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BAY 1

HORIZONTAL SUBGRADE REACTION FOR PILE ANALYSIS

Notes: 1. Constant of horizontal subgrade reaction taken to be nh = 350 kN/m3.


(For soft normally-consolidated clays: 350 to 700 kN/m [Tomlinson])
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2. Pile spacing reduction factor, R = 0.15(S/D) - 0.2 (Refer to Geo Publication No. 1/2006 Table 7.2)
Where S = Pile Spacing
D = Pile Diameter

3. Spring stiffness starts from 3 m below the top level of soil.

4. Horizontal spring stiffness of soil to be used in computer analysis.


Design horizontal spring stiffness of soil K (kN/m) = ( nh * z ) * z * R
where nh = Constant of horizontal subgrade reaction (kN/m3)
z = Depth of soil from seabed level (m).
R = Reduction Factor for Coefficient of Subgrade Reaction for a Laterally Loaded Pile Group
z = Length of beam served by spring (m).

Pile Type Raked


Grid Line 1-7
Pile No.
Seabed Level (mPD) -10.5
Direction X Y
Pile Spacing, S (m) 10.00 4.00
Pile Diameter, D (m) 0.90 0.90
Reduction Factor, R 1.00 0.47 Model Input
Level nh
Node No. kN/m kN/m kN/m kN/m
(mPD) (MN/m3)
-11.5 350 350 163 350 160
-12.5 350 700 327 700 320
-13.5 350 1050 490 1050 490
-14.5 350 1400 653 1400 650
-15.5 350 1750 817 1750 810
-16.5 350 2100 980 2100 980
-17.5 350 2450 1143 2450 1140
-18.5 350 2800 1307 2800 1300
-19.5 350 3150 1470 3150 1470
-20.5 350 3500 1633 3500 1630
-21.5 350 3850 1797 3850 1790
-22.5 350 4200 1960 4200 1960
-23.5 350 4550 2123 4550 2120
-24.5 350 4900 2287 4900 2280
-25.5 350 5250 2450 5250 2450
-26.5 350 5600 2613 5600 2610
-27.5 350 5950 2777 5950 2770
-28.5 350 6300 2940 6300 2940
-29.5 350 6650 3103 6650 3100
-30.5 350 7000 3267 7000 3260
-31.5 350 7350 3430 7350 3430
-32.5 350 7700 3593 7700 3590
-33.5 350 8050 3757 8050 3750
-34.5 350 8400 3920 8400 3920
-35.5 350 8750 4083 8750 4080
-36.5 350 9100 4247 9100 4240
-37.5 350 9450 4410 9450 4410
-38.5 350 9800 4573 9800 4570
-39.5 350 10150 4737 10150 4730

349399444.xls