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NETWORKTHEOREM

ByTECHOHMI
C

1) Ki
rchhof
fsc
urr
entl
aws
tat
est
hat

A[
x]ne
tcur
rentf
lowa
tthej
unc
ti
oni
spos
it
ive

B[
v]Al
gebr
ics
umoft
hec
urr
ent
sme
eti
nga
tthej
unc
ti
oni
sze
ro

C[
x]noc
urr
ehtc
anl
eavet
hej
unc
ti
onwi
thouts
omec
urr
ente
nte
ringi
t.

D[
x]t
ota
lsumofc
urr
ent
sme
eti
nga
tthej
unc
ti
oni
sze
ro

2) Accor
dingtoKir
chhof
fsvol
tagela
w,t
hea
lge
bra
ics
umofa
llI
Rdr
opsa
nde
.m.
fs
.in
anyc
los
edloopofanet
workisal
wa ys

A[
x]ne
gat
ive

B[
v]z
ero

C[
x]de
ter
mine
dbyba
tt
erye
.m.
fs
.

D[
x]ne
gat
ive

3) Ki
rchhof
fsc
urr
entl
awi
sappl
ica
blet
oonl
y

A[
v]j
unc
ti
oni
nane
twor
k

B[
x]c
los
edl
oopsi
nane
twor
k

C[
x]e
lec
tri
cci
rcui
ts

D[
x]e
lec
tro
nicc
irc
uit
s

4) Ki
rchhof
fsvol
tagel
awi
sre
lat
edt
o

A[
x]j
unc
ti
onc
urr
ent
s

B[
x]ba
tt
erye
.m.
fs
.
C[
x]I
Rdr
ops

D[
v]bot
h(b)a
nd(
c)bot
h(b)a
nd(
c)

E[
x]noneoft
hea
bove

5) Supe
rpos
it
iont
heor
emc
anbea
ppl
iedonl
ytoc
irc
uit
sha
ving

A[
x]r
esi
st
ivee
leme
nts

B[
x]pa
ssi
vee
leme
nts

C[
x]non-
li
nea
rel
eme
nts

D[
v]l
ine
arbi
la
ter
ale
leme
nts

6) Thec
onc
eptonwhi
chSupe
rpos
it
iont
heor
emi
sba
sedi
s

A[
x]r
eci
proc
it
y

B[
x]dua
li
ty

C[
x]non-
li
nea
rit
y

D[
v]l
ine
ari
ty

7) The
veni
nre
sis
tanc
eRt
hisf
ound

A[
x]byr
emovi
ngvol
ta
ges
our
cesa
longwi
tht
hei
rint
erna
lre
sis
tanc
es

B[
x]bys
hor
t-
cir
cui
ti
ngt
hegi
vent
wot
ermi
nal
s

C[
x]be
twe
ena
nyt
wo'
ope
n't
ermi
nal
s

D[
v]be
twe
ens
ameope
nte
rmi
nal
sasf
orEt
H

8) Ani
dea
lvol
tages
our
ces
houl
dha
ve

A[
x]l
argeva
lueofe
.m.
f

B[
x]s
mal
lva
lueofe
.m.
f.

C[
v]z
eros
our
cer
esi
st
anc
e
D[
x]i
nfi
nit
esour
cer
esi
st
anc
e

9) Foravol
tages
our
ce

A[
x]t
ermi
nalvol
ta
gei
sal
waysl
owe
rtha
nsour
cee
.m.
f.

B[
v]t
ermi
nalvol
ta
gec
annotbehi
ghe
rtha
nsour
cee
.m.
f.

C[
x]t
hes
our
cee
.m.
f.a
ndt
ermi
nalvol
ta
gea
ree
qua
l

10) Tode
ter
minet
hepol
ari
tyoft
hevol
tagedr
opa
cros
sar
esi
st
or,i
tisne
ces
sar
ytoknow

A[
x]va
lueofc
urr
entt
hro
ught
her
esi
st
or

B[
v]di
rec
ti
onofc
urr
entt
hrought
her
esi
st
or

C[
x]va
lueofr
esi
st
or

D[
x]e
.m.
fs
.int
hec
irc
uit

11) "Ma xi
mumpowe rout
putisobt
ainedf
romanet
workwhenthel
oadres
ist
anceise
qualto
theoutputres
ist
anc
eofthenet
workass e
enfromt
het
ermina
lsoft
heloa
d".Theabovest
ate
me nt
isass
oc i
atedwit
h

A[
x]Mi
ll
man'
sthe
ore
m

B[
x]The
veni
n'
sthe
ore
m

C[
x]Supe
rpos
it
iont
heor
em

D[
v]Ma
ximumpowe
rtr
ans
fert
heor
em

12) "Anynumbe rofcurre


ntsourc
esi
nparall
elma yberepl
acedbyas i
nglecurr
entsour
ce
whosecurr
entist
healgebrai
csumofindi
vidualsourc
ecurre
ntsandsour
cere s
ist
anc
ei st
he
par
all
elcombinat
ionofindi
viduals
our
ceresi
st
a nces
".Theabovest
atementisass
oci
atedwit
h

A[
x]The
veni
n'
sthe
ore
m

B[
v]Mi
ll
man'
sthe
ore
m

C[
x]Ma
ximumpowe
rtr
ans
fert
heor
em
D[
x]Noneo
fthea
bove

13) "I
na nyli
nearbil
ater
alnet
work,ifasourceofe.
m.f
.Einanybranchpr
oduce
sac ur
rentIi
n
anyot
herbranc
h,thensamee .
m.f.ac
tinginthesec
ondbranc
hwouldproduc
ethesamecurre
nt/
int
hef
irs
tbranch"
.Thea bovest
atementisas
s oc
iat
edwit
h

A[
x]c
ompe
nsa
ti
ont
heor
em

B[
x]s
upe
rpos
it
iont
heor
em

C[
v]r
eci
proc
it
ythe
ore
m

D[
x]noneoft
hea
bove

14) Ac
apa
cit
ori
sge
ner
all
ya

A[
x]bi
la
ter
ala
nda
cti
vec
ompone
nt

B[
x]a
cti
ve,pa
ssi
ve,l
ine
ara
ndnonl
ine
arc
ompone
nt

C[
v]l
ine
ara
ndbi
la
ter
alc
ompone
nt

D[
x]non-
li
nea
randa
cti
vec
ompone
nt

15) " I
na nynetworkc ontaini
ngmor etha
nones ourc
esofe .
m.f.t
hec urre
ntina nybr anchist
he
al
gebrai
cs umofanumbe rofindivi
dualfi
cti
ti
ouscurre
nts(t
henumbe rbei
nge qua lt
othe number
ofsourcesofe.m.f
.)
,e achofwhi chisduetosepara
teacti
onofe ac
hs ourceofe.m. f.
,t
akeni n
order
,whe ntherema i
nings ource
sofe .
m.f.ar
erepla
cedbyc onduct
ors ,t
here
sist
a ncesofwhi ch
areequaltotheint
ernalresi
s ta
ncesoftheres
pect
ivesources
".Theaboves t
atementi sassocia
ted
with

A[
x]The
veni
n'
sthe
ore
m

B[
x]Nor
ton'
sthe
ore
m

C[
v]Supe
rpos
it
iont
heor
em

D[
x]Noneo
fthea
bove

16) Ki
rchhof
fsl
awi
sappl
ica
blet
o
A[
x]pa
ssi
vene
twor
kson
ly

B[
x]a
.c.c
irc
uit
sonl
y

C[
x]d.
c.c
irc
uit
sonl
y

D[
v]bot
ha.
c.a
swe
lld.
c.c
irc
uit
s

17) Ki
rchhof
fsl
awi
snota
ppl
ica
blet
oci
rcui
tswi
th

A[
x]l
umpe
dpa
rame
ter
s

B[
x]pa
ssi
vee
leme
nts

C[
v]di
st
ri
but
edpa
rame
ter
s

D[
x]non-
li
nea
rre
sis
tanc
es

18) Ki
rchhof
fsvol
tagel
awa
ppl
iest
oci
rcui
tswi
th

A[
x]nonl
ine
are
leme
ntsonl
y

B[
x]l
ine
are
leme
ntsonl
y

C[
x]l
ine
ar,non-
li
nea
r,a
cti
vea
ndp
ass
ivee
leme
nts

D[
v]l
ine
ar,non-
li
nea
r,a
cti
ve,pa
ssi
ve,t
imeva
ryi
nga
swe
ll
sast
ime
-in-
var
iante
leme
nts

19) I
nadel
tane
twor
kea
che
leme
ntha
sva
lueR.Theva
lueofe
ache
leme
nti
nequi
val
ents
tar
net
wor
kwil
lbe

A[
x]R/
6

B[
x]R/
4

C[
x]R/
2

D[
v]R/
3

20) Forhi
ghe
ffi
cie
ncyoft
rans
ferofpowe
r,i
nte
rna
lre
sis
tanc
eoft
hes
our
ces
houl
dbe
A[
x]e
qua
ltot
hel
oadr
esi
st
anc
e

B[
v]l
esst
hant
hel
oadr
esi
st
anc
e

C[
x]mor
etha
nthel
oadr
esi
st
anc
e

D[
x]noneoft
hea
bove

21) Ef
fi
cie
ncyofpowe
rtr
ans
ferwhe
nma
ximumt
rans
ferofpowe
roc
cur
sis

A[
x]100%

B[
x]80%

C[
x]75%

D[
v]50%

22) Forma
ximumt
rans
ferofpowe
r,i
nte
rna
lre
sis
tanc
eoft
hes
our
ces
houl
dbe

A[
v]e
qua
ltol
oadr
esi
st
anc
e

B[
x]l
esst
hant
hel
oadr
esi
st
anc
e

C[
x]gr
eat
ert
hant
hel
oadr
esi
st
anc
e

D[
x]noneoft
hea
bove

23) Ift
hee
nergyi
ssuppl
iedf
romas
our
ce,whos
ere
sis
tanc
eis1ohm,t
oal
oadof100ohms
thes
ourc
ewil
lbe

A[
v]avol
ta
ges
our
ce

B[
x]ac
urr
ents
our
ce

C[
x]bot
hofa
bove

D[
x]noneoft
hea
bove

24) Thec
irc
uitwhos
epr
ope
rti
esa
res
amei
nei
the
rdi
rec
tioni
sknowna
s
A[
x]uni
la
ter
alc
irc
uit

B[
v]bi
la
ter
alc
irc
uit

C[
x]i
rr
eve
rsi
blec
irc
uit

D[
x]r
eve
rsi
blec
irc
uit

25) I
nas
eri
espa
ral
lelc
irc
uit
,anyt
wor
esi
st
anc
esi
nthes
amec
urr
entpa
thmus
tbei
n

A[
v]s
eri
eswi
the
achot
her

B[
x]pa
ral
le
lwi
the
acho
the
r

C[
x]s
eri
eswi
tht
hevol
ta
ges
our
ce

D[
x]pa
ral
le
lwi
tht
hevol
ta
ges
our
ce

26) I
fac
irc
uitdoe
sn'
tcont
aina
nys
our
ceofe
ner
gyore
.m.
f,i
tisknowna
s

A[
x]uni
la
ter
alc
irc
uit

B[
x]bi
la
ter
alc
irc
uit

C[
v]pa
ssi
vene
twor
k

D[
x]a
cti
vene
twor
k

27) Whi
choft
hef
oll
owi
ngi
sli
nea
randbi
lat
era
lpa
rame
ter
?

A[
v]r
esi
st
or

B[
x]s
emi
-conduc
tordi
ode
s

C[
x]e
lec
tront
ube
s

D[
x]t
rans
ist
or
28) Thec
ommonvol
tagea
cros
spa
ral
lelbr
anc
heswi
thdi
ff
ere
ntvol
tages
our
cesc
anbe

de
ter
mine
dbyt
her
ela
tion Thea
bovee
qua
tioni
sas
soc
iat
edwi
th

A[
x]Supe
rpos
it
iont
heor
em

B[
x]The
veni
n'
sThe
ore
m

C[
x]Nor
ton'
sthe
ore
m

D[
v]Mi
ll
man'
sThe
ore
m

29) Thec
irc
uitha
sre
sis
tor
s,c
apa
cit
orsa
nds
emi
-conduc
tordi
ode
s.Thec
irc
uitwi
llbeknown
as

A[
v]non-
li
nea
rci
rcui
t

B[
x]l
ine
arc
irc
uit

C[
x]bi
la
ter
alc
irc
uit

D[
x]noneoft
hea
bove

30) Anon-
li
nea
rne
twor
kdoe
snots
ati
sfy

A[
x]s
upe
rpos
it
ionc
ondi
ti
on

B[
x]homoge
nei
tyc
ondi
ti
on

C[
v]bot
hhomoge
nei
tya
swe
lla
ssupe
rpos
it
ionc
ondi
ti
on

D[
x]homoge
nei
ty,s
upe
rpos
it
iona
nda
ssoc
iat
ivec
ondi
ti
on

31) Ane
twor
kwhi
chc
ont
ainsoneormor
etha
nones
our
ceofe
.m.
f.i
sknowna
s

A[
x]l
ine
arne
twor
k

B[
x]non-
li
nea
rne
twor
k

C[
x]pa
ssi
vene
twor
k
D[
v]a
cti
vene
twor
k

32) Thes
upe
rpos
it
iont
heor
emi
sappl
ica
blet
o

A[
x]l
ine
ar,non-
li
nea
ran
dti
meva
ria
ntr
espons
es

B[
x]l
ine
ara
ndnon-
li
nea
rre
sis
tor
sonl
y

C[
v]l
ine
arr
espons
esonl
y

D[
x]noneoft
hea
bove

33) Whi
choft
hef
oll
owi
ngi
snotanonl
ine
are
leme
nt?

A[
x]Ga
sdi
ode

B[
v]He
ate
rcoi
l

C[
x]Tunne
ldi
ode

D[
x]El
ect
ri
car
c

34) Mi
ll
man'
sthe
ore
myi
elds

A[
x]e
qui
val
entr
esi
st
anc
e

B[
x]e
qui
val
enti
mpe
danc
e

C[
x]e
qui
val
entvol
ta
ges
our
ce

D[
v]e
qui
val
entvol
ta
georc
urr
ents
our
ce

35) Thes
upe
rpos
it
iont
heor
emi
sappl
ica
blet
o

A[
x]vol
ta
geonl
y

B[
x]c
urr
entonl
y

C[
x]bot
hcur
renta
ndvol
ta
ge

D[
v]c
urr
entvol
ta
gea
ndpowe
r
36) Be
twe
ent
hebr
anc
hvol
tage
sofal
oopt
heKi
rchhof
fsvol
tagel
awi
mpos
es

A[
x]non-
li
nea
rcons
tra
int
s

B[
v]l
ine
arc
ons
tra
int
s

C[
x]noc
ons
tra
int
s

D[
x]noneoft
hea
bove

37) At
ermi
nalwhe
ret
hre
eonmor
ebr
anc
hesme
eti
sknowna
s

A[
v]node

B[
x]t
ermi
nus

C[
x]c
ombi
nat
ion

D[
x]a
node

38) Whi
choft
hef
oll
owi
ngi
sthepa
ssi
vee
leme
nt?

A[
v]Ca
pac
it
anc
e

B[
x]I
dea
lcur
rents
our
ce

C[
x]I
dea
lvol
ta
ges
our
ce

D[
x]Al
loft
hea
bove

39) Whi
choft
hef
oll
owi
ngi
sabi
lat
era
lel
eme
nt?

A[
x]Cons
tantc
urr
ents
our
ce

B[
x]Cons
tantvol
ta
ges
our
ce

C[
v]Ca
pac
it
anc
e

D[
x]Noneo
fthea
bove
40) Ac
los
edpa
thma
debys
eve
ralbr
anc
hesoft
hene
twor
kisknowna
s

A[
x]br
anc
h

B[
v]l
oop

C[
x]c
irc
uit

D[
x]j
unc
ti
on

41) Al
ine
arr
esi
st
orha
ving0<R< i
sa

A[
x]c
urr
entc
ont
rol
le
dre
sis
tor

B[
x]vol
ta
gec
ont
rol
le
dre
sis
tor

C[
v]bot
hcur
rentc
ont
rol
le
dandvo
lta
gec
ont
rol
le
dre
sis
tor

D[
x]noneoft
hea
bove

42) As
tarc
irc
uitha
sel
eme
ntofr
esi
st
anc
eR/
2.Thee
qui
val
entde
ltae
leme
ntswi
llbe

A[
x]R/
6

B[
v]3R/
2

C[
x]2R

D[
x]4R

43) I
nThe
veni
n'
sthe
ore
m,t
ofi
ndZ

A[x]al
lindepe
nde
ntc
urr
ents
our
cesa
res
hor
tci
rcui
te
dandi
nde
pende
ntvol
ta
ges
our
cesa
re
ope
nc i
rcui
ted

B[x]al
lindepe
nde
ntc
urr
ents
our
cesa
res
hor
tci
rcui
te
dandi
nde
pende
ntvol
ta
ges
our
cesa
re
ope
nc i
rcui
ted

C[
x]a
lli
nde
pende
ntvol
ta
gea
ndc
urr
ents
our
cesa
res
hor
tci
rcui
te
d

D[v]al
lindepe
nde
ntvol
ta
ges
our
cesa
res
hor
tci
rcu
ite
danda
lli
nde
pende
ntc
urr
ents
our
cesa
re
ope
nc i
rcui
ted
44) Whi
lec
alc
ula
tingRt
hinThe
veni
n'
sthe
ore
mandNor
tone
qui
val
ent

A[
v]a
lli
nde
pende
nts
our
cesa
rema
dede
ad

B[
x]onl
ycur
rents
our
cesa
rema
dede
ad

C[
x]onl
yvol
ta
ges
our
cesa
rema
dede
ad

D[
x]a
llvol
ta
gea
ndc
urr
ents
our
cesa
rema
dede
ad

45) Thenumbe
rofi
nde
pende
nte
qua
tionst
osol
veane
twor
kise
qua
lto

A[
v]t
henumbe
rofc
hor
ds

B[
x]t
henumbe
rofbr
anc
hes

C[
x]s
umoft
henumbe
rofbr
anc
hesa
ndc
hor
ds

D[
x]s
umofnumbe
rofb
ranc
hes
,chor
dsa
ndnode
s

46) Thes
upe
rpos
it
iont
heor
emr
equi
resa
sma
nyc
irc
uit
stobes
olve
dast
her
ear
e

A[
x]s
our
ces
,node
sandme
she
s

B[
x]s
our
cesa
ndnode
s

C[
v]s
our
ces

D[
x]node
s

47) Choos
ethei
ncor
rec
tst
ate
ment
.

A[
v]Abr a
nchfor
medbythepar
all
elc
onne
cti
onofa
nyr
esi
st
orRa
ndope
nci
rcui
tha
sthe
c
har
act
eri
st
icofa
nopenci
rcui
t.

B[
x]Abranchfor
medbyt hepa
ral
le
lconne
cti
onofa
nyr
esi
st
orRa
ndas
hor
tci
rcui
tha
sthe
c
har
act
eri
st
icofashor
tci
rcuit
.

C[
x]Abranchf
orme
dbytheser
iesc
onne
cti
onofa
nyr
esi
st
orRa
nda
nope
nci
rcui
tha
sthe
c
har
act
eri
st
icofa
nopenc
irc
uit
.
D[
x]Abr a
nchformedbyt
hes
eri
esc
onne
cti
onofa
nyr
esi
st
orRa
ndas
hor
tci
rcui
tha
sth
e
c
har
act
eri
st
icofr
e s
ist
orR.

48) TheThe
veni
n'
sequi
val
entbe
twe
enpoi
ntLa
ndM f
ort
hene
twor
kisgi
venby

A[
v]5V,0Ohm

B[
x]5V,5Ohm

C[
x]5V,10Ohm

D[
x]Noneo
fthe
se

49) THEEQI
VALENTRESI
STANCEBETWEENPOI
NTLTOM I
NTHENETWORKI
S
GIVENBY

A[
x]2OHM

B[
x]4OHM

C[
v]6OHM

D[
x]8OHM
50) I
nthec
irc
uits
howni
nfi
g,The
veni
n'
sre
sis
tanc
eequa
lst
o

A[
v]

B[
x]

C[
x]

D[
x]NONEOFTHESE

51) TheThe
veni
n'
sequi
val
entf
ort
hene
twor
kisgi
venby
A[
x]16.
5V,6OHM

B[
x]12.
5V,
3OHM

C[
x]10.
5V,2OHM

D[
v]7.
5V,1.
5OHM

52) TheThe
veni
n'
sequi
val
entf
ort
hene
twor
kisgi
venby

A[
v]20V,5.
6OHM

B[
x]18V,4
OHM

C[
x]16V,3
OHM

D[
x]12V,2OHM

53) Thec
urr
entdr
awnf
rom4Vba
tte
ryi
nthene
twor
kwi
llbe
A[
x]1.
4A

B[
x]0.
9A

C[
x]0.
6A

D[
v]1.
4A

54) Us
ingThe
veni
n'
sthe
ore
m,t
hec
urr
enti
nbr
anc
h2ohmoft
hene
twor
kwi
llbe

A[
x]3.
7A

B[
v]2.
7A

C[
x]1.
6A

D[
x]0.
6A

55) Ther
esi
st
anc
eLM wi
llbe
A[
v]6.
66ohm

B[
x]12ohm

C[
x]18ohm

D[
x]20ohm

56) I
fre
sis
tanc
eac
ros
sLM i
s15ohm,t
heva
lueofRi
s

A[
x]10ohm

B[
x]20ohm

C[
v]30ohm

D[
x]40ohm

57) Ther
esi
st
anc
ebe
twe
enpoi
nts Ma
ndNi
s
A[
v]4ohm

B[
x]6ohm

C[
x]8ohm

D[
x]12ohm

58) Thec
urr
entt
hroughR2i
s

A[
x]2.
5A

B[
v]2.
5A

C[
x]4.
5A

D[
x]5.
5A

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