and costs associated with servicing
flat-panel videowalls.
www.extron.com 33
Input Sources for Videowalls

A videowall offers In addition to presenting large images or many Computer Graphics


unique value in its images, a videowall offers unique value in its Computer graphics refers to imagery produced
ability to display a variety of signals, presented in on computers that will typically, but not always, be
ability to display a
layouts and formats that help the user interpret at high resolutions. Computer-video resolutions
variety of signals, a complex system. Videowalls accept various frequently range from 1024x768 to 1920x1200,
presented in layouts digital and analog video formats. Some will also but can also be as low as 640x480 and as high
and formats that help decode networked video streams. The specific as 3840x2160. Computer graphic signals carry
signals a videowall processor supports will vary information for an RGB color space. A computer-
the user interpret a
from manufacturer to manufacturer, and from video signal with a 1920x1200 resolution uses
complex system. model to model. over ten times the bandwidth required for a
standard definition signal.
Videowall processors are often targeted towards
specific applications. This will impact the types Analog Signal Formats
of input signals accepted, and may also impact Support for analog video and computer-video
performance for those signals. For example, signals is a continuing requirement for videowall
processors used in traffic management or systems. Today, end users may select digital
security applications typically support large source devices for new projects, but analog
numbers of composite or S-video signals, and IP sources are still prevalent at legacy sites.
camera feeds. Command and control systems Videowall processors must support analog
must support computer-video signals that may signals when expanding existing display systems,
be analog, digital, streamed, or delivered using and also when allowing connections from guest
software client applications. In order to select the laptops. Table 3-1 lists common analog signal
right videowall processor for your application, you formats for standard definition, high definition,
will need to identify the primary signal types that and computer-video. Analog computer-video
will be used. signals on 15-pin VGA connectors support
Extended Display Identification Data - EDID, used
Standard Definition Video to communicate video display information back
Standard definition video sources are defined to the source to ensure optimal image quality and
as full motion video with resolutions of 704480 compatibility.
or less, with frame rates of either 30 frames per
second progressive or 60 fields per second Digital Signal Formats
interlaced. Standard definition video signals will Offering superior image quality and resolution,
require less bandwidth and processing resources as well as support for ancillary audio and control
on a videowall processor, than high definition data, digital signal interfaces continue to appear
and computer graphic signals, because they are on consumer and professional video sources and
lower resolution and contain less information. computers. Digital signals such as HDMI offer
More real-time standard definition video sources advanced signal management features for EDID
can be displayed simultaneously on a videowall and High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection
than high resolution sources. - HDCP. DVI and SDI digital formats have been
popular in commercial and broadcast applications
High Definition Video for over a decade. However, HDMI has quickly
High definition video signals carry full-motion become the most popular digital signal format for
imagery, with parameters defined by the AV systems. HDMI signal support is required in
Advanced Television Systems Committee - ATSC todays videowall system designs.
standard at 1280x720 or 1920x1080 resolutions.
The bandwidth of a high definition signal is at
least five times that of standard definition video.
34 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide
Table 3-1. Analog video signal formats

Format Connection Maximum Supported Format Typical Source Devices


Composite Video 525 or 625 line interlaced video, Consumer VCRs, commercial
25 Hz - 30 Hz surveillance cameras
or

RCA BNC

S-Video / Y/C 525 or 625 line interlaced video, High-end consumer video products,
25 Hz - 30 Hz prosumer video editing systems
or

2 BNC S-Video

Component / YPbPr HDTV 720p or 1080i @ 60 Hz Cable or satellite set-top boxes,


DVD players
or

3 RCA 3 BNC

RGB 1920x1200 @ 60 Hz PCs, video processors, scalers


or

3 - 5 BNC VGA

Table 3-2. Digital video signal formats

Format Connection Maximum Resolution HDCP Support Typical Source Devices


Single-Link DVI 1920x1200 @ 60 Hz, Yes (Optional) PCs, video processors, scalers
2048x1080 @ 60 Hz

DVI

Dual-Link DVI 2560x1600 @ 60 Hz Yes (Optional) Application-specific computers for


medical, production, and design

DVI

HDMI 2560x1600 @ 60 Hz, Yes Blu-ray players, cable and satellite


4096x2160 @ 24 Hz set-top boxes, video games, PCs

HDMI

DisplayPort 3840x2160 @ 60 Hz Yes Graphics cards, laptop PCs

DisplayPort

SDI Standard definition interlaced No Traditional broadcast signal


video processing and management

BNC

HD-SDI HDTV 720p or 1080i @ 60 Hz, No Modern broadcast signal processing


HDTV 1080p @ 30 Hz and management

BNC

3G-SDI HDTV 1080p @ 60 Hz No Emerging broadcast signal


processing and management

BNC

www.extron.com 35
Input Sources for Videowalls

Proper display of Table 3-2 summarizes the common digital Streamed Content
HDCP-encrypted signal formats. Specifications for digital signals There is a growing need for videowall processors
will continue to advance with the need to to decode video sources that have been streamed
content by a videowall
accommodate higher resolutions and more over networks. Sources may be streamed over a
processor requires capabilities for professional and consumer local area network - LAN, which provides a cost-
that it support HDCP applications. effective, scalable delivery infrastructure. Video
at both the input and may also be delivered from distant locations
HDCP Compliance across a wide area network - WAN.
output connections,
HDMI signals incorporate HDCP, a digital rights
and that HDCP- management scheme to prevent unauthorized A variety of methods are available for decoding
compliant display copying of digital content. Some DVI connections streamed content to be presented on a videowall.
devices are used. also support HDCP. Proper display of HDCP- Scalability and performance requirements for a
encrypted content by a videowall processor videowall may influence the decision to use the
requires that it support HDCP at both the input decoding built into the videowall processor,
and output connections, and that HDCP- or external hardware for decoding streamed
compliant display devices are used. sources.

For more information on digital video, consult Image compression is generally a necessity for
the Extron Digital Design Guide, available at streaming, in order to meet bandwidth limits.
www.extron.com/ddg. The methods employed to compress imagery
for streaming include reducing the resolution,
Local and Client Applications identifying and eliminating redundant spatial
Some videowall processors operate like PCs, detail, and dropping frames.
with the videowall displaying a large, active
desktop. This offers the flexibility to install and The compression, encoding, and decoding
The Extron Digital Design Guide
provides a reference for AV operate software applications or software clients processes can require significant processing
system designers seeking to
understand emerging digital
directly on the videowall system. Many of these time. Whenever streaming sources are used on
technologies, with a practical applications produce ultra-high resolution material a videowall, the quality expectations for sources
approach to integrating these
technologies in new and legacy presented natively across multiple screens. This presented at small and large sizes should be
presentation systems. capability is frequently required for videowalls in considered, as well as the impact streaming
utilities and network operations centers. latency may have for users.Frame dropping can
make presentation of animations, visualizations,
Software applications such as Virtual Network or full-motion video objectionable to the viewer,
Computing - VNC may be used to share imagery and will also introduce a perceived delay equal
from a computer desktop with a videowall to the time span that passes between dropped
processor. This method of delivering a computer frames.
image is effective for presenting static or low
motion imagery, but can be easily overloaded at For more information on video streaming
the client or server end if the content contains t e c h n o l o g y, re f e r t o t h e E x t ro n AV
full-motion video or high-motion visualizations or Streaming Design Guide, available at
animations. The result can be imagery that does www.extron.com/streamingguide.
not update at speeds expected by the user, or
The Extron AV Streaming Design
Guide provides reference
undesired processing loads for the source PC or
data, information on important videowall processor.
technical topics, and real-
world application examples
demonstrating practical uses of
Extron streaming technologies.

36 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide


Videowall Processor Architecture

The most effective videowall designs apply equal all of which arise from a detailed assessment of Whenever there is
importance to video signal processing and the the end users requirements: a need to present
display technology. For applications that only
The quantity of input sources.
multiple images in
require a single image to be magnified across the
videowall, displays with built-in processing can Locations of the input sources, whether local to windows on the
scale the image across the array. But whenever the videowall processor, dispersed throughout the screens, dedicated
facility, or both.
there is a need to present multiple images in videowall processing
The number of displays in the videowall.
windows on the screens, dedicated videowall
The possible need for the videowall to be scalable, will need to be in the
processing will need to be in the system. It is
therefore critical that the end users intended
so it can be expanded over time with new sources system.
or additional displays without replacing the
application for the videowall be clearly identified processor.
during needs assessment. The amount of space available and locations for AV
equipment, including videowall processing.
The traditional videowall processor architecture
is a unit with inputs, outputs, and specialized Centralized Videowall Processing
processing inside. This was originally based on a Centralized videowall processing, with input and
card-cage platform with input and output cards output signals handled within a single unit, is
and an internal bus to handle signal transfer within ideal for applications in which the sources and
the unit. Videowall processing is also available as displays are local to the processor. See Figure
a system of modules, in which signal processing 3-1. Centralized video processors are available
is distributed or shared between them. Other in a large variety of sizes and formats, from just
videowall processing solutions combine elements a few inputs and outputs, to dozens of device
of these two architectures. connections.

The first important design consideration for Some processors feature a fixed input and output
videowall processing is to determine the configuration in a 2U or 3U chassis. With certain
appropriate architecture, or hardware form factor, models, interchangeable input cards are available
for the application and environment. There are for different signal formats.
several important aspects to take into account,

Figure 3-1. Videowall systems with a centralized videowall processor

CENTRALIZED VIDEOWALL PROCESSING

Auxiliary Display Videowall Auxiliary Display Auxiliary Display Videowall Auxiliary Display

Desktop PC Desktop PC

Desktop PC Desktop PC

Videowall Processor Desktop PC Videowall Desktop PC


Processor

Desktop PC Desktop PC Desktop PC Desktop PC Desktop PC Blu-ray Player Desktop PC

Desktop PC Matrix Switcher Desktop PC

LOCAL INPUTS SWITCHED AND LOCAL INPUTS

www.extron.com 37
Videowall Processor Architecture

An advantage of a Other processors are card-cage designs, and serviced in a single location as a single unit.
centralized videowall populated with different types of input and output This makes a centralized processor potentially
cards that vary depending on the source and simpler to configure and manage than videowall
processor is that it can
display types used. These systems are typically processing architectures with multiple units.
be installed, configured, customized and configured at the factory on a
and serviced in a single built-to-order basis, and typically have from eight Distributed Videowall Processing
location as a single unit. to 16 card slots or more. Depending on the In a distributed videowall processing architecture,
model, card-cage videowall processors usually input and output connections as well as signal
range from 4U to 8U high. processing are distributed among several
modules. Two common forms of distributed
Card-cage processors provide scalability, videowall processing are illustrated in Figure 3-2.
especially when configured with vacant card For the system on the left, each display in the
slots. This allows more input or output cards to videowall is fed by a videowall processing module.
be added over time. Cards can also be swapped A matrix switcher is used to distribute signals
out for system upgrades or maintenance. The from the input sources into the modules. The
addition of a matrix switcher also adds input matrix switcher and modules function together
scalability to a videowall system, as shown in as a single processing system, controlled by a PC
Figure 3-1. or control system over Ethernet.

An advantage of a centralized videowall For the second system in Figure 3-2, sources
processor is that it can be installed, configured, are connected into input modules that convert
signals for distribution over a network. The
streams are received by output processing
The Extron WindoWall Pro modules connected directly to the videowall
employs a distributed
videowall processing displays. Again, a PC or control system is used
architecture with a to manage the modules as a system.
dedicated module for
each display.

Figure 3-2. Videowall systems with distributed videowall processing modules

DISTRIBUTED VIDEOWALL PROCESSING


Auxiliary Display Videowall Auxiliary Display Auxiliary Display Videowall Auxiliary Display

Output Module Output Module


Output Module Output Module

Output Output Output Output Output Output


Desktop PC Output Output Output Output Output Output Desktop PC Module Module Module Module Module Module
Module Module Module Module Module Module
Desktop PC Desktop PC

Desktop PC Desktop PC Input Module Input Module

Desktop PC Desktop PC
Input Module Distribution Input Module
Matrix Switcher
Desktop PC Desktop PC Network

Desktop PC Input Module Input Module Desktop PC

MATRIX SWITCHER DISTRIBUTION NETWORK DISTRIBUTION

38 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide


A distributed videowall processing architecture Hybrid Videowall Processing Distributed videowall
has some potential advantages, including system Some videowall processing systems combine processing can reduce
scalability. The videowall can be easily expanded centralized and distributed processing
the need for AV rack
with additional displays or new sources by adding architectures. One example is shown in Figure
modules to the system. 3-3, in which the input sources are connected space when the
to modules that stream their content over the modules are localized to
A distributed videowall processing system with network to a centralized videowall processor. the sources or displays.
network-based modules is ideal for installations This system is ideal for installations with some
where input sources are not central to an AV sources remotely located throughout the facility,
equipment rack, but rather are located throughout and others local to the videowall processor.
a room or facility. Additionally, distributed
videowall processing can reduce the need for AV Centralized videowall processors can be
rack space when the modules are localized to the expanded by connecting to external modules with
sources or displays. additional inputs and outputs, or by cascading
additional processors that work together as
There are some videowalls in which the a single processor. This solution is somewhat
capabilities of videowall processing modules similar to a distributed videowall processing
are incorporated within the displays themselves, system, in that signal and processing loads are
either as a built-in feature or processing cards. shared among the units.
They may receive source signals distributed
over a network from input modules local to the
sources, or directly from a matrix switcher with the
sources connected to the inputs.
The Extron Quantum Elite is a centralized videowall processor
that accepts remote input sources streamed over an IP network
using Extron QGE 100 IP encoders.

Figure 3-3. Videowall system with centralized videowall processing plus


distributed modules at the input sources.

HYBRID VIDEOWALL PROCESSING


Auxiliary Display Videowall Auxiliary Display

Desktop PC Desktop PC QGE 100 DVI/RGB Computer Screen


Capture IP Encoder
Videowall
Processor

Desktop PC Input Module Blu-ray Player Input Module Desktop PC

Desktop PC Input Module Distribution Input Module Desktop PC


Network

Desktop PC Input Module Input Module


Desktop PC

NETWORK DISTRIBUTION

www.extron.com 39
Videowall Processor Hardware Platforms

The best videowall Centralized videowall processors are based on processing platforms were based on a card
one of two basic hardware platforms. Some are frame with a control processor and a data bus
processor satisfies
purpose-designed, real-time video processing for transporting video from input cards to output
end user input and appliances, similar to traditional AV scalers cards. See Figure 3-4. This design was based
output interfacing and multi-window processors. Others apply a on a combination of advanced video memory
requirements, and also computing architecture as the foundation. Some and high speed bus technologies that made
processors incorporate a combination of these high speed, high volume calculations possible for
fulfills general reliability
platforms. real-time video image scaling, and enabled fast
and performance delivery of video between inputs and outputs.
expectations for Each platform has distinct advantages that
presenting input are valuable in meeting specific application Over time, manufacturers have pursued a variety
requirements. Ultimately, the best videowall of design platforms, capitalizing on advancements
sources with high
processor satisfies end user input and output in high speed data bus technology, commercially
image quality. interfacing requirements, and also fulfills general available off-the-shelf PCBs or PC components,
reliability and performance expectations for and network transport methods. These
presenting few or many input sources with high technologies have been applied in the pursuit of
image quality. Ideally, all image sources should various design goals, including high image quality,
be properly displayed in their windows on the real-time performance, scalability, or cost targets.
videowall, at their original frame rates, free of any
stuttering, image tearing, or other visible artifacts Appliance-Based Videowall Processors
resulting from signal or processing overload. Appliance-based videowall processors are built
on a proprietary hardware platform, designed
Furthermore, videowall processors should with a proprietary controller, high speed video
respond to user or control system commands in bus, and a customized operating system. These
real-time. Any noticeable latency is an indication appliance-type processors are specifically
that the systems processing capability has been designed to provide predictable, real-time
exceeded. In 24/7, mission critical applications, video processing and device control in a stable
the processor also must deliver continuous, operating environment.
failsafe reliability.
Appliance designs can have a fixed configuration
History of inputs and outputs, or be a card-cage chassis.
Introduced in the mid-1980s, the first videowall Fixed I/O processors have a defined number of

Figure 3-4. Historical videowall processing architecture

Inputs Input cards The Extron WindoWall Pro processor delivers the same high
performance and dependability as all other Extron scaling
and video processing devices.
Outputs Card frame

Bus

Output cards

Data flow on bus

40 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide


inputs and outputs, with the video signal formats functions, such as running software applications, Appliance-based
predetermined. Card-cage processors provide while presenting external input sources, as would videowall processors
the flexibility to configure systems to support an appliance-based videowall processor.
are generally purpose-
specific input and output requirements based on
different project requirements. Some PC-based processors incorporate built to handle all of the
proprietary input and output cards into purpose videowall processing
Appliance-type processors typically have fast designed card frames. These designs offer capabilities available
boot times of less than one minute, due to the superior performance compared to off-the-shelf
to a user, delivering
custom operating system. They are generally PCs used for videowall processing. However, the
purpose-built to handle all of the videowall technologies applied in any PC-based videowall reliable, high quality
processing capabilities available to a user, processor have been developed for use in images to the displays.
delivering reliable, high quality images to the computing systems. There are disadvantages
displays. The stability and robustness of the when implementing such technologies in real-
operating system and video-specific hardware time video processing applications.
make these devices ideal for applications
requiring continuous 24/7 operation. In particular, the PCIe data bus frequently applied
in these processors must perform double duty,
The Extron WindoWall Pro multi-window managing interrupts from system resources
processor is an example of an appliance-based such as the CPU, storage, or network port, while
videowall processor. It features real-time video transporting video from input cards to output
processing for a fixed configuration of inputs and cards. Mixing inter-system communications and
outputs. video transport on the non-deterministic PCIe
bus makes real-time video performance difficult
PC-Based Videowall Processors to predict. Real-time performance also degrades
PC-based videowall processing designs integrate significantly as video source loading increases on
components, technologies, and architectures the bus.
developed for use in standard PCs and
computing devices, including a motherboard or Videowall processors based on PC technology
single-board computer, power supply, PCIe - PCI may provide performance that is good enough
Express bus, and hard drives running a Microsoft for simple presentation of standard definition video
Windows or Linux operating system. and static graphical data. However, when applied
to continuous use, mission-critical environments
This platform emerged in the 1990s, as requiring real-time device control and presenting
technology supporting development of graphics high definition video and motion graphic sources,
cards with multiple outputs became available, performance may not be satisfactory. Additionally,
enabling PC desktops to span multiple screens. extended shutdown and boot times comparable
It was now possible to produce inexpensive to desktop PCs are typical.
videowall processors based on technology
developed for PCs. Today, input capture cards Combined PC and Appliance Platforms
and output cards developed for use in videowall As the videowall market has matured, newer
applications are available, which can be installed products have emerged that incorporate both
in off-the-shelf industrial PC frames. hardware appliance and PC-based platforms.
These system designs capitalize on the benefits
PC-based videowall processors are capable of of each platform, including the operational
displaying a large extended computer desktop on familiarity of a PC-based processor, and the
the videowall, as well as multiple source windows. high performance and reliability of a hardware
As a result, they offer capabilities common to PC appliance processor. Compared to PC-
www.extron.com 41
Videowall Processor Hardware Platforms

System performance, based processors, they offer the stability and See Figure 3-5. The input cards, output cards,
dependability, and performance of a standard AV appliance. and bus are engineered to operate as a system,
much like a hardware appliance, requiring
budget are some of
The Extron Quantum Elite and Quantum Connect just minimal loads on the CPU. This ensures
the important factors are videowall processors combining PC and predictable, real-time performance with high
in selecting a videowall appliance platforms. They use a customized, quality images delivered to the videowall.
processor. However, embedded operating system, based on a Additionally, with minimal loading on system
pruned down variation of a standard Windows resources, these processors respond to user
there are many more
operating system. Since the operating system is or control system commands in real-time,
considerations related considerably simplified, fewer system resources without the latency associated with heavy signal
to specific features for and processes are required, which dramatically processing tasks.
image processing and reduces boot time and improves system stability.
The Quantum Elite is available with a removable Summary
other functions.
flash drive, which further optimizes boot time and The ideal videowall processor fully satisfies the
system reliability. requirements of the application, as well as general
end user expectations for reliable operation and
The Quantum Connect and Quantum Elite very high quality images on the displays. System
feature proprietary input and output cards, with performance, dependability, the ability to run
on-board, high performance video processing PC applications on the videowall, and budget
and scaling. They also feature a high speed, are some of the important factors in selecting a
high capacity data bus dedicated to transporting videowall processor. However, there are many
real-time video from input to output cards, more considerations related to specific features
which is physically separate from inter-system for image processing and other functions. These
communication on the PCI bus. will be explored further in the next section.

Figure 3-5. Shared bus vs. dedicated video and data buses

Multi-function Bus Specific Purposed Bus


One bus used for all data Video bus independent from system data bus

External Video Data Outputs External


Inputs Video Data Outputs
Inputs
Intra-system Data
Unidirectional High-speed Video Bus

Bi-directional PCI or PCI Express Bus


Intra-system Data

Bi-directional PCI or PCI Express Bus

The Extron Quantum Series videowall processors combine PC and appliance platforms, and feature a
dedicated high speed video bus optimized for real-time performance.

42 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide


Videowall Processor Features

Videowall processors are available with a wide sources streamed over a network, potentially up Many videowall
range of features and capabilities. Many of them to hundreds of input sources may be supported. processor features
relate to system performance, image quality, and
relate to system
reliability, while others can help streamline system Redundancy & Accessibility Features
design and integration needs targeted at specific For videowall processors used in mission- performance, image
vertical market applications. Support for these critical or 24/7 environments, redundant and quality, and reliability,
features will vary by manufacturer and model. hot-swappable components are essential. while others can help
Redundant, hot-swappable power supplies keep
streamline system
Most of the features and capabilities discussed processors running during a failure, and facilitate
here are relevant to common videowall system replacement without powering down the unit. design and integration
designs. When selecting a videowall processor, it Hot-swappable fans can quickly and easily be needs targeted at
is important to understand more than just which replaced if necessary. The ability to replace these specific vertical market
source formats, and how many input and output components, without removing the videowall
applications.
channels must be supported. Assessing the processor from the rack, will minimize downtime.
environment and application for the videowall will
help identify the most critical features a videowall Data Storage
processor must support. When comparing Hard drives are one of the first points of failure for
between processors, be aware that manufacturer a PC. Videowall processors with hard drives can
claims of capabilities or performance are often become inoperable if failure occurs. To reduce
represented by inaccurate or misleading this risk, some videowall processors use RAID or
specifications in brochures and on Web pages. removable solid state storage for their operating
systems, rather than a single hard drive.
Dedicated Video Bus Removable solid state storage virtually eliminates
Centralized videowall processors use a data the possibility of hard drive failure, while adding
bus to transport video from their inputs to their the benefit of reduced boot time.
outputs. Some systems incorporate a dedicated
bus for this purpose, while other systems use Upscaling and Downscaling Quality
a common bus for transferring video as well Maintaining image quality is crucial for videowall
as other inter-system communication. Use of a processors, which often display large images
dedicated video bus ensures that the transfer at high resolution, or downsize images into
of video data is not impeded by other activity, smaller windows or thumbnails. Depending
providing more reliable, stutter-free video on the quality of the image processing, scaling
playback, and ensuring the processor responds sources up or down from native resolution can
to user commands in real-time. compromise image integrity. Poor scaling can
produce artifacts, which can make imagery
Scalability ineffective for applications requiring critical
Some end users will want to add more input or analysis of images.
output channels over time. This may be part of a
phased installation, or an unforeseen upgrade. Figure 3-6 on the next page shows how visual
While some processors are easily expandable, information is preserved or lost when high or
some have a fixed configuration, and cannot low quality downscaling is applied. Since image
be changed after leaving the factory. Other quality frequently must be judged subjectively, the
videowall processors are upgradeable, but may best way to assess scaling performance is to see
require on-site support from their manufacturers a videowall processor in operation at a site, or in
to make hardware configuration changes. For a demonstration where the system is displaying
a distributed videowall processing system, or content similar to what will be presented in the
a centralized videowall processor that accepts intended application.
www.extron.com 43
Videowall Processor Features

Incoming source Full Color Depth Processing avoided if quick and accurate input detection was
signals can vary Full color depth processing is required to preserve supported. This capability also makes integration
the quality of 24-bit video or complex graphics of new sources, or temporary sources such as
widely in signal
without introducing color banding. Some guest laptops, simple and easy.
format and resolution. videowall processors reduce the color depth of
Quick, accurate incoming source signals to reduce bandwidth Custom Input Management
input detection and on its video bus. While this helps preserve real- When a videowall processor detects an analog
time performance, color reproduction will be input signal, it typically compares it to a list of
configuration of input
compromised. Figure 3-7 illustrates the color known formats, and selects the closest match
sources is ideal. banding artifact. This bit reduction may not be to determine the signal parameters. Another
noticeable on simple content such as computer technique is to examine certain elements of the
desktops or data screens, but may be noticeable signal, such as sync polarity and line timing,
with high-definition video and rendered graphic and perform a source capture based on VESA
visualizations. standard CVT - Coordinated Video Timing or GVT
- Generalized Timing Formula calculations for the
Accurate Input Detection signal parameters.
Incoming source signals can vary widely in signal
format and resolution. Quick, accurate input Complications can arise if there are non-standard
detection and configuration of input sources is signal formats, or if the sources are altered by
ideal. Slow auto-detection can produce blank upstream signal processing or signal extenders.
windows that are presented for an undesirable Both situations can prevent accurate detection
length of time when switching between window of incoming signals. To correct this problem, a
layouts or input sources. Inaccurate input signal videowall processor should allow customization
detection can result in images shifted horizontally of input signal parameters. This will permit manual
or vertically, displayed at the wrong aspect adjustment of input source sampling to ensure
ratio, or presented with other visual distortions proper source display.
and artifacts. Manual programming to correct
these issues for each input can add weeks of Some processors allow custom source profiles to
programming that could have otherwise been be created for each input, while others allow the

Figure 3-6. High quality scaling maintains critical image details when Figure 3-7. Full color depth processing avoids color banding artifacts
content is downscaled. associated with a reduction in color resolution.

Scaling Artifacts Bit-reduced Color

No Scaling Artifacts No Bit-reduction

44 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide


custom profile to be created just once and then Figure 3-8. With mullion compensation, images appear more natural
on a videowall.
shared across inputs, reducing integration time
and complexity.

Custom Output Modes


Some videowall processors allow for customizing
the resolution of the outputs. This is useful if the
systems display devices are of a non-standard
resolution, or when the display devices resolution
No mullion
is not included in the processors default output compensation

mode table.

Mullion Compensation
When projectors and projection cubes are
stacked next to each other, there is no
appreciable image-to-image gap between the
displays. However, flat-panel displays typically
have a wide physical bezel around the active Mullion
compensation applied
picture area. The active picture area stops at the
inner edge of the bezel. Therefore, when flat-
How to Calculate Mullion Compensation
panel displays are stacked together to form a
tiled display, there can be significant screen-to- Determining the number of pixels a mullion occupies is a simple task. Applying this
calculation can save time that will otherwise be wasted by guessing or eyeballing the
screen gaps across panels. adjustment.

The following example calculation is based on a 52 inch (132 cm) 1080p LCD panel
If a video processor does not account for the with an active viewing area of 45.375 x 25.5 inches (115 x 65 cm). The top and bottom
mullions each measure 0.83 inch (21 mm), and the left and right mullions each measure
gap between displays, the result looks unnatural, 1 inch (25 mm).
as objects that span screens appear to jump
Determine the horizontal pixels per inch - PPI by dividing the number of active horizontal
between them. A processor can compensate for pixels by the width of the active display area:
this effect by clipping away a small percentage of 1920/45.375 in = 44.26 Horizontal PPI
the image which should physically be positioned
Determine the vertical PPI by dividing the number of active vertical pixels by the height of
behind the bezel. See Figure 3-8. The sidebar the active picture area:
details the calculations to determine the horizontal 1080/25.5 in = 42.35 Vertical PPI
and vertical mullion pixel sizes necessary for
Calculate the necessary mullion compensation for the left mullion by multiplying the
proper mullion compensation. width of the left mullion by the horizontal PPI:

Left Mullion Compensation = 1 in x 44.26 PPI = 44.26 pixels


HDCP Support
Repeat the calculation for the right mullion:
High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection, or
Right Mullion Compensation = 1 in x 44.26 PPI = 44.26 pixels
HDCP, is an encryption system widely used for
Add the two values to arrive at the total horizontal mullion compensation:
content delivered by Blu-ray Disc players, satellite
and cable TV receivers, and PCs. To properly Total Horizontal Mullion Compensation = 44.26 + 44.26 = 88.52 or 89 pixels

display digital encrypted content, all devices in Calculate the vertical mullion compensation using the same approach:
the signal chain must be HDCP-compliant. The Top Mullion Compensation = 0.83 in x 42.35 PPI = 35.15 pixels
increasing use of digital video sources has made
Bottom Mullion Compensation = 0.83 in x 42.35 PPI = 35.15 pixels
HDCP compliance a growing requirement for
Total Vertical Mullion Compensation = 35.15 + 35.15 = 70.3 or 70 pixels
videowall processors.
In the videowall configuration utility, enter a value of 89 pixels for the horizontal mullion
compensation, and 70 pixels for the vertical mullion compensation.

www.extron.com 45
Videowall Processor Features

The greater the Edge Blending Support workgroups in a large room. This capability may
source placement and Some videowall displays comprise multiple not appear to be an obvious requirement when
projectors that overlap with each other to create first specifying the processor.
windowing capabilities
one large, seamless image on a front or rear
of the processor, the projection screen. In these systems, imagery must The greater the source placement and windowing
more flexibility there be duplicated between displays in the overlapped capabilities of the processor, the more flexibility
will be to create the region. Also, brightness, contrast, and special there will be to create the window layouts that
color adjustments must be available in zones to satisfy application requirements.
window layouts that
balance brightness and color across the blended
satisfy application and unblended regions. Multiple Output Resolutions
requirements. Some videowall processors can output multiple
Duplicating the imagery required for edge signal formats simultaneously. This is useful for
blending is a feature that may not be available on systems that incorporate displays of various
every processor. Some processors may support resolutions, such as a videowall comprised
zoned brightness and color adjustments, but of large 1920x1080 projection cubes flanked
this capability can also be supported by many by 1366x768 flat panels as auxiliary displays.
projector models. Dedicated video processors However, processors limited to one output format
are also available that support zoned brightness should feed a signal at the native resolution of
and color adjustments. Careful evaluation of the videowall displays. For auxiliary displays,
projector adjustment and videowall processor signals from the processor may be upscaled or
capabilities are required when designing edge- downscaled to match their native resolutions.
blended systems.
Window Borders, Titles, and Clocks
Flexible Source Placement A videowall processors ability to add colored
A videowall processors ability to display source borders and text to source windows can be a
windows varies greatly from manufacturer to powerful feature in many applications. Colored
manufacturer. Some processors allow up to borders can denote the status of the content in
four source windows to be displayed on a single a command and control room, such as green for
screen, while other processors allow dozens of unclassified data and orange for top secret data.
windows to be presented per screen. The ability In a traffic monitoring environment, a red border
to display the same source in multiple windows or can help highlight an accident, or colors can be
multiple outputs at different sizes can be beneficial used to indicate traffic levels. Overlay text can be
for very wide videowalls servicing segmented used to provide information about the source,
such as the location of a reporter, and the local
time. Clocks displaying the time for different
Figure 3-9. Videowall presentations can be enhanced with
window borders and titles, as well as clocks.
regions or time zones can be generated by many
processors, allowing an integrator to streamline
system designs by avoiding the need for external
clocks or status displays.

Remote Control Protocol


Some applications may require a touchpanel
New York London
controller, or use of a customized application for
11:16:32 15:16:32 videowall control. In these systems, the videowall
Wednesday, March 21st 2012 Wednesday, March 21st 2012
processor must support Ethernet or RS-232
remote control. The range of control options will
vary from manufacturer to manufacturer, so it is
46 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide
important to make certain that all required control presented on additional outputs. This method When designing a
capabilities are supported. Videowall control will requires that the videowall processor supports system, focus on
be discussed further in a later section. presentation of a single input on different
fulfilling the most
displays and different window sizes, a feature not
Application Control supported by all processors. critical features needed
Videowalls in data-driven environments such for the application.
as utilities and network centers often require Low Throughput Latency Ensure the videowall
the ability to manage applications presented All video processors will introduce a degree of
processor you
on the videowall using a keyboard and mouse. throughput latency, resulting in the processed
This can be accommodated by installing and output being slightly delayed when compared select will satisfy
operating applications directly on some videowall to the original input source. The amount of the applications
processors, much like a PC. Other solutions latency will vary from a few milliseconds to requirements.
integrate hardware or networked software several hundred milliseconds, depending on the
switching systems to manage keyboard and amount of processing being performed, and how
mouse control directly on the source machines. efficiently the processor is executing its tasks.
Software solutions require compliance with
operating systems and network security A delay of a few hundred milliseconds may
requirements, while hardware solutions require have a negligible impact on presentation
more cabling and control integration. for most videowall applications. However, it
can be a concern for installations where the
3D Support videowall is displaying camera feeds for a live
Visualization or simulation applications may event. A throughput delay greater than 40 to
require presentation of 3D content. Few videowall 75 milliseconds will introduce a noticeable loss
processors currently support this feature, since of synchronization between live or house audio
3D imaging is a specialty application. Additionally, and the camera feeds on the videowall. Delays
the systems source devices and displays must greater than 100 to 200 milliseconds will be
be compatible with 3D content and signals. unacceptable for operators using a mouse to
When discussing requirements for 3D with an work with a computer source presented on the
end user, be sure to point out that there are two videowall. When calculating throughput latency,
different types of 3D presentations, passive and one must include any other devices in the signal
active. Passive 3D requires polarized glasses chain that could introduce delay, such as signal
for viewing. Active 3D requires electronically extenders, additional scalers or video processors,
shuttered glasses that receive timing information and displays.
from a transmitted synchronization signal.
Conclusion
Preview Output No single videowall processor offers every feature
Some organizations require that a smaller and capability presented in this guide. When
presentation of the videowall be viewed designing a system, focus on fulfilling the most
elsewhere in a facility, on one or two screens, critical features needed for the application. Ensure
or be streamed to another location. This allows the videowall processor you select will satisfy the
other staff to see an overview of the videowall, applications requirements. Where specifications
without requiring use of a large number of and marketing information are not obvious,
display devices. Some processors provide a insist that the manufacturers support staff be
preview output of the videowall within the control able to clearly verify that your requirements will
software, or automatically generate an output that be supported. A videowall processor that was
can be connected to a display. Other processors extremely successful on one project may not be
allow preview layouts to be programmed and the best choice for the next project.
www.extron.com 47
Portrait and Landscape Orientation

A system designer Display devices in a videowall are usually same, even when the desktop orientation is
may favor displays arranged in landscape orientation. However, changed. If the source is a DVD or media player,
a system designer may favor displays in content must be rotated during video production
in portrait orientation
portrait orientation to meet creative or technical and editing, if the player itself cannot perform the
to meet creative or objectives for a project. Figure 3-10 illustrates a rotation.
technical objectives for comparison between videowalls with landscape
a project. and portrait-oriented panels. It shows that the The videowall processor. A few videowall
use of vertical displays may produce a more processors can rotate their outputs to
compelling presentation of images and objects. accommodate portrait displays. This avoids the
need to rotate content at the source device.
Rotating Source Content for Portrait However, image rotation is not a common feature
Displays of videowall processors.
Source content must be rotated 90 degrees for a
videowall with portrait-oriented displays, so that it The displays. A growing number of flat-
appears upright and not on its side. Content can panel displays support use of either landscape
be rotated at the source, the videowall processor, or portrait orientation. However, this feature is
the displays, or using an external device. designed for single displays in retail or digital
signage applications, and assumes the content
The source. If the source is a PC, content has been formatted properly.
can be rotated and then output to the videowall.
When the desktop orientation is switched from An external device. For applications where
landscape to portrait within the operating system, content cannot be rotated at the source,
content is automatically rotated. Note that the videowall processor, or displays, specialized
output signal format from the PC remains the devices are available for rotating images.

An Effective Strategy for Portrait


Figure 3-10. Orienting Displays
displays in portrait mode
may allow for a more
Figure 3-11 illustrates a method for preparing and
compelling presentation. processing images for portrait displays. Original
1920x1080 content is rotated during video
production. Once rotated, the image partially fills
the video frame. To ensure that the content is
delivered to the videowall with as many pixels as
possible, it is adjusted to fill the video frame. This
results in some distortion to the image, but can
easily be corrected by the videowall processor.

The content is then exported and loaded onto


a media player, which then supplies a signal to
a videowall processor. The processor scales,
formats, and compensates for the image
adjustment during production. The result
is presentation of the original content in its
proper proportions, on a videowall with portrait
displays.

48 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide


Original 1920x1080 Content

Figure 3-11. A strategy for producing and presenting content on a videowall with portrait displays

Content Management for Portrait Videowalls

Original 1920x1080 Content Content rotated during video production


1 Original 1920x1080 content 2 Content rotated during video production 3 Content adjusted during video production
to fill video frame

Original 1920x1080 Content Content rotated during video production Content adjusted during video production
to fill video frame

4 Content processed by videowall processor to fill displays 5 Displays are physically rotated to achieve portrait effect

Content rotated during video production Content adjusted during video production
VIDEO DISK DRIVE LAN
JMP 9600
JPEG 2000 MEDIA PLAYER
to fill video frame
1 2 3 4 1 2
PREV

ENTER

Extron JMP 9600 2K

DATA
Displays are physically rotated to achieve portrait effect

QUANTUM ELITE 408

Extron Quantum Elite


Videowall Processor

Content adjusted during video production


to fill video frame

Content processed by videowall processor


to fill displays

www.extron.com 49
Videowall System Control

Working with a Videowalls are among the most complex types interface that provides access to all of its setup
videowall processor of AV systems to set up and configure. Most of and control functions. Some processors can also
the operational complexity is within the videowall be configured through their internal Web pages,
will be greatly simplified
processor and its many functions, features, and accessed by a client Web browser over the
if an intuitive, user- capabilities. Working with a videowall processor network or the Internet.
friendly interface is will be greatly simplified if an intuitive, user-friendly
available for system interface is available for system configuration and Control Application Software
creating window layouts. The more intuitive the Most videowall processors require use of
configuration and
interface, the more streamlined the setup and specialized application software for setup and
creating window configuration process will be. configuration. For a PC-based processor, the
layouts. application can usually be run on the unit itself,
Videowall system designs should include while for other processors, a PC runs the software
consideration for the end user interface, in terms and connects to it as a client. See Figure 3-12.
of how staff will operate the videowall. Videowall
control should streamline the users workflow. This The application software aids in navigating
may be accomplished by providing a touchpanel through the many functions and features for
with simple button selections for window presets videowall processing. It includes a GUI and
or input sources, or by tying these functions into usually groups controls and functions into a
control room system management software. logical organization of essential tasks, such as
configuring the inputs for incoming source signal
Basic Control formats, defining the videowall configuration
Small, simple videowall processors can be and setting up the displays, and creating and
configured and operated from a front-panel saving window layouts. The application software

Figure 3-12. Control application software can run on the videowall processor, or a PC connected
as a client.

On-board Control
Monitor

Client Application
Control Application Server Application
DVI

Ethernet
Mouse OR

Videowall Processor Videowall Processor


Keyboard Desktop PC

Videowall Processor Videowall Processor


Running Control Application Locally Serving Control Application to PC Client

Figure 3-13. Extron Quantum Series videowall processors have a dedicated PC connected at all times
to initiate control commands. This isolates control functions from on-board processing resources,
optimizing system performance.

External Control
Control Application

Ethernet

Videowall Processor

Desktop PC

Videowall Processor
Running Control Application on Dedicated PC

50 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide


Figure 3-14. A user can access select videowall controls through a touchpanel for a control system, Rather than making the
or an application GUI on a PC.
application software
Videowall Processor Touchpanel
Controller
Touchpanel available to end users,
it is usually preferred
Ethernet
Ethernet
to create a simplified
Control VLAN

control interface with


Remote Control with Videowall Processor
Running Control Application Locally a series of button
selections, so a user
Videowall Processor
Control Application
Touchpanel Touchpanel
only needs to control
Controller
the most common or
essential functions on
a videowall.
Desktop PC

Ethernet
Ethernet
Control VLAN
Ethernet

Remote Control with Videowall Processor


Running Control Application on Dedicated PC

includes a virtual canvas that lets you visualize the For the Quantum Elite and Quantum Connect
window layout as it is being created and drag- processors, the PC running the application
and-drop windows onto or off the canvas. software serves as the interface to the control
system.
Dedicated PC for Setup and Control
For most videowall processors, the software is no While the application software can be used for
longer required once configuration is complete. system control, the user interface usually includes
However, some videowall processors, notably far more functions and options than necessary for
the Extron Quantum Elite and Quantum Connect a staff member or system operator, often without
require that a PC be connected at all times with detailed knowledge of working with the system.
the application running. See Figure 3-13. The Rather than making the application software
PC is not just an interface for a user, but also available to end users, it is usually preferred to
initiates control commands to the processor. create a simplified control interface with a series
Compared to PC-based videowall processors of button selections, so a user only needs to
that run the control application internally, the use control the most common or essential functions
of an external PC isolates control functions from on a videowall selecting an input source or
on-board processing resources. This eliminates a pre-programmed window preset. This can
operational load on the CPU, optimizing response be provided through a custom GUI from a
time and speed when recalling window presets touchpanel, or custom software interface created
or performing other operations, especially with by the application software or other third-party
large systems. software managing control over other processes.
See Figure 3-14.
Remote System Control
Videowall processors can be controlled using Large Facility Control
the application software, or a control system Many large facilities, such as command and
through the RS-232 or Ethernet control ports. control rooms require that management of
www.extron.com 51
Videowall System Control

For most videowalls all communications including AV be centrally source window content are the most frequent
applied in working integrated into a single control system. This allows actions performed on the videowall.
multiple room operations to be performed from a
environments such as
common GUI. The system can be programmed End users may state they want the ability to place
presentation rooms, to incorporate videowall window layout and input any image anywhere, and control everything,
control rooms, and source selection, with buttons provided in the but are often unaware of exactly how complex
retail or signage user interface alongside other communications this can make system management. In most
functions. Videowall-specific controls may also cases, five to ten pre-defined window layouts,
displays, simple user
be provided separately on a touchpanel for an AV plus the ability to change source window inputs,
controls will suffice control system. provides sufficient flexibility. Other potentially
for staff or a system desirable tools may include source identification
operator to manage On-Demand vs. Show Control or labeling, window borders, image zooming, and
For most videowalls in working environments other functions. These are best programmed and
the display.
such as presentation rooms and control rooms, made available as button presets.
simple user controls will suffice for staff or a
system operator to manage the display. However, Show Control
entertainment-oriented applications call for Videowalls used in retail stores, museums,
elaborately timed, dynamic presentations, which or other public spaces often include specially
may require a system operator to be trained in created productions that include presentation of
the use of show control software that provides looped video content, with creative visual effects
access to a wide, free-flowing set of time-based timed to video edit points or events in the content.
effects. The ideal control method will depend on To coordinate videowall actions with the content,
the environment and application requirements an audible SMPTE or EBU timecode signal is
defined by the end user. recorded onto one of the audio tracks for the
content. This is supplied to a PC running a show
On-Demand Control control application to provide the time reference
In work environments or live entertainment for initiating commands, as well as a reference for
applications, changes to the videowall typically actions on other show control devices. The show
are triggered on-the-fly by an operator or end control computer releases control commands
user. Recalling window presets and changing to the videowall processor or its control PC,
triggered by the incoming timecode signal.

The control application software for the Extron Quantum Elite features a virtual canvas for
designing videowall display layouts.

Extron TouchLink touchpanels can be used to


provide a simple user interface to manage selection
of videowall display layouts and sources.

52 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide


Additional Videowall System Elements

Due to their large size, videowalls may be the Switching A well-designed


focal point of a room, but they are often just one Switching systems deliver source signals to control system allows
element of a larger system. System control, signal videowall processor inputs, scalers and video
a user to effortlessly
distribution, signal extenders, audio, and more all processors, standalone displays, streaming
play an important role in managing signals and encoders, or other system devices. Matrix manage each element
sources so that content can be controlled, seen, switchers can simultaneously send a single input of an AV system.
and heard. to multiple destinations, and can perform video
routing for multi-room facilities, allowing any input
System Control to be sent to any room. Some matrix switchers
A well-designed control system allows a user route audio and multiple video signal formats,
to effortlessly manage each element of an AV providing complete signal management.
system. Switcher control, videowall window
layout and source selection, tuner channel A matrix switcher can be a cost-effective
selection, audio control, and room lighting should videowall source management solution. It can be
all be accessible from an intuitive interface that used to dynamically route only the sources to be
makes controlling the system as easy, if not displayed in the current window preset, reducing
easier, than turning on a TV and watching a DVD the number of videowall processor input channels
at home. required.

Designing such a system can be as much art Signal Extension


as science. In addition to technical elements, Very long signal runs are often necessary when
including managing device drivers, data strings, equipment rooms are located at considerable
and conditional logic to connect and manipulate distances from source devices or display
devices, there are visual and operational elements, systems. Conventional coaxial or digital video
such as the look and feel of the interface. While cable may be sufficient up to about 75 feet (23 m),
the system may be complex, the user interface but longer runs will require signal extenders to
should make it seem simple to operate by having ensure reliability. Installation of a transmitter at
logical workflow, easy-to-identify icons and the source device and a receiver at the far end
indicators, quick response to button presses, and device, connected by twisted pair or fiber optic
positive feedback indicating when requests have cable, will allow for very long video, audio, and
been initiated and performed. control signal runs. A twisted pair extender can
provide signal extension up to 330 ft (100 m) for
digital video and up to 1,500 ft (450 m) for analog

SWITCHING

Extron XTP CrossPoint 1600


SYSTEM CONTROL Matrix Switcher

Extron TLP 1000TV


Touchpanel
SIGNAL EXTENSION

Extron DTP DVI 301


Twisted Pair Transmitter and Receiver

www.extron.com 53
Additional Videowall System Elements

The ability to transport signals, while fiber optic extenders can extend be required for program audio. A videowall can
audio, video, and signals up to 2 km (6,560 ft) with multimode fiber, display many video signals, but program audio
or up to 30 km (18.75 mi) with singlemode fiber. typically originates from only one of the displayed
graphics streams
sources. The systems control interface should
across a data network Fiber Interfacing allow for the selection of audio sources. Matrix
has revolutionized Fiber optic cabling can be used to transmit video, switchers for routing video can also manage
many signal distribution audio, and data over extreme distances with audio distribution, as can standalone audio
zero signal degradation and complete immunity switchers.
applications.
from outside electrical interference. Signals sent
through fiber are also inherently secure, due to An audio signal processor with DSP and matrix
the absence of electrical emissions, making fiber mixing can be used for routing and supplemental
the preferred choice for government, military, and audio processing such as volume, equalization,
medical applications. and mixing program audio with a microphone
or other audio source. Once a program audio
Fiber technology is becoming more and more source is selected and processed, the signal will
common, and is the new standard for AV system need to be amplified and sent to speakers. The
designers and integrators creating future-proof size of the amplifiers and the type and number of
AV systems. There has been a longstanding speakers required will depend on the application,
perception that fiber is difficult to work with, but the size of the room, and required sound level.
new, affordable, easy-to-use termination systems
now make terminating fiber cable assemblies as Streaming and Recording
easy as crimping a BNC. The ability to transport audio, video, and graphics
streams across a data network has revolutionized
Extron offers a wide variety of switching, many signal distribution applications. Live and
distribution, and signal extension products with pre-recorded content can now be delivered
direct fiber connections. They are available to across greater distances to larger audiences
designers specifying the most secure, highest more efficiently than ever before. By utilizing the
quality signal delivery devices in their systems. infrastructure provided by LANs, WANs, and
public networks, audio, video, and graphics
The Extron Fiber Optic Design
Guide provides tutorials on fiber For more information on fiber optic technology, can be delivered anywhere in the world. These
optic technology and cabling,
and provides practical examples
consult the Extron Fiber Optic Design Guide, multimedia streams can be decoded by
of fiber system designs. available at www.extron.com/fiberguide. hardware devices, videowall processors, PCs,
and smartphones or tablets. They can also be
Audio captured and stored with recording devices,
While a videowall may support a rooms viewing allowing for future playback of recorded content
requirements, additional signal management may for training or debriefing purposes.

FIBER INTERFACING AUDIO STREAMING AND RECORDING

Extron FOXBOX Tx HDMI Extron XPA 2002 Extron VN-Matrix 225


Fiber Optic Transmitter Audio Amplifier Streaming Codec

54 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide


Streaming encoders can be used as a source for Keyboard and Mouse Extension and Networks for AV can
videowall processors. Encoders on the outputs Switching be standalone entities,
of a videowall processor can be used to stream When an operator must have control over several
isolated from a larger
videowall imagery to a recorder, or to remote remote workstations, or needs keyboard and
locations for collaboration between different mouse control of a PC from a great distance, house network, or
functional groups or agencies. USB switchers and extenders provide the integrated within
solution. Extron offers a comprehensive family an organizations
Networks of USB extension and distribution products.
infrastructure.
Once used exclusively for computers, data USB switchers allow an operator to use a single
networks are now used for other functions such keyboard, mouse, or other USB peripheral device
as streaming audio, video, and control signals to control multiple PCs. More complex control
for videowalls or other devices in an AV system. can be realized with USB matrix switchers,
Networks for AV can be standalone entities, which allow the operator to assign multiple USB
isolated from a larger house network, or integrated peripheral devices to PCs.
within an organizations infrastructure. Isolated
networks can often be installed and managed Extron USB extenders allow remote operation of
entirely by integrators. Collaboration with IT USB peripherals at distances much greater than
departments is important when incorporating the 15 feet (4.5 meters) provided by the USB
AV data into a house network. AV network specification. Twisted pair USB extenders enable
topology will vary depending on the application remote operation of USB peripheral devices at
and complexity of the system. An unmanaged, distances of up to 450 feet (135 m), while fiber
eight-port switch may be sufficient for a simple optic USB extenders allow for distances of up to
one-room control system, while building-wide 10 km (6.25 mi).
distribution of multicast video streams may
require several linked, programmable switches
to manage data flow.

KEYBOARD / MOUSE
EXTENSION AND SWITCHING

Extron SW4 USB Plus


NETWORKS USB Switcher

Network Switch

www.extron.com 55
Notes

56 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide


Videowall System Designs
While videowalls are best known for their ability to create big The following videowall designs highlight the diverse applications
pictures, their uses and applications vary widely. Public spaces for videowalls, from a small conference room system used for
and work spaces benefit from the flexibility videowall processors presentations, to large videowalls supporting command and control
provide with their ability to upscale, downscale, and tile images. room and traffic management facilities. The System Overview and
Room Needs Assessment sections establish how these videowalls
Systems incorporating videowall processors include a variety are used. Detailed application drawings clearly depict signal flow
of source devices, including cameras, workstation PCs, Blu-ray and the types of sources and displays utilized.
players, and even streamed content delivered over an IP network.
Display devices may include projection cubes, flat-panel displays,
LED arrays, or newer technology such as MicroTiles or 4K
projectors.

Executive Conference Room Command Center

Traffic Management
Utility Operations Center Center

Simulation Debriefing
Corporate Lobby Theater

Corporate Presentation
Auditorium
Executive Conference Room

System Design Solution


Videowall Processing
Extron WindoWall 102 Pro DI with two HDCP-compliant
processors drives two edge-blended projectors, and can present up
to eight input sources simultaneously. WindoWall distributed video
processing ensures full frame rate for all windows at all times.

Source Connectivity
All sources connect to an XTP CrossPoint 1600 matrix switcher.
The document camera, desktop PC, digital media player, satellite
receiver, and videoconference camera are permanent sources, while
the system accommodates a mobile device and a laptop PC for
meeting participants. An RGB-HDMI 300 A analog-to-HDMI scaler is
deployed ahead of the matrix switcher for compatibility with sources
Overview that require RGB or component connections.
Conference rooms are places where people meet and share information,
either in person, or via teleconference. Their AV systems frequently include Display Systems
videowalls to display a variety of video sources simultaneously at high Two WUXGA, HDCP-compliant projectors arranged in a 1x2 edge-
resolution. Meeting participants often bring mobile devices to connect and
display on the system. They expect plug and play with high image quality.
blended configuration provide an overall display resolution of 3456
HDCP capability will be needed to support the latest digital video sources. pixels by 1200 pixels. The 3456 horizontal pixels reflect a 10 percent
Different window layouts should be available to accommodate various meeting overlap for edge blending. The WindoWall processors provide the 384
requirements. The touchpanel control system should be intuitive and simple overlapped pixels required in the blended zone, while the projectors
enough for use by non-technical users. perform the brightness and gamma correction.
Room Needs Assessment Switching and Signal Management
Staffing Operator technical expertise will be unpredictable,
as meeting participants will vary and can include One XTP CrossPoint 1600 matrix switcher connects to the four inputs
outside vendors. Additionally, operators will have of each WindoWall processor, as well as the videoconference codec.
little to no time to become familiar with the control The fully non-blocking topology allows any combination of sources
system, requiring that it be very simple and to appear at any of up to eight windows on the videowall. The
intuitive to use.
XTPCrossPoint 1600 and the WindoWall 102 Pro DI feature Extron
Display An edge blended videowall, occupying an area EDIDMinder to ensure that sources power up properly and reliably
Requirements roughly 10 ft x 3.5 ft (3 m x 1 m), able to display
at least eight sources at various sizes and output content for display, while Key Minder maintains continuous
locations on the screen. HDCP authentication between sources and displays for quick and
Source Types Permanently installed sources include a reliable switching.
videoconference codec, document camera, PC,
satellite receiver, and a media player. The system Network
must have provision for connecting a variety of
mobile sources. All connections to the switcher The network includes a Layer 2 switch for the WindoWall processors,
are HDMI. XTP matrix switcher, and control system.
System Control A simple touchpanel interface is needed for
selecting window layout presets and sources, as System Control
well as videoconference control. An Extron TLP 1000TV 10 inch (25 cm) TouchLink touchpanel and
Special End user is in the media business. Full-motion an Extron IPL 250 Ethernet control processor are used to control the
Requirements video quality is a high priority. WindoWall processors and XTP CrossPoint 1600 matrix switcher. The
touchpanel provides a selection of preset window configurations, with
live source selection within each preset. The touchpanel is also used
to control videoconference calling.

58 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide


HDCP-Compliant HDCP-Compliant
Edge-Blending Edge-Blending
Projector Projector

Extron Extron
WindoWall 102 Pro DI HDMI WindoWall 102 Pro DI HDMI
Multi-Window Processing System Multi-Window Processing System
MGP/WINDOWALL PRO SERIES MGP/WINDOWALL PRO SERIES
REMOTE LAN REMOTE LAN

INPUTS VIRTUAL INPUTS RESET INPUTS VIRTUAL INPUTS RESET

1 2 3 4 5 8 11 14 17 1 2 3 4 5 8 11 14 17
RS-232/422 RS-232/422
R R R R VID VID VID VID VID R R R R VID VID VID VID VID
R-Y R-Y R-Y R-Y Y Y Y Y Y R-Y R-Y R-Y R-Y Y Y Y Y Y
BACKGROUND OUTPUTS BACKGROUND OUTPUTS
6 9 12 15 18 6 9 12 15 18

G/Y H/HV G/Y H/HV G/Y H/HV G/Y H/HV VID VID VID VID VID R/ G/Y B/ G/Y H/HV G/Y H/HV G/Y H/HV G/Y H/HV VID VID VID VID VID R/ G/Y B/
VID VID VID VID B-Y B-Y B-Y B-Y B-Y R-Y B-Y VID VID VID VID B-Y B-Y B-Y B-Y B-Y R-Y B-Y
C C C C C C C C C C
100- 240V -A MAX 100- 240V -A MAX
7 10 13 16 19 7 10 13 16 19

B/C V B/C V B/C V B/C V VID VID VID VID VID H/ V B/C V B/C V B/C V B/C V VID VID VID VID VID H/ V
B-Y B-Y B-Y B-Y R-Y R-Y R-Y R-Y R-Y HV B-Y B-Y B-Y B-Y R-Y R-Y R-Y R-Y R-Y HV

HDMI HDMI HDMI HDMI

50/60 Hz HDMI HDMI HDMI HDMI 50/60 Hz HDMI HDMI HDMI HDMI

Extron
TLP 1000TV
10" TouchLink
Tabletop
Touchpanel

HDMI
COM1 COM 2 IR RELAY
TX RX RTS CTS TX RX 1 2 1 2

Document Camera HDMI HDMI


Extron
S G S G
POWER
LAN
12V
500mA INPUT COM 3 IR RELAY
MAX 1 2 3 4 TX RX 3 4 3 4

HDMI XTP CrossPoint 1600 S G S G

Modular Digital Matrix Switcher Ethernet


Extron
1 2 3 4
WiFi

IN AUDIO XTP CP 4i HDMI IPL 250


Desktop PC
L R L R L R L R
IP Link
IN

14

IN AUDIO XTP CP 4i HDMI


Control
Ethernet Processor
L R L R L R L R
IN

58
HDMI
INPUTS

Ethernet
Digital Media Player
912

TCP/IP
1316

REMOTE
RS-232/RS-422
LAN
Network Ethernet
iPad iPhone RESET

or Ethernet
ACT LINK

OUT AUDIO XTP CP 4o HDMI


OUT

L R L R L R L R
14

OUT XTP CP 4o HDMI

HDMI Adapter
AUDIO
OUT

L R L R L R L R
58
OUTPUTS

OUT AUDIO XTP CP 4o HDMI


Ethernet
OUT

L R L R L R L R
912

OUT

Extron 1316

RGB-HDMI 300 HDMI


100-240V -- A MAX
50-60Hz

RGB to HDMI Scaler


POWER INPUT
12V
1.0A MAX RS-232

RGB/R-Y,Y,B-Y AUDIO
RGB - HDMI 300 A HDMI OUTPUT Tx Rx
Videoconferencing Camera

VGA Audio

Videoconferencing Codec

Laptop
DVI
PUSH PUSH
DVI to HDMI Adapter
POWER GUIDE MENU RES 480 480p 720p 1080i 1080p DIRECTV HD
SELECT
DIRECTV

DVI to HDMI Adapter


Satellite Receiver

www.extron.com 59
Utility Operations Center

System Design Solution


Videowall Processing
Two WindoWall 102 Pro DI systems featuring four separate
processors each drive one display panel of the 2x2 videowall.
The system provides the ability to display up to 16 input sources
simultaneously on the videowall.

Source Connectivity
The 16 PCs connect to an XTP CrossPoint 3200 modular HDMI
matrix switcher, configured with 16 inputs and 32 outputs.

A PC with a multi-head graphics card drives the background input


to each of the four WindoWall processors. Together with the 16
available windows, this provides redundancy for monitoring data, and
allows display of applications running at very high resolution, up to
Overview
3840x2400.
This control room tracks operations monitored through 16 personal
computers. Four workstations with designated areas of responsibility are
each equipped with four displays, with the control room supervisor able to Display Systems
determine what is monitored at each station. A central 2x2 videowall in the Four 60 inch (152 cm) WUXGA LCD flat panels provide an overall
main control room provides the status of all critical processes being tracked.
display resolution of 3840x2400 for the 2x2 videowall. Each individual
workstation has 4 WUXGA LCD displays.
Room Needs Assessment
Staffing Four technicians, one for each of the four
Switching and Signal Management
workstations, analyze data on the four local The XTP CrossPoint 3200 outputs feed the WindoWall processor
displays at each workstation. The control inputs and the workstation displays. Full matrix switching capability
room supervisor selects the data sources to be
displayed on the videowall, and also designates enables any window on the videowall, and any workstation monitor to
the processes to be monitored at each display any data source. EDID Minder ensures that sources power
workstation. up properly and reliably output content for display. The system is
Display A central videowall consists of four 60 inch (152 expandable to accommodate up to 16 additional data sources.
Requirements cm) WUXGA flat-panel displays arranged in
a 2x2 configuration. Additionally, each of four Network
workstations is equipped with four flat-panel
displays. The network includes a Layer 2 Ethernet switch for the WindoWall
Source Types Sixteen PCs with DVI outputs track and control and XTP matrix switcher, TouchLink Panel, and IP link processor.
the processes monitored in the control room.
System Control
System Control One touchpanel interface for selection of window
layout presets, source selection for each preset, An Extron TLP 700TV 7 inch (18 cm) TouchLink touchpanel and
and designating data to be tracked at each an Extron IPL 250 Ethernet control processor are used to control
workstation.
the WindoWall processors and the XTP CrossPoint 3200 matrix
Special The system must be expandable to allow switcher. The touchpanel provides a selection of preset videowall
Requirements additional inputs to accommodate anticipated
future growth.
configurations, and the ability to designate any data source to be
monitored at any workstation display.

60 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide


Extron
TLP 700TV Extron
7" TouchLink IPL 250
Tabletop IP Link Control
Touchpanel Processor
COM1 COM 2 IR RELAY
TX RX RTS CTS TX RX 1 2 1 2

S G S G
POWER
LAN
12V
500mA INPUT COM 3 IR RELAY
MAX 1 2 3 4 TX RX 3 4 3 4

S G S G

Ethernet Ethernet

TCP/IP
Network
Ethernet Ethernet

Extron Flat Panel Displays


WindoWall 102 Pro DI HDMI Ethernet HDMI
Multi-Window Processing System
MGP/WINDOWALL PRO SERIES MGP/WINDOWALL PRO SERIES
REMOTE LAN REMOTE LAN

INPUTS VIRTUAL INPUTS RESET INPUTS VIRTUAL INPUTS RESET

1 2 3 4 5 8 11 14 17 1 2 3 4 5 8 11 14 17
RS-232/422 RS-232/422
R R R R VID VID VID VID VID R R R R VID VID VID VID VID
R-Y R-Y R-Y R-Y Y Y Y Y Y R-Y R-Y R-Y R-Y Y Y Y Y Y
BACKGROUND OUTPUTS BACKGROUND OUTPUTS
6 9 12 15 18 6 9 12 15 18

G/Y H/HV G/Y H/HV G/Y H/HV G/Y H/HV VID VID VID VID VID R/ G/Y B/ G/Y H/HV G/Y H/HV G/Y H/HV G/Y H/HV VID VID VID VID VID R/ G/Y B/
VID VID VID VID B-Y B-Y B-Y B-Y B-Y R-Y B-Y VID VID VID VID B-Y B-Y B-Y B-Y B-Y R-Y B-Y
C C C C C C C C C C
100- 240V -A MAX 100- 240V -A MAX
7 10 13 16 19 7 10 13 16 19

B/C V B/C V B/C V B/C V VID VID VID VID VID H/ V B/C V B/C V B/C V B/C V VID VID VID VID VID H/ V
B-Y B-Y B-Y B-Y R-Y R-Y R-Y R-Y R-Y HV B-Y B-Y B-Y B-Y R-Y R-Y R-Y R-Y R-Y HV

HDMI HDMI HDMI HDMI

Ethernet
50/60 Hz HDMI HDMI HDMI HDMI 50/60 Hz HDMI HDMI HDMI HDMI

HDMI HDMI

Extron
WindoWall 102 Pro DI
Multi-Window Processing System
MGP/WINDOWALL PRO SERIES MGP/WINDOWALL PRO SERIES
REMOTE LAN REMOTE LAN

INPUTS VIRTUAL INPUTS RESET INPUTS VIRTUAL INPUTS RESET

1 2 3 4 5 8 11 14 17 1 2 3 4 5 8 11 14 17
RS-232/422 RS-232/422
R R R R VID VID VID VID VID R R R R VID VID VID VID VID
R-Y R-Y R-Y R-Y Y Y Y Y Y R-Y R-Y R-Y R-Y Y Y Y Y Y
BACKGROUND OUTPUTS BACKGROUND OUTPUTS
6 9 12 15 18 6 9 12 15 18

G/Y H/HV G/Y H/HV G/Y H/HV G/Y H/HV VID VID VID VID VID R/ G/Y B/ G/Y H/HV G/Y H/HV G/Y H/HV G/Y H/HV VID VID VID VID VID R/ G/Y B/
VID VID VID VID B-Y B-Y B-Y B-Y B-Y R-Y B-Y VID VID VID VID B-Y B-Y B-Y B-Y B-Y R-Y B-Y
C C C C C C C C C C
100- 240V -A MAX 100- 240V -A MAX
7 10 13 16 19 7 10 13 16 19

B/C V B/C V B/C V B/C V VID VID VID VID VID H/ V B/C V B/C V B/C V B/C V VID VID VID VID VID H/ V
B-Y B-Y B-Y B-Y R-Y R-Y R-Y R-Y R-Y HV B-Y B-Y B-Y B-Y R-Y R-Y R-Y R-Y R-Y HV

HDMI HDMI HDMI HDMI

50/60 Hz HDMI HDMI HDMI HDMI 50/60 Hz HDMI HDMI HDMI HDMI

PC with 4-Head Video Out


HDMI
HDMI HDMI HDMI HDMI
1 2 3 4
WiFi

HDMI

Workstation PCs (Typical 4 places) Workstation Displays (Typical 4 places)


1 2 3 4
WiFi

HDMI Equipped PC
HDMI HDMI
POWER
12V
--A MAX
INPUTS
HDMI AUDIO
ON
AUDIO
L R
OVER XTP
RS-232 IR
SIG LINK

RESET

CATx Cable
Extron
HDMI LOOP-THRU OFF XTP T HDMI XTP OUT

XTP SR HDMI
+ + ACT LINK
Tx Rx Tx Rx
LAN

Extron POWER
12V
SIG LINK
OVER XTP HDMI AUDIO
OUTPUTS
AUDIO
S/PDIF
RELAYS
XTP SR HDMI
REMOTE
Flat Panel Display
XTP T HDMI
RS-232 IR ON 1 2 RS-232
--A MAX L R
RESET

CATx Cable XTP IN ACT


LAN
LINK Tx Rx Tx Rx
OFF HDMI + + Tx Rx

XTP Transmitter for HDMI


1 2 3 4
WiFi

HDMI Equipped PC
HDMI HDMI
POWER
12V
INPUTS
HDMI AUDIO
ON
AUDIO OVER XTP
SIG LINK
Extron
CATx Cable XTP SR HDMI
--A MAX L R RS-232 IR RESET

HDMI LOOP-THRU OFF + + XTP T HDMI Tx Rx Tx Rx XTP OUT ACT


LAN
LINK

Extron
INPUTS
POWER
12V
SIG LINK
OVER XTP

RS-232 IR
HDMI AUDIO
ON
OUTPUTS
AUDIO
S/PDIF
RELAYS
1 2
XTP SR HDMI
REMOTE
RS-232
Flat Panel Display
2 3 4 5
L R

1
--A MAX

6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
RESET

XTP T HDMI CATx Cable XTP IN ACT


LAN
LINK Tx Rx Tx Rx
OFF HDMI + + Tx Rx

XTP Transmitter for HDMI 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32


CONTROL I/O
1 2 3 4

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
WiFi

ENTER PRESET VIEW ESC VIDEO AUDIO


CONFIG

HDMI Equipped PC 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32
1 3

HDMI
HDMI 2 4

POWER
INPUTS SIG LINK
OUTPUTS
POWER
Extron
XTP SR HDMI
12V
HDMI AUDIO AUDIO OVER XTP
ON

CATx Cable
--A MAX L R RS-232 IR RESET

Flat Panel Display


HDMI LOOP-THRU OFF + + XTP T HDMI Tx Rx Tx Rx XTP OUT ACT
LAN
LINK

Extron
SIG LINK OUTPUTS XTP SR HDMI
POWER OVER XTP HDMI AUDIO S/PDIF
12V AUDIO RELAYS REMOTE
RS-232 IR ON 1 2 RS-232
--A MAX L R
RESET

CATx Cable
XTP T HDMI
XTP IN ACT LINK Tx Rx Tx Rx
OFF HDMI + +
LAN Tx Rx

XTP Transmitter for HDMI


1 2 3 4
WiFi

HDMI Equipped PC HDMI


HDMI Extron
XTP SR HDMI
POWER
INPUTS SIG LINK

12V
HDMI AUDIO AUDIO OVER XTP
ON

CATx Cable
--A MAX L R RS-232 IR RESET

HDMI LOOP-THRU OFF XTP T HDMI XTP OUT

Flat Panel Display


+ + ACT LINK
Tx Rx Tx Rx
LAN

Extron
SIG LINK OUTPUTS XTP SR HDMI
POWER OVER XTP HDMI AUDIO S/PDIF
12V AUDIO RELAYS REMOTE
RS-232 IR ON 1 2 RS-232
--A MAX L R
RESET

CATx Cable XTP IN ACT LINK Tx Rx Tx Rx


OFF HDMI + + Tx Rx

XTP T HDMI
LAN

XTP CROSSPOINT 3200

XTP SERIES DIGITAL MATRIX SWITCHER

XTP Transmitter for HDMI


Extron
XTP CrossPoint 3200
Modular Digital Matrix Switcher

www.extron.com 61
Corporate Lobby

System Design Solution


Videowall Processing
An Extron Quantum Connect videowall processor with 12 outputs
drives a Christie MicroTiles modular display system at high resolution.
The Quantum Connect processes four high resolution sources
simultaneously, in any window configuration.

Source Connectivity
Corporate promotional videos and still images are supplied by two
PCs connected to the Quantum Connect through two DVI inputs. A
high definition satellite receiver provides broadcast programming to
the Quantum Connect through an HDMI input. A Blu-ray player is also
connected to an HDMI input.

Display Systems
Overview
As a physical entry point into a company, corporate lobbies are spaces in Forty-eight MicroTiles provide an overall display resolution of
which lasting first impressions are made through presentations of corporate 5760x3240 in a space 128 inches wide by 72 inches tall (3.25 m by
culture and mission, done with dramatic visual impact. For technology- 1.8 m). The MicroTiles are driven by 12 dedicated ECU processors,
oriented companies, lobbies should reflect both the creativity and innovation
that exist beyond the waiting area. A quality videowall display can present
which receive signals from the Quantum Connect.
compelling corporate content and showcase the latest company products
and services. Content can be customized to welcome key clients, providing a Switching and Signal Management
personal touch in a business environment. All source switching is managed internally by the Quantum Connect
videowall processor.
Room Needs Assessment
Network
Staffing A single receptionist to operate the system on a
daily basis. AV staff members to configure content The network includes a Layer 3 Ethernet switch, configured with a
and presentation of the system for special events. dedicated VLAN for the Quantum Connect and its control PC, and
Display A bright, attractive display 6 feet high by another VLAN for the control system components.
Requirements 10 feet wide (1.8 m by 3 m), with the ability to
simultaneously display up to four sources. System Control
Source Types Two PCs providing high resolution corporate System control is facilitated by an Extron TLP 1000TV 10 inch
content, a satellite receiver providing high
definition broadcast programming, and a Blu-ray (25 cm) TouchLink touchpanel and an Extron IPL 250 Ethernet control
player providing high definition video playback. processor, which interfaces via RS-232 with the control PC running
System Control A simple touchpanel interface for selection of the Quantum Connect control software. The touchpanel provides
window layout presets and source selection within a simple, easy-to-navigate interface, which allows a non-technical
each preset. operator to easily select from six preset window configurations, and
Special Ease of use is a primary concern, as the select sources within each preset.
Requirements system will often be controlled by non-technical
personnel.

62 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide


MicroTile Displays

MicroTile ECU
(12 places)
COMPLIANT

COMPLIANT

COMPLIANT

COMPLIANT

COMPLIANT

COMPLIANT

COMPLIANT
HDCP

HDCP

HDCP

HDCP

HDCP

HDCP

HDCP
CONTROL

WARNING
SEE USER GUIDE BEFORE
USING THIS EQUIPMENT
DO NOT REMOVE THIS PANEL
NO USER-SERVICEABLE

Extron
PARTS INSIDE
REFER ALL SERVICING TO
QUALIFIED SERVICE PERSONNEL

IN IN OUT OUT OUT OUT OUT OUT


THIS EQUIPMENT MUST BE

Quantum Connect
GROUNDED/EARTHED
DO NOT OBSTRUCT
VENTILATION GRILLES
DO NOT EXPOSE THIS EQUIPMENT

Videowall Processor
TO RAIN OR MOISTURE

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

System

DVI
Ethernet
Quantum Connect
Control Software
DVI

Ethernet
Control
VLAN

PC PC
HDMI Blu-ray Player
RS-232

HDMI
DSS Receiver

COM1
TX RX RTS CTS
COM 2
TX RX 1
IR
2
RELAY
1 2
Extron Extron
Ethernet POWER
12V
LAN
S G S G

IPL 250 TLP 1000TV


10" Tabletop TouchLink
500mA INPUT COM 3 IR RELAY

IP Link Control
MAX 1 2 3 4 TX RX 3 4 3 4

S G S G

Processor Touchpanel
Ethernet

www.extron.com 63
Corporate Presentation Auditorium

System Design Solution


Videowall Processing
A Quantum Connect Videowall Processing System with four
HDMI outputs delivers signals to the systems HDCP-compliant 4K
projector, and displays any or all nine input sources simultaneously.

Input Source Connectivity


Corporate promotional content is supplied by a desktop PC and an
Extron JMP 9600 2K video player, utilizing Quantum Elite HDMI and
3G-SDI input cards. For live presentations, a Quantum Elite 3G-SDI
input card accepts signals from a video camera while two HDMI input
cards accept signals from a laptop, a mobile device, a Blu-ray player,
and a satellite receiver. A dual-input DVI card provides additional
connectivity for a document camera.
Overview
A corporate auditorium provides a venue for large companies to hold Display Systems
employee gatherings or shareholder meetings. With an advanced video display A single 4K projector configured for rear projection provides an overall
system, media-rich presentations can convey corporate information, product display resolution of 3840 pixels by 2160 pixels on a 14-foot wide by
introductions, and data for employee meetings.
eight-foot tall screen.
Room Needs Assessment
Switching and Signal Management
Staffing A single operator at a podium to deliver
presentations. AV staff members to configure and All source switching is managed internally by the Quantum Connect
load system content for special events. Videowall Processing System.
Display An attractive, seamless display eight feet high by
Requirements 14 feet wide, with the ability to simultaneously Network
display from one to nine sources.
The network includes a Layer 3 Ethernet switch configured with
Source Types A PC providing high resolution corporate content, separate VLANs for the Quantum Connect/Control PC and the
an Extron JMP 9600 2K providing pre-produced
TouchLink touchpanel and IP Link processor.
corporate and product information, a Blu-ray
player providing high-definition corporate videos,
a satellite receiver providing high-definition System Control
broadcast programming, a document camera
An Extron TLP 1000TV 10 inch TouchLink touchpanel and an Extron
for presenting hard-copy information, a high-
definition video camera for presenting live content, IPL 250 control processor send RS-232 control messages to the
and connections for a laptop and a mobile device. Quantum Connect Control Software and IP control messages to the
System Control A simple touchpanel controller for selection of Extron JMP 9600 HD video player. The touchpanel provides a simple,
window layout presets and source selection easy-to-navigate interface, which allows even non-technical operators
within each preset, as well as control of the to easily select from ten videowall preset window configurations, and
JMP96002K video player.
designate any data source selection within several presets.
Special Ease of use is a primary concern, as the
Requirements system will often be controlled by non-technical
personnel.

64 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide


16x9 Screen

HDCP-Compliant
4K Projector

Control
VLAN
Ethernet HDMI HDMI

Ethernet Ethernet Ethernet Extron


Quantum Connect
DATA

HDCP-Compliant Videowall
Processing System
Ethernet

Extron
TLP 1000TV
10" Tabletop
TouchLink
Touchpanel

Quantum Elite
QUANTUM CONNECT 408
VIDEO WALL PROCESSOR

Control Software

Extron
JMP 9600 2K HD-SDI HD-SDI HDMI 3G-SDI HDMI HDMI HDMI HDMI DVI
HD Video Player
JMP 9600
JPEG 2000 MEDIA PLAYER

VIDEO DISK DRIVE LAN

1 2 3 4 1 2
PREV

ENTER

RS-232
COM1 COM 2 IR RELAY
Document Camera
TX RX RTS CTS TX RX 1 2 1 2

Desktop PC
S G S G
POWER
LAN
12V
500mA INPUT COM 3 IR RELAY
MAX 1 2 3 4 TX RX 3 4 3 4

S G S G

Extron WiFi 1 2 3 4

IPL 250
IP Link Control Processor

Laptop

Blu-ray Player

PUSH PUSH

POWER GUIDE MENU RES 480 480p 720p 1080i 1080p DIRECTV HD
SELECT
DIRECTV

Satellite Receiver

or
Camera

iPhone

HDMI Adapter
iPad

www.extron.com 65
Command Center

System Design Solution


Videowall Processing
An Extron Quantum Elite videowall processor is configured with six
Quantum Elite dual HDMI output cards for a total of 12 HDMI outputs.
It delivers signals to the 12 display devices in the videowall. The
Quantum Elite provides the ability to display any or all 23 of the input
sources simultaneously on the videowall.

Source Connectivity
The 12 PCs displaying low-motion content are connected to 12
Extron QGE 100 IP encoders and streamed over the network to
the Quantum Elite. The four PCs displaying high-motion content are
connected directly to the videowall processor, two to a Quantum
Elite dual DVI input card, and two to a Quantum Elite dual RGB input
Overview card. The satellite receivers and Blu-ray player are connected to two
Command centers aggregate a wide variety of video and data for monitoring Quantum Elite dual HDMI input cards, and the three facility security
and analysis. In order to efficiently make critical decisions, staff members camera feeds are connected to a Quantum Elite 12 video input card.
need to analyze various sources in close proximity to each other, in a variety
of layouts. The solution requires that any of the video and data sources be Display Systems
presented on a large display, in a variety of easily selectable window layouts.
Twelve HDCP-compliant 1080p flat-panel displays provide an overall
display resolution of 23040x2160, in a space 312 inches wide by
Room Needs Assessment 60 inches tall (7.9 m by 1.5 m).
Staffing Numerous information specialists monitor one or
more video or data sources. A shift manager is Switching and Signal Management
also present to periodically change information as
needed on the large centralized display. All source switching is managed internally by the Quantum Elite
videowall processor.
Display A multi-screen videowall, occupying an area
Requirements roughly 5 feet high by 26 feet wide (1.5 m by
7.9 m), able to present at least 12 HD 1080p Network
sources at native resolution. A dedicated media network for the QGE 100 encoders includes
Source Types Twelve PCs displaying map and data sources with a Layer 3 Ethernet switch configured to support multicast traffic
low motion, four PCs displaying visualizations with
and IGMP snooping to ensure efficient performance. A VLAN is
moderate to high motion, three standard definition
security cameras, three HD satellite feeds, and provided for the QGE 100 encoders, together with the Quantum Elite
one Blu-ray player. processor and the PC running QGE 100 viewer software.
System Control A simple touchpanel interface for selecting
window layout presets, as well as source A dedicated control network includes the same Layer 3 switch,
selection for each preset. configured with a separate VLAN for the Quantum Elite and its control
Special The shift manager needs to be able to view map PC, and another VLAN for the control system components.
Requirements and data sources on a separate viewing station.
System Control
System control is facilitated by an Extron TLP 1000TV 10 inch
(25 cm) TouchLink touchpanel and an Extron IPL 250 Ethernet
control processor, which interfaces via RS-232 with the control PC
running the Quantum Elite control software. The touchpanel provides
a selection of ten or more preset window configurations, and allows
source selection within each preset, providing a highly flexible and
simple interface.

66 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide


HDCP-Compliant Displays

HDMI HDMI
Ethernet Ethernet
Control
VLAN
Extron
Quantum Elite
Scalable Multi-Graphic
Videowall Processor

MEDIA I MEDIA II
Ethernet Ethernet System
Extron
TLP 1000TV

COMPLIANT

COMPLIANT

COMPLIANT

COMPLIANT

COMPLIANT

COMPLIANT

COMPLIANT

COMPLIANT
HDCP

HDCP

HDCP

HDCP

HDCP

HDCP

HDCP

HDCP
10" Tabletop TouchLink
Touchpanel
CONTROL

Quantum Elite
Control Software IN IN IN IN IN OUT OUT OUT OUT OUT OUT

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

ATTENTION
OBSERVE PRECAUTIONS
FOR HANDLING
ELECTROSTATIC
SENSITIVE
DEVICES

Extron
RS-232
IPL 250
IP Link Control
Processor
WARNING
COM1 COM 2 IR RELAY
TX RX RTS CTS TX RX 1 2 1 2 SEE USER GUIDE BEFORE
USING THIS EQUIPMENT
DO NOT REMOVE THIS PANEL
S G S G
POWER
LAN
NO USER-SERVICEABLE
12V PARTS INSIDE
500mA INPUT COM 3 IR RELAY
MAX 3 4 3 4 REFER ALL SERVICING TO
1 2 3 4 TX RX
QUALIFIED SERVICE PERSONNEL
THIS EQUIPMENT MUST BE
S G S G GROUNDED/EARTHED
DO NOT OBSTRUCT
VENTILATION GRILLES
DO NOT EXPOSE THIS EQUIPMENT
TO RAIN OR MOISTURE

Composite or S-video

HDMI
Blu-ray Player
CCTV
Cameras
STANDBY/ON
PQLS HDMI OPEN/CLOSE FL OFF

USB

DSS Receiver
RGB HDMI

RGB DSS Receiver


HDMI

PC QGE 100 Viewer


DSS Receiver Software
HDMI
PC DVI

Ethernet
DVI

PC Ethernet
Extron
QGE 100 PC Extron
Encoder Ethernet QGE Ethernet QGE 100
Video Encoder
Network
PERIPH PC COM 1 COM 2
Extron VLAN Extron
PERIPH PC COM 1 COM 2

12V DC
REG
1.5A MAX
OUT IN
QGE 100 Ethernet Ethernet QGE 100
12V DC
REG
1.5A MAX
OUT IN

Encoder
Refer all servicing to Refer all servicing to
DVI-I DVI-I DVI-I DVI-I
qualified service personnel qualified service personnel

Encoder
RGB PERIPH PC COM 1 COM 2 PERIPH PC COM 1 COM 2

12V DC
REG
1.5A MAX
OUT IN 12V DC
REG
1.5A MAX
OUT IN
DVI
Refer all servicing to Refer all servicing to
DVI-I DVI-I DVI-I DVI-I
qualified service personnel qualified service personnel

Extron
QGE 100 DVI Extron
Encoder Ethernet Ethernet RGB QGE 100
Encoder
PERIPH PC COM 1 COM 2

Extron PERIPH PC COM 1 COM 2

12V DC
REG
1.5A MAX
OUT IN

QGE 100 Extron 12V DC


REG
1.5A MAX
OUT IN

Ethernet Ethernet QGE 100


Refer all servicing to

Encoder
DVI-I DVI-I Refer all servicing to
qualified service personnel DVI-I DVI-I
qualified service personnel

RGB
PERIPH PC COM 1 COM 2 PERIPH PC
EncoderCOM 1 COM 2

12V DC
REG
OUT IN 12V DC
REG
OUT IN
DVI
1.5A MAX 1.5A MAX
Refer all servicing to Refer all servicing to
DVI-I DVI-I DVI-I DVI-I
qualified service personnel qualified service personnel

Extron
QGE 100
DVI Extron
Encoder Ethernet Ethernet RGB QGE 100
Encoder
Extron
Extron
PERIPH PC COM 1 COM 2 PERIPH PC COM 1 COM 2

12V DC OUT IN
QGE 100 12V DC OUT IN

QGE 100
REG REG

Encoder Ethernet Ethernet


1.5A MAX 1.5A MAX
Refer all servicing to Refer all servicing to
DVI-I DVI-I DVI-I DVI-I
qualified service personnel qualified service personnel

Encoder
RGB
DVI
PERIPH PC COM 1 COM 2 PERIPH PC COM 1 COM 2

12V DC OUT IN OUT IN


12V DC
REG REG
1.5A MAX 1.5A MAX
Refer all servicing to
DVI-I DVI-I Refer all servicing to
qualified service personnel DVI-I DVI-I
qualified service personnel

DVI
RGB

www.extron.com 67
Traffic Management Center

System Design Solution


Videowall Processing
An Extron Quantum Elite videowall processor is configured with
seven Quantum Elite dual DVI output cards for a total of 14 DVI
outputs. It delivers signals to the 12 display devices in the videowall.
The two additional outputs provide a two-screen representation of the
videowall to two Extron VN-Matrix 225 IP encoders, which stream
the signals across a WAN - wide area network to two VN-Matrix 225
IP decoders, located at a cooperative agency. The Quantum Elite
provides the ability to display up to 84 standard definition sources,
plus two PC sources simultaneously on the videowall. Colored
borders and text titling can be applied to any displayed window.

Source Connectivity
Overview The 80 available traffic camera feeds and four satellite receivers are
Traffic Management Centers centralize information from traffic cameras and connected to the videowall processor through seven Quantum Elite
specialized applications for monitoring and managing traffic flow. Operators 12 video input cards for composite or S-video. The two PC sources
use local monitors to view maps and traffic status. A large display presents are connected to a Quantum Elite dual RGB input card.
video from any of the regions traffic cameras, to be viewed as either a
thumbnail or large image, while simultaneously displaying specialized high
Display Systems
resolution graphics sources.
Twelve 80 inch (203 cm) SXGA+ rear projection cubes provide an
overall display resolution of 8400x2100, in a space 384 inches wide
Room Needs Assessment by 96 inches tall (9.75 m by 2.4 m).
Staffing Numerous operators monitor and manage
traffic data on local displays. A shift manager is Switching and Signal Management
also present to select which maps, traffic data,
and camera feeds are highlighted on the large All source switching is managed internally by the Quantum Elite
centralized display. videowall processor.
Display A multi-screen videowall, occupying an area
Requirements roughly 7.5 feet high by 32 feet wide (2.3 m by Network
9.75 m), able to present 70 to 80 traffic camera
feeds and graphical maps. A dedicated media network for the VN-Matrix streaming system
utilizes the organizations existing Layer 3 LAN and WAN, configured
Source Types Eighty standard definition signals displaying traffic
camera feeds, four standard definition signals to support multicast traffic and IGMP snooping to ensure efficient
displaying satellite television sources, and two performance.
PCs displaying high resolution graphical map and
traffic data. A dedicated control network includes a Layer 3 Ethernet switch,
System Control A simple touchpanel interface that facilitates configured with a VLAN for the Quantum Elite and its control PC, and
window layout preset selection, and source a separate VLAN for the control system components.
selection within each preset.
Special The system must include the capability to stream System Control
Requirements a smaller representation of the videowall to a
cooperative agency. The shift manager needs System control is facilitated by an Extron TLP 1000TV 10 inch
to be able to highlight camera feeds by applying (25 cm) TouchLink touchpanel and an Extron IPL 250 Ethernet
colored borders and titles to source windows. control processor, which interfaces via RS-232 with the control PC
running the Quantum Elite control software. The shift manager uses
the touchpanels intuitive user interface to select from several window
layout presets, and assigns any source to larger windows on the
videowall. Colored borders can also be placed around windows to
call attention to sources.

68 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide


Local Videowall

Incident
Incident

Clearing Cleared

DVI DVI
Ethernet
Control
VLAN
Extron
VNE 225 DVI
Ethernet VN-Matrix Encoder
IN TO PC REMOTE RS-232

IN
POWER OVER LAN

OUT/
LOOP

Ethernet Ethernet 12V DC AUDIO


1 LAN 2 OUT/LOOP DVI-I IN

MEDIA I MEDIA II
5A MAX SPDIF

DVI
CONTROL

Extron DVI
TLP 1000TV
IN TO PC REMOTE RS-232

IN
POWER OVER LAN

10" Tabletop IN IN IN IN IN IN IN IN OUT OUT OUT OUT OUT OUT OUT


12V DC AUDIO
OUT/
LOOP

1 LAN 2 OUT/LOOP DVI-I IN

TouchLink
5A MAX SPDIF

Touchpanel 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Extron
Ethernet
VNE 225 DVI
VN-Matrix Encoder
Quantum Elite ATTENTION

Control Software
OBSERVE PRECAUTIONS
FOR HANDLING
ELECTROSTATIC
SENSITIVE
DEVICES

LAN
Ethernet
WARNING
SEE USER GUIDE BEFORE
USING THIS EQUIPMENT
DO NOT REMOVE THIS PANEL
NO USER-SERVICEABLE
PARTS INSIDE
REFER ALL SERVICING TO
QUALIFIED SERVICE PERSONNEL
THIS EQUIPMENT MUST BE
GROUNDED/EARTHED
DO NOT OBSTRUCT
VENTILATION GRILLES
DO NOT EXPOSE THIS EQUIPMENT
TO RAIN OR MOISTURE

Extron WAN
RS-232
Quantum Elite
Scalable Multi-Graphic
COM1 COM 2 IR RELAY
TX RX RTS CTS TX RX 1 2 1 2

Videowall Processor System


S G S G
POWER
LAN
12V
500mA INPUT COM 3 IR RELAY

RGB
MAX 1 2 3 4 TX RX 3 4 3 4

S G S G

Extron RGB
IPL 250 Composite Composite Ethernet
IP Link Control Processor

1-12 13-24 25-36 37-48 49-60 61-72 73-84


House Video Distribution System

Composite Composite Composite Composite PC PC

IP Decoder IP Decoder
Box Box
DVI OUT PoE DVI OUT PoE
POWER POWER

- + - +

DSS Receivers
(4 places) Composite IP Video IP Video
Stream Stream

Composite
Traffic Cameras IP Video Cameras
(100+ Locations) (50+ Locations)

Cooperative Agency

DVI DVI LAN


Incident
Incident

Extron Extron
VND 225 DVI VND 225 DVI
VN-Matrix Decoder VN-Matrix Decoder
REMOTE RS-232 IN TO PC REMOTE RS-232
IN TO PC
Clearing Cleared IN
IN
POWER POWER OVER LAN
OVER LAN

OUT/ OUT/
LOOP LOOP

12V DC 12V DC AUDIO


AUDIO OUT/LOOP 1 LAN 2 OUT/LOOP
5A MAX 1 LAN 2 5A MAX SPDIF
SPDIF

Flat Panel Display Flat Panel Display


Ethernet

www.extron.com 69
Simulation Debriefing Theater

System Design Solution


Videowall Processing
An Extron Quantum Elite videowall processor, configured with two
Quantum Elite dual DVI output cards, drives the three display devices
in the videowall. It provides the ability to display any or all input
sources simultaneously.

Source Connectivity
The out-the-window view from three simulation systems connect via
DVI to three Extron VN-Matrix 225 IP codecs. These codecs provide
input loop-throughs that go to the videowall processor through
Quantum Elite dual DVI input cards. Three image generators for each
simulation system are connected to an Extron MGP 464 Multi-
Graphic Processor via RGB, in which the three feeds are windowed
Overview into a single DVI output. The DVI outputs from the three MGP 464
Simulation systems provide land, sea, and air environments for virtual missions units connect to three additional VN-Matrix 225 codecs. The input
for the training of military personnel. Team members interact with one another loop-throughs of these codecs connect to the videowall processor
during training missions run by a presentation manager. The presentation through Quantum Elite dual DVI input cards.
manager controls the session, triggering the engagements and challenges
team members encounter. Large video display systems present live or pre- The six VNC 225 codecs, two Extron VNM Recorders, and an Extron
recorded simulation sessions, enabling side-by-side comparisons of each
VNM Enterprise Controller connect to a media network. The
participants actions. This allows for critical mission analysis, both in real-time
by the session manager, and by the participants themselves when replayed VNM Recorders are used to archive sessions and can replay content
from an archiving system. on the videowall. The VNM Enterprise Controller is used to control
and manage the VNM Recorders and VN-Matrix 225 codecs.

Room Needs Assessment Display Systems


Staffing A session manager to run simulations and
Three WUXGA rear projectors arranged in a 1x3 edge-blended
personnel to be trained during simulated
missions. configuration provide an overall display resolution of 4992 pixels by
Display An edge-blended videowall, occupying an
1200 pixels in a space 25 feet wide by 6 feet tall (7.6 m by 1.8 m).
Requirements approximate area 6 feet high by 25 feet wide The 4992 horizontal pixels reflect two areas of 20 percent overlap
(1.8 m by 7.6 m). Must be capable of displaying between images for edge blending.
at least 12 sources at various sizes and locations.
Source Types Three simulation systems with four image Switching and Signal Management
generators, each providing one high resolution
All source switching is managed internally by a Quantum Elite
out-the-window - OTW view, and three medium
resolution instrument panels. videowall processor.

System Control A simple touchpanel interface for selecting


Network
window layout presets and sources for each
preset. The touchpanel will also be used for A dedicated media network for the VN-Matrix archiving system
starting, stopping, and replaying missions includes a Layer 3 Ethernet switch, configured to support multicast
recorded by the archiving system.
traffic and IGMP snooping to ensure efficient performance. A VLAN
Special Shift managers need to be able to identify the is provided for the VN-Matrix 225 codecs, VNM Enterprise Controller,
Requirements source of each window by applying colored
borders.
and VNM Recorders.

A dedicated control network includes the same Layer 3 switch,


configured with a separate VLAN for the Quantum Elite and its control
PC, and another VLAN for the control system components.

System Control
System control is facilitated by an Extron TLP 1000TV 10 inch
(25 cm) TouchLink touchpanel and an Extron IPL 250 Ethernet control
processor, which interfaces via RS-232 with the control PC running
the Quantum Elite control software. The IPL 250 also interfaces with
the VNM Enterprise Controller via RS-232. The touchpanel provides
six window layout presets, and source selection within each preset.
The touchpanel can also be used to start or stop archiving, and replay
70 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide
saved missions on the videowall.
Edge-Blending Edge-Blending Edge-Blending
Projector Projector Projector
DVI DVI DVI
Ethernet
Control
VLAN
Extron
Ethernet Quantum Elite
Videowall Processing
System
Ethernet Ethernet

MEDIA II
CONTROL

Extron

MEDIA I
WARNING

TLP 1000TV
SEE USER GUIDE BEFORE
USING THIS EQUIPMENT
DO NOT REMOVE THIS PANEL
NO USER-SERVICEABLE

10" Tabletop PARTS INSIDE


REFER ALL SERVICING TO
QUALIFIED SERVICE PERSONNEL

TouchLink THIS EQUIPMENT MUST BE


GROUNDED/EARTHED
IN IN OUT IN IN IN OUT OUT
Touchpanel
DO NOT OBSTRUCT
VENTILATION GRILLES
DO NOT EXPOSE THIS EQUIPMENT
TO RAIN OR MOISTURE

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Quantum Elite
Control Software

Ethernet

Ethernet
Extron
VNM Enterprise Controller
VN-Matrix Enterprise Controller Ethernet

RS-232

RS-232 Layer 3
COM1
TX RX RTS CTS
COM 2
TX RX 1
IR
2
RELAY
1 2
Network
Switch
S G S G
POWER
LAN
12V
500mA INPUT COM 3 IR RELAY
MAX 1 2 3 4 TX RX 3 4 3 4

S G S G

Extron
IPL 250
IP Link Control
Processor
Extron Extron
VNM Recorder VNM Recorder
VN-Matrix Recorder VN-Matrix Recorder

0
10
20 30 40 50
60
70
320
310
300
290
280
270
340
330

260
250
0
350

240230
10 20
30 40 50

220 210200 190


180
60

170
70
80

150
160
90
100
110
120
130
140

DVI
8090
340350
330 100
320 110

Extron
310 120
300 130
290 140
280 150
270 160
260 170
250 180
240
230 220 210 200 190
20 30 40 50
10 60
0 70
8090
340350
330 100
320 110
310 120

Extron
300 130
290 140
280 150
270 160
260 170
250 180
240
230 220 210 200 190

RGB
VNC 225 DVI
IN TO PC REMOTE RS-232

MGP 464 Pro


IN
POWER OVER LAN

RGB OUT/
LOOP
VN-Matrix Codec
Multi-Graphic Processor
12V DC AUDIO
1 LAN 2 OUT/LOOP DVI-I IN

RGB
5A MAX SPDIF

MGP/WINDOWALL PRO SERIES


REMOTE LAN
DVI
INPUTS VIRTUAL INPUTS RESET

1 2 3 4 5 8 11 14 17
RS-232/422
R R R R VID VID VID VID VID
R-Y R-Y R-Y R-Y Y Y Y Y Y
BACKGROUND OUTPUTS
6 9 12 15 18

Extron Ethernet
G/Y H/HV G/Y H/HV G/Y H/HV G/Y H/HV VID VID VID VID VID R/ G/Y B/
VID VID VID VID B-Y B-Y B-Y B-Y B-Y R-Y B-Y
C C C C C
100- 240V -A MAX
7 10 13 16 19 IN TO PC REMOTE RS-232
B/C V B/C V B/C V B/C V VID VID VID VID VID H/ V

VNC 225 DVI


B-Y B-Y B-Y B-Y R-Y R-Y R-Y R-Y R-Y HV
IN
HDMI HDMI
POWER OVER LAN

OUT/
LOOP

Simulation System VN-Matrix Codec


50/60 Hz
12V DC AUDIO
5A MAX 1 LAN 2 OUT/LOOP DVI-I IN
SPDIF

HDMI to DVI
310
300
290
280
270
340
330
320

260
250
0
350

240230
10 20
30 40 50

220 210200 190


180
60

170
70

160
80
90
100

140
150
110
120
130

DVI DVI
20 30 40 50
10 60
0 70
8090
340350
330 100

Extron
320 110
310 120
300 130
290 140
280 150
270 160
260 170
250 180
240
230 220 210 200 190
20 30 40 50
10 60
0 70
8090
340350
330 100
320 110
310 120

Extron
300 130
290 140
280 150
270 160
260 170
250 180
240
230 220 210 200 190

RGB
VNC 225 DVI
IN TO PC REMOTE RS-232

MGP 464 Pro


IN
POWER OVER LAN

RGB OUT/
LOOP
VN-Matrix Codec
Multi-Graphic Processor
12V DC AUDIO
1 LAN 2 OUT/LOOP DVI-I IN

RGB
5A MAX SPDIF

MGP/WINDOWALL PRO SERIES


REMOTE LAN
DVI
INPUTS VIRTUAL INPUTS RESET

1 2 3 4 5 8 11 14 17
RS-232/422
R R R R VID VID VID VID VID
R-Y R-Y R-Y R-Y Y Y Y Y Y
BACKGROUND OUTPUTS
6 9 12 15 18

Extron Ethernet
G/Y H/HV G/Y H/HV G/Y H/HV G/Y H/HV VID VID VID VID VID R/ G/Y B/
VID VID VID VID B-Y B-Y B-Y B-Y B-Y R-Y B-Y
C C C C C
100- 240V -A MAX
7 10 13 16 19 REMOTE RS-232
IN TO PC
B/C V B/C V B/C V B/C V VID VID VID VID VID H/ V

VNC 225 DVI


B-Y B-Y B-Y B-Y R-Y R-Y R-Y R-Y R-Y HV
IN
HDMI HDMI
POWER OVER LAN

OUT/
LOOP

Simulation System VN-Matrix Codec


50/60 Hz
12V DC AUDIO
5A MAX 1 LAN 2 OUT/LOOP DVI-I IN
SPDIF

HDMI to DVI DVI


320
310
300
290
280
270
340
330

260
250
0
350

240230
10 20
30 40 50

220 210200 190


180
60

170
70

160
80
90
100

140
150
110
120
130

DVI
20 30 40 50
10 60
0 70
8090
340350
330 100
320 110

Extron
310 120
300 130
290 140
280 150
270 160
260 170
250 180
240
230 220 210 200 190
20 30 40 50
10 60
0 70
8090
340350
330 100
320 110
310 120

Extron
300 130
290 140
280 150
270 160
260 170
250 180
240
230 220 210 200 190

RGB
VNC 225 DVI
IN TO PC REMOTE RS-232

MGP 464 Pro


IN
POWER OVER LAN

RGB OUT/
LOOP
VN-Matrix Codec
Multi-Graphic Processor
12V DC AUDIO
1 LAN 2 OUT/LOOP DVI-I IN

RGB
5A MAX SPDIF

MGP/WINDOWALL PRO SERIES


REMOTE LAN
DVI
INPUTS VIRTUAL INPUTS RESET

1 2 3 4 5 8 11 14 17
RS-232/422
R R R R VID VID VID VID VID
R-Y R-Y R-Y R-Y Y Y Y Y Y
BACKGROUND OUTPUTS
6 9 12 15 18

Extron
G/Y H/HV G/Y H/HV G/Y H/HV G/Y H/HV VID VID VID VID VID R/ G/Y B/

Ethernet
VID VID VID VID B-Y B-Y B-Y B-Y B-Y R-Y B-Y
C C C C C
100- 240V -A MAX
7 10 13 16 19 REMOTE RS-232
IN TO PC
B/C V B/C V B/C V B/C V VID VID VID VID VID H/ V

VNC 225 DVI


B-Y B-Y B-Y B-Y R-Y R-Y R-Y R-Y R-Y HV
IN
HDMI HDMI
POWER OVER LAN

OUT/
LOOP

Simulation System VN-Matrix Codec


50/60 Hz
12V DC AUDIO
5A MAX 1 LAN 2 OUT/LOOP DVI-I IN
SPDIF

HDMI to DVI DVI

www.extron.com 71
Notes

72 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide


Extron Videowall Product Solutions
Extron offers a variety of videowall products designed to meet interface is available for the system operator that allows for quick
the performance and capacity requirements of large or small recall of system presets with predefined window layouts.
videowall applications. Extron videowall processors provide source
signal optimization and multi-window processing for videowalls, Extron videowall processors are used in a variety of large screen
employing multi-input switching and distribution, advanced video or multiple display applications where there are many video and
signal processing, and multiple outputs to accommodate all of the computer-video sources to be presented at the same time. They
displays in the videowall system. are commonly employed in large areas where numerous images
need to be viewable by everyone, such as in command and control
Extron videowall processing systems offer comprehensive flexibility centers or a network operation center. Such images often include
in creating and customizing multi-window presentations within an high resolution computer graphics that need to be presented with
intuitive GUI that streamlines videowall system setup. A simple user the best possible quality.

Small Videowall Processors


Extron videowall processors for small videowalls typically support array sizes
with 9 or fewer displays. The Extron WindoWall Pro features a modular,
scalable architecture for systems that are integrated with matrix switchers.

Mid-Sized Videowall Processors


Extron videowall processors used in mid-sized videowalls accommodate up
to 14 displays. The Extron Quantum Connect is an HDCP-compliant, card
frame-based videowall processor with eight slots for input and output cards,
preinstalled at the factory into fixed configurations.

Large, Scalable Videowall Processors


Extron offers videowall processing systems for large videowalls with up to 28
displays or more. The Extron Quantum Elite is an HDCP-compliant, highly
scalable, expandable videowall processing system available in 8 or 15 slot
card frames.
Small Videowall Processors

WindoWall Pro
Multi-Window HDCP-Compliant
Videowall Processing System
The Extron WindoWallProSystem is a
powerful and versatile, yet user-friendly
approach for multi-display videowall systems.
It features a highly scalable architecture that
delivers optimum performance and reliability.
Full HDCP compliance at all HDMI inputs
and outputs assures worry-free presentation
of protected content. WindoWallConsole
software is the user interface to the system,
facilitating intuitive, straightforward control
and configuration of videowall systems, and
the creation of presentations with multiple,
independent windows for displaying graphics,
HDTV, and video. WindoWallPro is typically
used to manage images on two to six screens.
The WindoWallProSystem is an ideal choice
WindoWall Pro Processor
for applications that require highly reliable,
multi-window videowall systems.

FEATURES:
Scalable videowall systems from 1x2 up to 2x3
and larger
Inputs - per WindoWallPro processor: Four
universal analog video inputs on BNCs for
RGBHV up to 1920x1200 and 2K, component
video up to 1080p/60 HDTV, S-video, or
composite video; live background input on
HDMI; and four optional HDMI inputs
Output - per WindoWallPro processor: Scaled
picture-in-picture output on HDMI and BNCs as
RGBHV, RGBS, RGsB, or HD component video
Dedicated high performance video and graphics
processing for each display or video cube
Four independent windows per display of video,
HDTV, and high resolution computer-video
Wizard-based graphical user interface for
videowall system setup
RGB, HDTV component video, and HDCP-
compliant HDMI output
HDCP Visual Confirmation provides a green
signal when encrypted content is sent to a non- WindoWall Console Software
compliant display EDID Emulation provides selectable resolutions
KeyMinder continuously verifies HDCP and refresh rates to ensure reliable operation
compliance for quick, reliable switching Text overlay for window caption labeling
Virtual canvas for on-screen videowall 100 memory presets for videowall layout
visualization and dynamic window placement configurations
and sizing 3:2NTSC and 2:2PAL pulldown detection
Optional HDMI inputs Aspect ratio control
Selectable output rates from 640x480 to Internal test patterns for calibration and setup
1920x1200, including HDTV1080p/60 and 2K Ethernet monitoring and control
Adjustments for window positioning, sizing, RS-232 and RS-422 control port
zoom, and priority; background and window Rack-mountable 2U, full rack width metal
border color selection enclosure with included brackets
GraphicStillStore enables use of uploaded Includes LockIt HDMI cable lacing brackets
graphics as background images
Internal universal power supply
Live video background from a dedicated HDMI
Product Commissioning Services available
source
MODEL VERSION PART#
WindoWall 102 Pro Two Processors for 1x2 Walls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42-177-02
WindoWall 102 Pro DI Two Processors with HDMI for 1x2 Walls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42-177-12
WindoWall 103 Pro Three Processors for 1x3 Walls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42-177-03
WindoWall 103 Pro DI Three Processors with HDMI for 1x3 Walls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42-177-13

74 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide


Mid-Sized Videowall Processors

Quantum Connect
HDCP-Compliant Videowall Processing System
The Extron Quantum Connect is an
HDCP-compliant videowall processor that
delivers the same high quality video scaling,
windowing capability, and reliable, real-time
performance as Extrons flagship Quantum
Elite. QuantumConnect is ideal for small
to medium-sized videowalls with two to 14
screens in installations with permanent AV
system configurations. It supports a wide
variety of input, output, and windowing
capabilities in a small form factor, and features
high performance video scaling technology
capable of producing superior quality images.
The Quantum Connect is a non-expandable
card-cage design that is populated at the
factory with user-selected combinations of
input and output cards for 3G-SDI, HDMI, DVI,
RGB, HDTV or video sources. Each HDMI or
DVI-I dual output card supports up to 128
video/graphic source windows.

FEATURES:
Videowall processing for mid-sized videowalls
with up to 14 displays
Card frame videowall processing system
available with eight slots
Supports 3G-SDI, HDMI, DVI, RGB analog, HD
component, and standard video input signals
Two input 3G-SDI card accepts SDI, HD-SDI,
and 3G-SDI signals from 270Mbps up to
2.97Gbps
HDMI, DVI, and RGB analog output options
support many display types
HDCP-compliant input/output options
HDCP Visual Confirmation provides a green
signal when encrypted content is sent to a non-
compliant display
Key Minder continuously verifies HDCP Quantum Connect Control Software
compliance for quick, reliable switching
High speed, dedicated video/graphic bus
delivers real-time performance
Dual HDMI/DVI output card supports resolutions
Dual input card for DVI signals
up to 1920x1200 and HDTV1080p/60Hz
12-channel video input card supports any mix of
HDCP encryption status LEDs on HDMI inputs
composite or S-video signals
and outputs
Dual input card for analog RGB or HD
Dual DVI/RGB output card supports resolutions
component video signals
up to 1920x1200 and HDTV1080p/60Hz
High quality image upscaling and downscaling
Up to 128 video/graphic windows per dual
output card Supports digital and analog input signals up to
1920x1200
Bezel Compensation for Flat-Panel Displays
Easy-to-use configuration and control software
Dual input card for HDMI or DVI graphics and
video Optimal reliability for critical environments

MODEL
Call Extron for part numbers and prices

Note: Part numbers and pricing for complete system configurations are available. Please contact your
Extron customer support representative for more information. The Quantum Connect is factory-configured
with the I/O configuration specified at time of ordering. It is not field-expandable. For applications requiring
future expansion in the field, see the Quantum Elite.

www.extron.com 75
Large, Scalable Videowall Processors

Quantum Elite
HDCP-Compliant Scalable Videowall Processing System
The Extron QuantumElite is an HDCP-
compliant, scalable, expandable videowall
processor configurable to support a variety
of input, output, and windowing capabilities.
It features high performance video scaling
capable of producing very high quality images.
The QuantumElite offers two card cages that
support various combinations of input and
output cards for 3G-SDI, HDMI, DVI, RGB,
HDTV or video sources. Hundreds of additional
DVI or RGB sources can be streamed over
an IP network to the QuantumElite using the Quantum Elite 615
Extron QGE 100 graphics capture encoder.
Each HDMI or DVI-I dual output card supports
up to 128 video/graphic source windows, and
multiple QuantumElite card cages can be
cascaded to create very large display arrays.
A dedicated, high-speed video/graphic bus
maintains real-time performance even under
heavy loading of inputs.

FEATURES:
Scalable videowall processing for large
videowalls with up to 28 displays or more
Card frame videowall processing system
available with 8 or 15 slots
Scalable, field-expandable systems: Extron field
staff can add cards or cascade card frames to
add more inputs and outputs
Supports 3G-SDI, HDMI, DVI, RGB analog, HD
component, and standard video input signals
Two input 3G-SDI card accepts SDI, HD-SDI,
Quantum Elite Control Software
and 3G-SDI signals from 270Mbps up to
2.97Gbps Dual input card for HDMI or DVI graphics and
HDMI, DVI, and RGB analog output options video
support many display types Dual input card for DVI signals
HDCP-compliant input/output options Dual input card for analog RGB or HD
HDCP Visual Confirmation provides a green component video signals
signal when encrypted content is sent to a non- 12-channel video input card supports any mix of
compliant display composite or S-video signals
Key Minder continuously verifies HDCP IP streaming enables interfacing of hundreds of
compliance for quick, reliable switching RGB/DVI input signals with QGE100 Quantum
High speed, dedicated video/graphic bus Graphics Encoders
delivers real-time performance Background keying for stored image files
Dual HDMI/DVI output card supports resolutions High quality image upscaling and downscaling
up to 1920x1200 and HDTV1080p/60Hz Supports digital and analog input signals up to
HDCP encryption status LEDs on HDMI inputs 1920x1200
and outputs Easy-to-use configuration and control software
Dual DVI/RGB output card supports resolutions Solid state flash storage in 15-slot frame
up to 1920x1200 and HDTV1080p/60Hz eliminates risk of virus retention and allows
Up to 128 video/graphic windows per dual simple removal of system data
output card Ruggedized real-time operating system and
Output Overlap for Edge-blended Applications power redundancy features support 24/7
Bezel Compensation for Flat-Panel Displays operation

MODEL VERSION
Quantum Elite 408 4U/8 Slot Card Frame
Quantum Elite 615 6U/15 Slot Card Frame

Note: Part numbers and pricing for complete system configurations are available. Please contact your
Extron customer support representative for more information.

76 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide


Large, Scalable Videowall Processors

QEC I2SDI
Quantum Elite 3G-SDI Input Card
FEATURES:
Accepts two SDI, HD-SDI, or 3G-SDI signals Motion adaptive deinterlacing delivers optimized
on two HD-BNC connectors - standard BNC image quality through advanced motion
adapters included compensation
Accepts data rates from 270 Mbps to 2.97 Gbps Film mode cadence detection and processing
Compatible with SDI, HD-SDI, and 3G-SDI ensures optimum image quality is retained for
signals from standard definition 480i and 576i to sources originating from film
HDTV 1080p/60 Hz Automatic input cable equalization maintains
Auto input source detection simplifies system signal integrity when long cable runs are required
programming to streamline integration of new
sources into the Quantum Elite

MODEL VERSION
QEC I2SDI Two Input 3G-SDI Card

QEC I2HDMI
Quantum Elite HDMI Input Card
FEATURES:
Accepts two HDMI or DVI-D signals Auto input source detection simplifies system
Compatible with resolutions up to 1920x1200 programming to streamline integration of new
and HDTV 1080p/60 sources into the Quantum Elite
HDCP-compliant when used with Quantum Native 4:4:4 color quantization
Elite HDMI output cards and HDCP-compliant High performance scaling technology optimizes
displays real-time image processing capacity for the
dedicated video/graphic bus

MODEL VERSION
QEC I2HDMI Two Input HDMI Card

QEC I2DVI
Quantum Elite DVI Input Card
FEATURES:
Accepts two DVI-D input signals  Native 4:4:4 color quantization
 Compatible with resolutions up to 1920x1200  High performance scaling technology optimizes
and HDTV 1080p/60 real-time image processing capacity for the
 Auto input source detection simplifies system dedicated video/graphic bus
programming to streamline integration of new
sources into the Quantum Elite

MODEL VERSION
QEC I2DVI Two Input DVI Card

QEC I2RGB
Quantum Elite RGB/HD Component Video Input Card
FEATURES:
Accepts two RGBHV, RGsB, and YPbPr input Native 4:4:4 RGB and 4:2:2 HD color
signals quantization
 Compatible with resolutions up to 1920x1200 High quality motion adaptive 1080i deinterlacing
and HDTV 1080p/60, and supports custom High performance scaling technology optimizes
resolutions real-time image processing capacity for the
 Auto input source detection simplifies system dedicated video/graphic bus
programming to streamline integration of new
sources into the Quantum Elite

MODEL VERSION
QEC I2RGB Two Input Analog RGB/YUV Card

www.extron.com 77
Large, Scalable Videowall Processors

QEC I12VID
Quantum Elite Video Input Card
FEATURES:
High density input configuration allows for up to  High performance scaling technology optimizes
12 composite or S-video source connections real-time image processing capacity for the
 Accepts NTSC, PAL, and SECAM standard dedicated video/graphic bus
definition video in any combination  Native 4:2:2 color quantization
Accommodates any mix of composite or S-video High quality de-interlacing
sources High quality composite video decoding
 Auto input source detection simplifies system Time base stabilization and automatic gain
programming to streamline integration of new control for adaptability to poor quality video
sources into the Quantum Elite sources

MODEL VERSION
QEC I12VID 12 Input Video/S-Video Card

QEC O2HDMI
Quantum Elite HDMI Output Card
FEATURES:
Two HDMI outputs deliver HDMI or DVI signals to Display up to 128 windows per output card
drive two videowall displays Customize windows with captions, borders, and
HDCP-compliant when used with Quantum Elite titles
HDMI input cards and HDCP-compliant displays Output resolutions up to 1920x1200 and HDTV
High performance scaling technology with 1080p/60
dedicated image processing for
low and high resolution video optimizes images
for the videowall displays

MODEL VERSION
QEC O2HDMI Two Output HDMI Card

QEC O2
Quantum Elite DVI-I Output Card
FEATURES: 
Two DVI-I outputs deliver DVI or analog RGB Display up to 128 windows per output card
signals to drive two videowall displays  Customize windows with captions, borders, and
High performance scaling technology with titles
dedicated image processing for low and high Output resolutions up to 1920x1200 and HDTV
resolution video optimizes images for the 1080p/60
videowall displays
 Delivers consistent, high quality image
performance regardless of input load

MODEL VERSION
QEC O2 Two Output DVI/RGBHV Card

78 Extron Videowall Systems Design Guide


Large, Scalable Videowall Processors

QGE 100
DVI/RGB Computer Screen Capture IP Encoder
The Extron QGE 100 Quantum Graphics Allows simple connection of a DVI or RGB
Encoder is used to stream RGB or DVI screen source to an IP network
captures from PCs or other graphic sources Streams standard, routable IP packets on an
to QuantumElite videowall processors. It existing network or a dedicated media network
provides high scalability, allowing hundreds Lossless compression with 4:4:4, 24-bit color
of sources such as maps, data screens, and source reproduction maintains image fidelity
other low-motion graphic input signals to be while minimizing network bandwidth
interfaced to QuantumElite over an IP network. Compatible with DVI input resolutions up to
The QGE100 applies high performance, 1920x1200 and analog RGB input resolutions up
lossless compression with 4:4:4, 24-bit color to 1600x1200
source reproduction while using low bandwidth Operates independently of source machine
streaming into a QuantumElite processor or operating system and hardware
QGE100 Viewer software. Imposes no additional load on the source
machine CPU performance
Image compression and user-defined bit rate
FEATURES:
settings limit network traffic
Stream RGB or DVI computer-video screen
Interface hundreds of DVI or RGB inputs into the
captures to the QuantumElite over an IP
QuantumElite
network

MODEL VERSION PART#


QGE 100 Quantum Graphics Encoder. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60-1113-01
QGE 100 RMK QGE 100 Rack Mount Kit - Front Plate. . . . . . . . . . . . 70-755-01
QGE 100 PS QGE 100 Replacement Power Supply. . . . . . . . . . . . . 70-754-01

HDCP-Compliant Displays
PCs
DVI
DVI

HDMI

CCTV Cameras
POWER DATA

Composite or S-video
HDMI
DSS Receivers HDMI QUANTUM ELITE

Extron
Quantum Elite QGE 100
Scalable Multi-Graphic Videowall Processor System Viewer software

Quantum Elite
Control Software
Control
Extron VLAN
Extron
QGE 100 QGE
QGE 100
Encoder Video
Encoder
Network
PERIPH PC COM 1 COM 2

Extron