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1. ? (
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1.1. "" : , ?
1.2.
2. ( -
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2.1.
2.1.1. -
2.1.2.
2.2.
2.2.1.
2.2.2.
2.3. -
2.3.1.
2.3.2. -
2.4. -
2.4.1.
2.4.2.
2.5.
2.5.1.
2.5.2.
2.6.
2.6.1.
2.6.2.

2.7. -
2.7.1. -
2.7.2.
2.8.
2.8.1.
2.8.2.
3. ()
3.1. -

3.2. ( )
3.3. : , ,

3.3.1.
3.3.2.
3.3.3.
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4.
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4.2.
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4.2.2.
4.2.3.
4.2.4.
4.2.5.
4.3.
4.3.1.
4.3.2.
4.3.3.
4.3.4.
4.4.
5.
5.1.
5.1.1.
5.1.2.
5.1.3.
5.1.4.
5.1.5.
5.2.

5.3.

6.

6.1.
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6.3. "" ""
7.

7.1.
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7.1.3.
7.2. " "
7.2.1.
7.2.2. " "
7.3.
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52

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53

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54
2.4.2.


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54

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55
2.5.
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55

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57
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58

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59
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59

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60

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61

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62

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63

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64


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66
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1982 , . 368-369).
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79

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82


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83

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84


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123).

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85

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1955; 1966).

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Schroder, 1961, p. 7).
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87

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88

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89

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91
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100


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101

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106

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111
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23).
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113

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114

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116

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117

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118

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124

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127
4.3.1.

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128

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1980).
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129


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130

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131

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132
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133

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134
4.4.
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134

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135

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136

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163).
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137

- , .

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138


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139
5.1.1.

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139

, " " , ,
"noegenetic" , :
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140

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141
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:
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141

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, 1982; , 1995).
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1965).
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142
5.1.3.
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(, 1990).
142


. , 3.. ,
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(, 1981).
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1976).
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: 1) (
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7-8 . , :
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143

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144
5.1.4.

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(Witkin, 1967).
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144

3) ( -
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(, 1990).
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145

- , , ; - , , ;
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(Bruner, 1964; , 1977).
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.: , 1990 ; , 1994; Clauss, 1978; Rayner, Riding, 1997.)
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STATISTIC

( ) ,

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158


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159

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159

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160

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465* -380 - 550** 447*

,
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7,183 9,686 8,567 7,447 10,249 10,360 8,580

7,005 4,390 4,224 4,530 4,710 3,951 4,492

7,688 7,314 6,628 5,172 8,936 7,851 8,592




6,472 5,823 5,493 5,157 5,171 5,473 3,847

.
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165

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168

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169

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IQ (Detterman, 1993).
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170

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171

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172

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173

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174
6.2. ,
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120. "" IQ,

175

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176

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177


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178

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179

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180

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182

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186

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187

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188

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190

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x x
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