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3/10/2017 EngineersGuide:TheSnamprogettiUreaProcessDescription

EngineersGuide

TheSnamprogettiUreaProcessDescription
TheSnamprogettiUreaProcessisbasicallyatotalrecyclestrippingprocessusingammonia as self stripping agent. The Snamprogetti process used
the excess ammonia present in the urea solution leaving the reactor to strip CO2 from urea solution in a falling film steam heated heat exchanger
operated at the urea reactor pressure. The separated CO2 and NH 3 are recombined as ammonium carbamate in the carbamate condensers, also
operatingatureareactorpressureandthenreturnedtothereactorforconversiontourea.

The overall result of this scheme is that an internal recycle of both NH 3 and CO2 in the urea reactor system is established without having to pump
eithercomponent,asinprevioustotalrecycleprocessinwhichNH 3andCO2wereseparatedfromthesolutionatlowerpressure.Thissubstantially
reduces the high pressure pumping requirements for both the NH 3 and ammonium carbamide solution, since in the Snamprogetti stripping process
approximately 80% of the CO2 fed is converted to urea within high pressure synthesis loop and only about 20% of it must be pumped back to the
reactor as ammonium carbamate solution from lower pressure. In addition to the reducing pumping requirements, this process permits a substantial
saving in steam requirement, since the operating temperature level of the ammonium carbamate condenser by utilizing the heat released by the
condensingvapor.

TheNH 3toCO2ratiousedinSnamprogettiprocessis3.33.6:1whichcombineswithatemperatureof186189degCandpressureof155Kg/cm2g
approximately,permitsaconversionyieldinthereactorof62to65%.Plantlayout
Blockdiagramoftotalrecycleofammoniastrippinginureaproduction:


Ureaproductiontakesplacethroughthefollowingmainoperations:

Ureasynthesisandhighpressurerecovery.
Urea purification in the medium, low pressure decomposers, prevacuum concentrators. Urea
concentration.
UreaPrilling.

The liquid ammonia coming from the battery limit at a temperature of 12oC and 18 Kg/cm2(g) is collected in a
ammoniareceivingvesselwhichisoperatedatamediumpressure(17Kg/cm2).Fromtheammoniareceiver,the
liquidammoniaispumpedtothereactorbytwopumps.Thefirstpumpistheammoniabooster pump which is
centrifugaltypeandsuppliestheliquidammoniaat22Kg/cm2tosecondpumpsuction.Thesecondpumpisthehighpressureammoniapumpwhichis
areciprocatingplungertype.Duetothereciprocatingmotionofsecondpumppulsatingtakesplaceinthedischargeofboosterpumpandthosecause
thechangeofloadsonboosterpumptoavoidtheseboosterpumpandthosecausethechangeofloadsonboosterpumptoavoidthesepulsationsa
damperisprovidedinthesuctionofsecondpump.IntheH.P.ammoniapump,theammoniapressureisincreasedto239Kg/cm2 and then goes to a
ammonia pre heater where it is preheated to 75oC by L.P. decomposer outlet gases, H.P. ammonia is used as pressure section contains first and
secondstageanotheroneisthehighpressuresectioncontainsthirdandfourthstage.Firstandsecondstagescontainsthree,thirdstagecontainsfour
andfourthstagetwonumbersofclosedtypeimpellers.Carbondioxidegasentersfirststagesuctionat1.5kg/cm2and40o C and compressed to 160
Kg/cm2infourstages.Intercoolersareprovidedafterfirst,secondandthirdstagestocoolthecarbondioxideusingcoolingwater.Alongwithcoolers
knockoutdrumsareprovidedbetweeneachstageinwhichmoisturegetsseparated.Lubeoilsystemprovidesthelubricationoftherotatingparts.The
superheated steam and saturated LS steam is used as a driving fluid for steam turbine. Superheated HS steam is extracted and part of steam is
condensedincondenser.CondensateisthenpumpedtoD.M.plant.










Flowsheetof
Ureaprillingsystem

Blockdiagramof
ureaprillingsection

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3/10/2017 EngineersGuide:TheSnamprogettiUreaProcessDescription

Blockdiagramoftotalrecycleofcarbondioxidestrippinginureaproduction
UREASYNTHESIS:Acompleteureaprocessdescriptionwithflowsheet

BlockDiagram Download DownloadPdf Scheme FreeDownloads Calculator Agitators Ammonium

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